History of the Cherokee Indians
and their legends and folklore.


CHAPTER XXI

The references appearing in parenthesis at the beginning of each paragraph following the name refers to the connection among the foregoing old families

Alberty, Judge B. W. (See Downing)—Bluford West Alberty, born February 1, 1853. He married September 7, 1884 Louvinia Jane Adair nee Lewis, born May 13, 1862 in Washington County, Arkansas having previously been elected as a member of the Supreme Court. He was elected Chief Justice on November 15, 1892. On the coming of statehood he was elected the first Judge of Adair County in 1907.

Alberty, John Wright—Born July 26, 1834. Married April 15, 1852 Clara West nee Buffington, born 1825. She died July 1861 and he died August 29, 1905. They were the parents of Bluford West Alberty and Ellis B. Alberty, May 1854, died Dec. 1, 1880, Mose Alberty, April 1857, died Nov. 11, 1891, Joseph Vann Alberty, July 1860. living, Elizabeth Jane, April 1863—April 1867. John Wright Alberty was a member of Captain George H. Starr's company in the confederate Cherokee Mounted Rifle Regiment. He was elected Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation in 1883.

Adair, John M.—(Oolootsa and Adair)—John Martin Adair, born at Fort Gibson, June 3, 1858. Attended Shurtlett College. Served in Troop L. First United States Volunteer Cavalry in the Spanish American War. This regiment was known as the "Rough Riders" and his commander was Colonel Theodore Roosevelt. Captain Allyn Capron, Captain of Troop L was in the battles of that war that was fought in Cuba. John M. Adair married at Tahlequah in 1903 Tilphena Terrell, born in 1871.

Adair, Robert E. (See Grant. Adair, McNair and Ross)—Robert Emmett, son of Brice Martin and Sarah (McNair) Adair was born in Salina District, December 16, 1861, educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum and Male Seminary. Married November 8, 1893 Ida Lavinia Elliott, born at Muskogee, March 30, 1871, educated at Harrell Institute, Muskogee. They are the parents of Rollin Elliott, born September 4, 1894, George Washington, born March 27, 1896, Fredrick Burl, born October 3, 1897, John William, born December 22, 1899, Emmett Ray, born April 4, 1908 and Arthur Allen Adair, born September 7, 191 1. Mr. Adair was elected District Clerk of Salina District. August 5, 1889.
 In the first quarter of the eighteenth century, William Martin, a wealthy merchant of Bristol, bought the ship, "Brice" gave it to his son Joseph and sent him to Virginia to keep him from marrying a girl that the father objected to. Joseph married Susannah Childs and settled on a large estate near Charlottsville in Albemarle County, Virginia. Their son Joseph was elected Captain of Transylvania Militia in the American service in 1776, became Major February 17, 17 79 and Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. Elected Brigadier General of North Carolina December 15, 1787 and appointed Brigadier General of Virginia by Governor "Light Horse Harry" Lee on December 11, 1893. The name Brice has always been used in the Martin descent both in and out of the Cherokee Nation. General Martin's grand-daughter; Martha or "Patsy" married George Washington Adair and they were the grand parents of Robert Emmett Adair. Mrs Ida L. Adair is the daughter of George Washington and Ann Eliza (Kerr) Elliott and grand-daughter of Fredrick A- and Louise Jane (Coody) Kerr. Mr. Adair belongs to the Wolf Clan and Mrs. Adair belongs to the Bird Clan.

Arnold, E. B. (See Grant. Ghigau and Adair)—Ernest Brigham Arnold, born May 2. 1884. Educated at Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tennessee from which he graduated with the LLB. degree in 1905. He married Clyde Horn, born Aug. 23, 1888. She graduated from Female Seminary May 31, 1906. They are the parents of: Hamilton Laverne born June 28, 1912 and Thomas Brigham Arnold, born Jan. 11, 1914. Ernest Brigham Arnold was elected County Attorney of Adair Co. in 1907 and District Judge of the First District in 1918 and resigned from that position on August 1st, 1921 in order that he might reassume his law practice.
James Warren Adair married Susanah Deborah Bean and their daughter Minerva Cornelia, married Thomas H. Horn and they were the parents of Mrs. E. B. Arnold.

Armstrong, Mrs. A. W. (See Cordery and McNair)—Mary Elizabeth, daughter of David McNair and Mary J. (Strickland) Rogers, born Bristol, England in order to break up a love match, furnished his youngest son, Joseph with a ship named the "Brice" and sent him to Virginia, where Joseph married Susannah Childs, member of a prominent Colonial family, and settled near Charlottesville Albermarle county in that state. Their third son Joseph, was born in 1840- He became a fur trader and amassed a fortune. He held the following military positions: Captain of the Transylvania Militia, elected in 1776 became Major February 17, 1779 and Lieut. Col. in 1781. He was elected Brig. Genl. of North Carolina by the Legislature Dec 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brig. Gen. of the 20th. Brigade of Virginia Militia by Gov. Henry Lee Dec 11, 1793. He was the father of Martha called "Patsy" Martin, who married George Washington, the son of John and Gahoka Adair. George Washington and Martha Adair were the parents of Brice Martin Adair who married Sarah McNair. They were the parents of Rolllin K. Adair, Townsite Commissioner 1888 and Superintendent of the Male Seminary 1895-99.
(See Ross).

Adair, Mrs. Joseph W. (See Ross) Cora Ann Sayers, born near Pryor, February 28, 1896. Married at Big Cabin, July 2, 1916, Joseph William, son of Allen and Kittie Adair, born September 8th, 1891, in Harrison County, Kentucky. They are the parents of Virginia Elizabeth, born August 22, 1918 and Allen Sayers Adair, born March 26, 1919, Mr. Adair is a farmer near Pryor.
Henry Drew, son of Abner and Nancy Jane (Coody) Sayers was born March 9, 1862 Married October 5, 1892,, Dora Thompson, born March 11, 1869 in Macom County, Missouri. Henry Drew died March 28, 1899.

Allton, Mrs. Joseph M. (See Cordery and Carter)—Thomas Cordery, an Irishman married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. Their daughter Susie married John Mosley and they were the parents of Sarah Ruth Mosley, born in 1841 married October 16, 1864 Lewis Clark Ramsey, who served in the civil war in Captain Benjamin Wisner Carter's company. After his death Mrs. Ramsey married January 5, 1877 Ezekial Taylor, married January 5, 1877 Ezekial Taylor.
Lewis Clark and Sarah Ruth Ramsey were the parents of Susan Elizabeth Ramsey, born December 7, 1866, educated in the Cherokee Orphan Asylum and Female Seminary. Married at Oowala July 31, 1888 Joseph Morgan, son of David and Eliza (Billingsley) Allton, born July 31, 1856 in Virginia. They are the parents of: David Clark, Percy Samuel and Charles Joseph Allton. David Clark Alton born June 30, 1889 married Maude Mamie Vincent, their children are: Frances Russell, born January 4, 1910; Dick Vincent, born January 2, 1911; David C, born July 13, 1912; Buford Kedrick, born May 15, 1915 and Maurine Allton, born September 6, 1917. Percy Samuel Allton born May 25, 1893. Married Cherokee Jones and his one son, Joseph Jones Allton, born September 7, 1920. Charles Joseph Allton born December 29, 1897. Married August 2, 1919 Pearl Jane Hanson, born in August 1898. They are the parents of Martha Sue Alton, born November 20, 1920.

Alberty, William T. (See Grant and Downing)—William Towers Alberty, born November 25, 1888. Enlisted in the world war in September 1917. Assigned to the Nineteenth Division, 358th Infantry as teamster. Sailed for France June 20, 1918, was in the offensive operations at St. Mihiel and Argonne Forest and after the Armistice was with the Army of Occupation, returned to the United Statse in June 1919 and was discharged at Camp Paike on the twenty-second of that month. Married at Claremore, June 28, 1920, Elizabeth, daughter of Grant and Nannie Barker, born May 11, 1902 in Minifee County, Kentucky. They are the parents of Udolphus Grant Alberty, born June 28, 1921.
 Jacob Udolphus, son of John D. and Jennie (Buffington) Alberty married Annie Charlotte, daughter of Ellis and Charlotte (Eaton) Towers, were the parents of William Towers Alberty.

Adair, E. E. (See Adair and Ghigau)—Edward Everett, son of John Thompson and Penelope (Mayfield) Adair, born They are the parents of: Jessie Alice Adair born May 20, 1880 married Moses Frye Sanders, they had one daughter, Mary Louvenia Sanders, born November 16, 1904. Mrs. Sanders died and the daughter has been reared by Mr. and Mrs. Adair; Cherokee April 15, 1853, married June 29, 1879 Rachel Louvenia Twist, born May 25, 1859. Cornelia Adair, born September 26, 1883, married Hoolie Sanders. She died September 11, 1907. The third and fourth daughters of Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Adair were Sarah Kuth, torn August 23, 1886, died May 21, 1894 and Elizabeth M- Adair, horn September 18, 1891 ,died August 3, 1893.
 Edward Everette Adair was elected Clerk of Sequoyah District August 3, 1885. Elected Councilor from the same district August 1, 1887 and August 5, 1895. During the former incumbency he was one of the "Immortal fourteen" that sustained Chief Joel B. Mayes in his effort to get a better rental price for the Outlet. Mr. Adair is engaged in farming and stockraising, takes an active part in movements of public welfare and ranks among the leaders of his community.

Bass, Josie Gertrude, (See Foreman, Cordery, Grant and Riley)—Josephine Gertrude daughter of John Anthony and Eliza Mary Blythe Foreman was born Tuesday November 19, 1872. Educated at Oowala and Female Seminary. Married at Talala, September 30, 1897 Willim Robert Bass, born September 15, 1872 in Wilson county, Tennesee. He died February 3, 1912. They were the parents of: Robert Morris. Educated at Ramona and Oklahoma University, born July 20, 1898 and Harold E. Bass, born May 16. 1903.
 John Anthony, son of Reverend Stephen and Sallie W. (Riley) Foreman was born at Park Hill, June 10, 1844. Educated at Park Hill and served the Confederacy in the Cherokee Mounted Volunteers. Married July 8, 1869 Eliza Mary, daughter of James Chastain and Sarah Jamima (Rogers) Blythe, born February 10, 1850. She died April 13, 1879. He was elected Judge of Cooweescoowee District August 6, 1883. Judge Foreman's second wife was Nancy Amanda Smith. She was at that time in "young ladies school" as Matron, Las Vegas. New Mexico. She died December 12, 1920.

Blake, Samuel C. (See Downing, Gore)—Samuel Coke Blake, born at Cane Hill, Washington, Washington Co. Ark. April 10, 1862, educated in that county, married at Wagoner, June 10. 1888, Georgia Anna Pharris, born Oct- 5, 1867 at Petaluma, Calif. They are the parents of: Jennie Agnes, born August 23, 1889, married Charles E. Stamps: Nita Emory, born February 11, 1892, married Charles Alonzo Spencer and has two children, Myrtle Caroline, born February 5, 1911, and Alonzo Blake Spencer, born March 24, 1919: John Fenlnn, born September 4, 1894; Albert Watts, born May 17, 1897; Georgia Kezzie, born April 18, 1900, married October 24, 1919, Clifford Moore and has one son, Samuel Marion Moore, born December 17, 1920; Mabel Heber, born November 23, 1903; Hester Keep, born January 30, 1906 and Ruby Opal Blake, born November 2, 1909.
 Samuel Blake, born January 5, 1818, in Ryde, Isle of Wright, England, and married Martha Jane Pyratt who was born in 1824. She died in 1914 and Samuel Blake died in 1878. They were the parents of Samuel Coke Blake. James and Kate (Finley) Pyratt, natives of North Carolina, settled thirteen miles west of Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1812. and moved to Cane Hill, Washington County, Arkansas, 1827. Since that time the Pyratt's have been socially prominent in Arkansas.  Margaret Downing, a Cherokee, married Bledsoe Gore, a white man, and their daughter, Agnes Gore, born April 10, 1829. married April 1, 1850, Pleasant Holloman Pharris, born July 11, 1826, in Tennessee. He served in the sixth Missouri Cavalry in the Mexican War. He died January 1893 and Mrs. Agnes Pharris died in 1913. They were the parents of Mrs. Samuel Coke Blake. Samuel Coke Blake is the founder and breeder of the Famous Blake Horse, near Pryor.

Brown, Mrs. N. R. (See Grant)—Jennie E. Cole born in Cooweescoowee District, Jan. 16, 1887, married at Pryor Dec. 24, 1902, N. R., son of John W. and Catherine Brown, born Nov. 8, 1881, in Hickman County, Kentucky.
 They are the parents of Herbert Reed, born March 27, 1904, Virgie D. born June 6, 1906; Owen, born August 2. 1911; Elmer Jackson, born March 7, 1917 and John Wesley Brown, born June 13, 1919.
 Mary L., daughter of Henry C. and Amanda Jane (Rogers) Fields was born Sept. 10, 1866. Married January 20, 1884, John Cole, born June 12. 1858 in Kentucky. They are the parents of Mrs. N. R. Brown. Mrs. Brown is the great great great granddaughter of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees.

Blount, Mrs. Oscar (See England) Eulalah Sophronia, daughter of John Wesley and Ida Josephine (Jenkins) Harris was born near Vinita, Sept. 5, 1890, educated at Female Seminary and Willie Halsell College. Married at Vinita, Nov. 6, 1909 Oscar, son of Webster W. and Anise Blount, born April 7, 1884 in Carroll County, Missouri. They are the parents of Beulah Ethel, born November 2, 1910; Flora Cornelia, born March 4, 1921 and Oscar Harris Blount, born December 15, 1913. Mr. Blount is a farmer near Vinita.
 Ida Josephine, daughter of Elias H. and Arminda (England) Jenkins married John Wesley Harris and they are the parents of Mrs. Eulah Sophronia Blount who was named for her parental aunt Mrs. Eulalah May Lukenbill, who died in 1889.
The Blounts are of ancient Norman blood, the first Blount in England accompanied William ,the Conquorer, in October 1066. The head of the family was created Lord Blount by the King on December 3, 1326. A branch of the family came to America, settled in Tennessee where members became Governors and United States Senators. Blount County in that state is named for them.

Brown, Mrs. C. W. (See Grant and Sanders)—Delores Cole, born January 24, 1880, educated at the Presbyterian College at Tahlequah. Married at Pryor January 23, 1900, Charles Wesley Brown, born May l5th, 1873. in Hickman County, Clinton. Kentucky. They are the parents of Delores Ethylene, born April 10, 1902 and Gordon Wesley, born October 23, 1919. Mr. Brown is a farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are members of the Methodist church. She is an Eastern Star and a Rebecca.
 Nannie, daughter of Johnson and Margaret (Winters) Vann, married Daniel Boone Cole and they were the parents of Mrs. Charles Wesley Brown.

Belcher, Mrs. A. M. (See Cordery and Grant)—Cora Mary, daughter of William Davidson, and Mary Jane (Baumgarner) Clingan was born at Gibson station, Cherokee Nation May 12, 1878, educated at the Female Seminary, and Cottey College, Nevada, Missouri; married at Wagoner November 21, 1911, Rev. A. M. Belcher, born February 22, 1867 in Bluntsville, Ala. They are the parents of Bruce Clingan Belcher, born June 14, 1912 at Henryetta. Okla.
 Reverend Belcher is a South Methodist and built the first church to be erected in Wagoner. Mrs. Belcher is a member of the Home Missionary Society and the Eastern Star.

Bird, William (See Cochran)—Emily, daughter of Price and Lucy (Keener) Cochran, born August 17, 1869. Married Dec. 27, 1884. Jerry Watts. Married Dec. 25, 1891 William, son of James and Elizabeth Bird. She is the mother of Edward Watts, born Jan. 5, 1887. Served in France in Co. "C" 358th Infantry from June 20, 1918 to June 27, 1919. Tessie Bird, born March 4, 1898; Lucinda Bird, born June 10, 1901; Mary Bird, born October 23, 1904; William Bird, born November 5, 1908 and Ona Bird born August 27, 1910. Mrs. Bird's Cherokee name is Ai-tsi.

Bates, Mrs. Dr. S. R. (See Downing)—Hattie Lindsey, born Jan. 3, 1872, educated at Chouteau and Female Seminary. Married January 20, 1900, Dr. Samuel Ralston Bates, born Jan. 2, 1870 in Winchester, Tenn. He graduated from the Medical Department of Vanderbilt University in May 1897.
 The heads of the Scottish house of Lindsay at different dates were Sir Walter Lindsay in 1116 A. D., David Lindsay who was created first Earl of Crawford in 1398 and Alexander Lindsay who became Earl of Balcarres, January 9, 1651. Mrs. Bates' mother was the daughter of Joel Mayes Bryan. The first Bryan to become a citizen of England was Richard Fitz Gilbert Bryan, who accompanied his cousin, William the Conqueror to England in October 1066. He was the son of Gilbert, Count of Brione in Normandy, whose father was Richard III, Duke of Normandy, who was the uncle of William the Conqueror. Richard III was the son of Richard the Good, Duke of Normandy by his wife; Judith of Rennes. Richard the Good, was the son of Richard I, Duke of Normandy and he was the son of William "Longsword" Duke of Normandy from 927 to 943. Duke William was the son of Robert, the king who overrun northern France, married in 912 Gisele, daughter of Charles IV, King of France and became the first Duke of Normandy in 911. Duke Robert was the son of Regvald the Rich, Jarl of Norway.

Baugh, Mr. J. L. (See Grant. Downing, Ghigau, Foreman, Ross and Conrad)—Joel Lindsey Baugh, born Jan. S, 1858. Educated in Male Seminary. Married Aug. 19. 1888 Sue Adair, daughter of Jacob West and Charlotte (West) Markham, born July 25, 1872. She died March 15, 1899 and he married at Locust Grove, May 30, 1901, Nannie Scales, daughter of John Taylor and Mary Elizabeth.

Bachtel, Mrs. Mary Jane (See England. Ghigau and Hildebrand)—Mary Jane, daughter of William and Arminda (England) England was born on Honey Creek, Delaware District, Cherokee Nation. December 30, 1848. Her first husband was James Franklin Williams, born July 30. 1844 and died November 8, 1873. They were the parents of: Joseph Lowrey Williams, born November 30, 1866; Genevieve Shanahan, born December 28. 1868 and Martha Jane Sanders, born April 9, 1871. Mrs. Williams second husband was William Habish, who died October 3. 1883. Their daughter, Louise, born June 23, 1878, married George T. Harrell. Mrs. Habish's third husband, Daniel Bachtel, was born August 14, 1845 and died March 22, 1897. They were the parents of: Daniel Lorenzo, born May 28, 1887; Otis, born September 9, 1889 and Elza Bachtel, born March 2, 1891. Daniel Lorenzo Bachtel was a member of Headquarters Co. 332, Quarter Masters Corps having entered service June 27, 1918 was in service overseas from July 26, 1918 to July 18. 1919 as sergeant. Discharged at Camp Pike, July 30, 1919. Elza Bachtel entered service June 27, 1918. Member A. E. F. August 22, 1918 to June 22, 1919. Assigned to Company 165 Depot Brigade July 2, 1918. Appointed Corporal March 14. 1919. Discharged at Camp Pike. July 5, 1919.

Baker, Mrs. Margaret. (See Ward)—Margaret .M. Ward, born January 10, 1886. educated at Female Seminary. Married at Bryan's Chapel. January 17, 1886, Joseph Franklin Baker. He died October 9, 1915. They were the parents of: Ollie Jane, born December 4, 1886. married Claude Cullison; John Oscar, born April 17. 1888. married Nannie McNair; Joseph Franklin, born September 24. 1890; Odessa Margaret, born July 25. 1898; Vera, born June 22, 1905; and Frank, born April 15. 1905. Mrs. Baker is engaged in farming, dairying and poultry raising.
 John S., son of Bryan and Temperance (Stansil) Ward, was born October 7. 1920. Married July 27. 1857. Jane Loveless, born May 1, 1842. She died January 16, 1890. and he died June 15, 1806. They were the parents of .Mrs. .Margaret H. Baker. Beamer, William. (See Foreman and Gusoduesga.)—William Beamer, born in 1853, educated in Kansas City. Married in 1872, Alice Towie. They are the parents of: Samuel, born August 14, 1873; Nannie, born July 3, 1875; Eliz;ibeth. born March 21, 1878, married Charles Teehee; Louanna, born September 1, 1880; Emeline, born March 15, 1882; Ida, born March 1, 1891; and George Beamer, born May 26, 1894. Mr. Beamer is an ordained minister of the Baptist church and a member of the order of I. O. O. F.
 Elizabeth, a half blood Cherokee, married William Springston, an English trader and their son Edley Springston, married Elizabeth Foreman, and their daughter, Mary, married John Henry and George Beamer. George and Mary (Foreman) Beamer were the parents of Rev. William Beamer, the subject of this sketch.

Billingslea (See Oolootsa. Ross, Sanders and Ghigan.)—Jeannette Starr was born Februarv 16. 1862, in Tahlequah. She was educated in the Cherokee public schools and graduated from Female Seminary July 2, 1880. Married at Vinita April 1, 1885, Frank Alexander Billingslea, born August 9, 1851, in Crawfordville, Taliaferro County, Ga. He died May 9, 19 13. They were the parents of Dollie Willie, born at Vinita, August 21. 1887, and Joseph Billingslea, born July 17, 1891 in Vinita.
 Thomas, son of James and Lettie Boyd (Chambers) Starr, was born March 12, 1840, married August 20, 1860, Dollie Eunice, daughter of Anderson and Mary (Nave) Lowrey, born February 10, 1840. Thomas Starr died December 25, 1862. Jeannette Starr was their only child.
 Frank Alexander Billingslea's first wife, Joanna Gillis, a second cousin of Mrs. Jeannette Billingslea. Frank A. and Joanna (Gillis) Billingslea had three children; McLeod Edward, born October 25, 1875; Frank Daley, born November 3, 1887; and Helen Estella Billingslea, born January, 1880, and married William Frank Pierce.
 Frank Alexander Billingslea was elected a member of the Council on August 3, 1890, without the solicitation of a single vote.
 Mrs. Billingslea belongs to the Methodist church and was very active as a special worker in the Red Cross service during the World war. Her son, Joseph, was in active service.
 (McCoy) Drew, born October 24, 1877. Mr. Baugh's children by his first wife are: Charlotte, born July 21, 1889; Joel Lindsey, born April 27, 1893; Roscoe Randall, born January 14, 1893; on war being declared against Germany he volunteered and was on the offensive line until the armistice was signed; and Edgar Baugh, born May 5, 1897, married August 3rd, 1917, Mary Sixkiller, born August 21, 1899, and they are the parents of Dollie Belle and Margie Jane Baugh. Joel Lindsey Baugh is a man of striking personality, his democracy of spirit renders him very popular. He was elected Senator from Cooweescoowee District, August 3, 1891 and Clerk of the Senate in 1903. He was associated with his grandfather Bryan in winning the "Old Settlers" Cherokee claim and is at present postmaster at Choteau. In 1901 he was appointed by the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation as an attorney with W. W. Hastings before the Dawes Commission in making the final rolls of citizenship of the Cherokee Nation.
 Joel Mayes Bryan, born October 22, 1809, and died August 7, 1898, was the father of Charlotte Bryan, born September 21, 1833, married July 19, 1854, John H. Baugh, born March 3, 1825. in Alabama. They were the parents of Joel Lindsey Baugh. The first known Bryan in English history was Gilbert, Count of Brionne, who accompanied his cousin, William the Conqueror, in October, 1066; he was France, the grandson of Richard III, Duke of Normandy, uncle of William the Conqueror, and descendent in the twelfth generation from Charlemagne.

Benge, Oce (See Grant, Ghigau, Foreman and Conrad)—Richard Fields Benge, commonly called "Oce" Benge, was born in Tahlequah District, September 9, 1851. Married at Locust Grove, February 18, 1883, Martha Adair, daughter of George Washington and Cherokee (Ratliff) Brewer, born July 7, 1861, and educated in Female Seminary. They are the parents of Georgia Alma, born April 30, 1885, married William C. Johnston April 4, 1919; Eleanor Osceola, born January 18, 1887, married C. A. Dunham October 3, 1913, parents of Roy Mills, born September 1, 1915, and Beatrice Eleanore Durham, born July 28, 1919; Lelia Leone, born December 16, 1892, married Wm. Cecil McLaughlin, March 28, 1919. They are the parents of Cecil Benge McLaughlin, born May 10, 1921; Dora Elizabeth, born September 4, 1896, and Senora Benge, born July 2, 1902. Mr. Benge is a farmer near Adair. He was elected Sheriff of Saline District August 6, 1883 and August 3, 1885. Elected a member of Council from the same District August 1, 1887.
 Delilah, daughter of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees, married James Foreman and they were the parents of Susan Henrietta Foreman, born December 18, 1827, married Anderson Benge. He died January 4, 1868, aged about fifty years and Mrs. Benge died September 12, 1883. They were the parents of James Foreman and Richard Fields Benge.
 George Fields, a brother of Chief Richard Fields, was a captain in the United States service in the Creek war of 1814. His daughter Nannie, born June 10, 1810, married Richard Ratliff, born 1804 and their daughter Cherokee, born July 10, 1839 married May 13, 185 4, George Washington Brewer, born June 12,, 1831. He died February 14, 1868. Mrs. Brewer died October 12, 1916.

Bledsoe, Mrs. I. P. (See Grant, Downing and Daniel)—Belle, daughter of Henry and Nancy (Buffington) Hightman was born December 6, 1869 in Cooweescoowee District. Married May 1, 1887, Isaac Pipkins, son of Watt and Martha Ann Bledsoe, born January 28, 1847, in DeSota County, Mississippi. They are the parents of Henry Watts, born September 28, 1889; Sallie Martha, born June 28, 1892, graduated from Female Seminary May 27, 1919, married L. C, Freeman; Joel Clement, born February 20, 1895, telegraph operator at Choteau; William Alberty, born August 15, 1898; Edna, born June 18, 1901, stenographer in M. O. & G. R. office at Muskogee; Fannie Gray, born December 18, 1903; Ruth, born September 2, 1906, and Pearl Elizabeth Bledsoe, born March 29, 1909. Mrs. Bledsoe is a Presbyterian and a member of the Woodmen Circle and Degree of Honor.
 Captain William W., son of Moses and Sallie (Wright) Alberty, was born July 2, 1824, married Musidora, daughter of William and Nellie (May) Rogers his first wife and were the parents of Mrs. Henry Hightman. Moses Alberty was a native of Surrey County, North Carolina and married about 1810 Sallie Wright. William Rogers was the elder brother of Tiana Rogers, who married General Samuel Houston. Captain Alberty was an opulent and influential merchant at Flat Rock, near Grand River, in Cooweescoowee District, before the Civil war.

Brown, Charles G. (See Ward)&madsh;Charles G. Brown, born in Texas , March 12, 1854, educated at Tullahassee Mission in the Creek Nation. Married at Salina, Cherokee Nation July 30, 1880, Mary, daughter of William and Lenora Coker, born in Boone County, Ark. January 25, 1865. They are the parents of: Lulu, born December 10, 1881; Quatie, born December 21, 1890; Etta Beatrice, born November 23, 1896; Nannie Lenora, born July 21. 1899 and Delora D., born April 19, 1905. Mr. Brown is farming near Pryor.
 John Ward, a white man, married Catherine McDaniel of Scotch-Cherokee descent and they were the parents of Charles Ward who married Ruth Hollingsworth and they were the parents of Nancy Adeline Ward, who married Joseph Brown and they were the parents of Charles G. Brown, the subject of this sketch.

