History of the Cherokee Indians
and their legends and folklore.


CHAPTER XXI
Part 2

The references appearing in parenthesis at the beginning of each paragraph following the name refers to the connection among the foregoing old families

Barrett, (See Downing, Oolootsa and Halfbreed)—John Crutchfield Barrett, born December 22, 1872 in Corsicana, Texas, educated at Willie Halsell College, Vinita; married at Claremore October 5, 189S Victoria Lipe, born February 1, 1874 at Oowala. Cherokee Nation; educated at the Female Seminary and the Oswego Female College, Oswego, Kansas. They are the parents of Flavius, born October 7, 1900: Jack, born September 3, 1903; Mary Bessie, born October 21, 1906. Mr. and Mrs. Barrett are Presbyterians; he is a Mason and member of the Deer clan; she is a member of the Wolf Clan Cherokees.
John C Barrett, son of Flavius Josepheus Barrett, born October 22. 1835 in Giles County Tennessee; captain Co. B. 15th Texas Cavalry in the Confederate service; he married Aug. 18, 1865 Saphronia J. Crutchfield, born November 16, 1851; he was elected to the Texas legislature from Wise county in 1866, He now lives at Vinita.
DeWitt Clinton Lipe, born February 17, 1840, attended the Male Seminary in 1854, married March 1, 1871 Mary Elizabeth Archer, born October 19, 1847. She died March 18. 1894, and he died December 6, 1916, They were the parents of Nannie E., Victoria and Lola V. Lipe. By a previous marriage Mr. Lipe had a son John Gunter Lipe. DeWitt Clinton Lipe held the following offices:; Clerk of Cooweescoowee District Senator August 5, 1877; National Treasurer Nov. 11, 1879; Senator from which he resigned and was elected member Cherokee Citizenship court Nov. 1886. He was appointed on Cherokee Outlet Bonds, 1893, National Treas. Nov. 14, 1895 and elected County Clerk Rogers county, Oklahoma for the first term of that office

Bryan, Dr. W. W. (See Grant and Adair)—William Wear, son of Charles S. and Mildred (Wear) Bryan born September 7, 1868 in Cooper County, Missouri. Graduated from Western Dental College of Kansas City, Mo. Married at Vinita August 11, 1892, Rachel Bell, daughter of William Henry and Eliza Jane (Bell) Mayes, born September 12, 1868. They were the parents of: Charles Sborn July 14, 1896, and died Nov. 9 of the same year; Frances, born May 17, 1895 and died June 21, 1895; William Mayes born July 14, 1896 and died Nov. 9, 1896; Joe Cullus, born February 10, 1903, and Mamie Alexander Bryan born October 23, 1904.
Dr. Bryan's ability in his chosen profession was recognized by his being appointed by Governor Haskell as President of the State Board of Dental Examiners, a position in which he was retained for nine years. He is the Vice-President of the First National Bank of Claremore, the oldest banking establishment in Rogers County, chartered in 1895. Dr. Bryan is the owner of a model ranch of three hundred and twenty acres, adjacent to the City of Claremore, wherj he maintains a splendid and commodious country seat and specializes in pedigreed live stock. His shorthorn herd is one of the best in northeastern Oklahoma. With his gracious wife and charming children he dispenses an open hospitality that renders a visit to his home a memorable occasion to the fortunate guest.
Mrs. Bryan is the neice of Chief Nowel B Mayes and Samuel Houston Mayes.

Brannon, Mrs. O. O. (See Foreman)—Lucile Sarah, daughter of Owen Henry and Ida Lorena (Stephens) Haworth was born at Tulsa, Monday, October 3, 1887. Educated in the Public Schools and Scarrett College. Married at Tulsa in 1906, Orval O. Brannon, born Oct. 28, 1883 in Martin County, Ind. They are the parents of Mary, born Nov. 3 1907 and Thomas Brannon, born Jan 30, 1910.
Ida Lorena, daughter of Spencer Seago and Sarah (Hicks) Stephens was born March 13, 1865. Graduated from Northfield Academy, Northfield, Connecticut in 1884. Was an instructor in the first school opened in Tulsa. She married June 11, 1886 Owen Henry Haworth born April 27, 1858 in Kankakee County, Ill.

Bible, John Adam—John Adam, son of William Henry and Mary E. (Locker) Bible was born October 13, 1872. Married at Claremore July 1, 1895 Ella, daughter of Freedom E, and Louisa (Hill) Brinker, born Nov. 1, 1877 in Shelby County, Illinois. They are the parents of: Katie, born in Talala March 30, 1896 and Maude Bible, born May 8, 1900, married at Nowata, Charles A. Carter and is now living in Kansas City. Mo.
Mr. and Mrs. Bible are members of the Church of God and are progressive farmers near Talala, Oklahoma.

Boling, Mrs. Julia M. (See Grant)—Julia Matilda daughter of John and Ruth (Hall) Davis was born Tuesday June 22, 1869 in Georgia. Married at the Martin Davis homestead on the Chickamauga battle ground, Georgia, December 3, 1891 James Madison, son of Reuben and Marguerite Boling born Jan. 31, 1856.
He graduated from University of Georgia, Post Graduate of Missouri Medical College, St. Louis and University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Boling, who was a thirty second degree Mason died June 6, 1916. A pioneer physician and friend to the Cherokee and did much good. Reserved, talented and gracious; Mrs .Boling being possessed of ample means maintains a home in Tulsa, but spends much of her time, traveling.
Joseph, son of Joseph and Susannah (Childs) Martin was born on his father's plantation near Charlotteville, Virginia in 1740. He was elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 1776 became Major, February 17, 1779 and Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. His activities were directed against the Tories and their Indian Allies west of the Allegheny Mountains, they having been stirred to violence by a letter of May 9, 1776 from the British Superintendent of Southern Indian affairs, calling on them for concerted action in surprising and killing the men, women and children of the revolutionists and their sympathizers. The south had been practically subjugated by the summer of 1780 and it was only by the efforts of such a patriot as Major Joseph Martin that it was possible for a part of the soldiers of the Western frontier to strike and destroy Ferguson at Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780 and turn the tide in favor of the Americans. Major Martin was not at Kings Mountain, as he was busy holding the Indians of the southwest at bay. In recognition of his patriotic services he was advanced to the lieutenant colonelcy, five months later. He was elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 14, 1787 and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twelfth Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor Henry Lee on December 11, 1793.
Martinsville, county seat of Henry County, Virginia and the place of his residence was named for him. He died there on December 18, 1808 and was buried with Military and Masonic honors.
He married Susannah Fields near Emory and their third and youngest child was Sabra Martin who married Daniel Davis, born in 1785 in North Carolina and died in June 1866. Their son Martin Davis was born August 27, 1809. Married April 29, 1840 Julia Ann Fate, born January 5, 1823 in Georgia. He died November 11, 1850 and she died September 28, 1882. They were the parents of John Davis born September 8, 1846. Married September 5, 1868 Ruth Hall born in Walker County, Georgia. They were the parents of Mrs. Julia M. Boling.
Martine was one of the Norman Knights who accompanied William the Conqueror in the conquest of England in October 1065 and the family later changed the name to Martin.

Garrett, R. B. (See Grant and Ward)—Robert Bruce Garrett, born December 2, 1876 near Baptist Mission, Going Snake District educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and graduated from Male Seminary May 31, 1901. Appointed principal of the Cherokee Orphan Asylum in 1902. Married October 3, 1903, Cherokee Dora Edmondson, born October 23, 1879 in Delaware District, educated in the National Schools and graduated from Female Seminary June 23, 1897. They are the parents of Kathleen Butler Garrett, born January 22, 1906.
James Robert Garrett, born June 29, 1906 in Carroll County, Tennessee married March 17, 1875, Elizabeth Greer, born August 30, 1854. He was appointed Clerk of Going Snake District, July 29, 1890 and elected to the same office, August 3, 1891. Mrs. J. R. Garrett died in 1903 and he died in January 1918. They were the parents of Robert Bruce, born Dec 2, 1876; Simeon, born January 24, 1878 and died Oct. 1902; Mary E. born May 30, 1881; Allie R. born March 3, 1885; Lola born November 29, 1889; Captain J. W. born January 20, 1890 and Thomas B. Garrett, born April 16, 1892.
Robert Bruce Garrett's Cherokee name is Oochalata and that of his wife is Cherokee. They are members of the Methodist church. He is a Mason and Knight of Pythias and she is an Eastern Star.

Carroll, Mrs. John M. (See Raper, Townsend)—Mary C. daughter of Thomas Martin and Marcella Fernandas (Townsend) Raper, was born in Georgia June 5, 1876, educated in Georgia, Indian Territory and North Carolina. Married January 8, 1893. John M. son of Jesse R. and Mary Jane Carroll, born Nov. 24, 1870 in Cherokee County, N. Carolina. They are the parents of: Myrtle I. born March 31, 1894. Married J. L. Nall, has one daughter Ella Clementine Nall, born April 20, 1914; Clem, born February 13, 1896; Gillie May, born March 24, 1898, married to James Ellis Sloan, Dec. 1, 1917; Jesse L. born July 11, 1900; Julia, born February 2, 1904; Edith, born February 11, 1907; Olive Marie, born March 7, 1909; Thomas Grant, born August 23, 1911; Clinton Hoolie, born March 5, 1914; Leona, born January 22, 1919; and Warren G., born March 31, 1921. Mr. and Mrs. Carrol are farmers and belong to the Church of God.
Clem Carrol 1st. Sgt. of 358 Inf. 90 Div. was married to Nina Bryant May 7, 1921 at Muskogee, Okla. He was educated in Okla. and Missouri. Graduated from Rude's Business College in Carthage, Missouri.
Thomas M. Raper and family also his grandmother and grandfather. Holly and Jessie Raper immigrated from the state of Georgia to this country in 1881 and were admitted to citizenship in the same year. The daughter Mary went back to Georgia and North Carolina for a short time and later returned later returned to the Territory in 1893.

Bard, Thomas D. Jr., (See Cordery, Foreman and Blackburn)—Thomas Dunn, son of Thomas Dunn and Laura (Rogers) Bard, was born Oct. 4, 1880 in Dalton, Georgia. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools and Willie Halsell College. Joined the "Rough Riders" but mustered out on account of defective vision. Married at Claremore January 2, 1910, Elizabeth Belle, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Cherokee (Wisner) Prather, born July 29, 1889. They are the parents of: Jennie May, born Nov. 29, 1910; Jackson Rogers, born June 21, 1912 and Thomas Dunn Bard HI, born May 24, 1915.
Elizabeth Belle was educated at the Female Seminary and was a member of the graduating class of the last term of school at the old Male Seminary which burned April 12, 1910.
James Holmes, son of Thomas Bard of Maryland, married Elizabeth Holiday Dunn and they were the parents of Thomas Dunn Bard who married Laura Rogers.
Benjamin B. Wisner married Jennie, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Foreman) Elliott and they were the parents of Elizabeth Cherokee Wisner, born April 24, 1856. Married Joseph Prather in 1881 and she died September 12, 1894.
Mr. and Mrs. Bard are Presbyterians. He is an Elk and an Eagle.

Cook, Mrs. Henry N. (See Grant)—Alice, daughter of Joseph Lynch and Alice (Tucker) Thompson was born Jan. 26, 1881, educated at Vinita and Female Seminary. Married at Vinita September 18, 1906 Henry N. born Dec. 21, 1863, son of Henry and Margaret Cook, born Aug. 17, 1836 in Missouri.
They are the parents of: Evelyn Louise and Lucille Marie, twins, born December 16, 1907; Ellen Jaunita, born December 22, 1908; Joseph Lewis, born April 25, 1911; Henry Ernest, born August 20. 1913; George Robert, born July 28, 1916; and Alice Vivian, born July 4, 1919. Mr. Cook's first wife was Lila N. Foreman, a Cherokee whom he married Nov. 20, 1898, died Dec. 6, 1905. Mr. Cook is a farmer near Pensacola.

Conner, Mrs. Crawford (See Grant, Ghigau and Duncan)—Anna, daughter of William Charlotte (Mayes) Ballard was born July 4, 1877. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary, from which she graduated June 25, 1897. She married at Fairland July 10, 1901 Crawford, son of Francis Marion and Rebecca (Duncan) Conner, born October 31, 1881. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Bacone Indian University. They are the parents of: Francis William born June 16, 1902 now deceased; Marvin Rogers, born July 24, 1903; Millard, born May 9, 1905; Ruth, born Feb. 17, 1907; Lois, born August 13th, 1908 and Rebecca Conner, born April 26, 1914. Miss Conner's Cherokee name is Ahniwake. Mr. Conner is a carpenter at Miami. They are members of the Latter Day Saints church.
William, son of Archibald and Annie (Fields) Ballard married Charlotte Mayes and they are the parents of Mrs. Anna Conner

Curtsinger, Mrs. Richard N. (See Hicks)—Louise Fannie Horn, born in Texas June 8, 1868 and educated in that State. She married December 15, 1886, Richard N., son of Sanford and Mary Ann Curtsinger, born Sept. 22, 1860, in Kentucky. He died October 16, 1918, They were the parents of: Frederick, born October 10, 1889, enlisted in the World War September 22, 1917, assigned to Co. A. 11th Battalion, United States Guards and was honorably discharged December 12, 1918; Etta, born June 1, 1892 married Gilbert West. They have one child Sylvia Etta, born March 1, 1912; Eva Lena, born June 1, 1918. Married Ben Head. She died Sept. 1900; they were the parents of twins Etta and Gilbert West; Clifford, born March 16, 1901 and Millard Curtsinger was born March 5, 1907.
Broom of Broomtown, where the first printed law of the Cherokee Nation was enacted on September 11, 1808, was a subchief of the tribe. His daughter Nancy married Nathan Hicks and they were the parents of Charles R. Hicks, second chief of this nation. Charles R. Hicks was one of the most talented and remarkable characters of the extreme frontier from 1790 to 1827 and during this period conducted practically all of the business of the nation with the United States. His daughter, Elsie married Jeremiah Horn, a white man and they were the parents of William Horn, who married Margaret Ledbetter and they were the parents of Mrs. Louise Fannie Curtsinger.

Copeland, Mrs. Walter (See Ghigau)—Tennessee Almyra, daughter of Garrett and Jane (Harlan) Lane was born February 16, 1849 in Tennessee. Married October 16, 1866 David Solon James, born January 5, 1842 in Stone County, Missouri. He served the union in Co. E, 14th Kansas Cavalry. They are the parents of Clara Delia James, born in the Cherokee Nation, near Miami June 16, 1875. Educated in the Female Seminary and Worcester Academy, Vinita, graduating from the latter institution in 1893. Taught school in the Cherokee Nation for twenty years and married at Miami, May 12, 1915 Walter, son of George O., born in 1841 and Amanda Copeland born in 1842 in Indiana.
Mrs. Copeland is a member of the Methodist Church and Eastern Star Chaper. Mr. Copeland is a merchant at Welch.

Cearley, John G. (See Ghigau and England)—John Gordon, son of Edmond Jeptha and Sarah Letitia (Thompson) Cearley, born in Georgia May 19, 1880, educated in that State and in the Cherokee Nation. Married at Neosho, Missouri, January 15, 1908, Gertrude N., daughter of John Wesley and Ida Josephine (Jenkins) Harris, born near Vinita, January 13, 1899. They are the parents of Howard Luther, born October 8, 1908; Kenneth Raymond, born November 16, 1910 and John Gordon Cearley, born June 28, 1914. Mr. Cearley is a farmer near Big Cabin.
Nannie Rider married David Thompson. Their son, Caleb Starr Thompson, married Matilda Cordill and they were the parents of Sarah Letitia Thompson who married Edmond Jeptha Cearley.
Arminda England married Elias H. Jenkins and they were the parents of Ida Josephine Jenkins who married John Wesley Harris.

Donnelly, James H. (See Grant and Daniel)—James Henry, son of Henry and Emma Jane (Daniel) was born August 29, 1871. Educated in William Halsell College, Vinita. Married at Vinita January 5, 1896 Bertha Alice, daughter of Jasper and Lucy Claussen, born March 18, 18S0, Christian County, III.
They are the parents of: Mattie Agnes, born November 2, 1896, married William Beeman and has one son, William Stanton Beeman, born March 20, 1920; James Orville, born August 20, 1899; Ray Edgar, born February 20, 1903 and Bernice Mildred Donnelly, born March 6, 1906. Mr. and Mrs. Donnelly are members of the Presbyterian Cliurch. He is a farmer near Vinita. Educated at Willie Halsell College and Worcester Academy.

Fields, William Lee (See Grant)_William Lee Fields, born in Cooweescoowee District November 29, 1875, educated at Willie Halsell College and Male Seminary. Married in June 1902 Dora E. Johnson. They were the parents of Bertha Helena, born August 29, 1903, married Jesse McCreary June 8, 1921; Violet Fern, born October 17, 1908; Apple Dorothy Fields, born June 20, 1910; William Lee, born March 20, 1913; Jesse Thomas, born April 17, 1915; Franklin Chester born August 15, 1917; and Fredonia Ellen Fields, born December 22, 1920.
Henry Clay, son of Richard and Mary (Wilds) Fields born October 21, 1844. Married in February 1861 Amanda Jane Rogers, born July 17, 1847, in Johnson County, Missouri. They were the parents of William Lee Fields, who is also the great great grandson of Richard Fields, Chief of Texas Cherokees.

Foreman, Thomas Watie (See Grant, Foreman, Hildebrand, Seabolt anad Duncan)—Thomas Watie, son of Thomas Leroy and Susan M. (Wolf) Foreman was born at Tahlequah January 12, 1860. Educated at Tahlequah. Married at Tahlequah, March 28, 1886. Cherokee Duncan daughter of George Washington and Mary (McLaughlin) Hughes, born February 11, 1870. They are the parents of: William Evarts, born Dec. 18, 1886, was in officers training camp during World War and is practicing law at Tulsa; Watie Cornelius, born Feb. 3, 1891 was in railroad service during the war and is the auditor of an oil company in Rogers, Arkansas, and Thomas Hughie Foreman, the youngest son was born May 9, 1894 was in the aerial service during the war and is a deputy sheriff in Miami, Florida. In Nov. 1921 was commissioned U. S. Prohibition agent for Miami Dist. Mr. Foreman's Cherokee name is Takatoka. He has been a member of the Masonic fraternity since 1884. Has been a law enforcement officer since statehood. He entered the Cherokee Advocate office at the age of fifteen and served on its staff until its discontinuance, being for a quarter of a century its busines manager and for a good part of the time.
Thomas Leroy was the son of Charles and Annie (Seabolt) Foreman
Susan (Wolfe) Foreman mother of T. W Foreman was a daughter of Thomas B. Wolfe the first settler of Tahlequah, built first house in 1835 before removal of Cherokees from Georgia. Was an old settler or Western Cherokee. When Cherokees in general council met and adopted the constitution and Act of Union and selected the location for the Cherokee capital T. B. Wolfe donated the ground which was called Tahlequah and ever afterward was known as the capital of the Cherokees.

Graves, Clarence—Clarence, son of Charles and Abbie (Guthrie) Grave, was born in Wyandotte, Kas., Sept. 20, 1872. He married at Talala, Effie, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Griffith. Mr. Graves has a splendid education especially along commercial lines. He has been prominent in the mercantile activities of Talala since almost the beginning of the town. His father was a native of Hancock, Washington Co., Mo., he being the son of a prominent attorney who died while on legal business in Washington, D. C.
Mrs. Abbie (Guthrie) Graves was of Wyandotte and Shawnee extraction.

Harnage, C. L. (See Ghigau and Sanders)—Custis Lee, son of John Griffith and Emily Walker (Mayfield) Harnage was born June 30, 1867. Educated in Texas. Married at Vinita Jan. 29, 1899 Frances Catherine, daughter of Joseph Henry and Ruth Jane (Harlan) Hunt, born August 3. 1874. She was educated in Vinita. They were the parents of: Emma Ruth, born March 25, 1900; James Hall, born Jan. 10, 1902; Nannie Pauline, born Dec. 4, 1904, died Dec 26, 1918; Lucile Dixie, born July 18, 1909; and Curtis Le Harnage, born Jan. 18, 1913.
Mr. Harnage is a farmer and stockraiser at Talala. He is a member of the Masonic, I. O. O. F. and Knights of Pythias fraternities.

Henry, Jesse (See Grant)—Ghigovi married Love and Muskrat. All were full blood Cherokees. Her children by the first marriage were: Celia, married Messenger Tiger; Lucy, married Jesse, son of William Henry; Tahnee, married Thomas Henry Alexander: Nannie, married Rock Crutchfield and Annie Love married Whirlwind. Her three daughters, Olkiney, Ailsey and Alee Muskrat, died without descent.
Jesse and Lucy (Love) Henry were the parents of Josiah Henry, born January 1, 1850 married December 26, 1871, Laura Alice, daughter of Ellis and Martha (Copeland) Buffington, born September 22, 1852. They were the parents of Jesse Henry, born July 16, 1875, educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married Margaret Jeanette Allen nee Toole and they had two sons: Josiah, born Jan. 3, 1898 and William E. Henry born Feb. 3, 1901. Mr. Henry's second wife Vernie Ream Crittenden is now deceased and they had no children. Mr. Henry is a farmer near Claremore.

Highland, James (See Ghigau)—James Highland born February 19, 1877 is the son of Michael and Nellie (Smith) Highland, the former a native of Dublin, Ireland and the latter born at Webber's Falls, Cherokee Nation. James Highland was educated in the Cherokee public schools and Willie Halsell College, Vinita, he married at Vinita, September 8, 1910 Belle, daughter of William and Alma Robbins. Mr. Highland was a member of Battery D, Heavy Artillery in the Spanish-American war. He is a Knight of Pythias. He has been in the meat business in Vinita as cutter since 1894.

Henry, Laura Alice (See Grant)—Laura Alice, daughter of Ellis and Martha (Copeland) Buffington was born September 22, 1852. Married December 26, 1871, Josiah, son of Jesse and Lucy (Love) Henry, born January 1, 1850. He was elected in November 1869, Solicitor of Cooweescoowee District and appointed to the same office in 1876 by the Chief. Elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1881 and August 2, 1897. He died Oct. 4, 1904 and she died Nov. 12, 1906. They were the parents of Rosa Jane Henry, born August 10, 1883, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary and E. E. Rector, born Feb. 27, 1873 Butler County,Kansas. They are the parents of Edna May, born Dec. 19, 1899; James Emmett, born Oct. 29, 1906; Josiah, born June 28, 1908 and Frances Rector born July 5, 1910. They are farmers near Claremore. They belong to the Methodist Church and he is a Mason. Mrs. Rector's Cherokee name is Ay-ni. Josiah Henry son of Jess Henry was married May 19, 1918 to Marie Potts and there was born to them two children, Frances N. Henry born March 11, 1919 and Beman L. Henry born Oct. 22, 1920.

Haddan, Mrs. Barney D. (See Grant)—Elizabeth Jane Fields, born February 13, 1880, educated at Hogan Institute. Married August 9, 1894, David Barney Haddan, born Jan. 28, 1866, in Neoshoe County, Mo. They are the parents of Thomas Elmer Franklin, born Jan. 19, 1898. Married Sept. 7, 1919, Lena May Williams, born Jan. 7, 1897 in Colon County, Texas and Marie Susan Haddan, born January 2, 1903, graduated from Pryor High Schol 1921 and married at Miami, Okla., June 29, 1921 Orum R. Garner born May 1, 1899 in Benton Co. Arkansas. Thos. E. F. Hadden, Jr., son of Thomas E. F and Lena Mae was born Aug. 1, 1921 at Pryor, Okla. Mrs. Haddan is a member of the Eastern Star Chapter No. 5 of Pryor. Mrs. Garner is a member of this chapter also.
David Barney Haddan is a successful farmer and stock raiser, a member of the Masonic lodge and I. O. O. F. of Pryor. He was elected County Commissioner of Mayes County, November 8, 1910.
Henry Clay, son of Richard and Mary (Wilds) Fields was born October 21, 1844. Married in February 1861, Amanda Jane Rogers, born July 17, 1847 in Johnson County, Missouri. They were the parents of Mrs. David Barney Haddan, who is also the great, great grand-daughter of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees.
Carrie R. Fields born March 31, 1886, educated at Pryor, Indian Territory. Married to Joseph S. Butler Sept. 27, 1903, born Nov. 13, 18S1. Mr. Butler is a farmer and stockman, member of A. O. U. W of Pryor and Mrs. Butler is a member of Eastern Star Chapter No. 5 of Pryor.
Roland F. Butler, born Oct. 31, 1904 at Pryor a Pryor High School Student.
Margaret Marie Butler born March 21, 1912.

Hail, Mrs. Cleo (See Ghigau and Sanders)—Margaret, daughter of John Bell and Delilah (Roach) Smith was born at Tahlequah Oct. 4, 1895, educated in Tahlequah District and Haskell Institute, Lawrence, Kansas. Married at Tahlequah March 9, 1918, A. Cleo, son of John and Mary Hall, born near Tahlequah in 1897. They are the parents of Morris Hail, born Jan. 26, 1920. Mr. Hail is a farmer near Tahlequah.
George ,son of Joshua and Almira (Harlan) Roach married Nannie Pritchett and they were the parents of Delilah (Roach) Smith. George Roach was elected Sheriff of Tahlequah District August 1 1887 Reverend Samuel Smith, the paternal grandfather of Mrs. Marsaret Hail was elected Executive Councilor in 1867; Delegate to Washington, 1867, 1868, 1869 and 1870. Senator from Saline District August 5, 1877 August 1, 1881, August 6, 1883; Assistant Chief August 1, 1887, Senator from Saline District August 1, 1893 and August 5 1895. He was President of the Senate during the latter term.

Hicks, E. D.—If you were fortunate enough to he able to see a copy of the Laws of the Cherokee Nation published in 1852 you could find on pages three and four, the first printed law of the Cherokee Tribe, promulgated on Sept. 11, 1808 at Broom's Town. It has the approval of Enola or Blackfox as Principal Chief and Pathkiller as Second Chief. It bears the signature of Charles Hicks as "Secy. to Council."
Broom's Town was the home of Chief Broom whose daughter Nancy, a member of the Wolf clan marrried Nathan Hicks, a white man. Nathan and Nancy Hicks were the parents of Charles, William and Elizabeth Hicks who married James Vann, Richard Fields, Eliphas Holt and William Campbell. There were possibly other brothers and sisters, but their names are unknown. Charles Hicks was probably born in the decade between 1760 and 1770. It is not known when he was educated as there were no schools among the Cherokees during his boyhood. He joined the Church of the United Brethren at Spring Place and was baptized on April 10. 1813, at which time the Missionaries, as was their wont, conferred upon him the middle name of Renatus, of the Renewed; Charles Renatus Hicks.
When the constitutional act of May 6, 1817 was passed at Amoch it was signed by Second Chief Charles Hicks, but he failed as he did in practically every instance to append his official title.
In October 1817 he was described as follows: "He is a half-breed Cherokee, about fifty years of age. He has very pleasant features and an intelligent countenance. He speaks the English language with utmost facility and with great propriety—I was exceedingly surprised that a Cherokee should be able to obtain so extensive a knowledge of English as he possessed: He reads better than one-half of the white people and writes an easy hand, For thirty years he has been, as occasions required, an interpreter for the United States. As a man of integrity, temperance and intelligence he has long sustained a most reputable character."
He was Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation in 1825 as well as Second Chief. His residence was in Chickamauga District on October 12, 1828.
His last known signature was attached to a Council Bill of November 28, 1826 and he probably died shortly after this date and during 1827 his brother William Hicks became Principal Chief, which office he held until October 1828.
Chief Charles R. Hicks was the father of Elijah Hicks who was born June 20, 1796. He was Clerk of Council in 1822 and shortly afterward married Miss Margaret Ross, born July 5, 1803. He was living in Coosawatee District in October 1826. He was President of the National Committee during the year of 1827. He was appointed editor of the Cherokee Phoenix on August 1, 1832 and retained that position until May 31, 1834 The press was confiscated and destroyed after that date.
Elijah Hicks was a Captain of one of the Emigrant Cherokee detachments. His detachment, according to Chief Ross' statement embraced eight hundred fifty eight individuals, fifty four of whom died enroute. They were the second contingent to start, the date of same being September 9, 1838 and arrived in the Western Cherokee Nation in advance of the other trains on January 4. 1839.
He was a signer of the Constitution ot 1839 and settled on the California at the present site of Claremore, where he conducted a general store and called his home Echota or as he spelled it and as it is pronounced "Sauty." He was elected a delegate to Washington in 1839 and 1843. Elected Clerk of the Cherokee Senate in 1845 and having been chosen as Senator from Saline District which at that time embraced over ten million acres of land and extended west to the one hundredth meridian, he was elected president of the Senate. He died on August 6, 1856 and is buried in the cemetery at Claremore. His wife died in 1862.
The children of Elijah and Margaret Hicks were: Senora; Jane who married John Warden Stapler; Daniel Ross who married Nancy Jane Rider and Evaline Linder; Mary A. Chambers and Mary Elizabeth Rockwell; and Victoria Susan who married DeWitt Clinton Lipe.
Daniel Ross Hicks was born August 26, 1827 in Chickamauga District. Cherokee District and Cherokee Nation. He married Nancy Jane Rider born June 6, 1839. She was the daughter of Amelia (Alberty) Kider and the grand daughter of Austin and Mary Pauline (Starr) Rider. She was also the grand daughter of Moses and Sallie (Wright) Alberty. She graduated from the Female Seminary in February 1855. She was teaching the National school near Claremore Mound in 1858 and 1859 and at the expiration of the latter term she married Mr. Hicks, who was at that time sheriff of Cooweescoowee District with a jurisdiction extending west to the hundredth meridian. She died January 9, 1866. He was elected judge of Cooweescoowee District in 1867 and 1869. Executive Councilor on November 13, 1872, Clerk of Tahlequah District in 1875, Clerk of Council in 1878 and 1879 and Clerk of the Senate in 1881. He died February 12, 1883.
Daniel Ross and Nancy Jane Hicks were the parents of Edward Daniel Hicks, born January 1, 1866. He was educated in the National school and at the University of Arkansas. Was bookkeeper for Stapler and Sons at Tahlequah for several years and later purchased this business. While at Oowala he married on September 27, 1885 Miss Elizabeth Henrietta born November 21, 1867, daughter of Hon. Frank Musgrove, a wealthy farmer of that neighborhood. They are the parents of a family that does credit to their community, namely; Janie Stapler, born September 10, 1886, graduated from the Female Seminary June 9, 1903 and married John Griffith Harnage, now deceased; Joseph Daniel, born March 27, 1888, married Francis J. Lindsey who graduated from the Female Seminary May 27, 1908; Clara Eva born February 10, 1890 and married John Reed Alley; William Pendleton, born Sept. 2, 1840 and married Margaret Kay Roil; Edward, born March 29, 1898 and Margaret Enola Hicks. The latter a beautiful and popular young lady is now deceased.

Home of Chief Levi Grits, Muskogee

HOME OF CHIEF LEVI GRITTS, MUSKOGEE

Teter, Mrs. Lewis (See Grant)—Alice Fields, born February 20, 1869, educated at Bryans Chapel on Grand River, she married January 18, 1888, Lewis Teter, born February 22, 1854 in W. Va. They are the parents of: Clara Jane, born April 23, 1891, married T. J. Kinion; Myrtle, born Feb. 10, 1894, married John L. V. Thomas; Walter, born Feb. 12, 1896, married Mabel Giles; Edna, born September 21, 1898, married Bryan Jones; Goldie E. born March 12, 1902, graduated from Pryor High School 1921, and Lewis Leon Teter, born April 14, 1906.
Mrs. Teter is the great great grand-daughter of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees. The Fields' have for the last hundred years been one of the most illustrious families of the Cherokees.

Tyner, Thomas J. (See Tyner)—Thomas Jefferson son of Carter Blackstone and Esther Jane (Piblow) Tyner was born March 1, 1878. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Friends Mission at Skiatook. Married April 27, 1914 Carrie, daughter of Geo. W. Willits and Rachel (Connor) Willits born Dec. 23, 1883 in Wise County, Texas

Thompson, Lewis Kell (See Grant and Duncan)—Lewis Kell, son of Joseph Lynch and Frances (Kell) Thompson, was born in Delaware District October 10, 1873, educated in the Cherokee National Schools and at Vinita. Married December 25, 1898 to Nellie H. Stilley, daughter of Samuel and Lucy F. Stilley, born Nov. 16, 1880 in Delaware District now Mayes County, Oklahoma. They are the parents of: James Robert, born October 24, 1901; Lewis Leroy, born May 11, 1905; Nellie Glennis, born January 4, 1913 and Dainie Jaunita Thompson, born December 12, 1916. Mr. Thompson is a farmer near Pensacola, Okla.
Emily Duncan married Alexander Kell and their son, James, married Elizabeth Edgington and they were the parents of Frances Kell who married Joseph Lynch Thompson.

