History of the Cherokee Indians
and their legends and folklore.


Some parts of the book are not dark enough or smudged so badly that they cannot be read. These areas will be designated in red with either question marks (????) or as a red underline (    ) depending on what's missing.
For a large portion of this chapter about half of the right hand page is almost unreadable. As much as possible will be included but be aware that the chapter is not complete.
I apologize for this inconvenience.

Example
Transcriber
CHAPTER XXI

The references appearing in parenthesis at the beginning of each paragraph following the name refers to the connection among the foregoing old families

Alberty, Judge B. W. (See Downing)—Bluford West Alberty, born February 1, 1853. He married September 7, 1884 Louvinia Jane Adair nee Lewis, born May 13, 1862 in Washington County, Arkansas having previously been elected as a member of the Supreme Court. He was elected Chief Justice on November 15, 1892. On the coming of statehood he was elected the first Judge of Adair County in 1907.

Alberty, John Wright—Born July 26, 1834. Married April 15, 1852 Clara West nee Buffington, born 1825. She died July 1861 and he died August 29, 1905. They were the parents of Bluford West Alberty and Ellis B. Alberty, May 1854, died Dec. 1, 1880, Mose Alberty, April 1857, died Nov. 11, 1891, Joseph Vann Alberty, July 1860. living, Elizabeth Jane, April 1863—April 1867. John Wright Alberty was a member of Captain George H. Starr's company in the confederate Cherokee Mounted Rifle Regiment. He was elected Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation in 1883.

Adair, John M.—(Oolootsa and Adair)—John Martin Adair, born at Fort Gibson, June 3, 1858. Attended Shurtlett College. Served in Troop L. First United States Volunteer Cavalry in the Spanish American War. This regiment was known as the "Rough Riders" and his commander was Colonel Theodore Roosevelt. Captain Allyn Capron, Captain of Troop L was in the battles of that war that was fought in Cuba. John M. Adair married at Tahlequah in 1903 Tilphena Terrell, born in 1871.

Adair, Robert E. (See Grant. Adair, McNair and Ross)—Robert Emmett, son of Brice Martin and Sarah (McNair) Adair was born in Salina District, December 16, 1861, educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum and Male Seminary. Married November 8, 1893 Ida Lavinia Elliott, born at Muskogee, March 30, 1871, educated at Harrell Institute, Muskogee. They are the parents of Rollin Elliott, born September 4, 1894, George Washington, born March 27, 1896, Fredrick Burl, born October 3, 1897, John William, born December 22, 1899, Emmett Ray, born April 4, 1908 and Arthur Allen Adair, born September 7, 191 1. Mr. Adair was elected District Clerk of Salina District. August 5, 1889.
 In the first quarter of the eighteenth century, William Martin, a wealthy merchant of Bristol, bought the ship, "Brice" gave it to his son Joseph and sent him to Virginia to keep him from marrying a girl that the father objected to. Joseph married Susannah Childs and settled on a large estate near Charlottsville in Albemarle County, Virginia. Their son Joseph was elected Captain of Transylvania Militia in the American service in 1776, became Major February 17, 17 79 and Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. Elected Brigadier General of North Carolina December 15, 1787 and appointed Brigadier General of Virginia by Governor "Light Horse Harry" Lee on December 11, 1893. The name Brice has always been used in the Martin descent both in and out of the Cherokee Nation. General Martin's grand-daughter; Martha or "Patsy" married George Washington Adair and they were the grand parents of Robert Emmett Adair. Mrs Ida L. Adair is the daughter of George Washington and Ann Eliza (Kerr) Elliott and grand-daughter of Fredrick A- and Louise Jane (Coody) Kerr. Mr. Adair belongs to the Wolf Clan and Mrs. Adair belongs to the Bird Clan.

Arnold, E. B. (See Grant. Ghigau and Adair)—Ernest Brigham Arnold, born May 2. 1884. Educated at Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tennessee from which he graduated with the LLB. degree in 1905. He married Clyde Horn, born Aug. 23, 1888. She graduated from Female Seminary May 31, 1906. They are the parents of: Hamilton Laverne born June 28, 1912 and Thomas Brigham Arnold, born Jan. 11, 1914. Ernest Brigham Arnold was elected County Attorney of Adair Co. in 1907 and District Judge of the First District in 1918 and resigned from that position on August 1st, 1921 in order that he might reassume his law practice.
James Warren Adair married Susanah Deborah Bean and their daughter Minerva Cornelia, married Thomas H. Horn and they were the parents of Mrs. E. B. Arnold.

Armstrong, Mrs. A. W. (See Cordery and McNair)—Mary Elizabeth, daughter of David McNair and Mary J. (Strickland) Rogers, born Bristol, England in order to break up a love match, furnished his youngest son, Joseph with a ship named the "Brice" and sent him to Virginia, where Joseph married Susannah Childs, member of a prominent Colonial family, and settled near Charlottesville Albermarle county in that state. Their third son Joseph, was born in 1840- He became a fur trader and amassed a fortune. He held the following military positions: Captain of the Transylvania Militia, elected in 1776 became Major February 17, 1779 and Lieut. Col. in 1781. He was elected Brig. Genl. of North Carolina by the Legislature Dec 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brig. Gen. of the 20th. Brigade of Virginia Militia by Gov. Henry Lee Dec 11, 1793. He was the father of Martha called "Patsy" Martin, who married George Washington, the son of John and Gahoka Adair. George Washington and Martha Adair were the parents of Brice Martin Adair who married Sarah McNair. They were the parents of Rolllin K. Adair, Townsite Commissioner 1888 and Superintendent of the Male Seminary 1895-99.
(See Ross).

Adair, Mrs. Joseph W. (See Ross) Cora Ann Sayers, born near Pryor, February 28, 1896. Married at Big Cabin, July 2, 1916, Joseph William, son of Allen and Kittie Adair, born September 8th, 1891, in Harrison County, Kentucky. They are the parents of Virginia Elizabeth, born August 22, 1918 and Allen Sayers Adair, born March 26, 1919, Mr. Adair is a farmer near Pryor.
Henry Drew, son of Abner and Nancy Jane (Coody) Sayers was born March 9, 1862 Married October 5, 1892,, Dora Thompson, born March 11, 1869 in Macom County, Missouri. Henry Drew died March 28, 1899.

Allton, Mrs. Joseph M. (See Cordery and Carter)—Thomas Cordery, an Irishman married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. Their daughter Susie married John Mosley and they were the parents of Sarah Ruth Mosley, born in 1841 married October 16, 1864 Lewis Clark Ramsey, who served in the civil war in Captain Benjamin Wisner Carter's company. After his death Mrs. Ramsey married January 5, 1877 Ezekial Taylor, married January 5, 1877 Ezekial Taylor.
Lewis Clark and Sarah Ruth Ramsey were the parents of Susan Elizabeth Ramsey, born December 7, 1866, educated in the Cherokee Orphan Asylum and Female Seminary. Married at Oowala July 31, 1888 Joseph Morgan, son of David and Eliza (Billingsley) Allton, born July 31, 1856 in Virginia. They are the parents of: David Clark, Percy Samuel and Charles Joseph Allton. David Clark Alton born June 30, 1889 married Maude Mamie Vincent, their children are: Frances Russell, born January 4, 1910; Dick Vincent, born January 2, 1911; David C, born July 13, 1912; Buford Kedrick, born May 15, 1915 and Maurine Allton, born September 6, 1917. Percy Samuel Allton born May 25, 1893. Married Cherokee Jones and his one son, Joseph Jones Allton, born September 7, 1920. Charles Joseph Allton born December 29, 1897. Married August 2, 1919 Pearl Jane Hanson, born in August 1898. They are the parents of Martha Sue Alton, born November 20, 1920.

Alberty, William T. (See Grant and Downing)—William Towers Alberty, born November 25, 1888. Enlisted in the world war in September 1917. Assigned to the Nineteenth Division, 358th Infantry as teamster. Sailed for France June 20, 1918, was in the offensive operations at St. Mihiel and Argonne Forest and after the Armistice was with the Army of Occupation, returned to the United Statse in June 1919 and was discharged at Camp Paike on the twenty-second of that month. Married at Claremore, June 28, 1920, Elizabeth, daughter of Grant and Nannie Barker, born May 11, 1902 in Minifee County, Kentucky. They are the parents of Udolphus Grant Alberty, born June 28, 1921.
 Jacob Udolphus, son of John D. and Jennie (Buffington) Alberty married Annie Charlotte, daughter of Ellis and Charlotte (Eaton) Towers, were the parents of William Towers Alberty.

Adair, E. E. (See Adair and Ghigau)—Edward Everett, son of John Thompson and Penelope (Mayfield) Adair, born They are the parents of: Jessie Alice Adair born May 20, 1880 married Moses Frye Sanders, they had one daughter, Mary Louvenia Sanders, born November 16, 1904. Mrs. Sanders died and the daughter has been reared by Mr. and Mrs. Adair; Cherokee April 15, 1853, married June 29, 1879 Rachel Louvenia Twist, born May 25, 1859. Cornelia Adair, born September 26, 1883, married Hoolie Sanders. She died September 11, 1907. The third and fourth daughters of Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Adair were Sarah Kuth, torn August 23, 1886, died May 21, 1894 and Elizabeth M- Adair, horn September 18, 1891 ,died August 3, 1893.
 Edward Everette Adair was elected Clerk of Sequoyah District August 3, 1885. Elected Councilor from the same district August 1, 1887 and August 5, 1895. During the former incumbency he was one of the "Immortal fourteen" that sustained Chief Joel B. Mayes in his effort to get a better rental price for the Outlet. Mr. Adair is engaged in farming and stockraising, takes an active part in movements of public welfare and ranks among the leaders of his community.

Bass, Josie Gertrude, (See Foreman, Cordery, Grant and Riley)—Josephine Gertrude daughter of John Anthony and Eliza Mary Blythe Foreman was born Tuesday November 19, 1872. Educated at Oowala and Female Seminary. Married at Talala, September 30, 1897 Willim Robert Bass, born September 15, 1872 in Wilson county, Tennesee. He died February 3, 1912. They were the parents of: Robert Morris. Educated at Ramona and Oklahoma University, born July 20, 1898 and Harold E. Bass, born May 16. 1903.
 John Anthony, son of Reverend Stephen and Sallie W. (Riley) Foreman was born at Park Hill, June 10, 1844. Educated at Park Hill and served the Confederacy in the Cherokee Mounted Volunteers. Married July 8, 1869 Eliza Mary, daughter of James Chastain and Sarah Jamima (Rogers) Blythe, born February 10, 1850. She died April 13, 1879. He was elected Judge of Cooweescoowee District August 6, 1883. Judge Foreman's second wife was Nancy Amanda Smith. She was at that time in "young ladies school" as Matron, Las Vegas. New Mexico. She died December 12, 1920.

Blake, Samuel C. (See Downing, Gore)—Samuel Coke Blake, born at Cane Hill, Washington, Washington Co. Ark. April 10, 1862, educated in that county, married at Wagoner, June 10. 1888, Georgia Anna Pharris, born Oct- 5, 1867 at Petaluma, Calif. They are the parents of: Jennie Agnes, born August 23, 1889, married Charles E. Stamps: Nita Emory, born February 11, 1892, married Charles Alonzo Spencer and has two children, Myrtle Caroline, born February 5, 1911, and Alonzo Blake Spencer, born March 24, 1919: John Fenlnn, born September 4, 1894; Albert Watts, born May 17, 1897; Georgia Kezzie, born April 18, 1900, married October 24, 1919, Clifford Moore and has one son, Samuel Marion Moore, born December 17, 1920; Mabel Heber, born November 23, 1903; Hester Keep, born January 30, 1906 and Ruby Opal Blake, born November 2, 1909.
 Samuel Blake, born January 5, 1818, in Ryde, Isle of Wright, England, and married Martha Jane Pyratt who was born in 1824. She died in 1914 and Samuel Blake died in 1878. They were the parents of Samuel Coke Blake. James and Kate (Finley) Pyratt, natives of North Carolina, settled thirteen miles west of Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1812. and moved to Cane Hill, Washington County, Arkansas, 1827. Since that time the Pyratt's have been socially prominent in Arkansas.  Margaret Downing, a Cherokee, married Bledsoe Gore, a white man, and their daughter, Agnes Gore, born April 10, 1829. married April 1, 1850, Pleasant Holloman Pharris, born July 11, 1826, in Tennessee. He served in the sixth Missouri Cavalry in the Mexican War. He died January 1893 and Mrs. Agnes Pharris died in 1913. They were the parents of Mrs. Samuel Coke Blake. Samuel Coke Blake is the founder and breeder of the Famous Blake Horse, near Pryor.

Brown, Mrs. N. R. (See Grant)—Jennie E. Cole born in Cooweescoowee District, Jan. 16, 1887, married at Pryor Dec. 24, 1902, N. R., son of John W. and Catherine Brown, born Nov. 8, 1881, in Hickman County, Kentucky.
 They are the parents of Herbert Reed, born March 27, 1904, Virgie D. born June 6, 1906; Owen, born August 2. 1911; Elmer Jackson, born March 7, 1917 and John Wesley Brown, born June 13, 1919.
 Mary L., daughter of Henry C. and Amanda Jane (Rogers) Fields was born Sept. 10, 1866. Married January 20, 1884, John Cole, born June 12. 1858 in Kentucky. They are the parents of Mrs. N. R. Brown. Mrs. Brown is the great great great granddaughter of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees.

Blount, Mrs. Oscar (See England) Eulalah Sophronia, daughter of John Wesley and Ida Josephine (Jenkins) Harris was born near Vinita, Sept. 5, 1890, educated at Female Seminary and Willie Halsell College. Married at Vinita, Nov. 6, 1909 Oscar, son of Webster W. and Anise Blount, born April 7, 1884 in Carroll County, Missouri. They are the parents of Beulah Ethel, born November 2, 1910; Flora Cornelia, born March 4, 1921 and Oscar Harris Blount, born December 15, 1913. Mr. Blount is a farmer near Vinita.
 Ida Josephine, daughter of Elias H. and Arminda (England) Jenkins married John Wesley Harris and they are the parents of Mrs. Eulah Sophronia Blount who was named for her parental aunt Mrs. Eulalah May Lukenbill, who died in 1889.
The Blounts are of ancient Norman blood, the first Blount in England accompanied William ,the Conquorer, in October 1066. The head of the family was created Lord Blount by the King on December 3, 1326. A branch of the family came to America, settled in Tennessee where members became Governors and United States Senators. Blount County in that state is named for them.

Brown, Mrs. C. W. (See Grant and Sanders)—Delores Cole, born January 24, 1880, educated at the Presbyterian College at Tahlequah. Married at Pryor January 23, 1900, Charles Wesley Brown, born May l5th, 1873. in Hickman County, Clinton. Kentucky. They are the parents of Delores Ethylene, born April 10, 1902 and Gordon Wesley, born October 23, 1919. Mr. Brown is a farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are members of the Methodist church. She is an Eastern Star and a Rebecca.
 Nannie, daughter of Johnson and Margaret (Winters) Vann, married Daniel Boone Cole and they were the parents of Mrs. Charles Wesley Brown.

Belcher, Mrs. A. M. (See Cordery and Grant)—Cora Mary, daughter of William Davidson, and Mary Jane (Baumgarner) Clingan was born at Gibson station, Cherokee Nation May 12, 1878, educated at the Female Seminary, and Cottey College, Nevada, Missouri; married at Wagoner November 21, 1911, Rev. A. M. Belcher, born February 22, 1867 in Bluntsville, Ala. They are the parents of Bruce Clingan Belcher, born June 14, 1912 at Henryetta. Okla.
 Reverend Belcher is a South Methodist and built the first church to be erected in Wagoner. Mrs. Belcher is a member of the Home Missionary Society and the Eastern Star.

Bird, William (See Cochran)—Emily, daughter of Price and Lucy (Keener) Cochran, born August 17, 1869. Married Dec. 27, 1884. Jerry Watts. Married Dec. 25, 1891 William, son of James and Elizabeth Bird. She is the mother of Edward Watts, born Jan. 5, 1887. Served in France in Co. "C" 358th Infantry from June 20, 1918 to June 27, 1919. Tessie Bird, born March 4, 1898; Lucinda Bird, born June 10, 1901; Mary Bird, born October 23, 1904; William Bird, born November 5, 1908 and Ona Bird born August 27, 1910. Mrs. Bird's Cherokee name is Ai-tsi.

Bates, Mrs. Dr. S. R. (See Downing)—Hattie Lindsey, born Jan. 3, 1872, educated at Chouteau and Female Seminary. Married January 20, 1900, Dr. Samuel Ralston Bates, born Jan. 2, 1870 in Winchester, Tenn. He graduated from the Medical Department of Vanderbilt University in May 1897.
 The heads of the Scottish house of Lindsay at different dates were Sir Walter Lindsay in 1116 A. D., David Lindsay who was created first Earl of Crawford in 1398 and Alexander Lindsay who became Earl of Balcarres, January 9, 1651. Mrs. Bates' mother was the daughter of Joel Mayes Bryan. The first Bryan to become a citizen of England was Richard Fitz Gilbert Bryan, who accompanied his cousin, William the Conqueror to England in October 1066. He was the son of Gilbert, Count of Brione in Normandy, whose father was Richard III, Duke of Normandy, who was the uncle of William the Conqueror. Richard III was the son of Richard the Good, Duke of Normandy by his wife; Judith of Rennes. Richard the Good, was the son of Richard I, Duke of Normandy and he was the son of William "Longsword" Duke of Normandy from 927 to 943. Duke William was the son of Robert, the king who overrun northern France, married in 912 Gisele, daughter of Charles IV, King of France and became the first Duke of Normandy in 911. Duke Robert was the son of Regvald the Rich, Jarl of Norway.

Baugh, Mr. J. L. (See Grant. Downing, Ghigau, Foreman, Ross and Conrad)—Joel Lindsey Baugh, born Jan. S, 1858. Educated in Male Seminary. Married Aug. 19. 1888 Sue Adair, daughter of Jacob West and Charlotte (West) Markham, born July 25, 1872. She died March 15, 1899 and he married at Locust Grove, May 30, 1901, Nannie Scales, daughter of John Taylor and Mary Elizabeth.

Bachtel, Mrs. Mary Jane (See England. Ghigau and Hildebrand)—Mary Jane, daughter of William and Arminda (England) England was born on Honey Creek, Delaware District, Cherokee Nation. December 30, 1848. Her first husband was James Franklin Williams, born July 30. 1844 and died November 8, 1873. They were the parents of: Joseph Lowrey Williams, born November 30, 1866; Genevieve Shanahan, born December 28. 1868 and Martha Jane Sanders, born April 9, 1871. Mrs. Williams second husband was William Habish, who died October 3. 1883. Their daughter, Louise, born June 23, 1878, married George T. Harrell. Mrs. Habish's third husband, Daniel Bachtel, was born August 14, 1845 and died March 22, 1897. They were the parents of: Daniel Lorenzo, born May 28, 1887; Otis, born September 9, 1889 and Elza Bachtel, born March 2, 1891. Daniel Lorenzo Bachtel was a member of Headquarters Co. 332, Quarter Masters Corps having entered service June 27, 1918 was in service overseas from July 26, 1918 to July 18. 1919 as sergeant. Discharged at Camp Pike, July 30, 1919. Elza Bachtel entered service June 27, 1918. Member A. E. F. August 22, 1918 to June 22, 1919. Assigned to Company 165 Depot Brigade July 2, 1918. Appointed Corporal March 14. 1919. Discharged at Camp Pike. July 5, 1919.

Baker, Mrs. Margaret. (See Ward)—Margaret .M. Ward, born January 10, 1886. educated at Female Seminary. Married at Bryan's Chapel. January 17, 1886, Joseph Franklin Baker. He died October 9, 1915. They were the parents of: Ollie Jane, born December 4, 1886. married Claude Cullison; John Oscar, born April 17. 1888. married Nannie McNair; Joseph Franklin, born September 24. 1890; Odessa Margaret, born July 25. 1898; Vera, born June 22, 1905; and Frank, born April 15. 1905. Mrs. Baker is engaged in farming, dairying and poultry raising.
 John S., son of Bryan and Temperance (Stansil) Ward, was born October 7. 1920. Married July 27. 1857. Jane Loveless, born May 1, 1842. She died January 16, 1890. and he died June 15, 1806. They were the parents of .Mrs. .Margaret H. Baker. Beamer, William. (See Foreman and Gusoduesga.)—William Beamer, born in 1853, educated in Kansas City. Married in 1872, Alice Towie. They are the parents of: Samuel, born August 14, 1873; Nannie, born July 3, 1875; Eliz;ibeth. born March 21, 1878, married Charles Teehee; Louanna, born September 1, 1880; Emeline, born March 15, 1882; Ida, born March 1, 1891; and George Beamer, born May 26, 1894. Mr. Beamer is an ordained minister of the Baptist church and a member of the order of I. O. O. F.
 Elizabeth, a half blood Cherokee, married William Springston, an English trader and their son Edley Springston, married Elizabeth Foreman, and their daughter, Mary, married John Henry and George Beamer. George and Mary (Foreman) Beamer were the parents of Rev. William Beamer, the subject of this sketch.

Billingslea (See Oolootsa. Ross, Sanders and Ghigan.)—Jeannette Starr was born Februarv 16. 1862, in Tahlequah. She was educated in the Cherokee public schools and graduated from Female Seminary July 2, 1880. Married at Vinita April 1, 1885, Frank Alexander Billingslea, born August 9, 1851, in Crawfordville, Taliaferro County, Ga. He died May 9, 19 13. They were the parents of Dollie Willie, born at Vinita, August 21. 1887, and Joseph Billingslea, born July 17, 1891 in Vinita.
 Thomas, son of James and Lettie Boyd (Chambers) Starr, was born March 12, 1840, married August 20, 1860, Dollie Eunice, daughter of Anderson and Mary (Nave) Lowrey, born February 10, 1840. Thomas Starr died December 25, 1862. Jeannette Starr was their only child.
 Frank Alexander Billingslea's first wife, Joanna Gillis, a second cousin of Mrs. Jeannette Billingslea. Frank A. and Joanna (Gillis) Billingslea had three children; McLeod Edward, born October 25, 1875; Frank Daley, born November 3, 1887; and Helen Estella Billingslea, born January, 1880, and married William Frank Pierce.
 Frank Alexander Billingslea was elected a member of the Council on August 3, 1890, without the solicitation of a single vote.
 Mrs. Billingslea belongs to the Methodist church and was very active as a special worker in the Red Cross service during the World war. Her son, Joseph, was in active service.
 (McCoy) Drew, born October 24, 1877. Mr. Baugh's children by his first wife are: Charlotte, born July 21, 1889; Joel Lindsey, born April 27, 1893; Roscoe Randall, born January 14, 1893; on war being declared against Germany he volunteered and was on the offensive line until the armistice was signed; and Edgar Baugh, born May 5, 1897, married August 3rd, 1917, Mary Sixkiller, born August 21, 1899, and they are the parents of Dollie Belle and Margie Jane Baugh. Joel Lindsey Baugh is a man of striking personality, his democracy of spirit renders him very popular. He was elected Senator from Cooweescoowee District, August 3, 1891 and Clerk of the Senate in 1903. He was associated with his grandfather Bryan in winning the "Old Settlers" Cherokee claim and is at present postmaster at Choteau. In 1901 he was appointed by the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation as an attorney with W. W. Hastings before the Dawes Commission in making the final rolls of citizenship of the Cherokee Nation.
 Joel Mayes Bryan, born October 22, 1809, and died August 7, 1898, was the father of Charlotte Bryan, born September 21, 1833, married July 19, 1854, John H. Baugh, born March 3, 1825. in Alabama. They were the parents of Joel Lindsey Baugh. The first known Bryan in English history was Gilbert, Count of Brionne, who accompanied his cousin, William the Conqueror, in October, 1066; he was France, the grandson of Richard III, Duke of Normandy, uncle of William the Conqueror, and descendent in the twelfth generation from Charlemagne.

Benge, Oce (See Grant, Ghigau, Foreman and Conrad)—Richard Fields Benge, commonly called "Oce" Benge, was born in Tahlequah District, September 9, 1851. Married at Locust Grove, February 18, 1883, Martha Adair, daughter of George Washington and Cherokee (Ratliff) Brewer, born July 7, 1861, and educated in Female Seminary. They are the parents of Georgia Alma, born April 30, 1885, married William C. Johnston April 4, 1919; Eleanor Osceola, born January 18, 1887, married C. A. Dunham October 3, 1913, parents of Roy Mills, born September 1, 1915, and Beatrice Eleanore Durham, born July 28, 1919; Lelia Leone, born December 16, 1892, married Wm. Cecil McLaughlin, March 28, 1919. They are the parents of Cecil Benge McLaughlin, born May 10, 1921; Dora Elizabeth, born September 4, 1896, and Senora Benge, born July 2, 1902. Mr. Benge is a farmer near Adair. He was elected Sheriff of Saline District August 6, 1883 and August 3, 1885. Elected a member of Council from the same District August 1, 1887.
 Delilah, daughter of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees, married James Foreman and they were the parents of Susan Henrietta Foreman, born December 18, 1827, married Anderson Benge. He died January 4, 1868, aged about fifty years and Mrs. Benge died September 12, 1883. They were the parents of James Foreman and Richard Fields Benge.
 George Fields, a brother of Chief Richard Fields, was a captain in the United States service in the Creek war of 1814. His daughter Nannie, born June 10, 1810, married Richard Ratliff, born 1804 and their daughter Cherokee, born July 10, 1839 married May 13, 185 4, George Washington Brewer, born June 12,, 1831. He died February 14, 1868. Mrs. Brewer died October 12, 1916.

Bledsoe, Mrs. I. P. (See Grant, Downing and Daniel)—Belle, daughter of Henry and Nancy (Buffington) Hightman was born December 6, 1869 in Cooweescoowee District. Married May 1, 1887, Isaac Pipkins, son of Watt and Martha Ann Bledsoe, born January 28, 1847, in DeSota County, Mississippi. They are the parents of Henry Watts, born September 28, 1889; Sallie Martha, born June 28, 1892, graduated from Female Seminary May 27, 1919, married L. C, Freeman; Joel Clement, born February 20, 1895, telegraph operator at Choteau; William Alberty, born August 15, 1898; Edna, born June 18, 1901, stenographer in M. O. & G. R. office at Muskogee; Fannie Gray, born December 18, 1903; Ruth, born September 2, 1906, and Pearl Elizabeth Bledsoe, born March 29, 1909. Mrs. Bledsoe is a Presbyterian and a member of the Woodmen Circle and Degree of Honor.
 Captain William W., son of Moses and Sallie (Wright) Alberty, was born July 2, 1824, married Musidora, daughter of William and Nellie (May) Rogers his first wife and were the parents of Mrs. Henry Hightman. Moses Alberty was a native of Surrey County, North Carolina and married about 1810 Sallie Wright. William Rogers was the elder brother of Tiana Rogers, who married General Samuel Houston. Captain Alberty was an opulent and influential merchant at Flat Rock, near Grand River, in Cooweescoowee District, before the Civil war.

Brown, Charles G. (See Ward)&madsh;Charles G. Brown, born in Texas , March 12, 1854, educated at Tullahassee Mission in the Creek Nation. Married at Salina, Cherokee Nation July 30, 1880, Mary, daughter of William and Lenora Coker, born in Boone County, Ark. January 25, 1865. They are the parents of: Lulu, born December 10, 1881; Quatie, born December 21, 1890; Etta Beatrice, born November 23, 1896; Nannie Lenora, born July 21. 1899 and Delora D., born April 19, 1905. Mr. Brown is farming near Pryor.
 John Ward, a white man, married Catherine McDaniel of Scotch-Cherokee descent and they were the parents of Charles Ward who married Ruth Hollingsworth and they were the parents of Nancy Adeline Ward, who married Joseph Brown and they were the parents of Charles G. Brown, the subject of this sketch.

Bowers (See Grant and Daniels)—Lola Garrett, born November 29, 1887, educated in the Cherokee public schools and the Female Seminary from which she graduated June 1, 1905. She was an instructor in the Pryor schools in 1905-6 and in the Female Seminary in 1907-08; married at Muldrow Dec. 9, 1909, E. M. Bowers, born April 10, 1875. They are the parents of Genevieve Elizabeth, born July 13, 1911; Jane Rhea, born August 28, 1914 and Mary Ann Bowers, born Oct. 4, 1918. Mrs. Bowers is a member of the Baptist church. Mr. Bowers is prominently connected with the banking interests of the Citizens Bank and Trust Company of Pryor and of the state.
 Ellis Buffington, an eighth blood Cherokee, married Catherine Daniel, a quarter blood Cherokee. He died in June 1858, and she died November 20, 1867. They were the parents of Ezekial Buffington, born August 7, 1811, married September 19, 1868 Louisa Newman, born May 14. 1817. in Tennessee. He died January 4, 1864, and she died February l5. 1898. Their daughter Mary, married Jerome Lorenzo Greer, and they were the parents of Elizabeth Ann Greer, born August 30, 1856, married March 17, 1875, James Robert Garrett, born June 29, 1850, in Carroll County, Tennessee. She died May 15, 1902, and he died January 9, 1918. They were the parents of Mrs. Lola Bowers.

Buffington, Joel W. (See Downing, Grant and Daniel)—Joel Webster Buffington, born near Pryor, October 12, 1898, educated at Pryor and Male Seminary. Married at Pryor November 28, 1918, Eva, daughter of Grant and Josephine Teter, born November 12, 1895. They are the parents of: Harry Webster, born August 27, 1919, and Gordon Warren Buffington, born Dec. 11, 1920. .Mr. Buffington is a farmer near Pryor.
 Joel Mayes Bryan married Rebecca Wright, their daughter Nancy Jane married John Ross Buffington, and they were the parents of John Ross Buffington, who married Sadie Highland, and they are the parents of Joel Webster Buffington.

Buffington, John Ross (See Grant, Downing and Daniel)—John Ross, son of John Ross and Nancy Jane (Bryan) Buffington. was born at Doaksville, Choctaw Nation June 2, 1864,educated in the Cherokee National Schools, Male Seminary, Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Married at Pryor, July 6, 1891, Sadie, daughter of Robert and Susan Highland, born October 28, 1865, in Denver, Colorado. They are the parents of Nancy Jane, born April 15, 1892, educated at Female Seminary: Carrie Rebecca, born May 17, 1893, educated at Female Seminary; Charles Ross, born May 29, 1894; Hallie Hazel, born August 2, 1897; Joel Webster, born October 12, 1900, and Cherokee Georgia Buffington, born December 16, 1901. Mr. Buffington's Cherokee name is Cooweescoowee.

Buffington, Charles Ross (See Grant, Downing and Daniel)—Charles Ross Buffington was born at Bryan's chapel May 29. 1894, educated in the Cherokee public schools, Male Seminary and North Eastern State Normal. Was assigned to Co. C, 360th Inf. Reg. 90th Div., sailed for France June 14 1918, at Hampton Roads Dec. 30, 1910; discharged as Corp. at Ft. Sill Jan. 23, 1919. He is a member of the Pryor Post American Legion and the A. H. T. A. Returned to his home, took up school teaching and later became connected with the post office.
 John Ross Buffington, born April 11, 1833, married Nancy Jane Bryan, born October 8, 1835. He died August 22, 1870 and she died December 12, 18S8. They were the parents of John Buffington, born June 2, 1864, married July 6, 1891 Sadie Highland, born October 7, 1865 in Denver, Colorado. They are the parents of the subject of this sketch.

Burns, Mrs. S. J. (Etu) (See Duncan)—Etta Hitchcock born December 14, 1860 at Park Hill, Cherokee Nation. Educated at home. She married December 30, 1880 Samuel James Burns born March 15, 1851 in Lindsey, Canada. Samuel J. and Ettta Burns have one daughter, Lily Dimple Burns, born September 30, 1881. She graduated from Worchester Academy, Vinita on May 20, 1898. Married Marshall Crutchfield Stevens, born December 1, 1879.
 Samuel J. and Etta Burns located in Vinita in 1884 and opened a merchantile establishment which is still in existence.
 Mrs. Burns, whose Cherokee name is Si-hs-sli, affiliated with the Methodist church, the Delphian and Premier Worth While clubs and is a charter member of the Eastern Star Chapter and Past Matron of the same, a member of the White Shrine and Daughters of the American Revolution. She was President of the local cemetery association at the time it was named Fairview.
 Etta H. Burns is the daughter of Isaac Brown Hitchcock, born, February 28, 1823 at Dwight Mission, Arkansas Cherokee Nation. He married February 8, 1857 Elizabeth Ann Duncan, born July 10, 1833. She graduated from Female Seminary in February 1856. She died October 4, 1886 and he died January 16, 1911. They were the parents of Timothy Brown, born May 19, 1858, Etta Smith and Irenaeus Duncan Hitchcock, born September 6, 1864 in Tabor, Iowa.
 Jacob Hitchcock, the grandfather of Mrs. Burns arrived at Dwight, Site as a missionary in July 1820 and helped to construct the Mission.

Blake, John F.—John Fenlon Blake, born September 4, 1894, educated at Pryor. Enlisted in the World War at Camp Travis, Texas, September 22, 1917. Assigned to the 90th Division, 344th Machine Gun Battery, was in the St. Mihiel and Argonne Forest offensives and after the Armistice was in the Army of Occupation. He was discharged at Camp Pike, June 23, 1919. He married at Pryor August 30, 1917, Badgie, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Coppinger, born June 27, 1894. They are the parents of: Mozelle Edna, born May 27, 1918 and Coke J. Born June 3, 1920. Mr. Blake is a farmer near Pryor.

Brown, Mrs. Jay Paul (See Grant and Foreman)—Alma Ramona Taylor born in Hanford, California, July 16, 1884, educated in Missouri Valley College, Marshall, Missouri and Fairmont Seminary, Weatherford, Texas, graduating from the latter in 1905, specialized in instrumental music. She married at Chouteau November 27, 1917, Jay Paul, son of Paul Jay and Martha A. Brown, born October 15, 1874 in Wood County, Ohio. They are the parents of Martha Sue Brown, born at Muskogee, December 28, 1919. Mr. Brown is a merchant at Chouteau.
 Ann Olivia, daughter of Isaac and Catherine (Ratliff) Bushyhead was born in Georgia, November 27, 1830, educated at Dwight Mission. Married October 4, 1846, John Brown Choate, born March 5, 1824. She died April 29, 1877 and he died February 16, 1893. They were the parents of Susie Jane Choate, born November 29, 1853. Married December 14, 1882 Robert Stewart Taylor, born November 27, 1830 in Washington County, Pennsylvania and graduated from Jefferson College, Pennsylvania. He died September 1897 and she married January 1, 1902, Valentine Gray. She died February 10, 1919.

Barton, (See Grant, Downing. Oolootsa, Foreman and Ghigau)—Edwin Harley Barton, born Aug. 8, 1890 at Baptist in Going Snake District, educated at Pryor, Chelsea and Tahlequah; graduated from Sweeney's Automobile School in Kansas City, Mo.; married November 4, 1911 Bonnie E. daughter of John B. and Rachael F. Heflin. Edwin H. and Bonnie E. Barton are the parents of Frances Mae Barton, born November 12, 1912.
 Mary Van Lasley. born in 1862, married September 6, 1888 Frederick Spencer Barton, born September 8, 1851 in Piqua Miami county, Ohio. He died April 2, 1921. They were the parents of Edwin Harley Barton, whose Cherokee name is Oonodet. He is an expert automobile mechanic and owns a Battery Service Station in Pryor where he is a member of the Coinmercial Club; in religion he is a Baptist, and is a member of the I. O. O. F., Woodmen of the World and a Yeoman.

Caudill, Mrs. James W. (See Grant. Ghigau and Adair)—Lou, daughter of Alfred Estis and Margaret Elizabeth (Adair) Holland was born at Stillwell, May 8, 188 7 and educated at Grove. Married at Bentonvilie, Arkansas, May 19, 1905, James Watson, son of James A. and Eliza Caudill, born April 16, 1879 in Rowen County, Kentucky. They are the parents of. J. Holland, born October 11, 1906; Alton Estis, born July 7, 1908; Ruby Mozelle, born February 2, 1911; Ruth Lorene born December 2, 1913 and James Paul, born July 9, 1918.
 Mr. Caudill is a farmer near Adair.
 James Warren, son of Walter Scott and Nancy (Harris) Adair married Deborah Bean and they were the parents of Margaret Elizabeth (Adair) Holland.

Caywood, Mrs. J. E. (See Grant and Foreman)—Mary Elizabeth, daughter of William and Eliza Jane (Proctor) Horn, born July 21, 1882, educated in Delaware District and Female Seminary. Married at Vinita July 4, 1900, John Edward son of Stephen M. and Nancy Ann Caywood, born Aug. 30, 1872 in Hickory Co., Mo. They are the parents of William Marion, born June 30, 1901; Walter, born Aug. 1, 1903; and Thelma Emma born November 3, 1909. Mr. Caywood is a farmer near Big Cabin. Mrs. Caywood is a member of the United Brethren church.
 Jeremiah Horn, a white man, married Elsie, daughter of Chief Charles R. Hicks and their son, John Horn, born August 3. 1823 married Jane July and they were the parents of William Horn, born December 24, 1855, married March, 1878, Eliza Jane Proctor and they were the parents of Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Caywood.

Campbell, John R. (See Grant and Ghigau)—John Randolph Campbell, born Aug. 8, 1877, educated in Orphan Asylum. Married at Oscola, Mo., May 28, 1903, Maude, daughter of Albert and Lucinda Bell, born Nov. 25 1876 in Douglas Co., Kas. They are the parents of Clarence Ray, born January 22, 1905; Edna May, born October 18, 1906; Clinton Albert, born October 11, 1912; Delora, born April 24, 191 5; Glenn born September 26, 1917. Otis Ralph Campbell, born March 13, 1921.
 Sarah, daughter of Nelson and Rosa (West) Rogers, married Alfred Eugene Campbell and they were the parents of John Randolph Campbell, the subject of this sketch.
Croker, Bula D. (See Grant and Ghigau)—Bula D. Edmondson, born on Beatties Prairie, Feb. 17, 1884 educated in the Cherokee National schools and graduated from Female Seminary May 29, 1902. Being possessed of superior histrionic talents she specialized in music and expression in Boston and in New York City. Having a brilliant personality and much of the impelling magnetic qualities of her distinguished Uncle, Wm. W. Hastings she soon rose to an eminent rank in her chosen profession. She married in New York City. Richard Croker, a native of Black Rock, Ireland and Chieftain of Tammany Hall. Mr. and Mrs. Croker divide their time between their home in New York City, Miami, Florida and their castle in Ireland.
 Joseph Martin, born about 1740 on his father's plantation near Charlotteville, Virginia. He became a fur trader and planter amassing a great deal of wealth. His place in the revolutionary army was; elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 1776, became Major February 17, 1779, Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. Elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 15, 1787, and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twentieth Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor Henry Lee on December 11, 1793.
 Martinsville, county seat of Henry County, Virginia and the place of his residence was named for him. He died at his home in Virginia on December 18, 1808, was buried with military and Masonic honors.
 General Joseph Martin married Susannah Fields nee Emory and their children were; John, born October 20, 1781, was the first Treasurer and first Supreme Judge of the Cherokee Nation. He was a member of the Cherokee Constitutional Convention of 1817 from Coosawaytee District, he emigrated to the Western Cherokee Nation in the spring of 1828 and located at Grand Salina on Grand River. His death occured on October 17, 1840, and he is buried at Fort Gibson. His two vounger sisters were Nancy, married Jeter Lynch and Rachel, who married Daniel Davis. Jeter and Rachel (Martin) Lynch were the parents of Mary Lynch who married John Williams and their son Joseph Lynch Williams born August 1, 1837, married October 2, 1859, Louisa J. Stooer, born April 8, 1840, in Delaware District. Joseph Lynch Williams died November 5, 1860. Joseph Lynch and Louisa J (Stooer) Williams were the parents of Florence Eugenia Williams, born August 3, 1860, she married February 7, 1878, Michael Smith Edmondson, born September 9, 1853, in Georgia and they are the parents of Cherokee Dora, who married Robert Bruce Garrett; Gonia L., who married G. B. Finnin and Bula D., the subject of this sketch.

Crittenden, Richard H. (See Sanders and Downing)—Richard Henry Crittenden of the Deer Clan, whose Cherokee name si Wa-hala or Bold Eagle, was born in Going Snake District April 9, 1877, educated in the Male Seminary. He married January 17, 1897, Nannie, daughter of Jesse and Frances (Wright) Wright, born 1872. They were the parents of: Fannie Alice, born March 8, 1898; Rogert Lee, born January 4, 1900 and Mary Susan Crittenden, born June 8, 1906. Mrs. Nannie Crittenden died September 8, 1913, and he married on October 20, 1917, Hettie, daughter of Simon and Emma Rogers, born January 15, 1898. They are the parents of Harriett Juanita, born October 6, 1918, and Nellie Catherine Crittenden, born Janury 7, 1921.
 John Ross, son of Harry and Susie (Wolf) Crittenden, was born in Georgia, June 30, 1839, educated in Going Snake District. Married January 12, 1862. Alice Harlan, born March 12, 1841. He was elected District Judge of Going Snake District, August 5, 1895, and died June 5, 1896. They were the parents of Richard Henry Crittenden.

Carman, William A. (See Ward)—William Andrew Carman, born July 30, 1896. Enrolled in the World war service at Camp Logan, Tex., Sept. 3, 1918. Assigned to the Fifteenth Sanitary Train. Discharged at Camp Logan, February 2, 1919. Married December 1, 1919, Virginia, daughter of John and Bettie Ford, born December 11, 1901, in Mayes County, Oklahoma. They are the parents of J. T. Carman, born January 31, 1921. Mr. Carman is farming near Adair.
 George Ward, born in the old Cherokee Nation, east of the Mississippi River, March 17, 1878, married Lucy Mayes, an aunt of Chiefs Joel Bryan and Samuel Houston Mayes. Their daughter, Mary, married Joseph Henry Clark and they were the parents of Louisa Maria Clark, who married Daniel Young and was the mother of Catherine Jane Young, the wife of Joshua T. Carman and the mother of William Andrew Carman, the subject of this sketch.

Clark, Wiliiam A.—William Andrew Clark, born near Tahlequah June 2nd, 1861, educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum, married at Pryor, June 17, 1891, Lillie Berry, born October 29, 1872, in Athens, McMinn county, Tennessee. They are the parents of: Joseph James, born November 12th 1893, graduated from the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, June 28th, 1917; served through the World war as Lieutenant on U. S. S. North Carolina and is at present (1921) on the U. S. S. Brooks in Asiatic waters; Lucy Jane, born February 21, 1895, graduated with A. B. from the University of Oklahoma June 4, 1918; Mary Louise, born September 22, 1897, graduated in a business course and is connected with the First National Bank of Chelsea; Clarinda Stella, born March 31, 1900, married June 17, 1918, L. C. Olinger; Virginia Mae Olinger, born July 31st, 1921; William Andrew, born July 10, 1903; John D., born November 1, 1906; George W., born November 10, 1913, and Virginia Elizabeth, born Feb. 1, 1917.
 Mr. Clark is one of the substantial citizens of his community, having amassed more than a competency by close and intelligent application as a farmer and stock raiser. He is a Master Mason; he has paid especial attention to raising his family to a good and useful life, the results being seen in Lieutenant Clark and his sisters.

Countryman, James T. (See Ward)—James Thomas, son of George Washington and Minerva (Ballard) Countryman was born in Delaware District July 26, 1874, and educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married at Fairland, September 6, 1894, Eve, daughter of Newton and Mary Lauderback, born June 26 1875, in Lafayette County, Mo. They are the parents of: Eliza, born August 31, 1895; Lafayette, born September 8, 1897; Henry, born February 18, 1899; Samuel, born December 28, 1900, married Anna daughter of Hudson and Belle Layton, who have a daughter. Ruby Juanita, born January 5, 1921; Oliver, born September 8, 1903, and Elmer, born January 10, 1909.
 Martha Ward, born February 22, 1819, married John Countryman, a white man. They were the parents of George Washington Countryman, who married Minerva Ballard.

Chandler, Van S. (See Ward)—Van S., son of Burgess Gaither and Annie Eliza (Gunter) Chandler, born Aug. 20, 1882, educated at Willie Halsell College, Vinita. Married at Vinita, June 12, 1912, Maude A. daughter of L. A. and Sadie A. Williams, born July 25, 1890, in Linn Co., Kas. They are the parents of: Orin Stuart, born April 20, 1913; Wilmer Gawain, born July 25, 1915 and Stacy Burgess Chandler, born February 12, 1920. Mr. Chandler, who is the younger brother of Hon. Thomas A. Chandler, Congressman from the First District of Oklahoma, is a dealer in hay, grain and farm machinery.

Cobb, Gilbert Benson (See Grant)—Alexander Clingan, son of Joseph Benson and Evelyn (Clingan) Cobb, was born September, 15, 1864. Married at Carthage, Illinois, August 23, 1887, Lucy Van Zile, born January 10, 1863, in Ripley County, Indiana. She died March 31, 1893, and Mr. Cobb married June 29, 1898, Lillie May Pharr, born December 7, 1867, in Lincoln County. Missouri. Mr. Cobb is the father of; Gilbert Benson, born June 11, 1889 at Carthage, Illinois, educated at Wagoner. Married at Wagoner, December, 1910, Annette, daughter of Alfred and Adilee Sullivan, born October 20, 1874, in Wayne County, Missouri. They are the parents of Marv Evaline. born December 5, 1911; Naomi, born January 5. 1913; Alfred Alexander, born February 24, 1914; Joseph Benson, born November 14, 1015; Sylvester Van Zile, born December 22, 1917, and John Sullivan, born October 11. 1919; Isabel J. B., born September 28, 1921; Mary Isabel, born August 12, 1891, at Wagoner, graduated from Wagoner High School in 1910, and Oklahoma Agricultural College in 1913. Married at Wagoner June, 1914, Loyal Frederick. They are the parents of Ellen Isabel, born January 30, 1915; Kenyon Thomas, born January 3, 1917; Loyal Cobb, born April 23, 1919, and Martha Marie Payne, born May 7, 1920; William Alexander, born July 10, 1899. Married June 28, 1919, Marie G. daughter of Albert W. and Mary Brown. They are the parents of William Alexander Cobb, born June 14, 1920; Irene, born November 21, 1901; Harry Franklin, born October 13, 1902; Kedzie Pharr, born April 22, 1904 and MaZelle Cobb, born February 21, 1908.

Crittenden, George W. (See Sanders and Grant)—George W. Crittenden, born in Going Snake District, March 25, 1875, educated at Male Seminary. Married February 2, 1896, Jessie Beatrice Lamb nee Martin, born at Greenbrier April 20, 1874, educated at Hogans Institute. They are the parents of Ross Hillis, born Feb. 22, 1909; Jennie Alice born March 10, 1911 and Ruth Marie, born Jan. 14, 1916. Besides Their own children they have reared Barbara and Christiana Bell, the two orphan daughters of Mr. Crittenden's brother, John H. George W. Crittenden belongs to the Deer Clan and his Cherokee name is Sequoyah. He is a farmer and a member of the Odd Fellow lodge.
 Mrs. Crittenden is the daughter of Joseph Lynch Martin who is known throughout the Cherokee Nation as "Greenbrier Joe" and noted for his shrewd philosophical sayings. Mr. Crittenden is the son of Judge John Ross and Alice (Harlin) Crittenden. His Cherokee name is Tickanooly, meaning bean bread.

Carselowey, James R. (See Grant, Downing and Daniel)—James Robert Carselowey, born at Vinita, February 15, 1875, educated in public schools, Willie Halsell College, Vinita; married at Adair Nov. 28, 1900, Annie B., daughter of Alonzo B. and Lavenia A. Fishback. born February 27, 1882, in Tarrant County, Texas. They are the parents of: James Manford, born November 28, 1901; Lavenia Gertrude, born February 27, 1905; Elsie Roberta, born December 24, 1906; Raymond Russell, born September 2 3, 1908; Lahoma, born April 7, 1911 and Pauline Carselowey, born February 2, 1913 .Mr. Carselowey is a man of pleasing personality, more than ordinary information and ability, but is modest and honest almost to a fault. He has been a telegraph operator and newspaper correspondent and is at present the owner and editor of the Adair Citizen.
 James Madison, son of George and Mary (Daniel) Carselowey was born November 29, 1848. Married November 7, 1870, Catherine, daughter of Joseph and Celia (Woodall) Emory, born August 8, 185 3. He died November 7, l9oo. They were the parents of Arthur Andrew Carselowey and Stella Evelyn Carselowey.

Couch, Mrs- Irving (See Grant)—Anna K., daughter of Joseph Lynch and Miranda (Young) Thompson, was born near Pensacola, August 14, 1900, educated in Mayes and Craig County. Married at Vinita, Jan. 10, 1920 to Ervin, son of James Monroe and Mollie Couch. Mr. and Mrs. Couch are farming near Pensacola.

Cole, John M. (See Grant and Sanders)—John M., son of Daniel Boone and Nannie (Vann) Cole was born in Cooweescoowee District, February 25, 1882. Married at Pryor, October 19, 1901, Letitia, daughter of John and Catherine Brown, born December 23, 1885, in Ballard County, Kentucky. They were the parents of Henry Mitchell, born November 28, 1905; Mayomma born November 23, 1909; Shirley Brooks, born November 26, 1910. Charlie Milburn, born August 22, 1913; Anna Belle, born December 18, 1915 and John Junior Cole, born December 29, 1918. Mr. Cole is a farmer, a Mason and Odd Fellow.
 Johnson Vann, the grandson of John and Elizabeth (Wickett) Fields, married Margaret Winters and they were the parents of Mrs. Nannie Cole. Margaret or Peggy Winters was the daughter of John and Jennie (Sanders) Winters and the grand-daughter of Alexander and Peggy (Sonicooie) Sanders. Alexander Sanders was a captain of the Cherokee allies of the Americans in the Creek War of 1814. Mrs. Peggie (Sonicooie) Sanders was the daughter of Susannah and step-daughter of Thomas Cordery.

Carlile, Mrs. Stephen (See Ghigau and Hildebrand)—Sadie, daughter of S. P. Luna and Sarah (Butler) Luna, born July 10, 1888 in the Ozark County, Missouri. Married at Tahlequah, September 29, 1909 Stephen Foreman, son of Thomas Holmes and Levannah Elizabeth (Catron) Carlile, born January 5, 1873 in Tahlequah District, educated in Tahlequah District and Male Seminary. They are the parents of: Hazel, born August 1. 1910; Helen, born May 25. 1912; Stephen, born January 12, 1918; and Leo, born February 22, 1920. Stephen Foreman Carlile died September 5, 1919, Carlile is farming near Park Hill.

Carlile, William A. (See Ghigau and Hildebrand)—William Andrew, son of Stephen Foreman and Emma (Carter) Carlile. born October 1, 1893, educated in Tahlequah District and Male Seminary. Married at Tahlequah, April 2, 1912, Alma, daughter of S. P. Luna and Sarah (Bullet), Luna, born November 4, 1894 in Ozark County, Missouri. They are the parents of
Jewell Carlile, born September 25, 1912.  Thomas Holmes Carlile married Elizabeth, daughter of John and Margaret (Hildebrand) Catron and they were the parents of Stephen Foreman Carlile.

Carman, Daniel (See Ward)—Daniel Young Carman, born Aug. 11, 1895, educated at Adair. Married at Pryor, Oct. 9, 1914, Grace, daughter of James Madison and Jessie Floyd, born October 12, 1896 in Scotland County, Missouri. They are the parents of Ermel, born September 28, 1915; Revis Goodwin, born March 5, 1917 and Loyce Carmen, born May 24, 1919. Mr. Carmen is a farmer near Adair and is a member of the I. O. O. F.
 Louisa Maria Clark, born March 18, 1848. Married April 8, 1869 Daniel Young, born June 14, 1844 in Waldmore, Bavaria. He served in Company K. 107 Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War. They were the parents of Catherine Jane Young, born February 15, 1873. Married July 19, 1891, Joshua Thomas Carman, born March 25th, 1855 in Dade County, Missouri. He died April 15, 1918. They were the parents of Daniel Young Carman, the subject of this sketch.

Coats, Mrs. Susie D. (See Grant and Hildebrand)—Susie Dora, daughter of James and Emily (Harlin) Sunday was born in Cooweescoowee District, September 12, 1876, educated in Female Seminary Married September 11, 1893 James, son of James McKenzie and Annie C. (Spears) Coats, born April 1, 1866. They are the parents of: Jennie Bessie, born January 25, 1894; James McKenzie, born September 20, 1896; Elmer Earl, born September 4, 1901; Capitola Wyly, born February 15, 1903; Lulu May, born January 20, 1906; Eugene ,born October 15, 1908; Belva Lockwood, born June 8, 1910 and David Coats, born March 3, 1912. Mr. Coats, died December 15, 1915. Mrs. Coats manages a farm near Pryor. Miss Jennie Bessie Coats was elected Court Clerk of Mayes County November 5, 1918 and November 2, 1920. James McKenzie was educated in Pryor and Agricultural College at Stillwater and served in the World War over seas 18 months. Capitola Wyly is a member of the 1922 High School class at Pryor.
 Lucinda, daughter of Samuel and Catherine (Hildebrand) Martin married Joseph Spears and they were the parents of Annie C. Spears wife of James McKenzie Coats.

Cochran, Mrs. Ned A. (See Grant)—William Penn Adair Martin, born at Greenbriar, Aug. 1, 1879, educated locally and Female Seminary. Married at Pryor, July 24, 1915, Ned Adair Cochran, son of Richard and Mary Cochran, born August 20, 1880, educated at Orphan Asylum. They are the parents of Mary Virginia, born July 26, 1910; Cherokee Adair, born January 5, 1912; Joseph Martin, born February 28, 1915 and Robert Edward, born March 4, 1917. Mrs. Cocharn belongs to the Deer Clan.
 Joseph Lynch Martin, born in Georgia, August 20, 1820. Married July 21, 1870 Jennie Harlin, born April 8, 1849 at Tahlequah. He died November 9, 1891. They were the parents of Mrs. Ned A Cochran

Cornatzer—Cyrus Cicero Cornatzer, whose Shawne name is See-tah-way-see-cah, and who belongs to the Rabbit Clan, was born February 11, 1853 on One Hundred and Ten Mile Creek in Kansas Territory. He is the son of Sainuel M. and Caroline Cornatzer, the former was born May 6, 1824 in Oxford, North Carolina, and the latter was born in December 1834. Cyrus C. Cornatzer married Lydia J. Boggan March 23, 1871. Several years after her death he married on October 11, 1911 Miss Kate, daughter of Joseph Tyson and Martha Jane Zimmerman. Cyrus C. Cornatzer was educated in the Johnson county Kansas schools; is a master Mason, and, elected Solicitor of the Delaware District August 4. IS79, and a member of the Council from Cooweescoowee District August 5, 1895 and August 7, 1899 Four were born to the first marriage: Cornelia B. born February 18, 1872; Ninia Jane, born May 22, 1873; one boy, early deceased, Walter Cyrus, born April 24, 1878. Ninia Jane married R. L Madison, Big Cabin, Oklahoma; Caroline B. married Earl Galbreath, Big Cabin. Oklahoma. Mrs. Kate Cornatzer is a sister of Mrs. J. C. Starr, Vinita, Oklahoma. Has two brothers H. Zimmerman, Salt Lake City, Utah, and Joseph Clarence Zimmerman, St. Joseph, Missouri.

Chamberlain. (See Oo-loot-sa)—William Clifford Chamberlain was born April 23. in Flint Dist. He was educated at Neosho, Mo. He settled in Vinita and married Sept. 10, 1875, Lydia Ann Ward, born August 1. 1850. Se died June 28, 1882, and he married September 24, 1885 Madge, daughter of Hamilton W. and Margaret Goodykoontz, born August 7, 1859. Mrs. Madge Chamberlain taught school for seven years before her marriage, the last two being at Worcester Academy at Vinita.
 William C. Chamberlain's children by his first marriage were; Flora Hoyt, born March 6, 1877 and died August 13, 1896; Edith Ursa deceased; Clara Emily Chamberlain, born August 2, 1881. By his second marriage his children were: Winfred Clark, born April 3, 1888, married October 20, 1897 Ethel O'Neil; Lois Margaret born February 27, 1893; Milo Reu born March 8, 1895, married October 8, 1916, Lulu Scarborough; Cline Lowry born May 30, 1897; Quatie Eulalia born May 13, 1899. Two sons William Clifford and Lucian B. died in infancy.
 William C Chamberlain's Cherokee name is Su-Sen-Kee and he belongs to the Holly Clan. He is a member of the Congregational church and has been twice elected Mayor of Vinita.
 Amory Nelson, son of William and Flora (Hoyt) Chamberlain was born November 29, 1821 at Brainard Mission. He married December 2, 1846 Eunice Dolly, daughter of Milo and Lydia (Lowry) Hoyt, born December 14, 1820. Rev. Amory Chamberlain was one of the best Cherokee interpreters for the Council and he was also Superintendent of both the male and female Seminary. Rev. A. N. Chamberlain died July 4, 1894 and his wife died seventeen days later. William C. was his second son.

Duncan, Mrs. John C. (See Grant, Duncan and Sanders)—Joanna Coody Rogers daughter of Charles Rogers Coody and Nancy (Patton) Rogers was born in Cooweescoowee District in 1861. Educated in the Cherokee Nation Schools, graduating from the Female Seminary, June 30. 1881. Taught school and in 1885 she married at Fort Gibson, John Clinton, son of John Thompson and Elizabeth Ann (Sanders) Duncan, born in 1859 in Flint District, Cherokee Nation. He was educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Fortunate in having splendid educations, discriminative and appreciative minds. Mr. and Mrs. Duncan have always been unobtrusive leaders in their community. Mrs. Duncan is the grand-daughter of Captain John Rogers, last chief of the Western Cherokees and a sister of William Charles Rogers, the last chief of the Cherokees. While the Duncan family has furnished many of the finest minds and characters, one of their peculiarities is the fact that they generally refused public offices.

Dannenberg, Robert C. (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Robert Carter, son of John Henry and Annie E. (Ferguson) Dannenberg, was born in Missouri, April 12, 1877, educated in Flint District and Male Seminary. Married at Tahlequah June 16, 1902, Mary, daughter of John and Jennie (Lowrey) Hubbard, horn in Tahlequah District, November 28, 1878, and educated at Tahlequah and Muskogee. They are the parents of John Henry Dannenburg, born October 16, 1908, and Genie Dannenberg, born Mar. 5, I9l5. Mr. Dannenberg is a farmer and stock raiser near Tahlequah.
 Henry, son of Anderson Pierce and Mary (Nave) Lowrey, married Mary Parris and they were the parents of Jennie Lowrey who married John Hubbard.
 Christine, daughter of John and Susie (McCoy) McPherson, married Nathan Baron Dannenberg, and they were the parents of John Henry Dannenberg. who married Annie E. Ferguson.

Dykes, Mrs. Julius C. (See Foreman)—Cora Evelyn Mizer, born at Chelsea, Nov. 28, 1895, educated at Chelsea and Female Seminary. Married at Galena, Kas., April 16, 1918. Julius Otto Dykes, born February 11, 1896. They are the parents of: Julius Otto, born Jan. 14, 1919, and Evelyn Jane Dykes, born March 31, 1921. Mr. Dykes, who is the maternal grandson of Julius and Jennie (Bigby) Henchoz, saw service in the World war in Company C, 49th Infantry, which he joined August 26. 1918, sailed for France, October 31, 191S, returned January 16, 1919 and was discharged at Ft. Leavenworth, February 11. 1919.

DeLozier, Manford E. (See Adair)—Manford E. DeLozier, born Sept. 25, 1891. at Adair, educated locally. Married at Muskogee, October 4, 1914, Amanda F., daughter of John B. and Bettie J. Gibson, born January 5th, 1895, in Missouri. They are the parents of Vivian Marie, born February 20, 1916, and Reuben Edward De-Lo-zier, Jr., born August 18, 1819. After clerking in the Bank of Adair for some time, Mr. DeLozier gave up that place to assume the more congenial occupation of farming and stock raising.  Edward, the son of John and Gahoga Adair, was born February 7, 1789. Married June 17, 1809, Martha Richie, born February 10, 1790. She died July 7, 1857, and he died December 21, 1864. They were the parents of John Adair, born May 1, 1812, Married March 20, 1832, Anna Berry Graham, born October 12, 1816. He died March 15, 1877, and she died November 1, 1900. Their son, Edward Alexander Adair, was born February 25, 184 7. Married October 1867, Narcissa Malissa Harrison, born December 25, 1846, in Murray County, Georgia. He died December 3, 1901, and she is still living. They were the parents of: Georgia Virginia Adair, born at Dalton, Georgia, January 29, 1869. Married January 8, 1888, Reuben Edward DeLozier, born June 20, 1855, at Osceola, Missouri. Elected County Commissioner of Mayes County September 17, 1907. He died April 23, 1921. They were the parents of Manford E. DeLozier, the subject of this sketch.

Dobkins (See Duncan)—Benjamin Dustin Dobkins, born Aug. 6, 1879, was educated at Vinita, the Male Seminary, and graduated from the Ontario, Canada, Veterinary College. He married June 3, 1903, Gertrude, daughter of J. M. and Gertrude Ragland of Lebanon. Mo. Dr. Benjamin D. and Mrs. Dobkins, have one daughter, Miss Jaunita Cherokee, born July 5, 1904.
 Dr. Dobkins has been State Veterinary for ten consecutive years, is the author of the Oklahoma State Veterinary Laws and was President of the State Veterinary Association in 1912-13-14 and 15. He is a Mason, Odd Fellow and is President of the State Bank at Welch, Oklahoma.
 Emma, daughter of Benjamin Franklin and Mary (Berry) Landrum. was born June 15, 1852, at Beattie's Prairie in Delaware District. She married October 6, 1875, John Robert Dobkins, born May 8, 1857, in Texas. Mrs. Emma Dobkins died August 17, 1886. John Robert Dobkins died August 15, 1914. They were the parents of: Dr. Benjamin D. and his twin sister, Ada Bertha, who married B. H. Duvall and lives at Welch. Nora, born October 1, 1881 and married, is now Mrs. Hampton of Welch, and Hugh C. Dobkins, born October 23, 1S.S4, and died August 6, 1911.
 Benjamin Franklin, son of James and Rebecca (Duncan) Landrum, was born in 1822. He was elected Senator from Delaware District August 4, 1873, August 2, 1875, and August 5, 1877. He died February 19, 1879. It was one of his educated slaves that composed and played the celebrated violin piece, "I'll Tell You, Marsa Ben, Yo Niggers Gwine to Leave Yo," just previous to the wholesale escape of Landrum's and other slaves in 1842.

Deitrick, Mrs. J. R. (See Grant and Downing)—Lillie Belle Beck, born September 16, 1883, educated at Delaware District. Married Dec. 7, 1902, J. R., son of Jacob and Eliza Deitrick. They are the parents of: Beula Elizabeth, born Oct. 6, 1903; Addie Eveline, born August 10, 1905; Annie Lucile, born June 23, 1907; Aubrey Haskell, born January 26, 1910; Loil Wilson, born January 23, 1913; Robert Willard, born April 5, 1915, and Jaunita May Detrick, born September 1, 1920. Mr. Deitrick is a farmer near Ketchum.
 Jeffrey Beck, an Englishman, married Sallie Downing, a Cherokee. Their son. Ezekial, married Martha Sturdivant, and they were the parents of Geoge W. Beck. who married Sarah Elizabeth Davis. Thev were the parents of Mrs. Lillie Belle (Beck) Deitrick.

Drew, George E.—George E., son of Charles and Martha (Lee) Drew, was born at Webber Falls, Dec. 12, 1872, educated at the Orphan Asylum. Married near Pryor Nov. 8, 1894, Susie, daughter of Zachariah and Eunice (Bledsoe) Putnam. They are the parents of Eugene H., born April 30, 1896, married Billie Coats; Richard E., born Oct. 18, 1899; Eunice P., born May 23, 1902; Paula E., born Feb. 14, 19 lo, and Howard L. Drew, born Nov. 22, 1912.

Elliott, Hiram T. (See Foreman)—Hiram Thomas, son of Hiram Thomas, and Callie (Whatenberger) Elliott, born in Delaware Dist , Nov. 26, 1892, educated locally and in Male Seminary. Married at Vinita, April 1, 1914. Minnie J., daughter of Drewey and Margaret Trickey. They are the parents of: Rella, born May 17, 1915; Engen. born Mar. 20. 1917. and Maxine, born Feb, 10, 1918; Leroy Elliott, born Oct. 2. 1920. Mr. Elliott is a farmer near Big Cabin.

Elliott, James E. (See Foreman)—James H., son of George and Rachel (Henson) Elliott, was born in Vinita, Mar. 16, 1875, educated in Delaware Dist. Married at Adair Apr. 4, 1889, Eva, daughter of Joseph S. and Nancy Wickham, born Dec. 8. 1S75, Schuyler County. Missouri. They are the parents of Sadie Marie, born April 1, 1903; Juanita Josephine, born October 28, 1913. James Howard Elliott, born November 22. 1916. Mr. Elliott is a farmer and stock raiser, and is a member of the Independent Order of I. O. O. F. His Cherokee name is Oo-ch-la-ta.

Elliott, Mrs. Callie (See Foreman)—Callie, daughter of Samuel and Annie (Edwards) Whatenberger, born March 15, 1868. in Springfield, Mo, Educated in Texas. Married at Vinita Jan. 7, 1892. Hiram Thompson Elliott, son of Archibald and Rachel (Smith) Elliott, born May 22, 1858. They were the parents of Hiram Thompson Elliott, Jr., born November 26, 1892; Samuel Talbert, born July 5th, 1894. married Genevieve Blackford, Vera May, born February 26, 1896, married Guy L. Junes, and has one son, Raymond Jones, born April 4, 1914; Lucullus, born August 25, 1899, is in the United States Marine Corps in Haiti; Lucien Bell, born July 27, 1901; Flossie, born Jan. 2, 1904; Ruth, born May 24, 1905; Robert, born August 21, 1910, and Glenn, born March 6, 1913. Mr. Elliott died July 1, 1915.

Edmondson, Mrs. Jefferson D. (See Grant and Ward)—Lulu Eugenia, daughter of Samuel Taylor and Catherine Jane (Lear) Ward was born in Ark. Feb 28, 1864, educated in Delaware District. Married on Beattie's Prairie October 6, 1887, Jefferson Davis, son of Augusta Van and Laura Edmonson, born April 21, 1861, in Washington County, Arkansas. They are the parents of: Olive Estella, born April 3, 1889, graduated from Female Seminary, May 29, 1907, married Cicero J. Howard; Laura Helen, born June 8, 1893, and Doda Kate Edmondson, born January 16, 1896, married Peter Ware. Mr. Edmondson is farming near Pryor.
 George Ward, born March 17, 1787, married December 15, 1805, Lucy Mayes, born March 5, 1879. She was the aunt of Chiefs Joel B. and Samuel H. Mayes. George Ward was assassinated, and his widow died November 1, 1867. They were the parents of: James Ward, born Jan. 17, 1815, married Louisa M. Williams, born June 30, 1825. He died July 2u, 1S68 and she died October 16, 1844. Their son Samuel Taylor Ward, born June 13, 1847, married in 1862 Catherine Jane Lear, born in 1844 in Morgan County, Mo. He died February 25, 1864 and she is still living.

Epperson, Benjamin F. (See Grant and Foreman)—Benjamin F., son of William H. and Margaret Epperson was born Oct. 3, 1878 in Bradley Co., Tenn. Married at Pryor July 12, 1904, Dora May, daughter of William and Eliza Jane (Proctor) Horn, born June 1, 1880 and educated in Delaware Dist. They were the parents of: Arthur R. born Feb. 2, 1905; Louisa, born July 8, 1907; Robert L., born Feb. 5, 1910; Nannie Ruth, born Sept. 16, 1912 and Maggie May Epperson, born November 9, 1917. Mrs. Dora May Epperson died August 18, 1920. Mr. Epperson is a farmer near Big Cabin and is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
 Anthony Foreman, a Scotchman, married Susie, a full Cherokee. Their son Thomas married Susannah Brown nee Fields and they were the parents of Elizabeth Foreman who married Johnson Proctor. They were the parents of Mrs. Eliza Jane (Proctor) Horn.

Epperson, Mrs. Joseph (See Grant and Downing)—Bettie, daughter of Columbus and Amanda (Ross) Phipps was born July 6, 1882. Married at Wagoner, July 29, 1902 Joseph Epperson, born in 18S2 in Cleaburn County Arkansas. They are the parents of: William C, born December 11, 1903; Columbus P., born March S, 1908; Lela Pearl, born April 7, 1911; Zulma Inez, born March 27, 1913, and Garrett Epperson, born September 16, 1915.

Epperson, Mrs. J. O. (See Grant and Downing)—Mary, daughter of John and Susan (Gentry) Wood was born in Tahlequah District, June 16, 1883, educated in Female Seminary. Married at Tahlequah January 16, 1899, J. O., son of William H. and Margaret Epperson. They are the parents of: Oscar L., born December 31, 1900; Benjamin F., born August 13, 1902: Lola May, born November 29, 1905; Hendietta, born April 17, 1907; Eugene, born December 12, 1908; Bessie Marie, born June 10, 1911; Susie, born July 30, 1912; Walter Floyd, born May 21, l9i4 and Mattie M, born December 30, 1918. Mr. and Mrs. Epperson are farming near Big Cabin.

Eaton, Ellis M. (See Grant and Downing)—Ellis Menchell, son of Richard and Elizabeth (Alberty) Eaton born Jan. 18, 1861, married Jan. 3, 1886, Mary, daughter of Moses and Elizabeth (Buffington Alberty) born Dec. 19, 1865. They are the parents of: Lelia, born Apr. 7, 1887 and graduated from Female Seminary May 29, 1907; Richard, born Oct. 7, 1890, married Esther Gardner; William M,. born March 25, 1898 married Corn Thompson and Edgar W. Eaton born Aug. 29, 1899, Mr. and Mrs. Ellis M. Eaton are members of the Methodist church and he belongs to both of the Woodmen Orders.
 Ellis Menchall Eaton was elected to the Council from Cooweescoowee District on August 7, 1899, and August 5, 1901. Moses Alberty, father of Mrs. Eaton was born April 22, 1820. He was Justice of the Middle Circuit of the Cherokee Nation from 1853 to 1859 and was elected Executive Councilor in 1867. He was the chief attorney for Ezekial Proctor who was charged with the murder at the time of the Going Snake court house fight in 1872 and during the fight he was shot and killed by what was supposed to have been an accidental stray shot.

Fields, Henry F. (See Grant)—Henry Franklin, son of Henry Clay and Amanda Jane (Rogers) Fields was born Aug. 31, 1876 at Pryor July 15, 1900, Nettie B. daughter of Richard Watson and Mary Stokes born Nov. 4, 1880 in Ky. They are the parents of: Mabel, born December 4, 1901. Graduated from Pryor High School 1920 and is teaching at Bristow; Owen G., born May 6, 1904 and Haward Franklin Fields, born April 6, 1910. Mr. Fields is a farmer near Pryor. He is a member of the Masonic lodge in Pryor, himself, wife and daughter Miss Mabel are Eastern Stars.
 Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees was the father of George Fields who married Sallie Daniel. Their son, Henry Clay Fields, born October 21, 1844, married February 1861 Amanda Jane Rogers, born July 17, 1847 in Johnson County, Missouri. They were the parents of Henry Franklin Fields.

Faulkner, Benjamin F. (See Grant. Downing and Halfbreed)—Benjamin Faulkner, born Oct. 14, 1874, educated at the Male Seminary; married in Sept. 1893, Susie J. Humphrey, born in 1877 in Tenn. They are the parents of: Lelia Beatrice, born June 18, 1894; John Shatter, born March 1, 1899; Robert, born August 12. 1901. Beulah B., born September 20, 1907; Owen born August 26, 1910 and Beulah Clarice born January 25, 1915.
 Benjamin F. Faulkner was elected Sheriff of Sequoyah county in Nov. 1918. Robert Faulkner was appointed Sheriff of Sequoyah District in May 1882, Franklin Faullkner was elected Judge of Sequoyah District in 1871-77-79-81 and 1883.
 James T. Stewart was elected Solicitor of Sequoyah District in 1891. Alexander McCoy was Secretary of the Council May 6, 1817; clerk of the Senate from 1819 to May 1827. excepting 1822, and he was secretary of the Constitutional Convention of May, 1827.

