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An Chabh`ain

Al Beagan"s "Genealogy Notes"© 1996 of County Cavan

1800 to 1910

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1800 Birth year of "James McKIERNAN died Oct 9, 1876, ae 76 Susan McKIERNAN died Sept 1876, ae 49

Natives of Co Cavan Ireland. Erected by Bernard McKIERNAN" various names from Holy Trinity R.C. Church Cemetery, a cemetery here in Wallingford CT that have mentioned Cavan on the headstone. Nancy Pfaff ppfaff@snet.net

1800 "Yarn which is so considerable a commodity in their markets, is but little sold here, and very much under the price which it brings in other towns ...All the land around the town is excellent, and in a high state of perfection the town parts (the fields owned by the townspeople) show how grateful a soil has been improved, and the fences are well kept; ...

In many respects Cavan was typical of the more considerable towns in South Ulster' Like its neighbours, Clones, Monaghan, Belturbet, and Enniskillen, it did not have a significant market in linen cloth and so it depended for its prosperity on the farming of its immediate district. Like other county towns of Monaghan and Enniskillen it did profit from the increasing activities of the grand juries in local government as they created some employment and attracted professional people, who in their turn raised standards, notably in housing. Elsewhere the size of a town did not necessarily relate to the importance of its markets. Belturbet was a corporate town with a distillery, a brewery and malt-houses, and an excellent market house but an ‘indifferently supplied' market because local people preferred to deal in the reviving market of Ballyhayes, while Bailieborough ‘is a very mean village but has an excellent market ... some butter for market which is brought -up for Newry exports, as also are their pigs, which make a considerable article of trade ... Though it had been a principal stage on the northern road, it is ‘now without an inn.' Virginia he condemned as ‘A very mean market town' while Batllyjamesduff was ‘only to be observed as a stage on the road to Cavan town'.

 1800		'These apparent contradictions can be understood and resolved if

we consider them against the prevailing economic and social conditions.

Cavan was already one of the most densely populated counties in Ireland,

dependent on farming and the linen industry for income and on local

supplies of turf for domestic fuel. Although the weaving of linen was

confined mainly to the country lying between Killeshandra in the west and

Cootehill in the east, much flax was grown, scutched and handspun into

yarn. Coote reckoned that ‘not one tenth part of Cavan is ever looked to

for the purpose of making money by farming, but merely to produce the

flax and the provisions for the manufacturers. Flax, yarn and provisions

were brought to market by small dealers and retailed to local people : as

prices for linen were becoming even more competitive there were no

substantial profits to be made by merchants and dealers on a large scale.

Yet almost all the earnings went to the weavers, the spinners and the

farmers to produce a very large class of small-holders which dominated

economy and society in the county. Prosperity in the linen industry in the

late eighteenth century and the propagation of the potato had raised living standards sufficiently to maintain more children to adulthood and domestic industry had encouraged larger families. In the face of the great tide of demand for land landlords could not have opposed the prevailing tendency to subdivide family farms into smaller and yet smaller portions. Whereas contemporary English and Scottish landlords had successfully converted their estates into money-making enterprises based on capitalist farming, Irish landlords had given way to the wishes of their tenants and connived at subdivision into a nation of small farmers. . After 1800 the question was how long this process would or could continue. The mechanisation of spinning linen yarn had begun and the challenge of cotton would soon force down the price of linen cloth and hence the wages of its producers. flow then could such a large population whose life style and economy had been so successfully adapted to domestic industry, be supported? Were there any alternative sources of income that might be adopted? If not, how could the Population be reduced in order to match existing resources of food? About the conduct of fairs and markets very little detailed information survives from even the nineteenth century. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

1800 The birth of Mary Beggan, later to be the wife of Philip Beggan of Sect. 2, house 17, Townlands of Albagh in the Larah half of the united

Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821

Census.

1800 "First, my relationship to Malachi Reynolds. He was the brother--presumably a younger one--of Bridget Reynolds, who married my g-g-g-grandfather, Phelim C. Confrey, sometime around 1800 and of Catherine Reynolds, who married my g-g-g-g-uncle John Confrey at about the same time. There were two other Reynolds sisters who also emigrated to Canada, according to a letter from my g-g-uncle Father Thomas Confrey to his cousin in Illinois, the latter a descendent of the John Confrey above mentioned. The sisters married men named Clarke and Walsh in New Brunswick, according to the same letter, but I have not yet been able to discover their baptismal names nor to pick up their trail on this side of the Atlantic. Malachi Reynolds was from the part of County Leitrim that abuts Counties Longford and Cavan; the original Gaelic form of the name was McRanall. The family had formerly lived in Drumlish in County Longford, which is about a mile and a half from the border with County Leitrim and about eight miles from the nearest point in Cavan. They were evicted in 1793 and went to farm unclaimed lands of little worth stretching up over the border into Cavan. With the lessening of legal disabilities for Catholics leading up to the Emancipation in the 1820's the family then returned and settled in the Roman Catholic parish of Gortleteragh in Leitrim, where my great-grandmother, Catharine Confrey was born. The information on Fr. Malachi's participation in the land deal first came to me from a lady in Canada who is researching Reynolds on PEI; it also is contained in Fr. Thomas' letter to his Illinois relative, which we obtained at a later date. Should you ever find the deed with Malachi's signature, I would be exceeding grateful if you could send me a copy. That would be the very best kind of documentation of what seems to have been a very interesting and proactive effort to deal with the growing number of economic and religious regugees in PEI. Also, any other information that you come across in your files would be most welcome.Incidentally, what was your ancestor's name, should I every find anything that might be of use to you? Let me give you my business address and FAX number just in case, should either of those be needed. If you were to incur any costs in copying the deed or anything else, please e-mail me the details, and I will be happy to reimburse you for those expenses. Nancy Gray Phale D. Hale Education Consulting 3020 Old Ranch Parkway Seal Beach, CA 90740 FAX (562) 799-5587 ngray.phale@worldnet.att.net

 

1800		The birth of Ellin Beggan, later recorded living in house #16 in the

townlands of Island, parish of Lurgan Munterconaght, Baroney of Castleraghan, Co. Cavan. LDS film #T-17458 0597158 Census Returns of 1821, Vol. 19, PRO 1A 45 19

1800 "THE EARLY 19th CENTURY

 In 1800 Lord Castlereagh requested information from the Irish bishops on the number of parish priests and curates in each diocese, whether regular or secular, their incomes, the number of monastic institutions and sundry other details. According to the reply submitted by Bishop James Dillon in early 1801 there were fifty-two priests in Kilmore, 39 parish priests and 11 curates. Eleven were Franciscans mostly with Leitrim, Fermanagh and West Cavan surnames (Dolan, O'Rourke, Cassidy, McGowan, Ward). " http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histvoc.htm

1801 "One of the problems confronting the diocese in the first half of the 19th century was a scarcity of priests at a time when the population was growing rapidly. The number of priests in the diocese showed only a very slight increase during the first twenty years of the 19th century - from fifty-two in 1801 to fifty-five in 1810 and fifty-four in 1822." " http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histvoc.htm

1801 PRIESTLY FAMILIES cont; "The first group of Kilmore students to complete their entire course at St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, were ordained in 1801 and 1802 - Denis Keaney , Peter Rodaghan, Fenagh, Co Leitrim, Patrick Corr, Denis McCabe, Francis Talty. Out of 123 (69% of all the priests ordained for the diocese between 1801 and 1850) whose place of education we can be sure of, 80% were educated in Maynooth, 9% in Carlow and Kilkenny and slightly less than 10% on the continent, mostly in Rome and Paris. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histback.htm

19th cent. Clerical Income and Lifestyle "The 19th century clergy were middle-class both by background, income and life-style. They depended for their income principally on dues paid at Christmas and Easter and on funeral offerings. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histinc.htm

Jan. 24, 1801 Dawson, John, Castle Street, city of Dublin, merchant. 24 Jan. 1801. Full 1 p. 7 Feb. 1801.

  An annunity to my wife Sarah Dawson payable out of the lands devised to my son Alexr. Dawson; to my son James Dawson the lands of Nicholastown, Co Louth which I purchased from Lord Carrick, all debts to to me and my interest in my lease in Castle Street, Dublin, subject to bequests to my daughter Catherine Henry, my sister Mary Barnside, my worthy friend George Robert Daniel, Peter Street, Dublin, my exor.

  My daughter Margaret Beahan wife of Gerald Beahan. To my son Alexr Dawson my interest in the lands of Cookstown, Rahanna, and Ardee, Co. Louth, Prospect, Co. Monaghan, and the tythes of the parish of Charlestown (Co Louth), subject to the payment of my debts. Mr. Quinn, Mr. Jackson and Miss Elizth. Pepper. My son James Dawson residuary legatee.

Witnesses: Burrowes Campbell, C. Ed. Allen, Wm. Blayney. Memorial witnessed by: Wm Blayney, Wm. Taylor. Alexr. Dawson (seal) 535, 273, 350594 Registry of Deeds, Abstracts of Wills CS482, R44, 1954, V. 3, NEHGS

1802		The birth of; “In / memory of / Patrick McGuirk / who imigrated from

Co. Cavan / to Prince Edward Island / in the year 1839 / died / may

15,1855 / AET 66 yrs. / Alice / his wife / died / May 20, 1868 / AET 66 yrs

/ Isabella Curran / died / 1865 / Henry McQuirk / 1876 ? / / Michael

McGuirk / 1821 ? - 1901 / his wife Ellen Mcmanus / 1832- 1901 / RIP //

Owen / aged 8 yrs / Catherine aged 4 years / John / 1 yr 6 months / All

died in 1862 / Ellen / infant died 1867 / Michael / died 1879 / aged 2 years

/ children of Michael & Ellen McGuirk / Henry / died / Mar.6,1890 / aged /

20 yrs / RIP //”. Lot 36, Cmt 2, Stone 233, St. Patrick’s, Master Name List, Reel 38.

1802 Fairs cont.; As Sir Charles Coote commented in 1802 ,’the fairs of

Cavan are principally, for young cattle, from yearlings to three years old,

both black cattle and horses'. Because 'the markets have no grain

exposed to sale, of provisions oatmeal principally, and are only

remarkable for the sale of yarn, flax and webs', commercial opportunities

for merchants and tradespeople were limited in the towns throughout

County Cavan in the early nineteenth century. The towns wind' impressed

Coote most were Cootehill and Killeshandra with their brisk trade in linen

cloth. In contrast, Coote had this opinion of the county town: Cavan,

which is the chief town, is pretty large, but its market but inconsiderable;

the main street. has some excellent and well-built houses (for merchants

and professional people), but the other streets are narrow, hold very

ill-built and straggling. The environs are disgusting with mean cabins,

almost obscured with the dunghills heaped in front. This is too much the

description of the vicinity of every town in the counters. The Heart of Briefne

DA990, C29, H42

 

1802		The birth of Breages Beggan, later recorded living in house #16 in

the townlands of Island, parish of Lurgan Munterconaght, Baroney of

Castleraghan, Co. Cavan. LDS film #T-17458 0597158 Census Returns of 1821,

Vol. 19, PRO 1A 45 19

 

March 13, 1802	George Burns, formerly of Charlottetown, PEI, now of Mt.

Peter Hill, Dublin, Ireland sell 500 acres of land in lot 39 to Thomas

Dawson, formerly of Coothill, Co Cavan, now of Charlottetown. Witnessed

by Robert Small and Benj Dawson Land conveyances F1046.8/ L3G Reel 5

vol.10, Page 96

 

1803		The birth of James Beggan, later recorded in house #16 in the

townlands of Island, parish of Lurgan Munterconaght, Baroney of

Castleraghan, Co. Cavan. LDS film #T-17458 0597158 Census Returns of 1821,

Vol. 19, PRO 1A 45 19

 

Jan.20,1805 James Beggan is born to James Beggan and Catherine Roe of Curraheny townlands, recorded in Kilsherdany Parish, Co. Cavan. Co. Cavan Genealogical Research Centre.

  I haven't found this townland in 1832 Tithes Applotment Books or 1854 Griffin's Valuation yet.

1806 The birth of Mary Beggan, later recorded living in house #16 in the

townlands of Island, parish of Lurgan Munterconaght, Baroney of

Castleraghan, Co. Cavan. LDS film #T-17458 0597158 Census Returns of 1821,

Vol. 19, PRO 1A 45 19

 

1807		The birth of Hugh Beggan, recorded living in house #16 in the

townlands of Island, parish of Lurgan Munterconaght, Baroney of

Castleraghan, Co. Cavan. LDS film #T-17458 0597158 Census Returns of 1821,

Vol. 19, PRO 1A 45 19

 

May 22,1807 Patrick Beggan is born to Hugh Beggan and Anne Cusack of

Drumgill townlands, recorded in Kilsherdany Parish, Co. Cavan. Co. Cavan

Genealogical Research Centre.

 

  Hugh and Widow Beggan are here in 1832 Thithes and 5 more

Beagans here in 1854 Griffin's Valuation including one Patrick.

Jan.1,1808 Peter Beggan is born to Eugene Beggan and Bridget Sweeney of Drumerkillew townlands, recorded in Kilsherdany Parish, Co. Cavan. Co. Cavan Genealogical Research Centre

 

  haven't found this townland in 1832 Thithes yet. There are no Beagans there in 1854 Griffin's Valuation. Looks like this will be the Peter Beagan of lot 35.

 

June 20,1808 "This stone was erected by Hugh Cusack in memory of his wife

Eleanor Cusack who died June 20, 1808". "Inscriptions in stone 51,

Magherintemple Cemetery situated near Monaghan border in Bunnoe half

of Drung Parish. Breifne Vol 2 No 6 1963, Janet Ruddy.

 

1809 The birth of James Beggan, later recorded living in the household of John Plunkett a widower age 68 farming 34 acres. His family consists of Alex Plunket, son 27; Thomas Plunket, a son 20; Mary dau age 16; Bern'd Smyth age 20, and Anne Reilly 20. Sect.17, house 1, Townlands of Cormeenbeg in the Larah half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

March 17, 1810 "Donahoe, Patrick, publisher, was born in Munnery, County Cavan, Ireland, March 17, 1810. He settled in Boston, Mass., in 1820, and after attending school for a few years he secured employment in a printing office, becoming an expert typesetter and acquiring a general knowledge of journalism. He early conceived the idea of founding a Roman Catholic newspaper, and with another man purchased of Bishop Fenwick an unsuccessful journal called The Jesuit, established in 1832. They were obliged to abandon it, even [p.274] after changing its name. In company with the same partner Mr. Donahoe began, in 1836, the publication of The Boston Pilot. The partner soon withdrew from the enterprise, but Mr. Donahoe bent all his energies to make The Pilot a success and finally secured for his journal a thoroughly national circulation. He soon expanded it from an issue of four small pages to an eight-page weekly. In addition to his newspaper he established a publishing house, where the works of many notable Irish and Irish-American authors were issued, also a bookstore and an emporium of church furniture and organs. When the civil war broke out he actively interested himself in the organization of several Irish regiments which went from Boston. He aided generously in the building of the Home for destitute Catholic children in Boston, and was a constant benefactor to the orphanages and other asylums of his church. The American college at Rome, and the seminary at Mill Hill, England, for the training of priests for the colored missions, were among the foreign institutions which received help from him. In 1872 he was probably the wealthiest and most influential Roman Catholic in New England. The Boston fire of that year destroyed his property to the amount of $350,000. He at once resumed business, but in May, 1873, was again burned out. He rebuilt his warehouse and moved into his new structure, but was soon burned out a third time. The insurance companies had nearly gone down in the great fire, so the usual help to rise from such losses was not to be had. He had endorsed heavily for friends and had in this way lost about $250,000. The climax of his misfortunes was reached in 1876, when the bank he had established suspended payment, with an indebtedness to depositors of $73,000. He placed everything he possessed at the disposal of his creditors, and Archbishop Williams came to his relief, purchasing three-fourths interest in The Pilot, John Boyle O'Reilly buying the other fourth. The Pilot assumed its share of the liabilities and the creditors were soon paid off in yearly installments. Meanwhile Mr. Donahoe resumed his foreign exchange and passenger agency and in 1876 established Donahoe's Magazine, a monthly publication. In 1891 he again came into possession of The Pilot by purchase from Archbishop Williams and the heirs of John Boyle O'Reilly. In 1894 he received the Lætare medal of Nôtre Dame university. Indiana, in recognition of his work for religion, education and charity, and in the same year a reception was tendered to him, as the oldest living member of the Charitable Irish society of Boston. He died in Boston, Mass., March 18, 1901. zzz "American Biographical Library The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans Volume 3 D Donahue, Patrick Joseph page 274

1811 Birth year of " ELIZABETH BOWERS, on Tuesday, July 9, 1889, at 9 a.m. at Grand Praire, La. (Plaquemines Parish) La., Eliza Bowers, age 78 years, a native of County of Cavan, Ireland and a resident of Plaquemines Parish for forty years." NEW ORLEANS DEATHS Deaths Taken from New Orleans and Plaquemines Parish Newspapers

1811 The birth of Catherine Beggan, daughter of Philip and Mary Beggan of Sect. 2, house 17, townlands of Albagh in the Larah half of the united Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Jan. 16, 1811 Birth year of "Patrick b County Cavan. Ire. 16 Jan 1811 - 11 Feb 1881 Margaret McBreen w/o Patrick Smith ".St Joseph's Bloomfield Cemetery: Many of the people of Bloomfield, Illinois were from the Cavan area. Almost all of the people it seems followed a priest from Cavan a father McGirr. Many more but there stones are not marked. I will list some of the information on the Grave yard at what is left of old Bloomfield. Also a few that were buried in Quincy. If you see a name you are wondering about here is the Home page for the Great River Genealogical Society. It is very much alive and there home page can tell you who to contact to search for any questions you might have. http://www.outfitters.com/~grgs/ Contributed by John D. Daugherty Ardmire@worldnet.att.net

1812 ;The birth of Bryan Beggan, later recorded living in house #16 in the townlands of Island, parish of Lurgan Munterconaght, Baroney of Castleraghan, Co. Cavan. LDS film #T-17458 0597158 Census Returns of 1821, Vol. 19, PRO 1A 45 19

1812 The birth of Bern'd Beggan son of Patrick and Catherine Beggan of Sect.16, house 17, Townlands of Coroneenmore in the Larah half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

1813 "Cavan Freeholders;

Page

Barony

#

Freeholder

Abode

Situation of Freehold

Landlord

Value

names of Lives or other Tenure

?

 

Castlerhan

2

John Boylan

Derrylaghen

Derrylaghen

H. B. Wilson

40 s

Connor McQuire

 

 

Clanmahon

16

James Biggan

Drumcrow

Drumcrow

Sir. R. Edgeworth

40 s

James Biggar Pat Sherridan R. Nichals

Cavan Feb. 22, 1813 Cavan Jan. 9, 1815

 

Upper Loughtee

2

John Little Jr.

Lismowille

Bugistay

himself

50 s

 

Ballyconnell April 21, 1807

 

Tullygarvey

86

Hugh Beggan Michael Beggan

Drumgill

same

Chas Coote Esq.

40 s

Duke of Gloucester

Cootehill April 5, 1820

106

"

1

John Little

Ramulgan

same

F. Whyte Esq.

40 s

 

Belturbet May 25, 1796

112

"

118

----val

Legakelly

Killifana & c.

John Thompson Esq.

