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Campania, Italy


Regione Campnia Coat of Arms

 Region:  Campania
Capital: Naples
 Provinces: Avellino

A region located in Southern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea, with the City of Naples as its center, Campania was originally inhabited by the Italic tribes. The 9th to the 5th centuries BC saw the addition of Greek, Etruscan and Samnite invaders. The Greeks settled the cities of Naples and Paestrum. Further north, the Etruscans founded Capua. Between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC, Romans took control and Campania became the center of the Roman Empire.

The Longobards moved into the area after the Roman Empire faded from its foothold in the 6th century AD. Later Belisarius, the Byzantine general, after that

"After the demise of the Roman Empire in the west, the region was first taken by the Longobards in the 6th century CE, and later by the Byzantine general Belisarius. In the 11th century the Normans invaded the region and formed a kingdom that would unite Southern Italy until the Italian unification in 1860. This kingdom was lead by various European royal families, such as the Spanish House of Aragona, and the French Houses of Anjou and Bourbon, except for a short period under the Napoleonic Wars, when first a republic and later a puppet kingdom were formed under a brother of Napoleon.

With the unification of Italy, Naples lost its status as the capital and seat of the royal court, a role it had held for almost 800 years."