Tuton, Mrs. Thomas Henry (See Grant and Cordery)—Ethel M. Rogers, born March 23, 1899 educated at Pryor, Okla., and Boulder University, Colorado, graduating from the Pryor High School in 1920. She married at Guthrie March 30, 1921, Thomas Henry Tuton, a druggist at Arcadia, Okla., Mrs. Tuton is a member of the Methodist Church and is an Eastern Star.
Samuel Martin married Catherine Hildebrand and their son William A. Martin married Nannie Lucas nee Guinn. They were the parents of Almon Martin, born November 14, 1842. He was a member of Company M, First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers, Confederate Service. After the war he married Sarah Jane Cordery, both are now deceased. They were the parents of Sallie Martin, born January 30, 1869, educated in the Cherokee National Schools and Female Seminary. She married August 22. 1888, John Cicero Rogers, born September 9, 1861 in Washington County, Arkansas and they are the parents of Mrs. Ethel M. Tuton.
Thomas Cordery, an Irishman married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. They were the parents of David Cordery who married Charlotte Goss and they in turn were the parents of Thomas Cordery who married his first cousin Sallie Vickery and they were the parents of Jane Cordery who married Almon Martin.

Thompson, Robert J. (See Grant and Ghigau)—Robert Jefferson, son of Johnson and Eliza Christine (Taylor) Thompson was born October 29, i860, educated at Tahlequah, Male Seminary and Bacone College, graduating from the latter. Married in 1892, Rosa Gritts, born July 16, 1863 and died Feb. 25, 1910. They were the parents of: Eloise, born June 9, 1897; Ida Frances, born Nov 29, 1899; Susie Taylor, born Feb. 19, 1902; Thomas Fox, born Oct. 4, 1905 and Sammie Cunningham Thompson, born May 6, 1908. James J. Thompson born 1893, died in 1897. Rose Jessie Thompson, born Aug 16, 1895, died in 1897. Mr. Thompson is a member of the Knights of Pythias.

Trout, Mrs. Isaac (See Ghigau and Ward)—Eva Lena, daughter of Edward Estel and Naomi Ann (Cole) Sloan was born near Big Cabin, May 7, 1890, was educated in Delaware District and Female Seminary. Married at Big Cabin April 16, 1908, Isaac Day, son of George Washington and Martha Ann (Parks) Trout, born at Big Cabin. February 16, 1888, educated locally and at Male Seminary. They were the parents of: Eugene Albert, born May 11, 1909; Sue Gale, born October 27, 1914; Gay Nell Groves, born January 7, 1917 and Creed Pershing, born October 16, 1918. Mr. Trout is a prosperous live stock dealer at Big Cabin.
Louisa Jane, daughter of George Howard and Mary (Carroll) Ward married Samuel Trout and they were the parents of George Washington Trout.

Taylor, Richard L. (Halfbreed and Ghigau)—Richard Lee, son of William and Elizabeth (Grimmett) Taylor was born in 1854. Married in 1880 Margaret Elmira Paden, born in 1856. They are the parents of: Nannie C. married Felix N. Holland; Annie Almira, married W. A. Corley; Mary Amelia, married Thomas E. Holland; Susie Bunch, married Claude Doherty; Richard Lee; William Benjamin, deceased, and Martha Catherine living, married Tiny Hill, deceased. Richard Lee Taylor was elected Sheriff of Flint District August 1, 1887; August 5, 1889 and August 1, 1893. Elected Senator from the same district August 3, 1903. Elected County Commissioner of Adair County November 3, 1914.

Taylor, James L. (See Foreman)—James Lincoln Taylor, born on the Cherokee reservation in North Carolina, September 7, 1860, educated locally. Married at Pryor April 21, 1895, Dora B. Carty, daughter of Charles and Marie Carty, born Feb. 21, 1872, in Benton County, Ark. They are the parents of: Nellie B., born Feb. 10, 1896, married C. F. Conner; Alice, born March 9, 1899, Marguerite, born Oct. 5, 1902, married L. N. Logsden; William, born August 1, 1905 and Charles Henry, born August 7, 1915. Mr. Taylor is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias. He was postmaster of Pryor from 1894 to 1898 and was elected Solicitor of Cooweescoowee District August 2, 1897.
James Madison, son of David and Mary Ann (Bigby) Taylor married Addie Manchester and they were the parents of James Lincoln Taylor.

Tadpole, Eli—Dorcas, daughter of William and Amanda (Fish) Foreman was born in Tahlequah District, January 9, 1871, educated at Eureka in above named District. Married January 1885, Eli, son of John and Lucinda Tadpole, born in Tahlequah District, March 18, 1865 and educated in the Cherokee National Schools. They are the parents of, Lelia, born Apr. 10, 1890, married Emmet Shewbart and J. A. Wilson; they are the parents of Belle Christine born in 1921; Emma born May 15, 1892 married W. T. Gardner; they are the parents of Herbert, born Mar. 12, 1911, Wilford, born Apr. 5, 1917, Percy born Feb. 15, 1920; Wm. H. born July 6. 1897; Anna B., born Jan. 11, 1900, married Feb. 3, 1908(?) Albert Merry; and Herman Tadpole born Oct. 10, ???? they have two daughters, Doris Catherine, born in 1920 and Nellie Wanda born Aug. 2, 1921. Mr. Tadpole is a farmer near Pryor. Mrs. Tadpole belongs to the Wolf Clan and her Cherokee name is Dar-ki.

Terrell, Samuel (See Grant. Conrad and Hendricks)—Samuel, son of John and Samantha (Gourd) Terrell, was born in Tahlequah District No. 17, 1878, educated at Eureka and Male Seminary. Married Sept. 4, 1910, Rachel, daughter of Benjamin and Cynthia (Lillard) Talley, born March 7, 1886 and educated in Tahlequah District. They are the parents of: Susie, born June 20, 1921 and Samuel Terrell, born Sept 1, 1913. Mr. Terrell is a farmer near Tahlequah and Mrs. Terrell is a vocal music teacher.
Susie Martin married Noah Lillard and their daughter Cynthia married Benjamin Talley.
Jackson R. Gourd married Elsie Wilson and their son, Ellis, married Susan Riley. They were the parents of Samantha Gourd who married John and was the mother of Samuel Terrell.

Tanner, Robert T. (See Adair and Grant)—Mary Elizabeth daughter of William Peters and Rachel Louisa (Adair) McClellan, born April 7, 1879. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married December 26, 1906 Robert Tanner son of Benjamin N. born in Boone County, Ky., Jan 6, 1842 and Nannie V. Tanner, born March 10. 1848 in Chariton County, Missouri. They are the parents of Pearl Edith, born September 28, 1910; Mary Louisa born May 15, 1912 and Robert Turner Tanner born January 14, 1917. Mr. and Mrs. Tanner are members of the Presbyterian Church and she is an Eastern Star. Mr. Tanner is a furniture dealer and conducts a splendid farm.
Ludovic Grant a Scotchman married a full blood Cherokee woman. Their daughter married William Emory, an Englishman and they in turn were the parents of Susannah Emory, whose third husband was Joseph Martin, born about 1740 near Charlotteville, Albermarle County, Virginia. He held the following revolutionary offices: elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia,became Major February 17, 1779 and Leutenant Colonel in March 1780. He was elected elected Brigadier General Carolina militia by legislature on December 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twentieth Brigade of Virginia on Dec. 11, 1793. Martinsville the county seat of Henry County, Virginia, was named for him. His daughter Nancy married Jeter Lynchand they were th eparents of Rachel Lynch who married Thomas Benjamin Adair and teir only son John Lynch Adair married Mary Jane Jeffreys., a native of Virginia, and their daughter Rachel Louis Adair married William Peters McClellan of Cane Hill, Arkansas, and they were the parents of Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Tanner.

Thompson, Thomas Fox (See Grant and Ghigau)—Thomas Fox Thompson, born in Tahlequah District, May 3, 1848 and educated at Pea Ridge, Ark. Married Dec. 18, 1870 Susan C. Parks and after her death married on May 19, 1914 Lillie McBride, nee Schaer; his Cherokee name is Chisgua-kyah and he belongs to the Deer Clan. He is a Methodist and had retired after having been in the dry goods and grocery business in Vinita for twenty years. Mr. Thompson was elected member of the Council from Delaware District in 1879.

Tinker, Mrs. Minnie—Minnie, the daughter of Henry and Mary (Walker) Spybuck was born in Bird Creek, a few miles south of Skiatook. She was educated at the Quaker Mission, two miles north of Skiatook and is a member of that church. She married at Hill Side, Okla. in 1903 Richard Tinker who is a member of one of the more prominent Osage families. They are the parents of Henry Franklin, born Feb. 25, 1907; George Edward born Aug. 6, 1912 and Thomas Jefferson Tinker, born Aug. 15, 1917.
Mr. Tinker is a farmer and a member of Ihe Modern Woodman of America. Mr Tinker is a Shawnee, a member of two of the most prominent families of that tribe as the Walkers have been as noted in the history and councils of the tribe as were the Spybucks.

Thompson, Mrs. Vet. (see Duncan and Grant)—Louisa Tabitha West, born March 8, 1862, educated in Female Seminary. Married September 28, 1880, John Rogers Martin, born February 25, 1885. They were the parents of Hernando, born August 14, 1882; Birdie May, born March 26, 1884; Johanna R, born July 18, 1886, and DeWitt T Martin, born May 12, 1888. John Rogers Martin died November 10, 1887, and she married January 27, 1890, Vet Thompson, born September 8, 1861, in Macon County, Missouri. They are the parents of James W., born April 11, 1891; Lewis, born February 2, 1893, and Carrie, born November 13, 1898. Mr. Thompson is a farmer. Mrs. Thompson's Cherokee name is Takie. She is a member of the Methodist church.
Charles Duncan, a Scotchman, married about 1784 Dorcas, a full blood Cherokee of the Derr Clan. Their son, John, married Elizabeth Abercromby, a native of Tenessee. The Abercrombys belong to the ancient nobility of Stirling County in Great Britain. Airthey Castle was their ancestral county seat. As late as 1883 the family owned 15,264 acres. The head of the family in 1916 was Lord George Abercromby. John and Elizabeth (Abercromby) Duncan were the parents of Mahala Duncan, born June 21, 1821. Married July IS, 1838 James Smith West, born May 24, 1817, in Alabama. He died Sept. 22, 1865, and she died November 27. 1879. They were the parents of Mrs. Louisa Tabitha Thompson.

Trout, Logan. (See Ward)—Logan, son of George Washington and Mary (Eaton) Trout, was born in Delaware District, April 8, 1876. and educated at Big Cabin and Male Seminary. Married near Grove October 8, 1894, Jennie, daughter of William and Sallie Walls, born March 22, 1879, in Berry County, Missouri. They are the parents of: George Washington, born January 1, 1898; Buford Lee, born April 2, 1899; Edith M.. born September 23, 1902, married J. F. Daniel; Thomas L., born Nov. 8, 1904; Veachel, born Dec. 25, 1907; Clinton, born May 6, 1909; Samuel, born February 16, 1916, and Warren Harding Trout, born May 6, 1921. Mr. Trout has conducted a mill and elevator at Big Cabin for fourteen years. He belongs to the Christian church and is a Woodman of the World.
George Howard, son of Samuel and Sallie (Earwood) Ward, was born in January, 1801, married Mary Carroll, born in 1792 in Burke County, North Carolina. He died March 15, 1866. They were the parents of Louisa Ward, who married Samuel Trout and she was the mother of George Washington Trout, who married Mary Eaton.

Trout, Mrs. Samuel L. (See Duncan, Ward and Downing)—Samuel Lee, son of Andrew M. and Sarah A. (Reed) Trout, born January 27, 1878, educated in Delaware District and Male Seminary. Married June 29, 1898, Cornelia Eliza, daughter of Walter Adair and Sallie Elizabeth (Wright) West, born September 5, 1879, at Spavinaw and educated in Female Seminary. They are the parents of Viola Velena, born July 13, 1899; Mary Irene, born September 2, 1901; Veda Jessie, born May 1, 1905; Loyd Newton, born December 27, 1908; Lovise Velma, born September 13, 1913, and Pearl LeVonne Trout, born August 1, 1916; Samuel L. Trout, Jr., born August 15, 1921. Mr. Trout is a farmer and stockraiser near Adair. Mrs. Trout is a Baptist.
Andrew M., son of Samuel and Louisa Jane (Ward) Trout, was born November 5. 1855. Married March 1877, Sarah A. Reed, horn in Towns County, Georgia.

Taylor, John M. (See Foreman)—John Manchester, son of James Madison, born April 18, 1818, and died January 7, 1907, and Addie (Manchester) Taylor was born Aug. 14, 1860, in Cherokee County, North Carolina, and was educated in the Cumberland Presbyterian College, Louden, Tennessee, and at Atlanta, Georgia. Married at Claremore, Thursday, February 23, 1893, Bertha E. McCutchan. daughter of Samuel and Margaret McCutchan, born November 29. 1872, at Redoak, Charlotte County, Virginia and was educated in Missouri. They are the parents of Blaine Samuel, born June 25, 1894; Robert Clinton, born July 24, 1897; served during the World war in the Medical Corps; Florence Thelma, born August 17, 1902; McCutchan, born November 28, 1904; Oklahoma, born November 6, 1906, and John Manchester Taylor, born November 8, 1909.
David Taylor, born December 16. 1791, in Orange County, Virginia, married Mary Ann Bigby, born August 9, 1802, and they were the parents of James Madison Taylor, who married Addie Manchester, a native of Providence, R. I.
John Manchester Taylor, whose Cherokee name is Katahya, is a thirty-second degree Mason, Shriner and Elk. Attorney for the Cherokees, Creeks and Seminoles. Was U. S. Deputy Marshal for the Fort Smith Court for twenty-three years; Indian Police twelve years; Deputy Sheriff five years; Postal Inspector three years; Assistant Solicitor of Cooweescoowee District eight years; United States Commissioner 4 years and Master in Chancery.

Thompson, Mrs. Bert F. (See England)—Maggie L., daughter of William Garrett and Eliza (Scrimsher) Williamson, was born May 1, 1880. Educated in Worcester Academy, Vinita. and Female Seminary. Married near White Oak June 13, 1898, Bert F., son of Nathaniel and Zerilda Thompson. They are the parents of: Albert Louis, born Aug. 13. 1900; Harley C, born Nov. 22, 1904; Mabel Aline, born Oct. 15, 1908; Velnia Viola, born Jan. 13, 1911, and Jaunita Thompson, born Sept. 2, 1913. Mr. Thompson is a farmer and stockman, near Centralia.
Maurice, born February 19, 1918. Baby, born Nov. 8, 1921.

Taylor, Mrs. Louisa J. Taylor. (See Foreman)—Louisa Jane, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Moon) Dinsmore, was born in Tenn. in 1863. Married in 1878, James Elbert, son of Thomas Jefferson and Martha Ann (Bradley) Taylor, born Sept. 10, 1855. He died in 1918. They were the parents of: Lenora May, born May 17, 1883, married Robert F. Auten; Dora Jessie, born November 17, 1884, married John Julian Buster; Samuel Cornelius, born December 25, 1886, married Beulah Wynatt; Clyde Elizabeth, born September 13, 1888, married Robert J. Rogers; Xenaphon Elbert, born February 13, 1890; Bertha Belle, born November 3, 1891; Emma lola, born August 18, 1893, married Daniel Henry Bell; Walter A., born August 19, 1897; Mary Imo, born January 4, 1900, and Bernard Dinsmore Taylor, born March 3, 1904.
Mary Ann, daughter of James and Cathrine (Foreman) Bigby, was born August 9, 1802. Married David Taylor, born in Orange County, Virginia, December 16, 1791. They were the parents of Thomas Jefferson Taylor, who married Martha Ann Bradley.

Tell, Mrs. W. W., (See Adair and Ghigau)—William Warren, son of Charles W. and Jennie E. Tell, was born April 1, 1860, in the Province of New Brunswick, Canada. Married June 1, 1899, Sarah Emily, daughter of Richard and Susannah Deborah (Goss) Welch, born February 25, 1874, educated at the Orphan Asylum. They are the parents of: Alice Carey, born March 10, 1901; Benjamin Goss, born May 17, 1904; Ruth Marguerite, born November 3, 1906; Daisy Oklahoma, born January 17, 1909, and Wilson Owen Tell born October 7, 1915. Mrs. Tell's Cherokee name is Cha-ka-wa. She is a member of the Baptist Church.
Without pretentions, William W. Tell is a rarely gifted and useful citizen, his stock of general and exact information would not suffer in comparison with that of many University Professors and degree men. He was elected County Commissioner of Mayes County, November 5, 1912, and November 2, 1920, and was appointed to that office in 1915. He is a farmer.

Trott, W. L. (See Adair)—John Adair, a Scotchman, married Gahoka, a full blood Cherokee woman of the Deer Clan. Their son, Samuel, married Edith, a white woman, and they were the parents of Rachel Pounds Adair, who married Reverend James Jenkins Trott, who, as early as 1828, was the "general missionary" of the Methodist church among the Cherokees in Georgia, Tennesse, Alabama and North Carolina. Their son, William Lafayette Trott. born March 10, 1844, married Malinda Stover, born September 20, 1848, and died September 20, 1868, He then married Louisa J. Moore in 1869. She died July 9, 1918. They were the parents of: William Henry and Dot Fanny, born Dec. 4, 1877. He married Doney Crumby and has one son, Henry Moore Trott, born April 27, 1904.
Dot Fay Trott, daughter of W. L. and Louisa Trott, was born March 13, 1885, and never married.
James J. Trott was arrested by Georgia authorities because he refused to take the oath of allegiance to the State of Georgia, as he already had taken the oath of allegiance to the Cherokee Nation. They released him on condition that he leave the state. He moved to Tennessee, where he remained until 1857, when he moved to the Cherokee Nation.

Adair, Arthur (See Adair)—Arthur, son of William Penn and Julia (Allison) Adair was born August 13, 1882, educated locally. Married July 23, 1905, Ida, daughter of W. C. and Nancy Jane Freeman, born in Missouri. They are the parents of: Selena Marie, born January 21, 1908; Beulah Belle, born September 12, 1909; Norman Lee, born June 29, 1914; Edith Mae, born September 15, I9l7 and Wilma Adel Adair, born February 24, 1919.

Allcott, A. B. (See Ward and Ghigau)—Henrietta Evaline Nidiffer, born January 10, 1883 near Nudmore, Delaware District. She was educated in the Cherokee National schools, and graduated from St. Johns Training School of Nursing in 1915. Married July 26, 1920 A. B. Allcott, son of Jonathan P. and Anna Allcott, A. B. Allcott was born May 27th, 1886, in McDowell, Barry County, Missouri. He is an expert electrician and has been Superintendent of the electric light plant at Afton and has recently accepted a like position at at Pauls Valley.
George Ward was born March 17, 1787. Had a splendid education and his handwriting was extraordinarily good. He married December 15, 1805, Lucy Mayes, born Mar. 5, 1789 in Tennessee. Lucy was a sister of Samuel Mayes and aunt of Chiefs Joel B. and Samuel H. Mayes. She died November 11, 1867 and George Ward was killed by "Pin" Indians in 1863. George and Lucy (Mayes) Ward's eldest child, Savina, was born May 1807 in Warren County, Tennessee. She married Felix Arthur and her death occurred on April 16, 1883. Felix and Savina Arthur's daughter, Lucy, born April 6, 1828, married Isaac Nidiffer born July 18, 1818. She died April 2, 1886 and he died February 2, 1890. They were the parents of Samuel, Freeman, Sabrina, married Robert K. Nix; Sarah, married Isaac Mode; Felix Grundy, born March 16, 1853, married April 23, 1876 Joanna Ruth Linden, born February 8, 1861. He died October 16, 1896 and she died July 2, 1919; Martha Jane, married George Monroe Ward; Nancy married Ross T. Carey and John F. Miller; George; Rachel, married John S. Thomason and Lucy Nidiffer married Joseph Kelly.
Felix Grundy and Joanna Ruth Nidiffer were the parents of Emma Josephine, Anna Lulu, Henrietta Evaline (Subject of this sketch ) Martha Minnie, John Ross, George William, Freeman Edward and Mary Lucile Nidiffer. George W. and Freeman E. are deceased.

Adair, Timothy M. (See Grant, Adair, Saunders, Downing and Ghigau)—Timothy Meigs, son of Hugh Montgomery and Martha L. (Johnson) Adair was born at Stillwell September 2, 1882. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married at Nowata April 16, 1906. Martha daughter of Thomas Didymas and Joanna (Pitt) Saunders, born at Braggs December 28, 1885. She died Feb. 10, 1913. They were the parents of: Cleburne, born Feb. 17, 1908. Thereon, born June 30, 1921 and Velma Adair, born Jan. 11, 1913. Mr. Adair married June 22, 1917 Katie E., daughter of John and Mary Nunallee born at Bragg, Okla. 1891. Their children are Warren, born Dec. 26, 1919 and Eugene Adair, born Aug. 6, 1921. Mr. Adair's Cherokee name is Skiya and he belongs to the Long Hair Clan. He is a farmer near Centralia, and is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows Fraternity. He was elected County Commissioner of Nowata County November 7, 1916.
Frank Pettie married Mary Beck and they were the parents of Mrs. Joanna Saunders.

Boudinot, Frank J. (See Watie, Grant and Ross)—Frank Josiah, son of William Penn and Caroline (Fields) Boudinot, was born August 20, 1866, in the Cherokee Nation. Educated in Bacone College or Indian University (near Muskogee), Flint High School (Michigan) and University of Michigan. He took a course in law at the University of Michigan in 1894-5-6. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity. His Cherokee name is Kaw-la-nah (Raven) and he belongs to the Cherokee Holly clan. He has been the attorney, counselor and adviser of the Kee-too-wah Society of Cherokees since 1899 and was elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation by a Joint session of the National Council on November 21, 1895. He was one of Chief Bushyhead's Executive Secretaries in 1887, clerk of the Cherokee Supreme Court 1887-89 and was one of the attorneys for the Cherokee Nation before the Dawes Commission in 1896. Under his advice and direction the Eastern Cherokees were organized in 1900 by the Keetoowah Society, which resulted ultimately in the collection of the five million dollar Emigrant Cherokee claim—paid in 1910. Was, by act Of Congress, Mar. 3, 1919, made special attorney for the Cherokee Nation to proseute a claim against the United States for interest on the funds which arose out of the judgment in the Emigrant case, the amount claimed being about four million dollars, He married at Fort Gibson, July 23, 1897, Annie Stapler, daughter of Judge Henry Clay and Josephine (Bigelow) Meigs and great-greatgrand daughter of Colonel Return Jonathan Meigs, personal friend and aide to General George Washington; she is also a greatgrand daughter of Chief John Ross. They are the parents of: Frank Josiah, Jr., born January 16, 1999 (2nd. Lieutenant Air Service Aeronautics in the World War) and Henry Meigs Boudinot, born July 27, 1907.
Gul-la-gee-nah (Buck Deer), son of Oo- wa-tie, was born in the old Cherokee Nation in Georgia in 1802. Out of gratitude for favors he adopted the name of his benefactor, Elias Boudinot. Having received a splendid classical education he devoted his entire life and energies for the Cherokee and at his death on June 21, 183C9, he was a poor man, regardless of the fact that at that time he was one of the best known, ablest and greatest citizens the Cherokee Nation had.

Billings, Mrs. E. C. (See Ward and Cordery)—Jessie Lee, daughter of James Lovely and Charlotte (Ward) Bumgarner, born July 2, 1884, educated at Female Seminary and Lawrence, Kansas. Married at Spavinaw March 30, 1902, K. C. Billings, son of John C. and America Billings, born Aug. 10, 1848 in Texas. They are the parents of Beatrice T., born April 16, 1906; Love, born August 17, 1908; Charlotte America, born August 31, 1910; Edith Belle, born April 22, 1912; Mvrtle Ceaphine, bom November 10, 1916 and Iva Dell Billings, born October 25, 1918.

Cobb, PhiL H. (See Grant)—Alexander Adam Clingan, born Februarv 20. 1801. Married in May 182S Martha Jane Blythe; born January 31, 1812 in Tennessee. Their daughter Evaline Clingan, born April 13, 1835 married December 15, 1857, Joseph Benson Cobb, born July 26, 1828 in Blount County, Tennessee. He died March 22, 1896 and she died Nov. 17, 1918. Their son, Samuel Sylvester Cobb married Carrie Kennedy Hunter and they are the parents of Phil Hunter Cobb, born May 31, 1895. Educated in Wagoner, where he married October 1, 1918 Hazel Ruth, daughter of S. A. and Naomi Best, born June 27, 1901. They are the parents of Dorothy Louise Cobb, born Oct. 23 ,1920. Mr. Cobb is a farmer, near Wagoner.

Ellis, Mrs. Thomas J. (See Adair and Grant)—Mary May, daughter of Robert Taylor and Sue Krebs (McCoy) Morrison born April 12, 1884 in Sequoyah District. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married in Bartlesville Jan. 28, 1901 Thomas Jefferson, son of Thomas Jefferson and V. Ellis, born Dec. 16, 1881 in Sedan, Chautauqua County, Kansas. They are the parents of Gladys, born May 10, 1905; Evelyn, born June 23, 1907 and Judson Ellis, born Oct. 29, 1909. Thomas Jefferson Ellis is a member of the Masonic fraternity and is one of the substantial cattlemen and bankers of Washington County. One of the leading democrats of Washington County, he was appointed as the first county assessor in 1911 and elected to the same office in 1912.
Ellen, daughter of Andrew and Mary (Miller) Adair married Richard Martin, son of Alexander and Sarah Elizabeth (Hicks) McCoy and they were the parents of Mrs. Sue Krebs (McCoy) Morrison.

Edmondson, Mrs. Florence E. (see Ward and Grant)—Florence Eugenia Williams, born Aug. 3, 1860 in Delaware Dist., educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. She married Feb. 7, 1878 on Beatties Prairie, Michael Smith Edmondson, born September 9, 1853 in Georgia. They are the parents of: Cherry D. born October 23, 1879; Gonia L. born January 1, 1882 and Bula B. born February 17, 1884. Mrs. Edmondson's Cherokee name is Galela, she is a member of the Methodist church, is an Eastern Star and belongs to the W. C. T. U.
George Ward, born March 17, 1787 married December 15, 1805 Lucy Mayes, the Aunt of Chiefs Joel Bryan and Samuel Houston Mayes. She was born March 5, 1789. George Ward was killed during the civil war and his widow died November 1, 1867. Their daughter Charlotte was born July 18. 1809 in Tennessee, she married January 13, 1821, John H. Stover, born June 2, 1802. Mrs. Stover died August 13, 1857 and he died March 31, 1865. Louisa J. daughter of John and Charlotte (Ward) Stover was born August 8, 1840. She married October 2, 1859 Joseph Lynch Williams (whose Cherokee name was Osceola) born August 1, 1837. They were the parents of Florence Eugenia, Joseph L. Williams, died November 5, 1860. Mrs. Louisa J. (Stover) Williams married February 2, 1864, William Archibald Yell Hastings, born March 8, 1842 in Benton County, Arkansas, and they were the parents of: John Rogers, William, Writ and Charlotte Delilah Hastings. Mrs. Louisa J Hastings died February 2, 1864 and William Archibald Yell Hastings, died at the residence of his son John Rogers.

Evans, Mrs. Lester (See Ghigau, Adair, Cordery and Halfbreed)—Susannah Deborah, daughter of Ephriam Martin and Sallie (Starr) Adair was born in Flint District September 4, 1860. Educated in the Cherokee Public schools and Female Seminary. Married Alexander, son of Andrew Vann and Sallie Ann (Williams) Jordan. He died April 1884. They were the parents of: Belle Leslie, Myrtle and the twins, Alexander and Vannie Jordan. Mrs. Jordan married March 16, 1886, Lester, son of Benoni and Mary E. Evans, born January 3, 1860 in Michigan. They are the parents of Minnie Evans who married Harry Stanley. Mrs. Evans is a member of the Wolf Clan and her Cherokee name is Susanie. Mr. Evans is a member of the Masonic fraternity. They are members of the Methodist Church and are farmers, near Centralia.

Fite, Mrs. F. B. (See Grant)—Julia Theresa, daughter of William Columbus and Jane (Davis) Patton was born December 29, 1867 in Walker County, Georgia. Educated at Drury College, Springfield, Missouri, and Vassar College. She married at Vinita November 13, 1889 Francis Bartow, son of Dr. H. W. and Sarah (Denman) Fite, born October 17, 1861 in Bartow County, Georgia, He graduated in 1886 from the Southern Medical College at Atlanta, Georgia, having received the medal for highest efficiency in his class. He is a leader in Oklahoma in surgery and civic progress. Dr. and Mrs. Fite, whose home is in Muskogee, are the parents of William aPtton (Patton), born August 31, 1890; Frances, born September 24, 1893; Francis Bartow, born December 20, 1895: Edward Halsell, born December 27, 1898 and Julian Bixby Fite, born September 30, 1906. William Patton Fite graduated from Shattuck Military School, Faribault, .Minnesota, from University of Virginia in 1913 with the A. B. degree and in 1916 from the Medical Department. He married June 1, 1918 Miss Maurine Mitchell of Fort Worth, Texas. Their daughter Jane Fite was born October 7, 1920. He served in the World War as Captain in the Medical Corps 36th Division. Is now practicing surgery in partnership with his father at Muskogee. Francis Fite graduated from Vassar College in 1916. Married July 7, 1920, Hubert Ambrister, an attorney in Oklahoma City. Francis Bartow Fite Jr. graduated from Shattuck Military School, from University of Virginia in 1920 with honors in the A. B. degree and is in the 1922 law class of that institution. He served on the staff of Aide de camp to Major General Sturgis, 8Oth Division rank as First Lieutenant. Edward Halsell Fite graduated from Shattuck Military School, entered the University of Virginia and enlisted for service in the world war, was assigned to the officers Training Camp at Camp Lee, Virginia. At the signing of the armistice he returned to the University where he is now a member of the Medical Class of 1923. Julian Bixby Fite is a student in Shattuck Military School.
Ludovic Grant, a Scotch trader settled at Tellico, on the Tennessee River in 1720 and married a full blood Cherokee of the Wolf Clan. Their daughter married William Emory, an Englishman and their daughter, Susannah Emory married Captain John Stuart of the British army. Her second husband was Brigadier General Joseph and Susannah (Childs) Martin, born in 1740 near Charlotteville, Virginia. He was elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 1776, became Major on February 17, 1779 and was promoted to the lieutenant colonelcy in March 1781. He was elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 15, 1787, and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twelfth Brigadier of Virginia Militia by Governor "Light Horse Harry" Lee on December 11, 1783. He died at Martinsville, County seat of Henry county, Virginia, which had been named for him, on December 18, 1808. He was buried with military and masonic honors. His daughter, Rachel married Daniel Davis and their son Martin Davis married Julia Tate. Their daughter Jane married William Columbus Patton.
Joseph, the father of Brigadier General Joseph Martin, was a son of William Martin a wealthy merchant of Bristol, England who gave his son a ship and sent him to Virginia, sumetime in the first quarter of the eighteenth century to keep him from marrying a girl to whom the father objected. Martin was one of the Norman Knights who accompanied William the Conqueror in the battle of Hastings and conquest of England in 1066. The family later dropped the terminal and spelled the name, Martain,

Foreman, William W. (See Grant. Ghigau, Foreman, Cordery, Adair, Duncan and Half-breed)—William Wilburn, son of Daniel C. and Elizabeth (Beck) Foreman was born March 17, 1871. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married in Canadian District March 11, 1896 Belle Leslie, daughter of Alexander and Susan Deborah (Adair) Jordan, born in Canadian District June 27, 1881. They are the parents of: James Andrew, born July 28, 1898; married Edna Richardson; Bessie J. born April 3, 1900; Jesse, born March 21, 1903; Samuel, born Dec. 4, 1907; Perry born Oct. 12, 1911 and Hooley Foreman, born Feb. 28, 1915. Mr. Foreman is a farmer, near Centralia.

Fry, Cullie (See Sanders and Seabolt)—Lettie, daughter of John and Catherine (Seabolt) Chambers, was born in January 1843. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married William Fry, born September 15, 1834. He was a stone mason, having served his apprenticeship in England, of which he was a native. Mrs. Lettie Fry died June 3, 1883 and he died Feb. 7, 1915. They were the parents of Cullie Fry, born Sept. 3, 1878, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Married at Independence, Kansas October 12. 1897, Irene, daughter of Edward and Nancy Trout, born Nov. 22, 1874 in Barton County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Gertrude, born Dec. 18. 1898; Cecil Raymond, born Aug. 3. 1900; Lettie Marie, born May 12, 1902; and Wahneta Fry, born Sept. 3, 1908.
Mr. Fry is one of the farmers and stockmen of Rogers County. He is a member of the Woodmen of the World and Masonic fraternities at Claremore. Is a member of Oklahoma Consistory No. 1 Guthrie, Okla.

