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Extract from Books of Survey and Distribution (1680) for Aghadoe

Patrick Kissane contributes this information about the Books of Distribution and Survey and a transcription of the Survey for Aghadoe, presented in the table below.

The Books of Survey and Distribution were compiled around 1680. Their main function was to serve as a basis for the taxing of ownership of land. To this end, a list of landowners and their holdings was compiled. It was the Land Registry of its day. The records were compiled on a barony and parish basis. The records for Aghadoe are for the civil parish of Aghadoe. The book was written in copperplate handwriting.

A copy of the Books of Distribution and Survey is kept at the National Archives in Dublin and a copy at the National Library in Dublin. Extracts can be obtained by mail on payment of a small fee.

Under the Brehon law, the clan was regarded as the owner of the land. But under the English common law, the chieftain was regarded as the owner of the land.

During the 100 years to 1680, there had been two confiscations of land and a partial reversal. The first confiscation occurred after the Earl of Desmond's rebellion in 1584. At that time, the land in the Aghadoe area was owned by the O' Donoghues. The land of the O' Donoghues was confiscated. A large part of the confiscated land was given to the McCarthys who had taken no part in the rebellion.The remainder of the O' Donoghues land was given to Sir Valentine Browne. Later the McCarthys sold to Sir Valentine Brown some of the confiscated O' Donoghue land that they had received (including Ross Castle).

Although all of the McCarthy lands was confiscated in the Cromwellian Plantation, some of the lands were restored to the McCarthys on the restoration of Charles II in 1660. The restored lands included Pallas, Muckross, Cahernane and Castlelough. Some of these lands, including the castle at Castlelough, remained in the ownership of the McCarthy family until the late 18th century when they were sold by them. The last McCarthy, Florence or Finneen McCarthy,who had a credible claim to be regarded as McCarthy Mor died in London in 1640. The suffix Mor (big) indicates that the person was chieftain of the clan. McCarthy Mor was forced to spend 40 years in exile in London. He wrote a history of Ireland while there, usually called The McCarthy Book. Donal McCarthy of Castlelough (called "Dan the Feathers") also claimed to be McCarthy Mor. His lands were confiscated and then restored. The present-day State-owned Killarney National Park comprises much of the land owned by the O' Donoghues.

Sir Valentine Browne was appointed Auditor-General of Ireland in the mid-sixteenth century and later Surveyor-General. He seems to have carried out his duties so well that he was given a large portion of the land confiscated from the O' Donoghues in 1584. In all, there were 11 Browne's between 1584 and 1952. They later became Earls of Kenmare. Throughout all of this time, they adhered to the Catholic religion. The line and title became extinct in 1952 with the death of the last Lord Kenmare.

The Earl of Orrery mentioned was Roger Boyle, Earl of Cork.

The Lady Ann Crosby mentioned who owned land in Aghadoe was the wife of Sir Walter Crosby deceased. During the Insurrection, she lost much property in Meath and Leix. The "Aghadoe" mentioned may be the area in the vicinity of the churchyard (Nunstown).

The Richard Laughlin mentioned was a Cromwellian soldier.

The records are shown in six columns. Measurements are by acres, roods and perches. Some names have changed since the book was written. Where able to confirm a name or location, it is listed in brackets after the 17th century name. However some of the names mentioned are no longer in use and have no present-day equivalents.