 

John Little

Sept. 15, 1818

National Lib. of Ireland

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July 24, 1813 Birth year of "TINLEY, Ellen Smith B: Co. Cavan Ire. 24 Jul 1813 11 Apr. 1826" from St. Peters Cemetery in Quincy, Illinois. John D. Daugherty <Ardmire@worldnet.att.net>

1814 The birth of Mary Beggan daughter of Patrick and Catherine Beggan of Sect.16, house 17, Townlands of Coroneenmore in the Larah half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

1814 Birth year of " Carroll, John Native of County Cavan, Ire. d 4 May 1869 55y .St Joseph's Bloomfield Cemetery: Many of the people of Bloomfield, Illinois were from the Cavan area. Almost all of the people it seems followed a priest from Cavan a father McGirr. Many more but there stones are not marked. I will list some of the information on the Grave yard at what is left of old Bloomfield. Also a few that were buried in Quincy. If you see a name you are wondering about here is the Home page for the Great River Genealogical Society. It is very much alive and there home page can tell you who to contact to search for any questions you might have. http://www.outfitters.com/~grgs/ Contributed by John D. Daugherty Ardmire@worldnet.att.net

1814 The birth of Catherine Baggan later recorded living in the household of Hugh McGuire, a 62 year old farmer. His family consists of his wife Anne age 60; daughter Mary age 21, a spinner; son Redmond age 26, a laborer; son John, age 24; Catherine McMahon age 16 a tent ?; Ann Reilly age 50 a spinner; and Letty Baily lody ? age 26. Sect.62, house 16, Townlands of Drumcun in the Drung half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

1814 Birth year of "Edward Halton b. 1814, d. 1875 Ann Halton, wife of Edward b. 1820 in Cavan d. 1868" St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA: Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

1815 The birth of Mathew Beggan son of Philip and Mary Beggan of Sect.

2, house 17, Townlands of Albagh in the Larah half of the united Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

1816 The birth of Anne Beggan, daughter of Philip and Mary Beggan of Sect. 2, house 17, Townlands of Albagh in the Larah half of the united Parishes of Drung and Larah,

1817 "The matter of who would succeed Farrell O'Reilly came to a head in 1817 when a public protest meeting was held in Cavan by a section of the clergy who were obviously anxious to preserve the hegemony of the O'Reilly's in the diocese. They were protesting against the appointment of Patrick Maguire, a Franciscan, who was parish priest of Templeport, as coadjutor. A week later a group of Catholic laymen met in Cavan chapel to express concern at clerical dissensions. They petitioned the Primate of Armagh to send them a 'learned stranger'." http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

 1818 " Patrick Maguire, a Franciscan native of Kinawley, was coadjutor to Bishop Farrell O'Reilly from 1818 to 1826. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histvoc.htm

1818 Fairs cont; "For the early years of the century, however, we have only

schedules of the tolls and customs charged at various fairs and markets

throughout the whole country : these can help us, however, to identify the

commodities vended and the means of vending. These Schedules were

required to be lodged with the local Clerks of the Peace under an act of I

81 8 (57 Geo. III c. 107 & 108) for the regulation of levying tolls at fairs,

markets, and ports in Ireland. The preamble to the act claimed that it had

been passed to prevent the levying of tolls or customs where it was not

warranted by law, and it ordained that a toll board detailing charges on

each commodity and naming the individual or body that claimed the right

to impose them, had to be publicly exhibited at the fairs, markets and

ports. There are indications that the act did extinguish the claims to

collect tolls in several fairs : even if the crown might not inquire too deeply

into their titles, those who imposed the tolls knew that there were many

local people anxious to overthrow their title. An analysis of the schedule

of tolls at the fair of Stradone drawn up in I 8 I 8 reveals the characteristics

of the Cavan fairs in ‘the period after the Napoleonic Wars and the serious

famine of 1816 - 17. First we can distinguish between the three major

functions of fairs : merchants buying up local surpluses to sell elsewhere,

dealing in livestock, and providing goods for the country, People attending

the fair. In the case of Stradone the only local surpluses were in dealing

livestock was the major business of the seven fairs held throughout the

year : 7 February, 28 March, 10 May, 24 June, 16 August, 10 November

and 8 December. Even in the 1830s the village had only thirty-five houses

so there were few shops or alehouses to cater for the fairs and we find

charges for ‘tents selling spirits and entertaining people'. The schedule

distinguishes between ‘standings' or stalls, either covered or ‘flat’' (open or

uncovered) and ‘ loads' (that is the truckle car or low-backed car that

could carry up to six hundredweights) were charged more than 'back

loads', which probably refer to loads carried in panniers on the back of a

donkey rather than on a man's back. The individual hawker was charged

twopence, the same as a fishman.

&#9;&#9;We can subdivide the commodities retailed in the fairs into food,

clothing, hardware. Potatoes, apples, vegetables and garden plants were

charged by the load while meal, flour, oats and salt were brought in

sacks. It is surprising to find oranges and lemons mentioned in the

schedule. Also notable is the standing for selling cheese. While the

fishman was probably retailing fish, the herring in the barrel would have

been salted. Much of the clothing on sale was probably made in Ireland.

The muslins might have been made in Dublin or Belfast as easily as in

Lancashire or Scotland. The stocking man may have brought his supplies

from tile western counties and the frieze may have come from Kilkenny.

Hats were made as locally as Drogheda.

&#9;&#9;The references to hardware are just as intriguing. Cheap

crockery-ware was beginning to flood the countryside because it was

much better than wood, horn or pewter for keeping food, and especially

drinks, hot. It was so cheap flat old clothes dealers were prepared to

exchange bowls and plates for cast-off clothes and other dealers gave

them in return for whiskey bottles needed in great quantities by the

distilleries. The woodenware mentioned in the schedule probably refers to

small furniture and cooper's and turner's ware. The hardware stand itself

would have sold a great variety of items that were readily and cheaply

available from the great manufacturing centres in Britain, including tools,

and all kinds of metal fittings for the home and the farm. . Heart of Briefne

DA990, C29, H42

 

1818 "Avaunt, pale fevor, hide thy head,

  Erin's sons shall now be fed

  With food more nutritive than bread,

  Potato!

  Anonymous, "Address to New Potatos" [New Ireland, The Irish On PEI by Prince Edward Island Museum and Heritage Foundation.]

May 15, 1818 "Sexton, Susan (nee O'Dowd), wife of Mr. John Sexton, died at her Michigan avenue residence on Sunday morning. Mrs. Sexton was the daughter of Mr. Philip O'Dowd, a respectable farmer of Cavan, Ireland and first saw the light of day on May 15, 1818. Her husband was also a Cavan farmer. Ten children blessed the union, five of whom are living namely, Messrs. P. J. and J.M.L. Sexton, Mrs. Charles F. Keeler, and Mrs. Reilly of Chicago and Mrs. Arrow of Cincinnati, OH. The family came to America from Cavan about the year 1850 and settled first in Cincinnati where several of the children were born. Mr. Sexton Sr. died before the birth of the youngest child. In 1872, after long years of hard, but successful struggle, the family moved to Chicago. Mrs. Sexton sustained a great shock in the death of one of her sons, Mr. Thomas Sexton a few years ago. Gifted with a fine constitution, she preserved her faculties to the last, and could sew or embroider without the aid of glasses up to the time of her seizure. The funeral occured on Tuesday morning from the residence to St. John's Church, thence to Calvary cemetery. -Nov. 19, 1887 (2)

1819 Birth year of "Patrick LEDDY, 37 Park St NYC, Laborer, born 1819 Co Cavan, arrived 1850 per "Washington", married Margaret BRADY, 3 children" Emigrant Savings Bank records in NYC can be a very valuable tool for finding the homeplace in Ireland. Contributed by Nancy Pfaff List Manager

1819 The birth year of "John Beggan son of Patrick and Catherine Beggan of Sect.16, house 17, Townlands of Coroneenmore in the Larah half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

1820's PARISH PRIEST .V. THE CURATE cont; The unfortunate curates had few rights but could do little about it because they were in a minority. But the hope of early promotion to a parish on average after five years made their lot more tolerable.The issue was brought to a head in the 1820s by a rapid increase in their number which meant that promotion to parish priest would be much slower in future. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histinc.htm

1820 The birth of Bryon Beggan, son of Philip and Mary Beggan of Sect. 2, house 17, Townlands of Albagh in the Larah half of the united Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

 1821 Birth year of "Smith, Thomas, at resid., 597 S. Union, Sept. 6, 1883, aged 62 yrs., thirty years a resident of the sixth ward, formerly of Co. Cavan. Funeral from Sacred Heart Church to Calvary. Taunton (MA) papers please copy. (1)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

 1821 In 1821 Kilmore Diocese had a Catholic population of 253,898 with only one priest for every 4,702 Catholics. By 1841 it had shot up still further to over 314,374 an increase of 23.7% in twenty years. Because of the growth in the number of ordinations there were now over eighty priests in the diocese and the priest-people ratio had fallen to one priest for every 2,996 people. Most of these would have been extremely poor, living on the verge of famine. Bishop Browne had to face the immediate task of equipping the diocese with adequate churches, big enough to cater for a rapidly growing population. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

1821 Parish of Kilbride "Mount Nugent here is a protestant church" Census of Cavan Barony of Clan Mahon film 8100822

Summer 1821 "There were 2 Beggans lady & other ? last night." Comments written in "observations" column in the census of the Riddens family, consisting of Anne, wife age 27; Bern'd, son age 1; Joseph a cousin age 20 and Mary Farrolly age 24. Census of 1821 sect 2, Larah, Ardandayh townlands, in the United Parish of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Upper Loughtee, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Summer 1821 "Philip Beggan age 37, a farmer and laborer working one half acre of land is recorded. His family consists of his wife Mary, age 21; daughter Catherine age 10; daughter Anne age 5; son Mathew age 6; and son Bryon age 1. Sect. 2, house 17, Townlands of Albagh in the Larah half of the united Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

  Philip is still here in the June 24,1824 Tithes Applotment Book. his holdings are now 5 acres. He is not here in the 1854 Griffin's Valuation.

1821 "Bridget Kelly Beggen, age 77, is recorded living in the household of Peter Deneng, age 28, a laborer; along with his wife Ellen, age 27, a spinner; Patt, his son, age 16; and Ann Conoly, age 35, a lodger. House 10, Townlands of Muornery Upper, Parish of Kilmore, Baroney of Upper Loughtee, Co, Cavan. The townland contains 106 people living in 19 houses. Census of 1821, Vol. 16, PRO 1A 45 16, LDS S-27353, 0597157.

Summer 1821 "Pat Beggan, a 42 year old laborer is recorded. His family consists of his wife Catherine age 41, Bern'd a son age 9, Mary a daughter age 7, and John a son age 2. Sect.16, house 17, Townlands of Coroneenmore in the Larah half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Summer 1821 "James Beggan age 12 is recorded living in the household of John Plunkett a widower age 68 farming 34 acres. His family consists of Alex Plunket, son 27; Thomas Plunket, a son 20; Mary dau age 16; Bern'd Smyth age 20, and Anne Reilly 20. Sect.17, house 1, Townlands of Cormeenbeg in the Larah half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Summer 1821 "Susanna Beggan, age 0, is recorded living in the household of Mary Donaho, a 25 year old spinner. Her family consists of And'w, a son age 14, laborer; Owen a son, age 10; and Ann Smyth, a wife age 45." Sect.48, house 27, Townlands of Drumco in the Drung half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Hi

I recently acquired my GG Grandmothers birth certificate, her father was Edward Mullan of Ireland and her mother was a Sussana Baghan also of Ireland, she was born c1823, I am having difficulty finding any information with regard to the surname Baghan, Edward was a Iron Miner, my GG Grandmother was born in Cleator Moor, Cumbria, ENGLAND her name was Mary Ann Mullan. Mary Ann married a Peter Mcguire born c1853 Cavan Ireland. I would be grateful for any help or advice you can give. Yours Kevin McGuire. mcguire@ktjvc.freeserve.co.uk

Summer 1821 "Catherine Baggan age 6 is recorded living in the household of Hugh McGuire, a 62 year old farmer. His family consists of his wife Anne age 60; daughter Mary age 21, a spinner; son Redmond age 26, a laborer; son John, age 24; Catherine McMahon age 16 a tent ?; Ann Reilly age 50 a spinner; and Letty Baily lody ? age 26." Sect.62, house 16, Townlands of Drumcun in the Drung half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Summer 1821 "Pat Beggan age 50 a lerrel ? is recorded living in the household of Thady Granas, a 40 year old farmer. His family consists of his wife Mary Granas age 30 and son Thos Granas, age 1."Sect.62, house 27, Townlands of Drumcun in the Drung half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Summer 1821 "Mary Beggan, lody~ ? age 75 is recorded living in the household of Pat M'Guire, a farmer and wood ? working six and a half acres. Pat's family consists of his 28 year old wife Bridget, 3 year old son Edward, 2 year old dau Catherine and Mic'l Monaghan father in law age 80. Sect.63, house 12, Townlands of Drumbrolish in the Drung half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Summer 1821 Anne Beggan age 23 leruel ? is recorded living in the household of Philip McEntee age 30 a farmer with 8 acres. His family consists of his wife Catherine age 30, dau Elean'r age 6, son Mic'l age 4, son James age 1, and Thomas Roan age 12 Leruel ?. Sect.21, house 8, Townlands of Lismaduff in the Drung half of the United Parishes of Drung and Larah, Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census.

Summer 1821 Owen Beggan, age 26, (Lereu) is recorded living in the household of James McEntee, a farmer working 10 acres with his family cosisting of James' wife Mary, age 37, and step children; Ann Carmel, 16; Mary Carmel, 14; Catherine Carmel, 12; Francis Carmel, 1; Patrick, a son age 1; Cicily M'Grimis, a servant, age 18, and Eleanor M'Entee age 2. Sect. 92 house 12 in the Townlands of Minolty, in the United Parish of Drung and Larah in the Baroney of Tullygarvey, Co. Cavan. 1821 Census of Co. Cavan.

  This is the only Owen Beggan found to date in Co. Cavan. No mention of him is found again in Ireland.

 

1821 Census of the Parish of Kilbride in the Baroney of Cloumahon, Co. Cavan, records no Beagan's.

Oct.1,1821 The widow Beggin is recorded paying thithes on 6 acres of land in Darkley townlands, in the Parish of Shercock, a part of the Barony of Clonkee in Co. Cavan. Page 9 Tithe Applotment Books.

  There are no Beagans recorded here in Griffins Valuation

Oct.28,1821 Mich’l Beggan, age 57, a laborer; Rose, his wife, age 57, a Spinner; James, his son, age 18, a laborer; Hugh, his son, age 14, a laborer; Bryan, his son, age 9; Ellin, his daughter, age 21, a spinner; Breages, his daughter, age 19, a spinner; and Mary, age 15. a spinner; are recorded living in house #16 in the townlands of Island, parish of Lurgan Munterconaght, Baroney of Castleraghan, Co. Cavan. LDS film #T-17458 0597158 Census Returns of 1821, Vol. 19, PRO 1A 45 19

Oct.28,1821 Ellen Beggan, age 21, a servant, is recorded living in the household of John Murphy, age 27, a farmer; also John’s wife Bridget, age 26, a spinner; Catherine, his daughter, under age 1; and his mother Catherine, age 63, a spinner. House 37, in the townlands of Island, parish of Lurgan Munterconaght, Baroney of Castleraghan, Co. Cavan. LDS film #T-17458 0597158 Census Returns of 1821, Vol. 19, PRO 1A 45 19

Vocations began to rise in the 1820s, part of a national trend. There were forty three ordinations for the diocese in the 1820s bringing the total number of priests in 1830 to seventy-eight. The increase continued throughout the 1830s with forty-seven ordinations bringing the total number of priests to eighty-five in 1840 - forty-three parish priests, thirty-nine curates, servicing 43 parishes and three on the staff of Kilmore Academy - an increase of 44% in twenty years.

HIGH DEATH RATE

The increase in the number of priests between 1820 and 1840 was off-set by a high death rate among them and by an increase of over fifty thousand in the population over the corresponding period. There was a very high death rate among the Kilmore clergy especially during the late 1830s and the entire 1840s. Ten priests died in the last two years of the 1830s. Twenty-eight percent of the priests ordained in the 1830s died inside ten years of ordination. The decade of the Great Famine claimed 32 priests, seven in 1847, some from the ranks of the younger clergy who contracted fever while ministering to their people during the Famine, especially in the Cavan Work House. Another major killer among the 19th century clergy was pulmonary diseases, especially T.B., caused by poor accommodation, dampness, having to ride long distances on horse-back in bad weather to say Mass or on sick calls. Maynooth, where most of them were educated, also contributed to their poor health. The climate was cold and damp in winter, the regime austere, the diet poor. Few of the priests lived to old age. The average life expectancy of Kilmore priests between 1800 and 1850 was 55. In the second half of the century it increased slightly to 59. Few priests ordained between 1800 and 1900 lived beyond seventy years and only about fifteen to over eighty.

1821 Priestly Vocations cont. "As a result the priest-people ratio fell only slightly from 1 : 3,427 in 1821 to 1 : 3,244 in 1841." http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histvoc.htm

1822 Birth year of "Mary Gorman, wife of Richard Grant b County Cavan, Ire 1822 d 25 Feb 1900 St Josephs Bloomfield Cemetery: Many of the people of Bloomfield, Illinois were from the Cavan area. Almost all of the people it seems followed a priest from Cavan a father McGirr. Many more but there stones are not marked. I will list some of the information on the Grave yard at what is left of old Bloomfield. Also a few that were buried in Quincy. If you see a name you are wondering about here is the Home page for the Great River Genealogical Society. It is very much alive and there home page can tell you who to contact to search for any questions you might have. http://www.outfitters.com/~grgs/ Contributed by John D. Daugherty Ardmire@worldnet.att.net

1823 Birth year of " Lawrence Reilly / the publick has hitherto looked upon this man as a mobster, a man for whos crimes there was not a shadow of an excuse: but there was hardley ever a himane being born who was altogether vile, in whose chacter some redeeming trait was not visible: but crime too often ovscures the good that is in criminals, and nothing but the dark side of thier natures are presented to the public. Lawrence Reilly, was one of those, but had all the circumstances connected with his history been known to the public ". The story goes on for some lentgh , he was born in Kilcovey Cavan. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle

1823 Fairs cont; Soon after the act was put into execution an ‘account of tolls and customs at places in the several counties of Ireland' was published in 1823. It shows that in County Cavan tolls were charged in far more places than in any other Ulster County : Bailyborough;Cavan; Kingscourt; Shercock;B;illyconnel ; Cootehill; Kilcogey; Stradone; Ballyjamesduff Crossdoney; Mount Nugent Swanlinbar ; Belturbet;Killeshandra; Redhill; Tullyvin; Virginia

1823 "In 1823 Fr. Patrick O'Reilly VG, built a new slated chapel on the same site and dedicated it to St. Patrick." http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

Spring 1823 The Reformation Society met with opposition from the Catholic

Association in thier their evangelization work. One concrete example of

the extent of the support for the Catholic Association is the amount of

Catholic Rent collected in the County. The Catholic Association (founded

by Daniel O'Connell and Richard Lawlor Sheil in the Spring of 1823)

debarred by law from being a representative body was open anyone who,

on paying an annual subscription of one guinea, was propsed seconded

&#9;and enrolled as a member. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Oct.11,1823 John Beggan is recorded in the Tithes Applotment books renting 5-01-4 acres of land in the townlands of Kilairuney (Killaire [oru] ney) , parish of Kildrumsherdan, Co Cavan. Janet Ruddy

1824 Cont from The Armagh Diocesan Registry Archive (DIO/4, T/729, T/848, T/1056, T/1066-7, T/3123 and MIC/2) Also deriving from the private estate affairs of Primate Beresford is a large bundle of letters and papers, 1824 and 1829-1834, about the (unsuccessful?) attempt of the Commissioners of Woods and Forests to challenge his title to Derryvally, part of his family property in Co. Cavan. This legal battle has heavy political undertones, as it was between the Whig government in Great Britain and a leading light among the Irish Tories, and because the Chief Commissioner of Woods and Forests was Lord Duncannon, the Ponsonby heir, and therefore a scion of the family which were traditional political rivals of the Beresfords. http://proni.nics.gov.uk/records/private/armagh.htm#original

1824 In 1824 a Parliamentary seat became vacant in Cavan on the elevation of Colonel Barry to the peerage.The County Cavan Parliamentary constituency had consistently returned two Tory members to Parliament--,almost since the union. Between 1800 and 1826 one of these was Nathanial Sneyd, a convinced opponent of Catholic Emancipation and a close friend of the Orange Society. The other seat was monopolised by members of the Farnham family. In 1812 and in 1818 Mr. Charles Coote came forward as an independent candidate but his challenge did not end in a contest. In 1824 the Tories were confident that Henry Maxwell, their candidate, would not be opposed. On the last day of nominations, Charles Coote was proposed as a candidate. This development necessitated a poll but when Charles Coote did not appear to accept the nomination, the High Sherrif, Hassard, declared Maxwell elected.