Bowers (See Grant and Daniels)—Lola Garrett, born November 29, 1887, educated in the Cherokee public schools and the Female Seminary from which she graduated June 1, 1905. She was an instructor in the Pryor schools in 1905-6 and in the Female Seminary in 1907-08; married at Muldrow Dec. 9, 1909, E. M. Bowers, born April 10, 1875. They are the parents of Genevieve Elizabeth, born July 13, 1911; Jane Rhea, born August 28, 1914 and Mary Ann Bowers, born Oct. 4, 1918. Mrs. Bowers is a member of the Baptist church. Mr. Bowers is prominently connected with the banking interests of the Citizens Bank and Trust Company of Pryor and of the state.
 Ellis Buffington, an eighth blood Cherokee, married Catherine Daniel, a quarter blood Cherokee. He died in June 1858, and she died November 20, 1867. They were the parents of Ezekial Buffington, born August 7, 1811, married September 19, 1868 Louisa Newman, born May 14. 1817. in Tennessee. He died January 4, 1864, and she died February l5. 1898. Their daughter Mary, married Jerome Lorenzo Greer, and they were the parents of Elizabeth Ann Greer, born August 30, 1856, married March 17, 1875, James Robert Garrett, born June 29, 1850, in Carroll County, Tennessee. She died May 15, 1902, and he died January 9, 1918. They were the parents of Mrs. Lola Bowers.

Buffington, Joel W. (See Downing, Grant and Daniel)—Joel Webster Buffington, born near Pryor, October 12, 1898, educated at Pryor and Male Seminary. Married at Pryor November 28, 1918, Eva, daughter of Grant and Josephine Teter, born November 12, 1895. They are the parents of: Harry Webster, born August 27, 1919, and Gordon Warren Buffington, born Dec. 11, 1920. .Mr. Buffington is a farmer near Pryor.
 Joel Mayes Bryan married Rebecca Wright, their daughter Nancy Jane married John Ross Buffington, and they were the parents of John Ross Buffington, who married Sadie Highland, and they are the parents of Joel Webster Buffington.

Buffington, John Ross (See Grant, Downing and Daniel)—John Ross, son of John Ross and Nancy Jane (Bryan) Buffington. was born at Doaksville, Choctaw Nation June 2, 1864,educated in the Cherokee National Schools, Male Seminary, Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Married at Pryor, July 6, 1891, Sadie, daughter of Robert and Susan Highland, born October 28, 1865, in Denver, Colorado. They are the parents of Nancy Jane, born April 15, 1892, educated at Female Seminary: Carrie Rebecca, born May 17, 1893, educated at Female Seminary; Charles Ross, born May 29, 1894; Hallie Hazel, born August 2, 1897; Joel Webster, born October 12, 1900, and Cherokee Georgia Buffington, born December 16, 1901. Mr. Buffington's Cherokee name is Cooweescoowee.

Buffington, Charles Ross (See Grant, Downing and Daniel)—Charles Ross Buffington was born at Bryan's chapel May 29. 1894, educated in the Cherokee public schools, Male Seminary and North Eastern State Normal. Was assigned to Co. C, 360th Inf. Reg. 90th Div., sailed for France June 14 1918, at Hampton Roads Dec. 30, 1910; discharged as Corp. at Ft. Sill Jan. 23, 1919. He is a member of the Pryor Post American Legion and the A. H. T. A. Returned to his home, took up school teaching and later became connected with the post office.
 John Ross Buffington, born April 11, 1833, married Nancy Jane Bryan, born October 8, 1835. He died August 22, 1870 and she died December 12, 18S8. They were the parents of John Buffington, born June 2, 1864, married July 6, 1891 Sadie Highland, born October 7, 1865 in Denver, Colorado. They are the parents of the subject of this sketch.

Burns, Mrs. S. J. (Etu) (See Duncan)—Etta Hitchcock born December 14, 1860 at Park Hill, Cherokee Nation. Educated at home. She married December 30, 1880 Samuel James Burns born March 15, 1851 in Lindsey, Canada. Samuel J. and Ettta Burns have one daughter, Lily Dimple Burns, born September 30, 1881. She graduated from Worchester Academy, Vinita on May 20, 1898. Married Marshall Crutchfield Stevens, born December 1, 1879.
 Samuel J. and Etta Burns located in Vinita in 1884 and opened a merchantile establishment which is still in existence.
 Mrs. Burns, whose Cherokee name is Si-hs-sli, affiliated with the Methodist church, the Delphian and Premier Worth While clubs and is a charter member of the Eastern Star Chapter and Past Matron of the same, a member of the White Shrine and Daughters of the American Revolution. She was President of the local cemetery association at the time it was named Fairview.
 Etta H. Burns is the daughter of Isaac Brown Hitchcock, born, February 28, 1823 at Dwight Mission, Arkansas Cherokee Nation. He married February 8, 1857 Elizabeth Ann Duncan, born July 10, 1833. She graduated from Female Seminary in February 1856. She died October 4, 1886 and he died January 16, 1911. They were the parents of Timothy Brown, born May 19, 1858, Etta Smith and Irenaeus Duncan Hitchcock, born September 6, 1864 in Tabor, Iowa.
 Jacob Hitchcock, the grandfather of Mrs. Burns arrived at Dwight, Site as a missionary in July 1820 and helped to construct the Mission.

Blake, John F.—John Fenlon Blake, born September 4, 1894, educated at Pryor. Enlisted in the World War at Camp Travis, Texas, September 22, 1917. Assigned to the 90th Division, 344th Machine Gun Battery, was in the St. Mihiel and Argonne Forest offensives and after the Armistice was in the Army of Occupation. He was discharged at Camp Pike, June 23, 1919. He married at Pryor August 30, 1917, Badgie, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Coppinger, born June 27, 1894. They are the parents of: Mozelle Edna, born May 27, 1918 and Coke J. Born June 3, 1920. Mr. Blake is a farmer near Pryor.

Brown, Mrs. Jay Paul (See Grant and Foreman)—Alma Ramona Taylor born in Hanford, California, July 16, 1884, educated in Missouri Valley College, Marshall, Missouri and Fairmont Seminary, Weatherford, Texas, graduating from the latter in 1905, specialized in instrumental music. She married at Chouteau November 27, 1917, Jay Paul, son of Paul Jay and Martha A. Brown, born October 15, 1874 in Wood County, Ohio. They are the parents of Martha Sue Brown, born at Muskogee, December 28, 1919. Mr. Brown is a merchant at Chouteau.
 Ann Olivia, daughter of Isaac and Catherine (Ratliff) Bushyhead was born in Georgia, November 27, 1830, educated at Dwight Mission. Married October 4, 1846, John Brown Choate, born March 5, 1824. She died April 29, 1877 and he died February 16, 1893. They were the parents of Susie Jane Choate, born November 29, 1853. Married December 14, 1882 Robert Stewart Taylor, born November 27, 1830 in Washington County, Pennsylvania and graduated from Jefferson College, Pennsylvania. He died September 1897 and she married January 1, 1902, Valentine Gray. She died February 10, 1919.

Barton, (See Grant, Downing. Oolootsa, Foreman and Ghigau)—Edwin Harley Barton, born Aug. 8, 1890 at Baptist in Going Snake District, educated at Pryor, Chelsea and Tahlequah; graduated from Sweeney's Automobile School in Kansas City, Mo.; married November 4, 1911 Bonnie E. daughter of John B. and Rachael F. Heflin. Edwin H. and Bonnie E. Barton are the parents of Frances Mae Barton, born November 12, 1912.
 Mary Van Lasley. born in 1862, married September 6, 1888 Frederick Spencer Barton, born September 8, 1851 in Piqua Miami county, Ohio. He died April 2, 1921. They were the parents of Edwin Harley Barton, whose Cherokee name is Oonodet. He is an expert automobile mechanic and owns a Battery Service Station in Pryor where he is a member of the Coinmercial Club; in religion he is a Baptist, and is a member of the I. O. O. F., Woodmen of the World and a Yeoman.

Caudill, Mrs. James W. (See Grant. Ghigau and Adair)—Lou, daughter of Alfred Estis and Margaret Elizabeth (Adair) Holland was born at Stillwell, May 8, 188 7 and educated at Grove. Married at Bentonvilie, Arkansas, May 19, 1905, James Watson, son of James A. and Eliza Caudill, born April 16, 1879 in Rowen County, Kentucky. They are the parents of. J. Holland, born October 11, 1906; Alton Estis, born July 7, 1908; Ruby Mozelle, born February 2, 1911; Ruth Lorene born December 2, 1913 and James Paul, born July 9, 1918.
 Mr. Caudill is a farmer near Adair.
 James Warren, son of Walter Scott and Nancy (Harris) Adair married Deborah Bean and they were the parents of Margaret Elizabeth (Adair) Holland.

Caywood, Mrs. J. E. (See Grant and Foreman)—Mary Elizabeth, daughter of William and Eliza Jane (Proctor) Horn, born July 21, 1882, educated in Delaware District and Female Seminary. Married at Vinita July 4, 1900, John Edward son of Stephen M. and Nancy Ann Caywood, born Aug. 30, 1872 in Hickory Co., Mo. They are the parents of William Marion, born June 30, 1901; Walter, born Aug. 1, 1903; and Thelma Emma born November 3, 1909. Mr. Caywood is a farmer near Big Cabin. Mrs. Caywood is a member of the United Brethren church.
 Jeremiah Horn, a white man, married Elsie, daughter of Chief Charles R. Hicks and their son, John Horn, born August 3. 1823 married Jane July and they were the parents of William Horn, born December 24, 1855, married March, 1878, Eliza Jane Proctor and they were the parents of Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Caywood.

Campbell, John R. (See Grant and Ghigau)—John Randolph Campbell, born Aug. 8, 1877, educated in Orphan Asylum. Married at Oscola, Mo., May 28, 1903, Maude, daughter of Albert and Lucinda Bell, born Nov. 25 1876 in Douglas Co., Kas. They are the parents of Clarence Ray, born January 22, 1905; Edna May, born October 18, 1906; Clinton Albert, born October 11, 1912; Delora, born April 24, 191 5; Glenn born September 26, 1917. Otis Ralph Campbell, born March 13, 1921.
 Sarah, daughter of Nelson and Rosa (West) Rogers, married Alfred Eugene Campbell and they were the parents of John Randolph Campbell, the subject of this sketch.
Croker, Bula D. (See Grant and Ghigau)—Bula D. Edmondson, born on Beatties Prairie, Feb. 17, 1884 educated in the Cherokee National schools and graduated from Female Seminary May 29, 1902. Being possessed of superior histrionic talents she specialized in music and expression in Boston and in New York City. Having a brilliant personality and much of the impelling magnetic qualities of her distinguished Uncle, Wm. W. Hastings she soon rose to an eminent rank in her chosen profession. She married in New York City. Richard Croker, a native of Black Rock, Ireland and Chieftain of Tammany Hall. Mr. and Mrs. Croker divide their time between their home in New York City, Miami, Florida and their castle in Ireland.
 Joseph Martin, born about 1740 on his father's plantation near Charlotteville, Virginia. He became a fur trader and planter amassing a great deal of wealth. His place in the revolutionary army was; elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 1776, became Major February 17, 1779, Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. Elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 15, 1787, and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twentieth Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor Henry Lee on December 11, 1793.
 Martinsville, county seat of Henry County, Virginia and the place of his residence was named for him. He died at his home in Virginia on December 18, 1808, was buried with military and Masonic honors.
 General Joseph Martin married Susannah Fields nee Emory and their children were; John, born October 20, 1781, was the first Treasurer and first Supreme Judge of the Cherokee Nation. He was a member of the Cherokee Constitutional Convention of 1817 from Coosawaytee District, he emigrated to the Western Cherokee Nation in the spring of 1828 and located at Grand Salina on Grand River. His death occured on October 17, 1840, and he is buried at Fort Gibson. His two vounger sisters were Nancy, married Jeter Lynch and Rachel, who married Daniel Davis. Jeter and Rachel (Martin) Lynch were the parents of Mary Lynch who married John Williams and their son Joseph Lynch Williams born August 1, 1837, married October 2, 1859, Louisa J. Stooer, born April 8, 1840, in Delaware District. Joseph Lynch Williams died November 5, 1860. Joseph Lynch and Louisa J (Stooer) Williams were the parents of Florence Eugenia Williams, born August 3, 1860, she married February 7, 1878, Michael Smith Edmondson, born September 9, 1853, in Georgia and they are the parents of Cherokee Dora, who married Robert Bruce Garrett; Gonia L., who married G. B. Finnin and Bula D., the subject of this sketch.

Crittenden, Richard H. (See Sanders and Downing)—Richard Henry Crittenden of the Deer Clan, whose Cherokee name si Wa-hala or Bold Eagle, was born in Going Snake District April 9, 1877, educated in the Male Seminary. He married January 17, 1897, Nannie, daughter of Jesse and Frances (Wright) Wright, born 1872. They were the parents of: Fannie Alice, born March 8, 1898; Rogert Lee, born January 4, 1900 and Mary Susan Crittenden, born June 8, 1906. Mrs. Nannie Crittenden died September 8, 1913, and he married on October 20, 1917, Hettie, daughter of Simon and Emma Rogers, born January 15, 1898. They are the parents of Harriett Juanita, born October 6, 1918, and Nellie Catherine Crittenden, born Janury 7, 1921.
 John Ross, son of Harry and Susie (Wolf) Crittenden, was born in Georgia, June 30, 1839, educated in Going Snake District. Married January 12, 1862. Alice Harlan, born March 12, 1841. He was elected District Judge of Going Snake District, August 5, 1895, and died June 5, 1896. They were the parents of Richard Henry Crittenden.

Carman, William A. (See Ward)—William Andrew Carman, born July 30, 1896. Enrolled in the World war service at Camp Logan, Tex., Sept. 3, 1918. Assigned to the Fifteenth Sanitary Train. Discharged at Camp Logan, February 2, 1919. Married December 1, 1919, Virginia, daughter of John and Bettie Ford, born December 11, 1901, in Mayes County, Oklahoma. They are the parents of J. T. Carman, born January 31, 1921. Mr. Carman is farming near Adair.
 George Ward, born in the old Cherokee Nation, east of the Mississippi River, March 17, 1878, married Lucy Mayes, an aunt of Chiefs Joel Bryan and Samuel Houston Mayes. Their daughter, Mary, married Joseph Henry Clark and they were the parents of Louisa Maria Clark, who married Daniel Young and was the mother of Catherine Jane Young, the wife of Joshua T. Carman and the mother of William Andrew Carman, the subject of this sketch.

Clark, Wiliiam A.—William Andrew Clark, born near Tahlequah June 2nd, 1861, educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum, married at Pryor, June 17, 1891, Lillie Berry, born October 29, 1872, in Athens, McMinn county, Tennessee. They are the parents of: Joseph James, born November 12th 1893, graduated from the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, June 28th, 1917; served through the World war as Lieutenant on U. S. S. North Carolina and is at present (1921) on the U. S. S. Brooks in Asiatic waters; Lucy Jane, born February 21, 1895, graduated with A. B. from the University of Oklahoma June 4, 1918; Mary Louise, born September 22, 1897, graduated in a business course and is connected with the First National Bank of Chelsea; Clarinda Stella, born March 31, 1900, married June 17, 1918, L. C. Olinger; Virginia Mae Olinger, born July 31st, 1921; William Andrew, born July 10, 1903; John D., born November 1, 1906; George W., born November 10, 1913, and Virginia Elizabeth, born Feb. 1, 1917.
 Mr. Clark is one of the substantial citizens of his community, having amassed more than a competency by close and intelligent application as a farmer and stock raiser. He is a Master Mason; he has paid especial attention to raising his family to a good and useful life, the results being seen in Lieutenant Clark and his sisters.

Countryman, James T. (See Ward)—James Thomas, son of George Washington and Minerva (Ballard) Countryman was born in Delaware District July 26, 1874, and educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married at Fairland, September 6, 1894, Eve, daughter of Newton and Mary Lauderback, born June 26 1875, in Lafayette County, Mo. They are the parents of: Eliza, born August 31, 1895; Lafayette, born September 8, 1897; Henry, born February 18, 1899; Samuel, born December 28, 1900, married Anna daughter of Hudson and Belle Layton, who have a daughter. Ruby Juanita, born January 5, 1921; Oliver, born September 8, 1903, and Elmer, born January 10, 1909.
 Martha Ward, born February 22, 1819, married John Countryman, a white man. They were the parents of George Washington Countryman, who married Minerva Ballard.

Chandler, Van S. (See Ward)—Van S., son of Burgess Gaither and Annie Eliza (Gunter) Chandler, born Aug. 20, 1882, educated at Willie Halsell College, Vinita. Married at Vinita, June 12, 1912, Maude A. daughter of L. A. and Sadie A. Williams, born July 25, 1890, in Linn Co., Kas. They are the parents of: Orin Stuart, born April 20, 1913; Wilmer Gawain, born July 25, 1915 and Stacy Burgess Chandler, born February 12, 1920. Mr. Chandler, who is the younger brother of Hon. Thomas A. Chandler, Congressman from the First District of Oklahoma, is a dealer in hay, grain and farm machinery.

Cobb, Gilbert Benson (See Grant)—Alexander Clingan, son of Joseph Benson and Evelyn (Clingan) Cobb, was born September, 15, 1864. Married at Carthage, Illinois, August 23, 1887, Lucy Van Zile, born January 10, 1863, in Ripley County, Indiana. She died March 31, 1893, and Mr. Cobb married June 29, 1898, Lillie May Pharr, born December 7, 1867, in Lincoln County. Missouri. Mr. Cobb is the father of; Gilbert Benson, born June 11, 1889 at Carthage, Illinois, educated at Wagoner. Married at Wagoner, December, 1910, Annette, daughter of Alfred and Adilee Sullivan, born October 20, 1874, in Wayne County, Missouri. They are the parents of Marv Evaline. born December 5, 1911; Naomi, born January 5. 1913; Alfred Alexander, born February 24, 1914; Joseph Benson, born November 14, 1015; Sylvester Van Zile, born December 22, 1917, and John Sullivan, born October 11. 1919; Isabel J. B., born September 28, 1921; Mary Isabel, born August 12, 1891, at Wagoner, graduated from Wagoner High School in 1910, and Oklahoma Agricultural College in 1913. Married at Wagoner June, 1914, Loyal Frederick. They are the parents of Ellen Isabel, born January 30, 1915; Kenyon Thomas, born January 3, 1917; Loyal Cobb, born April 23, 1919, and Martha Marie Payne, born May 7, 1920; William Alexander, born July 10, 1899. Married June 28, 1919, Marie G. daughter of Albert W. and Mary Brown. They are the parents of William Alexander Cobb, born June 14, 1920; Irene, born November 21, 1901; Harry Franklin, born October 13, 1902; Kedzie Pharr, born April 22, 1904 and MaZelle Cobb, born February 21, 1908.

Crittenden, George W. (See Sanders and Grant)—George W. Crittenden, born in Going Snake District, March 25, 1875, educated at Male Seminary. Married February 2, 1896, Jessie Beatrice Lamb nee Martin, born at Greenbrier April 20, 1874, educated at Hogans Institute. They are the parents of Ross Hillis, born Feb. 22, 1909; Jennie Alice born March 10, 1911 and Ruth Marie, born Jan. 14, 1916. Besides Their own children they have reared Barbara and Christiana Bell, the two orphan daughters of Mr. Crittenden's brother, John H. George W. Crittenden belongs to the Deer Clan and his Cherokee name is Sequoyah. He is a farmer and a member of the Odd Fellow lodge.
 Mrs. Crittenden is the daughter of Joseph Lynch Martin who is known throughout the Cherokee Nation as "Greenbrier Joe" and noted for his shrewd philosophical sayings. Mr. Crittenden is the son of Judge John Ross and Alice (Harlin) Crittenden. His Cherokee name is Tickanooly, meaning bean bread.

Carselowey, James R. (See Grant, Downing and Daniel)—James Robert Carselowey, born at Vinita, February 15, 1875, educated in public schools, Willie Halsell College, Vinita; married at Adair Nov. 28, 1900, Annie B., daughter of Alonzo B. and Lavenia A. Fishback. born February 27, 1882, in Tarrant County, Texas. They are the parents of: James Manford, born November 28, 1901; Lavenia Gertrude, born February 27, 1905; Elsie Roberta, born December 24, 1906; Raymond Russell, born September 2 3, 1908; Lahoma, born April 7, 1911 and Pauline Carselowey, born February 2, 1913 .Mr. Carselowey is a man of pleasing personality, more than ordinary information and ability, but is modest and honest almost to a fault. He has been a telegraph operator and newspaper correspondent and is at present the owner and editor of the Adair Citizen.
 James Madison, son of George and Mary (Daniel) Carselowey was born November 29, 1848. Married November 7, 1870, Catherine, daughter of Joseph and Celia (Woodall) Emory, born August 8, 185 3. He died November 7, l9oo. They were the parents of Arthur Andrew Carselowey and Stella Evelyn Carselowey.

Couch, Mrs- Irving (See Grant)—Anna K., daughter of Joseph Lynch and Miranda (Young) Thompson, was born near Pensacola, August 14, 1900, educated in Mayes and Craig County. Married at Vinita, Jan. 10, 1920 to Ervin, son of James Monroe and Mollie Couch. Mr. and Mrs. Couch are farming near Pensacola.

Cole, John M. (See Grant and Sanders)—John M., son of Daniel Boone and Nannie (Vann) Cole was born in Cooweescoowee District, February 25, 1882. Married at Pryor, October 19, 1901, Letitia, daughter of John and Catherine Brown, born December 23, 1885, in Ballard County, Kentucky. They were the parents of Henry Mitchell, born November 28, 1905; Mayomma born November 23, 1909; Shirley Brooks, born November 26, 1910. Charlie Milburn, born August 22, 1913; Anna Belle, born December 18, 1915 and John Junior Cole, born December 29, 1918. Mr. Cole is a farmer, a Mason and Odd Fellow.
 Johnson Vann, the grandson of John and Elizabeth (Wickett) Fields, married Margaret Winters and they were the parents of Mrs. Nannie Cole. Margaret or Peggy Winters was the daughter of John and Jennie (Sanders) Winters and the grand-daughter of Alexander and Peggy (Sonicooie) Sanders. Alexander Sanders was a captain of the Cherokee allies of the Americans in the Creek War of 1814. Mrs. Peggie (Sonicooie) Sanders was the daughter of Susannah and step-daughter of Thomas Cordery.

Carlile, Mrs. Stephen (See Ghigau and Hildebrand)—Sadie, daughter of S. P. Luna and Sarah (Butler) Luna, born July 10, 1888 in the Ozark County, Missouri. Married at Tahlequah, September 29, 1909 Stephen Foreman, son of Thomas Holmes and Levannah Elizabeth (Catron) Carlile, born January 5, 1873 in Tahlequah District, educated in Tahlequah District and Male Seminary. They are the parents of: Hazel, born August 1. 1910; Helen, born May 25. 1912; Stephen, born January 12, 1918; and Leo, born February 22, 1920. Stephen Foreman Carlile died September 5, 1919, Carlile is farming near Park Hill.

Carlile, William A. (See Ghigau and Hildebrand)—William Andrew, son of Stephen Foreman and Emma (Carter) Carlile. born October 1, 1893, educated in Tahlequah District and Male Seminary. Married at Tahlequah, April 2, 1912, Alma, daughter of S. P. Luna and Sarah (Bullet), Luna, born November 4, 1894 in Ozark County, Missouri. They are the parents of
Jewell Carlile, born September 25, 1912.  Thomas Holmes Carlile married Elizabeth, daughter of John and Margaret (Hildebrand) Catron and they were the parents of Stephen Foreman Carlile.

Carman, Daniel (See Ward)—Daniel Young Carman, born Aug. 11, 1895, educated at Adair. Married at Pryor, Oct. 9, 1914, Grace, daughter of James Madison and Jessie Floyd, born October 12, 1896 in Scotland County, Missouri. They are the parents of Ermel, born September 28, 1915; Revis Goodwin, born March 5, 1917 and Loyce Carmen, born May 24, 1919. Mr. Carmen is a farmer near Adair and is a member of the I. O. O. F.
 Louisa Maria Clark, born March 18, 1848. Married April 8, 1869 Daniel Young, born June 14, 1844 in Waldmore, Bavaria. He served in Company K. 107 Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War. They were the parents of Catherine Jane Young, born February 15, 1873. Married July 19, 1891, Joshua Thomas Carman, born March 25th, 1855 in Dade County, Missouri. He died April 15, 1918. They were the parents of Daniel Young Carman, the subject of this sketch.

Coats, Mrs. Susie D. (See Grant and Hildebrand)—Susie Dora, daughter of James and Emily (Harlin) Sunday was born in Cooweescoowee District, September 12, 1876, educated in Female Seminary Married September 11, 1893 James, son of James McKenzie and Annie C. (Spears) Coats, born April 1, 1866. They are the parents of: Jennie Bessie, born January 25, 1894; James McKenzie, born September 20, 1896; Elmer Earl, born September 4, 1901; Capitola Wyly, born February 15, 1903; Lulu May, born January 20, 1906; Eugene ,born October 15, 1908; Belva Lockwood, born June 8, 1910 and David Coats, born March 3, 1912. Mr. Coats, died December 15, 1915. Mrs. Coats manages a farm near Pryor. Miss Jennie Bessie Coats was elected Court Clerk of Mayes County November 5, 1918 and November 2, 1920. James McKenzie was educated in Pryor and Agricultural College at Stillwater and served in the World War over seas 18 months. Capitola Wyly is a member of the 1922 High School class at Pryor.
 Lucinda, daughter of Samuel and Catherine (Hildebrand) Martin married Joseph Spears and they were the parents of Annie C. Spears wife of James McKenzie Coats.

Cochran, Mrs. Ned A. (See Grant)—William Penn Adair Martin, born at Greenbriar, Aug. 1, 1879, educated locally and Female Seminary. Married at Pryor, July 24, 1915, Ned Adair Cochran, son of Richard and Mary Cochran, born August 20, 1880, educated at Orphan Asylum. They are the parents of Mary Virginia, born July 26, 1910; Cherokee Adair, born January 5, 1912; Joseph Martin, born February 28, 1915 and Robert Edward, born March 4, 1917. Mrs. Cocharn belongs to the Deer Clan.
 Joseph Lynch Martin, born in Georgia, August 20, 1820. Married July 21, 1870 Jennie Harlin, born April 8, 1849 at Tahlequah. He died November 9, 1891. They were the parents of Mrs. Ned A Cochran

Cornatzer—Cyrus Cicero Cornatzer, whose Shawne name is See-tah-way-see-cah, and who belongs to the Rabbit Clan, was born February 11, 1853 on One Hundred and Ten Mile Creek in Kansas Territory. He is the son of Sainuel M. and Caroline Cornatzer, the former was born May 6, 1824 in Oxford, North Carolina, and the latter was born in December 1834. Cyrus C. Cornatzer married Lydia J. Boggan March 23, 1871. Several years after her death he married on October 11, 1911 Miss Kate, daughter of Joseph Tyson and Martha Jane Zimmerman. Cyrus C. Cornatzer was educated in the Johnson county Kansas schools; is a master Mason, and, elected Solicitor of the Delaware District August 4. IS79, and a member of the Council from Cooweescoowee District August 5, 1895 and August 7, 1899 Four were born to the first marriage: Cornelia B. born February 18, 1872; Ninia Jane, born May 22, 1873; one boy, early deceased, Walter Cyrus, born April 24, 1878. Ninia Jane married R. L Madison, Big Cabin, Oklahoma; Caroline B. married Earl Galbreath, Big Cabin. Oklahoma. Mrs. Kate Cornatzer is a sister of Mrs. J. C. Starr, Vinita, Oklahoma. Has two brothers H. Zimmerman, Salt Lake City, Utah, and Joseph Clarence Zimmerman, St. Joseph, Missouri.

