The following listing of
Printings at Carlow 1770-1990 is not intended to be
definitive, rather it invites readers to participate
by reporting printings not included. Readers should
note that their input towards adding to the listings
will be regarded as invaluable, the addition of just
one extra printing will serve future readers
researching this subject well.
- Franklin Common Press
- Albion/Foolscap c.1822
enlarge all images
Printers of the period as displayed on the
Briar Press website
of the preferred sources was type designed by
- Shown here is a specimen
sheet of Caslon types from 1785.
Printing in Colonial Maryland
It is not known exactly when the printing press was established in
this town. It is hoped to show later, that it was early in 1770, when
the “Carlow Journal” was founded by William Kinnier, Kinneir or Kinnear,
as it was variously spelled.
It is known from an entry in the “Cork Hibernian Chronicle” of
22nd November 1772, that he was then a printer in Carlow, and presumably
prosperous enough to marry Miss Mary Gilbert, of Clones, Co. Wexford.
The first item known bearing the imprint “At his Printing Office, Dublin
Street”, is “A Short Treatise upon the Linen Manufacture of Ireland”
l2mo., iii+9pp, dated 1778, in the National Library. Wilson’s
“Collection of Resolutions of the Volunteers” quotes under the date
March 1782, resolutions from the “Carlow Journal” and “Carlow Evening
Post.” No copy of the latter is known. The National Library had a copy
of “Kinnier’s Carlow Journal or Leinster Chronicle” for Saturday 27th
March 1784. It consists of four pages of four columns each and is
numbered Volume XIV., No. 13. Thus calculating back, allowing one issue
per week, it could be reasonably concluded that the first issue was
published in 1770.The same is confirmed by another issue in the same
library for Saturday 12th February 1785, and is Volume XV., No. 7.
Cotton states that it “was published for some years prior to 1786, when
its printer, William Kinnear, died”; which infers that the “Journal”
died with him.
Continued the business
Lucas’s “General Directory of Ireland” lists his widow, Mary
Kinnier, continuing the business at the old address in 1788. Cotton also
states: “It (the Journal) was succeeded by the Carlow Mercury, printed
by Eustace in 1789 etc;”. There was a copy of the “Carlow Mercury or
Leinster Advertiser” in the National Library, being Volume 1, No. 7,
from Saturday 25th October to Wednesday 29th October, a bi-weekly,
exactly the same size, printed by Eustace and Lord, price two and a half
pence (2½d). The year 1788 is not given in the date, but it occurs
several times throughout the paper.
In 1791 another printer, G. Cooke, established in Tullow Street,
printing the Co. Kildare “Presentments, Lent Assizes”, 12mo; t.p+26pp,
(National Library). He also printed the “Presentments” for the Lent
Assizes, 1795, 4to; 20pp., which is in the Haliday Collection.
In 1919 a Mr. M. C. Douglas, of Carlow was reported to have a
facsimile of a “Recruiting Notice for the Carlow Melitia”, printed by
Cooke about 1792. On the 4th March William Moore gave his bond to the
Crown as printer of a paper, “The Carlow Packet.” A copy is not known to
have survived. His name and address, Tullow Street is imprinted on a
“Notice Relating to Arms,” 1798 and on a topical pamphlet of the same
period, “The Times; or a Simple Conversation between Win. Goodman and
Patrick Murphy, two poor farming men in Co. Wexford,” l2pp embellished
with a crude woodcut at the end priced two and a half pence (2½d). A
copy is in the National Library.
The National Library also contains two large broadsheets printed
by Cooke, living at the Market Cross, headed, “Abstracts of Certain Acts
of Parliament for the Preservation of the Peace”, 1797, and a copy of
the “Presentments for the Summer Assizes, Co. Carlow”, 1800, 4to., l2pp.
Although there are in all probability other examples of 18th
century Carlow printings in private or public collections, the above
would appear to be the sum total extant committed to print to date.
Hopefully this article will prompt readers to search their collections
for additional material and commit same to the writer or the editor for
inclusion in the next issue.
Printing at Carlow 1800-1825:
1800 “Presentments, Co. Carlow, Lent Assizes”
4to., 2Opp., G. Cooke, Market Cross (Nat. Lib.)
1802 “Presentments, Co. Carlow Lent
Assizes”17th April, 4to., 2Opp., G. Cooke, Market
Cross (Nat. Lib.)
1805 “Presentments, Co. Carlow Spring Assizes”
18th April, 4to., 2Opp., G. Cooke, Market Cross (Nat.
1805 “Presentments, Co. Carlow Summer Assizes”
20th August, 4 to., l2pp.
Note: The last two have no imprint although in
form, type and paper are identical with the others
printed by Cooke. In the latter there is mention of
Win. Moore, printer, who was paid £7. 7s. 10d. for
1812 “Presentments, Co. Carlow, Spring Assizes”
24th March 4to., 28pp + wrappers, Win. Moore (Nat.
Note: Daniel Cooke is mentioned as being paid
£22 2s 2d for printing 106 Books of Schedules of
affidavits for Presentments, and £5 for printing
1813 “Abstract of Presentments, Co. Wicklow
Summer Assizes” 24th August 12x7, not paged, Cooke,
Printer, Centaur Street.
1815 “Hanover Park Asylum for the Recovery of
Persons labouring under Mental Derangement” 8vo Rd.
1817 “The Carlow Morning Post”, 4th November,
(Richard Price gives his Crown Bond this date).
1818 “Rules of the St. Patrick Society”, 12 mo
(O’Daly Catalogue No. 21).
1818 “The Carlow Morning Post”, (Vide Carrick’s
Morning Post, 27th November 1818).
1820 “The State of the Poor of Ireland briefly
considered”, 8vo., 46pp, Richard Price, Dublin
1821 “Report of the Institutions for the Lent
of 1821”, Rt. Rev. Jas. Doyle, D.D., (R. Price at The
Morning Post office), 8vo., 68pp, (Nat. (Lib.)
1822 “Letter of J.K.L. to His Grace Dr. Magee,
Protestant Archbishop of Dublin”, l2mo., l2pp (R.
Price) (British Museum).
1882 “The Medical Mentor and New Guide to
Fashionable Watering places”, F. F. Haydn, 8vo.,
100pp, R. Price, (Nat. Lib.)
1823 “Queen’s Co. Presentments, Lent Assizes”
1823, 8vo., 46pp, R. Price, (Nat. Lib.)
1823 “The Miracle, Etc.,” Most Rev. Dr. Doyle.
1823 “Queen’s Co. Presentments, Summer Assizes,
1823”, 8vo., 44pp. R. Price, (Nat. Lib.)
1824 “The Carlow Morning Post”, Bi-Weekly,
Monday and Thursday, Richard Price, (Pigot’s
1824 “Letters to Laelius on Various Topics
connected with the present situation in Ireland”
8vo., 62pp, R. Price.
1825 “Pastorial Instructions for the Lent of
1825” Most Rev. Dr. Doyle, l2mo., 20pp, R. Price
The History of Irish Printing
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