Faulkner, Mrs. D. J. (See Foreman, Riley, Adair, Grant and Ghigau)—David Jesse, son of assistant Chief David McNair and Rachel Louvenia (Adair) Faulkner was born Jan. 2, 1874, educated in the Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary, married October 31, 1900 Jennie McClellan Foreman, born at Oowala November 12, 1878, she was educated at Oowala and graduated from Female Seminary June 1, 1898. They are the parents of Tiana, born September 11. 1901; Oolootsa, born July 12, 1903; Frank Foreman born December 23, 1905; Ada McClellen, born March 2, 1910; David Famlyn, born January 30, 1912; Taylor Adair, born February 8, 1915 and Ahniwake, born December 23, 1920. David L. Faulkner's Cherokee name is Te-quen-yoste, he belongs to the Odd Fellow and Knights of Pythias lodges and is engaged in stock raising north of Claremore. He was elected a member of Council from Sequoyah District August 7, 1899 and elected County Commissioner of Rogers county November 5, 1812.
 Mrs. David J. Faulkner is the daughter or Stephen Taylor Foreman born at Park Hill, September 21, 1848 married at Cane Hill Arkansas April 28, 1874 Ada Carter McClellan, born October 23, 1853. Stephen Taylor Foreman died January 30, 1891.
 John Thompson Adair, born December 22, 1812, married January 30, 1840 Penelope Mayfield, born May 12, 1824. He was delegate to Washington, Chairman of the Citizenship Court and Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation. Their daughter Rachel Louvinia Adair, born January 6. 1844, married April 28. 1867. David McNair Faulkner, born May 12, 1841. He was First Lieutenant in Captain Bluford West Alberty's company of the Second Cherokee Mounted Volunteers. Flected Councilor ................ District in 1809 and is ................ same district 1879, is ................ 1901; Delegate to Washington. ................... Assistant Chief of the Cherokee Nation August 3, 1903 retaining his office until June 30, 1914. He died on August .................

Foreman, Mrs. Nannie
Unreadable

Flournoy, Mrs. Anna
Unreadable

Grant, G. O.
First part unreadable.
Victor Monnet Grant, born Feb. 26. 1917.
 George Owen Grant was elected Register of Deeds of Adair County in 1910. Graduated from the Law Department of the University of Oklahoma in June, 1914. Elected County Attorney of Adair County 1918 and 1920. Delegate to Republican National Convention at Chicago 1916 and 1920.

Ghormley, William H. (See Foreman and Conrad)—William Charles, son of Michael Orlando and Nancy (David) Ghormley, born Jan. 22, 1876, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary, from which he graduated June 25, 1897. He married at Tahlequah, Sept. 19, 1899, Elizabeth Emily, daughter of William H. and Letitia (Woodward) Foreman, born Dec. 27, 1897. They are the parents of: Stella, born April 24. 1901; Maurice, born Jan. 13, 1903; Connell Rogers, born Sept. 23, 1904; Dwight, born Dec. 21, 1907; Roberta, born April 29, 1909; Una Jane, born January 9, 1912, and Pauline Irma Ghormley, born July 11, 19i5. .Mr. Ghormley is a member of the Methodist church and belongs to the Masonic, Odd Fellow, Woodmen of the World, Modern Woodmen and Anti-Horsethief fraternities.

Gibbs, Mrs. Andrew J.—Caroline, daugter of Pleas and Martha (Carnes) Tidwell, was born in Georgia, Dec. 25, 1853, and educated in that state. Married February 1884, Andrew J., son of William and Elizabeth Gibbs. They are the parents of Lillie O., born December 23, 1887, married Ernest McLaughlin, and died in October 1907; William P., born August 22, 1889; Hattie E., born .March 3, 1892; Allen D., born March 30, 1894; Louanna, born February 3, 1895, married Hosea Chidester, and has one daughter, Nona, born January 21. 19i5; Mary G., born December 9, 1807, married Owen Washam; Leonard Andrew, born October 15, 1902; Ezra F., born November 28, 1903 and Samuel B. Gibbs, born October 28, 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Gibbs have reared Everett McLaughlin, their grandson, born May 8, 1907.

Gwartney, Walter E. (See Ward)—Walter Edward Gwartney, born near Pryor, Aug. 20, 1895. educated at Pryor. Married at Pryor, May 10, 1913, Bessie, daughter of Joseph and Sallie McWaters, born April 7, 1896, in Gainsville, Cook County, Texas. They are the parents of: Walter Eugene, born September 5. 1914; Muriel Marguerite, born June 2, 1916; Edward Russell, born August 13, 1917, and Susie Irene Gwartney, born November 21, 1919.
 Bryan Ward married Temerance Stansil. Their son, John S. Ward, married Jennie Loveless, and they were the parents of Susie Ward, wife of Edward Gwartney, and mother of Walter Edward Gwartney.

Garvin, Ben F. (See Oolootsa and Blair)—Benjamin Franklin Garvin, born May 1, 1861. Married August 8, 1882, Sarah Benge, born September 15, 1862. She died. He married Eliza J. Baldridge, born June 6, 1864. He is the father of Margaret Nannie, married Nov. 8, 1901; Walter Agnew; Ada Cornelia, married James Hail; Benjamin Franklin, married Goode; Mary Ellen, married Benjamin Franklin Bradley. Elizabeth Caroline, married James McCullough; Edward Frye, married Jessie Amos, and Elmer C. Garvin. Benjamin Franklin Garvin, Sr., is a Mason, Odd Fellow and Woodman of the World.

Gunter (See Grant, Oolootsa, Adair, Ghigau and Ross)—Nancy E. Gunter was born Feb. 19, 1867, in Ft. Smith, Arkansas. She was educated in the public scliools of the Cherokee Nation and at the Female Seminary. She married at Vinita on April 4, 1886. Lucien Webster Buffington, born April 15, 1857, on Beattie's Prairie, Delaware District. He was educated in the Public Schools of that vicinity. He came as a boy to Vinita, shortly after it was established and lived there until his death, which occurred on December 3, 1919. Quite unostentatious and gentlemanly, he accumulated an extra compensation and for several years preceding his death had been president of the Vinita National bank. He was elected Town Lot Commissioner in 1886 and 1888. He was the son of William Wirt and Josephine (Bell) Buffington and his paternal grandparents were John Adair and Jennie (Martin) Bell.
 Nancy E. Buffington is the daughter of Samuel and Fannie (Daniel) Gunter. Samuel Gunter was born March 16, 1840. in Skin Bayou District. He was the most intrepid and daring of Watie's captains. He married in 1864 at Spencer Academy, Choctaw Nation, Fannie, the daughter of Robert Buffington and Ann (Taylor) Daniel. Robert B. Daniel was elected Senator from Deleware District in 1847, Clerk of the Senate in 1849 and Assistant Chief of the Cherokee Nation in 1871. He died January 16, 1872. Captain Samuel and Fannie Gunter were the parents of Nannie E., John Edward, born November 12, 1869, and Sammie, born July 31, 1873, and married Andrew Bell Cunningham.

Galbreath, Mrs. Earl.—Carrie Choteau Cornatzer was born in Delaware District, February 18, 1872, educated at Vinita and Lawrence, Kansas. Married November 27, 1900, Benjamin F. Choteau, born February 18, 1861, in Johnson County He died January 20, 1903, and she married January 20, 1914, Earl, son of Edward and Anna Galbreath, born July 23, 1890, in Boone County, Missouri. Her son by her first marriage, Walter Choteau, was born August 4, 1902, Mr. Galbreath is a farmer near Big Cabin.
 Marie Therese Bourgeois, an orphan Creole of New Orleans, married Auguste Rene Choteau, a native of Southeastern France, Her son, Jean Pierre Choteau, founded St. Louis, Missouri, when he was less than fifteen years of age. His second wife was Bridget Sancier and their youngest son, Frederick Bates Choteau, together with his elder brother, founded Kansas City. Missouri. Frederick Bates Choteau married Elizabeth Tooley. a Shawnee, and they were the parents of William Myers Choteau who married Mary Silverheel and they were the parents of Benjamin F. Choteau. who married Caroline Cornatzer and is the father of Walter Choteau.

Gentry, Mrs. William M. (See Hicks)—Margaret, daughter of Robert Pay and Cynthia Jane (Horn) Taylor, was born Nov. 10, 1873, educated at Worcester Academy, and Willie Halsell College, Vinita. Married at Weston, Texas, April 18, 1891. William M. son of W. J. and Nancy A. Gentry, born August 10, 1S7I, in Ray County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Ralph Ray. born July 7. 1893; Blanche Sunbeam, born Oct. 15, 1896; Christopher Robert, born March 23, 1900; Winnie Gertrude, born April 7, 1902; Hearst T., born May 6, 1904: William Lee, born April 30, 1908; Annie Audrey, born January 28, 1910; Ruth, born Dec. 28, 1912, and Juna Gentry, born March 2, 1916. True to the family custom. William M. Gentry is a farmer and raiser of thoroughbred saddle stock at his splendidly equipped Rose Valley Farm.
The rest is unreadable.

Goss, Benjamin F.
Unreadable

Gott, A. M.
Unreadable

George. Mrs. Etielle (See Grant)
Unreadable

Graham, Mr.. T. O. (See Grant)
First part unreadable.
est of whom was Susannah whose third husband was General Joseph Martin of the Revolutionary army and later U. S. agent for the Cherokees. General and Susannah Martin's daughter Nannie married Jeter Lynch an Irishman. Maria, daughter of Jeter and Susannah Lynch married Johnson Thompson and later Andrew Brown Cunningham. From this union were born the following children: James Franklin Thompson who married Caroline Elizabeth McCord; Joseph Lynch Thompson, married Frances Kell; Alice Tucker; and Miranda King, nee Riley: Sabra Anne Cunningham married Lucien Burr Bell and Jeter Thompson Cunningham, born Dec. 1, 1843, was 1st Lieut, of Co. A, First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers in the Confederate service, under Captain Hugh Tinnon and Colonel Stand Watie. He married on June 13, 1S86 Camille Moore, born Feb. 12, 1S49. He was elected to the Council from Delaware District August 2, 1869 and August 4, 1873; Elected Clerk of the same district August 2, 1875. Mrs. Keziah Camille Cunningham was the daughter of Elijah and Jamima (Landrum) Moore, and the grand-daughter of James and Rebecca (Duncan) Landrum.
 Jeter Thompson and Keziah Camille Cunningham were parents of Andrew Bell Cunningham, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation; Catherine Aurora born February 17, 1871, married Connell Rogers; Jeter Thompson born January 12, 1873, married Margaret ElliS; Keziah Elizabeth, born January 14, 1875, married Oliver Lynch Wyly, and Hugh Morgan Rogers Lily May, born May 23, 1879, married George Owen Grant; Belle, born April 26, 1881, graduated from the Female Seminary May 25, 1900, married Dec- 21, 1910; Thomas Oscar Graham, born December 4, 1875. Albert Sidney Johnson born February 19, 18S3, married Margaret Daugherty; Roxana born March 8, 1885 married Dr. E. B. Reed.

Humphreys, Margaret nee Woodall (See Hendricks)'—Margaret Woodall, born July 18, 1866. Married at Tahlequah Nov. 24, 1909. James Humphreys, born in Monroe County, Tennessee in 1867. They are the parents of Roxis, born August 30, 1910; Harrison, born March 16, 1912; Eula, born June 10, 1914; and Virgil, born May 3, 1916. James Humphreys is a Mason and an Odd Fellow. Hendricks, Thomas Sr. (See Hendricks) Thomas Hendricks was born Aug. 29, 1839. He served during the Civil War in the Indian Home Guards under Captain Blunt. Married at Park Hill in 1869, Nellie Ragsdale, born September 22, 1839. They were the parents of Rufus. Thomas, Susie and Janana Hendricks. Thomas Hendricks was elected Councilor from Tahlequah District August 3, 1885.

Hendricks, Thomas Jr. (See Hendricks)—Thomas Hendricks, Jr. born at Tahlequah Jan. 14, 1877. Educated at Tahlequah. Married at Tahlequah Jan. 11, 1899, Maud Stanley, born April 25, 1888- She died Mar. 6, 1910. They were the parents of: Robert E. born Dec. 9, 1899; Clara M. born May 2, 1900; Viola, born October 21, 1902; Thelma G. born October 16, 1904; Wirt, born April 4, 1906 ;and Maude Hendricks, born February 25, 1908. Mrs Hendricks died March 6, 1910 and he married at Muskogee Septtember 29, 1910, Bessie Bagley born February 19, 1895 in Missouri. They are the parents of Hazel, born September 16, 1912; Poss, born February 2, 1915; Pauline, born June 9. 1918, and Thomas Franklin Hendricks born March 13, 1921. Mr. Hendricks Cherokee name is Teeseeyauke, he is a member of the A. H. T. A.

Heflin, D. G. (See Grant and Ghigau)—Elizabeth Christine, daughter of Dr. Jeter Lvnch and Mary Jane (Taylor) Thompson, born Jan. 28, 1854, in Delaware Dist. Married Oct. 17, 1871. William, son of William and (Timberlake) Eubanks. born in Going Snake District, Dec. 3, 1S41. He enlisted in 1861 in Captain George Harlan Starr's Co. of the First Cherokee Mounted Rifles. Was First Lieutenant of Captain William Taylor's Company and upon the decease of Taylor he became Captain. He was elected Executive Councilor in November 1887. Mrs. Eubanks died March 29. in 12. They were the parents of Ada Archer Eubanks, born at Tahlequah June 25, 1884, educated at Tahlequah and Female Seminary. Married at Tahlequah July 30, 1905, Dessis Garfield, son of Rachel and J. Barto Heflin, born February 10, 1882 in Harrison, Boon County, Arkansas. She died February 21, 1913. They were the parents of Dennis Garfield born at Tahlequah May 24, 1906 and Rachel Elizabeth Heflin, born at Tahlequah April 18, 1909.

Harlan, William Lee (See Ghisau and Grant)—William Lee, son of George Washington and Sarah Jane (Cecil) Harlan was born in Delaware District, September 12, 1871. Married March ??, ????, Lucinda, daughter of William and Charlotte (Mayes) Ballard, born near Carey's ferry on Grand River June 11, 1879. She graduated from the Female Seminary June 2?, 1899. They are the parents of: Grace Leota, born July 4, 1905; Vanney, born July 27, 1907; Jewell Bernice, born March 12, 1913 and William Lee Harlan, born July 20, 1920.
 Mr. and .Mrs. Harlan are members of the Methodist Church. He is a farmer and stockraiser near White Oak.
 William, son of Archibald and Annie, (Fields) Ballard born in Delaware District May 29, 1852 and educated in that District. Married December 26, 1871 Charlotte Mayes, born August 6, 1S5I. They are the parents of .Mrs. Lucinda (Ballard) Harlan

Hawkins, Roswell Drake (See Ghigau)—Roswell Drake, son of Adison Gregory and Ruth (Parks) Hawkins was born in Vinita March 27, 1891. Educated at Vinita and Kemper Military College. Married at Los Angeles, Calif. Aug. 21, 1911. La Donne Helen, daughter of Joseph and Mabel Paulet, born Aug. 15, in Centralis, Cook Co, Ill. They are the parents of Roswell Drake, Jr., born March 5, 1918 and Beverly Joyce Hawkins, born March 18, 1921. Mr. Hawkins is one of the prosperous young cattlemen of Craig County.
 Mrs. Ruth Hawkins is the daughter of Supreme Judge George Washington and Louise (Spriggs) Parks.

Hayes, Mrs. Eliza (See Griffin)—Eliza, daughter of William and Eliza Griffin was born Sept. 25, 1861. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Taught school for some time and married at Webbers Falls on Jan. 11, 1883 Richard, son of John and Rebecca Hayes, born Sept. 3, 1859 in Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. They are the parents of Emma Hays, born Dec. 13, 1884.
 Mrs. Hayes is a member of the Methodist church. Her Cherokee name is Lesi Saluaya and she belongs to the Holly clan

Horrell, Mrs. Louise H.
Unreadable

Hickey, George H.
Unreadable

Hickey, John Walter.
Unreadable

Harris., Mrs. J. W. (See England)—
First part unreadable. Married at Siloam Spring, Arkansas, July 10, 1886, John Wesley Harris, born June 23. 1867, in Winebago County, Illinois. They are the parents of: Flora May, born July 25, 1887; Gertrude N., born January 13, 1889; Ulalah S., born September 5, 1890; Roy C, born April 20, 1892, and John Wesley Harris, born June 3, 1897. Mr. Harris is a farmer and stock raiser near Vinita. He was elected County Commissioner of Craig County, September 17, 1907.
 Joseph Roswell Harris was born in Durant, Illinois, Nov. 17, 1837. Served in the Civil war in Company H, 74th Illinois Infantry; married Aug. 27, 1866, Rachel Putney. She died November 23, 1911, and he died May 23, 1921. They were the parents of: John Wesley and Ulalah Harris.
 Arminda England was born November 25. 1831; married William England, Isaac Schrimsher and Elias H. Jenkins. She died December 27, 1879.

Harris, Colonel Johnson (See Grant, Cordery and Adair)—Colonel Johnson Harris, named for his father's friend, Colonel Johnson, was born April 19, i856, in Georgia; died at Muskogee, Sept. 25, 1921. Educated in Canadian District and Male Seminary. Married August 12, 1877, Nannie E., daughter of Richard F., and Rachel Elizabeth (Goss) Fields, born October 7, 1849. She died November 14, 1887, and he married March 4, 1891, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of William Penn and Sarah Ann (Adair) Adair, born June 12, 1864. She died Nov. 11, 1902, and he married Caroline Alice Collins nee Hall. Colonel Johnson Harris is the father of: Benna Vista, born October 26, 1877; William Richard, born January 23, 1880. Graduated from Male Seminary, May 24, 1900. Died October 24, 1917; Colonel Johnson, born March 22, 1882, married February 22, 1910. Caroline Elizabeth Ghormley, born June 3, 1888. Graduated from Female Seminary June 1, 1905. They are the parents of Ewing Johnson, born December 14, 1910; Russell Fields, born July 27, 1912; Buena W,, born May 6, I9l4; Jocarey, born October 6, 1916; Nannie, born September 6, 1918. and William Richard Harris, born April 12. 1921. Joel Adair, born June 22, 1894 and died June 30, 1915, Caroline Ellen, born November 8, 1896. Married September 24, 1919, W. A. Robertson; and Charles Hasting Harris, born August 15, 1899. Colonel Johnson Harris was elected Senator from Canadian District in 1881, 1883 and 1885. He was President of the Senate from 1883 to 1885. Elected delegate to Washington in 1886 and 1895. Elected Treasurer November 6, 1891, and on the 23rd of the succeeding month was elected Principal Chief. Elected Senator from Tahlequah District in 1899.

Hendricks, Rufus—(See Hendricks)—Rufus, son of Thomas and Nellie Hendricks was born October 25, 1869, educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married at Tahlequah December 22, 1895 to Susie, daughter of Joseph and Almeda Stanley, born March 22, 1876 in Jasper County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Joseph born September 29, 1896; James, born November 12, 1897; Willdie, born January 6, 1899; Marcus A. born July 26, 1901; Harvey, born March 29, 1903; Edna, born August 2, 1906; Herchell, born July 13, 1908; Herbert, born April 17, 1910; Ethel, born November 4, 1911; Iva, born May 16, 1913; Elva born November 3, 1915, and Dolora, born January 4, 1917, Mr. Hendricks is one of the representative farmers of his community and has been a member of the district school board for seven years.

Henry, Mrs. W. G.—(See Downing, Daniel and Foreman)—Nannie Catherine Daniel, born January 12, 1835, married December 23. 1857 Anderson Springton Wilson, born in 1830. They were the parents of DeWitt, born January 7. 1860; James Daniel born February 2, 1S61 and May Wilson, born May 1, 1862. Anderson Springston Wilson died December 26, 1865 and his widow married Henry Clay Barnes in 1872; Henry Clay Barnes was born at Dwight Mission, Cherokee Nation, August 29, 1845. They were the parents of Myrtle, born July 25. 1874, educated at Tahlequah Female Seminary, married May 14, 1891 Wallace Gibbs Henry, born April 6, 1872.
 W. G. and Myrtle Henry are the parents of DeWitt Clinton, born April 11, 1892; Roy Wilson, born July 22, 1897 and Myra May born Dec. 8, 1903. Nancy Catherine Barnes died Dec. 10, 1889.

Hammett, James W.—(See Mills and Grant)—Mary Mills, Cherokee name Gau-le-tsa, born December 25, 1875 near Sallisaw, is the daughter of Charles and Margaret (Johnson) Mills. Educated at Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married James W. Hammett. They are the parents of: Richard L., born January 3, 1895, married Ruby Landrum; Mary Elizabeth, born August 3, 1869 Ethel Christine, born December 25, 1898 and James E. Hammett, born September 8, 1901.

Hallum, Mrs. William O.—Mary Ella daughter of R. L. and Eliza Jane (Morris) England, born in Delaware District, February 11, 1882, educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married February 12, 1900 William O., son of Wm. B. burn October 17, 1821, died October 25, 1895, and Micca (England) Hallum, born June 8, 1825, died November 14, 1887 in Georgia. They are the parents of Maude Evelyn, born January 10, 1901, married Marion B. Carico and has one son, Jock Carico, born September 5, 1919; Eliza May, born April 9, 1903; Susie Leona, born October 3, 1907 and Sadie Floris Hallum. born January 2, 1914.

Houston, Mrs. Lee—(See Ward)—Stella Lenora, daughter of Lovell Peabody and Johnanna (Powell) Ballard. born in Delaware District, August 23, 1900. Educated at Ketchum. Married at Siloam Springs, Arkansas, September 2, 1916, Lee, son of A. P. and Mary Houston, born July 26, 1892 in Berry County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Lillie May, born July 15, 1917 and Mary Ann Houston, born March 31, 1920. Mr. Houston is a farmer near Ketchum.

 Nancy, daughter of James and Sidney (Redding) Ward was born Jan. 29, 1830. Married Sept. 21, 1845, Cal Dean Gunter, born March 30, 1818. He died March 27, 1898. They were the parents of Anna Eliza Gunter, born May 4, 1848 and married John Powell. Their daughter, Johnanna Powell was born February 15, 1869 and married February 2S, 1899, Lovell Peabody Ballard, born January 27, 1879 in Benton County, Arkansas. She died August 20. 1920.

Howell, Mrs. C W.—(See Hildebrand)—Sena B., daughter of John T. and Laura (Hildebrand) Davis was born in Delaware District, September 20, 1887, educated at the Cherokee National Schools. Married at Vinita, February 11, 1906, C. W., son of Lemuel and Elizabeth Howell. They are the parents of Nora May, born May 31, 1913, Woodrow Wilson, born November 5, 1916;
The rest is unreadable.

Hendricks, Mrs. James B.
Unreadable

Hogue, Mrs. Joseph S.—(See l><i|<»i!i» and Ghigau)—Mary Erskine Clark. born on December 12, 1880. educated at Jackson, Tennessee. Married at Chelsea June
Unreadable, 1898 Joseph Sterling Hogue. born January 28. 1867 in Granger County. Tennessee. They are the parents of Joseph Clarke, born January 7, 1900; Condroy Lea. born June 20. 1903 and Sarah Erskine Hogue, born April 7, 1906.
 Mr. Hogue is a live stock dealer al Chelsea. Mrs. Hogue is the daughter of Richard and Emma (Lea) Clark and the granddaughter of Armstrong and Minerva Jane (Walker) Lea.

Jones, Mrs. George W.—Annie Unreadable daughter of L. Baxter and Frances P. (McGee) Prather was born in Unreadable, Delaware District. November 17, Unreadable, and educated in Female Seminary Married Unreadable Vinita September 25, ??05. George W of Winfield The rest is unreadable.

Journeycake, Mrs. ElizaUnreadable—Eliza Ann, daughter of Unreadable Catherine (Benge) Daniel born June 1Unreadable, 1860. educated at the Cherokee Orphan Assylum, married December 23, 1881 Isaac Newton Journeycake, born February, 1859 and died in 1916. They were the parents of; Robert Joseph, born October 26, 1882 and died April 14, 1903; Jesse Daniel, born March 21, 1890 , married Georgia Shamblin; Isaac Newton, born October 23, 1892, married Tanna Crisp, and Bender Journeycake, born May 23, 1895.
Mrs. Journeycake's Cherokee name is Chiouke.

Jones, Mrs. Dr. J. S.—(See Foreman)—Mary Elizabeth Dege, born in Atlanta, Georgia, October 30, 1881, educated at Pryor and Female Seminary. Married October 5, 1907, J. S. Jones, D. D. S. They are the parents of James Staunton, born January 5, 1909; Mary Pauline, born July 7, 1911 and Helen Mercedes Jones, born September 13. 1913.
Dr. Jones is a graduate of the Southern Dental College of Atlanta, Georgia. He was a volunteer in the World War and was stationed at Camp Greenleaf, was commissioned a First Lieutenant and transferred to Camp Mills, N. Y. Received his discharge on January 21, 1919. He is at present the Commander of the American Legion camp at Pryor. Mrs. Dr. Jones belongs to the Baptist church, is an Eastern Star and White Shriner.

Anthony Foreman, a Scotchman married Susie, a full blood Cherokee of the Savannah Clan and their daughter Catherine married James Bigby. They were the parents of Mary Anna Bigby, born August 9, 1802, she married David Taylor, born in Orange County, Virginia, December 16, 1791. Their son James Taylor was the father of Laura Alice Taylor, born June 10, 1846, in North Carolina, married at Walhalla, South Carolina, October 13, 1867, John Henry Dege born February 4, 1845 in Bassum, Hanover Germany and they were the parents of Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Jones.
Johnston, John Edward.—(See Ross, Oolootsa and Wilson)—John Edward Johnston, born March 21, 1881. Married December 25, 1906 at Muldrow, Oklahoma, Ida, daughter of Alexander F. and Nannie (Ridding) McKinney, born June 10, 1SS7. Mrs. Johnston died April 21, 1915. They were the parents of Albert Sidney, born December 23. 1907; John Edward, born August 2, 1909; William Alexander, born November 28, 1910; and Joseph Franklin Johnston, born January 28, 1910. Mr. Johnston married Mrs. Anne Bruton Levy, February 25. 1921 .
John Edward Johnston was elected Sheriff of Sequoyah County, September 17, 1907; November 8, 1910 and Navember 5, 1912
Catherine, a full blood Cherokee married John Gunter, said to have been a Welshman. Their son, Samuel, married Ayoka and their son, George Washington Gunter, married Eliza Nave. He was elected Senator from Sequoyah District, August 6, 1849. Their daughter Susan Catherine Gunter married Robert Johnston and James Choate and was the mother of Albert Main Johnson who married Delilah Baldridge and they are the parents of John E. Johnston, the subject of this sketch. Albert M. Johnston was elected Sheriff of Sequoyah District August 4, 1879 and August 1, 1881.

Riggs, William G.—(See Sanders, Grant and Ross)—Juliette Scrimsher Chambers, born November 25, 1873 near Claremore, educated in the Cherokee National schools and graduated from the Fort Worth Business College, married at Claremore June 22, 1902 William Grant Riggs, born January 14, 1869 in Missouri . They are the parents of; Lee Grant, born June 21, 1908 and Joseph Vann Riggs born November 27, 1914. Mr. Riggs is a substantial stockholder in the Farmers Bank and Trust Co., of Claremore. By a former marriage Mr. Riggs has three thildren; Martha Mary, born June 14, 1896; William Edgar, born November 8, 1898 and Rolla L. Riggs, born August 31, 1900. Mrs. Juliette S. Riggs' Cherokee name is Wuti and she belongs to the Bird Clan.
Henry Chambers, son of Maxwell and Elsie (Sanders) Chambers, was born April 21, 1823, married Nancy Hendricks, born September 4, 1825. He was elected Senator from Cooweescoowee District August 2, 1875 and August 5, 1877. Mrs. Nancy Chambers died November 26, 1879. He was elected Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation in 1883 and Assistant Chief on August 3, 1891. He died of infuenza at Tahlequah on December 10, 1891. His son Vann Chambers was born on February 15, 1850 married July 28, 1871 Jennie D. McCoy, born April 25. 1854. They are the parents of: Juliette Schrimsher, Elizabeth. Louis R., Vann Sanders, Clarence, Cora and Rogers Chambers.

Keith, James G—James G., son of Joel M. and Susan Ann (McClure) Keith was born in Georgia, March 4, 1874, and educated in that State. He married at Claremore, March 4, 1900, Lottie, daughter of A. L. and Abigal Knox, born April 2, 1880 in Concordia, Kansas and was educated in that state. They are the parents of; Joel A. born May 27, 1901; Viola R., born January 7, 1903; James R., born October 27 1905; Mary A., born August 2, 1907; Susan E., born November 7, 1916; Sarah Charlotte born February 25, 1919; and LaVaughn Keith, born July 26, 1921. Mr. Keith is a member of the A. H. T. A. and of the Baptist church.

Kerr, Mrs. Robert—Anna Marie, daughter of John and Jane (Daugherty) Greenfeather was born in Delaware District, February 3, 1885. Educated at Ketchum. Married at Vinita. in January 1905. Robert, son of Alexander and Tilda Kerr, born August 30, 1890. They are the parents of: Cora, born August 30, 1901 married Clyde Bosley: Tilda, born June 30, 1904; Robert, born July 23, 1906; Lee Allen, born September 17, 1910; Lora May, born October 2S, 1912 and Irene Elizabeth Kerr, born January 16, 1917. .Mr. Kerr is a farmer near Ketchum.

Keys, Elizabeth (See Grant, Ghigau. Foreman, Adair and Riley)—James Mcintosh Keys, born near the mouth of Fourteen Mile Creek in Tahlequah District, March 25, 1843. Educated in that District. He enlisted at the beginning of the war under his cousin Captain O. H. P. Brewer and served four years in the Confederacy. Naturally kind, considerate and of much more than ordinary native ability. He married in March 16, 1869 Nancy Jane Mayes, born April 29, 1850 near Baptist, Going Snake District. She was educated at Baptist Mission. He was elected Solicitor of Cooweescoowee District August 4. 1879 and August 6, 1883. Elected senator from the same District August 3. 1891. Elected a member of the townsite commission in 1881 and Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation in November 1885. On the inception of statehood he was elected Senator from the twenty-ninth District.
James McDaniel and Nancy Jane (.Maves) Keys were the parents of; Dennis Bushyhead. The rest is unreadable

Kelley, Mrs. W. P.
Unreadable.

King, Richard W. (Ward)—Richard Willey, son of Judge Benjamin Cooper and Unreadablebie (Kadle) King was born August Unreadable educated at Tahlequah and Male Seminary. Married July 20, 1890 Melvin Holland(?) born May 26, 1871. They were the parents of Benjamin Cooper born December 23, 18?? married at Tahlequah August 30, ????? Peggy Balleau born in 1894. Has one ???????. Richard Chester King, born Nov. 15, ??????, Clifford Willey, born Dec. 27, 1902 and John King, born April 1, ????. Benjamin Cooper King was elected Judge of Tahlequah District. August 5, ????. Richard Willey King was elected County Commissioner of the Third District of Cherokee County on November 5. t9J2. He is an Odd Fellow and Knight of Pythios. Benjamin Cooper King Jr. is a Mason and Odd Fellow.

Letteer, Mrs. Roy (See Grant)—Labom? Lucile, daughter of Chief William ????? and Nannie (Haynie) Rogers, was born in Skiatook, May 4. ????. Educated at Skiatook and married in Oklahnma City ???? 19, 1920, Roy. Son of Mr. and Mrs. W. Letteer. They are the parents of Jan??? Letteer, born September 11, ????.
Mrs. Letteer is the daughter of William Charels Rogers the last chief of the Cherokees and the great grand-daughter of ???tain John Rogers, the last chief of the Old Settler Cherokees.

Lightle, James (See Thompson)—James, son of Edward and Sarah Lightle ?????? Tuesday, August 22, 1889 in Scammon, Cherokee County, Kansas. Educated at Talala. Married at Talala, November 6th, 1910, Nettie, daughter of Lawson and Mary Jane (Merrill) Runyar, born Nov. 6, 1886. They are the parents of Elsie Florence Lightle, born April 23, 1913.
Mr. Lightle is a pharmacist at Talala.

Little, Mrs. Joseph (See Grant)—Joseph Carter, son of William and Theresa Lane (Davis) Little was born at Vinita, Monday May 19, 1879. Educated in Worchester Academy, Vinita. Married at Chelsea Oct. 23, 1904, Myrtle, daughter of E. M. and Victoria (Powell) Arnold, born Oct. 23, 1884, and educated at Chelsea, Cherokee Nation. They are the parents of: Joseph, born April 5, 1907; William, born Sept. 30, 1909; Robert, born Aug. 31, 1911; Mary, born Nov. 12, 1913; Ruth, born March 9, 1918; James, born March 3, 1920. Mr. Little is one of the largest range and feeding cattle men in Oklahoma owning and leasing an extensive acreage for that purpose west of Ramona.

Lane, Rosa Gazelle—Rosa Gazelle, daughter of Dr. Andrew Jackson Lane born March 27, 1851 in Giles County, Tennessee graduated from the University of Louisiana in 1874. married December 25, 1877, Lucinda E. Journeycake nee Elliott, born April 14, 1852 at Leavenworth Kas. He died Oct. 31, 1896; Lane born Jan. 31, 1882 near Oowala, Cherokee Nation. She was educated at the Oowala public school, Female Seminary, graduating June 9, 1903, Lexington, Mo. and Petersburg, Virginia. Taught school several years and elected City Clerk of Claremore in 1921. She is a member of the Claremore Eastern Star Chapter and P. E. O. Sisterhood, chapter K. at Tulsa.

Lee, David M. (See Downing)—David Marshall, son of John and Mary (Faulkner) Lee, was born in Sequoyah District July 9, 1861, educated in Male Seminary. Married March 12, 1881, Mary Elmira. daughter of James Franklin and Elmire (Simcoe) Bethel, born September 10, 1858 in Sebastian County, Arkansas. They are the parents of Florence Ada, deceased; Lizzie May, born Jan. 16, 1883, married W. F. Wasson; Lou Emma, born December 15, 1886, married James A. Jackson and died July 28, 1920; Flossie Edna, born February 13, 1889, married James B. Galloway and Frank Emmett Lee, born October 23, 1891 and married Mary Daugherty. David Marshall Lee is a Mason, Odd Fellow and Knight of Pythias. He was elected to council from Sequoyah District, August 1, 1887. Mr. and Mrs. Lee have gratuitously adopted and reared the following orphans: James Sanderrs, Florence Emma Lackey, Mary Jane Lee, Wash Lee, Maudie May Lee, Carnell Overtaker, Alfred Andrews. David Bates Jackson, Flossie May Jackson and James P. Jackson, Jr.
Benjamin, son of Thomas and Catherine Pettit, married Peggy Cunningan and their daughter Nannie married Franklin Faulkner and they were the parents of Mary Faulkner who married John Lee.

Lipe, John Casper (See Grant, Thornton, Thompson, Oolootsa and Ross)—John Casper, son of Clark Charlesworth and Margaret Emma (Thompson) Lipe was born November 27, 1878, educated at the Cherokee public school, graduated from Male Seminary June 30, 1899 and from Spauldings Commercial College of Kansas City in July 13, 1906 Anna Belle Price, born Jan. 2, 1887 in Gonzales, Texas. She was educated at Oolagah and graduated from Female Seminary June 1, 1905. They have one daughter; Muriel Joy Lipe born March 21, 1908. Mr. Lipe's Cherokee name is Tauaneesie, he is an Elk, Woodman of the World, Knight Templar and Shriner.
Looney Price was born in February 1799, married December 28, 183 7 Lititia Coady. This talented and cultivated family moved to Texas before the Civil War. Their son Daniel Coady Price, born January 31, 1844 was a member of Co. A., Terry's Texas Ranger regiment during the Civil War, elected sheriff of Gonzales Co., Texas November 4, 1882 he married Mary Anna Jones and they were the parents of: Anna Belle (Price) Lipe.
Oliver Wack Lipe born January 20, 1914 at Fort Plains, N. Y.. he was elected Captain in the New York State Guards in 1833. He married in 1839, Catherine Vaught nee Gunter, born at Gunter's Landing in Alabama in May 1811. He was Commissary in Stand Watie's regiment. His son Clark Charlesworth Lipe was Adjutant in Captain John Scrimsher's company in the Confederate Cherokee service. Adjutant Lipe always ended up his roll call wifh the names of three of the full blood Cherokee soldiers: "Runabout, Turnover and Kickup." John Casper Lipe has served one year in the Missouri National Guards and was Captain of the first Home Guard company organized in the state of Oklahoma receiving his commission from Gov. Robert L. Williams.

Lamon, Mrs. William A. (See Grant and Cordery)—Martha Evaline Clingan, born at Gibson Station Cherokee Nation, March 21, 1874, educated at the Female Seminary and Sedalia, Missouri, taught at Harrell Institute at Muskogee, and married at Gibson Station February 1, 1899, William Archibald, Son of Robert A. and Melvina Lamon, born March 15, 1869 in Granada, Miss. They are the parents of: Mary E., born October 29, 1899; Melvina, born April 17, 1901; Catherine Wise, born October 27, 1902; Helen Martha, April 22, 1904; William Archibald, born February 4, 1910; Robert Edward, born February 4, 1^)12, and John Clingan Lamon, born May 3, 1913.
William Archibald Lamon is engaged in the realty and cotton business and owns the Farmers and Merchants gin at Wagoner. Mrs. Lamon is a Methodist, Eastern Star and White Shriner, a member of the Twentieth Century Club and the Home Mission Society. William Davidson, son of Alexander and Martha (Blythe) Clingan was born November 25, 1833 in Bradley county Tennessee; served the Confederate army as First Lieutenant Company K, l5th Texas Cavalr. Married at Perryville, Choctaw Nation February 6, 1870 Mary Jane, daughter of Samuel and Margaret (Vickery) Bumgarner, born January 18, 1845 on the Grand river Going Snake District. William Davidson Clingan died March 3 1, 1912. They were the parents of Mrs. Martha Lamon. The name Baumgarner is derived from the Ger

Lipe, Lulu (See Oolootsa. Ross, Foreman and Riley)—Sarah Lulu Foreman, born March 15, 1875, educated at Oowala public school and the Female Seminary, from which she graduated in 1895. Married January 4, 1899 John Gunter Lipe, born December 16, 1864 He was educated at the Male Seminary and the University of Arkansas; engaged in the farming and cattle business; was a Mason, Elk, and Woodman of the World; he died Mav 20, 1913. Mr. and Mrs. Lipe were the parents of: Flora Foreman, born November 14, 1899; Ada Catherine, born August 27, 1901; Dewitt, born January 26, 1904: Lucy Campbell, born March 28, Unreadable

Landrum, Johnson —Johnson Landrum. born 1860. Married April 2, 1880. ?????????? Isabel, daughter of Stephen Gray and ??????? Abigal (Hopkins) Garbarini, born June 1868. They were the parents of: Josephine, born May 6, ????; Lawrence, born May 12, ????; Stephen Edward. born July 18, 18??; Mary Isabel, born January 21, 1898; Ada M. Jaunita T. and Helena B. Landrum died November ??????.
James Landrum. a white man, married Rebecca Duncan, a half-blond Scotch-Cherokee. Their son. John, married Nellie Otterlifter and they were the parents of Johnson Landrum.

Lowry, Andrew Nave—Andrew Nave Lowry, born March 6, ????, married March 26, 1882 Dora Pinkner nee Bruton, born February 16. 186? in Barry County. Missouri. They are the parents of James Bruton, Mary, married Levi Clark. Daniel Valentine; Charles Anderson; Jeanelle Starr; Andrew; George Henry; Lucy and ??? C. Lowry. Andrew N. Lowry belonts to the Wolf Clan and his Cherokee name is Wahvaneet.

Lawrence, (See Grant. Adair and ?????)—Sarah Jane Adair, born March ??, 1875 at Salina; educated in the Cherokee National schools; Female Seminary. from which she graduated June ??, ????. Howard Payne College. Favelle, Missouri June 9. 1896. She married December ??, 1899. James Aueustus Lawrence. born, ???? 18, 1856 in Texas. They are the parents of two sons: Augustus Adair, born Apr. ???? and Gilbert Shelmn. born ???? 1903. Mr. Lawrence is the principal merchant of Tahlequah, and thev have a ??????? just east of the city. Mrs. Lawrence is a descendant of the Martin family of Virginia Unreadable was the father of three children: George, Nannie and Joseph. He furnished Joseph with a ship, the Brice, and sent him to Virginia in the first quarter of the eighteenth century to keep him from contracting a marriage in England to which the father objected. Joseph married in Virginia, Susannah Childs, a member of a prominent Colonial family. They settled near Charlotteville, Albermarle county in that state where their third son Joseph Jr., was born in 1740. Joseph Jr. became a fur trader and planter, amassing a great deal of wealth. He was elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 1776, became Major February 17, 1779, Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. His activities were directed against the loyalist (Tory) English, Cherokees and others of the allies in the country west of the Alleghany Mountains, they having been stirred to violence by a letter of May 9, 1776, from the British Superintendent of Southern Indian Affairs, calling on them for concerted action in killing men, women and children of the Revolutionists and their sympathizers. The South had been practically subjugated by the summer of 1780, and it was only by the efforts of such transmountain patriots as Colonel Joseph Martin that it was possible for a part of the soldiers to strike and destroy Ferguson at King's Mountain October 7, 1780 and thereby turn the tide in favor of the Americans. Colonel Martin was not at King's Mountain, as he was busy holding the British allies of the West at bay. He was elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twentieth Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor Henry Lee of Virginia on December 11, 1793.
 Martinsville, county seat of Henry county Virginia, and the place of his residence was named for him. He visited the Cherokee Nation in 1808, shortly after his visit and return home died on December 18, 1808, and was buried with military and Masonic honors. His brother Brice, named for his father's ship, was a Major in the Creek War. His nephew Brice Hammack was a resident of Warren county, Missouri.
 General Joseph Martin married Susannah Fields, nee Emory, and their children were: John, born October 20, 1781, first Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation 1819, and the first Supreme Judge 1821. His wives Nellie and Lucy McDaniel were sisters. John Martin was elected Town Site Commissioner of New Echota November 12, 1825. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1827 from Coosweescoowee District. He came west in the spring of 1838 and located on Grand River, near the Grand Saline. He died October 17, 1840 and is buried at Ft. Gibson. Nancy Martin, second child of General Joseph and Susannah Martin, married Jeter Lynch, and Sabra, the third daughter of General and Mrs. Martin married Daniel Davis who was born in 1785 in North Carolina, and he died in June 1866.
 Judge John, and Nellie (McDaniel) Martin's oldest child was Martha, called "Patsy" born April 7, 1815, married June 25, 1829 George Washington Adair, born December 11, 1806. He was one of the leaders of the Treaty party and died April 22, 1862. Mrs. Martha Adair died January 24, 1825. George Washington and Martha Adair were the parents of: William Penn, born April 18, 1830; Brice Martin, named for his maternal uncle, born November 5, 1830; Dr. Walter Thompson, born March 13, 1838, married Rev. Joseph Franklin Thompson; Benjamin Franklin, born September 22, 1842, served four years in the Confederate service, married April 4, 1869 Mary Delilah McNair, died April 1885; Benjamin Franklin Adair died September 21, 1894; Rachael Jane, born December 20, 1845 and married Milton Howard McCullough; Cherokee Cornelia Adair, born June 16, 1848, married Jesse Bushyhead Mayes.
Benjamin Franklin and Mary Delilah (McNair) Adair were the parents of: Brice Martin, born February l7, 1870, and died May 27, 1898; Sarah Jane (Bluie) and Cherokee Cornelia, born January 11, 1881; graduated from the Female Seminary, 1899, graduated from Howard Payne College, Fayette, Mo., 1901. Married Junius Brutus Moore, January 10, 1904.

Lipe, Clarke Charlesworth, (See Thornton, Oolootsa and Thompson)—Clarke Charlesworth Lipe was born November 15, 1887, married at Tulsa July 19, 1914 Lucy V. daughter of John and Sarah Sellers born Nov. 22, 1888 near Stilwell, Cherokee Nation. They are the parents of Clarke Charlesworth Lipe born January 4, 1916. Mr. Lipe's Cherokee name is, Oolasant. Mrs. Lipe is a member of the Baptist church.
John Gunter married Catherine a full blood Cherokee of the Paint Clan settled on the Tennessee River in Alabama, where he made powder and a ferry. Their daughter Catherine as her second husband Oliver born January 20, 1814 at Fort Plains, New York. He was a merchant at Fort gibson and the first mayor of that town. He had five children of whom Chjarke Charlesworth was the youngest. One of Clarke Charlesworth's oldr brothers was John Gunter Lipe, born January 1, 1844. Though ordinarily happy and pleasant he wrote the following lines in the autograph album of Miss. Victoria Susan Hicks on February 27, 1861:
"I stand at the portal and knock,
And tearfully, prayerfully wait,
O! who will unfasten the lock.
And open the beautiful gate?

Forever and ever and ever.
Must I linger and suffer alone?
Are there none that are able to sever.
The fetters that keep me from home?

My spirit is lonely and weary.
I long for the beautiful streets.
The world is so chilly and dreary,
And bleeding and torn are my feet."
John Gunter Lipe.
He was killed in a skirmish on Bayou Monard on July 27, 1812,

McSpadden, Oscar Lyle, (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Oscar Lyle ,McSpadden. born November 2, 1892 educated at Chelsea; married September 1920, Georgia Craig.
Mr. McSpadden is engaged in stock raising for the firm of Milam & McSpadden near Magdalena New Mexico, where he has taken active part in the upbuilding of the comnuinity: he is a 32nd degree Mason and Shriner. Attended Business College in Coffeyville, Kas. Was in the stock business prior to going to New Mexico.

Mcintosh, Mrs. John R.—Maria L. Seguichy, born in Salina District of the Cherokee Nation, educated at the Female Seminary and Bacone University; taught school in Cooweescoowee and Delaware Districts; married at Chelsea, January 25, 1891 John Ross Mcintosh, born Feb. 26, 1866. They are the parents of, Beatrice N.. born December 11, 1891, married Paul W. Fry, and Ethel R.. born December 21, 1902. married Roy Johnson.
The rest is unreadable

McSpadden, John Thomas
Unreadable

McLaughlin, Mrs. William C. (See Grant, Ghigau, Foreman, Conrad, Duncan and Half breed)—William Cecil McLaughlin, born September 22, 1893, educated at Grove Stilwell and Muskogee, graduating in a business course from the latter. Married at Vinita, March 28, 1919, Lelia Leone, daughter of Richard Fields and Martha Adair (Brewer) Benge, born on Lynch's Prairie December 16, 1892. They are the parents of Cecil Benge McLaughlin, born May 10. 1921. Mr. McLaughlin is fanning near Adair.
Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and Catherine (Hicks) Miller married Philip Inlow a native of South Carolina and their son, Sylvester Inlow, born June 24, 1837, married December 28, 1861 Susannah Paden, born November 1, 1844. He died June 13, 1878 and she died February 13, 1889. Their daughter Margaret Caroline Inlow, born August 6, 1879 married September 20, 1890 Joshua Ezekial McLaughlin, born February 14, 1853.

Samuel, Mrs. P. W. (See Grant and Ghigau)—Florence Wilson McSpadden, born June 26, 1873 at Tahlequah. Educated at the Tahlequah City Schools and graduated from Female Seminary, June 23, 1892. Married at Tahlequah in January 1895 Philip Wharton Samuel born September 19, 1867 in Calloway County, Missouri and graduated from Spaulding's Business College May 2, 1888. They are the parents of Vance Ray, born November 21, 1897 and Maurine Samuel born October 22, 1902.
Philip Wharton Samuel is very prominent in the banking circles of the State, having been Cashier of the First National Bank at Pryor, President of First State Bank of Vinita for seven years. Cashier and late President of the Oklahoma State of Muskogee, which was changed under his management to the Exchange National Bank.
Mrs. Samuel is a member of the Methodist Church and was a tireless worker in World War Auxiliary activities.
James Walker, son of Reverend J. K. B. McSpadden, was born October 25, 1848 in Alabama, married April 18, 1872 Annie, daughter of Dr. Jeter Lynch and Mary Jane (Taylor) Thompson born May 4, 1852 in Delaware District, Cherokee Nation. They were the parents of Florence Wilson; Richard Vance, Mary Jane, who married Thomas R. Crookshank and James Walker McSpadden, Jr.
Mrs. Samuel's grandfather, Rev. Thomas K. B. McSpadden joined the Methodist Indian Conference October 30, 1879. He was from the Van Buren circuit of north Alabama. The rest of life work of this truly consecrated Missionary was among the Cherokees. He died in 1878 while in charge of the Fort Gibson Circuit.

McKisick, Mrs. J. H. (See Ghigau, Conrad and Duncan)—Nellie Josephine, daughter of Johnson Thompson and Catherine Isabel (Garbarine) Landrum, was born in Delaware District, May 6, 1890 and educated locally. Married at Vinita, August 8, 1910, James Houston, son of Charles D., and Lydia Elizabeth McKisick, born May 30, 1882 in Benton County, Ark. They are the parents of Stephen Dean, born June 14, 1912 and Clark Douglas McKisick, born August 6, 1919. Mr. McKisick is a mill owner and operator at Big Cabin. Mrs. Kiick is a member of the United Brethren Church.
John, son of James and Rebecca (Duncan) Landrum married Nellie Otterlefter and they were the parents of Johnson Thomp- son Landrum.
Samuel Candy, a white man, married Catherine, a full blood of the Wolf Clan. Their son, Samuel Candy, married Elizabeth West, a white woman. They were the parents of Ollie Candy who married Hair Conrad and their daughter Elizabeth married Daniel Hopkins. Daniel Hopkins and Elizabeth Hopkins were the parents of Sarah Abigal Hopkins, born Jan. 7, 1839 married September 9, 1860, Stephen Gray Garbarini, born September 8, 1827 in Tureila, Italy. They were the parents of Catherine Isabel, born June 23, 1868, married April 1889, Johnson Thompson Landrum. born in 1860. The word Garbarine in Italian, is. one who pleases by graciousness.

McLain, Mrs. Pleas L. (See Mayes)—Martha A., daughter of W. R. Wayburn born August 14, 183 5 in North Carolina, married in Rusk County, Texas November 23, 1854, Mary Ann Gage, born Nov. 7, 1835 in Georgia. Mrs. Wayburn died October 4, 1878 and Mr. Wayburn died July 29, 1879; born in Montague, Texas January 27, 1873, married near Pryor, August 23, 1891; Pleas L. son of Levi and Rebecca McLain. Mr. and .Mrs. Mclain are the parents of: Floy R. born October 5, 18?2 and died Oct. 27, 1891; Lloyd L. born January 11, 1894; Cora N. born December 12, 1896; Nannie R. born September 4, 1899; Cherry born November 8, 1903 and died January 19, 1904, and Watt Mayes McLain. born April 16, 1905.

Mayturn, Mrs. Walter, (See Gosaduesga)—Minnie Eveline daughter of Charles A. and Minerva (Nelms) Roberson, was born Monday September 22, 1884. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married at Chelsea Oct. 15, 1901, Walter M., son of John and Esther Mayturn, born Nov, 7, 1874 in Iowa. They are the parents of Amos, born August 28, 1902; Minerva C, born October 28, 1904; Zona Belle, born October 1, 1906; Florence, born Sept. 1, 1909; Glenn, born Feb. 19, 1913 and Alto, born June 8, 1915. Mr. Mayturn who is a progressive farmer near Bushyhead, is a member of the Woodmen of the World and has been a member of the District School Board for over seven years.
Minerva, daughter of Lewis and Mary (Denton) Nelms was born in the Cherokee Nation in July 1858. Married May 6, 1878 Charles A., son of Samuel and Elizabeth Roberson, born May 27, 1859 in Muscatine, Iowa.

Mayes, Hall, (See Grant, Downing, Foreman, Oolootsa, Adair. Ross, Conrad and Duncan)—Hall, son of Walter Adair and Nannie Riley (McCoy) Mayes was born near Pryor September 26, 1891, educated at Male Seminary, Bacone University and Agricultural College at Stillwater. Married at Muskogee, September 1, 1915, Sallie Pearl, daughter of Henry Clay and Nannie Vinita (West) Cochran, born October 18, 1893. Educated at Female Seminary and Northeastern State Normal, Tahlequah. They are the parents of Virginia Lee, born September 26, 1916; Mary Hall, born July 22, 1918 and Lucile Cochran Mayes, born July 19, 1920.
Samuel Mayes, born April 11, 1803, in Tennessee. Married January 27, 1824 Nancy Adair, born October 7, 1808. He died De cember 30, 1858 and she died March 18, 1876. They were the parents of George Washington Mayes born November 5, 1824. Married May 21, 1846, Charlotte Bushyhead
The rest is unreadable

Mounts, Mrs. John T.
Unradable.

Mitchell, William D. (See Hildebrand and Ghigau)—William D., son of Reese T and Rachel (Hildebrand) Mitchell was born October 5. 1854. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and is a blacksmith. He married in Delaware District March 7, 1875. Elizabeth, daughter of George and Elizabeth Newton, born June 1, 1855 in Marion County The rest is unreadable.

Merritt, L. L.—Lucas Leslie, son or Timothy Carpenter and Rosella Merritt, was born in Indiana May ???? and educated in that State. Married at Tilala Nov. 6, 1910. Mary Jane, daughter of Charles and Cynthia (Bible) ???????? October 4. 1890. Mr. Merritt is the ford agent at Talala.

Mayes, Dr. Joseph F. (See Adair ???? and Downing)—Dr. Joseph F. Mayes. born December 21, 1877, educated at Male Seminary, Central College. Fayette. Missouri and the Medical Department of Washlntlon University, St. Louis. Missouri. He graduated from the two latter institutions ???? located in St. Louis in his profession and rapidly built up a large practice. He married there on June 14, 1909 Miss Esmeralda Berry, born November 4, 1887. They are the parents of Esmeralda Mary, born January 21, 1913 and Samuel Houston Mayes, born August 11, 1917. Dr. Mayes is a thirtysecond degree Mason and a Shriner.
John Adair, a Scotchman married Gahoga, a full blood Cherkoee of the Deer Clan. They were the parents of: Walter Adair, called "Black Watt" born December 11, 1783, married May 15, 1804 Rachel Thompson born December 24, 1786. He died January 20, 1835 and she died April 22, 1876. They were the parents of: Nancy Adair, born October 7, 1808, married January 22, 1824 Samuel Mayes born April 11, 1803, in Tennessee. He died December 30, 1858 and she died March 18, 1876. They were the parents of: George Washington, John Thompson, Frank A., James Allen, Joel Bryan, Rachel, William Henry, Samuel Houston, and Wiley B. Mayes. John Thompson Mayes was a Captain in the Confederate service. Joel Bryan and Samuel Houston Mayes were Principal Cliiefs of the Cherokee Nation the latter was born May 11, 1845 married November 9, 1871 Martha Elizabeth Vann, born October 4, 1852 and she died December 27, 1907. They were the parents of the subject of this sketch.

Mayes, Mrs. Tip C.—(See Grant, Foreman, England, and Adair)—Flora May, daughter of John Wesley and Ida Josephine (Jenkins) Harris, born at Vinita, July 25, 1887, married at Vinita March 3, 1908, Tip Cicero, son of George Washington and Susie E. (Martin) Mayes, born June 1, 1874. Educated at Male Seminary and Bacone University, Muskogee. He is a member of the Masonic lodge at Pryor.
George Washington, son of Samuel and Nancy (Adair) Mayes, born November 5, 1824, married May 21, 1846 Charlotte Bushyhead, born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878 and he died October 28, 1894. They were the parents of George Washington Mayes, the father of Tip Cicero.
Joseph Boswell Harris, born in Durand. Winnebago County, lillinois, November 17, 1837, served during the civil war in Co. H, Seventy-fourth Illinois Infantry. Married August 27, 1866, Rachel Putney. She died November 23, 191 i and he died May 23, 1921. Thev were the parents of Jnhn Wesley and Ulalah May (Harris) Lukenbill, who died in 1889. John Wesley Harris was elected County Commissioner of Craig County, September 17, 1907.

Manifee, Mrs. Victoria Belle—Victoria Belle Manifee, born August 14, 1881, educated at Chelsea, married July 29, 1900 John L. Manifee. Mr. Manifee died Feb. 13, 1905. From this union was born the following children: Leah, born May 20, 1901 and George, born Septeinber 2, 1904.
Mrs. Manifee's father John G. Mcintosh, last executive chief of the Cherokee Nation died July 17, 1916. Her brother John R. Mcintosh is the Treasurer of Rogers county.

Moore, Cora A.—(See Grant and Downing)—Francis Milton Musgrove born December 6, 1847 at Baptist Mission, Going Snake Disctrict, educated at Baptist Mission. Married June 2, 1865 Clara Elizabeth Alberty, born June 11, 1845 near Baptist Mission. Frank M. who was always known as Frank was elected a member of Council from Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1881; Senator May 5, 1887 and Councilor January 24, 1888. He died January 17, 1895.
Francis M. and Clara E. Musgrove were the parents of: Elizabeth H., born November 21, 1867, and married Edward D. Hicks; James Tandy born August 5, 1869 graduated from Male Seminary June 28, 1888 elected sheriff of Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1803. He was killed June 3, 1895 while in performance of the duties of his office. Sallie S., born January 9, 1871, married Charles M. Cox and I. A. Martin; William Alberty, born September 13, 1873; Margaret May, born January 4, 1876 married Walter R. Eaton and died October 7, 1916; Cora Archer, born February 26, 1879. graduated from Female Seminary June 25, 1897, married February 22, 1899 James Herbert Moore, born Jan. 14, 1876. Clement Rogers born February 14, 1882, appointed County Clerk of Rogers County in 1919 and elected to the same office in 1920; Frank F.. born January IS, 1885 and Andrew Lane Musgrove, born August 19, 1889.
James Herbert and Cora Archer Moore are the parents of: William, born January 13, 1900; Foreman, born Sept. 13,1902; Veta Clara, born April 20, 1905, Nellie, born January 6, 1907; Marjorie born November 25, 1913, died January 23, 1914; James Herbert Jr., born February 26 1914; Linn Ross, born November 21, 1918; Joseph and Sanniel, twins, bom July 31, ????.

Moore, Mrs. Henry W. (See Adair, Ghigau and Sanders)—Ina Lee, daughter of ????? Harrell and Emma (Choate) Adair, was born July 13, 1884, educated at Dwight Mission and the Female Seminary. Married at Salisaw, July 20, 1902 Henry W. Moore, born in 1878. They are the parents of: Horace Adair, born September 8, 1903; Emmet Togo, born June 6, 1905; Alma, born May 21, 1907; John Alonzo, born April 21, 1911; Samuel A. Hartman, born October 25, 191?; Henry W. Jr., born December 9, 1916, Edward McDonald, born March 26, 1919 and Billy Wood Moore, born August 29, 1921.

Moore, Mrs. J. G.—(See Cordery and Daniel)—Stonewall Jackson Rogers, born March 21, 1867, married in July 1890 Mary Kelly, born June 30, 1870 in Tennessee. She died in February 1907, and he died September 13, 1907. They were the parents of Frances Leeper, born in Cleveland, Tennessee, September 1, 1892, educated at Chelsea, Northeastern State Normal, and the University of Tennessee; married at Sapulpa, Oklahoma, November 4, 1916 Joseph Garland Moore; Robert Kelly, born January 26, 1895; Mary Louisa, graduate of Chelsea High School, 1919; Henry Curtis, born January 30, 1903, graduate of the Chelsea High School May 1921, and Rebecca McNally Rogers born June 19, 1920.
Joseph Garland and Frances Leeper Moore are the parents of Eugenia Graeme, born August 4, 1918 and Joseph Garland Moore, born September 4, 1920.

Milam, J. B.—(See Oolootsa and Grant)—Elizabeth Peach McSpadden, born August 27, 1883 at Chelsea, Cherokee Nation, educated at Chelsea and the Female Seminary at Tahlequah, from which she graduated June 9, 1903. Married April 6, 1904 Jesse Hartley Milam, born March 10, 1884, graduated from the Metropolitan Business College, Dallas, Texas, May 24, 1902; President of the Bank of Chelsea, and was appointed as one of the three members of the State Banking Board in 1920.
Mr. and Mrs. Milam are the parents of Hindman Stuart, born April 16, 1907; Mildred Elizabeth, born May 10, 1910, and Mary Ellen, born May 16, 1916. Mrs. Milam belongs to the Methodist church, is ???? Eastern Star, and a member of the Delphian Club.
The rest is unreadable.

Milam, Mrs. G. W.—(See Grant)
Unreadable.

Milam, Walker Mr.The first part is unreadable Boonville, Missouri and Oklalioma University. He served in the army during the World War; he is president of the Milam Oil ompany, is a 32nd degree Mason and Shriner. Mr. and Mrs. Milam are the pareents of: William Thomas, born June 19, 1918, and Walker Mortlock, born January 24, 1921.
Robert Rogers, a quarter-blood Cherokee married Sallie Vann, an eighth-blood Cherokee, born January 28, 1818. He died July 4, 1842 and she died May 28, 1882. They were the parents of Clement Vann Rogers, born January 11, 1839, married Mary America Schrimsher, born October 9, 1839. She died May 28, 1890 and he died October 28, 1911. He was the oldest member of the Oklahoma State Constitutional Convention, and Rogers county was named in his honor.
Clement Vann, and Mary America Rogers were the parents of: Sally Clementine, married John Thomas McSpadden; Robert Martin, died aged seventeen; Maude Ethel, married Captain Lane Lane; May, married John Matthews Yocan, and Frank Stine; William Penn Rogers, the celebrated comedian and movie actor.
John Thomas and Sallie Clementine McSpadden are the parents of the subject of this sketch.

Musgrove, Clem R. (See Grant and Downing)—Clement Rogers, son of Francis and Clara Elizabeth (Alberty) Musgrove, born February 14, 1882 near Oowala. Educated at Oowala and Male Seminary, married at Claremore December 25, 1905 Veta L., daughter of Jonas F. and Rosa L. Harris. They are the parents of: Dorothy L., born July 1, 1909 and Edwin H. Musgrove born September 16, 1912. Clement R. Musgrove is an Elk. He was appointed County Clerk of Rogers County, May 3, 1920, and elected to the same position in November 1920.

Matheson, Mrs. A. R.—(See Thompson, Thornton and Oolootsa)—Maudie, daughter of Henry and Susan E. (Thompson) Eiffert was born January 1, 1872 at Ft. Gibson, educated at Vinita and in the Female Seminary; married at Muskogee, October 1, 1889 Alexander Ross Mathewson, born March 28, 1867 in St. Louis, Missouri. From this union the following children were born: Floyd, born October 9, 1894, married Lola Beaubean; Richard Thomson, born January 13, 1897, married Erin Forsyth; Ross, born May 24, 1899, married Grace Parrish and Helen Matheson, born October 24, 1902, married LaFayette Parrish.

Martin, Mrs. Granville—(See Grant and Adair)—Granville, son of Joseph Lynch and Jennie (Harlin) Martin born at Greenbrier, January 14, 1S76. Married November 2, 1902, Lala, daughter of Wiley and Margaret (McLaughlin) Mayes, born January 11, 1880, educated in Female Seminary. They are the parents of: Clarence Markham, born August 19, 1903; Alice Marie, born December 12, 1904; Joseph, born June 7, 1907; Mayes, born September 23, 1909; Marguerite, born November 6, 1912; Cunnie Jr., born March 16, 1915 and Jennie Louise Martin, born April 30, 1920. Mr. Martin is a farmer and stockman. Mrs. Martin is a niece of the Chiefs, Joel M. and Samuel H. Mayes.

Miller, Mrs. Robert—Nellie Anderson, born Feb. 9, 1884, educated locally. Married at Pryor April 21, 1903 Robert Miller, born January 18, 1879 in Mayes County, Oklahoma. They are the parents of: Tip Bluford, born December 31, 1905; Martha LaVaughn, born April 29, 1908, and Roberta M. Miller, born June 2, 1912.
Rufus Anderson, born February 27, 1853, in Illinois. Married in 1877, Melvina Wayburn, born January 27, 1859.

Mayes, George W.—(See Adair, Gant and Foreman)—George Washington Mayes, born in Going Snake District, November 21, 1848 educated in the Cherokee National schools, married April 18, 1872 Susie Emory Martin, born July 25, 1854. They were the parents of: Tip Cicero, born June 1, 1873; Carrie B., born June 16, 1875; Pixie A., born January 31, 1879; Edward T., born July 15, 1884 and Richard C. Mayes, born April 20, 1887. Mr. Mayes is a successful farmer and stockman. He lives on the location of the Captain Nathaniel Pryor farm which was settled before 1820 and is the oldest farm in Oklahoma. George W. Mayes is a sturdy representative citizen and an ideal American. He was elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District August 3, 1893 and 5, 1901. He was elected sheriff of Mayes County November 8, 1910 and November 5, 1912. Mr. Mayes Cheroke name is, Touuneetor Youngbeaver. He is a Baptist and belongs to the Odd Fellows and is a Scottish Rite of the eighteenth degree.
George Washington Mayes, born November 5. 1824, married May 21, 1846 Charlotte, daughter of Rev. Jesse and Elizabeth (Wilkerson) Bushyhead, born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878 and he died October 28, 1894. They were the parents of: Jesse Bushyhead, born February 13, 1847; George Washington, subject of this sketch; Nancy Jane, wife of Judge James M. Keys; Elizabeth, wife of John Henry Covel; Edward Bushyhead, born June 8, 1853 and died in March 1874; Walter Adair, born December 10, 1860; John Thompson, born June 6. 1863 and Samuel Houston, born October 1, 1866.

Murphy, Looney—Looney Murphy, born April 16, 1803. Married at Tahlequah, March 15, 1918 Stella Stevens, born March 22. 1897. They are the parents of Thomas Murphy, born January 5, 1919. Looney was in service in France for four months during the World War.