Chamberlain. (See Oo-loot-sa)—William Clifford Chamberlain was born April 23. in Flint Dist. He was educated at Neosho, Mo. He settled in Vinita and married Sept. 10, 1875, Lydia Ann Ward, born August 1. 1850. Se died June 28, 1882, and he married September 24, 1885 Madge, daughter of Hamilton W. and Margaret Goodykoontz, born August 7, 1859. Mrs. Madge Chamberlain taught school for seven years before her marriage, the last two being at Worcester Academy at Vinita.
 William C. Chamberlain's children by his first marriage were; Flora Hoyt, born March 6, 1877 and died August 13, 1896; Edith Ursa deceased; Clara Emily Chamberlain, born August 2, 1881. By his second marriage his children were: Winfred Clark, born April 3, 1888, married October 20, 1897 Ethel O'Neil; Lois Margaret born February 27, 1893; Milo Reu born March 8, 1895, married October 8, 1916, Lulu Scarborough; Cline Lowry born May 30, 1897; Quatie Eulalia born May 13, 1899. Two sons William Clifford and Lucian B. died in infancy.
 William C Chamberlain's Cherokee name is Su-Sen-Kee and he belongs to the Holly Clan. He is a member of the Congregational church and has been twice elected Mayor of Vinita.
 Amory Nelson, son of William and Flora (Hoyt) Chamberlain was born November 29, 1821 at Brainard Mission. He married December 2, 1846 Eunice Dolly, daughter of Milo and Lydia (Lowry) Hoyt, born December 14, 1820. Rev. Amory Chamberlain was one of the best Cherokee interpreters for the Council and he was also Superintendent of both the male and female Seminary. Rev. A. N. Chamberlain died July 4, 1894 and his wife died seventeen days later. William C. was his second son.

Duncan, Mrs. John C. (See Grant, Duncan and Sanders)—Joanna Coody Rogers daughter of Charles Rogers Coody and Nancy (Patton) Rogers was born in Cooweescoowee District in 1861. Educated in the Cherokee Nation Schools, graduating from the Female Seminary, June 30. 1881. Taught school and in 1885 she married at Fort Gibson, John Clinton, son of John Thompson and Elizabeth Ann (Sanders) Duncan, born in 1859 in Flint District, Cherokee Nation. He was educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Fortunate in having splendid educations, discriminative and appreciative minds. Mr. and Mrs. Duncan have always been unobtrusive leaders in their community. Mrs. Duncan is the grand-daughter of Captain John Rogers, last chief of the Western Cherokees and a sister of William Charles Rogers, the last chief of the Cherokees. While the Duncan family has furnished many of the finest minds and characters, one of their peculiarities is the fact that they generally refused public offices.

Dannenberg, Robert C. (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Robert Carter, son of John Henry and Annie E. (Ferguson) Dannenberg, was born in Missouri, April 12, 1877, educated in Flint District and Male Seminary. Married at Tahlequah June 16, 1902, Mary, daughter of John and Jennie (Lowrey) Hubbard, horn in Tahlequah District, November 28, 1878, and educated at Tahlequah and Muskogee. They are the parents of John Henry Dannenburg, born October 16, 1908, and Genie Dannenberg, born Mar. 5, I9l5. Mr. Dannenberg is a farmer and stock raiser near Tahlequah.
 Henry, son of Anderson Pierce and Mary (Nave) Lowrey, married Mary Parris and they were the parents of Jennie Lowrey who married John Hubbard.
 Christine, daughter of John and Susie (McCoy) McPherson, married Nathan Baron Dannenberg, and they were the parents of John Henry Dannenberg. who married Annie E. Ferguson.

Dykes, Mrs. Julius C. (See Foreman)—Cora Evelyn Mizer, born at Chelsea, Nov. 28, 1895, educated at Chelsea and Female Seminary. Married at Galena, Kas., April 16, 1918. Julius Otto Dykes, born February 11, 1896. They are the parents of: Julius Otto, born Jan. 14, 1919, and Evelyn Jane Dykes, born March 31, 1921. Mr. Dykes, who is the maternal grandson of Julius and Jennie (Bigby) Henchoz, saw service in the World war in Company C, 49th Infantry, which he joined August 26. 1918, sailed for France, October 31, 191S, returned January 16, 1919 and was discharged at Ft. Leavenworth, February 11. 1919.

DeLozier, Manford E. (See Adair)—Manford E. DeLozier, born Sept. 25, 1891. at Adair, educated locally. Married at Muskogee, October 4, 1914, Amanda F., daughter of John B. and Bettie J. Gibson, born January 5th, 1895, in Missouri. They are the parents of Vivian Marie, born February 20, 1916, and Reuben Edward De-Lo-zier, Jr., born August 18, 1819. After clerking in the Bank of Adair for some time, Mr. DeLozier gave up that place to assume the more congenial occupation of farming and stock raising.  Edward, the son of John and Gahoga Adair, was born February 7, 1789. Married June 17, 1809, Martha Richie, born February 10, 1790. She died July 7, 1857, and he died December 21, 1864. They were the parents of John Adair, born May 1, 1812, Married March 20, 1832, Anna Berry Graham, born October 12, 1816. He died March 15, 1877, and she died November 1, 1900. Their son, Edward Alexander Adair, was born February 25, 184 7. Married October 1867, Narcissa Malissa Harrison, born December 25, 1846, in Murray County, Georgia. He died December 3, 1901, and she is still living. They were the parents of: Georgia Virginia Adair, born at Dalton, Georgia, January 29, 1869. Married January 8, 1888, Reuben Edward DeLozier, born June 20, 1855, at Osceola, Missouri. Elected County Commissioner of Mayes County September 17, 1907. He died April 23, 1921. They were the parents of Manford E. DeLozier, the subject of this sketch.

Dobkins (See Duncan)—Benjamin Dustin Dobkins, born Aug. 6, 1879, was educated at Vinita, the Male Seminary, and graduated from the Ontario, Canada, Veterinary College. He married June 3, 1903, Gertrude, daughter of J. M. and Gertrude Ragland of Lebanon. Mo. Dr. Benjamin D. and Mrs. Dobkins, have one daughter, Miss Jaunita Cherokee, born July 5, 1904.
 Dr. Dobkins has been State Veterinary for ten consecutive years, is the author of the Oklahoma State Veterinary Laws and was President of the State Veterinary Association in 1912-13-14 and 15. He is a Mason, Odd Fellow and is President of the State Bank at Welch, Oklahoma.
 Emma, daughter of Benjamin Franklin and Mary (Berry) Landrum. was born June 15, 1852, at Beattie's Prairie in Delaware District. She married October 6, 1875, John Robert Dobkins, born May 8, 1857, in Texas. Mrs. Emma Dobkins died August 17, 1886. John Robert Dobkins died August 15, 1914. They were the parents of: Dr. Benjamin D. and his twin sister, Ada Bertha, who married B. H. Duvall and lives at Welch. Nora, born October 1, 1881 and married, is now Mrs. Hampton of Welch, and Hugh C. Dobkins, born October 23, 1S.S4, and died August 6, 1911.
 Benjamin Franklin, son of James and Rebecca (Duncan) Landrum, was born in 1822. He was elected Senator from Delaware District August 4, 1873, August 2, 1875, and August 5, 1877. He died February 19, 1879. It was one of his educated slaves that composed and played the celebrated violin piece, "I'll Tell You, Marsa Ben, Yo Niggers Gwine to Leave Yo," just previous to the wholesale escape of Landrum's and other slaves in 1842.

Deitrick, Mrs. J. R. (See Grant and Downing)—Lillie Belle Beck, born September 16, 1883, educated at Delaware District. Married Dec. 7, 1902, J. R., son of Jacob and Eliza Deitrick. They are the parents of: Beula Elizabeth, born Oct. 6, 1903; Addie Eveline, born August 10, 1905; Annie Lucile, born June 23, 1907; Aubrey Haskell, born January 26, 1910; Loil Wilson, born January 23, 1913; Robert Willard, born April 5, 1915, and Jaunita May Detrick, born September 1, 1920. Mr. Deitrick is a farmer near Ketchum.
 Jeffrey Beck, an Englishman, married Sallie Downing, a Cherokee. Their son. Ezekial, married Martha Sturdivant, and they were the parents of Geoge W. Beck. who married Sarah Elizabeth Davis. Thev were the parents of Mrs. Lillie Belle (Beck) Deitrick.

Drew, George E.—George E., son of Charles and Martha (Lee) Drew, was born at Webber Falls, Dec. 12, 1872, educated at the Orphan Asylum. Married near Pryor Nov. 8, 1894, Susie, daughter of Zachariah and Eunice (Bledsoe) Putnam. They are the parents of Eugene H., born April 30, 1896, married Billie Coats; Richard E., born Oct. 18, 1899; Eunice P., born May 23, 1902; Paula E., born Feb. 14, 19 lo, and Howard L. Drew, born Nov. 22, 1912.

Elliott, Hiram T. (See Foreman)—Hiram Thomas, son of Hiram Thomas, and Callie (Whatenberger) Elliott, born in Delaware Dist , Nov. 26, 1892, educated locally and in Male Seminary. Married at Vinita, April 1, 1914. Minnie J., daughter of Drewey and Margaret Trickey. They are the parents of: Rella, born May 17, 1915; Engen. born Mar. 20. 1917. and Maxine, born Feb, 10, 1918; Leroy Elliott, born Oct. 2. 1920. Mr. Elliott is a farmer near Big Cabin.

Elliott, James E. (See Foreman)—James H., son of George and Rachel (Henson) Elliott, was born in Vinita, Mar. 16, 1875, educated in Delaware Dist. Married at Adair Apr. 4, 1889, Eva, daughter of Joseph S. and Nancy Wickham, born Dec. 8. 1S75, Schuyler County. Missouri. They are the parents of Sadie Marie, born April 1, 1903; Juanita Josephine, born October 28, 1913. James Howard Elliott, born November 22. 1916. Mr. Elliott is a farmer and stock raiser, and is a member of the Independent Order of I. O. O. F. His Cherokee name is Oo-ch-la-ta.

Elliott, Mrs. Callie (See Foreman)—Callie, daughter of Samuel and Annie (Edwards) Whatenberger, born March 15, 1868. in Springfield, Mo, Educated in Texas. Married at Vinita Jan. 7, 1892. Hiram Thompson Elliott, son of Archibald and Rachel (Smith) Elliott, born May 22, 1858. They were the parents of Hiram Thompson Elliott, Jr., born November 26, 1892; Samuel Talbert, born July 5th, 1894. married Genevieve Blackford, Vera May, born February 26, 1896, married Guy L. Junes, and has one son, Raymond Jones, born April 4, 1914; Lucullus, born August 25, 1899, is in the United States Marine Corps in Haiti; Lucien Bell, born July 27, 1901; Flossie, born Jan. 2, 1904; Ruth, born May 24, 1905; Robert, born August 21, 1910, and Glenn, born March 6, 1913. Mr. Elliott died July 1, 1915.

Edmondson, Mrs. Jefferson D. (See Grant and Ward)—Lulu Eugenia, daughter of Samuel Taylor and Catherine Jane (Lear) Ward was born in Ark. Feb 28, 1864, educated in Delaware District. Married on Beattie's Prairie October 6, 1887, Jefferson Davis, son of Augusta Van and Laura Edmonson, born April 21, 1861, in Washington County, Arkansas. They are the parents of: Olive Estella, born April 3, 1889, graduated from Female Seminary, May 29, 1907, married Cicero J. Howard; Laura Helen, born June 8, 1893, and Doda Kate Edmondson, born January 16, 1896, married Peter Ware. Mr. Edmondson is farming near Pryor.
 George Ward, born March 17, 1787, married December 15, 1805, Lucy Mayes, born March 5, 1879. She was the aunt of Chiefs Joel B. and Samuel H. Mayes. George Ward was assassinated, and his widow died November 1, 1867. They were the parents of: James Ward, born Jan. 17, 1815, married Louisa M. Williams, born June 30, 1825. He died July 2u, 1S68 and she died October 16, 1844. Their son Samuel Taylor Ward, born June 13, 1847, married in 1862 Catherine Jane Lear, born in 1844 in Morgan County, Mo. He died February 25, 1864 and she is still living.

Epperson, Benjamin F. (See Grant and Foreman)—Benjamin F., son of William H. and Margaret Epperson was born Oct. 3, 1878 in Bradley Co., Tenn. Married at Pryor July 12, 1904, Dora May, daughter of William and Eliza Jane (Proctor) Horn, born June 1, 1880 and educated in Delaware Dist. They were the parents of: Arthur R. born Feb. 2, 1905; Louisa, born July 8, 1907; Robert L., born Feb. 5, 1910; Nannie Ruth, born Sept. 16, 1912 and Maggie May Epperson, born November 9, 1917. Mrs. Dora May Epperson died August 18, 1920. Mr. Epperson is a farmer near Big Cabin and is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
 Anthony Foreman, a Scotchman, married Susie, a full Cherokee. Their son Thomas married Susannah Brown nee Fields and they were the parents of Elizabeth Foreman who married Johnson Proctor. They were the parents of Mrs. Eliza Jane (Proctor) Horn.

Epperson, Mrs. Joseph (See Grant and Downing)—Bettie, daughter of Columbus and Amanda (Ross) Phipps was born July 6, 1882. Married at Wagoner, July 29, 1902 Joseph Epperson, born in 18S2 in Cleaburn County Arkansas. They are the parents of: William C, born December 11, 1903; Columbus P., born March S, 1908; Lela Pearl, born April 7, 1911; Zulma Inez, born March 27, 1913, and Garrett Epperson, born September 16, 1915.

Epperson, Mrs. J. O. (See Grant and Downing)—Mary, daughter of John and Susan (Gentry) Wood was born in Tahlequah District, June 16, 1883, educated in Female Seminary. Married at Tahlequah January 16, 1899, J. O., son of William H. and Margaret Epperson. They are the parents of: Oscar L., born December 31, 1900; Benjamin F., born August 13, 1902: Lola May, born November 29, 1905; Hendietta, born April 17, 1907; Eugene, born December 12, 1908; Bessie Marie, born June 10, 1911; Susie, born July 30, 1912; Walter Floyd, born May 21, l9i4 and Mattie M, born December 30, 1918. Mr. and Mrs. Epperson are farming near Big Cabin.

Eaton, Ellis M. (See Grant and Downing)—Ellis Menchell, son of Richard and Elizabeth (Alberty) Eaton born Jan. 18, 1861, married Jan. 3, 1886, Mary, daughter of Moses and Elizabeth (Buffington Alberty) born Dec. 19, 1865. They are the parents of: Lelia, born Apr. 7, 1887 and graduated from Female Seminary May 29, 1907; Richard, born Oct. 7, 1890, married Esther Gardner; William M,. born March 25, 1898 married Corn Thompson and Edgar W. Eaton born Aug. 29, 1899, Mr. and Mrs. Ellis M. Eaton are members of the Methodist church and he belongs to both of the Woodmen Orders.
 Ellis Menchall Eaton was elected to the Council from Cooweescoowee District on August 7, 1899, and August 5, 1901. Moses Alberty, father of Mrs. Eaton was born April 22, 1820. He was Justice of the Middle Circuit of the Cherokee Nation from 1853 to 1859 and was elected Executive Councilor in 1867. He was the chief attorney for Ezekial Proctor who was charged with the murder at the time of the Going Snake court house fight in 1872 and during the fight he was shot and killed by what was supposed to have been an accidental stray shot.

Fields, Henry F. (See Grant)—Henry Franklin, son of Henry Clay and Amanda Jane (Rogers) Fields was born Aug. 31, 1876 at Pryor July 15, 1900, Nettie B. daughter of Richard Watson and Mary Stokes born Nov. 4, 1880 in Ky. They are the parents of: Mabel, born December 4, 1901. Graduated from Pryor High School 1920 and is teaching at Bristow; Owen G., born May 6, 1904 and Haward Franklin Fields, born April 6, 1910. Mr. Fields is a farmer near Pryor. He is a member of the Masonic lodge in Pryor, himself, wife and daughter Miss Mabel are Eastern Stars.
 Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees was the father of George Fields who married Sallie Daniel. Their son, Henry Clay Fields, born October 21, 1844, married February 1861 Amanda Jane Rogers, born July 17, 1847 in Johnson County, Missouri. They were the parents of Henry Franklin Fields.

Faulkner, Benjamin F. (See Grant. Downing and Halfbreed)—Benjamin Faulkner, born Oct. 14, 1874, educated at the Male Seminary; married in Sept. 1893, Susie J. Humphrey, born in 1877 in Tenn. They are the parents of: Lelia Beatrice, born June 18, 1894; John Shatter, born March 1, 1899; Robert, born August 12. 1901. Beulah B., born September 20, 1907; Owen born August 26, 1910 and Beulah Clarice born January 25, 1915.
 Benjamin F. Faulkner was elected Sheriff of Sequoyah county in Nov. 1918. Robert Faulkner was appointed Sheriff of Sequoyah District in May 1882, Franklin Faullkner was elected Judge of Sequoyah District in 1871-77-79-81 and 1883.
 James T. Stewart was elected Solicitor of Sequoyah District in 1891. Alexander McCoy was Secretary of the Council May 6, 1817; clerk of the Senate from 1819 to May 1827. excepting 1822, and he was secretary of the Constitutional Convention of May, 1827.

Faulkner, Mrs. D. J. (See Foreman, Riley, Adair, Grant and Ghigau)—David Jesse, son of assistant Chief David McNair and Rachel Louvenia (Adair) Faulkner was born Jan. 2, 1874, educated in the Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary, married October 31, 1900 Jennie McClellan Foreman, born at Oowala November 12, 1878, she was educated at Oowala and graduated from Female Seminary June 1, 1898. They are the parents of Tiana, born September 11. 1901; Oolootsa, born July 12, 1903; Frank Foreman born December 23, 1905; Ada McClellen, born March 2, 1910; David Famlyn, born January 30, 1912; Taylor Adair, born February 8, 1915 and Ahniwake, born December 23, 1920. David L. Faulkner's Cherokee name is Te-quen-yoste, he belongs to the Odd Fellow and Knights of Pythias lodges and is engaged in stock raising north of Claremore. He was elected a member of Council from Sequoyah District August 7, 1899 and elected County Commissioner of Rogers county November 5, 1812.
 Mrs. David J. Faulkner is the daughter or Stephen Taylor Foreman born at Park Hill, September 21, 1848 married at Cane Hill Arkansas April 28, 1874 Ada Carter McClellan, born October 23, 1853. Stephen Taylor Foreman died January 30, 1891.
 John Thompson Adair, born December 22, 1812, married January 30, 1840 Penelope Mayfield, born May 12, 1824. He was delegate to Washington, Chairman of the Citizenship Court and Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation. Their daughter Rachel Louvinia Adair, born January 6. 1844, married April 28. 1867. David McNair Faulkner, born May 12, 1841. He was First Lieutenant in Captain Bluford West Alberty's company of the Second Cherokee Mounted Volunteers. Elected Councilor from Sequoyah District in 1869 and 1877., senator from the same district 1879, 1879, 1881, 1889, 1895 and 1901; Delegate to Washington. and Assistant Chief of the Cherokee Nation on August 3, 1903 retaining his office until June 30, 1914. He died on August 2, 1914.

Foreman, Mrs. Nannie (See Grant, Downing, Foreman, Watie, Conrad and Halfbreed)—Return, son of Ellis and Sarah (Phillips) Foreman was educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married at Muskogee, Nannie, daughter of Thomas Jefferson and Susannah (Watie) Bean, born March 25, 1881. They are the parents of Joseph, born October 16, 1917 and Samuel Foreman, born February 6, 1911.
John Alexander Watie married Eliza Fields and they were the parents of Mrs. Susannah (Watie) Bean.
Ellis (commonly called "Tyler") son of Samuel and Sallie (Gourd) Foreman married Sarah, daughter of Elijah and Sidney Crittenden) Phillips and they were the parents of Return Foreman.

Flournoy, Mrs. Anna (See Grant)—Anna Wilson, born June 3, 1855, married in Wood Co., Texas Sept. 12, 1871, De Hardiman Flournoy, born Mar. 1, 1848 in Nacodoches Co. Tex. He served the confederacy in Company G. Texas Portison Rangers, under Captain John Thompson and Colonel Walter P. Lane. He died March 7, 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Flournoy were the parents of Ellen Minerva, born August 9, 1872; Lillie John, born April 5, 1874; Raleigh De, born July 15, 1876; Walter Gray, born February 2, 1881 and Clara May Flournoy, born September 2, 1884
John W. Wilson, born September 10, 1824, in Jasper, Marion County, Tennessee, married July 6, 1854 in Rusk County, Tex., Ellen E. Thompson born April 12, 1838. He died January 28, 1867 and she died June 25, 1867. They were the parents of Anna (Wilson) Flournoy.

Grant, G. O. (See Grant, Halfbreed and Duncan)—George Owen, son of Edward and Susannah (Paden) Grant born December 25, 1883, graduated from Male Seminary May 28, 1902. Married Dec. 30, 1906, Lillie May, daughter of Jeter Lynch and Keziah (Moore) Cunningham, born May 23, 1879. They are the parents of: Owen C. Grant, born September 25, 1910; Kezia Elizabeth Grant, born September 28, 1914; Victor Monnet Grant, born Feb. 26. 1917.
 George Owen Grant was elected Register of Deeds of Adair County in 1910. Graduated from the Law Department of the University of Oklahoma in June, 1914. Elected County Attorney of Adair County 1918 and 1920. Delegate to Republican National Convention at Chicago 1916 and 1920.

Ghormley, William H. (See Foreman and Conrad)—William Charles, son of Michael Orlando and Nancy (David) Ghormley, born Jan. 22, 1876, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary, from which he graduated June 25, 1897. He married at Tahlequah, Sept. 19, 1899, Elizabeth Emily, daughter of William H. and Letitia (Woodward) Foreman, born Dec. 27, 1897. They are the parents of: Stella, born April 24. 1901; Maurice, born Jan. 13, 1903; Connell Rogers, born Sept. 23, 1904; Dwight, born Dec. 21, 1907; Roberta, born April 29, 1909; Una Jane, born January 9, 1912, and Pauline Irma Ghormley, born July 11, 19i5. Mr. Ghormley is a member of the Methodist church and belongs to the Masonic, Odd Fellow, Woodmen of the World, Modern Woodmen and Anti-Horsethief fraternities.

Gibbs, Mrs. Andrew J.—Caroline, daugter of Pleas and Martha (Carnes) Tidwell, was born in Georgia, Dec. 25, 1853, and educated in that state. Married February 1884, Andrew J., son of William and Elizabeth Gibbs. They are the parents of Lillie O., born December 23, 1887, married Ernest McLaughlin, and died in October 1907; William P., born August 22, 1889; Hattie E., born March 3, 1892; Allen D., born March 30, 1894; Louanna, born February 3, 1895, married Hosea Chidester, and has one daughter, Nona, born January 21. 19i5; Mary G., born December 9, 1807, married Owen Washam; Leonard Andrew, born October 15, 1902; Ezra F., born November 28, 1903 and Samuel B. Gibbs, born October 28, 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Gibbs have reared Everett McLaughlin, their grandson, born May 8, 1907.

Gwartney, Walter E. (See Ward)—Walter Edward Gwartney, born near Pryor, Aug. 20, 1895. educated at Pryor. Married at Pryor, May 10, 1913, Bessie, daughter of Joseph and Sallie McWaters, born April 7, 1896, in Gainsville, Cook County, Texas. They are the parents of: Walter Eugene, born September 5. 1914; Muriel Marguerite, born June 2, 1916; Edward Russell, born August 13, 1917, and Susie Irene Gwartney, born November 21, 1919.
 Bryan Ward married Temerance Stansil. Their son, John S. Ward, married Jennie Loveless, and they were the parents of Susie Ward, wife of Edward Gwartney, and mother of Walter Edward Gwartney.

Garvin, Ben F. (See Oolootsa and Blair)—Benjamin Franklin Garvin, born May 1, 1861. Married August 8, 1882, Sarah Benge, born September 15, 1862. She died. He married Eliza J. Baldridge, born June 6, 1864. He is the father of Margaret Nannie, married Nov. 8, 1901; Walter Agnew; Ada Cornelia, married James Hail; Benjamin Franklin, married Goode; Mary Ellen, married Benjamin Franklin Bradley. Elizabeth Caroline, married James McCullough; Edward Frye, married Jessie Amos, and Elmer C. Garvin. Benjamin Franklin Garvin, Sr., is a Mason, Odd Fellow and Woodman of the World.

Gunter (See Grant, Oolootsa, Adair, Ghigau and Ross)—Nancy E. Gunter was born Feb. 19, 1867, in Ft. Smith, Arkansas. She was educated in the public scliools of the Cherokee Nation and at the Female Seminary. She married at Vinita on April 4, 1886. Lucien Webster Buffington, born April 15, 1857, on Beattie's Prairie, Delaware District. He was educated in the Public Schools of that vicinity. He came as a boy to Vinita, shortly after it was established and lived there until his death, which occurred on December 3, 1919. Quite unostentatious and gentlemanly, he accumulated an extra compensation and for several years preceding his death had been president of the Vinita National bank. He was elected Town Lot Commissioner in 1886 and 1888. He was the son of William Wirt and Josephine (Bell) Buffington and his paternal grandparents were John Adair and Jennie (Martin) Bell.
 Nancy E. Buffington is the daughter of Samuel and Fannie (Daniel) Gunter. Samuel Gunter was born March 16, 1840. in Skin Bayou District. He was the most intrepid and daring of Watie's captains. He married in 1864 at Spencer Academy, Choctaw Nation, Fannie, the daughter of Robert Buffington and Ann (Taylor) Daniel. Robert B. Daniel was elected Senator from Deleware District in 1847, Clerk of the Senate in 1849 and Assistant Chief of the Cherokee Nation in 1871. He died January 16, 1872. Captain Samuel and Fannie Gunter were the parents of Nannie E., John Edward, born November 12, 1869, and Sammie, born July 31, 1873, and married Andrew Bell Cunningham.

Galbreath, Mrs. Earl.—Carrie Choteau Cornatzer was born in Delaware District, February 18, 1872, educated at Vinita and Lawrence, Kansas. Married November 27, 1900, Benjamin F. Choteau, born February 18, 1861, in Johnson County He died January 20, 1903, and she married January 20, 1914, Earl, son of Edward and Anna Galbreath, born July 23, 1890, in Boone County, Missouri. Her son by her first marriage, Walter Choteau, was born August 4, 1902, Mr. Galbreath is a farmer near Big Cabin.
 Marie Therese Bourgeois, an orphan Creole of New Orleans, married Auguste Rene Choteau, a native of Southeastern France, Her son, Jean Pierre Choteau, founded St. Louis, Missouri, when he was less than fifteen years of age. His second wife was Bridget Sancier and their youngest son, Frederick Bates Choteau, together with his elder brother, founded Kansas City. Missouri. Frederick Bates Choteau married Elizabeth Tooley. a Shawnee, and they were the parents of William Myers Choteau who married Mary Silverheel and they were the parents of Benjamin F. Choteau. who married Caroline Cornatzer and is the father of Walter Choteau.

Gentry, Mrs. William M. (See Hicks)—Margaret, daughter of Robert Pay and Cynthia Jane (Horn) Taylor, was born Nov. 10, 1873, educated at Worcester Academy, and Willie Halsell College, Vinita. Married at Weston, Texas, April 18, 1891. William M. son of W. J. and Nancy A. Gentry, born August 10, 1S7I, in Ray County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Ralph Ray. born July 7. 1893; Blanche Sunbeam, born Oct. 15, 1896; Christopher Robert, born March 23, 1900; Winnie Gertrude, born April 7, 1902; Hearst T., born May 6, 1904: William Lee, born April 30, 1908; Annie Audrey, born January 28, 1910; Ruth, born Dec. 28, 1912, and Juna Gentry, born March 2, 1916. True to the family custom. William M. Gentry is a farmer and raiser of thoroughbred saddle stock at his splendidly equipped Rose Valley Farm.
Jeremiah Horn, a white man, married Elsie, the daughter of Chief Charles R. Hicks and their son, William Horn, married Margaret Leadbetter, and they were the parents of Cynthia J. Horn, born in Texas, November 29, 1847. Married in March, 1871, Robert Ray Taylor, born in Tennessee, November 20, 1847.
Chief Charles R. Hicks, on whom an extended sketch is given in the historical text was the son of Nathan and Elizabeth (Broom) Hicks, his mother being a daughter of Chief Broom of Broomtown, where his first printed Cherokee law was enacted on September 11, 1S08.

