Leinster (Laigin) History
Lineage of the Kings




Kings of Leinster -- Kings of Osraige -- Earls of Ormonde


Kings of Leinster (Laigin)

Common Ancestor - Cú Chorb
Descendants Cú Chorb --> Maine Mál and Cathaír Már

Cathaír Már - King of Ireland & Leinster 120 to 123 (descendant of Cú Chorb)
Note: sons of Cathaír Már include Dáire Barrach macCathaír Már, Fiachu Ba hAiccid macCathaír Már, and Bressal Enechglass macCathaír Már.
Móenach macMuiredach Sníthe O'Bairrche - King of Leinster ??? (g-g-son of Cathaír Már)
Bressal Bélach macFiachu Ba hAiccid - King of Leinster to 436 (descendant of Cathaír Már)
* ref. for Bressal - http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal09781
Crimthann macÉndae Chennselaig - King of Leinster to 483 (g-son of Bressal Bélach)
Findchad macGarrchon - King of Leinster to 485 (descendant of Cú Chorb)
Fróech macFindchada macGarrchon - King of Leinster 485 to 495 (son of Findchad)
Illann macDúnlainge - King of Leinster 495 to 527 (g-g-son of Bressal Bélach)
Ailill macDúnlainge - King of Leinster 527 to ?? (g-g-son of Bressal Bélach)
Cormac macAilill macDúnlainge - King of Leinster 567?? (son of Ailill)
Coirpre macCormac O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster 5?? (son of Cormac)
Colmán Már macCoirpre O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster 576?? (son of Coirpre)
Nad Buidb macErc O'Dego - King of Leinster ??? (g-g-g-son of Bressal Bélach)
Aed Díbchíne macSenaig Díbig O'Máil - King of Leinster ??? (descendant of Maine Mál)
Brandub macEchach O'Chennselaig- King of Leinster 597? - (descendant of Bressal Bélach)
Rónán Crach macAedo Díbchíne O'Máil - King of Leinster 605 to 624?
Crimthann macAedo Díbchíne O'Máil - King of Leinster 624 to 633 (son of Aed Díbchíne)
Fáelán macColmáin Máir O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster 633 to 666? (son of Colmán Már)
Crundmáel macRónáin O'Chennselaig - King of Leinster to 656 (son of Rónán)
Fiannamail macMáel Tuile O'Máil - King of Leinster 656 to 680 (g-g-son of Aed Díbchíne)
Bran Mutt macConaill O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster 680 to 693 (g-son of Fáelán)
Cellach Cualann macGerthide O'Máil - King of Leinster 693 to 715 (g-g-g-son of Aed Díbchíne)
Aed macColgenn O'Chennselaig - King of Leinster? 715? to ? (descendant of Crundmáel)
Murchad macBran Mutt O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster 715? to 727 (son of Bran Mutt)
Dúnchad macMurchada O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster 727 to 728 (son of Murchad macBran)
Fáelán macMurchada O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster to 738 (son of Murchad macBran)
Bran Becc macMurchada O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster 728 to 738 (son of Murchad macBran)
Muiredach macMurchada O'Dúnlainge - King of Leinster 738 to 760 (son of Murchad macBran)
Cellach macDúnchada - King of Leinster 760 to 776 (son of Dúnchad macMurchada)
Ruaidrí macFáeláin - King of Leinster 776 to 785 (son of Fáelán macMurchada)
Bran Ardchenn macMuiredaig - King of Leinster 785 to 795 (son of Muiredach macMurchada)
Finsnechtae Cetharderc macCellach - King of Leinster 795 to 808 (son of Cellach macDunchada)
Muiredach macRuaidrí O'Fáeláin - King of Leinster 808 to 829 (son of Ruaidrí macFáeláin)
Cellach macBran Ardchenn O'Muiredaig - King of Leinster 829 to 834 (son of Bran Ardchenn)
Bran macFáelán O'Dúnchada - King of Leinster 834 to 838 (g-son of Finsnechtae)
Lorcán macCellach O'Muiredaig - King of Leinster 838 to 848? (son of Cellach macBran)
Tuathal macMuiredach O'Muiredaig - King of Leinster bef 848 to 854 (g-son of Bran Ardchenn)
Ruarc macBran O'Dúnchada - King of Leinster 854 to 862 (son of Bran macFáelán)
Muirecán macDiarmait O'Fáeláin - King of Leinster 862 to 863 (g-son of Ruaidrí)
Dúnlang macMuiredach O'Muiredaig - King of Leinster 863 to 869 (g-son of Bran Ardchenn)
Ailill macDúnlaing O'Muiredaig - shared King of Leinster 869 to 871 (son of Dúnlaing)