Glass, John (See Grant)—John Drake, son of John and Samantha Glass was born June 16, 1891. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Married at Grove, Okla., 1910, Pearl I. daughter of George Washington and Fanny Goad, born Sept. 20, 1892 in Morgan County. Kentucky. They are the parents of John Kenneth Glass, born Sept. 9, 1911. Mr. and Mrs. Glass are farmers and school teachers. He belongs to the Wolf Clan. John Kenneth Glass' Cherokee name is Da-ga-Dogoh.

Harlan, George W. (See Ghigau)—George Washington, son of David M. and Rebecca (Vannoy) Harlan was born in the Cherokee Nation August 10, 1856 and educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married in Delaware District May 30, 1873, Sarah Jane, daughter of Whitten and Nannie Cecil, (the former a native of Kentucky and the latter of Virginia) born July 3, 1855, in Crawford County, Illinois. They are the parents of: William Lee, born September 12, 1874, married Lucinda Ballard and Minnie Belle, born September 1, 1877 and married W. A. J. Trotter.
Mr. Harlan is a farmer near White Oak.
The Harlans, who in the seventh and eighth centuries were known in the Bard's sons as Herelingas and Harlungi were located in Brisacli Castle in Alsatia.

Harris, Mrs. Reuben (See Foreman)—Andrew Taylor, a native of Orange County, Virginia married Jennie Bigby and they were the parents of Minerva Jane Taylor who married Robert Wesley Walker, a native of North Carolina. Their daughter, Senora Adelaide Walker born December 23, 1859, in Tennessee, married June 16, 1878 Morgan Lemuel Pyeatt born in Washington County, Arkansas December 29, 1851. He died April 29, 1889. Their daughter, Bessie Lee Pyeatt was born at Tahlequah in 1883. Educated in the Female Seminary. Married at Collinsville in 1901 Reuben, son of Mr. and Mrs. Anderson Harris. They are the parents of: George, born Dec. 1911; Violet, born April 6, 1903; Beunah, born Aug. 1, 1912 and Arthur Harris, born March 28, 1919. Mr. and Mrs. Harris are members of the Methodist Church. He is an Odd Fellow and Knight of Pythias. They are farmers, near Ramona, Okla.
Judge Walker, Mrs. Harris' grandfather was Supreme Judge of Indian Territory.

Hutchins, Nettie (See Ghigau and Sanders)—Nettie, daughter of Robin and Nancy Jane (Starr) Smith was born February 15, 1872 near Claremore. She was educated at West Point public school on Dog Creek and Female Seminary. She married May 10, 1891, Willard Edward Hutchins, born June 12, 1857 in Marion, Nebraska. They were the parents of: Lew Wofford, born May 17, 1892, Blueford Ralph, born Nov. 25th, 1893: Ual Ross, horn October 11, 1895: Ethel Dane, born October 14, 1897: Willard Beatrice Hutchins, born October 19, 1902. Nettie Hutchins Cherokee name is Chauouki and she belongs to the Wolf Clan. Her father Robin Smith was elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District on August 5. 1867 and August 2, 1869. He died December 6, 1872.

Holloway, Mrs. Allen D. (See Rogers)—Eva, daughter of Artemus Andrews and Mary A. (Rogers) Barker, born near Kinnison, June 20, 1886. Educated in Female Seminary, St. Teresa Academy, Kansas City and Forest Park University, St. Louis, Missouri. Married at Vinita May 10, 1906 Allen D. Holloway, son of William and Cordelia Holloway, born 1879 in Cass County, Mo.
They are the parents of: Mary Dee, born May 1, 1910 and William Andrew Holloway, born July 11, 1917. Mrs. Holloway is a member of the Methodist Church and the Eastern Star Chapter. Mr. Holloway is the cashier of the Oklahoma State Bank at Welch, Okla.

McSpadden, Mrs. W. F. (See Carter and Riley)—Serena Carter Parrott, born at Silverlake in Cooweescoowee District March 25, 1870, educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum from which she graduated June 17, 1886. Married February 17, 1889 William Fair (son of Rev. T. K. B. and Elizabeth (Green) McSpadden) born December 25, 1856 in Dalton, Georgia. They are the parents of: Zoe, born November 15, 1889, educated at Chelsea and Female Serainary, from which she graduated May 29, 1907, married December 26, 1911 Earl Preston Whitehill; Floyd Carter, horn August 19, 1891; Roscoe Conklin, born September 19, 1893; Zella Christine, born September 21, 1897; Alma, born March 8, 1900; William Fair, born December 9, 1902; Clinton, born June 10, 1905; Roger, born June 26, 1907 and Clarence Allen McSpadden. born December 11, 1913.
Earl Preston and Zoe Whitehill are the parents of Christine May, born September 18, 1915 and Earl Preston Whitehill born March 14, 1920.

William Fair McSpadden is a farmer and Vice-President of the Bank of Chelsea. Earl Preston Whitehill is the Field Superintendent of the Lyons Petroleum Company. Mrs. William Fair McSpadden is the daughter of William P. and Diana (Carter) Parrott and first cousin to Congressman Charles D. Carter.

McSpadden, R. V. (See Foreman, Riley, Grant and Ghigau)—Richard Vance McSpadden born July 30, 1879 at Tahlequah. Educated at Tahlequah Public School and graduated from Male Seminary June 29, 189S. He married April 27. 1904 Ermina Essie Foreman, born February 23, 1879 in Vinita. She was educated in Vinita, Jackson, Tenn. and Cincinnati, Ohio. They are both members of the Methodist Church but do not belong to any fraternal orders or clubs. Mr. McSpadden is an oil producer and his wife was very energetic in World War work, especially in Red Cross work and as the directing officer of the Surgical Dressing rooms.
James Walker McSpadden, the son of Reverend T. K. B. McSpadden, was born October 25, 1848 in Alabama. Married April 18, 1872 Annie Thompson, born May 4, 1852. He was for many years one of the stable business men of Tahlequah, as merchant and miller. Mrs. McSpadden died Sept. 20, 1891. Mr. McSpadden died April 19, 1905. Mr. and Mrs. McSpadden were the parents of Florence Wilson, married Philip Wharton Samuel; Richard Vance; Mary Jane, married Thomas R. Crookshank, and James Walker McSpadden, Jr.
Ermina Essie Foreman was the only child of Dr. Austin Worcester Foreman, born at Park Hill, August 18, 1855. Graduated from the Louisville Medical College and located at Vinita, where he married on February 23, Emma Josephine Ridenhour, born May 18, 1858, in Vienna, Mo. Mrs, Foreman died January 23, 1899. He died December 18, 1910.
Mrs. Ermina E. McSpadden's paternal Grandfather was Rev. Stephen Foreman, born February 22, 1807. He graduated from Princeton University. Was elected assistant Editor of the Cherokee Phoenix November 4, 1829. Married Sallie W. Riley, March 27, 1834. Ordained as a Presbyterian Minister, September 25, 1835. He was elected as the first superintendent of Cherokee National Schools in 1841. Elected to the Supreme Court Bench on October 11, 1844, Executive Councilor in 1847 and 1855 and Clerk of the Senate in 1867. He died December 8, 1881. He also, with the Rev. Dr. Worcester, translated the Bible into Cherokee and established the first Presbyterian Church in Tahlequah.

Mayes, Wiley B. (See Adair and Downing) Wiley B. Mayes, born April 15, 1848, in Flint District, married in May 1872 Emma Bombrake, born in 1854. They were the parents of Thompson, born July 6, 1873 and Sinie B. Mayes, born Oct. 20, 1876. Mrs. Emma Mayes died April 18, 1877. Mr. Mayes married February 11, 1879, Margaret Gillis nee McLaughlin born July 13, 1859. They were the parents of Lola Mayes, born January 11, 1880. Mrs. Margaret Mayes died January 19, 1883 and Mr. Mayes married July 22, 1885 Ermina Cherokee Vann born February 26. 1856.
James Vann married September 17, 1829 Elizabeth Heaton, a native of Georgia. He died January 20, 1857 and she died May 6, 1860. They were the parents of Ermina Cherokee (Vann) Mayes.
Walter Adair, called "Black Watt' to distinguish him from his cousin, Walter Scott Adair, who was called "Red Watt' was born December 11, 1783, married May 13, 1804 Rachel Thompson, born December 24, 1786. He died January 20, 1835 and she died April 22, 1876. They were the parents of; Nancy Adair, born October 7, 1808, married January 22, I824, Samuel Mayes, born November 11, 1803 in Tennessee. He died December 30, 1858 and she died March 18, 1876. They were the parents of Wiley B. Mayes.

Martin, Mrs. William H. (See Ross and Oolootsa)—Jennie, daughter of Henry and Mary (Parris) Lowrey was born August 1, 1858, educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married in 1855 John Hubbard. They were the parents of: Joanna, born November 26, 1876 and Mary Hubbard, born November 28, 1878. Mrs. Jennie Hubbard married Sept. 9, 1883, William Hercules, son of Hercules T, and Permelia Martin. They are the parents of: Frank Garland, born August 9, 1884; Eugene Warren, born January 30, 1886; William Henry, born January 28, 1888; Susie Lowrey, born December 1,1889; Teresa Josephine born March l, l892;Ellen Cordelia born December 22, 1893; Jennie, born December 2, 1895, and Sequoyah Raymond Martin born January 18, 1899 and died May 16, 1917. Frank Garland (in world war).
Anderson Pierce, son of Assistant Chief George and Lucy (Benge) Lowrey, born in 1811 married Mary Nave, born October 16, 1813. He died July 12, 1853 and she died July 3, 1896. They were the parents of Henry Lowrey, born December 28, 1831 and married Mary Parris.

McNair, Nicholas B. (See Sanders, Cordery and McNair)—Nicholas B. McNair, born May 1, 1859, educated in the schools of the Cherokee Nation, married in December 1877 Rachel, daughter of Thomas and Nannie (Sonicooie) Sanders, born in 1849. They were the parents of: Oscar, born October 12, 1878; Clement, born January 28, 1880 and Etta McNair, born August 12, 1882. Mrs. Rachel McNair died December 22, 1884- He married December 25, 1894, Martha, daughter of William McDonald and Nancy Jones, born March 12, 1866 in Union County, Georgia. They are the parents of: Nannie, born August 28, 1895; William Gunter, born July 15, 1897; Benjamin Franklin, born September 9, 1899; James Porter, born December 30, 1901 and Philip Pinckney, born October 23, 1105. Mr. McNair belongs to the Wolf Clan, is a farmer and a member of the Masonic and Odd Fellows fraternities.
David McNair, of Scotch decent, born in 1714, married Delilah Amelia, daughter of "Rich" Joseph and Elizabeth Vann, born in 1795. He died August 15, 1836 and she died November 30, 183S. Their son, Nicholas Byers McNair, married Mary, the daughter of John and Sarah (Cordery) Rogers. John Rogers, of English and Scotch descent. was born in 1779 in Burke County, Georgia. He was called "Nolichucky Jack" to differentiate him from another intermarried citizen of the Nation at that period, the other one was called "Hell Fire Jack" Rogers. Nicholas Byers and Mary (Rogers) McNKair were the parents of Nicholas B. McNair, the subject of this sketch.

Moore, Mrs. J. E. (See Grant, Daniel, Adair and Gusoduesga)—Cherokee Cornelia, daughter of Benjamin Franklin and Mary Delilah (McNair) Adair, was born at Salina, January 11, 1881. Graduated from the Cherokee Female Seminary. She married, Jan. 10, 1904, James Brutus, son of Alexander Moore, born Nov. 8, 1874. They are the parents of: William Adair, born Dec. 25, 1904; James B. born March 15, 1907; Lawrence, born June 9, 1910; Mary Eleanor, born May 1, 1913 and Cherokee Adair Moore, born June 1, 1915.
On account of a love affair, to which his father objected, Joseph the son of William Martin, a wealthy merchant of Bristol, was given a ship, the Brice, during the first quarter of the eighteenth century and sent to Virginia, when shortly after his arrival he married Susannah Childs, a member of a prominent family and established a plantation near Charlotteville. Their son, Joseph was born there in 1740. The blood of the pioneer, Norman Knight, Martine, who was with William the Conqueror at the fateful battle of Hastings in October 1066, impelled young Joseph to cross the southern Alleghenys where he became a prosperous fur trader and planter. In 1776, one year after the battle of Lexington, John Martin was elected captain of the Transylvania Militia, the almost unknown but indispensable guard of the revolution that enabled the Americans to send Ferguson back and turned the tide against the hitherto successful Britons. Martin had already, on February 17, 1779 been made a Major and five months after the battle of Kings Mountain, he was promoted to a lieutenant colonelcy. He died at Martinsville, Henry County, Virginia on December 18, 1808 where he was buried with military and masonic honors.
His son John Martin was born October 20, 1781. Was the first Chief Justice and first Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. He died in 1836 and was buried at Ft. Gibson. He married Nellie McDaniel, and their eldest child Martha, called "Patsy" Martin married George Washington Adair, and they were the parents of Benjamin Franklin Adair, who married Delilah McNair.

Mayes, Hall (See Grant, Downing, Foreman, Ooolootsa, Adair, Ross, Conrad and Duncan)—Hall, son of Walter and Nannie Riley (McCoy) Mayes was born near Pryor September 26, 1891, educated at Male Seminary, Bacone University and Agricultural College at Stillwater. Married at Muskogee, September 1, 1915, Sallie Pearl, daughter of Henry Clay and Nannie Vinita (West) Cochran Mayes, born July 19, 1920.
Samuel Mayes, born April 11, 1803, in Tennessee. Married January 27, 1824 Nancy Adair, born October 7, 1808. He died December 30, 1858 and she died March 18, 1876. They were the parents of George Washington Mayes born November 5, 1824. Married May 21, 1846, Charlotte Bushyhead born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878 and he died October 28, 1894 They were the parents of Walter Adair Mayes born December 9, 1860. Married December 25, 1890 Nannie Rider McCoy born March 25, 1866. They were the parents of Hall Mayes.
John Rogers married Tiana Foster. They were the parents of Elizabeth Rogers who married Jesse Cochran and their son Jesse Cochran married Susie Ross. They were the parents of Henry Clay Cochran who married Nannie Vinita West and they were the parents of Sallie Pearl (Cochran) Mayes.

Nail, Mrs. Basil (See Grant and DnucanDuncan)—Joella, daughter of Joseph Lynch Thompson and Frances B. Kell was born in Texas November 27, 1866, educated at Vinita. Married February 1, 1893, Basil Laskin Nail, son of Larkin and Rebecca Nail, born in Washington County, Arkansas. February 1, 1857. They are the parents of Dora Ella, born December 8, 1893; Josie Esther, born December 22, 1895, married at Vinita, September 22, 1915 N. B. Kerr; Georgia A. born February 14, 1902, and Mary Alice Nail, born April 3, 1906. The Nails and Kerrs are farmers and live near Pensacola.
Nannie, the daughter of Brigadier General Joseph Martin married Jeter Lynch a member of the Irish nobility and they were the parents of Maria Lynch who married Jeter Thompson and they were the parents of Joseph Lynch Thompson who married Frances B. Kell.
Basil L. and Joella Noll's oldest daughter, Dora Ella was married to John Lewis Warner December 10, 1911 and had two children, Herchel Ray, born Sept. 5, 1912 and Basil Bert was born Nov. 28, 1914.

Odle, Mrs. Grover C. (See Ward)—Caroline Jane Gwatney, born Nov. 23, 1884, educated at Pryor and Female Seminary. Married March 18, 1906, Grover Cleveland, son of John and Mary Odle, born March 29, 1879 in Henry County. Mo. They are the parents of: Burdelte, born November 8, 1906; John Edward, born August 4, 1911; Ruth, born June 20, 1914 and Mary Odle, born October 31, 1916. Mr. Odle is a farmer near Pryor.
Edward Gwartney, born in Indiana March 16, 1860. Married December 29, 1881 Susie, daughter of John S. and Jane (Loveless) Ward, born July 29, 1865. She died Jan. 21, 1898. They were the parents of Mrs. Caroline Jane Odle.

Pace, Mrs. William H. (See Downing and Adair)—Annie Lydia, daughter of John and Rosella (Adair) Downing was born in Saline District September 10, 1871. Educated in Female Seminary and Harrell Institute, Muskogee. Married at Locust Grove December 22, 1898, William Hayden, son of William and Loretta Pace, born in 1868 in Benton County, Ark. They are the parents of: Elbert Edward, born November 21, 1899 was in the S. A. T. C. at Oklahoma University and is at present attending the A. and .M. College at Stillwater; Hayden Adair, born February 19, 1901; Clyde Lewis, born November 30, 1902; Joe Sheldon, born June 14, 1904; Loretta Lucile. born January 15, 1906; Howard, born October 5, 1907 and Alfred Collins Pace born August 7, 1909.
Mr. and Mrs. Pace are members of the Methodist Church. He is a farmer and stockraiser near Welch; specializing in pure bred Short Horn cattle and Poland China Hogs.

Sparlin, Benjamin F. (See Grant, Palmour)—Benjamin, son of Oliver and Mattie Sparlin was born in Oklahoma Nov. 17, 1883. Married at Claremore, Okla. November 9, 1914. Mary L. Sparlin, daughter of B. F. and Amandie Palmour born Oct. 23, 1887 in Georgia. They are the parents of Amy Gazelle, born March 12, 1917 and William Sparlin, born June 10, 1920. Mr. Sparlin is a farmer near Chelsea.

Rogers, James F. (See Kogers)—James Foster, son of Lewis and Elizabeth J. (Lisenbe) Rogers was born in September 1881.
Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary. Married at Vinita 1893 Josephine, daughter of John D. and Jennie Marker, born June 9, 1877. They are the parents of: Flora E. born February 16, 1894; James Foster, born July 13, 1899; Nellie Bell, born June 9, 1900; Mary J. born April 5, 1902; Annie L., born March 12, 1904 and Lewis T. born August 8, 1907. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers have adopted and are raising Talala Buchanan Rogers, born Oct. 18, 1912, a Cherokee girl. Mr. Rogers is a prosperous farmer and stockman.

Phillips. Mrs. Woodley (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Maude Hoyt McSpadden, born at Chelsea, Cherokee Nation, March 15, 1885, educated at Chelsea and the Female Seminary, from which she graduated June 9, 1903. She married April 3, 1905 Woodley Gail Phillips, born in Crawford Co. Penn. May 15, 1877. They are the parents of Joel Arthur, born February 6, 1906 who died Dec. 13, 1914; Donald Mortimer, born Oct. 12, 1908; Ross Marvin, born Apr. 11, 1912; Lawrence Gail, born Mar. 22, 1916; Paul McSpadden, born March 25, 1918.
Woodley Gail Phillips of English descent was among oil operators coming into Oklahoma from Pennsylvania in September, 1902. Connected with Cherokee Oil and Gas Co., one of the pioneer companies of the state.

Phillips, Mrs. W. P.(See Grant, Daniel, Ghigau and Adair)—Jane Anna, daughter ol James Allen and Johnanna Bell (Buffington; Thompson was born November 1 7, 187 3. Educated in the Cherokee National schools and Female Seminary, from which she graduated June 29, 1893. She married at Tahlequah January 9, 1895 William Penn, son of M. H. and Josephine Phillips born December 14, 1869. Educated in Delaware District and Male Seminary. They are the parents of: Lulu Bell, born October 14, 1895. Educated in Kendall College, Chicago and New York, graduating from the former; Dewey, born March 27, 1898 and had the same educational advantages as did her sister, ana William Penn Phillips, Jr. born Aug. 5, 1900, served six months in the United States Marines, receiving a medal for meritorious conduct. The Phillips' are members of the Methodist church. He is an Elk and she belongs to the Daughters of the American Revolution.
Joseph, the son of William Martin, a wealthy merchant of Bristol, England settled near Charlotteville, Virginia in the first quarter of the eighteenth century. His son Joseph was born on this plantation in 1740. Joseph Jr. became a fur trader and planter, amassing wealth. He was elected Captain of the Transylvania Militia in 1776 became Major, February 17, 1779 and Lieutenant Colonel in March 1781. His services were incited against the Tories and their Indian allies west of the Allegheny Mountains, they having been stirred to violence by a letter from the British Superintendent of Southern Indian affairs, dated May 9, 1776 calling on them for concerted action in surprising and killing the men, women and children of the revolutionists and their sympathizers. The south had been practically subjugated by the summer of 1780 and it was only by the efforts of such transmontane patriots as Major Joseph Martin that it was possible for a part of the soldiers of the Mustmer fountain to strike and destroy Ferguson at Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780 and thereby turn the tide in favor of the Americans. Major Martin was not at Kings Mountain as he was busy holding the British allies of the southwest at bay. In further recognition of his patriotic services, he was advanced to the lieutenant colonelcy, five months later. He was elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina Militia by legislature on December 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brigadier General of the Twelfth Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor "Light Horse Harry" Lee on December 11, 1793.
He died at Martinsville, Henry County, Virginia on December 8, 1808 and was buried with military and masonic honors. He married Susan Fields nee Emory and their second child was Nancy Martin who married Peter Lynch. The eldest of their eight children was Martha Lynch born in March 1801. Married in 1816, James Allen Thompson born July 4, 1795 in Pendleton District, South Carolina. She died September 19, 1861 and he died February, 10, Johnson Thompson married January 5, 1843 Eliza Christine Taylor born October 6, 1826. He died April 7, 1900 and she died February 16, 1902. Their son James Allen Thompson born in 1851, married Johnanna Bell Buffington, born February 13, 1854. She died October 12, iSSl and he died in October 1915. They were the parents of Mrs. William Penn Phillips.

Fletcher, C. L.—C. L. Fletcher, son of B. G. and M. H. (Guthrie) Fletcher was born Jan. 25, 1885. Educated at the Male Seminary and Commercial College, Ft. Smith, Ark.; married Dec. 23, 1906 to Margaret M. daughter of Alford B. and America (Johnson) Holland. Born July 24, 1886, died Nov. 21, 1911. Two children were born to this union, Loren born Feb. 23, 1909 and Maggie H. born Nov. 7, 1911, died Aug. 27. 1912.
Married Lillian Blake Dec 6, 1913, daughter of B. W. and Sarah H. Blake, born in the state of West Virginia March 24, 1894. Two children were born to this union Jack, born Mar. 12, 1916 and Joe R. born April 13, 1920. Mr. Fletcher was elected County Commissioner of Adair County in 1918.

Griffin, George W. (See Conrad and Hendricks)—George W., son of Isaiah and Katie (Rich) Griffin was born in Rutherford County, Tennessee March 4, 1861; married at Tahlequah Aug. 8, 1899 Jenetta, daughter of James R. and Elizabeth (Hendricks) Gourd, born Jan. 24, 1868. They are the parents of Alice, born Oct. 15, 1901; Ira, born Oct. 3, 1908, and Blanche Griffin born Oct. 25, 1911. Mr. Griffin is a farmer near Hulbert, Oklahoma.

Harris, Mrs. J. W. Jr. (See England)—Lydia, daughter of Robert L. and Nynia Jane (Cornatzer) Madison was born in Craig County, April 6, 1894 and graduated in 1917 from the Vinita High School. Married at Vinita May 10, 1919, John Wesley, son of John Wesley and Ida Josephine Harris, born near Vinita, June 3, 1897. They are the parents of Grace Cornelia Harris, born March 19, 1920.
Mr. Harris enlisted for the World War at Vinita, August 29, 1917. Sent to Camp Pike, Arkansas where he was assigned to Co. K. 166 Reg., 83rd Division. Sailed for France September 1, 1917. Transferred to Co. 1, 152 Regiment 40th Divisions.

Hildebrand, Mrs. Samuel (See Hildebrand)—Fannie, daughter of Frank and Agnes (Foster) Fritz was born in Cooweescoowee District October 8, 1879. Educated at Carlyle and Haskell Institutes. Married at Vinita February 24, 1900 Samuel, son of Benjamin and Delilah (O'Fields) Hildebrand, born February 14, 1880. Educated in the Male Seminary. They are the parents uf Asne born February 25, 1902; Lura, born March 27, 1904; Edward, born May 3. 1906; Aaron born April 19, 1908; Glenn, born October 23, 1911; Floyd, born January 17, 1911; Georgia, born February 22, 1918 and Melvin Hildebrand, born January 31, 1920. Mrs. Hildebrand is a Methodist and a Rebekah. Mr. Hildebrand is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. They are farmers near Vinita.

Pennel, Mrs. Henry C. (See Grant and Duncan)—Dora Fannie, daughter of Thomas Fox and Helen Alice (Kell) French, born July 17, 1874. Educated at Fort Gibson and Female Seminary. Married December 6. 1893 Henry Camillius son of William and Caroline Pennel, born January 18. 1873 in Washingtrin County, Ark. They are the parents of: Thomas William born October 5. 1895; Charles Columbus, born December 9, 1897; James Kell, born January 19. 1900; Bernice, born Feb. 27, 1904 and Thelda Pennel, born March 3. 1915. Mr. and Mrs. Pennel are member of the Holiness Church. They are farmers, near Hulbert, Okla.

Rogers, Miss Mary K. (See Cordery and Daniel)—Henry Curtis Rogers, born in 1825. Married Louisa Jane Thompson nee Blackburn, born in 1823. She died November 30, 1883 and he died February 3, 1896. They were the parents of; Mary Kinney; Catherine who married Isaac Newton Strickland; Lucy P. who married William Ridge Rogers; Eugene Overby who married William Rufus Greer; William Henry, elected Treasurer of Rogers County 1907 and 1910 and County Commissioner of the same county; and Stonewall Jackson Rogers.
Miss Mary Kinney Rogers is a graduate from the Moravian School of Salem, N. C. Mrs. Eugenia Oglesby Greer was President of the East Oklahoma Woman's Missionary Society for three years. She is still activelv engaged in missionary work.
McCullough, Mrs. Peter (See Grant and Adair)—Sarah Penelope Fields, born April 12, 1842. Married October 20, 1859. John Jackson Smith, born December 22, 1836 in McMinn County, Tennessee. They were the parents of Magenia Jane Smith, born October 24, 1871. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary Married March 4. 1895 Peter, son of Milton Howard and Rachel Jane (Adair) McCullough, born May 29, 1872. They are the parents of: Winnie Davis, born in 1899; Rex J. born in 1901; Gladys M. bom in 1904; William Penn, born in 1907 and Joy M. born in 1910. Mr. and Mrs. McCullough are members of the Christian Church. He is a merchant in Miami where he has been City Treasurer.
Rex J. McCullough served in the marines during the World War, was honorably discharged with meritorious citation. Minnie Davis McCullough graduated from the Miami High School in 1917. Assigned to special stenographic work in the war and Treasury Departments at Washington. Mrs. McCullough is a composer and writer of verse

Smith, Fred, (See Grant and Ward)—Frederick David, son of Samuel and Louiss Jane (Ward) Smith was born on Spavinaw Creek, March 24, 1865, educated in Dela ware District. Married on Lynch's Prairie May 26, 1888, Charlotte Elizabeth, daughter of John Jefferson and Mary Pauline (Adair) Fields, born August 27, 1872, educated in Delaware District. They are the parents of. Frederick Eldo, born June 19, 1894, graduated from the Northeastern State Normal at Tahlequah in 1915 and Draughons Business College; Richard Lafayette, born September 7, 1899; Charles Julian, born September 24, 1903, married Opal Pearl Young; Samuel T. Smith, born August 4, 1910. Mr. Smith is a farmer near Big Cabin and is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Mrs. Smith is a Rebecca.
Richard, son of Ezekial and Mary Ann (Sexton) Fields married Elizabeth Blagg and they were the parents of John Jefferson Fields who married Mary Pauline Adair.

Snider, (See Grant and Duncan)—Elbert Jacob, son of Andrew Johnson (born May 1, 1S67 in Davis County, Mo.) and Cynthia (Muskrat) Snider, born May 4, 1867, in Delaware District and married November 2S, 18S6 and died July 2, 1902. was born September 29, 1888 at Grove, Delaware District. He was educated at Grove and Male Seminary. He married September 26, 191", Martha Elizabeth, daughter of John Martin Daniel (born October 2, 1843 married August 31, 1876 and died October 10, 1913) and Alice R. (Smith) Daniels (born June 10, 1854 at Fayetteville, Arkansas and died November 10, 1905), born April 13, 1888 and married September 26, 1912 at Vinita.
Elbert J. and Martha E. Snider are the parents of Genevieve M. born October 27, 1913 and Elbert Jacob Snider, born November 22. 1915.
John Martin Daniel was elected Sheriff of Delaware District August 4, 1873 and member of council from same district August 6, 1883 and his son, James Henry, the eldest brother of Mrs. Martha E. Snider was elected a member of the Council in 1902.
Elbert Jacob Snider is the grandson of Jacob and Martha (Fields) Muskrat; great grandson of Ezekial and Polly Ann (Sexton) Fields and the great great grandson of Richard Fields. Chief of the Texas Cherokee from 1822 until his death in 1827. Elbert J. Snider, has three brothers, James Floyd, born January 1, 1890; Roy Clinton, born May 3, 1892 and Cecil Freeman Snider born May 3, 1897.
Mrs. Martha E. Snider's brothers and sisters are Marmaduke, born October 9, 1877; James Henry, born April 9, 1879 and died May 5, Robert John born May 9, 1881; Lulu May, born January 21, 1884; Eliza J. born March 25, 1886; Emma E. born February 19, 1880; William A. born August 26, 1892; Edgar Jackson, born February 14, 1895 and Walter Scott Daniel, born Dec. 12, 1898. Elbert J. Snider had one sister, born Nov. 16, 1900 and died July 7, 1902.

Thompson, John F. (See Ghigau)—John Franklin, son of Caleb Starr and Matilda (Cordill) Thompson, was born November 20, 1853 in Union County, Georgia and educated in that State. Married in Georgia Aug. 13, 1876, Amanda C, daughter of Lewis and Catherine Little born Sept. 12, 1813 in N. C. They are the parents of: Lewis Caleb, born June 13, 1877 and died Dec. 4, 1899; David Elihu, born Aug. 4. 1878 and died Nov. 7, 1920; William Lafayette, born Nov. 13, 1879; Annie M. born July 19, 1881, died Jan. 30, 1903; John Nelson, born April 10, 1883; Mary S. born Oct. 29, 1884 and married James G. Trapp; Nellie, born Aug. 1, 1886 and married L. F Johnson; Margaret Latitia, born Aug. 24, 1889 and married E. B. Edwards; Pearly, born April 2, 1891, died April 26, 1891, Jesse Clayborn, born June 5, 1895. Mr. Thompson is a farmer near Tahlequah. He affiliated with Cherokee Lodge No. 10 c: Tahlequah on November 9, 1883 and was Master of the Masonic Lodge from 1896 to 1900 and was again chosen for that position in 1902. He was elected County Commissioner of Cherokee County, November 7, 1916.

Reid, James Walker (See Thompson)—A minister of the Presbyterian Church does not draw a large salary. Ordinarily he can by careful saving give his children a common school, high school or more rarely a university education, but it requires rare ability for a man to stay in the ministry through a long and useful life, generally stationed in the smaller cities, to give not only one but several of his sons and daughter extra American and European university educations, such as are generally at the behest of families of opulence, hut this was one of the distinguished abilities of Reverend and Mrs. Gilbert Taylor Thompson.
Gilbert Taylor Thompson, son of Matthew and Sallie Turner (Denman) Thompson, was born April 15, 1847. Graduated from Sonora Masonic Institute in 1868. Married February 2, 1865 Josephine Amanda King, born April 10, 1847 in Cass County Georgia. He was ordained a minister in the Presbyterian Church in April 1874, at Resaca, Georgia. He died at Tahlequah April 20, 1901.
The sons and daughters of Reverend and Mrs. Thompson are the most highly educated family among the Cherokees, several of them having been educated abroad. They are: Allison Denman, Ernest, Milton King, James Kidd, Cleo, Gilbert Taylor and Matthew Aster.
Cleo Thompson graduated from the Presbyterian College of Upper Missouri in 1893 and Ward Seminary, Nashville in 1896, married on Dec. 25, 1899 to James Walker Reid, born May 31, 1870 in Mecklinburg Co., N. Car. Mr. Reid is a graduate of Erskine College, Due West, S. C. Mr. and Mrs. Reid live at Tahlequah, where he has been in business for several years.
They are the parents of children of whom they will ever have reason to be proud: Thompson Reid, born January 26, 1901; Mary Cleo born April 6, 1904; James Walker, Jr., born Aug 30, 1906 and Marjorie. born July 14, 1910.