Goss, Benjamin F. (See Grant, Downing, Ghigau, Oolootsa and Adair)—Benjamin Franklin, son of George Washington and Mary Alice (Mayes) Goss, born May 14, 1884, married Jan. 10, 1906, Flora Etta, daughter of Jacob Udolphus and Annie Charlotte (Towers) Alberty, born April 4, 1885. They are the parents of John Thompson, born Jan. 27, 1907; William Clarence, born September 22, 1909; George Washington, born January 3, 1912, and Mary Charlotte Goss, born May 4, 1915.
George Washington Goss is the son of Benjamin F. and Sarah Emily (Bean) Goss.
Jacob Udolphus Alberty is the son of John D. and Jennie (Buffington) Alberty.

Gott, A. M. (See Cordery)—Sue T, daughter of Charles, a native of Spartenberg Dist., S. Car., and Jane (Collins) Harris, was born July 6, 1846, and married Nov. 8, 1869, Alfred Mason Gott, born Sept. 28, 1844, in Logan County, Illinois. He was a member of Company A, Terry's Texas Rangers before and during the Civil war. Mrs. Gott died March 30, 1916.

George, Mrs. Etielle (See Grant)—Ada, daughter of Joseph Lynch and Alice (Tucker) Thompson, born Jan. 26, 1881, educated at Vinita and Female Seminary. Married at Vinita, December 8, 1909, to Estel E. George, born Nov. 26, 1881, in Cooper County, Missouri. They are the parents of Mary Ellen George born November 12, 1911. Mr. and Mrs. George are farming near Big Cabin.

Graham, Mrs. T. O. (See Grant)—Ludovic Grant was a trader among the Cherokees in 1735. He married a member of the Wolf Clan. Their only a child, a daughter, married William Emory, an Englishman. From this union there were three daughters, the youngest of whom was Susannah whose third husband was General Joseph Martin of the Revolutionary army and later U. S. agent for the Cherokees. General and Susannah Martin's daughter Nannie married Jeter Lynch an Irishman. Maria, daughter of Jeter and Susannah Lynch married Johnson Thompson and later Andrew Brown Cunningham. From this union were born the following children: James Franklin Thompson who married Caroline Elizabeth McCord; Joseph Lynch Thompson, married Frances Kell; Alice Tucker; and Miranda King, nee Riley: Sabra Anne Cunningham married Lucien Burr Bell and Jeter Thompson Cunningham, born Dec. 1, 1843, was 1st Lieut, of Co. A, First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers in the Confederate service, under Captain Hugh Tinnon and Colonel Stand Watie. He married on June 13, 1S86 Camille Moore, born Feb. 12, 1S49. He was elected to the Council from Delaware District August 2, 1869 and August 4, 1873; Elected Clerk of the same district August 2, 1875. Mrs. Keziah Camille Cunningham was the daughter of Elijah and Jamima (Landrum) Moore, and the grand-daughter of James and Rebecca (Duncan) Landrum.
 Jeter Thompson and Keziah Camille Cunningham were parents of Andrew Bell Cunningham, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation; Catherine Aurora born February 17, 1871, married Connell Rogers; Jeter Thompson born January 12, 1873, married Margaret ElliS; Keziah Elizabeth, born January 14, 1875, married Oliver Lynch Wyly, and Hugh Morgan Rogers Lily May, born May 23, 1879, married George Owen Grant; Belle, born April 26, 1881, graduated from the Female Seminary May 25, 1900, married Dec- 21, 1910; Thomas Oscar Graham, born December 4, 1875. Albert Sidney Johnson born February 19, 18S3, married Margaret Daugherty; Roxana born March 8, 1885 married Dr. E. B. Reed.

Humphreys, Margaret nee Woodall (See Hendricks)'—Margaret Woodall, born July 18, 1866. Married at Tahlequah Nov. 24, 1909. James Humphreys, born in Monroe County, Tennessee in 1867. They are the parents of Roxis, born August 30, 1910; Harrison, born March 16, 1912; Eula, born June 10, 1914; and Virgil, born May 3, 1916. James Humphreys is a Mason and an Odd Fellow.

Hendricks, Thomas Sr. (See Hendricks) Thomas Hendricks was born Aug. 29, 1839. He served during the Civil War in the Indian Home Guards under Captain Blunt. Married at Park Hill in 1869, Nellie Ragsdale, born September 22, 1839. They were the parents of Rufus. Thomas, Susie and Janana Hendricks. Thomas Hendricks was elected Councilor from Tahlequah District August 3, 1885.

Hendricks, Thomas Jr. (See Hendricks)—Thomas Hendricks, Jr. born at Tahlequah Jan. 14, 1877. Educated at Tahlequah. Married at Tahlequah Jan. 11, 1899, Maud Stanley, born April 25, 1888- She died Mar. 6, 1910. They were the parents of: Robert E. born Dec. 9, 1899; Clara M. born May 2, 1900; Viola, born October 21, 1902; Thelma G. born October 16, 1904; Wirt, born April 4, 1906 ;and Maude Hendricks, born February 25, 1908. Mrs Hendricks died March 6, 1910 and he married at Muskogee Septtember 29, 1910, Bessie Bagley born February 19, 1895 in Missouri. They are the parents of Hazel, born September 16, 1912; Poss, born February 2, 1915; Pauline, born June 9. 1918, and Thomas Franklin Hendricks born March 13, 1921. Mr. Hendricks Cherokee name is Teeseeyauke, he is a member of the A. H. T. A.

Heflin, D. G. (See Grant and Ghigau)—Elizabeth Christine, daughter of Dr. Jeter Lvnch and Mary Jane (Taylor) Thompson, born Jan. 28, 1854, in Delaware Dist. Married Oct. 17, 1871. William, son of William and (Timberlake) Eubanks. born in Going Snake District, Dec. 3, 1S41. He enlisted in 1861 in Captain George Harlan Starr's Co. of the First Cherokee Mounted Rifles. Was First Lieutenant of Captain William Taylor's Company and upon the decease of Taylor he became Captain. He was elected Executive Councilor in November 1887. Mrs. Eubanks died March 29. in 12. They were the parents of Ada Archer Eubanks, born at Tahlequah June 25, 1884, educated at Tahlequah and Female Seminary. Married at Tahlequah July 30, 1905, Dessis Garfield, son of Rachel and J. Barto Heflin, born February 10, 1882 in Harrison, Boon County, Arkansas. She died February 21, 1913. They were the parents of Dennis Garfield born at Tahlequah May 24, 1906 and Rachel Elizabeth Heflin, born at Tahlequah April 18, 1909.

Harlan, William Lee (See Ghisau and Grant)—William Lee, son of George Washington and Sarah Jane (Cecil) Harlan was born in Delaware District, September 12, 1871. Married March 29, 1904, Lucinda, daughter of William and Charlotte (Mayes) Ballard, born near Carey's ferry on Grand River June 11, 1879. She graduated from the Female Seminary June 29, 1899. They are the parents of: Grace Leota, born July 4, 1905; Vanney, born July 27, 1907; Jewell Bernice, born March 12, 1913 and William Lee Harlan, born July 20, 1920.
 Mr. and Mrs. Harlan are members of the Methodist Church. He is a farmer and stockraiser near White Oak.
 William, son of Archibald and Annie, (Fields) Ballard born in Delaware District May 29, 1852 and educated in that District. Married December 26, 1871 Charlotte Mayes, born August 6, 1S5I. They are the parents of .Mrs. Lucinda (Ballard) Harlan

Hawkins, Roswell Drake (See Ghigau)—Roswell Drake, son of Adison Gregory and Ruth (Parks) Hawkins was born in Vinita March 27, 1891. Educated at Vinita and Kemper Military College. Married at Los Angeles, Calif. Aug. 21, 1911. La Donne Helen, daughter of Joseph and Mabel Paulet, born Aug. 15, in Centralis, Cook Co, Ill. They are the parents of Roswell Drake, Jr., born March 5, 1918 and Beverly Joyce Hawkins, born March 18, 1921. Mr. Hawkins is one of the prosperous young cattlemen of Craig County.
 Mrs. Ruth Hawkins is the daughter of Supreme Judge George Washington and Louise (Spriggs) Parks.

Hayes, Mrs. Eliza (See Griffin)—Eliza, daughter of William and Eliza Griffin was born Sept. 25, 1861. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Taught school for some time and married at Webbers Falls on Jan. 11, 1883 Richard, son of John and Rebecca Hayes, born Sept. 3, 1859 in Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. They are the parents of Emma Hays, born Dec. 13, 1884.
 Mrs. Hayes is a member of the Methodist church. Her Cherokee name is Lesi Saluaya and she belongs to the Holly clan

Horrell, Mrs. Louise H. (See England)—Louisa H. daughter of William and Mary Jane (England) Habish, born June 23, 1878. Educated In the Cherokee Public Schools and Worchester Academy, Vinita. Married at Oswego, Kansas March 8, 1905, George T., son of Benjamin and Mary Frances Horrel. They are the parents of: Mary Thelma, born February 9, 1906 and Allen C. Horrell, born October 31, 1908.
Mr. Horrell is a stillman with the St. Clair Refining Company.

Hickey, George H. (See Grant, Adair and Ghigau)—George Henry, son of Thomas Preston and Lucinda (Gott) Hickey, born November 24, 1880, educated in Coowuscoowee District. Married at Pryor January 5, 1904, Sallie, daughter of James Allen and Annie (Foster) Mayes, born May 10, 1879. They are the parents of Benjamin Martin, born April 6, 1900; Lulu Myrtle, born September 29, 1904; Susie Alice, born January 6, 1907; Georgia Margueritta, born September 13, 1910 and Thomas Preston Hickey, born November 20, 1911.

Hickey, John Walter.. (See Grant, Ghigau, and Adair)—John Walter, son of Thomas Preston and Lucinda (Gott) Hickey, born May 22, 1892. Married at Independence, Kansas, March 15, 1916, Maude Alma, daughter of William and Mary Lucinda (Adair) Gott, born March 4, 1899 in Flint District. They are the parents of Yvonne, born August 5, 1917 and William Bryant Hickey, born August 2 5, 1920.
Ludovic Grant, a Scotch trader married a full blood Cherokee woman of the Wolf Clan. Their daughter married William Emory an Englishman and they were the parents of Susannah who married Richard Fields, a white man. Their son Thomas Fields, married Nancy Rogers nee Downing and they were the parents of Rachel Jane Fields, born in 1813, married Henry Hickey, born March 15, 1815 in Tennessee. Their son, Thomas Preston Hickey, born September 15, 1853. Married May 26, 1874 Lucinda Gott, born August 12, 1854. They are the parents of John Walter Hickey, the subject of this sketch.

Harris, Mrs. J. W. (See England)—Ida Josephine, daughter of Elias H. and Arminda (England) Jenkins was born in Cooweescoowee District, July 4, 1870 and educated at the Cherokee National schools. Married at Siloam Spring, Arkansas, July 10, 1886, John Wesley Harris, born June 23. 1867, in Winebago County, Illinois. They are the parents of: Flora May, born July 25, 1887; Gertrude N., born January 13, 1889; Ulalah S., born September 5, 1890; Roy C, born April 20, 1892, and John Wesley Harris, born June 3, 1897. Mr. Harris is a farmer and stock raiser near Vinita. He was elected County Commissioner of Craig County, September 17, 1907.
 Joseph Roswell Harris was born in Durant, Illinois, Nov. 17, 1837. Served in the Civil war in Company H, 74th Illinois Infantry; married Aug. 27, 1866, Rachel Putney. She died November 23, 1911, and he died May 23, 1921. They were the parents of: John Wesley and Ulalah Harris.
 Arminda England was born November 25. 1831; married William England, Isaac Schrimsher and Elias H. Jenkins. She died December 27, 1879.

Harris, Colonel Johnson (See Grant, Cordery and Adair)—Colonel Johnson Harris, named for his father's friend, Colonel Johnson, was born April 19, i856, in Georgia; died at Muskogee, Sept. 25, 1921. Educated in Canadian District and Male Seminary. Married August 12, 1877, Nannie E., daughter of Richard F., and Rachel Elizabeth (Goss) Fields, born October 7, 1849. She died November 14, 1887, and he married March 4, 1891, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of William Penn and Sarah Ann (Adair) Adair, born June 12, 1864. She died Nov. 11, 1902, and he married Caroline Alice Collins nee Hall. Colonel Johnson Harris is the father of: Benna Vista, born October 26, 1877; William Richard, born January 23, 1880. Graduated from Male Seminary, May 24, 1900. Died October 24, 1917; Colonel Johnson, born March 22, 1882, married February 22, 1910. Caroline Elizabeth Ghormley, born June 3, 1888. Graduated from Female Seminary June 1, 1905. They are the parents of Ewing Johnson, born December 14, 1910; Russell Fields, born July 27, 1912; Buena W,, born May 6, I9l4; Jocarey, born October 6, 1916; Nannie, born September 6, 1918. and William Richard Harris, born April 12. 1921. Joel Adair, born June 22, 1894 and died June 30, 1915, Caroline Ellen, born November 8, 1896. Married September 24, 1919, W. A. Robertson; and Charles Hasting Harris, born August 15, 1899. Colonel Johnson Harris was elected Senator from Canadian District in 1881, 1883 and 1885. He was President of the Senate from 1883 to 1885. Elected delegate to Washington in 1886 and 1895. Elected Treasurer November 6, 1891, and on the 23rd of the succeeding month was elected Principal Chief. Elected Senator from Tahlequah District in 1899.

Hendricks, Rufus—(See Hendricks)—Rufus, son of Thomas and Nellie Hendricks was born October 25, 1869, educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married at Tahlequah December 22, 1895 to Susie, daughter of Joseph and Almeda Stanley, born March 22, 1876 in Jasper County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Joseph born September 29, 1896; James, born November 12, 1897; Willdie, born January 6, 1899; Marcus A. born July 26, 1901; Harvey, born March 29, 1903; Edna, born August 2, 1906; Herchell, born July 13, 1908; Herbert, born April 17, 1910; Ethel, born November 4, 1911; Iva, born May 16, 1913; Elva born November 3, 1915, and Dolora, born January 4, 1917, Mr. Hendricks is one of the representative farmers of his community and has been a member of the district school board for seven years.

Henry, Mrs. W. G.—(See Downing, Daniel and Foreman)—Nannie Catherine Daniel, born January 12, 1835, married December 23. 1857 Anderson Springton Wilson, born in 1830. They were the parents of DeWitt, born January 7. 1860; James Daniel born February 2, 1S61 and May Wilson, born May 1, 1862. Anderson Springston Wilson died December 26, 1865 and his widow married Henry Clay Barnes in 1872; Henry Clay Barnes was born at Dwight Mission, Cherokee Nation, August 29, 1845. They were the parents of Myrtle, born July 25. 1874, educated at Tahlequah Female Seminary, married May 14, 1891 Wallace Gibbs Henry, born April 6, 1872.
 W. G. and Myrtle Henry are the parents of DeWitt Clinton, born April 11, 1892; Roy Wilson, born July 22, 1897 and Myra May born Dec. 8, 1903. Nancy Catherine Barnes died Dec. 10, 1889.

Hammett, James W.—(See Mills and Grant)—Mary Mills, Cherokee name Gau-le-tsa, born December 25, 1875 near Sallisaw, is the daughter of Charles and Margaret (Johnson) Mills. Educated at Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married James W. Hammett. They are the parents of: Richard L., born January 3, 1895, married Ruby Landrum; Mary Elizabeth, born August 3, 1869 Ethel Christine, born December 25, 1898 and James E. Hammett, born September 8, 1901.

Hallum, Mrs. William O.—Mary Ella daughter of R. L. and Eliza Jane (Morris) England, born in Delaware District, February 11, 1882, educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married February 12, 1900 William O., son of Wm. B. burn October 17, 1821, died October 25, 1895, and Micca (England) Hallum, born June 8, 1825, died November 14, 1887 in Georgia. They are the parents of Maude Evelyn, born January 10, 1901, married Marion B. Carico and has one son, Jock Carico, born September 5, 1919; Eliza May, born April 9, 1903; Susie Leona, born October 3, 1907 and Sadie Floris Hallum. born January 2, 1914.

Houston, Mrs. Lee—(See Ward)—Stella Lenora, daughter of Lovell Peabody and Johnanna (Powell) Ballard. born in Delaware District, August 23, 1900. Educated at Ketchum. Married at Siloam Springs, Arkansas, September 2, 1916, Lee, son of A. P. and Mary Houston, born July 26, 1892 in Berry County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Lillie May, born July 15, 1917 and Mary Ann Houston, born March 31, 1920. Mr. Houston is a farmer near Ketchum.
 Nancy, daughter of James and Sidney (Redding) Ward was born Jan. 29, 1830. Married Sept. 21, 1845, Cal Dean Gunter, born March 30, 1818. He died March 27, 1898. They were the parents of Anna Eliza Gunter, born May 4, 1848 and married John Powell. Their daughter, Johnanna Powell was born February 15, 1869 and married February 2S, 1899, Lovell Peabody Ballard, born January 27, 1879 in Benton County, Arkansas. She died August 20. 1920.

Howell, Mrs. C W.—(See Hildebrand)—Sena B., daughter of John T. and Laura (Hildebrand) Davis was born in Delaware District, September 20, 1887, educated at the Cherokee National Schools. Married at Vinita, February 11, 1906, C. W., son of Lemuel and Elizabeth Howell. They are the parents of Nora May, born May 31, 1913, Woodrow Wilson, born November 5, 1916; and Louis C. Howell, born September 8, 1919. Mr. Howell is a farmer near Ketchum.

Hendricks, Mrs. James B.—Eleanor E. J.,daughter of James A. and Mary A. (Tyner) Hibbs, was born in the Cherokee Nation March 18, 1882, educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married Nov. 4, 1900, James B., son of Elkanah and Margaret Hendricks. They are the parents of: Zilph, born Nov. 2, 1901; Lonnie, born June 11, 1903, is at present in the U. S. Coast Artillery in California; Mamie, born August 25, 1904, married Harry Cook; Ray, born July 31, 1906; Jessie, born February 26, 1908; Jay born April 25, 1909; Marie, born May 1, 1910; Lawrence, born January 26, 1912; Nina, born May 1, 1914; Cecil born September 9, 1915; Elkana, born September 11, 1917, and Margaret Hendricks, born February 1, 1919.

Hogue, Mrs. Joseph S.—See Oolootsa and Ghigau)—Mary Erskine Clark, born December 12, 1880, educated at Jackson, Tennessee. Married at Chelsea June 5, 1898 Joseph Sterling Hogue, born January 28, 1867 in Granger County, Tennessee. They are the parents of Joseph Clarke, born January 7, 1900; Condroy Lea, born June 20, 1903 and Sarah Erskine Hogue, born April 7, 1906.
 Mr. Hogue is a live stock dealer al Chelsea. Mrs. Hogue is the daughter of Richard and Emma (Lea) Clark and the granddaughter of Armstrong and Minerva Jane (Walker) Lea.

Jones, Mrs. George W.—Annie Odette, daughter of L. Baxter and Frances P. (McGee) Prather was born in Cowskin Prairie, Delaware District, November 17, 1887, and educated in Female Seminary. Married at Vinita September 25, 1905, George W. son of Winfield Scott and Lillie D. (Fisher) Jones, born December 19, 1881, in Seneca, Missouri. They are the parents of: Fannie Lillie, born August 5, 1906; Sylvia Clovis, born February 9, 1908; Tracy Edwin, born May 29, 1909; Opal Ethel, born June 10, 1911; Othoe Harold, born April 13, 1913; Bertha Evelyn, born February 1, 1915 and George Henry Jones, born February 25, 1920. Mr. Jones is a farmer near Big Cabin.

Journeycake, Mrs. Eliza See Downing)—Eliza Ann, daughter of Carter and Catherine (Benge) Daniel was born July 16, 1860. educated at the Cherokee Orphan Assylum, married December 23, 1881 Isaac Newton Journeycake, born February, 1859 and died in 1916. They were the parents of; Robert Joseph, born October 26, 1882 and died April 14, 1903; Jesse Daniel, born March 21, 1890 , married Georgia Shamblin; Isaac Newton, born October 23, 1892, married Tanna Crisp, and Bender Journeycake, born May 23, 1895.
Mrs. Journeycake's Cherokee name is Chiouke.

Jones, Mrs. Dr. J. S.—(See Foreman)—Mary Elizabeth Dege, born in Atlanta, Georgia, October 30, 1881, educated at Pryor and Female Seminary. Married October 5, 1907, J. S. Jones, D. D. S. They are the parents of James Staunton, born January 5, 1909; Mary Pauline, born July 7, 1911 and Helen Mercedes Jones, born September 13, 1913.
Dr. Jones is a graduate of the Southern Dental College of Atlanta, Georgia. He was a volunteer in the World War and was stationed at Camp Greenleaf, was commissioned a First Lieutenant and transferred to Camp Mills, N. Y. Received his discharge on January 21, 1919. He is at present the Commander of the American Legion camp at Pryor. Mrs. Dr. Jones belongs to the Baptist church, is an Eastern Star and White Shriner.
Anthony Foreman, a Scotchman married Susie, a full blood Cherokee of the Savannah Clan and their daughter Catherine married James Bigby. They were the parents of Mary Anna Bigby, born August 9, 1802, she married David Taylor, born in Orange County, Virginia, December 16, 1791. Their son James Taylor was the father of Laura Alice Taylor, born June 10, 1846, in North Carolina, married at Walhalla, South Carolina, October 13, 1867, John Henry Dege born February 4, 1845 in Bassum, Hanover Germany and they were the parents of Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Jones.

Johnston, John Edward.—(See Ross, Oolootsa and Wilson)—John Edward Johnston, born March 21, 1881. Married December 25, 1906 at Muldrow, Oklahoma, Ida, daughter of Alexander F. and Nannie (Ridding) McKinney, born June 10, 1SS7. Mrs. Johnston died April 21, 1915. They were the parents of Albert Sidney, born December 23. 1907; John Edward, born August 2, 1909; William Alexander, born November 28, 1910; and Joseph Franklin Johnston, born January 28, 1910. Mr. Johnston married Mrs. Anne Bruton Levy, February 25. 1921 .
John Edward Johnston was elected Sheriff of Sequoyah County, September 17, 1907; November 8, 1910 and Navember 5, 1912
Catherine, a full blood Cherokee married John Gunter, said to have been a Welshman. Their son, Samuel, married Ayoka and their son, George Washington Gunter, married Eliza Nave. He was elected Senator from Sequoyah District, August 6, 1849. Their daughter Susan Catherine Gunter married Robert Johnston and James Choate and was the mother of Albert Main Johnson who married Delilah Baldridge and they are the parents of John E. Johnston, the subject of this sketch. Albert M. Johnston was elected Sheriff of Sequoyah District August 4, 1879 and August 1, 1881.

Riggs, William G.—(See Sanders, Grant and Ross)—Juliette Scrimsher Chambers, born November 25, 1873 near Claremore, educated in the Cherokee National schools and graduated from the Fort Worth Business College, married at Claremore June 22, 1902 William Grant Riggs, born January 14, 1869 in Missouri . They are the parents of; Lee Grant, born June 21, 1908 and Joseph Vann Riggs born November 27, 1914. Mr. Riggs is a substantial stockholder in the Farmers Bank and Trust Co., of Claremore. By a former marriage Mr. Riggs has three thildren; Martha Mary, born June 14, 1896; William Edgar, born November 8, 1898 and Rolla L. Riggs, born August 31, 1900. Mrs. Juliette S. Riggs' Cherokee name is Wuti and she belongs to the Bird Clan.
Henry Chambers, son of Maxwell and Elsie (Sanders) Chambers, was born April 21, 1823, married Nancy Hendricks, born September 4, 1825. He was elected Senator from Cooweescoowee District August 2, 1875 and August 5, 1877. Mrs. Nancy Chambers died November 26, 1879. He was elected Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation in 1883 and Assistant Chief on August 3, 1891. He died of infuenza at Tahlequah on December 10, 1891. His son Vann Chambers was born on February 15, 1850 married July 28, 1871 Jennie D. McCoy, born April 25. 1854. They are the parents of: Juliette Schrimsher, Elizabeth. Louis R., Vann Sanders, Clarence, Cora and Rogers Chambers.

Keith, James G—James G., son of Joel M. and Susan Ann (McClure) Keith was born in Georgia, March 4, 1874, and educated in that State. He married at Claremore, March 4, 1900, Lottie, daughter of A. L. and Abigal Knox, born April 2, 1880 in Concordia, Kansas and was educated in that state. They are the parents of; Joel A. born May 27, 1901; Viola R., born January 7, 1903; James R., born October 27 1905; Mary A., born August 2, 1907; Susan E., born November 7, 1916; Sarah Charlotte born February 25, 1919; and LaVaughn Keith, born July 26, 1921. Mr. Keith is a member of the A. H. T. A. and of the Baptist church.

Kerr, Mrs. Robert—Anna Marie, daughter of John and Jane (Daugherty) Greenfeather was born in Delaware District, February 3, 1885. Educated at Ketchum. Married at Vinita. in January 1905. Robert, son of Alexander and Tilda Kerr, born August 30, 1890. They are the parents of: Cora, born August 30, 1901 married Clyde Bosley: Tilda, born June 30, 1904; Robert, born July 23, 1906; Lee Allen, born September 17, 1910; Lora May, born October 2S, 1912 and Irene Elizabeth Kerr, born January 16, 1917. .Mr. Kerr is a farmer near Ketchum.

Keys, Elizabeth (See Grant, Ghigau. Foreman, Adair and Riley)—James Mcintosh Keys, born near the mouth of Fourteen Mile Creek in Tahlequah District, March 25, 1843. Educated in that District. He enlisted at the beginning of the war under his cousin Captain O. H. P. Brewer and served four years in the Confederacy. Naturally kind, considerate and of much more than ordinary native ability. He married in March 16, 1869 Nancy Jane Mayes, born April 29, 1850 near Baptist, Going Snake District. She was educated at Baptist Mission. He was elected Solicitor of Cooweescoowee District August 4. 1879 and August 6, 1883. Elected senator from the same District August 3. 1891. Elected a member of the townsite commission in 1881 and Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation in November 1885. On the inception of statehood he was elected Senator from the twenty-ninth District.
James McDaniel and Nancy Jane (Mayes) Keys were the parents of; Dennis Bushyhead, born July 15, 1878; Bluford Alberty, born February 12, 1882 and Elizabeth Covel Keys, born September 12, 1885 and she graduated from Female Seminary June 3, 1904.
Mrs. Nancy Jane Keys is the daughter of George Washington and Charlotte (Bushyhead) Mayes.

Kelley, Mrs. W. P.—Fannie Viola, daughter of George and Lucinda (Jones) Wingfield, born December 8, 1871. Married at Vinita, November 25, 1889, William P. son of John and Elizabeth Kelley, born June 26, 1864 in Texas Co. Mo. They are the parents of Lizzie Lucinda Kelley, born August 5, 1886. Married 1919 Stephen Edward Landrum, born July 18, 1895. He served in the World War from November 1917 to February 27, 1919. They are the parents of Willie Steve (girl) Landrum, born May 12, 1920. The Kelleys and Landrums arc farmers near Big Cabin in Craig County.