Cairpre macTuathail O'Muiredaig - shared King of Leinster 869 to 871 (son of Tuathal)
Domnall macMuirecán O'Fáeláin - King of Leinster 871 to 884 (son of Muirecán macDiarmait)
Muiredach macBran O'Dúnchada - King of Leinster 884 to 885 (son of Bran macFáelán)
Cerball macMuirecán O'Fáeláin - King of Leinster 885 to 909 (son of Muirecán macDiarmait)
Augaire macAilill O'Muiredaig - King of Leinster 909 to 917 (son of Ailill macDúnlaing)
Fáelán macMuiredach O'Dúnchada - King of Leinster 917 to 942 (son of Muiredach macBran)
Lorcán macFáelán O'Dúnchada - King of Leinster 942 to 943 (son of Fáelán macMuiredach)
Broén macMáel Mórda O'Fáeláin - King of Leinster 943 to 947 (g-son of Muirecán macDiarmait)
Tuathal macAugaire O'Muiredaig - King of Leinster 947 to 958 (son of Augaire macAilill)
Cellach macFáelán O'Dúnchada - King of Leinster 958 to 966 (son of Fáelán macMuiredach)
Murchad MacFinn - King of Leinster 965 to 972 (g-g-son of Muirecán macDiarmait)
Augaire macTuathal O'Muiredaig - King of Leinster 972 to 978 (son of Tuathal macAugaire)
Domnall Cláen macLorcán O'Dúnchada - King of Leinster 978 to 984 (son of Lorcán macFáelán)
Donnchad macDomnaill Cláen O'Dúnchada - King of Leinster 984 to 999 (deposed) (son of Domnall Cláen)
Máel Mórda macMurchada O'Fáeláin - King of Leinster 999 to 1014 (son of Murchad MacFinn)
Dúnlaing macTuathal O'Muiredaig - King of Leinster 1014 to 1014 (son of Tuathal macAugaire)
Donncuan macDúnlaing O'Toole - King of Leinster 1014 to 1016 (g-son of Tuathal macAugaire)
Bran macMáel Mórda O'Fáeláin - King of Leinster 1016 to 1018 (deposed) (son of Máel Mórda)
Augaire macDúnlaing O'Toole - King of Leinster 1018 to 1024 (son of Dúnlaing macTuathal)
Donnchad macDúnlaing O'Toole - King of Leinster 1024 to 1033 (deposed) (son of Dúnlaing macTuathal)
Donnchad macGilla Pátraic - King of Leinster? 1033 to 1039 (descendant of Crundmáel macRónáin of Ossory)
Murchad macDúnlaing O'Toole - King of Leinster 1039 to 1042 (son of Dúnlaing macTuathal)
Dermait MacMail na mBo Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster 1042 to 1052 - King of Ireland 1052 to 1072
Note: Dermait was son of Donnchad Máel na mBó, King of Ui Cheinnselaig
Murchad macDiarmata meicMáel Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster from 1052 to 1070 (son of Dermait)
Domnall MacMurchada Ui Cheinnselaig - 1072 to 1075 (son of Murchad macDiarmata)
Donnchad MacDomnaill Remair Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster 1075 to 1089 - (g-son of Donnchad Mael na mBó)
Enna MacDiarmata Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster 1089 to 1092 (son of Dermait MacMail)
Diarmait Mac Enna Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster 1092 to 1098 (son of Enna, g-son of Dermait MacMail)
Donnchad MacMurchada Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster 1098 to 1115 (son of Murchad macDiarmata)
Dermait MacEnna MacMurchada Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster 1115 to 1117 (g-son of Murchad macDiarmata)
Enna MacMurchada Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster 1117 to 1126 (son of Donnchad MacMurchada)
Murchad MacMurchada - King of Osraige 1123 to 1126 (son of Donnchad MacMurchada)
Diarmait MacMurchada Ui Cheinnselaig - King of Leinster 1126 to 1171(?) (son of Donnchad MacMurchada)
Aife (Eva) MacMurrough - Countess of Ireland (dau of Diarmait) - married Strongbow
Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare - Earl of Pembroke - Lord of Leinster until 1176
Isabel de Clare - Countess Strigoil (dau of Strongbow) - married William Marshall
William Marshall - Earl of Pembroke (via mar. to Isabel) - Lord of Leinster

Conchobar macToirrdelbaig O'Connor - King of Dublin & Leinster 1126-1127? - died 1144
Meinhard von Schomberg - Duke of Leinster - after 1650, following Cromwell invasion
James FitzGerald - Duke of Leinster - mid 1700's (son of Robert, Earl of Kildare)