Murphy, Mrs. Amanda.—Amanda Terrell, born June 14, lS7l. Married at Tahlequah. June 23, 1888 Thomas Murphy. b(]rn Sep- tember 13, 1863, died October 17, 1020. They were the parents of Sallie, married Benjamin Riggs and has four children: Theodora, Ruby. Madeline and Jewell Rigg^; Looney; Thomas and Herbert. Mayes, S. H. Jr.—(See Grant. Forema:i and Adair).—Samuel Houston, son o! George Washington and Charlotte (Bush-.- head) Mayes was born in the Choctaw Na- tion. October 11, 1866, educated in Saline District and Male Seminary, from which he graduated May 14, 1886. Married on Mark- hams Prairie, August 2, 1802, Florence, daughter of Frank and Sarah Nicodemus. horn at Tahlequah. November 20. 1871. They are the parents of Charlotte E., bom May 6, 1 803, married Robert Sanders; Pearl Christine, born November 10. 1804, mar- ried Robert Langston; Ruth, born July 15, 1896, and Sarah, born June 10. lOol. Air. Mayes is a farmer near Pryor. His Cheroke.! name is Sa-moo-sti. He was elected to Council from Coowuscoowee District, Aug- ust 5, 1901. He is the nephew of Principal Chiefs: Dennis W. Bushyhead. Joel B. and Samuel H. Mayes. John Stuart was born in Scotland during the first quarter of the eighteenth century and was sent to Fort London on the Tenn- essee River as a Captain of a British Com- pany of highland Scotch in 1754 . He mar- ried Susannah tmcrv a quirlcrbl.».a Chu . kee and was knuwn on accounl ..( hit m. r of hair as i),.-n..-dul nr Hu^h>hod Hr i • Susannah had ..ne s.,n, »h.. nf.cc h.J . other name than 0..-n...dul jna (f..m !h,: time forward the Sluirli in Ihr rhrt-i. Nation have in\ariabl\ bc-n t Bushvhead. Madison, Mr>. Robrrt L daughter of Cvrus and l.\du 0' ^,. Cornatzer was burn in Iielcwarc |.,it .■ May 22, 1874 and educated In Kin»jt. Mi- ried at Vinita. Nnvember Id. IS'<2, K"h' i L., son of Isaac Gray and Elizabeth Madn.. ■ born October S, ISiM in Hickorv i:<.uni. A\issouri. They are the pirenlt n( l\Jty born April 6, 1804; Oabnv Lee, b..rn Ap' ' 28, 1002 and Joseph Farris .Madn"n. b..fn May 22, 1004. Mr. .Madis.m is a tarnif and orchardist near Bis Cabin. Cyrus Cornatzer. born in Johntnn i^.-unt. Kansas, February 10. |,S52. married ii March 1870. Lydia Boggan, born in Wadei. borough. North Carolina. Utcember I J. 1852. She died September 4. jgoq. Cyrus C. Cornatzer lives in VInll*. He was the last Chief the Shawnee Trib« baJ before allotment. Merritt, Mrs. Leon C.—(S«< Grant and Halfbreed).—Hope Eva Bowman. N-rn l>t cember 20, ISS", educated at Pryr>f and Female Seminary. .Married July 8. I<>0>. Leon C. .Merritt. They are the parcntt .«( Fern Aileen, born September 20. f'"" Naomi Leon, born June II. I''I0; Tim.'th> Clarence, born October 20. I'>1' and Alic* Inez .Merritt. born December I.?. \'n'K Leon C Merritt is an autom-'bile deal.-f at Chelsea. .Mrs. Merriit is a member ..( ihr Christian church and the Wrnidmen's I'i'cl' Eastern Star and Rebecca orders ll<-f r»- ents were James Earl and lane Ida (Wilvn, Bowman, the latter is the dauithier ■■< '■ bert and Eleanur Ophelia (Micks) Wil""> Mitchell, Robert Lee (See Ohlc" and Rogers)— Robert Lee .Mitchell, N.'n Ar"i 10, 1S76 in Cherokee Nali^m llts < hfr..krf name is Quaqua. Educated in the Ct>cfi.t< Public Schools and Male SemlnaM Ir.-n which he graduated lune 2.^, i»''5 He •« an instructor at the Cherokee "rpban Au lum from IS05 to ISOO and al Ibe Male Seminary fr-m f'oo to I"o: (-.rad«.ie4 from the Medical Deparlnient "t the fnUef- Mtv of Ark. in l"04. He Waled .« hi' 578 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS present home in Viiiita in the practice of medicine. He is an Episcopalian and has ad- vanced as far as the shrine in Masonry- He has lieen a member of the city school board. He married at Muskogee, Okla., on June i, 1915 Josephine G- Barker, born September 19, iSSl in Cooweescoowee District. She is the daughter of Artemus Andrew and Mary A. (Rogers) Barker. Artemus A. Barker was born December 4, lS5l in Morton, Scott County, Mississippi, married Febru- ary 20, 1878 Mary A. Rogers, born Febru- ary 7, 1860 in Chico, Butte County, Cali- fornia- Mary A. Rogers was the daughter of Thomas and Susan (Cochran) Rogers. Josephine G. Barker graduated from the Female Seminary May 25, 1900 and did posi graduate work at Forest Park University, St. Louis, Missouri. She belongs to the Episcopal church and is a member of the Sachem Club. Dr- and Mrs. Robert Lee Mitchell are the parents of one son, Robert Thurston Mitchell, born at Vinita. May 28, 1916- They were very active in world war work, Mrs- Mitchell in the Red Cross and allied services and Dr. Mitchell entered th-". service on May 18, 1918 in the Medical Corps, was in France and Germany for 18 months, during which time he was advanc- ed to a Captaincy, and is now a member of the medical reserve corps with rank of Major. Ma'tney, Mrs. D. B Mamie, daughter of Barney and Susie Tucker was born March 8, 1S68, in Johnson County, Kansas, edu- cated in that county. Married in Kansas City, Kansas, May l, 188 7, David B-, son of John R- and Missouri Matney, born October 8, 1862 in Jackson County, Missouri. They are the parents of Albert J., born March -1, 1888, married Jennie Connel, had two children, Albert Eugene, born November 1, 1911 and Geneva Matney, born December 14, 1913- Albert J. died at Roswell, New Me.xico, January 21, 1915 and Lewis Franklin Matney, born August 2 7, 1SS9 Mr. Matney is a farmer near Vinita. Lewis Franklin Matney married Bessie Roberts nee Hale at Vinita, Craig County, Oklahoma, August 30, I9l9. Served in World War from July 1918 to Decembc-r 21, 1918. Moore, Mrs. A. J.—(See Ga-sa-du-e-sge) — Bessie Shutt, born at Springfield, Missouri February 4, 1874, educated at Springfield and the Female Seminary. She married at Wagoner, December 12, 1900, A. J., son of J. W. and Elizabeth Moore. A. J. and Bes- sie (Shutt) Moore are the parents of: How- ard W., born October 17, 1901 and Mal- colm, born January 2, 1904. Mr. Moore is a pharmacist and Mrs. Moore is a member of the Christian Scientist cluirch and is a Re- becca- Delilah Amelia, daughter of James and Elizabeth Vann was born in 1795, married David McNair, born 17 74. He died August 15, 1836 and she died November 30, 1838. Their daughter Elizabeth married .John Bean and John Weir. Her children were: Amelia, David, Talbert, Augustus, William E. and Almira Neely Bean; Susan Virginia and Clem- entine Weir. The latter was born May 15, 1848 and married at Springfield, Missouri, February 9, 1865 Augustus A. Shutt, a native of Virginia. He died April 8, 1875. They were the parents of Ella Virginia, John Weir and Bessie Shutt. The latter the sub- ject of this sketch. Benjamin Gold of Litchfield, Connecticut, the father-in-law of Elias Boudinot stopped at the home of David and Delilah Amelia Mc- Nair in October 1829 and in a letter to his brother Hezekiah wrote. "He had a beauti- ful white house, and about six or seven hundred acres of the best land you ever saw and negroes enough to tend it and clear as much more as he pleased. He raised this year about five thousand bushels of corn and it would make you feel small to see his situation." Patterson, M. L.—(See Berry and Ghigau) — M. L., son of Thomas and Adeline (Berry) Patterson, was born December 21,1856, in South Carolina. Married July 14, 1890 Zona, daughter of Albert and Sarah Dawson, born February 5, 1870 in Tarrant County, Texas. They are the parents of Sarah, born April 21, 1891; Martha, born January 1, 1893; Claude A., born .March 6. 1895, serv- ed in the A. E. F. for two years in France as sniper; Edgar Dawson, born July 3, 189 7, served for two years and six month.s on the battleship South Carolina in the navy; Thomas, born June 9, 1899; Roscoe, born December 24, 1893; Ola born July 17, 1907 Fredrick, born October 12, 1909, and Virgil V. born August 29, 1901. Mr. Patterson is a farmer near Talala. Post, Mrs. Caroline—(See Hendricks).— Caroline Woodall born November 29, 185 5. Married .it Tahlequah, July 3 0, 1881, John HISTORY OF THE CHHKOKHi; INDlANs S7'> Beaver Post, born Julv I6. is 4'). They are the parents of: Williain, Margaret. Andrew, Addielee, Charles and Daniel Post. Charles Post served through the World War. Padgett, Mrs. T. R—Rena Anderson, born near Pryor, November 5, 1SS7. Edn- cated locally. Married August 2<i, t<)06 T. R. Padgett, born November 2. 1SS5 in Morgan County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Jessie Bluford, born June 21 1907; Nolan Floyd, born December 29, 191 i; Nellie Edith, born July 5, 1917 and Alma Rena Padgett, born September 7, 1920. Mrs. Padgett is the daughter of Rufus Anderson, born February 27, 1S53 in Ill- inois and Melvina (Wayburn) Anderson born January 17, 1S5 9 in Texas. Poplin, Mrs. George W.— (See Ward)— Catherine O. Chandler, born at Siloam, Ar- kansas, January 26, 1873 and educated at Vinita- Married at Vinita, January 18, 189l George Washington, son of William H. and Sarah Jane Poplin, born December 10. 1872 in Stodard County, Missouri. They are the parents of Anna Jane, born November 2S. 1891; Ora Adelia, born March 18, 1893; Gaithor Oliver, born July 23, 1895; Mar- guerite, born October 9, 1897; Rosebud, born September 24, 1899; Nellie, born March 29, 1902; Van and Nan, twins, born April 16, 1^06; Loren Ross, born June 11. 1908 and Ray Poplin, born December 20. 1910. Gaithor Oliver Poplin enlisted in th> World War at Pryor, September 22, 1917. Was made Corporal Company A, 344th ^\■ G. B. N. Promoted to Sergeant October l, 1918. Was in the offensive at Villa en Have August 24 to September 11, 1918 and St- Mihiel, Preverenville. Meuse. Argonne and Breussey from Sept 12 to November i;. 1918. He was gassed on September i~. 1918 at St. Mihiel. Was in the Armv of Occupation at Gillenfeld, Germany from December 19, 191S to May 19, 1919. Sailed for America May 2 8,1918 and was discharg- ed at Camp Pike, Arkansas, June 23, 1919. George W. Poplin is a bridge carpenter for the M. K. & T. K. R. with headquarters at Adair. Mrs. Poplin is a sister of Con- gressman Chandler of the First District ol Oklahoma Anna Eliza, daughter of Calde.an and Nancy (Ward) Gunter married Burgess Gaithor Chandler and they are the parents of ,MiS. Catherine t> (Chanjltr) l'<.phii Parkinion, Mary T«rTy.—(< Addie M.iliiula Cbl*. b,,rn v lS7u, cduc.ilfd in the rhff.i . schools and leinile Scmkiuiv. mtim-J ji Wagoner, June 4, i,S'»t Jetr\ \ !•)•» ■ born .May 12, iSdO in (:ii||i'< , sas. They are the pirriil\ ..| born iMay 1, I.S'i; who niifr...! ■. Williamson, and ihev hive {hire dlut^^ ■ .Mary June, Helen Isabel ind P.-ll ■■ i' Rulh, born August 28. 18'i.». Roy Cunningham; Joseph T*t: ruary '', l8'>;. married Looli bel Jane, born Oclnber ;o, i lames I'avid Garrison and ha.! ter, Lotta Jane, born Sepleir .Mrs. Garrison died [)ecembi- Addie Florence, born Januir> !■. married March 6, loi') Aiexinder (..•»• and have one child. K\ex firkmjn. b-r i February 6. 1<)20; Bruce Cobb, b<>rn ^^■^ 30, I'^Ol; Evie, born July l'». I'>"J »'J James Parkinson, born July 27, T'm Terry A. Parkinson is entued In (irr ing, stock raising and has extensive ml tnd realty holdings. .Mrs. Parkinson Is i h-n <• woman, a Presbyterian, Enlern Slir. n-l President of the Arts and Crilts Club Vr Parkinson is a Democrat and »it t\t<uS County Clerk of WiRoner cnunly In I'M 5- 16, from which office he reslrned In Oclo ber 1917 and was elected to the lower fcou»< (.f the Legisualure from Wajoner count* In 1'>1S. Evaline, daughter of Mextnict jnd S\t> tha (Blythe) Clingin. »is born in HmJ:. county Tennessee April I *<, IS15. December 15, lS57 Joseph Bcnv.n born July 26, lS28 in Blount C"unt^ essee. He died March 22, IS'".. i died November 17. 1918. Thev » parents of Mrs. Addie M. I'arkinv^n Prater, Mr.. Henry L D.— (See I Ghigau and llildebrand)— llenf> ' Dawes, son of Henry Sheridan and Celeste (Thompson) Prater. N-rn t t3 1900. Married December >•• Martha, daughter of John and B<lt.e Ham. born April 27. i""" The^ parents of William Eugene VixU' April 23. l"20. Mr. and Mr^ Pra.c, »■' farming near Adair- Clara, daughter o( Thomaa U.l« iV 580 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Amelia (Alberty) Rider married David George Thompson and they were the par- ents of Mattie Celeste (Thompson) Prater. Jennie, daughter of Stephen and Mary (Pi)tts) Hildebrand married William Lucas and they were the parents of Bettie (Lucas) Ham. Prater, David George.—(See Downing and Ghigau)—David George Prater, liorn Aug- ust 10, 1SS9. Married December IS, 1907 Clennie B., daughter of Thomas and Susan C. Jackson, born in 1890 in Carroll County. Arkansas. They are the parents of: Lelanrt Stanford, born March 7, 1909; George Sher- idan, born April 18, 1911; Guy Thomas, burn February 1, 191 3; William Granville, born February 4, 191 5; Beatrice, born October 2, I9l7 and Celeste Prater born February 6, 1920. Mr. Prater is a farmer near Adair. He is an Odd Fellow and Ancient Order of United Workman. Mrs. Prater belongs to the Rebeccas. Moses Alberty, born April 18, 1788 in Surry County, North Carolina. Married Sal- lie Wright. Their daughter Amelia, born January 2, 1839 married Thomas Lewis Kider and they were the parents of Clarissa ("aniline who married David George Thomp- son and their daughter Martha Celeste mar- ried Henry Sheridan Prater and they were the parents of David George Prater. Propp, Mrs. F. W. (See Ghigau)—Mary Eleanor, daughter of David and Lucinda Anji (Harlan) Archer, born in Kansas, May 2, 1867, and educated in Cherokee County, Kansas. Married at Baxter Springs in that state, January 2, 1888 Frederick William, son of Carl and Henrietta (Stabnow) Propp, born July 22, 1859 in Germany. They are the parents of: Carl Williard, born August 21, 1906 and Elva Carlene Propp, born De- cember 30, 1910. Mr. Propp is a farmer and stock raiser near Adair. Mrs. Propp is a Presbyterian and a member of the Grange and Rebeccas. David M., son of Ezekial and Hannah (Lewis) Harlan married Lucinda Tucker and they were the parents of Lucinda Ann (Har- lan) Archer. William Harlan of Durham County, Eng- land was the father of James Harlan of Monk, wearmouth, England and he was the father of George Harlan born about 1649, who to- gether with his wife Elizabeth came to American in 1887 and settled in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Their son, Ezekial Harlan, married Mary Beyer and they were the parents of Ezekial Harlan who married Hannah Obern. All of the above named were 0"'il^>?rs and from George forward they lived in Chester County, where also was born Ellis, born about 1733, the son of Ezekial and Hannah (Obern) Harlan who married Catherine, a full blood Cherokee and they were the parents of Ezekial Harlan who niariied Hannah Lewis. Roberts, Charles D.—(See Grant. Downing, Foreman and Sanders).—Essi:- Elizabeth Foreman, whose Cherokee name is Chiuka, was born at Chelsea, December 1, 1886. Graduated from Cottey College, Ne- vada, Missouri in 1908. Was Art teacher in Chelsea, Oklahoma. Married at Tulsa, July 29, 1916 Charles D. Robarts. He is a thirty- second degree Mason and entered the marine service in the World War on August 3, l91.'i and was awarded a medal of honor. Mrs. Robarts is an Episcopalian and Eastern Star. Nelson B., son of Ellis and Margaret (Richardson) Foreman was born in Going Snake District, November 20, 1860. Mar- ried November 8, 1882 Nannie C Williams, born November 26, 1862 in Te,xas. Robertson, Judge A. E. (See Ghigau, Foreman, Riley and Conrad)..—Arthur Evans son of Evans Price and Sarah Ellen (Spears) Robertson was born at Hulbert, Cherokee Nation, Tuesday, September 18, 1888. He was educated in the Cherokee National Schools, Henry Kendall College of Muskogee, graduating from the preparatory depart- ment; St. Charles Military College, St. Charles, Missouri; University of Tulsa, from which he graduated; University of Okla- homa, Norman, Oklahoma and University of Paris, Paris, France. He served in the A. E. F. in France with the 143rd Infantry, 36th Division. His Cherokee name is Wah-la-see and he belongs to the Bird Clan. He is a member of the Presbyterian church and th.; Knights of Pythias fraternity. Reverend Evans Price, son of Wade Hamp- ton, and Diana (Hair) Robertson was born at Tahlequah, October 10, 1855. Married at Tahlequah, June 24, 1883 Sarah Ellen, daughter of Eli and Elizabeth (Hall) Spears, born at Catchertown, Tahlequah District, April 3, 1855. Wade Hampton Robertson a native of McMinn County, Tennessee. A member of Company E. Second Indian Home HISTORY OF THE CHEROKHE INDIANS SS\ Guards. He \v;\s killed in a skirmish at Tahlequali on March 28, 1863. orisiiially buried in the Chemkee Capiti'l Stjiiare but later removed to the city cemetery. Arthur Evans Kobertson was elected County Judge of Cherokee County, Ndveni- ber 2, iq20. Odle, Mrs- Marvin (See Ward).—Luiu Brown, born near Pryor. I'ecenilvr 10, ISSI, educated at Pryor. Married at Adair, January 22, I'lOO George Southerland. They were the parents of Sequoyah Vann, born June 16, 1901; Mary Helen, horn Jan- uary 27, 1904. and Maurine Southerland, born August 3, 1908. Mrs. Lulu Souther- land married July 21. l9o8 Marvin, son ol John and Mary Odle, born April 5, 1SS5 in Henry County, Missouri- They are the parents of: Alma Beatrice, born March 11, 1911; Charles Eugene, born June IS, 191' and Virginia Lee Odle, born October 25, 1917. Mr. Odle is farming near Pryor. Charles Ward married Rutt Hollingsworth Their daughter Mary Adeline Ward married Joseph Brown and they were the parents < I Charles Brown, born in Texas, March i:, 185 4. He married at Salina, Cherokee Nation, July 30, ISSO Mary Coker, born ii, Boone County, Arkansas, January 2i, iSh: Reagan, Austin.— (See Foreman)— Austin Greely, son of Meriweather G- and Lydia A. (Hicks) Keagan. born September 25, 1SS8, educated in Male Seminary from which he graduated May 29, 1907. He married at Tahlequah, September 17, I9l/, Gra.e, daughter of John Robert and Nancy J. Wade, born May iS, 1896. They are the parents of: Knowlton, born March 3u, 1918; Ru-h- l,en. born December 30. un9. a..d the twins Woodrow and Warren Reagan, boin March 4 1921. Mr. Regan is a farmer and school teacher in Cher.^kee Ccounty, Okla- homa. Renfro, Mrs- William D.-(See RUey)^- Betty Sutherlin, born September 19 ISJ/, educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum Married December 2S, 1897 Wiinan,Dav,, son of Dave K. and Alef (TUlman) R -. born August 29. 1S70 in Brown C^u - Texas. They are the parents of. Will an David, born January 26. '""f ^"'f .'V .'o, entin tthe 1922 class in the UmverOo, Oklahoma, where he is a '-if'^^J^^ A,phaKappa^P.;;.ten,ity, H^^«. Ser'a:d:m;:^HaTheta;AlefAde- laide. born rebruirv 2.1, \'io*, and lm« ittn Renfro, burn October lo, t")o7. Adelaide .McOuilliinis nrr llridt mirfl«d in Novenit>er IS7S KichirJ l.iliNrlU South eriin, born May I. IS4I. in llr»jn (".••unH. Kentucky. He served during Ih* i:i»ll * *» in the First Tennessee Civilrv, ('.<>n(fdrr>i.' Army. .Mrs. Southcrlln died Fcbruir* 1 . 1SS7. and he died in IS.S'I, They *et( Ih' parents of .Mrs. William !>• H«nCro. Mr. Renfro is a retired rinchnun. Reed, Mary Thrroa—(Sec Griiit)—Ml" Theresa Flippin daughter ..(, J F. ind .Mi'> Lane (Little) Fliprin >">! Kf»"'l-<liu«'"*' "' William and Theresa Lane (OivIM LIUU «n born at Verdigris. June 2''. IS'Xi, married Jl Clareniore September ?. t'»l5 A. f ti*ei born April lo, 1S'>3 in Arkaniav Th«v arr the parents of: Klizabelh Ann. h<«rn ncl<>h- er 26. 1916 and lames Franklin K**d. S«rii November 24. l9i<). .Mr. Reed it »»jt»i»tii cashier of the Farmers Bank »nd Truti < ■ of Claremore. Ross. Nellie K.— (See Grant. Sandec Ross and Ghigau)—Nellie Kalhenne Mc- Leod, born February S. 1ST 2 at Tahle^ujh Educated in the Cherokee Public Sch.-.'v Female Seminary and Drury O'llefe. Sr""t field. .Missouri. She married April !'>. I' ' George Starr Ross, born June ::. l»o5. >U was educated in the Cherokee Sat)..nii Schools and Male Seminary. He died No*em ber 24, 1894. They were the r»f«"" '' Wayne McLeod born February 27. |S'>1 and Roy Vivian Ross, born January 1 5. I*'»» and died October •). i02o. .Mrs f"" Cherokee name is lyuka. She l» i ?'*♦• bvterian and a member o( the Oueit CluC Wavne McLeod Ross is a b.-.k-keer«r i" the Farmers Bank and Trust .:..mr*n> il Claremore. Mrs Ross' parents were Murd-xk Mc Leod, born January 2S. tSM a. .-.ar' '•»«• Picton County, Nova Scotia, he nwrr Februarv 10. 1868 Annie Henr. Uf..^. born August 5. ,8 5. at Tah.equah. he d -J December 31. 1R"' and he d-ed Mav IV ' Ro... Shorr, W.-Amon, .He CoUeC.;- „f papers and charters ..( .he rel.n..<Ale.^ 4.r II Kine of Scolland 1» » "•»'»"" "' Ferquhard Ross, of the larldom o, H.at 1 58; HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS whom the Highland Clan Aindreas took its name. Firquhard, Earl of Ross founded ths abbey of Fearn in Rosshire. His son Wil- liam was one of the Scottish nobles who, un- der Alexander HI, bound themselves to make no peace with England in which the Prince and chiefs of Wales were not included- John, Earl of Ross was also Earl of Buchan and later Hugh became Laird of Balnagowan. His grandson Hugh, the third Laird of Balna- gowan married Lady Janet, the daughter of the Earl of Sutherland, suzereign of Suther- landshire. The Ross coat of arms, granted in 16S1 bears the motto; "Floret Qui Laborat." Daniel Ross was born in 1760 in Suth- erlandshire, Scotland. He married at Chick- amauga in 17S6 Mollie McDonald born No- vember 1, 17 70- She died October 5, 1808 and Daniel Ross died May 22, 1830. Eliza Ross was born May 25, 1789, married John Golden Ross, born Dec. 22. 1878, died June 2, 1858. Daniel and Mollie Ross were the parents of: Jennie, born March 25, 1789 and mar- ried Joseph Cordey, born Feb. 19, 17 79. Died Oct. u, 1859. John Ross, Principal chief of the Cherokee Nation from 1828 to 1866; Susannah, born December 10. 1793 and married Henry Nave; Lewis, born Feb- ruary 20, 1795; Andrew, born December 19 1798; Annie, born November 15, 1800 and married William Nave; Margaret, born July 5, 1803 and married Elijah Hicks; Marie, born January 13, 1806 and married Jonathan Mulkey. John Golden and Elizabeth Ross were the parents of: William Potter, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation; Daniel Hughes, Miss E. Jane, John Andrew, Miss EInora. and Lewis Anderson Ross. The latter was born July 2, 183 4. Elected Senator from Table- quah District in 1867, 1869 and 1873. He married on January 29, 1868 Miss Nellie Potts. He was elected auditor of the Chero- kee Nation in 1869 and 1884. He died April 12. 1885. Lewis Anderson and Nellie Ross were the parents of: McDonald, born August 19. 186'); Shorey W., born March 9, 1871; Eliza, born December 15, 1872; William, born January 5, 1875; Lewis, Wirt, born March 7, 1880 and Daniel Ross, February 17, l8S.-i. Shorey W. Ross is the ablest literary indi- vidual fif the Cherokee Nation and an un- conscious follower of the old Ross motto of "He prospers who labors." He depends for most of his material on the legend and folk- lore indigenous to his locality and the only instances of errors in his articles are attri- butable to some few of the stories that are told to him, but with a true Scotch canniness he is generally able to sift the true from the false. The literature of the Cherokees and the State lose many gems because of the natural reticence of one of Nature's noble- men; Shorey W- Ross. Robinson, Juliette M. (See Oolootsa, Ghe gau, Adair and Grant)—John Gunter Scrim- sher, born August 17, 183 5 in Alabama. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary. Taught school one term at Greenleaf and married September 15, 1859 Juliette Melvina Scrimsher, born August 7, 1841. He was a Captain in the Confederate Service and a Senator in the Southern Cher- okee Council during the Civil war. He was elected sheriff of Cooweescoowee District August 5, 1867 and August 5, 1877; Sena- tor August 4, 1879 and August 6, 1883; De- lagate to Washington 1883 and 1885, Sena- tor August 1, 1877; District Judge August 1, 1893 and Senator August 2, 1897. He was killed by a lightning stroke on July 5, i')05. John Gunter and Juliette Melvina (Can- dy) Scrimsher were the parents of Sarah Catherine, born July 27, 1866 married March 2, 1890 William Edward Sanders and died January 28, 1892; Elizabeth Bell born September 3, 1873 and married Stephen Riley Lewis; Ernest Vivian born July 24, 1875 and married Susie Philips and Juliette Melvina born January 12, 1878. Graduated from Female Seminary June 1, 1898- Mar- ried May 10. 1002 Abraham Vandyke Robin- son born April IS, 18 78- A. V. and Juliette Melvina Robinson are the parents of: Hubert Spencer, born April 2.1903; Lulu Elizabeth born March 18, 1906 Abraham Vandyke born August 9, 1911 and Juliette Melvina Robinson born January 26. 1914. Abraham Vandyke Robinson wa^ elected Court Clerk of Rogers County, Okla- homa in 1918 and 1920. Mrs. Robinson's Cherokee name is, Cowana and she belongs to the Deer Clan. Smith, George W—George Washington Smith, born in Flint District, July IS, 1878, educated locally and in Male Seminary. Mar- HISTORY OF THE CHEROKlfH INDIANS SH\ ried Nov. 24, 19U"1. Jennie May Paden. burn Sept. 24, 1SS5. They are the parents of Grover Paden, born Aug. ooth, \'H\y: and George Washington Smith, Jr, bom April 14. 190 7. George Washington is a Royal Arch Mason. He was a member of the legislatu-e from Adair County in l'>10 and 1911. Chief Charles R. Hicks married Nanc;. Broom and their daughter Elsie married Jeremiah Horn, they are the parents of John Horn who married Nellie Miller and their daughter, Elizabeth, married Charles Smi'h and they were the parents of George Wash- ington Smith, the subject of the sketch. Mrs. Smith is the daughter of Benjamni 1". and Lucv Paden and the grand-daughter of Benjamin and Elmire (.Miller) Paden. Sanders, Mrs. Benjamin F. (See England, Hildebrand and Ghigau)—Martha Jane, daughter of James Franklin and .Mary Jane (England) Williams was born in Cherokee Nation, April 9, 1S70. Educated in the Cherokee Nation. Married at Vinita. AuKu,^t 7, 1887, Benjamin Franklin Sanders, born June 30, iSbl in Clay County, Te.xas. They are the parents of Alartha Leoma Sanders, born August 18, 1890. Educated in Female Seminary, Hardin College, Me.xico, Missouri and the Southern Seminary. Beuna Vist.i. Virginia, graduating from the latter institu- tion. She married James H- Thigpin, a graduate of the Alabama State Agricultural College. They are now living at Fort Worth Texas, where he is the Superintendent of the Refrigerating Department of the Swift Packing Plant. He is a thirty second degree Mason and Shriner. Mr. Sanders is one of the most successful farmers and stockraisers of Craig County. Sanders, Mrs. Bryan E. (See Grant and Ward)— Adda LaDavIe, daughter of John Lowrev and Laura Ann (Edmondson) Ward was born Wednesday August 8, 1895. Bdu- cited in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married at Tulsa Nov 29, 1917 Bryan Elton son of William^ Henry and Rose Marv Sanders, born .Julv 2 5, 1S9: in Benton County, Ark. They are the par- ents of Mariann Josephine Sanders, born Julv 6 19^1. Mrs. Sanders is a member o. the Christian church. Mr. Sanders served six months in the World's War as secretarv to Captain Martin K. Rohn at Camp Pike. He is a member of the American Legion. _ John Lowrey, son of James and Lou. a M. (Williams) Ward was born July 20, i»3 , married January .;, i.-irs l.aufj Ann. diuct' ter of Augustus Viii and Ljun Ann (t>*o man) (Edmondson. N.rn brcrmbct l«. I til in G'lrdon ('uunlv. (irorcia. Laura Ann (HJnmndson) Wjid »a» h-'- near Atlanta. GeorRia, Dec. ts. i«<(l vs. was the daughter o( Auku>Ius Vj son and Laura Ann rienniaii »hir ! two of the must pruminenl (aniiLc Georgia. Her grandfather I'.ol. Fcllj (i I'r juan was one o( the weallhietl planKrt ir>J slave holders prior to the ("Ivil War. Mr- father Augustus Vann Edmondion cam« !•• this country from Texas in Ihc earlv %t\f ties. Locating in what is now IXljKir.- County and was a power in lh<r C">mmuni'i in which he lived. On account i>l hit p.'* erful and sterling character the Chetnktfi named him Kluntutchy meaning in Enclith i "Lion". She was married to Juhn Li>«rr» Ward at Baties Prairie Jan. 3, is:.s. To this union there were seven children born Mrs. Dora Olive Cunningham. Tahlequah. Okla.. Mrs. Lura Loux, Maysville, Ark . .Mn Leola Faye Newton, Maysville. Ark., Mr^ Cornelia Josephine Taylor. Wichita fall.. Texas, Mrs. Adda LaDayle Sanders, Tulti. Okla., John Dennian Ward. Tulsa. <>kla., anj Winnie Davis who died while itlendlni school at Cherokee National Female Semi- nary .March 21. 1908. .Mrs. Ward passed away in the .Morninf Side hospital at Tulsa. Okla.. Dec. S, «<M ' and was laid to rest in Edmondscm cemeter* near her home. The passing awav <>« Mrv Ward has been the removal o( one o{ lb.- landmarks in Delaware Counlv. She hi4 lived in this community for nearly hill c-n- tury. She was a member >•! the I'.hr.it.j i church, a good neighbor, wife and m.lh.- A woman who loved her home ind "nr »h - considered no crown higher than l^ •■ ' queen of that home. lookinR up'-n iit r"*'* vation as the greatest ambition of »omir hood. She was Aunt f- Mrs Richard 'tf-i er (Beulah Benton Ldmond»..n) k....»n *• the Indian princess. Samuel. Mr. Clarence U (See Adl^r «• Nair and Downing)— Carrie M V,— ►■ ' January 27. ISSO. Graduated ■ Pavne College. ra>ette. Ml^^ Married January 2". «V0" '.1*'^ -^ ■ ^ uel, born arch 2>. .8^6. Thev are .h r- ents of: Clarence L born December 3^. ^90- Martha .•li.abe.h bo,„ March !«. 584 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS 1914 and Samuel Charles Samuel, born Feb. 22, 1916 and died May 9, 1917. David Vann, born January 1, iSoo, married Martha McNair, born September 1. IS 12. He was murdered on December 23, 1863 and his widow died in March 1875. They were the parents of: Clement Neeley brilliant attorney. Lieutenant Colonel in the Confederate service and Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation; Nicholas Byers; David Lu- cuUus; Mary Delilah graduated in the second class (1S56) from Female Seminary, married George W- Drew and Joel Bryan Mayes twice elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Na- tion; Charles Avoy; Joseph Lewis and Martha Elizabeth Vann born at New Hope October 4, 1852, married Nov., 9, 1871 Samuel Houston Mayes, born May 11, 1S45. She died Dec. 27, 1907. Samuel Houston the youngest brother of Chief Joel Bryan Mayes was elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation August 5, 1895. Chief Samuel Houston and Martha Eliza- beth (Vann) Mayes were the parents of Wil- liam Lucullus, Dr. Joseph F. and Carrie M. Mayes, the subject of this sketch. Snodgrass, Mrs. T. L- (See Grant, Down- ing and Ghigau)—Lydia Beatrice Wilder, b(irn Jan, 28, 1883, in Choteau, educated at lluirell Institute, Muskogee. Married at Cluiteau Ncjvember 4, l9oo, Thomas Leon- ard, son of E. C. and Nora Snodgrass, born Nov. 16, 1873 in Washington County, Va Thev are the parents of: Carlotta Marie Snodgrass, born May 17, 1912. Charlotte Belle, daughter of Ellis and Clara (Buffington) West, born August in, 1847, married March 1870 Jacob West .Markham, born .Inly 2, 1843. He died April 27, 1S77 and she married March 1878, Wil- li:un Lavesque Wilder, born .March 24, 1839 in Lafayette County, Tennessee, served dur- ing the Civil War in Co. "A" Twelfth Ar- kansas Infantry, Confederate army. H- died Aug. 6, 1916. Mr. and Mrs. Wilder were the parents of Mrs. Tlmmas L. Simd- grass. Mr. Snodgrass is in the hardware business in Choteau. Sleeper, Mrs. Minnie, (See Cordery)—• Minnie Lucile Jackson, born at Tanglewood. tlie country home of her parents, August ■?, lS7l, educated in the public schools and Female Sejiiinary, married June 27, 189-1, Gideon Daniels Sleeper, born October 5. 185 8 in Liberty, .Miss. He died August 7, 1916. They are parents of the following children: Julia Virginia, born April 22, 1895; Gideon Daniels, born June 10, 1897; Walter Jackson, born March 17, 1899; Martha Elizabeth, born January 19, 1901, married A. J. Rawlins; Minnie Louisa, born August 23, 1906. Gideon Daniels Sleeper Sr. was appointed Commissioner in 1909 and elected to the same office in 1910-12. Martha Elizabeth Harris an eighth blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan was born January 3 1, 1844 in Georgia. She married in November 1862 William .lackson, born May 4, 183 5 in Mortonhamstead, Dev- onshire, England. He was Captain of Com- pany B Scantling's Squadron, Te.xas Con- federate Cavalry. He was elected a member of the council from Cooweescowee District on August 5, 1889. Mrs. Jackson died March 17, 1902 and O.aptain Jackson died March 2. l9ii. They were the parents of Walter Hampton, An- drew and Minnie Lueile Jackson the subject of this sketch. Mrs. Sleeper is in the fifth generation from Thomas Cordery, who married Susan- nah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Sa- vannah Clan. The first known Cordery was Souchville-Cordery who came across from Normandy to England with William, The Conqueror in 1066. Smith, Mrs- Richard Lafayette, (See Grant and Ward)—Richard Lafayette, son of Fred- erick David and Charlotte Elizabeth (Fields) Smith, born September 7, 1899, educated at Big Cabin- Married at Big Cabin May 3l. 1919, Minnie Carrie, daughter of Robert Louis and Caroline Emma (Schmidt) Steig- leder, born March 11, 1900, in Booneville, Missouri. They are the parents of Louis Richard Smith, born March 2, 1920 and Mil- ton Eldo Smith born Nov. 5, 1921. Mr. Smith is a farmer and breeder of Purebreed Hereford cattle and is a member of the 1. (). O. F. Fraternity. Mr. Steigleder was born July 10, 1862. in Iowa. Mrs. Steig- leder was born in Missouri April 2, 1871 and they were married in Booneville, .Mis- souri, September 9, 18S8. Sunday, Andrew, (See Conrad)—Andrew Sunday, born Aug. 13, 1877, educated in Cherokee Public Schools and Male Semi- nary. Married Sept. 27, 1897, Sallie Davis, born Feb. 23, 1879, in Cumberland County. Kv. HISTORY OF THE CilEROKlfl-: INDIANS They are the parents of: Mary, born April 4, 1898; Elva, born May 11; 1900; Lois, born Dec. 29, 1902: Jessie, born April li, 1907; Clarence, born April 15, 1911; Rob- ert Owen, born Feb. 6, I'M 4; Alice, born July 31, 1916; and Percy Sunday, born Mav 28, 1919. Mr. Sunday is a Baptist and Mason- Hair Conrad was a half breed Cherokee, one quarter Scotch and one quarter Hollan- der. He was Captain of a company of the Cherokee allies to the United States in ISH, was a member of the Constitutional conve"- *ion of 182 7, was captain of the first de- tachment of emigrants to leave the Old Na- tion for the west in 18.^8, was elected a member of council from Tahlequah LMstrict August 7, 1S43. He died November 2. 1S44. He married Melvina McGhee and they were the parents of James, who as well as all ol the descendents of Hair Conrad was called Hair instead of Conrad- This James Hair was the father of Nicholas Hair who marri^-d Lucinda Roberson and they were the pareiils of Andrew Sunday, the subject of this sketch. Stiles, Cha.'.. W. (See Adair)— Chariot'.' Elizalvth Vann, born February 7, 1868, mar- ried September 10, 1885 Charles William Stiles, born December 4, 1866 in Iroquois county, Illinois. They are the parents of: William, born June 5, 1894; Emma Jessie, born July 17, 1895, graduated from the Law Department University. Oklahoma, and married Gordon Fryer; Clarinda Ermiiu, born June 25, 1897, and married J. F- Sulli- van; Elsie Josephine Stiles was born Novem- ber 17, 1902. Mr. Stiles is K'oadmaster on the M. K. & T. raihoad, is a thirty second degree Mason and Shriner; Mrs. Stiles is an Eastern Star and White Shriner. Rev. James Jenkins Trott, a Methodist missionary married Rachel Ponds Adair, a quarter-blood Cherokee and their daughter Nancv A. Trott, born March Id, 1835, mar- ried October 20, lSt.0 Joseph George Wash- ington Vann born February l5, 1832. She died January 29, 1876 and he died February 15, ISSS. They were the parents of; .lames, born August l5, 1861; Joseph Webstei. born April 13. 1865; Charlotte Eliz;ibeth, born February 7, 1868; Joseph Harding, born December l5, 1869, and Emma Ann Vann, born October 7. lS73. Stewart, James O.— .lames O. Son of Wil- liam and Mai ion (bn.KherlN) SU.i,i N.f-, December 3, t,S7,S. Married jl Adi.r Au gust 29, i,s.|.. ,v,„dj dauchic, .., II , and Lean Hieronymus, b..rn Mj» i. ^^•, They are the parents .,( Halph Vi born January 17, iwoi, married S.-,tm- her 4. i'i20, ,Myrtle Martin. I'aulln* born October 4, l'>(,2: Grace iincij*. N^n December 31 !')(,!; Ruth, born (>fv»mb»f 31. 1905; and .Limes Carl Ste»ar|. b..rn April IS. |9|.|. Mr. .Stc«arl (» a (armcf and a member of i|ie Mi>derii W.«.dnun ..t America Shade, Henry (See Grant and <lii|iN>Ua)— Henry, son nf Isaac and Luc* (Smilh) Shade was born in Tahleiiuah DMricI, Jul< 15, 1875, married Feb. t>>. i'>02 .Mact'e Bell born July l>i. lS,So. .Mr- Shade t» ■•:>( .f the progressive farmers ol ClieroVr.- i..un ty and is a firm believer in if">d ciliteiithir. Susie, the daughter o( Idniond and Nellie (Lowrey) Fawling married Thnma* Smllk and they were the parents o( Lucy Smttb. wife of Isaac Shade and ninther of llenrt Shade, the subiect of this sketch Sloan, James E- (See Ghi^au)—lainet t< lis, son of Edward E. and Naomi (i..!.-) Sloan, born January 7, ISOJ. educated " rJelaware Dislricis and .Male Seminar* Mar ried at Claremore December I. fi:. ('iilli.- May. daughter of John .\L and Mary (. (K"r er) Carroll, born .March 2t. I,S'<.S in liela- ware District, educated al Bic Cabin Thei are the parents of: Percilla Mav. Sirn Au- gust 25. 1918; Naomi Caroline, born March 1. 1920; and Dorris Louise, born June \2, 1921. iMr. Sloan enlisted in the World War September 3, I'M.S, and »a* muNlered "U^ January 7, 1919. Thomas .Martin Paper married Mariella Ferandes Townseiid. their dauchler Maf» Caroline Raper married John M. Carroll and thev were the parents nf \\r\ Oillie Ma» Sloan. Sanders, Madison, (Paper. Sander* and Ghigau)— -Madison, s.m of .)e«e arid Caro- line (Catron) Sanders born In I8«.< Mar- ried in IS75. Louisa, dauchler o( Jame* and Nancy (Raper) Ibilland. b-rn February J*. 1859. Thev are the p'"^"'* "' Cirollni- married Ellis P. Alberlv; CynlhU. married William Isaac Johnson: Jesw; J»rae» S : Thomas Blair; Eliiabelh; .lohn Menu. O.'- neva, married Thomas l..hnvo.i and l'a.n»ll. Carl and .Maggie I'ee Sander*. Madison Sanders was elected .sheriK •>• HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Tahlequah District in 1879 and 1881. Carl D. Sanders was in the World War 7 months and 17 days, Co- K. 12th Inf. Austin, Mrs. Sue (See Cordery)—Sue, daughter of Charles Harris and Pearl Vic- toria (Haas) Sisson, born December l^, 1898 at Ft. Gibson; educated at Ft- Gibson, Muskogee and Claremore- Married at Clare- more June 5, 1920 Ervin F- son of Henry and Sallie Austin. Mr. Austin is engaged in the wholesale dry goods business at Clar^^- more. Thomas Cordery, an Irishman married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan- Their daughter Nannie mar- ried Parker Collins and they were the par- ents of Jennie Collins who married Charles Harris of Spartanberg district, S. Carolina Charles and Jennie Harris were the parents of Narcissa, born in 1841, married George Sisson and Jesse Wolf- She died October IS, 1898. Maltha Elizabeth married Captain William Jackson; Sue F. married Alfred M. Gott; Charles Joseph and Truste Bird. George and Narcissa Sisson were the par- ents of Charles Harris Sisson, born Decem- ber 26, 1859, educated in the Cherokee Na- tional schools and married at Ft. Gibson, De- cember 4, 1H93 Pearl Victoria Haas, born August 29, 1879 in Tupelo, Lee county, Mississippi. They are the parents of Charles Hairis, born Novejnber 5, 1894: Jessie May, born July 31, 1896; Sue, born December 14, 1898; Mary, horn January 13, 1900 and Emma Pauline, born May 8, 1902- Charles Harris Sisson was appointed Cir- cuit Judge of the Cherokee Nation in May 189 7, and was elected a member of the Council from Illinois District in Aug. 1903. Starr, Bluford W. (See Ghigau)—Bluford West Starr, born September 1, 1858 near Fort Gibson is the son of Bluford West Starr born March 5, 1826 and died April 7, 185.S and his wife Margaret Ann (McDanie!) Starr who died July 4, 1866. Bluford W having been left an orphan at such an earlv age struggled against adverse conditions and gained a creditable education. His dominant characteristics are honesty and integrity. He is a farmer, stockman and Mason. He mar- ried on November 10, IS87 Jessie Adel th-; daughter of Charles and Marion M- Hutch- ins, born Aug. 29, 1865 in Dane Co., Wis- consin. Thev are the parents of Charles i;!aienc>', born October 1. ISSS; Orange Walter b,,rn April 22, 1890; Glenn W. born July 6. 1892 and Jessie Alarion, born De- cember 24, 1894. Bluford W. Starr's Cher- okee name is Yona and he belongs to the Wolf Clan. He was elected a member of Council from Cooweescoowee District on August 7, 1899. Sisson, Mrs. Pearl V. (See Cordery) Pearl Victoria, daughter of J. F. and Cecilia (Gib- son) Haas was born at Tupelo, Lee County Mississippi on August 29, 1879. She mar- ried at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory Decem- ber 4, 1893 Charles Harris Sisson, bor;i November 26, 1859. They are the parents (if: Charles Harris born November 5, 1894; .lessie May born July 2, 1896; Sue born De- cember 14, 1898; Mary born January 13, I'lOO and Emma Pauline burn May 8, 1902. Charles Harris Sisson was appointed Circuit Judge of the Cherokee Nation on May 1, IS" 7 and elected to Council from Illinois District on August 3, 1903. Sandifer, Bert E., (See Sanders)—Celia Margaret Walkley born March 29, ISS2 mar- ried November 30, 1902 Bert E- Sandifer, born Sept. 1, 1881. They are the parents of: William Franklin, born September 17, 1903; Robert Lee, born January 23, 1905; Owen Haskell born August 18, 1907; Alice Catherine born November 11, 1912 and Margaret Elizabeth Sandifer born August 31. 1914. James Chambers, born June 11, 183 1 married April 12, 185 1 Catherine Hendricks bniM May 3, 1829. He was elected to Coun- cil from Cooweescoowee District August 1. 1887. He died December 16. 1S97. Mrs. Catherine Chambers died Feb. 8, 1912. Their daughter Alice Jane was born June 5. 1852, she mairied August 18, 1872 Willian: Walkley, borji March 14, 183 5 in Gloucester, England. He died October 7, ISSl. Wil- liam and Alice Jane (Chambers) Walkley were the parents of Mrs. Celia Margaret Sandifer. Smith, Fred, (See Grant and Ward)— Frederick David, son of Samuel and Louisa .lane (Ward) Smith was born on Spavinaw Creek, .Marcli 2 t, 1S65, educated in Dela ware District. Married on Lynch's Prairie May 26, ISSS, Charlotte Elizabeth, daugh- ter of John Jefferson and Mary Pauline (Adair) Fields, born August 27, 1872, edn- cated in Delaware District. They are the parents of: Frederick Eldo, born June 18, 1894, graduated from the Northeastern State HISTORY OF THE CHlfKOklflf INDIANS 5X7 Normal at Tahl.-qii',|, i„ ri,^ .j,,^, i,r.u,j.i„,i„ Business College ami married Miss Hud Hubbard Nov. 27, i')i7; Richard Lafayetle boru September 7, i899; Charles .luliin born September 24, igni, married Opal Pearl Long; Samuel P. Smith, born August 4, 1910. Mr. Smith is a farmer near'iMs Cabin and is a juember of the IndependeiU Order of Odd Fellows and Mrs. Smith is a Rebecca. Richard, son of Ezekial and ,Marv An.i (Sexton) Fields married Elizabeth Bla.gg ami they were the parents of John .lefferson Fields who married Mary Pauline Adair. Smith, Mrs. A. J. (See Grant and Duncan; — Clearcy, daughter of Ezekial and Sabra Elizabeth (Ward) Fields, was borii March 2S, lS7l, educated in Delaware District. Mar- ried in the Seneca Nation, Andrew Jackson, son of James and Margaret E. Smith, born in Indiana in Monroe County. They are tlu' parents of: Cora Pearl, born September .To, 1888, married April 20, 1908 Benjamin .Mor- ris, son of John Johnson and Caroline .Mari.i (Thompson) Caldwell born near Big Cabin August ", 1889, two children Bertram Stan- ley, born June 13, l9o9 and Janice Clearcv Caldwell, born April 1, 1917; Ruth Lavonia, born June 18, lS9o, married McLeod LanJ- rum Adair; Bertha Belle, born April 18, 1893 married Edward Davis. They have two sons, Preston Edward and Roger Elmo Davis; James Lafavette, born June 27, 1899; Claud- ius Edgar, born October 1. 1906 and Maci: Andrew Smith, born June 28. 1909. .Mr and Mrs. Smith belong to the Christian Church. He is a member of the I. C 0. F. and she is a Rebecca. They own and opei ate a fine farm near Vinita. Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Chero- kees married Jennie Baffin gton and they were the parents of Ezekial who married Mary Ann Sexton. Their son Richard mar- ried Elizabeth Jane Blagg and they were the parents of Ezekial Fields who married Sabra Elizabeth Ward. Sevier, William Penn—William Penn. soii of John and Eliza (Potts) Sevier, born Aug. 7. 1874, educated at the Orphan Asylum. Married at Tahlequah, Ida E.. daughter of Robin and Darky Emily Penn, born May 1, 18 75. They are the parents of Alma E. Sevier, born March 25. 19D3. Mr. Sevier, who is at present a salesman, is one of the best interpreters among th-; Cherokees and is one of the few Cherokee <>P«etters. 1, is .h.,uKht .ha. ih„c .r, n.., more than three in the Irlbe. i( ■ His ancestors, his Rrcal urandli Scotch descent wh.. ciinc |.. \ early days. In his line .,( chr..n.,i.,c, ,^„. that of Seviers, .Morsans ind Klnj*. Sander., W. E. (See Sandrrv S.rjp,f .. lootsa, Ghigau, Adair and Dutuan)—* ill„- Edward Sanders, horn in G..inr Snakf I'l trict, April 2, t.soi. tducilcd in Ihr ■ h. • okee Public Schools. Marrlfd .March : 1S90, Sarah Catherine Scrlmsher. b-.rn l«i. 27, 1866. She died January 2S. i.s.; They were the parents o( John Ounlcr Sn ders, born April 23. I89t. Mr. Sand<f. married at Adair in 1894 Etta Jane, diuch ter of Henry Harrison and Narcitta >ir (Duncan) Scraper born in isrt in Salmi District. She was educated at V,-.tie\Ut Academy, Vinita and Female Seminif>. They are the parents of: William Ed»afd. born October 24, 1896; Dewilt Clirk. born June 30, 1898; Henry K- bnrn October I 1902; Connelly, born Aui;ust 16, 1906 and Owen Bates Sanders, born Sept. 25, fit* Mr. and Mrs. Sanders are Baptists. He U a .Modern Woodman and a .Masim. Rltwi with a splendid earnest, honest perionalilv he has been chosen by Rood mainritlet by his fellow citizens for the fojlowinc po^lilupt Sheriff of Cooweescoowee District elected August 3, 1885, August 1, IS.S7, and Aututi 3, lS9t; Senator from the same district, August 1. 1893; Sheriff of Rojers Cnunlt. November S. 1910; County Commisjioner ol the same county. November 5, lOiS and November 2, 1920. .Mrs. Sanders' (alher »n the son of George W. Scraper and was <i'. derlv Sergeant of Company I). Second Ir. dian Home Guards, U. S. A. Strange, Cicero, J. (See Grant, Ohica > Oolootsa and Adair—Cicero .(ames, vn ■■< William and Samanthi (Boss) Siranie mi\ born February S, IS74 in Georgia and cJu cated in that slate. .Married at ("helsea t^t cember 24, 1S94, Mary BriRhl, dautbler "I John Polk and Emilv Jane (Walker) r>rak' born January 2S. 1 878. Thev are Ibe p'' ents of: Mary Emma, born September • 1895; John Drake horn February 1 5. I*' Janie Anna, born April '\ l'">f>: fHa. b--' Feb. 11. I<i02; Lulu Fuphemia N-rn !«'■<■ 26. 1904; Frank J. born February 2'. I'""', Charles, born Jan. 4. too-i; rio'fnce. b-ifn Sept. 1". 1916 and Mirjaret Si 'ante N>rB Julv 3. 1919. 588 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Emily Jane, daughter of Timothy Meigs Polk Drake and they were the parents of Mary Bright (Drake) Strange- Worsham, Mrs. Wm. A. (See Adair)— Mabel Maud Hogan born April 15, iSyo, educated at Pryor and William Woods Col- lege, Fulton, Missouri. She married Octo. ber 9, l9o9 William A. Worsham- They are the parents of Mary Margaret, born April 1, 1911 and Gay Nell Worsham born July 20, 1913. Vann, D. W. (See Downing)—Daniel Webster, son of James and Elizabeth (Heat- on) Vann was born October 12, 1845 in Cherokee Nation. Enlisted in Company M First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers, Con- federate service July 12, 1862 and on re- organization in 1863 he joined company C of the First Cherokee Mounted Rifles in which he served until the end of the war. He married Nancy Jane Riley, born Nov. 27, 1847. She died soon after their marriage and he married October 6, 1870 Clarinrla Vann Rowe, born January 16, 185 1. She died July 28, 1903. They were the par- ents of: Joseph Rowe, born June 1, 187 1 and died April 13, 1890; Ada Archer born December 7, 1879 married Thomas Jackson McPherson, David Webster born January 24, 1883 married Mary Beatrice Alberty; Clar- inda Alice born January 24, 1886 and Wil- liam Claude Vann born August 23, 1888. Daniel Webster Vann was elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1885, August 5, 1887 and August 5, 1895. His life has been characterized by fidelity to his ideals and unswerving earnest honesty. Avery Vann a white man married Peggy McSwain a quarter blood Cherokee and their daughter Elizabeth born November 2, 1820 married David Rowe, born April 2, 1820. He was elected judge of the Northern Cir~ cult of the Cherokee Nation, August 2, 187 5. He died April 27, 1891 and she died Decem- ber 11, 1896. They were the parents of: Clarinda Vann Rowe who married Daniel Webster Vann. Wyly, Percy (See Lynch, Bufifngton, Wy- ly).—While yet the harp twanged in Tara's Hall and the pride and pomp of feudal Ire- land vied in the jousts of their own king- dom; one of their proudest and noblest fam- ilies were the Lynches, and their great Cas- tle was a salon of patriotism and pleasure. Today the castle stands an ivy covered ruin about which you will be told long before you reach its home country and the mystic leg- ends recounted about it would fill a goodly set of quarto volumes. But where are the Lynches, the proud and self contained race that would never bend a free born neck to prince or tyrant? They are dispersed over the world and if you could segrate them you would find them high and low in the governments of the world, earnestly, honestly doing their duties at it presented to them. Jeter Lynch, a scion of this distinguish- ed family married Nancy, the eldest daugh- ter of General Joseph and Mrs. Susannah Martin in 1799. Mr. and Mrs. Lynch's fifth child was John Adair Bell. The family of Joshua and Sabra, who married Joshua Buffington and Sabra Buffington, were: WilUam Wirt, Johtv Ross. Daniel Webster, Eliza and Mary Jane Buffington, the latter was born in l84o. She married February 11, 1858 Robert Fletcher Wyley born September l5, 1827 in Habersham County, Georgia. He was elected judge of Delaware District in 1877, 1879, 1881 and 1883- Elected Editor ol the Cherokee Advocate in 1889 and At torney General of the Cherokee Nation ir, 1897. He died November 5, 1903. Mrs. Wyly died June 4, 1902. Judge Wyly was an extraordinary handsome type of thft gentlemen of the old south, standing over six feet in height with a benignant and in- telligent countenance, well poised, he seem ed to always have the proper courtly ex- pression tempered by a gallant kindness of heart that commanded admiration and re- spect. Judge Robert F. and Mrs. Wyly were the parents of Percy, married December 10, 1885; Ida Frances Harmon, born March U, 1869; Robert Lee; Julia who married James Bluford Johnston; Capitola Virginia who married Mangnus Allen McSpadden; Albert Sidney who married Lillian Alexander; Wil- liam Buffington who married Cora Archer .McNair and Zoe Augustus who married Thomas Jefferson Watts- Percy Wyly was born February 8, 1861. He was elected sheriff of Delaware District in 1889- He was chosen as delegate to Washington in 1890 and when the time came to negotiate for the final dissolution of their tribal rights the Nation felt the necessity of choosing some of their most HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEI: INDIANS Sh> trustworthy men f,,r that diitv and Percv Wyly was one of the six men honored with this trust. Percy and Ida Frances Wyly are the par- ents of: James Robert, born July 26, ISSC-, Leah, horn October 13, ISSS and Thurman Wyly born July 19, IS'M. Whisenhunt, Andrew Bell.—(See Down- ing— Andrew Bell, son of Noah and Nancy Jane (Phillips) Whisenhunt was born Dec. 27, 1S73. Educated in the Cherokee Pub- lic Schools and Male Seminary. Married November 15, 1896, Cora Ann, daughter nf John and Emily H. Cooper, born .March 29, 1S7S in Cook County, Te.xas. They are the parents of: Jefferson Bryan, born Oct- ober 5, 1S97. He is also a Mason: Emily Helen, born September 14, 1S99; Winifreil, born June 7, l9oi, married December 23, 1919, Vernon Hurd and their son, Verna Lee Hurd, was born July 16, 1921; Cooper born October 26. 1903; Ruth, born March 3, 1906; Claude, burn August 3. 190S; Ros-,, born September 24. l9io; j, E.. born No- vember 10, 1914; Robert Bruce Whisenhunt, born June 30, 1917. .Mr. and .Mrs. Wiseii hunt are Methodists and he is a Mason. They are farmers near Oolagah. Sidney Crittenden married Elijah Phillip;; and they \yere the parents of Nancy Jan.- Phillips, born February 19, iS39. .Married December 2S, 1S59 Noah Whisenhunt. bcjrn in Carroll County, Georgia, October 27, 1832. He served the confederacy in Co. H. 24th Arkansas Infantry. Mrs. Nancy Jan; Whisenhunt died November I'Ml. and he died in 19i4. Emily Helen jiiarried Benjamin H. Dike- ]iia!i, April 27, l^i21. Their son Darrel Phillips born September 9. 192I. Whisenhunt, Mrs. T. J.—See FJowning)— Eliza, daughter of Isaac Peter and Rebecca (Woods) Howell, was born in 1869, educat- ed in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married at Fishertown in 1SS6, Thomas Jefferson, son of Noah and Nancy Jane (Phillips Wisen- hunt. born February 25, 1864. They are the parents of: Lilliam Audie, born in 1889, William Walter, born in 1896; Andrew Jay, born in 1897; Robert Lee, born in 1900 and Clint Whisenhunt. born in 1909. Andrew J. Whisenhunt volunteered for service in the World War. and was fifteen months in train- ing camp but did nut go over seas. Lillian Audie attended the Female Seminary during n WhUrnhunI » ii l906-'>. Thi.mjs Jeller elected to c.iuncil (rum August 5. I,S95 ,„d AutuM 2. H'l: ),. was elected Counly Commi»»|..tifr ..f »..(,., County, November ,S. vno ind No„mhr 5. 1912. Mr. Whisenhunt is i %U.u.n inj ., a farmer near Oi.hgah. Sidney Crittenden married l:ll/ibclh fh I lips and they were the pjr<nl» ..) N,^, Jane Phillips Whisenhunt. Edith Ouinton married Thom« W.»<1» and they were the parents of fttba.t Woods who married Issac Pelcr H<iw«tl Woodward, Mrs. C- E.—(See Km* it Holland)—Florence Ella, dauehtrr ..( |.n iei L. and Ruth Caroline (Ilnllind) !*..«, was born November 30, |87'>. Educaird i- the Cherokee Public School v Female S«m inary and North Eastern Slate Normal. .Mii- ried at Parsons. Kansas. February 6. loio, Charles Earl, son of John W. and Nancv I. Woodward, born July 1 5. I8811 in ttfnt County. Missouri. Educated in Salem HIrN School and Draughon's Busineim Collrc' Mr. Woodward taught schcMil four stn\ before their marriage and .Mrs. Wi>>d»jr>l taught ten years. He was poilma*li-r al Vera under President WiUon. Ward.—(See Ward and Grant) —Gt»ttt De Shields Ward, born June 4. tS4: <■< Beatties Prairie. Delaware PIslricI He he longed to Captain C. C- Waters' Compan- Second Cherokee .Mounted Volunteers. M- married December 26, 1.S6'). Ellia F Phil- lips, born December 10, lS5o in B<nl"i ounty, Arkansas. Thev are the parenn • ! Leia Aimer, born December 18. is:i. Jim.-i Osman. born .March 3l. 1871; John Flm.-r born December 7. 1 876 and ElheUnn v» W^ard. born Mav 2o. 1SS7. Whitmire, William W. (See Ghicau and Downing).—William Walter, son n( Willfr Samuel and Nancy Bushvhead (Wilken"' Whitmire was born in Goinit Snake (•iunci May 2S, 187", educated in .Vale Seminars .Married Sept. 10. I'M 3. Narciiu Ta>l<.f. born April 9, 1S7S. Thev are the parenM "I Walter Samuel Jr., and Stand Walie >* h • mire, twins, born June f. I "J" ^'' Whitmire. whose Cherokee name It Wee ! is a splendid interpreter of the Chefi'kf- English language and is a Mav-n WiU, Mr.. Harry J.— (See Daniel)— )ui» Inez Scudder. born January 21. «»'>2. edu. cated at Chelsea. Married October 25. |01«. 590 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Henry J., son of Albert and May Witz. She belongs to the Methodist church and is an Eastern Star- Mr. Witz is connected with the Chelsea Oil Refinery- Mrs- Witz is the daughter of W. H. H. and Margaret Joseph- ine Scudder. Wallace, Sue Adair (See Adair, Grant, Mc- Nair. Halfbreed, Cordery and Duncan)—Sue Adair, born January 17, 1S8 7 at Vinita, Cherokee Nation. Educated at Female Sem- inary, married December 7, 1909 Robert Wilson Wallace- They are the parents of-. Helen Adair Wallace born June 7, 1914. Mrs. Wallace's Cherokee name is Susonia. Mr. Wallace is an oil producer in the Wesl Verginia and Texas oil fields. Hutchins, Lew Wofford (See Ghigau and Sanders)—Lew Wofford Hutchins born May 17, lS'i2 educated at Claremore. Married at Chelsea, June 6, 19i6 Emma Lea Clarke, born July 26, 1892 in Jackson, Tennessee They are the parents of: Lew Wofford, born April 13, l"^'!" and Jetnette Lea Hutchins, born July 14, 1918. Lew Wofford Hutchins is the son of Wil- lard Edward and Nettie (Smith) Hutchins. The former born June 12, 1857 in Marion, Nebraska and married May 10, 1891 Nettie Smith, born February l5, 1872. Emma Lea Clarke is the daughter of Rich- ard and Emma( Lea) Clarke, the former born April 26, 1848 and married February 24, 1879 Emma Lea, born January 19, 1846. Richard Clarke is deceased and his wife died in 1920. WalWey, William S—(See Sanders, Ghig- au and C'onral)—William Spencer Walkley, born Aug. 3, 1898 married Jan. l5, 1920, Buell Shelton and they have one son, Wil- liam George Walkley born February ?.">, 1921. Mr. Walkley's Cherokee name is Atowayne and he belongs to the Wolf Clan. He is a member of the Presbyterian church, is an Elk and .Modern Woodman. He en- listed in the navy April 10, 1917, was a first class seaman on the U- S- S. Antigone and a Cockswain on the Pasadena. Mustered out July 5, I'M'). Walkley, George W.—(See Sanders, Con- rad and Ghigau)—George Washington Walkley, born February 21, 1868, married January 8, 1888 Margaret O- Spencer, born October 14, 1896. They were the parents of: Mary Alice, Ruby Lucile and William Spencer Walklfi" White, Mrf,. Dr. L. C—(See Ward).— Nancy Louisa, daughter of Burges Gaither and Ann Eliza (Gunter) Chandler was born in Delaware District, July 30, 1884, and was educated in Willie Halsell College, Vinita, graduating in 1900. Married at Vinita, May 22, 1907, Dr. Lee Carl, son of Dr. George W. and Georgia A. (Adair) White, born December 25, 1873 in Warren County, Kentucky. He graduated from Kentucky University in 1905 and is an alumni of the Louisville University. He is a Mason and an Odd Fellow. They are the parents of Carl Chandler White, born March 9, 19 19. Mrs. White is a member of the Methodist church and is a Rebecca. She is the youngest sister of Hon. T. A. Chandler, Congressman from the First District of Oklahoma. Dr. White enjoys u lucrative practice at Adair. Waller, Mrs. George W Susie L. Hayes, born in the Salina District, Cherokee Nation, April 17, 1879, educated at Worchester Academy, Vinita. married February 26, 189 5 George W. Waller, a successful farmer and stock raiser, who died August 28, 1915. They are the parents of: Goldie Jane, born September 3, 1897, married Frederick V. Taylor; William T. H., born February 5, 1899, married Delia Price; Bertha M., born February 13, 1901; Bessie O- W., born Sep- tember 21, 1905; Cricket Ruby, born July 4, 1907; BIynn Eldred, born September 20, 1909, and George Clifford, born February 14, 1912. Mrs. Waller's Cherokee name is Su-saun-e. She is a member of the Methodist church. Watts, Mrs. Charles G.—(See Downing). — Flora Elvina Lindsay, born at Chouteau, February 9, 1879, educated at Chouteau and Female Seminary from which she graduated in June 1897. She taught in the Female Seminary and the Orphan Asylum; married at Bryan's Chapel, November 4, 1906 Charles Colston, son of Jefferson and Cath- erine Watts, born February 8, 187 5. They are the parents of: Clyde Jefferson, born December 3 0, 190 7, and Charles Gor- don Watts, born November 10, 1911. Charles Gholson Watts was twice elected District Judge of the Third Judicial District of Oklahoma and was one of the most pop- ular members of the bench. He resigned in the spring of I9i8 to reassume his law practic-' HISTORY OF THh- ClilfROK!:li IM.IaN.s VI I Mrs. Charles G. Watts is a ,\U-thodis, an Eastern Star, member uf the .Arts and Craft, Club, and the United Daughters ,,f the Co.;- federacy. Rebecca Wright a quarter-hl,„,d Cherokee of the Wolf Clan married Joel Mayes Bryan. Their daughter Marie Louise married Rilev Wise Lindsey, and they were the parents uf Mrs. Charles Colston Watts. The complete British peerage, which ;■; the authority on the subject, says in Volume 111, page 507 in reference to the Lindseys, as the name is spelled in Scotland, no famil,.- in Scotland "can in genealogical importance equal that of Lindsey, not onlv as tu an- tiquity in the male line, but in all probabil- ity to the number of parliamentary sittings, such sittings beginning at the earliest period of which records e.xist. David Lindsey of Glenesk. the Chief of that house was created Earl of Crawford be- tween April 21, and May 2, l3')S. The highlands of Crawfijrd in Clydesdale were the ancient possessions of the Lindseys." Weinberger, Henry.—Henry, son of Jacob and Rachel (Foreman) Weinberger, was born in the Cherokee Nation, June 12, ISO 5 and his sister, Susan Frances, was born October 10, I'lOO. They live near Big Cabin. Henry enlisted May 25. I'MS. was a first class private in the .\Wdical Depart- ment and is entitled to wear a bronze victorv medal. He was discharged July S, 19!'). Their mother died December 20. ril2 anil their father died November S, 1^)15. Catherine Nellie Weinberger, born Sep- teinber 22, I803, is residing near Eldorado, Kansas. Rebecca Josephine Weinberger. born March 3 1, 1897, died Julv 18, 1899. Warner, Mrs. John L (See Duncan and Grant)—Dora Ella, daughter of Basil Las- kin and Joella (Thompson) Nail, was born in Delaware District, December 8, lS93, educated at Pensacola. Married December 10, 1911 John Lewis, son of William T. aand Elizabeth Warner, born in Clemmons, Fo:- syth Countv, North Carolina. Educated at Blackburn and Booneville, North Carolina. They are the parents of: Raymond, bc-n September 5, 1912, died July 24, 1914 and Basil Bert Warner, born November 28 1914. Mr. Warner is agent at Pensacola on the M. O. & G. R. R. Nannie, daughter of Brigadier General ''>seph .Ma.lin „urried If,,, 1.,,,,.^ , „„., per uf an Irish faniilv ihii im-fj hia ■ royalty and they were the pircnii ..( \\,, , Lynch wife nf J.,hns,.„ Th..mp,..„ ,nj m..; er of Joseph Lynch Thomrvm .h.. mjr- 1 Frances B. Kell. Their dauchlor JrlU rw: ried Basil Laskin Nail. Walkabout, John.— (See Cnnrid ind • r dery)— John, son o( Menr» and J,n ,• (Hevdricks) Walkiboi.t *l^ !<„,„ <k,., . II, ISS7,. .Married leinettr Cordcrv. b August 6, 18S-). Thev are the i«»t<nl» ■ 1 Johnnie, born August 4, 1910; L»»l. b,<i October 29, 1012, i„j Ouinlr.n K. h-.r , July 24, 19 IS. John Wjlklh..ul I* (he i\r . of School District No i; n( i:brri,l^- count\ . Woods, Mrs. R. C— Lehi LfVinder Mi». . born at Chelsea, April 14, t.H<)o, rducitcd it Chelsea and Female Seniinits. Married October 19. nno. Ravmond Charlfs W.«^«v born December 15. 1SS5, in Labellc r,.upi, Kansas. They are the parents of: (".harlfj Edwin, born April 26, 1912; Lolj Evtl^n. born August 29. i9i4 and Ravmund W«>Ji. born February 13, 1921. Mr. Woods is the son of Oscar E. and Clara Woods, and .Mrs. Leiia L<Vind<r Woods is the daughter of John LeVandiT and Susan Lillie (.Mcintosh) .Mizer; the lat- ter, the daughter of John Ross Mclnimh. the last Chief Justice of the Cherokee Na- tion. Walkingstick, Simon Ralph. Jr.—Simon Ralph, son of Simon Ridcc and Viola (<>»• borne) Walkingstick was born at Tahlequah Aug. 17, 1S96. Educated at Bacone and t)arl- .mouth Colleges, Rradualine (fom the lailcr with B. S -degree. .Married at Swacu*e. N Y. December l5. I'M 7, .MarRarel E. daufb- ter of C- H. McKaig. Thev are the parent* of Syvertsen Ralph Walkincsllck. N.rr. Julr 3, 1920. Simon Ralph Walkinuslick iJ a Pre»»l*»- ian. In Dartmouth, he was one of the eleve- members of the students (overnlnj NJv President of the College Y. M C. A.. Prfi dent of the ColieKJate (:o*mop«lltjn 'luV. originator of one of the t»t> princtpal < ■■. lege yells. Secretary of the New fncUnd College Prohibition Association. Secretifr "< the Army Y. M- C. A- work on the Me«ic«n border in TMo transferred !■• ffpt »■■•• then to India and later became Senior Sr* retarv of the V. M. C. A- activities •Hh ih» 592 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS British Army of Base Area in Mesopotamia with rank of Captain and on returning to the United States he was assigned to the Oklahoma Y. M. C- A. work as Secretary of the State Indian Department. Woodall, William C. (See Woodall and Grant)—William Coffee Woodall born in Delaware District, April 20, 1870, educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married June 10, 1892 Sarah Ellen, daughter of John D. and Mary Jane Marker, born March i. 1877, and educated in Delaware District. They are the parents of: Lydia Wilson, born December 14, 1895, married Everett Tip ton; Stand Watie, born March 19, 1898, edu- cated in Craig County and Haskell Institute. Married at Lawrence, Kansas June 19, 1920, Agnes, daughter of Henry Mortimer and Clara Etta Lesuer, born May 5. 