  1. The owner in 1641 i.e. prior to the Insurrection and Cromwellian plantation.
  2. A description of the land: it is mainly a geographical place-name.
  3. Unprofitable land e.g. bogs, mountains, lakes etc.
  4. Profitable land e.g. arable and grazing land.
  5. Acreage transferred. The acres are Plantation acres which equalled 1.62 of a statute acre.
  6. The name of the owner in 1680 i.e. after a) the Plantation and b) the Restoration (which reversed some of the Plantation). However in many cases it shows Sir Valentine Browne as both the old owner and the new owner, that is, no change.
Owner 1641 Land Description Land Unprofitable
acres:roods:perches
Land Profitable
acres:roods:perches
Acres Transferred
acres:roods:perches
Owner 1680
Daniel McCarthymore
(Donal McCarthy Mor)
Pallace (Pallis)   103:2:08 103:2:08 Sarah Carthy
(Sarah McCarthy)
The Same Gortocllop (Gortacollopa)   82:1:19 82:1:19 Sarah Carty
The Same bog 11     Sarah Carty
The Same Tearoncormack   53:3;32 53:3;32 Sarah Carty
The Same Carmachipsany   4:3:00 4:3:00 Sarah Carty
The Same Ardepto   106:2:22 106:2:22 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
The Same same   39:0:20 39:0:20 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
The Same Lismungan (Lismongane)   92:0:35 92:0:35 Edward Cosgrave
The Same Gortreagh (Gortreagh)   58:3:10 58:3:10 Edward Cosgrave
The Same Kearunapipsany   13:3:21 13:3:21 Dame Sarah Carty
The Same Drumine (Dromin)   126:2:34 126:2:34 Dame Sarah Carty
The Same boggy pasture   4:0:0 4:0:0 Dame Sarah Carty
The Same Cluonisty   141:1:21 141:1:21 Dame Sarah Carty
The Same of ye Same   4:0:0 4:0:0 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
The Same of ye Same   21:0:0 21:0:0 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
The Same Iny :Same   11:0:0 11:0:0 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
The Same Keankerry   100:1:00 100:1:00 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
The Same Iny:Same   3:0:0 3:0:0 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
The Same In Keankerry aforesaid   5:0:0 5:0:0 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
The Same In ye Same   2:0:0 2:0:0 Sarah Carty & Earl of Orrery
Florence Daniel McCarthy Knockashornoad   74:1:2 74:1:2 Richard Laughlin
The Same In ye Same   36:1:0 36:1:0 Richard Laughlin
The Same In ye Same   85:2:0 85:2:0 Richard Laughlin
Eliza Stephenson Ballydowny (Ballydowney)   121:0:25 121:0:25 Richard Laughlin
The Same Coolgarive (Coolgarive)   125:2:0 125:2:0 Richard Laughlin
The Same In ye Same   45:0:0 45:0:0 Richard Laughlin
The Same In ye Same Lough 6:2:0      
The Same Cahercroghin   105:0:24 105:0:24 Richard Laughlin
The Same Clynie (Cleeny)   72:0:0 72:0:0 Richard Laughlin
Sir Valentine Browne Fossa (Fossa)   110:0:39 110:0:39 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Gortrue (Gortroe)   204:1:30 204:1:30 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Leakanbane (Lackabane)   54:1:12 54:1:12 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Leakanbane (Lackabane)   71:1:27 71:1:27 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Killinkill. of the Same   43:0:19 43:0:19 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same 3 north ? of Leakanbane   48:2:02 48:2:02 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Knockrere (Knockreer)   129:3:24 129:3:24 Sir Valentine Browne
Sir Valentine Browne Knockasilly   136:2:10 136:2:10 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same   122:1:00 122:1:00 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same    23:2:00 23:2:00 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Killeene (Kileen)   182:3:00 182:3:00 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same   14:0:0 14:0:0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same   43:1:00 43:1:00 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Scarteen (Scarteen)   54:0:36 54:0:36 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same   54:2:21 54:2:21 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Agha...bigg   60:0:0 60:0:0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same   19:3:0 19:3:0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same   27:1:25 27:1:25 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Dromdohymone   111:3:16 111:3:16 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Of the Same   38:0:0 38:0:0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Knockeenduff (Knockeenduff)   140:2:0 140:2: 0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Of the Same   61:0:0 61:0:0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Dooneen (Dooneen)   105:0:0 105:0:0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Of the Same   14:1:7 14:1:7 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Of the Same   5:0:0 5:0:0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same Of the Same   38:0:0 38:0:0 Sir Valentine Browne
Sir Valentine Browne Killbreanbegg (Kilbrean Beg)   77:1:0 77:1:0 Sir Valentine Browne ?
The Same Of the Same   43:0:0 43:0:0? Sir Valentine Browne?
The Same Of the Same   62:6:0 62:6:0? Sir Valentine Browne?
The Same Tournanultagh   52:2:0 52:2:0 Sir Valentine Browne?
The Same Coolekorkane (Coolcorcoran)   101:0:0 101: 0:0 Sir Valentine Browne?
Gleab Land (glebe land) In this parish   71:0:0 71:0: 0 Gleab Land?
Lady Ann Crosby - Prot Aghadoe 3 plos (ploughlands?)   22:0:0 22:0:0 ?
Daniel McCarthymore
(Donal McCarthy Mor)
Elynore   26:0:20 26:0:20 Dame Sarah Carty
The Same In ye Same   16:3:20 16:3:20 Dame Sarah Carty
The Same In ye Same   227:2:10 227:2:10 Dame Sarah Carty
Charles Reagh Kearnanasliggagh   1588:0:15    
The Same In ye Same   44:0:0    
The Same In ye Same 94:3:39     ?
The Same In ye Same 75:2:10   140:0:0 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same   16:2:100 905:0:20 Sir Valentine Browne
The Same In ye Same 47:0:1     ?
The Same In ye Same 74:2:0     ?
The Same In ye Same   53:2:13   ?
The Same In ye Same   64:3:38   ?
The Same In ye Same   26:0:34   ?
The Same In ye Same   46:0:0   ?
The Same In ye Same   407:2:39   ?
Sir Valentine Browne Lyne Igleshane   343:2:08 343:2:08 Sir Valentine Browne

This page created January 10, 2013 for County Kerry, Ireland, at roosweb.ancestry.com and Ireland Genealogy Project.


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