Kings of Osraige (Ossory)

Colmán Mór - King of Osraige to 574 (son of Eochaidh Beagneach Caoch)
Fearadhach - King of Osraige to 582 (son of Duach) - AM582, AU584, AT584, AI585
Colmán - King of Osraige to 601 (son of Fearadhach, or Aedh) - AM601, AT605
Rónán Rígflaith - King of Osraige to 624 (son of Colmán Mór)
Scannlan Mor - King of Osraighe to 643 (son of Ceannfaeladh, son of Colmán Mór) - AM640, AT643, AI646
Crundmáol - King of Osraige to 656 (son of Rónán Ríghfhlaith)
Fáelán - King of Osraige to 658 (son of Crundmáol) - AM658, AT660
Tuaim Snámha - King of Osraige to 678 (son of ?) - AM676, AU678
Faelchar - King of Osraige to 693 (grandson of Mael Odhra)- AU693, AM690, AT693
Cú Chercca - King of Osraige to 713 (son of Faelan) - AM710, AT712, AU713
Ceallach - King of Osraige to 730 (son of Faelchair) - AM730, AT735, AU735
Forbasach - King of Osraige to 735 (son of Ailell) - AM735, AT740, AU735
Anmchaidh - King of Osraige to 760 (son of Cú Cherca) - AM756
Tóim Snáma - Lord of Osraige to 765 (son of Flann) - AM763, AM764, AM765
Dunghal - King of Osraige to 767 (son of Ceallach) - AM767
Tóim Snáma - King of Osraige to 770 (son of Flann) - AU769, AU770
Fergal - King of Osraige to 802 (son of Anmchaidh) - AM797, AU802
Dúngal - King of Osraige to 842 (son of Fergal) - AM841, AU842
Cearbhall macDúngaile - King of Osraige 842 to 888 (son of Dúngal) - AM845, AU859, AM885, AU888, AI888
Riacán macDúngaile - King of Osriage 888 to 894 (son of Dúngal) - AM888
Diarmait macCerbaill - King of Osraige 894 to 900 (deposed) (son of Cearbhall) - AM900, AI894
Ceallach macCerbaill - King of Osraige to 900 to 908? (son of Cearbhall) - AM900, AI908, AU908
Diarmait macCerbaill - King of Osraige 908? to 928 (son of Cearbhall) - AM927, AU928
Cuilén macCellaig - King of Osraige to 928 to 933 (son of Ceallach) - AM931, AI933, AU933
Donnchad macCellaig - King of Osraige to 934 to 976 (son of Ceallach) - AM974, AT976, AI934, AI976, AU976
Aedh Allan macFearghail?? - Lord of Osraige to 967 (son of Fearghal) - AM967
Gilla Pátraic macDonnchada - King of Osraige to 976 to 996 (son of Donnchad) - AM995&997, AI983, AU996
Cellach macDiarmata - King of Osraige 996 to 1003 (son of Diarmait) - AM1002, AT1003, AI996, AU1003
Donnchadh macGilla Pátraic - King of Osraige to 1003 to 1039 (son of Gilla Pátraic macDonnchada I) - AU&AT1039 - Note: King of Leinster from 1033 to 1039
Muirchertach macGilla Pátraic - King of [half] Osraige 1033 to 1041 (son of Gilla Pátraic macDonnchada I) - AT1041
Gilla Pátraic macDonnchada - King of Osraige to 1039? to 1055 (son of Donnchad macGilla Pátraic) - AU1042, AT&AM&AU1055
Domnall MacGilla Pátraic - King of Osraige to 1055 to aft 1087 (son of Gilla Pátraic macDonnchada II) - AU1087
Donnchad macDomnaill - King of [half] Osraige from 1087 to 1089 (son of Domnall) - AM1087, AT1089, AU1089
Finn O'Caellaide - King of Osraige to 1098 (lord of Upper Ossory?, g-g-g-son of Gilla Pátraic macDonnchada I)
Note: Finn's daughter Gormlaith married Loigsech O'Morda - King of Loigsi
Giolla Pháttraicc Ruadh - King of Osraige d. 1103 (brother of Donnchad mac Domnaill?) - AM1103, AI1103
Note: After Giolla Pháttraicc Ruadh's death, his kingdom was fragmented
Cerball macDomnaill - King of [south] Osraige to 1105 (son of Domnall MacGilla Pátraic)- AI1105
Domnall Ruadh macGilla Pátraic - King of [half] Osraige to 1109 (son of Giolla Phattraicc Ruadh?) - AU1109
Domnall macDonchada MacGilla Pátraic - King of [half] Osraige to 1113 (son of Donchad macDomnaill)
Donnchadh mac Giolla Phattraicc - King of Osraige 1113? to 1123 (son of Giolla Phattraicc Ruadh) - AM1119, AM1123, AI1123, AU1123
Murchad macMurchada - King of Osraige 1123 to 1126 (son of Donnchad MacMurchada)
Gilla Pátraic macDomnaill MacGilla - King of [half] Osraige 1126 to 1146 (son of Domnall macDonchada) - AM1146
Cerball macDomnaill MacGilla Pátraic - King of [half] Osraige 1146 to 1163 (son of Domnall macDonchada)
Donnchadh Ua Gilla Pátraic - King of [half] Osraige to 1162 (grandson of Gilla Pátraic) - AM1162
Donnchad macGilla Pátraic MacGilla - King of [half] Osraige 1162 to 1165 (son of Gilla Pátraic macDomnaill) - AM1162
Domnall MacGilla Pátraic - King of [half] Osraige to 1165 (son? of Gilla Pátraic) - AM1165
Donnchadh Ua Gilla Pátraic - King of [half] Osraige c. 1168 (grandson of Gilla Pátraic) - AM1168
Domnall macCerbaill MacGilla Pátraic - King of Osraige 1165? to 1176 (son of Cerball macDomnaill)
Domnall macDonnchada MacGilla Pátraic - King? of [half] Osraige c. 1168 to 1185 (son of Donnchad macGilla Pátraic MacGilla) - AM1171, AM1185
Melaghlin macDomnaill MacGilla Pátraic - lord of [part] Osraige c. 1185 to 1194 (son of Domnall macDonnchada)