1901 in Raiii Bow Camp, Siskiyou County, Calif.; Vera Marguerite, born March 9, i900; Charles Washington, born December 28, 1902; Ha- zel T., born February 21, 1907; and Alm.i Rathie, born October 25, 1909. William C and his son Stand Watie are farmers near Vinita. William C. is a member of tiie Masonic order. George Caruth Woodall, a white man, born April 27, iS04, married in December 1827 Ellen Moore, a Cherokee. He died June 1, 1880. They were the parents ot William Coffee Woodall, born July 4, 1S3 5. married April 28, 1857, Margaret A. Ruse, born March 24, 1838. She died May 30, 1889 and he died November 7, 1915. Thev were the parents of William Coffee Woodall who married Sarah Ellen Marker. William Coffee Woodall, Sr., was elected Councilor from Delaware District, August 2, 1875 and August 5, 1877 and elected Senator from the same district August 6, 1883. He was, a man noted for his sterling integrity and honesty and was a true representative of the Woodall family. Whitaker, W. T—Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of David and Mary Ann (Bigby) Taylor was born in Cherokee County, North Carolina Oct. l8th, 1819, Married April 2, 183 4 to Stephen Whitaker who was born in the same County and State on February 9, 1814. They were the parents of William Thomas Whitaker, born February 14, 185 4 in same County and State. William Thomas came to the Indian Territory in 187 1. remaining 4 years, returned to his native state and on April 25, 1875 married Stacy L. Hood who was born in the same county and State on May 25, i860. They removed to the In- dian Territory under the supervision of the Government over the Cherokee's in 1881, living about 6 months in Muskogee, moved to Chouteau living there for 5 years an.l moved to Pryor, Okla. in 188 7. To this Union was horn James Edward, Dec. 25, 1878, William Jerry, Sept. 8, 1881, Emma D, June 11, 1883, Maggie R. June 1, 188;, J. Charles, July 4, 1888, Ella O. August 8, 1890, Claude, February 9, 1893, Clarence Mjv 7, 1895, Edna Mae, July 26, 1901. James E. and William J. received their education at Male Seminary, Tahlequah, Wil- lie Halsell College, Vinita, and Henry Ken- dall College, Muskogee, Okla. William J. is also a graduate of the Univer- sity Medical College of Kansas City, Mo. and was First Lieutenant M. R. C. and present County Physician. James E. was a member of Co. D, 1st Territorial Regiment in 1898 during the Spanish American War. James E. and Wm. J. are both 3 2nd degree Masons and Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. James E. married Myrtle L. Ellis on Oct. 7, 1908 and to this union was born James Ellis, Sept 1, 1909, William Thomas, May 8, 1911, Lois Mae, April 2, 1913, Fleeta Eloise, Sept. 22, 1915, George Edward and Georgia Elizabeth (twins) April 10, 1917 and Myrtle Lorine. December 12, l')20. William J. married L(iis Waldrup August 4, 1911. Emma D. married December 13, 1904, Geo. W. Collipriest and the following chil- dren were born to this union. Gertrude Ruby, Helen, Fay and Fern (twins) and James. Maggie D. married in 190 7 to James R. Lawson and to this union a son was born namely Byron. J- Charles married on December 10, 1909 to Curtis E. Bush and to this union a son was born, name John C. ■Ella O. married June 6, 190S Dr. L. B. Barnes. William Thomas Whitaker founded the Whitaker Orphans Home for White Orphan children of the Indian Territory in 1897 and maintained said home and cared for hundreds of Orphan children and at the time of State- HISTORY OF THH CHEROKEE INDIANS S'M hood he gave the Home tu the State of Oklahoma and the Institution is now known as the East Oklahoma State School, a bles- sed Heritage. Wright, E. B. (See Grant and Downing) Ellis Buffington Wright, born in Going Snake District, October 2'-i, iS5 4. .Married Mav 29, 1881, Elizabeth, daughter of Eli We.>i and Jennie Chinosa (Vann) Dougherty, born July 6, 1862 and graduated from Female Seminary June 27, 1S7'). Thev were the parents of: William Ellis, Francis Otto, Mayes, Bryan, Lydia, John Lindsav and Kuth Wright. Ellis Buffington Wright is a quiet, reserv- ed man of more than ordinary ability and he has always been noted for his unswerving in- tegrity and reliability. He was elected Townsite Commissioner in 18^2, member of Council from Cooweescoowee District Au- gust 2, 184 7 and Senator from the same Dis- trict on August 7, 1899. Was appointed ".o fill the unexpired term of Sheriff of Coo- weescoowee District at the death of James Musgrove by Chief C- J. Harris. Barrett, (See Downing, Oolootsa and Half- breed)—John Crutchfield Barrett, b(irn De- cember 2 2, 18 72 in Corsicana, Te.xas, edu- cated at Willie Halsell College, Vinita; mar- ried at Claremore October 5, 189S Victori.i Lipe, born February 1, 1874 at Oowala. Cherokee Nation; educated at the Female Seminary and the Oswego Female College, Oswego, Kansas. Tht'y are Hie parents of Flavius, born October 7, 1900: Jack, born September 3, 1903; Mary Bessie, born Oc- tober 21, 1906. Mr. and Mrs. Barrett are Presbyterians; he is a Mason and member of the Deer clan; she is a member of the Wolf Clan Cherokees. John C Barrett, son of Flavius Josepheus Barrett, born October 22. 183 5 in Giles County Tennessee; captain Co. B. I5th Te.x- as Cavalry in the Confederate service; he married Aug. 18, 1865 Saphronia J. Crutch- field, born November 16, 1851; he was elected to the Texas legislature from Wise county in 1866, He now lives at Vinita- DeWitt Clinton Lipe, born February 17, 1840, attended the .Male Seminary in 185 4, married March l, lS7l Mary Elizabeth Arch- er, horn October 19, 184 7. She died March 18. 1894, and he died December 6, 1916- They were the parents of Nannie E-, Vic- toria and Lola V. Lipe. Bv a previous mar- riage Mr. Lipe had a s.,„ |,,hn Ounirr Liff DeWitt Clinton Lire held ihr )(.l|..«|n( ..( lices:; Clerk ..f (:.»)»cc«.H.»cf t)l»lric( Senator August 5, 1877; Nillonil Trrtiurc Nov. 11. 1S7<>; Seiiit-.r from «blch ht ft signed and was elected member Cbrrt.l-/ Citizenship court Nnv. iSSfi. He ■>« jp pointed on Chen.kee Oullel Bond*. t!l''l. National Treas. Nov. |4. |8'i5 tni etrclrti County Clerk Rogers counlv. ilkUh<>m« (■• the first term ..f that ..((ice- Bryan, Dr. W. W. (See Grant anil AJiin —William Wear, sun of Charle* S. and M.i dred (Wear) Bryan born September *. \y< ^ in Cooper County. .Missouri. Qriduii'J from Western Dental College o( Kama* 'm>. .Mo. Married at Vinila August it. l.*'>3, Rachel Bell, daughter .>f William Henr> and Eliza Jane (Bell) Mayes, born September n. 1868. They were the parents o(; OhariM S born July 14. IS<)6, and died Nov. <J «( Ike same year; Frances, born .May 17. IS**} and died June 21, iS'ij; William .Mayet born July 14, 1S')6 and died Nov. t. 1S<>6: Jo« Cullus, born February 10, IQOJ. and Mamie Alexander Bryan born October 2!, I'Hii. Dr. Bryan's ability in his cho«en rr"(e>- sion was recognized by his beinj app-iinied by Governor Haskell as President •)( ih; State Board of Dental Examiners, a r<>»ill..n in which he was retained (.>r nine >ear» lit is the Vice-President of the Fir»l National Bank of Claremore, the oldest banking e»- tablishment in Rogers f'ounly. chartered m 1895. Dr. Bryan is the owner <•( a m<»lel ranch of three hundred and l»enl» ac^ev adjacent to the City "f Claremore. »hf - • he maintains a splendid and commodi^m country seat and specializes in pedlfreeii live* stock. His shorthorn herd U "ne "t the best in northeastern Oklahoma- With his gracious wife and charmint children H* dispenses an open hospitality that render* i visit to his home a memorable occuion *'■> the fortunate guest. Mrs. Bryan is the neice o( Chief J'vel B Mayes and Samuel Houston .Mave» Brannon. Mr.. O. O. (See foreman)— Lucile Sarah, daughter o( Owen Henf» »n4 Ida Lorena (Stephens) Haworlh »a» N>rn at Tulsa, Monday, October «. l!<** tducauJ in the Public Scho<.ls and Scarred C.llece Married at Tulsa in l'>06, Or»al O. Branw.n. born Oct. 28. IS.S? in Marlin 0>unl». Ii»4 Thev are the parents of Marv, Njrn S<n '. 594 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS l9o7 and Thomas Brannoii, horn Jan 30, 1910. Ida Lorena, daughter of Spencer Scago and Sarah (Hicks) Stephens was born March 13, 1865- Graduated from Northfield Aca- demy, Northfield, Connecticut in 1884. Was an instructor in the first school opened in Tulsa. She married June 11, 1886 Owen Henry Haworth born April 27, 1858 in Kankakee County, 111. Bible, John Adam—John Adam, son of William Henry and Mary E- (Locker) Bible was born October 13, 1872. Married at Claremore July 1, 1895 Ella, daughter of Freedom E, and Louisa (Hill) Brinker, born Nov. 1, 1877 in Shelby County, Illinois. They are the parents of: Katie, born in Ta- lala March 30, 1896 and Maude Bible, born May 8, 1900, married at Nowata, Charles A. Carter and is now living in Kansas City. Mo. Mr. and Mrs. Bible are members of the Church of God and are progressive farmers near Talala, Oklahoma. Boling, Mrs. Julia M. (See Grant)—Julia Matilda daughter of John and Ruth (Hall) Davis was born Tuesday June 22, 1869 in Georgia- Married at the Martin Davis home- stead on the Chickamauga battle ground, Georgia, December 3, 1891 James Madison, son of Reuben and Marguerite Boling born Jan. 31, 1856. He graduated from University of Georgia, Post Graduate of Missouri Medical Collegr, St. Louis and University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Boling, who was a thirty second degree Mason died June 6, 1916. A pioneer phy- sician and friend to the Cherokee and did much good- Reserved, talented and gra- cious; Mrs .Boling being possessed of ample means maintains a home in Tulsa, but spends much of her time, traveling. Joseph, sun of Joseph and Susannali (Childs) Martin was born on his father':, plantation near Charlotteville, Virginia in 1740. He was elected Captain of the Tran- sylvania Militia in 17 76 became Major, Feb- ruary 17, 17 79 and Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. His activities were directed against the Tories and their Indian Allies west of the Allegheny Mountains, they hav- ing been stirred to violence by a letter of .May 9, 1776 from the British Superintend- ent of Southern Indian affairs, calling on them for concerted action in surprising and killing the men, women and children of the revolutionists and their sympathizers. The south had been practically subjugated by the summer of 1780 and it was only by the ef- forts of such a patriot as Major Joseph Martin that it was possible for a part of the soldiers of the Western frontier to strike and destroy Ferguson at Kings Mountain on Oc- tober 7, 1780 and turn the tide in favoi of the Americans. Major Martin was not at Kings Mountain, as he was busy hold- ing the Indians of the southwest at hay. In recognition of his patriotic services he was advanced to the lieutenant colonelcy, five months later. He was elected Brigadier Gen- eral of the North Carolina Militia by legisla- ture on December 14, 1787 and was com- missioned Brigadier General of the Twelfth Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor Henry Lee on December 11, 1793. Martinsville, county seat of Henry Coun- ty, Virginia and the place of his residence was named for him. He died there on De- cember 18, 1808 and was buried with Mili- tary and .Masonic honors. He married Susannah Fields near Emory and their third and youngest child was Sa- bra Martin who married Daniel Davis, born in 1785 in North Carolina and died in June 1S66. Their son Martin Davis was born August 27, 1809. Married April 29, 1840 Julia Ann Fate, born January 5, 1823 in Georgia. He died November 11, 1850 and she died September 28, 1882. They were the parents of John Davis born September 8, 1846. Married September 5, 1868 Ruth Hall born in Walker County, Georgia. They were the parents of .Mrs. Julia M. Boling. .Martine was one of the Norman Knights who accompanied William the Conqueror in the conquest of England in October 1065 and the family later changed the name to Martin. Garrett, R. B. (See Grant and Ward)^ Robert Bruce Garrett, born December 2. 1876 near Baptist Mission, Going Snake Dis- trict educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and graduated from Male Seminary May 31, l9oi. Appointed principal of the Cherokee Orphan Asylum in 1902. Mar- ried October 3, 1903, Cherokee Dora Ed- mondson, born October 23, 1879 in Dela- ware District, educated in the National Schools and graduated from Female Semi- nary June 23, 1897. They are the parents HISTORY OF THl^: ClIEROKKl-; INDIANS of Kathleen Butler Garrett, born .lanuaiv 22 James Robert Garrett, born June 2<), isSd in Carroll County, Tennessee married March 17, IS" 5, Elizabeth Greer, born August 30, 185 4. He was appointed Clerk of GoinR Snake District, July 29, iS90 and elected to the same office, August 3, 1891. .Mrs. J. R. Garrett died in 1903 and he died in Janu- ary 1918. They were the parents of Robert Bruce, horn Dec 2, 1876; Simeon, born January 24. 1878 and died Oct. 1902; Mary E. born .Mav 3o, ISSI; Allie R. born March 3, 1885; Lola born November 29, 18S9; Captain J. W. born January 20, lS9o and Thomas B. Garrett, born April 16, 1892. Robert Bruce Garrett's Cherokee name 's Oochalata and that of his wife is Cherokee. They are members of the Methodist church. He is a Mason and Knight of Pythias and she is an Eastern Star. Carroll, Mrs. John M. (See Raper, Town- send)—Mary C. daughter of Thomas Mar- tin and Marcella Fernandas (Townsend) Ra- per, was born in Georgia June 5, 1876, edu- cated in Georgia, Indian Territory and North Carolina. Married January 8, 1893. John M. son of Jesse R. and Mary Jane Carroll, born Nov. 24, 1870 in Cherokee County, N. Carolina. They are the parents of: Myrtle .I- born March 3 1, 1894. Married J. L. Na'l, has one daughter Ella Clementine Nail, born April 20, 1914; Clem, born February 13, 1896; Gillie .May, born .March 24, 1S98, married to James Ellis Sloan, Dec. 1. 1917; Jesse L. born July 11, 1900; Juli;i„ bor:i February 2, 1904; Edith, born February II, 1907; Olive Marie, born March 7, 1909; Thomas Grant, born August 23, 1911; Clin- ton Hoolie, born March 5, 1914; Leona, born January 22, 1919; and Warren G-, born March 31. 1921- Mr. and Mrs. Carrol are farmers and belong to the Church of God. Clem Carrol 1st. Sgt. of 3 58 Inf. 90 Div. was married to Nina Bryant May 7, 1921 at Muskogee, Okla. He was educated in Okla- and Missouri. Graduated from Rude's Busi- ness College in Carthage, .Missouri. Thomas M. Raper and family also his grandmother and grandfather. Holly and Je''- sie Raper immigrated from the state of Georgia to this country in iSSl and were admitted to citizenship in the same year. The daughter Mary went back to Georgia and North Carolina for a short time and later returned i,, i|,c iorfi|..r-. Bard, Thomat D. Jr., (Sci- i ■ man and Blackburn)— Th..nii\ bu.i.,. i.. Thomas Uunn and Ljuri (Ki.jcm) Bjfj. .j, born Oct. 4. l.S.Su in l)il|..n. C,e cated in the Cherokee Nili.>n»; Willie Halsell ColleRc. .lolncd ■ Riders" but mustered out on jccouni • r d- fective vision. .Married it CAtt fn^"f<- U ary 2, lOio. lilijibeth llellc. ,i Joseph and Elizabeth r.heroli, Prather, born July 2'", l.S.H'i. ; parents of: Jennie .Mav. born N Jackson Rogers, bom June -M Thomas Dunn Bard III, bntn ,Mi> ; i. : ; Elizabeth Belle was educiled H the femlf Seminary and was a member i>( the c'JJi ating class of the last term of ichi«i| Jt \he old Male Seminary which burni-J A; ; ; ■ 1910. James Holmes, son of Thor .Maryland, married Elizabeth lb .lulu i . and they were the parents of Thonm I'un ■ Bard who married Lauri Ronerj Benjamin B. Wisncr married Ifnu- daughter of John and Elizabeth (Foremjii Elliott and they were the parent? <■( H /i beth Cherokee Wisner, born April 2«. M' ■ .Married Joseph Prather in I.SSl and ihe dirJ September 12, t8')4. Mr. and Mrs. Bard are PresbylerUni He is an Elk and an Eagle Cook, Mri. Henry N. (See Grin!)— Al Vf daughter of Joseph Lvnch and Alice (Tuci er) Thompson was b<irn Jan- :'•. I-S.si. fJ cated at Vinita and Female Seminar* Vi- ried at Vinita September t8. I "do Henr. '■ born Dec. 21, lS(i<. son of Henrv and Mi- garet Cook, born Aug- l7. tSH in .Miiv.u- They are the pj""'* °' Eveirn 1.. a < and Lucille .Marie, twins, born t '■ - 1907; Ellen Jaunita. born L 190S; Joseph Lewis, born Ap' Henry Ernest, born AukusI ;f>. l'ii:<i' . Robert, born July 2.S. i"t'.; and Aluv '• vian. born Julv 4. I"!''. Mr. r.-^'<s < •'' wife was Lila N. Foreman, a Cherokee ^h he married Nov. 20. ISO.S. died I'f. 1905. Mr. C.K.k is a farmer near fv-'i cola. Conner, Mr.. Cr.wfonJ l^cc Orant. uh gau and Duncan)— Anna, daujhle' -t '* liam Charlotte (.Mavcs) Ballard «a. »•• ' • July 4. IS""- Educated In the i.her.A.- public schools and Femal* Semlnarv If.- 506 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS which she graduated June 25, 1897. Shj married at Fairland July 10, 1901 Crawford, son of Francis Marion and Rebecca (Dun- can) Conner, born October 31, iSSl. Edu- cated in the Cherolcee public schools and Bacone Indian University. They are the par- ents of: Francis William born June 16, 1902 now deceased; Marvin Rogers, born July 24, 1903; Millard, born May 9, 1905; Ruth, born Feb- 1", 1907; Lois, born August I3th, 190S and Rebecca Conner, born April 26, 1914. Miss Conner's Cherokee name is Ahniwake. Mr. Conner is a carpenter at Miami. They are mejnbers of the Latter Day Saints church. William, son (jf Archibald and Annie (Fields) Ballard married Charlotte Mayes and they are the parents of Mrs. Anna Conner Curtsinger, Mrs- Richard N- (See Hicks) — Louise Fannie Horn, born in Texas June 8, 1S6S and educated in that State. She married December 15, 1886, Richard N., soo ujoq 'jaSuisjJno uuy KjEW puK pjojung ^o Sept. 22, 1860, in Kentucky. He died Oc- tober 16, 1918, They were the parents of: Frederick, born October 10, 1889, enlisted in the World War September 22, 1917, as- signed to Co. A. nth Battalion, United Sta- tes Guards and was honorably discharged December 12, I9l8; Etta, born June 1, 1892 married Gilbert West. They have one child Sylvia Etta, born March 1, 1912; Eva Len;\, born June 1, 1918. Married Ben Head. She died Sept. 1900; they were the parents of twins Etta and Gilbert West; Clifford, born March 16, 1901 and .Millard Curtsing- er was born March 5, 1907. Broom of Broomtown, where the first printed law of the Cherokee Nation was en- acted on September 11, 1808, was a sub- chief of the tribe- His daughter Nancy mar- ried Nathan Hicks and they were the par- ents of Charles R. Hicks, second chief of this nation. Charles R. Hicks was one cf the most talented and remarkable characteis of the extreme frontier from 1790 to 1827 and during this period conducted practically all of the business of the nation with the United States. His daughter, Elsie married Jeremiah Horn, a white man and they were the parents of William Horn, who married Margaret Ledbetter and they were the par- ents of Mrs. Louise Fannie Curtsinger. Copeland, Mrs- Walter (See Ghigau)— Tennessee Almyra, daughter of Garrett and Jane (Harlan) Lane was born February 16, 1849 in Tennessee. Married October 16, 1866 David Solon James, born January 5, 184 2 in Stone County, Missouri. He serv- ed the union in Co. E, 14th Kansas Cavalry. They are the parents of Clara Delia James, born in the Cherokee Nation, near Miami June 16 .1875. Educated in the Female Seminary and Worcester Academy, Vinita, graduating from the latter institution in 1893. Taught school in the Cherokee Na- tion for twenty years and married at Miami, May 12, 1915 Walter, son of George O-, born in 1841 and Amanda Copeland born in 1842 in Indiana. Mrs. Copeland is a member of the Metho- dist Church and Eastern Star Chaper. Mr. Copeland is a merchant at Welch. Cearley, John G. (See Ghigau and Eng- land)—John Gordon, son of Edmond Jeptha and Sarah Letitia (Thompson) Cearley, born in Georgia May 19, 1880, educated in that State and in the Cherokee Nation. Married at Neosho, Missouri, January 15, 1908, Gertrude N., daughter of John Wesley and Ida Josephine (Jenkins) Harris, born near Vinita, January 13, 1899. They are the parents of Howard Luther, born October 8, 190S; Kenneth Raymond, born November 16, 1910 and John Gordon Cearley, born June 28. 1914. Mr. Cearley is a farmer near Big Cabin. Nannie Rider married David Thompson. Their son, Caleb Starr Thompson, married Matilda Cordill and they were the parents of Sarah Letitia Thompson who married Ed- mond Jeptha Cearley. Arminda England married Elias H. Jenkins and they were the parents of Ida Josephine Jenkins who married John Wesley Harris. Donnelly, James H. (See Grant and Dan- iel)—James Henry, son of Henry and Emma Jane (Daniel) was born August 29, 187 1. Educated in William Halsell College, Vinita. Married at Vinita January 5, 1896 Bertha Alice, daughter of Jasper and Lucy Claussen, born March 18, 18S0, Christian County, III. They are the parents of: Mattie Agnes, born November 2, 1896, married William Beeman and has one son, William Stanton Beeman, born March 20, 1920; James Or- ville, born August 20, 1899; Ray Edgar, born February 20, 1903 and Bernice Mildred Donnelly, born March 6, 1906. Mr. and Mrs. Donnelly are members of the Presby- HISTORY OF THH CHKROKhK INDIANS ^•); * a farmer, near Vi- lie Haisell College and teriaii Cliurch. He iiita. Educated at Wi Worcester Academy. Fields, William Lee (See Grant)_William Lee Fields, born in Cooweescoowee District November 29. 1S75, educated at Willie Hal- sell College and Male Seminary. Married in June 1902 Dora E. Johnson. They were the parents of Bertha Helena, born AuRust 29, 1903, married Jesse McCreary June .S, 1921; Violet Fern, born October 17, 1908^ Apple Dor<]thy Fields, born June 20, l9ioJ William Lee. born March 20, I'lij; Jesse' Thomas, born April l ", \'nS: Franklin Chester born August 15. UM; and Fredonia Ellen Fields, born December 22, 1920. Henry Clay, son of Richard and Mary (Wilds) Fields born October 21, 1844 Married in February 1S61 Amanda Jane Rogers, born July 17, 1S4 7, in Johnson County, Missouri. They were the parents of William Lee Fields, who is alscj the great great grandson of Richard Fields, Chief of Texas Cherokees. Foreman, Thomas Watie (See Grant, Fore- man, Hildebrand, Seabolt anad Duncan)— Thomas Watie, son of Thotnas Leroy and Susan M. (Wolf) Foreman was born ai Tahlequah January 12, i860. Educated at Tahlequah. Married at Tahlequah, March 28, 1886. Cherokee Duncan daughter o'' George Washington and .Mary (McLaughlin) Hughes, born February 11, 18 70. They are the parents of: William Evarts. born Dec. IS, 1886, was in officers training camp dur- ing World War and is practicing law at Tulsa; Watie Cornelius, born Feb. 3, l89l was in railroad service during the war and is the auditor of an oil company in Rogers, Arkansas, and Thomas Hughie Foreman, the youngest son was born May 9, i894 was in the aerial service during the war and is a deputy sheriff in Miami, Florida. In Nov. 1921 was commissioned U. S. Prohibition agent for Miami Dist. .Mr. Foreman's Cher- okee name is Takatoka. He has been a member of the Masonic fraternity sinci 1884. Has been a law enforcement officer since statehood. He entered the Cherokee Advocate office at the age of fifteen and served on its staff until its discontinuance, being for a quarter of a century its busines manager and for a good part of the time Annie (Seabolt) For^min Susan (Wulfe) Forenur, m.„hc, ..f T * Foreman was a dau,ht„ .., Th..mi. r ^^olfe the (,rst settler ..( T^hlrquih }-..'.< irst house in LSt; bWnr*. „m..„l ..( . -. kees from Genrsii. Waj ,„ ..^ »cf Western Cherokee. Whrn rhc.i Keneral council met and ad..rt,j ,h, tution and Act ..f L„l»n and ^circled ! cation for the Cherokee capilil T (1 a •. don,ated the ground which »a, cill,J i,h.,. quah and ever afterward was kno.n « ihc capital of the Cherokees. Graves. Clarence— Clarencf. »■ - ' ■■ and Ahbie (Guthrie) Grase. Wyandotte, Kas., Sept- 20. t.S "■ • at Talala. Effie. daughter of Mr. and Mt. * A. Griffith. .\U. Graves has a splendid rduci- tion especially along commercial llnct H< has been prominent in the mercantile u- tivities of Talala since almost the btfinnmc of the town. His father was a native o| H*n- cock. Washington Co., .Mo., he heln( the w.n of a prominent attorney who died while on legal business in Washington. D. C Mrs. Abbie (Guthrie) Graves »a» of W%. andotte and Shawnee extraction. Harnage, C- L (See Ghigau and Sandrrs) — Custis Lee. .son of John Griffith and Em'l. Walker (.Vlayfield) Harnage was N.rn Junf 30, 1867. Educated in Texas. .Married jl Vinita Jan. 29. i.S"'» Frances Cnhtttnr. daughter of Joseph Henry ind Rulh line (Harlan) Hunt, born Aueust J. IS:4 Sh.- was educated in Vinita. Thev were the pr- ents of: Emma Ruth, horn .March 2<, i ' James Hall, born Jan. lo. t'>02: Ni ■ ■ Pauline, born Dec- 4. 1004. died t>ec ;'■. 19 1 8; Lucile Dixie, born lulv l.s. foi. and Curtis Le Harnage. horn Jan M. f'M Mr. Harnage is a farmer and M-'Ckrilter at Talala. He is a member ■•f the Vj .• ' O. O- F. and Knights of Pvlhij Henry, Jetse (See Grant)— ried Love and Muskrat. All » Cherokees. Her children bv :' riage were: Celia. married Me»- Lucy, married Jesse, son o( Williaiit li. ■; Tahnee, married Thomas Henry A\tttnJf Nannie, married Rock rrulchfield Jnd A"- - Love married Whirlwind. Her Ihrcc diuc^ ters. OIkinev. Ailsev and Alee MusJiral. JcJ without descent. Jesse and Lucv (L-ive) Henri »efe lh» actual but not nominal Editor. j>..---.. -..- >--^. » > ,- ;on of Charles andparents of J.isiah Henr>. hirn Jangart I Thomas Leroy was the so 598 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS 1S50 married December 26, 1871, Laura Alice, daughter of Ellis and Martha (Cope- land) Buffington, born September 22, 1852. They were the parents of Jesse Henry, born July 16, 1875, educated in the Cherokee Na- tional Schools. Married Margaret Jeanette Allen nee Toole and they had two sons: Jo- siah, born Jan. 3, 1898 and William E. Henrv born Feb. 3, 1901. Mr. Henry's second wife Vernie Ream Crittenden is now deceased and they had no children. .Mr. Henry is a farn;- er near Claremore. Highland, James (See Ghigau)—James Highland born February 19. 1S77 is the son of Michael and Nellie (Smith) Highland, the former a native of Dublin, Ireland and the latter born at Webber's Falls, Cherokee Na- tion. James Highland was educated in the Cherokee public schools and Willie Halsell College, Vinita, he married at Vinita, Sep- tember 8, 19 10 Belle, daughter of William and Alma Robbins. Mr. Highland was a member of Battery D, Heavy Artillery in thi Spanish-American war. He is a Knight ni Pythias. He has been in the meat business in Vinita as cutter since 1894. Henry, Laura Alice (See Grant)—Laura Alice, daughter of Ellis and Martha (Cope- land) Buffington was born September 22, 1852. Married December 26, 1871, Josiah. son of Jesse and Lucy (Love) Henry, born January 1, 1850. He was elected in Novem- ber 1869, Solicitor of Cooweescoowee Dis- trict and appointed to the same office in 1876 by the Chief. Elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1881 and August 2, 1897. He died Oct. 4, 1904 and she died Nov. 12, 1906. They were the parents of Rosa Jane Henry, born August 10, 1883, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary and E. E. Rec- tor, born Feb. 27, 1873 Butler County,Kan- sas. They are the parents of Edna May, born Dec. 19, 1899; James Emmett, born Oct. 29 1906; Josiah, born June 28, 1908 and Frances Rector born July 5. 1910. They are farmers near Claremore. They belong to the Methodist Church and he is a Mason. Mrs. Rector's Cherokee name is Ay-ni. Jo- siah Henry son of Jess Henry was married May 19, 1918 to Marie Potts and there was born to them two children, Frances N. Henry born March 11, 1919 and Beman L. Henr\ born Oct. 22, 1920. Haddan, Mrs. Barney D. (See Grant)— Elizabeth Jane Fields, born February 13, 1880, educated at Hogan Institute. Married August 9, 1894, David Barney Haddan, born Jan. 28, 1866, in Neoshoe County, Mo- They are the parents of Thomas Elmer Franklin, born Jan. 19, 1S9S. Married Sept. 7, 1919, Lena May Williams, born Jan. 7, 1897 in Colon County, Texas and Marie Susan Had- dan, born January 2, 1903, graduated from Pryor High Schol 192 1 and married at Mi- ami, Okla., June 29, 1921 Orum R. Garner born May 1, 1899 in Benton Co. Arkansas. Thos. E. F. Hadden, Jr., son of Thomas E. F and Lena Mae was born Aug. 1, 192 1 at Pryor, Okla. Mrs. Haddan is a member of the Eastern Star Chapter No. 5 of Pryor. Mrs. Garner is a member of this chapter also. David Barney Haddan is a successful farm- er and stock raiser, a member of the Ma- sonic lodge and I. O- O. F. of Pryor. He was elected County Commissioner of Mayes County, November 8, 1910. Henry Clay, son of Richard and Mary (Wilds) Fields was born October 21, 184^. Married in February 1861, Amanda Jane Rogers, born July 17, 1847 in Johnson County, Missouri. They were the parents of Mrs. David Barney Haddan, who is also the great, great grand-daughter of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees. Carrie R. Fields born March 31, 1886, ed- ucated at Pryor, Indian Territory. Married to Joseph S. Butler Sept. 27, 1903, born Nov. 13, l8Sl. Mr. Butler is a farmer and stockman, member of A. O- U. W of Pryor and Mrs. Butler is a member of Eastern Star chapter No. 5 of Pryor. Roland F. Butler, born Oct. 31, 1904 at Pryor a Pryor High School Student- Margaret Marie Butler born March 21, 1912 . Hail, Mrs. Cleo (See Ghigau and Sanders) — Margaret, daughter of John Bell and De- lilah (Roach) Smith was born at Tahlequah Oct. 4, 1895, educated in Tahlequah District and Haskell Institute, Lawrence, Kansas. Married at Tahlequah March 9, 1918, A. Cleo, son of John and Mary Hall, born near Tahlequah in 1S97. They are the parents of Morris Hail, born Jan. 26,^)20. Mr. Hail is a farmer near Tahlequah. George ,son of Joshua and Almira (Har- lan) Roach married Nannie Pritchett and they were the parents of Delilah (Roach) Smith. George Roach was elected Sheriff HISTORY OF THE CHl£R(,Kl-,i 1M„aNs of Tahlequah District August 1 1SS7 Rev ^rend Samuel Smith, the paternal grandfath- er of Mrs. Marsaret Hail was elected Execu- tive Councilor in iS67; Delegate to Wash- ington, 1867, 1868, 1869 and 1870- Sena- tor from Saline District August 5 187" ^ugust 1, ISSI, August 6, 1883; LshtM Chief August 1, 1887, Senator from Saline District August 1, 1^893 and August 5 1895 He was President of the Senatl- during the latter term. Hicks, E. D.-lf you were fortunate enough to he able to see a copy of the Laws of the Cherokee Nation published in 1S5 2 you could find ..n pages three and four, the first printed law of the Cherokee Tribe, promulgated on Sept. ii, isos at Broom's Town. It has the approval of Enola or Blackfox as Princip.al Chief and Pathkiller as Second Chief. It bears the signature of Charles Hicks as "Sec'y. to Council." Broom's Town was the home of Chief Broom whose daughter Nancy, a mejnber of the Wolf clan marrried Nathan Hicks, a white man. Nathan and Nancy Hicks were the parents of Charles, William and Elizabeth Hicks who married James Vann, Richard Fields, Eliphas Holt and WilMam Campbell. There were possibly other brothers and sis- ters, but their names are unknown. Charles Hicks was probably born in the decade be- tween 1760 and 17 70. It is not known when he was educated as there were no schools among the Cherokees during his boyhood. He joined the Church of the Uni- ted Brethren at Spring Place and was bap- tized on April 10. 1S13, at which time the iTiissionaries, as was their wont, conferred upon him the middle name of Renatus, o- the Renewed; Charles Renatus Hicks. When the constitutional act of May 6, 1817 was passed at Amoch it was signed by Second Chief Charles Hicks, but he failed as he did in practically every instance to ap- pend his official title. ^ In October IS 17 he was described as fol- lows: "He is a half-breed Cherokee, about fifty years of age. He has very pleasant features and an intelligent countenance. He speaks the English language with utmost fa- cility and with gre.at propriety—I was ex- ceedingly surprised that a Cherokee should be able to obtain so extensive a knowledge of English as he possessed: He reads better than one-half of the white people and writes an easy hand, F.,r ihirtv ,r„. h, ,. as occasions required, an m,. United States. As a nun . , Perance and inlellii:ence he tained a most reputable chiraclVr ' He was Treasurer-' „f ihc |-.h<T.,k. 'n IS2 5 as well as Sccnd .-.hicf, i dence was In Chickamausa lii.irUi tober 12, 18263. His last knuwn siRnalure wa, ,(,, a Council Bill .,| November 3H. |*v probably died shortiv after Ihl. Jai.' . ing 1 827 his brother William Hici-. Principal Chief, which otflce he hr : October 1828. Chief Charles R. Hicks wav ih . Elijah Hicks wh.. was born ' He was Clerk of Council in i- afterward married .Miss Man: July 5, 1803. He was living; District in October 1S;(.'. lie »j. ,.,-,.,. of the National Committee durint ihf war of 182 7. He was appointed tdilor o| the Cherokee Phoenix on Aurum i, isi:" inj retained that position until .Mav t|. mh The press was confiscated and denr. ter that date. Elijah Hicks was a Captain of „n Emigrant Cherokee delachmenlv !: tachment, according to Chief p. ment embraced eight hundred • dividuals, fifty four of whun: They were the second conir the date of same being Sepu and arrived in the Western t h in advance of the other Irainj nn Jinuar I S3 9. He was a signer of the < ■ 1S39 and settled on the dl • present site of Claremore. .< ducted a general store and cj Echota or as he spelled il an.l nounced "Sauty." He »»» elected t J.- gate to Washington in ISV and t'l Elected Clerk of the (:herol,ff Scnitf 1845 and having been chl■^fn a« S.- »: from Saline District which at thai limr ■ braced over ten million acres i>f land «• J <■ tended west to the one hundredth ^ r he was elected president «( Ih died on August 6. tS56 and I' cemetery at Claremore- HI* »i. .a. 1862. The children <>( Mijah and Mitif Hicks were: Senora; Jane who marnrd !•*" 600 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS "^^ «6-~.-*l,«2^<>-5 HOME OF CHIEF LEVI GRITTS, MUSKOGEE HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIWs ftUI Warden Stapler; Daniel Ross who married Nancy Jane Rider and Evaline Under; .Mary A. Chambers and Mary Eliz;ibeth Rockwell; and Victoria Susan who married DeWitt Clinton Lipe. Daniel Ross Hicks was born August 26, 1827 in Chickaniauga District. Cherokee District and (Cherokee Nation. He married Nancy Jaiu Rider born June 6, 1S39. She was the daughter of Amelia (Alberty) Kider and the grand daughter of Austin and .Mar\ Pauline (Starr) Rider. She was also the grand daughter of Moses and Sallie (Wright) Alberty. She graduated from the Female Seminary in February lS5 5. She was teach- ing the National school near Clareniore Mound in 1858 and 1859 and at the e.xpira- tion of the latter term she married Mr. Hicks, who was at that time sheriff of Coo- weescoowee District with a jurisdiction e.\- tending west to the hundredth meridian. She died January 9, 1866. He was elected judge of Cooweescoowee District in 1S67 and 1869. E.xecutive Councilor on Novem- ber 13. 18 72, Clerk of Tahlequah District in 1875, Clerk of Council in 1S7S and 1S79 and Clerk of the Senate in ISSI. He died February 12, 1SS3. Daniel Ross and Nancy Jane Hicks were the parents of Edward Daniel Hicks, born January 1. I8i)6. He was educated in the National scho.)! and at the University of Ar- kansas. Was bookkeeper for Stapler and Sons at Tahlequah for several years and later purchased this business. While at Oowala he married on September 27, ISS^ Miss Elizabeth Henrietta born November 21, 1867, daughter of Hon. Frank Musgrove. a wealthy farmer of that neighborhood. They are the parents of a family that does credit to their community, namely; Janie Stapler, born September iu, 1886, graduated from the Female Seminary June 9, 1903 and mar- ried John Griffith Harnage, now deceased; Joseph Daniel, born March 27, 1888, mar- ried Francis J- Lindsey who graduated from the Female Seminary May 27, 1908; Clara Eva born February 10, 1890 and married John Reed Alley; William Pendleton, born Sept. 2, 1840 and married Margaret Kay Roil; Edward, born March 29, 1898 and Margaret Enola Hicks. The latter a beauti- ful and popular young lady is now deceased. Teter, Mrs. Lewis (See Grant)— Alice Fields, born February 2(), 1869, educated at Bryans Chapel on Grind Kl„r. ,h<' mii,„4 January IS. ISSS. Lewij Trl,r. N.f„ tt>- ru.iry 22. IS54 in W. Va. Th« ,r, ihf r»- ents of: Clara Jane. l<„rn Artll li. ivt married T. .1. Kini..,,; .Myrtlr. N>rn ffh !•■ IS'M, married John L. V. Th..m«. W.Hrt born Feb. 12. i.S'X,. married .Mahrl «iM<-. Edna, born September 2i. |S'»S. mart. f J Bryan Jones; Goldie K. Nirn .March I J. r-"- graduated from frvi.r IliRh Sch.-.l i':t Jnd Lewis Leon Teter. born April \*. f..-. jMrs. Teter is the qreal great ^randdamb- ter of Richard Fields, Chief <•( the Ttttx Cherokees. The Fields" have (or the latl hundred years been one of the mmt illui- trious families of the Cherokees Tyner, Thomat J. (See Tyn«r)—Th'>m»t .lefferson son of Carter BUckJIone and Esther Jane (Piblow) Tyner was born .March I. 1878. Educated in the Cherokee f'uhlic Schools and Friends .Mission at Skialook Married April 2 7, I'M 4 Carrie. dau(hler •■( Geo. W. Willits and Rachel (Connor) Willin born Dec. 23. 1SS3 in Wise County. Teiav Thompson, Lewis Kell (See Grant anj Duncan)—Lewis Kell, son fif Joseph L»nch and Frances (Kell) Thompson, was born In Delaware District October 10. «.S73. edu- cated in the Cherokee Naliimal Schoult and at Vinita. .Married December 25, I8'*S to Nellie H. Stilley. daui;hler of Samuel and Lucy F .Stilley. born Nov. 16, IS.So In Or'i ware District now .Mayes County, fiklahomi They are the parents of: James Robert, N>rn October 24. 1901; Lewis Lerov. b-rn V»» II, 1905; Nellie Glennis. born ' 1913 and Dainie Jaunila Thon;; December 12. 1"16. Mr. Thon.j farmer near Pensacola, Okla. Emily Duncan married Alexander Kell and their son, James, married Eliiabelh Kdc^f ton and they were the parents o( Fra"c-> Kell who married Joscrh Lvnch Th..nir»" Tuton, Mrs. Thom«s Henry (See <i'a I and Cordery)— Ethel M Rosers. b".»n .March 23, 1S'>9 educated at l'r»or. i>kl».. and Boulder University, ing from the Pryor High i.loraJ-. (ri.i.>- Sch... : She married at Guth.-ie March Thomas Henry Tuton. a druejul n *•-'- Okla.. Mrs- Tuton is a member ••( ^^■■ .Methodist Church and Is an Eastern Stir Samuel Martin married Catherine IMJ.- brand and their son William A- Martin mir ried Nannie Lucas nee Gulnn. The» •*'< 602 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS the parents of Almoii Martin, born Novem- ber 14, 1842. He was a member of Com- pany M, First Cherokee Mounted Volun- teers, Confederate Service. After the war he married Sarah Jane Cordery, both are now deceased. They were the parents of Sallie Martin, born January 3 0, 1S69, edu- cated in the Cherokee National Schools and Female Seminary. She married August 22. 1888, John Cicero Rogers, born September 9, 1861 in Washington County, Arkansas and they are the parents of Mrs. Ethel M. Tuton. Thomas Cordery, an Irishman married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. They were the par- ents of David Cordery who married Char- lotte Goss and they in turn were the par- ents of Thomas Cordery who married his first cousin Sallie Vickery and they were the parents of Jane Cordery who married Almon Martin. Thompson, Robert J. (See Grant and Ghi- gau)—Robert Jefferson, son of Johnson and Eliza Christine (Taylor) Thompson was born October 29, i860, educated at Tahlequah, Male Seminary and Bacone College, graduat- ing from the latter. Alarried in 1892, Rosa Gritts, born July 16, 1863 and died Feb. 25, 1910. They were the parents of: Eloise, born June 9, 189 7; Ida Frances, born Nov 29, 1899; Susie Taylor, born Feb. 19, 1902; Thomas Fox, born Oct. 4, 1905 and Sammie Cunningham Thompson, born May 6, l9oS. James J- Thompson born 1893, died in 1897. Rose Jessie Thomp- son, born Aug 16, 1895, died in 1897. Mr. Thompson is a member of the Knights of Pythias. Trout, Mrs. Isaac (See Ghigau and Ward) — Eva Lena, daughter of Edward Estel and Naomi Ann (Cole) Sloan was born near Big Cabin, May 7, 1890, was educated in Dela- ware District and Female Seminary. Mar- ried at Big Cabin April 16, 1908, Isaac Day. son of George Washington and Martha Aim (Parks) Trout, born at Big Cabin. February 16, 1888, educated locally and at Male Semi- nary. They were the parents of: Eugene Albert, born May 11, 1909; Sue Gale, born October 2 7, 1914; Gay Nell Groves, born January 7, 1917 and Creed Pershing, born October 16, 1918. Mr. Trout is a prosper- ous live stock dealer at Big Cabin. Louisa Jane, daughter of George Howard and Mary (Carroll) Ward married Samuel Trout and they were the parents of George Washington Trout. Taylor, Richard L. (Halfbreed and Ghi- gau)—Richard Lee, son of William and Elizabeth (Grimmett) Taylor was born in 1854. Married in 1880 Margaret Elmir.i Paden, born in 185 6. They are the parents of: Nannie C- married Feli.K N. Holland; Annie Almira. married W. A. Corley; .Mary Amelia, married Thomas E. Holland; Susie Bunch, married Claude Doherty; Richard Lee; William Benjamin, deceased, and Martha Catherine living, married Tiny Hill, deceased. Richard Lee Taylor was elected Sheriff of Flint District August 1, 1887; August 5, 1889 and August 1, 1893. Elected Senator from the same district Aug- ust 3, 1903. Elected County Commission- er of Adair County November 3, 1914. Taylor, James L. (See Foreman)—James Lincoln Taylor, born on the Cherokee reser- vation in North Carolina, September 7, 1860. educated locally. Married at Pryor April 21, 1895, Dora B. Carty, daughter of Charles and Marie Carty, born Feb. 21, 1872, in Benton County, Ark. They are the parents of: Nellie B., born Feb. 10, 1896, married C. F. Conner; Alice, born March 9, 1899, Marguerite, born Oct. 5, 1902, married L. N. Logsden; William, born August 1, 1905 and Charles Henry, born August 7, 191 5. Mr. Taylor is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Knights of Py- thias. He was postmaster of Pryor from 1894 to 1898 and was elected Solicitor ot Cooweescoowee District August 2, 1897. James Madison, son of David and Mary Ann (Bigby) Taylor married Addie Man- chester and they were the parents of James Lincoln Taylor. Tadpole, Eli—Dorcas, daughter of Wil- liam and Amanda (Fish) Foreman was boi n in Tahlequah District, January 9, 1871, edu- cated at Eureka in above named District. Married January 1885, Eli, son of John and Lucinda Tadpole, born in Tahlequah Dis- trict, March IS, 1865 and educated in the Cherokee National Schools- They are the parents of. Lelia, born Apr. 10, 1890, mar- ried Emmet Shewbart and J. A. Wilson; they are the parents of Belle Christine born in 1921; Emma born May 15, 1892 married W. T. Gardner; they are the parents of Herbert, born Mar. 12, 1911, Wilford, born Apr. 5, 1917, Percy born Feb. 15, 1920; Wm. H- HISTORY OF THE CHEROK l:'li INDIANS born July 6. 1S97; Anna B., born Ja„. ,, 1900, nKirried Feb. 3, 190S Albert Merry; and Herman Tadpole born Oct. 10, igo'ol they have two daughters, Doris Catherine,' born in 1920 and Nellie Wanda born Aug. 2! 1921. Mr. Tadpole is a farmer near Pryor. Mrs. Tadpole belongs to the Wolf Clan and her Cherokee name is Dar-ki. Terrell, Samuel (See Grant. Conrad and Hendricks)—Samuel, son of John and S.l- mantha (Gourd) Terrell, was born in Tahle- quah District No. 1". 1S7,S. educated at Eureka and .Male Seminary. .Married Sept. 4, 1910, Rachel, daughter of Benjamin an.i Cynthia (Lillard) Talley, born March 7, 1886 and educated in Tahlequah District. They are the parents of: Susie, born June 20, 1921 and Samuel Terrell, born Sept 1, 1913. Mr. Terrell is a farmer near Tahle- quah and .Mrs. Terrell is a vocal music teach- er. Susie Martin married Noah Lillard and their daughter Cynthia married Benjamin Talley. Jackson R. Gourd married Elsie Wilson and their son, Ellis, married Susan Riley. They were the parents of Samantha Gourd who married .Inhn and was the mother of Samuel Terrell. Tanner, Robert T. (See Adair and Grant) — .Mary Elizabeth daughter of William Peters and Rachel Louisa (Adair) .McClellan, born April 7, 1S79. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Feinale Seminary. .Mar- ried December 26, 1906 Robert Tanner son of Benjamin N. born in Boone County, Kv., Jan 6, 1842 and Nannie V. Tanner, born March 10. 1S4S in Chariton County, Mis- souri. They are the parents of Pearl Edith, born September 28, 1910; .Mary Louisa born .May 15, 1912 and Robert Turner Tannet born January 14, 1917. Mr. and Mrs. Tan- ner are members of the Presbyterian Churcl. and she is an Eastern Star. Mr. Tanner is a furniture dealer and conducts a splendid farm. Ludovic Grant a Scotchman married a full blood Cherokee woman. Their daughte.- married William Emory, an Englishman and they in turn were the parents of Susannah Emory, whose third husband was Joseph Martin, born about 1740 near Charlotte- ville, Albermarle County, Virginia. He held the following revolutionary offices: elected Captain of the Transylvinli .Mii became .Major lebruiry t:, ir: - . j tenant Colonel in Mirch i:si hV ..1 elected Brigadier General .i( Ihf v -•'- lina militia by legislaluff ..n I 1"S7 and was coniniissinncd Hr . eral of (he Twentieth Hrljad* M \.(,, .. Militia by Governor llenrv lee <>l Vir,,., , on Dec. tl. 17'I5. .Marl seat of Henry Countv, \ for him. His daughter Nj Lynch and they were the pjrtnu o| Kavhd Lynch who married Thomai Benijr-^i \s • and their only son J..hn Lvnch ried .Mary Jane Jeffreys, a naln. and their daughter Rachel Loui^ > ried William Peters .McClellan • Arkansas and they were the par, .Marv Elizabeth Tanner. Thompson, Thomu Fox (Set- i>> ■ > 1 Ghigau)—Thomas Fox Thomp Tahlequah District, .Mav .1, l8^^ ed at Pea Ridge. Ark. .Married Dec. l.^. : ■ Susan C. Parks and after her death marn.- 1 on .May 19. 1914 Lillie .McBrlde. nee Sfharr. his Cherokee name is Chisgua-kvah and h» belongs to the Deer Clan. He i^ a M^ih. ■ dist and had retired after havini; been in '.h dry goods and grocery bu$ine>n in Vimn for twenty years. .Mr. Thompson wt» elect ed member of the Council (mm Delaware District in IS79. Tinker, Mri. Minnie—Minnie, ihe dauth ter of Henrv and Marv (Walker) Sp. buck was born in Bird Creek, a (e» mile» south of Skiatook. She waj educated al Ihf Quaker Mission, two miles north <■( Sklai'-A and is a member "f that church. She roafi.-d at Hill Side. Okla. in l"o5 FIchafJ Tinker who is a member of one •>• Ihe moM prominent Osage families. They ire IN' parents of Henry Franklin, N'fn Feb '■ 1907; George Fdward. Nth Aoc ''. '''• and Thnnijs Jefferson Tinker. N>rn Auc- 1 '• 1917. ^ Mr. Tinker is a farmer and a memK' ' Ihe .Modern Woodman of America- Vf Tinker is a Shawnee, a member "f <»■• ■ the most prominent families of thai tr'>' as the Walkers have been i« noled In '' histnry and councils of the Irtbc J« •«« I*' SpN bucks. The Mr Vcl- (See I)uncan 1 1 604 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Grant)—Louisa Tabitha West, born March 8 1S62, educated in Female Seminary. Mar. ried September 28, 1880, John Rogers Mar- tin, born February 25, 1885. They were the parents of Hernando, born August l i. 18S2; Birdie May, born March 26, 1884; Jo- hanna R, born July 18, 1886, and DeWitt T .Martin, born May 12, 18S8. John Rog- ers Martin died November 10, 1887, and she married January 27, 1890, Vet Thomp- son, born September 8, 1861, in Macon County, Missouri. They are the parents of James W., horn April 11, 1891; Lewis, born February 2, 1893, and Carrie, born Novem- ber 13, 1898. Mr. Thompson is a farmer. Mrs. Thompson's Cherokee name is Takie. She is a member of the Methodist church. Charles Duncan, a Scotchman, married about 1784 Dorcas, a full blood Cherokee of the Derr Clan. Their son, John, mar- ried Elizabeth Abercromby, a native of Ten— essee. The Abercrombys belong to the an- cient nobility of Stirling County in Great Britain. Airthey Castle was their ancestral county seat. As late as 1883 the family owned 15,264 acres. The head of the fam- ily in 1916 was Lord George Abercromby John and Elizabeth (Abercromby) Duncan were the parents of Mahala Duncan, borii June 21, 1821. Married July IS, 1838 James Smith West, born May 24, 1S17, in Alabama. He died Sept. 22, 1865, and she died November 27. 187'). They were the parents <<{ Mrs. Louisa Tabitha Thompson. Trout, Logan. (See Ward)—Logan, son of George Washington and Mary (Eaton) Trout, was born in Delaware District, April 8, 18 76. and educated at Big Cabin and Male Sem- inary. Married near Grove October 8, 1894, Jennie, daughter of William and Sallie Walls, born March 22, 18 7"^), in Berry County, Missouri. They are the parents of: George Washington, born January 1, 1898; Buford Lee, born April 2, 1899; Edith M.. born September 23. 1902, married J. F. Daniel; Thomas L., born Nov. 8, 1904; Veachel, born Dec. 25, mo?; Clinton, born May 6, 19o9; Samuel, born February 16, 19 16, and War- ren Harding Trout, born May 6, 1921 Mr. Trout has conducted a mill and elevator at Big Cabin for fourteen years. He belongs to the Christian church and is a Woodman of the World. George Howard, son of Samuel and Sallie (Earwood) Ward, was born in January, 1801, married Mary Carroll, born in 1792 in Burke County, North Carolina. He died March 15, 1866. They were the parents of Louisa Ward, who married Samuel Trout and she was the mother of George Wash- ington Trout, who married Mary Eaton. Trout, Mrs. Samuel L. (See Duncan, Ward and Downing)—Samuel Lee, son of Andrew M. and Sarah A. (Reed) Trout, born January 27, 1878, educated in Del- aware District and Male Seminary. Married June 29, 1898, Cornelia Eliza, daughter of Walter Adair and Sallie Elizabeth (Wright) West, horn September 5, 1879, at Spavi- naw and educated in Female Seminary. They are the parents of Viola Velena, born July 13, 1899; Mary Irene, born September 2, 1901; Veda Jessie, horn May l, 1905; Loyd Newton, born December 27, 1908; Lovise Velma, born September 13, 1913, and Pearl LeVonne Trout, born August 1, 1916; Sam- uel L. Trout, Jr., born August l5, 1921. Mr. Trout is a farmer and stockraiser near Adair. Mrs. Trout is a Baptist. Andrew M., son of Samuel and Louisa Jane (Ward) Trout, was born November 5. 1855- Married March 1877, Sarah A. Reed, horn in Towns County, Georgia. Taylor, John M- (See Foreman)—John Manchester, son of James Madison, horn April 18, 1818, and died January 7, 1907, and Addie (Manchester) Taylor was born Aug. 14, 1860, in Cherokee County, North Carolina, and was educated in the Cumber- land Presbyterian College, Louden, Tennes- see, and at Atlanta, Georgia. Married at Claremore, Thursday, February 23, 1893, Bertha E. McCutchan. daughter of Samuel and Margaret McCutchan, born November 2«. 1872, at ■ Redoak, Charlotte County, Virginia and was educated in Missouri. They are the parents of Blaine Samuel, born June 25, 1894; Robert Clinton, hiirii July 24, 1897; served during the World war in the Medical Corps; Florence Thelma, born August 17, 1902; McCutchan, born November 28, 1904; Oklahoma, born November 6, 1906, and John Manchester Taylor, born November 8, 19o9. David Taylor, born December 16. 1791, in Orange County, Virginia, married Mary Ann Bigby, horn August 9, 1802, and they were the parents of James Madison Taylor, who married Addie Manchester, a native of Providence, R. L. HISTORY OHTHlf CllHR()Ki:i; INDIANS 64i$ J"l>n Manchester T.vl„r. whose Cherok-e name is Katahya, is a thirty-second deRre ■ Mason, Shriner and tilk. Attorney for' the Cherokees, Creeks and Seminoles." Was U S. Deputy Marshal for the Fort Smith Court for twenty-three years; Indian Police twelve years; Deputy Sheriff five years; Postal In- spector three years; Assistant Solicitor of Cooweescoowee District eight years; United States Commissioner 4 years and Master in Chancery. Thompson, Mi-£. Bert F. (See England) — Maggie L., daughter of William Garrett and Eliza (Scrimsher) Williamson, was born May 1. ISSO. Educated in Worcester Academy, Vinita. and Female Seminary. Married near White Oak June 13, 1S9S, Bert F., son of Nathaniel and Zerilda Thomp- son. They are the parents of: Albert Louis, born Aug. 13. 1900; Harley C, born Nov. 22, 1904; Mabel Aline, born Oct. 15, i^ioS; Velnia Viola, born Jan. 13, I'Ml, and Jaunita Thompson, born Sept. 2, I'll 3. .Mr. Thomp- son is a farmer and stockman, near Cen- tralia. Maurice, born February 1'), miS. Babv, born Nov. S, 192 1. Taylor, Mrs. Louisa J. Taylor. (See Foreman)—Louisa Jane, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Moon) Dinsmore, was born in Tenn. in 1863. Married in 1878, James Elbert, son of Thomas Jefferson and .Martha Ann (Bradley) Taylor, born Sept. 10, 1855. He died in 19 iS. They were the parents of. Lenora May, born May 17, 1883, mar- ried Robert F. Auten; Dora Jessie, born No- vember 17, 1884, married John Julian Bus- ter; Samuel Cornelius, born December 25, 1886, married Beulah Wynatt; Clyde Eliz- abeth, born September 13, 18SS, married Robert .1. Rogers; .Xenaphon Elbert, born February 13, 1890; Bertha Belle, born No- vember 3, iSOl; Emma lola, born August 18, 1893, married Daniel Henry Bell; Wal- ter A., born August 19, 1897; Mary Imo, born January 4, 1900, and Bernard Dinsmore Taylor, born March 3, 1904. Mary Ann, daughter of James and Cath- erine (Foreman) Bigby, was born August 9, 1802. Married David Taylor, born in Orange County, Virginia, December 16. 1791. They were the parents of Thomas Jefferson Tavlor, who married Martha Ann Bradley. Tell, Mrs. W. W. (See Adair and Ghi- gau)— Willi,im Wjrrcn. \„n ..f .!,,.:,., w and Jennie I;. Tell. *j, h,rn Af i'l llie Province of New llrun»» . Married June 1. i.so.). sarih tm,; of Richard and Smjniuh Deb. • Welch, born Februirv 25. |S:«, .- ; the Orphan Asylum. Thev irr ih; fxic^^ of: Alice Carey, born .Mjrch to. i'>'.t i>- ianiin Gnss, born .Mav 1 7. i'>o4. ; gueritc. born November 3. I'lot. lahoma, born January 17, i"0'>. j Owen Tell born October 7. I')i5. v. TelPs Cherokee name is t:ha-ka-wa. She a member of the Baptist Church. Without pretentions. William W Tell n . .arely gifted and useful ciliien, hit »!..>. of general and e.xaci informallon would r,. t suffer in comparison with that <>( mint In, versify Professors and degree men. He •■■ elected County Commissioner o( .Wn<% County, November 5. t')!;, and Novemb.-r 2, 1920, and was appointed to that ..(lie; in 1915- He is a farmer. Trott, W. L.- (See Adair)— John Adai-. a Scotchman, married Gahoki, a full hkxKl Cherokee woman of the Deer Clan. Tbcif son, Samuel, married Edith, a white somin, and they were the parents of Rachel Pounds Adair, who married ReverenJ James Jenkins Trott, who, as earl> a* i%2*. was the "general missionary" o( the .Melb.>- dist church among the Cherokee* In G<"r- gia, Tennesse, Alabama and North Cirollni. Their son, William Lafavelle Trotl. born .March 10, 1844, married .Malindi Stover. born September 20. 184.S. and died Sep tember 20, 1S68, He then married L..ul<« J. .Moore in 186". She died Julv •'. fi- They were the parents of: William Henf. and Dot Fanny, born Dec 4. I.s:r. He mil ried Doney Crumby and hi» one »<>n. Henr. .Moore Trott, born April 2". fo* Dot Fay Trotl. daughter of W. I »- I Louisa Trott, was b<.rn March I'. «»*' and never married. James J. Trott was arrested by G«or»<» authorities because he refused to take ib< oath of allegiance to the Slile or G«>rc>>. as he already had taken the "ilh "« »ll»- giance to the Cherokee Nali-m. Tber re- leased him on condition that he lei»e Ibe state. He moved to Tennessee, wbefe b* remained until 1S5 7. when he moved I" lb« Cherokee Nati<in. Adair. Arthur (See Adair)— Arthur. *■.« 606 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS of William Penii and Julia (Allisuii) Adair was born August 13, 1SS2, educated local- ly. Married July 23, 1905, Ida, daughter of W. C. and Nancy Jane Freeman, born in Missouri. They are the parents of: Selena Marie, born January 21, 1908; Beu- lah Belle, born September 12, 1909; Nor- man Lee, born June 29, 1914; Edith Mae, born September 15, I9l7 and Wilma Adel- Adair, born February 24, 1919. Allcott, A. B. (See Ward and Ghigau)— Henrietta Evaline Nidiffer, born January 10, 1883 near Nudmore, Delaware District. She was educated in the Cherokee National schools, and graduated from St • Johns Training School of Nursing in 1915. Married July 26, 1920 A. B . Allcott son of Jonathan P. and Anna Allcott, A. B. Allcott was born May 27th, 1886, in McDowell, Barry County, Missouri. He is an expert electrician and has been Superin- tendent of the electric light plant at Afton and has recently accepted a like position a* at Pauls Valley. George Ward was born March 17, 17S7. Had a splendid education and his handwrit- ing was extraordinarily good. He married December 15, 1805, Lucy Mayes, born Mar. 5, 1789 in Tennessee. Lucy was a sister of Samuel Mayes and aunt of Chiefs Joel B. and Samuel H. Mayes. She died November 11, 1867 and George Ward was killed by "Pin" Indians in 1863. George and Lucy (.Mayes). Ward's eldest child, Savina, was bnrn Mav 1807 in Warren County, Tennes- see. She married Felix Arthur and her death nccurred on April 16, 1883. Feli.<L and Savina Arthur's daughter, Lucy, born April 6, 1828, married Isaac Nidiffer born July 18, 1818. She died April 2, 1886 an J he died February 2, 1890. They were the parents of Samuel, Freeman, Sabrina, mar- ried Robert K. Nix; Sarah, married Isaac Mode; Felix Grundy, burn Mrch 16, 1853, married April 23, 1876 Joanna Ruth Linden, born February 8, 1861. He died October 16, 1896 and she died July 2, 1919; Marth.i Jane, married George Monroe Ward; Nancy married Ross T. Carey and John F. Miller; George; Rachel, married Joh)i S. Thomason and Lucy Nidiffer married Joseph Kelly. Felix Grundy and Joanna Ruth Nidiffer were the parents of Emma Josephine, Ann.i Lulu, Henrietta Evaline (Sub.iect of this sketch ) Martha .Minnie, John Ross, George William, Freeman Edward and Mary Lucile Nidiffer- George W. and Freeman E. are deceased. Adair, Timothy M. (See Grant, Adair, Saunders, Downing and Ghigau)—Timothy Meigs, son of Hugh Montgomery and Martha L. (Johnson) Adair was born at Stillwell September 2, 1882. Educated in the Cher- okee Public Schools. Married at Nowata April 16, 1906. Martha daughter of Thom- as Didymas and Joanna (Pitt) Saunders, born at Braggs December 28, 1885. She died Feb. 10, 1913. They were the parents of: Cleburne, born Feb. 17, 1908. There- on, born June 30, 1921 and Velma Adair, born Jan. 11, 1913. Mr. Adair married June 22, 1917 Katie E., daughter of John and Mary Nunallee born at Bragg, Okla. 1891. Their children are Warren, born Dec. 26, 1919 and Eugene Adair, born Aug. 6, 1921. Mr. Adair's Cherokee name is Skiya and he belongs to the Long Hair Clan. He is a farmer near Centralia, and is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows Fra- ternity. He was elected County Commis- sioner of Nowata County November 7, 1916. Frank Pettie married Mary Beck and they were the parents of Mrs. Joanna Saunders. Boudinot, Frank J. (See Watie, Grant and Ross)—Frank Josiah, son of William Penn and Caroline (Fields) Boudinot, was born August 20, 1866, in the Cherokee Nation. Educated in Bacone College or Indian Uni- versity (near Muskogee), Flint High School (Michigan) and University of Michigan- He took a course in law at the University cf Michigan in 1S94-5-6. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity. His Cher- okee name is Kaw-la-nah (Raven) and he belongs to the Cherokee Holly clan. He has been the attorney, counselor and adviser of the Kee-too-wah Society of Cherokees since 1899 and was elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation by a Joint session of the National Council on November 21, 1895. He was one of Chief Bushyhead's Executive Secretaries in 1887, clerk of the Cherokee Supreme Court 1887-89 and was one of the attorneys for the Cherokee Nation before the Dawes Commission in 1896. Under his advice and direction the Eastern Cherokees were organized in 1900 by the Keetoowah Society, which resulted ultimately in the col- lection of the five million dollar Emigrant Cherokee claim—paid in 1910. Was, by HISTORY OF THE C11EROKEI-: INDIANS :ict Of Congress. Mar. 3. I'M-), made special attorney for the Cherokee Nation to prose- cute a claim against the United States for interest on the funds which arose out of the judgment in the Emigrant case, the amount claimed being alwut four million dollars, Uz married at Fort Gibson, July 2.3, 1S97, Annie Stapler, daughter of Judge Henry Clay and Josephine (Bigelow) Meigs and great-great- giand daughter of Colonel Return Jonatha.i Meigs, personal friend and aide to General George Washington; she is also a great- grand daughter of Chief Ji.hn Ross. They are the parents of: Frank Josiah, Jr., born January 16, 1S')0 (2nd. Lieutenant Air Serv- ice Aeronautics in the World War) and Henry .Meigs Boudinot. born July 27, 1907. Gul-la-gee-nah (Buck Deer), son of Oo- wa-tie, was born in the old Cherokee Nation in Georgia in 1802. Out of gratitude for f.avors he adopted the name of his benefac- tor, Elias Boudinot. Having received a splendid classical education he devoted his entire life and energies for the Cherokeei and at his death on June 2 1, 1S3C), he was a poor man, regardless of the fact that at that time he was one of the best known, ablest and greatest citizens the Cherokee Nation had. Billings, Mrs. E. C. (See Ward and Cord- ery)—Jessie Lee, daughter of James Lovely and Charlotte (Ward) Bumgarner, born Julv 2, 1884, educated at Female Seminary and Lawrence, Kansas. Married at Spavinaw .March 30, lt)02, K. C- Billings, son of John C. and America Billings, born Aug. 10, iSlS in Te.xas. They are the parents of Beatrice T., born April 16, 1906; Love, born August 17, 1908; Charlotte Ameiica, born August 3 1, 1910; Edith Belle, born April 22, 1912; Mvrtle Ceaphine, bom November 10, 1916 and Iva Dell Billings, born October 25, 1918. Cobb, PhiL H. (.See Grant)— Alexander Adam Clingan. born Februarv 20. 1801. .Married in ,May 1S2S .Martha Jane Blvthe; born January 3 1, 1812 in Tennessee. Their daughter Evaline Clingan, born April 13, 183 5 married December l5, 185 7, Joseph Benson Cobb, born Julv 26, 1828 in Blount County, Tennessee. He died March 22, 1S96 and she died Nov. 17, 1918. Their son, Samuel Sylvester Cobb married Carrie Kennedy Hunter and thev are the parents of Phil Hunter Cobb, born Mav 3 1. 1895. Edu- cated in Wagoner, where he married October 1. I"1S M.,z,l Kulh. dauKhlcr .'. Naomi Best, born .lunc' ::. tool. the parents of Dnmihv i„n\\( ,..}■'■ - Oct. 2 5 .l-)2o. ,\,r ,-.,,,^ i, ^ ,^,^^, ^^^ Wagoner. Ellis, Mrs. Thomas J. Csee Adiir j J Grant— .Mary Mas. dauKhlrr ,.( l<..t-,-f ;. lor and Sue Krebs (.McC«.v) M.- April 12, ISSI in Sequoyah tiU- cated in the Chemliee ". .Married in Bartlesville lin Jefferson, son ..f Thomas ' Ellis, born Dec- 16. 1S8| in Sifdi qua County. Kansas. Thry ire ! of Gladys, burn .Mav lo, \i«'y; i . June 23, 1007 and Judsun KMi^. 29, 1909. Thomas Je(fer.s..n I li- ber of the .Masonic (ralcrniu in.i the substantial cattlemen and 1- . ■ Washington Countv. One <i| ihc teidi' < democrats of Washingt-m t^ountv. hf »>• appointed as the first ci<unt\ j 1911 and elected to the same ..(i . Ellen, daughter of Andrew and ' ler) Adair married Richard Ma Alexander and Sarah Elizabeth (I Coy and they were the parents if .V.i; i,;.- Krebs (AlcCoy) .Morrison. Edmondson, Mrs. Florence E. {Ste Ward and Grant)—Florence Fugenia Willimn. born Aug. 3. 1S60 in Delaware |ii>' ■■'•■ ■• ed in the Cherokee Public Sch.- male Seminary. She married Feb. Beatties Prairie. .Michael Smith tdii>...ij--. born September 9. t,S5 1 in Georcia. Tho are the parents of: Cherry I), born f>cltib-f 23. 1879; Gonia L. b"rn January I. I < < : and Bula B. born Februarv 1 7. ISSt Mr- Edmondsiin's Cherokee tiamc \s Oalrll. *''.• is a member of the .MethmliM church " •■ Eastern Star and belMngs m the W George Ward, biirn March 1 7. ried December 15. 