King, Richard W. (Ward)—Richard Willey, son of Judge Benjamin Cooper and Abbie (Kadle) King was bom August 1, 1871, educated at Tahlequah and Male Seminary. Married July 20, 1890 Melvin Holland, born May 26, 1871. They were the parents of Benjamin Cooper born December 23, 1892, married at Tahlequah August 30, 1912 to Peggy Balleau born in 1894. Has one son, Richard Chester King, born Nov. 15, 1913. Clifford Willey, born Dec. 27, 1902 and John King, born April 1, 1910.
Benjamin Cooper King was elected Judge of Tahlequah District, August 5, 1889. Richard Willey King was elected County Commissioner of the Third District of Cherokee County on November 5, 1912. He is an Odd Fellow and Knight of Pythias. Benjamin Cooper King, Jr., is a Mason and Odd Fellow.

Letteer, Mrs. Roy (See Grant)—Lahoma Lucile, daughter of Chief William Charles and Nannie (Haynie) ' Rogers, was born at Skiatook, May 4, 1900. Educated at Skiatook and married in Oklahoma City, Oct. 19, 1920, Roy, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Letteer. They are the parents of Jane E. Letteer, born September 11, 1921.
Mrs. Letteer is the daughter of William Charels Rogers the last chief of the Cherokees and the great grand-daughter of Captain John Rogers, the last chief of the Old Settler Cherokees.

Lightle, James (See Thompson)—James, son of Edward and Sarah Lightle was born Tuesday, August 22, 1889 in Scammon, Cherokee County, Kansas. Educated at Talala. Married at Talala, November 6th, 1910, Nettie, daughter of Lawson and Mary Jane (Merrill) Runyar, born Nov. 6, 1886. They are the parents of Elsie Florence Lightle, born April 23, 1913.
Mr. Lightle is a pharmacist at Talala.

Little, Mrs. Joseph (See Grant)—Joseph Carter, son of William and Theresa Lane (Davis) Little was born at Vinita, Monday May 19, 1879. Educated in Worchester Academy, Vinita. Married at Chelsea Oct. 23, 1904, Myrtle, daughter of E. M. and Victoria (Powell) Arnold, born Oct. 23, 1884, and educated at Chelsea, Cherokee Nation. They are the parents of: Joseph, born April 5, 1907; William, born Sept. 30, 1909; Robert, born Aug. 31, 1911; Mary, born Nov. 12, 1913; Ruth, born March 9, 1918; James, born March 3, 1920. Mr. Little is one of the largest range and feeding cattle men in Oklahoma owning and leasing an extensive acreage for that purpose west of Ramona.

Lane, Rosa Gazelle—Rosa Gazelle, daughter of Dr. Andrew Jackson Lane born March 27, 1851 in Giles County, Tennessee graduated from the University of Louisiana in 1874. married December 25, 1877, Lucinda E. Journeycake nee Elliott, born April 14, 1852 at Leavenworth Kas. He died Oct. 31, 1896; Lane born Jan. 31, 1882 near Oowala, Cherokee Nation. She was educated at the Oowala public school, Female Seminary, graduating June 9, 1903, Lexington, Mo. and Petersburg, Virginia. Taught school several years and elected City Clerk of Claremore in 1921. She is a member of the Claremore Eastern Star Chapter and P. E. O. Sisterhood, chapter K. at Tulsa.

Lee, David M. (See Downing)—David Marshall, son of John and Mary (Faulkner) Lee, was born in Sequoyah District July 9, 1861, educated in Male Seminary. Married March 12, 1881, Mary Elmira. daughter of James Franklin and Elmire (Simcoe) Bethel, born September 10, 1858 in Sebastian County, Arkansas. They are the parents of Florence Ada, deceased; Lizzie May, born Jan. 16, 1883, married W. F. Wasson; Lou Emma, born December 15, 1886, married James A. Jackson and died July 28, 1920; Flossie Edna, born February 13, 1889, married James B. Galloway and Frank Emmett Lee, born October 23, 1891 and married Mary Daugherty. David Marshall Lee is a Mason, Odd Fellow and Knight of Pythias. He was elected to council from Sequoyah District, August 1, 1887. Mr. and Mrs. Lee have gratuitously adopted and reared the following orphans: James Sanderrs, Florence Emma Lackey, Mary Jane Lee, Wash Lee, Maudie May Lee, Carnell Overtaker, Alfred Andrews. David Bates Jackson, Flossie May Jackson and James P. Jackson, Jr.
Benjamin, son of Thomas and Catherine Pettit, married Peggy Cunningan and their daughter Nannie married Franklin Faulkner and they were the parents of Mary Faulkner who married John Lee.

Lipe, John Casper (See Grant, Thornton, Thompson, Oolootsa and Ross)—John Casper, son of Clark Charlesworth and Margaret Emma (Thompson) Lipe was born November 27, 1878, educated at the Cherokee public school, graduated from Male Seminary June 30, 1899 and from Spauldings Commercial College of Kansas City in July 13, 1906 Anna Belle Price, born Jan. 2, 1887 in Gonzales, Texas. She was educated at Oolagah and graduated from Female Seminary June 1, 1905. They have one daughter; Muriel Joy Lipe born March 21, 1908. Mr. Lipe's Cherokee name is Tauaneesie, he is an Elk, Woodman of the World, Knight Templar and Shriner.
Looney Price was born in February 1799, married December 28, 183 7 Lititia Coady. This talented and cultivated family moved to Texas before the Civil War. Their son Daniel Coady Price, born January 31, 1844 was a member of Co. A., Terry's Texas Ranger regiment during the Civil War, elected sheriff of Gonzales Co., Texas November 4, 1882 he married Mary Anna Jones and they were the parents of: Anna Belle (Price) Lipe.
Oliver Wack Lipe born January 20, 1914 at Fort Plains, N. Y.. he was elected Captain in the New York State Guards in 1833. He married in 1839, Catherine Vaught nee Gunter, born at Gunter's Landing in Alabama in May 1811. He was Commissary in Stand Watie's regiment. His son Clark Charlesworth Lipe was Adjutant in Captain John Scrimsher's company in the Confederate Cherokee service. Adjutant Lipe always ended up his roll call wifh the names of three of the full blood Cherokee soldiers: "Runabout, Turnover and Kickup." John Casper Lipe has served one year in the Missouri National Guards and was Captain of the first Home Guard company organized in the state of Oklahoma receiving his commission from Gov. Robert L. Williams.

Lamon, Mrs. William A. (See Grant and Cordery)—Martha Evaline Clingan, born at Gibson Station Cherokee Nation, March 21, 1874, educated at the Female Seminary and Sedalia, Missouri, taught at Harrell Institute at Muskogee, and married at Gibson Station February 1, 1899, William Archibald, Son of Robert A. and Melvina Lamon, born March 15, 1869 in Granada, Miss. They are the parents of: Mary E., born October 29, 1899; Melvina, born April 17, 1901; Catherine Wise, born October 27, 1902; Helen Martha, April 22, 1904; William Archibald, born February 4, 1910; Robert Edward, born February 4, 1^)12, and John Clingan Lamon, born May 3, 1913.
William Archibald Lamon is engaged in the realty and cotton business and owns the Farmers and Merchants gin at Wagoner. Mrs. Lamon is a Methodist, Eastern Star and White Shriner, a member of the Twentieth Century Club and the Home Mission Society. William Davidson, son of Alexander and Martha (Blythe) Clingan was born November 25, 1833 in Bradley county Tennessee; served the Confederate army as First Lieutenant Company K, l5th Texas Cavalr. Married at Perryville, Choctaw Nation February 6, 1870 Mary Jane, daughter of Samuel and Margaret (Vickery) Bumgarner, born January 18, 1845 on the Grand river Going Snake District. William Davidson Clingan died March 3 1, 1912. They were the parents of Mrs. Martha Lamon. The name Baumgarner is derived from the Ger

Lipe, Lulu (See Oolootsa. Ross, Foreman and Riley)—Sarah Lulu Foreman, born March 15, 1875, educated at Oowala public school and the Female Seminary, from which she graduated in 1895. Married January 4, 1899 John Gunter Lipe, born December 16, 1864 He was educated at the Male Seminary and the University of Arkansas; engaged in the farming and cattle business; was a Mason, Elk, and Woodman of the World; he died May 20, 1913. Mr. and Mrs. Lipe were the parents of: Flora Foreman, born November 14, 1899; Ada Catherine, born August 27, 1901; Dewitt, born January 26, 1904: Lucy Campbell, born March 28, 1908 and Lulu Victoria Lipe, born August 27, 1912.
Stephen Taylor Foreman, born at Park Hill, Tahlequah District, September 24, 1849, married April 28, 1874 Ada Carter McClellan, born at Cane Hill, Arkansas, October 25, 1854. They were the parents of Mrs. Sarah Lipe.

Landrum, Johnson (See Duncan, Ghigau, and Conrad)—Johnson Landrum, born 1860. Married April 2, 1889, Catherine Isabel, daughter of Stephen Gray and Sarah Abigal (Hopkins) Garbarini, born June 23, 1868. They were the parents of: Nellie Jesephine, born May 6, 1890; Clifton Lawrence, born May 12, 1893; Stephen Edward, born July 18, 1895; Mary Isabel, born January 21, 1898; Ada M., Jaunita T., and Helena B. Landrum died November 19, 1906.
James Landrum, a white man, married Rebecca Duncan, a half-blood Scotch-Cherokee. Their son, John, married Nellie Otterlifter and they were the parents of Johnson Landrum.

Lowry, Andrew Nave (Ross and OolootSt)—Andrew Nave Lowry, born March 6, 1853, married March 26, 1882 Dora Pinkney nee Bruton, born February 16, 1863 in Barry County, Missouri. They are the parents of James Bruton, Mary, married Levi Clark; Daniel Valentine; Charles Anderson; Jeanette Starr; Andrew; George Henry; Lucy and Silas C. Lowry. Andrew N. Lowry belongs to the Wolf Clan and his Cherokee name is Wahyaneet.

Lawrence, (See Grant. Adair and Go-sadu-i-sga)—Sarah Jane Adair, born March 10, 1875 at Salina; educated in the Cherokee National schools; Female Seminary, from which she graduated June 23, 1892, and Howard Payne College, Fayette, Missouri June 9, 1896. She married December 29, 1899, James Augustus Lawrence, born Oct. 18, 1856 in Texas. They are the parents of two sons: Augustus Adair, born April 21, 1901 and Gilbert Shelton, born Nov. 3, 1903.
Mr. Lawrence is the principal merchant of Tahlequah, and they have a beautiful home just east of the city.
Mrs. Lawrence is a descendant of the Martin family of Virginia. William Martin, the first known member of this family was a wealthy merchant of Bristol, England. He was the father of three children: George, Nannie and Joseph. He furnished Joseph with a ship, the Brice, and sent him to Virginia in the first quarter of the eighteenth century to keep him from contracting a marriage in England to which the father objected. Joseph married in Virginia, Susannah Childs, a member of a prominent Colonial family. They settled near Charlotteville, Albermarle county in that state where their third son Joseph Jr., was born in 1740. Joseph Jr. became a fur trader and planter, amassing a great deal of wealth. He was elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 1776, became Major February 17, 1779, Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. His activities were directed against the loyalist (Tory) English, Cherokees and others of the allies in the country west of the Alleghany Mountains, they having been stirred to violence by a letter of May 9, 1776, from the British Superintendent of Southern Indian Affairs, calling on them for concerted action in killing men, women and children of the Revolutionists and their sympathizers. The South had been practically subjugated by the summer of 1780, and it was only by the efforts of such transmountain patriots as Colonel Joseph Martin that it was possible for a part of the soldiers to strike and destroy Ferguson at King's Mountain October 7, 1780 and thereby turn the tide in favor of the Americans. Colonel Martin was not at King's Mountain, as he was busy holding the British allies of the West at bay. He was elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twentieth Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor Henry Lee of Virginia on December 11, 1793.
 Martinsville, county seat of Henry county Virginia, and the place of his residence was named for him. He visited the Cherokee Nation in 1808, shortly after his visit and return home died on December 18, 1808, and was buried with military and Masonic honors. His brother Brice, named for his father's ship, was a Major in the Creek War. His nephew Brice Hammack was a resident of Warren county, Missouri.
 General Joseph Martin married Susannah Fields, nee Emory, and their children were: John, born October 20, 1781, first Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation 1819, and the first Supreme Judge 1821. His wives Nellie and Lucy McDaniel were sisters. John Martin was elected Town Site Commissioner of New Echota November 12, 1825. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1827 from Coosweescoowee District. He came west in the spring of 1838 and located on Grand River, near the Grand Saline. He died October 17, 1840 and is buried at Ft. Gibson. Nancy Martin, second child of General Joseph and Susannah Martin, married Jeter Lynch, and Sabra, the third daughter of General and Mrs. Martin married Daniel Davis who was born in 1785 in North Carolina, and he died in June 1866.
 Judge John, and Nellie (McDaniel) Martin's oldest child was Martha, called "Patsy" born April 7, 1815, married June 25, 1829 George Washington Adair, born December 11, 1806. He was one of the leaders of the Treaty party and died April 22, 1862. Mrs. Martha Adair died January 24, 1825. George Washington and Martha Adair were the parents of: William Penn, born April 18, 1830; Brice Martin, named for his maternal uncle, born November 5, 1830; Dr. Walter Thompson, born March 13, 1838, married Rev. Joseph Franklin Thompson; Benjamin Franklin, born September 22, 1842, served four years in the Confederate service, married April 4, 1869 Mary Delilah McNair, died April 1885; Benjamin Franklin Adair died September 21, 1894; Rachael Jane, born December 20, 1845 and married Milton Howard McCullough; Cherokee Cornelia Adair, born June 16, 1848, married Jesse Bushyhead Mayes.
Benjamin Franklin and Mary Delilah (McNair) Adair were the parents of: Brice Martin, born February l7, 1870, and died May 27, 1898; Sarah Jane (Bluie) and Cherokee Cornelia, born January 11, 1881; graduated from the Female Seminary, 1899, graduated from Howard Payne College, Fayette, Mo., 1901. Married Junius Brutus Moore, January 10, 1904.

Lipe, Clarke Charlesworth, (See Thornton, Oolootsa and Thompson)—Clarke Charlesworth Lipe was born November 15, 1887, married at Tulsa July 19, 1914 Lucy V. daughter of John and Sarah Sellers born Nov. 22, 1888 near Stilwell, Cherokee Nation. They are the parents of Clarke Charlesworth Lipe born January 4, 1916. Mr. Lipe's Cherokee name is, Oolasant. Mrs. Lipe is a member of the Baptist church.
John Gunter married Catherine a full blood Cherokee of the Paint Clan settled on the Tennessee River in Alabama, where he made powder and a ferry. Their daughter Catherine as her second husband Oliver born January 20, 1814 at Fort Plains, New York. He was a merchant at Fort gibson and the first mayor of that town. He had five children of whom Chjarke Charlesworth was the youngest. One of Clarke Charlesworth's oldr brothers was John Gunter Lipe, born January 1, 1844. Though ordinarily happy and pleasant he wrote the following lines in the autograph album of Miss. Victoria Susan Hicks on February 27, 1861:
"I stand at the portal and knock,
And tearfully, prayerfully wait,
O! who will unfasten the lock.
And open the beautiful gate?

Forever and ever and ever.
Must I linger and suffer alone?
Are there none that are able to sever.
The fetters that keep me from home?

My spirit is lonely and weary.
I long for the beautiful streets.
The world is so chilly and dreary,
And bleeding and torn are my feet."
John Gunter Lipe.
He was killed in a skirmish on Bayou Monard on July 27, 1812.

McSpadden, Oscar Lyle, (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Oscar Lyle ,McSpadden. born November 2, 1892 educated at Chelsea; married September 1920, Georgia Craig.
Mr. McSpadden is engaged in stock raising for the firm of Milam & McSpadden near Magdalena New Mexico, where he has taken active part in the upbuilding of the comnuinity: he is a 32nd degree Mason and Shriner. Attended Business College in Coffeyville, Kas. Was in the stock business prior to going to New Mexico.

Mcintosh, Mrs. John R.—Maria L. Seguichy, born in Salina District of the Cherokee Nation, educated at the Female Seminary and Bacone University; taught school in Cooweescoowee and Delaware Districts; married at Chelsea, January 25, 1891 John Ross Mcintosh, born Feb. 26, 1866. They are the parents of, Beatrice N.. born December 11, 1891, married Paul W. Fry, and Ethel R., born December 21, 1902. married Roy Johnson.
The proper name of Seguichys is Cummings. But as is often the case, the Cherokee name was universally used. Mrs- Mcintosh's maternal grandfather was Joseph Powell, brother of Captain William Powell of the United States Army (1839). Her brother Joseph R. Sequichy was editor ot The Cherokee Advocate 1897-8. He died August 4, 1920. Mrs. Mcintosh's name is Waleeah.
John Ross Mcintosh was elected member of the Council from Cooweescoowee District August 2, 1897 and was elected by that body as Speaker. He was elected Treasurer of Rogers county in November 1920. His Father, John Mcintosh, who died July 17, 1916 was the last Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation.
Mr. and Mrs. Mcintosh speak both the English and Cherokee language with more than ordinary proficiency.

McSpadden, John Thomas. (See Oolootsa, Downing and Cordery)—Sallie Clementine Rogers, born in Bonham, Texas, December 16, 1863. Educated in the Cherokee public schools, and Cherokee Orphan Asylum; married December 16, 1885 John Thomas McSpadden, born March 15, 1852 in DeKalb county Alabama. They are the parents of: Clement Mayes, born December 20, 1886, graduated from Kemper Military School, Boonville, Missouri May 29, 1902, died in California August 20, 1912; May, born July 21, 1891, graduated from the Female Semiinary May 29, 1907, married Charles Walton Poole; Herbert Thomas, born October 1, 1893, graduated from the Male Seminary May 31, 1910, served during the World War in the Rainbow Division; Maude Irene, born April 5, 1896, graduated from Chelsea High School 1916, married William Walker Milam; Helen, born April 11, 1899, graduated from the Chelsea high school class of 1917; Pauline Elizabeth, born September 13, 1901, Graduate Chelsea High School class of 1922 and Maurice Rogers McSpadden, born April 10, 1905.
John Thomas McSpadden, a successful stockman and farmer is the son of Reverend T. K. B. and Elizabeth (Green) McSpadden Mrs. Sallie Clementine McSpadden is the daughter of Clement Vann and Mary America (Scrimsher) Rogers. Clement Rogers was a Captain in the Confederate Cherokee service, senator and District Judge of Coowescoowee District and a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional convention which named Rogers county in his honor.

McLaughlin, Mrs. William C. (See Grant, Ghigau, Foreman, Conrad, Duncan and Half breed)—William Cecil McLaughlin, born September 22, 1893, educated at Grove Stilwell and Muskogee, graduating in a business course from the latter. Married at Vinita, March 28, 1919, Lelia Leone, daughter of Richard Fields and Martha Adair (Brewer) Benge, born on Lynch's Prairie December 16, 1892. They are the parents of Cecil Benge McLaughlin, born May 10. 1921. Mr. McLaughlin is fanning near Adair.
Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and Catherine (Hicks) Miller married Philip Inlow a native of South Carolina and their son, Sylvester Inlow, born June 24, 1837, married December 28, 1861 Susannah Paden, born November 1, 1844. He died June 13, 1878 and she died February 13, 1889. Their daughter Margaret Caroline Inlow, born August 6, 1879 married September 20, 1890 Joshua Ezekial McLaughlin, born February 14, 1853.

Samuel, Mrs. P. W. (See Grant and Ghigau)—Florence Wilson McSpadden, born June 26, 1873 at Tahlequah. Educated at the Tahlequah City Schools and graduated from Female Seminary, June 23, 1892. Married at Tahlequah in January 1895 Philip Wharton Samuel born September 19, 1867 in Calloway County, Missouri and graduated from Spaulding's Business College May 2, 1888. They are the parents of Vance Ray, born November 21, 1897 and Maurine Samuel born October 22, 1902.
Philip Wharton Samuel is very prominent in the banking circles of the State, having been Cashier of the First National Bank at Pryor, President of First State Bank of Vinita for seven years. Cashier and late President of the Oklahoma State of Muskogee, which was changed under his management to the Exchange National Bank.
Mrs. Samuel is a member of the Methodist Church and was a tireless worker in World War Auxiliary activities.
James Walker, son of Reverend J. K. B. McSpadden, was born October 25, 1848 in Alabama, married April 18, 1872 Annie, daughter of Dr. Jeter Lynch and Mary Jane (Taylor) Thompson born May 4, 1852 in Delaware District, Cherokee Nation. They were the parents of Florence Wilson; Richard Vance, Mary Jane, who married Thomas R. Crookshank and James Walker McSpadden, Jr.
Mrs. Samuel's grandfather, Rev. Thomas K. B. McSpadden joined the Methodist Indian Conference October 30, 1879. He was from the Van Buren circuit of north Alabama. The rest of life work of this truly consecrated Missionary was among the Cherokees. He died in 1878 while in charge of the Fort Gibson Circuit.

McKisick, Mrs. J. H. (See Ghigau, Conrad and Duncan)—Nellie Josephine, daughter of Johnson Thompson and Catherine Isabel (Garbarine) Landrum, was born in Delaware District, May 6, 1890 and educated locally. Married at Vinita, August 8, 1910, James Houston, son of Charles D., and Lydia Elizabeth McKisick, born May 30, 1882 in Benton County, Ark. They are the parents of Stephen Dean, born June 14, 1912 and Clark Douglas McKisick, born August 6, 1919. Mr. McKisick is a mill owner and operator at Big Cabin. Mrs. Kiick is a member of the United Brethren Church.
John, son of James and Rebecca (Duncan) Landrum married Nellie Otterlefter and they were the parents of Johnson Thomp- son Landrum.
Samuel Candy, a white man, married Catherine, a full blood of the Wolf Clan. Their son, Samuel Candy, married Elizabeth West, a white woman. They were the parents of Ollie Candy who married Hair Conrad and their daughter Elizabeth married Daniel Hopkins. Daniel Hopkins and Elizabeth Hopkins were the parents of Sarah Abigal Hopkins, born Jan. 7, 1839 married September 9, 1860, Stephen Gray Garbarini, born September 8, 1827 in Tureila, Italy. They were the parents of Catherine Isabel, born June 23, 1868, married April 1889, Johnson Thompson Landrum. born in 1860. The word Garbarine in Italian, is. one who pleases by graciousness.

McLain, Mrs. Pleas L. (See Mayes)—Martha A., daughter of W. R. Wayburn born August 14, 183 5 in North Carolina, married in Rusk County, Texas November 23, 1854, Mary Ann Gage, born Nov. 7, 1835 in Georgia. Mrs. Wayburn died October 4, 1878 and Mr. Wayburn died July 29, 1879; born in Montague, Texas January 27, 1873, married near Pryor, August 23, 1891; Pleas L. son of Levi and Rebecca McLain. Mr. and .Mrs. Mclain are the parents of: Floy R. born October 5, 18?2 and died Oct. 27, 1891; Lloyd L. born January 11, 1894; Cora N. born December 12, 1896; Nannie R. born September 4, 1899; Cherry born November 8, 1903 and died January 19, 1904, and Watt Mayes McLain. born April 16, 1905.

Mayturn, Mrs. Walter, (See Gosaduesga)—Minnie Eveline daughter of Charles A. and Minerva (Nelms) Roberson, was born Monday September 22, 1884. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married at Chelsea Oct. 15, 1901, Walter M., son of John and Esther Mayturn, born Nov, 7, 1874 in Iowa. They are the parents of Amos, born August 28, 1902; Minerva C, born October 28, 1904; Zona Belle, born October 1, 1906; Florence, born Sept. 1, 1909; Glenn, born Feb. 19, 1913 and Alto, born June 8, 1915. Mr. Mayturn who is a progressive farmer near Bushyhead, is a member of the Woodmen of the World and has been a member of the District School Board for over seven years.
Minerva, daughter of Lewis and Mary (Denton) Nelms was born in the Cherokee Nation in July 1858. Married May 6, 1878 Charles A., son of Samuel and Elizabeth Roberson, born May 27, 1859 in Muscatine, Iowa.

Mayes, Hall, (See Grant, Downing, Foreman, Oolootsa, Adair. Ross, Conrad and Duncan)—Hall, son of Walter Adair and Nannie Riley (McCoy) Mayes was born near Pryor September 26, 1891, educated at Male Seminary, Bacone University and Agricultural College at Stillwater. Married at Muskogee, September 1, 1915, Sallie Pearl, daughter of Henry Clay and Nannie Vinita (West) Cochran, born October 18, 1893. Educated at Female Seminary and Northeastern State Normal, Tahlequah. They are the parents of Virginia Lee, born September 26, 1916; Mary Hall, born July 22, 1918 and Lucile Cochran Mayes, born July 19, 1920.
Samuel Mayes, born April 11, 1803, in Tennessee. Married January 27, 1824 Nancy Adair, born October 7, 1808. He died De cember 30, 1858 and she died March 18, 1876. They were the parents of George Washington Mayes born November 5, 1824. Married May 21, 1846, Charlotte Bushyhead born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878 and he died October 28, 1894. They were the parents of Walter Adair Mayes born December 9, 1860. Married December 25, 1890 Nannie Rider McCoy born March 25, 1868. They were the parents of Hall Mayes.
John Rogers married Tiana Foster. They were the parents of Elizabeth Rogers who married Jesse Cochran and their son Jesse the parents of Henry Clay Cochran who married Nannie Vinita West and they were the parents of Sallie Pearl (Cochran) Mayes.

Mounts, Mrs. John T. (See Thompson and Thornton)—Evaline, daughter of Lawson and Elsie Jane Martin Runyan, born near Fort Gibson in 1882. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. Married at Fort Gibson in 1912, John Thompson, son of David Albert and Caroline Harriette (Thompson) Mounts, born Thursday February 26, 1880. They are the parents of Thelma J. Mounts.

Mitchell, William D. (See Hildebrand and Ghigau)—William D., son of Reese T. and Rachel (Hildebrand) Mitchell was born October 5, 1854. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and is a blacksmith. He married in Delaware District March 7, 1875, Elizabeth, daughter of George and Elizabeth Newton, born June 1, 1855 in Marion Countty, Missouri. Mr. Mitchell is a member of the masonic fraternity. He was elected a member of council from Going Snake District, August 1, 1887 and August 5, 1889 and was one of the "Immortal fourteen" that sustained Chief Joel B. Mayes in his fight against the cattle men of the Cherokee outlet for a higher grazing lease rental.

Merritt, L. L.—Lucas Leslie, son or Timothy Carpenter and Rosella Merritt, was born in Indiana May 10, 1888 and educated in that State. Married at Talala Nov. 6, 1910. Mary Jane, daughter of Charles and Cynthia (Bible) Robinson, born October 4, 1890. Mr. Merritt is the ford agent at Talala.

Mayes, Dr. Joseph F. (See Adair, McNair and Downing)—Dr. Joseph F. Mayes. born December 21, 1877, educated at Male Seminary, Central College. Fayette, Missouri and the Medical Department of Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. He graduated from the two latter institutions. He located in St. Louis in his profession and rapidly built up a large practice. He married there on June 14, 1909 Miss Esmeralda Berry, born November 4, 1887. They are the parents of Esmeralda Mary, born January 21, 1913 and Samuel Houston Mayes, born August 11, 1917. Dr. Mayes is a thirtysecond degree Mason and a Shriner.
John Adair, a Scotchman married Gahoga, a full blood Cherkoee of the Deer Clan. They were the parents of: Walter Adair, called "Black Watt" born December 11, 1783, married May 15, 1804 Rachel Thompson born December 24, 1786. He died January 20, 1835 and she died April 22, 1876. They were the parents of: Nancy Adair, born October 7, 1808, married January 22, 1824 Samuel Mayes born April 11, 1803, in Tennessee. He died December 30, 1858 and she died March 18, 1876. They were the parents of: George Washington, John Thompson, Frank A., James Allen, Joel Bryan, Rachel, William Henry, Samuel Houston, and Wiley B. Mayes. John Thompson Mayes was a Captain in the Confederate service. Joel Bryan and Samuel Houston Mayes were Principal Cliiefs of the Cherokee Nation the latter was born May 11, 1845 married November 9, 1871 Martha Elizabeth Vann, born October 4, 1852 and she died December 27, 1907. They were the parents of the subject of this sketch.