Some of Coote's followers composed and signed a petition to the House of Commons complaining of the violation of freedom in the election and asking for the unseating of Maxwell - which was presented but no further action was taken. The events of 1824 are significant in so far as they show a spirit of opposition to the Tory monopoly in the county.The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

June 24,1824 Phillip Beggin is recorded paying thithes on 5 acres of land in Albagh townlands, in the Parish of Larrah, in Kilmore Diocese, Co. Cavan. Page 2 Tithes Applotment Books.

  There are no Beagans recorded here in Griffins Valuation.

Early 1824 "Early in 1824 O'Connell put into effect plan whereby the ordinary people could afford to join the association ,and at the same time the work of the Association could be adequately financed. A monthly Catholic Rent" was to be collected in each parish and was to consist of contributions of one penny per month as a minimum and two shillings pet month as a maximum from each individual. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Aug. 12, 1824 Birth year of "Brady, Matthew b County Cavan, Ire. 12 Aug 1824 d 12 Sep 1908 Susan Carroll his wife 1829 - 1914 St Joseph's Bloomfield Cemetery: Many of the people of Bloomfield, Illinois were from the Cavan area. Almost all of the people it seems followed a priest from Cavan a father McGirr. Many more but there stones are not marked. I will list some of the information on the Grave yard at what is left of old Bloomfield. Also a few that were buried in Quincy. If you see a name you are wondering about here is the Home page for the Great River Genealogical Society. It is very much alive and there home page can tell you who to contact to search for any questions you might have. http://www.outfitters.com/~grgs/ Contributed by John D. Daugherty Ardmire@worldnet.att.net

Oct.23,1824 "Dublin Evening Press, 23rd October, 1824 stated " In County Cavan, we learn all the Catholics are disarmed and their arms distributed among the Orangemen." There is written evidence of Protestant dissatisfaction at the collection of the Catholic Rent. A letter from Christopher Spinks of Mountntigerit to the Right Hon. Henry Goulburn encloses "The Report of the Comniittee appointed to devise the best mode of raising a general subscription throughout Ireland -signed by Daniel O'Connell". It sets fortli the methods to be used in collecting the rent, the minimum amount to be subscribed, and the following purposes for the money collected : the sending of petitions to Parliament, the obtaining of legal redress for Catholics against Orangemen, the securing of Catholic rights on Corporations, the encouragement and support of a liberal press, the acquisition of cheap books for schools, the financing of priests for Missions in North America; and England, the erecting of schools, Catholic Churches and Presbyteries. Mr. Spinks writes

Honourable Sir,

On 15th June last, I took the liberty of addressing you on the state of this country and on the rapid strides it is making towards rebellion. Since that period to the present, it his not been losing ground, but on the contrary gaining so that here they have become so daring that they will come to your door and cry out " five pounds for an Orangeman's Head" with all other kind of abusive language. Copies of the enclosed are circulated in great abundance from every chapel (illegible) Stone, among the Papists in collecting (illegible) rent, with a anxious looking-out for arms and Ammunition which they expect shortly to get from the Dublin Parliament. All this to the Unfortunate Protestants is very alarming seeing they have no protection, but in constant dread of a repeat of the year of 98',

I am, Honourable Sir,

Your most obedient and humble servant,

Chris Spinks. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Nov.8,1824 Hugh Beggan is recorded living in the townlands of Kilnagun in the Parish of Lurgan and Munterconnaught, Co. Cavan Tithes Applotment Books. P.14 CS484 I79, film 5B.

Dec.1824 "Catholic Association's meeting in December, 1824, in the edition of the 31st December, 1825. At this meeting the contribution of Killeshandra, Co. Cavan is praised. Mr. Kirwan said that the Catholic Rent was well received in Cavan county, many CathoIic tennants were rejected by Lord Farnham for contributing to it ;although some of them were disarmed, they still continued to pay. Dublin Evening Press, 23rd October, 1824 stated " In County Cavan, we learn all the Catholics are disarmed and their arms distributed among the Orangemen." The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Dec.11,1824 "A letter from Mr. Richard Anderson, Postmaster, Killeshandra to Sir E Lees, G.P.O., Dublin on Ilth December, 1824, says "Of course you saw in the newspapers an account of an alarming riot which occurred in this town the days following that on which the first collection of the"Catholic Rent" was made in the Chapel of this parish". The Catholic Rent was not the sole cause of the religious agitation. Evidence shows that both sides worked diligently for their respective causes. Both side were guilty of mudslinging. Accusations and counter-accusations, threats and counter-threats, acts of violence and of retaliation were characteristic of the agitation. While the Protestants made weekly claims of conversions, the Catholics denied these on the basis that they were either false claims or or the result of bribes or coercion on the part of the Evangelists.

At it meeting of the Cavan branch of the Catholic Association Bryan Smith of KiIIanure proposed to swear that he was a Roman Catholic, that one Brenan who had lately abandoned the Catholic Church and a preacher named Jackson, called on at his house on the 7th inst. and endeavoured to prevail on him to become a Protestant, as Brenan had done, promising him that they would procure him f 12 and a farm of land on such terms as would make him comfortable during the remainder of his life; and that when they were unable to induce him to go with them,they left two books with him, one of which was entitled " Andrew Dunn’s Conversion.” The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

1824 Birth year of "John LEDDY, Gardener, lives E. 29th St, native Snakeel, Co Cavan, born 1824, arrived 3 Jun 1853 per "Samuel Badger", father John, mother Ann MASTERSON" Emigrant Savings Bank records in NYC can be a very valuable tool for finding the homeplace in Ireland. Contributed by Nancy Pfaff List Manager

 

 

 

1824 Birth year of " Sullivan, Patrick, at resid., 68 W. 13th Pl., July 17, 1887, native of Co. Cavan, aged 63 yrs. Funeral from the Jesuit Church to Calvary (1)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

1824 Birth year of "Wallace, James, at 3620 Wallace, Sept. 30, 1886, aged 62 yrs., native of Co. Cavan. Funeral from Nativity Church to Mt. Olivet. Cleveland papers please copy. (1)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

1825 Birth year of " GOLDRICK Thomas Goldrick died Nov. 14, 1886, aged 61 years his wife Rose died Mar. 12, 1884, aged 57 years Natives of Co. Cavan erected by their daughters" St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA: Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

1825 Patrick Beagan, (Owen's brother*) later to marry Eliza McCarty is born in County Cavan, Ireland. (1830 according to family history written by Tom and Doreen Beagan of Kensington.)

1825 Hugh Beggan is recorded paying tithes on 14 acres of land belonging to Barbara Lankey in Kilnagun townlands, Parish of Lurgan, Castlerahan Barony, Co. Cavan. Page 14

Jan. 15, 1825 "On the 15th of January a letter was read at the Association meeting by Mr. O'Rielly - from the Rev. P. O'Reilly, Administrator of the parish of Crosserlough, Co. Cavan. He enclosed f4l 2s. 9d. in subscriptions from his parish. The following excerpt is taken from his letter. “Of the zeal and spirit manifested by the people, I cannot speak in terms sufficiently commendatory - they far exceeded my best expectations. The petty trader, the poor farmer already taxed beyond his means, the industrious weaver struggling to support a numerous family, the more indigent journeymen and wretched cotter vie with each other in their efforts to pay their respective quotas to the common fund to which they anxiously but confidently look for support and protection against the rude arm of oppression". The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Jan. 18, 1825 "LYTLE, John

Abode: Coolcastle

Freehold: Coolcastle

Landlord: Rev. H. Cottingham

Name of Lives or other Tenure: Jeremiah Star

Place/Date of Registry: Cavan, 18 Jan 1825" Registry of Arms PKostelnik@ij.net

Feb, 1825 "The amount of "Catholic Rent" as it was commonly called, collected in Cavan was one of the highest in Ireland. A weekly report of the amount collected was published in the Dublin papers. For exempt the Association's report for the month of February, 1825, showed Cavan contribution to be the third highest in Ireland, exceeded only by Dublin and Cork. No other county in Ireland for the same period had over 120 lbs. The Cavan contribution for this month is the highest per head of population. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Feb.5,1825 "Reports of the Catholic Association's meetings in Dublin often referred to its strength in the county of Cavan. Cavin's representative at the Association meetings was a Mr. William O'Reilly. He was a magistrate, formerly of Kilnacrott, Co. Cavan but at this time residing at 9, Margaret Place, Mountjoy Square, Dublin. He spoke frequently at the Association's meetings. A report of the Catholic Association's meetings on February 5th, 1825, says of him : "He then handed in 25 lbs -. 14s -. 6d., the contribution of many humble individuals who resided in Lord Farnham's Parish (a laugh) and whose patriotic spirit did not tend to shelter them from the severity". The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Feb.6,1825 "A report of another such dinner in the above Mrs. Barry's was sent to Maxwell by one of his agents, Robert Morrow, earlier on in 1825 (Feb. 2nd). He reports "The freeholders of Lough Sheelin and Ballyjamesduff came home last night - 48 men received dinner in Mrs. Barry's - 6 gallons of punch was sufficient for them". The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

March 15,1825 "In the final week of the first period of the Catholic Rent Collection, 10th to 15th of March, 1825, the contribution from Cavan was equal to 12% of the National Total. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

April 16,1825 "The support which the Catholic Association drew in Cavan inevitably provoked much conflict and violence in the county. In the above letter, Fr. O’Rielly concludes with the following passage: “I should not omit to mention that considerable efforts have been made to impede, if not wholly to prevent, the collection of rent in the neighbourhood." Nine weeks later, Fr. O'Reilly himself proved a victim of the outbreak of violence the following report of his murder appeared in the Dublin Weekly Register,Wednesday, April 6th, 1825 : "Atrocious Murder -The Rev. P. O'Reilly, Administrator of the parish of Kilnaleck, whilst returning home in the evening about a fortnight ago, was waylaid and barbarously murdered. Our correspondent in Granard informs us that the Coroner's inquest on the body was three - several time adjourned, at length the Jury brought in the following verdict 'came by his death in consequence of wounds inflicted by some person or persons unknown'." 'The report continues to say " It is said, we trust without foundation, that this inhuman murder like many others which have disgraced the North, was the effect of party spirit. We expect that this affair will be strictly investigated. Though the Catholic Association no longer exists, the Public Press will endeavour to Supply its place and watch over the administration of justice". The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

May 19,1825 "The election campaign now began in earnest. Both sides made their intentions clear. As the election drew nearer the campaigns of both sides gained momentum. That of Maxwell and Saunderson was the more active of the two. This was due to the fact that they were both in a better financial position then Coote and Southwell. They also had more political experience. Maxwell's correspondence during this time gives much information on the type of activities engaged in by the anti-Emancipationist side in trying to Will support for their canidates. It is obvious from the aforementioned manuscripts that Maxwell canvassed all the listed freeholders for their support. He received many letters pledging support due to his stand on the Catholic question. He had the support of many of the largest Protestant landowners in the county. These included Pratt, Dickson, Wilson and Adams to name but a few. Many also pledged the support of those Freeholders under their influence. Letters from Fitzpatrick, Young and Brabbington among others tell Maxwell that they have ordered their freeholders to vote for him. There is also evidence to show that attempts were made to try to extend the number of registered freeholders in order to increase the number of votes Maxwell would receive. A letter from Margaret Clarke on 19th-May, 1825, says that she has sent a number of her tenants to Cavan to register as freeholders so that they can vote for Maxwell. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

June 2,1825 Philip Lynch (of Thomas and Catherine Dalton, Co. Cavan) wed Elleanor Coile (of John and Catherine Riley, Co. Cavan) at St. Peter's Church at Halifax, NS. CS 480 I-7.

Sept.6,1825 "However, not all of the letters refusing support on the above grounds were concerned with the fate of the Catholics in the county. One such letter from Brooke on 6th September, 1825, refuses support due to different sentiments on the Catholic question. He says 'I lament the existence of papal apostacy and tyranny in this country and also the existence of political disabilities which seem to be the main prop of the Superstitious edifice". The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Sept.25,1825 "Maxwell also received a number of letters from Catholic and Protestant freeholders refusing him their support due to his stand on the Catholic question. A letter from William O'Reilly on 25th September, 1825 refuses support and says that "Cavan is one of the few counties in the island whose representatives have not declared themselves in favour of Catholic Emancipation". The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Oct.1825 "If Lord Farnham won converts by bestowing gifts upon them, Maxwell did likewise in attempting to win votes. Bills which he received during the election campaign show that his supporters were treated lavishly. Many of the costs were agreed to by Lord Farnham as it was to him that the bills were forwarded. In October, 1825, a bill for L3.10.0d. was forwarded to Lord Farnham. “this amount", Maxwell writes, "was incurred for the support of the Ballyconnell freeholders". Two other bills include one for "68 dinners at Mrs. Barry's in Ballyjamesduff' and another for" 60 dinners at 7/6 each in Cavan". The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Oct. 3, 1825 "Information Wanted // If William Commisford, who came out last spring, from the Parish of Kilmore, near Cavan, Ireland, be living, he is informed that his wife and child, are in (York PC?) and can be heard of at John McNeals; - Information concerning him will be than (------?) received by his anxious wife, directed (as above?)" page 3, Stanstead British Colonist

Nov.5,1825 "Likewise Daniel O’Connell’s correspondence prior to the 1826 election shows that he feared Lord Farnham’s"; political strength. In a letter to Lord Darnley on November 5th, 1825. he writes:- "If Lord Farnham shall be elected the flame of party spirit which his been ,and is dying away will acquire fresh vigour, and the insolence of triumph on one hand, the bitterness of defeat on the other may and probable (sic) will lead to deplorable consequences especially in the North of Ireland where a reconciliation his already commenced but may be blasted forever if Lord Farnham shall be successful".

In Cavan as in other places the granting of Catholic Emancipation marked the beginning not the end of a process. However, the political significance of Emancipation was not immediately apparent as the disfranchisement of the forty shilling freeholders restricted its effect on Parliamentary elections. This measure meant that the number of people eligible to vote in Cavan dropped from 4,250 in 1826 to 2,248 in 1832. As the century progressed the population of the county declined rapidly mainly because of The Famine and of emigration. However, the number of those eligible to vote increased in proportion to the population and as this happened a movement is evident away from the Conservative candidates first to the Liberals and then to the Home Rulers. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Nov. 20, 1825 "James & Mary (BRADY) SMITH, lives South Beach Long Island, Gardener, arrived 20 Nov 1855 per "Drover", 3 children" Emigrant Savings Bank records in NYC can be a very valuable tool for finding the homeplace in Ireland. Contributed by Nancy Pfaff List Manager

1826 Birth year of "GEORGE KEMP, merchant, a native of County Cavan, Ireland, born in 1826, died in New York city, Nov. 23, 1893. He was a son of Edward Kemp, a farmer, and traced his ancestry to the Kemps who emigrated from England to Ireland in the time of Cromwell. Coming to the United States in 1834, he was educated in the public schools, and while yet a young lad entered the employment of Murray & Lanman, importers and exporters of drugs and merchandise. With this house he remained until his death, with only a short interval in the '40's when he went to Janesville, Wis., then in the wild west, to found a drug house. With integrity, ability and remarkable capacity for work, he advanced step by step until he became a partner, and eventually the sole proprietor of the firm which then became and is yet known as Lanman & Kemp. He retired from actual participation in the business in 1867, continuing as special partner only. He invested largely in real estate and owned several important properties up town. With his fellow members of the Union League club, he was a public spirited supporter of leading public institutions. Mr. Kemp married Juliet Augusta, daughter of Francis Tryon, who survived him with four children." America's Successful Men of Affairs: An Encyclopedia of Contemporaneous Biography Volume I K Isaac Choate Kendall page 364

1826 "Parliament was dissolved in 1826 and Nathanial Sned retired - thereby leaving another seat vacant. Coote was again proposed, and this time, legitimately accepted, as a canidate. Coote was the illegitimate son of Lord Bellamount. He seems to have been well intentioned politically. He gave a site for a Church to the Catholics of Cootehill. He was known to the pro-Emancipation. This was to be evident from his speeches and election speeches later on. A further development was the decision of George Southwell to stand as a candidate. He was a popular landlord and also known to be pro-Emancipation. It was clear that the coming election would be fought on the question of Catholic Emancipation. Maxwell announced his intention to stand for election. The problem for the anti-Emancipation side was to find him a suitable ally. Their choice was between Young and Saunderson. Both had strong property claims although Alex Saunderson was the strongest in terms of both popularity and prestige. His father had been an M.P. He was shaky, however, on the Emancipation question compared with Young who was a staunch member of the Orange Society. The outcome was an alliance between Maxwell and Saunderson. Young withdrew his candidature so as to avoid a Tory split. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

June 11,1826 "Maxwell and his followers also carried out an extensive propaganda compaign. Posters and placards were hung up all over the county. Many examples of these still survive today in Cavan County Library. One such poster is signed "A Roman Catholic Tenant". " Roman Catholic freeholders now is your time. Prove to your landlords that you are trustworthy and loyal tenants, that you are deserving of the kindness and indulgences that in that case will surely await you, you will find that your Landlords will not visit the sins of a few deceived individuals on their worthy tenantry, let them look to their poll books (next piece written in italics) WHICH WILL SOON BE PRINTED AND LET THEM THERE SEE THEIR REAL SUPPORT IS IN THE STEADINESS AND LOYALTY OF THEIR TENANTS".

As part of their campaign, the emancipationists brought Daniel O’Connell to Cavan. This event inspired many satirical poems dedicated to Mr. O’Connell. composed by the anti-emancipationists. Some of them were published in pamphlet form and distributed as part of their propaganda campaign. One such poem goes as follows

DANIEL IN CAVAN

'The orator Daniel, from Dublin went down,

To astonish the spalpeens of old Cavan Town.

He invented the Scaffold and speeched mighty hot

What a pity Jack Ketch was not there with his knot.

Derry down down.

2.

0 great was the brass and the blustering of Dan

 Oh he's monstrous uncouth for a Catholic man,

The Pope's bull begot him, he ought to be shot,

But Daniel and Southwell will both go to pot.

Derry down, down

 Both will be down.

3.

Dan, you mounted the rostrum and spoke to the men,

Dan get on the rostrum, address them again.