1S05 Lucy v, Aunt of Chiefs ,Ioel Bryan and Samuel II- ro ton .Mayes. She «as b'Tn March ' '■'' George Ward was killed durint lli and his widow died N.ivembcr I. i daughter Charlotte was born .lul> •■ •< '- in Tennessee, she married lanuars I', l«: John H. Stover, b. rn )une 2. \^ - Stover died August I', lS5" a March 31, iSo5, Lnuiw I .1 John and CharMte (Ward) Sl..sf August S, IS 10. She married 1859 Joseph Lvnch Williams (»b 608 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS kee name was Oscexjia) born August l, 183 7. They were the parents of Florence Eugenia, Joseph L. Williams, died November 5, 1860. Mrs. Louisa J- (Stover) Williams married February 2, 1864, William Archibald Yell Hastings, born March 8, 1842 in Ben- ton County, Arkansas, and they were the parents of: John Rogers, William, Writ and Charlotte Delilah Hastings. Mrs. Louisa J Hastings died February 7, imS and W- A. Y. Hastings, died at the residence of his soi. John Rogers- Evans, Mrs. Lester (See Ghigau, Adair, Cordery and Halfbreed)—Susannah Deborah, daughter of Ephriam Martin and Sallie (Starr) Adair was born in Flint District September 4, i860. Educated in the Chero- kee Public schools and Female Seniinarv. Married Alexander, son of Andrew Vann and Sallie Ann (Williams) Jordan. He died April 1884. They were the parents of: Belle Leslie, Myrtle and the twins, Alexan- der and Vannie Jordan. Mrs. Jordan mar- ried March 16, 1SS6, Lester, son of Benoni and Mary E. Evans, born January 3, 1860 in Michigan. They are the parents of Min- nie Evans who married Harry Stanley. Mrs. Evans is a member of the Wolf Clan and her Cherokee name is Susanie. Mr. Evans is a member of the Masonic fraternity. Thev are members of the Methodist Church and are farmers, near Centralia. File, Mrs. F. B. (See Grant)—Julia Theresa, daughter of William Columbus and Jane (Davis) Patton was born December 2«, 1867 in Walker County, Georgia- Educat- ed at Drury College, Springfield, Missouri, and Vassar College. She married at Vinita November 13, 1889 Francis Bartow, son of Dr. H. W. and Sarah (Denman) Fite, born October 17, 1861 in Bartow County, Geor- gia, He graduated in 1886 from the South- ern Medical College at Atlanta, Georgia, having received the medal for highest effi- ciency in his class. He is a leader in Okla- homa in surgery and civic progress. Dr. and Mrs. Fite, whose home is in Muskogee, are the parents of William aPtton, born Aug- ust 3 1, 1890; Frances, Ixjrn September 24, 1893; Francis Bartow, born December 20, 1895: Edward Halsell, born December 27, 1898 and Julian Bixby Fite, born September 30, 1906. William Patton Fite graduated from Shattuck Military School, Faribault, .Minnesota, from University of Virginia in 1913 with the A. B. degree and in 1916 from the Medical Department. He married June 1, 1918 Miss Maurine Mitchell of Fort Worth, Texas. Their daughter Jane Fite was born October 7, 1920. He served in the World War as Captain in the Medical Corps 3 6th Division. Is now practicing sur- gery in partnership with his father at Mus- kogee. Francis Fite graduated from Vassar College in l^'l6. Married July 7, 1920, Hu- bert Ambrister, an attorney in Oklahoma Citv- Francis Bartow Fite Jr. graduated from Shattuck Military School, from Univer- sity of Virginia in 1920 with honors in the A. B. degree and is in the 1922 law class of that institution. He served on the staff of Aide de camp to Major General Sturgis, SOth Division rank as First Lieutenant. Edward Halsell Fite graduated from Shattuck Military School, entered the University of Virginia and enlisted for service in the world war. was assigned to the officers Training Camp at Camp Lee, Virginia- At the signing of the armistice he returned to the University where he is now a member of the Medical Class of 1923. Julian Bi.xby Fite is a stu- dent in Shattuck Military School. Ludovic Grant, a Scotch trader settled at Tellico, on the Tennessee River in 1720 and married a full blood Cherokee of the Wolf Clan. Their daughter married William Em- ory, an Englishman and their daughter, Su- sannah Emory married Captain John Stuart of the British army- Her second husband was Brigadier General Joseph and Susannah (Childs) Martin, born in 1740 near Char- lotteville, Virginia. He was elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 17 76, became Major on February 17, 17 79 and was pro- moted to the lieutenant colonelcy in March 1781- He was elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 15, 1787, and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twelfth Brigadier of Virginia Militia by Governor "Light Hors^ Harry" Lee on December 11, 1783. He died at Martinsville, County seat of Henry county, Virginia, which had been named for him, on December 18, 1808- He was buried with military and masonic honors. His daughter, Rachel married Daniel Davis and their son Martin Davis married Julia Tate. Their daughter Jane married William Columbus Patton- Joseph, the father of Brigadier General HISTORY OF THE CHEROKHH INDIANS Joseph Marti,,, was a son (,f William jVlartin a wealthv merchant (,f Bristol, England who gave his son a ship and sent him to Virgin,:!, sumetime in the first quarter of the eighteenth centurv to keep him from marry- ing a gill to whom the father objected. .Mar- tin was one of the Norman Knights who ac- companied William the Conqueror in the battle of Hastings and conquest of Kngland in 1066. The family later dropped th.- terminal and spelled the name, Martain, Foreman, William W. (See Grant. Ghigau, Foreman, Cordery, .Adair, Duncan and Half- breed)—William Wilburn, son of Daniel C. and Elizabeth (Beck) Foreman was born March 17, 187 1. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married in Canadian Dis- trict March It, 1S96 Belle Leslie, daughter of Ale.xander and Susan Deborah (Adair) Jordan, born in Canadian District June 27, 1881. They are the parents of: James An- drew, born July 28, ISOS; married Edn.i Richardson; Bessie J. born April 3, 1900; Jesse, born March 21, 1903; Samuel, born Dec. 4, 1907; Perry born Oct. 12, 1911 and Hooley Foreman, born Feb. 28, 1915. .Mr. Foreman is a farmer, near Centralia. Fry, Cullie (See Sanders and Seabolt)— Lettie, daughter of John and Catherine (Seabolt) Chambers, was born in January 1843. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married William Fry, born Sep- tember 15, 1S34. He was a stone mason, having served his apprenticeship in England, of which he was a native. Mrs. Lettie Fry died June 3, 1883 and he died Feb. 7, I9l5. They were the parents of Cullie Fry, born Sept. 3, 1878, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Mar- ried at Independence, Kansas October 12. 1897, Irene, daughter of Edward and Nancy Trout, born Nov. 22, 1874 in Barton Coun- ty, Missouri. They are the parents of: Gertrude, born Dec. 18. 1S9S; Cecil Ray- mond, born Aug. 3. 1900; Lettie Marie, born May 12, 1902; and Wahneta Fry, born Sept. 3, 1908. Mr. Fry is one of the farmers and stock- men of Rogers County. He is a member cf the Woodmen of the World and .Masonic fr.aternities at Claremore. Is a member of Oklahoma Consistory No. 1 Guthrie, Okla. Glass, John (See Grant)— John Drake, son of John and Samantha Glass was born June 16, 1891. Educated in the Cherokf; Public Sch.H.I, ind Mai, Sft. ried .It Grove. nkU . f,,,,. i ter of Georse \Va5hinKt.,n ,n,i born Sept. 20. is-); m Mo:. Kentucky. Thev jte the f„ Kenneth Glass, h,>rn Stpi. 'i and .Mrs. Glass arc fariiu' ers. He belongs lo th, Kenneth Glass' Chcrokc. goh. Harlan, Grorge W. (Si-e til, Washington, son of luvid M (Vannoy) Harlan was Nin, ir Nation August lo. i^U> anj ,,; Cherokee Public Schools. Mi ware District .May ^o. is:; daughter of Whitlen and Nan former a native of Kenluck\ .. of Virginia) born .lulv 1. IS = -. •», ford County. Illinois. Thcv ar* th<- r'ff'* of: William Lee, born Seplenit- " ' married Lucinda Ballard and born September I. tS77 and ; J. Trotter. .Mr. Harlan is a farmer near While '>ii The Harlans, who in lh« sfvrnlh jn4 eighth centuries were known in itit Bjrd't sons as Herelincas and Harlunci «rr( Ixa* ed in Brisacli Castle in Alsatia. Harris, Mrs. Reuben (See Foreman!—»-i drew Taylor, a native of firan([f i"-.unt.. Virginia married Jennie Bijtbv and ih.-< were the parents of .Minerva Jane Tj>''>f who married Robert Wesley Walker, a ni five of North Carolina. Thrir .!j :'" Senora Adelaide Walker born 1 1859, in Tennessee, married ' Morgan Lemuel Pyealt born in >* j -■ >i County, Arkansas December 2'', «»'i I'f died April 2'', ISSO. Their dauthtn. Ret sie Lee Pyealt was born at Tihleijuah I- 1SS3. Educated in the Female S*"-^")' Married at Collinsville in t'Joi of .Mr. and .Mrs. AnderKin IIj the parents of; Georee. Nt" ' "■ ■ ■ Violet, born April (.. I'">«: Beunih f- '• Aug. t. 1912 and Arthur HarrI*. N^rn Mirck 28. 1919. .Mr. and .Mr» Harri* afe r-^m bers of the .Melhodiil Church He » > Odd Fellow and Knithi o( IMhu* Thf» are farmers, near Kamona. oiti Judge Walker. Mrs Harrn' ttindl,\h,t was Supreme Judte <•( Indian Teffil'T- Hutchins, Nelti. (See Ghiciu •"•! *"" d,.rs)— Nellie, daughter ol R..bin and Stmi, 610 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Jane (Starr) Smith was born February IS, 1S72 near Claremore. She was educated at West Point public school on Dog Creek and Female Seminary. She married May ic, 1591, Willard Edward Hutchins, born June 12, 185 7 in Marion, Nebraska. They were the parents of: Lew Wofford, born May 1", 1592, Blueford Ralph, born Nov. 25th, 1893: Ual Ross, horn October 11, 1895: Ethel Dane, born October 14, 1897: WillarJ Beatrice Hutchins, born October 19, 1902. Nettie Hutchins Cherokee name is Chauouki and she belongs to the Wolf Clan. Her father Robin Smith was elected Councilo; from Coowees'coowee District on August 5. 1867 and August 2, 1869. He died Decem- ber 6, 1872. Holloway, Mrs. Allen D. (See Rogers)— Eva, daughter of Artemus Andrews and Mary A. (Rogers) Barker, born near Kinnison, June 20, 1886. Educated in Female Semi- nary, St. Teresa Academy, Kansas City and Forest Park University, St. Louis, Missouri. Married at Vinita May 10, 1906 Allen D. Holloway, son of William and Cordelia Hollo- way, born 1879 in Cass County, Mo. They are the parents of: Mary Dee, born May 1, 1910 and William Andrew Holloway, born July 11, 1917. Mrs. Holloway is a member of the Methodist Church and tlie Eastern Star Chapter. Mr. Holloway is the cashier of the Oklahoma State Bank at Welch, Okla. McSpadden, Mrs. W. F. (See Carter and Riley)—Serena Carter Parrott, born at Sil- verlake in Cooweescoowee District March 25, 1870, educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum from which she graduated June 17, 1886. Married February 17, 1889 William Fair (son of Rev. T. K. B. and Elizabeth (Green) McSpadden) born December 2S, 1856 in Dalton, Georgia. They are the parents of: Zoe, born November 15, 1889, educated at Chelsea and Female Serainarv, from which she graduated May 29, 1907, married December 26, 1911 Earl Preston Whitehill; Floyd Carter, horn August 19, 1891; Roscoe Conklin, born September 19, 1893; Zella Christine, born September 21, 1897; Alma, born March 8, 1900; William Fair, born December 9, 1902; Clinton, born June 10, 1905; Roger, born June 26, 1907 and Clarence Allen .McSpadden. born De- cember 11, 1913. Earl Preston and Zoe Whitehill are the parents of Christine May, born September 18, 1915 and Earl Preston Whitehill born March 14, 1920. William Fair McSpadden is a farmer and Vice-President of the Bank of Chelsea. Earl Preston Whitehill is the Field Superintend- ent of the Lyons Petroleum Company. Mrs. William Fair McSpadden is the daughter of William P. and Diana (Carter) Parrott and first cousin to Congressman Charles D. Car- ter. McSpadden, R. V. (See Foreman, Riley, Grant and Ghigau)—Richard Vance McSpad- den born July 30, 1879 at Tahlequah. Edu- cated at Tahlequah Public School and gradu- ■•ited from Male Seminary June 29, 1S9S. He married April 27. 1904 Ermina Essie Fore- man, born February 23, 1879 in Vinita. She was educated in Vinita, Jackson, Tenn. and Cincinnati, Ohio. They are both members of the Methodist Church but do not belong to any fraternal orders or clubs. Mr. Mc- Spadden is an oil producer and his wife was very energetic in World War work, especial- ly in Fed Cross work and as the directing officer of the Surgical Dressing rooms. James Walker McSpadden, the son of Reverend T. K. B. McSpadden, was born Oc- tober 25, 1848 in Alabama. Married April IS, 18 72 Annie Thompson, born May 4, 1852. He was for many years one of the stable business men of Tahlequah, as mer- chant and miller. Mrs. McSpadden died Sept. 20, 1891. Mr. McSpadden died April 19, 1905. Mr. and Mrs. McSpadden were the parents of Florence Wilson, married Philip Wharton Samuel; Richard Vance; Mary Jane, married Thomas R. Crookshank, and James Walker McSpadden, Jr. Ermina Essie Foreman was the only child of Dr. Austin Worcester Foreman, born at Park Hill, August IS, 1855. Graduated from the Louisville Medical College and located at Vinita, where he married on February 2 3, Emma Josephine Ridenhour, born May 1?, 1858, in Vienna, Mo. Mrs, Foreman died January 23, 1899. He died December 18, 19 10. Mrs. Ermina E. McSpadden's paternal Grandfather was Rev. Stephen Foreman, born February 22, 1807. He graduated from Princeton University. Was elected as, sistant Editor of the Cherokee Phoeni.x No- vember 4, 1S29. Married Sallie W. Riley, March 27, 1834. Ordained as a Presbyter- HISTORY OF THE CllbROKtli INDIANS lan Minister, September 25, 183 5. He wa> elected as the first superintendent of Cher.,, kee National Schools in 18-11. Elected 'o the Supreme Court Bench on October li lS-1-1, Hxecutive Councilor in 1847 and 1S55 and Clerk of the Senate in 1S67. H- died December 8, iS8l. He also, with th' Rev. Dr. Worcester, translated the Bible inh. Cherokee and established the first Presby- terian Church in Tahlequah. Mayes, Wiley B. (See Adair and Downing) Wiley B. .Mayes, born April 15, 1848, in Flint District, married in May 1872 Emma Bombrake, born in 185 4. They were the parents of Thompson, born July 6, 1873 and Sinie B. Mayes, born Oct. 20, 18 76. Mrs. Emma Mayes died April 18, 1877. Mr. Mayes married February 11, 1879, Margaret Gillis nee McLaughlin born July 13, 185':. They were the parents of Lola Mayes, born January 11, ISSO. Mrs. Margaret .Mayes died January 19, 1SS3 and Mr. .Mayes mar- ried July 22, 1885 Ermina Cherokee Vann born February 26. 1856. James Vann married September 17, lS2') Elizabeth Heaton, a native of Georgia. H; died January 20, 185 7 and she died .May 6, i860. They were the parents of Ermina Cherokee (Vann) Mayes. Walter Adair, called "Black Watt' to dis- tinguish him from his cousin, Walter Scott Adair, who was called "Red Walt' was born December 11, 1783. married May 13, 1804 Rachel Thompson, born December 24, 1786. He died January 20, 1835 and she died April 22, 1876. They were the parents i>. Nancy Adair, born October 7, 1808, mar- ried January 22, IS24, Samuel Mayes, born November 11, 1803 in Tennessee. He died December 3 0. 1858 and she died .March 18, 1876. Thev were the parents of Wiley B. Mayes. Martin, Mrs. William H. (See Ross and Oolootsa)—Jennie, daughter of Henry and Mary (Parris) Lowrey was born August 1, 1S5S. educated in the Cherokee National Schools. .Married in 1 85 5 John Hubbard- They were the parents of: Joanna, born No- vember 26, 1876 and Mary Hubbard, born November 28, 1878. Mrs. Jennie Hubbard married Sept. 9, 1883, William Hercules, son of Hercules T, and Permelia Martin. They are the parents of: Frank Garland, born Au- gust 9, 1884; Eugene Warren, born Janu- ary 30, 1886; William Henry, born Januarv 28, ISSS; Susie Lowrey. born December !. l.SS<); Tercsi .K.MrhiiK- l lS"2;Ellen Crdi-lii N.rn i IS"3; Jennie, horn l>i:c«rmb,r : |. Sequoyah Kavim.nd .Mirlin N.rn '|,: 1SI9 and died .May 16, f<jr f,, land (in world war). Anderson Pierce, joti ..( ^ George and Lucy (Bene*) ill IS 11 married .Mirv Siw. 10, IS13- He died .lulv 12. t.M! died July 3. l.S'.o. Thcv *f,. th of Henry Lowrev. born Oecr and married Mary Parrij. Henry Lowrey and .Mary » of George Guess born Feb. born Aug. l, iS5S; Daniel I- 1S60 Dollie Eunice born l>e< derson born isoo; .Malllda l 1870 and Henry Beechcr bo- McNair, Nicholas B. (See ery and .McNaIr)—Nicholas I. May 1, lS5'i, educated in ihe Cherokee Nation, married in l'e,.r;::i Rachel, daughter of Thomas and (Sonicooie) Sander,s, born in t.St' were the parents of: Oscar. N.rn 12, 1878; Clement, born Januart :■ and Etta .McNair, born Auicu.sl i;. l^' Rachel .McNair died Ueccmher ;:. i- married December 25. I8'»4, .Mjriba . ter of William McDonald and Nanci born .March 12, 1866 in L'nl<>n • Georgia. Thev are the pirenlt ••( " born August 28, ISO?; William Gun!.- July 15, 189": Benjamin Franll. September 9, iS'i'i; James p.-i-f > cember 30. t">oi and Philip 1 October 23. 1905. ,Mr. McS"- the Wolf Clan, is a farmer and a mr the .Masonic and Odd Fello»» (riifr David McNair. o( Scotch a«tnt. )■ 1744. married Delilah Amelti rfi-^r'- "Pich" Joseph and Flirabelh 1795. He died Aucust I '. died November 'o. IS'S Tii las Byers McNair, married Mi- ter of .John and Sarah ('"o^ ' John Rogers, of Enjlish and "^ was born in 17 7'1 in Burke gia. He was called "Nolich'i>« differentiate him (r..m m-.thf ii!'- Citizen of the Nati..ii a* that other one wa? called 'Hell 1"t J*<lk ^"i 612 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS ers. Nicholas Byers and Mary (Rogers) Mc- Kair were the parents of Nicholas B. McNair, the subject of this sketch. Moore, Mrs. J. E. (See Grant, Daniel, Adair and Gnsodiiesga)—Cherokee Cornelii, daughter of Benjamin Franklin and .Mary De- lilah (McNair) Adair, was born at Salina, January 11, iSSl. Graduated from the Cherokee Female Seminary. She married Jan. 10, 1904 James Brutus, son of Alexan- der Moore, born Nov. S, 1874. They are the parents of: William Adair, born Dec. 25, l'-)04; James, B. born March 15, 1907; Law- rence, born June 9, 1910; Mary Eleanor, born May 1, 191 3 and Cherokee Adair Moore, born June l, I9l5. On account of a love affair, to which his father objected, Joseph the son of William .Martin, a wealthy merchant of Bristol, was given a ship, the Brice, during the first quarter of the eighteenth century and sent to Virginia, when shortly after his arrival be married Susannah Childs, a member of a prominent family and established a planta- ti'in near Charlotteville. Their son, Joseph was born there in 1740. The bl.ood of the pioneer, Norman Knight, Martine, who was with William the Conqueror at the fateful battle of Hastings in October 1066, impelled young Joseph to cross the southern Alle- ghenvs where he became a prosperous fur trader and planter. In 17 76, one year after the battle of Le.xington, John Martin was elected captain of the Transylvania .Militia, the almost unknown but indispensable guard (if the revolution that enabled the Americans to send Ferguson back and turned the tide against the hitherto successful Britons. Martin had already, on February 17, 17 79 been made a Major and five months after the battle of Kings Mountain, he was pro- moted to a lieutenant colonelcy. He died at Martinsville, Henry County, Virginia on De- cember IS, ISOS where he was buried with military and masonic honors. His son John Martin was born October 20, 1781. Was the first Chief Justice and first Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. He died in 1836 and was hurled at Ft. Gib- son. He marrier Nellie McDaniel. and their eldest child Martha, called "Patsy" Martin married George Washington Adair, and thev were the parents of Benjamin Franklin Adair, who married Delilah McNair. Mayes, Hall (See Grant, Downing, Fore- man, Ooolootsa, Adair, Ross, Conrad and Duncan)—Hall, son of Walter and Nannie Filey (McCoy) Mayes was born near Pryor September 26, 1891, educated at Male Semi- nary, Bacone University and Agricultural College at Stillwater. Married at Muskogee, September 1, 1915, Sallie Pearl, daughter of Henry Clay and Nannie Vinita (West) Coch- ran Mayes, born July 19, 1920. Samuel Mayes, born April 11, 1803, .:i Tennessee. Married January 27, 1824 Nan- cv Adair, born October 7, 180S. He died December 30, 1858 and she died March IS, 1876. They were the parents of George Washington Mayes born November 5, 1S2 4. Married May 21, 1846, Charlotte Bushyhead born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878 and he died October 28, 1894 They were the parents of Walter Adair Mayes born December 9, 1S60. Married December 25, 1890 Nannie Rider McCoy born March 25, 1866. They were the par- ents of Hall Mayes. John Rogers married Tiana Foster. They were the parents of Elizabeth Rogers who married Jesse Cochran and their son Jesse Cochran married Susie Ross. They were the parents of Henry Clay Cochran who married Nannie Vinita West and they were the parents of Sallie Pearl (Cochran) Mayes. Nail, Mrs. Basil (See Grant and Dnucan) — Joella, daughter of Joseph Lynch Thomp- son and Frances B. Kell was born in Texas November 27, 1866, educated at Vinita. Married February 1, 1893, Basil Laskin Nail, son of Larkin and Rebecca Nail, born in Washington County, Arkansas. February 1, 185 7. They are the parents of Dora Ella, born December S, 1893; Josie Esther, born December 22, 1895, married at Vinita. Sep- tember 22, 1915 N. B. Kerr; Georgia A. born February 14, 1902, and Mary Alice Nail, born April 3, 1906. The Nails and Kerrs are farmers and live near Pensacola. Nannie, the daughter of Brigadier Gener- al Joseph Martin married Jeter Lynch a member of the Irish nobility and they were the parents of Maria Lynch who married Jeter Thompson and they were the parents of Joseph Lynch Thompson who married Frances B. Kell. Basil L. and Joella Noll's oldest daughter, Dora Ella was married to John Lewis Warn- er December 10, 191 1 and had two chil- HISTORY OF THE CHEROKHH INDIANS dreii, Herchel Ray, boni Sept. 5, 1912 and Basil Bert was burn Nov. 2S, 1914. Odle, Mrs. Grover C (See Ward)—Caro- line Jane Gwatney, born Nov. 23, 1884, edu- cated at Pryor and Female Seminary. Ma'- ried Marcli IS, 1906, Grover Cleveland, son of John and Mary Odle, born March 29, 1879 in Henry County. Mo. They are the parents uf: Burdelte, born November 8, 1906; John Edward, born August 4, 1911; Ruth, born June 20, l9ii and Mary Odle, born October 3 1, 1910. AU. Odle is a farmer near Pryor. Edward Gwartney, born in Indiana .March 16, 1860. Married December 29, 18Si Susie, daughter of John S. and Jane (Love- less) Ward, born July 29. lS65. She died Jan. 21, 1898. They were the r^irents oi Mrs. Caroline Jane Odle. Pace, Mrs. William H. (See Downing and Adair)—Annie Lydia, daughter of John and Rosella (Adair) Downing was born in Saline District September 10, 1871. Educated in Female Seminary and Harrell Institute, .Mus. kogee. Married at Locust Grove December 22, 1S9S, William Hayden, son of William and Loretta Pace, born in 1868 in Benton County, Ark. They are the parents of: El- bert Edward, born November 21, 1899 was in the S- A- T. C. at Oklahoma University and is at present attending the A. and .M. College at Stillwater; Hayden Adair, born February 19, 1901; Clyde Lewis, born No- vember 3 0, 1902; Joe Sheldon, born June 14, 1904; Loretta Lucile. born January 15, 1906; Howard, born October 5, 1907 and Alfred Collins Pace born August 7, 1909. Mr. and Mrs. Pace are members of the Methodist Church. He is a farmer and stockraiser. near Welch; specializing in pure bred Short Hnrn cattle and Poland Chi.ia Hogs. Sparlin, Benjamin F. (See Grant, Palmour) —Benjamin, son of Oliver and Mattie Spar- lin was born in Oklahoma Nov. 17, I8S3. Married at Claremore, Okla. November 9, I'M 4. Mary L. Sparlin, daughter of B. r. and Amandie Palmour born Oct. 23, lS87 in Georgia. They are the parents of Amy Gazelle, born March 12, 1917 and William Sparlin, born June 10, 1920. Mr. Sparl.n is a farmer near Chelsea. Rogers, James F. (See Kogers)— James Foster, son of Lewis and Elizabeth J. (Lisen- be) Rogers was born in September ISSI. Educated Iti the Chrr>.Lf« puMic «»h.»li i 1 .Male Seminary. .MjrticJ it Vimu i*. sephine. daughter nt J.ihii l'. Marker, born June 'i. \i::. parents of: Flora t. b.-rn fcbe^ James Foster, born July IJ, Bell, born June 9, t')uo; .Mir» 5. 1902; Annie L., b«rn March \i, i . i 4 Lewis T. born AurujI 8. I'MiT Mr i 4 .Mrs. Rogers liavc adop- ' Talala Buchanan Rogl■r^ a Cherokee girl. .Mr K. . farmer :ina stipcknuii. Phillips. Mrs. Woodlejr, (See Gfjnl «b4 Oulootsa)—.Maude lloyl .McSpidd^n, !-■ f . at Chelsea, Cherokee Nation, .March 1 1885, educated at Chelsea and ihr }trH- Seminary, from which she Kradualrd ivre 1903. She married April J. l.- a - • Gail Phillips, born in (^rawl. ■ May 15, 1877. They are li Joel Arthur, born February died Dec. 13. 19 H; Donald v Oct. 12, 1908; Ross .Marvin. 1912; Lawrence Gail, burn "■' Paul iMcSpadden. burn .March Woodley Gail Phillips •>( ! was among oil operators cm' homa from Pennsylvania 1902.- Connected «ilh I'.h.' Gas Co.. line ••! ihc pioneer . ,- the state. Phillips, Mr.. W. p. (See Grant, t 1- " Ghigau and Adair)—Jane Anna, diu, James Allen and Johnanna Dell (Bu! Thompson was born Noveml Educated in the Chen^kee '• and Female Seminary, from »! ated June 29. 1893. She nw quah January ", I8"'5 Willla: .M. H. and Josephine I'hillip' 14, 1869. Educated i" I'- and .Male Seminary. Thev ai> ■ of: Lulu Bell. b.>rn ficlober I ♦. I»" cated in Kendall Cllege. Chicac- ' York, graduating from the lorm^r born March 27. 1S"8 and had Ihf m cational advantages as did bff » William Penn PhillipV 'r ^"> *»« served si.x m.mths in the United S- rines. receiving a medal for merilor duct. The Phillipi- are member; Methodist church. He l» »" H^ ' « belongs to the Daujhlert of the Amer.c- Revolution. 614 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Joseph, the son of William Martin, a wealthy merchant of Bristol, England settled near Charlotteville, Virginia in the first quar- ter of the eighteenth century- His son Joseph was born on this plantation in 1740. Joseph Jr. became a fur trader and plantei', amassing wealth- He was elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 17 76 became Major. February 17, 17 7') and Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. His services were incited against the Tories and their Indian allies west of the Allegheny Mountains, they having been stirred to violence by a letter from the British Superintendent of Southern Indian affairs, dated May 9, 1776 calling on them for concerted action in surprising and killing the men, women and children of thi revolutionists and their sympathizers. The south had been practically subjugated by the summer of 17 80 and it was only by the ef- forts of such transmontane patriots as Ma- jor Joseph Martin that it was possible for a part of the soldiers of the Mustmer foun- tain to strike and destroy Ferguson at Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780 and therebv turn the tide in favor of the Americans. Major Martin was not at Kings Mountain as he was busy holding the British allies of thi southwest at bay. In further recognition ot his patriotic services, he was advanced to the lieutenant colonelcy, five months later. He was elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twelfth Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor "Light Horse Harry" Lee on December 1 1, 1 793. He died at Martinsville, Henry County, Virginia on December 8, 1808 and was bur- ied with military and masonic honors. He married Susan Fields nee Emory and their second child was Nancy Martin who married Peter Lynch. The eldest of their eight children was Martha Lynch born in March ISOI. Married in 1816, James Allen Thompson born July 4, 1795 in Pendleton District, South Carolina. She died Septem- ber 19, 1861 and he died February, 10, Johnson Thompson married January 5, 1843 Eliza Christine Taylor born October 6, 1826- Ile died April 7, 1900 and she died February 111, I ''02. Their son James Allen Thomp- son born in 1851, married Johnanna Bell Buffington, born February 13, 1854. She died October 12, iSSl and he died in Oc- tober 191 5. They were the parents of Mrs. William Penn Phillips. Fletcher, C. L.—C. L. Fletcher, son of B. G- and M. H. (Guthrie) Fletcher was born Jan. 25, 1885. Educated at the Male Semi- nary and Commercial College, Ft. Smith, Ark.; married Dec. 23, 1906 to Margaret M. daughter of Alford B. and America (John- son) Holland. Born July 24, 1886, died Nov. 21, 1911. Two children were born to this union, Loren born Feb. 23, 1909 and Maggie H. born Nov. 7, 1911, died Aug. 27. 1912. Married Lillian Blake Dec 6, 1913, daugh- ter of B. W. and Sarah H. Blake, born in the state of West Virginia March 24, 189^. Two children were born to this union Jack, born Mar. 12, 1916 and Joe R. born April 13, 1920. Mr. Fletcher was elected County Commissioner of Adair County in 1918. Griffin, George W. (See Conrad and Hen- dricks)—George W., son of Isaiah and Katie (Rich) Griffin was born in Rutherford Coun- ty, Tennessee March 4, 1861; married at Tahlequah Aug. 8, 1899 Jenetta, daughter of James R. and Elizabeth (Hendricks) Gourd, born Jan. 24, 1868- They are the parents of Alice, born Oct- 15, 1901; Ira, born Oct. 3, 1908, and Blanche Griffin born Oct. 25, 1911. Mr. Griffin is a farmer near Hulbert, Oklahoma. Harris, Mrs. J. W. Jr- (See England)— Lydia, daughter of Robert L. and Nynia Jane (Cornatzer) Madison was born in Craig County, April 6, 1894 and graduated ia 1917 from the Vinita High School- Mar- ried at Vinita May 10, 1919, John Wesley, son of John Wesley and Ida Josephine Har- ris, born near Vinita, June 3, 1897. They are the parents of Grace Cornelia Harris, born March 19, 1920. Mr. Harris enlisted for the World War at Vinita, August 29, 1917. Sent to Camp Pike , Arkansas where he was assigned to Co. K. 166 Reg., 83rd Division. Sailed for France September 1, I9i7. Transferred to Co. 1, l52 Regiment 40th Divisions. Hildebrand, Mrs. Samuel (See Hildebrand) — Fannie, daughter of Frank and Agnes (Fos- ter) Fritz was born in Cooweescoowee Dis- trict October 8, 1879. Educated at Carlyl.' and Haskell Institutes. Married at Vinita February 24, 1900 Samuel, son of Benjamin and Delilah (O'Fields) Hildebrand. born February 14, ISSO. Educated in the Male HISTORY OF THE CHEROKHE INDIANS Seminary. Thev are the parems uf Asne'. born February 2 5, 1902; Lura, born March 2 7, 1904; Edward, Wirn May 3. 1906; Aarrm born Arril 19, 19(,S; Glenn, born October 23. 1911; Floyd, horn .laniiary 17, 1911; Georsia, born February 22, I9is and Melvin Hildebrand, born January 31. 1920. .Mrs. Hildebrand is a Metliodist and a Rebekah. Mr. Hildebrand is a member of tlie Inde- pendent Order of Odd Fellows. Thev ar.; farmers near Vinita. Pennel, Mrs. Henry C. (See Grant and Dun can)—Dora Fannie, daughter of Thomas Fo-; and Helen Alice (Kell) French, born .lulv 17, 1874. Educated at Fort Gibson and Female Seminary. .Married December 6. 1893 Henry Camillius son of William and Caroline Pennel, born January IS. 1S73 in Washingtrin County, Ark. They are the parents of: Thomas William born October 5. 1895; Charles Columbus, born December 9. 1S97; James Kell, born January 19. 1900; Bernice, born Feb. 27, 1904 and Thelda Pen- nel. born March 3. 1915. Mr. and Mrs. Pennel are member of the Holiness Church. They are farmers, near Hulbert, Okla. Rogers, Miss Mary K. (See Cordery and Daniel)—Henry Curtis Rogers, born in 1825. .Married Louisa Jane Thompson nee Blackburn, born in 1823. She died No- vember 30, 1SS3 and he died February 3, 1896. They were the parents of; Mary Kin- ney; Catherine who married Isaac Newton Strickland; Lucy P. who married William Ridge Rogers; Eugene Overbv whu married William Rufus Greer; William Henry, elected Treasurer of Rogers County 1907 and 1910 and County Commissioner of the same coun- ty; and Stonewall Jackson Rogers. Miss Mary Kinney Rogers is a graduate from the Moravian School of Salem, N. C- .Mrs. Eugenia Oglesby Greer was President of the East Oklahoma Woman's Missionary Society for three years. She is still .ictive- Iv engaged in missionary work. McCuUough, Mrs. Peter (See Grant and Adair)—Sarah Penelope Fields, born April I 2, 1842. Married October 20, 1S59. John Jackson Smith, born December 22, 1836 in Mc.Minn County, Tennessee- They were the parents of Magenia Jane Smith, born October 24, 187 1. Educated in the Chero- kee Public Schools and Female Seminary Married March 4. 189 5 Peter, son of Milton Howard and Rachel Jane (Adair) McCu!- lough, born ,\la\ 2'>. is"; parents of: Winnie I>jm», j,, Ret J. burn in i')oi; (;|jj», I'HM; William I'enn. N„„ ,„ , M. born in I'mo. .Mr ,„j ■ lough are members o( ihr i:hr He is a merchant in MUmi • been City Treasurer. Re.x J. McOullouRh stt\cd i during the World War. «jt I, charged with meritorious cila: .Minnie Davis McCull.iuKh t:j.:..... the .Miami High School in nir. A«vt .j to special stenoRriphic work In lb »i- ; ; Treasury Department at WJ^|■ .McCullough is a composer i :. verse. Smith, Fred, (See Cr*nt utd WiJ> - Frederick David, son o( Samur' ■ ' ' Jane (Ward) Smith was horn Creek, .March 24. iSf.5. educr ware District. Married -m Ln n Ji , jm : May 26, I88S. Charlotte Eli/abrth. diuthifi of John Jefferson and .Marv Pauline (Adiifi Fields, born August 27. )S72. rducitrd ' Delaware District. Thev are the pirenn . • Frederick Eldo. born Jun< 19. IS04, c'lJj ated from the Northeastern Stale Nofmii •! Tahlequah in r>i5 and Draugh College; Richard Lafavelle, Nr 7. 1899; Charles Julian, born S 1903, married Opal Pearl Vour. Smith, born August 4. 19 lo. a farmer near Big Cabin and ii a ii•.l^l^^.•.■ the Independent Order o( Odd Fello»\ »- ; .Mrs. Smith is a Rebecca. Richard, son of Ezekial and .Man v (Sexton) Fields married fc'll/abrlh Blac< ' J they were the parents of John JelL-f Fields who married .Mar\ Pauline Adu Snider, (See Grant and Duncan)—H^.- . Jacob, son of Andrew Johnson (N.rn Mj ' 1867 in Davis County. .Mo) and <> '■ (Muskrat) Snider, horn Mas «. I*'' Delaware District and married No,rc!- 1SS6 and died Julv 2, fo:, ■• tember 29, l.SSS at Grove. Dela He was educated at Grose and Vi narv. He married Seplemher 3'-.. I ' .Martha Elizabeth, daughler of J..hn M» ■ r:)aniel (born October 2. is 41 marrifd » ust 31, 1876 and died ocl.iher I". I" and Alice R. (Smith) t>anicls (h-.f i 10, 1854 at Fayeltesllle. Arkansas irJ J'1 November to. |io5). N'rn Apfil I'. i»'» 616 HISTORY OF THE C HEROKEE INDIANS and married September 26, 1912 at Vinita. Elbert J. and Martha E. Snider are tfie par- ents of Genevieve M. born October 27, 191j and Elbert Jacob Snider, born November 22. 1915. John Martin Daniel was elected Sheriff of Delaware District August 4, 1873 and mem- ber of council from same district August 6, 1883 and his son, James Henry, the eldest brother of Mrs. Martha E. Snider was elected a member of the Council in 1902. Elbert Jacob Snider is the grandson of Ja- cob and Martha (Fields) Muskrat; great grandson of Ezekial and Polly Ann (Sexton) Fields and the great great grandson of Rich- ard Fields. Chief of the Texas Cherokee from 1S22 until his death in 1827. Elbert J. Snider, has three brothers, James Floyd, born January 1, 1890; Roy Clinton, born May 3. 1892 and Cecil Freeman Snider born May 3, 1897. Mrs. Martha E. Snider's brothers and sit- ters are Marmaduke, born October 9, 1877; James Henry, born April 9, 1879 and died May 5, Robert John born May 9, 1S81; Lulu May, born January 21, 1884; Eliza J. born March 25, 1886; Emma E. born February 19, 1880; WiMiam A. born August 26, 1892; Edgar Jackson, born February 14, 1895 and Walter Scott Daniel, born Dec. 12, 1898. Elbert J. Snider had one sister, born Nov. 16, 1900 and died July 7, 1902. Thompson, John F. (See Ghigau)—John Franklin, son of Caleb Starr and Matilda (Cordill) Thompson, was born November 20, 1853 in Union County, Georgia and educated in that State. Married in Georgia Aug. 13, 1876, Amanda C, daughter of Lewis and Catherine Little born Sept. 12, 1813 in N. C. They are the parents of: Lewis Caleb, born June 13, 1877 and died Dec. 4, 1899; David Elihu, born Aug. 4. 1878 and died Nov. 7, 1920; William La- fayette, born Nov. 13, 1879; Annie M. born July 19, ISSI, died Jan. 30, 1903; John Nelson, born April 10, 1883; Mary S. born Oct. 29, 1884 and married James G. Trapp; Nellie, born Aug. 1, 1886 and married L. F Johnson; Margaret Latitia, born Aug. 24, 1889 and married E. B. Edwards; Pearly, born April 2, 1891, died April 26, l89i, Jesse Clayhorn, born June 5, 1895. Mr. Thompson is a farmer near Tahlequah. Hi affiliated with Cherokee Lodge No- 10 ci Tahlequah on November 9, 1883 and was Master of the Masonic Lodge from 1896 to 1900 and was again chosen for that position in 1902. He was elected County Commis- sioner of Cherokee County, November 7, 1916. Reid, James Walker (See Thompson)—A minister of the Presbyterian Church does not draw a large salary. Ordinarily he can by careful saving give his children a common school, high school or more rarely a univer- sity education, but it requires rare ability for a man to stay in the ministry through a long and useful life, generally stationed in the smaller cities, to give not only one but sever- al of his sons and daughter extra American and European university educations, such as are generally at the behest of families of opulence, hut this was one of the distin- guished abilities of Reverend and Mrs- Gil- bert Taylor Thompson. Gilbert Taylor Thompson, son of Matthew and Sallie Turner (Denman) Thompson, was born April 15, 1847. Graduated from So- nora Masonic Institute in 1868. Married February 2, 1865 Josephine Amanda King, born April 10, 184 7 in Cass County Geor- gia. He was ordained a minister in the Presbyterian Church in April 1874, at Re- saca, Georgia. He died at Tahlequah April 20, 1901. The sons and daughters of Reverend an..i Mrs. Thompson are the most highly educated family among the Cherokees, several of them having been educated abroad. They are: Allison Denman, Ernest, Milton King, James Kidd, Cleo, Gilbert Taylor and Matthew As- ter. Cleo Thompson graduated from the Pres- byterian College of Upper Missouri in 1893 and Ward Seminary, Nashville in 1896, mar- ried on Dec. 25, 1899 to James Walker Reid, born May 31, 1870 in Mecklinburg Co., N. Car. Mr. Reid is a graduate of Erskine Col- lege, Due West, S. C. Mr. and Mrs. Reid live at Tahlequah, where he has been in business for several years. They are the parents of children of whom they will ever have reason to be proud: Thompson Reid, born January 26, 1901; Mary Cleo born April 6, 1904; James Wa'k- er, Jr., born Aug 30, 1906 and Marjorie. born July 14, 1910. Sullivan, Frank R. (See Grant and Cord- ery)—Frank Robert, son of James and Mary .Ann, (AlcPherson) Sullivan was born near HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEK INDIANS 6!.' Claremore April 5. 1S78. Hdueated at Yel- low Springs, Cooweescoowee District. iMar- ried Daisy Bishop. They were the parents of James Biadshaw Sullivan, born June 10, 189 7. Mr- Sullivan married June 2, 1900, Peggy Stop born in 1875 and educated ?.t Catoosa. They are the parents of: Andrew Leerskov, born February S, 1914, and .Mary Belle Sullivan, born June 24, 1916. Mr. Sullivan is a farmer near Claremore. James, son of George and Elizabeth Ann (Rogers) Sullivan was born in Georgia April 23, 1849. .Married .Mary Ann, daughter of George Washington and Elmira (Gardinhier) .McPherson, born November 19, 1846. She died in 1SS3 and he died June 25, 1901. Susan, daughter of John and Nannie (Fields) Crutchfield married James Stopp and they were the parents of .Mrs. Frank Sul- livan. Smith, Richard M. (See Grant)—Elh. daughter cf Wirt and Sarah (Woodward) Fields, born April 17, 185 3, married at Fort Gibson Frank N- Smith, born in 1845- .Mrs. Smith died November 6, l89l. They were the parents of Richard Martin Smith, born Jan. 28, 18S1, educated in the Chercjkee Public School, and Male Seminary. .Married at Wagoner Aug. 10, 1903, Carrie, daugh- ter of Columbus and Amanda Phipps, born .March 4, ISS". They are the parents of Gide..n. born Sept. 25, 1906 and Theron Smith, born Feb. 3, 1910. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are members of the Methodist Church- He is a member of the 1- O. 0. F. and is a farmer, near Wagoner. Susannah Wolf married Henrv Woodard and their son Thomas Woodard married Nan- nie Morning. They were the parents of Sarah Woodard who married Wirt Fields. Thornton, OrviUe E. (See Ward)— Or- ville Elihu, son of George Washington and Emilv Jane (Austin) Thornton was born May 29, 1876, in Iowa and educated in that state; married in Iowa April 2, i89S Uru- cilla A., daughter of Reuben ^"1 J^'-f;"" Ann Conley. Their adopted daughter Geor- gia Myrtle Martin was born at Centralia Feb- ruarv ^^ 1910 and has been with them since he waV5 days old- She is generalb^ known as Georgia Myrtle Thornton, ^r. Thornton is Justice of the Peace at Centralia and is engaged in farming. George Washington Thornton was born on Beatties Prairie on February 2, 1836. Ad«ir, SkRiuel (S<e Adjlf )— Sjmufl. iSr son iif Kuivix and Ifiini* (llcMt) AJ... , ,. born in (he » hcr.iltcc Niii..n v 1S69; was educilfd ll Ihe < her . Asylum. He marrlrj Mirih o. ! . . the daughter of l)ick Welch. b«.rn Mi> ■ 1S77. They were the p^rentt ■■• »■ born November 2S, 1892; tdnj 27, IS97; Levi, burn December Griffin born April .UJ, I'lOS. Si. ceniber S. 1900; and Uenjiniin December 15, l'>lo. .Mr j .1 are members of the l'r>- He was a deputy U. S. '.' officer for the Frisco Kii;.\j Their son Levi, enlisted and »i ing line in France during the ri-- Adair, A. Frank (S«e Cram Frank. s>>n of J"hn L\nch an J (Jeffreys) Adair was born AuKuti i.-i. »i". educated in .Male Seminary. Virrifd i' Tahlequah September t, lS86 v beth .Miller, born February 22. '. were the parents of: Arthur L. ».., . • .May 11. iS'M and ("»\ven Lewis Adair, b-wn March 18, 1S93. Rachel, daughter ..f Jeter and yt'^i'- (.Martin) Lynch married Thoma* Beniawa Adair and they were the parenU <>l J-hn Lynch Adair who married Mary Jane J*(- frevs a native of Virginia. Burges., Mr.. T. H- (S«. W«J)—M.r. Ann Gwartney born December 10, ISS: edu- cated at Prvor and Female Seminarj. Mar- ried at Prvor. December 17. foi. T. It, son of Robert and Sarah Burj*". N>rn Sep! 26. ISSO in WashinRton Counlt. Art They are the parents "f Br ■ • March H. f^oS; Lucille. b..f lOiO; Thomas Henry, born ^ 1911; Jack, born November l>. !''> *^ Leonard Burgess, born June «:. '"JO .M» Burgess is farming near Prvor ^ John S. Ward, born October ■■ «».«>^ Married July 27. 1857 Jennie Lo^ele- S- .Mav 1. tS42. She died Unuarj « and he died June .5. 'S^' ^he'r • ter Susie married td.ard G.|r- thev are the parents of ,Mrv T. H. 1 Downing. Cor,. B. (V- 0-- George Brewer. s..n ■■( P-.d .^nd^. (Faught) Downing, born >»" ; cated in Going ^nake fMtr.t February 30, 1S7 7 ArabdU *« 618 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS in 1S60 ill Wasliingtoii County, Arkansas. Tliey are tlie parents of: David Monroe, burn Decemlier 2, 1S77; Tininiie Jane, born Oc- tober 28, 1S79; Catlierine Mahala, James Lewis, Effie Ola, born September 20, 1893; William Alexander; and Jessie Downing, born August 22, 1902. George Brewer is a Ma- son. He was appointed Sheriff of Saline District, September 23, 1897. Dupree, William E. (See Adai;)—Dr. William J. Dupree. born December 25, 1S24, in Alabama, married in 1851 Charlotte, daughter of John and Charlotte (Adair) Bell. They were the parents of William E. Dupree, born November 9, 185 7 in Wood Co. Texas and he was educated at James- town, 5 miles north of Overton, Texas. He married at Quitman, Tex. on Jan. ll, 1SS3, Fannie L., daughter of Dr. W. E. H. and Fannie (Aycok) Wright, born Jan. 14, 1S61, in Wood County, Texas. They are the par- ents of Elmer, born October 24, 1883; Her- bert, born April 2, 1887, died April 2, 1918; Emma, born December 13, 1888; Wright, born October 8, 1890; Bessie, born May 29, 1892; Fred, born August 20, 1895; Annie, born July 4, 1899; Eleanor Dupree. born August 2, 1904. Bessie Dupree married Dorsey E. Hall, and thev are the parents of Dorsey E. Hall, Jr., born April 30, 1916; Wright Dupree and Eleanor Elizabeth, twins, born July 20, 1917. Wright Dupree Hall died January 16, 1920; Alonzo Carter Hall, born July 19. 1920. Mr. and Mrs. Hall are living in Fort Collins, Colorado. Mr. and Mrs. Dupree are members of the Baptist Church, and he is a successful farm- er near Vinita. Jamestown, Smith Co. Texas was noted for its good school. In the fall of 1866 Dr. Dupree moved there from his farm in Wood Co., Tex. to educate his children. In 1S7 7 he moved back to his farm in Wood Co. Mitchell, Clay Albion (See Oolootsa and Foreman)—George W. Mitchell, born De- cember 26, 185 2 at Bloomfield, Arkansas; married June 13, 1886, in Going Snake Dis- trict, Martha .1. Horn, who was born March 17, 1862. They are the parents of Clay Albion Mitchell, born April 1, 1894, who was educated at Vinita, Oklahoma, and mar- ried at Vinita on December 23, 1916, Martha Eunice, daughter of Sarah (Nazworthy) .. iv/ Chamberlain, born February 5, 1899, and was educated at Vinita, Oklahoma. They are the parents of Robert Clay, born October 30, 1917 and Hazel Maurine Mitchell, born February 14, 1919. Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell are members of the Christian Church, and he is a farmer near Bluejacket, Oklahoma. John Horn married Susan Louella Fore- man, and they were the parents of Mrs. Martha J. (Horn) Mitchell. Reverend Amory Nelson Chamberlain mar- ried Dollie Eunice Hoyt, and they were the parents of Edward Warner Chamberlain. Meek, William A. (See England, Grant and Daniels)—David England married Susan A. Conner. Their daughter Arminda Eng- land married William England, Isaac Scrim- sher and Elias H. Jenkins. Her daughter, Alta Berilla Scrimsher, born November 24, 185 5, died Sept. 8, 1S85; married January 20, 1873 Abram Meek born September 27, 1851 in Vandalia, Illinois. Died April 15, 1907. Their son William Alvin Meek was born November 7, 1880. Educated in Male Seminary at Tahlequah and Draughon's Busi- ness College, Oklahoma City, graduating from the latter July 21, 1904. Married August 8, 1909, Ada, daughter of Henry and Emma Jane Donelly, born June 24, 1890, educated in Willie Halsell College and Sac- red Heart Academy at Vinita. They are the parents of Ada Fay Meek, born April 29, 1912. Mr. and Mrs. Meek are members oi the Methodist Church. He is a merchant and is postmaster at Miles. Merrell, Mrs. William—Corintha C. daugh- ter of Pleas and Sarah Cheek was born March 2, 1875. Educated at Grove. Mar- ried at Vinita October l5, 1893 William, son of Asa C. and Emeline Merrell, born May 9, 1865 in Saline County, Mo. They are the parents of Luvena, born May 5, 1897, mar- ried July 20, 19 IS, John Robinson and has one daughter Audra May, born May 7, 1920. Lola, born March 2, 1900, married July 5. 1920 Bee Garrison; Pleasant Chandler, born February 17, 1904; Jewell, born February 15, 1909 and Euphaetta Merrell, born Feb- ruary 24, 1912. Mr. and Mrs. .Merrell are residents of Welch. Mitchell, Mrs. George W. (See Grant, Downing, and Foreman)—George W., son of George W. and Mary A. Mitchell, was born HISTORY OF THE CHHROKElf IN[)IANS in Bloomfield, Arkansas, Dtfcemher 20, 1S5 2- married Susan Cherokee, daughter of Ste- phen and Pollv c. (Beck) Hildebrand. They were the r^nents of Dr. Robert L., born April 10, 1S76; Levia L.. born July 7, 1S7S; Savohi L.. born April 5. LSSi; chuul S..' born May Ki. 1883. After the death „t Mrs. Susan Cherokee Mitchell, .Mr. .Mitchell married, on June 13, 1S86, Martha J. Horn, born March 17, 1862. They are the par- ents <jf Lee R. .Mitchell, burn Liecember 11, 1888; .loseph F. Mitchell, born February 10. 1891; Clay A. Mitchell, born April l, 1895; Beulah V. Mitchell, born (October 7, 1897-' George W. Mitchell, Jr., bnrn June 2 5, 1S99; Ross B. Mitchell, born January lo! 1902; and Foreman Drew .Mitchell, born September 7, 1904. Mrs. Martha J. Mitchell is the daughter of John Horn, born August 3, 1823, and died in 1888. Her maternal grandmother. Elsie Hicks, who married Jeremiah Horn, a white man, was the daughter of "Chief" Charles R. Hicks. George W. .Mitchell was a member of the Cherokee National Board of Education from 189 5 to 1897. Stephen Hildebrand married Mary, daugh- ter of Jeffrey and Sallie (Downing) Beck and they were the parents of Mrs. Susan Cherokee (Hildebrand) Mitcliell. Martha .1. Mitchell was a grand daughter of Dr. Bark and Rachel Foreman and a daughter of Susan Horn. Rambo, Mrs. Lola M. (See Grant, Oolootsa and Adair)—Lola M., daughter of Marshall and Pauline (McCoy) Mann, was born Sep- tember 6, 188 5 at Vinita, Oklahoma. She was educated at Kidd-Key College at Sher- man, Te.xas, and Willie Halsell College at Vinita. Cklahcniia. She graduated from the latter institution; and also took a steno- graphic course at this school. She was mar- ried at Muskogee December 4, 1907, to Walter A., son of James J. and Alary A. Rambii. They are the parents of Alma El- sine, born Sept. 12, 1908; Marshall J., born Oct. 3 1, 1910; Kenneth, born Aug. 17, I9l3 and Pauline Louise R.imbo. born January 6, 1916. Mrs. Rambo is private secretary to the Superintendent for the Five Civilized Tribes at Muskogee. She is a member of the Saint Paul Methodist Church of .Muskogee; Eastern Sur and KiiiKht* jrij Lidi<« ..i curity traleriMllcs. .Mr* Kjint-.. r.>: ; the pi.silicMis nf Sccrcljr* I.., vis Assl. Creek Njliunil At|..f C. Allen. Creek Nitii.nil All. same uftice under Willuin M ! eminent I'mbaie Allurnn .Marshall .Mann, hi.fn Mirvl. Ohio, married, at Wchbcrt fj 21. 1873, Pauline J. .McC...\, . July 24. l,S53, in Ihe r,her..k.r. Pauline Jane, daughter ..( i and Lucy Jane (Adair) Mv jMarshall .Mann. .March 2 1, l,s Swain, Mr». Rebecca M. (See [h"ni[-i .. and Riley)—Joseph Pi>lslrc.m. N.rn ffbfj ary 11, 1S34, in Birmirinhim, Aijbimi. i-)- ried Novemher 16. 1863 in Bi>r.u Mtr » j. Susan Rebecca Wilsnn, who » •' 1 • 19, 1846, at Fort Gibson. T parents of Rebecca .McNiir !■■ August 19, IS64 on Bivnu MeHjtJ. j^.J -i^ educated in the Female Seminir* it Tjhif quah. She married December 27. \%' ■ John, son of George and Nanc* (I'fjm/r) Swain, born October 5. 1S3 5 in Wmnr'te land County, Peniisvlvania- He »er<ej i" the Union Army durinR the Civil Wif - Company E, Fourth California lnfantr> He died April 6, 1920. Mr. Swain w« 1 chf ter member of the Vinita Lode- •- < > ' & A. M. and a 32nd decree ' Swain is a member of ihr > Church; and Grand .Matron of the <»iJcf ■■'■ the Eastern Star of the Indian Terril"r<. hi» ing held that position in t.S''5-'j Shf ■<• also a member of Ihe Wnmani Civic Inc^r Delphian and Premier Worthwhile riu»-< .Mrs. Swain's Cherokee name i« Oui d i and she is a member of Ihe "'I * "■ - clan. Skinner, Mr.. R.y N. (<■:■: Duncan)—Jemima Winnie (u of Robert Ray and Cvnihia ' Taylor was born TuesJi*. ! ISOS. Educated at Willie H: and Sacred Heart Institute, ried at Carthage. .Missouri. Au. Rav Nathaniel, son of Nathini<- (Kell) Skinner, born Seplembf Vinita. Thev are the pireni Skinner, born March I. «"!' Arizona. Nannie, daughter of Lewi* V (Chambers) Kell wM hot" 620 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS 1861. Married in March IS 79 Nathanial Skinner, born April S, 185 1 in Harrison Cdunty, Kentucl^y. She died January 28, 1889. Nancy Elizabeth, daughter of Broom, Chief of Broomstown, a full blood Cherokee of the Wolf Clan married Nathan Hicks, a white man. They were the parents of Charles R. Hicks, born in 1760 and died in 1826. Elsie, daughter of Charles R. Hicks, born in 17 60 and died in 1826. Elsie, daugh- ter of Charles K. Hicks, married Jeremiah Horn, a white man and they were the par- ents of William Horn who married Margaret Ledbetter. Their daughter Cynthia Jane Horn was born November 29, 1847 in Col- lin County, Te.xas. Married in Collin Coun- ty, March 14, l87l, Robert Ray Taylor, born November 25, 1832 in Wilson County, Tennessee. He died February 12, 1920. Mr. Skinner is a farmer and stockraiser near Vi- nifa. Mrs. Skinner's Cherokee name is Walleah. Weir, Joseph Harris (See Ward)—Joseph Harris, son of Webster Wayne and Sabra (England) Weir was born January 7, 1889, educated at Vinita. Married near Ketchum, April 10, 1910, Leona, daughter of John and Jessie Williams June 25, 1893. They are the parents of Jessie Lucile born May 6, 1913; Joe Lee Wayne, born May 14, 19i6 and Billie J. born February 18, 1921. Joseph, son of William and Susie (Ward) England married Sabra Cooper and they were the parents of Sabra England who mar- ried Webster Wayne Weir. Smith, Mrs. Ford (See Ghigau and Hilde- brand)—Eliza, daughter of Henry and Mar- garet (Patrick) Fry, born February 15, 1866. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. Married at Tahlequah February 15, 1882 to Warren Al- onzo, son of Alonzo and Sarah Westover, born March 22, 1844 in Illinois. He died November 28, 1896. They were the par- ents of: Willard W. born February 14, 1883; Thomas H. born December 11, 1885; Lelia Etta, born August 23, 1887; Josephine M. horn January 2 7, 1890; Warren Ferdinand, born May 28, 1892 and died Feb. 28, I9l3. Mrs. Eliza Westover married at Oolagah Au- gust 6, 189 7 to Ford Clement, son of James G- and Amelia Smith born April 10, 1866, in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. They are the parents of: Lewis Clement, born .May 4, 1898 and James Reagar Smith, born Feb- ruary 12, 1901. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are farmers near Wann, Okla. Their three sons were in service in the World War. Andrews, Mrs. Homer A. (See England)— Sarah Caldonia, daughter of Abram and Alta Berilla (Scrimsher) Meek, born October 26, 1876. Married near Vinita August 10, 1892 Homer A. son of Homer Francis and Mary E. Andrews, born Jan. 10, 1874 in Chero- kee County, Kan. They are the parents of: Mary, born September 17, 1893; Alvin Frank- lin born March 27, 1896; Clyde Edward, born March 14, 1900; Bethel Loraine, born October 5, 1902, graduated from Bacone College, Muskogee, May 23, 1921; Mable Clare, born September 23, 1904; Alice Jaunita born October 13, 1906; Zenobia Ruth, born April 18, 1910; Homer Allen born December 18, I9l4 and George Wayne Andrews born Sept. 12, 1917. Alvin Frank- lin Andrews enlisted for World War Septem- ber 26, 1916 at Oklahoma City was assign- ed to Coast Artillery, Battery 6, 62nd Regi- ment, was in France from August 1918 to February 1919, advanced to corporal and sergeant. Discharged in September, 1920. Campbell, Mrs. H. B. (See Ghigau)— Laura Craig born at Welch December 16, 1889. Graduated from the Welch High School. Married at Welch December 23, 1912 to Harvey Brooks, son of Jacob A. and Anna Campbell, born Nov. 13, 1875 in Saline County, Mo. They are the parents of: Harvey Craig born December 17, 1915; Laura Kathryn, born September 27, 1918 and Mary Eugenia Campbell, born March 8, 1^2 1. Mrs. Campbell is a member of the Christian Church. He is a wholesale hay and grain dealer and President of the Okla- homa State Bank of Welch. Mrs. Campbell is the daughter of Frank- lin Wallace and Catherine (Tetrick) Craig. Craig County was named for her Uncle, Granville C. Craig. Cox, Mrs. Zeno M. (See Grant, Cordery and Duncan)—Emma J., daughter of David McLaughlin and Mary J. (Vickery) Beck was born August 17, 1874. Educated in tlie Cherokee Public Schools. Married in 1893 W. J. Elledge. They were the parents of Roy P. born November 4, 1894 and Cena Belle Elledge, born June 20, 1896. Mrs. Elledge married in December 1899 Zeno M. son of Aaron and Sarah Cox, born January HISTORY OF THE CHHROKHE 1M)1AN> Oil were the parents of: Zeno I'n on, November 24, i9oi, Sarah Vinita. 6, 185 2. Thev M. b bor Septe,„ber 27. ,9,,; MeMn. born September 12, ,9,2 and Clinton Clark Gov born October 4 10 1„ ,,,, ,, ,; ' ■ -"f- ^"•■< IS a farmer near Estella Okla., Craig Countv. Hill, Mrs. Henry J. (See Adair)_Emma, the d.auKhter of William E. and Fannie L. (Wright) Dupree, was born in Tex Dec l> 1888; educated at Willie Halsell College ai Vin.ta, and the Northeastern State Normal at Tahlequah, Okla. She married at Vinita on Dec. 22, 1915, Henry J., son of Frederick W and Catherine Hill. He was born .May 5 188 5. in Asherville, Mitchell Countv, Kan' sas. They are the parents of Frederick Wil- liam, born October 2, l9lo, in Birmingham, Alabama; Anna Catherine, born December 25, iyi7. in Memphis. Tennessee, and Henry Marion Hill, born January 28, 1920, in Vi- nita, Oklahoma. Mr. and Mrs. Hill are members of the Presbyterian church. He is a boilermaker, and is officiated with the .Masonic fraternity. Klau.',, William H. (See Sanders and Ward) — William Henry, son of Robert and Polly (Sanders) Klaus, was born on Grand Fiver, opposite the mouth of Horse Creek, on February 28, 1874. Educated in Worcester Academy. Vinita. .Married at Vi- nita November 17, 189 5. Charlotte, daugh- ter of Isaac Marshall and Sarah Elizabeth (Nidiffer) .Mode, born .March IS, 1877, in Delaware District, and educated at Willie Halsell College, Vinita. They are the parents of: Jesse Henrv. born Oct. 4. 1896. and Anna .Mae Klaus, born Sep- tember 12, 1005. Mr. and Mrs. Klaus are farmers, near Vi- nita. Isaac Nidiffer married Lucy Arthur and they were the parents of .Mrs- Elizabeth .Mode. Le Force, Mrs. James A. (See Riley and Oolootsa)—Fannie Myrtle, daughter of Mon- roe Calvin and Lucv Lowrey (Hoyt) Keys, was born in the Choctaw Na- tion, November 5. 1862. Educated in the Female Seminary and Northfield Seminary in Massachusetts. Married at Vinita September 11. 1892. .lames Andy, son of John B. and Amanda (Blankenship) LeForce, born December 26, 1859. They are the parents of Flossie Mae, born October 14, 1S93, graduated from Vinita High School, 1914, ivers.ty of Oklihunu. .„h . . ,■ .. sree in \'i2u; lamci l...«rf». ■'». IS"5. enlisted („r the <*, tember 2S, lo,:, a„ij,„.j ,„ ^ company i„ 3;.s .v,chinc (i . C-'ivision. .ind wis in Ihr - September 12, i'm.S, ,, the armistice, and wjs 11^ of occupation, was dischirt.- ; Pike June 21. I9i.). suttuA 1920. Lois Rachel Britlon; the, A.,,...,, was born March .i, |921. Sarih L..in» K„, November 21, 1.S..7. RriduiteJ ' High School i„ i.),7_ ,„j i^ ^ University of Oklahomi; and liam Leforce. born November ' Mr. and .Mrs. LeForce arc the Presbyterian church, her i.,h<(..t« name is Au-nah-hee. .Mr. LeForce i» > luc eessful farmer and stockman. Roberts, Mr.. Walter E, (See (>i|,i<,l*i) — Edward Warner, sc^n ..( Amnrv E and Dollie Eunicia (Hoyt) Chamherlin. N.m < -^ tober 10, 1S5 3. .Married Auruil :. mi. Sarah E. Nazw.irthy. born .Mav :o, \S,^, ,„ Illinois. He died .March 21, \s->'i Thf. were the parents of Laura IIi.m ' born at Vinita, .March II. I ,s ■ in Female Seminary. .Married 1; . vember 25, 1906, Walton E.. son o( ttdliam F. and Nancy Francis Roberls. horn Sepl i'<, 188 7. They are the parenl5 >.f Loult Wil- ton, born October 19i)7; Donald Ed**r4. born October }0. I"i?. and E«a iHinllj Roberts, born November 22. I'>16 Mr. Roberts is with the St. CUIr Reflnen «l Vinita. Wimer, Mr.. J. H. (See Grant )— Herbe-r son of John .Martin, and Corinne E (Waih burn) Thompson, married Clirkle A lee. and they were the parent* o( Hallie Thompson, born AucuJI 2S. lA''. »' Goodie's Bluff in C'X'weeiCoomee t>iitf.v' She was educated it Little P.><k. *' kansas, and taught s\x veir« In the r*'" lie schools at Vinita. and !»<• >ejrt <n *tl. lie Halsell College of the »ime place, to* was associate reporler ••( the Vlmli t>ii'' Chieftain for seven vearv She married »( Vinita Julv 17. l')(.?. I H, »-r. ••! He"" and Rebecca Wimer. .Mr ind .Mri Wimer are members of the Chritllan church He is a prominent farmer and *l<xkniin nrtr Vinita, and owner of the Cabin Vilfei fari- 622 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Mrs. Wimer's half sister, Uthel Thompson, married J. F. Nolan, and lives in New Mexico. Mr. Wimer's first wife was Ella Frank- lin and their three children were as fol- lows: Rebecca D., born March 5, 1S95, and married Clyde C. Thompson; Jacob F., born March 15, 1897, and married Bettie Lomax; Parmelia Ellen Wimer, born Septem- ber 5, 1900, and makes her home with her parents. French, Joseph M. (See Grant and Riley) —Joseph Mason, son of Robert Mosby and Margaret (Fields) French, was born near Stillwell Sept. 22, 1856, and was educated in the Cherokee National schools. He married at Fort Gibson on July 19, 1876, Sallie, daughter of John McNary and Nancy (Ivy) Riley, born Oct. 9, 1860. Mrs. French died Nov." II. 1901. They were the parents of Frances Abigail born July 27, 1879, Jennie Myrtle, born February 7, 1881; Lewis, born July 28, 1SS3; Gypsy, born No- vember 24. 1886; George Yarborough, born March 12, 1889; Beulah, born July 8. 1891; Cabal Vaughan, born Dec. 6, 1893; Jos- eph Mason, born July 24, 1898; and John Foreman, born October 22, 1901. Mr. French's second wife. E. May (Elliott) French, is the mother of Nina, (born Feb. 12, 1904, and Walter French, born Feb. S, 1906. Mr. French is a member of the Meth- odist church, Knights of Pythias, and the Redman fraternities- He was elected super- intendent of the Female Seminary in 1895. Russell, Connie— Martha Ann Shinn, born June 12, 1870, married February 5, 1890, Campbell Russell, born October 22, 1863, in Morgan County, Alabama, Mrs. Russell died October 9, 1894. They were the parents of Connie, born Novem- ber 24, 1890; Carl, born June 8, 1892, and Christopher Russell, born November 25, 1893. Campbell Russell has represented his dis- trict in the Oklahoma senate, and is at pres- ent a member of the State Corporation Commission. Martin, Robert Lee, (See Grant and Woodall).— John Peter, the son of George Caruth and Ellen (Moore) Woodall, was born Januurv 11. 1841. He married Janu- ary 1, 1871, .Maver M. Cecil, nee Saunders, born M.iy 9, 1842. They were the parents of Maver Woodall, Born Feb. 7, 1881; ed- ucated in the public schools of the Cherokee Nation, and married at Adair on July 25, 1897, Robert Lee, the son of Richard Lewis and Nancy Ellen (Rogers) Martin born Aug. 23, 1876. They were the parents of Dane, born July 9, 1898; Edgar, born August 12, 1901; Linnie, born June 25, 1904 and Aena, born July 11, 1907. Mr. Martin, who is an oil man. and one of the most prominent men of the Osage tribe of Indians, is a member of the Ma- sonic fraternity. Mrs. Martin is a Presby- terian, and a member of the United Daugh- ters of the Confederacy. Garrett, Susan Frances (See Foreman)— Rachel Catherine, daughter of John and Su- san Louella (Foreman) Horn, was born June 7 1860. was educated in the Female Semi- nary. She married Oct. 21, 1883, Joseph Monroe Garett, who was born Oct. 23, 1859 in Green Co., Ark. He died April 8, 1899. They were the parents of Mattie Bell, born Sept. 27, 1884; Robert Monroe, born Feb- ruary 7, 1886; Frank Pierson, born Septem- ber 1 6. 1889; Susan Frances, born July 8. 1891; Eva, born February 13, 1896; and Joseph Bruce Garrett, born March 28, 1899. Miss Susan Frances, whose Cherokee name is Khawk, is a member of the Metho- dist church. She was educated in the Cher- okee Female Seminary, and the Northeast- ern Oklahoma State Normal School, and has, been teaching in the schools of Oklahoma since 1911. The children of Rachel Katherine and Joe M. Garrett are Claude Stephen Garrett, born Aug. 29, 1887, and Henry Edgar Garrett, born Jan. 21, 1893. Hurst, Mrs. John R. (See Grant)— John Randolph, son of Christopher Columbus and Mary Ann (Blythe) Hurst was born Monday, April 18, 1853. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married December 8, 1879, Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Hogan) Brown, born November 14, 185 4 in Newton County, Missouri. They we're the parents of Christopher Columbus, born September 30, 1880; Mary Ellen, born Mav 24. 1885; Winema Rachel, born Sep- tember 30, 1891 and Albert J. Hurst, born Januarv 7, 1894. John, son of William and Nannie (Fields) Blvthe married Justin Cadle and thev were HISTORY OH THE CHEROKlil: INDl.Ws t'2\ thi parents (.f Mrs. Mary Ann (Blvllio) Hurst. Meeker, George Weigand (See Ghisau and Foreman)—.losepliine, the dauRliter of Jo- seph Martin and Lucy (Starr) Hildebrand. married John Meeker, and they were the parents of George Weigand Meeker, born March l, 1S7 7. He was educated in the Cherokee public schools and the Male Semi- nary. He married on Nov. 26, iyo6. Bertha Bell, daughter of John J. Patrick, born Au- gust 2, iSAi. They are the parents of Fos- ter born November 4, 1907, and Robert Lee Meeker, born September 2S, 1912. Mr. Meeker served from July 29, 1899 to May 8, 1901 in Co. H, 32nd U. S. Vol. Inf. of which IS months was spent in actual field service on Luzon Island- Meigs, Henry C. (See Grant and Ross)— Henrv Clav Meigs, born at Park Hill, Tahle- quah fjistrict November 16, 1S41, married Januarv 11, 186S, Josephine L. Bigelow. born August 27, 1843. in Flint District. Mrs. Meigs died January 15. 1S95. They were the parents of Caroline Few, Annie Stapler. Robert Henry. James McDonald, Alice .Maud, and Josephine L. Meigs. Mr. Meigs who served in the Confederate Service in 1S61-2, is a grandson of Chief John Ross, has many of the amiable traits of his distinguished ancestor. He was elected clerk of Illinois District August 1. 1803, and Judge of the same District on August 5. 1S95. .Mr. .Meigs has for the last fifty years lived at Fort Gibson Cochran, Jessie E. (See Foreman and Go- sa-du-i-sga)—Jesse Edward Cochran was born March 28, 1895. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married at Tahle- quah Mav I5, 1915 Carrie, daughter of George and Addie Dawson, born Aug. 9, 1895. Thev are the parents of .Maurice, born .March 3, 1916; Frances born Oct. 5, 19 18 and Willard Cochran, born ,Mav 9. 1921. Mr. Cochran is a farmer near Grand River. Amos Thornton married Minerva Foreman and they were the parents of .Mary Ellen (Thornton) Cochran born February 14, 185 7. She died Februarv 16, 1899. She was the mother of Jesse Edward Coch- ran. David.'on, Mrs- Ermine Josephine (See Ward and Ghigau)— Felix Grundy, son of Isaac and Lucv (Arthur) .Sijillcr •»» K.f« .March lo, IS^?. Mjtrifd Apf" Joanna Ruth. diUKhlrr <>( ImH' Annie (Hildebrand) Lcnd^i, N. S, 1S61. Felix Orund* Nldillcr d.fd • •. ber U), isot). She died liil> ' •■ ; ! " were the pjrents of trinlr- fer, born Seplemher 3, I - the Fem.ile Semiiur>. .March 21. IS'<". Th..iiu William and .Une I>j\iJ«' 1871. in Bates Counl\. M the parents of Aniu Lai- ber 21, ISIQ. married l.vfreli Jane, born June 2.1, I102, mi- E. Andrews; Athclene, born lul married Hillet Peace; t'.eiil Kit November >'. 1906; Thonus 1- June 26, 1910; Freeman UdwirJ 23, 1912; .Mary Elizabeth, Wt' 18, 1914 and Olive Louise Da\ June 24, 1918. Everett and Anna Lura H"ll arc :tu fi' ents of: Kenneth Eugene. Nth fchruar» 3". 1918; Evelyn .Marie, bonm Septemhtr **. 1919 and Maurice Clvde Hereford H"t«. born .May 21. r>21. Balentine, M.ry Eunice. (S<« <1.il'-'t»» and Riley)—.M<>nr..e Calvin Kevi. N«rn Srr tember l5, 1826. .Married al Park H.tl. jMav 31, 1855 Lucy Lowrev H«»t. Nth S»r- tember 16, I S3 1. She Rradualed rr..m tht Female Seminary in 1854. He wa» » mem- ber of Captain Benjamin Wisner C«rt«f'» Company in the confederate ««rrlc«. He died March 3. 1 88 1 and she died Aut- :«. 1912. They were the r"""'' "' ^''" Eunice, born Mav 3t. 18"-: Lvd.a tmr-i. born September 16. I85S: Unnie Mwtir born November 5, 1862: Sarah Ann b- m October 6, 1865; Elizabeth Pilev, N"" '•"' ary 13. 1868; Monroe Amorv. N-rri feb'u.r. 21, 1870 and Lucy D. Kevv b<>' 1872. .Mary Eunice married I 187 5. Hamilton Balentine. v>n • • ilton Balentine and Anna »'.>! BJi^"'' born April IS. lS5o. He J'-.l r .^'-M-■ 1900. She died April :' the parents of Marv F; 1899 and Ellen Stella Bj! 5. 1892. Marv Eunice Rale^iine »n 'J- cated in Vinita and Ih.