Mayes, Mrs. Tip C.—(See Grant, Foreman, England, and Adair)—Flora May, daughter of John Wesley and Ida Josephine (Jenkins) Harris, born at Vinita, July 25, 1887, married at Vinita March 3, 1908, Tip Cicero, son of George Washington and Susie E. (Martin) Mayes, born June 1, 1874. Educated at Male Seminary and Bacone University, Muskogee. He is a member of the Masonic lodge at Pryor.
George Washington, son of Samuel and Nancy (Adair) Mayes, born November 5, 1824, married May 21, 1846 Charlotte Bushyhead, born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878 and he died October 28, 1894. They were the parents of George Washington Mayes, the father of Tip Cicero.
Joseph Boswell Harris, born in Durand. Winnebago County, lillinois, November 17, 1837, served during the civil war in Co. H, Seventy-fourth Illinois Infantry. Married August 27, 1866, Rachel Putney. She died November 23, 191 i and he died May 23, 1921. Thev were the parents of Jnhn Wesley and Ulalah May (Harris) Lukenbill, who died in 1889. John Wesley Harris was elected County Commissioner of Craig County, September 17, 1907.

Manifee, Mrs. Victoria Belle—Victoria Belle Manifee, born August 14, 1881, educated at Chelsea, married July 29, 1900 John L. Manifee. Mr. Manifee died Feb. 13, 1905. From this union was born the following children: Leah, born May 20, 1901 and George, born Septeinber 2, 1904.
Mrs. Manifee's father John G. Mcintosh, last executive chief of the Cherokee Nation died July 17, 1916. Her brother John R. Mcintosh is the Treasurer of Rogers county.

Moore, Cora A.—(See Grant and Downing)—Francis Milton Musgrove born December 6, 1847 at Baptist Mission, Going Snake Disctrict, educated at Baptist Mission. Married June 2, 1865 Clara Elizabeth Alberty, born June 11, 1845 near Baptist Mission. Frank M. who was always known as Frank was elected a member of Council from Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1881; Senator May 5, 1887 and Councilor January 24, 1888. He died January 17, 1895.
Francis M. and Clara E. Musgrove were the parents of: Elizabeth H., born November 21, 1867, and married Edward D. Hicks; James Tandy born August 5, 1869 graduated from Male Seminary June 28, 1888 elected sheriff of Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1803. He was killed June 3, 1895 while in performance of the duties of his office. Sallie S., born January 9, 1871, married Charles M. Cox and I. A. Martin; William Alberty, born September 13, 1873; Margaret May, born January 4, 1876 married Walter R. Eaton and died October 7, 1916; Cora Archer, born February 26, 1879. graduated from Female Seminary June 25, 1897, married February 22, 1899 James Herbert Moore, born Jan. 14, 1876. Clement Rogers born February 14, 1882, appointed County Clerk of Rogers County in 1919 and elected to the same office in 1920; Frank F.. born January IS, 1885 and Andrew Lane Musgrove, born August 19, 1889.
James Herbert and Cora Archer Moore are the parents of: William, born January 13, 1900; Foreman, born Sept. 13,1902; Veta Clara, born April 20, 1905, Nellie, born January 6, 1907; Marjorie born November 25, 1913, died January 23, 1914; James Herbert Jr., born February 26 1914; Linn Ross, born November 21, 1918; Joseph and Sanniel, twins, bom July 31, 1920.

Moore, Mrs. Henry W. (See Adair, Ghigau and Sanders)—Ina Lee, daughter of John Harrell and Emma (Choate) Adair, was born July 13, 1884, educated at Dwight Mission and the Female Seminary. Married at Salisaw, July 20, 1902 Henry W. Moore, born in 1878. They are the parents of: Horace Adair, born September 8, 1903; Emmet Togo, born June 6, 1905; Alma, born May 21, 1907; John Alonzo, born April 21, 1911; Samuel A. Hartman, born October 25, 1914; Henry W. Jr., born December 9, 1916, Edward McDonald, born March 26, 1919 and Billy Wood Moore, born August 29, 1921.

Moore, Mrs. J. G.—(See Cordery and Daniel)—Stonewall Jackson Rogers, born March 21, 1867, married in July 1890 Mary Kelly, born June 30, 1870 in Tennessee. She died in February 1907, and he died September 13, 1907. They were the parents of Frances Leeper, born in Cleveland, Tennessee, September 1, 1892, educated at Chelsea, Northeastern State Normal, and the University of Tennessee; married at Sapulpa, Oklahoma, November 4, 1916 Joseph Garland Moore; Robert Kelly, born January 26, 1895; Mary Louisa, graduate of Chelsea High School, 1919; Henry Curtis, born January 30, 1903, graduate of the Chelsea High School May 1921, and Rebecca McNally Rogers born June 19, 1920.
Joseph Garland and Frances Leeper Moore are the parents of Eugenia Graeme, born August 4, 1918 and Joseph Garland Moore, born September 4, 1920.

Milam, J. B.—(See Oolootsa and Grant)—Elizabeth Peach McSpadden, born August 27, 1883 at Chelsea, Cherokee Nation, educated at Chelsea and the Female Seminary at Tahlequah, from which she graduated June 9, 1903. Married April 6, 1904 Jesse Hartley Milam, born March 10, 1884, graduated from the Metropolitan Business College, Dallas, Texas, May 24, 1902; President of the Bank of Chelsea, and was appointed as one of the three members of the State Banking Board in 1920.
Mr. and Mrs. Milam are the parents of Hindman Stuart, born April 16, 1907; Mildred Elizabeth, born May 10, 1910, and Mary Ellen, born May 16, 1916. Mrs. Milam belongs to the Methodist church, is an Eastern Star, and a member of the Delphian Club.
Florence Ellen Hoyt, born November 2, 1858 in Pennsylvania, married April 8, 1879 Joel Cowan McSpadden born April 6, 1850 in DeKalb county, Ala. He died at Alberquerque, N. M., June 16, 1898, interment at Chelsea cemetery June 24, 1898. They are the parents of Elizabeth Peach (McSpadden) Milam.
Joel Cowan McSpadden was the son of Reverend T. K. B. and Elizabeth (Green) McSpadden.
Jesse Bartley is the son of William Guinn Milan and Sarah E. (Couch) Milan

Milam, Mrs. G. W.—(See Grant)—Sarah Ellen Couch, born near Italy, Texas, October 17, 1863, educated in Texas and at the Female Seminary of the Cherokee Nation, married October 20, 1881, William Guinn Milam, born March 12, 1860 in Moulton, Lawrence county, Alabama. He is the son of J. B. and Sallie J. Milam. William Guinn and Sarah E. Milam are the parents of: Jesse Bartley, born March 10, 1884; Allie, born November 26, 1885; Noolie, born November 16, 1888; Viola, born February 17, 1891; Charles, born July 23, 1894, enlisted in the 90th Division Headquarters Signal Corpse, 358th. Infantry; was killed in action at Argonne, France, October 24, 1918, paying the supreme sacrifice that the world might live; William Walker, born July 26, 1896; Annie Wheeler, born September 15, 1898, and Gladys May, born October 14, 1901.
Nancy Ellen Adair, born October 18, 1839, married June 15, 1856 Samuel Mitchell Couch, born January 3, 1838 in Alabama. She died November 1, 1873, and he died September 25, 1 877. They were the parents of Sarah E. (Couch) Milam.
William Guinn Milam was elected County Commissioner of Rogers county in 1907-10. He is an active and broadminded citizen, taking interest in every movement for public welfare, supporting the various civic movements, and rounding out the life of a useful citizen.

Milam, Walker Mr.. (See Oolootsa, Cordery, Downing and Grant)—Maude Irene McSpadden, born April 5, 1896, educated at Chelsea, and A. & M. College at Stillwater, graduated from the Chelsea High School in 1916, married at Chelsea May 19, 1917 William Walker Milam, born July 26, 1896, educated at Chelsea, Kemper Military School, Boonville, Missouri and Oklalioma University. He served in the army during the World War; he is president of the Milam Oil ompany, is a 32nd degree Mason and Shriner. Mr. and Mrs. Milam are the parents of: William Thomas, born June 19, 1918, and Walker Mortlock, born January 24, 1921.
Robert Rogers, a quarter-blood Cherokee married Sallie Vann, an eighth-blood Cherokee, born January 28, 1818. He died July 4, 1842 and she died May 28, 1882. They were the parents of Clement Vann Rogers, born January 11, 1839, married Mary America Schrimsher, born October 9, 1839. She died May 28, 1890 and he died October 28, 1911. He was the oldest member of the Oklahoma State Constitutional Convention, and Rogers county was named in his honor.
Clement Vann, and Mary America Rogers were the parents of: Sally Clementine, married John Thomas McSpadden; Robert Martin, died aged seventeen; Maude Ethel, married Captain Lane Lane; May, married John Matthews Yocan, and Frank Stine; William Penn Rogers, the celebrated comedian and movie actor.
John Thomas and Sallie Clementine McSpadden are the parents of the subject of this sketch.

Musgrove, Clem R. (See Grant and Downing)—Clement Rogers, son of Francis and Clara Elizabeth (Alberty) Musgrove, born February 14, 1882 near Oowala. Educated at Oowala and Male Seminary, married at Claremore December 25, 1905 Veta L., daughter of Jonas F. and Rosa L. Harris. They are the parents of: Dorothy L., born July 1, 1909 and Edwin H. Musgrove born September 16, 1912. Clement R. Musgrove is an Elk. He was appointed County Clerk of Rogers County, May 3, 1920, and elected to the same position in November 1920.

Matheson, Mrs. A. R.—(See Thompson, Thornton and Oolootsa)—Maudie, daughter of Henry and Susan E. (Thompson) Eiffert was born January 1, 1872 at Ft. Gibson, educated at Vinita and in the Female Seminary; married at Muskogee, October 1, 1889 Alexander Ross Mathewson, born March 28, 1867 in St. Louis, Missouri. From this union the following children were born: Floyd, born October 9, 1894, married Lola Beaubean; Richard Thomson, born January 13, 1897, married Erin Forsyth; Ross, born May 24, 1899, married Grace Parrish and Helen Matheson, born October 24, 1902, married LaFayette Parrish.

Martin, Mrs. Granville—(See Grant and Adair)—Granville, son of Joseph Lynch and Jennie (Harlin) Martin born at Greenbrier, January 14, 1S76. Married November 2, 1902, Lala, daughter of Wiley and Margaret (McLaughlin) Mayes, born January 11, 1880, educated in Female Seminary. They are the parents of: Clarence Markham, born August 19, 1903; Alice Marie, born December 12, 1904; Joseph, born June 7, 1907; Mayes, born September 23, 1909; Marguerite, born November 6, 1912; Cunnie Jr., born March 16, 1915 and Jennie Louise Martin, born April 30, 1920. Mr. Martin is a farmer and stockman. Mrs. Martin is a niece of the Chiefs, Joel M. and Samuel H. Mayes.

Miller, Mrs. Robert—Nellie Anderson, born Feb. 9, 1884, educated locally. Married at Pryor April 21, 1903 Robert Miller, born January 18, 1879 in Mayes County, Oklahoma. They are the parents of: Tip Bluford, born December 31, 1905; Martha LaVaughn, born April 29, 1908, and Roberta M. Miller, born June 2, 1912.
Rufus Anderson, born February 27, 1853, in Illinois. Married in 1877, Melvina Wayburn, born January 27, 1859.

Mayes, George W.—(See Adair, Gant and Foreman)—George Washington Mayes, born in Going Snake District, November 21, 1848 educated in the Cherokee National schools, married April 18, 1872 Susie Emory Martin, born July 25, 1854. They were the parents of: Tip Cicero, born June 1, 1873; Carrie B., born June 16, 1875; Pixie A., born January 31, 1879; Edward T., born July 15, 1884 and Richard C. Mayes, born April 20, 1887. Mr. Mayes is a successful farmer and stockman. He lives on the location of the Captain Nathaniel Pryor farm which was settled before 1820 and is the oldest farm in Oklahoma. George W. Mayes is a sturdy representative citizen and an ideal American. He was elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District August 3, 1893 and 5, 1901. He was elected sheriff of Mayes County November 8, 1910 and November 5, 1912. Mr. Mayes Cheroke name is, Touuneetor Youngbeaver. He is a Baptist and belongs to the Odd Fellows and is a Scottish Rite of the eighteenth degree.
George Washington Mayes, born November 5. 1824, married May 21, 1846 Charlotte, daughter of Rev. Jesse and Elizabeth (Wilkerson) Bushyhead, born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878 and he died October 28, 1894. They were the parents of: Jesse Bushyhead, born February 13, 1847; George Washington, subject of this sketch; Nancy Jane, wife of Judge James M. Keys; Elizabeth, wife of John Henry Covel; Edward Bushyhead, born June 8, 1853 and died in March 1874; Walter Adair, born December 10, 1860; John Thompson, born June 6. 1863 and Samuel Houston, born October 1, 1866.

Murphy, Looney—Looney Murphy, born April 16, 1803. Married at Tahlequah, March 15, 1918 Stella Stevens, born March 22. 1897. They are the parents of Thomas Murphy, born January 5, 1919. Looney was in service in France for four months during the World War.

Murphy, Mrs. Amanda—Amanda Terrell, born June 14, 1871. Married at Tahlequah, June 23, 1888 Thomas Murphy, born September 13, 1863, died October 17, 1920. They were the parents of Sallie, married Benjamin Riggs and has four children: Theodora, Ruby, Madeline and Jewell Riggs; Looney; Thomas and Herbert.

Mayes, S. H. Jr.—(See Grant, Foreman and Adair)—Samuel Houston, son of George Washington and Charlotte (Bushyhead) Mayes was born in the Choctaw Nation, October 11, 1866, educated in Saline District and Male Seminary, from which he graduated May 14, 1886. Married on Markhams Prairie, August 2, 1802, Florence, daughter of Frank and Sarah Nicodemus, born at Tahlequah. November 20. 1871. They are the parents of Charlotte E., born May 6, 1 803, married Robert Sanders; Pearl Christine, born November 10, 1804, married Robert Langston; Ruth, born July 15, 1896, and Sarah, born June 10. 1901. Mr. Mayes is a farmer near Pryor. His Cherokee name is Sa-moo-sti. He was elected to Council from Cooweescoowee District, August 5, 1901. He is the nephew of Principal Chiefs: Dennis W. Bushyhead. Joel B. and Samuel H. Mayes.
John Stuart was born in Scotland during the first quarter of the eighteenth century and was sent to Fort London on the Tennessee River as a Captain of a British Company of highland Scotch in 1754. He married Susannah Emory a quarterblood Cherokee and was known on account of his mop of hair as Oo-no-dut or Bushyhead. He and Susannah had one son, who never had any other name than Oo-no-dut and from that time forward the Stuarts in the Cherokee Nation have invariably been known as Bushyhead.

Madison, Mrs. Robert L.—Ninya Jane, daughter of Cyrus and Lydia (Boggan) Cornatzer was born in Deleware District May 22, 1874 and educated in Kansas. Married at Vinita, November 16, 1892, Robert L., son of Isaac Gray and Elizabeth Madison, born October 8, 1861 in Hickory County, Missouri. They are the parents of Lydia, born April 6, 1894; Dabny Lee, born April 28, 1902 and Joseph Farris Madison, born May 22, 1904. Mr. Madison is a farmer and orchardist near Big Cabin.
Cyrus Cornatzer, born in Johnson County, Kansas, February 10, 1852, married in March 1870, Lydia Boggan, born in Wadesborough, North Carolina, December 12, 1852. She died September 4, 1899.
Cyrus C. Cornatzer lives in Vinita. He was the last Chief the Shawnee Tribe had before allotment.

Merritt, Mrs. Leon C.— (See Grant and Halfbreed)—Hope Eva Bowman, born December 20, 1887, educated at Pryor and Female Seminary. Married July 8, 1900 Leon C. Merritt. They are the parents of Fern Aileen, born September 20, 1907; Naomi Leon, born June 11, 1910; Timothy Clarence, born October 20, 1913 and Alice Inez Merritt, born December 13, 1919.
Leon C. Merritt is an automobile dealer at Chelsea. Mrs. Merritt is a member of the Christian church and the Woodmen's Circle, Eastern Star and Rebecca orders. Her parents were James Earl and Jane Ida (Wilson) Bowman, the latter is the daughter of Gilbert and Eleanor Ophelia (Hicks) Wilson.

Mitchell, Robert Lee (See Ghigau and Rogers)—Robert Lee Mitchell, born April 10, 1876 in Cherokee Nation. His Cherokee name is Quaqua Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary from which he graduated June 28, 1895. He was an instructor at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum from 1895 to 1899 and at the Male Seminary from 1900 to 1902. Graduated from the Medical Department of the University of Ark. in 1904. He located at his present home in Vinita in the practice of medicine. He is an Episcopalian and has advanced as far as the shrine in Masonry. He has been a member of the city school board. He married at Muskogee, Okla., on June 1, 1915 Josephine G. Barker, born September 19, 1881, in Cooweescoowee District. She is the daughter of Artemus Andrew and Mary A. (Rogers) Barker. Artemus A. Barker was born December 4, 1851 in Morton, Scott County, Mississippi, married February 20, 1878 Mary A. Rogers, born February 7, 1860 in Chico, Butte County, California. Mary A. Rogers was the daughter of Thomas and Susan (Cochran) Rogers. Josephine G. Barker graduated from the Female Seminary May 25, 1900 and did post graduate work at Forest Park University, St. Louis, Missouri. She belongs to the Episcopal church and is a member of the Sachem Club. Dr. and Mrs. Robert Lee Mitchell are the parents of one son, Robert Thurston Mitchell, born at Vinita. May 28, 1916. They were very active in world war work, Mrs. Mitchell in the Red Cross and allied services and Dr. Mitchell entered the service on May 18, 1918 in the Medical Corps, was in France and Germany for 18 months, during which time he was advanced to a Captaincy, and is now a member of the medical reserve corps with rank of Major.

Matney, Mrs. D. B.—Mamie, daughter of Barney and Susie Tucker was born March 8, 1868, in Johnson County, Kansas, educated in that county. Married in Kansas City, Kansas, May 1, 1887, David B., son of John R. and Missouri Matney, born October 8, 1862 in Jackson County, Missouri. They are the parents of Albert J., born March 4, 1888, married Jennie Connel, had two children, Albert Eugene, born November 1, 1911 and Geneva Matney, born December 14, 1913. Albert J. died at Roswell, New Mexico, January 21, 1915 and Lewis Franklin Matney, born August 27, 1889. Mr. Matney is a farmer near Vinita.
Lewis Franklin Matney married Bessie Roberts nee Hale at Vinita, Craig County, Oklahoma, August 30, 1919. Served in World War from July 1918 to December 21, 1918.

Moore, Mrs. A. J.—(See Ga-sa-du-e-sge)—Bessie Shutt, born at Springfield, Missouri February 4, 1874, educated at Springfield and the Female Seminary. She married at Wagoner, December 12, 1900, A. J., son of J. W. and Elizabeth Moore. A. J. and Bessie (Shutt) Moore are the parents of: Howard W., born October 17, 1901 and Malcolm, born January 2, 1904. Mr. Moore is a pharmacist and Mrs. Moore is a member of the Christian Scientist cluirch and is a Rebecca.
Delilah Amelia, daughter of James and Elizabeth Vann was born in 1795, married David McNair, born 1774. He died August 15, 1836 and she died November 30, 1838. Their daughter Elizabeth married John Bean and John Weir. Her children were: Amelia, David, Talbert, Augustus, William E. and Almira Neely Bean; Susan Virginia and Clementine Weir. The latter was born May 15, 1848 and married at Springfield, Missouri, February 9, 1865 Augustus A. Shutt, a native of Virginia. He died April 8, 1875. They were the parents of Ella Virginia, John Weir and Bessie Shutt. The latter the subject of this sketch.
Benjamin Gold of Litchfield, Connecticut, the father-in-law of Elias Boudinot stopped at the home of David and Delilah Amelia McNair in October 1829 and in a letter to his brother Hezekiah wrote. "He had a beautiful white house, and about six or seven hundred acres of the best land you ever saw and negroes enough to tend it and clear as much more as he pleased. He raised this year about five thousand bushels of corn and it would make you feel small to see his situation."

Patterson, M. L.—(See Berry and Ghigau)—M. L., son of Thomas and Adeline (Berry) Patterson, was born December 21,1856, in South Carolina. Married July 14, 1890, Zona, daughter of Albert and Sarah Dawson, born February 5, 1870, in Tarrant County, Texas. They are the parents of Sarah, born April 21, 1891; Martha, born January 1, 1893; Claude A., born .March 6. 1895, served in the A. E. F. for two years in France as sniper; Edgar Dawson, born July 3, 1897, served for two years and six months on the battleship South Carolina in the navy; Thomas, born June 9, 1899; Roscoe, born December 24, 1893; Ola born July 17, 1907 Fredrick, born October 12, 1909, and Virgil V. born August 29, 1901.
Mr. Patterson is a farmer near Talala.

Post, Mrs. Caroline—(See Hendricks)—Caroline Woodall born November 29, 1855. Married at Tahlequah, July 30, 1881, John Beaver Post, born July 16. 1849. They are the parents of: Williain, Margaret. Andrew, Addielee, Charles and Daniel Post. Charles Post served through the World War.

Padgett, Mrs. T. R.—Rena Anderson, born near Pryor, November 5, 1887. Educated locally. Married August 29, 1906 T. R. Padgett, born November 2. 1885 in Morgan County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Jessie Bluford, born June 21, 1907; Nolan Floyd, born December 29, 1915, Nellie Edith, born July 5, 1917 and Alma Rena Padgett, born September 7, 1920.
Mrs. Padgett is the daughter of Rufus Anderson, born February 27, 1853 in Illinois and Melvina (Wayburn) Anderson born January 17, 1859 in Texas.

Poplin, Mrs. George W.—(See Ward)—Catherine O. Chandler, born at Siloam, Arkansas, January 26, 1873 and educated at Vinita. Married at Vinita, January 18, 1891, George Washington, son of William H. and Sarah Jane Poplin, born December 10, 1872, in Stodard County, Missouri. They are the parents of Anna Jane, born November 28, 1891; Ora Adelia, born March 18, 1893; Gaithor Oliver, born July 23, 1895; Marguerite, born October 9, 1897; Rosebud, born September 24, 1899; Nellie, born March 29, 1902; Van and Nan, twins, born April 16, 1906; Loren Ross, born June 11, 1908 and Ray Poplin, born December 20. 1910.
Gaithor Oliver Poplin enlisted in the World War at Pryor, September 22, 1917. Was made Corporal Company A, 344th M. G. B. N. Promoted to Sergeant October 1, 1918. Was in the offensive at Villa en Have August 24 to September 11, 1918 and St. Mihiel, Preverenville, Meuse, Argonne and Breussey from Sept 12 to November 11, 1918. He was gassed on September 1?, 1918 at St. Mihiel. Was in the Army of Occupation at Gillenfeld, Germany from December 19, 1918 to May 19, 1919. Sailed for America May 28, 1918 and was discharged at Camp Pike, Arkansas, June 23, 1919.
George W. Poplin is a bridge carpenter for the M. K. & T. R. R. with headquarters at Adair. Mrs. Poplin is a sister of Congressman Chandler of the First District of Oklahoma
Anna Eliza, daughter of Caldean and Nancy (Ward) Gunter married Burgess Gaithor Chandler and they are the parents of Mrs. Catherine O. (Chandler) Poplin.

Parkinion, Mary Terry.—(See Grant)—Addie Malinda Cobb, born September 9, 1870, educated in the Cherokee National schools and Female Seminary, married at Wagoner, June 4, 1891 Terry A. Parkinson, born May 12, 1866 in Coffey county, Kansas. They are the parents of Rachel May, born May 1, 1892 who married James L. Williamson, and they have three daughters. Mary June, Helen Isabel and Bettie Rhea, Ruth, born August 28, 1893, married H. Roy Cunningham; Joseph Terry, born February 9, 1895, married Leotis Pelsue; Isabel Jane, born October 20, 1896, married James David Garrison and had one daughter, Lotta Jane, bom September 5, 1916. Mrs. Garrison died December 13, 1918; Addie Florence, born January 16, 1900, married March 6, 1919 Alexander Cowan, and have one child, Alex Parkman, born February 6, 1920; Bruce Cobb, born April 30, 1901; Evie, born July 19, 1902 and James Parkinson, born July 27, 1904.
Terry A. Parkinson is engaged in farming, stock raising and has extensive oil and realty holdings. Mrs. Parkinson is a home woman, a Presbyterian, Eastern Star, and President of the Arts and Crafts Club. Mr. Parkinson is a Democrat and was elected County Clerk of Wagoner county in 1915-16, from which office he resigned in October 1917 and was elected to the lower house of the Legislature from Wagoner county in 1918.
Evaline, daughter of Alexander and Martha (Blythe) Clingan, was born in Bradley county Tennessee April 13, 1835, married December 15, 1857 Joseph Benson Cobb, born July 26, 1828 in Blount county, Tennessee. He died March 22, 1896, and she died November 17, 1918. They were the parents of Mrs. Addie M. Parkinson.

Prater, Mr.. Henry L D.(See Downing, Ghigau and Hildebrand)—Henry Laurens Dawes, son of Henry Sheridan and Mattie Celeste (Thompson) Prater, born February 25, 1900. Married December 30, 1919 Martha, daughter of John and Bettie (Lucas) Ham, born April 27, 1900. They are the parents of William Eugene Prater, born April 23, 1920. Mr. and Mrs. Prater are farming near Adair
Clara, daughter of Thomas Lewis and Amelia (Alberty) Rider married David George Thompson and they were the parents of Mattie Celeste (Thompson) Prater.
Jennie, daughter of Stephen and Mary (Potts) Hildebrand married William Lucas and they were the parents of Bettie (Lucas) Ham.

Prater, David George.—(See Downing and Ghigau)—David George Prater, born August 10, 1889. Married December 18, 1907 Clennie B., daughter of Thomas and Susan C. Jackson, born in 1890 in Carroll County, Arkansas. They are the parents of: Leland Stanford, born March 7, 1909; George Sheridan, born April 18, 1911; Guy Thomas, born February 1, 1913; William Granville, born February 4, 1915; Beatrice, born October 2, 1917 and Celeste Prater born February 6, 1920. Mr. Prater is a farmer near Adair. He is an Odd Fellow and Ancient Order of United Workman. Mrs. Prater belongs to the Rebeccas.
Moses Alberty, born April 18, 1788 in Surry County, North Carolina. Married Sallie Wright. Their daughter Amelia, born January 2, 1839 married Thomas Lewis Kider and they were the parents of Clarissa Caroline who married David George Thompson and their daughter Martha Celeste married Henry Sheridan Prater and they were the parents of David George Prater.