Fool, Southwell will lose every time that you mount

That's right - It all goes to poor Southwell's account.

Derry down, down etc.

4.

Success to you, Slator you showed you had sense

By ordering against Dan and the Catholic Pence.

Oh long may you live and your fortune enjoy

You're what Paddy may call - just a broth of a boy.

Derry down, down etc.

5.

Huzza for Sweet Cavan, to her brave son's success

Who scouted the Pope, serving Dan's address

Who felt in their hearts, no paid stranger should say

whom they should vote or for whom should say nay.

Derry down, down.

6.

Maxwell and Saunderson cheer, and may blessings attend

The landlords revered and honest man's friend.

May Cavan now prove herself honest and good

And send you to the Senate, the men that they should.

Derry down, down

 Dan may lie down.

-The meeting to which the above poem refers was organised by the Cavan branch of the Catholic Association and took place on June I I th, 1826. O'Connell entered the town of Cavan and was cheered by a large crowd. He was accompanied by Southwell and a number of priests. In his two and a half hour speech he spoke about each of the candidates. Maxwell "lacked talent' and Sanderson had "bartered his sentiments for political power'. On the other side he stressed Coote’s "anxiety" that religion should not bar constitutional rights and "that Soutliwell was deserving of Catholic confidence". He urged the 40/- freeholders to vote "as conscience directed and not as the landlords had commanded". The polling commenced on 20th of June and lasted for a week. In a speech during the week Maxwell raised three points. He stated that (1) he was opposed to ,,.;Catholic Emancipation; (2) he claimed to stand behind the 40/- freeholders (unlike O’Connell); (3) he concluded by saying "Look to your Landlords, they are your friends and interested in your welfare, consult their wishes-you will gratify them and you will benefit yourselves".

During the week many outrages were reported. There were many incidences of violence and a number of people were killed. Many Roman Catholic clergy stayed at the polling booths and tried to persuade the 40/- freeholders to vote for Coote and Southwell. Maxwell and Saunderson emerged at the top of the poll.

'The results may be tabulated as follows

Total Number of votes-9,425

Total Number of voters -4,520 (each voter had 2 votes)

L50 Freeholders-486

L2O Freeholders -218

40/- Freeholders -Remainder

Maxwell -2,854 votes) -30.2%) 58.6%

Saunderson - 2,673 votes)-28.4%)

Southwell -1,981 votes) -21.1%) 41.4%

Coote vote- 1,917 votes) -20.3%) The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

July 3,1826 "It is clear, therefore, from the final result of the election that Southwell and Coote made a good impression, although neither was successful in obtaining a seat. It is also clear from subsequent events that, although Mr. Maxwell claimed a complete victory for his side; he was seriously worried about the result. This was shown by his attempts to quell the support given to the pro-Emancipation candidates by retaliating against those priests who worked against him and against the 40/- freeholders who had voted against him. Maxwell's personal correspondence shows evidence of an intensive campaigh to find out what Roman Catholic clergy were involved in the campaign against him. On the day after the election results were finalised he issued the following circular to the deputies who were in charge of the various polling booths. "You will oblige me very much by letting me know whether any instances of interferences on the part of the Roman Catholic Priests occurred during the the Election in your booth and whether any Priests (mentioning their names) acted as Tally Clerks or in any other capacity in your booth". A number of replies were received from the different areas. One deputy, Charles Vilock, reported that "the conduct of the Roman Catholic clergy outside the booths was shameful. They told freeholders who were coming in to vote that if they did so, they were perjured if they did not vote for Mr. Southwell and Coote" He also said that he was obliged to call the police. Belturbet booth reported priests outside the booth. Cavan reported likewise but also stated that no Roman Catholic priests entered or interfered. In Crossdoney a priest tried to enter the booth but was not successful. In Ardkill priests were present trying to enter the booth but they were not allowed to enter. Those involved in the trouble were listed by the resident deputy as follows :

Priest McCabe-Parish of Drumiane

Priest Brady -Parish of Drumlane

Priest McGovern -Parish of Templeport

Priest McCabe -Parish of Clifferna

Priest McKenna -Parish of Carnally

Another report from Tullygarvey stated that three priests had to be thrown out of the booth on polling day. A lengthy letter from the Reverend B. W. Slator to Maxwell on 3rd JULY, may be summarized as follows. He has been astonished at the influence the Roman Catholic clergy have successfully exerted over their flocks. As far as he is concerned he will render their efforts abortive in future. Three quarters of his property in Cavan is leased and he will lose no time in selecting Protestants to whom only he shall give freeholds. The others he shall hold on as tenants, and will dispose of them as suits his convenience. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

July 5,1826 "Patrick O'Reilly writes to Maxwell to tell him that he did not support Coote or Southwell in the recent election. He complains of being dealt with, with the utmost severity, by Major Warburton because of this belief. He offers to surrender his land if he is found guilty. Another letter from Mr. J. Young, on the same day, reports those freeholders ; who voted for Southwell and Coote on the advice of the Roman Catholic clergy. He names one in particular - Patrick Clarke of Lurganderry. He is going to retaliate. He has already got in contact with his solicitor to have Pat Clarke's lease changed so that his holding can be leased only by a Protestant. Edward Soden is to be put in a similar position for the same reason. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

July 31,1826 "The above actions were not taken lightly by the Catholic Association. This is clear from the report of their meeting on 31st July, 1826. One of the important items on the agenda was the question of financial aid to the freeholders who were being persecuted by their landlords as a result of their vote. In July, 1826, the New Catholic Association in Dublin established a fund called "The New Catholic Rent" to aid payment of rent arrears that were being called for from those freeholders who had voted against their landlords in the June parliamentary elections. It is clear from the above points that Messrs. Coote and Southwell made a distinct impression in the 1826 election. Despite the fact that neither got elected they were victorious in a number of ways. They broke the Tory monopoly which had existed for many years in the county. They showed that the support for the Emancipation question was high in the county despite the many obstacles that were in its way. Their support was very high in view of the fact that there was such a high number of freeholders involved who were subject to the wishes of their landlords. The result of the election might have been much different were it not for a number of important factors. The fact that the ballot was not secret meant that many freeholders were too scared of losing their property to risk their landlord’s displeasure. In the 1826 election the candidates supported by the Catholic Association scored victories in a number of areas - in Louth, Westmeath, Monaghan, Armagh and in Waterford. In County Waterford Mr. W. Stuart, supported by the Catholic Association, polled more than twice the number of votes given to the anti-emancipationist candidate - Lord George Beresford. If we compare the Waterford election with that in Cavan we can pinpoint a number of reasons for the success in Waterford which might have also been gained in Cavan were it not for a number of factors. The financial state of the two Emancipation candidates in Cavan was bad. Rumours were circulating that both were bankrupt. Their campaign could not compete with that organized by Maxwell and Saunderson. The fact that this was not a three candidate contest as in Waterford is also important. Many freeholders on Saunderson's estate could have satisfied themselves that their landlord was due one of their votes but had no claim on their second vote. The alignment of "two for" "two against" prevented this. There was an air of uncertainty as to Saunderson's intentions. This could have induced Catholic freeholders to vote for him on the pretext that he was not a declared enemy of their cause and thus salve their consciences, while giving their other vote to Maxwell. 'I'he Farnhams were popular landlords. Their estate improvement plans show them to have been progressive. Their rent terms and methods of payment were very fair. There appears to have been a genuine concern for the poor and needy and their conversion plans seem to have been well-intentioned. Any evictions which took place appeared to be for opposition to the landlord's wishes or for transgression of the law rather than because of an inability to pay rent. Because of this, there was not a universal hatred towards Farnham and many people might have preferred to vote for his nephew. Whatever the consequences of the 1826 election were, it marked a watershed in Cavan political history. It was the first political sign which showed the support which the Catholic Association was capable of drawing. It also showed that the position of the Tory candidate in the county was uncertain. It signified that the monopoly which the Tories had held for so long was now in danger. It did not indicate the end of Tory power, but the beginning of its decline. It gave the Catholic Association the encourgement to try again. Their next attempt. in 1830, was to be more successful. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

1827 Owen Beagan, later to marry Ann Trainor at Vernon River, PEI, is born in Co. Cavan Ireland.

Jan.30,1827"In the Dublin Morning Register, January 30th, 1827. The Catholic Association’s report states that " 15 Backsiidings (A Catholic who was converted to Protestantism and reverted to Catholicism was called a Backslider) have taken place; 15 more expected". It gives evidence of one such person - Mrs. Bridget Coyle -- a widow with a 9 months old child. In her testimony she stated that “she was induced to change, to the Established Church by the promises of Christy Foster and Paget to come to Farnham (Residence of Lord and Lady Farnham Evangelical Centre). They offered her an acre of land during her life which they would set and sew for her, She went to Farnham with her baby. When she came there she got it dinncr of beef and potatoes. She was given a shawl, an apron, a pair of shoes, a cap and bonnet, and a flannel coat for the child. She was brought to the church in Cavan then. the next day she was brought home. On Christmas Day she returned to the Chapel in Ballymachugh where she asked pardon of God, and of the congregation for the scandal she had caused. On the following day Paget came to her house and after he was a long time reading the Bible for her and preaching in vain, he got into a great passion. He took ahold of her by the shoulder and swore he would summons her and took the shoes off her saying he would Come up to her. Donohoe tried to retrieve the clothes which she would not give to him. On Saturday week, Henry Tilson came to her and seized her potatoes, her own old blanket, two pots and two gallons - one of them belonging to a beggarwoman, and also a chest and by the order of Mr. Gostin, Lord Farnhain's Agent, she got notice to quit her little cabin. She has since been obliged to took to her hereabouts for the support of herself and her child".The In his second letter to Lord Farnham, the Right Rev. J. McHale, D.D. accuses Lord Farnham “ofthe employing of a proffessing Catholic as the seducer of other Catholics into the snares, of apostitcy". He cites the case of Captain Pringle - one of Lord Farnham's Agents who admitted a preference for Roman Catholic teachers, in an interview with the Commissioners of Education, because "they are a great deal more acceptable to the people and it takes away the handle of the priests, when they say the Society is a proseiytising society". In the same interview, Captain Pringle was asked "Do you not in some degree, in wishing to have Roman Catholics appointed Misters, contemplate the conversion of those persons through the connection with the Society?' He replied "Yes I do". Dr. McHale comments" It is high time that the peopie of Ireland should open thier eyes to the frauds of the iniquitous Societies by which some of them have been so long deluded". In reply to Farnham's claims of conversions, Dr. McHale says "Let names and places be specified and it will be found that many of the new converts ,are old Protestants and that the others are such as to make every decent Protestant blush". It is clear from this chapter that if the members of the Reformation Society were persistent in their work of evangelizition, Those of the Catholic Association in the Country were equally adamant in their resistance to attempts at conversions, Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42&#9;

1827 "Although it is probably true that Lord Farnham's Reformation Society made exaggerated claims about the. extent of its success it is evident that its activities seriously worried both the Catholic clergy and the Catholic Association. 'The investigations carried out by the Catholic hierarchy in 1827 show that they took Lord Farnham's proselytising attempts seriously" The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

June 10, 1827 BISHOP JAMES BROWNE was a native of the parish of Mayglass, Co. Wexford and a professor of Scripture in Maynooth. On the 10th June 1827 he was appointed coadjutor to Farrell O'Reilly, who was then well into his eighties. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

1827 "They were sent James Browne who met both of their requirements equally well. One reason for his appointment was the need for a person with a strong foundation in Scripture to counteract the progress of the Second Reformation in Cavan. It was claiming over five hundred converts from Catholicism to Protestantism inside a period of six months from September 1826 to February 1827. While most of these conversions were short-lived, they shocked the Kilmore Church and made the clergy more amenable to reform and leadership.

James Browne was an outstanding bishop by any standards. The reforms, both pastoral and administrative, which he put in place in difficult circumstances laid the foundations for the modern diocese of Kilmore. Browne recognised that it was important that the diocese have an ecclesiastical capital and centre of administration, something it had lacked since the seventeenth century when the cathedral church of Bishop Andrew MacBrady at Kilmore was confiscated and handed over to the Protestant Church and its Canons scattered. For the first two years of his ministry in Kilmore he was parish priest of Drung and on the death of Farrell O'Reilly in 1829 he was transferred to Cootehill from which he administered the diocese for the next fifteen years, residing at Market Street." http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

1827 PRIESTLY FAMILIES

A characteristic of the Kilmore clergy in the 19th century was the number of priestly families who, in every generation, gave at least one priest to the diocese - O'Reillys of Lismullig, Corrs of Ballintemple. Magaurans of Moneensauran (Glangevlin), O'Reillys of Cran (Drumgoon). O'Reillys of Corlattylannan (Knockbride), O'Reillys of Dromore (Bailieboro'). Bradys of Drumnagar (Lara), Rogans, Maguires and McHughs of Glenfarne (Cloonclare). Uncles encouraged their nephews into the diocesan priesthood and helped to finance their education. For a generation to pass without at least one priest in the family would be a disappointment.

These clerical families tended to inter-marry giving rise to a network of relations within the diocesan clergy . The most extensive of these marriage alliances setting up a clerical dynasty is to be found in the family trees of the O'Reillys of Cran (Drumgoon), Corlattylannan (Knockbride) and Dromore (Bailieboro). A total of forty-four priests (thirty three for the diocese and eleven for the missions), could trace their ancestry back to John O'Reilly of Dromore whose grandson, Felix O'Reilly of Cran, married Rose O'Reilly, daughter of John O'Reilly, Corlattylannan. They constituted a very influential group in the diocese, holding down most of the more prestigious parishes in the early decades of the century Drumgoon, Cavan, Killann (Bailieboro), Mullagh. Castlerahan, Lara, Lurgan. Very few of them ever served in parishes west of Cavan town. Their efforts to have their nominee appointed coadjutor to Farrell O'Reilly was at the root of the trouble which led to the appointment of James Browne as bishop in 1827. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histback.htm

 1827 Birth year of "Corcoran, Ann, nee Dolan, mother of Mary, Duffy, John, Jacob, Philip, and Edward Corcoran, aged 68 years, native of Co. Cavan. Funeral from resid., 251 N. Market st. to Holy Name Cathedral to Calvary -Jan. 4, 1895" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

 1827 Birth year of "Philip COGAN, 90th St between 4&5th Ave, laborer, born 1827 Co Cavan, arrived 1849 per "J.H. SHepard", Married Ann KEAN, 4 children" Emigrant Savings Bank records in NYC can be a very valuable tool for finding the homeplace in Ireland. Contributed by Nancy Pfaff List Manager

Aug.28,1827 “Of Ellen Boylan, a native of Co. Cavan, who came to this country about five years ago. When last heard from she was in the city of New York. Any information respecting her will be thankfully received by her sister, Bridget Donahoe, care of Mr. Patrick Hornton, corner of Albany and Orange streets, Boston, Ms.” The Search For Missing Friends F73.9 I6 S43 1989.

1828 " I'm inquiring about my GGGG Grandparents, who, from my research, are from Cavan, Ireland. There names are Robert Stretton, and his wife Mary Cook. I don't have any dates on them, but I know there first child was born in 1828. They had quite a few children in Cavan, then had more when they went to Canada. I assume, then, they were born in the early 1800's. Any help or information would be so very appreciated. I would love to get any family information I could. Thank you for your time.... Dianne Sedrick from Tucson, Arizona mailto:azmouse@earthlink.net

Nov.1,1828 Jno Biggan Senr and Jno Biggan Junr are recorded as paying tithes on 2 acre of land in the townlands of Snackeel, in the parish of Kilmore, Diocese of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan. Page 52 Tithes Applotment Books. CS484 I74 film 4

Nov.1,1828 The Widdow Beggan and John Reilly are recorded as paying tithes on 10 parts of land in Cavan Town, in the parish of Urny, Diocese of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan. Page 12 Tithes Applotment Books. CS484 I74 film 4

1829 "The situation which existed in Cavan between 1822 and 1829 does not fall in with the generalizations that tend to be made about the activities in the countrv at this time. This is so for a number of reasons. First, it is evident that the Protestant religion was stronger in Cavan than in places such as Waterford and Louth. A sizeable proportion of the county was owned by the Farnhams for whom religion was more than a passing interest. Lord Farnham had the reputation of being not only the chief evangelical proprietor in Cavan but also in Ireland. It was intended that his Society should, after establishing itself in Ulster, spread its wings to Connacht. Another reason for the support which Lord Farnham amassed is that the Protestant population of the county was numerically stronger than in other regions. The Protestants made up almost one-fifth of the total population and owned almost all of the land. A further influencing factor was the fact that CAVAN lacked a Catholic aristocracy. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

1929 'The Farnham's religious supremacy also suffered a decline after 1829. From this time forth a great spate of Church building took place by Catholics. Memorials were built to celebrate the passing of the Act granting Emancipation

1829 "The Diocese of Kilmore, as we know it now, owes a great deal to two of its nineteenth century bishops, James Browne (1829-'65) and Nicholas Conaty (1865-'86). Between them, they put in place the diocesan organisation which has served it ever since. Both were also great pastoral bishops under whose leadership the diocese experienced a heightened degree of religious practise and spiritual enrichment. James Browne succeeded Farrell O'Reilly as bishop in 1829. He was one of a number of reforming bishops appointed around this time whose task was to implement the decrees of the Council of Trent, something the religious persecutions of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries had until now made impossible. When he arrived from Maynooth to Kilmore he found the diocese in disarray. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

1829 The Latin Schools.

The 19th century missionary priests got their early education, some in Kilmore Academy and its successor St Patrick' s College. Cavan, but by far the majority in the Latin schools of the diocese where they were equipped for the seminary with a basic knowledge of Latin which was essential for entry to the seminary. Lavagh Latin School in the parish of Ballymachugh, Diocese of Ardagh, was established in 1829 by a John Brady who had a considerable reputation as a Latin and Greek scholar. The school, which survived to 1890, had obviously a good reputation and drew students from a wide area and from three dioceses, Kilmore, Ardagh and Meath. They stayed in lodgings in farmers' houses during the week. A total of forty-three past-pupils of Lavagh school studied for the priesthood in All Hallows College, Dublin from its foundation in 1842, mostly for American dioceses - Boston, Newark, Springfield, Marysville, Buffalo, Erie. Hartford. St Louis, Dubuque, Monterey, Kansas City." http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histlatn.htm

1829 Birth year of "Sullivan, Michael, real estate owner and at one time Alderman of the old 15th ward was born in Co. Cavan in 1829, one of thirteen children of Patrick and Rose Sullivan, nee Leddy. He came to America when young settling first in Easton, PA in 1846. He came to Chicago in 1850 and went into the grocery business on the North Side. He was one of the first members of Holy Name parish and a patron of the University of St. Mary of the Lake. He bought land in the district east of the river and built extensively before the fire, accumulating a fortune which enabled him to retire in 1870. He served as Alderman from 1863-64. His entire property was swept away in the Fire of 1871 while he was absent on the West Side attempting to aid his brother, Patrick, whose home was close to the O'Leary home. Undaunted he commenced a business career anew and in 1880 was again in the position to retire. His home at 163 Cass st. was a rendezvous for visiting prelates and old settlers. John Boyle O'Reilly, the famous poet and patriot was a townsman of his and he had a visit from him in Oct., 1875. He married first Mary Sheridan of Easton, PA and then in 1869 to Mary Mullen of Chicago. No children were born to them. (20) -May 28, 1904 (2)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925 

1830 Cavan arose as a relatively recent administrative division, incorporating the medieval territorial division of Breifne and other land, during the English-Scottish plantation of Ulster that started in the 17th century (Gillespie 1995:10). Cavan was considered intractable, socially and geographically. One historian writing around 1830 described Co. Cavan as “celebrated in the history of the wars in Ireland for the fastnesses formed by its woods, lakes, and bogs, which long secured the independence of its native possessors” (Lewis 1837/1984:314). Topography and position at the far edge of the Ulster plantation seems to have complicated efforts of the Cavan plantation (Duffy 1995:18-19). http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/union/susoc/assem/2tower1.html#1

1830 PRIESTLY FAMILIES cont; "An examination of the social background of 168 out of 224 Kilmore priests ordained between 1830 and 1880 shows that the majority were the sons of comfortable to well-off farmers by Kilmore standards - 50.9% came from farms of between 20-50 acres. In Kilmore, particularly before the Famine, farms of over fifteen acres were considered big. Recruitment to the diocesan priesthood in the 19th century was from a small segment of between ten and fifteen percent of the population. In this century the social bracket from which the diocesan clergy was drawn began to expand to include the sons of members of the Royal Irish Constabulary, gardaí, national teachers and civil servants and a wider range of farmers. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histback.htm

1830 Fairs cont. “By the time that another list was published in 1830, references to Ballyconnell, Ballyjamesduff, Killeshandra, Redhill and Shercock had gone while schedules for Ballyhayes and Muff were included. The dates on which the schedules of tolls and customs were deposited with th the Clerks of the Peace indicate that several owners were busy stating or revising their claims :

Bailieborough tolls claimed by William Young (1819)

Ballytiaise -William Humphrey (1829)

Belturbet -Provost of Belturbet (1818)

Cavan -Lord Farnham Corporation (1828)

Cootehill - Charles Coote (1819)

Crossdoney-Thomas Nesbitt (1818)

Killeogey - William Rathborne (1818)

 Kingscourt - lessee of Rev. Joseph Pratt (1828)

 Mount Nugent - C. E. J. Nugent (I 819)

 Muff - lessee of Rev. Joseph Pratt (18'-18)

 Stradone -Thomas Burrowes (1818)

 Swanfinbat -William Thompson (1818)

 Tuilyvin - Maxwell James Boyle (1823)

 Virginia - ? (1830) Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

1830 Alice Beagon , later to marry James Mullins of Co. Armagh and settle in PEI, is born. IGA index of Armagh Page 1320 film F50 8424 sheet 0042.