Sullivan, Frank R. (See Grant and Cordery)—Frank Robert, son of James and Mary Ann, (McPherson) Sullivan was born near Claremore April 5, 1878. Graduated at Yellow Springs, Cooweescoowee District. Married Daisy Bishop. They were the parents of James Biadshaw Sullivan, born June 10, 1897. Mr. Sullivan married June 2, 1900, Peggy Stop born in 1875 and educated at Catoosa. They are the parents of: Andrew Leerskov, born February 8, 1914, and Mary Belle Sullivan, born June 24, 1916. Mr. Sullivan is a farmer near Claremore.
James, son of George and Elizabeth Ann (Rogers) Sullivan was born in Georgia April 23, 1849. Married Mary Ann, daughter of George Washington and Elmira (Gardinhier) McPherson, born November 19, 1846. She died in 1883 and he died June 25, 1901.
Susan, daughter of John and Nannie (Fields) Crutchfield married James Stopp and they were the parents of Mrs. Frank Sullivan.

Smith, Richard M. (See Grant)—Elli, daughter of Wirt and Sarah (Woodward) Fields, born April 17, 1853, married at Fort Gibson Frank N. Smith, born in 1845. Mrs. Smith died November 6, 1891. They were the parents of Richard Martin Smith, born Jan. 28, 1881, educated in the Cherokee Public School, and Male Seminary. Married at Wagoner Aug. 10, 1903, Carrie, daughter of Columbus and Amanda Phipps, born March 4, 1887. They are the parents of Gideon, born Sept. 25, 1906 and Theron Smith, born Feb. 3, 1910. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are members of the Methodist Church. He is a member of the I. O. 0. F. and is a farmer, near Wagoner.
Susannah Wolf married Henrv Woodard and their son Thomas Woodard married Nannie Morning. They were the parents of Sarah Woodard who married Wirt Fields.

Thornton, Orville E. (See Ward)—Orville Elihu, son of George Washington and Emily Jane (Austin) Thornton was born May 29, 1876, in Iowa and educated in that state; married in Iowa April 2, 189S Urucilla A., daughter of Reuben and Elizabeth Ann Conley. Their adopted daughter Georgia Myrtle Martin was born at Centralia February 22, 1910 and has been with them since she was 5 days old. She is generaly known as Georgia Myrtle Thornton. Mr. Thornton is Justice of the Peace at Centralia and is engaged in farming.
George Washington Thornton was born on Beatties Prairie on February 2, 1836.

Adair, Samual (See Adair)—Samuel, the son of Rufus and Jennie (Fields) Adair, was born in the Cherokee Nation August 12, 1869; was educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum. He married March 6, 1892, Mary the daughter of Dick Welch, born May 30, 187 7. They were the parents of Jennie, born November 28, 1892; Edna, born April 27, 1897; Levi, born December 15, 1898; Griffin born April 3rd, 1905; Sue, born December 8, 1900; and Benjamin Adair, born December 15, 1910. Mr. and Mrs. Adair are members of the Presbyterian Church. He was a deputy U. S. Marshal and special officer for the Frisco Railway Company. Their son Levi, enlisted and was on the firing line in France during the recent war.

Adair, A. Frank (See Grant)‐Arthur Frank, son of John Lynch and Mary Jane (Jeffreys) Adair was born August 28, 1858, educated in Male Seminary. Married at Tahlequah September 1, 1886 Mollie Elizabeth Miller, born February 22, 1868. They were the parents of: Arthur Lynch, born May 11, 1891 and Owen Lewis Adair, born March 18, 1893.
Rachel, daughter of Jeter and Nancy (Martin) Lynch married Thomas Benjamin Adair and they were the parents of John Lynch Adair who married Mary Jane Jeffreys a native of Virginia.

Burgess, Mrs. T. H. (See Ward)—Mary Ann Gwartney born December 10, 1887 educated at Pryor and Female Seminary. Married at Pryor, December 17, 1905, T. H. son of Robert and Sarah Burgess, born Sept. 26, 1880 in Washington COunty, Ark. They are the parents of Bryant L., bornMarch 14, 1908; Lucille, born January 15, 1910;; Thomas Henry, born September 19, 1911; Jack, born November 15, 1915 and Leonard Burgess, born June 17, 1920. Mr. Burgess is farming near Pryor. John S. Ward, born October 7, 1820. Married July 27, 1857 Jennie Loveless, born May 1, 1842. She died January 16, 1890 and he died June 1 5, 1896. Their daughter Susie married Edward Gwartney and they are the parents of Mrs- T. H. Burgess.

Downing, George B.—George Brewer, son of David and Catherine (Faught) Downing, born May 8, 1858, educated in Going Snake District. Married February 30, 1877 Arabella Wagner, born in 1860 in Washington County, Arkansas. They are the parents of: David Monroe, born December 2, 1877; Timmie Jane, born October 28, 1879; Catherine Mahala, James Lewis, Effie Ola, born September 20, 1893; William Alexander; and Jessie Downing, born August 22, 1902. George Brewer is a Mason. He was appointed Sheriff of Saline District, September 23, 1897.

Dupree, William E. (See Adai;)—Dr. William J. Dupree, born December 25, 1824, in Alabama, married in 1851 Charlotte, daughter of John and Charlotte (Adair) Bell. They were the parents of William E. Dupree, born November 9, 1857 in Wood Co. Texas and he was educated at Jamestown, 5 miles north of Overton, Texas. He married at Quitman, Tex. on Jan. 11, 1883, Fannie L., daughter of Dr. W. E. H. and Fannie (Aycok) Wright, born Jan. 14, 1861, in Wood County, Texas. They are the parents of Elmer, born October 24, 1883; Herbert, born April 2, 1887, died April 2, 1918; Emma, born December 13, 1888; Wright, born October 8, 1890; Bessie, born May 29, 1892; Fred, born August 20, 1895; Annie, born July 4, 1899; Eleanor Dupree, born August 2, 1904.
Bessie Dupree married Dorsey E. Hall, and they are the parents of Dorsey E. Hall, Jr., born April 30, 1916; Wright Dupree and Eleanor Elizabeth, twins, born July 20, 1917. Wright Dupree Hall died January 16, 1920; Alonzo Carter Hall, born July 19, 1920. Mr. and Mrs. Hall are living in Fort Collins, Colorado.
Mr. and Mrs. Dupree are members of the Baptist Church, and he is a successful farmer near Vinita.
Jamestown, Smith Co. Texas was noted for its good school. In the fall of 1866 Dr. Dupree moved there from his farm in Wood Co., Tex. to educate his children. In 1877 he moved back to his farm in Wood Co.

Mitchell, Clay Albion (See Oolootsa and Foreman)—George W. Mitchell, born December 26, 1852 at Bloomfield, Arkansas; married June 13, 1886, in Going Snake District, Martha J. Horn, who was born March 17, 1862. They are the parents of Clay Albion Mitchell, born April 1, 1894, who was educated at Vinita, Oklahoma, and married at Vinita on December 23, 1916, Martha Eunice, daughter of Sarah (Nazworthy) Chamberlain, born February 5, 1899, and was educated at Vinita, Oklahoma. They are the parents of Robert Clay, born October 30, 1917 and Hazel Maurine Mitchell, born February 14, 1919.
Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell are members of the Christian Church, and he is a farmer near Bluejacket, Oklahoma.
John Horn married Susan Louella Foreman, and they were the parents of Mrs. Martha J. (Horn) Mitchell.
Reverend Amory Nelson Chamberlain married Dollie Eunice Hoyt, and they were the parents of Edward Warner Chamberlain.

Meek, William A. (See England, Grant and Daniels)—David England married Susan A. Conner. Their daughter Arminda England married William England, Isaac Scrimsher and Elias H. Jenkins. Her daughter, Alta Berilla Scrimsher, born November 24, 1855, died Sept. 8, 1885; married January 20, 1873 Abram Meek born September 27, 1851 in Vandalia, Illinois. Died April 15, 1907. Their son William Alvin Meek was born November 7, 1880. Educated in Male Seminary at Tahlequah and Draughon's Business College, Oklahoma City, graduating from the latter July 21, 1904. Married August 8, 1909, Ada, daughter of Henry and Emma Jane Donelly, born June 24, 1890, educated in Willie Halsell College and Sacred Heart Academy at Vinita. They are the parents of Ada Fay Meek, born April 29, 1912. Mr. and Mrs. Meek are members of the Methodist Church. He is a merchant and is postmaster at Miles.

Merrell, Mrs. William—Corintha C. daughter of Pleas and Sarah Cheek was born March 2, 1875. Educated at Grove. Married at Vinita October 15, 1893 William, son of Asa C. and Emeline Merrell, born May 9, 1865 in Saline County, Mo. They are the parents of Luvena, born May 5, 1897, married July 20, 1918, John Robinson and has one daughter Audra May, born May 7, 1920. Lola, born March 2, 1900, married July 5, 1920 Bee Garrison; Pleasant Chandler, born February 17, 1904; Jewell, born February 15, 1909 and Euphaetta Merrell, born February 24, 1912. Mr. and Mrs. Merrell are residents of Welch.

Mitchell, Mrs. George W. (See Grant, Downing, and Foreman)—George W., son of George W. and Mary A. Mitchell, was born in Bloomfield, Arkansas, Decemher 20, 1852, married Susan Cherokee, daughter of Stephen and Polly C. (Beck) Hildebrand. They were the parents of Dr. Robert L., born April 10, 1876; Levia L., born July 7, 1878; Savola L., born April 5, 1881; Claud S. born May 16,1883. After the death of Mrs. Susan Cherokee Mitchell, Mr. Mitchell married, on June 13, 1886, Martha J. Horn, born March 17, 1862. They are the parents of Lee R. Mitchell, born December 11, 1888; Joseph F. Mitchell, born February 10. 1891; Clay A. Mitchell, born April l, 1895; Beulah V. Mitchell, born October 7, 1897; George W. Mitchell, Jr., born June 25, 1899; Ross B. Mitchell, born January 10, 1902; and Foreman Drew Mitchell, born September 7, 1904.
Mrs. Martha J. Mitchell is the daughter of John Horn, born August 3, 1823, and died in 1888. Her maternal grandmother. Elsie Hicks, who married Jeremiah Horn, a white man, was the daughter of "Chief" Charles R. Hicks.
George W. Mitchell was a member of the Cherokee National Board of Education from 1895 to 1897.
Stephen Hildebrand married Mary, daughter of Jeffrey and Sallie (Downing) Beck and they were the parents of Mrs. Susan Cherokee (Hildebrand) Mitchell.
Martha J. Mitchell was a grand daughter of Dr. Bark and Rachel Foreman and a daughter of Susan Horn.

Rambo, Mrs. Lola M. (See Grant, Oolootsa and Adair)—Lola M., daughter of Marshall and Pauline (McCoy) Mann, was born September 6, 1885 at Vinita, Oklahoma. She was educated at Kidd-Key College at Sherman, Texas, and Willie Halsell College at Vinita. Oklahoma. She graduated from the latter institution; and also took a stenographic course at this school. She was married at Muskogee December 4, 1907, to Walter A., son of James J. and Mary A. Rambo. They are the parents of Alma Elsine, born Sept. 12, 1908; Marshall J., born Oct. 31, 1910; Kenneth, born Aug. 17, 1913 and Pauline Louise R.imbo. born January 6, 1916.
Mrs. Rambo is private secretary to the Superintendent for the Five Civilized Tribes at Muskogee. She is a member of the Saint Paul Methodist Church of Muskogee; Eastern Star and Knights and Ladies of Security fraternities. Mrs. Rambo has held the positions of Secretary for James C. Davis, Asst. Creek National Attorney under R. C. Allen, Creek National Attorney and the same office under William M. Harrison, Government Probate Attorney.
Marshall Mann, born March 9, 1850 in Ohio, married, at Webbers Falls on March 24, 1873, Pauline J. McCoy, who was born July 24, 1853, in the Cherokee Nation.
Pauline Jane, daughter of John Lowrey and Lucy Jane (Adair) McCoy married Marshall Mann, March 24, 1873

Swain, Mrs. Rebecca M. (See Thompson and Riley)—Joseph Polstrom, born February 11, 1834, in Birmingham, Alabama; married November 16, 1863 in Bayou Menard, Susan Rebecca Wilson, who was born July 19, 1846, at Fort Gibson. They were the parents of Rebecca McNair Polstrom, born August 19, 1864 on Bayou Menard, and was educated in the Female Seminary at Tahlequah. She married December 27, 1879, John, son of George and Nancy (Cramer) Swain, born October 5, 1833 in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. He served in the Union Army during the Civil War in Company E, Fourth California Infantry. He died April 6, 1920. Mr. Swain was a charter member of the Vinita Lodge No 5, A. F. & A. M. and a 32nd degree Mason.
Mrs. Swain is a member of the Congregational Church; and Grand Matron of the Order of the Eastern Star of the Indian Territory, having held that position in 1895-6. She is also a member of the Womans Civic League, Delphian and Premier Worthwhile Clubs. Mrs. Swain's Cherokee name is Quaitsia, and she is a member of the "Long Hair" clan.

Skinner, Mrs. Ray N. (See Downing and Duncan)—Jemima Winnie Davis, daughter of Robert Ray and Cynthia Jane (Horn) Taylor was born Tuesday, February 12, 1898. Educated at Willie Halsell College and Sacred Heart Institute, Vinita. Married at Carthage, Missouri, August 25, 1913, Ray Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel and Nannie (Kell) Skinner, born September 28, 1884, in Vinita. They are the parents of Gay Nell Skinner, born March 1, 1914 in Phoenix, Arizona.
Nannie, daughter of Lewis Ross and Sarah (Chambers) Kell was born January 28, 1861. Married in March IS 79 Nathanial Skinner, born April 8, 1851 in Harrison County, Kentucky. She died January 28, 1889.
Nancy Elizabeth, daughter of Broom, Chief of Broomstown, a full blood Cherokee of the Wolf Clan married Nathan Hicks, a white man. They were the parents of Charles R. Hicks, born in 1760 and died in 1826. Elsie, daughter of Charles R. Hicks, born in 1760 and died in 1826. Elsie, daughter of Charles K. Hicks, married Jeremiah Horn, a white man and they were the parents of William Horn who married Margaret Ledbetter. Their daughter Cynthia Jane Horn was born November 29, 1847 in Collin County, Texas. Married in Collin County, March 14, 1871, Robert Ray Taylor, born November 25, 1832 in Wilson County, Tennessee. He died February 12, 1920. Mr. Skinner is a farmer and stockraiser near Vinita. Mrs. Skinner's Cherokee name is Walleah.

Weir, Joseph Harris (See Ward)—Joseph Harris, son of Webster Wayne and Sabra (England) Weir was born January 7, 1889, educated at Vinita. Married near Ketchum, April 10, 1910, Leona, daughter of John and Jessie Williams June 25, 1893. They are the parents of Jessie Lucile born May 6, 1913; Joe Lee Wayne, born May 14, 19i6 and Billie J. born February 18, 1921.
Joseph, son of William and Susie (Ward) England married Sabra Cooper and they were the parents of Sabra England who married Webster Wayne Weir.

Smith, Mrs. Ford (See Ghigau and Hildebrand)—Eliza, daughter of Henry and Margaret (Patrick) Fry, born February 15, 1866. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. Married at Tahlequah February 15, 1882 to Warren Alonzo, son of Alonzo and Sarah Westover, born March 22, 1844 in Illinois. He died November 28, 1896. They were the parents of: Willard W. born February 14, 1883; Thomas H. born December 11, 1885; Lelia Etta, born August 23, 1887; Josephine M. born January 2 7, 1890; Warren Ferdinand, born May 28, 1892 and died Feb. 28, 1913. Mrs. Eliza Westover married at Oolagah August 6, 1897 to Ford Clement, son of James G. and Amelia Smith born April 10, 1866, in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. They are the parents of: Lewis Clement, born .May 4, 1898 and James Reagar Smith, born February 12, 1901. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are farmers near Wann, Okla. Their three sons were in service in the World War.

Andrews, Mrs. Homer A. (See England)—Sarah Caldonia, daughter of Abram and Alta Berilla (Scrimsher) Meek, born October 26, 1876. Married near Vinita August 10, 1892 Homer A. son of Homer Francis and Mary E. Andrews, born Jan. 10, 1874 in Cherokee County, Kan. They are the parents of: Mary, born September 17, 1893; Alvin Franklin born March 27, 1896; Clyde Edward, born March 14, 1900; Bethel Loraine, born October 5, 1902, graduated from Bacone College, Muskogee, May 23, 1921; Mable Clare, born September 23, 1904; Alice Jaunita born October 13, 1906; Zenobia Ruth, born April 18, 1910; Homer Allen born December 18, 1914 and George Wayne Andrews born Sept. 12, 1917. Alvin Franklin Andrews enlisted for World War September 26, 1916 at Oklahoma City was assigned to Coast Artillery, Battery 6, 62nd Regiment, was in France from August 1918 to February 1919, advanced to corporal and sergeant. Discharged in September, 1920.

Campbell, Mrs. H. B. (See Ghigau)—Laura Craig born at Welch December 16, 1889. Graduated from the Welch High School. Married at Welch December 23, 1912 to Harvey Brooks, son of Jacob A. and Anna Campbell, born Nov. 13, 1875 in Saline County, Mo. They are the parents of: Harvey Craig born December 17, 1915; Laura Kathryn, born September 27, 1918 and Mary Eugenia Campbell, born March 8, 1921. Mrs. Campbell is a member of the Christian Church. He is a wholesale hay and grain dealer and President of the Oklahoma State Bank of Welch.
Mrs. Campbell is the daughter of Franklin Wallace and Catherine (Tetrick) Craig. Craig County was named for her Uncle, Granville C. Craig.

Cox, Mrs. Zeno M. (See Grant, Cordery and Duncan)—Emma J., daughter of David McLaughlin and Mary J. (Vickery) Beck was born August 17, 1874. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married in 1893 W. J. Elledge. They were the parents of Roy P. born November 4, 1894 and Cena Belle Elledge, born June 20, 1896. Mrs. Elledge married in December 1899 Zeno M. son of Aaron and Sarah Cox, born January 6, 1852. They were the parents of: Zeno M., born November 24, 1901, Sarah Vinita, born February 8, 1906; Cherokee Juanita, born September 27, 1911; Melvin, born September 12, 1912 and Clinton Clark Cox born October 4, 1916. Mr. Cox is a farmer near Estella Okla., Craig County.

Hill, Mrs. Henry J. (See Adair)—Emma, the daughter of William E. and Fannie L. (Wright) Dupree, was born in Tex Dec. 13, 1888; educated at Willie Halsell College at Vinita, and the Northeastern State Normal at Tahlequah, Okla. She married at Vinita on Dec. 22, 1915, Henry J., son of Frederick W and Catherine Hill. He was born May 5 1885. in Asherville, Mitchell Countv, Kansas. They are the parents of Frederick William, born October 2, 1916, in Birmingham, Alabama; Anna Catherine, born December 25, 1917, in Memphis. Tennessee, and Henry Marion Hill, born January 28, 1920, in Vinita, Oklahoma.
Mr. and Mrs. Hill are members of the Presbyterian church. He is a boilermaker, and is officiated with the Masonic fraternity.

Klaus, William H. (See Sanders and Ward)—William Henry, son of Robert and Polly (Sanders) Klaus, was born on Grand River, opposite the mouth of Horse Creek, on February 28, 1874. Educated in Worcester Academy, Vinita. Married at Vinita November 17, 1895. Charlotte, daughter of Isaac Marshall and Sarah Elizabeth (Nidiffer) Mode, born March 18, 1877, in Delaware District, and educated at Willie Halsell College, Vinita. They are the parents of: Jesse Henry, born Oct. 4, 1896, and Anna Mae Klaus, born September 12, 1905.
Mr. and Mrs. Klaus are farmers, near Vinita. Isaac Nidiffer married Lucy Arthur and they were the parents of Mrs. Elizabeth Mode.

Le Force, Mrs. James A. (See Riley and Oolootsa)—Fannie Myrtle, daughter of Monroe Calvin and Lucy Lowrey (Hoyt) Keys, was born in the Choctaw Nation, November 5. 1862. Educated in the Female Seminary and Northfield Seminary in Massachusetts. Married at Vinita September 11. 1892. James Andy, son of John B. and Amanda (Blankenship) LeForce, born December 26, 1859. They are the parents of Flossie Mae, born October 14, 1893, graduated from Vinita High School, 1914, University of Oklahoma, with an A B. degree in 1920; James Lowrey, born January 31, 1895, enlisted for the World war September 28, 1917, assigned to a machine gun company in 358 Machine Gun Co., 90th Division, and was in the offensive line from September 12, 1918, until the signing of the armistice, and was then with the army of occupation, was discharged at Camp Pike June 21, 1919. Married June 19, 1920, Lois Rachel Britton; their daughter was born March 3, 1921. Sarah Lottie, born November 21, 1897, graduated from Vinita High School in 1917, and is attending the University of Oklahoma; and Charles William Leforce, born November 9, 1905.
Mr. and Mrs. LeForce are members of the Presbyterian church, her Cherokee name is Au-nah-hee. Mr. LeForce is a successful farmer and stockman.

Roberts, Mr.. Walter E. (See Oolootsa)—Edward Warner, son of Amory E. and Dollie Eunicia (Hoyt) Chamberlin, born October 10, 1853. Married August 2, 1883, Sarah E. Nazworthy, born May 20, 1863, in Illinois. He died March 21, 1899. They were the parents of Laura Hoyt Chamberlin, born at Vinita, March 11, 1886, educated in Female Seminary. Married at Vinita November 25, 1906, Walton E., son of William F. and Nancy Francis Roberts, born Sept. 19, 1887. They are the parents of Louis Walton, born October 1907; Donald Edward, born October 30, 1913, and Eva Juanita Roberts, born November 22, 1916. Mr. Roberts is with the St. Clair Refinery at Vinita.

Wimer, Mrs. J. H. (See Grant)—Herbert, son of John Martin, and Corinne E. (Washburn) Thompson, married Clarkie. A. Lee, and they were the parents of Hallie C. Thompson, born August 28, 1873, at Coodie's Bluff in Cooweescoowee District. She was educated at Little Rock, Arkansas, and taught six years in the public schools at Vinita, and two years in Willie Halsell College of the same place, and was associate reporter of the Vinita Daily Chieftain for seven years. She married at Vinita July 17, 1905, J. H., son of Henry and Rebecca Wimer. Mr. and Mrs. Wimer are members of the Christian church. He is a prominent farmer and stockman near Vinita, and owner of the Cabin Valley farm.
Mrs. Wimer's half sister, Ethel Thompson, married J. F. Nolan, and lives in New Mexico. Mr. Wimer's first wife was Ella Franklin and their three children were as follows: Rebecca D., born March 5, 1895, and married Clyde C. Thompson; Jacob F., born March 15, 1897, and married Bettie Lomax; Parmelia Ellen Wimer, born September 5, 1900, and makes her home with her parents.

French, Joseph M. (See Grant and Riley)—Joseph Mason, son of Robert Mosby and Margaret (Fields) French, was born near Stillwell Sept. 22, 1856, and was educated in the Cherokee National schools. He married at Fort Gibson on July 19, 1876, Sallie, daughter of John McNary and Nancy (Ivy) Riley, born Oct. 9, 1860. Mrs. French died Nov. 11, 1901. They were the parents of Frances Abigail born July 27, 1879, Jennie Myrtle, born February 7, 1881; Lewis, born July 28, 1883; Gypsy, born November 24, 1886; George Yarborough, born March 12, 1889; Beulah, born July 8, 1891; Cabal Vaughan, born Dec. 6, 1893; Joseph Mason, born July 24, 1898; and John Foreman, born October 22, 1901.
Mr. French's second wife. E. May (Elliott) French, is the mother of Nina, born Feb. 12, 1904, and Walter French, born Feb. 8, 1906. Mr. French is a member of the Methodist church, Knights of Pythias, and the Redman fraternities. He was elected superintendent of the Female Seminary in 1895.

Russell, Connie—Martha Ann Shinn, born June 12, 1870, married February 5, 1890, Campbell Russell, born October 22, 1863, in Morgan County, Alabama,
Mrs. Russell died October 9, 1894. They were the parents of Connie, born November 24, 1890; Carl, born June 8, 1892, and Christopher Russell, born November 25, 1893.
Campbell Russell has represented his district in the Oklahoma senate, and is at present a member of the State Corporation Commission.

Martin, Robert Lee, (See Grant and Woodall)—John Peter, the son of George Caruth and Ellen (Moore) Woodall, was born Januury 11, 1841. He married January 1, 1871, Maver M. Cecil, nee Saunders, born May 9, 1842. They were the parents of Maver Woodall, Born Feb. 7, 1881; educated in the public schools of the Cherokee Nation, and married at Adair on July 25, 1897, Robert Lee, the son of Richard Lewis and Nancy Ellen (Rogers) Martin born Aug. 23, 1876. They were the parents of Dane, born July 9, 1898; Edgar, born August 12, 1901; Linnie, born June 25, 1904 and Aena, born July 11, 1907.
Mr. Martin, who is an oil man, and one of the most prominent men of the Osage tribe of Indians, is a member of the Masonic fraternity. Mrs. Martin is a Presbyterian, and a member of the United Daughters of the Confederacy.

Garrett, Susan Frances (See Foreman)—Rachel Catherine, daughter of John and Susan Louella (Foreman) Horn, was born June 7, 1860, was educated in the Female Seminary. She married Oct. 21, 1883, Joseph Monroe Garett, who was born Oct. 23, 1859 in Green Co., Ark. He died April 8, 1899. They were the parents of Mattie Bell, born Sept. 27, 1884; Robert Monroe, born February 7, 1886; Frank Pierson, born September 16, 1889; Susan Frances, born July 8. 1891; Eva, born February 13, 1896; and Joseph Bruce Garrett, born March 28, 1899. Miss Susan Frances, whose Cherokee name is Khawk, is a member of the Methodist church. She was educated in the Cherokee Female Seminary, and the Northeastern Oklahoma State Normal School, and has, been teaching in the schools of Oklahoma since 1911.
The children of Rachel Katherine and Joe M. Garrett are Claude Stephen Garrett, born Aug. 29, 1887, and Henry Edgar Garrett, born Jan. 21, 1893.

Hurst, Mrs. John R. (See Grant)—John Randolph, son of Christopher Columbus and Mary Ann (Blythe) Hurst was born Monday, April 18, 1853. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married December 8, 1879, Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Hogan) Brown, born November 14, 1854 in Newton County, Missouri. They we're the parents of Christopher Columbus, born September 30, 1880; Mary Ellen, born May 24, 1885; Winema Rachel, born September 30, 1891 and Albert J. Hurst, born Januarv 7, 1894.
John, son of William and Nannie (Fields) Blythe married Justin Cadle and they were the parents of Mrs. Mary Ann (Blythe) Hurst.

Meeker, George Weigand (See Ghisau and Foreman)—Josephine, the daughter of Joeph Martin and Lucy (Starr) Hildebrand. married John Meeker, and they were the parents of George Weigand Meeker, born March 1, 1877. He was educated in the Cherokee public schools and the Male Seminary. He married on Nov. 26, 1906, Bertha Bell, daughter of John J. Patrick, born August 2, 1843. They are the parents of Foster born November 4, 1907, and Robert Lee Meeker, born September 28, 1912.
Mr. Meeker served from July 29, 1899 to May 8, 1901 in Co. H, 32nd U. S. Vol. Inf. of which 18 months was spent in actual field service on Luzon Island.

Meigs, Henry C. (See Grant and Ross)—Henry Clay Meigs, born at Park Hill, Tahlequah District November 16, 1841, married Januarv 11, 1868, Josephine L. Bigelow, born August 27, 1843, in Flint District. Mrs. Meigs died January 15. 1895. They were the parents of Caroline Few, Annie Stapler, Robert Henry. James McDonald, Alice Maud, and Josephine L. Meigs.
Mr. Meigs who served in the Confederate Service in 1861-2, is a grandson of Chief John Ross, has many of the amiable traits of his distinguished ancestor. He was elected clerk of Illinois District August 1, 1893, and Judge of the same District on August 5, 1895. Mr. Meigs has for the last fifty years lived at Fort Gibson

Cochran, Jessie E. (See Foreman and Go-sa-du-i-sga)—Jesse Edward Cochran was born March 28, 1895. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married at Tahlequah May 15, 1915 Carrie, daughter of George and Addie Dawson, born Aug. 9, 1895. They are the parents of Maurice, born March 3, 1916; Frances born Oct. 5, 1918 and Willard Cochran, born Mav 9, 1921. Mr. Cochran is a farmer near Grand River. Amos Thornton married Minerva Foreman and they were the parents of Mary Ellen (Thornton) Cochran born February 14, 1857. She died February 16, 1899. She was the mother of Jesse Edward Cochran.

Davidson, Mrs. Ermine Josephine (See Ward and Ghigau)—Felix Grundy, son of Isaac and Lucy (Arthur) Nidiffer, was born March 16, 1853. Married April 23, 1876, Joanna Ruth, daughter of John Ross ana Annie (Hildebrand) Lender, born February 8, 1861. Felix Grundy Nidiffer died October 16, 1896. She died July 2, 1911. They were the parents of Ermina Josephine Nidiffer, born September 2, 1877. Educated in the Female Seminary. Married at Afton March 21, 1899, Thomas David son of William and Jane Davidson, born April 27, 1871, in Bates County, Missouri. They are the parents of Anna Laura, born December 21, 1899, married Everett Holt; Ruth Jane, born June 23, 1902, married Clyde E. Andrews; Athelene, born July 22, 1904, married Hallet Peace; Cecil Kornegay, born November 9, 1906; Thomas Eugene, born June 26, 1910; Freeman Edward, born June 23, 1912; Mary Elizabeth, born November 18, 1914 and Olive Louise Davidson, born June 24, 1918.
Everett and Anna Lura Holt are the parents of: Kenneth Eugene, born February 20, 1918; Evelyn Marie, born September 9, 1919 and Maurice Clyde Hereford Holt, born May 21, 1921.

Balentine, Mary Eunice, (See Oolootsa and Riley)—Monroe Calvin Keys, born September 15, 1826. Married at Park Hill, May 31, 1855 Lucy Lowrey Hoyt, born September 16, 1831. She graduated from the Female Seminary in 1854. He was a member of Captain Benjamin Wisner Carter's Company in the confederate service. He died March 3, 1881 and she died Aug. 24, 1912. They were the parents of Mary Eunice, born May 31, 1856; Lydia Emma, born September 16, 1858; Fannie Myrtle, born November 5, 1862; Sarah Ann born October 6, 1865; Elizabeth Riley, born January 13, 1868; Monroe Amory, born February 21, 1870 and Lucy D. Keys, born March 31,1872. Mary Eunice married December 28, 1875, Hamilton Balentine, son of Rev. Hamilton Balentine and Anna Hoyt Balentine, born April 18. 1850. He died February 22, 1900. She died April 25, 1920. They were the parents of Mary Eunice, born May 4, 1899 and Ellen Stella Balentine, born May 5, 1892. Mary Eunice Balentine was educated in Vinita and the Northeastern State Normal and is a teacher. Ellen Stella Balentine was educated in Vinita (Valentine's Business College Graduate) and is a stenographer. Both of the sisters live with their maternal Aunt: Sarah Ann, who married on October 26, 1887 John Samuel, son of John Bradley and Amanda (Blankenship) LeForce, born Jan. 27, 1864 in Indiana. Mrs. LeForce, was educated in Worcester Academy and Female Seminary. Mr. and Mrs. LeForce are Methodists. He is a prosperous farmer and stockman at Vinita.

Glenn, Franklin C. (See Foreman and Saunders)—Franklin Clyde, son of Jesse Edward and Margaret (Cowan) Glenn, born July 17, 1890, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. Married at Vinita June 22, 1913 Marcella Carrie, daughter of Jefferson and Nannie E. (Saunders) Tyner, born September 23, 1893 educated in Female Seminary and Northeastern Oklahoma State Normal. They are the parents of: Kenneth Edward, born July 3, 1914 and Lavance Arnold Glenn born May 29, 1916. Mr. and Mrs. Glenn are farmers near Miles.
Jesse Edward Glenn was the son of Henry Glenn and Jennie Foreman.
Nannie E. Saunders was the daughter of George O. Saunders and Jennie Lale.

McCorkle, David (See Ross)—Emma, daughter of John Thompson and Charlotte Gordon (Scales) Drew, was born October 29, 1856, and married May, 1876, William Green Robinson, born Jan. 1856 and died Nov. 8, 1886.
Mrs. Emma Robinson married April 28, 1891, Joseph Loren McCorkle, born Sept. 19, 1837, in Louisa County, Virginia. She died Jan. 8, 1906, and Mr. McCorkle died Jan 3, 1916.
William G. and Emma Robinson were the parents of Mary Charlotte Robinson, born August 7, 1877, and married January 28, 1898, David Wisel, son of Joseph Loren McCorkle, born March 17, 1867, in Muskogee County, Okla. They were the parents of Joseph Loren, born October 28, 1899, and James Milton McCorkle, born May 18, 1902; Catherine Elizabeth born August 4, 1906; David Wisel born July 12, 1909; Mary Louisa, born Nov. 27, 1911; Drew Holt, born Dec. 31, 1913 and William Thomas born Sept. 23, 1916, on day first troop train left Muskogee to world's war.