- "^ '•*■■ Normal and is a teacher iWB' 624 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS tine was educated in Vinita (Valentine's Business College Graduate) and is a steno- grapher. Both of the sisters live with their maternal Aunt: Sarah Ann, who married on October 26, 1887 John Samuel, son of John Bradley and Amanda (Blankeiiship) LeForce, born Jan. 27, 1864 in Indiana. Mrs. Le- Force, was educated in Worcester Academy and Female Seminary. Mr. and Mrs. Le- Force are Methodists. He is a prosperous farmer and stockman at Vinita. Glenn, Franklin C- (See Foreman and Saunders)—Franklin Clyde, son of Jesse Edward and Margaret (Cowan) Glenn, born July 17, 1890, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Mar- ried at Vinita June 22, 19 13 Marcella Car- rie, daughter of Jefferson and Nannie E. (Saunders) Tyner, born September 23, 1893 educated in Female Seminary and Northeast- ern Oklahoma State Normal. They are the parents of: Kenneth Edward, born July 3, 1914 and Lavance Arnold Glenn born May 29, 1916. Mr. and Mrs. Glenn are farmers near Miles. Jesse Edward Glenn was the son of Henry Glenn and Jennie Foreman. Nannie E. Saunders was the daughter of George O. Saunders and Jennie Lale. McCorkle, DaVid (See Ross)—Emma, daughter of John Thompson and Charlotte Gordon (Scales) Drew, was born October 29, 1856, and married May, 1876, William Green Robinson, born Jan. 1856 and died Nov. 8, 1886. Mrs. Emma Robinson married April 28, 1891, Joseph Loren McCorkle, born Sept. 19, 183 7, in Louisa County, Virginia. She died Jan. 8, 1906, and Mr. McCorkle died Jan 3, 1916. William G- and Emma Robinson were the parents of Mary Charlotte Robinson, born August 7, 1S77, and married January 28, 1898, David Wisel, son of Joseph Loren McCorkle, born March 17, 1867, in Musko- gee County, Okla. They were the parents of Joseph Loren, born October 28, 1899, and James Milton McCorkle, born May 18,' 1902; Catherine Elizabeth born August 4, 1906; David Wisel born July 12, 1909; Mary Louisa, born Nov. 2 7, 1911; Drew Holt', born Dec. 3 1, 1913 and William Thomas born Sept. 23, 1916, on day first troop train left Muskogee to world's war. Lewis, Mrs. Albert (See Hendricks)— Hettie, daughter of Henry and Mary (Hen- dricks) Walkabout was born at Tahlequah Oct. 19, 1S79. Educated at Park Hill Mis- sion. .Married at Inola May 29, 1902, Albert, son of Ira H. and Sarah E. Lewis, born Aug. 14, 1879 in Washington County, Ark. They are the parents of Grace E. Lewis born Aug. 21, 1903; Ira A. born June 2, 1905; Beatrice, born Oct. 17, 1906; Velma, born April 28, 1909; Mildred born Feb. 18, 1913; Edgarita, born Jan. 3, 1916; Hilda, born Sept. 13, 1916; and Vernon, born April 10, 1919. Mrs. Lewis' Cherokee name is Ahniwake. They are Methodists and Mr. Lewis is an oil producer and farmer and a member of the Yeoman fraternity. Thomas, Mrs. James H. (See Foreman and Riley)-—Eugenia, the daughter of Eugene and Jane (Riley) Triplett, was born at Fort Gibson in 1844; was educated in the Chero- kee public schools, and the Cherokee Na- tional Female Seminary. She married at Wagoner on Dec. 25, 1892; James H. Thom- as, born in Oklahoma in 1874. They are the parents of George H., born April 5, 1897; Arvol V., born June 10, 1899; Theron T., born July 8, l9oi; Gladys M., born January 16, 1905; Helen, born January 3, 1909; Celia and Lewis Thomas, born June 20, 1911. Mr. Thomas is a member of the Knights of Pythias; and is a prominent business man in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Crowell, Mrs. Francis M. (See Sanders and Duncan)—John Thomason Duncan mar- ried Elizabeth S. Sanders, and they were the parents of Mary Elizabeth Duncan, born Feb- ruary 8, 1858; and was educated in the Cherokee Nation and at the University of Arkansas. She taught school for six years among the full-bloods; and married at Van Buren, Arkansas, January 15, 1883, Francis Marion, son of Dr. M. and Nancy A. Crowell, born March 14, 1859 in Tallapoosa County, Alabama. They are the parents of Erda Victor, born December 25, 1884; Alvin By- ron, born September I, 1886; Frank M. born September 7, 1S90, and Hunter K. Crowell, born April 17. 1893. Mr. and Mrs. Crowell are members of the HISTORY (JF THE CHliK( )kl:l-; INDIANS '■?< Meth.idist cluirch. Ik- is the rrurrieU.r of a flourisliiiis niercuntik' business :il Aftun, Oklahoiiui. Mrs. Cn.well is a member of the Eastern Star SisterhiK,d. Her Cherokee name is Ka-ha-yii-ka. Alvin B. Crowell saw service in Trance in the Rainbow Division, beini; at the front at Chateau Thierry, Argonne Forest and other offensives, during which time he was promo- ted to the rank of sergeant and was retain- ed in the Army of Occupation in Germany. H. K. Crnwell was in the Commissary De- partment at Camp Travis at the time of the signing of the Armistice. Frank .M. (:rowell married Miss l:vel\n iJooley and has two hoys Frank Marion Jr., the ^rd and 12 years old and Master Ted Crowell -1 years. They live in Tulsa. E. V. and A. B. Crowell are now located in Los Angeles, t'al. in the maga- zine business. H. Kent Crowell located in New York, being a professional designer in ladies headware, making trips in Paris to study the stvlfs. George, Mtj' Earnest (See Giant)—Ada, daughter of Joseph Lvnch and Alice (Tuck- er) Thompson, born January 20, iSSl, edu- cated at Vinita and Female Seminary. Mar- ried at Vinita, December S. iqo<). Earnest George, born Nov. 26, l.SSl, in Cooper Co.. Missouri. They are the parents of .Marv El- len George, born Novenibr 12, I'Ml. .Mr. and Mrs. George are farming near Big Cabin. Mrs. Harriet .M. Thompson wife of Joseph Lynch Thompson died Nov. 27, l')21. Step- mother of Ada Thonips(m, wife of Earnest E .George. r.onzales, Frank (See frowning and Adair) — Andrew Franklin. son of Dennis and Rachel (Pettit) Gonzales, was born January 26, 1S7J. His first wife, Catherine Young, died April 22, 1S')2. He married again on August 23, 1S17, Bessie Stewart, born Feb- ruary 22, 1889 in Scott CounTv, Arkansas. He was elected a member of the Cherokee Council from Illinois District in 1903. Rachel, daughter of Charles and Charlotte (Adair) Pettit. married Dennis Gonzales, and was the mother of Andrew Franklin Gon- zales. Rogers, Mrs. Andrew L. (See Oolootsa, Duncan and Halfbreed-)— Andrew Lewis, son of Andrew Lewis and Cherokee America (Morgan) Rogers, was born July 3, lS60; and W.1S educjtej m ih<- . •■ schools juj (I,, Slilo Scmlnjr May l'>, i.,„.(, .lufphtnc li ter of Frank and loifph' ^ > ard. Nth November : ated Ironi (he Icnul. 1''01. The\ are the i-jrv..i. ing children; Andrea lr»n I'MU; Paul Sevier, burn S^pl June 27. 1>M>); Patricia, t- I'Mj; Josephine Landrum. b 1"I7 aTid Kennelh llo»ard. i 1910. Elliott, Mr>. Emcrioa (Srr tnt Nelle Blackwell. daushiet ••( Abram i Berrilla (Schrlmsher) Meek aat b gust 10, 1884. fducaled In remik nary from which she Rraduv ' .Married at Vinita Hdnber '>. • son of Silas and Belle hlliotl. : Dubois Counlv, Ind. Thev are the of: Cleela Rhea, bc^rn .Mav .»<), r'o» Wayne, born .luly .'0. totO; (■".IIH.itJ born August 13. 1012; Kalph Hnn- ,Iune 15. 19 II. and Cirl Vincent I born Julv 21. I'>t6. .Mr- and M- are members of ihe ("hrlMian chii.-... . - his business interests are In VInila. Hicki, Herbert W. (See Foreman)— *b jah Hicks, born March 2. t8l<). ma»r • 30, lS52. Hannah Worceiter. Nifn 'i 29, iS34 in New Echota. Oeoritti lie i.ti June -1. 1862. Mrs. Hannah Hick* died Feb. 3. 191 7. Thev were Ihr r'' Percv \V., Emma I., Edith II. 'Iin Herbert Worcester llick\. Percv W Elma Garrett and live* at F"rl Edith married ("harje* W- Smith and ^ .M. \\alker. Clara A married Nieh-lai «. Nair Thornton and Georte I. Hor»"" Herbert Worcester Hick* »a» K^m »' Park Hill Mav IS. I.S61: and married at Favetteville, Arkanuv. on liecer-*"- tSS6. Rachel, the daughter >'i lar^ Sarah Cardwell, who «a( b • 1S69, in Washinjion di, They are the parent* "i Flhf! cember 24. ISS*)-. Homer W tober 22. 1 891; CIKlon A . 16, 1894: Vera Clare. b«rn died Nf'v. 28. |ioO; Ralph March 30. l9ol. and Herber: June 3. 1907. Flhel Inei mirrl^ * * 626 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Buster, and Homer Wilton married Ferrel Thompson. Mr. Hicks Cherokee name is E-no-li. His mother was a daughter of Reverend Samuel A. Worcester, one of the first .Missionaries to the Cherokees, coming with them from Tennessee and Georgia, in 1S3S; his father was a descendant of Charles Hicks, a Chero- kee Chief in the old Cherokee Nation. Chumley, Elizabeth K. (See Oolootsa and Piley)—Elizabeth Riley Keys was born Janu- ary 13, 1869. Educated at Worcester Acade- my and Female Seminary. Married at Centra- lia Sept. 12, 1912, John M., son of Robert and Fannie Chumley. Mr. and Mrs. Chum- ley are members of the Presbyterian church. Lydia Emma Keys, a sister of Mrs. Chum- ley's married Charles J. Taylor, now deceas- ed. Their daughter Alma Lane Taylor, born January 26, I'riOO, married March 24, 1918 J. E. Bennett. They have one daughter, Bettie Bennett, born February 8, 1919. Monroe Calvin Keys married Lucy Lowrey Hoyt and they were the parents of Lydia Emma and Elizabeth Riley Keys. Hastings, John R. (See Grant, Foreman and Ward)—William Archibald Yell Hastings was born March S, 1842 in Benton County, Arkansas. He served in Company H, First Cherokee Mounted Rifles, under Captain John Thompson Mayes, during the Civil War. He married February 2, 1864, Louisa J. Williams, nee Stover, born April 8, 1840. Mrs. Hastings died Feb. 7, 1918. Mr. Hastings died April 28, 1919. They were the parents of John Rogers, William Wert, and Charlotte Delilah Hastings. Charlotte Delilah Hastings married Samuel Grant Vic for, and is now deceased. John Rogers Hastings was born on Beattys Prairie August 1, 1865, and was educated in the Cherokee Public Schools, and the .Male Seminary, from which he graduated Mav 4, 1886. He married at Tahleauah Feb. 20 1901 Eliza- beth Victoria, daughter of Spencer and Marearette (Proctor) Shelton, born Dec. 9, 1S72. at Tahlequah. Mrs. Elizabeth V. Hastings died Ian. 23. 19i6. Thev were the parents of William Wert Hastings, born Januarv 20. I0n2: Suwavne Hastings, born September 9. i903: John Rogers Hastings, born Februarv 24, 19o5 and Robert Owen Hastines va^ b-i-n Jan. 27. IQO^- Ed"ar Hastings was born October 2 7, 19 lO. Mr. Hastings was elected Clerk of Delaware District in 1891, and again in 1895, and Senator from the same District in 1897-99 and 1901. Pete Hastings, as he is generally known, is one of nature's noblemen, rugged, honest and a true friend. .lohnson Proctor married Elizabeth Fore- man, and they were the parents of Margar- ette. who married Spencer Shelton. Adair, T. J.—Though not of the royal line, Harold, the son of the great Earl God- win, had been elected and served for forty weeks as King of England, until on the fated fourteenth of October 1066 he was over- thrown by the victorious legions of William, Duke of Normandy. Thenceforward known as William I, King of England and popularly called The Conqueror. The polish and ele- gance of the world at that time was best exeniplififd by the Norm.in Knights ana Nobles, many of whom accnmpanied Arlotta's son. settled in and directed the destinies of England. Among the proud cavaliers was d'Heanage. Hundreds of years later his more democratic descendants dismantled the orthography and pronunciation and called themselves Harn- age; became roundheads, ironsides, noncon- formists, presbyterians and emigrated to America to swell the tide of hardy pioneers that was sweeping to and over the southern Appalachians, to make the world safer for civilization. They came, to another race of people, they saw a pride and energy equal to their own and many of them married among the Cherokees. Ambrose Harnage. one of these Englishmen, married in about 1810 Nancy Harlan nee Sanders, born in 17S2, the daugh- ter of Mitchell Sanders, an English trader from Virginia and his wife Susie, a full blood Cherokee of the Long Hair clan. Ambrose and Nancy Harnage's children were: William, born June 5, 1811 and mar- ried Patsy Snow; George married Nancy Mayfield; John Griffith born January 16, 1817, married February 20, 183 7 Ruth Starr born December 25, 1820, she died July 5, 1843. He married January 12, 1844 Emily Walker Mayfield born August 20, 1830. He died Januarv 12. lS9i. She died .March 29, HISTORY OF THE CHEKOKlfH INDIANS 1S99; Andrew .lackson. born .lune 20, iSlS and died Miu 2 7, i,S4 7; Klizabetli llariUKe born AuRust 20, 1S20 and married John Adair Bell. She died .May 27, 1S47, Emily Mayfield was the daughter of Jesse and Sallie (Starr) .Mayfield. John Griffith and Emily Walker Harnage were the parents of: William -Thomas born July 27, lS-47; .Mary Victoria, born October 23, 185 1, married William Lucullus Carr; Ida Eugenia, born (ictober IS, 1S5 3, married John Taylor Ewers and .lohn ,M. .Morse; Loretta Beldora, born October lo, 1855. married John Stringer Scott; Nannie Ethel, born September 19, 185S, married William Boone; John Custis Lee, born June 30, 1S67, married Francis Catherine Hunt and Lena born November 1, 1S69, Graduate from Alexander Institute. Kilgore, Te.xas, June 7. 1SS7, married January I, 1893 Thomas James Adair, born January 4, 1856. Thomas James Adair is the son of John Lynch Adair, born April 12, 1828 and Mary Jane Jeffries, born September 9, lS3l in Virginia, married February 22. lS55- John Lynch Adair served four years in the con- federate army, was clerk of the Cherokee senate in 1869-70. Elected Editor of the Cherokee Advocate in 1873 and elected as one of the committee to superintend the erection of the Cherokee national jail in the same year. Elected member of the Board of Education in 187 5. Elected Town lot Com- missioner in 1878. Elected delegate to Washington November 2S. 1S79. Appoint- ed a member of the Board of Education June 6, iSSi. He was for several years execu- tive secretary to the Principal Chief and died at T.ahleQuah on October 21, 1S96. Mrs. .Marv J. Adai died .May 8, 1897 Andrews, Mrs. George P. (See Grant, Foreman and Riley)— Susie Catherine, daughter of Jasper Newton and .Mary Jane (Riley) Schrimsher, was born in IS 78; edu- cated at Wagoner and the Cherokee Female Seminary. She married at W^agoner in 1899, George P. Andrews. They are the parents of Howard and Hazel. Mr. and Mrs- Andrews are members of the Presbyterian Church, and he is a .Mason and a prominent ijil producer. Allton, Chas. J. (See Cordery and Carter) —Thomas Corderv, an Irishman, marned Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blmd Savannah Clan. Their daushur. Su«.f. mi' ried John Moslev. Ji.hn mJ Su- were the parents <i( Sjrjh Kulh W in 1S4 1, married dcl'+cr «'•. i Clark Ramsey, who served dunn. War in Captain BenUmIn W>" ■ company. After his deal' married January 5, tS7 7 ; Lewis Clark and Sirah K the parents of Susan HIijab December 7, tSoiv She tlie Cherokee Orphan Aivlum i Seminary. .Married at Dowali Ju' Joseph .Morgan Alton, son '■( I<i* ' (Billingsley) Alt-.n. born .luU • '■ West Virginia. Thev are the : Percy Samuel, born .Ma% 2\ is Cherokee Jones: Percv Charles Iton born Dec 2'). 18<»". .Married Au<. . 1919, Pearl Jane Hansen Nth in l«'>S Abbott, Mrs- John H. ('><( •' Foreman)—Martha Alice. Jauch- Wesley and .Marv HIvira (War J. - • • was born Januarv 2S, IS<.2: married al V. well June 21, 1884; Robert Firl*. Nt" I'" ruary 16, 18 58. in Gilmer O.unlv. 0«..r< > He died August 27. f)06. Thev .ere rh. parents of D,.ra. born .Mirch I'.. '^ John William, born June 22. «**•_"" Angeline. born February t. I""" Lou, born September l7, IS''!, - vember 7, 1<>1 1: Robert P-^v b ' _ ,4 iS'i^: Ida Belle, born Februarv ■. . and died September 2^ ."I'M M-m* ' ^ mira, born October 2.. i"-. •">> Early, bom November •. i '" Ida Belle Earlv marned Herb • ' ,hev had two children J-hn • ^,j,. ,. ,.)is. and NUriha l.'"'' 'Mrs. Martha Alice Earlv maf Abbott, born in lS47 in FlonJ. • 'ife was Fllen Isabel, aauch.er .-.; _ Earlv and Minerva la"' ' born in IS^". and died and Ellen Isabel Abb-K > P.hel Louisa, born Oct..be,^v • Michael, born November ■ Weslev. born September Minerva, b'.rn Lccenibc- Julia, born N'--"" ';,, „., , , , Edith, born February K. 1"^ born September 20. , SH' . BuHcr 1 ...w born lulv 2«. iS.S- W.lbam Oh-fmU.. I<" 628 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS October 20, 1S93, and Jennie Ellen Abbott, born November 13, 1S95. Adkirson, Jasper (See Hendricks and Gliigau)—Jasper Newton, son of Jasper and Susan Jane (Schrimsher) Adkirson, was born in Tahleqnah District in 1869, educated at Menard and Male Seminary. Married Susie Hendricks. They were the parents of: Clar- ence, Thomas, Catherine, Paralee. P(]|lie. Susie and Nellie Adkirson. Mr. Adkirson married Nancy Jane Phillips nee Stephens. They are the parents of Jasper Adkirson. Mr. Adkirson is a farmer, an A. H. T. A. and a justice of the peace. Allen, John Randolph—• John Randolph Allen a pioneer of Tennessee was the father of John Randolph Allen, born in 1836, who married in 1876, Nora Martin, born in 1858, both were natives of Tennessee. John Ran- dolph and Nora (Martin) Allen were the par- ents of John Randolph Allen, born February 17, IS77 in Chicago. Illinois. Married at Fort Smith, Arkansas December 25, 1916, Lulu, daughter of George and Mary Vaughn, born May 8, 1892 in Arkansas City, Kansas. Mr. Allen organized and directed the first exclusively Indian agricultural and art fair among the Seminole and Creek Indians at Wetunika, Hughes County. Ambrisler, Mrs. Hubert (See Grant)— Julia Theresa daughter of William Columbus and Jane (Davis) Patton, married Dr. Fran- cis Bartow Fife; and they were the parents of Frances Fife, born Sept. 24, 1893, in Muskogee. She was educated in National Cathedral School, Washington, D. C-. and graduated from Vassar College- She jiiar- ried at Muskogee July 7, 1920, Hubert, son of Samuel A. Ambrister, born Feb- 1891, in Norman County, Oklahoma. Mr. Ambrister was educated in Norman HigTi School and is a graduate of University of Okla. He is practicing law in Oklahoma City. He served two years in the Aviation Corps during the World War. Thomas James Adair is the grand son of Thomas Benjamin Adair was a iiaiive of "lomas Benjamin and Rachel (Lynch) A(^-"- Georgia and the son of John and Jennie (Kilgore) Adair. Jennie Kilgore was said to have been a paternal aunt of Congress- man "Buck" Kilgore of Te.\as. Thomas James Adair was elected a mem- ber of the Board of Education in 188 3 and chosen as Secretary of that body- He has for many years been one of the leading mer- chants r)f Tahlequah. Mr. and Mrs. Adair have only one daugh- ter; Miss Emily, a talented and accomplished young lady who is a graduate from the Northeastern Oklahoma State Normal. She was born December 9, 1893. Adair, Virgil H. (See Adair)—Virgil Har- vey Adair, born April 15, 1869, married Oc- tober 2. 1892, Dorinda, daughter of Jesse and Hariette Calloway, born April 9, 1874 in Missouri. They are the parents of: Viola, born June 15, 1893, married A. B. Jordan; .Millard Herron, born July 16, 1898, mar- ried Minnie Thompson; Winnie, born De- cember 23, 1900; Virgil, born March 27, 1903; Velma born November 15. 1904; Del- phia, born February 28, 1907; Gladys, born December 23, 1909; Francis, born June 27, 1913 and Neva Marie, born July 31, I9l5. Mr. Adair belongs to the Wolf Clan and is a .Mason- He was elected a member of Coun- cil from Cooweescoowee District, August 3, 1903- Edward Alexander, son of John and Ann Berry (Graham) Adair was horn August 25. 184 7, was a member of Company C of Ed- iiiondson's Georgia Batallion, Confederate service. Married in October 1867 Narcissa Malissa Harrison, born December 25, 1846 in Murray County Georgia. He died De- cember 3, 1901. They were the parents of Virgil Harvey Adair, the subject of this sketch. Addington, Cicero W. (See Foreman, Ghi- gau and Adair)—Cicero White Addington, born in Goingsnake District .lune 7, 1875, educated at the Male Seminary; married September 13, 1899 Mary Lowenia, daugh- ter of Oscar F. and Mary Catherine (Rider) Adair, born December 19, 1875. They are the parents of: Clarence Grady, born April 24, 1901; Frederick Earl, born April 13, 1902; and Jennings Mayes. Mr. Addington was elected Clerk of Adair county in 1918. .Minerva Isabel, daughter of Abijah and Isiibelle (Taylor) Akin was born June 7, 1852; married September 3, 1874, Henry Newton Addington. They were the parents of Cicero White Addington. Adair, Mrs- Joseph W. (See Ross)—Cora Ann Savers, born near Pryor, February 28, 1890. Married at Big Cabin, July 2. I9i6, Joseph William, son of Allen and Kittie HISTORV OF THE CHEUOKI: b' IMJIANS :ire the p.,r> 1 August 22, burn jMaich ■ar Piv( iits I, I Virginia '•".'^ and Allen -(>■ I '1 19. Mr. Adair. They Elizaheth, bm Sa\'ers Adair, Adair is a farnie Henrv Drew, son ,_,f Ahne, and Nanc^ Jane (Coody) Sayers was hor„ March 9 1S62. Married October 5, iS92, Dora Thompson, born March u, i,S69 i„ Macon County, Missouri. Archer, Edwin (See D„wninj;)-Edwin Archer, born Septejnber l'), ksi; i,, ^^w Vork City. Married February 26, 1S4 5 Mary Francis Vann, b..rn September 21, lS25'in Georgia. He died May 15, lsd;. ' They were the parents of: Mary Klizabeth married DeWitt Clinton Lipe; Lnui.sa Cather- ine, married Freeland Mcintosh; Ada. born March to, iSou, educated in the Cherokee public scho.ils and the Kirkwcid (Missouri) Seminary, fmni which she graduated lune S, 1SS2, married February 2S, ISSS, Daniel Vincent Jones, born December 2S, 1.S58 in Grayson county, Texas; Cora, married Wil- liam Ross Shackelford; Carlotta Archer, graduated fr.mi the Cherokee Female Semi- nary June 28, KSS3, appointed member of the Cherokee Board I'f Educatiun; appointed County Superintendent of Public Instruction of Mayes county in Julv I'los. elected to that office in 1 9 lo-l 2-1 6-1 8 and 1920. Daniel Vincent and Ada (Archer) Jones were the parents of: Vera, born December 10, 1895, graduated frcun the Female Semi- nary May 29, 1907; Jean, born December 2, 1895, and Mary Jones, born Julv 15, 1899. Joseph Vann, born February 11, 1798, married Catherine Kuwe- Fie was elected a member of the Cherokee Constitutional Con- vention of 1827 from Coosawatee District; elected Senator from the Salina District August 20, IS-II, and elected President of the Senate; elected a^ain to the same office August o, 184'); elected Associate Justice of the Supreme court in 1847, Delegate to Washington 185 1, E.xecutive Councilor 1853- 5 5-5 7; Assistant Chief of the Cherokee Na- tion August 1, 1859. He was the father of Mrs. Mary Francis Vsnn. He died May 3, 1877. Aldrich, Mrs. Augustus W Ara, daughter of Goren and Eliza (Wheatlev) Thomas was born in Kentuckv, June 2^. 1886 and edu- cated in that State. Married at Muskogee. October 22, 1905 Augustus William, son of oa*) ■'erdinand and P4„|„„. ^ij,,^.^ j, parents o( |,,h„ l|j,|e>. h.r.i N. . I"<'6 and Ko^er Arthur Aldrich |. -• ''"'•'• Mr. .u.d Mrs Aljtuh j- "t (lie Arust,,lic .-hurch M, ^ farmer, near Kelciiuin Andrewr. Mrs. Homer A. (.V. Sarah Caldunia. dauRhtc- -r Ahrim inJA,'-, lierniila (Scrimshcr) .\W.k. N.,„ ,,i,..^,, 26, 1S76. Married near Vlnlti Aucuti |.. 'S"2 Homer A., s-n ..» Humrr Frjnm ,nj Mary b. Andrews. The> ,u (he P4„„„ „, Mary, horn Septemher i: . is'»l; *),,„ Franklin burn .March 27, ig.io; ' ' •- • ■ ward, born March 14, |>)00; B«lh, born (October 5. I'loj; Mable . * September 23. 1904; Alice Juanlli. N.rn ...-. tober 13, 1906: Zenohia Kulh. |v.,n Apr! IS, 19 10; Homer Allen b..rn Decfmbrr \s I'MO; Homer Allen born December I.S. fM« and George Wayne Andrews griduiled (r.m Bacone College. Muskogee, itkla.. Mi> :) 1921. Alvln Franklin Andrews enlitled t.-t World War September 2o, |0i6 ^i lUUhomi City was assigned to Cast Arllller*. Bj|lrr< 6, 62nd Regiment, was in France (rom Ac gust l9is to February l')\'). advanced !• corporal and sergeant. Discharred in Sep tember, 1920. Samuel, Mr*. Williun R. (See iHiwninc)— .Minnie L.. daughter of Clement and Kebecci Caroline (Bryan) Havden. was b»fn »i Chouteau April 5, lS7'i. She »»$ educated in Liberty, .Mo and married on Ar'll :< 1901, William Ruben Samuel, bnr- '■•'-- - 2, 1860 in Callnwiv Counts, Mi< graduated May 28. 1''02, fr<'m College, Columbia. .Missouri. Thr parents of Rebecca Ann Samuel. 3. 1917. .Mr. Samuel is Secrelaf> ' '•- State Bankers Association, and i* a Miv-i and Odd Fellow. Me was lor l"uf «eifs State Insurance Commissioner. Mr «mj .Mrs. Samuel are members of iti^ MelboJ>ti church, and residents .«( Oklahoma « -ti Rebecca Wright, born lanuar» I, l«l» married Joel Maves Brvan. Kurn «i»l"bef ;J 1809, She died April '. lis;, tnd he JieJ August 7. IS'"'. Thes »f- ■' " •' Rebecca Caroline Brvan, b 18 50, who married March Hayden. born March 2t>. |S«*. ,n ll»!rf>v« County. Arkansas. Mrs llisd<-n d>rd l»l' 11. l'M6 and Mr linden died Ma» I. I'M* 630 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Beamer, Samuel. (See Gusodiiesga and Foreman)-—Samuel Beamer, horn August 14, 1S73. Educated locally. Married Mary Nelson. Nancy, a full-blood Cheidkee, married a Mr. Drunigoole, and their daughter, Ruth, married John Foreman. They were the parents of t:lizabeth Foreman, who married Eddy Springston, and they were the parents of Mary Springston, who married John Henry and George Beamer, and was the mother of Rev. William Beamer, who married Alice Towie, and they are the pa- rents of Samuel Beamer, the subject of this sketch. Elake, Mrr.. J. K. (See Grant and Ross). — Henry Clay, son of Return Jonathan and Jennie (Ross) Meigs, was born November 16, 1841. He married January 11, 1868, Josephine L- Bigelow, born August 27, 1843. Mrs. Meigs is deceased. They were the pa- rents of Caroline F., who married Richard C. Adams; Anna Stapler, who married Frank J. Boudinot; Robert Henry; James McDon- ald; Alice Maude, who married E. A. Hill; and Josephine L., who married James K. Blake. Mrs. .lames K. Blake graduated from the Female Seminary May 3 1, 1906. Henry Clay Meigs, father of Mrs. Blake, was elect- ed clerk of Illinois District in 1893, and Judge of the same District in 1895. Brown, Albert.—Albert, son of John T. and Lou (Griggs) Brown, was born in Mus- kogee in 1887. Educated in the public schools. Married at Claremore in 190S. Mary, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Carter. They are the parents of : Juanita and Gab- riel. Mr. Brown is a farmer and a member of the A. H. T. A. Burr, Mrs. Margaret (See Gardner)—Mar- garet Bumgarner, born November 7, 185 7, married May 12, 1877. Dr. Rollin A. Burr, born August 29, 1854. He died October 3, 1S95. Their children were: James Wal- ter. John William, Jesse E., Margaret Etta, Nina Alice, Harris E., and Robert Emmett Burr. Mrs. Burr is the daughter of Samuel and Margaret (Vickery) Bumgarner. Boudinot, Richard F. (See Grant, Watie and Adiar.)—Richard Fields, son of William Penn and Caroline M. (Fields) Boudinot, was born June 7, 1S56. He married June S, 1896, Marv Catherine, daughter of James Roe and Rachel Ann (Adair) Treppard. born August 28, 1873. They are the parents of Caroline Mary, born March 22, 1891; Eli- nor Margaret, born October 25, 1893; Har- riet Gold, born November 25, 1897; Wil- liam Penn, born Nov. 23, 1900; and Rachel Catharine, born Sept. 24, 1903. Mr. and Mrs. Boudinot are residents of Braggs, Okla. Benge, Mrs. Samuel, Jr. (See Hildebrand, Ghigan. Oolootsa and Grant.)—Samuel Houston, siui of Samuel Houston and Jos- ephine J. (Walker) Benge, was born at Fort Gibson in 1898. Educated at Fort Gobson. Married in 1918, Margaret, daughter of Mr- and Mrs. John Hildebrand. They are the parents of Samuel Houston Benge. Mr. Benge is a farmer near Fort Gibson. Samuel Houston, son of Martin and Eliza (Lowrey) Benge was born January 28, 183 2. Elected Councilor from Sequoyah District Aug. 3, 185 7, and elected solicitor of the same District in 1859. He was First Lieu- tenant of Company A, Third Indian Home Guards, and a signer of the treaty of 1866. He married October 15, 1866, Nannie, daughter of Theodore Brewster, born in Oc- tober, 1845. He was elected senator from Illinois District in 1869, 1871, 1873, 1875, 1879 and 1883. Elected delegate to Wash- ington December 16, 1869, and November 25, 1871. Samuel Houston and Nannie (Brewster) Benge were the parents of Sam- uel Houston Benge, who married Josephine J. Walker. Cochran, Jesse. (See Foreman and Go- sa-du-i-sga.)—Jesse Edward Cochran was born March 28, 1895. Educated in the Cherokee public schools. Married at Tah- lequah in l9l5, Carrie, daughter of George Dawson. They are the parents of Morris, Francis, and Willard Cachran. Mr. Cochran is a farmer. Amos Thornton married Minerva Foreman and they were the parents of Mary Ellen (Thornton) Cochran, born February 14, 1857. She died February 16, 1899. She was the mother of Jesse Edward Cochran. Cansdel, Mrs. Arthur E. (See Ghigau and Rojrers)—Sarah, daughter of George Wash- ington and Rachel (Rogers) Walker, born April 13, 1858. Married March 13, 1873, William Martin, born June 17, 1S30, in Frankfort, Kentucky. Their daughter. Ar- manda Nelia, was born August 28. 1882. She was educated in the Cherokee public HISTORY OF THE CHLKOKKE INDIANS ScllOcils s-nn, Mr. „u, .Mrs. Thomas Anderson. Thev were the parents of: Nevin Thomas. Slanle'v Quay, and Lucille Lannie Ander.son. Mrs Anderson's second hushand is Arthur mis' mere Cansdell. Thev are the parents of- Cay Marguerite and Jewell Cansdell. Chamberlin, Arthur F. (See Oolootsa)— Arthur Fanshaw, son of Rev. Armory N and Eunice Uolly (Hoyt) Chaml^erlain, was born October 9, 185 7 in Flint District, lie was educated in the public schools and .Male Sem- inary, and married June '), 1SS3, at Neosho Missouri, Letitia, daughter of Hamilton W.', and Margaret Goodykoontz, born .March is! 1S6I, in Newton County, Missouri. They located in Vinila, and are the parents ot: Dolly Edith (Cherokee name Oo-loo-tsa) born August f), is,s7; cducatea in the schools of Vinita, and Henry Kendal! Col- lege; married ,Iune 22, 1907, William Rob- inson; Catherine Brown, born December 25. 1S93; educated at Vinita and Miami Uni- versity, O.xford, Ohio; married December 22. 191 0. James W. Dunnington, son of \V. G. and India Knight Dunnington; Arthur Fan- shaw Chamberlain, born March S. 19()0. He was in school in Haiiipton Sidney College in Virginia at the beginning of the war; he en- listed and was mustered out of service at the close of the war. He is superintendent of a tobacco factory at Danville, Virginia. Reverend Armory Nelson, son of Kcv. William and Fern (Hoyt) Chamberlain, was born Nov. 29, 1S21, at Brainard .Mission. He married F>ecember 3, 1S46, Eunice Dolly, daughter of Milo and Lvdia (Lowry) Hoyt, born Dec. 14. l,S2n, on Chickamaugua river. Rev. A. N. Chamberlain, although a white man, spoke the Cherokee language perfectlv. He died July 4, 1S94, and his widow died on the 21st of the same month. Their children were, Abijal Eunice, born May IS, 1849; Nelson Bucher, born Sept. <), 1850; William Clifford, born April 23, 1S52; Edward Warren, born October 10, 1S53; Arthur Fanshaw, born Oct. 9, 1857; Henru Eugene, born Feb. 24, 1860; Robt. Lee Chamberlain, born Oct. 28, 1865. Arthur F. Chamberlain is a Mason. He belongs to the Holly Clan of the Cherokees. His Indian name is Se^iuoyah. Chamberlain, Nelson B- (See Oolootsa). — Nelson Beecher, son of Reverend Armory Nelson and Dollie (Hovt )Chamberlain, was t^'Tn M I'ark Hill Scplfmb*: •■■■•ted In Iho i-.hctuict S> -'line 12, i.s:;, |.,„„,j ^,^. ". IS5S. She dic-a .Unuif, were the rirrntj ..r. In-, April 7. is.Sl. mm.cd . LeForce, horn Li<rctfmb*r 1 1 bitte CouiitN. Kiiisij, Thr- dren. ( tra U., b.,rn April r>-, born (iclobor (,. |.iio. • born January 22. I'MI; 1 born January 19, i>>i7_ ,„j born liecenibiT 20. I'M.H. born September 2'(, \i»2, Fdward M.\; and William N lain, born November ;;, is berlain married .March Zu, • ola, daughter o( |,,hn | (Blankenship) LeForce, h... 1866, in Indiana. They arc llu- i- Abigal Olelia, born iicl"h*r is. i~ ried Thomas Cognl; hra^li; November 7, |,S<)2 .Mary 1 23, 1894, married William ■ Clarence Eugene Chamberlain, (vt 25, 1896. .Mr. Chamberlain 1» a ■• the Deer Clan and his i;hi: See yah. He is a farmer nej Clark, Lucy. (See Ward j .„ . Lucy A. Clark, horn February 7. ; Beattie's Prairie. Delaware I>i«trlc! December 25. I So'). Joshua Berth can. horn December I.'. 1815. lU cember 14, l,S75. She niarr " ■ 187 7, James Ahercr-^mhie June 3, I.S25, and died lieci-: Mrs. Duncan's children arc i>cd crans. born .March 25, IS74: Ar, April 7, 1876; Jimmie A . b- ■ 1879; Lucv Elizabelh. born '■' and l^harles DeWiii Duncan. . 1886. Clarlc. Wm. N. (Sec Scrapcf. •' Grant)—William N,, v-n •<! ludcf Washington and Lidia A. (Scraf' was horn April ?. l-S'-o. rducair ' public schools of Ihc Cherokee Ni graduated from .Male Seminar* ' 1SS5- He married Sepleniber ; Lilla -l"hn. daushtcr •■( I'c !'■•' Anna (Wilson) Flourn..*, v 1S74. W. H. Clark* ■ h. no-law-hul. Me I* a Meih--^! W. M and l.illar I- H'iurni.« ,,f: lames Wilson, born f el : - 63: HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Mabel Clyde, born December IS, 1898; Ra- leigh Phillips, bom January 5, 1900; Rosa Blanche, born January 5, 1902; William Henry, born May 4, 1904; E. W.., born August 15, 1906; C. F-, horn February 22, 1908; L. B. Clark, born September 9, 1913, and Clifford Clark, born March 12, I9i6. Coast, Mrs. Frank (See Grant)—Alice May. daughter ai Andrew Elijah and Clarin- da (Bagsett) Tucker, was born in 1880. Ed- ucated at the Friends Mission at Skiatouk. Married at Nowata, Frank Croft Coast. They are the parents of Waller, Clara, Al- bert, Margaret and Verna Coast. Mr. Coast is a farmer and stockman and is a member of the Masonic fraternity. Mrs. Coast is a member of the Friends church. Andrew Elijah, the son of Andrew Jack- son and Mary (Blythe) Tucker, was born in the Neutral Land, now Cherokee County, Kansas, in 1857. Married April 16, 1878, Clarinda Baggett, a native of Illinois. He died April 16, 1897. Couch, Herbert F. (See Grant)— Her- bert Franklin, son of James C, and Eliza- beth (Collier) Couch, was born February 7, 1875, in Italy, Texas. Received a colle- giate education in his native town. Mar- ried at Goody's Bluff, March 1, 1896, Ida May, daughter of Calvin and Elizabeth (Bul- lette) Coker, born April 28, lS7'i, at Goody's Bluff. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools. They are the parents of: Victor Clark, born January 15, 1897; El- mer, born August 3 1st, 1900 Leola, born December 29, 1902; Curtis Foreman, born November 24, 1905; Herbert Franklin, born January 23, 1908; Randolph Penn, born February 22, l9io, Wanda Wanette, born Feb. 14, 1912 and, Vivian Lane Couch, born October 6, 1916. Mr. Couch is a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity. He is a wealthy oil and gas producer, living at present in Nowata. Calvin Coker was the son of John Rog- ers and Annie (Hogan) Coker- Cook, Mrs. Lee. —Nannie, daughter of Clark and Lydia (Smith) Swimmer, was born in the Cherokee Nation. Educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married at Webbers Falls in 1898 Lee Cook. They are the parents of: Andrew, who served three months in the World war; Glenn, and Evaline Cook. Mr. Cook is a farmer. Coyn, Jeter J- (See Grant)—Peter Jos- eph Coyn, born of Irish parentage, in Eng- land October 19, iS69, married at Vinita, March 11, 1893 Margaret Shanahan, born May 3 1, 1874. They are the parents of: Mary Ellen, born March 27, 1894, married F. M. Gleason; Agnes Mary, born January 5, 1896; Patrick William, born March 16, 1898, served in the World war overseas fourteen months in the Aerial Corps; Peter Joseph, born March 12, 1900; Caro- line, born March '), 1904; Emmett Charles, born January 5, 1907; Joseph L., born June 8, 1910; Woodrow Riley, born Feb- ruary 10, 1913, and Marguerite Ambrosia Coyne, born November 13, 1916. Mr. and Mrs. Coyne are members of the Catholic church and are successful farmers near Es- tella. Straightforward, honest and logical Peter J. Coyne has been chosen by his fel- low citizens as flotorial representative of Craig and Rogers Counties on November 3, 1908; representative of Craig County on November 8, 19 lO, and November 5, 1912, and state senator from the twenty-ninth dis- trict on November 7, 1916. Patrick Shanahan, born Mar. 11, 1833, in Tipperary, Ireland, and married Charlotte daughter of Nelson and Margaret (Scrim- sher) Rogers, born January 27, 1858. Cowan, Felix G-—Richard Cowan was born October 9, iS39, in Georgia, and mar- ried in April, 1S65, in Illinois, Elzada Allen, born November 22, 1840, in Tennessee. They were the parents of Felix G. Cowan, born July 22, 1866, in Illinois; and Sarah Cowan, who married James A. Thompson, and is now deceased. Mr. Cowan was ed- ucated in the Cherokee Nation, and married on June 1, 1886, Lulu Murry, and on March 22, 1909, he married at Indianoola, Iowa, Rebecca Blair, daughter of Calvin C, and Cinthia Blair. Mrs. Cowan had three brothers and one sister as follows: William E., Jane A., Al- mus C-. and Joel 0„ Blair. Only the lat- ter is now living- Mr- Cowan was in the mercantile busi- ness in Vinita for twenty-seven years. He was elected County Commissioner of Craig County on November 5, 1918, but resigned from this office and was appointed steward of the State Hospital at Vinita. Pleasant, urbane and gentlemanly, Mr. Cowan has a host of friends. He is a member of the HISTORY OF THE C Me.h..dis, clunch, I,i„ Cres. Cluh, Mas..,,. Shr,„ers. 0.1j p,„,„,,, ^^^,^^,_ Wood,ne ,i Amer,ca, F,a..n,al Aid. and H,., ,,ater , ie He uas a ,„e,nber .,f the ,::„. r,-,,,,,,;. , , of which he acted as „„.," '"""^ Countryrnan, John A. (See Ward a„d H,id bra„d)-I..l,„ Anderson, son of Geor.e Wush,nst„„ and Minerva (Ballu,d) Coun.rv- man, was born in Delaware District M-.rch 1-*. IS 72, and educated in the Cherokee Na- tional schools. Married at Atton August l 1900, Jane O., daushter of Dennis and Lucv H,ldebrand, born May 7, 1SS2. Thev ire the parents of W. T.. born .lulv 14.1901 Velva Irene. b„rn June 23, 1903. married B. F. Fr,shie and has ,,ne daus;hter. Hthel Irene Frisbie. born Septe,nber 24 fj^o- Ned. born March l-l. io„-, and Houston! Countryman, born August IS. i<)i(). Crowell, Mrs. Francis M. (See Sanders and Duncan)—J,,hn Toniason Duncan mar- ried Elizabeth S. Sanders, and they were the parents of Mary Elizabeth Duncan, born Feb- ruary S. IS5S; and was educated in the Cherokee Nation and at the University of Arkansas. She tausht schnni for six years anions the full-blnods. and married at Van Buren. Arkansas. January 15. ISS!. Francis Marion, son of Dr. M. and Nancv A. Crow- ell. born March 15. 185", in Tallapoosa County, Alabama- Thev are the parents of Erda Victor, born December 24. l,S,S4; Al- vin Byron. b(irn September 1. 1SS6; Frank M.. born September 7. IS'H), ai,d Hunt.'' K. Crowell, born April t 7, iS'i.i. Mr. and Mrs. Crowell are me„,bers of the Methodist church. He is the proprietor of a flourishing mercantile business at Afton. Ok- lahoma. Airs. Crowell is a member of the Eastern Star Sisterhooij. Her Cherokee name is Ka-ha-vu-ka. Alviii B. Crowell saw service in France in the Kainbow Division, being at the front at Chateau Thierry, Argonne Forest and other offensives, during which time he was promoted to the rank of sergeant and was retained in the Army of Occupation in Ger- many. H. K. Crowell was in the Commis- sary Departnient at Camp Travis at the lin'e of the signing of the ar,nistice. Frank .M. Crowell married .Miss Evelyn Dooley and has two boys. Frank Marion Jr. the 3rd. 12 years old and Master Ted Crowell, 4 years old. E. V. and A. B. Crowell are now lo- hkhokit; im)|.\\s ^, cated in L.n Aiigclcv (acturiiig busliifj,. || . ed in New V,,r|,. (,.-,.,( 4 ; Sinner in ladu> hfjj.cj,. „, . , Haris i„ studN the MnI,, Calvert, Mrt. Sarah (s,<- . , ., , j, Sarah A. CriitenJen «i, h-t, kee Nation .March :S. Ifio.s ,, the Cherokee Nalli.nil ^h.^ near Alluwee ,laiiuir\ t, i.s.S'i if l.owrev and AnijiiJi \iUc- 11. ISi.i in Oearh .rn Cuniv are the parents of Aniandi A • gust 'I. l.S'K,; Charles hUnct 2. l.S'i;, married at Tucunujr teinher 2S. l<i||. .Minnie Ml* children are Charles Kichar.l 24, l'lt3: Vivian .Mav. hc.rn '■ Anna Mildred bum Nov. ir., r •. tola born Apr. to. \<>\'} xni Lucilr Ifii Calvert born Feb. 3. t'OO; l.rlj r'^'<i born .May 13. l'»oi married j- tember 24. I'M 6 W. F. son 01 cinda Lay born .May 10. tSM'' dren are Jaunila Fern, born AiiKUtt Ifc. I 'i« and Clara .Marie Lay, born lulv I J. I 'I" .Mildred Loree, born November Jo. t''"< ,- Quay Co. N. .M. and Clara Mwlle <jl..-'> born January 27. I'M 1. The Calverts and Li\% are larmer*. -fi- Hstella. Cunningham, Thoma» F. (See fo**. *• ders and Ghigau)—Thomai Frincl*. »••■> William Ross Cunningham and > li/a i'..lc ,, was born at Fort Gibson on April 21. I'"- He was educated al Fort G,bvn »nj <ti cone University. He married Imuiri : 1002. Emilv Marnaee. daushlef "I ' ^■ Stringer Scott and Loretia B<ldi>r* lli't.f born August Ui. ISS2, and *i* tj»n<'.'. - Fort Gibson anad Racone Vn^^-' ar" the parents of lohn I'alh. 2. l"'o4, and Frances Manor born October 2S. l"oS. Mr. and Mrs- «:unnintham are •<-".l- Fort Gibson. 1 iklahoma. Alley, Mr.. John R- (See Or; Ghigau and Hoss) Clara E>a. Edward Daniel and Eliiab.- (iMusgrove) Hick* ••• ^^■ on February I", in the Female ^. graduated. She ma:!...: l5, I'ldS. Ji>hn Peed. ^ Sarah Dameron Alley, born ^^v - '■ • 634 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS ill Yell Cuunty, Ark. They are the parents of Lawrence Alley, born May 21, 19lO. Mr. Alley is a contractor in Oklahoma City, and a member of the Masonic fratern- ity. They are members of the Presbyterian church. Francis Marion Mush.i;iove married Clara Eva Alberty, and they weie the parents of Mrs. Edward Daniel Hicks. Daniel Ross Hicks married Nancy Jane Rider, and they were the parents of Edward Daniel Hicks. Mrs. James K. Blake graduated from the Female Seminary May 31, 1906. Henry Clay Meigs, father of Mrs. Blake, was elected clerk of Illinois District in 1S'^)3, and Judge of the same District in 1S95. Donnelly, Thomas A. (See Grant, Daniel and Foreman)—Thomas Austin, son of Henry and Emma Jane (Daniel) Donnelly, born in Delaware District March 18, 1878, educated in Vinita. Married at Vinita No- vember 1, 1900 Mary Ella, daughter of Jesse Edward and Margaret L. (Cowan) Glenn, born December 13, 1877, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Semi- nary. They are the parents of: Gladys Aus- tin born November 10, 1901; Glessie Ada, born October 29, 1906, Thomas Winton, born December 26, 1909. Fleeta Avis, born September 11, 1911 and Betty Jean Donnel- ly, born July 26, 1921. Mr. and Mrs. Don- nelly are farmers, near Vinita. They are members of the Baptist Church and he is a member of the I. O. O- F. fraternity. They are always active in all social and welfare activities in their community, and were local leaders in Red Cross and war work. Henry and Jennie (Foreman) Glenn were the parents of Jesse Edward Glenn. Duncan, Mrs- Lucy (See Grant, Ward and Duncan)—Lucy A., daughter of Joseph H. and Polly (Ward) Clark, was born February 7, 1848 on Beatty's Prairie in Delaware Dis- trict. She was educated in the Cherokee National Schools, and married December 25, 1869 Joshua B. Duncan, born December 13, 1835; and he died December H, 1S75. They were the parents of Helen Rosencrantz, born March 25, 1874, and Annie Ellen Duncan, born April 7, 1876- Mrs. Lucy A. Duncan ■on August 30, 1877, married James A. Dun- can, the brother of her first husband, and Tie was born June 3, 1825. He died Decem- ber 26, 1898. They were the parents of Jimniie Abercrombie, born October 3 0, 1879; Lucy Elizabeth, born March 14, 1884, and Charles DeWitt Duncan, born April 10, 1886. Delen R. Duncan is a very accomplished artist and makes her home in Columbia, Mo. .Mrs. Duncan is the owner and proprietor of large farming interests near Afton. She is a member of the Methodist church. Di;pree, Fred Lee (See Adair)—William E. Dupree was born November 9, 185 7, in Te.\as; married January 11, 1883, at Whit- man, Te.xas, to Fannie L. Wright, who was born January 14, 1860 in Te.xas. They are the parents of Emma Dupree, born December 13, 1888; and Fred Lee Dupree, born Au- gust 20, 1895 at Vinita. Emma Dupree was educated at Willie Halsell College at Vinita, and the Northeastern State Normal at Tahle- quah, Oklahoma. She married on December 22, 1915, at Vinita, Henry J., the son of Frederick W. and Catherine Hill. They are the parents of Frederick William, born Octo- ber 2, 1916; Anna Catherine, born Decem- ber 25, 1917; Henry Marion Hill, born Janu- ary 28, 1920. Mr. and Mrs. Hill are members of the Baptist Church. He is a Mason and employ- ed as a boilermaker at Tulsa, Oklahoma. Fred Lee Dupree married at Vinita Novem- ber 26, 19 17, Winnie M., daughter of Lil- burn P. and Helena (Marrs) Scott. They are the parents iif Robert Morris Dupree, born October 24, 1918, at Vinita. Mr. and Mrs. Dupree are members of the Baptist Church, and he is a successful farmer near Vinita. Mrs. Dupree is a member of the Ward family of Cherokees. Dupree, Wright (See Adair)—Wright Du- pree, born August S, 1890 in Te.xas, was educated at Vinita, Oklahoma, and Sedalia, Missouri Business College. He married at Centralia, Oklahoma, July 12, 1914, Rosa, daughter of I. J. and Emma Wright, born January 12, 1894. They are the parents of Louis Wright Dupree, horn June 9, I9l5, and Francis Elizabeth Dupree. born April 1, 19 17. Mr. Dupree is the son of William E. Dupree, born November 9, 185 7 in Texas, who married Anna L. Wright on January 11, 1883. They are members of the talented Bell and Adair families. Mr. and Mrs. Du- pree are members of the Baptist Church, and he is a rural mail carrier at Vinita, Oklahoma. HISTORY OF THE C Durall, Mrs. Be \^orld War assis„ed to the reserves l.-ce sta ,oned at Pelham Bay, N. V. fro,,, Mav 2.. IS to February 1, 1919. Married" Ahv 15, 1J2I Florence L. Rodant; Huiih Alle,, born November i,„ ,902; George Alarvin.' born March 2. ,o„5; Ada Leah, born Mav -V 1 ''(./, and Charles Ivan Durall, born .March 10. I'Mj. ^,,,. B^„„,,^ ^^ ,j^__.^|| ,^ a member of the Methodist Church Rebecca and Eastern Star orders. Mr. Durall is en- Caeed in the insurance and loan business in \\ elch. Durall, Mrs. George W. (See Ghisau)— Franklin Wallace, son (,f Samuel and Eliz,-, (Harlan) Craii; born in .Missouri. .March 15. 1X54. Married November S, 1S78 Cather- ine Fetrick, born .lanuarv 15, 1S54 in Shelby County, .Missouri. He died February 23. 1S94. They were the parents of Edna Earl Craig, born June S, iSSo, educated in Fe- male Seminary. .Married at Clareitiore Au- gust 5. 1S9 7 George Wesbroford, son of Benoni S- and Anna Durall, born October 23. IS 78. They are the parents of: Benoni Franklin, born June 3, 1S9S, married Oc- tober 6, 1918 Georgia Ann Brown, has one daughter, Mary Joe Durall, born June 20, 1920: George Raymond born July 14, 1900 married October 4. l')is Corna Cass and their daughter, Marjorie Ann was born Oc- tober 13, 1920; Jack Leroy, born January 15, 19 10; Harvey Robert, born September II, 1915 and Edna Virginia Durall, born July 14, 1918. Benoni Franklin Durall en- listed and was at the officers training camp. ■Mr. and Mrs. Durall are members of the Methodist Church. He is a jMason and she is an Eastern Star. .Mr. Durall is in the loan and insurance business at Welch. Elliott, Samuel T. (See Foreman)—Sam- uel Talbert, son of Hiram and Callie (Whai- eiiberger) Elliott was born in Delaware Dis- trict July 5, 1894 and was educated in that district. Married at Big Cabin September 2 5. 1916 Geneva, daughter of A. W. and .Minnie Blackford. They are the parents of: ^HKIv'OKI:h IM)|.\Ns Magdelene I en.„. ,..„„ „„^., , '^arth |)alni..na lllh.it s.,- s. '"2"- Mr. till..,, „ , ,, cabin. l:liMh,,h. j,„^h, '"an nurrleU .l..hn llli,.., , They were ,hc pjrenl, ..( At^h whn married Rjchel Sm„h . ,i the parents ..f Hirim Th M.i\ 22. iSjl nurrifj tt lii^ \\lulenberKtr England. Mrt. John Jaughter ..| |.,s,.ph We. (ferf\) Da\is wis b,.,,, (.. Georiiia and educalcd tn married in Ge.ireij V o( Joseph and Su-.i the parents of Fred .■ ., ber o, iS'tS: Pauline. h..rn ! married July 16, \->i'> Di. has one daughter. Hubv Uc .^ April 19. ,.)2o: [),.c l|,rrnn. h,,, l''04: Willie May. bi.rn l>;' san .Maude, born Jjnujrv Preston, b^rn .Mav i.S. i Lou. born Fehruir,* 2(>. |'M>. ^• is an employee of (he .M, K ii.J and lives at Adair. Gibb.s, Joseph L (See O'mrjJ Lewis Gibbs burn April 2'i. i- ■ Illinois and married Aucuv Gourd born December 2S, : more. Thev are the pireri born January •'. l.S'M jnj Gibbs burn Mav 6. I,S')6. is the pruprietf'r •>( one • stores of the soulhweit. » specializes in Americin miJ and Navajo blinkeli. Mrs. J.iseph L. Olbbi n .Ii>hn P. and Arleml»« ( The former now deceived 5, !S5o married in is:; A- burn .lanuarv I. 185 7 l..h elected AucuM '. IS''' Onai a full bl'xxJ Cheflcc -' Clan married llanilll<'n (:.>nf. was a lli'llander and hit r- woman. Their i.ldeM fn » Ciinrad. but all ••( hit det^ ■ line was alwivt kiv«T it f ■■ Giiurds. inslead ••! '■■•iriJ and Pollv (T..i).-t) '■ -nrij . of: JackS'm and Danif: former wi» Htp in I ■ son. born In t8o8. I' 636 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS and his wife had died on the fourth day of October of the previous year. He was elect- ed Judge of Tahlequah District August 5, 1807 and August 7, 1871. Their daughter Charlotte born July 3, 1829 married Larkin Beavert and they were the parents of: Ar- tejiiissa Beavert who married John Rattling- gourd the son of the above mentioned Dan- iel Rattliiiggourd whose wife was Eliza Lacey. Chas. A. Gibbs married April 22, 1920 to Sylvia Augusta Griswold born February 21, 1896, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F- G. Griswold of Chiremure. Okla. Lauchner, Mrs. Clarence M Mary A. daughter of Chester and Etta (Nair) Taylor was born January 3 1. 1896 in the Chero- kee Nation. Educated in the Cherokee national schools. Married at Claremore April 22, 1912 Clarence M. son of Wil- liam and Mary Lauchner, born Nov. ll, 1890 in Craig County, Okla. They are the parents of Chester Francis, born August 26, 1915; and Evelyn Talita Lauchner, horn May 10, 1919. Mr. and Mrs. Lauchner are farmers, near Vinita. They are members of the Baptist church. Mrs. Lauchner has one sister: Miss Emma Cynthia Taylor, born De- cember 2, 1898. Jones, Mrs. George L. (See Sanders and Grant)—Lorena, daughter of Daniel Boone and Nannie (Vann) Cole, was born nea/ Pryor, July 24, 1881, educated at Pryor an.l the Female Seminary. .Married Dec 16 I'Mjl. George L. born April 15, 1877 \r. Te.xas, son of .Mack, born July 29, 1844 and Nannie Jones, born Jan. 9, 1S42. They are the parents of: Mabel Lee, burn Nuveniber 30, l')02; Otta May, born March 26, 1904- Cornelius. born September 17, l9o5; Has- kell born September 19, i'io7; Willie, born October 9, 19 12 and Carl Jones, born Feb- ruary 23, 1915. Johnson Vann, the grandson of John and Elizabeth (Wickett) Fields, married Margar- et Winters and was the father of Mrs. Nan- nie Cole. Margaret or "Peggy" Winters was the daughter of John and Jennie (San- ders) Winters and the granddaughter .if Captain Ale.xander and Peggy (Sonicooie) Sanders. Lipe, Mrs. Margaret (See Thdmpson, Thorntnn and Ooolootsa)—.Margaret Emma, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Thorn- ton) Thompson was born at Fort Gibson. January 2, 1849. Married at Fort Gibson August 29, 1873, to Clark Charlesworth, son of Oliver Wack and Catherine (Gunter) Lipe, born near Tahlequah, March 10, 1847. He died May 25, 1901. They were thi the parents of Howard, born May 19. 1873. Died September 19, 1875. Herman Vann, born February 19, 1876, married Mary Iris Smith. John Caspar, born November 2^, 1878 , married Annabel Price. DeWitt Clin- ton born November 22, 1881 and died Au- gust 19, 1901; Beulah, born May 25, 188 1 married George Smith. Clark Charlesworth, Jr., born November 15, 1887, married Lucy Sellers; Clarence Lipe born July 9, 1891. Clark Charlesworth Sr. was a member of Captain Benjamin Weisner Carter's Com- pany. He was elected Clerk of Coowees- coowee District, August 6, 187 7 and August 4, 1879. Elected Clerk of the Council in November 1885- Mrs. Lipe conducts a suc- cessful stock farm near Sageeyah, on the old Homestead settled in 1876. Morgan, Gideon (See Oolootsa)—Gideon Morgan, born April 3, 1851. Married June 25, 1874 Mary Llewellyn Payne, born Oc- tober 1, 1855 in Sebastian County, Arkan- sas. They are the parents of: Houston Mayo, born May 4, 1875; Mary Llewellyn born June 23, 1877; Martha Lelia, born No- vember 13, 1879; Margaret Elizabeth, borji October 25, 1882; Amanda Payne, born Aug. 25, 1885; Sallie Mayo born April 15, 1888 and Ellen Payne Morris Morgan, born March 4, 1896. Gideon Morgan was elected Senator from Tahlequah District, Aug. 5, 1901. Elected a member of the legislature from Mayes County, November 5, 1912 and November 5, 1918. Joseph, the son of General John Sevier married Elizabeth Lowry, a half blood Chero- kee and their daughter Margaret, born Oc- tober 8, 17 99. .Married October 2 7, 1815, Gideon Morgan, born at Ramorga, Connecti- cut, August 6, 17 76. He died September IS, 1851 and was buried at Calhoun, Ten- neesee. Mrs. Morgan died March 25, 1862. Gideon Morgan organized and was Major of the Cherokee batallion that were allies of the Americans in the Creek war of 1814. Gideon and .Margaret (Sevier) Morgan were the parents of George Morgan, born De- cember 1, 1817. Married October 26, 1848 HISTORY OF THE C.„H(.KliliIN,„ANS Martha Kt UM.U1U, Tennessee June 16, 1826 He was a Captain in the Mexican war and \U )- ot the Third Tennessee Volunteer . jc.r of 2nd Kentucl<y Cavalry (.Murgan's re,- "'lent) until his death. Oct. 2S 1S6-' He was mortally wounded at Ashland Kv.' Oc It^. 1802 and died Oct. 27, iS62 ' He ,s buried ,n Le.xington, Ky. Airs. Morgan died June , ,871. They were the parents of Gideon Morgan, the subject of this sketch. Foreman. Mrs. Ada C (See Foreman and R, ley)— Reverend Stephen Foreman was burn October 22, 1S0 7, married March ->7 1.S.M, Sallie W. Riley. He was ordained a Presbyterian Minister September 25, isl- and was elected .lustice of the Supreme Court of the Cherokee Nation, October li, 1844; E.xecutive Councilor in 1S47 and 1855 and was clerk of the Senate in 186 7. Mrs. Foreman died August 6, I86I; and he died December 8. iS8l. They were the parents of Stephen Taylor Foreman, born at Park Hill Septemlvr 24. 1S4S; and married April 2S. IS 74 Ada Carter, daughter of Sarah and White .McClellan. born at Cane ilill, Arkan- sas on October 25. 1853. He died Janu- ary 1. 1891. Mrs. Foreman is now a resi- dent of Clarenicire. Oklahoma. .Mr. and .Mrs. Tavlor Foreman were the parents of Sarah Lula, who married John Gunter Lipe; Jennie McClelland, who mar- ried David Jesse Faulkner; Ada Laura; Vic- toria Lipe. who married Stephenson Ken- nedy; Taylor Worcester and Perry Ashbrook Foreman. Ada Laura and Perry Ashbrook Foreman are now deceased. Taylor Wor- cester Foreman was born near Oowala, Coo- weescoowee District on July 6, ISSS; w^as educated at Oowala and the .Male Seminary. He enlisted in the U- S. Army as a private in 1909; was commissioned Captain of Infan- try August 15, 1917 and assigned to the 327th Field Artillery, detailed as Instructor in Infantry School of Arms of the S4th Di- vision; assigned to the 301st Division in July I9l8, with which he went to France, commanding Company E; was promoted Au- gust 26, l9lS, to Major and assigned to the command of the 2nd Battalion of the 301st Division, and was commander of this regi- fent from November 10, 1918 to the latter part of the succeeding month. Was detailed "'<!nl js insesiHaiuis .,»,.,-- • lanezan. France. »hich p.., •lis return lo Amrrui > leniber. \Sjs c'.nin Ihe Regular Amu ,, signed to Camp llcnn,:,; ., present an Instructor ui ih , tain Forenun married ji In.l May 2!, I'M? Hhfl Iren. son, Ta>l..r Wtirc*Mcr T-- at Indianap.jis ,,ri lul> i. ; Gamble, Jamei M. F.- Flelcher, 5,,n ..( Willun (Plunkell) Gimble. »j« ■ May 31, lS5(i. .Mjrnrd ' Julia Ann, daughter ..( s. Ann (Fish) Wheeler The of Verdie Ansell, bi.rn Apr Mason and Wondnun ..( ih, Fthel Suttiin: Bernice G'-rd 1SS5; Dudley .Martin, b.. iSSS, married Fl" Wavbrith Gamble, bom March II, I'lui. Goforlh, Mri. Albert P. (See f. ■ Elizabeth, daughter o( Andres j (Bigby) Taylor was N'rn In Ihf Nation, east of the .Ml»»i**'rr ried William Covinglim ij .March 2 5, ISi:. He died 1S96. Their daughter Isjbel .la:.. ley married Feli.x Nelson Will Rachel Matilda, dauthlrr •>( Ttl and Isabel .lane Will was h^rn Snake District Scplember 2«, \S'i cated in that [)islricl. Sbr mar' .luly 24, IS90 Albert Hcrr*. vn son and Catherine Gol-Tlh, b'-rn H, 1S64 in Georgia- Thtv arc ih of: Eulelma Pearl, born Janujri married Philander B. I>1> ; tuPelij ' ■ born .lanuarv 20, IS')'; LuU B<- May 26, iS'ir married Julv I', I"':' C. Melton; Alta, horn June 6. !*'»• ta, born January I, I tember 21, |9(.:; Be^ tember 15. fio and ' born April 2. I'M; Mr uotorth n i er. near Viinta- CodiUyd. William P ($tt Grinl Ghigau and Ward)— 'Jtherine, dJ.- , William and Flirabelh (Harli- bnrn November 11, IS«<. •■■ ber 2', tS».'' I.arkin. \»n <■! belh (BMhe) G-KJdard He d<ri W*» for duty with the Inspector Generals depart- is7? and she died rebruar» 21, i""':! 638 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS were the parents of William Penn Goddard, born November 3, 1870. Educated in the Male Seminary. Married at Bluejacket, April 15, 1S94 Nora, daughter of Gabriel and Cynthia Endicott born March 8, 187 5 in Bourbon County, Kansas. They are the par- ents of Fleming Larkin Goddard, born June 17, 1896. Married May 4, 1918 Ethel Pen- nington. They are the parents of Erma Gine Goddard born at Welch, July 14, 1920. Greece, Thomas—Thomas, son of George Greece, was born in the Cherokee Nation, educated in Male Seminary- Married at Welling in 1907 Nannie Walker- Mr. Grease is a farmer and belongs to the Presbyterian church. Grimes, Ethel Ray Green— Ethel Ray Green, born near Vinita. November 25, 1892, was a daughter of Joseph and Mar- garette A. (Scrimsher) Green. She was educated at the Female Seminary at Tahle- quah; married at McAlester, Oklahoma De- cember 23, 1917, Grady L. Grimes. They are now members of the Methodist Church. Mr. Grimes is a Mason, and is an automobile mechanic. Gulager, Mary (See Oolootsa)— Martha Lucretia Scrimsher was born December 9, 1S45, and married January 27, 1869, Fred- erick William Gulager, who was born March 14, 1844, in Washington, District of Colum- bia- They are the parents of William Mar- tin Christian; Mary Elizabeth; Henry Gun- ter; and John Delaney Gulager. Mary Elizabeth Gulager was born April 2 7, 1880, and graduated from the Cherokee National Female Seminary May 25, i900. GatUn. Mrs. Emma Nora (See Grant and Oolootsa)— Emma Nora, daughter of Frank and .May (Hanks) Fhomer, was born Feb- ruary 2, 1889, and educated at Webbers Falls, and the Cherokee National Female Seminary. She married Samuel Bell Maxey, son of James and Matilda (Yearby) Gatlin, born May 25, 1SS7. Mr. and Mrs. Gatlin are residents of Webbers Falls. James, son of James and Lucy (McCoy) Gatlin, married Matilda Yearby and they were the parents of Samuel Bell Maxey Gatlin. Calvin Jones Hanks married Emma Walker the daughter of John Lowery and Charlotte (Ratliff) McCoy, and they were the parents of .Mrs. May Rhomer. Fair, Jake (See Grant and Ghigau)— Jake Fair, born July 3, 1896. Married at Pryor May I'll 3 Hazel, daughter of James and Flora Stamper. They are the parents of: James Louis, born June 3, 1916; Flora El- len, born July 23, 191S and Junior David Fair, born August 3, 1919. Ellen Wilkerson, born February 18, 1870. Married Lewis Kelly Fair, born January 25, 1864. They are the parents of Jake Fair. Fields, Ezekial (See Grant and Ward)— Ezekial, son of Richard and Elizabeth Jane (Blagg) Fields was born in Delaware District November 16, 1859, educated in the Chero- kee National schools. Married Sabra Eliza- beth, daughter of George Howard and Mary Carroll Ward. Their children are: Clarissa Eliza, born Mar 28, 18 70; Richard, born Nov. 17, 1873; Belle, born in 1875; Luvonia born in 1877; and Cora Fields born in 1884. Mr- and Mrs. Ezekial Fields separated and he married December 6, 1899 Lennie Mar- shall born July 30. 1877 in McDonald Coun- ty. Missouri. They are the parents of: Inez L., born September 18. 1900; Edna Ann, born January IS. 1902; James E., born Au- gust 21, 190 5 and John J. Fields, born March 21, 190". Ezekial, son of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees married Mary Ann Sex- ton and they were the parents of Richard wTio married Elizabeth Jane Blagg. Franklin, Mrs. Oscar (See Adair and Ghi- gau)—Frankie May Adair, born February 25, 1874. Married at Chouteau, December l8, 1912 Oscar, son of Marion and Jennie Franklin. They are the parents of Hogan Christopher, born September 4. 1913; Oscar George, born December 4, 19 17 and Owen Adair Franklin born June l5, 1920. Mr. Franklin is a farmer and their residence is six miles north east of Chouteau- Benjamin Franklin Goss married Sarah Emily Bean- Their daughter Susannah De- borah married Richard Welch and they were the parents of Sarah Emily who is the moth- er of Mrs. Frankie May Franklin. Frazier, Mrs- Samuel (See Ward)— Sarah Ann, daughter of Cal Dean and Nancy (Ward) Gunter was born at Siloam Springs, Arkansas January 31, 1867 and was educat- ed in the Cherokee national schools. Mar- ried April 10, 1S8S Samuel, son of William Thomas and Nancy Frazier, born October 29, 1864 in Texas. They are the parents of- Cal Dean, born February 26, 1889; Lela Jessie born July 13, 1892; Grace, born No- HISTORY OF THE CMbKOKlil-: IM.lANs veniber 6, 1S')7- Lillim K,.r„ m i and, wi,n.„ T,,;::^';;::: ::;::'■,;;;,;'-' ;;;;::", ']^ 7'-- '• T.M,. raiser near A^'^ '■""'" "'' ^"■^•'^ '!"= '^^'-"^ •■< ^•"'-" 'U'«,c. T Gfiltilll SCntl Kifn I.. < i >. I:i mp'^ ^( 111 . .t I I 1 > . '■»*■"'»», I'll! n in I '•*" V ; f ; ^'''■^' ^^••^^•^ '"<•' Pa'-^»'S uf William Thnnu. Il.r Nancy Ward, born .lanuarv 29 i,S30 mir ->" I'^a- ..,/.. ned September 2,. ,845 Cal Dean Gunter, .850 i„ AUrslull C..„„u v born March 30, ,8.8 i„ Warren County, was elected Sen.,.. ," Tennessee. He died March 27, ,898. trie, August 7 l.S'.., Freeman, Mr... George H. (See Grant)- ents nf William CusUs 1! Ruth Jane, daughter of Ellis and Marv HawUin.. Pe.rl D. (See ..,. (Fields) Dick was born in Delaware District —Ruth ,l.,ne, djudner ..( K Januarv S, 1870, and was educated in the (Fields) Dick wa-i b..rn in |.,- Cherokee National Schools. Married Oc- January S. l.S7o. Married tober 17, ISS4, Charles Henry, Hawkins. ISS-I, Charles Henr> llawkiin born in Lewis Countv, Missouri, October County. Missouri. Ocoher |.,. 16. ,800. They are the parents of Hmma are the parents nf Pearl I'. : Lee Hawkins, born near Catale, February IS, near Catale. Julv 31. I.S'M. v 1.S9S. .Married at Claremore. September 12, nita October 27. lo'i;. ,Mvrll, I'MO. Georee H. son of John and .Martha of Andrew Oliver and Cra Ho Freeman, born February ,5, ,896. Harlan, born Julv 26. i.S'ii Thev are the parents of Paul Lawrence for the World War at Vinlli V Freeman, bom August 2. ,920. W'as Sergeant of Base Hotpiijl S... ■> : Mr. Freeman served in the World War in Sailed for France AurusI 'I. «*>l.1 W i. Company H. 5 6th Infantry. Honorably dis- on the Toul front nine m-nih*. Li^JeJ charged at Fort Sheridan, February 28. 19,9. the United Stales June s. I'M' r^J .»^ J > Hall, Frederick—Frederick, son cjf William charced at Camp fike lui lun • • and Martha (Childers) Hall, born in the .Mr. Hawkins Is a farmer n> Cherokee Nation in 187?. Married in 1896 He is a member ..f the Modcr . .■■ Katie Burgin. They are the parents of: An:erica. Martha May, Arthur, ha Jane and Alvina Heady, Mr.. Franklc F- (Srr Ghirjji - Hall. Mr. and .Mrs, Hall are members of Frankie Folsom, dauenier ■•( ' ' the Baptist church and are farmers. Lulu (Bnvnton) Kendall «a» ' Hamilton, M-.-.. Henry J—Neppie, daugh- sea August II. l *!"*■. 1 .! . i ter of Pleasant Napoleon Blackstone and High and Cincin; Mary Barr was born at Muskogee July 9, from the former ISSI, educated in Bacone College, Musko- I90S. .Married at I-J;.- ! gee. She married .March S. ,906, Henry J. .March 17. lOH Frank vn Hamilton. They are the parents of Ollle, Headv, born at Wal"va ri,. born October 24, ,906; Maude, born Janu- ents of J. B., b.'rn lebr ary 17, ,908: Lillian, brjrn May 20, 1909; Leroy. b.irn Ocli^be' :. • Henry .1. born June 27. 19,,; Nellie, born born February -t. I"t7 jnj J..-.1 November ,3, ,9,2; George, born August l9i,S; James Ewinir, b"f'> ^ 4, ,9,4; Jacob Clark, born January 12. 19 iS and leanne tiileon " 19,0 and Neppie Leona Hamilton, born Au- her 2 5, r'2o. Mr>. M.- gust ,5, 19,8. Mrs. Hamilton's Cherokee the Presb\lefian church name is Utiva. foreman of the St. Vli.r • -i Harna^je, William Cuslis (See Ghigau and Vinila. Sanders)—William Curtis Harnage was born Henry, Mr.. W. C ( •■ April 15, ISSI. and was educated in the and F..re>.i.i'i)—Na'o.u- Male Seminary and Henry Kendall College in born. lanuarv 12. •• ^^ .Muskogee, graduating from the latter insti- 2-. IS5: Ander*. 640 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS in 1S30. They were the parents of DeWitt, bom JaiuKiry 7, lS59; James Daniel, born February 2, lS61 and May Wilson. born Mav 1, 1S62. Anderson Springstoii Wilson died December 26, 1865 and his widow mar- ried December 14, 1S72 Henry Clay Barnes, born August 29, lS-15 at Dwight Mission, Cherokee Nation and they were the parents of Myrtle Barnes, born in Flint District July 25, 1S74, educated at Tahlequah and Female Seminary. Married May H, ISOI Wallace Gibbs Henry, born April 6, 1872. W. G- and Myrtle Henry are the parents of DeWitt Cllinton, born April 4, 1892; Roy Wilson, born July 22, 1897 and Myra May Henry, born December 8, 1903. Nancy Catherine Barnes died December 10, 1889. Hollaind, Richard S. (See Paper. Ghi«au a)id Oolootsa)—Richard Spencer Holland, born November 2. 1872. Married Laura, daughter of Daniel and Cynthia (Pack) Harmon. They are the parents of; Flora L. and Grace Holland. Richard Spencer Hol- land was elected Court Clerk of Adair Coun- ty in 1918 and 1920. Howard, Frank S. (See Adair and Ghigau) — Frank Stapler, son of Frank and Sallie (Starr) Howard, was born January 30, 1873. Married Caroline Allen, born May 30, 1873, and died February 8, 1899. He married Ella Clyne, born April 26, 1870. His child- ren are: Catherine, born November 7, 1896; Dewey, born April 22, 1898; Sallie Emma; Ella May; Grover Franklin and Ed- gar Starr Howard. Frank S. Howard was elected County Commissioner of Adair in U'lO and 1912. HubbaVd, Thomas—Thomas, son of Wilkerson and Harriette (Thomas) Hubbard, was born in the Cherokee Natiiin in 1S52. Mr. Hubbard, who is a successful farmer near Tahlequah, has never married. Jordan, Mrs. Luther—Victoria, daughter of Robert and Ivy Ann (Taylor) Powell, born in North Carolina, September 17, 1880- .Married at Adair, November 6, 1902. Luther, son of John and Mary Jordan. They are the parents of. Myrtle Marie, born September 25, 1903; William L., born October 4, 1904, and Florence Jordan, born December 14, I'MO. Mr. Jordan is a farmer and lives near Adair. They are members of the Methodist church. Jordan, Mrs. Arthur R. (See Adair)— Viola Adair, born June 15, 1S93, educated at Adair. .Married at Adair October 28. 