Feb. 26, 1830 "Mary Begin born Feb. 26, 1830 and baptised Feb. 26, 1830 to James Begin and Mary Kelly. The sponsors were John Mathews and Christina Rogers" Cavan Genealogical Research Center. Drumgoon RC, register 17A , page 9, entry 19

1830’s Religious agitation worsened in the 1830's. The agitation now took the form of anti-tithe campaigns instead of Emancipation issues. That there was much agitation is evident from the Magistrates' reports of the period. These were reports of all breaches of the peace, sent monthly to Dublin Castle. Many of those incidents occuring in Cavan during this time were attributed to religious antagonisms. Tile resistance to tithes is also evident in the correspondence during this period between Lord Farnham and the Right Rev. Marcus Beresford. Rev. Beresford was an active member of the Reformation Society and was later to become Primate of all Ireland. His correspondence shows that he spent much of his time during the 1830’s in resisting the activities of the anti-tithe campaigners. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Nov.1,1830 Thos Little of Cornabeask Townlands, Drung Parish. Kilmore Diocess, County Cavan, Ireland pays tithes on 1 acre of land. Tithes Applotment Book p2

Nov.1,1830 John Brady of Cornabeask Townlands, Drung Parish. Kilmore Diocess, County Cavan, Ireland pays tithes on 7 acres of land. Tithes Applotment Book p2

Nov.1,1830 Ian Little of Tulln Wettal Townlands, Drung Parish. Kilmore Diocess, County Cavan, Ireland pays tithes on 4 acres of land. Tithes Applotment Book p29

Dec. 18, 1830 "Anne Beggan, born and bap on Dec. 18, 1830 to John Beggan and Margaret McCabe. The sponsors were James McGough and Bridget Crosson" Cavan Genealogical Research Center. Drumgoon RC, register 17A page 14, entry 10

1830 John Beaghan, of Crush Townlands, Parish of Killsherdeny, Diocese of Kilmore, County Cavan, Ireland pays tithes on 7 acres of land. County Cavan Tithes applotment book p9.

 1831 Cavan Census reports 185,100 Catholics and 41,433 Protestants, Presbyterians & ect. page 2, June 27, 1843 Montreal Transcript

1831 The salary of a national teacher in 1831 ranged from £6 to £15, from £13 to £35 in 1850s and from £25 to £58 in 1870s. Even the curates in the diocese were much better off than school principals. The clerk of the Poor Law Guardians got £88 in 1855, the Master of the Work House £50 in 1858. The salary of the worst paid curate in the diocese was a long way ahead of a labourer whose weekly wage was 7/- in 1860 and 9/- a week in 1893. According to Griffith's Valuations,eleven parish priests and six curates had their own farms with dwelling-house and out-offices. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histinc.htm

June 18, 1831 Birth year of "EVERETTE, Sarah D: 29 Jun 1875 wife of Edward Everette B: 18 Jun 1831 Co Cavan, Ire" from St. Peters Cemetery in Quincy, Illinois. John D. Daugherty <Ardmire@worldnet.att.net>

1832 "Beagans more likely part of the 1832 migration from Co. Cavan, not the earlier 1830 Glassgow Irish migration. There are ten principal families from Cavan among them the Riellys, McGuires and McCabes. Town of Rathbeggan is just on the line of Cavan and West Meath. It means little fort. Kil Beagan is in Co. Offalee." Conversation with Prof. Brendan O'Grady 7/24/95.

Aug. 1, 1832 Birth year of "LENAHAN, Michael, h. Catharine McCabe, Aug. 1, 1832, in Cavan Co., Ire., G.R.40. "Taunton Births To the Year 1850 Massachusetts Town Vital Records Collection

Sept.8,1832 "In a letter dated September 8th, 1832, Rev. Beresfordhe writes to Lord Farnham to inform him that his ‘Tythe” Proctor" Mr. John Lockington has been the victim of a brutal and violent attack. He suggests that a reward might be offered to deter further incidents of this nature. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Oct.30,1832 John Beggan of Killacrecncy townlands, Parish of Kildsherdeny, Diocese of Kilmore, Co. Cavan is recorded paying tithes on 22 acres. Page 65 CS484, I74, film 5.

 Oct.30,1832 Hugh & Widow Beggan are recorded living on 19 acres in Drumgill townlands, parish of Killsherdeny, Co. Cavan. The Tithes Applotment Books, p. 47, CS484, I74, film 5.

  1854 Griffin's Valuation records the Beggans living in Drumgill townlands, Parish of Kildrumsherdan, Co. Cavan. Michael Beggan Jun., Michael Beggan ,sen., Patrick Beggan, Michael Beggan, sen., and Margaret Beggan. See valuation sheet.

  1854 Griffin's Valuation records there are no Beagans left residing in The townlands of Drumerkillew, parish of Kildrumsherdan, Co. Cavan.

1833 Birth year of "Cooney, Owen, Dec. 5, 1890, aged 57 yrs., husband of the late Cynthia, born in Co. Cavan, Parish of Larah, Knoncategert. Funeral from resid., 242 W. Taylor st. to Holy Family Church thence by carriages to Leyden Center." Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

March 9, 1833 "By the following extract of a letter from Cavan we find it is making a fatal progress in that neighborhood: -"the accounts of cholera from Cavan are truly alarming; it rages in the villages of Ballina and Kilmore - Cavan can hardly escape. this calamity accompanying a contested election, is truly frightful; it is thought 50,000 persons will assemble in Cavan on Monday next." Niagra Gleaner page 2

April 20,1833 John Beggan is recorded paying tithes on 3 acres of land in Aughageshland Townlands, Parish of Drumgoon, diocese of Kilmore, Co. Cavan. Page 18 Thithes Applotment Books.

 April 20,1833 Thos Beggin is recorded as paying tithes on 1 acre of land in the townlands of Quohaw, in the parish of Drumgoon, Diocese of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan. Page 17 Tithes Applotment Books.

April 20,1833 Pat Beggan is recorded as paying tithes on 2 acre of land in the townlands of Drumrughill, in the parish of Drumgoon, Diocese of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan. Page 7 Tithes Applotment Books.

April 20,1833 Pat Beggin is recorded as paying tithes on 3 acre of land in the townlands of Drumrughill, on Mr. Fooles Estate in the parish of Drumgoon, Diocese of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan. Page 17 Tithes Applotment Books.

April 20,1833 Robt Becoin is recorded as paying tithes on 4 acre of land in the townlands of Drumrughill, on Mr. Fooles Estate in the parish of Drumgoon, Diocese of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan. Page 17 Tithes Applotment Books.

April 20,1833 Hugh Beggin is recorded as paying tithes on 1 acre of land in the townlands of Benwilt, on Mr. Fooles Estate in the parish of Drumgoon, Diocese of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan. Page 3 Tithes Applotment Books.

April 20,1833 Michl Beggan is recorded as paying tithes on 2 acre of land in the townlands of Killykell, in the parish of Drumgoon, Diocese of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan. Tithes Applotment Books.

June 7,1833 These 1833 entrees could be 1834 or 1833

April 28, 1833 "Biddy Beggan is born and baptized on April 28, 1833 to John Beggan and Peggy McCabe in Augeslan. the sponsors were James Kindelan and Anne McMahon. " Cavan Genealogical Research Center. Drumgoon RC, register 17A page 36, entry 27

1833 James Boylan of Drumhowrogh - land - freeholder" 1833 Registry of Cavan Voters, National Lib. Of Ireland, Hayes Manuscript Index

1834 Birth year of "John MASTERSON, 8 Washington Place, NYC, Waiter, born 1834, from Ballymulough Co Cavan, arived 1860 per "City of Manchester", Single, parents dead Patrick & Mary GILLIGAN, one brother Patrick living in England" Emigrant Savings Bank records in NYC can be a very valuable tool for finding the homeplace in Ireland. Contributed by Nancy Pfaff List Manager

1834 Birth year of "John J. LEDDY, lives corner 38th sT NYC, Grocer, born 1834 co Cavan, arrive 1857 per "Pacific", single, parents Thomas & Rosa LYNCH" Emigrant Savings Bank records in NYC can be a very valuable tool for finding the homeplace in Ireland. Contributed by Nancy Pfaff List Manager

Oct. 1834 PARISH PRIEST .V. THE CURATE cont; Bishop Browne was aware of the discontent caused by the poor treatment of curates. He introduced reforms at the Kilmore synod in October 1834 where it was unanimously agreed that the revenue be divided two-thirds to the parish priest, one-third to the curate. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histinc.htm

1834 The priest dressed distinctively and at a standard vastly superior to the majority of his people. The 1834 synod of Kilmore decreed that priests wear black or dark coloured clothes so as to be distinguished from the laity. Gradually after the Synod of Thurles in 1850 the clergy began to wear black with the Roman collar. The priest owned a horse when horses were few and although necessary for carrying out his pastoral ministry, a good horse was also a status symbol. Bishop James Browne travelled the diocese in a horse and gig and it is safe to presume that other parish priests had a similar mode of transport. Some priests prided themselves in being good horsemen. Hugh Fitzsimmons, parish priest of Annagh West from 1818 to 1864, dressed in grand style, buckles and knee breeches, rode a fine horse and socialised with local Protestants. It is clear from the diaries of James Brady that they socialised a great deal among themselves. Hospitality was important to them and they kept a good table often competing with each other for the reputation of being hospitable. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histinc.htm

Dec. 1, 1834 "page 68, #25 Mary Ann Lyttle of Denny. Application; "for some relief" Answer; "let ? give her il?" Applications and replies on the Farnham Estates, Ms 3117, National Lib. of Ireland

Dec. 15, 1834 "page 72 #16 Thos Little, formerly of Cavan Milita. Application; "for a farm" Answer; none."

page 74 # 14 "George Bigger (Bohora?) Applications and replies on the Farnham Estates, Ms 3117, National Lib. of Ireland

Jan. 26, 1835 "page 82 #6 "Application; Ja's Reilly of Aghabog wishes to go to America and to give up his lease to his uncle Peter Boylan" Answer "none" Applications and replies on the Farnham Estates, Ms 3117, National Lib. of Ireland

April 20, 1835 "page 99 # 19 Widow Little of Derry. Application; "for relief" Answer; "Give her 10/" Applications and replies on the Farnham Estates, Ms 3117, National Lib. of Ireland

Jun.12,1835 “In Mat,m Conjouins ? Thomarn Tealan et Margarslom Lynch Coram. Qainbs Lynch et Josepho Biggans. Knockbride Parish, Dioces of Kilmore. Co. Cavan. LDS baptism, marriage and deaths in Kilmore Parish, Co. Cavan.

Nov. 6, 1835 "Ally Beggan is born and bap to John Beggan and Peggy McCabe in Augeslan. The sponsors were Biddy Crossan." Cavan Genealogical Research Center. Drumgoon RC, register 17A page 36, entry 27

Nov. 23, 1835 "page 118 # 7 widow Lyttle of Denng. Application; "for a pitance to pay for the funeral exp?? of John Lyttle, amounting to 30 s" Answer; " I cannot comply" Applications and replies on the Farnham Estates, Ms 3117, National Lib. of Ireland

April 25, 1836 "page 146 #37 widow Lytle - Derry. Application "for a pitance" Answer; " give her 5£" Applications and replies on the Farnham Estates, Ms 3117, National Lib. of Ireland

1836 "In 1836 Bishop Browne wrote to Rome that there were eighty churches in the diocese, thirteen of which had been built since he had become bishop seven years before. Most of these would have been rather basic, without floors, ceilings, plastered walls, seating or decoration of any kind. They were used only for the celebration of Mass but not for the administration of the sacraments or reservation of the Blessed Sacrament. He also found on his arrival that Kilmore clergy were in need of both discipline and leadership. For the previous ten years they had been divided on the issue of who would succeed Farrell O'Reilly. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

1836 Birth year of "Daniel PRIOR died Mar. 26, 1886, ae 50 Native of Co Cavan Mrs. Daniel Prior died 11 Mar 1922 on the side of the monument- Mary PRIOR died April 18, 1885, ae 8 James H. PRIOR died May 18, 1914 Ann E. PRIOR died June 6, 1946 Peter J. PRIOR 1945-1946" various names from Holy Trinity R.C. Church Cemetery, a cemetery here in Wallingford CT that have mentioned Cavan on the headstone. Nancy Pfaff ppfaff@snet.net

Mar.26,1836 R.P. Farrelly baptized Fransiscan of Michael Bagan and Alice Philips. God-parents were Patrick Lynch and Anna Duffy. Townlands of Ahua, Parish of Knockbride, Co. Cavan. LDS

Jan.12,1837 "The fact that the Protestant Ascendancy felt threatened is also apparent in the Rev. Beresford's correspondence. In a letter on January 12th, 1837, he writes to say that "there are two ways to rejoin a strong ascendancy if this system fails us”. One is by ejecting Popish tenants at will and creating Protestant freeholders however painful to the feelings this maybe "when the choice is to unmove them or prepare to go yourself'. "It is", he says, "justifiable on a plea of necessity". 'The second is "to conduct an enquiry to find out Protestants who can register". He wishes that all Protestant landowners of Conservative principles "would give leases to these Protestant tenants who could vote if they had leases'. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

Feb.1,1837 On February Ist, 1837, Rev. Beresford writes to say that "Armed Porters have for the past ten days been nocturnally parading the Country between Cootehill and Cavan". In his parish they have visited Robert Burrows's tenants and threatened them with utter destruction if they "fed Tatlow the tythe". The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

1837 The Latin Schools cont; "Lara Latin school was one of four such schools founded by Bishop Denis Maguire (1770-98). It was conducted by Edward Tully from about 1837 to 1870. An interesting past-pupil of this school was Bernard Donnelly (1807 -80). After he had completed his studies at Lara he taught for a period, then studied engineering in Trinity College, helped to build Liverpool docks before emigrating to America where he was tutor to the family of an Ohio senator before becoming a priest and the first parish priest of Kansas City. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histlatn.htm

1838 "Even in 1838 when the Government in power wished to appoint a Roman Catholic to the position of High Sheriff it could not do so because "The County of Cavan is so essentially Protestant that although no part of Ireland is more abundantly stocked with a resident gentry, there cannot be found in the whole bailiwick a resident Roman Catholic of sufficient wealth, rank and standing to fill the Office of High Sheriff'.

1838 "In 1838, Bishop Browne, in a pastoral letter to the laity, he complained that the diocese had neither a respectable or central residence for the bishop nor a seminary where the candidates for the sacred ministry could be trained. His first step towards remedying this situation as well as making Cavan the capital of the diocese was the opening of Kilmore Academy or St. Augustine's Seminary in Farnham Street on 28th August 1839 at a cost of £6,000. The primary aim of the academy was the fostering of vocations and the preparation of young men for major seminaries. It also prepared students for university and for business careers. "http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

1838 "The efforts of the Reformation Society appear to have faded into oblivion after the death of Lord Farnham in 1838. A few other groups made proselytising attempts after this but these were very insignificant in comparison with those of the Reformation Society. In view of this it can be said that the period between 1822 and 1829 can be seen as being a watershed in the history of Cavan. It was the events of this period that determined many of those that were to follow in the next hundred years. The extent of the support which the Catholics amassed gave them the encouragement to continue their struggle. Had Lord Farnham been more successful in his conversion attempts or had the pro-Emancipation candidates failed miserably in the 1826 election, the situation might have been much different. Cavan could have remained a Unionist stronghold. The activities of those in County Cavan who were working for Emancipation have been largely ignored by historians but as this essay shows it is clear that the extent of their success is significant. They resisted a proselytising attempt that did not exist to the same extent elsewhere and they, offered a challenge to the Tory Conservative political monopoly. In view of this their contribution can be seen to be as important as that made in Waterford, Clare or Louth and perhaps even more so in the light of the circumstances which they, had to face. The Heart of Briefne DA990, C29, H42

1838 Birth year of "Smith, Julia, nee Clark, born in Co. Cavan, aged 62 yrs., 8 mos., wife of Philip, mother of Sgt. John J., Officer Charles, Sgt. Joseph, Officer Frank, Bernard and George Smith, Mrs. Burke, Mrs. Lee, Mrs. Hynes. Funeral from resid., 154 Webster ave. to St. Vincent's Church to Calvary -March 6, 1900 (1)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

Jan.29, 1838 Charles McGuire's date of birth in Co. Cavan. Later to be from Manchester, NH, naturalized in Police Ct, Manchester, NH, Hillsboro Co. on July 4, 1855. Witnesses were James McGovern and Terrence Gillis. # yr1866--156. F3, .I646 1983x.

July 30,1838 ?????? is baptized to Peter Finlay et Marg’t Biggan. P ????? et Anna Guinn. Townlands of Ross Bey ?, Parish of Knockbride, Diocese of Kilmore,Co. Cavan. LDS 0926133 item3 Parish registers 1835-1860.