Lewis, Mrs. Albert (See Hendricks)—Hettie, daughter of Henry and Mary (Hendricks) Walkabout was born at Tahlequah Oct. 19, 1879. Educated at Park Hill Mission. Married at Inola May 29, 1902, Albert, son of Ira H. and Sarah E. Lewis, born Aug. 14, 1879 in Washington County, Ark.
They are the parents of Grace E. Lewis born Aug. 21, 1903; Ira A. born June 2, 1905; Beatrice, born Oct. 17, 1906; Velma, born April 28, 1909; Mildred born Feb. 18, 1913; Edgarita, born Jan. 3, 1916; Hilda, born Sept. 13, 1916; and Vernon, born April 10, 1919.
Mrs. Lewis' Cherokee name is Ahniwake. They are Methodists and Mr. Lewis is an oil producer and farmer and a member of the Yeoman fraternity.

Thomas, Mrs. James H. (See Foreman and Riley)-—Eugenia, the daughter of Eugene and Jane (Riley) Triplett, was born at Fort Gibson in 1844; was educated in the Cherokee public schools, and the Cherokee National Female Seminary. She married at Wagoner on Dec. 25, 1892; James H. Thomas, born in Oklahoma in 1874. They are the parents of George H., born April 5, 1897; Arvol V., born June 10, 1899; Theron T., born July 8, l9oi; Gladys M., born January 16, 1905; Helen, born January 3, 1909; Celia and Lewis Thomas, born June 20, 1911.
Mr. Thomas is a member of the Knights of Pythias; and is a prominent business man in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Crowell, Mrs. Francis M. (See Sanders and Duncan)—John Thomason Duncan married Elizabeth S. Sanders, and they were the parents of Mary Elizabeth Duncan, born February 8, 1858; and was educated in the Cherokee Nation and at the University of Arkansas. She taught school for six years among the full-bloods; and married at Van Buren, Arkansas, January 15, 1883, Francis Marion, son of Dr. M. and Nancy A. Crowell, born March 14, 1859 in Tallapoosa County, Alabama. They are the parents of Erda Victor, born December 25, 1884; Alvin Byron, born September 1, 1886; Frank M. born September 7, 1890, and Hunter K. Crowell, born April 17. 1893.
Mr. and Mrs. Crowell are members of the Methodist church. He is the proprietor of a flourishing mercantile business at Afton, Oklahoma. Mrs. Crowell is a member of the Eastern Star Sisterhood. Her Cherokee name is Ka-ha-yu-ka.
Alvin B. Crowell saw service in Trance in the Rainbow Division, being at the front at Chateau Thierry, Argonne Forest and other offensives, during which time he was promoted to the rank of sergeant and was retained in the Army of Occupation in Germany. H. K. Crowell was in the Commissary Department at Camp Travis at the time of the signing of the Armistice. Frank .M. Crowell married Miss Evelyn Dooley and has two boys Frank Marion Jr., the 3rd and 12 years old and Master Ted Crowell 4 years. They live in Tulsa. E. V. and A. B. Crowell are now located in Los Angeles, Cal. in the magazine business. H. Kent Crowell located in New York, being a professional designer in ladies headware, making trips in Paris to study the styles.

George, Mrs. Earnest (See Grant)—Ada, daughter of Joseph Lynch and Alice (Tucker) Thompson, born January 20, 1881, educated at Vinita and Female Seminary. Married at Vinita, December 8, 1909, Earnest George, born Nov. 26, 1881l, in Cooper Co., Missouri. They are the parents of Marv Ellen George, born November 12, 1911. Mr. and Mrs. George are farming near Big Cabin.
Mrs. Harriet M. Thompson wife of Joseph Lynch Thompson died Nov. 27, 1921. Stepmother of Ada Thompson, wife of Earnest E .George.

Gonzales, Frank (See Downing and Adair)—Andrew Franklin, son of Dennis and Rachel (Pettit) Gonzales, was born January 26, 1874. His first wife, Catherine Young, died April 22, 1892. He married again on August 23, 1897, Bessie Stewart, born February 22, 1889 in Scott County, Arkansas. He was elected a member of the Cherokee Council from Illinois District in 1903.
Rachel, daughter of Charles and Charlotte (Adair) Pettit, married Dennis Gonzales, and was the mother of Andrew Franklin Gonzales.

Rogers, Mrs. Andrew L. (See Oolootsa, Duncan and Halfbreed.)—Andrew Lewis, son of Andrew Lewis and Cherokee America (Morgan) Rogers, was born July 3, 1860; and was educated in the Cherokee Public schools and the Male Seminary. He married May 19, 1909, Josephine Landrum, daughter of Frank and Josephine (Landrum) Howard, born November 23, 1879. She graduated from the Female Seminary May 30, 1901. They are the parents of the following children: Andrew Lewis, born June 7, 1910; Paul Sevier, born Sept. 20, 1912 (died June 27, 1915); Patricia, born March 17, 1915; Josephine Landrum, born April 18, 1917 and Kenneth Howard, born Nov. 19, 1919.

Elliott, Mrs. Emerson (See England)—Nelle Blackwell, daughter of Abram and Alta Berrilla (Schrimsher) Meek was born August 10, 1884. Educated in Female Seminary from which she graduated in 1904. Married at Vinita October 9, 1906 Emerson, son of Silas and Belle Elliott, born 1887, in Dubois County, Ind. They are the parents of: Cleeta Rhea, born May 30, 1908; Howard Wayne, born July 30, 1910; Clifford Charles born August 13, 1912; Ralph Homer, born June 15, 1914, and Carl Vincent Emerson, born July 21, 1916. Mr- and Mrs. Elliott are members of the Christian church and his business interests are in Vinita.

Hicks, Herbert W. (See Foreman)—Abijah Hicks, born March 2, 1819, married Jan. 30, 1852, Hannah Worcester, born January 29, 1834 in New Echota, Georgia. He died June 4, 1862. Mrs. Hannah Hicks died Feb. 3, 1917. They were the parents of Percy W., Emma I., Edith H., Clara A. and Herbert Worcester Hicks. Percy W. married Elma Garrett and lives at Fort Gibson. Edith married Charles W. Smith and Richard M. Walker. Clara A. married Nicholas McNair Thornton and George I. Hopson.
Herbert Worcester Hicks was born at Park Hill May 18, 1861; and married at Fayetteville, Arkansas, on December 23, 1886, Rachel, the daughter of James and Sarah Cardwell, who was born July 20, 1869, in Washington County, Arkansas. They are the parents of Ethel Inez, born December 24, 1889; Homer Wilton, born October 22, 1891; Clifton A., born November 16, 1894; Vera Clare, born Oct. 14, 1896 died Nov. 28, 1900; Ralph Connor, born March 30, 1903, and Herbert Morris, born June 3, 1907. Ethel Inez married A. M. Buster, and Homer Wilton married Ferrel Thompson.
Mr. Hicks Cherokee name is E-no-li. His mother was a daughter of Reverend Samuel A. Worcester, one of the first Missionaries to the Cherokees, coming with them from Tennessee and Georgia, in 1838; his father was a descendant of Charles Hicks, a Cherokee Chief in the old Cherokee Nation.

Chumley, Elizabeth K. (See Oolootsa and Riley)—Elizabeth Riley Keys was born January 13, 1869. Educated at Worcester Academy and Female Seminary. Married at Centralia Sept. 12, 1912, John M., son of Robert and Fannie Chumley. Mr. and Mrs. Chumley are members of the Presbyterian church.
Lydia Emma Keys, a sister of Mrs. Chumley's married Charles J. Taylor, now deceased. Their daughter Alma Lane Taylor, born January 26, 1900, married March 24, 1918 J. E. Bennett. They have one daughter, Bettie Bennett, born February 8, 1919.
Monroe Calvin Keys married Lucy Lowrey Hoyt and they were the parents of Lydia Emma and Elizabeth Riley Keys.

Hastings, John R. (See Grant, Foreman and Ward)—William Archibald Yell Hastings was born March 8, 1842 in Benton County, Arkansas. He served in Company H, First Cherokee Mounted Rifles, under Captain John Thompson Mayes, during the Civil War. He married February 2, 1864, Louisa J. Williams, nee Stover, born April 8, 1840. Mrs. Hastings died Feb. 7, 1918. Mr. Hastings died April 28, 1919. They were the parents of John Rogers, William Wert, and Charlotte Delilah Hastings. Charlotte Delilah Hastings married Samuel Grant Victor, and is now deceased. John Rogers Hastings was born on Beattys Prairie August 1, 1865, and was educated in the Cherokee Public Schools, and the Male Seminary, from which he graduated May 4, 1886. He married at Tahlequah Feb. 20 1901 Elizabeth Victoria, daughter of Spencer and Margarette (Proctor) Shelton, born Dec. 9, 1872, at Tahlequah. Mrs. Elizabeth V. Hastings died Jan. 23, 1916. They were the parents of William Wert Hastings, born January 20, 1902: Suwavne Hastings, born September 9,903: John Rogers Hastings, born February 24, 1905 and Robert Owen Hastines was born Jan. 27, 1909, Edgar Hastings was born October 27, 1910. Mr. Hastings was elected Clerk of Delaware District in 1891, and again in 1895, and Senator from the same District in 1897-99 and 1901.
Pete Hastings, as he is generally known, is one of nature's noblemen, rugged, honest and a true friend.
Johnson Proctor married Elizabeth Foreman, and they were the parents of Margarette. who married Spencer Shelton.

Adair, T. J.—Though not of the royal line, Harold, the son of the great Earl Godwin, had been elected and served for forty weeks as King of England, until on the fated fourteenth of October 1066 he was overthrown by the victorious legions of William, Duke of Normandy. Thenceforward known as William I, King of England and popularly called The Conqueror. The polish and elegance of the world at that time was best exemplified by the Norman Knights and Nobles, many of whom accnmpanied Arlotta's son. settled in and directed the destinies of England.
Among the proud cavaliers was d'Heanage. Hundreds of years later his more democratic descendants dismantled the orthography and pronunciation and called themselves Harnage; became roundheads, ironsides, nonconformists, presbyterians and emigrated to America to swell the tide of hardy pioneers that was sweeping to and over the southern Appalachians, to make the world safer for civilization.
They came, to another race of people, they saw a pride and energy equal to their own and many of them married among the Cherokees. Ambrose Harnage. one of these Englishmen, married in about 1810 Nancy Harlan nee Sanders, born in 17S2, the daughter of Mitchell Sanders, an English trader from Virginia and his wife Susie, a full blood Cherokee of the Long Hair clan.
Ambrose and Nancy Harnage's children were: William, born June 5, 1811 and married Patsy Snow; George married Nancy Mayfield; John Griffith born January 16, 1817, married February 20, 1837 Ruth Starr born December 25, 1820, she died July 5, 1843. He married January 12, 1844 Emily Walker Mayfield born August 20, 1830. He died January 12. 1891. She died March 29, 1899; Andrew Jackson, born June 20, 1818 and died May 27, 1847; Elizabeth Harnage born August 20, 1820 and married John Adair Bell. She died May 27, 1847.
Emily Mayfield was the daughter of Jesse and Sallie (Starr) Mayfield.
John Griffith and Emily Walker Harnage were the parents of: William Thomas born July 27, 1847; Mary Victoria, born October 23, 1851, married William Lucullus Carr; Ida Eugenia, born October 18, 1853, married John Taylor Ewers and John M. Morse; Loretta Beldora, born October 10, 1855. married John Stringer Scott; Nannie Ethel, born September 19, 1859, married William Boone; John Custis Lee, born June 30, 1867, married Francis Catherine Hunt and Lena born November 1, 1869, Graduate from Alexander Institute, Kilgore, Texas, June 7. 1887, married January 1, 1893 Thomas James Adair, born January 4, 1856.
Thomas James Adair is the son of John Lynch Adair, born April 12, 1828 and Mary Jane Jeffries, born September 9, 1831 in Virginia, married February 22. 1855. John Lynch Adair served four years in the confederate army, was clerk of the Cherokee senate in 1869-70. Elected Editor of the Cherokee Advocate in 1873 and elected as one of the committee to superintend the erection of the Cherokee national jail in the same year. Elected member of the Board of Education in 1875. Elected Town lot Commissioner in 1878. Elected delegate to Washington November 28, 1879. Appointed a member of the Board of Education June 6, 1881. He was for several years executive secretary to the Principal Chief and died at Tahlequah on October 21, 1896. Mrs. Mary J. Adair died May 8, 1897.

Andrews, Mrs. George P. (See Grant, Foreman and Riley)—Susie Catherine, daughter of Jasper Newton and Mary Jane (Riley) Schrimsher, was born in 1878; educated at Wagoner and the Cherokee Female Seminary. She married at Wagoner in 1899, George P. Andrews. They are the parents of Howard and Hazel.
Mr. and Mrs. Andrews are members of the Presbyterian Church, and he is a Mason and a prominent oil producer.

Allton, Chas. J. (See Cordery and Carter)—Thomas Cordery, an Irishman, married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. Their daughter, Susie married John Mosley. John and Susie were the parents of Sarah Ruth Masley, born in 1841, married October 16, 1864, Lewis Clark Ramsey, who served during the Civil War in Captain Benjamin Wisner Carter's company. After his death Mrs. Ramsey married January 5, 1877 Ezekial Taylor.
Lewis Clark and Sarah Ruth Ramsey were the parents of Susan Elizabeth Ramsey, born December 7, 1866. She was educated at the Cherokee Orphan Asylum and Female Seminary. Married at Oowala July 31, 1888 Joseph Morgan Alton, son of David and Eliza (Billingsley) Alton, bom July 31, 1856 in West Virginia. They are the parents of: Percy Samuel, born May 25, 1893, married Cherokee Jones; Percy Charles Joseph Allton born Dec. 29, 1897. Married Aug. 2, 1919, Pearl Jane Hansen born in 1898.

Abbott, Mrs. John H. (See Word and Foreman)—Martha Alice, daughter of John Wesley and Mary Elvira (Ward) Holland, was born January 28, 1862; married at Stilwell June 21, 1884; Robert Early, born February 16, 1858, in Gilmer County, Georgia. He died August 27, 1906. They were the parents of Dora, born March 16, 1886; John William, born June 22, 1887; Mary Angeline, born February 1, 1889; Martha Lou, born September 17, 1893, and died November 7, 1911; Robert Ross, born October 14 1895; Ida Belle, born February 3, 1898, and died September 23, 1920; Mollie Elmira, bom October 24, 1900, and Dovie Early, born November 3, 1904.
Ida Belle Early married Herbert Line and they had two children: John Wesley, born May 1, 1918, and Martha Line, born July 3, 1919.
Mrs. Martha Alice Early married John H. Abbott, born in 1847 in Florida. His first wife was Ellen Isabel, daughter of Robert Early and Minerva Jane (Taylor) Walker, born in 1867, and died in 1898. John Hand Ellen Isabel Abbott were the parents of Ethel Louisa, born October 5, 1875; Eugene Michael, born November 25, 1877; John Wesley, born September 28, 1879; Caroline Minerva, born December 23. 1880; Senora Julia, born November 20, 1882: Fannie Edith, born February 15, 1885; Mae Lillian, born September 20, 1887; Butler Lafayette, born July 24, 1889; William Ghormley, born October 20, 1893, and Jennie Ellen Abbott, born November 13, 1895

Adkirson, Jasper (See Hendricks and Ghigau)—Jasper Newton, son of Jasper and Susan Jane (Schrimsher) Adkirson, was born in Tahleqnah District in 1869, educated at Menard and Male Seminary. Married Susie Hendricks. They were the parents of: Clarence, Thomas, Catherine, Paralee. Pollie. Susie and Nellie Adkirson. Mr. Adkirson married Nancy Jane Phillips nee Stephens. They are the parents of Jasper Adkirson. Mr. Adkirson is a farmer, an A. H. T. A. and a justice of the peace.

Allen, John Randolph—John Randolph Allen a pioneer of Tennessee was the father of John Randolph Allen, born in 1836, who married in 1876, Nora Martin, born in 1858, both were natives of Tennessee. John Randolph and Nora (Martin) Allen were the parents of John Randolph Allen, born February 17, 1877 in Chicago. Illinois. Married at Fort Smith, Arkansas December 25, 1916, Lulu, daughter of George and Mary Vaughn, born May 8, 1892 in Arkansas City, Kansas.
Mr. Allen organized and directed the first exclusively Indian agricultural and art fair among the Seminole and Creek Indians at Wetumka, Hughes County.

Ambrister, Mrs. Hubert (See Grant)—Julia Theresa daughter of William Columbus and Jane (Davis) Patton, married Dr. Francis Bartow Fife; and they were the parents of Frances Fife, born Sept. 24, 1893, in Muskogee. She was educated in National Cathedral School, Washington, D. C. and graduated from Vassar College. She married at Muskogee July 7, 1920, Hubert, son of Samuel A. Ambrister, born Feb. 1891, in Norman County, Oklahoma. Mr. Ambrister was educated in Norman HigTi School and is a graduate of University of Okla. He is practicing law in Oklahoma City. He served two years in the Aviation Corps during the World War.
Thomas James Adair is the grand son of Thomas Benjamin Adair was a native of Thomas Benjamin and Rachel (Lynch) Adair Georgia and the son of John and Jennie (Kilgore) Adair. Jennie Kilgore was said to have been a paternal aunt of Congressman "Buck" Kilgore of Texas.
Thomas James Adair was elected a member of the Board of Education in 1883 and chosen as Secretary of that body. He has for many years been one of the leading merchants of Tahlequah.
Mr. and Mrs. Adair have only one daughter; Miss Emily, a talented and accomplished young lady who is a graduate from the Northeastern Oklahoma State Normal. She was born December 9, 1893.

Adair, Virgil H. (See Adair)—Virgil Harvey Adair, born April 15, 1869, married October 2, 1892, Dorinda, daughter of Jesse and Hariette Calloway, born April 9, 1874 in Missouri. They are the parents of: Viola, born June 15, 1893, married A. B. Jordan; Millard Herron, born July 16, 1898, married Minnie Thompson; Winnie, born December 23, 1900; Virgil, born March 27, 1903; Velma born November 15. 1904; Delphia, born February 28, 1907; Gladys, born December 23, 1909; Francis, born June 27, 1913 and Neva Marie, born July 31, 1915. Mr. Adair belongs to the Wolf Clan and is a Mason. He was elected a member of Council from Cooweescoowee District, August 3, 1903.
Edward Alexander, son of John and Ann Berry (Graham) Adair was born August 25, 1847, was a member of Company C of Edmondson's Georgia Batallion, Confederate service. Married in October 1867 Narcissa Malissa Harrison, born December 25, 1846 in Murray County Georgia. He died December 3, 1901. They were the parents of Virgil Harvey Adair, the subject of this sketch.

Addington, Cicero W. (See Foreman, Ghigau and Adair)—Cicero White Addington, born in Goingsnake District June 7, 1875, educated at the Male Seminary; married September 13, 1899 Mary Lowenia, daughter of Oscar F. and Mary Catherine (Rider) Adair, born December 19, 1875. They are the parents of: Clarence Grady, born April 24, 1901; Frederick Earl, born April 13, 1902; and Jennings Mayes. Mr. Addington was elected Clerk of Adair county in 1918.
Minerva Isabel, daughter of Abijah and Isabelle (Taylor) Akin was born June 7, 1852; married September 3, 1874, Henry Newton Addington. They were the parents of Cicero White Addington.
Adair, Mrs. Joseph W. (See Ross)—Cora Ann Sayers, born near Pryor, February 28, 1890. Married at Big Cabin, July 2. 1916, Joseph William, son of Allen and Kittie Adair. They are the parents of Virginia Elizabeth, born August 22, 1918 and Allen Sayers Adair, born March 26, 1919. Mr Adair is a farmer near Pryor.
Henry Drew, son of Abner and Nancy Jane (Coody) Sayers was born March 9, 1862. Married October 5, 1892, Dora Thompson, born March 11, 1869 in Macon County, Missouri.

Archer, Edwin (See Downing)—Edwin Archer, born September 19, 1817 in New York City. Married February 26, 1845 Mary Francis Vann, born September 21, 1825 in Georgia. He died May 15, 1893.
They were the parents of: Mary Elizabeth, married DeWitt Clinton Lipe; Louisa Catherine, married Freeland Mcintosh; Ada, born March 16, 1860, educated in the Cherokee public schools and the Kirkwood (Missouri) Seminary, from which she graduated June 8, 1882, married February 28, 1888, Daniel Vincent Jones, born December 28, 1858 in Grayson county, Texas; Cora, married William Ross Shackelford; Carlotta Archer, graduated from the Cherokee Female Seminary June 28, 1883, appointed member of the Cherokee Board of Education; appointed County Superintendent of Public Instruction of Mayes county in July 1908, elected to that office in 1910-12-16-18 and 1920.
Daniel Vincent and Ada (Archer) Jones were the parents of: Vera, born December 10, 1895, graduated from the Female Seminary May 29, 1907; Jean, born December 2, 1895, and Mary Jones, born July 15, 1899.
Joseph Vann, born February 11, 1798, married Catherine Rowe. He was elected a member of the Cherokee Constitutional Convention of 1827 from Coosawatee District; elected Senator from the Salina District August 20, 1841, and elected President of the Senate; elected again to the same office August 6, 1849; elected Associate Justice of the Supreme court in 1847, Delegate to Washington 1851, Executive Councilor 1853-55-57; Assistant Chief of the Cherokee Nation August 1, 1859. He was the father of Mrs. Mary Francis Vann. He died May 3, 1877.

Aldrich, Mrs. Augustus W.span>—Ara, daughter of Goren and Eliza (Wheatley) Thomas was born in Kentucky, June 23, 1886 and educated in that State. Married at Muskogee, October 22, 1905 Augustus William, son of Ferdinand and Pauline Aldrich. They are the parents of John Harley, born November 10, 1906 and Roger Arthur Aldrich born August 2, 1909. Mr. and Mrs. Aldrich are members of the Apostolic church. Mr. Aldrich is a farmer, near Ketchum.

Andrews, Mrs. Homer A. (See England) Sarah Caldonia, daughter of Abram and Alta Bernilla (Scrimsher) Meek, born October 26, 1876. Married near Vinita August 10, 1892 Homer A., son of Homer Francis and Mary E. Andrews. They are the parents of, Mary, born September 17 , 1893; Alvin Franklin born March 27, 1896; Clyde Edward, born March 14, 1900; Bethel Loraine, born October 5, 1902; Mable Clare, born September 23, 1904; Alice Juanita, born October 13, 1906; Zenobia Ruth, born April 18, 1910; Homer Allen born December 18, 1910; Homer Allen born December 18, 1914 and George Wayne Andrews graduated from Bacone College, Muskogee, Okla., May 23, 1921. Alvin Franklin Andrews enlisted for World War September 26, 1916 at Oklahoma City was assigned to Coast Artillery, Battery 6, 62nd Regiment, was in France from August 1918 to February 1919, advanced to corporal and sergeant. Discharged in September, 1920.

Samuel, Mrs. William R. (See Downing)—Minnie L., daughter of Clement and Rebecca Caroline (Bryan) Hayden, was born at Chouteau April 5, 1879. She was educated in Liberty, Mo and married on April 21, 1901, William Ruben Samuel, born February 2, 1869 in Calloway County, Missouri. He graduated May 28, 1902, from Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri. They are the parents of Rebecca Ann Samuel, born Oct. 3, 1917. Mr. Samuel is Secretary of the State Bankers Association, and is a Mason and Odd Fellow. He was for four years State Insurance Commissioner. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel are members of the Methodist church, and residents of Oklahoma City.
Rebecca Wright, born January 1, 1814, married Joel Mayes Bryan, born October 22, 1809. She died April 5, 1882. and he died August 7, 1899. They were the parents of Rebecca Caroline Bryan, born January 30, 1850, who married March 7, 1869, Clement Hayden, born March 20, 1846 in Benton County, Arkansas. Mrs. Hayden died July 11, 1916 and Mr. Hayden died May 2, 1916

Beamer, Samuel. (See Gusoduesga and Foreman)—Samuel Beamer, born August 14, 1873. Educated locally. Married Mary Nelson.
Nancy, a full-blood Cherokee, married a Mr. Drumgoole, and their daughter, Ruth, married John Foreman. They were the parents of Elizabeth Foreman, who married Eddy Springston, and they were the parents of Mary Springston, who married John Henry and George Beamer, and was the mother of Rev. William Beamer, who married Alice Towie, and they are the parents of Samuel Beamer, the subject of this sketch.

Blake, Mrs., J. K. (See Grant and Ross)—Henry Clay, son of Return Jonathan and Jennie (Ross) Meigs, was born November 16, 1841. He married January 11, 1868, Josephine L. Bigelow, born August 27, 1843. Mrs. Meigs is deceased. They were the parents of Caroline F., who married Richard C. Adams; Anna Stapler, who married Frank J. Boudinot; Robert Henry; James McDonald; Alice Maude, who married E. A. Hill; and Josephine L., who married James K. Blake.
Mrs. James K. Blake graduated from the Female Seminary May 31, 1906. Henry Clay Meigs, father of Mrs. Blake, was elected clerk of Illinois District in 1893, and Judge of the same District in 1895.

Brown, Albert—Albert, son of John T. and Lou (Griggs) Brown, was born in Muskogee in 1887. Educated in the public schools. Married at Claremore in 1908. Mary, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Carter.
They are the parents of : Juanita and Gabriel. Mr. Brown is a farmer and a member of the A. H. T. A.

Burr, Mrs. Margaret (See Gardner)—Margaret Bumgarner, born November 7, 185 7, married May 12, 1877, Dr. Rollin A. Burr, born August 29, 1854. He died October 3, 1895. Their children were: James Walter, John William, Jesse E.. Margaret Etta, Nina Alice, Harris E., and Robert Emmett Burr. Mrs. Burr is the daughter of Samuel and Margaret (Vickery) Bumgarner.

Boudinot, Richard F. (See Grant, Watie and Adair.)—Richard Fields, son of William Penn and Caroline M. (Fields) Boudinot, was born June 7, 1856. He married June 8, 1896, Mary Catherine, daughter of James Roe and Rachel Ann (Adair) Treppard, born August 28, 1873. They are the parents of Caroline Mary, born March 22, 1891; Elinor Margaret, born October 25, 1893; Harriet Gold, born November 25, 1897; William Penn, born Nov. 23, 1900; and Rachel Catharine, born Sept. 24, 1903.
Mr. and Mrs. Boudinot are residents of Braggs, Okla.

Benge, Mrs. Samuel, Jr. (See Hildebrand, Ghigan. Oolootsa and Grant.)—Samuel Houston, son of Samuel Houston and Josephine J. (Walker) Benge, was born at Fort Gibson in 1898. Educated at Fort Gobson. Married in 1918, Margaret, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Hildebrand. They are the parents of Samuel Houston Benge. Mr. Benge is a farmer near Fort Gibson.
Samuel Houston, son of Martin and Eliza (Lowrey) Benge was born January 28, 1832. Elected Councilor from Sequoyah District Aug. 3, 1857, and elected solicitor of the same District in 1859. He was First Lieutenant of Company A, Third Indian Home Guards, and a signer of the treaty of 1866. He married October 15, 1866, Nannie, daughter of Theodore Brewster, born in October, 1845. He was elected senator from Illinois District in 1869, 1871, 1873, 1875, 1879 and 1883. Elected delegate to Washington December 16, 1869, and November 25, 1871. Samuel Houston and Nannie (Brewster) Benge were the parents of Samuel Houston Benge, who married Josephine J. Walker.

Cochran, Jesse. (See Foreman and Go-sa-du-i-sga.)—Jesse Edward Cochran was born March 28, 1895. Educated in the Cherokee public schools. Married at Tahlequah in 1915, Carrie, daughter of George Dawson. They are the parents of Morris, Francis, and Willard Cachran. Mr. Cochran is a farmer.
Amos Thornton married Minerva Foreman and they were the parents of Mary Ellen (Thornton) Cochran, born February 14, 1857. She died February 16, 1899. She was the mother of Jesse Edward Cochran.

Cansdel, Mrs. Arthur E. (See Ghigau and Rogers)—Sarah, daughter of George Washington and Rachel (Rogers) Walker, born April 13, 1858. Married March 13, 1873, William Martin, born June 17, 1830, in Frankfort, Kentucky. Their daughter. Armanda Nelia, was born August 28. 1882. She was educated in the Cherokee public schools, married at Nowata, 1899, Daniel, son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Anderson. They were the parents of: Nevin Thomas, Stanley Quay, and Lucille Dannie Anderson. Mrs. Anderson's second husband is Arthur Ellsmere Cansdell. They are the parents of: Gay Marguerite and Jewell Cansdell.

Chamberlin, Arthur F. (See Oolootsa)—Arthur Fanshaw, son of Rev. Armory N. and Eunice Dolly (Hoyt) Chamberlain, was born October 9, 1857 in Flint District, he was educated in the public schools and Male Seminary, and married June 9, 1883, at Neosho Missouri, Letitia, daughter of Hamilton W. and Margaret Goodykoontz, born March 18, 1861, in Newton County, Missouri. They located in Vinita, and are the parents of: Dolly Edith (Cherokee name Oo-loo-tsa) born August 19, 1887; educated in the schools of Vinita, and Henry Kendall College; married June 22, 1907, William Robinson; Catherine Brown, born December 25. 1893; educated at Vinita and Miami University, Oxford, Ohio; married December 22. 1910. James W. Dunnington, son of W. G. and India Knight Dunnington; Arthur Fanshaw Chamberlain, born March 8. 1900. He was in school in Hampton Sidney College in Virginia at the beginning of the war; he enlisted and was mustered out of service at the close of the war. He is superintendent of a tobacco factory at Danville, Virginia.
Reverend Armory Nelson, son of Rev. William and Fern (Hoyt) Chamberlain, was born Nov. 29, 1821, at Brainard Mission. He married December 3, 1846, Eunice Dolly, daughter of Milo and Lydia (Lowry) Hoyt, born Dec. 14, 1820, on Chickamaugua river. Rev. A. N. Chamberlain, although a white man, spoke the Cherokee language perfectly. He died July 4, 1894, and his widow died on the 21st of the same month. Their children were, Abijal Eunice, born May 18, 1849; Nelson Bucher, born Sept. 9, 1850; William Clifford, born April 23, 1852; Edward Warren, born October 10, 1853; Arthur Fanshaw, born Oct. 9, 1857; Henru Eugene, born Feb. 24, 1860; Robt. Lee Chamberlain, born Oct. 28, 1865.
Arthur F. Chamberlain is a Mason. He belongs to the Holly Clan of the Cherokees. His Indian name is Sequoyah.

Chamberlain, Nelson B. (See Oolootsa)—Nelson Beecher, son of Reverend Armory Nelson and Dollie (Hoyt )Chamberlain, wasborn at Park Hill September 9, 1850. Educated in the Cherokee Nation. Married June 12, 1877, Emma Marie Meeks. June 9, 1858. She died January 31, 1888. They were the parents of: Emma Grace, born April 7, 1881, married Clarence William LeForce, born December 31, 1879, in Labitte County, Kansas. They have five children, Ora B., born April 21, 1904; John D., born October 6, 1910; Marie Dewdrop, born January 22, 1913; Loreone Lorene, born January 19, 1917, and Grace Eunice, bom December 26, 1918; Marie Eunice, born September 29, 1882, married Frank Edward Nix; and William Nelson Chamberlain, born November 22, 1883. Mr. Chamberlain married March 26, 1886, Sarah Vi ola, daughter of John Lee and Amanda (Blankenship) LeForce, born December 4, 1866, in Indiana- They are the parents of: Abigal Otelia, born October 18, 1890, married Thomas Cogni; Erastus Donald, born November 7, 1892 Mary Ellen, born April 23, 1894, married William A. Parker; and Clarence Eugene Chamberlain, born August 25, 1896. Mr. Chamberlain is a member of the Deer Clan and his Cherokee name is See-yah. He is a farmer near Estella. Clark, Lucy. (See Ward and Duncan)—Lucy A. Clark, born February 7, 1848, on Beattie's Prairie, Delaware District, married December 25, 1869, Joshua Bertholf Duncan, born December 13, 1835. He died December 14, 1875. She married August 30, 1877, James Abercrombie Duncan, born June 3, 1S25, and died December 26, 1898. Mrs- Duncan's children are: Deden Rosecrans, born March 25, 1874; Annie, born April 7, 1876; Jimmie A., born October 30, 1879; Lucy Elizabeth, born March 14, 1884; and Charles DeWitt Duncan, born April 10, 1886.

