Ireland's History in Maps


        1300a         1500
Maps: BC . 100 . 150 . 200 . 300 . 400 . 500 . 600 . 700 . 800 . 900 . 1000 . 1100 . 1200 . 1300 . 1400 . 1500 . 1600 . 1700 . 1800 . 1845

Reference:   Old Irish Kingdoms and Clans -- Old Irish Surnames


Following a forty year period of time and money spent by the English crown to assist the position of the colonists in Ireland, King Richard the II, was deposed in 1399. It was during this time, in 1366, that the Statutes of Kilkenny were passed in a futile attempt to reverse the trend of English colonists from speaking Irish and marrying Irish partners. The 15th century successors in Ireland were no longer interested in pouring more money into Ireland, and expected the great magnate families, the Butlers in Ormond and the Fitzgeralds in Desmond and Kildare, to represent the crown's interests and defend the settlements. However the independent nature of the Anglo-Irish lords and the Irish Parliament came to be a major problem for the English crown toward the end of the 15th century.

Ultimately, the winners in later medieval Ireland were neither the English Crown nor the native Irish rulers, but the Anglo-Irish lords and earls. During the fifteenth century the area controlled by the Crown shrank to an area around Dublin which was fortified by an earthen rampart, known as the Pale. Intra-rivalries between the Irish rulers diffused much of their overall power, although Gaelic liberty and culture had been on the rise since the 14th century. The increasing political influence of the Anglo-Irish Earls of Kildare, Ormond and Desmond was at its height in the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries.

Irish lordships were a very prominent feature in the later fifteenth century, including the McCarthy of southwest Ireland, the O'Donnell and O'Neill of north Ireland, the O'Connor/O'Conor, O'Kelly and Gaelicized Burkes of Connacht, and the O'Brien of north Munster. Some territory previously colonized had been regained by the native Irish rulers: the southeast coastline of Clare, the Inishowen peninsula, the Sligo lordship, the barony of Farney in Monaghan, the arable lands bordering the bogs and mountains of Leinster.

The native Irish lords held sway in much of their traditional territories: In Ulster, the O'Cahan, MacQuillan, Magennis, MacMahon, Maguire, O'Reilly and Magauran; In Connacht, the MacDermot, O'Rourke, MacRannell, O'Flaherty, O'Malley and O'Madden; In Leinster, the O'Connor Faly, the MacMurrough, O'Ferrall, O'More, O'Toole, O'Byrne, O'Morchoe, and the Irish of Westmeath; and in Munster the O'Sullivan and O'Connor Kerry.

Further Reference:
The Pale (at Wikipedia)
Province History - Ancient Irish Genealogy and Geography

        1300a         1500


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