1839 PRIESTLY FAMILIES cont; "The opening of Kilmore Academy or St Augustine's Seminary in 1839 was a milestone in the history of the diocese. It answered a need that Browne had recognised as early as 1829 for a proper minor seminary. Prior to this Kilmore students got their basic training, especially in the rudiments of Latin necessary for entry to the seminary, either from a local hedge schoolmaster or priest or at a local Latin school. In future candidates would have had the benefit of anything from one to five years of junior seminary formation and academic training to enable them to cope better in the major seminary. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histback.htm

1830's VARIOUS SOURCES OF INCOME cont; "In addition twenty parish priests and two curates had rented their own farms, some of them quite big by Kilmore standards. Farmer priests working big farms while at the same time demanding dues for their upkeep from parishioners who had no land or only a small holding was an understandable cause of scandal fuelling the image of a rich and greedy clergy. The ceiling of fifteen acres placed by the synods of the 1830s on the amount of land a priest could hold and repeated at the Synod of Thurles in 1850 seems to have been ignored in Kilmore." http:/www.cavannet.ie//kilmore/histinc.htm

1830's "Hi, I am searching for a Nicholas and Anne Quinn from Cavan Ireland born possibly 1830's. I know they had one son called Michael, he is my Great-grandfather. If you can help I shall be eternally grateful, Thanks, John Quinn mailto:micha@micha2.freeserve.co.uk

1839 ' County: Cavan Collection: CAV Number: 06 Organisation: Kilmore Academy Description: Subscription book (xerox) Covering Date: 1839 Business Type: School Access Cond.: Open Town/Village: Kilmore"http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Business+Records+Survey

April 13, 1839 "The Ejectment System; we regret to say that we have just been informed that eight families, amounting to forty or fifty human beings have just been thrown upon the world's Wide common, in the parish of Ballymachue, Co. Cavan upon the lands of Bellgrove?. The cause is not assigned; but we have been informed that the greatest portion of the outcasts had been solvent tenants." Copied from the Register, printed in the Mackenzie's British, Irish and Canadian Gazette of New York

Dec. 7, 1839 "The Newry telegraph contains the very "Astounding Intelligence" that an Esquire, a Poor Law guardian, and a man of property has just been lodged in a Cavan jail, as a Captain of Rihand men, arms and mysterious papers having been taken at his most sequested residence in a wild district." Mackenzie's British, Irish and Canadian Gazette of New York

1840 PRIESTLY FAMILIES cont; "By 1840, 42% of Kilmore priests were Maynooth educated and the continentals were rapidly becoming a dying race." http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histback.htm

Jan. 8, 1840 "CAMPBELL, Timothy John, a Representative from New York; born in County Cavan, Ireland, January 8, 1840; immigrated with his parents to the United States in 1845; attended the public schools of New York City; learned the printer's trade; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1869 and commenced practice in New York City; member of the State assembly 1868-1873, 1875, and 1883; justice of the fifth district civil court in New York City 1875-1883; served in the State senate in 1884 and 1885; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Samuel S. Cox; reelected to the Fiftieth Congress and served from November 3, 1885, to March 3, 1889; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1888 to the Fifty-first Congress; elected to the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses (March 4, 1891-March 3, 1895); unsuccessful candidate in 1894 for reelection to the Fifty-fourth Congress; resumed the practice of his profession in New York City; died in New York City, N.Y., on April 7, 1904; interment in Calvary Cemetery, Long Island City, N.Y." Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949 Biographies C page 943

Mar.8,1840 Michl Beegins, son of Michael Beegins and Mary Clarke is baptized. Sp were Micl Bogiss ? and Catherine Rock. Townlands of Rackeevau, Parish of Bailieboro (Killanne), Diocese of Kilmore, Co. Cavan. Killanne registry of baptism's 1835-1849.

Mar.9,1840 Ann Beggan is baptized to Frank Beggan and Rose Reiley. Sp were Bern'd McDermont and Ellen Riely. Townlands of Aannkey, Parish of Bailieboro (Killanne), Diocese of Kilmore, Co. Cavan. Killanne registry of baptism's 1835-1849.

April 2,1840 Ann Beagins (is baptized to) Laurence (Beagins and) Margart McAul. (sponsors were) Charles Beagins (and) Mary McAul. Townlands of Curosslla, Parish of Knockbride, Diocese of Kilmore,Co. Cavan. LDS 0926133 item 3 Parish registers 1835-1860

Aug. 29,1840 John Smyth is baptized to Pat Smyth and Margaret Beggen. Sp were John Clarke and Ann ???. By Mr. Mason, townlands of Roleaghan, Parish of Bailieboro (Killanne), Diocese of Kilmore, Co. Cavan. Killanne registry of baptism's 1835-1849.

Nov. 1840 Margaret (is baptized to ? ) McCabe ? Bagan and Catherine Rielly. (sponsors) John Handrahan and Bridget McCabe. Townlands of Killilia, Parish of Knockbride, Kilmore diocese, Co. Cavan. LDS Parish Registers 0926133 item 3 , Parish Registers1835-1860.

1840 PRIESTLY FAMILIES cont; EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Parents saw it as a singular blessing from God to have a son called to the priesthood, especially to the diocesan priesthood. Besides, a priest in a family enhanced its social standing. But seminary education was quite costly and the diocese was too poor to give any help. It had no burses in any of the continental colleges apart from the Farrelly Burse in Paris. In 1840 the fees in the Irish College, Rome, were 30 guineas a year plus 25 guineas expenses. A student of St Augustine's (Kilmore Academy) in Cavan in 1839 had to pay £21 a year in fees with extra for laundry and books. In Maynooth in 1806 the cost, exclusive of fees, was £20 a year to which had to be added an initial expenditure of £20 for furniture. Twenty years later the cost to a first year student, again exclusive of fees, was £50 and a minimum of £12 per annum after that. Money was a very big factor in determining whether a young man could study for the diocesan priesthood or not.

Dr Browne was well aware of the financial burden placed on families by college fees. He was always anxious that his students remain in the seminary for the full course which lasted six or seven years but the needs of the diocese and the financial pressure on families sometimes forced him to withdraw them before they had completed their studies. He would also have liked some of his students do higher studies either in Rome or on the Dunboyne Establishment in Maynooth but again money was the big obstacle. Only two students did degrees in Theology during the entire 19th century - Patrick O'Reilly DD, Srahan, Kilmainhamwood, who was ordained in 1839 in Rome and died of fever in Cavan during the Famine in 1847 and Bernard Smith Ph.D. DD of Behey, Lavey, who was Vice-rector of the Irish College, Rome (1850-'5) before joining the Benedictines. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histback.htm

1841 The census of Killeshandra reports 12 Bigger in a population of 66 in the townlands of bohora; One Bigger out of a population of 74 in Drumcoghill Lower. Extracted from 1976 Breifne by Janet Ruddy

March 28, 1841 " Richard Netterfield from Tombregan Cavan Married Margaret A. Surdy from Tombregan Cavan on 28th March 1841" marriages of people from Cavan that took place in Gretna Green. Debbie ANNANDALE@tiree-ek.freeserve.co.uk

Apr.28,1841 James Bragin ?, Pott (married ? Baptized ?) Mary Monaghan , Justin Halfpenny , Rose Halfpenny. Townland of Killily, Parish of Knockbride, Kilmore diocese, Co. Cavan. LDS Parish Registers 0926133 item 3 , Parish Registers1835-1860.

May 5,1841 Alex Findy (is baptized to) Peter Findy (and) Bridget Beggin. Ned Grimes and Margaret Smyth (sponsors). Townlands of Boosbry, Parish of Knockbride, Kilmore diocese, Co. Cavan. LDS Parish Registers 0926133 item 3 , Parish Registers1835-1860.

Nov.19,1841 John, son of Peter Lynch and Mary Clark. Sp. William Lynch and Ann Beggin. Townland of Drumannach, Parish of Knockbride, Kilmore diocese, Co. Cavan. LDS Parish Registers 0926133 item 3 , Parish Registers1835-1860.

Mar.6,1842 “James Beggan of Drumameack”. Deaths in Knockbride Parish, dioces of Kilmore, Co. Cavan. LDS

Aug. 15, 1842 Birth year of "SMITH, Bessie Monahan B: Co Cavan Ire 15 Aug 1842 23 Nov. 1884 wife of O.A. Smith" from St. Peters Cemetery in Quincy, Illinois. John D. Daugherty <Ardmire@worldnet.att.net>

1842

1 'Young men, I pray, and maidens gay,

Unite both one ,and all all,

A gallant band of' Youth so grand

Their actions to recall;

Each brilliant muse will not refuse ,

To Guide my slender quill;

Your aid I claim to sound the fame

 Of the youths of Sweet Redhill.

II

In Cavan town of' high renown

Their praises I'll unfold;

In Belturbet town and Clones

Their credit I'll uphold,

And then straightaway through Ballybay,

In Shercock and Cootehill

My voice I'll raise to sound the praise

Of the Youths of Sweet Redhill.

III

In unity they all agree

No matter they go;

Those heroes brave no boon they crave

From either friend or foe;

At Gannon’s Cross they fear no loss

Their Glasses there to fill,

And the reckoning pay without delay

Those youths of Sweet Redhill.

IV

At market and fair you can meet them there

Possessed of manly pride:

They dance and sing till the taprooms ring

With their cailins by their side;

To each fair lass they’ll toast a glass

And pay the landlord's bill;

May heaven smile upon Erin’s isle

And the youths of Sweet Redhill.

V

With grief I now recall to mind.

Each well remembered scene,

The harvest mirth, .and the Christmas glee,

 And the dances on the green;

And the pleasant shades of Cloverhill

Where the birds sing clear and shrill.

And the friends with whom I used to rove

Round sporting sweet Redhill.

VI

Farewell to the Killoughter boys

 Who always proved so kind.

And likewise to the blooming girl

I now must leave behind,

And may the blood that freely flows

Within my veins be still

If I prove false to my sweetheart

She's the pride of sweet Redhill.

VII

But ere I go with grief and woe

I will cast one look of pride

On the home of my ancestors

Where my parents lived and died.

 May angels guard the old churchyard

 Where hallowed graves they fill:

 For them I'll pray both night and day

When I'm far from sweet Redhill.

VIII

But fortune says that I must go

And leave my native land

To seek a better livelihood

Upon a forighn strand,

And when I reach Columbia’s shore

I’ll sit and use my quill

And my love I’ll send to each kind friend

That lives round sweet Redhill.

Perhaps from a different author but in the same time period.

I

Farewell ! my country. a long farewell,

My bitter anguish no tongue can tell.

For I must fly o’er the ocean wide

From the home I loved by Lough Sheelin’s.side.

II

Fond memories come till my heart grows sad,

And vengeful thoughts till my . brain goes mad.

When I think of Ellen. my gentle bride,

In the churchyard lone by Lough Sheelin’s Side.

III

When first I wooed her so fair and young

With her artless air and her guileless tongue,

All other maidens she far outvied

On the lonely banks by Lough Sheelin’s side.

IV

At the village dance on the Shamrock plain

To blind O’leary’s enchanting strain

No foot like her’s could so nimbly play

None smile so sweetly or laugh so gay.

VI

Ah! proud was I of my girl so tall

And envied most by the young men all

When I brought her blushing a bashful bride

To my cottage home by Lough Sheelin’s side.

VI

But oh! our joy was too full to last;

The landlord came our young hopes to blast;

In vain we pleaded for mercy - no!

He turned us out in the blinding snow.

VII

And none dare open for us their door

Or else his vengence would reach them sure;

My Ellen fainted - in my arms died-

While the snow fell fast on the mountain side.

VIIII

I said one prayer for my lifeless love,

 And raised my hands to Heaven above.

"Oh, God of justice", I wildly cried,

Avenge the death of' my murdered bride."

IX

 We buried her down in the churchyard low,

 Where in the springtime the daisies blow.

I shed no tear for the fount had dried

On that woeful night by Lough Sheelin’s side.

X

Farewell! my country; farewell for aye!

The ship will soon bear me away,

But , oh, my fond heart will still abide

In my Ellen’s grave by Lough Sheelin’s side.

There are a few other indications, however, that would appear to support the theory that the song may have been composed as early as the period I have mentioned. For example the poet refers to "the dances on the green”. This refers to the widespread practice of open air dancing in rural Ireland at crossroads or other suitable places where often a dancing "deck" was used, Just as the celebration of "patterns" at holy wells or on certain saints' feast days was. during the I9th century, due to alleged abuses, discouraged in many districts by the Church. Similarly open air dancing, although surviving until quite recently in some areas in other places suffered a fate similar to that of the "pattern". Again none of the older people could remember actually seeing dancing on Redhills green though they had heard that it was formerly customary for dances to be held there For example, my maternal grandmother, who was born in 1863. stated that her father and mother, both of whom were natives of the Redhills area, had seen dances taking place there when they were young. We have mentioned that there was a tradition that the poet of The Youths ()f Sweet Redhill had composed other songs. In one of the school manuscripts in the Library of the Folklore Department in University College, Dublin, there is a song entitled The Shades of Cloverhill. It was written at the height of O’Connell’s Repeal campaign in 1842 to commemorate the successful attempt organized in the Redhills district to prevent the eviction of a certain Francis Lawlor, a tenant on the Saunderson estate. The Heart of Brefine

1843 Birth year of "Bernard McKIERNAN 1843-1903 Mary, his wife 1852-1940" various names from Holy Trinity R.C. Church Cemetery, a cemetery here in Wallingford CT that have mentioned Cavan on the headstone. Nancy Pfaff ppfaff@snet.net

1843 The population of Cavan was 243,000 on the eve of the Great Famine, the population is now 55,000. Its estimated that in the five year period between 1845 and 1850, 25,000 died of starvation and disease alone.

“Among departures from Liverpool the most represented county of origin is Cavan, due perhaps to assisted emigration.” The Search For Missing Friends.

 1843 "In 1843 Fr. Patrick O'Reilly, parish priest of Cavan, died and Browne took advantage of the opportunity to make Cavan the permanent residence of the Bishop of Kilmore. He lived with the priests in Kilmore Academy." http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

 1843 Birth year of " Cosgrove, Catherine, nee Conley, died Dec. 17, 1898, aged 55 yrs., at resid., 16 Washburne ave., wife of Hugh, native of Menlaugh, Co. Galway, mother of John, Patrick, Thomas, Hugh, James, William and Julia Cosgrove. Funeral from Holy Family Church to Calvary -Dec. 19, 1898 (1) Hugh Cosgrove was born in Denmore, Co. Cavan, died Feb. 11, 1899, aged 61 yrs." Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

 June 6, 1843 "Married / / In this city, by the Rev. Mr. Richards, Mr. James Sharkey, of the County Cavan, Ireland, to Miss Catherine Cewsic, of the County Wexford" page 2, June 6, 1843 Montreal Transcript

June 22, 1843 "Spread of Ribandism // The Riband System, latterly has been spreading in great extant in parts of the Counties of Dublin, Meath, Longford, Cavan and Monaghan. The government, in consequence of information received, has instituted enquires into the various localities as to the progress of the system." page 2, June 22, 1843 Montreal Transcript

Dec. 11, 1843 "A repeal meeting in Brooklyn , NY recorded James O'Callaghan of Monaghan and Terrance Brady of Cavan as contributors to the Repeal; fund" Brooklyn Daily Eagle

Dec. 14, 1843 ATTACK ON THE MILITARY

 The Dublin correspondent, of the London Standard states, that the inhabitants of the town of Belturbet, in the County of Cavan, having become alarmed at the display of simultaneous fires in the course of the evening of Wednesday last: a requisition, from a large party of the respectable portion of the towns-people was presented to the inhabitant requesting them to order out the military to patrol in the vicinity, Two Companies of the rifles, attended by a magistrate, went out to patrol about an hour after midnight, they came up with a considerable body of well armed men with piques and gun. They were challenged and the answer given was volley Poured in among the soldiers. The latter did not return the fire, being actuated by the motives of humanity but fixed bayonets and rushed forward, when they arrested ten armed men; the rest Fled in the obscurity of the night. We have not heard whether any of the soldiers were killed or wounded, but we hope in the absence of information mentioned to the contrary, that no such casualty has occurred. Another account written from the town of Cavan. states that two Men were taken prisoners by the soldiers, but in every other respect, sustains the foregoing statement. The Palladium of PEI

1844 "John LEDDY, 25 William St NYC, Laborer, born 1844, arrived 1866 per "Thomas Dunham", father Terrence, mother Judy SHERIDAN. Emigrant Savings Bank records in NYC can be a very valuable tool for finding the homeplace in Ireland. Contributed by Nancy Pfaff List Manager

1844 COOTEHILL , a post and market town in the parish of Drumgoon, barony of Tullaghgarvey, co. Cavan, Ulster. It stands on the Cootehill river, and on the road from Dublin to Clones, 7.75 miles north-north-west of Shircock, 8 south-west by south of Ballyboy, 8.75 south by east of Clones, and 51 north -north-west of Dublin. The country around it, including part of county Monaghan ,is very beautiful; and within a radius of about 3 miles , contains, among other mansions, these of Bellamont Forest, Dawson castle, Fairfield, Lisnalong, Dromore, Feame Mount, Annsfort, Minore, Bellgreen, Newgrove, Mountain Lodge, Keighan, Annalee, Tullyvin, Rathkenny, Ashfield, and Retreat. Mayo hill, the highest summit of the district, and situated in the direction of Shircock, commands a good view; and the banks of the Cootehill river, for several miles above the town, furnish a constant series of very rich close landscapes,__chiefly of the class which may be designated languishingly beautiful. The town is comparatively well-built and respectively inhabited; and is not equalled in appearance by any place between it and Dublin except Navan. It contains a neat church ,a Roman Catholic chapel, two Presbyterian meeting-houses, Methodist, Moravian, and Quaker chapels, several schools, and an inn, and posting establishment. the weekly markets are well-attended; mostly markets are held here for cattle, flax, yarn, &c,; and fairs are held on March 12, June 9, Sept. 12, and Dec. 6. Brewing and distilling make a prominent figure, as they do in most Irish towns where any possible means can be commanded for maintaining them; the linen market is one of the briskest among the second-rate towns of Ireland; linen-weaving employs a considerable proportion of the inhabitants; and the sheetings brought hither for sale are said to be preferred to those of the other northern markets. A branch of the Provincial bank was established in 1836, and a branch of the Ulster Bank in 1837. The public conveyances, in 1838, were a car to Lavastrand, and a coach in transit between Clones and Dublin.__ The Cootehill Poor-Law union ranks as the 62d; and was declared on Aug. 10, 1839. It lies partly in co. Cavan, and partly in co. Monaghan; and comprising an area of 164 square miles , or 104,988 acres, with a pop., in 1831 of 63,391. The electoral divisions within co. Monaghan , together with their respective pop., in 1831, are Cormeen 6,654, Dawson Grove 7,511, Aghabog 5,495, and Drum 3,394; and those within co. Down (sic) are Cootehill 7,335, Ashfield 6,557. Tullyvin 3,033, Drumgoon 4,269, Drung 5,054, Rathkenny 4,270, Lerah 3,171, and Knockbride 6,819. The number of ex-officio guardians is 6, and of elected guardians 18; and two of the latter are chosen by each of the divisions of Cormeen, Dawson Grove, Aghabog, Cootehill, Ashfield, and Knockbride, and one by each of the other divisions. The total number of ‚10 electors traced in the rate-book is 330; and of those 38 are rated under ‚10,__23 under ‚9,__14 under ‚8, __9 under ‚7,__6 under ‚6, and 2 under ‚5. The total nett annual value of the property rated is ‚82,846, the total number of persons rated is 8,608; and of these, 275 are rated a valuation not exceeding ‚1,__580, not exceeding ‚2,__not exceeding ‚3,__712, not exceeding ‚4,__and 895, not exceeding ‚5. The workhouse was contracted for on Sept. 1 ,1849, and was to be completed in march 1842; the amount of contract was ‚7,360; the sum to be borrowed was ‚8,900; the extent of intended accommodation was 800 persons ;and the site has an area of 6 acres ,2 perches, and was purchased for ‚631 6s. 3d., besides ‚100 of compensation to occupying tenants. The date of the first admission of paupers was Dec. 2 1842; the total expenditure thence till Feb. 6, 1843, was ‚1,000 3s. 9d.; and the total previous expenditure was ‚501 8s. 8d. A fever hospital at Cootehill consists of only one room in a small house, and is altogether incompetent for the wants of the union, or even of a moderate district around the town; and ,in 1839-40, it expended ‚93 13s. 6d. halfpenny, and admitted 138 patients. The dispensary districts are 3 in number, and have their seats at Cootehill, Drum, and Rockcorry; but they serve for only two-thirds of the union. The Cootehill dispensary has a district of 36,167 acres, with a pop. of 21,550; and ,in 1839-40, it expended ‚141 9s. 6d., and administered to 2,604 patients. The Loan Fund of Cootehill ,in 1841, had a capital ‚2,168; and during that year, it circulated ‚9,241 in 2,744 loans , cleared a nett profit of ‚65 15s. 4d., and expended on charitable purposes ‚44 8s. 8d.; and from the date of its institution, it circulated ‚49,271 in 14,750 loans, cleared a nett profit of ‚418 7s. 4d., and expended on charitable purposes ‚340 8s. 8d.__ Area of the town , 107 acres, Pop., in 1831, 2,239; in 1841, 2,425. Houses 415. Families employed chiefly in agriculture , 85; in manufactures and trade, 287; in other pursuits, 73. families dependent chiefly on property and profession, 19; on the directing of labour, 294; on their own labour, 169; on means not specified, 23. 1844 Parliamentary Gazeeter of Ireland available at LDS libraries. Randell   email :- randell@winshop.com.au   location :- Mermaid Beach, Queensland, Australia  