Clark, Wm. N. (See Scraper, Ward and Grant)—William N., son of Judge George Washington and Lydia A. (Scraper) Clark, was born April 3, 1866, educated in the public schools of the Cherokee Nation, and graduated from Male Seminary June 25, 1885. He married September 26, 1894, Lilla John, daughter of De Hardiman and Anna (Wilson) Flournoy, born April 15, 1874. W. H. Clark's Cherokee name is Oo-law-hut. He is a Methodist and a Mason. W. H. and Lillar J. Flournoy are the parents of: James Wilson, born February 28, 1896; Mabel Clyde, born December 18, 1898; Raleigh Phillips, born January 5, 1900; Rosa Blanche, born January 5, 1902; William Henry, born May 4, 1904; E. W., born August 15, 1906; C. F., born February 22, 1908; L. B. Clark, born September 9, 1913, and Clifford Clark, born March 12, 1916.

Coast, Mrs. Frank (See Grant)—Alice May, daughter of Andrew Elijah and Clarinda (Bagsett) Tucker, was born in 1880. Educated at the Friends Mission at Skiatouk. Married at Nowata, Frank Croft Coast.
They are the parents of Waller, Clara, Albert, Margaret and Verna Coast. Mr. Coast is a farmer and stockman and is a member of the Masonic fraternity. Mrs. Coast is a member of the Friends church.
Andrew Elijah, the son of Andrew Jackson and Mary (Blythe) Tucker, was born in the Neutral Land, now Cherokee County, Kansas, in 1857. Married April 16, 1878, Clarinda Baggett, a native of Illinois. He died April 16, 1897.

Couch, Herbert F. (See Grant)—Herbert Franklin, son of James C, and Elizabeth (Collier) Couch, was born February 7, 1875, in Italy, Texas. Received a collegiate education in his native town. Married at Goody's Bluff, March 1, 1896, Ida May, daughter of Calvin and Elizabeth (Bullette) Coker, born April 28, 1879, at Goody's Bluff. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools. They are the parents of: Victor Clark, born January 15, 1897; Elmer, born August 31st, 1900 Leola, born December 29, 1902; Curtis Foreman, born November 24, 1905; Herbert Franklin, born January 23, 1908; Randolph Penn, born February 22, 1910, Wanda Wanette, born Feb. 14, 1912 and, Vivian Lane Couch, born October 6, 1916. Mr. Couch is a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity. He is a wealthy oil and gas producer, living at present in Nowata.
Calvin Coker was the son of John Rogers and Annie (Hogan) Coker.

Cook, Mrs. Lee—Nannie, daughter of Clark and Lydia (Smith) Swimmer, was born in the Cherokee Nation. Educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married at Webbers Falls in 1898 Lee Cook.
They are the parents of: Andrew, who served three months in the World war; Glenn, and Evaline Cook. Mr. Cook is a farmer.

Coyn, Jeter J. (See Grant)—Peter Joseph Coyn, born of Irish parentage, in England October 19, 1869, married at Vinita, March 11, 1893 Margaret Shanahan, born May 31, 1874. They are the parents of: Mary Ellen, born March 27, 1894, married F. M. Gleason; Agnes Mary, born January 5, 1896; Patrick William, born March 16, 1898, served in the World war overseas fourteen months in the Aerial Corps; Peter Joseph, born March 12, 1900; Caroline, born March 9, 1904; Emmett Charles, born January 5, 1907; Joseph L., born June 8, 1910; Woodrow Riley, born February 10, 1913, and Marguerite Ambrosia Coyne, born November 13, 1916. Mr. and Mrs. Coyne are members of the Catholic church and are successful farmers near Estella. Straightforward, honest and logical Peter J. Coyne has been chosen by his fellow citizens as flotorial representative of Craig and Rogers Counties on November 3, 1908; representative of Craig County on November 8, 1910, and November 5, 1912, and state senator from the twenty-ninth district on November 7, 1916.
Patrick Shanahan, born Mar. 11, 1833, in Tipperary, Ireland, and married Charlotte daughter of Nelson and Margaret (Scrimsher) Rogers, born January 27, 1858.

Cowan, Felix G.—Richard Cowan was born October 9, 1839, in Georgia, and married in April, 1865, in Illinois, Elzada Allen, born November 22, 1840, in Tennessee. They were the parents of Felix G. Cowan, born July 22, 1866, in Illinois; and Sarah Cowan, who married James A. Thompson, and is now deceased. Mr. Cowan was educated in the Cherokee Nation, and married on June 1, 1886, Lulu Murry, and on March 22, 1909, he married at Indianoola, Iowa, Rebecca Blair, daughter of Calvin C, and Cinthia Blair.
Mrs. Cowan had three brothers and one sister as follows: William E., Jane A., Almus C. and Joel 0., Blair. Only the latter is now living.
Mr. Cowan was in the mercantile business in Vinita for twenty-seven years. He was elected County Commissioner of Craig County on November 5, 1918, but resigned from this office and was appointed steward of the State Hospital at Vinita. Pleasant, urbane and gentlemanly, Mr. Cowan has a host of friends. He is a member of the Methodist church, Hill Crest Club, Masons, Shriners, Odd Fellows, Modern Woodmen of America, Fraternal Aid, and Elks fraternities. He was a member of the City Council of Vinita for twelve years, part of the time of which he acted as mayor.

Countryman, John A. (See Ward and Hildebrand)—John Anderson, son of George Washington and Minerva (Ballard) Countryman, was born in Delaware District March 11, 1872, and educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married at Afton August 1, 1900, Jane O., daughter of Dennis and Lucy Hildebrand, born May 7, 1882. They are the parents of W. T., born July 14, 1901 Velva Irene, born June 23, 1903, married B. F. Frisbie and has one daughter, Ethel Irene Frisbie, born September 24, 1920; Ned, born March 14, 1907, and Houston, Countryman, born August 18, 1910.

Crowell, Mrs. Francis M. (See Sanders and Duncan)—John Tomason Duncan married Elizabeth S. Sanders, and they were the parents of Mary Elizabeth Duncan, born February 8, 1858; and was educated in the Cherokee Nation and at the University of Arkansas. She taught school for six years among the full-bloods, and married at Van Buren, Arkansas, January 15, 1883, Francis Marion, son of Dr. M. and Nancy A. Crowell, born March 15, 1859, in Tallapoosa County, Alabama. They are the parents of Erda Victor, born December 24, 1884; Alvin Byron, born September l, 1886; Frank M., born September 7, 1890, and Hunter K. Crowell, born April 17, 1893.
Mr. and Mrs. Crowell are members of the Methodist church. He is the proprietor of a flourishing mercantile business at Afton. Oklahoma. Mrs. Crowell is a member of the Eastern Star Sisterhood. Her Cherokee name is Ka-ha-yu-ka.
Alvin B. Crowell saw service in France in the Rainbow Division, being at the front at Chateau Thierry, Argonne Forest and other offensives, during which time he was promoted to the rank of sergeant and was retained in the Army of Occupation in Germany. H. K. Crowell was in the Commissary Department at Camp Travis at the time of the signing of the armistice. Frank M. Crowell married Miss Evelyn Dooley and has two boys, Frank Marion Jr. the 3rd, 12 years old and Master Ted Crowell, 4 years old. E. V. and A. B. Crowell are now lo cated in Los Angeles, Calif, in the manufacturing business. H. Kent Crowell located in New York, being a professional designer in ladies headwear, making trips to Paris to study the styles.

Calvert, Mrs. Sarah (See Crittenden)—Sarah A. Crittenden was born in the Cherokee Nation March 25, 1868 and educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married near Alluwee January 1, 1889 Samuel N. son of Lowrey and Amanda Calvert born March 11, 1863 in Dearborn County, Indiana. They are the parents of: Amanda Alice, born August 9, 1890; Charles Elmer, born January 2, 1893, married at Tucumcari, N. M. September 28, 1911, Minnie May Conant; their children are Charles Richard born Nov. 24, 1913; Vivian May, born May 1, 1915, Anna Mildred born Nov. 16, 1916, Lela Captola born Apr. 10, 1919 and Lucile Leona Calvert born Feb. 3, 1920; Lela Delvia, born May 13, 1901 married at Vinita September 24, 1916 W. F. son of John and Luanda Lay born May 10, 1889. Their children are Jaunita Fern, born August 16, 1918 and Clara Marie Lay, born July 12, 1920; Mildred Loree, born November 20, 1908 in Quay Co. N. M. and Clara Myrtle Calvert, born January 27, 1911.
The Calverts and Lays are farmers, near Estella.

Cunningham, Thomas F. (See Ross, Sanders and Ghigau)—Thomas Francis, son of William Ross Cunningham and Eliza Colston, was born at Fort Gibson on April 21, 1880. He was educated at Fort Gibson and Bacone University. He married January 29, 1902, Emily Harnage, daughter of John Stringer Scott and Loretta Beldora Harnage, born August 16, 1882, and was educated at Fort Gibson anad Bacone University. They are the parents of John Calhoun, born June 2, 1904, and Frances Marion Cunningham, born October 28, 1908.
Mr. and Mrs. Cunningham are residents of Fort Gibson. Oklahoma.

Alley, Mrs. John R. (See Grant, Downing, Ghigau and Ross)—Clara Eva, daughter of Edward Daniel and Elizabeth Henryetta (Musgrove) Hicks, was born in Tahlequah on February 10, 1890. She was educated in the Female Seminary, from which she graduated. She married at Claremore Aug. 15, 1908, John Reed, son of Frederick and Sarah Dameron Alley, born Sept. 26, 1873, in Yell County, Ark. They are the parents of Lawrence Alley, born May 21, 19lO.
Mr. Alley is a contractor in Oklahoma City, and a member of the Masonic fraternity. They are members of the Presbyterian church.

Francis Marion Mushgrove married Clara Eva Alberty, and they were the parents of Mrs. Edward Daniel Hicks.
Daniel Ross Hicks married Nancy Jane Rider, and they were the parents of Edward Daniel Hicks.
Mrs. James K. Blake graduated from the Female Seminary May 31, 1906. Henry Clay Meigs, father of Mrs. Blake, was elected clerk of Illinois District in 1893, and Judge of the same District in 1895.

Donnelly, Thomas A. (See Grant, Daniel and Foreman)—Thomas Austin, son of Henry and Emma Jane (Daniel) Donnelly, born in Delaware District March 18, 1878, educated in Vinita. Married at Vinita November 1, 1900 Mary Ella, daughter of Jesse Edward and Margaret L. (Cowan) Glenn, born December 13, 1877, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. They are the parents of: Gladys Austin born November 10, 1901; Glessie Ada, born October 29, 1906, Thomas Winton, born December 26, 1909. Fleeta Avis, born September 11, 1911 and Betty Jean Donnelly, born July 26, 1921. Mr. and Mrs. Donnelly are farmers, near Vinita. They are members of the Baptist Church and he is a member of the I. O. O- F. fraternity. They are always active in all social and welfare activities in their community, and were local leaders in Red Cross and war work.
Henry and Jennie (Foreman) Glenn were the parents of Jesse Edward Glenn.

Duncan, Mrs. Lucy (See Grant, Ward and Duncan)—Lucy A., daughter of Joseph H. and Polly (Ward) Clark, was born February 7, 1848 on Beatty's Prairie in Delaware District. She was educated in the Cherokee National Schools, and married December 25, 1869 Joshua B. Duncan, born December 13, 1835; and he died December 14, 1875. They were the parents of Helen Rosencrantz, born March 25, 1874, and Annie Ellen Duncan, born April 7, 1876. Mrs. Lucy A. Duncan on August 30, 1877, married James A. Duncan, the brother of her first husband, and he was born June 3, 1825. He died December 26, 1898. They were the parents of Jimmie Abercrombie, born October 30, 1879; Lucy Elizabeth, born March 14, 1884, and Charles DeWitt Duncan, born April 10, 1886.
Delen R. Duncan is a very accomplished artist and makes her home in Columbia, Mo.
Mrs. Duncan is the owner and proprietor of large farming interests near Afton. She is a member of the Methodist church.

Dupree, Fred Lee (See Adair)—William E. Dupree was born November 9, 1857, in Texas; married January 11, 1883, at Whitman, Texas, to Fannie L. Wright, who was born January 14, 1860 in Texas. They are the parents of Emma Dupree, born December 13, 1888; and Fred Lee Dupree, born August 20, 1895 at Vinita. Emma Dupree was educated at Willie Halsell College at Vinita, and the Northeastern State Normal at Tahlequah, Oklahoma. She married on December 22, 1915, at Vinita, Henry J., the son of Frederick W. and Catherine Hill. They are the parents of Frederick William, born October 2, 1916; Anna Catherine, born December 25, 1917; Henry Marion Hill, born January 28, 1920. Mr. and Mrs. Hill are members of the Baptist Church. He is a Mason and employed as a boilermaker at Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Fred Lee Dupree married at Vinita November 26, 1917, Winnie M., daughter of Lilburn P. and Helena (Marrs) Scott. They are the parents of Robert Morris Dupree, born October 24, 1918, at Vinita. Mr. and Mrs. Dupree are members of the Baptist Church, and he is a successful farmer near Vinita. Mrs. Dupree is a member of the Ward family of Cherokees.

Dupree, Wright (See Adair)—Wright Dupree, born August S, 1890 in Texas, was educated at Vinita, Oklahoma, and Sedalia, Missouri Business College. He married at Centralia, Oklahoma, July 12, 1914, Rosa, daughter of I. J. and Emma Wright, born January 12, 1894. They are the parents of Louis Wright Dupree, born June 9, 1915, and Francis Elizabeth Dupree. born April 1, 1917. Mr. Dupree is the son of William E. Dupree, born November 9, 185 7 in Texas, who married Anna L. Wright on January 11, 1883. They are members of the talented Bell and Adair families. Mr. and Mrs. Dupree are members of the Baptist Church, and he is a rural mail carrier at Vinita, Oklahoma.

Durall, Mrs. Benoni H. (See Duncan)—Ada Bertha, daughter of John Robert and Emma (Landrum) Dobkins was born August 6, 1879. Educated at Chetopa, Kansas. Married at Welch, August 25, 1897 Benona H., son of B. S. and Anna Durall, born March 9, 1873 in Neosho County, Kansas. They are the parents of Harold Robert, born June 23, 1898. Enlisted in the navy during the World War assigned to the reserves force stationed at Pelham Bay, N. Y. from May 29, 1918 to February 1, 1919. Married May 15, 1921 Florence L. Rodant; Hugh Allen, born November 16, 1902; George Marvin, born March 2, 1905; Ada Leah, born May 5, 1907, and Charles Ivan Durall, born March 10, 1913. Mrs. Benona H. Durall is a member of the Methodist Church, Rebecca and Eastern Star orders. Mr. Durall is engaged in the insurance and loan business in Welch.

Durall, Mrs. George W. (See Ghigau)—Franklin Wallace, son of Samuel and Eliza (Harlan) Craig born in Missouri, March 15, 1854. Married November 8, 1878 Catherine Fetrick, born January 13, 1854 in Shelby County, Missouri. He died February 23, 1994. They were the parents of Edna Earl Craig, born June 8, 1880, educated in Female Seminary. Married at Claremore August 5, 1897 George Wesbroford, son of Benoni S. and Anna Durall, born October 23, 1878. They are the parents of: Benoni Franklin, born June 3, 1898, married October 6, 1918 Georgia Ann Brown, has one daughter, Mary Joe Durall, born June 20, 1920; George Raymond born July 14, 1900 married October 4, 1918 Corna Cass and their daughter, Marjorie Ann was bom October 13, 1920; Jack Leroy, born January 15, 1910; Harvey Robert, born September 11, 1915 and Edna Virginia Durall, born July 14, 1918. Benoni Franklin Durall enlisted and was at the officers training camp. Mr. and Mrs. Durall are members of the Methodist Church. He is a Mason and she is an Eastern Star. Mr. Durall is in the loan and insurance business at Welch.

Elliott, Samuel T. (See Foreman)—Samuel Talbert, son of Hiram and Callie (Whatenberger) Elliott was born in Delaware District July 5, 1894 and was educated in that district. Married at Big Cabin September 25, 1916 Geneva, daughter of A. W. and Minnie Blackford. They are the parents of: Magdelene Lenox, born March 17, 1918 and Garth Dalmond Elliott, born September 10, 1920. Mr. Elliott is a farmer near Big Cabin. Elizabeth, daughter of John Foreman married John Elliott, a White man. They were the parents of Archibald Elliott who married Rachel Smith and they were the parents of Hiram Thomas Elliott, born May 22, 1854 married January 7, 1882 Callie Whatenberger.

England, Mrs. John—Susan Maude, daughter of Joseph Wesley and Martha (Perry) Davis was born February 5, 1879 in Georgia and educated in that State. She married in Georgia May 12, 1897 John, son of Joseph and Susan England. They are the parents of, Frederick Price, born November 6, 1898; Pauline, born February 9, 1901, married July 16, 1919 David C. Smith and has one daughter, Ruby Lee Smith, born April 19, 1920; Doc Herron, born April 18, 1904; Willie May, born July 18, 1906; Susan Maude, born January 20, 1909; Joseph Preston, born May 18, 1911 and Martha Lou, born February 26, 1915. Mr. England is an employee of the M. K. and T. R. R. and lives at Adair.

Gibbs, Joseph L. (See Conrad)—Joseph Lewis Gibbs bom April 29, 1864 in Mattoon, Illinois and married August 20, 1891 Eliza Gourd born December 28, 1873 near Claremore. They are the parents of: Charles A., born January 9, 1894 and Joseph Scott Gibbs, born May 6, 1896. Joseph L. Gibbs is the proprietor of one of the best curio stores of the southwest, with his ability he specializes in American made articles, coins and Navajo blankets.
Mrs. Joseph L. Gibbs is the daughter of John R. and Artemissa (Beavert) Gourd. The former now deceased was born August 5, 1850 married in 1872 Artemassa Beavert born January 4, 1857. John R. Gourd was elected August 5, 1895.
Onai a full blood Cherokee of the Bird Clan married Hamilton Conrad whose father was a Hollander and his mother a Scotch woman. Their oldest son was Rattlinggourd Conrad, but all of his descent in the male line was always known as Rattlinggourd's or Gourds, instead of Conrad. Rattlinggourd and Polly (Toney) Conrad were the parents of: Jackson and Daniel Rattlinggourd. The former was born in 1809, married Elsie Wilson, born in 180S. He died April 10. 1885 and his wife had died on the fourth day of October of the previous year. He was elected Judge of Tahlequah District August 5, 1807 and August 7, 1871. Their daughter Charlotte born July 3, 1829 married Larkin Beavert and they were the parents of: Artemissa Beavert who married John Rattlinggourd the son of the above mentioned Daniel Rattlinggourd whose wife was Eliza Lacey.
Chas. A. Gibbs married April 22, 1920 to Sylvia Augusta Griswold born February 21, 1896, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F. G. Griswold of Claremore, Okla.

Lauchner, Mrs. Clarence M.—Mary A. daughter of Chester and Etta (Nair) Taylor was born January 31, 1896 in the Cherokee Nation. Educated in the Cherokee national schools. Married at Claremore April 22, 1912 Clarence M. son of William and Mary Lauchner, born Nov. 11, 1890 in Craig County, Okla. They are the parents of Chester Francis, born August 26, 1915; and Evelyn Talita Lauchner, born May 10, 1919. Mr. and Mrs. Lauchner are farmers, near Vinita. They are members of the Baptist church. Mrs. Lauchner has one sister: Miss Emma Cynthia Taylor, born December 2, 1898.

Jones, Mrs. George L. (See Sanders and Grant)—Lorena, daughter of Daniel Boone and Nannie (Vann) Cole, was born near Pryor, July 24, 1881, educated at Pryor and the Female Seminary. Married Dec 16, 1901, George L. born April 15, 1877 in Texas, son of Mack, born July 29, 1844 and Nannie Jones, born Jan. 9, 1842. They are the parents of: Mabel Lee, born November 30, 1902; Otta May, born March 26, 1904; Cornelius, born September 17, 1905; Haskell born September 19, 1907; Willie, born October 9, 1912 and Carl Jones, born February 23, 1915.
Johnson Vann, the grandson of John and Elizabeth (Wickett) Fields, married Margaret Winters and was the father of Mrs. Nannie Cole. Margaret or "Peggy" Winters was the daughter of John and Jennie (Sanders) Winters and the granddaughter of Captain Alexander and Peggy (Sonicooie) Sanders.

Lipe, Mrs. Margaret (See Thdmpson, Thorntnn and Ooolootsa)—Margaret Emma, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Thornton) Thompson was born at Fort Gibson, January 2, 1849. Married at Fort Gibson August 29, 1873, to Clark Charlesworth, son of Oliver Wack and Catherine (Gunter) Lipe, born near Tahlequah, March 10, 1847. He died May 25, 1901. They were the parents of Howard, born May 19. 1873. Died September 19, 1875. Herman Vann, born February 19, 1876, married Mary Iris Smith. John Caspar, born November 27, 1878 , married Annabel Price. DeWitt Clinton born November 22, 1881 and died August 19, 1901; Beulah, born May 25, 1881 married George Smith. Clark Charlesworth, Jr., born November 15, 1887, married Lucy Sellers; Clarence Lipe born July 9, 1891.
Clark Charlesworth Sr. was a member of Captain Benjamin Weisner Carter's Company. He was elected Clerk of Cooweescoowee District, August 6, 1877 and August 4, 1879. Elected Clerk of the Council in November 1885. Mrs. Lipe conducts a successful stock farm near Sageeyah, on the old Homestead settled in 1876.

Morgan, Gideon (See Oolootsa)—Gideon Morgan, born April 3, 1851. Married June 25, 1874 Mary Llewellyn Payne, born October 1, 1855 in Sebastian County, Arkansas. They are the parents of: Houston Mayo, born May 4, 1875; Mary Llewellyn born June 23, 1877; Martha Lelia, born November 13, 1879; Margaret Elizabeth, born October 25, 1882; Amanda Payne, born Aug. 25, 1885; Sallie Mayo born April 15, 1888 and Ellen Payne Morris Morgan, born March 4, 1896. Gideon Morgan was elected Senator from Tahlequah District, Aug. 5, 1901. Elected a member of the legislature from Mayes County, November 5, 1912 and November 5, 1918.
Joseph, the son of General John Sevier married Elizabeth Lowry, a half blood Cherokee and their daughter Margaret, born October 8, 1799. Married October 27, 1815, Gideon Morgan, born at Ramorga, Connecticut, August 6, 1776. He died September 18, 1851 and was buried at Calhoun, Tenneesee. Mrs. Morgan died March 25, 1862. Gideon Morgan organized and was Major of the Cherokee batallion that were allies of the Americans in the Creek war of 1814. Gideon and Margaret (Sevier) Morgan were the parents of George Morgan, born December 1, 1817. Married October 26, 1848 Martha Keziah Mayo, born in Washington, Ray County, Tennessee June 16, 1826. He was a Captain in the Mexican war and Major of the Third Tennessee Volunteer Infantry C. S. A. 1861 to May 1862 and Major of 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (Morgan's regiment) until his death, Oct. 28,1862. He was mortally wounded at Ashland Ky. Oct. 18, 1862 and died Oct. 27, 1862. He is buried in Lexington, Ky. Mrs. Morgan died June 7, 1871. They were the parents of Gideon Morgan, the subject of this sketch.

Foreman, Mrs. Ada C. (See Foreman and Riley)—Reverend Stephen Foreman was born October 22, 1807, married March 27, 1834, Sallie W. Riley. He was ordained a Presbyterian Minister September 25, 1835; and was elected Justice of the Supreme Court of the Cherokee Nation, October 11, 1844; Executive Councilor in 1847 and 1855 and was clerk of the Senate in 1867. Mrs. Foreman died August 6, 1861; and he died December 8, 1881. They were the parents of Stephen Taylor Foreman, born at Park Hill September 24, 1848; and married April 28, 1874 Ada Carter, daughter of Sarah and White McClellan, born at Cane Hill, Arkansas on October 25, 1853. He died January 1, 1891. Mrs. Foreman is now a resident of Claremore, Oklahoma.
Mr. and Mrs. Taylor Foreman were the parents of Sarah Lula, who married John Gunter Lipe; Jennie McClelland, who married David Jesse Faulkner; Ada Laura; Victoria Lipe, who married Stephenson Kennedy; Taylor Worcester and Perry Ashbrook Foreman. Ada Laura and Perry Ashbrook Foreman are now deceased. Taylor Worcester Foreman was born near Oowala, Cooweescoowee District on July 6, 1888; was educated at Oowala and the Male Seminary. He enlisted in the U. S. Army as a private in 1909; was commissioned Captain of Infantry August 15, 1917 and assigned to the 327th Field Artillery, detailed as Instructor in Infantry School of Arms of the 84th Division; assigned to the 301st Division in July 1918, with which he went to France, commanding Company E; was promoted August 26, 1918, to Major and assigned to the command of the 2nd Battalion of the 301st Division, and was commander of this regiment from November 10, 1918 to the latter part of the succeeding month. Was detailed for duty with the Inspector Generals department as investigating officer at Camp Pontanezan, France, which position he held until his return to America in the following September. Was commissioned a Captain in the Regular Army on July 1, 1920, and assigned to Camp Benning, Georgia; and is at present an instructor in that school. Captain Foreman married at Indianapolis, Indiana May 23, 1915 Ethel Irene Tobin. Their son, Taylor Worcester Foreman was born at Indianapolis on July 1, 1918.

Gamble, James M. F.—James Madison Fletcher, son of William and Elizabeth (Plunkett) Gamble, was born in Indiana May 31, 1856. Married May 31, 1882 Julia Ann, daughter of Samuel and Mary Ann (Fish) Wheeler. They are the parents of Verdie Ansell, born April 12, 1883, is a Mason and Woodman of the World, married Ethel Sutton; Bernice Gordon, born April 5, 1885; Dudley Martin, born October 18, 1888, married Flo Waybrigh and Otto Erick Gamble, born March 11, 1901.

Goforth, Mrs. Albert P. (See Foreman)—Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and Jennie (Bigby) Taylor was born in the Cherokee Nation, east of the Mississippi. She married William Covington Ghormley, born March 25, 1817. He died September 10, 1896. Their daughter Isabel Jane Ghormley married Felix Nelson Witt.
Rachel Matilda, daughter of Felix Nelson and Isabel Jane Witt was born in Going Snake District September 24, 1874 and educated in that District. She married on July 24, 1890 Albert Perry, son of Jefferson and Catherine Goforth, born February 14, 1864 in Georgia. They are the parents of: Eulelma Pearl, born January 5, 1892, married Philander B. Day; Eulelia Catherine, born January 20, 1893; Lula Belle, born May 26, 1897 married July 17, 1921 Joseph C. Melton; Alta, born June 6. 1899; Marietta, born January 4, 1905; Albert, born September 21, 1907; Bessie Jaunita, born September 15, 1910 and Elizabeth Lee Goforth, born April 2, 1912. Mr. Goforth is a farmer, near Vinita

Goddard, William P. (See Grant, England, Ghigau and Ward)—Catherine, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Harlin) England was born November 11, 1855. Married December 23, 1869 Larkin, son of Ira and Elizabeth (Blythe) Goddard. He died May 28th, 1873 and she died February 21, 1921. They were the parents of William Penn Goddard, born November 3, 1870. Educated in the Male Seminary. Married at Bluejacket, April 15, 1894 Nora, daughter of Gabriel and Cynthia Endicott born March 8, 1875 in Bourbon County, Kansas. They are the parents of Fleming Larkin Goddard, born June 17, 1896. Married May 4, 1918 Ethel Pennington. They are the parents of Erma Gine Goddard born at Welch, July 14, 1920.

Greece, Thomas—Thomas, son of George Greece, was born in the Cherokee Nation, educated in Male Seminary. Married at Welling in 1907 Nannie Walker. Mr. Grease is a farmer and belongs to the Presbyterian church.

Grimes, Ethel Ray Green—Ethel Ray Green, born near Vinita, November 25, 1892, was a daughter of Joseph and Margarette A. (Scrimsher) Green. She was educated at the Female Seminary at Tahlequah; married at McAlester, Oklahoma December 23, 1917, Grady L. Grimes. They are now members of the Methodist Church. Mr. Grimes is a Mason, and is an automobile mechanic.

Gulager, Mary (See Oolootsa)—Martha Lucretia Scrimsher was born December 9, 1845, and married January 27, 1869, Frederick William Gulager, who was born March 14, 1844, in Washington, District of Columbia. They are the parents of William Martin Christian; Mary Elizabeth; Henry Gunter; and John Delaney Gulager.
Mary Elizabeth Gulager was born April 27, 1880, and graduated from the Cherokee National Female Seminary May 25, 1900.

Gatlin, Mrs. Emma Nora (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Emma Nora, daughter of Frank and May (Hanks) Rhomer, was born February 2, 1889, and educated at Webbers Falls, and the Cherokee National Female Seminary. She married Samuel Bell Maxey, son of James and Matilda (Yearby) Gatlin, born May 25, 1887. Mr. and Mrs. Gatlin are residents of Webbers Falls.
James, son of James and Lucy (McCoy) Gatlin, married Matilda Yearby and they were the parents of Samuel Bell Maxey Gatlin.
Calvin Jones Hanks married Emma Walker the daughter of John Lowery and Charlotte (Ratliff) McCoy, and they were the parents of Mrs. May Rhomer.

Fair, Jake (See Grant and Ghigau)—Jake Fair, born July 3, 1896. Married at Pryor May 1913 Hazel, daughter of James and Flora Stamper. They are the parents of: James Louis, born June 3, 1916; Flora Ellen, born July 23, 191S and Junior David Fair, born August 3, 1919.
Ellen Wilkerson, born February 18, 1870. Married Lewis Kelly Fair, born January 25, 1864. They are the parents of Jake Fair.

Fields, Ezekial (See Grant and Ward)—Ezekial, son of Richard and Elizabeth Jane (Blagg) Fields was born in Delaware District November 16, 1859, educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married Sabra Elizabeth, daughter of George Howard and Mary Carroll Ward. Their children are: Clarissa Eliza, born Mar 28, 1870; Richard, born Nov. 17, 1873; Belle, born in 1875; Luvonia born in 1877; and Cora Fields born in 1884. Mr. and Mrs. Ezekial Fields separated and he married December 6, 1899 Lennie Marshall born July 30, 1877 in McDonald County, Missouri. They are the parents of: Inez L., born September 18. 1900; Edna Ann, born January 18, 1902; James E., born August 21, 1905 and John J. Fields, born March 21, 1907.
Ezekial, son of Richard Fields, Chief of the Texas Cherokees married Mary Ann Sexton and they were the parents of Richard wTio married Elizabeth Jane Blagg.

Franklin, Mrs. Oscar (See Adair and Ghigau)—Frankie May Adair, born February 25, 1874. Married at Chouteau, December 18, 1912 Oscar, son of Marion and Jennie Franklin. They are the parents of Hogan Christopher, born September 4, 1913; Oscar George, born December 4, 1917 and Owen Adair Franklin born June 15, 1920. Mr. Franklin is a farmer and their residence is six miles north east of Chouteau.
Benjamin Franklin Goss married Sarah Emily Bean. Their daughter Susannah Deborah married Richard Welch and they were the parents of Sarah Emily who is the mother of Mrs. Frankie May Franklin.

Frazier, Mrs. Samuel (See Ward)—Sarah Ann, daughter of Cal Dean and Nancy (Ward) Gunter was born at Siloam Springs, Arkansas January 31, 1867 and was educated in the Cherokee national schools. Married April 10, 1888 Samuel, son of William Thomas and Nancy Frazier, born October 29, 1864 in Texas. They are the parents of, Cal Dean, born February 26, 1889; Lela Jessie born July 13, 1892; Grace, born November 6, 1897; Lillian born March 6, 1904 and, William Thomas Frazier, born June 12, 1909. Mr. Frazier is a farmer and stock raiser near Adair.
James, son of John and Catherine (McDaniel) Ward was born October 22, 1785 married Lucy Haynie born October 30, 1787. He died May 20, 1859 and she died September 26, 1869. They were the parents of Nancy Ward, born January 29, 1830, married September 21, 1845 Cal Dean Gunter, bom March 30, 1818 in Warren County, Tennessee. He died March 27, 1898.

Freeman, Mrs. George H. (See Grant)—Ruth Jane, daughter of Ellis and Mary (Fields) Dick was born in Delaware District January 8, 1870, and was educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married October 17, 1884, Charles Henry, Hawkins, born in Lewis County, Missouri, October 16, 1860. They are the parents of Emma Lee Hawkins, born near Catale, February 18, 1898. Married at Claremore, September 12, 1919, George H. son of John and Martha Freeman, born February 15, 1896.
They are the parents of Paul Lawrence Freeman, born August 2, 1920.
Mr. Freeman served in the World War in Company H, 56th Infantry. Honorably discharged at Fort Sheridan, February 28, 1919.