Footnote: AM - Annals of the Four Masters, AT=Annals of Tigernach, AU=Annals of Ulster, AI-Annals of Innisfallen.

The Earls of Ormonde (which included much of Ossory)

James Butler - 1st Earl of Ormonde 1328 to 1337 (son of Edmund le Botiller)
James Butler - 2nd Earl of Ormonde 1338 to 1382 (son of James, 1st Earl)
James Butler - 3rd Earl of Ormonde 1382 to 1405 (son of James, 2nd Earl)
James Butler - 4th Earl of Ormonde 1405 to 1452 (son of James, 3rd Earl)
James Butler - 5th Earl of Ormonde 1452 to 1461 (son of James, 4th Earl)
John Butler - 6th Earl of Ormonde 1461 to 1477 (son of James, 4th Earl)
Thomas Butler - 7th Earl of Ormonde 1477 to 1515 (son of James, 4th Earl)
Piers Butler - 8th Earl of Ormonde and Ossory(1st) 1515 to 1539 (g-g-g-son of James, 3rd Earl)
James Butler - 9th Earl of Ormonde and Ossory(2nd) 1539 to 1546 (son of Piers)
Thomas Butler - 10th Earl of Ormonde and Ossory(3rd) 1546 to 1614 (son of James, 9th Earl)
Walter Butler - 11th Earl of Ormonde 1614 to 1632 (g-son of James, 9th Earl)
James Butler - 12th Earl/1st Duke of Ormonde 1632 to 1688 (g-son of Walter, 11th Earl)
James Butler - 13th Earl/2nd Duke of Ormonde, Earl of Ossory 1688 to 1745 (g-son of James, 1st Duke)
Charles Butler - 14th Earl/3rd Duke of Ormonde (de jure), Earl of Arran (g-son of James, 1st Duke)
John Butler - 15th Earl of Ormonde (de jure) 1758 to 1766 (g-g-son of Walter, 11th Earl)
Walter Butler - 16th Earl of Ormonde (de jure) 1766 to 1783 (g-g-son of Walter, 11th Earl)
John Butler - 17th Earl of Ormonde 1783 to 1795 (son of Walter, 16th Earl)
Walter Butler - 18th Earl of Ormonde 1795 to 1820 (son of John, 17th Earl)
James Butler - 19th Earl of Ormonde 1820 to 1838 (son of John, 17th Earl)
John Butler - 20th Earl of Ormonde 1838 to 1854 (son of James, 19th Earl)
James Edward Butler - 21st Earl of Ormonde 1854 to 1919 (son of John, 20th Earl)
James Arthur Butler - 22nd Earl of Ormonde 1919 to 1943 (son of John, 20th Earl)

Lineal Origin of the name Osraige


The lineage of Óengus Ossríthe, first King of Osraige?
Christian kings of Osraige (RIA, MS 935, folio 98V)
External Reference: Early Leinster Tribes -- Ireland History in Maps -- Kingdoms and Clans

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