Propp, Mrs. F. W. (See Ghigau)—Mary Eleanor, daughter of David and Lucinda Ann (Harlan) Archer, born in Kansas, May 2, 1867, and educated in Cherokee County, Kansas. Married at Baxter Springs in that state, January 2, 1888 Frederick William, son of Carl and Henrietta (Stabnow) Propp, born July 22, 1859 in Germany. They are the parents of: Carl Williard, born August 21, 1906 and Elva Carlene Propp, born December 30, 1910. Mr. Propp is a farmer and stock raiser near Adair. Mrs. Propp is a Presbyterian and a member of the Grange and Rebeccas.
David M., son of Ezekial and Hannah (Lewis) Harlan married Lucinda Tucker and they were the parents of Lucinda Ann (Harlan) Archer.
William Harlan of Durham County, England was the father of James Harlan of Monk, wearmouth, England and he was the father of George Harlan born about 1649, who together with his wife Elizabeth came to American in 1887 and settled in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Their son, Ezekial Harlan, married Mary Beyer and they were the parents of Ezekial Harlan who married Hannah Obern. All of the above named were Quakers and from George forward they lived in Chester County, where also was born Ellis, born about 1733, the son of Ezekial and Hannah (Obern) Harlan who married Catherine, a full blood Cherokee and they were the parents of Ezekial Harlan who mariied Hannah Lewis.

Roberts, Charles D.—(See Grant, Downing, Foreman and Sanders).—Essis Elizabeth Foreman, whose Cherokee name is Chiuka, was born at Chelsea, December 1, 1886. Graduated from Cottey College, Nevada, Missouri in 1908. Was Art teacher in Chelsea, Oklahoma. Married at Tulsa, July 29, 1916 Charles D. Robarts. He is a thirty-second degree Mason and entered the marine service in the World War on August 3, 1918, and was awarded a medal of honor. Mrs. Robarts is an Episcopalian and Eastern Star.
Nelson B., son of Ellis and Margaret (Richardson) Foreman was born in Going Snake District, November 20, 1860. Married November 8, 1882 Nannie C Williams, born November 26, 1862 in Texas.

Robertson, Judge A. E. (See Ghigau, Foreman, Riley and Conrad)—Arthur Evans son of Evans Price and Sarah Ellen (Spears) Robertson was born at Hulbert, Cherokee Nation, Tuesday, September 18, 1888. He was educated in the Cherokee National Schools, Henry Kendall College of Muskogee, graduating from the preparatory department; St. Charles Military College, St. Charles, Missouri; University of Tulsa, from which he graduated; University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma and University of Paris, Paris, France. He served in the A. E. F. in France with the 143rd Infantry, 36th Division. His Cherokee name is Wah-la-see and he belongs to the Bird Clan. He is a member of the Presbyterian church and the Knights of Pythias fraternity.
Reverend Evans Price, son of Wade Hampton, and Diana (Hair) Robertson was born at Tahlequah, October 10, 1855. Married at Tahlequah, June 24, 1883 Sarah Ellen, daughter of Eli and Elizabeth (Hall) Spears, born at Catchertown, Tahlequah District, April 3, 1855. Wade Hampton Robertson a native of McMinn County, Tennessee. A member of Company E. Second Indian Home Guards. He was killed in a skirmish at Tahlequah on March 28, 1863. originally buried in the Chemkee Capital Square but later removed to the city cemetery.
Arthur Evans Kobertson was elected County Judge of Cherokee County, November 2, 1920.

Odle, Mrs. Marvin (See Ward).—Luia Brown, born near Pryor. December 10, 1881, educated at Pryor. Married at Adair, January 22, 1901 George Southerland. They were the parents of Sequoyah Vann, born June 16, 1901; Mary Helen, born January 27, 1904. and Maurine Southerland, born August 3, 1908. Mrs. Lulu Southerland married July 21. 1908 Marvin, son of John and Mary Odle, born April 5, 1885 in Henry County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Alma Beatrice, born March 11, 1911; Charles Eugene, born June 18, 1915 and Virginia Lee Odle, born October 25, 1917. Mr. Odle is farming near Pryor.
Charles Ward married Rutt Hollingsworth. Their daughter Mary Adeline Ward married Joseph Brown and they were the parents of Charles Brown, born in Texas, March 11, 1854. He married at Salina, Cherokee Nation, July 30, 1880 Mary Coker, born in Boone County, Arkansas, January 25, 1865.

Reagan, Austin.—(See Foreman)—Austin Greely, son of Meriweather G. and Lydia A. (Hicks) Keagan. born September 25, 1888, educated in Male Seminary from which he graduated May 29, 1907. He married at Tahlequah, September 17, I917, Grace, daughter of John Robert and Nancy J. Wade, born May 18, 1896. They are the parents of: Knowlton, born March 3o, 1918; Ruthben, born December 30, 1919, and the twins Woodrow and Warren Reagan, born March 4 1921. Mr. Regan is a farmer and school teacher in Cherokee County, Oklahoma.

Renfro, Mrs. William D.—(See Riley)—Betty Sutherlin, born September 19, 1897, educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum. Married December 28, 1897, William David, son of Dave K. and Alef (Tillman) Renfro, born August 29, 1870, in Brown County, Texas. They are the parents of: William David, born January 26, 1900, and is at present in the 1922 class in the University of Oklahoma, where he is a member of Alpha Kappa Psi fraternity; Elza Tillman born April 3, 1902, is a student in Tulsa University and a Phi Delta Theta; Alef Adelaide, born February 23, 1904, and Ima Jean Renfro, born October 30, 1907.
Adelaide McGuilliams nee Brady married in November 1878 Richard Lafayette Southerlin, born May 2, 1841, in Bryan County, Kentucky. He served during the Civil War in the First Tennessee Cavalry, Confederate Army. Mrs. Southerlin died February 17, 1887, and he died in 1889. They were the parents of Mrs. William D. Renfro. Mr. Renfro is a retired ranchman.

Reed, Mary Theresa (See Grant)—Mary Theresa Flippin daughter of, J. F. and MaryLane (Little) Flippin and grand-daughter of William and Theresa Lane (Davis) Little was born at Verdigris, June 29, 1896, married at Claremore September 3, 1915 A. F. Reed born April 10, 1893 in Arkansas. They are the parents of: Elizabeth Ann, born October 26, 1916 and James Franklin Reed, born November 24, 1919. Mr. Reed is assistant cashier of the Farmers Bank and Trust Co. of Claremore.

Ross. Nellie K. (See Grant, Sanders, Ross and Ghigau)—Nellie Katherine McLeod, born February 8, 1872 at Tahlequah. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools, Female Seminary and Drury College, Springfield, Missouri. She married April 26, 1891 George Starr Ross, born June 27, 1865. He was educated in the Cherokee National Schools and Male Seminary. He died November 24, 1894. They were the parents of Wayne McLeod born February 27, 1892 and Roy Vivian Ross, born January 15, 1894 and died October 9, 1920. Mrs. Ross' Cherokee name is Iyuka. She is a Presbyterian and a member of the Quest Clan. Wayne McLeod Ross is a book-keeper in the Farmers Bank and Trust Company at Claremore.
Mrs. Ross' parents were: Murdock McLeod, born January 28, 1834 at Cape John, Picton County, Nova Scotia, he married February 10, 1868 Annie Henry Brown, born August 5, 1851 at Tahlequah. She died December 31, 1873 and he died May 18, 1917.

Ross, Shorry W.—Among the collection of papers and charters of the reign of Alexander II, King of Scotland is a "Charter of Ferquhard Ross, of the Earldom of Ross." It is dated 1220. This grantee was called Macan-t Sagairt, or the Priest's son, and was supposed to be the son of Gills Anrias from whom the Highland Clan Aindreas took its name. Firquhard, Earl of Ross founded the abbey of Fearn in Rosshire. His son William was one of the Scottish nobles who, under Alexander III, bound themselves to make no peace with England in which the Prince and chiefs of Wales were not included.
John, Earl of Ross was also Earl of Buchan and later Hugh became Laird of Balnagowan. His grandson Hugh, the third Laird of Balnagowan married Lady Janet, the daughter of the Earl of Sutherland, suzereign of Sutherlandshire.
The Ross coat of arms, granted in 1681 bears the motto; "Floret Qui Laborat."
Daniel Ross was born in 1760 in Sutherlandshire, Scotland. He married at Chickamauga in 1786 Mollie McDonald born November 1, 1770. She died October 5, 1808 and Daniel Ross died May 22, 1830. Eliza Ross was born May 25, 1789, married John Golden Ross, born Dec. 22. 1878, died June 2, 1858.
Daniel and Mollie Ross were the parents of: Jennie, born March 25, 1789 and married Joseph Cordey, born Feb. 19, 1779. Died Oct. 11, 1859. John Ross, Principal chief of the Cherokee Nation from 1828 to 1866; Susannah, born December 10, 1793, and married Henry Nave; Lewis, born February 20, 1795; Andrew, born December 19, 1798; Annie, born November 15, 1800 and married William Nave; Margaret, born July 5, 1803 and married Elijah Hicks; Marie, born January 13, 1806 and married Jonathan Mulkey.
John Golden and Elizabeth Ross were the parents of: William Potter, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation; Daniel Hughes, Miss E. Jane, John Andrew, Miss Elnora, and Lewis Anderson Ross. The latter was born July 2, 1834. Elected Senator from Tahlequah District in 1867, 1869 and 1873. He married on January 29, 1868 Miss Nellie Potts. He was elected auditor of the Cherokee Nation in 1869 and 1884. He died April 12. 1885.
Lewis Anderson and Nellie Ross were the parents of: McDonald, born August 19. 1869; Shorey W., born March 9, 1871; Eliza, born December 15, 1872; William, born January 5, 1875; Lewis, Wirt, born March 7, 1880 and Daniel Ross, February 17, 1882.
Shorey W. Ross is the ablest literary individual of the Cherokee Nation and an unconscious follower of the old Ross motto of "He prospers who labors." He depends for most of his material on the legend and folklore indigenous to his locality and the only instances of errors in his articles are attributable to some few of the stories that are told to him, but with a true Scotch canniness he is generally able to sift the true from the false. The literature of the Cherokees and the State lose many gems because of the natural reticence of one of Nature's noblemen; Shorey W. Ross.

Robinson, Juliette M. (See Oolootsa, Ghegau, Adair and Grant)—John Gunter Scrimsher, born August 17, 1835 in Alabama. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary. Taught school one term at Greenleaf and married September 15, 1859 Juliette Melvina Scrimsher, born August 7, 1841. He was a Captain in the Confederate Service and a Senator in the Southern Cherokee Council during the Civil war. He was elected sheriff of Cooweescoowee District August 5, 1867 and August 5, 1877; Senator August 4, 1879 and August 6, 1883; Delagate to Washington 1883 and 1885, Senator August 1, 1877; District Judge August 1, 1893 and Senator August 2, 1897. He was killed by a lightning stroke on July 5, 1905.
John Gunter and Juliette Melvina (Candy) Scrimsher were the parents of Sarah Catherine, born July 27, 1866 married March 2, 1890 William Edward Sanders and died January 28, 1892; Elizabeth Bell born September 3, 1873 and married Stephen Riley Lewis; Ernest Vivian born July 24, 1875 and married Susie Philips and Juliette Melvina born January 12, 1878. Graduated from Female Seminary June 1, 1898- Married May 10. 1002 Abraham Vandyke Robinson born April IS, 1878.
A. V. and Juliette Melvina Robinson are the parents of: Hubert Spencer, born April 2, 1903; Lulu Elizabeth born March 18, 1906; Abraham Vandyke born August 9, 1911 and Juliette Melvina Robinson born January 26. 1914. Abraham Vandyke Robinson was elected Court Clerk of Rogers County, Oklahoma in 1918 and 1920. Mrs. Robinson's Cherokee name is, Cowana and she belongs to the Deer Clan.

Smith, George W.—George Washington Smith, born in Flint District, July 18, 1878, educated locally and in Male Seminary. Married Nov. 24, 1904, Jennie May Paden, born Sept. 24, 1885. They are the parents of Grover Paden, born Aug. 30th, 1905: and George Washington Smith, Jr, born April 14, 1907. George Washington is a Royal Arch Mason. He was a member of the legislature from Adair County in 1910 and 1911.
Chief Charles R. Hicks married Nancy Broom and their daughter Elsie married Jeremiah Horn, they are the parents of John Horn who married Nellie Miller and their daughter, Elizabeth, married Charles Smith and they were the parents of George Washington Smith, the subject of the sketch. Mrs. Smith is the daughter of Benjamin F. and Lucy Paden and the grand-daughter of Benjamin and Elmire (Miller) Paden.

Sanders, Mrs. Benjamin F. (See England, Hildebrand and Ghigau)—Martha Jane, daughter of James Franklin and Mary Jane (England) Williams was born in Cherokee Nation, April 9, 1870. Educated in the Cherokee Nation. Married at Vinita, August 7, 1887, Benjamin Franklin Sanders, born June 30, 1861 in Clay County, Texas. They are the parents of Martha Leoma Sanders, born August 18, 1890. Educated in Female Seminary, Hardin College, Mexico, Missouri and the Southern Seminary. Beuna Vista Virginia, graduating from the latter institution. She married James H. Thigpin, a graduate of the Alabama State Agricultural College. They are now living at Fort Worth Texas, where he is the Superintendent of the Refrigerating Department of the Swift Packing Plant. He is a thirty second degree Mason and Shriner.
Mr. Sanders is one of the most successful farmers and stockraisers of Craig County.

Sanders, Mrs. Bryan E. (See Grant and Ward)—Adda LaDavIe, daughter of John Lowrey and Laura Ann (Edmondson) Ward was born Wednesday August 8, 1895. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married at Tulsa Nov 29, 1917 Bryan Elton son of William Henry and Rose Mary Sanders, born July 25, 1895 in Benton County, Ark. They are the parents of Mariann Josephine Sanders, born Julv 6 1901. Mrs. Sanders is a member of the Christian church. Mr. Sanders served six months in the World's War as secretary to Captain Martin K. Rohn at Camp Pike. He is a member of the American Legion.
John Lowrey, son of James and Louisa M. (Williams) Ward was born July 20, 1851, married January 3, 1878 Laura Ann, daughter of Augustus Van and Laura Ann (Denman) Edmondson, born December 18, 1858 in Gordon County, Georgia
Laura Ann (Edmondson) Ward was born near Atlanta, Georgia, Dec. 18, 1858. She was the daughter of Augustus Vann Edmondson and Laura Ann Denman who belonged to two of the most prominent families in North Georgia. Her grandfather Col. Felix G. Denman was one of the wealthiest planters and slave holders prior to the Civil War. Her father Augustus Vann Edmondson came to this country from Texas in the early seventies. Locating in what is now Delaware County and was a power in the community in which he lived. On account of his powerful and sterling character the Cherokees named him Kluntutchy meaning in English a "Lion". She was married to John Lowrey Ward at Baties Prairie Jan. 3, 1878. To this union there were seven children born. Mrs. Dora Olive Cunningham, Tahlequah. Okla., Mrs. Lura Loux, Maysville, Ark., Mrs Leola Faye Newton, Maysville, Ark., Mrs. Cornelia Josephine Taylor, Wichita Falls, Texas, Mrs. Adda LaDayle Sanders, Tulsa, Okla., John Denman Ward, Tulsa, Okla., and Winnie Davis who died while attending school at Cherokee National Female Seminary March 21, 1908.
Mrs. Ward passed away in the Morning Side hospital at Tulsa, Okla., Dec. 8, 1919 and was laid to rest in Edmondson cemetery near her home. The passing away of Mrs. Ward has been the removal of one of the landmarks in Delaware County. She had lived in this community for nearly half century. She was a member of the Christian church, a good neighbor, wife and mother. A woman who loved her home and one who considered no crown higher than to be queen of that home, looking upon its preservation as the greatest ambition of womanhood. She was Aunt to Mrs. Richard Croker (Beulah Benton Edmondson) known as the Indian princess.

Samuel. Mrs. Clarence L. (See Adair, McNair and Downing)—Carrie M. Mayes born January 27, 1880. Graduated from Howard Payne College, Fayette, Missouri, in 1899. Married January 29, 1909 Clarence L. Samuel, born March 23, 1876. They are the parents of: Clarence L born December 26, 1909; Martha Elizabeth born March 10, 1914 and Samuel Charles Samuel, born Feb. 22, 1916 and died May 9, 1917.
David Vann, born January 1, 1800, married Martha McNair, born September 1, 1812. He was murdered on December 23, 1863 and his widow died in March 1875. They were the parents of: Clement Neeley brilliant attorney. Lieutenant Colonel in the Confederate service and Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation; Nicholas Byers; David Lucullus; Mary Delilah graduated in the second class (1856) from Female Seminary, married George W. Drew and Joel Bryan Mayes twice elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation; Charles Avoy; Joseph Lewis and Martha Elizabeth Vann born at New Hope October 4, 1852, married Nov., 9, 1871 Samuel Houston Mayes, born May 11, 1845. She died Dec. 27, 1907. Samuel Houston the youngest brother of Chief Joel Bryan Mayes was elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation August 5, 1895.
Chief Samuel Houston and Martha Eliza- beth (Vann) Mayes were the parents of William Lucullus, Dr. Joseph F. and Carrie M. Mayes, the subject of this sketch.

Snodgrass, Mrs. T. L. (See Grant, Downing and Ghigau)—Lydia Beatrice Wilder, born Jan, 28, 1883, in Choteau, educated at Harrell Institute, Muskogee. Married at Choteau November 4, 1900, Thomas Leonard, son of E. C. and Nora Snodgrass, born Nov. 16, 1873 in Washington County, Va. Thev are the parents of: Carlotta Marie Snodgrass, born May 17, 1912.
Charlotte Belle, daughter of Ellis and Clara (Buffington) West, born August 10, 1847, married March 1870 Jacob West Markham, born July 2, 1843. He died April 27, 1877 and she married March 1878, William Lavesque Wilder, born March 24, 1839 in Lafayette County, Tennessee, served during the Civil War in Co. "A" Twelfth Arkansas Infantry, Confederate army. He died Aug. 6, 1916. Mr. and Mrs. Wilder were the parents of Mrs. Thomas L. Snodgrass. Mr. Snodgrass is in the hardware business in Choteau.

Sleeper, Mrs. Minnie, (See Cordery)—Minnie Lucile Jackson, born at Tanglewood, the country home of her parents, August 7, 1871, educated in the public schools and Female Seminary, married June 27, 1894, Gideon Daniels Sleeper, born October 5. 1858 in Liberty, Miss. He died August 7, 1916. They are parents of the following children: Julia Virginia, born April 22, 1895; Gideon Daniels, born June 10, 1897; Walter Jackson, born March 17, 1899; Martha Elizabeth, born January 19, 1901, married A. J. Rawlins; Minnie Louisa, born August 23, 1906. Gideon Daniels Sleeper Sr. was appointed Commissioner in 1909 and elected to the same office in 1910-12.
Martha Elizabeth Harris an eighth blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan was born January 31, 1844 in Georgia. She married in November 1862 William Jackson, born May 4, 1835 in Mortonhamstead, Devonshire, England. He was Captain of Company B Scantling's Squadron, Texas Confederate Cavalry. He was elected a member of the council from Cooweescowee District on August 5, 1889.
Mrs. Jackson died March 17, 1902 and Captain Jackson died March 2. 1911. They were the parents of Walter Hampton, Andrew and Minnie Lucile Jackson the subject of this sketch.
Mrs. Sleeper is in the fifth generation from Thomas Cordery, who married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. The first known Cordery was Souchville-Cordery who came across from Normandy to England with William, The Conqueror in 1066.

Smith, Mrs. Richard Lafayette, (See Grant and Ward)—Richard Lafayette, son of Frederick David and Charlotte Elizabeth (Fields) Smith, born September 7, 1899, educated at Big Cabin. Married at Big Cabin May 31. 1919, Minnie Carrie, daughter of Robert Louis and Caroline Emma (Schmidt) Steigleder, born March 11, 1900, in Booneville, Missouri. They are the parents of Louis Richard Smith, born March 2, 1920 and Milton Eldo Smith born Nov. 5, 1921. Mr. Smith is a farmer and breeder of Purebreed Hereford cattle and is a member of the I. O. O. F. Fraternity. Mr. Steigleder was born July 10, 1862, in Iowa. Mrs. Steigleder was born in Missouri April 2, 1871 and they were married in Booneville, Missouri, September 9, 1888.
Sunday, Andrew, (See Conrad)—Andrew Sunday, born Aug. 13, 1877, educated in Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Married Sept. 27, 1897, Sallie Davis, born Feb. 23, 1879, in Cumberland County, Ky. They are the parents of: Mary, born April 4, 1898; Elva, born May 11; 1900; Lois, born Dec. 29, 1902: Jessie, born April 11, 1907; Clarence, born April 15, 1911; Robert Owen, born Feb. 6, 1914; Alice, born July 31, 1916; and Percy Sunday, born May 28, 1919. Mr. Sunday is a Baptist and Mason.
Hair Conrad was a half breed Cherokee, one quarter Scotch and one quarter Hollander. He was Captain of a company of the Cherokee allies to the United States in 1811, was a member of the Constitutional convention of 1827, was captain of the first detachment of emigrants to leave the Old Nation for the west in 1838, was elected a member of council from Tahlequah District August 7, 1843. He died November 2, 1844. He married Melvina McGhee and they were the parents of James, who as well as all of the descendents of Hair Conrad was called Hair instead of Conrad. This James Hair was the father of Nicholas Hair who married Lucinda Roberson and they were the parents of Andrew Sunday, the subject of this sketch.
Stiles, Chas. W. (See Adair)—Charlote Elizabeth Vann, born February 7, 1868, married September 10, 1885 Charles William Stiles, born December 4, 1866 in Iroquois county, Illinois. They are the parents of: William, born June 5, 1894; Emma Jessie, born July 17, 1895, graduated from the Law Department University. Oklahoma, and married Gordon Fryer; Clarinda Ermine, born June 25, 1897, and married J. F. Sullivan; Elsie Josephine Stiles was born November 17, 1902.
Mr. Stiles is Roadmaster on the M. K. & T. Railroad, is a thirty second degree Mason and Shriner; Mrs. Stiles is an Eastern Star and White Shriner.
Rev. James Jenkins Trott, a Methodist missionary married Rachel Ponds Adair, a quarter-blood Cherokee and their daughter Nancy A. Trott, born March 10, 1835, married October 20, 1860, Joseph George Washington Vann born February 15, 1832. She died January 29, 1876 and he died February 15, I888. They were the parents of; James, born August 15, 1861; Joseph Webster, born April 13. 1865; Charlotte Elizabeth, born February 7, 1868; Joseph Harding, born December 15, 1869, and Emma Ann Vann, born October 7, 1873.

Stewart, James O.—James O., son of William and Marion (Dougherty) Stewart born December 3, 1878. Married at Adair August 29, 1899 Maude, daughter of H. C. and Lean Hieronymus, born May 4, 1879. They are the parents of Ralph M. born January 17, 1901, married November 4, 1920, Myrtle Martin; Pauline born October 4, 1902; Grace Oneida, born December 31 1903; Ruth, born December 31, 1905; and James Carl Stewart, born April 18, 1914. Mr. Stewart is a fanner and a member of the Modern Woodman of America.

Shade, Henry (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Henry, son of Isaac and Lucy (Smith) Shade was born in Tahlequah District, July 15, 1875, married Feb. 19, 1902 Maggie Belt born July 19, 1880. Mr. Shade is one of the progressive farmers of Cherokee County and is a firm believer in good citizenship.
Susie, the daughter of Edmond and Nellie (Lowrey) Fawling married Thomas Smith and they were the parents of Lucy Smith, wife of Isaac Shade and mother of Henry Shade, the subject of this sketch.

Sloan, James E. (See Ghigau)—James Ellis, son of Edward E. and Naomi (Cole) Sloan, born January 7, 1894, educated in Delaware Districts and Male Seminary. Married at Claremore December 1, 1917, Gillie May, daughter of John M. and Mary C. (Roper) Carroll, born March 24, 1898 in Delaware District, educated at Big Cabin. They are the parents of: Percilla May, born August 25, 1918; Naomi Caroline, born March 1, 1920; and Dorris Louise, born June 12, 1921. Mr. Sloan enlisted in the World War September 3, 1918, and was mustered out January 7, 1919.
Thomas Martin Raper married Marcella Ferandes Townsend, their daughter Mary Caroline Raper married John M. Carroll and they were the parents of Mrs. Gillie May Sloan.

Sanders, Madison, (Raper, Sanders and Ghigau)—Madison, son of Jesse and Caroline (Catron) Sanders born in 1848. Married in 1875, Louisa, daughter of James and Nancy (Raper) Holland, born February 24, 1859. They are the parents of Carolina, married Ellis R. Alberty; Cynthia, married William Isaac Johnson; Jesse; James S.; Thomas Blair; Elizabeth; John Henry; Geneva, married Thomas Johnson and Parnett, Carl and Maggie Dee Sanders.
Madison Sanders was elected Sheriff of Tahlequah District in 1879 and 1881. Carl D. Sanders was in the World War 7 months and 17 days, Co. K. 12th Inf.

Austin, Mrs. Sue (See Cordery)—Sue, daughter of Charles Harris and Pearl Victoria (Haas) Sisson, born December 14, 1898 at Ft. Gibson; educated at Ft. Gibson, Muskogee and Claremore. Married at Claremore June 5, 1920 Ervin F. son of Henry and Sallie Austin. Mr. Austin is engaged in the wholesale dry goods business at Claremore.
Thomas Cordery, an Irishman married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. Their daughter Nannie married Parker Collins and they were the parents of Jennie Collins who married Charles Harris of Spartanberg district, S. Carolina. Charles and Jennie Harris were the parents of Narcissa, born in 1841, married George Sisson and Jesse Wolf. She died October 18, 1898. Martha Elizabeth married Captain William Jackson; Sue F. married Alfred M. Gott; Charles Joseph and Truste Bird.
George and Narcissa Sisson were the parents of Charles Harris Sisson, born December 26, 1859, educated in the Cherokee National schools and married at Ft. Gibson, December 4, 1893 Pearl Victoria Haas, born August 29, 1879 in Tupelo, Lee county, Mississippi. They are the parents of Charles Hairis, born November 5, 1894: Jessie May, born July 31, 1896; Sue, born December 14, 1898; Mary, horn January 13, 1900 and Emma Pauline, born May 8, 1902.
Charles Harris Sisson was appointed Circuit Judge of the Cherokee Nation in May 1897, and was elected a member of the Council from Illinois District in Aug. 1903.

Starr, Bluford W. (See Ghigau)—Bluford West Starr, born September 1, 1858 near Fort Gibson is the son of Bluford West Starr born March 5, 1826 and died April 7, 1858 and his wife Margaret Ann (McDaniel) Starr who died July 4, 1866. Bluford W. having been left an orphan at such an early age struggled against adverse conditions and gained a creditable education. His dominant characteristics are honesty and integrity. He is a farmer, stockman and Mason. He married on November 10, 1887 Jessie Adel the daughter of Charles and Marion M. Hutchins, born Aug. 29, 1865 in Dane Co., Wisconsin. They are the parents of Charles Clarence, born October 1, 1888; Orange Walter born April 22, 1890; Glenn W. born July 6, 1892 and Jessie Alarion, born December 24, 1894. Bluford W. Starr's Cherokee name is Yona and he belongs to the Wolf Clan. He was elected a member of Council from Cooweescoowee District on August 7, 1899.

Sisson, Mrs. Pearl V. (See Cordery) Pearl Victoria, daughter of J. F. and Cecilia (Gibson) Haas was born at Tupelo, Lee County Mississippi on August 29, 1879. She married at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory December 4, 1893 Charles Harris Sisson, born November 26, 1859. They are the parents of: Charles Harris born November 5, 1894; Iessie May born July 2, 1896; Sue born December 14, 1898; Mary born January 13, 1900 and Emma Pauline burn May 8, 1902. Charles Harris Sisson was appointed Circuit Judge of the Cherokee Nation on May 1, 1897 and elected to Council from Illinois District on August 3, 1903.