1911, Arthur Basil Jordan. They are the par- ents of: Anna Mae, born Aug. 17, 1912; Basil Franklin, born February 4, 1914; Ruby La Von, born October 30, 1915; Carl Hubert, born March 4. li^MS, and Virgil Lawrence Jordan, born December 23, 1919. Mrs. Jor- dan belongs to the Deer Clan. Mr. Jordan is farming near Adair. Virgil Harry Adair married Dorinda Cal- loway and thev are the parents of .Mrs. Ar- thur B. .lordan. Jones, Mrs. Thomas P. (See Downing) — Rachel, daughter of Nicholas and Martha (Shirley) Byers, was born August 24, 1875. .Married at Tahlequah March l. 1896, Thomas Pinckney, son of William M- and Nancy Jones. They are the parents of; Bryan, born May 22. 1S97; Polk, born Oc- tober 3 0, 1S9S; Granville, born December 31, 1900; Nannie, born September 9, 1902; Margaret, born August 22, 1904; Ruth, born March 22, 1906; Cherokee, born March IS, 1908; Buena, born February 18, 1911; Lu- cullus, born August 3 1, I9l3; Eldee, born October 15, I'M 5; and Mary Joe Jones, born July 13, 1918. Elizabeth, daughter of James and Ka-ta- ka-ya Crittenden, married Lord Wellington Shirley, born May 27, 1825. He was elect- ed Judge of Tahlequah District August l, 1881, and August 3, l89i. He died June 9, 1894. They were the parents of Mar- tha Shirley. Johnson, Isaac Isaac, son of Milo and Adeline (Payne) Johnson, was born in 1883, educated at Tahlequah. Married at Mus- kogee in I'M 3. His children are :Jessie, Ma.xine and Willard JohnJon. Mr. John- son is an efficient state enforcement officer. Jackson, Mrs. Fred L.—Rosa A., daughter of John H. and Mary Malisson (Frantz) Mor- ris, born February 24, 1893, near Welch. Educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married at Centralia, June 2, 1912, Fred L., son of Robert Lee and Lulu Jackson. They are the parents of: Carwel Lee, born April 2 1, I'M 4, and Norma Jennie, born Mar. 3, I9i9. Mrs. Jackson is a Meth- odist and a member of the Eastern Star. Mr. Jackson has been a banker in Welch for nine years and is at present interested in oil production. .Mrs. Jackson is the great-great grand- daughter of Pathkiller, who was Principal Chief of the Cherokees at the beginning of the nineteenth century. His daughter, Elsie, HISTORY OF THfci CIlEROKIili IMHANv '■II married Eldrise, and their eldest child, Mar- garet, generally called I'essy, married .lesse Morris, and they were the great grandpa- rents of Mrs. Rosa A. Jackson Jordan, Robert Lee. (See Riley)—Rob- ert E. Lee. son cil John W. and Sallie (Bean) Jordan, born in 1S67 in Texas- Educated in the Male Seminary. .Warried in the CJier- okee Outlet in 1S')0. llarriette A., daughter of Richard A. and Mary A. (Simkins) Riley. They are the parents of: Lee Owen, born February S, lS')l; William Penn Adair, born December 15, 1S':)2, and Dennis Bushyhead Jordan, born November 2-1, IS'M, who was in the navy fur twn vears during the war, during which time he crossed the ocean thirtv-four times and was im watch twice when German submarines were sighted and sunk. Mr. Jordan is a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity and is a farmer, near Collinsville. Kelley, Lulu N- (See Sanders and Ghi- gau)—Lulu Nannie, daughter of John and Sallie Matilla (Harlan) Poole, was born March 22, 1862, in Delaware District, Cher- okee Nation- She was educated in the Cher- okee public schools and Female Seminary. She married at Vinita, August 27. 1S87, Frederick Lincoln Kellev. He died at Vinita November 2, mil- Mr. Kelley was one of the best posted and successful hay and grain dealers in northeast Oklahoma. Frederick L. and Lulu N- Kellev were the parents of Pauline Gazelle, born February 16, 1889, and married Charles W. Flint; Frederick Lincoln, born July .'i. IS').', and George Samuel Kel- ley. born August 2 1. 1815. Lulu N. Kellev's Cherokee name is Salala. She is a member of the Methodist church and belongs tu the Eastern Star Chapter in Vinita She was deeply interested in the World war work and did efficient service in the Red Cross and other activities. John and Sallie Matilla (Harlan) Poole were the parents of Fannie, who marr.ed James Henry Akin; Charles Walton, and Lulu Nannie Poole. Lnlu N Poole's maternal grandparents were Ellis Sanders, son of George and Nancy (Sanders) Harlan, born March 4, lS04, mar- .Ved 182S Nancy Barnett, born September ,8 1800, in ()n.slow County, ^°'^\ ^f'] li,,; Ellis Sanders Harlan was a clerk o lection at the Court House Prec.nc. Hickorv Log District, Cherokee Kat.on, U. the selectlmi o| dclctil. Constitutionil ("niivrnth- was elccltfd li> CmuiiciI li..n. in 1,S55- lie died lij;cf mb^i Kerr, Mr*. Thoma*. Grant).—Susan Ti'lbcr: Tolbert and Anuiidi i !;. Scott, was b'Tii III l>eU»irf l>r 187.<, educated in thai l>ltl at Seneca, .Missnuri. ,Mi% !». i son of Ale.xandcr and Malildi > the parents nl nllif Ma\ K<f. . ber 22, 1S')1, married N^^emhcr :" l .]. C. Carr, and has ^ne diushur 1 • i Carr. burn Seplenibcr :', f' is a farmer, neat Vinila. Charles Duncan, a ^ about 17S4, Dorcas, a : of the Deer Clan. Thru ried Elizabeth Abercr"mb>. i the parents of Charles G'-rdaii June .', IS25, and married Sinu 111--. February ', 1825. Thev were thr r» of Amanda Cherokee Duncan, i Snake District. July ;o, \S<,> cember I6, IS'-". John Tolbf Key5, Monroe A. (See Grant. ■ ' Daniel and Rilev.)— .Monroe Am-rv > Monroe Calvin and Lucy l-^y ' Keys, was born February II. «»"" ' ed'in the Male Seminar*. Married -i; rioj, .Martha Ann daujhter i>( H.- Emma Jane (Daniel) tN.nnclU, N.t 11 1874, educated in the Chefok' schools and Worcester Aciaem. T the parents of; Wahnie. S-rn '•' Emma, born December i". born January >6. fM2. J*"'- ' , 1..14. and Clun Ke»«. N"" ►"" ,"(M7. Mr. Keys is i member "I '■'■ Clan. His Cherokee name i» ' >>• He is a farmer near Vinita Kincia. Edw.nl C. (^ ward .■- Kincaid- >-'""; Married at I'rvor ""f " daughter o( David and I- J- are the parents of lubi April 2'.. .'H-S «' • belongs to the BiP"- ,,f ihe Ancient ""J" •' and Mutual Aid S.^.etv Collins .McDonald- *• ^ ' '■■ " ,So7. .Married Ma-. Adair born Sertemb- _ April 2s. ts'.i. >"a •>, -.-.: • 642 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS 1S95. Their daughter, Nancy Missouri Mc- Donald, born November 3 1, 1849, married Joseph Kincaid, a native of Georgia and they were the parents of Edward C. Kincaid, the subject of this sketch. Lane, Mrs. C. L. (See Downing, Cordu- roy and Oolootsa.)—Maude Ethel Rogers, born November 28, 1869, educated at Fe- male Seminary, and Howard P.ayne College. Fayette, Missouri. Married October 4, 1891, Captain Lane Lane, born November 26, 1867, in Red River County, Texas. He graduated from "Kemper Family School," Booneville, Missouri, June 8, 1887, and conducted a drug store in Chelsea for thirty years. They were the parents of: Estelle, born September 20, 1892; Ethel Lindsay, born October 19, 1894, graduate of Chelsea High School and Northwestern State Normal at Tahlequah in 1918; James Gunter, born May 12, l8'i7; and Lasca Gazelle Lane, born June l'>, I'JOS. Clement Vann Rogers, born in the West- ern Cherokee Nation, January 11, 1839, ed- ucated at Baptist Mission, Going Snake Dis- trict, and Male Seminary. Married in 1858 Mary America Scrimsher, born October 9, 1839, and settled on Caney River in Coo- weescoowee District. Was Captain of Co. C First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers and sen- ator from Cooweescoowee District in the Confederate Cherokee Council from 1862 to 1865. Settled on the Verdigris River after the Civil war. Elected Judge of Coowees- coowee Dist- Aug. 5, 1877; senator from the same District August 4, 1879, August l, 1883, August 7, 1899. and August 3, 1903. Elected as a member of the Cherokee Com- mission to negotiate with the "Dawes" Com- mission for the final disposition of the Cher- okee Nation. Elected a member of the Ok- lahoma Constitutional Convention from the Si.xty-fourth District on November 6, 1906. Rogers County, Oklahoma, was named for him. Mrs. Mary America (Scrimsher) Rog- ers died May 28, 1890, and he died October 28, 19 11. They were the parents of: Sallie Clemantin, Robert Martin. Maude Ethel, sub- ject of this sketch, May and William Penn Rogers. Leafer, Mrs. John. (See Conrad and Foreman)—Floren Frances, daughter of Wil- liani II. and Letitia (Woodard) Foreman, bnrn April 2, 1881, educated in the Cher- iikee Natitinal schools in Tahlequah District. Married at Tahlequah in 1903 John Leafer. They are the parents of John ajid Lawrence Leafer. Mr. Leafer is a farmer near Tah- lequah. Lowrey, Daniel W. (See Oolootsa, Ross, Conrad and Hildebrand.)—Daniel Webster, son of Henry and Mary (Parris) Lowrey, born October 2, i860. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools; married July 19, 1885, Ellen, daughter of James and Eliza- beth (Hendricks) Gourd, born May 1, 1862, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. They are the parents of: Florence, born May 23, 1886; George, born August 15, 1887; Richard Walker, born September 8, 1890; James, born October 13, 1892; John, born September 4, 1894, and Dora Lowrey, born August 21, 1898. James and John Lowrey each served a year in the American Expeditionary Forces in France. Mr. and Mrs. Lowrey are members of the Methodist Church and he is a Mod- ern Woodman of America. They are farm- ers, near Wann. Lynch, Joseph Martin. (See Grant and Adair)—Joseph Martin Lynch, born July 30, 1881, educated in Male Seminary and Cum- ' berland University, Lebanon, Tennessee, graduating from the Law Department of the latter, but refused to take the Tenneessee bar examination because negroes were in- cluded in the class. Elected Register of Deeds of Adair County, September 17, 1807. He married Hazel Capitola Mason. He serv- ed for several years as attorney for the Interior Department and on November 8, 1919, refused the appointment of Register of the United States Treasury, because it would be impossible for him to take his aged father from his home and friends and he would not leave him. Mr- Lynch's great-great-grandfather, Jos- eph Martin, a native of Alberniarle County, Virginia, was elected Major in the Revolu- tionary Army, February 17, 17 79, and pro- moted to a Lieutenant Colonelcy in Mardh, 1781. He was elected Brigadier General of the N<]rth Carolina militia, December 15, 1787, and was commissioned Brigadier Gen- eral of the 20th Brigade of Virginia Jiiilitia by Governor "Light Horse Harry" Lee on December II, 1793. His son John Martin, was a member of the Constitutional Con- vention of 1S27, and was the first Chief Justice and first treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. Mr. Lynch's grandfather, Joseph Martin Lynch, was a delegate I'r'^ni tU' HISTORY OF TUB CntROKI:!-: INDIANS Cherokee Nation tu Wasliinstn,, in ISV), and was elected Senator from Delaware District August 2, lS-12. iMr. Lynch's father, Cic- ero Leonidas Lynch, was elected sheriff of Flint District August 2, 1S75, and August 5, 1.S77, elected senator from the same dis- trict August 1, iSSi. Elected Circuit Judge August 6, 1,SS3, and August 1, 1S87, the terms being for four years. He was elected Associate Justice of the Cherokee Nation, November 13, 1S97. Lynch, Mrs- Georgia, (See Grant and Foreman)—Joseph Vann generally called Joe) married Polly Black, and they were the parents of William, David, Sofia, Johnson Sallie and iJelilah Vann. David Vann mar- ried Nancy Tally, nee Mackey, and they were the paients of William, Joseph, George B., Robert P., and Maud May Vann. William Vann was the father of Georgia Eulalia Vann, born September 17, 1.S76. She was educated in Canadian District and the Female Seminary. She married .March 2u, IT'^'S, Joseph Johnson, son of Joseph .Mar- tin and Susan Francis (Foreman) Lynch, born September 2^, 1S75. He graduated from the Male Seminary in 1S')6. and died June 1, l')2 1. They were the parents of Cherokee Rose Lynch, and Jess Vann Lynch, Lowrey, Mrs. Myrtle (See Ghigau, Grant, Adair and Oolootsa)—Luther .Martin, son of Captain Ephriam Martin, and Sallie (Starr) Adair, married Lillie M- Waldrop and their daughter, .Myrtle Lucinda Adair, born in 18^)1, was educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married in 1910, Randolph, son of Austin and Sallie (Choker) Lowrey, born February 6, ISSO. They were the parents of Wesley Lowrey. Mrs. Lowrey is a mem- ber of the Baptist church. McKisick, Mrs. J. H, (See Ghigau, Con- rad and Duncan)— Nellie Josephine, daugh- ter of Johnson Thompson and Catherine Is- abel (Garbarine) Landrum, was born in Del- aware District, May 6, 1890, and educated locally- Married at Vinita, August 8, 1910, James Houston, son of Charles D., and Ly- dia Elizabeth McKisick. They are the pa- rents o- Stephen Dean, horn July H, I'"-- and Clark Douglas McKisick, born August 6 19 10, Mr. McKisick is a mill owner and operator at Big Cabin. Mrs. McK.sick is a member of the United Brethren Church. John son of James and Rebecca (Dun- can) Landrum married Nellie Otterlefter, and they were the pifnH ..f J..h son Landrum. Samuel Cindv, a while nun. nuffir4 • iv erine, a full-blood Chcr.4« ..t ih<- a ' Clan. Their son. Samuel TjuJv mt'i .| Elizabeth West, i while »..mjn Th,. - . the parents ot n||ir Cind>. Hair Conrad and their daucif married Daniel llo^l.ill^ l^j abeth Hopkins were the par- Abigal Hopkins, born linuir married September '». l.SMi, Garbarini, born September .s. ■ relia, Italy. Thev were the pa- erine ls,ibel, born June 2'. : April 2, ISSO. Johnson Tti drum, born t.Sf.o, McUughlin, Willi.ni C. ( ~ gau. Foreman, t'onrad. I'uncn i .1 Mi- breed).—William Cecil .Mclauchlin. b- m September 22, 1S"3, educated at ••f..w. Stilwell and .Muskogee, KndualinK in a hn* iness course from the latter. .Married H Vi- nita, .March 28. 19i'i. i,e|ia Leone. dau(hlrr of Richard Fields and .Martha Adair (Hre«er) Benge. horn on Lvnch's Prairie |iei.eniber 16, 1892. Thev are the parenH ••( i <-cil Benge .McLaughlin, born .May Id, I'': I Mr McLaughlin is (arming near Adair, Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and Cnh erine (Hicks) .Miller, married Philip l^''» a native of South (Carolina, and Iher i - Sylvester Inlow. born lune 2 1. IHt". ."-if ried December 2S, iSftl, Su<annah I'jJ.-i born November 1, IS44. He died lunf i >. 1878, and she died Februar\ I'. «<*' Their daughter, Margaret I'.aroline lnl-.» born August 6. IS"'), married Seri<-mb«r 20, 1890, loshua Ezekial Mcl.authlm. b---. February 1-1, IS^V Thev worv ih- p.-- - of William Cecil McLaughlin Ma-«in, Mri. Jr»»e. C^<" Ghigau)—.Margaret, dJughler .! -i Houston and Nannie (hrewMer) ll<n<.- Wednesday. .March 2. is:-' Uu..' : ^' Fort Gibson and Female Seminar> "•' • ' July 17. 1SS5. lesjc. ^on ■■• ' ' ■ Charlotte (Alarlin) .McLiln. t arv, 1855. educated in the ' !• Schools and Male Seminar> rh.. > parents of: Nannie I.ee, Samuel H Calvin Cross, lib" 'm'- 'i''-' '' ton and Charl..lte Ben«e. ' " the A, E. F. in France l--r %e» his younger br..lher. Oe..f«« *•• «J' r' 644 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS paring to ejiibark at the time tlie Armistice was signed- McLain, James (See Gliigau)—James, son of Calvin and Charlotte (Martin) McLain married Elizabeth J. Kennedy, born June 22, 1875, and Lulu Breeden. By the first mar- riage there was born: Heiiriette J. and Sa- rah Vivian McLain, and by the second mar- riage, Haskell, Etta, Cora, Woodrow, Calvin, Charlotte and Lucy McLain. Mr. .McLain was educated at the Orphan Asvluni. He is a member of the A. F. T. A., which is one of the best indications of a man's respectability and responsibility. He is a farmer near Claremore. Martin, Mrs. DeWitt (See Grant and Dun- can)—DeWitt T. Martin, born May 12, ISSS Enlisted in the World war Nov. 22, 1917. Assigned to the 17th Co. of the 2nd Regi- ment as an air service mechanic January 27, 19 IS. Sailed for France March l-t, 1918, where his service entitled him to two gold chevrons. Returned to the United States May 29, I9i9. Honorably discharged at Camp Pike June 13, 19 19. Married at Car- thage. Missouri. May 1. 1920, Mary Ethel daughter of I. D. and Rachel A. Boston. They are the parents of Caroline Louise Martin, born March 24, 1S21. Joseph Martin of Bristol, England, settled on a plantation near Charlotteville, Alber- marle County, Virginia, in the first quarter of the eighteenth century. He married Su- sannah Childs and they were the parents of Joseph Martin, born about 17 40. He was a Lieutenant Colonel in the American service in the Revolutionary war. He married Su- sannah Fields, nee Emory, a quarter-blood Cherokee, and they were the parents of John Martin, who was the first Chief Justice and first Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. Judge John Martin was the father of Joseph Lynch Martin, whose son, John Rogers Mar- tin was the father of DeWitt T. Martin. Martin, Joel T. (See Ghigau and Rogers) — Joel Thomas, son of William and Sarah Martin, born August 21, 1S76. educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married Oc- tober 26, 1896, Myrtle Stephens, nee Steph- enson, born April 19, 1S7S, in Nodaway County, Missouri. One son, William A. Martin, married in 1899, Stella, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Argentine Causdell. They are the parents of: Pauline. May and George Martin. Mr. Martin is a member of the Owls fra- ternity. He is a farmer near Ruby. George Washington Walker married Rach- el Rogers and they were the parents of Mrs. Sarah Marlins. Mayes, Watt A. (See Adair, Foreman, Ross and Grant)—Walter Adair Mayes, born December 10, i860, educated in the Chero- kee public schools and Male Seminary, mar- ried December 31, 1890, Nannie Rider Mc- Coy, born March 25, 1865. She was edu- cated in the National schools and Female Seminary. They are the parents of: Hall, born September, 23, l89i; Washington E., born September 8, 1893; Clarence, born October 23, 1895; Mayme Lucile, born No- vember 14, 1897; Jesse Lamar, born May l, 1900; and Joseph McCoy Mayes, born June 9, 1903. Walter Adair Mayes is the son of George Washington Mayes, born November 11, 1824, married May 21, 1846, Charlotte Bushyhead, born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878, and he died October 28, 1894. George Washington was the son of Samuel and Nancy (Adair) Mayes- Char- lotte was the daughter of Rev. Jesse and Eliza (Wilkerson) Bushyhead. Walter Adair Mayes is the nephew of Chiefs Dennis Wolf Bushyhead, Joel Bryan and Samuel Houston Mayes and Miss Nannie Mayes is the grand- niece of Chief John Ross and great grand- daughter of Chief Charles Renatus Hicks. Mrs Walter Adair Mayes is the daughter of Joseph Rogers McCoy, who married on December 16, 1851, Nancy Hicks, born Sep- tember 16. 1830. He died July 4, 1866. Walter A. Mayes' Cherokee name is Oga- nostota and he belongs to the Deer Clan. Mrs. Mayes' Cherokee name is Walliah and she belongs to the bird clan. Meeks, William—William, son of George and Minerva (Fleetwood) Meeks, was born March 5, 1880 in Sequoyah District, edu- cated in Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary, married September 11. 1905 Goldie May Perry. They are the parents of Sylvia Pauline, born September 7, 1905; Mary Louise, born June 3, 1909; Delia Ruth, born September 19, 1912 and Wyllie Burtis, born June 1, 19 19. William Meeks was left an orphan while a small child and through adverse circumstances has struggled to a competence and the respect of his com- munity. A Methodist in church affiliation HISTORY OF THE CHHKOKliE INDI.Ws u*S he has ascended in masonry to the Thirty second degree and Shriner. He served in Company K, First Infantry fdr two and a half years in the Phillipines during the Spanish-American war a)id was verv active in U'orld War work. His l>ii.tlier Lewis Samuel was a mtmlier of the Thirteenth Marines in the World War. Mitchell, Mrs. Claud W. (See Grant and Duncan)—Emma E., daughter of John Mar- tin and Alice R. (Smith) Daniel, was born at Vinita. February 1'). tS"2; was educated at the Female Seminary ai Tahlequah. She married at Vinita July 3 1, I'Ul, Claud W., son of William W. and Hmma Mitchell. .Mr. Mitchell died October 2.i, frMS. Thev were the parents of Mary Nadine, born .March .!. Julv ,S, im,S. John Martin Daniel was born October 2, 1S4-1, and married August t, 1S76, Alice R. Smith, born June to, 1S5S. They were the parents of Marnia D., James Henry, Ro- bert John, Lula Mav. Eliza E.. .Martha I.. Emma E., William, Edgar Jacksun and Wal- ter Scott Daniel. I.ula May Daniel married R. F. Parker, ami lives at Welch, Oklahoma. Eliza E. Daniel married Samuel Nidiffer and Jeff Blevins. Martha J. Daniel married Elbert Snider and lives at Vinita, Oklahoma. Miller, Mrs. James (See Ward)—Mary, daughter nf Robert and .Martha Alice (Hol- land) Early, was horn in 18.S9 at Stilwell- Educated in the Cherokee public schools, Female Seminary and Hill's Business College, Oklahoma Citv, graduating from the latter institution. Married at Joplin, Missouri in 1912 James, son of Mr. and Mrs. James C. Miller. She taught in the public schools for ten years prior to her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Miller are members of the Baptist church. He is a farmer, near Foyil and she is a member of the Ladies Home Demonstra- tion Club. Milton, Annie Leola (See Adair)— Annie Leola, daughter of William Penn and Julia (Allison) Adair, was born June l, iSS3, at Stilwell. She married December 17, IS''''. Alvin Hendrex, and thev were the parents of Virgil Felix, born September 7, fot: William Harrison, Ix.rn Julv 2 7, fO^; Or- vill Lee, born August 5, foe; Paul Lyman, born Februarv IS, lOoO, and Ralph Herald Hendrex, born Januarv 20, ,013. Her sec- ond and present husband is Curt M.Uon. Thev arc the pirenn >•( <",jr| luir 21, I'MS; lUrve* 1li%k<ll Mill..,, 10, fi2l. Mts .Milion t» i mcnit<i u ^k^ Christian Church. Milei, Mr». John B. (Sec n ' RiUy)— Luc\ li. daujhUr ..( V vin and Lucv l..iwrcv (M-.»l) ' born .March M, 1S"2. I.Ju(Jtr.l Seminary. Married it (Mdtini I' ber 20, l.S'H Ji.hn Benejicl, »••>' ■Mrs. Benedict Milev The jtc ■ of: Benedict Franklin, b.irii (ict>.l Elizabeth, born .linuiry 16. I born ay 31, I'Hil and Lvdia I ■■ born ,May 12, r'uo, Benedict Franklin .Milet »it i F. He is a prosperous (irmcr " James Herbert and t'ori Arch.- the parents ol: William. b..rn ' 1000; Foreman, born Septembe- Veta Clara, born April 20, f'ov • January 6, t'>07; James Herbert, b r:. :." ruary 26, I'lH; Len Kojs, b>.rn \>-\cn:t-rf 21, IOkS; biseph and Samuel. N<rn lul> '• i 1920. Morris, Mrs. ET»n»—Fliii, dluchf ' Richard and Polly (lloKshoolcr) OFidJ xi born in 1S64. Educated in the t'},,t^\,t National Schools, .Married V- They were the parents o( Beliir ary 10, 1SS3: Cynthia, marr.i.; Heard. Mrs. Cynthia Heard died <><l<*fr :i 1918 and Charles Heard died Ocl<*ef :' 19 iS. Their children LouUe. N.rn lf^ ruary 2, I'M 2: Helen b->rn Pt<tmUt i. lOH and Laura Maxine Heard N>rn Mmh IS, 1917. were adopted and are beini tritti K Mr. and Mrs. .Morris. a» U »I*'n f"'"' Hildebrand, bom March ». .J""" f "■ ' Colston, the third dauchler of Mri- !•» Morris was born AukuU J**. '*'"• Eliza Colston married March ;'. !«'''» ''•" son of William and I lean.. r M..rrl» " Thev are the r"enl^ -.« William V M..e ris. born April 0. foo Ble«ed .re l*/' that gratuilouslv ore (or offhani MounU, Mr.. T«J R. (See T"^ busoduesKJ)— Ada, dauchler ■ : Elizabeth (Cbb) Br..»n «a« b- ■ Educated in the Cher-kee Pubbc ^•'' ' and Female Seminars. Mirr.ed ii f-n ■< ^ son in 1911. Ted Vis. vn ..( In.M K*"^ and Caroline Harrielie (Th-mr"") «"-™" b„r., at F..rt Gibvn. Samrda> Mir.k . ». 646 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS 18S4. They are the parents of Mary, Cherokee, Okla. ; Billie Brown, Louise Ra- niona and Ted Ray Mounts. Mr. and Mrs. Mounts are representative citizens of Fort Gibson and are well known for their public spirited citizenship. Muskrat, Joseph D.—Joseph D. Muskrat, born October 30, 1850, near .Mayesville, in Delaware District. Elected Sheriff of Dela- ware District in 1883. Married August 10, 1884 Florence Roseborough. They are the parents of: Nina Pearl, born May 27, 1885; Ira D., born April 20, 1887; Ruby E., born December 26, 1898 and Frank B. Muskrat, born June 11, 1<502. Joseph D. Muskrat was elected Solicitor in 1893. Muskrat, Jacob J. (See Duncan)—Jacob Jackson Muskrat, born in Delaware District September 30, 1885 and educated in Saline District. Married at Southwest City, Mis- souri August 8, 1908 Perry Lee, daughter of Mosley and Ellen Stratton. They are the parents of: Howard M., born November 20, 1909 and Lottie T Muskrat, born October 30, l9i9. .Mr. Muskrat is a farmer, near Bernice. Jacob Jackson Muskrat is the son of Jacob Muskrat horn in 183 8 and died October 5, 1888 and Elizabeth Emily, daughter of Peter and Rebecca (Rolston) McAllister. Martin, Eugene Warren (See Oolootsa and Ross)—Eugene Warren, son of William Henry and Sarah Jane (Lowrey) Martin, born January 30, 1886, was educated in Tahlequah District and the Male Seminary. He married at Oklahoma City, April l, 19 1 5 Neva, daughter of Hosea Claude and Alice I. Frizielle, born Dec- 19, 1889 in Polk Qiuiitv Missouri. She was educated in the Public schools in Oklahoma City. They are the parents of Pauline Mae, born Dec. 22, l9i7 and Harold Leroy Martin, born May 24, 1919. Mr. .Martin is a business man in Oklahoma Citv. William Henry Martin is a grand son of Hercules Martin a fullblood Cherokee, and his Cherokee name was Clogase. Hercules Martin was one of the best known and most proficient interpreters and clerical inan of his day in the Cherokee Nation, Nichols, Mr. Charles—Fannie, daughter of David and Sarah (Easley) Humphrey was born May l, ISS6 in the Cherokee Nation. Educated at Vinita and married at Vinita May 4, l9iS Charles, son of Mr. and Mrs. Nichols. They are members of the Metho- dist church and are farmers near Vinita. Nidiffer, John R. (See Ward and Ghigau) — John Ross Nidiffer, horn November 22, 1886, educated in Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. He is a railroader and enteied the Navy on September 7, 1917, served on the U. S- S. St. Louis, discharged August 8, 1919. Married June 28, 1920, Ethel Cora Culley nee Courtney- Newman, Mrs. Charles N. (See Downing) — Thomas, son of Joel and Nellie (Quinton) Kelly was born in Polk County, Arkansas December 26, 184 5. Married in November 1867 Valera Arkansas Britton, born in 1847 in Sebastian County, Arkansas. They were the parents of Bessie Kelly born at Westville, December 23, l89l. Educated at Centralia. Married at Centralia December 24, 1912, Charles N. son of William and Nancy New- man. They are the parents of Howard Lee, born February 22, 1914; Delias Wayne, born June 12, 1916 and Charles Kelly Newman, born March 13, 1920. Mr. and Mrs. New- man are farmers, near Centralia. Nicholson, Richard E. (See Oolootsa) Rory McCoy, son of John R. and Sarah (Gunter) Nicholson, was born March 14, 1S48, and married Margaret Elizabeth Bibles, born December 15, 185 7, and died April l, 1890. He died January 8, 1891. They were the parents of Richard Edward Nichol- son, born August U, 1878, and married No- vember 4, 1900, Annie Pearson, born Janu- ary 20, 1881, in Schuyler County, Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Nicholson are the parents of Roy Preston born July IS, 1903; Edgar Russel born December 7, 1905, and Hattie Nicholson born September 15, 190 7. Parks—Jennie Taylor, a Scotch girl married an Englishman named Charles Fo.x. Two sons were born of this union. In later years the parents were divorced. The fath- er kept the eldest son, who according to the English law of primogeniture was to suc- ceed to his titles and estate, but allowed his wife to keep Charles, the younger son who had no vested prospects and his mother ad- ded her maiden name to his, and thencefor- ward he was known as Charles Fox-Taylor. Charles Fox-Taylor married Jennie Walker, the granddaughter of the Ghigau, or Beloved Woman of the Cherokees. This was the supreme title and was granted only on ac- HISTORY OF THE CHHROKb-h- INDIANS count of extreme n,eri, ,,ui w:,s so r..relv conferred that no other instance of it. i„- vokenient was known. Charles and Jennie Fox-Tavlor\ third child and onlv danuhter. Susan was born in February 1798 and married in April iSM Samuel Parks, born January 12. 17S<>. He was fiscal agent for John Ross" in lS5S-'i, securing wagons and teams for him. Parks died on June 3, lS4i and his widow died December 12. 18 76. Samuel and Susan Parks children were, consecutively: Ruth married Dickson Price; Almira married James Price; Jennie married John Langdon and Joseph Collyr; George W. married Louisa Spriggs; Thomas Jefferson born Nov. 18, 1821 married Maria Annie Thompson, born September II, 1830; Thomas Jeffer- son Parks died .May 6. 1883; Calvin. William, .Mary Ann married William C. Day; Lieuten- ant Colonel Robert C, Jnhn Ross and Sam- uel. Maria Annie Parks nee Thompson was the daughter of James Allen and .Martha (Lynch) Thompson; the granddaughter of Jeter and Nannie (Martin) Lynch; the great granddaughter of General and Susannah (Emory) .Martin. Thomas Jefferson Parks was born in the Eastern Cherokee Nation on October 18, 1821. Emigrated with his parents to the Western Chen^kee Nation in 1838-9. He married February 10. 1S4S .Miss Thompson and settled in Delaware District where he was a prosperous farmer and merchant until the civil war. Returning in poverty to his desolated home after the war. he by hard work and close application, soon acquired another competence. He was a master mason and while always having a wholesome interest in politics, he on account of his business interests never allowed his name to be used as an aspirant for f)ffice. He died on May 6, 1 883. Thomas Jefferson and .Maria Annie Parks were the parents of Susan Martha born De- cember 1, 1848, married Edwin E. Carr; lohnson Calvin, born December 2, 185 1, married Minerva Williams; .Mary Jane, born .March 28, 1856, married Robert Franklin Browning; Emma Josephine born May 8. 185 8, married Robert Samuels; Anna ;Medora born March 5, 1860 married James Bona- parte Woodall; Jefferson Thompson born .March 13. 1862, married Ruth Etta Duncan; N^ncv Almifi N.rn Mj Henrv C\i\ nallird. Kr. •March :n, isr,- ,„„, blodd and rinnu- h..r. married l)lvi^ Hill Rulh lilj (liiincin) I of Inhn Tnniinjsnn jik! ders) Duncan; the tu ,! • and tliiibeth (Abcrcr. Robert and .\Urv (Mc • great grand diiichlrt Duncan, a Scnlchnun a .: .. a full blood Chcmkee „t ihr I , cas was a full sister (•> Of ti ried John Adair. Jefferson ThumpM.n January 13. i.S(.2 He Cherokee National MiL- 1SS4. Was elected a n-. of Education in l.S'iS, Alic^ ducted a large mrrchintile e»; . Tahlequah he closed out ihit commenced praclicing jjw. H. demiicrat, he at the id>ent .■( .:. elected judge of cheroke Ci.ni reelected. The home life of Jud^e ind ' ideal, pleasant and cultured, i!? blessed with five children Olirfu is deceased. Ruth Anna \s the »i erick Halhawav; Mildred lo^rr'' Thomas L. Ballinger o( Park H lelle. and Jefferson Thnmpvin ' of the pleasures and atlrac! Park's home. Parker, Mr*. Willi.m A. (So- ,Mary Ellen Chamberlin horn i' 23. 1S03, educated in Vinlli Nowata Julv 5. I'HO Willlan' They are the firenti "f Sntr born April I. |ii:; Bill 1014; Viola Mav. born ' .Mary Jane Parker, b^Tn .Mrs. Marv Ellen Parker u lh<- d Nelson Bucher and Sinh \' '1 Chamberlin. Pierce, Mr». Jamn M. Nancy Jane, daughter of *!^f- (Corderv) Anderson. «»i N" I.SS2; and married Aucutt 3'. Madison Pierce. b"rn Dtcembe' Hall County. Ge«rri». Thc» • enis of Gertrude limo '"!»> B. Pierce .Mr. Pierce i* "ne "I Ibe •»*■■" 648 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS farmers of the Muskogee-Fort Gibson sec- tion, owning and operating hundreds of acres of valuable land, and several cotton gins. Peterson, Mrs. Chris B. (See Hildebrand) — Lucinda, daughter of Benjamin J. and De- lilah (O'Field) Hildebrand was born Septem- ber 9, 1882. Educated in the Cherokee pub- lic schools and Female Seminary. Married at Vinita July 23, 1909 Pigeon Hanson and her present husband is Christ B. son of Peter and Anna Mary Peterson. Her children bv her first husband, are: John, burn June 23, 1910, Woodrow, born June 2, 19 13 and Loretta Hanson born July 2, 1916. By the present husband she has one daughter, Anna Laura Peterson, born May 12, 1920. Mrs. Peterson belongs to the Wolf Clan and her Cherokee name is Luski. Mr. Peterson is a farmer, near White Oak. Prater, Mrs. Henry S. (See Downing and Ghigau)—Martha Celeste Thompson, born .March 16, 186S, married February 1, 1887, Henry Sheridan, son of Thomas D, and Mary Elizabeth Prater, born June 13, 1866 in Camden County, Tennessee- They are the parents of David George, born August 10, 1891, and married Nancy May Youngblood, born in March 1895, and their three chil- dren are John F.. born September 8, 1911, Benjamin Hester Prater, born March 28, I'M 3, and Pansy May Prater, born May 16, 101 5; Mary Caroline Prater, born September 30, 1896, married September 23, 1915, Guy P. Holmes. She died November 26, 1918, and left two children: Mary Lorena, born October 19, 10 16. and Helen Pauline Holmes burn May 17, l<)i8; Henry L. Dawes, born February 25, looo; Mable Clara, born Au- gust 26, 1902; Robbie, born September 1, 1904; Nellie Maude, born September 27, 1006, and Rcillie Austin Prater, born Feb- ruarv 7. lOOO. Clara Rider, born June 20, 1842, married July 5, 1865, David George Thompson, born November 10, 1840, in Newton County, Georgia. He served during the Civil War in Captain Jonathan Nail's company of the First Chickasaw Cavalry, Confederate serv- ice. Mrs. Thompson died August 6, I9i6. They were the parents of Mrs. Mattie Ce- leste Prater- Pointer, Mrs. Patsy (See Grant. Adair and Foreman)—.Martha Adair, daughter of Jesse Bushyhead and Cherokee Cornelia (Adair) Mayes was born lanuarv 10. 187 5 and edu- cated in the Female Seminary, from which she graduated in l892. She married De- cember 16, 1900, Edwin Mooring Pointer, born June 17, 1868, in Monroe County, Arkansas. He graduated frojn Cumberland University at Lebanon, Tennessee, and in Law Course in the same institution in 1897; was appointed District Clerk of Sequoyah County after Statehood. He died January 5, 1910. The following children were born from this union: Samuel Jesse, born November 15. I'lOl, and James David Pointer, born January 11, 1900. Pettitt, Mrs. William P. (See Grant, Tyner, Adair and Riley)—William Percival, son of William and Nannie (Tyner) Pettitt, was born Sept. 20, 1867; educated at Fort Gib- son and the Male Seminary. He married March IS, 1S94, Mary Jane, daughter of Benjamin and Sallie (Guerin) Adair, born Thursday, January 1, 1874, in Illinois Dis- trict. She was educated in the Female Sem- inary. They moved on April 17, 1894, from Illinois District to Cooweescoowee District, settling three-fourths cf a mile north of the Cherokee and Creek line, where they lived until January 19, 1903, when they moved to their present residence at Inola. Mr. and Mrs. Pettitt are the parents of Pearl Olive born Oct. 7, 1895; Bertha Talala, horn October 27, 1897; Floyd Henry, born March 1, 1900; William Percival. born November 15, 1902; Mazie Opal, born April l5, 1905; Mary Elizabeth, born November 1, l9o7, and Elnora Cherokee Pettitt, born October 16, 1913. Puryear, Mrs. Lucy (See Riley)—Lucy, daughter of John and Nannie (Perdue) Robinson, was born February 8th, 8 7 6, and married in the year 1894, Homer Puryear, who was born August 16, 1862, in Lawrence County, Alabama. They were the parents of Ernest Homer Puryear, who was born December 18, 1896. Robinson, Mrs. Leroy S. (See Grant)— George Ella, daughter of R. A. and Edith Caroline (Rogers) Prather, was born on Beatties Prairie, January 15, 1869; was edu- cated in Delaware District and the Female Seminary, graduating June 28, 1894. She married at Vinita October 29, 1895, Leroy S., son of William and Malinda Robinson. They are the parents of LeEIla, born in April 1900; Carleton, born February 15, 1902, and Lerov Prather Rogers, born April 5, HISTORY OF THE CHEHOKEl-: INDIANS j5. Leroy S. R.,bi„s„n dial April 20, M. Mrs. Robinson is a member of the 190: 191^ Methodist church. LeElhi Robinson graduated from the Vinita High School and the Northeastern State Nor- mal at Tahlequah. She attended the Col- lins Agricultural College at Fort Collins, Colorado, where she was a member of the Kappa Delta Sorority. She married on De- cember 24, 1919, Chesley H. Harr Nancy Downin g married Charles Rogers and they had two children; Pleasant and Eliza Rogers who married .lohn Seaboll. Nancy's second husband was Thomas Fields and their seven children were, consecutively: Sallie Elizabeth, who married James Hildebrand; Rachel Jane, married William Stiff and Henry Richard Fields married Rachel Goss; .Mar- garet Wilson married Robert Mosby French; Jnsiah Foreman died in California. December 13, 185 2, and Caroline .Matilda Rogers Fields married William Penn Boudinot. Pleasant Rogers was the father of Mrs. Edith Caro- line (Rogers) Prather. Rector, Mrs. Ed. (See Grant)—Laura Alice, daughter of Ellis and Martha (Cope- land) Biiffington wai born September 22, 1S52. Married December 26, 1S71 Josiah. son of Jesse and Lucy (Love) Henry, born January 1, 1S50. He was elected in Novem- ber 1.S69 Solicitor of Cooweescoowee Dis- trict and appointed to the same office in 1S76 by the Chief. Elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District August 1, iSSl and August 2, 189 7. Thev were the parents of Rosa Jane Henry, born August 10, 1883, educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married at Claremore in 1905 Edward, son of Mr. and Mrs. Sylvanus Rector. They are the parents of Edna May, James Emmet, born October 29, 1906 and Frances Rector. Mr. and Mrs. Rector are farmers, near Claremore, they belong to the Methodist church and he is a Mason. .Mrs. Rector's Cherokee name is Ay-ni. Rhomer, Mrs. May (See Grant and Ooloot- s;,)—May, the daughter of Calvin Jones and Emma Walker (McCoy) Hanks, was born at Webbers Falls .March 2. 1869; was educated at Webbers Falls and the Female Seminary- She married April I 'v 1887. Frank Rhomer. Thev are the parents of Emma Nora, born February 2, 1889; May Frances, born Novem- ber 17, 1891; Margaret Bell, born April 2, 1894; and Fannie Charlotte Rhomer, born M..rch 2ii, i,s.)„. ih, Khom*M »„ ■. ers near Webberi Ijlj*. Calviii Jones, •,,,» ■>) H"h<-- Margaret Ann Wjird (.Mor^j born February s. \s\i, md II, 1861. Eninu Wjlkcr M. born April !. is II Mr ,, Captain John S Vjnn Capiain Samuel Ciunti: Confederate Arni> Mr . j» selor Iron) r.anadian |ii»l!iol \ and Senator (rmn Ihe \tni< 6, 187 7. lie died Mi» I-.. • Mrs. Emma Hanks, net M. ruary S. looii. They were : .Mrs. May Rhomer. Riley, Mm. SIcIU (See daughter of .Milt..n jnd I,- .Moore born in l,S7t in Mn in IS04 John H.. s..n uf Ku' A. (Simkins) Riley. Thev » of; Ruth Pearl, born Febr. .Mamie A., born June 2?. I'l. M;iy 13, I "02 and Prentice (- ruary 22. 1904. .Mrs. Riles ber of the Latter Day Siini^ farmer, near Vera. Roach, Thomas S. (See Ghi()u and Stn. ders)—George Roach married Nioi^t* I'ritchett, and they v ere the pjrcnis '1 Thomas Suake Roach who mirrieJ -i McDaniel. Mr. Roach who his been tor m^c ^ Special Field Man for Ihe V. S Indu ' cy at .Muskogee, is one of the moti r ent fullbloods of the tribe BesiJr cautious and diplomatic, he »r'i'-» English and (Cherokee Uncuites and is of inestimable value to hl« tr Rogers, Conned (See Granl. '»"l- Duncan)—Connell. son o( Andre* It » ■ and Cherokee America (.Morem) H^tr's born September 1". l.SSo in Tf Married February \ isrs riof»n> born August 2'^. I84.S. She died 21. 1SS6. Thev were Ihe pif^ Gertrude Whitman, born fulv «l, 1 Ella Coffin Rogers, born March ' Mr. Rogers married June t'. I*'! ' Aurora daughter of Jeter Thomf Keziat (Moore) Cunningham. K>rn 17, |S7|. Fducit'd tn W-r.-'" demv. VInila and Female ^ are the parents of .Marion ^r 8, |S12; Lewis Byrne, bnrn ir.rr--. . . 650 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS 1895 served in France during tlie World War; Howard Cunningham, born December 31, 1S99 and Connell, born June 22, 1909. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers are members of the Presbyterian church. She belongs to the Eastern Star, American Legion Au.xilliary, Adelphian and Women's Democratic clubs. Her Cherokee name is Walleat. Reliable, agreeable and efficient Mr. Rog- ers has been the preference by his constitu- e?icy as Auditor of the Cherokee Nation in 1S79; Senator from. Illinois Dist. in 1885 and 1897; Secretary of the Cherokee National Board of Education 1898; Treasurer of Mus- kogee County 1907, 1913 and 1914. He is a planter and banker at Fort Gibson. Rogers, William P. A. (See Downing, Cor- dery and Oolootsa)—William Penn Adair, son of Clejnent Vann and Mary America (Scrimsher) Rogers was born at the Rogers homestead near Oolagah November 4, 1879. Educated at Kemper Military School, Boone- ville, Missouri. Married at Rogers, Arkan- sas November 25, 1908 Betty, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Blake. They are the par- ents of: William Vann, born October 20, 1911; Mary Amelia, born May 18, 1913 and James Blake Rogers, born July 25, 19 1 5. Mr. Rogers is a member of the Shrine and Elk fraternities. He is a member of two clubs, the Lambs and Friars. Commencing in the theatrical profession as an expert roper, while traveling in South Africa, he has had a remarkably successful career as a comedian, monologist and scenario artist. Rogers, Mrs. J. C. (See Grant and Cord- ery)—Sallie Martin, born January 30, 1869, educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married August 22, 1888 John Cicero Rogers, born September 9, 1861 in Washington County, Arkansas. They are the parents of Pearl Lottie, born July 18, 1889, Frank, born April 27, 1892; Hugh E. born June 5. 1894; Terry P., born J.iii'aiy 14. 1897. Ethel M , bor.i Aljrch 2',. 1S99; Eula Mav, born September 30, 1901 and Ruth Martin, born June 25, 1914. Samuel Martin married Catherine Hilde- biand and their son William A. Martin mar- ried Nannie Lucas nee Guinn. They were the parents of: John Brice, who married Lu- cinda Still; Sarah Jane, married Samuel Bry- ant; Almon born November 4, 1842. He was a member of Company .M, First Chero- kee Mounted Volunteers Confederate serv- ice under Captain O. H. P. Brewer. He married Sarah Jane Cordery. She died February 23, 1874. They were the parents of: Andrew Jack- son, married Anna Belle Morrow; Sallie, the subject of this sketch; Nannie, married Riley Barnett a)id Mary Ann Martin, married Wil- liam E. Curtis. Rogers, Lewis (See Grant, Ghigau, Dun- can and Halfbreed)—Lewis, the son of Nel- son and Rosa (West) Rogers, was born in Saline District Novxember 14, 1840. His first wife was Josephine Landrum, and the second was Helen Ross. Lewis and Helen Rogers were the parents of Rosa, who mar- ried Benjamin Avant; and of Lewis Rogers, Junior. Mr. Rogers is a wealthy retired business man and a member of the Methodist church. Rogers, Thomas (See Grant and Down- ing)—Thomas Lewis, son of Thomas Lewis and Najicy C. (Martin) Rogers, was born near Pawhuska, September 2, 1885. He was educated in that city. He married in 191 7 at Joplin, Missouri, Bessie Barrett- He is the father of Thomas Lewis, born July 28, 1911; and Nancy Rogers, born April 24, 19 14. Mr. Rogers is a member of the Christian church, and a merchant at Pawhuska. Rogers, Jasper (See Grant)—Jasper, the son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Carpenter) Rogers, was born January 13, l87l, in Sa- line District. He married November 4. 1900, Rosa Bell, daughter of David and ,\1ary Elleji (Chouteau) Fronkier, and she was born July 11, 1880, in the Osage Nation. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers are the parents of Cecilia M., Emmet Jasper, Maud, Flora Thadine. and Josephine Rogers. Mr. Rogers is in business at Pawhuska; and he and his wife are both members of the Osage Nation. Jean Pierre Chouteau, the ftiunder of the City of Saint Louis, Missouri, married Pele- gie Kiersereau, and they were the parents of Colonel August Pierre Chouteau who lived at Grand Saline on Grand River, and he was the father of Gesseau Chouteau, born in 1822. Gesseau Chouteau served four years in the Confederate Army, and was a brilliant interpreter and an eloquent orator. Gesseau and Mary Ann Chouteau were the parents of Mar\ Ellen Cli. Fronkier. Ross, Mrs. Lila HISTORY OF THE CHEKOKEH IM,lAN> ■Mr. Sanders i\ .,„c ,, uteau win iiiarric-a UiiviA J- (See Grant, Downinc «oss and Co„rad)-r3ema L. Jane, dau.hte; of Carter and Katie (Benge) Daniel, was -n, L.ecen,ber S, ,85 7. and educated in tl'<^ Female Seminary at Tahlequah. She marned December 23, ,S75 at Tahleqnah, ^^.Iham Wallace, son of Allen and Jennie (Fields) Ross, who was born July -1 ,s5i at Tahlequah. Mr. Ross ^yas educated in the Male Seminary at Tahlequah, and was a grandson of Chief John Ross. Mr. and Mrs. Ross were the parents of Allen C born Ju.ie 27, tSS2; and was educated at the Male Seminary; Elizabeth Vann born Apr. 11. 1S,SJ; Jane Stapler, born June 20, 1SS7, and Wallace Carter Ross, born October 2. i.S"-l. William Wallace Ross died October 11. i'M5. He had been Superintendent of the .Male Seminary and of the Orphan Asy- lum for terms of four years each. ■Mrs. Lila Ross' Cherokee name is Ki-na- lu-ga. Elizabeth Vann Ross married Carl E. Mills, and lives at Okmulgee. Mr. and Mrs. Mills were the parents of Arnetah Eliza- beth born June 25. I90S; Mary Alice, born Aug. 22, i'i,o and Wahleah Jane, born Jan. 12, I'M 5. Janie Stapler Ross married Wil- liam Dayid. the son of Rollin K. and Rachel (Landrum) Adair, and they are living at Drumright, Okla. Wallace Carter Ross was a member of the A. E. F. from .May 29, I'^M.S until June IS, 1Q19, having served on the clfensive at .Mejs-: Arg ini'r> and orh^r front lines. Sanders, Mrs. Benjamin (See England. Hil- debrand and Ghigau)—.Martha Jane, daugh- ter of James Franklin and Mary Jane (Eng- land) Williams was born in Cherokee Nation. Apr. 7, 1870. Educated in the Cherokee Na- tion. .Married at Vinita, Aug. 1SS7, Benjamin Franklin Sanders, born June 30, 1861 in Clay County, Te.xas. They are the parents of Martha Leona Sanders, born August IS. 1890. Educated in Female Seminary. Hardin College, Me.xico, Missouri and the Southern Seminary, Beuna Vista, Virginia, graduating from the latter institution. She married James H, Thigpin, a graduate of the Ala- bama State Agricultural College- They are now living at Fort Worth, Te.xas. where he is the Superintendent of Refrigerating De- partment of the Swift Packing Plant. He is a thirty second degree .Mason and Shriner. lul farnie t.v. Sorlorc. Mr.. John- I I'ink and .Sunk- Allen »jv more .March i. iss.s fducj; li>: schncl. .Married « >, • ■■ of .lohn and .Mar> V are the pirenis c.f: \' !•<. l'•0^ and .Mitmic ij.,, September -t. i<)or. Mr. and Mrs. SiTI'-re ir,- Christian Church and ire Clareniore. .Mr. Sorl..re « sion an engineer Is a nienii men of the World rrilernii Schrimther, ErnrtI V lootsa and Adair)—l■^n,•^• -lohn Gunter and lulielle " Schrimsher was born lul. Clareniore. Educated in ih lie schools and Male Seminar* Nowata in 1 902. Susie, dauKbtrr Mrs. Hugh Phillirs. Educated in the Cherokee pub and Female Seminary, (roni which ated June 27. IS05. Thev ire O of: Ma.xine and ( ileta. twins: t' '• Grace. Stephen ajid Virjinu .Mr. Schrimsher is a Mas- 1. postmaster of CollinsviHe dn: , bency of President Wilson Schuih, Mrs. Williani J. (v Eva Stella, daughter ''f Fra^ ■ Catherine (Felrick) Crait ary 7. I,S,S> and educated i ried at Welch March :S. • Son of .Mr. and Mrs. FranV They are the parents ■•( July 1, 1903: William Craic 6, 1910. Elzv Ivan, horn Ju Gyneth Wasne Schuih. *•»' .Mr. and .Mrs. Schuih are Christian Church IK- in supervisor. She is a Keb- the war. was President .>( 1 ley Red Cross Assccilllon 11 Scott, Richard J (See Th'-m; Sanders)— Richard I-hn. s..n ■■< <• Jennie (Thompson) Scoii. ^ Gibson .March 20. IS>:. r Cherokee Nallonal S,-^ Vian July 26, IS'". ^ ter of George WesI, beth (Sanders) Ch-.jle. b-r.i N..w,si*^: ::. 652 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS 1872. They are the parents of Caroline Early, born July 12, 1896; Susie J-. born August 3, 1899, Arthur Lee, born April 21, 1903; George Sanders, born December 20, 1906; Perry Owen, born .May 8, 1909, and Richard John Scott, Jr., born October 26, 19 15. ■Mr. Scott's Cherokee name is No,\ie, and he belongs to the Bird Clan. He is a farm- er near Sallisaw. He has the peculiar qual- ity of being able to acquire any ordinary piece of property and by living on it for a short time, transform it into the semblance of a park. He is a member of the Metho- dist Church, South; the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and Woodmen of the World fraternities. He organized the Eas- tern Emigrant and Western Cherokees, and is their attorney in fact in their suit for the removal of restrictions and other incum- brances upon the allotted lands of the tribe, and is still prosecuting this case. He is a teetotaler in regard to the non-use of intoxi- cants and tobacco. Scudder, Nellie V. (See Daniel)—Wil- liam Henry Harrison Scudder, born in Georgia iMarch 8, 1841. Served the con- federacy in Co. B, Cobb's Legion, Georgia Cavalry. He married Februaiy 16, 1869 Margaret Josephine Garmany born in For- sythe County, Georgia September 25. 1850. He died August 2, l^ll. They were the parents of Ida Josephine, deceased; Addie Elizabeth married Thomas .McKinney Price; Laura Kinney, married Dr. Oliver W- Farrar and James Jasper Gaskey; Mary Emma mar- ried David Clinton Hall and William Sher- man Moore; Gordon Hampton; Newton Gar- many; Margaret Lillian married J. W. Bish- op; Nellie Vinita; Annie Clark married C. Earl Woodward; William Henry Harrison; Julia Inez, married Henry J. Witz and Lewis Blackburn Scudder. Shoemake, Mrs. Nannie B. (See Grant and Foreman)—Nannie B., daughter of Joseph Martin and Susan Francis (Foreman) Lynch, was born at Webbers Falls, and in the Fe- male Seminary at Tahlequah, Oklahoma. She married Thomas H. Shoemake. Susan Francis, daughter of Johnson and Elizabeth B. (.Mann) Foreman, was born August 26, 1S47; married May 23, 1866 John Raymond, a native of Cuyahoga Coun- ty, Ohio. He died November 27, 1873. She married December 23, 1S74, Joseph Martin Lynch, born February 2, 1839. He was first lieutenant of Company "D", First Cherokee Mounted Rifles, under Captain James M. Bell and Colonel Stand Watie. He was af- terwards first lieutenant in Captain Clement Vann Roger's Company. He was elected Senator from Canadian District on August 6, 1877, and again on August l, 1887; and was elected Circuit Judge of the Southern Judi- cial Circuit of the Cherokee Nation August 6, 1SS3. And in 1SS9 he was elected to the Supreme Bench. He died January 14, 1890. He was the father of Mrs. Nannie B. Shoemake. Shanahan, Mrs. Jennie (See Ghigau. Eng- land and Hildebrand)—Genevieve, daughter of James Franklin and Mary Jane (England) Williams was born in Delaware District De- cember IS, 1868. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. She married February 17, 1885 Timothy Deneen, son of Patrick and Mai-garet (Deneen) Shanahan, horn April 21, 1863 in Minne- sota. Mr. Shanahan is a well to do farmer in Craig County, his post office being Vi- nita. He is a first cousin to Governor Den- een of Illinois. Mrs. Shanahan has one full brother, Jo- seph Lowrey Williams; one full sister, Mrs. Martha Jane Sanders. Mr. and Mrs. Shana- han have six living children: Margaret Chris- tine Johnson, born May 26, 1888; Jennie Josephine Couch, born May 16. 1896; Timo- thy Lloyd, born .March 2 7, 1902, Lenora Catherine, born September 1, 1907; Benja- min Tillman, born November 24, 19 lo and John Doran Shanahan, born October 21, 1912. Sharp, Mary Elizabeth (See Grant)— Mary Elizabeth Sharp, born at Chelsea April 2, 1892. Educated at Chelsea and Female Seminary. Calvin Coker, born July 16, 1S50. Mar- ried Elizabeth Bullett. She died May 14, 1891 and he married November 22, 1891 Mary Eliza Wimley nee Couch, born Janu- ary 30, 1861. Calvin and Elizabeth (Bul- lette) Coker were the parents of Nancy Ann Coker, born at Coody Bluff April 16, 1873, educated in that vicinity. She married Sep- tember 30, 1888 John M. Sharp, born Janu- ary 13, 1862 in Ellis County, Texas. She died January 26, I9l7. They were the par- ents of Mary Elizabeth, Burr Wilson and William Calvin Sharp. HISTORY OF THE CHlfHOKl:.; IN,„ans l^lizubetli Sharr Sreat granddaushter <,i J„lin Principal Chiet Skinner, Mrs Miss Mar\ ,.y,^sv^uy ^h.,,„ :. ,. i!' the i;reat Kiigers, last 'I the Western Cherokees. Heber (See Grant and and Gh,sa.)-Joh„ Brewer married Elizabeth Tavlor, and their son Ge„r,e Washington Brewer married Cherokee Katliff. and they were the parents of Nannie l:thel Brewer born lehrnary 20, 1859. She married Feb- ruary IS, 18S3. .John Martin, son of Joseph and Martha (Fields) Riley, born January 16, lSj,l. Mrs. Riley died April 22. 1909 They were the parents of Mattie Riley, born July 2 5, IS80, at Tahlequah and she was educated at the Female Seminary and Howard Payne College, of Fayette. Missouri, grad- uating from the latter institution. She mar- ried at Vinita March 11, 1902, Heber Skin- ner, and they are the parents of .Mary Paul- ine, born October 5. 1905; and Louis Farley Skinner born July 23. 1907. .Mary Pauline Skinner is attending Lenox Hall School in St. Louis, Missouri. Mr .and Mrs. Skinner are members of the Methodist church, and he is one of the most prominent of cattle men in northeastern Ok- hilionui. Sloan, James E. (See Ghigau)—.Jaines El- lis, son of Edward E. and Nacjmi (Cole) Sloan born January 7. 1894, educated in Delaware District and .Male Seminary. .Mar- ried at Claremore December 1, 1917 Gillie May, daughter of John .M. and Mary C. (Roper) Carroll, born .March 24, 1898 in Delaware District, educated at Big Cabin. They are the parents of: Percilla .May, horn August 25, 1918; Naomi Caroline, born March 1, 1920 and Dorris Louise, born June 12, 1921. Mr. Sloan enlisted in the world war September 3, 19iS and was mustered out .lanuary 7, 1919. Thomas Martin Roper married .Marcella Fernandes Townsend, their daughter. Mary Caroline Roper married John M. Carroll and they were the parents of Mrs. Gillie May Sloan. Sloan, Samuel J. (See Ghigau)—Samuel John, son of Edward Estei and Naomi Ann (Cole) Sloan, born .March 1, 1889, educated at Vinita. .Married at Vinita October 13, 1908 Ruth, daughter of Charles and Eliza- beth .McKissick. They are the parents of; Samuel Floyd, born .luly 3, 1909 and Char- les Herbert Sloan, born March 3, 1916. iMr. Sloan is an electrician, but is at present farming near Big Cabin. irrnlt ■>( Sji l^eb.Tjh Starr, mjrrlod Kjihirj •ind William ll«>ev Sl..j„ h, «ard Lsiel SL.in marriej Sj.,m. ^ and ihcy are the Sl...in. Smith, Mr. W F._|.uc,, i,u. Louis and lljrnell,( Thorpe) i . I'orn in J,,hMs.,n Coum,. Kin.», A . «S59. 'Married Febraury 2:, ,5' S"U of J. J. a„d |,n, 5^,,^ They are the parents c.r HtXUe I, July 23. i.S7r; Lucy f.. b..rn !>«<■ 1SS2; William L., burn JuU 8. !.<*■ E.. born December t. IS*!!. ii private in Co. K, Soih Inlinirv 1 l'>. I"IS In July 4, |.,|-) tJ!»v Camp Pike Julv o, lOn and Iij,,.i February 25. I9„|. ,\u. and Mrv farmers, near Adair. Smith, Mrt. R. A. (See Duncan Downing)—Nannie Vinita We»l. t- tember 20. t87i. was educated i- male Seminary. She married Jj lS9t. Henry Clay Cochran, born lict.ut'ti 12. 1 872. They were the parenn ..( s»lli» Pearl Cochran, born September ! ■ and Henry Clay i>a-hran. Ntm ^ 21. 1901; he married «n April ; Willie Louise Ross, born Januarv ; They are the parents of Keller Cochran, born August 16. toil. .Mr. and .Mrs. Henry C. Cochran mttt d> vorced and .Mrs. Cochran married ■ •• ' • cember 24. 1 904. P. A., son <>( Ji Rachel Smith, born .Mly JO, l^ Scotch County, Indiana. Thev are lh<- {ts ents of Luvenia N., Kirn .Mav 1'. !•>«'" Robert West, born April •. i"oq. j • Carlton Smith, born April l.t. l')!: Smith's Cherokee name l« Wai» member of the Baptist church f> A. >mii« was elected County Cummiitloner ••( Mj<<-i County on Noyember 5, l'>IS. and ■ "• vember 2. 1920. Charles Duncan, a Scnichman. ■ about IS74. Dorcas, a full b\u>^ ' ' woman of the Deer Clan. The r ■ married Elizabeth Abercronit- Tennessee. The Ahe^crom^^ the ancient nobility <•( Stirling Britain, where their C">unl> <■•- Ca<tle. and even as late a» I ■ owned l?.2'i> acres ■>( lanJ The head of the (amiN in ; Georce Abercromb\ r'hn i:.J [ : .-i." i ^ (.\bercrombv) Duncan »fre the pa'cc ' 654 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Mahala Duncan, born June 2 1, 1821; and married July IS. 1.S3S James Smith West, born May 24, 1S17 in Alabama. He died in 1865, and she died November 27, 1879. Their son, Walter Adair West, born April 29, 1841, married August 15, 1863 Sallie Elizabeth Wright, horn April 1, 1844. She died Tebruary 5, 1890. They were the par- ents of .Mrs. Nannie Vinita (West) Smith. Southerland, Arabella (See England)— David England married Susan A. Conner, and they were the parents of Arminda England, born November 25, 183 1. She married Wil- liam England, Isaac Scrimsher, and Elias Jenkins. She died Decembe)- 27, 1879. Her children by her first husband were as follows: Mary Arabella and Abram Meek. Arabella was born September 9, 1857 in Delaware District; educated in the Cherokee National schools; and married in March 1874 on Beatty's Prairie. Enoch S. Southerland Their children all died in infancy. Her sister, Sophronia, married Zan Main, Lewis Rogers, and Dr. J. A. Nolan. Her half sis- ter, Ida J. Jenkins, married John Wesley Harris and her half brother Henry, married Delilah Arms. Mrs. Southerland's father, Isaac Schrimsher, was first married to Ruth Fields. Mrs. Southerland is a member of the Pres- byterian Church. Her Cherokee name is Okewat. Sunday, Edward—Edward, son of William and Mary Sunday, was horn in 1856 and on account of the Civil war he was not able to attend school but being a Jiian of more than ordinary natural intelligence he has not onlv made a splendid citizen but has accum- ulated a comfortable competency. He mar- ried in 1872 Nancy, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Wilkerson. They were the parents of: Jennie, born September 5, 1875; William E.. Lulu, married John Asa Poison; Edwaid A., married Rebecca Bible. Edward Sunday's second wife was Margaret Sanders nee Garner and their daughter Ellen Sunday was born October 2, 1888 and married Charles P. Morgan. Not having had the opportunity of gaining an education himself, Mr. Sunday has given each of his children a splendid education; all being graduates. His son, William E., is one of the most sub- stantial business men in Rogers County. Edward Sunday was elected a member of the Cherokee National Council, August 1, 1887 and was later the first Mayor of Oolagah in which town he now resides. Stokes, Elizabeth Thatcher (See Foreman) Herschael Vetran, son of Jeremiah Young and Mary .Malinda (Walker) Stokes, born Sept. 21. 1882 educated in Cooweeescoo- wee District. Married at Muskogee June 28, 1909 Elizabeth, daughter of Joel T. and .Mary L. (Kitchum) Thatcher, born in Dela- ware District November 12, 1883 and edu- cated at Vinita. They are the parents of: Herschael Owen, born April 2, 1910 and Darwin Clark Stokes, horn September 13, 1911. Minerva Jane Tavlor married Robert Wes- ley Walker and they were the parents of Mary Malinda (Walker) Stokes. Robert Wesley Walker was elected Judge of Going Snake District March 24, 1879, appointed Attorney General of Cherokee Nation De- cember 20, 1892 and elected Chief Justice of Cherokee Nation in November 1893. Joel Mayes Thatcher, brother of Mrs. H. V. Stokes was a soldier in the world war. Starr, Mrs. Fannie (See Grant and Ghi- gau)—Ellis Bean, son of Thomas and Cath- erine (Reese) Starr, was born May 10, 1843. He served the Confederacy in Captain John Poruni Davis' company, and later in Captain Ephriam Martin Adair's companv. He mar- ried February 28, 1877, Fannie Griffin, born January 1, 1855. He died April 24, 1896. They were the parents of Thomas Bruce, horn September 15, 1885; Mary Bunch, born November 3, 1888; Eliza Cherokee, born December 15, 1S90, and Margaret Bird Starr, born February 5, 1895. Mr. Starr was at the time of his death, credited with being one of the wealthiest cattle men among the Cherokees. One of his odd habits was that if he met and stop- ped to talk with anyone for any length of time, he invariably got off his horse, often saying that the horse needed rest. Sixkiller, Samuel (See Grant, Foreman and Si.xkiller)—Gu-o-tsa Smith, a half breed Cherokee woman of the Paint Clan, married Sixkiller, a full blooded Cherokee. Their son. Red Bird Sixkiller, married Pamelia Whaley, a White woman, and they in turn were the parents of Samuel Sixkiller who married Fannie Foreman; and Lucas Sixkil- ler who married Emma Blythe. Samuel and Fannie (Foreman) Sixkiller were the parents of Samuel Rasmus Sixkil- HISTORY OH THH CHLKOKliL INhlANS ler. born Hehruary U, ,S7r. and uruduuted trnni Carlisle University in 1S95, Lucas and Emma (Blylhe) Sixkiller were the parents of Mattie B. Sixkiller. born De- cember 14, 1874, in Delaware District: and she married o„ June 26, ,.,,,. Samuel Si.x- killer. Absalom Blylhe married Marv J. MilUap and thev were the parents of Emma Blvthe who married Lucas Sixkiller. Thomas Foreman married Elizabeth Chick- en and thev were the parents of Fannie Foreman, who married Samuel Sixkiller. Fed Bird Sixkiller was a man of sterlinR personalitv; he was born in the old Chero- kee Nation. When he was about eleven vears old he attended a school some seven miles from his home and had to go over a point of Lookout Mountain to get to school. It was necessary for him to start bef.ne daylight to get to school before it opened. One morning he was .going over this point of Lookout Mountain when he heard a panther scream in a nearby thicket; no habitation w'as near and having heard that panthers would not come near fire, he gathered some pine knots and struck a fire with a piece of flint and steel, made a fire and stood around it until daylight when he deemed that he would be secure from the panther. He was a First Lieutenant, and generally commander of Troop L of the Third Indian Home Guard, in which his son Samuel was also a member. After the Civil War Red Bird Sixkiller became, on ■June 6. 18 72, Judge of Saline District and on the succeeding November was promoted to the Supreme Bench of the State. Samuel Sixkiller partook of many of the traits of his father, was pleasant, agreeable and fearless. He was elected High Sheriff of the Cherokee Nation in November 1875, and again in November 1877. After the expiration of this office he was chosen on account of his capability, Captain of the Indian Police for the Indian Territory, and served in this capacity until his death. Starr, Eldee (See Ghigau and Adair)— George Harlan Starr married Nannie Bell and they were the parents of Ezekial Fugene Starr who married Margaret, the daughter of Caleb and Lucinda (Griffin) Starr. Ezekial E. and Margaret Starr were the parents of Charles Lucien, Eldee, .Mary Bell. Joel Mayes. Caroline Lucinda. Trixie. and Ezekial HIake Slarr. Chirlr, Iu.kt, Amv liengc; .Mjr^ Itell sij,, Aloore Caniphcll. I..cl \\,<,c Caroline l"erKiis.,n; ind . ,. Starr married Um<\ I Slarr w.is educjlej In r and Ihe loresl I'jrk I .Missouri, gradiijlini; Ir She is a member <.f t... Church, and the taMrrn Slir Cherokee name is Sr-hah-\jh ' a clerk in Ihe i'ltiit <.( Ih« - for the Five Civiliifd Tribe work al Tahleguah The Starrs 1 ( i>klih..mi j from those of Chester Counu formerly of Oldcastle. Irelm.l earlier from England. The 1.. Irom Ihe Norman word Slirri, .hv^ hawk. George Harlan Slarr, Ihe ftiti. Miss Eldee. had a peculiar h/ corn crib thai stood in Ihe his farm, and giving general neighborhood thai thev mith; gratis, in case of necessilv: i-j »- crib became depleted he relilled il Ezekial Slarr. the father of '■' •• was elected Senator (rom }\ August, ISS.?: and elected Tr. . Cherokee Nation Decemher i>, l.\- made the Strip PavnienI o( over »e»< lion dollars lo the ("Cherokee Nj' of the proud heritages »( ih.- fact that no one ever accu'.oJ priating a dollar of Ihi- placed in his trust. Starr, Trixie (See Adj ' • Trixie. daughter of Ezekial Fu garet E- Slarr. was born al T. 24, 1S<'2; and was educated Oklahoma. Her Cherokee mr ■ Noxie. She is a member of ibc V,.-i church and the Eastern Star "fder a clerk in the office of ihe Commn of the Five Civilized Tribev Ezekial Eugene Slarr wa' •'- ■ George Harlan and Nanmr George Harlan Slarr. Ihe Gran.1' Trixie was the son of Kaleb a.'J : (Harlan) Slarr. Ezekial Eugene Slarr »i» It.. Cherokee Nation and Senal<r District, as will be shown in Ih. of this volume. 656 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Springston, John L. (See Foreman)— Anderson Sprint;ston was born October 13, 1S14, and married Sallie Elliott. He died March 15, 1866, and Mrs. Sallie Elliott died in December 1876. Their son John Leah Springston was horn October Ki, 184 4. he served in Company I, Third Indian Hojiie Guard during the Civil War. He married March 8, 1885 Alice Carey Springston nee Gray, who was born December 31, 1861 in Georgia. Their son William Boudinot Springston was born October 28, 1886 in Tahlequah; was educated in the National schools of the Cherokee Nation. He mar- ried at Fort Smith, Arkansas, December 2 5, 1915, Lula, daughter of R. M. and Mary Ida Osborn, and was born September 29, 1886, in Johnson County, Arkansas. Mr. and Mrs. William B. Springston have one son, William B. Junior, born October 15, 1918. Mr. Springston is a banker and a member of the Presbyterian church. He is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity. Render, Mrs. Doctor Alonzo C. (See Ward and Downing)—Jimmie Abercrombie, daughter of James Abercrombie and Lucy Ann (Clerk) Duncan, was born near Afton October 30, 18 79. She married in Kansas City October 22, I9i9, Dr. Alonzo C, son of Joshawa and Martha Forsythe Render, born August 8, 1876 in Louisville, Logans- port Co., Ky. He was educated in Louisville Ky. and is a graduate from Northwestern University, Chicago. Dr. and Mrs. Render are members of the South Methodist church, and he belongs to the .Masonic fraternity. Parlette, Mrs. Snowden (See Oolootsa)— James Columbus Morris married Ellen F. Mc- Elrath, and they were the parents of Mary Trimble Morris, born at Fort Gibson Octo- ber 5. 