1840's The Reorganisation of the diocese after the chaos of Penal times cont; "Browne's building projects were halted during 1840s by the Famine but were resumed in the more kindly economic climate of the 1850's and 1860's." http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histkm2.htm

March 14, 1844 " He (Thomas Barry Cusick Smith) got up and made a speech in which he stated that " he was sorry to find that Roman Catholic members of Parliament paid so little regard to their oaths." When the right honourable gentleman had such impressions, I cannot feel surprised that care should have been taken to exclude every Roman Catholic from the jury box. The learned gentleman quoted from the Dublin Tory papers of the day accounts of Protestant monster meetings of 3000 held in Dublin; 4000 in Bandan; 30,000 in Cavan; and 75,000 at Hillsborough. He then quoted extracts from the evidence before the committee of the House of Commons on orange societies, to show that the officers of those societies were in correspondence with the military. Let us pass to the Proclamation. The commentaries of Mr. O'Connell upon the remarkable fact that that proclamation was delayed, until the day before the meeting was to take place, although notice for that meeting had been given for three weeks, are most deserving of your serious consideration. The Palladium of PEI page 4

June 30, 1845 "BERRY, Matthew, born Kilmore Parish, Cavan Co., Ire., h. Bridget, June 30, 1845, age 42, G.R.39. "Taunton Deaths TO THE YEAR 1850 Massachusetts Town Vital Records Collection

Aug. 6, 1845 "TWO MOLLY MAGUIRES CAPTURED.

 

  On the night of the 6th instant two men fired shots into the

house of Mr. Beggen, of Bohora, near Killishandra [Co Cavan],

but with-out effect. Mr. Beggen and his servant gave immediate

pursuit, and, after a long race, captured the fellows, who are now

in the custody of the police. Mr. Beggen is a Protestant and

an Orangeman.—Ibid." The Armagh Guardian http://www.irelandoldnews.com/Armagh/1845/18450812.html

Aug. 11, 1845 "The lord lieutenant had issued a declaration declaring the county of Cavan in a state to require additional forces." Brooklyn Daily Eagle

Sept. 6, 1845 " Killshandra Sept. 6 For the last few months the Orangemen in the neighborhood of Arva have been in the habit of walking through the country at night armed with guns -and, during the day, bodies of them, numbering 20 or 30, attended a regular drill, practicing military evolutions. This created very great alarm amongst the Catholics of the country; they summoned some of the Orangeman to Cavan, for "walking armed at night" and "going thru military exercises during the day". Two stipendiary magistrates, Messrs. Graves and Howley, presided, and after hearing the witnesses examined, took informations against five persons, and sent them for trial under the White Boy Acts. This incensed the Orangemen very much and, in court, they said, they would continue ‘to walk as usual, fur the protection of their houses and families.’ Mr. MacGauran, who attended to prosecute, then proposed, in order to put an end to such proceeding that he would abandon the informations if they (the Orangemen) would agree to have an equal number of Catholics and Protestants sworn in each townland as Special constables and that he would undertake to procure in each townland a number of respectable Catholic farmers who would co-operate with their Protestant brethren for the preservation of the peace and protection of their lives and properties. The leading Protestants present indignantly refused this proposal in court. The informations were then taken. Lord Farnham, although he, as a magistrate, issued a proclamation against this walking of armed bodies, has actually within this last week, got down eight or ten cases of arms and distributed them amongst Orange men in this same neighborhood, for, as it is asserted, defensive purposes. Some of the cases were given amongst the "Manor Boys". Giving these arms will in our opinion, tend to encourage the Orangemen.

"At a meeting of the Masters of Orange Orders was held last week in the county court House, and resolutitions adopted for the revival of the Society."

The "Teetotollers" have addressed the following remonstrative to the Right Hon. Lord Farnham, D. L., J.P.; Mr. J. Godley, J.P.: the Hon. S. R. Maxwell, D. L, J.P.: Mr. E. Priestly, J.P.: Mr. J. R. Greaves, R.M.:-

"My Lord and Gentleman, - The members of the total Abstinence Society at Killshandra consider it their duty to address you in consequence of a notice, bearing your signatures of magistrates of this county, having reached them, at a late hour this afternoon.

"They have, as loyal subjects, and as members of a society based upon principals of moral rectitude, adding "to temperance, patience," yielded a ready obedience to this magisterial act, without questioning whether the power you have assumed in preventing their meeting, for the purpose of paying a complement to a gentleman, for whom they decidedly feel so much respect and attachment, on his return to this country after such a long absence" be either constitutional, legal, or discreet.

  'They have taken prompt measures to circulate as widely as possible intelligence of your notice issued at the eleventh hour and they trust it may reach their brethren in remote districts m time sufficent to prevent them incurring the legal penalties with which any disobediene of your "notice" is threatened.

"They cannot allow, this occasion to pass without observing to you, my Lord and Gentlemen that factious party processions of armed men with banners and music playing tunes intended and calculated to excite animosity (and if it were not for the good since of the people bloodshed) were permitted to parade thru this town on the 12th of July last, unheeded and unchecked by magisterial vigilance or interference, affording, they lament to say, a strong and painful contrast to the alacrity and vigor manifested in the present instance, with respect to their society, when about to exercise, in a peaceful and orderly manner, a perfectly legal purpose, free from all political or party objects. "Killshandra, Saturday evening, Sept. 6 / Paper date Dec. 25, 1845 of The Port Philip Herald of Australia

Nov. 29, 1845 " Reference: RLFC3/1/ Number:35 Previous Reference: Date: 29/11/1845 Barony: County: Cavan ;Pages: 1 Description: Printed resolution passed at a meeting in the Cavan courthouse appointing a committee to investigate methods of preventing the advance of potato blight. http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Dec. 31, 1845 " Reference: RLFC3/1/ Number:277 Previous Reference:Date:31/12/1845 Barony:ClankeeCounty:Cavan Pages:3 Description:William Shields, Kingscourt, predicting the loss of two thirds of the potato crop and endorsing public employment schemes." http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Jan. 1, 1846 " Reference: RLFC3/1/ Number: 276 Previous Reference: Date:01/01/1846 Barony:Clankee County:Cavan Pages:4 Description: Rev Robert Winning, Larkhill Glebe, Kingscourt,regarding the local potato crop and the need for public employment schemes to relieve distress."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Jan. 4, 1846 " Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:1139Previous Reference:Date:01/04/1846 Barony: Tullyhunco County: Cavan Pages:2 Description: Rev J Martin, Rector of Killashandra, requesting information regarding the provision and distribution of Indian corn."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Feb. 2, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:480Previous Reference:Date:02/02/1846 Barony:ClankeeCounty:Cavan Pages:2Description:Copy of a letter from Rev. Robert Winning, Larchfield Glebe, Kingscourt, regarding distress in the parish of Enniskeen with a copy of agovernment minute thereon."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Feb. 4, 1846 " Reference: RLFC3/1/ Number:1148Previous Reference: Date:02/04/1846 Barony: Loughtee Upper County:Cavan Pages:4 Description: Henry T Kilbee, Drumkeen, criticising the instructions issued by the Relief Commission to committees." http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Feb. 4, 1846 " Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:1151Previous Reference:Date:02/04/1846 Barony: Clanmahon County: Cavan Pages:1 Description: Rev Stuart Smith, Curate of Ballintemple,acknowledging receipt of the printed instructions for the preparation of Indian corn as an article of food.'http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Feb. 4, 1846 " Reference: RLFC3/1/ Number:1172 Previous Reference:Date:02/04/1846 Barony: County:Cavan &#9;&#9;Pages:2 Description: John Vernon, Beaufield, Crossdoney, indicating that ill health would prevent Colonel Alexander Saunderson, Vice Lieutenant, from overseeing the formation of district relief committees."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

March 13, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:2231Previous Reference: Date:13/05/1846 Barony:Clanmahon County:Cavan Pages:1 Description: Thomas Skelton, Minister of Ballymachugh, acknowledging receipt of the papers for the Clonmahon Relief Committee" http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

March 22, 1846 " Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:898Previous Reference:Date:22/03/1846 Barony: Tullygarvey County :Cavan Pages:3 Description: Rev J O'Kelly PP, Drumgoon, acknowledging receipt of instructions for preparing Indian corn meal and describing the condition of his parish."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

March 26, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:979Previous Reference:Date:26/03/1846 Barony: Castlerahan County:Cavan Pages:4 Description: Pierce Morton, Deputy Lieutenant, Kilnacrott House, Ballyjamesduff, objecting to the proposal to combine two baronies to form a relief district." http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

March 28, 1846 " Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:1025Previous Reference:Date:28/03/1846 Barony:County: &#9;&#9; Pages:2 Description: JC Walker, OPW, announcing the immediate commencement of public works in the baronies of Clankee, Co Cavan, Kells Lower, Co Meath and Clanwilliam, Co Limerick." http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

March 28, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:1034Previous Reference:Date:28/03/1846 Barony:Castlerahan County:Cavan Pages:1 Description:George Nixon MD, secretary of the Ballyjamesduff Relief Committee, requesting copies of the parliamentary acts relating to the relief of the destitute." http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

April 16, 1846 'Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:1512Previous Reference: Date:16/04/1846 Barony: Loughtee Upper County: Cavan Pages:3 Description: Samuel Moore JP and Rev Thomas Carson, Vicar of Urney, seeking advice regarding the formation and administration of relief districts, in the absence of the County Lieutenant, the Marquess of Headfort."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847J

May 12, 1846 " Reference: RLFC3/1/ Number: 2187 Previous Reference: Date: 12/05/1846 Barony: Clankee County: Cavan Pages: 3 Description: Rev Charles Beresford, Bailieborough Rectory, acknowledging receipt of the books and work tickets."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847J

May 15, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:2284 Previous Reference:Date:15/05/1846 Barony:Clanmahon County: Cavan Pages:6 Description: Pierce Morton, Deputy Lieutenant, Kilnacrott House, Ballyjamesduff, reporting the appointment of parochial committees at the first meeting of the relief committee for the barony of Clonmahon and enclosing an extract from a letter from an influential proprietor, enquiring whether the distressed tenants of contributing proprietors were entitled to greater relief than those of non-contributors."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847J

May 15, 1846 " Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:2298 Previous Reference:Date:15/05/1846 Barony: Castlerahan County:Cavan Pages:1 Description: Rev Henry Hunt, Rector of Virginia, acknowledging receipt of books and papers."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847J

May 16, 1846 " Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:2324 Previous Reference:Date:16/05/1846 Barony:Castlerahan County:Cavan Pages:2 Description: Richard Pennefather, Under Secretary, enclosing a copy of a suggestion contained in a report from the Sub Inspector of Constabulary in Ballyjamesduff, to circulate notices warning the public against interfering with the market price or purchase of potatoes, as a response to threatening notices posted upon trees in the townland of Killafasey on the fair day at Kilnaleck, forbidding any persons from buying potatoes for export to County Meath."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847J

May 29, 1846 Birth year of "HALTON (four sided monument) Thomas Halton born May 29, 1846 in Co. Cavan died May 9, 1901 Mary Quinn Halton 1840 - 1923" St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA: Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

May 30, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:2722 Previous Reference:Date:30/05/1846 Barony: Clanmahon County: Cavan Pages:3 Description: Rev Stuart Smith, Curate of Ballintemple, describing the state of the parish and requesting aid to prevent mass starvation." http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847J

June 17, 1846 " Reference: RLFC3/1/ Number:1549 Previous Reference: Date:17/04/1846 Barony: Castlerahan County: Cavan Pages:3 Description: Pierce Morton, Deputy Lieutenant, Kilnacrott House, Ballyjamesduff, suggesting that a supply of Indian corn be sent to all the principal towns in the county."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847J

July 8, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:4020 Previous Reference:Date:08/07/1846 Barony: Castlerahan County:Cavan Pages:4 Description: Rev Henry Collins, treasurer of the Crosserlough Relief Committee, suggesting the construction of a new pass to Drumkelly chapel as a suitable relief scheme."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847J

July 9, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:4138Previous Reference:Date:09/07/1846 Barony:Castlerahan County: cavan Pages:4 Description: Rev Samuel Lewis, Curate of Ballyjamesduff, describing the state of the parish and applying for relief."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

July 18, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:4495 Previous Reference:Date:18/07/1846 Barony:Tullyhunco County:Cavan Pages:4 Description: Rev John Taylor, Minister of Arvagh, chairman of the Arvagh Relief Committee, applying to use the committee's funds on three works of utility."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Aug. 7, 1846 "Reference: RLFC3/1/ Number:5205Previous Reference:Date:07/08/1846 Barony:Clanmahon County: Cavan Pages: 2 Description: Thomas Skelton, treasurer of the Clanmahon Relief Committee, reporting the subscription of £10 by Rev P Murray towards the relief of the poor of Drumlummon."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Aug. 19, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:5276Previous Reference:Date:10/08/1846 Barony: Clanmahon County: Cavan Pages:2 Description: John Beatty, treasurer of the Drumloman Relief Committee, applying for a grant to match the £10 donation from Rev Patrick Murray.'http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Aug. 27, 1846 "Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:5575Previous Reference:Date:27/08/1846 Barony:Tullygarvy County: Cavan Pages:2 Description Andrew Kerans, a farmer from Coragh, petitioning for a relief scheme to cut down a hill on the old road from Cootehill to Ballybay."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Dec. 3, 1846 " GALLIGAN, Mary of Ballymacue, county Cavan, Ire., sister of Elenor, Dec. 3, 1846, age 30, in Boston, G.R.38. " Taunton Deaths TO THE YEAR 1850 Massachusetts Town Vital Records Collection

Dec. 4, 1846 " Reference:RLFC3/1/ Number:1391Previous Reference:Date:12/04/1846 Barony: Loughtee Upper County: Cavan Pages:2 Description: Rev James Godley, Curate of Belturbet, describing conditions in his parish and applying for relief and Indian corn."http://www.nationalarchives.ie/cgi-bin/naigenform02?index=Relief+Commission+Papers+1845-1847

Dec. 20, 1846 " BRADY, Phillip, born Ballymacue, Cavan Co., Ire., brother of Charles, Dec. 20, 1846, age 40, G.R.38. "Taunton Deaths TO THE YEAR 1850 Massachusetts Town Vital Records Collection

Feb. 12, 1847 "In the parish of Kilsherdiny, near Cootehill, Cavan county, the last three days, three individuals have died of starvation, making in all seven persons inthe last fortnight" Brooklyn Daily Eagle

July 26, 1847 "Charles M. Fox from Ballyconnell, Cavan Married Wilhelmina E. Banks from Beltrim, Tyrone on 26th July 1847" marriages of people from Cavan that took place in Gretna Green. Debbie ANNANDALE@tiree-ek.freeserve.co.uk

Aug. 17, 1847 "Dreadful Homicide--A coroners inquest was held on Saturday, near Cootehill, in the co. of Cavan, on the body of a poor labouring man, named Moore, who came by his death under the following circumstances, detailed in the evidence adduced-: Owing to the extreme destitution in the neighborhood the poor people were in the habit of stealing potatoes, turnips, & c., and a small farmer named Peter King was a serious sufferer by these depredations,- On the night of the 17th August he proceeded to a field of potatoes armed with a gun - loaded with powder only- and seeing the deceased pulling up the roots, at once discharged it at him, and slightly wounded him. A scuffle ensued, in which King by repeated blows of the gun, fractured the wretched man's skull, broke his arm, and several ribs. He languished till Friday night, when death put an end to his suffering. The jury returned a verdict of manslaughter against king, who has been committed to prison to take his trail for the crime." The Bathurst Courrier page 1, Oct. 5, 1847

Nov. 21, 1847 This date a bill, which outlawed certain Catholic conduct and in particular the carring of arms, is passed. Cavan is "proclaimed" Dec. 29, 1847 to fall under the provisions of the Bill. Toronto British Colonist page 2 Jan. 25, 1848

1848 " Birth year of "Carroll, Wm. Henry 1848 -1934" St Joseph's Bloomfield Cemetery: Many of the people of Bloomfield, Illinois were from the Cavan area. Almost all of the people it seems followed a priest from Cavan a father McGirr. Many more but there stones are not marked. I will list some of the information on the Grave yard at what is left of old Bloomfield. Also a few that were buried in Quincy. If you see a name you are wondering about here is the Home page for the Great River Genealogical Society. It is very much alive and there home page can tell you who to contact to search for any questions you might have. http://www.outfitters.com/~grgs/ Contributed by John D. Daugherty Ardmire@worldnet.att.net

March 11, 1848 Birth year of " RILEY, Michael (Reilly), Mar. 11, 1848, in Garrynoher, Cavan Co., Ire., G.R.40. "Taunton Births To the Year 1850 Massachusetts Town Vital Records Collection

June 23, 1848 "The following insolvents were then discharged:-- Thomas WILTON, Owen M'CULLEN, Patrick MALLON, Thomas GREY, Thomas ARGUE (not Mr. Thomas ARGUE, the spirited and respectable proprietor of the Dalton Arms, Bailieborough), Michael CAMPBELL, Bernard REILLY, Catherine REILLY, John WEIR, Eliza WEIR, Francis GOLERICK, Thomas FLOOD, John M'EVINEW, Thomas CUSACK, Andrew M'GUIRE, Terence M'GUIRE, Daniel HARE, Bernard BEGGAN, James CONNAGHTY, Michael SMITH, Richard BRADY, Joseph SMITH, Robert FLEMMING, Edward SMITH, Philip SMITH, Daniel COBEY, Michael SMITH, Jas. DALE, Patrick FITZPATRICK, Edward DONOHOE, Michael HANNIGAN, Mark M'GRATH, Patrick COYLE, and David M'MINN." ANGLO-CELT County Cavan Newspaper Transcription Project