Sandifer, Bert E., (See Sanders)—Celia Margaret Walkley born March 29, 1882 married November 30, 1902 Bert E. Sandifer, born Sept. 1, 1881. They are the parents of: William Franklin, born September 17, 1903; Robert Lee, born January 23, 1905; Owen Haskell born August 18, 1907; Alice Catherine born November 11, 1912 and Margaret Elizabeth Sandifer born August 31, 1914.
James Chambers, born June 11, 1831 married April 12, 1851 Catherine Hendricks born May 3, 1829. He was elected to Council from Cooweescoowee District August 1. 1887. He died December 16. 1S97. Mrs. Catherine Chambers died Feb. 8, 1912. Their daughter Alice Jane was born June 5. 1852, she mairied August 18, 1872 William Walkley, born March 14, 1835 in Gloucester, England. He died October 7, 1881. William and Alice Jane (Chambers) Walkley were the parents of Mrs. Celia Margaret Sandifer.

Smith, Fred, (See Grant and Ward)— Frederick David, son of Samuel and Louisa Jane (Ward) Smith was born on Spavinaw Creek, March 26, 1865, educated in Delaware District. Married on Lynch's Prairie May 26, 1888, Charlotte Elizabeth, daughter of John Jefferson and Mary Pauline (Adair) Fields, born August 27, 1872, educated in Delaware District. They are the parents of: Frederick Eldo, born June 18, 1894, graduated from the Northeastern State Normal at Tahlequah in 1915 and Draghons Business College and married Miss Hazel Hubbard Nov. 27, 1917; Richard Lafayette born September 7, 1899; Charles Julian born September 24, 1903, married Opal Pearl Long; Samuel P. Smith, born August 4, 1910. Mr. Smith is a farmer near Big Cabin and is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Mrs. Smith is a Rebecca.
Richard, son of Ezekial and Mary Ann (Sexton) Fields married Elizabeth Blagg and they were the parents of John Jefferson Fields who married Mary Pauline Adair.

Smith, Mrs. A. J. (See Grant and Duncan)—Clearcy, daughter of Ezekial and Sabra Elizabeth (Ward) Fields, was born March 28, 1971, educated in Delaware District. Married in the Seneca Nation, Andrew Jackson, son of James and Margaret E. Smith, born in Indiana in Monroe County. They are the parents of: Cora Pearl, born September 25, 1888, married April 20, 1908 Benjamin Morris, son of John Johnson and Caroline Maria (Thompson) Caldwell born near Big Cabin August 9, 1889, two children Bertram Stanley, born June 13, 1909 and Janice Clearcy Caldwell, born April 1, 1917; Ruth Lavonia, born June 18, 1890, married McLeod Landrum Adair; Bertha Belle, born April 18, 1893 married Edward Davis. They have two sons, Preston Edward and Roger Elmo Davis; James Lafayette, born June 27, 1899; Claudius Edgar, born October 1. 1906 and Macie Andrew Smith, born June 28. 1909. Mr and Mrs. Smith belong to the Christian Church. He is a member of the I. O. 0. F. and she is a Rebecca. They own and operate a fine farm near Vinita.
Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees married Jennie Buffington and they were the parents of Ezekial who married Mary Ann Sexton. Their son Richard married Elizabeth Jane Blagg and they were the parents of Ezekial Fields who married Sabra Elizabeth Ward.

Sevier, William Penn—William Penn. son of John and Eliza (Potts) Sevier, born Aug. 7, 1874, educated at the Orphan Asylum. Married at Tahlequah, Ida E.. daughter of Robin and Darky Emily Penn, born May 1, 1875. They are the parents of Alma E. Sevier, born March 25. 1903.
Mr. Sevier, who is at present a salesman, is one of the best interpreters among the Cherokees and is one of the few Cherokee typesetters. It is thought that there are not more than three in the tribe, if that many. His ancestors, his great grandfather was of Scotch descent who came to America in early days. In his line of chronology runs that of Seviers, Morgans and Kings.

Sanders, W. E. (See Sanders, Scraper, Oolootsa, Ghigau, Adair and Duncan)—William Edward Sanders, born in Going Snake District, April 2, 1861. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married March 2, 1890, Sarah Catherine Scrimsher, born July 27, 1866. She died January 28, 1892. They were the parents of John Gunter Sanders, born April 23, 1891. Mr. Sanders married at Adair in 1894 Etta Jane, daughter of Henry Harrison and Narcissa Jane (Duncan) Scraper born in 1871 in Salina District. She was educated at Worcester Academy, Vinita and Female Seminary. They are the parents of: William Edward, born October 24, 1896; Dewitt Clark, born June 30, 1898; Henry K. born October 1, 1902; Connelly, born August 16, 1906 and Owen Bates Sanders, born Sept. 25, 1914. Mr. and Mrs. Sanders are Baptists. He is a Modern Woodman and a Mason. Blessed with a splendid earnest, honest personality, he has been chosen by good majorities by his fellow citizens for the following positions Sheriff of Cooweescoowee District elected August 3, 1885, August 1, 1887, and August 3, 1891; Senator from the same district, August 1, 1893; Sheriff of Rogers County, November 8, 1910; County Commissioner of the same county, November 5, 1918 and November 2, 1920. Mrs. Sanders' father was the son of George W. Scraper and was Orderly Sergeant of Company D, Second Indian Home Guards, U. S. A.

Strange, Cicero, J. (See Grant, Ghigau, Oolootsa and Adair)—Cicero James, son of William and Samantha (Boss) Strange was born February 8, 1874 in Georgia and educated in that state. Married at Chelsea December 24, 1894, Mary Bright, daughter of John Polk and Emily Jane (Walker) Drake, born January 28, 1878. They are the parents of: Mary Emma, born September 30, 1895; John Drake born February 13, 1895; Janie Anna, born April 5, 1900; Ella, born Feb. 11, 1902; Lulu Euphemia born June 26, 1904; Frank J. born February 27, 1906, Charles, born Jan. 4, 1909; Florence, born Sept. 17, 1916 and Margaret Strange born July 3, 1919.
Emily Jane, daughter of Timothy Meigs Polk Drake and they were the parents of Mary Bright (Drake) Strange.

Worsham, Mrs. Wm. A. (See Adair)—Mabel Maud Hogan born April 15, 1890, educated at Pryor and William Woods College, Fulton, Missouri. She married October 9, 1909 William A. Worsham. They are the parents of Mary Margaret, born April 1, 1911 and Gay Nell Worsham born July 20, 1913.

Vann, D. W. (See Downing)—Daniel Webster, son of James and Elizabeth (Heaton) Vann was born October 12, 1845 in Cherokee Nation. Enlisted in Company M First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers, Confederate service July 12, 1862 and on reorganization in 1863 he joined company C of the First Cherokee Mounted Rifles in which he served until the end of the war. He married Nancy Jane Riley, born Nov. 27, 1847. She died soon after their marriage and he married October 6, 1870 Clarinda Vann Rowe, born January 16, 1851. She died July 28, 1903. They were the parents of: Joseph Rowe, born June 1, 1871 and died April 13, 1890; Ada Archer born December 7, 1879 married Thomas Jackson McPherson, David Webster born January 24, 1883 married Mary Beatrice Alberty; Clarinda Alice born January 24, 1886 and William Claude Vann born August 23, 1888. Daniel Webster Vann was elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1885, August 5, 1887 and August 5, 1895. His life has been characterized by fidelity to his ideals and unswerving earnest honesty.
Avery Vann a white man married Peggy McSwain a quarter blood Cherokee and their daughter Elizabeth born November 2, 1820 married David Rowe, born April 2, 1820. He was elected judge of the Northern Circuit of the Cherokee Nation, August 2, 1875. He died April 27, 1891 and she died December 11, 1896. They were the parents of: Clarinda Vann Rowe who married Daniel Webster Vann.

Wyly, Percy (See Lynch, Buffington, Wyly).—While yet the harp twanged in Tara's Hall and the pride and pomp of feudal Ireland vied in the jousts of their own kingdom; one of their proudest and noblest families were the Lynches, and their great Castle was a salon of patriotism and pleasure. Today the castle stands an ivy covered ruin about which you will be told long before you reach its home country and the mystic legends recounted about it would fill a goodly set of quarto volumes.
But where are the Lynches, the proud and self contained race that would never bend a free born neck to prince or tyrant? They are dispersed over the world and if you could segrate them you would find them high and low in the governments of the world, earnestly, honestly doing their duties at it presented to them.
Jeter Lynch, a scion of this distinguished family married Nancy, the eldest daughter of General Joseph and Mrs. Susannah Martin in 1799.
Mr. and Mrs. Lynch's fifth child was John Adair Bell. The family of Joshua and Sabra, who married Joshua Buffington and Sabra Buffington, were: William Wirt, John Ross, Daniel Webster, Eliza and Mary Jane Buffington, the latter was born in 1840. She married February 11, 1858 Robert Fletcher Wyley born September 15, 1827 in Habersham County, Georgia. He was elected judge of Delaware District in 1877, 1879, 1881 and 1883. Elected Editor of the Cherokee Advocate in 1889 and Attorney General of the Cherokee Nation in 1897. He died November 5, 1903. Mrs. Wyly died June 4, 1902. Judge Wyly was an extraordinary handsome type of the gentlemen of the old south, standing over six feet in height with a benignant and intelligent countenance, well poised, he seemed to always have the proper courtly expression tempered by a gallant kindness of heart that commanded admiration and respect.
Judge Robert F. and Mrs. Wyly were the parents of Percy, married December 10, 1885; Ida Frances Harmon, born March 11, 1869; Robert Lee; Julia who married James Bluford Johnston; Capitola Virginia who married Mangnus Allen McSpadden; Albert Sidney who married Lillian Alexander; William Buffington who married Cora Archer McNair and Zoe Augustus who married Thomas Jefferson Watts.
Percy Wyly was born February 8, 1861. He was elected sheriff of Delaware District in 1889. He was chosen as delegate to Washington in 1890 and when the time came to negotiate for the final dissolution of their tribal rights the Nation felt the necessity of choosing some of their most trustworthy men for that duty and Percy Wyly was one of the six men honored with this trust.
Percy and Ida Frances Wyly are the parents of: James Robert, born July 26, 1886, Leah, born October 13, 1888 and Thurman Wyly born July 19, 1891.

Whisenhunt, Andrew Bell.—(See Downing)—Andrew Bell, son of Noah and Nancy Jane (Phillips) Whisenhunt was born Dec. 27, 1873. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Married November 15, 1896, Cora Ann, daughter of John and Emily H. Cooper, born March 29, 1878 in Cook County, Texas. They are the parents of: Jefferson Bryan, born October 5, 1897. He is also a Mason: Emily Helen, born September 14, 1899; Winifred, born June 7, 1901, married December 23, 1919, Vernon Hurd and their son, Verna Lee Hurd, was born July 16, 1921; Cooper born October 26. 1903; Ruth, born March 3, 1906; Claude, burn August 3. 1908; Ross, born September 24, 1910; J. E.. born November 10, 1914; Robert Bruce Whisenhunt, born June 30, 1917. Mr. and Mrs. Wisenhunt are Methodists and he is a Mason. They are farmers near Oolagah.

Sidney Crittenden married Elijah Phillip;; and they were the parents of Nancy Jane Phillips, born February 19, 1839. Married December 28, 1859 Noah Whisenhunt, born in Carroll County, Georgia, October 27, 1832. He served the confederacy in Co. H. 24th Arkansas Infantry. Mrs. Nancy Jane Whisenhunt died November 1911. and he died in 1914.
Emily Helen married Benjamin H. Dikeman, April 27, 1921. Their son Darrel Phillips born September 9. 1921.

Whisenhunt, Mrs. T. J.—(See Downing)—Eliza, daughter of Isaac Peter and Rebecca (Woods) Howell, was born in 1869, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married at Fishertown in 1886, Thomas Jefferson, son of Noah and Nancy Jane (Phillips) Wisenhunt, born February 25, 1864. They are the parents of: Lilliam Audie, born in 1889, William Walter, born in 1896; Andrew Jay, born in 1897; Robert Lee, born in 1900 and Clint Whisenhunt, born in 1909. Andrew J. Whisenhunt volunteered for service in the World War, and was fifteen months in training camp but did not go over seas. Lillian Audie attended the Female Seminary during 1906-9. Thomas Jefferson Whisenhunt was elected to council from Canadian District August 5, 1895 and August 2, 1897. He was elected County Commissioner of Rogers County, November 8, 1910 and November 5, 1912. Mr. Whisenhunt is a Mason and is a farmer near Oolagah.
Sidney Crittenden married Elizabeth Phillips and they were the parents of Nancy Jane Phillips Whisenhunt.
Edith Quinton married Thomas Woods and they were the parents of Rebecca Woods who married Issac Peter Howell.

Woodward, Mrs. C. E.— (See Ross and Holland)—Florence Ella, daughter of Daniel L. and Ruth Caroline (Holland) Ross was born November 30, 1879. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools, Female Seminary and North Eastern State Normal. Married at Parsons, Kansas, February 6, 1910, Charles Earl, son of John W. and Nancy E. Woodward, born July 15, 1880 in Dent County, Missouri. Educated in Salem High School and Draughon's Business College.
Mr. Woodward taught school four years before their marriage and Mrs. Woodwaru taught ten years. He was postmaster at Vera under President Wilson.>

Ward.—(See Ward and Grant)—George De Shields Ward, born June 4, 1847 on Beatties Prairie, Delaware District. He belonged to Captain C. C. Waters' Company, Second Cherokee Mounted Volunteers. He married December 26, 1869, Eliza F. Phillips, born December 10, 1850 in Benton ounty, Arkansas. They are the parents of Lela Aimer, born December 18, 1871; James Osman, born March 31, 1873; John Elmer, born December 7, 1876 and Ethelynn May Ward, born May 20, 1887.

Whitmire, William W. (See Ghigau and Downing)—William Walter, son of Walter Samuel and Nancy Bushyhead (Wilkerson) Whitmire was born in Going Snake District, May 28, 1877, educated in Male Seminary. Married Sept. 10, 1913, Narcissa Taylor, born April 9, 1878. They are the parents of Walter Samuel Jr., and Stand Watie Whitmire, twins, born June 19, 1920. Mr. Whitmire, whose Cherokee name is Wee-li, is a splendid interpreter of the Cherokee-English language and is a Mason.

Witz, Mrs. Harry J.—(See Daniel)—Julia Inez Scudder, born January 21, 1892, educated at Chelsea. Married October 25, 1916 Henry J., son of Albert and May Witz. She belongs to the Methodist church and is an Eastern Star. Mr. Witz is connected with the Chelsea Oil Refinery. Mrs. Witz is the daughter of W. H. H. and Margaret Josephine Scudder.

Wallace, Sue Adair (See Adair, Grant, McNair, Halfbreed, Cordery and Duncan)—Sue Adair, born January 17, 1887 at Vinita, Cherokee Nation. Educated at Female Seminary, married December 7, 1909 Robert Wilson Wallace. They are the parents of: Helen Adair Wallace born June 7, 1914. Mrs. Wallace's Cherokee name is Susonia. Mr. Wallace is an oil producer in the West Verginia and Texas oil fields.

Hutchins, Lew Wofford (See Ghigau and Sanders)—Lew Wofford Hutchins born May 17, 1892 educated at Claremore. Married at Chelsea, June 6, 1916 Emma Lea Clarke, born July 26, 1892 in Jackson, Tennessee. They are the parents of: Lew Wofford, born April 13, 1917 and Jetnette Lea Hutchins, born July 14, 1918.
Lew Wofford Hutchins is the son of Willard Edward and Nettie (Smith) Hutchins. The former born June 12, 1857 in Marion, Nebraska and married May 10, 1891 Nettie Smith, born February 15, 1872.
Emma Lea Clarke is the daughter of Richard and Emma( Lea) Clarke, the former born April 26, 1848 and married February 24, 1879 Emma Lea, born January 19, 1846. Richard Clarke is deceased and his wife died in 1920.

Walkley, William S.—(See Sanders, Ghigau and Conral)—William Spencer Walkley, born Aug. 3, 1898 married Jan. 15, 1920, Buell Shelton and they have one son, William George Walkley born February 23, 1921. Mr. Walkley's Cherokee name is Atowayne and he belongs to the Wolf Clan. He is a member of the Presbyterian church, is an Elk and Modern Woodman. He enlisted in the navy April 10, 1917, was a first class seaman on the U. S. S. Antigone and a Cockswain on the Pasadena. Mustered out July 5, 1919.

Walkley, George W.—(See Sanders, Conrad and Ghigau)—George Washington Walkley, born February 21, 1868, married January 8, 1888 Margaret O. Spencer, born October 14, 1896. They were the parents of: Mary Alice, Ruby Lucile and William Spencer Walkley

White, Mrs. Dr. L. C. —(See Ward)—Nancy Louisa, daughter of Burges Gaither and Ann Eliza (Gunter) Chandler was born in Delaware District, July 30, 1884, and was educated in Willie Halsell College, Vinita, graduating in 1900. Married at Vinita, May 22, 1907, Dr. Lee Carl, son of Dr. George W. and Georgia A. (Adair) White, born December 25, 1873 in Warren County, Kentucky. He graduated from Kentucky University in 1905 and is an alumni of the Louisville University. He is a Mason and an Odd Fellow.
They are the parents of Carl Chandler White, born March 9, 1919. Mrs. White is a member of the Methodist church and is a Rebecca. She is the youngest sister of Hon. T. A. Chandler, Congressman from the First District of Oklahoma. Dr. White enjoys a lucrative practice at Adair.

Waller, Mrs. George W.—Susie L. Hayes, born in the Salina District, Cherokee Nation, April 17, 1879, educated at Worchester Academy, Vinita. married February 26, 1895 George W. Waller, a successful farmer and stock raiser, who died August 28, 1915. They are the parents of: Goldie Jane, born September 3, 1897, married Frederick V. Taylor; William T. H., born February 5, 1899, married Delia Price; Bertha M., born February 13, 1901; Bessie O- W., born September 21, 1905; Cricket Ruby, born July 4, 1907; BIynn Eldred, born September 20, 1909, and George Clifford, born February 14, 1912.
Mrs. Waller's Cherokee name is Su-saun-e. She is a member of the Methodist church.

Watts, Mrs. Charles G.—(See Downing)—Flora Elvina Lindsay, born at Chouteau, February 9, 1879, educated at Chouteau and Female Seminary from which she graduated in June 1897. She taught in the Female Seminary and the Orphan Asylum; married at Bryan's Chapel, November 4, 1906 Charles Colston, son of Jefferson and Catherine Watts, born February 8, 1875.
They are the parents of: Clyde Jefferson, born December 3 0, 1907, and Charles Gordon Watts, born November 10, 1911. Charles Gholson Watts was twice elected District Judge of the Third Judicial District of Oklahoma and was one of the most popular members of the bench. He resigned in the spring of 1918 to reassume his law practice.
Mrs. Charles G. Watts is a Methodist, and Eastern Star, member of the Arts and Craft Club, and the United Daughters of the Confederacy.
Rebecca Wright a quarter-blood Cherokee of the Wolf Clan married Joel Mayes Bryan. Their daughter Marie Louise married Riley Wise Lindsey, and they were the parents of Mrs. Charles Colston Watts.
The complete British peerage, which is the authority on the subject, says in Volume 111, page 507 in reference to the Lindseys, as the name is spelled in Scotland, no family in Scotland "can in genealogical importance equal that of Lindsey, not only as to antiquity in the male line, but in all probability to the number of parliamentary sittings, such sittings beginning at the earliest period of which records exist.
David Lindsey of Glenesk, the Chief of that house was created Earl of Crawford between April 21, and May 2, 1398. The highlands of Crawford in Clydesdale were the ancient possessions of the Lindseys."

Weinberger, Henry.—Henry, son of Jacob and Rachel (Foreman) Weinberger, was born in the Cherokee Nation, June 12, 1895 and his sister, Susan Frances, was born October 10, 1900. They live near Big Cabin. Henry enlisted May 25. 1918, was a first class private in the Medical Department and is entitled to wear a bronze victory medal. He was discharged July 8, 1919. Their mother died December 20. 1912 and their father died November 8, 1913.
Catherine Nellie Weinberger, born September 22, 1893, is residing near Eldorado, Kansas.
Rebecca Josephine Weinberger, born March 31, 1897, died July 18, 1899.

Warner, Mrs. John L. (See Duncan and Grant)—Dora Ella, daughter of Basil Laskin and Joella (Thompson) Nail, was born in Delaware District, December 8, 1893, educated at Pensacola. Married December 10, 1911 John Lewis, son of William T. and Elizabeth Warner, born in Clemmons, Forsyth County, North Carolina. Educated at Blackburn and Booneville, North Carolina.
They are the parents of: Raymond, born September 5, 1912, died July 24, 1914 and Basil Bert Warner, born November 28 1914. Mr. Warner is agent at Pensacola on the M. O. & G. R. R.
Nannie, daughter of Brigadier General Joseph Martin married Jeter Lynch a member of an Irish family that traced back to royalty and they were the parents of Maria Lynch wife of Johnson Thompson and mother of Joseph Lynch Thompson who married Frances B. Kell. Their daughter Jella married Basil Laskin Nail.

Walkabout, John (See Conrad and Cordery)—John, son of Henry and Jennie (Hendricks) Walkabout was born October 11, 1887. Married Jeanette Cordery, born August 6, 1889. They are the parents of: Johnnie, born August 4, 1910; Levi, born October 29, 1912, and Quinton R., born July 24, 1918. John Walkabout is the clerk of School District No. 32 of Cherokee county.

Woods, Mrs. R. C.—Lelia LeVander Mizer born at Chelsea, April 14, 1890, educated at Chelsea and Female Seminary. Married October 19, 1910, Raymond Charles Woods, born December 15, 1885, in Labette County Kansas. They are the parents of: Charles Edwin, born April 26, 1912; Lois Evelyn, born August 29, 1914 and Raymond Woods, born February 13, 1921.
Mr. Woods is the son of Oscar E. and Clara Woods, and Mrs. Lelia LeVander Woods is the daughter of John LeVander and Susan Lillie (McIntosh) Mizer; the latter, the daughter of John Ross Mcintosh, the last Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation.

Walkingstick, Simon Ralph, Jr.—Simon Ralph, son of Simon Ridge and Viola (Osborne) Walkingstick was born at Tahlequah Aug. 17, 1896. Educated at Bacone and Dartmouth Colleges, graduating from the latter with B. S. degree. Married at Syracuse, N. Y. December 15, 1917, Margaret E., daughter of C. H. McKaig. They are the parents of Syvertsen Ralph Walkingstick, born July 3, 1920.
Simon Ralph Walkingstick is a Presyterian. In Dartmouth, he was one of the eleven members of the students governing body, President of the College Y. M. C. A., President of the Collegiate Cosmopolitan Club, originator of one of the two principal College yells, Secretary of the New England College Prohibition Association, Secretary of the Army Y. M. C. A. work on the Mexican border in 1916 transferred to Egypt and then to India and later became Senior Secretary of the Y. M. C. A. activities with the British Army of Base Area in Mesopotamia with rank of Captain and on returning to the United States he was assigned to the Oklahoma Y. M. C. A. work as Secretary of the State Indian Department.

Woodall, William C. (See Woodall and Grant)—William Coffee Woodall born in Delaware District, April 20, 1870, educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married June 10, 1892 Sarah Ellen, daughter of John D. and Mary Jane Marker, born March 5, 1877, and educated in Delaware District. They are the parents of: Lydia Wilson, born December 14, 1895, married Everett Tipton; Stand Watie, born March 19, 1898, educated in Craig County and Haskell Institute. Married at Lawrence, Kansas June 19, 1920, Agnes, daughter of Henry Mortimer and Clara Etta Lesuer, born May 5. 1901 in Rain Bow Camp, Siskiyou County, Calif.; Vera Marguerite, born March 9, 1900; Charles Washington, born December 28, 1902; Hazel T., born February 21, 1907; and Alma Rathie, born October 25, 1909. William C and his son Stand Watie are farmers near Vinita. William C. is a member of the Masonic order.
George Caruth Woodall, a white man, born April 27, iS04, married in December 1827 Ellen Moore, a Cherokee. He died June 1, 1880. They were the parents of William Coffee Woodall, born July 4, 1835, married April 28, 1857, Margaret A. Ruse, born March 24, 1838. She died May 30, 1889 and he died November 7, 1915. They were the parents of William Coffee Woodall who married Sarah Ellen Marker. William Coffee Woodall, Sr., was elected Councilor from Delaware District, August 2, 1875 and August 5, 1877 and elected Senator from the same district August 6, 1883. He was, a man noted for his sterling integrity and honesty and was a true representative of the Woodall family.

Whitaker, W. T.—Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of David and Mary Ann (Bigby) Taylor was born in Cherokee County, North Carolina Oct. 18th, 1819, Married April 2, 1834 to Stephen Whitaker who was born in the same County and State on February 9, 1814.
They were the parents of William Thomas Whitaker, born February 14, 1854 in same County and State. William Thomas came to the Indian Territory in 1871. remaining 4 years, returned to his native state and on April 25, 1875 married Stacy L. Hood who was born in the same county and State on May 25, 1860. They removed to the Indian Territory under the supervision of the Government over the Cherokee's in 1881, living about 6 months in Muskogee, moved to Chouteau living there for 5 years and moved to Pryor, Okla. in 1887. To this Union was horn James Edward, Dec. 25, 1878, William Jerry, Sept. 8, 1881, Emma D, June 11, 1883, Maggie R. June 1, 1885, J. Charles, July 4, 1888, Ella O. August 8, 1890, Claude, February 9, 1893, Clarence May 7, 1895, Edna Mae, July 26, 1901.
James E. and William J. received their education at Male Seminary, Tahlequah, Willie Halsell College, Vinita, and Henry Kendall College, Muskogee, Okla.
William J. is also a graduate of the University Medical College of Kansas City, Mo. and was First Lieutenant M. R. C. and present County Physician.
James E. was a member of Co. D, 1st Territorial Regiment in 1898 during the Spanish American War.
James E. and Wm. J. are both 32nd degree Masons and Nobles of the Mystic Shrine.
James E. married Myrtle L. Ellis on Oct. 7, 1908 and to this union was born James Ellis, Sept 1, 1909, William Thomas, May 8, 1911, Lois Mae, April 2, 1913, Fleeta Eloise, Sept. 22, 1915, George Edward and Georgia Elizabeth (twins) April 10, 1917 and Myrtle Lorine. December 12, 1920.
William J. married Lois Waldrup August 4, 1911.
Emma D. married December 13, 1904, Geo. W. Collipriest and the following children were born to this union. Gertrude Ruby, Helen, Fay and Fern (twins) and James.
Maggie D. married in 1907 to James R. Lawson and to this union a son was born namely Byron.
J. Charles married on December 10, 1909 to Curtis E. Bush and to this union a son was born, name John C.
Ella O. married June 6, 1908 Dr. L. B. Barnes.
William Thomas Whitaker founded the Whitaker Orphans Home for White Orphan children of the Indian Territory in 1897 and maintained said home and cared for hundreds of Orphan children and at the time of Statehood he gave the Home to the State of Oklahoma and the Institution is now known as the East Oklahoma State School, a blessed Heritage.

Wright, E. B. (See Grant and Downing)—Ellis Buffington Wright, born in Going Snake District, October 29, 1854. Married May 29, 1881, Elizabeth, daughter of Eli West and Jennie Chinosa (Vann) Dougherty, born July 6, 1862 and graduated from Female Seminary June 27, 1879. They were the parents of: William Ellis, Francis Otto, Mayes, Bryan, Lydia, John Lindsay and Ruth Wright.
Ellis Buffington Wright is a quiet, reserved man of more than ordinary ability and he has always been noted for his unswerving integrity and reliability. He was elected Townsite Commissioner in 1892, member of Council from Cooweescoowee District August 2, 1847 and Senator from the same District on August 7, 1899. Was appointed to fill the unexpired term of Sheriff of Cooweescoowee District at the death of James Musgrove by Chief C. J. Harris.
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