Hall, Frederick—Frederick, son of William and Martha (Childers) Hall, born in the Cherokee Nation in 1873. Married in 1896 Katie Burgin. They are the parents of: Martha May, Arthur, Iva Jane and Alvina Hall. Mr. and Mrs. Hall are members of the Baptist church and are farmers.

Hamilton, Mrs. Henry J—Neppie, daughter of Pleasant Napoleon Blackstone and Mary Barr was born at Muskogee July 9, 1881, educated in Bacone College, Muskogee. She married March 8, 1906, Henry J. Hamilton. They are the parents of Ollie, born October 24, 1906; Maude, born January 17, 1908; Lillian, born May 20, 1909; Henry J., born June 27, 1911; Nellie, born November 13, 1912; George, born August 4, 1914; Jacob Clark, born January 12, 1916 and Neppie Leona Hamilton, born August 15, 1918. Mrs. Hamilton's Cherokee name is Utiya.

Harnage, William Custis (See Ghigau and Sanders)—William Curtis Harnage was born April 15, 1884, and was educated in the Male Seminary and Henry Kendall College in Muskogee, graduating from the latter institution. He married at Tahlequah in 1905, Rose B., daughter of H. L. Nye. They are the parents of William Halleck, born in 1906 Griffith Scott, born in 1909 and Lawrence Nye Harnage born in 1912.
Mr. and Mrs. Harnage are members of the Presbyterian Church, and he is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias organization.
William Thomas Harnage was born July 27, 1847, and married December 25, 1870, 1850 in Marshall County, Mississippi. He was elected Senator from Tahlequah District August 7, 1899. They were the parents of William Custis Harnage.

Hawkins, Pearl D. (See Grant and Harlan)—Ruth Jane, daughter of Ellis and Mary (Fields) Dick was born in Delaware District January 8, 1870. Married October 17, 1884, Charles Henry Hawkins, born in Lewis County, Missouri, October 16, 1860. They are the parents of Pearl D. Hawkins born near Catale, July 31, 1894. Married at Vinita October 27, 1917, Myrtle B., daughter of Andrew Oliver and Cora Pearl (Richards) Harlan, born July 26, 1894. He enlisted for the World War at Vinita May 26, 1918. Was Sergeant of Base Hospital No. 82. Sailed for France August 31, 1918. Was on the Toul front nine months. Landed in the United States June 8, 1919 and was discharged at Camp Pike on June 23.
Mr. Hawkins is a farmer near Big Cabin. He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America.

Heady, Mrs. Frankie F. (See Ghigau)—Frankie Folsom, daughter of John H. and Lulu (Boynton) Kendall was born at Chelsea August 11, 1886. Educated in Nowata High and Cincinnati C. C. M. graduating from the former in 1906 and the latter in 1908. Married at Independence, Kansas March 17, 1911 Frank son of J. B. Heady, born at Watova. They are the parents of J. B., born February 4, 1912; Byron Leroy, born October 2, 1914; Mildred Marie, born February 4, 1917 and died October 23, 1918; James Ewing, born September 17, 1918 and Jeanne Eileen Heady, born November 23, 1920. Mrs. Heady is a member of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Heady is the foreman of the St. Vlair Oil Refinery at Vinita.

Henry, Mrs. W. G. (See Downing, Daniel and Foreman)—Nannie Catherine Daniel, born January 12, 1835, married December 23, 1857 Anderson Springston Wilson born in 1830. They were the parents of DeWitt, born January 7, 1859; James Daniel, born February 2, 1861 and May Wilson, born May 1, 1862. Anderson Springston Wilson died December 26, 1865 and his widow married December 14, 1872 Henry Clay Barnes, born August 29, 1845 at Dwight Mission, Cherokee Nation and they were the parents of Myrtle Barnes, born in Flint District July 25, 1874, educated at Tahlequah and Female Seminary. Married May 14, 1891 Wallace Gibbs Henry, born April 6, 1872. W. G. and Myrtle Henry are the parents of DeWitt Cllinton, born April 4, 1892; Roy Wilson, born July 22, 1897 and Myra May Henry, born December 8, 1903. Nancy Catherine Barnes died December 10, 1889.

Holland, Richard S. (See Paper. Ghigau and Oolootsa)—Richard Spencer Holland, born November 2, 1872. Married Laura, daughter of Daniel and Cynthia (Pack) Harmon. They are the parents of; Flora L. and Grace Holland. Richard Spencer Holland was elected Court Clerk of Adair County in 1918 and 1920.

Howard, Frank S. (See Adair and Ghigau)—Frank Stapler, son of Frank and Sallie (Starr) Howard, was born January 30, 1873. Married Caroline Allen, born May 30, 1873, and died February 8, 1899. He married Ella Clyne, born April 26, 1870. His children are: Catherine, born November 7, 1896; Dewey, born April 22, 1898; Sallie Emma; Ella May; Grover Franklin and Edgar Starr Howard.
Frank S. Howard was elected County Commissioner of Adair in 1910 and 1912.

Hubbard, Thomas—Thomas, son of Wilkerson and Harriette (Thomas) Hubbard, was born in the Cherokee Nation in 1852. Mr. Hubbard, who is a successful farmer near Tahlequah, has never married.

Jordan, Mrs. Luther—Victoria, daughter of Robert and Ivy Ann (Taylor) Powell, born in North Carolina, September 17, 1880. Married at Adair, November 6, 1902. Luther, son of John and Mary Jordan. They are the parents of, Myrtle Marie, born September 25, 1903; William L., born October 4, 1904, and Florence Jordan, born December 14, 1910. Mr. Jordan is a farmer and lives near Adair. They are members of the Methodist church.

Jordan, Mrs. Arthur R. (See Adair)—Viola Adair, born June 15, 1893, educated at Adair. Married at Adair October 28, 1911, Arthur Basil Jordan. They are the parents of: Anna Mae, born Aug. 17, 1912; Basil Franklin, born February 4, 1914; Ruby La Von, born October 30, 1915; Carl Hubert, born March 4, 1918, and Virgil Lawrence Jordan, born December 23, 1919. Mrs. Jordan belongs to the Deer Clan. Mr. Jordan is farming near Adair.
Virgil Harry Adair married Dorinda Calloway and thev are the parents of Mrs. Arthur B. Jordan.

Jones, Mrs. Thomas P. (See Downing)—Rachel, daughter of Nicholas and Martha (Shirley) Byers, was born August 24, 1875. Married at Tahlequah March 1. 1896, Thomas Pinckney, son of William M. and Nancy Jones. They are the parents of; Bryan, born May 22. 1897; Polk, born October 30, 1898; Granville, born December 31, 1900; Nannie, born September 9, 1902; Margaret, born August 22, 1904; Ruth, born March 22, 1906; Cherokee, born March 18, 1908; Buena, born February 18, 1911; Lucullus, born August 31, 1913; Eldee, born October 15, 1915; and Mary Joe Jones, born July 13, 1918.
Elizabeth, daughter of James and Ka-ta-ka-ya Crittenden, married Lord Wellington Shirley, born May 27, 1825. He was elected Judge of Tahlequah District August 1, 1881, and August 3, 1891. He died June 9, 1894. They were the parents of Martha Shirley.
Johnson, Isaac—Isaac, son of Milo and Adeline (Payne) Johnson, was born in 1883, educated at Tahlequah. Married at Muskogee in I'M 3. His children are :Jessie, Maxine and Willard Johnson. Mr. Johnson is an efficient state enforcement officer.

Jackson, Mrs. Fred L.—Rosa A., daughter of John H. and Mary Malisson (Frantz) Morris, born February 24, 1893, near Welch. Educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married at Centralia, June 2, 1912, Fred L., son of Robert Lee and Lulu Jackson.
They are the parents of: Carwel Lee, born April 21, 1914, and Norma Jennie, born Mar. 3, 1919. Mrs. Jackson is a Methodist and a member of the Eastern Star. Mr. Jackson has been a banker in Welch for nine years and is at present interested in oil production.
Mrs. Jackson is the great-great granddaughter of Pathkiller, who was Principal Chief of the Cherokees at the beginning of the nineteenth century. His daughter, Elsie, married Eldrige, and their eldest child, Margaret, generally called Peggy, married Jesse Morris, and they were the great grandparents of Mrs. Rosa A. Jackson

Jordan, Robert Lee. (See Riley)—Robert E. Lee. son ol John W. and Sallie (Bean) Jordan, born in 1867 in Texas. Educated in the Male Seminary. Married in the Cherokee Outlet in 1890, Harriette A., daughter of Richard A. and Mary A. (Simkins) Riley. They are the parents of: Lee Owen, born February 8, 1891; William Penn Adair, born December 15, 1892, and Dennis Bushyhead Jordan, born November 24, 1894, who was in the navy for two years during the war, during which time he crossed the ocean thirty-four times and was on watch twice when German submarines were sighted and sunk.
Mr. Jordan is a member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity and is a farmer, near Collinsville.

Kelley, Lulu N. (See Sanders and Ghigau)—Lulu Nannie, daughter of John and Sallie Matilla (Harlan) Poole, was born March 22, 1862, in Delaware District, Cherokee Nation. She was educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. She married at Vinita, August 27. 1887, Frederick Lincoln Kelley. He died at Vinita November 2, 1911. Mr. Kelley was one of the best posted and successful hay and grain dealers in northeast Oklahoma. Frederick L. and Lulu N. Kelley were the parents of Pauline Gazelle, born February 16, 1889, and married Charles W. Flint; Frederick Lincoln, born July 31, 1893, and George Samuel Kelley. born August 21, 1895.
Lulu N. Kelley's Cherokee name is Salala. She is a member of the Methodist church and belongs to the Eastern Star Chapter in Vinita. She was deeply interested in the World war work and did efficient service in the Red Cross and other activities.
John and Sallie Matilla (Harlan) Poole were the parents of Fannie, who married James Henry Akin; Charles Walton, and Lulu Nannie Poole.
Lulu N. Poole's maternal grandparents were Ellis Sanders, son of George and Nancy (Sanders) Harlan, born March 4, 1804, married 1828 Nancy Barnett, born September 18, 1800, in Onslow County, North Carolina. Ellis Sanders Harlan was a clerk of election at the Court House Precinct in Hickory Log District. Cherokee Nation, for the selection of delegates to the Cherokee Constitutional Convention of July, 1827. He was elected to Council from Flint District in 1855. He died December 7, 1866.

Kerr, Mrs. Thomas. (See Duncan and Grant)—Susan Tolbert, daughter of John Tolbert and Amanda Cherokee (Duncan) Scott, was born in Delaware District May 11, 1873, educated in that District. Married at Seneca, Missouri, May 20, 1892, Thomas son of Alexander and Matilda Kerr. They are the parents of Ollie May Kerr, born November 22, 1894, married November 27, 1912, J. C. Carr, and has one daughter, Lena May Carr, born September 23, 1919. Mr. Kerr is a farmer, near Vinita.
Charles Duncan, a Scotchman, married about 1784, Dorcas, a full-blood Cherokee, of the Deer Clan. Their son, John, married Elizabeth Abercromby, and they were the parents of Charles Gordan Duncan, born June 3, 1825, and married Sinia Eaton, born February 7, 1825. They were the parents of Amanda Cherokee Duncan, born in Going Snake District, July 26, 1850. Married December 16, 1869, John Tolbert Scott.

Keys, Monroe A. (See Grant, Oolootsa, Daniel and Riley.)—Monroe Amory, son of Monroe Calvin and Lucy Lowrey (Hoyt) Keys, was born February 21, 1870. Educated in the Male Seminary. Married March 25, 1905, Martha Ann daughter of Henry and Emma Jane (Daniel) Donnelly, born March 11, 1874, educated in the Cherokee public schools and Worcester Academy. They are the parents of: Wahnie, born March 7, 1908; Emma, born December 17, 1909; Amory, born January 16, 1912; Jane, born December 5, 1914, and Clun Keys, born February 10, 1917. Mr. Keys is a member of the Holly Clan. His Cherokee name is Clun-tee-sta. He is a farmer near Vinita.

Kincaid, Edward C. (See Adair)—Edward C. Kincaid, born January 28, 1875. Married at Pryor March 31. 1906, Mary L., daughter of David and Lydia Givins. They are the parents of: Julia Pearl Kincaid, born April 29, 1908. Mr. Kincaid is a farmer, belongs to the Baptist church, is a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and Mutual Aid Society.
Collins McDonald, born December 23, 1807. Married March 20, 1832, Naroena Adair born September 8, 1815. She died April 28, 1862, and he died November 5, 1895. Their daughter, Nancy Missouri McDonald, born November 31, 1849, married Joseph Kincaid, a native of Georgia and they were the parents of Edward C. Kincaid, the subject of this sketch.

Lane, Mrs. C. L. (See Downing, Corduroy and Oolootsa.)—Maude Ethel Rogers, born November 28, 1869, educated at Female Seminary, and Howard Payne College, Fayette, Missouri. Married October 4, 1891, Captain Lane Lane, born November 26, 1867, in Red River County, Texas. He graduated from "Kemper Family School," Booneville, Missouri, June 8, 1887, and conducted a drug store in Chelsea for thirty years. They were the parents of: Estelle, born September 20, 1892; Ethel Lindsay, born October 19, 1894, graduate of Chelsea High School and Northwestern State Normal at Tahlequah in 1918; James Gunter, born May 12, 1897; and Lasca Gazelle Lane, born June 19, 1905.
Clement Vann Rogers, born in the Western Cherokee Nation, January 11, 1839, educated at Baptist Mission, Going Snake District, and Male Seminary. Married in 1858 Mary America Scrimsher, born October 9, 1839, and settled on Caney River in Cooweescoowee District. Was Captain of Co. C First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers and senator from Cooweescoowee District in the Confederate Cherokee Council from 1862 to 1865. Settled on the Verdigris River after the Civil war. Elected Judge of Cooweescoowee Dist. Aug. 5, 1877; senator from the same District August 4, 1879, August 1, 1883, August 7, 1899. and August 3, 1903. Elected as a member of the Cherokee Commission to negotiate with the "Dawes" Commission for the final disposition of the Cherokee Nation. Elected a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention from the Sixty-fourth District on November 6, 1906. Rogers County, Oklahoma, was named for him. Mrs. Mary America (Scrimsher) Rogers died May 28, 1890, and he died October 28, 1911. They were the parents of: Sallie Clemantin, Robert Martin. Maude Ethel, subject of this sketch, May and William Penn Rogers.

Leafer, Mrs. John. (See Conrad and Foreman)—Floren Frances, daughter of William H. and Letitia (Woodard) Foreman, born April 2, 1881, educated in the Cherokee National schools in Tahlequah District. Married at Tahlequah in 1903 John Leafer. They are the parents of John and Lawrence Leafer. Mr. Leafer is a farmer near Tahlequah.

Lowrey, Daniel W. (See Oolootsa, Ross, Conrad and Hildebrand.)—Daniel Webster, son of Henry and Mary (Parris) Lowrey, born October 2, 1860. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools; married July 19, 1885, Ellen, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Hendricks) Gourd, born May 1, 1862, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. They are the parents of: Florence, born May 23, 1886; George, born August 15, 1887; Richard Walker, born September 8, 1890; James, born October 13, 1892; John, born September 4, 1894, and Dora Lowrey, born August 21, 1898. James and John Lowrey each served a year in the American Expeditionary Forces in France. Mr. and Mrs. Lowrey are members of the Methodist Church and he is a Modern Woodman of America. They are farmers, near Wann.

Lynch, Joseph Martin. (See Grant and Adair)—Joseph Martin Lynch, born July 30, 1881, educated in Male Seminary and Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tennessee, graduating from the Law Department of the latter, but refused to take the Tenneessee bar examination because negroes were included in the class. Elected Register of Deeds of Adair County, September 17, 1807. He married Hazel Capitola Mason. He served for several years as attorney for the Interior Department and on November 8, 1919, refused the appointment of Register of the United States Treasury, because it would be impossible for him to take his aged father from his home and friends and he would not leave him.
Mr. Lynch's great-great-grandfather, Joseph Martin, a native of Albermarle County, Virginia, was elected Major in the Revolutionary Army, February 17, 1779, and promoted to a Lieutenant Colonelcy in March, 1781. He was elected Brigadier General of the North Carolina militia, December 15, 1787, and was commissioned Brigadier General of the 20th Brigade of Virginia Militia by Governor "Light Horse Harry" Lee on December 11, 1793. His son John Martin, was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1827, and was the first Chief Justice and first treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. Mr. Lynch's grandfather, Joseph Martin Lynch, was a delegate from the Cherokee Nation to Washington in 1839, and was elected Senator from Delaware District August 2, 1842. Mr. Lynch's father, Cicero Leonidas Lynch, was elected sheriff of Flint District August 2, 1875, and August 5, 1877, elected senator from the same district August 1, 1881. Elected Circuit Judge August 6, 1883, and August 1, 1887, the terms being for four years. He was elected Associate Justice of the Cherokee Nation, November 13, 1897.

Lynch, Mrs. Georgia, (See Grant and Foreman)—Joseph Vann generally called Joe married Polly Black, and they were the parents of William, David, Sofia, Johnson Sallie and Delilah Vann. David Vann married Nancy Tally, nee Mackey, and they were the parents of William, Joseph, George B., Robert P., and Maud May Vann.
William Vann was the father of Georgia Eulalia Vann, born September 17, 1876. She was educated in Canadian District and the Female Seminary. She married March 20, 1T98 1898, Joseph Johnson, son of Joseph Martin and Susan Francis (Foreman) Lynch, born September 29, 1875. He graduated from the Male Seminary in 1896, and died June 1, 1921. They were the parents of Cherokee Rose Lynch, and Jess Vann Lynch,

Lowrey, Mrs. Myrtle (See Ghigau, Grant, Adair and Oolootsa)—Luther Martin, son of Captain Ephriam Martin, and Sallie (Starr) Adair, married Lillie M. Waldrop and their daughter, Myrtle Lucinda Adair, born in 1891, was educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married in 1910, Randolph, son of Austin and Sallie (Choker) Lowrey, born February 6, 1889. They were the parents of Wesley Lowrey. Mrs. Lowrey is a member of the Baptist church.

McKisick, Mrs. J. H. (See Ghigau, Conrad and Duncan)—Nellie Josephine, daughter of Johnson Thompson and Catherine Isabel (Garbarine) Landrum, was born in Delaware District, May 6, 1890, and educated locally. Married at Vinita, August 8, 1910, James Houston, son of Charles D., and Lydia Elizabeth McKisick. They are the parents of Stephen Dean, born July 14, 1912, and Clark Douglas McKisick, born August 6 1910. Mr. McKisick is a mill owner and operator at Big Cabin. Mrs. McKisick is a member of the United Brethren Church.
John, son of James and Rebecca (Duncan) Landrum married Nellie Otterlefter, and they were the parents of Johnson Thompson Landrum.
Samuel Candy, a white man, married Catherine, a full-blood Cherokee of the Wolf Clan. Their son, Samuel Candy, married Elizabeth West, a white woman. They were the parents of Ollie Candy, who married Hair Conrad and their daughter, Elizabeth, married Daniel Hopkins. Daniel and Elizabeth Hopkins were the parents of Sarah Abigal Hopkins, born January 27, 1839, married September 9, 1860, Stephen Gray Garbarini, born September 8, 1827, in Turelia, Italy. They were the parents of Catherine Isabel, born June 23, 1868, married April 2, 1889, Johnson Thompson Landrum, born 1860

McLaughlin, William C. (See Grant, Ghigau, Foreman, Conrad, Duncan, and Halfbreed)—William Cecil McLaughlin, born September 22, 1893, educated at Grove, Stilwell and Muskogee, graduating in a business course from the latter. Married at Vinita, March 28, 1919, Lelia Leone, daughter of Richard Fields and Martha Adair (Brewer) Benge, born on Lynch's Prairie December 16, 1892. They are the parents of Cecil Benge McLaughlin, born May 10, 1921. Mr. McLaughlin is farming near Adair.
Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and Catherine (Hicks) Miller, married Philip Inlow, a native of South Carolina, and their son, Sylvester Inlow, born June 24, 1837, married December 28, 1861, Susannah Paden, born November 1, 1844. He died June 13, 1878, and she died February 13, 1889. Their daughter. Margaret Caroline Inlow, born August 6, 1879, married September 20, 1890, Joshua Ezekial McLaughlin, born February 14, 1853. They were the parents of William Cecil McLaughlin.

McLain, Mrs. Jesse. (See Oolootsa and Ghigau)—Margaret, daughter of Samuel Houston and Nannie (Brewster) Benge, born Wednesday, March 2, 1870. Educated at Fort Gibson and Female Seminary. Married July 17, 1885, Jesse, son of Calvin and Charlotte (Martin) McLain, born in February, 1855, educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. They are the parents of: Nannie Lee, Samuel Houston, Calvin Cross, Eliza Jane, George Washington and Charlotte Benge. Calvin C. was in the A. E. F. in France for seven months and his younger brother, George W., was preparing to embark at the time the Armistice was signed.

McLain, James (See Gliigau)—James, son of Calvin and Charlotte (Martin) McLain married Elizabeth J. Kennedy, born June 22, 1875, and Lulu Breeden. By the first marriage there was born: Heiiriette J. and Sarah Vivian McLain, and by the second marriage, Haskell, Etta, Cora, Woodrow, Calvin, Charlotte and Lucy McLain.
Mr. McLain was educated at the Orphan Asylum. He is a member of the A. F. T. A., which is one of the best indications of a man's respectability and responsibility. He is a farmer near Claremore.

Martin, Mrs. DeWitt (See Grant and Duncan)—DeWitt T. Martin, born May 12, 1888 Enlisted in the World war Nov. 22, 1917. Assigned to the 17th Co. of the 2nd Regiment as an air service mechanic January 27, 1918. Sailed for France March 14, 1918, where his service entitled him to two gold chevrons. Returned to the United States May 29, 1919. Honorably discharged at Camp Pike June 13, 1919. Married at Carthage. Missouri, May 1, 1920, Mary Ethel daughter of I. D. and Rachel A. Boston. They are the parents of Caroline Louise Martin, born March 24, 1821. 1921?
Joseph Martin of Bristol, England, settled on a plantation near Charlotteville, Albermarle County, Virginia, in the first quarter of the eighteenth century. He married Susannah Childs and they were the parents of Joseph Martin, born about 1740. He was a Lieutenant Colonel in the American service in the Revolutionary war. He married Susannah Fields, nee Emory, a quarter-blood Cherokee, and they were the parents of John Martin, who was the first Chief Justice and first Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. Judge John Martin was the father of Joseph Lynch Martin, whose son, John Rogers Martin was the father of DeWitt T. Martin.

Martin, Joel T. (See Ghigau and Rogers)—Joel Thomas, son of William and Sarah Martin, born August 21, 1876. educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Married October 26, 1896, Myrtle Stephens, nee Stephenson, born April 19, 1878, in Nodaway County, Missouri. One son, William A. Martin, married in 1899, Stella, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Argentine Causdell. They are the parents of: Pauline, May and George Martin.
Mr. Martin is a member of the Owls fraternity. He is a farmer near Ruby.
George Washington Walker married Rachel Rogers and they were the parents of Mrs. Sarah Marlins.

Mayes, Watt A. (See Adair, Foreman, Ross and Grant)—Walter Adair Mayes, born December 10, 1860, educated in the Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary, married December 31, 1890, Nannie Rider McCoy, born March 25, 1865. She was educated in the National schools and Female Seminary. They are the parents of: Hall, born September, 23, 1891; Washington E., born September 8, 1893; Clarence, born October 23, 1895; Mayme Lucile, born November 14, 1897; Jesse Lamar, born May 1, 1900; and Joseph McCoy Mayes, born June 9, 1903.
Walter Adair Mayes is the son of George Washington Mayes, born November 11, 1824, married May 21, 1846, Charlotte Bushyhead, born March 16, 1830. She died January 23, 1878, and he died October 28, 1894. George Washington was the son of Samuel and Nancy (Adair) Mayes. Charlotte was the daughter of Rev. Jesse and Eliza (Wilkerson) Bushyhead. Walter Adair Mayes is the nephew of Chiefs Dennis Wolf Bushyhead, Joel Bryan and Samuel Houston Mayes and Miss Nannie Mayes is the grandniece of Chief John Ross and great granddaughter of Chief Charles Renatus Hicks.
Mrs Walter Adair Mayes is the daughter of Joseph Rogers McCoy, who married on December 16, 1851, Nancy Hicks, born September 16, 1830. He died July 4, 1866.
Walter A. Mayes' Cherokee name is Oganostota and he belongs to the Deer Clan. Mrs. Mayes' Cherokee name is Walliah and she belongs to the bird clan.

Meeks, William—William, son of George and Minerva (Fleetwood) Meeks, was born March 5, 1880 in Sequoyah District, educated in Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary, married September 11, 1905, Goldie May Perry. They are the parents of Sylvia Pauline, born September 7, 1905; Mary Louise, born June 3, 1909; Delia Ruth, born September 19, 1912 and Wyllie Burtis, born June 1, 1919. William Meeks was left an orphan while a small child and through adverse circumstances has struggled to a competence and the respect of his community. A Methodist in church affiliation he has ascended in masonry to the Thirty second degree and Shriner. He served in Company K, First Infantry for two and a half years in the Phillipines during the Spanish-American war and was very active in World War work. His brother Lewis Samuel was a member of the Thirteenth Marines in the World War.

Mitchell, Mrs. Claud W. (See Grant and Duncan)—Emma E., daughter of John Martin and Alice R. (Smith) Daniel, was born at Vinita, February 19, 1892; was educated at the Female Seminary at Tahlequah. She married at Vinita July 31, 1911, Claud W., son of William W. and Emma Mitchell. Mr. Mitchell died October 23, 1918. They were the parents of Mary Nadine, born March 3, July 8, 1918.
John Martin Daniel was born October 2, 1843, and married August 1, 1876, Alice R. Smith, born June 10, 1855. They were the parents of Marma D., James Henry, Robert John, Lula May, Eliza E., Martha J., Emma E., William, Edgar Jackson and Walter Scott Daniel.
Lula May Daniel married R. F. Parker, and lives at Welch, Oklahoma. Eliza E. Daniel married Samuel Nidiffer and Jeff Blevins. Martha J. Daniel married Elbert Snider and lives at Vinita, Oklahoma.

Miller, Mrs. James (See Ward)—Mary, daughter of Robert and Martha Alice (Holland) Early, was born in 1889 at Stilwell. Educated in the Cherokee public schools, Female Seminary and Hill's Business College, Oklahoma City, graduating from the latter institution. Married at Joplin, Missouri in 1912 James, son of Mr. and Mrs. James C. Miller. She taught in the public schools for ten years prior to her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Miller are members of the Baptist church. He is a farmer, near Foyil and she is a member of the Ladies Home Demonstration Club.

Milton, Annie Leola (See Adair)—Annie Leola, daughter of William Penn and Julia (Allison) Adair, was born June 1, 1883, at Stilwell. She married December 17, 1899, Alvin Hendrex, and they were the parents of Virgil Felix, born September 7, 1901; William Harrison, born July 27, 1904; Orvill Lee, born August 5, 1906; Paul Lyman, born February 18, 1909; and Ralph Herald Hendrex, born Januarv 29, 1913. Her second and present husband is Curt Milton. They are the parents of Carl Dale, born July 24, 1918; Harvey Haskell Milton, born June 10, 1921. Mrs. Milton is a member of the Christian Church.

Miles, Mrs. John B. (See Oolootsa and Riley)—Lucy D., daughter of Monroe Calvin and Lucy Lowrey (Hoyt) Kyes was born March 31, 1872. Educated in Female Seminary. Married at Pleasant Hill, December 26, 1894 John Benedict, son of Mr. and Mrs. Benedict Miles. They are the parents of: Benedict Franklin, born October 3, 1895; Elizabeth, born January 16, 1897; Guy, born May 31, 1904 and Lydia Esther Miles, born May 12, 1906.
Benedict Franklin Miles was in the A. E. F. He is a prosperous farmer near Miles.
James Herbert and Cora Archer Moore are the parents of: William, born January 13, 1900; Foreman, born September 13, 1902; Veta Clara, born April 20, 1905; Nellie, born January 6, 1907; James Herbert, born February 26, 1914; Len Ross, born November 21, 1918; Joseph and Samuel, born July 31, 1920.

Morris, Mrs. Evans—Eliza, daughter of Richard and Polly (Hogshooter) O'Field was born in 1864. Educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married Mr. Colston. They were the parents of Bettie, born January 10, 1883; Cynthia, married Charles Heard.
Mrs. Cynthia Heard died October 21, 1918 and Charles Heard died October 23, 1918. Their children Louise, born February 2, 1912; Helen born December 2, 1914 and Laura Maxine Heard born March 18, 1917, were adopted and are being reared by Mr. and Mrs. Morris, as is also, Ernest Hildebrand, born March 8, 1907. Fannie Colston, the third daughter of Mrs. Evan Morris was born August 29, 1896. Mrs. Eliza Colston married March 23, 1899 Evan, son of William and Eleanor Morris.
They are the parents of William R. Morris, born April 9, 1900. Blessed are they that gratuitously care for orphans.

Mounts, Mrs. Ted R. (See Thompson and Gusoduesga)—Ada, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Cobb) Brown was born in 1887. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. Married at Fort Gibson in 1911, Ted Ray, son of David Albert and Caroline Harriette (Thompson) Mounts born at Fort Gibson. Saturday March 29,1884. They are the parents of Mary, Cherokee, Okla.; Billie Brown, Louise Ramona and Ted Ray Mounts.
Mr. and Mrs. Mounts are representative citizens of Fort Gibson and are well known for their public spirited citizenship.

Muskrat, Joseph D.—Joseph D. Muskrat, born October 30, 1850, near Mayesville, in Delaware District. Elected Sheriff of Delaware District in 1883. Married August 10, 1884 Florence Roseborough. They are the parents of: Nina Pearl, born May 27, 1885; Ira D., born April 20, 1887; Ruby E., born December 26, 1898 and Frank B. Muskrat, born June 11, 1902. Joseph D. Muskrat was elected Solicitor in 1893.

Muskrat, Jacob J. (See Duncan)—Jacob Jackson Muskrat, born in Delaware District September 30, 1885 and educated in Saline District. Married at Southwest City, Missouri August 8, 1908 Perry Lee, daughter of Mosley and Ellen Stratton.
They are the parents of: Howard M., born November 20, 1909 and Lottie T Muskrat, born October 30, 1919. Mr. Muskrat is a farmer, near Bernice.
Jacob Jackson Muskrat is the son of Jacob Muskrat horn in 1838 and died October 5, 1888 and Elizabeth Emily, daughter of Peter and Rebecca (Rolston) McAllister.

Martin, Eugene Warren (See Oolootsa and Ross)—Eugene Warren, son of William Henry and Sarah Jane (Lowrey) Martin, born January 30, 1886, was educated in Tahlequah District and the Male Seminary. He married at Oklahoma City, April 1, 1915 Neva, daughter of Hosea Claude and Alice I. Frizielle, born Dec. 19, 1889 in Polk County, Missouri. She was educated in the Public schools in Oklahoma City. They are the parents of Pauline Mae, born Dec. 22, 1917 and Harold Leroy Martin, born May 24, 1919. Mr. Martin is a business man in Oklahoma City.
William Henry Martin is a grand son of Hercules Martin a fullblood Cherokee, and his Cherokee name was Clogase. Hercules Martin was one of the best known and most proficient interpreters and clerical man of his day in the Cherokee Nation,

Nichols, Mr. Charles—Fannie, daughter of David and Sarah (Easley) Humphrey was born May 1, 1886 in the Cherokee Nation. Educated at Vinita and married at Vinita May 4, 1918 Charles, son of Mr. and Mrs. Nichols. They are members of the Methodist church and are farmers near Vinita.

Nidiffer, John R. (See Ward and Ghigau)—John Ross Nidiffer, born November 22, 1886, educated in Cherokee Public Schools and Male Seminary. He is a railroader and entered the Navy on September 7, 1917, served on the U. S. S. St. Louis, discharged August 8, 1919. Married June 28, 1920, Ethel Cora Culley nee Courtney.

Newman, Mrs. Charles N. (See Downing)—Thomas, son of Joel and Nellie (Quinton) Kelly was born in Polk County, Arkansas December 26, 1845. Married in November 1867 Valera Arkansas Britton, born in 1847 in Sebastian County, Arkansas. They were the parents of Bessie Kelly born at Westville, December 23, 1891. Educated at Centralia. Married at Centralia December 24, 1912, Charles N. son of William and Nancy Newman. They are the parents of Howard Lee, born February 22, 1914; Dellas Wayne, born June 12, 1916 and Charles Kelly Newman, born March 13, 1920. Mr. and Mrs. Newman are farmers, near Centralia.