Aug. 25, 1848 "Gentlemen have come up to make representations to the government of the state of their districts, and requiring arms for the tenants to defend their families and property against any insurgent movements. Lord Farnham from Cavan, and magistrates from Wicklaw, Meath and other counties, have been in attendance at the castle to-day. The danger is eminent, but the lord Lieutenant is well prepared and determined promptly to crush, if he cannot prevent, any insurgence forced on the rash men who are now endeavoring to produce a convulsion." The Bathurst Courier page 1

Nov. 1, 1848 "The Farnham Tenantry ---- Lord Farnham has addressed a long circular to the tenantry on the estates in the co. of Cavan, announcing his Lordship's intention to make a reduction of 15 per cent. on the half-year's rent due the 1st November, 1848, in the case of farms not recently let, and on the half-year ending 1st of may, 1849, in that of lettings, where the occupants have entered into possession as English tenants. The noble Lord than proceeds to empress upon the tenantry the absolute necessity, arising from the altered circumstances of the times, of making an effort to meet the serious depression in the value of the produce of the land, and the high taxation to which all are exposed, by increased attention to the culture of the ground and a adoption of a new and improved system of farming, which enables the occupiers of the land in foreign countries, not less burdened with charges than their own, and also multitude of farms both in Scotland and in England, whose expenses are still greater than theirs, to meet all the demands on them, and to make out a comfortable subsistence for themselves and their families." The Melbourne Morning Herald march 14, 1850 page 4

Nov. 23, 1848 Nov. 23, 1848 The Baroney of Farney, Co. Monaghan as well as Baronies Castlepollard, Clonkee, Tullygory, and Lower Loughtree are "Proclaimed" under the new Provention of Crime and Outrage Act. Port Phillip Herald page 4

1848-1864 Index of Griffith's Valuation: Biggins, Michael County : Cavan Parish : Tomregan Location : Carrowmore

1849 Birth year of " COYLE Sec. 33, #141 John Coyle died Sept. 15, 1914, aged 65 years Catherine McKeon, his wife died Dec. 25, 1901, aged 55 years Natives of Co. Cavan" St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA: Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

1849 Birth year of "MASTERSON, John 1849 - 1915 MASTERSON, Bernard 1843 - 1913 CUSACK, Mary Masterson D: 19 Feb 1913 B: Co Cavan Ire" from St. Peters Cemetery in Quincy, Illinois. John D. Daugherty <Ardmire@worldnet.att.net>

March 21, 1850 "I found this grave while walking through St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA GALLIGAN (four sided stone monument)

Rev. John J. Galligan b. Mar. 21, 1850, d. Aug. 16, 1896 priest of St. Elizabeth's parish, Smethport, PA Native of Ballintemple, Co. Cavan, Ireland

Michael Galligan, 1860 - 1901

Charles Galligan, 1839 - 1918 his wife Annie SHARKEY, 1856 - 1929

Ann Sharkey, 1826 - 1891" Hope someone recognizes these folks - I am not researching the names myself ... still looking for my DENNENYs from Cavan, though! Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

1851 Priestly Vocations cont. "The Famine reduced the Catholic population of the diocese by 26% and consequently the priest-people ratio fell to 1 : 2,125 in 1851 which was still slightly higher than the national average of 1 : 2,100. The number of priests continued to grow steadily from 89 in 1851 to 105 in 1875. It remained static at between 105 and 109 down to the nineteen-twenties when it began to rise again reaching 135 in 1950. http://www.cavannet.ie/kilmore/histvoc.htm

1851 "In the Irish Source Records, there are Beggans listed - no Bagans or Beagans. They were: Peter Beggan, aged 11, son of Patrick (Fermanagh) and Catherine (Clankelly) and Owen Beggan, aged 20, born Roslea, son of Patrick and Catherine" (This is from the 1851 Census from Old Age Pension Records. Rosemary Cairns" <rcairns@internorth.com>

Jan. 9, 1851 "The Dublin journals announce the following case of murder and suicide as having been perpetrated in Cavan (Northern Ireland)--This town and neighborhood were thrown into the state of excitement and alarm at an early hour yesterday, by the arrival of several persons from the vicinity of Ballinagh, who rushed into Cavan with the frightful intelligence that Dr Creighton, lately come to reside near Ballinagh, had just murdered one of the ladies of his house and immediately after put an end to his own existence. This information was but too true. Dr Creighton was a native of this county; he resided near Cavan up to the period of his entering Trinity College, where he graduated and took out the degree of Bachelor Medicine. Ho commenced his professional career in Townsend street, Dublin, where he practiced with considerable success. Some shortime ago his manner became very eccentric, his mind was evidently weakened and he became of the idea that a conspiracy was on foot to destroy him, and that the members of his own household were deeply involved in this plot. This deranged state of intellect became so palpable that his friends were advised to withdraw him from practice altogether and remove him to the country. Accordingly, he and his family returned to this locality about two months ago, where it was hoped that by turning his attention to agricultoral pursuits, his mind might be diverted from those miserable hallucinations by which it had been prayed on. Arrangements were made for that purpose, and be was settled on a farm of some extent. Heath-lodge, the estate of Mr. William Humphreys, of Ballyhase, on which an excellent house and suitable office have lately been erected. His family consisted of an aunt, Miss Creighton, advanced in life and infirm. A young lady named Faris, a near relative of his own, and a servant man. On the morning of yesterday (Tuesday), at about 9 o'clock. Dr. Creighton went to his aunt’s room, and told her that the servant was waiting to shave him, and begged of her to give him his razors for that purpose. They had been purposely kept out of his reach, but seeing how calm and collected he was, and hearing from him that the servant was in attendance; she did not hesitate to give them to him. Miss Creighton, it appeared, war still in bed, for he said to her, on leaving the room,"Aunt, you need not get up; I’ll send your breakfast up when it is ready." He then went down stairs, and nothing 'further was heard or seen of him until about quarter, of an how after, when Miss Creighton, on going down to the parlour, and finding it empty, proceeded to the kitchen. Her horror may be imagined, on reaching the spot, to find Miss. Faris lying dead on the floor, a pool of blood around her, and her head nearly severed from her body. A broad mark of blood, commencing, near the dead body next attracted her attention; She surmised, and that correctly, that it was the blood of her unfortunate nephew, who she thought had wounded himself, and than fled from the house into the plantations adjacent to it. She tracked this second stream of blood to the closed door of a pantry adjoining the kitchen, but not opening into it. On pushing open this door, which was merely closed to, but not fastened, she found him bathed in blood and just expiring. He never spoke and died in a few minutes. Port Phillip Herald, page 4 Jan. 29, 1851

April 9, 1852 "WAGES - Patt. BEGGAN summoned a man named DANCY for wages due by him to complainant.

Complainant stated that he had been engaged by defendant from November until May, at £3 2s; got 6s. 8d. out of this; had a falling out with another boy, and got hurt, so that he was not able to work.

Defendant said that the boy was able enough to work; that it was his own fault that he got hurt;....Complainant said he only wanted what was due to him.

Chairman--That's all very plausible; but we're not fools. A man is worth a shilling a day now, where he would not be worth eightpence in winter.

After some further discussion the parties consented to leave the matter to arbitration." THE CAVAN OBSERVER County Cavan Newspaper Transcription Project

1854 "Alice McGEOUGH, Keeping house, native Skerry Co Cavan, arrived 1854 per "Great Western", Married to Lawrence,no children, lives White Plains (Westchester Co)" Emigrant Savings Bank records in NYC can be a very valuable tool for finding the homeplace in Ireland. Contributed by Nancy Pfaff List Manager

May 15,1855 Memorial date; “In / memory of / Patrick McGuirk / who imigrated from Co. Cavan / to Prince Edward Island / in the year 1839 / died / may 15,1855 / AET 66 yrs. / Alice / his wife / died / May 20, 1868 / AET 66 yrs / Isabella Curran / died / 1865 / Henry McQuirk / 1876 ? / / Michael McGuirk / 1821 ? - 1901 / his wife Ellen Mcmanus / 1832- 1901 / RIP // Owen / aged 8 yrs / Catherine aged 4 years / John / 1 yr 6 months / All died in 1862 / Ellen / infant died 1867 / Michael / died 1879 / aged 2 years / children of Michael & Ellen McGuirk / Henry / died / Mar.6,1890 / aged / 20 yrs / RIP //”. Lot 36, Cmt 2, Stone 233, St. Patrick’s, Master Name List, Reel 38.

Sept. 21, 1855 Birth year of "Smyth, Rev. Hugh Patrick born in Ballyjamesduff, Co. Cavan on Sept. 21, 1855. He was ordained in Dublin in June, 1881 and left for Chicago. He was pastor at St. Patrick's Church, Lemont, IL, and in May, 1893 made rector of St. Mary's, Evanston where he remained until his death on Nov. 6, 1927. He was interested in Irish-American affairs serving as an editor for the Chicago Citizen, and helped to organize the A.O.H. in Evanston. Relatives that survived him, living in Chicago were: two nieces, Sr. Mary Agnes Marie of Mercy High School, Mrs. Edward Hartnett, and cousins: Fr. J. P. O'Donoghue of St. James' parish, Sr. M. Benedictine, O.S.D., Mrs. Mary O'Donoghue, Mrs. William Keefe and Kathleen O'Donoghue." Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

July 25,1862 Reverand James Brady names the Rev. Peter Clark of Drung Parish, County Cavan as executor of his Irish holdings. James names his brother Patrick along with Robert Mooney as executors and the will mentions James’s brother John’s widow and a Daniel , Thomas and Ellinor Brady. Wills 6-203

June 4, 1861 " CRONAN Andrew, laborer, born Cavan, Ire., son James and Mary, enlisted June 4, 1861, age 34, R.R. "Taunton Births To the Year 1850 Massachusetts Town Vital Records Collection

Jan.8,1864 Mary Beggin born to Patrick Began and Ellen Greenhan at Cootehill, Co. Cavan, Ireland. 1984 IGI

Feb. 22, 1864 "DONOHOE, Michael, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in Killeshandra, County Cavan, Ireland, February 22, 1864; attended the schools of Ireland and a private classical school; taught as principal of a national school from January 1885 until October 1886, when he resigned; immigrated to the United States and settled in Philadelphia, Pa., November 8, 1856; engaged in banking and in the manufacture of glassware; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-second and Sixty-third Congresses (March 4, 1911-March 3, 1915); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1914 to the Sixty-fourth Congress; real-estate assessor for the city of Philadelphia from April 15, 1919, to March 31, 1946, when he retired; is a resident of Philadelphia, Pa" Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949 Biographies D page 1095

Feb.25,1865 Patrick Biggans, born to Francis Biggans and Mary Haligan at Shercock, Co. Cavan, Ireland. IGI of 1984.

Oct.19,1865 Patrick Begin, born to Owen Begin and Rosey Clerkin at Tullyvin, Co. Cavan, Ireland. 1984 IGI.

Aug. 8, 1867 "KNIGHT, Ann; Birth ;Sex: Female ;Birth Date:8 Aug 1867 ;Birthplace: Belturbet, Cavan, Ire ;Recorded in: Civil Registration for Ireland ;Father: Joseph KNIGHT ;Mother: Ann MAGILLIGAN Source: FHL Number 101152 ;Dates: 1867-1867 ;Note: 100

Oct. 15, 1867 "KNIGHT, Thomas ;Birth ;Sex: ;Male ;Birth Date: 15 Oct 1867 ;Birthplace: Finea, Cavan, Ire  ;Recorded in:Civil Registration for Ireland   ;Father:William KNIGHT  ;Mother:Julia STRATFORD  Source: FHL Number 101157; Dates: 1867-1867 Note: 188

1870 "My name is Nancy Praetzel. I am searching for information regarding the ancestors or descendants of Patrick McCabe and his wife, Bridget Burns McCabe who had 12 children and who lived on a small dairy farm near the Lake at Greaghlone, on the road between Shercock and Kingscourt. The Burns farm was just up the road from the McCabe farm. Also related were the Smiths who lived close by but possibly in nearby Cavan Co. My grandmother , Annie McCabe Clayton, born 1870, who immigrated to San Francisco in the 1880s with several of her brothers and sisters, and with cousin Catherine Smith, used to say that she could throw a rock from her farm to the Smith farm in Cavan. Hope to hear from you NPRAETZEL@aol.com

1872 Birth year of "CUSACK, Rev. Thomas E. 20 Aug 1872 28 Feb 1959 Pastor of St. Peters Church" from St. Peters Cemetery in Quincy, Illinois. John D. Daugherty <Ardmire@worldnet.att.net>

1875 "John Ward June 1875 rel. lives Cootehill Ireland White Arthur Nebraska" WWI Civilian Draft Registrations

July 22, 1875 Birth year of "Ellen Coyle McGuigan born July 22, 1875 died Oct. 2, 1946"St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA: Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

Oct. 14, 1875 "Lizzie A. Dinneny wife of Richard b. Oct. 14, 1875 d. July 3, 1899 daughter of Thomas and Mary" St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA: Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

Aug. 1876 Birth year of " Sullivan, Thomas F. born August, 1876 in Denn Crosskeys, Co. Cavan, of Matthew Sullivan and Catherine Corr, married Nov. 28, 1911 to Nora McHale, born Jan. 1, 1875 in Laherdane, Crossmolina, Co. Mayo of Thomas McHale and Nora Gill, witnesses: Edward O'Malley and Katherine McHale (9)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

 April 7, 1879 "Name Birth Date Ethnicity Birth Place County State

Hugh Sheridan 7 Apr 1879 White rel.lives Ballynarry Cavan Irel. Elko Nevada" WWI Civilian Draft Registrations

Aug. 24, 1879 "Tierney, James born Aug. 24, 1879 in Cavan, Co. Cavan of Thomas Tierney and Ellen Drumgoole, married Sept. 4, 1909 to Jennet C. Thom" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

1880 "Lizzie A. Halton aged 3 years John M. Halton aged 6 weeks Michael M. Dowling 1880 - 1956 his wife Helen L. Halton 1884 - 1965 children of Thomas and Mary" St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA: Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

July 23,1884 "At Johnston's River, on the 23rd, age 57, Owen Beagan. Native of County Cavan." Herald, 13 August 1884

Oct. 1885 "Cornyn, Michael of Michael Cornyn and Anna McGuire, baptised Oct. 1885 in Kilduff, Co. Cavan, married June 30, 1913 to Ellen Cornyn baptised May 10, 1885 in Hackballs Crows, Co. Louth, of James Cornyn and Catherine Kelly, witnesses: Timothy and Mary McGuire " Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

Sept. 12, 1886 " Connorty, Joseph, Sept. 12, 1886 at residence of his parents, 4054 Shurlteff ave., son of James and Anastasia, aged 4 yrs., 11 mos., natives of Parish Rockbride, Co. Cavan. Burial Mt. Olivet (1)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

March 27,1887 "At Donagh, on the 27th March, Patrick Beagan age 62. Native of County Cavan.” Herald, 20th April 1887

April 22, 1888 "Name Birth Date Ethnicity Birth Place County State

Dave Strong 22 Apr 1888 White Ballyduff Cavan Ireland Clark Nevada" WWI Civilian Draft Registrations

1889 "Name Birth Date Ethnicity Birth Place County State

Walter R. Byers 1889 White Ballyjamesduff Cavan Irel. Elko Nevada " WWI Civilian Draft Registrations

Oct. 26, 1889 "Traynor, James, at his residence No. 612 Taylor street, were assembled many friends to offer greeting to the Rev. Hugh Brady. Most of them were ex-parishioners of Father Brady, who was formerly of Knockbride, Co. Cavan. The Rev. father was the esteemed pastor of Knockbride where Mr. Traynor used to officiate as acolyte. Those present were: Misses Isabella Farrell, Mary Clark, Kate Connell, Maggie and Bridgie O'Brien, Messrs. Bernard and John O'Farrell, Philip Traynor, Andrew and Mat Clark, Charles Cooney and Patrick Carolan. On Monday, the Rev. Father left for Dubuque on a mission for one year when will return to the land of the saints. -Oct. 26, 1889 (2)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

Sept. 20, 1890 "Smith, Charles, son of Andrew and Mary, nee Fanning, aged 23 yrs., native of Niulawagavan, Parish Lavey, Co. Cavan. Funeral from Alexian Bros. Hospital to Calvary -Sept. 20, 1890 (1)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

1893 "William Carnew 11 February 1893 Cootehill Co. Cavin Ireland White # 1 NYC (Bronx) New York" WWI Civilian Draft Registrations

April 4, 1894 "My Grandmother Alice Reilly was from TONALOY townland, parish of Kildallan in the registration district of NEWTOWNGORE 2. Alice was born the 23rd of March 1899 to Edward Reilly (O'Reilly) and Bridget Boyle (Boylan) both of GARTNACLIFF (baptismal sponsors Michael Burns and Mary McBrien). Mary Bridget Reilly 3rd February 1897 born KILLYGOAN (sponsors Hugh McGrath & Kate Burns) and a son Francis O'Reilly 5th April 1895 born CRAGHAN (sponsors Thomas Reilly & Mary Boylan). Children Thomas, Packi & Baby Elizabeth's records are still to be found. The marriage of Edward O'Reilly and Bridget Boyle both of GARTNACLIFF was the 8th April 1894 (witnesses Mary Cunningham & James McManus). The spelling of the parents names changed with the certificates. Alice and Molly went to the US and married the Walsh twins from Co. Laois and Elizabeth went to England. I am presently working on a web page where this information will appear.Right now the only mention of the ladies are at the top of a Walsh poem. http://doreeninpa.homepage.com/ The Powers" <powers@ptd.net>

Oct. 26, 1899 "White, Mrs. R. A., nee Fitzpatrick, mother of Charles, William E., Thomas S. White, native of Butler's Bridge, Co. Cavan. Funeral from resid., 42 Centennial court to St. Columbkille's Church to Calvary. Minneapolis and Mt. Pleasant (IA) papers please copy. -Oct. 26, 1899 (1)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

March 12, 1900 "Smith, Hugh, husband of Bridget, nee Farley, brother of Mrs. James Clark, and Mrs. P. Smith, native of Mullamagavan, Co. Cavan. Funeral from resid., 789 Washburne ave. to St. Charles Church to Calvary -March 12, 1900 (1) Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

Oct. 18, 1900 " Weir, Mary, nee McKeon, wife of Martin, mother of Mrs. C. Hubert, Nellie, Delia, Dominick, Martin, James and Patrick Weir, native of Co. Cavan. Funeral from resid., 138 Hastings st. to Holy Family Church to Calvary -Oct. 18, 1900 (1)" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

Aug. 15, 1902 Birth year of "Catherine McGuigan Candon born Aug. 15, 1902 died July 26, 1952 John R. Candon, Sr. born Sept. 6, 1901 died Apr. 26, 1988 Mary E. died June 4, 1908, aged 36 years Thomas F. born Oct. 21, 1869 died June 20, 1932" St. Francis (Catholic) Cemetery, Pawtucket, RI USA: Beth Hurd Johnston, RI USA beth@the-hurds.com

June 27, 1910 "Cooke, Patrick of Dan, Cavan of Patrick Cooke and Bridget Phillips, residence at 721 W. 48th Pl, married June 27, 1910 to Helen Grace of New Ross, Wexford of Patrick Grace and Katherine Quigley" Chicago Irish Families, 1875-1925

Surname Given Name Regiment, Battalion Company Rank Residence Birthplace

Walsh William 3rd Regt I Musician New Britain Cavan, Ireland "Connecticut Servicemen, Spanish American War

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