1882. and was educated at Tahle- quah and the Female Seminary. She married at Tahlequah May 15, 1898, Snowden, son of Franklin and Alice Parlette, born Jan. 29, 1880 in Wamego, Kansas. He was educated in Baker University and graduated from Har- vard University, They are the parents of John, born April 17, 19 u. and Snowden Parlette, born Jan 16, 19 iS. Mr. Parlette is in the wholesale book and stationery busi- ness in Oklahoma City. He is a thirty-sec- ond degree Mason and one of the most sub- stantial business men of Oklahoma City. Mrs. Parlette is a member of the Daughters of Revolution and Daughters of the Con- federacy. Ellen F. McElrath was born March 18, 1846 in Knoxville County, Tennessee. She married in 1865, Major James Columbus .Morris born July 13, 1843. Major Morris was an officer of the Confederacy in his native State. He died in 1895. Caldwell, B. M. (See Grant and L)uncan) — Benjamin Morris, son of John Johnson and Caroline Maria (Thompson) Caldwell, was born August 9, i889. Educated in the Cherokee Public schools, and married Cora Bell Smith. Caroline Maria Caldwell, nee Thompson, was born July 18, 1860. She married Janu- ary 12, 1879 John Johnson Caldwell, born February 27, 1849, in Pendleton County, Kentucky. She died February 2, 1894. They were the parents of Benjamin Morris Caldwell. Barbre, Mrs. Jesse A. (See Ghigau, Fore- man and Adair.)—Phueba Montana, daugh- ter of Thomas Lafayette and Josephine (Pace) Rider, was born December 28, 1885, and educated at the Female Seminarv. She married Jesse Albert Barbre, and they are the parents of William Albert Barbre. Mr. Barbre is one of the most prominent contrac- tors and insurance men of the State, his of- fice being at Muskogee. He was the cam- paign manager for Governor J. B. A. Rob- ertson and helped to pile up the largest ma- jority that had ever been secured for any Governor in the State of Oklahoma. Ackley, Mrs. Levi (See Grant and Ghigau) — Mary Jane, daughter of John Joshua and Minerva Elizabeth (Lillard) Patrick, was born March 12, 1868. Educated in the Chero- kee National school, and married January 20, 1887 Levi Ackley, born June 28, 1861, in Bruce County, Ontario, Canada. They are the parents of Oliver Frederick, Madge Elizabeth, Lee Etta, and Edna Almira Ackley. Mr. and Mrs. Ackley are residents of Mus- kogee. Barker, William Henry (See Ghigau)—El- vira, daughter of .Jesse and Sallie (Starr) Mayfield, married William Henry Barker; and they were the parents of Sallie Belle Barker who married Henry Forney Nichol- son. Mr. Barker was elected a member of Council from Canadian District in 1889, and was chosen by that body as their speaker. He was elected Circuit Judge of the South- ern Judicial Circuit of the Cherokee Nation in 1891, serving for a four-year term. He HISTORY OH THHCllHkOkLli INDIANS f.s; is at present . retired farmer at Musk„,ee. JT' f- ^''^' ''''"''''■ S»"ders, Adair and Gus:u1u,s«a)-i;dward Bruce. so„ of l„- seph McMinn and Delilah (Adair) Starr, was born April 2, ,S5(,. and married R.,chel Pauline Henrv. His death occurred on Mav lb, 1S82. They were the parents of- Ida Martha, born Octolvr 6, Noon, born .June lS7t; Archibald ,., ^ ^ 'S77. and Susan De- lilah Starr, born April 3, iSSo. The name, Noon, in Mr| Starr': Cherokee name middle name is from the 'noona", meanini; potatu He married in ,luly, 1897, Mary Pauline Ter- rell, born April 13, iSSO; and thev were the parents of: Thomas Andrew, Tonev Brvan. and Edward Bruce Starr. Mrs. Mary Pauline Terrell, born April 13, issO; and they were the parents of Thomas Andrew, Toney Bry- an, and Edward Bruce Starr. Mrs. .Mary Pauline Starr died, and Mr. Starr married Mar.uaret Leiia Coffee, and they were the parents of Henrv Lane, Samuel Boyd, and Eliza Pauline Starr. Mrs. Margaret LeIia Starr is now deceased, and Mr. Starr and his children live near Claremore where lliey con- duct a farm. Crittenden, Walter S. (See Ghigau, San- ders, Adair Adair. daughter of C,,,,,^, w«hi„,|.„ ,^ Cherokee (Hjill(l) ii,,,,,. n„„„j ,„^.^„j Fields Heniic. and the, «,„ ,hc r.„„,. . , Georgia Alma, lUcanor iixcc..:, ., l>ora. and Sem.ra Sjinml» Br Eleanor OsccU Kenfe. N.r tS.S'i. married ClevcUnil lluiiha;;. . near Adair. < )l,|aliMfni. Keyt, Dennit B. (Se; Graiil ■ ■ man. Adair and Rllev)—1),„ son of .lames .McDini*! inj (Ma\es) Keys, was h.rn lujs married Nannie Klhel. dauifht, tin and Nannie Elhel (Bremer) F October 15. l.S.S!. Thev »re Ibe f Gordon Lindsav Kev». Charlotte, dauithler of He«erend itWf and Eliza (Wilkerson) Bu<h»heid. mtttUi George Washincton .Ma>e4, and Ihe* ■ere the parents of Nincv .lane Ma»e» ado mir ried .lames .McOanlel Kevj. George Washington, son •■( Jcihn and Elizabeth (Taylor) Brewer, married Chrf- kee (Ratliff) and they were (he par,- Mrs. Nannie Ethel Riley. GuUger, F. W. (See OolooHa)—Minhj Lucretia. daughter of Martin Malhew and and Gosaduisga)—Walter Starr.Elizabeth Hunt (Gunler) Scrinnher. «at son of George Washington and Martha Jane (Starr) Crittenden, was born in May. 1868; educated in the Male Seminary. He married Rachel P. Vanii. nee Henry, daughter of Archibald and Polly (Sanders) Henry. Her first husband was Edward Bruce Starr, born April 2, 1850. and died April IS, 1S82. Mr. and Mrs. Crittenden are members of the Methodist church and are farmers near Claremore. Oklahoma. Cra!g, A. H. (See Ghigau and Conrad)— Nancy Jane, daughter of Daniel and Annie (Ballard) Ratliff. born Februarv 21, 1874, married September .i, lS')i Anion Hale Craig, born February l5, 1858 in Jackson County, Tennessee. They are the parents of Ada Starr, born August l5. 1893; Anion Hale, born June 6, 1896; Clifford Cravens. born August 2, 1898, and Warren Reed Craig, born October 22. 1S99. Evans, Marie (See Grant)—Susan Ola. daughter of William H. and Hannah (Davis) Corn, was born Julv 24. 1S76. and married William E. Evans. They were the parents of Marie, born August 5, 1894. and Leander Kevs Evans, born April 6. 1897. Dunham, Mrs. Elleanor O. (See Grant. Ghigau. Foreman and Conrad)—iMartha born December ■'. I.S4;. Ediiciled in the Cherokee Nation, and married Januart }'. 1869, Frederick William Guiater. N.rn March 14. 1844 In Wajhintlon. Dalrui ••« Columbia. They are the pir""' "' *ill>am Alartin. Chriitian. .Marv Eiiiahetb, MfOf» Gunter. and John [)elani:> Gulacer. .Mary Elizabeth GulaRer wa» horn April I*. iSSO and graduated from Ihe Female Semi nary May 23. 1"00. Gaines, Dr. J. H. (See Ghljau and 'v P^-- sa)—Cynthia, daughter "f Thoma* Jfllen--" and Jennie (Tavlor) Pack, married I>»^ <•! Harmon and thev were Ihe parenli •■! tc^u Henrietta. Jennie. Laura. Elluhelh. M.i, bra. Beniamin Franklin, and Ler»a M.-Jnti Harmon. Lena .Modesia Marnvn wa» N>rn <»<l'*«r 23, 1885. and married Pr. John Harrn Gaines, born April 2''. ISTo In Wathi-f - County. Arkansas. He (raduaird If r" "" Alemphis Hospital .Medical i"<'lle<e m i and is at present practicinc mediiT -^f »' Warner. Oklahoma. The* are •'^' '■ of Daniel Beniamin. horn S 19 10: Helen Elizabeth, h-rn - l>M2 and I'orolhv Galne*. h--'" Af... ;• 19 K). 658 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS Dr. Gaines was Court Clerk of Muskogee County from 1917 to 1919. Duncan, John E. (See Grant, Downing, Ghigau and Duncan)—John Ellis, son of Reverend Walter Adair and Martha (Wilson) Duncan, was born March 26, 1S61; educat- ed in the Cherokee Nation and married Janu- ary 1, 1890, Susan Elizabeth, daughter of James and Catherine (Emory) Carselowry, burn July 30, 1873. They are the parents of: Ellis Crowell, Robert Stewart, Kathleen Nana, Albert Carselowry, Walter Abercrom- bie, Johnnie May, and Charles D. Duncan. Mr. Duncan was elected Clerk of Tahle- quah District in 1893 and was the last elect- ed High Sheriff of the Cherokee Nation. Cunningham, A. B. (See Grant, Ghigau, Oolootsa, Adair and Duncan)—Andrew Bell, son of Jeter Thompson and Keziah Camille (Moore) Cunningham, was elected Sheriff of Tahlequah District in 1897, and upon the death of Chief William C. Rogers, he was appointed by the Interior Department as Chief of the Cherokee Nation. Jeter Thompson, son of Andrew Brown and Mariah (Lynch) Cunningham, was born December 1, 1843. He was First Lieutenant of Company A, First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers, under Captain Hugh Tinnin and Colonel Stand Watie. He married on June 13, 1866, Keziah Camille, daughter of Elijah and Jamima (Landrum) Moore, born Feb- ruary 12, 1849. He was elected Councilor from Delaware District August 2, 1869, and August 4, 1873; elected Clerk of the same District August 2, 1875. He moved to Tahlequah where he was for several years E.xecutive Secretary to the Chief. Croom, Elmer C. (See Grant and Ooloot- sa)—Lorella Coleman, born March 14, 1858, married September 17, 1874 Joseph Thomas Smith, born December 10, 1S46 were the parents of Jessie Morton Smith, born June 22. 1S75. She married Decem- [•■er 27. iS94. Isaac Newton Croom, born August 12. 1867 in Madison County, Ten- nessee. They were the parents of Joseph Newton, .Marvin Earl, William Lee, Ebner Clement, and Lula Irene Croom. The Crooms are residents of Muskogee. Cowan, Alex, Jr. (See Grant)—Ale.xander Clingan, son of Andrew Finis and Elizabeth Jeanette (Clingan) Sowan, was born October 7, 1861, and married December 30, 1S86, Lillie Bone Crawford, born April 24, 1871 in Ellis County, Texas. They were the par- ents of Stella Cherry, Terry Crawford, Louie Ale.xa, Georgia Hardy, Ale.xander Finie, and Andrew Jasper Cowan. Martha Jane, daughter of William and (Fields) Blythe, married Alexander Adam Clingan, and they were the parents of Eliza- beth Jeanette Clingan who married Andrew Finis Cowan. Martin, Frank G. (See Oolootsa and Ross) — Frank Garland, son of William Hercules and Jennie (Lowrey) Martin, was born in Tahlequah District on August 9, 1884. Jennie, daughter of Henry and Mary (Par- ris) Lowrey, married August 6, 1875 John Hubbard, born May 24, 1849. He died March 11, 1880. She married on Septem- ber 9, 1883. William Hercules Martin, born March 9, 185 5. By her first marriage she had two children, Joanna and Mary Hub- bard; and by the second marriage her chil- dren were, consecutively: Frank Garland, Eugene Warren, William Henry, Susie Low- rey, Teresa Josephine, Ellen Cordelia, .len- nie, and Sequoyah Raymond Martin. Horn Mrs. Eliza (See Grant and Foreman) — Eliza Jane, daughter of Johnson and Eliza- beth (Foreman) Proctor, was born April 8, 1851, and married March 18, 1878 William H. Horn, born December 24, 1854. He died March 6, 1897. They were the parents of Dora May, Mary Elizabeth, Margaret, Charles Thomas, and George Hoolie Horn. Mrs. Horn owns and conducts a farm near Big Cabin, Oklahoma. Rider, Thomas L. (See Ghigau, Foreman and Adair)—Thomas Lafayette, son of Charles Austin Augustus and Mary Ann (Bigby) Rider, was born April 12, 1856; and married September 29, 1878 Josephine Pace, born March 22 ,1861, in Cherokee County, Georgia. They are the parents of Ola, Mary Angeline, Ruth Belle, Phoeba Montana, Mittie Earl, Roscoe Conklin, Mil- ton Clark, Iva Josephine, Cherokee Augusta, and Anna Monetta Rider. Mary Ann, daughter of Thomas Wilson and Margaret Catherine (Adair) Bigby, was born November 6, 1834, married Charles Austin Augustus Rider, born November 28, 1830. She died in 1861; and he died De- cember 24, 1901. They were the parents of Thomas Lafayette Rider. .Mr. Rider was elected Representative from Adair County in the first, second ,and fourth Legislatures; and was elected Senator from HISTORY OH TllH CllliKC )Ki;t-; INDIANS the 2Stli District f,,r tlic seventh and ei>;hth Legislatures. Richards, R. D. (See Grant)— Marv daughter of Jolm W. and Ellen (Thonipsun) Wilson, was bnr„ January 2. 185 7, and mar- ried July 1, 1S7 5 Willis T.iylor Richards, born June 6. 184 7 in Lauderdale Countv', Mississippi- He served in Company B, 4Cth Texas Infantry in the Confederate Service. He was elected a member of Council from Tahlequah District in l')o.i. They are the parents of Roderick Dhu Richards, born July 5, 1884, and graduated from the Male Semi- nary June 10, 1903. He married Grace Roper Wallace who t,'raduated from the Fe- male Seminary on June '3, 1903. Rogers, Mrs. Bertha (See Oolootsa, RoSS and Gosaduissa)—Lewis Ross, son of Flor- ian Haraden and Fannie (Vann) Nash, was born April 15, 1864, married May 15, 1890 Emma Beck, born January 21, 1871. She died May 5, 1896. They were the parents of Fairy Fawn and Edgar Ross Nash. Mr. Nash married November 24, 1897 Bertha McSpadden, born January 16, 1877, and they were the parents of Dorothy .Margaret and Clarence E. Nash. .Mr. Nash died and Mrs. Nash married Hugh Morgan Rogers, born Sept. 16. 1S64. Thev were the par- ents of one child and Mr. Rogers is now de- ceased. Mrs. Rogers is a resident of Fort Gibson, Oklahoma. Scott, Mrs. Walter (See Grant and Ross) — Nannie Ratliff born December 29, 1856, nianied Thomas Fox French, and they were the parents of Bernice .Martha French who married James .Milner Howard: .Margaret French who married Charles .McDonald, and Nannie French who married Lewis G. Girtley Sleeper. Thomas Fox French died and .Mrs. French married Rufus Wyatt .McCracken and they were the parents of Walter Scott McCracken. Mr. and Mrs. McCracken were divorced and she married Walter Scott. .Mr. and Mrs. Scott are well-to-do farmers near Fort Gibson, Oklahoma. HJckey, Thomas P. (See Grant and Ghi- gau)—Lucinda. daughter of .lohn and .Mar- garet (Bean) Gotf. was born August 12, 185 4. Married Thomas Preston, son of Henry H. and Rachel Jane (Fields) Hickey. born September iS, 1S5 3. They were the parents of Nannie Belle, Hdna EarL George Henry, Nellie Mvrtle, Rachel Cherokee. Wil- liam Bevelly, .John W.alter. Richard Carter, and Mary Lucinda Hickey. He.d, W. F. (Srr Wird) daughter ..| K,,i,ert Andrew ; (Ward) l|..sev, wa< b..rn S,t' married WalUr Fi.rd Ueti •, experienced lin.ilvpe i.p^rii Muskogee. Harnagc, C. D. (So. ders and Gnsjdui^cj)- of George and Njnnu- i .,, married Jennie, djuclilrr ..( and Elizabeth P. (Helds) Van the parents of Richird Vjr. Dana Harnage. Hankt, Mfi, Mary E. (See lontsa)— Robert TaNl.T. v..n lor and .Margaret Ann Wi .1 Hanks, was born January "), 18«0 |l ried December 22, t,S')i) Mirv II.-: daughter of Robert and lennit (A ■ . Wafford, born September 7. \S(,*. , ,< were the parents of Ruberli 1- ■ " .Mr. Hanks was appointed for the Southern Circuit '•! Nation. ,May J. IS78, and was position on August 5. succe. : elected a member of Council Ir. ni i i.t i- District in 1870 and l.SSI: and mat *lfcl<d Clerk of the Council in l.s.ss Sanders, Lewis J. (See Sa' ' D., son of Andrew Sandert, Jane Gafford and .Martha Ann lla.^.^ ::i.-.^c- D. and Nancy Jane Sanders were Ihf rir*nl» of Lewis Johnson Sanders, b - 12. 1872. and married Marcli Ellen Parson, born April 5'' were the parents of Thomas ' lotte .Mable, William F., and ' Pecic, A. D. (See F..r. Barnes, bom November 2'. ' Jenkins Whiteside .Maxficld. . .- 1S61. and he died in I-S77. Thev > parents of .Mary .Maifield. Jvirn Sr; 1. 1856, and married October I : James .M. Milner. b'-rn Urcembcr It • ' in Greencastle, Indiana. The'. ents of William Jenkin.s. Flor John Gage. Josephine Elmin .Milner died, and .Mrs. .Vllner mjr March 4. lS'>i Adolpha r>. IVcl. b 25. 1863 in Muhaska •"..unlv !'••; are the parents o( Charles fserr January 25. IS'"., and les»r Hu Peck, born lune 2v I' 'I Roreain H- N.iK. (See . >..!ootu)— l»«y .Morgan, daughter >.( Andre* Le«tJ m4 CheP'kee America (Morjan) Ko<er». »t 660 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS born June 6, 1857 and married November 11, 1874, Floreain Haraden Nash, born No- vember 28, 183 7 in New Orleans, Louisiana. She died December 28, 1890. Mr. Nash was Grand Master of the In- dian Territory Grand Lodge A. F. A- .M. in 1885, 86 and 87. Mr. and Mrs. Nash were the parents of Fannie Elizabeth, Floreain Haraden, Frank Ayer, Lucy Morgan, Corinne, Hilda, and Edwin Otto Nash. Mayes, W. L. (See Downing, Oolootsa, .Adair and Ghigoneli)—William Lucullus, son of Samuel Houston and .Martha Elizabeth (Vann) Mayes, was born February 6, 1874; educated in the .Male Seminary. He married January 8, 1901, Mary Llewellyn, daughter of Gideon and Mary Llewellyn (Payne) Morgan, born June 23, 1877 and graduated from the Female Seminary June 28, 1894. They are the parents of Martha Llewellyn Mayes, born August 24, 1902. Mr. Mayes is prominently identified with real estate and oil activities in Muskogee, Oklahoma. Morgan, Lelia (See Oolootsa)—Gideon Morgan, born April 3, 185 1, married June 25, 1874, Mary Llewellyn Payne, born Oct. 1, 185 5 in Sebastian County, Arkansas. Mr. Morgan was elected Senator from Tahlequah District August 5, 1901; and was elected a member of the State Legislature from Mayes County in the fourth and seventh Legisla- tures. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan were the par- ents of Houston Mayo, Mary Llewellyn, Martha Lelia, Margaret Elizabeth, Amanda Payne, Sallie Mayo, and Nellie Payne Mor- gan. Miller, William W. (Se- Grant and Half- breed)—Joseph Gambold, son of Avery Vann and Nannie (Ward) Miller, was born July 16, 1828. Married March 1, 1850, Jennie, daughter of James and Matilda (Benge) Buffington, born February 10, 183 3. He was a member of Company E, First Cherokee Mounted Rifles, under Cap- tain Joseph F. Thompson. Mr. Miller died February 26, 1897. They were the parents of William Walter Miller, born July 20, 1853. He married March 16, 1884 Mary Francis Bishop, born April 7, 1863 in De- cater County, Indiana; and they were the parents of Charles William. Henry .Mayes. Joseph Gambold, David Andrew, Matilda Ann, and lohn Buffington Miller. Tyner, Mrs- George M. (See Sanders)— Nancy, daughter of George O. Saunders and Jennie Tail married Jefferson Tyner and their son George Marion Tyner was born April 10, 1883. Graduated from Male Semi- nary May 29, 1907. Married at Vinita June 16, 1916 Ethel, daughter of John Pleasant and Martha J. Marshall, born March 5. 1889 in Te.xas. They are the parents of George Marion Tyner, Jr. born August 24, 1917. Mr. and Mrs. Tyner are members of the Methodist Church. They taught school several years before their marriage. Shimoon, Dr. George (See Oolootsa)— Gertrude Whitman, daughter of Connell and Florence (Nash) Rogers, was born July ll, 1879. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary, graduating from the latter on June 24, 1897. Marm- ried at Fort Gibson March 24, 1908, Dr. George Shimoon, D. D. S., born Dec. 18, 1878, in Burmia, Persia- Educated in Mis- sionary College and Kno.x College, Gilesbeu- ry, Illinois and graduated from Indiana Den- tal College. They are the parents of Miriam Shimoon, born August 14, 1912. Mrs. Gertrude W. Shimoon died April 11, 1906. Alberly, Mr.'.. Charlotte (See Grant and Downing)—Churlntte Ann, daughter of El- lis B. and Charlotte (Eaton) Towers, was born September 30, 1854. She married January 1, 1872, Jacob U., son of John D- and Jennie (Dougherty) Alberty, who was born March 20, 1854. Mr. Alberty died October 27. 1906. They were the parents of John Henry, born February 20, 1874; Nancy Jane, born March 17, 1876, and died August 25, 1893; Joshua Homer, born April 24, 1878; Flora Etta born April 4, 1885; William Towers, born November 25, 1887; Arthur Burr, born January 19, 1891. Joshua Homer Alberty married Eva Henry, and he died August 28, 1907. They were the parents of Gladys .May Alberty, born No- vember 20, 1905. Mrs. Eva Alberty lives in Colorado. Mrs. Charlotte A. Alberty's Cherokee name is Ah-ni-wake, and she is a member of the Presbyterian church. One daughter, Lola Beatrice Alberty born April 18, 1882, died Oct. 24, 1883. John Henry Alberty died July 13, 1914. Joshua Homer died Aug. 28. 1907. Brown, Mrs. W. L. (See Downing)— Leona Deen, daughter of Clement and Rebec- ca Caroline (Bryan) Hayden, was born Au- gust 18, 1886, at Chouteau. She was edu- cated in her native village and Stephens Col- lege, Columbia, Mo. She married at Chou- teau b •March 5, 1905 Wifford C. Brown HISTORY OF THE ClIb-ROKlih 1M„ans William L ^/.l vv.urauBr,.vn and Sarah Francis Brown born July „ KS83, in Anderson County. Kv He was educated in his native countV and Danville. l„d.. and graduated iron, Vadt College Waddy, Ky. They are the parenl^:^'; Elo, e Carohne, born Feb. S, 1906, Charles Hayden. born Aug 5, 1907 and William L. Jr. bnrn Sept. ,. ,909,. Mr. Brown is a business man i„ Oklahoma Citv and thev are members of the Methodist church. Clement Hayden, born March 20, iS46 in Benton County, Arkansas. Married March 7, 1869, Rebecca Caroline Bryan, born Jan. 30, 1850. She died July 9, I9i7. Thev were the parents of Mrs. Leona D. Brown. Clement Hayden died May 2nd. 1917. Gilliland, Mrs. Homer F. (See Turner) Anna Laura, daughter of William and Annie Laurie Turner, was born October 14, 1890. She graduated from the Female Seminary May 2 7. 1909; and married Jan. 18, 1918, Homer F. Gilliland. born Jan. 12, 1SS5, in Johnson County, Ark. He was educated in Ft. Smith Public Schools and University of Arkansas. Mr. Gilliland is a banker in Ft. Gibson, Okla. William Hendricks, born August 2 5, 1795 in North Carolina. Married in September 1816 Susannah, born in 1798. He died January 21. 1868 and she died January 25. 1S6S. They were the parents of Hendricks, born May 24. 1819. Married George Peach- eater and Felix Riley and they were (he par- ents of Mrs. Susan R. Gourd. Rhomer, Mrs. May (See Grant and Ooloot- sa)—May, the daughter of Calvin Jones and Emma Walker (.McCoy) Hanks, was born at Webbers Falls July 19, 1872; was educated at Webbers Falls and the Female Seminary. She married April 15, 1888, Frank Rhomer, born Jan. 6, 1863 in New Orleans, La. They are the parents of Emma Nora, born Feb- ruary 2, 1889; .May Frances, born November 17, 1891; Margaret Bell, born April 2, 189-1; and Fannie Charlotte Rhomer, born March 20, 1S96. The Rhomers are farmers near Webbers Falls. Margaret Belle Rhomer married Robert Preston Vann. Jr. of Webbers Falls. Mr. Vann was killed in action Sept. 12. 191 8 in France. His body was sent back home to his wife Margaret Belle and w.is buried by her in the National Cemetery at Ft. Gibson. Aug. 10. 1921. Russ. childre ^'lnces Rhumer mjf,„a . h, Krjndiun ,.( Andfc» «,... "e Chirle» Kh-mrr f . at Webber.s Fall,, «,u|,h Mj, Webber.s Falls Fcbfuar* 5 , "elle H.,ss K.rn a. *>hh,„ ,,, They now live In Sapulpa. < -Ua Calvin Jonts. v,n ,,f K..h<Ti -, Margaret Ann Ward (.M.„ca born February 8. |8J6. and 11. l8oi Emma Walker .Mv born April j. i,s<| ||, ^^ Captain John S. Vann's 0. : Captain Samuel Gunler» c Confederate arm>. He »at e or from Canadian Dijirict A . and Senator (rem the same i 6. 1SS7. He died May 1. is: Mrs- Emma Hanki. nee February S, Doo. TheN », of .Mrs. May Kh.muT Shaw, Mn. W«ller W.— \ljr>. J,,, of John and Nellie (Conkle) Bulleii,- .i bcrn at Claremore October 24. is.^'. ^•■., tt-as educated in Lexinclon. .Minouri HartiU Female ColleRe and Linden*. -k1 Semmaf.. St. Louis. .Missouri, gradualinit (r..m Ihr lit- ter institution. She married In ro.« il Claremore. Waller W.. son or i:barl(i mj Ida (White) Shaw, born November j\. ■<«.> in Owego. New Vork. Thev are the p" ents of Walter W., Jr. born April I*. I "■". and '.Martha Helen Shaw. b<irn Aucutl 190S. Mr. and Mrs. Shaw are r•.■v^ ■■ r the Presbyterian church. H.- He was elected Counlv Judc County, November 5. fll an.! • interested in the Excbance T- of Tulsa. John Bullette. the father •>( .^tri ^o,, was elected a member of the Chrr-'kef *• i tional Council on Februar> :.*. i»"». >it elected Clerk of Co<i»eeSv"i«'»ff I iv.' August 1. 1S.S1, and Solicitor .,( thr u-r District on August 5. l«05. Captain While Fv<$. Head V, >■ the Delawares and personal Uu Washington was an alU of ihr the revolutionarv war Me mj» 'V- •; - of Nee-what-wes, who matrted Abke,>f lung-un-a-qua and their dauch'" ' ^ married William Connor oj S diana. and thev in turn were t Eliza Connor who married rer.i-i.-. George Bullette, a renowned and islrrr J 662 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS trader whose operations exteiiiled ;is far west as the Rocky Mountains. In the first decade of the eighteenth century he estab- lished and was chief of Delawaretown on Spavinaw Creel;, from which Delaware Coun- ty, Oklahoma, derived its name. Chief Bul- lette commanded the Delawares at the battle of Claremore Mound in 18 IS. John, the son of George and Eliza (Connor) Bullette, was the father of John and George Bullette, the latter and surviving brother is the pres- ent Chief of the Delawares. Adair, Oscar F. (See Adair, Ghigau and Foreman)-—Oscar Fitzaland, son of John Thompson and Penelope (Mayfield) Adair, was born March S, 1848. Married February 3, 1875 Mary Catherine, daughter of Augus- tus and Mary Ann (Bigby) Rider, born April 20, 1859. They were the parents of Mary Louvenia; Wenona; William Penn; Sarah Ruth; John Lafayette; Rose Ada; and Wal- thal Corrigan Adair. John Adair, a Scotchman, married Ga- hoka's full-blood Cherokee of the Deer Clan- Theit son, Walter, commonly called "Black Watt" Adair, was born December 11, 1783, and married May 15, 1804 Rachel Thompson, born December 24, 1776. He died January 20, 1835; and she died April 22, 1876. Their son John Thompson Adair was born December 22, 1812, and married January 30, 1S40, Penelope Mayfield, born May 12, 1S24. He died December 23, l'89l. They were the parents of Oscar Fitzaland, who was elected Judge of Sequoyah Dis- trict in 1885 and 1887; and Commissioner of Sequoyah County in 1907. Trout, George W- (See Ward and Ghigau) — George Washington, son of Samuel and Louisa (Ward) Trout was born in Georgia, September 15, 1847. He served the Con- federacy during the Civil War under Cap- and Joseph Franklin Thompscon. He is at present (1921) one, of not over twenty sur- vivors, of the Confederate Cherokee Bri- gade of over three thousand veterans. He married in December 1868 Mary Eaton, born in 184 7. They were the parents of: Sallie Emma, born May 4, 18 70, married William Baker; Elizabeth, born December 1872; mar- ried Charles S. McComb; Logan John, born April S. 1876; and James Morton, born April 21, 1883. Mrs. Mary Trout died April 25, 1883. He married July 29, 1884, Martha Ann, daughter of Richard Taylor and Sarah Elizabeth (Day) Parks, born March 26, 1885 in Bradley County, Tennes- see. They are the parents of: Henry Ward, born July 29, 1886 Isaac Day, born Feb- ruary 16, 1888; Georgia Ann, born Decem- ber 24, 1890, and Creed B. Trout, born September 27, 1892; he enlisted in the World War at Vinita, September 22, I9l7; was assigned to Battery A, 319th Field Ar- tillery, 82nd Division. Was in the actions of Tou! Sector, August 16 to 28; St. Mihiel, September 12 to 16; Meuse-Argonne, Sep- tember 26 to November 11, 19 18; Army of Occupation to May 12, 1919. Was dis- charged at Camp Pike, Arkansas, May 24, 1919. He is entitled to wear a gold service chevron. Henry Ward Trout married Stella Lauch- ner and they were the parents of Leta B. Trout. Mr. Trout's second wife was Eva Ketchum, and they are the parents of Lu- cile and Argyle Woodrow Trout. George W. Trout is an Odd Fellow and Mason, and has been for many years a mer- chant at Big Cabin. Pierce, Mrs. James M. (See Cordery)— Nancy Jane, daughter of Albert and Louisa (Cordery) Anderson, was born January 1, 1882; and married August 23, 1896, James Madison Pierce, born December 13, 1877, in Hall County, Georgia. They were the parents of Gertrude, born June 3, 1897; Mark, born November 7, 1898; James Clay- ton, born February 7, 1902 and Earl B. Pierce, born February 8, 1905. Mr. Pierce is one of the wealthiest cot- ton farmers of the Muskogee-Fort Gibson section, owning and operating hundreds of acres nf valuable land, and several cotton gins. Abbott, Mrs. John H. (See Ward and Foreman)—Martha Alice, daughter of John Wesley and Mary Elvira (Ward) Holland, was horn January 28, 1S62; married at Stil- well June 21, 1884; Robert Early, born Feb- ruary 16, 1858, in Gilmer County, Georgia. He died August 27, 1906. They were the parents of Dora, born March 16, 1886; John William, born June 22, 188 7 .Mary Ange- line, born February 1, 1889; Martha Lou, born September 17, 1893, and died Novem- ber 7, 1911; Robert Ross, born October 14, 1895; Ida Belle, born February 3, 1898, and died September 23, 1920; Alollie Elmira, HISTORY OH THE ClIEKOKblf INDIANS bor„ Octobe,. 3,, ,,oo. a„a ...vie l^^.v. corn INdveniher 3, iQ().( ■' Ida Belle Early ',„„ned Herbert Line and t^ey had two children: John Weslev, born ^;,;' "^'^-"''^i-ti'^. Line, born vy; Mrs, Martha Alice Early married ,I„hn H. Abbott, born ,n 184 7 in Florida. His fir.t w.te was Ellen Isabel, daughter of Robert Early and Minerva Jane (Tavlor) Walker ''■^rn ,„ isor, and died in 1 898. John h' and LJIen Isabel Abbott were the parents of tthel Louisa, born October 5, 1875- Eu- Kene Michael, born November 25, is/"- John Wesley, born September 28,' 1879; Caroline Minerva, born December 23'. iSSoJ Senora Julia, born November 20, 1882; Fan- nie Edith, born February 15, 1885;' .M.ie Lillian, born September 20, 1887; Butler La- fayette, born July 24, 18S9; Willi,im Ghorm- lev. born October 20. 1893. and Jennie El- len Abbott, born November 13. 189,. Woodall, Leander (See Woodall)—Lean- der, son of James Tuck and Elizabeth (Per- due) Woodall. was born in Delaware District February S. IS 76. educated at Ketchum. Married in Arkansas, February 22, 1906 Jessie, daughter of John L. and Malinda Berry. Mr. Woodall is a farmer near Ketch- nm. he is a member of the A. H. T. A. which means that he is a supporter of s;ood citi- zenship. Peebles, Mrs. James L. (See Grant and Fore- man)—Nannie, daughter of Spencer and Margaret (Proctor) Shelton was educated in Tahlequah District and Female Seminary. Married at Tahlequah. James L., son of Mr. and Mrs- Peebles. They are the parejits of: Joseph Lawrence. James Shelton. Charlotte May, Edgar Vann. Vera E., Robert, Virginia and Spencer Peeb- les. Mr. Peebles is farmer near Tahlequah, is a member of the Woodmen of the World. He was elected County Commissioner of Cherokee County September 17, 1907. Margaret, daughter of Johnson and Eliza- beth (Foreman) Proctor was born .May 1. 18-16 and married Spencer Shelton. She died April 14. 1S85. Cochran, Mrs- Ned A. (See Grant)— Wil- lie Penn Adair Martin, born at Greenbriar. August 1. 1879, educated locally and at Fe- male Seminary- Married at Pryor, July 2-4, 1905 Ned Adair, son of Richard and -Mary Cochran, born August 20. ISSO. educated at "Tlun As>lum Th---. ,,.,.. ■\Lirv VirRinia. b..rn Ad.iir. K.rn Januji, I'orn Febiiury is, 1 l^orn March 4, vt longs III ihc |.e»-r ^ name is Colunj. Joseph Lvnch Vj August 20. IS20. Marfic.i Jennie llarlin. b..rn April s qiiah. He died Nowmber were the parenii ..f ,Mr» S .; L«H«y, Margaret RiumU -loseph Martin, ion i.( ),.hv (Martin) La May. was b..rn ■. at Boggy Depot in the rh . married November In. i«- -Missouri. Annie Pusv IS04. at Wishaw, Sc parents o( Margaret '. . , July 26. IS'IO. at Claremor,- cated in the Claremore p„V; . College, Springfield. ' Baldwin Seminary. .St La Hay is a member .1 church and is at present a c: Agency at .Muskogee. -Joseph -Martin La May. ih :Margarct, was a man of •; pleasing personalitN. ,> He held at ditlerenl fices in both the Mj- . , ., .. Pythias fralernilles. He i»as Olrrk anj Sent tor ot Cooweescoowee I)|slrivi William.. Sarah B. (See < daughter '<i William and ^ Burgess, was born near I- December |9. i,s57. Fducat.,: kee Public Schools. Her fis: John McPherson and her second • whfim she married In !S9} »jt son of Edward Williams. .Mr and '■' Mams are the parents t>{ Wlltjf i: Annie Gladvs Williami. .John, son I'f William and M»r< Burgess married -Mary Smith i- J t' the parents of William Burtf Susan Vance. Cox, J. D- (See t)uncan)— son of Zeno and Kebecca born August 7, ISS». .1 Cherokee national Vinita September 27, : ter of William and .Ml are the parents ■•(-■ C 664 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS 1<'M4; Cora, Ixirn June 1-4, 19 15; James Duncan, born June 17, 1917 and Lucile Cijx, bom March 3, 19 19. Mr. Cox is a farmer. Sanders, Sequoyah (See Grant. Downing, Ghigau and Sanders)—Sequoyah, the son of Thomas Didymus and Joanna (Pettit) San- ders, was born at Braggs in 188S. He was educated in the public schools of the Chero- kee Nation; married at Independence, Kan- sas Cora Wyatt. They are the parents of Coaone and Georgia Sanders. Mr. and Mrs. Sanders are members of the Nazarene Church. Wahyah, brother of Mr. Sanders, married Willie Hawkins; and his brother Joseph Em- met Sanders married Jennie Riley. The lat- ter couple are the parents of Thomas Didy- mus, Anna May and Emeline Sanders. Frank Pettit married Mary Beck and they were the parents of Mrs. Joanna (Pettit) Sanders- Chandler, Va'nn S. (See Ward)—Vann S., son of Burgess Gaithor and Annie Eliza (Gunter) Chandler, born August 20, 1882, educated at William Halsell College, Vinita. Married at Vinita, June 1. 1912, Maude A. daughter of L. A. and Annie E. Williams. They are the parents of: Lawrence Stuart, born April 20, 1913; Wilma Gawdin, born July 25, 1915 and Burgess Chandler, born February 12, 1920. Mr. Chandler who is a younger brother of Hon. Thomas A. Chandler. Congressman from the First Dis- trict of Oklalioma. is a dealer in hay, grain and farm machinery. Sanders, Mrs- Dollie (See Foreman and Go-oo-du-i-sga)—Dollie, daughter of Charles and Mary Ellen (Thornton) Cochran, born August 23, 1877. Married at Tahlequah in 1897, S. L. Sanders. They are the parents of: Murrell, Charles, Haskell, and Ross Saunders. Mary Ellen, daughter of Amos and Minerva (Foreman) Thornton was born February 14, 1857. Married June 15, 1876 Charles Cochran, born in 1845. He died March 16, 1889 and she died February 16, 1899. Thjy were the parents of Mrs. Dollie Saun- ders. Coats, Mrs. Susie D. (See Grant and Hilde- brand)—Susie Dora, daughter of James and Emily (Harlin) Sunday was born in Coo- weescoowee District September 12, 1876, educated in Female Seminary. Married Sep- tember 11, 1893 James, son of James Mc- Kenzie and Annie C. (Spears) Coats, born April 1, 1866. They are the parents of Jennie Bessie, born January 25, 1894 James McKeiizie, born September 20, 1896 Elmer Earl, born September t, 1901; Capi- tola Wyly, born February 15, 1903; Lulu May, born January 20, 1906 Eugene, born October 15, 1908; Belva Lockwood, born June 8, 1910 and David Coats, born March 3, 1912. Mr. Coats died December l5, 1915. Mrs. Coats manages a farm near Pryor. Miss Jennie Bessie Coats was elect- ed Court Clerk of Mayes County November 5, 1918 and November 2, 1920. James McKenzie was educated in Pryor and Agri- cultural College at Stillwater. Capitola Wyly is a member of the 1922 High School class at Pryor. Lucinda, daughter of Samuel and Cather- ine (Hildebrand) Martin married Joseph Spears and they were the parents of Annie C. Spears wife of James McKenzie Coats. Alberty, Arthur (See Downing and Grant) — Arthur Burr, son of Jacob U. and Annie Charlotte (Towers) Alberty was born Janu- ary 19, 189 4. Sallie Wright married Moses Alberty and their son John D. Alberty married Jennie Buffington. They were the parents of Ja- cob U. Alberty, who was the father of Ar- thur Burr Alberty. Wilson, Mrs. DeWitt (See Grant, Down- ing, Adair, Daniel and Wilson)—DeWitt Clinton, son of Anderson Springston and Nancy Catherine (Daniel) Wilson was born January 7, 1859. Educated in the Chero- kee National schools. Married June 25, 1885 Mary Ellen, daughter of Dr. Walter Thompson and Mary Buffington (Adair) Adair, born November 1, 1864. She gradu- ated from the Cherokee National Female Seminary June 29, 1881 and Kirkwood 1883. They are the parents of: Lelia Stapler, born September 26, 1889, and Clinton Wilson, born January 5, 1893. Lelia Stapler Wilson, who is an accomplished musician, is the wife of Leon L. Leslie. Nannie Catherine Daniel, born January 12, 1S35, married December 23, 1858 Anderson Springston Wilson, born in 1830. They were the parents of DeWitt Clinton Wilson. Anderson Springston Wilson died December 26, 1865. Mrs. Nannie Catherine Wilson married December 14, 1872 Henry Clay Barnes. She died December 10, 1889. HISTORY OF THE CHEROKlili INDIANS Joseph Martin, horn ne.ir Charlottevillc. Virginia in 1740. married Susannah Fields nee Enmry, and they were the parents of John Martin, who married Nannie McDaii- iel. Martha, ciniinionly called "Patsy" the eldest daughter of John and Nellie Martin, married George Washington, son of Walter, called "Black Watt" and Kachel Thompson Adair. Dr. Walter Thompson Adair, son of Walter and Rachel Adair, married .Mary Buffington, daughter of Walter Scott, com- monly called "Red Watt" and Nannie (Har- ris) Adair and they were the parents of .Mrs. DeWitt Clinton Wilson. Garden, William T. (See Hildebrand)— Barbara Hildehrand born in Tennessee .!anu- ary 13, 1S2S. .Married Robert Woodard from whom she was divorced and then mar- ried William Longknife. Both her husbands were Cherokees. William and Barbara Long- knife who had been living on Honey Creek in Delaware District joined the California argonauts in 1850. The caravan in which they embarked consisted of about seventy- five persons, one-third of whom were Chero- kees, among whom were: O. H. P. and George W. Brewer, James S. Vann. Martin Matthew Scrimsher, John Hildebrand, John Wolf, John W. Candy, Buffalo, Richard R. Keys, Thomas Fox Taylor, Return Jonathan Meigs, Mr. and Mrs. Longknife. They start- ed from the mouth of Verdigris, going northwest over the old California trail until they intercepted the Evans route which e.x- tended westward from Westport. They traveled six months before reaching their destination. R. J. Meigs who was a son-in- law of Chief John Ross died near Salt Lake, Utah on August 6, lS5o. Mary Jane, the eldest daughter of William and Barbara Longknife was born while enroute on Sep- tember l.S, 1S50. She is now living in Honolulu. The second daughter. Anna Diane Longknife was born in California June -,3 iSSQ She was educated in and gradu- ated from the Sacred Heart Convent ni Honolulu, Hawaii, in 1S7 5. Married m Honolulu June 24, lS,S4 John Joseph Car- den He died September iS, l')l'- They ,vere the parents of: William Thomas born L.ch 3, fsSS; John Joseph, boni February OS 1S')0; Edward Walter, born October -1. Ks'o- and Mae Mary Anna Garden, born De- cember V\ IS-^S. William Thomas Garden gr'a ed from the University of Cah orma with the B. L. degree and from Harvard as a L. L. B., and \\ jii allornr>. \» ta4 II Brewer HUIg., IImmoIuIu, IU»J" "■ ried March ;<, I'Md Florfnir sidy; their daughter, Florciu'r ■• was bcirn .March i;, I'nr I Garden graduated from Ihc ' California with the 11. S dejr John Hiipkiiis l'nivcr*ll> McJ nient. He is 1 Giptiin In th* \' of the United Slites Army irnl it »ljii .J at Carlisle Barracks. Peiinivlvmij r.l-n.l Walter Garden graduated Ir'^m i' of California. .Married Aujv Hazel Hunt Vinton iiid Ihfir da.., bars Vinton Garden wjj b"rn Mirch J*. l')21. Mae .Mary Anna Cirdo" ri.l i>"f.1 with the A. B. degree U"m '■ living with her mother in lion Barbara (Hildebrand) Longkrii.-- ■ was named Diane Graves instead ol Su»»nn»h Graves, as given in the llildeb'inJ (»mil< Tyner, A»ron (See Garter)—limf* fi<l4i, son of Lewis and Sallie (HirrlO T»n*e. married Quatie Charley and thev mttt lb» parents of Delilah, born June '. !«»'. Aaron, born December 22. t.SS'., Iimrt. born .March 26. I.SS8; Ralph. 1""" Ffbfui" 1'). iSOl and Minnie (:hri^linf T^ner Aaron Tyner was educated in the Male ■•<•"■ nary. He married Susie Fleldv He < 1 member of the Independent Order ••< • MJ Fellows fraternity and is a »ub»lanlial (armet near Sperry. Lewis Tyner was born in I-"': Maff.#J Sallie, daughter of Moses and M*f< (t i-C ley) Parris. b"rn in ISSJ. Sh< died 15, 1868 and he died Ocl..b*r >•■ Thev were the parents o( James Tvner. M.rkh.n,. B. H. (See Ohitau. Ann, daughter of lames Walker 1 Cordelia Skinner, was b-.rn April ' Married at Glarksville. Arkansas. I 23, I'loo Baird Mackelt Mjfkhir March 28. 1887. in Decalur. Ten are the parents o( lewell Mane * gust 17. I 'Ml and Ralrd HackfH Winston Baird and Ada Mackelt v born April 12. fl". >" «'''' educated in the Denls-n lli. the Texas Christian l!ni»ef graduating tr>-m b.-lh Me the Markham Motor r.^mri ,-\,s- Mr. and Mrs Markha; - M the Presbvterlan church He is ...,....»i 666 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS with the Elks, Odd Fellows, Woodmen and Knights of Pythias. Is a member of the Ki- wanee. Golf, Automobile, Lakeside Country, Add Centarian, National Guard, National Highway. Oklahoina City Chamber of Com- merce. Clubs. He has been President of tlie Oklahoma Automobile Dealers Association, President uf the National Guard Club and Colonel I'f the Oklahoma National Guards by virtue of which he was acting Adjutant Gen- eral of Oklahoma. Lucy Cordelia, daughter of Judge George Washington and Louisa (Spriggs) Parks, was born June 12, 1852. Married Sep- tember 26, 1S76 James Walker Skinner, burn June 15, 1S44 in Kentucky. He was Captain of Company A, 2nd Kentucky Caval- ry under Colonel Basil Duke. Mrs. Skinner died July 2'). 1896 and he died July 11, r.i2l. They were the parents of: Rosa Louisa, Willie, Thomas Fo.x, Morgan Desha, Galooga Theresa, Bettie Ann and .Mary Ann Skinner. Rosa Louisa Skinner married Elizur B. Neville. Willie Skinner married Silas M. Meeks. Galooga Theresa Skinner married Seth Reed. Bettie Ann Skinner married B. H. Markhani and lives in Okla- homa City. Archer, Mrs. Thoma's B. (See England)— Anna Bell daughter of Abram and Alta Beril- la (Schrimsher) Meeks v.'as born near Vinita November 20, iS7S. Educated in Worces- ter Academv. Married April 22, 189 7 Thomas B. Archer son of Thomas and Fan- nie Archer, born Aug. 29, 1873 in Vernon County, Navada, Mo. They are the parents of Irra, born July 10. 1898; Otto B., born Julv 9, 1900, Fannie B., born February 13, 1902; Thomas B., born November 15, 1903; Abram born November 4, 1905 and Morrill Archer, born March 22, 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Archer are members of the Baptist Church. He is a produce merchant at Vi- nita. Ina, Otto B. and Fannie B. Archer are graduates from Vinita High School. Inia married at Vinita January 17, 1920 Harold E. Boggs. Otto Archer married at Vinita July 19, 1921 Gertrude Braden. Owen, Mrs. Thomas H. (See Grant)— Louise Scott, daughter of James Orval and Mary E. (Davis) Hall, was born near Vinita. August 23, 1877. She was educated at Vinita and Harrell Institute, and is a gradu- ate from the latter institution. She married November 2, 1898, Luman Franklin Parker, born August 23, 1872, in Phelps County, Missouri. He died Aug. 14, 1912. Mrs. Parker married Thos. H. Owen March 12, 1916. They are residents of Oklahoma City. Eaton, Mrs. Rachel Caroline (See Ward) — Nannie Elizabeth Williams was born April S, 185 1. .Married May 17. 1868 George Washington Eaton. He had served the con- federacy in Company B, Morgan's Battalion, Te.xas cavalry under Captain Boggs and Lieutenant Charles Morgan. Mrs. Eaton died September 21, 1896. Mr. and Mrs. Eaton were the parents of: Rachel Caroline, James Calvin, Martha Paul- ine' and John Merrit Eaton. Rachel Caroline Eaton graduated from the Female Seminary in 1888 and from several other institutions of higher education and is the possessor of the degree of Mistress of Arts. She mar- ried James Ale.xander Burns, from whom she was divorced. She was the author of the scholarly "John Ross and the Cherokee In- dians". She was elected Superintendent of Public Instruction of Rogers County in 1920. James Calvin Eaton is a prosperous farmer near Oolagah. Martha Pauline Eaton graduated from the Female Seminary in 189 7 and married James Morning York who was elected Assessor of Rogers County in 1918. John Merrit Eaton graduated from the Male Seminary in 1899. Payne, Marble Lewis—Marble Lewis, Son of William and Nancy Payne was born in 1850 in North Carolina. He married at Tahlequah in 1904 Mahala Wilson. They were the parents of Emma, Lula, Charles and William Payne. Mr. Payne's children by his second marriage are Frank, Albert and Mary Payne. Mr. Payne is one of the progressive farm- ers of the Tahlequah vicinity, is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and has been a member of the local school board several times. His Cherokee name is Lu-ie-us-te-na and he belongs to the Wolf Clan. William Payne, the son, is a Spanish- American war veteran. Carter, Charles D. (See Carter and Riley) — Charles D., son of Captain Benjamin Wis- ner and Serena J. (Guy) Carter, was born August 6, 1868. Married December 29, 1891 Ada Gertrude Wilson. She died Janu- ary 19, 1901. They were the parents of: HISTORY OF THE CIlliROKHH INDIANS Estella LeFlore, Lena Cecil, Julia Josephine and Benjamin Wisner Carter. AU. Carter's second wife was .Mrs. Cecil .Junes, nee Whit- tington. ^ Nathaniel Carter, a Virginian, came to the Cherokee Nation and married a Cherokee. Their son David was born in 1802. He married in 1829 Jennie, dau.trhter of Richard and Diana (Campbell) Riley, born in 1S07. He was clerk of the Council in 1S39. Rleci- ed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court ill 1 84 2; he resigned that post and was elected Superintendent of Schools in 1813. Elected Editor of the Cherokee Advocate in 1849 and Chief Justice of the Cherokee Na- tion in 1851, also a member of the board of directors of the Cherokee Seminaries in the same year. Elected a member of the Chero- kee Senate (Committee) from Tahlequah District August 6, 1855. Elected Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1857. He died February 1. lSu7 and .Mrs Carter died .March 1, 1867. Benjamin Wisner. son of David and Jennie (Riley) Carter was born January 5, 183 7. Graduated from the Male Seminary in Oc- tober 185 6. He married Nannie Elliott and thev had one son, John Elliott Carter. Mrs. Carter died and when the civil w-ar began he joined Brewer's company and later raised and was elected captain of a company. He married in 1865 Serena Josephine Guy, a member of one of the most distinguished Chick.isaw families. After the civil war he maJe his home in the Chickasaw Nation where he was honored with practically every office e.xcept Chief, which could only be held by a native Chickasaw. Charles D. Carter, son of Benjamin Wisner and Serena Josephine Carter has been a rep- resentative in Congress from Oklahoma since statehood- Gatlin, Mrs. Emma Nora (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Emma Nora, daughter of Frank and Mav (Hanks) Rhomer was born Feb- ruirv 2, 1889 and educated at Webbers Falls and Female Seminary. She married August t. l'^>07 Samuel Bell .Ma.xey, son of James and Matilda (Yearby) Gatlin. born .May 26, 1887. Thev are the parents of: Frank Rhomer, born August 19, 1908: Helen Charlotta, born January 23. 1910; John Mc- Cov, born September 20. 1911 and died in infancy: Calvin James, born Julv 16. 1913: Virginia Mav, born June 13, I9l5: the twins. ■Muiiie and Allenc. h..rn Mi- Allene died in inline* jtij . Gatlin, born Nu>emher 2... .Mrs. Gatlin are re>iiienli n| . -lames, son o| ii„,„ mj Gatlin married .Malilda Vcjr the parents of Samuel Bell Calvin Jones lUnks mjrr er. daughter of John L..»r (Ratliff) McCoy and the* of Mrs. May Rhomir. McEachen. -Mrs. Emma Br-i Hanks and Calvin Jones Hi . Adair, Mri. Luther H. ( ■ Adair)—Lillie .M, Jmichler (Fisher) Waldrop »as h..f Dec 8. 1S65. Married Nov. ■ Martin, son of Captain fcph Sallie (Starr) Adair, born April 30. l.Sj'i. Me died I They were the parents o( ^ .lune 3. 1SS5; William l.ulh 1887; .Mary, born Am;. >, '. cinda. born December I I. 1 ■ Nov. 4. 1804; Ci'llie Hessu 18)7; Emmet .Marshall b.ir Nona Bertha, bfirn Sept. I7. born Feb. 23. l''o4 and Adair, born Jan. 31. I'JO.S attended the Female Semir was educated in Male Sen nine months in the servicu- V. ar. Mrs. Adjir is a memb of God. HefHefingcr, Mr>. Elita C — Eliza, dauiihler ••( le>*.- Cochran was born in the in 1853. At the tim^ that school the Civil War »ilh volence broke over the I'hc: it is only due to her njii\<- is now widely known (-ir h. ■ gence and information S'^ 1S72 Greenville \'ice UeUW. one of the most proRreitlvf U- communily and aiwai* kept abreast with the period. Thci parents of .Niseph and Finnif .Mrs. Hefflefinger U a me^l^*r ■ b\terian church Adair, Uri (Sec Git i^ George. M. Adair m >■ and their sop Menrv ' August 10. 1^ Caroline Buncb 668 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS was elected sheriff of Illinois District Au- gust 5, 1S95. He died. They were the par- ents of: Araminta. born May 10, ISS5; George, lH)rn May 24, 1S87; John Bell, born June 12, 1S9-I; Catherine, born August 9, 1897; Levi, born June 9, 1900 and Zola B. Adair, born June 10, 1905. John Adair, a Scotchman married in 1789 Ga-ho-ka, a full blood Cherokee of the Deer Clan. Their son Samuel Adair married Mary Hughes. He was elected sheriff of Flint District in 185 7 and 1859. Elected judge of the same District 1867, 1873, and 1877. He died February 17, 1879. His wife had died in 1874. They were the par- ents of George M. Adair who married Cath- erine Fields. (See sketch of his brother, George Adair) Ogden, Mrs. D. T. (See Ward and Adair) — Jessie Curtis Abney, born July 24, 1900 in Afton Delaware District; educated at Af- ton and took a business course at Coffeyville Kansas; graduate of the Afton High School. Married Sept. 14, I9l9 at Independence, Kansas, D. T. Ogden, son of W. A. and Julia Ogden. Mr. Ogden is assistant cashier of the First National Bank of Afton. .lohn Adair, a Scotchman, married Ga- hoga, a full blood Cherokee of the Deer Clan. Their son Samuel married Edith Pounds; they were the parents of: Rachael Pounds Adair, who married Rev. James Jen- kins Trott, a Methodist minister. Rev. and Mrs. Trott were the parents of: James Cic- ero Trott, who was generally known by his Indian name of Osceola, born April 6, 1839 in Woodbury, Tennessee, married March 1, 1886 Madora Stover, born Jan. 25, 1852 in Delaware District. She is the daughter of John Henry Stover, died March 31, 1865. James C. and Medora Trott are the par- ents of: Birdie Adair, born Nov. 25, 1871; educated in Vinita public schools and Wor- cester Academy, from which she graduated; she taught school several years and married Sept. 6, 1895 Robert A. Abney, born Aug. 15, 1869 in Saline county, Illinois. Until his death he was in the mercantile business at Afton; he died July 16, 1906 and Mrs. Birdie A. Abney died Sept. 3, 1919; Eugene Homer and Willie A. Trott. Jennings, Landrum Crittenden (See Grant. Foreman and Conrad)—Caroline, daughter of John and Nellie (Martin) Agnew, married Anderson Landrum Crittenden Jennings, and they were the parents of Landrum Critten- den Jennings, born in 1876; he was educat- ed in Worcester Academy and the Male Semi- nary, being a graduate frojii the latter in- stitution. He married in 1899 Jananna, daughter of James Franklin and Ruth Ellen (Martin) Benge, born in 1880. She was educated in Vinita. They are the parents of Clara May Jennings, born June 2 1, 1900, at Chelsea. She graduated from the Mus- kogee Central High School in 1919, .ind is at present a stenographer in the office of the Superintendent of the Five Civilized Tribes. Miss Jennings, as well as her par- ents, brothers and sisters, are members of the Methodist Church. Susan Henrietta, daughter of James and Delilah (Fields) Foreman, married Anderson Benge, and they were the parents of James Franklin Benge who married Ruth Ellen Mar- tin. Arning, Mrs. Susan E. (See Ghigau) Susan Ellen, daughter of James and Amanda Walker (Martin) was born June 17, 1876. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. Married January 13, 1894, William Ulyssus Hill, born October 22, 1866 in Douglas County, Kansas. They were the parents of Harrietta Ruth Hill, born October 8, 1897. Mrs. Hill secured a divorce and married on January 13, 1906, Mr. Arning. They are the parents of Floyd horn August 22, 1912 and Ancel Arning, born September 29, 1914. ,Mr. and Mrs. Arning are farmers and are members of the Holiness Church. Woodward, John S.—John S. Woodward, son of Jackson and Lizzie (Smith) Wood- ward, was born in Oklahoma in 1861; mar- ried in Oklahoma in 1875, Mary Fondren. They have one son, David 22 years old, who spent two years in France in the World War, where he was wounded and also gassed. John S. Woodward is a member of the Wolf Clan, a member of the Methodist church and a farmer near Tahlequah. Whiteaker, Grace E.—Grace Elizabeth Barks, daughter of Edward and Victoria (Fields) Barks was born January 17, 1900 at Vinita, and educated in the Cherokee schools; she married at Vinita, May 25, 19 1 7 Robert Whiteaker, son of William and Dorothy Whiteaker. Mrs. Whiteaker has one sister and one brother living. The sis- ter Hazel Willie married Floyd Edward HISTORY OF THE CHEKOKHI-: IM.ians Sii'ith and is living i„ Roswell. N Al li:ive three ehikiren 1 d TlUM evina, Nanetta and Ne- -.: lier brother is .Miles Alathew Barks Wnght, Jesr,e E._Son of John R. and 'i-'ri"tte C. (Whitmire) Wright was horn 1S71 in Going Snake District; ried in June 1892 in Adai Jan. __. niar- conntv .Marv F daiiRhter ,,f Walter and Sallv West. They ■n^ the parents of Willie Cornelia, born April 3. 1S98, and Sally born July 30, lyo."!. Mr. Wrisht was educated in the Cherokee schools, and spent two years at the Male Seminary. He is a farmer, successful and takes part in all movements for public wel- fare Wormington, Mrr. Minerva (See Koss) Minerva, dau.i;hter of Isaac Ale.xander and Susannah Coody (Ross) Wilson was born at Tahlequah on Tuesday June 1, 1886. Edu- cated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. She married in 19H at Tulsa, Frederick Wormington and they are the parents of Lorine Wormington. age si.x. Mrs. Wormington's tuher was a gentleman of more than ordinary intelligence and her mother was a member of the distinguished Ross family. Williams, Sarah Burgess—Daughter of Williajii and Susan (Vance) Burgess was born at Pryor Creek, in 185 7. married in the Indian Nation in 1893, William Williams, son of Elwood Williams. They are the parents of: Willie J. 26 years, and Annie Gladys age twenty two years. Mr. and .Mrs. Williams are members of the Baptist church, and he is a member of the W. 0. W. Washam, Mrs. Rufus O.—Gertrude .M.. daughter of A. J. and Caroline (Tidwell) Gibbs, was born Dec. 9, 1898; educated in the Oklahoma Public schools: married Feb- ruary 19, 19 14 at Pryor Rufus 0. Washam, son of John T. and Alice Washam. Thev are the parents of: Mabel Evaline born .May IS, 1915; Walsie Lorene, born Dec. 11, 1918. Mr. and .Mrs. Washam are engaged in farming. Boone, William Cecil (See Oolootsa)— Cecil William, the son of Alexander and Ora Cherokee (Nicholson) Boone, was born on Spencer Creek September 6, 1900; was edu- cated in the public schools of the State. He is a member of Latter Day Saints Church. and belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Ora Cherokee, daughter of Richard Lee •ind llidipher (IXulcrt) Ni, "n >'reiicfr Cr.-ck, l„K „ i >--i-mbcr :i. LS'i:. Alojr.J, • born March 2>. i.s-;. M.xficld. St.phrn C— v;i,rhr. ■^"» "i lenki:-,.. Aii!!.-^!,. i .1 ; ings) Maxluld. «jj j caled iii the public Nation, lie nurriod j. • . Ada, (he daughter ..( J.,4c, ' •ire the parents ,<{ Crtce, . meda, and Woodrow Mijii. ■ Mr and .Mrs MiUifId ir Methodist i-.hurch. lie m ,■ Independent order o( i ijd Knights of Pvlhijs Eddingi, Americua—Am^ricus lasper and Gertrude (K..»») Ka • born in tS60 in Arkinjji. Ed. .Mountain Home. Arkinjij, Mjrr ter County, Arkansjs. .Mir». di Mr. and .Mrs. Charles .Meumcr Th parents of Charles. Liwrenv.- v • ed twelve months In the '■■■ Jasper Eddings. .Mr. jnd '■ low the general CheroLe,. ing. Ware, Mrs. David A.— Sj . iv, Rogers was born in the Saline Innri, 1848; married in IS6'>. t>itid A She is the mother of Bertbi t^tt- .Martha horn in 187 7 and Thomj Thomas L. Rogers was the firil fu.: Osages. .Mrs. Ware is a memh.- Christian church and l ccatclrt^ worker. Webb. Maude Ella (See CoritI Forrest Wehh, h<jrn Aufusl H. Gwinnett Countv. Georria. mafn^ ' 21, 1SS2 Elizabeth farkcr. di Parker Collins and Flijaheth (L>r and they were the pafenls ••( Mi.. Wehh. horn May 2 5. JSOo .MiM \ was educated at the F*malf S^tnt"!* is at present cashier in a dru( »to' - homa City. Smith, Mr*. Jaip«r E. C Catherine Ann. daushscr and Sarah Eli/ahelh (Ha^ born in r)ela*are District 18S<I. educated in Iht ith Schools Married at VInlta. i I<i08. Jasper E. um of rharlfs »- ' Smith. Thev are the partnK ••« '* *• ■ ferin, horn Dcloher IS, «'>o'> f>-« 670 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS born September 20, I9ll; Pauline Ruth, born August 'K l'^M4; and Betty Iniogene Smith, born July l5, 1920. Mr. Smith is a farmer and dealer in cattle and hogs near Ketchum. Thomas Cordery married Susannah a full blood Cherokee of the Savannah Clan. Their son, Early, married Charlotte Berry- hill and they were the parents of Nancy Angeline Cordrey who married Joseph Col- lins, a white man and they were the parents of John Parker Collins, born March 17, 1855, married November 4, ISSS, Sarah Elizabeth Beck nee Davis, born in Kansas March 10, 1867. Tucker, Levi—Levi, Son of William Tuck- er, was married at Tahlequah in 1894 to Annie McKay, daughter of Alfred and Lu- cinda (Ketcher) McKay. They are the par- ents of: William, Ollie, Susie, Sallie, Eliza. Madison, Levi, and Mary Tucker. Mr. and Mrs. Tucker were educated in Tahlequah District and are representative citizens of Cherokee County- Walkabout, Joseph—Joseph, son of Jen- nie (Hendricks) Walkabout was born near Tahlequah in ISSo and educated in that city. He married in Tahlequah in 1904 Mary Cord- ery, and they are the parents of: Jennie, Eliza and Josephine Walkabout. Mr. Walk- about is a splendid representative citizen, and has been Deputy Sheriff of Cherokee County. Gritts, Ned—One of the prominent men of Northeastern Oklahoma is Ned, the son of John B. and Charlotte (Allen) Gritts, who was born in 1877 near Stilwell. He married Nannie Chooie, and they were the parents of Genevieve, born August 23, 1899; Nicho- las bcnn February 10, 190.3, and Nancy born in 1905. Mrs. Nannie Gritts died and Mr. Gritts married at Fort Worth, Texas in 1907, Miss Leah, the daughter of Wallace Haney. Mr. Gritts was educated at the Male Semi- nary and Presbyterian Mission, graduating from the latter institution. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and Independent Order of Odd Fellows fraternities. He was chief of police of Tahlequah from 1917 to 1919, and was deputy Marshall of Eastern Oklahoma from 1913 to 1919. He is a member of the Wolf Clan. 19'':i. He is a member of the Wolf Clan. Gish, Mrs. E. W. (See Oolootsa, Cordery, Adair and Gosaduisga)—Martin R. Brown, born February 27, 1858 at Fort Gibson, married May 9, 1888 Nannie C. McNair, born in 1866. They were the parents of Catherine Brown born in 1891 at Tahlequah, married in Oklahoma City in 1915, Emmett W. Gish. They are the parents of Dorothy Louise Gish, age five years. Mr. Gish is a mer- chant in Oklahoma City. Mr and Mrs. Gish are members of the Presbyterian church. Martin R. Brown, commonly called by his Cherokee name Tuxie, was a very prominent citizen of the Cherokee Nation. Elected clerk of the Illinois District in 1881; elected a member of the Board of Education of the Cherokee Nation in November 1886, and Superintendent of the Male Seminary in 1894. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are now de- ceased. Swift, Frank T. (See Carter and Sanders) — Martha, daughter of LeRoy and Mary (Sanders) Tyner, married Frank Boyd Swift and they were the parents of Frank Tyner Switf, Benjamin W. Swift, and James French Swift. Frank Tyner Swift was born March 5, 1867. Educated in Kansas; married Decem- ber 3 0, 1890 Nellie Butler, born February 2 7, 1871, in Bourbon County, Kansas. They were the parents of Chrystal, born Decem- ber 25, 1891; Frank Butler born June 20, 1894; and Mable Swift born July 6, 1896. Frank Boyd Swift was a Captain in the Federal Army in Kansas, and was a pioneer newspaper man in that State. Frank Tyner Swift is the principal dealer in coal and ice in Muskogee. Trotl, Mrs. James Campbell (See Ward and Adair)—James Campbell Trott, born Apr. 6, at Woodburt, Tenn., educated there, married March 1, 1868 Madora Stover, born Jan. 2 5, 1852 on Beattie's Prairie, Delaware District- They are the parents of Birdie Adair, born Nov- 25, 1869; Eugene Homer, born March l8, 1873 and Willie Trott, born September 29, 1881. James Trott's Chero- kee name is Osceola. He is retired from business and he and his wife are members of the Christian church. Armstrong, Mrs. A. W. (See Cordery and McNair)—Mary Elizabeth, daughter of David McNair and Mary J. (Strickland) Rogers born July 9, 1870. Married August 3, 1896- Alex- andder Watson, son of J. W- and Elizabeth Armstrong, born November 8, 1850, in HISTORY OF Tfiif c Sangamon Cunlv, |lli,u,i,. .|.|,^,^, '■ "^' ■^'•listed i„ the World "liKOKIili INDIANS M:iv "iistiee was signed Unrles Hams and Pearl Victoria (Haat) S.sson, born December h, 18»S. at F S -". educated at rt. Gibson. .MuskoJe ad Chren,ore. Married at Claremore June 5, t'-O, Ervn, son of Henry and Sallie Aus- tn.. Mr. Austin is enga.ged in the wholesale dry goods business at Claremore Thomas Cordery, an hishnun. married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. Their daughter Nan- nie married Parker Collins and they were the parents of Jennie Collins who married Charles Harris of Spartanburg district. South Carolina. Charles and Jennie Harris were the parents of Narcissa, born in iS^t, mar- ried George Sisson and Jesse Wolf, she died October IS, 1898. Martha Elizabeth married Captain William Jackson; Sue F. married Alfred M. Gotf; Charles Joseph and Trustle Bird. George and Narcissa Sisson were the par- ents of Charles Harris Sisson, born Decem- ber 26, 1859, educated in the Cherokee national schools and married at Ft. Gibson, December 4, iSQ.i, Pearl Victoria Haas, born August 29. 1879, in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi. They are the parents of Charles Harris, born November 5, 189-1; Charles Harris Sisson, Jr., married September 26, 192 1, to Josephine Reed, born in Ardmore, Oklahoma, 1895. Jessie May, born July 31, 1S')6, married to John S. Matthews, April 18, I'll 7. John S. Matthews, born October 17, 189-1. Sue. born December 14. 1S98; Mary, born January Ij, 1900 and Emma Pauline, born May 8, l>Hi2. Charles Harris Sisson was appointed Cir- cuit Judge of the Cherokee Nation in .May lS9 7. and was elected a member of the Council from Illinois District in August, 1903. Archer, Carlotfa (See Downing)—Edwin Arclier. born September 19, 1817. in New York City. Married February 26, 1845, .Mary Francis Vann. born September 21, 1825, in Georgia. He died .May 15, iS^i.!, and she died in l')21. Thev were the parents of: .Mary Eliza- beth, m;irried DeWitt Clinton Lipe; Louisa ' ■"l"'ri"o, married Irceli,,, l'"r" M..rch K,. |.s,,o, ,ju^ ••'"■■<■■ rnl'lic .school, J,,., „,, '•""rO Seminir, f„„„ ,, f, ■'""^' **■ ISS:, nurr, ; "•iniel Vincent Im„, '■"i'S in Grjvso,, ^•,,; ■•i<-'J WiMiam Kos, Archer Rradualed Ir '"•lie Seminary June j.t ■ member of ,he Cher..k,/^ November li. lOo?. , erintendeni of I'ubli, county in July. |..„.^ ,,,^,,j , '" l"IU.t2-l(,-l,S and 1-20. Caniel Vincent and Ada ( \f were the parents of: Vera 10, 18<i;, Rradualed (n.m ■ inary May 2<). i-u,;; jf,„ 2. 1895, and Mary Joncv IS'">, and died May ll. i- ■loseph Vann. born Fehrua- ried Catherine Rowe. ||e member of the Cherokee C-. mention of isi" from Ch.- elected Senator fr.mi Ihc August 2, IS44. and elected i Senate, elected aijaln !■ ' ust 6, IS49; elected .\ Supreme ourt in isi". ington. tS5l, n^ecutive C,, 5 7; Assistant Chief of ihe • on August 1, 185'». ||, »j .Mrs. .Mary Francis Vann. |( 1877. Adair, Rollin K. (See Adai- Nair, llalfbreed, Corde^^ ■■< Mil K. Adair, whose < '. kaloka. of the Blind Sj'. ' March 17. t.s;;, al L.ku>i ■• District. Educated In the • and at Darlmouth 0>\\tt( August 25, I.S.Si. Rachel I ■ November IS, l,S5'». She di ; |i|''. Thev were (he pirer- Bertram, born Fehruar* I ■ McLeod, h.rn Julv 5. ' November S, I.S.SS; Sue ' ISS7; Sadie K.. h-rn Rachel L.. horn liecen' William .Marii:- Bristol, fngh a love match. I Joseph with a '■'■■ 672 HISTORY OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS sent him to Virginia, where Joseph married Susannah Childs, meml^er of a prrmiinent Co- lonial family, and settled near Charlotteville Alberjiiarle county in that state. Their third son Joseph, was born in 1840. He became a fur trader and amassed a fortune. He held the following military positions; Captain of the Transylvania Militia, elected in 1776 became Major February 17, 17 79 and Lieut. Col. in l7Sl. He was elected Brig. Genl. of North Carolina by the Legislature Dec. 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brig. Gen. of the 20th Brigade of Virginia Militia by Gov. Henry Lee Dec. 11, 1793. He was the father of Martha called "Patsy" Martin, who married George Washington, the son of John and Gahoka Adair. George Washington and Martha Adair were the parents of Brice Mar- tin Adair who married Sarah McNair. They were the parents of Rollin K. Adair, Town- site Commissioner 1888 and Superintendent of the Male Seminary l895-9'i.
Previous Contents
This site may be freely linked, but not duplicated without consent.

All rights reserved. Commercial use of material within this site is prohibited.
The copyright (s) on this page must appear on all copied and/or printed material.

© Tuesday, 23-Sep-2014 14:58:37 MDT by Cherokee Nation Administrator
Last Updated, Sunday, 30-Sep-2012 12:08:51 MDT