Nicholson, Richard E. (See Oolootsa)—Rory McCoy, son of John R. and Sarah (Gunter) Nicholson, was born March 14, 1848, and married Margaret Elizabeth Bibles, born December 15, 1857, and died April 1, 1890. He died January 8, 1891. They were the parents of Richard Edward Nicholson, born August 11, 1878, and married November 4, 1900, Annie Pearson, born January 20, 1881, in Schuyler County, Illinois.
Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Nicholson are the parents of Roy Preston born July 18, 1903; Edgar Russel born December 7, 1905, and Hattie Nicholson born September 15, 1907.

Parks—Jennie Taylor, a Scotch girl married an Englishman named Charles Fox. Two sons were born of this union. In later years the parents were divorced. The father kept the eldest son, who according to the English law of primogeniture was to succeed to his titles and estate, but allowed his wife to keep Charles, the younger son who had no vested prospects and his mother added her maiden name to his, and thenceforward he was known as Charles Fox-Taylor. Charles Fox-Taylor married Jennie Walker, the granddaughter of the Ghigau, or Beloved Woman of the Cherokees. This was the supreme title and was granted only on account of extreme merit and was so rarely conferred that no other instance of its invokement was known.
Charles and Jennie Fox-Taylor's third child and only daughter, Susan was born in February 1798 and married in April 1814 Samuel Parks, born January 12, 1789. He was fiscal agent for John Ross in 1838-9, securing wagons and teams for him. Parks died on June 3, 1841 and his widow died December 12, 1876. Samuel and Susan Parks children were, consecutively: Ruth married Dickson Price; Almira married James Price; Jennie married John Langdon and Joseph Collyr; George W. married Louisa Spriggs; Thomas Jefferson born Nov. 18, 1821 married Maria Annie Thompson, born September 11, 1830; Thomas Jefferson Parks died May 6, 1883; Calvin, William, Mary Ann married William C. Day; Lieutenant Colonel Robert C, John Ross and Samuel.
Maria Annie Parks nee Thompson was the daughter of James Allen and Martha (Lynch) Thompson; the granddaughter of Jeter and Nannie (Martin) Lynch; the great granddaughter of General and Susannah (Emory) Martin.
Thomas Jefferson Parks was born in the Eastern Cherokee Nation on October 18, 1821. Emigrated with his parents to the Western Cherokee Nation in 1838-9. He married February 10, 1848 Miss Thompson and settled in Delaware District where he was a prosperous farmer and merchant until the civil war. Returning in poverty to his desolated home after the war, he by hard work and close application, soon acquired another competence. He was a master mason and while always having a wholesome interest in politics, he on account of his business interests never allowed his name to be used as an aspirant for office. He died on May 6, 1883.
Thomas Jefferson and Maria Annie Parks were the parents of Susan Martha born December 1, 1848, married Edwin E. Carr; Johnson Calvin, born December 2, 1851, married Minerva Williams; Mary Jane, born March 28, 1856, married Robert Franklin Browning; Emma Josephine born May 8, 1858, married Robert Samuels; Anna Medora born March 5, 1860 married James Bonaparte Woodall; Jefferson Thompson born March 13, 1862, married Ruth Etta Duncan; Nancy Almira born May 20, 1865, married Henry Clay Ballard; Rev. James Allen, born March 20, 1867 married Florence Youngblood and Fannie born January 9, 1871, married Davis Hill.
Ruth Etta (Duncan) Parks is the daughter of John Tommason and Eliza Annie (Sanders) Duncan; the grand daughter of John and Elizabeth (Abercrombie) Duncan, and Robert and Mary (McCreary) Sanders; the great grand daughter of Charles Gordon Duncan, a Scotchman and his wife Dorcas a full blood Cherokee of the Deer clan. Dorcas was a full sister to Ge-ho-ga who married John Adair.
Jefferson Thompson Parks was born on January 13, 1862. He graduated from the Cherokee National Male Seminary June 26, 1884. Was elected a member of the Board of Education in 1898. After having conducted a large merchantile establishment at Tahlequah he closed out that business and commenced practicing law. Being an ardent democrat, he at the advent of statehood was elected judge of Cherokee County and was reelected.
The home life of Judge and Mrs. Parks is ideal, pleasant and cultured, they have been blessed with five children: Clarena the eldest is deceased, Ruth Anna is the wife of Frederick Hathaway; Mildred Josephine is Mrs. Thomas L. Ballinger of Park Hill; Miss Wahlelle, and Jefferson Thompson Jr. are a part of the pleasures and attractions of the Park's home.

Parker, Mrs. William A. (See Oolootsa)—Mary Ellen Chamberlin born at Vinita, April 23, 1893, educated in Vinita. Married at Nowata July 5, 1910 William A. Parker. They are the parents of Norman Eugene, born April 1, 1912; Billie born January 23, 1914; Viola May, born May 15, 1916 and Mary Jane Parker, born November 1. 1919. Mrs. Mary Ellen Parker is the daughter of Nelson Bucher and Sarah Viola (LeForce) Chamberlin.

Pierce, Mra. James M. (See Cordery)—Nancy Jane, daughter of Albert and Louisa (Cordery) Anderson, was born January 1, 1882; and married August 23, 1896, James Madison Pierce, born December 13, 1877, in Hall County, Georgia. They were the parents of Gertrude: James Clayton and Earl B. Pierce.
Mr. Pierce is one of the wealthiest cotton farmers of the Muskogee-Fort Gibson section, owning and operating hundreds of acres of valuable land, and several cotton gins.

Peterson, Mrs. Chris B. (See Hildebrand)—Lucinda, daughter of Benjamin J. and Delilah (O'Field) Hildebrand was born September 9, 1882. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married at Vinita July 23, 1909 Pigeon Hanson and her present husband is Christ B. son of Peter and Anna Mary Peterson.
Her children bv her first husband, are: John, born June 23, 1910, Woodrow, born June 2, 1913 and Loretta Hanson born July 2, 1916. By the present husband she has one daughter, Anna Laura Peterson, born May 12, 1920. Mrs. Peterson belongs to the Wolf Clan and her Cherokee name is Luski. Mr. Peterson is a farmer, near White Oak.
Prater, Mrs. Henry S. (See Downing and Ghigau)—Martha Celeste Thompson, born March 16, 1868, married February 1, 1887, Henry Sheridan, son of Thomas D, and Mary Elizabeth Prater, born June 13, 1866 in Camden County, Tennessee. They are the parents of David George, born August 10, 1891, and married Nancy May Youngblood, born in March 1895, and their three children are John F., born September 8, 1911, Benjamin Hester Prater, born March 28, 1913, and Pansy May Prater, born May 16, 1915; Mary Caroline Prater, born September 30, 1896, married September 23, 1915, Guy P. Holmes. She died November 26, 1918, and left two children: Mary Lorena, born October 19, 1916, and Helen Pauline Holmes born May 17, 1918; Henry L. Dawes, born February 25, 1900; Mable Clara, born August 26, 1902; Robbie, born September 1, 1904; Nellie Maude, born September 27, 1906, and Rcillie Austin Prater, born February 7. 1909.
Clara Rider, born June 20, 1842, married July 5, 1865, David George Thompson, born November 10, 1840, in Newton County, Georgia. He served during the Civil War in Captain Jonathan Nail's company of the First Chickasaw Cavalry, Confederate service. Mrs. Thompson died August 6, 1916. They were the parents of Mrs. Mattie Celeste Prater.

Pointer, Mrs. Patsy (See Grant. Adair and Foreman)—.Martha Adair, daughter of Jesse Bushyhead and Cherokee Cornelia (Adair) Mayes was born January 10, 1875 and educated in the Female Seminary, from which she graduated in 1892. She married December 16, 1900, Edwin Mooring Pointer, born June 17, 1868, in Monroe County, Arkansas. He graduated from Cumberland University at Lebanon, Tennessee, and in Law Course in the same institution in 1897; was appointed District Clerk of Sequoyah County after Statehood. He died January 5, 1910.
The following children were born from this union: Samuel Jesse, born November 15, 1901, and James David Pointer, born January 11, 1909.

Pettitt, Mrs. William P. (See Grant, Tyner, Adair and Riley)—William Percival, son of William and Nannie (Tyner) Pettitt, was born Sept. 20, 1867; educated at Fort Gibson and the Male Seminary. He married March 18, 1894, Mary Jane, daughter of Benjamin and Sallie (Guerin) Adair, born Thursday, January 1, 1874, in Illinois District. She was educated in the Female Seminary. They moved on April 17, 1894, from Illinois District to Cooweescoowee District, settling three-fourths cf a mile north of the Cherokee and Creek line, where they lived until January 19, 1903, when they moved to their present residence at Inola. Mr. and Mrs. Pettitt are the parents of Pearl Olive born Oct. 7, 1895; Bertha Talala, born October 27, 1897; Floyd Henry, born March 1, 1900; William Percival, born November 15, 1902; Mazie Opal, born April l5, 1905; Mary Elizabeth, born November 1, 1907, and Elnora Cherokee Pettitt, born October 16, 1913.

Puryear, Mrs. Lucy (See Riley)—Lucy, daughter of John and Nannie (Perdue) Robinson, was born February 8th, 1876, and married in the year 1894, Homer Puryear, who was born August 16, 1862, in Lawrence County, Alabama. They were the parents of Ernest Homer Puryear, who was born December 18, 1896.

Robinson, Mrs. Leroy S. (See Grant)—George Ella, daughter of R. A. and Edith Caroline (Rogers) Prather, was born on Beatties Prairie, January 15, 1869; was educated in Delaware District and the Female Seminary, graduating June 28, 1894. She married at Vinita October 29, 1895, Leroy S., son of William and Malinda Robinson. They are the parents of LeElla, born in April 1900; Carleton, born February 15, 1902, and Leroy Prather Rogers, born April 5, 1905. Leroy S. Robinson died April 26, 1911. M. Mrs. Robinson is a member of the Methodist church.

LeElla Robinson graduated from the Vinita High School and the Northeastern State Normal at Tahlequah. She attended the Collins Agricultural College at Fort Collins, Colorado, where she was a member of the Kappa Delta Sorority. She married on December 24, 1919, Chesley H. Harris.
Nancy Downing married Charles Rogers and they had two children; Pleasant and Eliza Rogers who married John Seabolt. Nancy's second husband was Thomas Fields and their seven children were, consecutively: Sallie Elizabeth, who married James Hildebrand; Rachel Jane, married William Stiff and Henry Richard Fields married Rachel Goss; Margaret Wilson married Robert Mosby French; Josiah Foreman died in California, December 13, 1852, and Caroline Matilda Rogers Fields married William Penn Boudinot. Pleasant Rogers was the father of Mrs. Edith Caroline (Rogers) Prather.

Rector, Mrs. Ed. (See Grant)—Laura Alice, daughter of Ellis and Martha (Copeland) Buffington was born September 22, 1852. Married December 26, 1871 Josiah, son of Jesse and Lucy (Love) Henry, born January 1, 1850. He was elected in November 1869 Solicitor of Cooweescoowee District and appointed to the same office in 1876 by the Chief. Elected Councilor from Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1881 and August 2, 1897. Thev were the parents of Rosa Jane Henry, born August 10, 1883, educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married at Claremore in 1905 Edward, son of Mr. and Mrs. Sylvanus Rector. They are the parents of Edna May, James Emmet, born October 29, 1906 and Frances Rector. Mr. and Mrs. Rector are farmers, near Claremore, they belong to the Methodist church and he is a Mason. Mrs. Rector's Cherokee name is Ay-ni.

Rhomer, Mrs. May (See Grant and Oolootsa)—May, the daughter of Calvin Jones and Emma Walker (McCoy) Hanks, was born at Webbers Falls March 2, 1869; was educated at Webbers Falls and the Female Seminary. She married April 15, 1887. Frank Rhomer.
They are the parents of Emma Nora, born February 2, 1889; May Frances, born November 17, 1891; Margaret Bell, born April 2, 1894; and Fannie Charlotte Rhomer, born March 20, 1896. The Rhomers are farmers near Webbers Falls.
Calvin Jones, son of Robert Taylor and Margaret Ann Ward (Morgan) Hanks, was born February 8, 1836 and married April 11, 1861, Emma Walker McCoy, who was born April 3, 1841. He was a private in Captain John S. Vann's Company, and in Captain Samuel Gunter's Company in the Confederate Army. He was elected Counselor from Canadian District August 5, 1867; and Senator from the same District August 6, 1877. He died May 16, 1879.
Mrs. Emma Hanks, nee McCoy died February 8, 1900. They were the parents of Mrs. May Rhomer.

Riley, Mrs. Stella (See Riley)—Stella, daughter of Milton and Jemima (Scott) Moore born in 1873 in Missouri. Married in 1894 John H., son of Richard and Mary A. (Simkins) Riley. They were the parents of: Ruth Pearl, born February 6, 1896; Mamie A., born June 23, 1900; Mabel, born May 13, 1902 and Prentice Riley, born February 22, 1904. Mrs. Riley who is a member of the Latter Day Saints Church, is a farmer, near Vera.

Roach, Thomas S. (See Ghigau and Sanders)—George Roach married Nannie Pritchett, and they were the parents of Thomas Suake Roach who married Wycie McDaniel.
Mr. Roach who has been for several years Special Field Man for the U. S. Indian Agency at Muskogee, is one of the most prominent fullbloods of the tribe. Besides being cautious and diplomatic, he speaks both the English and Cherokee languages fluently, and is of inestimable value to his employers.

Rogers, Connell (See Grant, Oolootsa and Duncan)—Connell, son of Andrew Lewis and Cherokee America (Morgan) Rogers, born September 19, 1850 in Tennessee. Married February 5, 1878 Florence Nash born August 29, 1848. She died February 21, 1886. They were the parents of: Gertrude Whitman, born July 11, 1879 and Ella Coffin Rogers, born March 13, 1883 Mr. Rogers married June 17, 1891 Kathleen Aurora daughter of Jeter Thompson and Keziat (Moore) Cunningham, born February 17, 1871. Educated in Worcester Academy, Vinita and Female Seminary. They are the parents of Marion Sevier, born July 8, 1892; Lewis Byrne, born December 27, 1895 served in France during tlie World War; Howard Cunningham, born December 31, 1899 and Connell, born June 22, 1909. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers are members of the Presbyterian church. She belongs to the Eastern Star, American Legion Auxilliary, Adelphian and Women's Democratic clubs. Her Cherokee name is Walleat.
Reliable, agreeable and efficient Mr. Rogers has been the preference by his constituenicy as Auditor of the Cherokee Nation in 1879; Senator from Illinois Dist. in 1885 and 1897; Secretary of the Cherokee National Board of Education 1898; Treasurer of Muskogee County 1907, 1913 and 1914. He is a planter and banker at Fort Gibson.

Rogers, William P. A. (See Downing, Cordery and Oolootsa)—William Penn Adair, son of Clement Vann and Mary America (Scrimsher) Rogers was born at the Rogers homestead near Oolagah November 4, 1879. Educated at Kemper Military School, Booneville, Missouri. Married at Rogers, Arkansas November 25, 1908 Betty, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Blake. They are the parents of: William Vann, born October 20, 1911; Mary Amelia, born May 18, 1913 and James Blake Rogers, born July 25, 1915. Mr. Rogers is a member of the Shrine and Elk fraternities. He is a member of two clubs, the Lambs and Friars. Commencing in the theatrical profession as an expert roper, while traveling in South Africa, he has had a remarkably successful career as a comedian, monologist and scenario artist.

Rogers, Mrs. J. C. (See Grant and Cordery)—Sallie Martin, born January 30, 1869, educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary. Married August 22, 1888 John Cicero Rogers, born September 9, 1861 in Washington County, Arkansas. They are the parents of Pearl Lottie, born July 18, 1889, Frank, born April 27, 1892; Hugh E. born June 5, 1894; Terry P., born January 14. 1897. Ethel M , born March 23, 1899; Eula May, born September 30, 1901 and Ruth Martin, born June 25, 1914.
Samuel Martin married Catherine Hildebrand and their son William A. Martin married Nannie Lucas nee Guinn. They were the parents of: John Brice, who married Lucinda Still; Sarah Jane, married Samuel Bryant; Almon born November 4, 1842. He was a member of Company M, First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers Confederate service under Captain O. H. P. Brewer. He married Sarah Jane Cordery. She died February 23, 1874.
They were the parents of: Andrew Jackson, married Anna Belle Morrow; Sallie, the subject of this sketch; Nannie, married Riley Barnett and Mary Ann Martin, married William E. Curtis.

Rogers, Lewis (See Grant, Ghigau, Duncan and Halfbreed)—Lewis, the son of Nelson and Rosa (West) Rogers, was born in Saline District November 14, 1840. His first wife was Josephine Landrum, and the second was Helen Ross. Lewis and Helen Rogers were the parents of Rosa, who married Benjamin Avant; and of Lewis Rogers, Junior.
Mr. Rogers is a wealthy retired business man and a member of the Methodist church.

Rogers, Thomas (See Grant and Downing)—Thomas Lewis, son of Thomas Lewis and Nancy C. (Martin) Rogers, was born near Pawhuska, September 2, 1885. He was educated in that city. He married in 1917 at Joplin, Missouri, Bessie Barrett. He is the father of Thomas Lewis, born July 28, 1911; and Nancy Rogers, born April 24, 1914.
Mr. Rogers is a member of the Christian church, and a merchant at Pawhuska.

Rogers, Jasper (See Grant)—Jasper, the son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Carpenter) Rogers, was born January 13, 1871, in Saline District. He married November 4, 1900, Rosa Bell, daughter of David and M1ary Ellen (Chouteau) Fronkier, and she was born July 11, 1880, in the Osage Nation. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers are the parents of Cecilia M., Emmet Jasper, Maud, Flora Thadine. and Josephine Rogers.
Mr. Rogers is in business at Pawhuska; and he and his wife are both members of the Osage Nation.
Jean Pierre Chouteau, the ftiunder of the City of Saint Louis, Missouri, married Pelegie Kiersereau, and they were the parents of Colonel August Pierre Chouteau who lived at Grand Saline on Grand River, and he was the father of Gesseau Chouteau, born in 1822.
Gesseau Chouteau served four years in the Confederate Army, and was a brilliant interpreter and an eloquent orator. Gesseau and Mary Ann Chouteau were the parents of Mary Ellen Chouteau who married David Fronkier.

Ross, Mrs. Lila J. (See Grant, Downing, Ross and Conrad)—Delila L. Jane, daughter of Carter and Katie (Benge) Daniel, was born December 8, 1857, and educated in the Female Seminary at Tahlequah. She married December 23, 1875 at Tahlequah, William Wallace, son of Allen and Jennie (Fields) Ross, who was born July 23, 1851, at Tahlequah. Mr. Ross was educated in the Male Seminary at Tahlequah, and was a grandson of Chief John Ross. Mr. and Mrs. Ross were the parents of Allen C, born June 27, 1882; and was educated at the Male Seminary; Elizabeth Vann born Apr. 11, 1884; Jane Stapler, born June 20, 1887, and Wallace Carter Ross, born October 2, 1893. William Wallace Ross died October11, 191S. He had been Superintendent of the Male Seminary and of the Orphan Asylum for terms of four years each.
Mrs. Lila Ross' Cherokee name is Ki-nalu-ga. Elizabeth Vann Ross married Carl E. Mills, and lives at Okmulgee. Mr. and Mrs. Mills were the parents of Arnetah Elizabeth born June 25, 1908; Mary Alice, born Aug. 22, 1910 and Wahleah Jane, born Jan. 12, 1915. Janie Stapler Ross married William David, the son of Rollin K. and Rachel (Landrum) Adair, and they are living at Drumright, Okla. Wallace Carter Ross was a member of the A. E. F. from May 29, 1918 until June 18, 1919, having served on the offensive at Meuss Arg uing and orhcr front lines.

Sanders, Mrs. Benjamin (See England, 11:1debrand and Ghigau)—Martha Jane, daughter of James Franklin and Mary Jane (England) Williams was born in Cherokee Nation, Apr. 7, 1870. Educated in the Cherokee Nation. Married at Vinita, Aug. 1887, Benjamin Franklin Sanders, born June 30, 1861 in Clay County, Texas. They are the parents of Martha Leona Sanders, born August 18, 1890. Educated in Female Seminary, Hardin College, Mexico, Missouri and the Southern Seminary, Beuna Vista, Virginia, graduating from the latter institution. She married James H. Thigpin, a graduate of the Alabama State Agricultural College. They are now living at Fort Worth. Texas, where he is the Superintendent of Refrigerating Department of the Swift Packing Plant. He is a thirty second degree Mason and Shriner.
Mr. Sanders is one of the most successful farmers and stockraisers of Craig County.

Sortore, Mrs. John—Jennie, daughter of Pink and Susie Allen was born near Claremore March 1, 1888 educated at Justice public school. Married Oct. 28, 1902 John, son of John and Mary P. (Herd) Sortore. They are the parents of: Mabel Clair, born March 14, 1904 and Minnie Carmel Sortore, born September 4, 1907.
Mr. and Mrs. Sortore are members of the Christian Church and are farmers, near Claremore. Mr. Sortore who is by profession an engineer is a member of the Woodmen of the World fraternity.

Schrimsher, Ernest V. (See Ghigau, 0lootsa and Adair)—Ernest Vivian, son of John Gunter and Juliette Melvina (Candy) Schrimsher was born July 24, 1875 near Claremore. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Male Seminary. Married at Nowata in 1902, Susie, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Phillips.
Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary, from which she graduated June 27, 1895. They are the parents of: Maxine and Oleta, twins; John Gunter, Grace, Stephen and Virginia.
Mr. Schrimsher is a Mason. He served as postmaster of Collinsville during the incumbency of President Wilson.

Schuth, Mrs. William J. (See Ghigau)—Eva Stella, daughter of Franklin Wallace and Catherine (Fetrick) Craig was born January 7, 1883 and educated at Welch. Married at Welch March 28, 1900 William J. son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Schuth.
They are the parents of: Walter J., born July 1, 1903; William Craig, born September 6, 1910; Elzy Ivan, born June 16, 1917 and Gyneth Wayne Schuth, born July 24, 1920. Mr. and Mrs. Schuth are members of the Christian Church. He is a state highway supervisor. She is a Rebecca and during the war, was President of the Pleasant Valley Red Cross Association at Welch.

Scott, Richard J. (See Thompson and Sanders)—Richard John, son of Starling and Jennie (Thompson) Scott, was born at Fort Gibson March 20, 1852; educated in the Cherokee National Schools, and married at Vian July 26, 1893, Susie Florence, daughter of George Wesley and Caroline Elizabeth (Sanders) Choate, born November 21, 1872. They are the parents of Caroline Early, born July 12, 1896; Susie J., born August 3, 1899, Arthur Lee, born April 21, 1903; George Sanders, born December 20, 1906; Perry Owen, born May 8, 1909, and Richard John Scott, Jr., born October 26, 1915.
Mr. Scott's Cherokee name is Noxie, and he belongs to the Bird Clan. He is a farmer near Sallisaw. He has the peculiar quality of being able to acquire any ordinary piece of property and by living on it for a short time, transform it into the semblance of a park. He is a member of the Methodist Church, South; the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and Woodmen of the World fraternities. He organized the Eastern Emigrant and Western Cherokees, and is their attorney in fact in their suit for the removal of restrictions and other incumbrances upon the allotted lands of the tribe, and is still prosecuting this case. He is a teetotaler in regard to the non-use of intoxicants and tobacco.

Scudder, Nellie V. (See Daniel)—William Henry Harrison Scudder, born in Georgia March 8, 1841. Served the confederacy in Co. B, Cobb's Legion, Georgia Cavalry. He married February 16, 1869 Margaret Josephine Garmany born in Forsythe County, Georgia September 25, 1850. He died August 2, 1911. They were the parents of Ida Josephine, deceased; Addie Elizabeth married Thomas McKinney Price; Laura Kinney, married Dr. Oliver W. Farrar and James Jasper Gaskey; Mary Emma married David Clinton Hall and William Sherman Moore; Gordon Hampton; Newton Garmany; Margaret Lillian married J. W. Bishop; Nellie Vinita; Annie Clark married C. Earl Woodward; William Henry Harrison; Julia Inez, married Henry J. Witz and Lewis Blackburn Scudder.

Shoemake, Mrs. Nannie B. (See Grant and Foreman)—Nannie B., daughter of Joseph Martin and Susan Francis (Foreman) Lynch, was born at Webbers Falls, and in the Female Seminary at Tahlequah, Oklahoma. She married Thomas H. Shoemake.
Susan Francis, daughter of Johnson and Elizabeth B. (Mann) Foreman, was born August 26, 1847; married May 23, 1866 John Raymond, a native of Cuyahoga County, Ohio. He died November 27, 1873. She married December 23, 1S74, Joseph Martin Lynch, born February 2, 1839. He was first lieutenant of Company "D", First Cherokee Mounted Rifles, under Captain James M. Bell and Colonel Stand Watie. He was afterwards first lieutenant in Captain Clement Vann Roger's Company. He was elected Senator from Canadian District on August 6, 1877, and again on August 1, 1887; and was elected Circuit Judge of the Southern Judicial Circuit of the Cherokee Nation August 6, 1883. And in 1889 he was elected to the Supreme Bench. He died January 14, 1890. He was the father of Mrs. Nannie B. Shoemake.

Shanahan, Mrs. Jennie (See Ghigau. England and Hildebrand)—Genevieve, daughter of James Franklin and Mary Jane (England) Williams was born in Delaware District December 18, 1868. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. She married February 17, 1885 Timothy Deneen, son of Patrick and Margaret (Deneen) Shanahan, horn April 21, 1863 in Minnesota. Mr. Shanahan is a well to do farmer in Craig County, his post office being Vinita. He is a first cousin to Governor Deneen of Illinois.
Mrs. Shanahan has one full brother, Joseph Lowrey Williams; one full sister, Mrs. Martha Jane Sanders. Mr. and Mrs. Shanahan have six living children: Margaret Christine Johnson, born May 26, 1888; Jennie Josephine Couch, born May 16. 1896; Timothy Lloyd, born March 27, 1902, Lenora Catherine, born September 1, 1907; Benjamin Tillman, born November 24, 1910 and John Doran Shanahan, born October 21, 1912.

Sharp, Mary Elizabeth (See Grant)—Mary Elizabeth Sharp, born at Chelsea April 2, 1892. Educated at Chelsea and Female Seminary.
Calvin Coker, born July 16, 1850. Married Elizabeth Bullett. She died May 14, 1891 and he married November 22, 1891 Mary Eliza Wimley nee Couch, born January 30, 1861. Calvin and Elizabeth (Bullette) Coker were the parents of Nancy Ann Coker, born at Coody Bluff April 16, 1873, educated in that vicinity. She married September 30, 1888 John M. Sharp, born January 13, 1862 in Ellis County, Texas. She died January 26, 1917. They were the parents of Mary Elizabeth, Burr Wilson and William Calvin Sharp.
Miss Mary Elizabeth Sharp is the great great granddaughter of John Rogers, last Principal Chief of the Western Cherokees.

Skinner, Mrs. Heber (See Grant and Ghigau)—John Brewer married Elizabeth Taylor, and their son George Washington Brewer married Cherokee Ratliff, and they were the parents of Nannie Ethel Brewer born February 20, 1859. She married February 18, 1883, John Martin, son of Joseph and Martha (Fields) Riley, born January 16, 1851. Mrs. Riley died April 22, 1909. They were the parents of Mattie Riley, born July 25, 1880, at Tahlequah and she was educated at the Female Seminary and Howard Payne College, of Fayette. Missouri, graduating from the latter institution. She married at Vinita March 11, 1902, Heber Skinner, and they are the parents of Mary Pauline, born October 5, 1905; and Louis Farley Skinner born July 23, 1907. Mary Pauline Skinner is attending Lenox Hall School in St. Louis, Missouri.
Mr. and Mrs. Skinner are members of the Methodist church, and he is one of the most prominent of cattle men in northeastern Oklahoma.

Sloan, James E. (See Ghigau)—James Ellis, son of Edward E. and Naomi (Cole) Sloan born January 7, 1894, educated in Delaware District and Male Seminary. Married at Claremore December 1, 1917 Gillie May, daughter of John M. and Mary C. (Roper) Carroll, born March 24, 1898 in Delaware District, educated at Big Cabin. They are the parents of: Percilla May, born August 25, 1918; Naomi Caroline, born March 1, 1920 and Dorris Louise, born June 12, 1921. Mr. Sloan enlisted in the world war September 3, 1918 and was mustered out January 7, 1919.
Thomas Martin Roper married Marcella Fernandes Townsend, their daughter, Mary Caroline Roper married John M. Carroll and they were the parents of Mrs. Gillie May Sloan.

Sloan, Samuel J. (See Ghigau)—Samuel John, son of Edward Estel and Naomi Ann (Cole) Sloan, born March 1, 1889, educated at Vinita. Married at Vinita October 13, 1908 Ruth, daughter of Charles and Elizabeth McKissick. They are the parents of; Samuel Floyd, born July 3, 1909 and Charles Herbert Sloan, born March 3, 1916. Mr. Sloan is an electrician, but is at present farming near Big Cabin.
Deborah Starr, married Richard Newland and William Harvey Sloan. Her son Edward Estel Sloan married Naomi Ann Cole and they are the parents of Samuel John Sloan.

Smith, Mr. W. F.—Lucy, daughter of Louis and Harriette (Thorpe) Daugherty, born in Johnson County, Kansas August 27, 1859. Married Febraury 22, 1876 W. F. son of J. J. and Jane Smith.
They are the parents of: Hattie Jane, born July 23, 1877; Lucy F., born December 23, 1882; William L., born July 8, 1887; Louis E., born December 1, 1895. He was a private in Co. K, 56th Infantry from July 19, 1918 to July 4, 1919. Discharged at Camp Pike July 9, 1919 and David C, born February 25, 1901. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are farmers, near Adair.

Smith, Mrs. R A. (See Duncan, Ross and Downing)—Nannie Vinita West, born September 20, 1871, was educated in the Female Seminary. She married January 1, 1891, Henry Clay Cochran, born December 12, 1872. They were the parents of Sallie Pearl Cochran, born September 18, 1892, and Henry Clay Cochran, born September 21, 1901; he married on April 24, 1920, Willie Louise Ross, born January 25, 1902. They are the parents of Keller Mozelle Cochran, born August 16, 1921.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry C. Cochran were divorced and Mrs. Cochran married on December 24, 1904, R. A., son of James and Rachel Smith, born May 10, 1872, in Scotch County, Indiana. They are the parents of Luvenia N., born May 13, 1907; Robert West, born April 3, 1909, and Max Carlton Smith, born April 18, 1911. Mrs. Smith's Cherokee name is Waty. She is a member of the Baptist church. R. A. Smith was elected County Commissioner of Mayes County on November 5, 1918, and on November 2, 1920.
Charles Duncan, a Scotchman, married, about 1874, Dorcas, a full blood Cherokee woman of the Deer Clan. Their son, John, married Elizabeth Abercromby a native of Tennessee. The Abercrombys belonged to the ancient nobility of Stirling County, Great Britain, where their county seat was Airthy Castle, and even as late as 1883, the family owned 15,265 acres of land in England. The head of the family in 1916 was Lord George Abercromby. John and Elizabeth (Abercromby) Duncan were the parents of Mahala Duncan, born June 21, 1821; and married July 18, 1838 James Smith West, born May 24, 1817 in Alabama. He died in 1865, and she died November 27, 1879. Their son, Walter Adair West, born April 29, 1841, married August 15, 1863 Sallie Elizabeth Wright, born April 1, 1844. She died February 5, 1890. They were the parents of Mrs. Nannie Vinita (West) Smith.

Southerland, Arabella (See England)—David England married Susan A. Conner, and they were the parents of Arminda England, born November 25, 1831. She married William England, Isaac Scrimsher, and Elias Jenkins. She died December 27, 1879. Her children by her first husband were as follows: Mary Arabella and Abram Meek. Arabella was born September 9, 1857 in Delaware District; educated in the Cherokee National schools; and married in March 1874 on Beatty's Prairie, Enoch S. Southerland
Their children all died in infancy. Her sister, Sophronia, married Zan Main, Lewis Rogers, and Dr. J. A. Nolan. Her half sister, Ida J. Jenkins, married John Wesley Harris and her half brother Henry, married Delilah Arms. Mrs. Southerland's father, Isaac Schrimsher, was first married to Ruth Fields.
Mrs. Southerland is a member of the Presbyterian Church. Her Cherokee name is Okewat.

Sunday, Edward—Edward, son of William and Mary Sunday, was born in 1856 and on account of the Civil war he was not able to attend school but being a man of more than ordinary natural intelligence he has not only made a splendid citizen but has accumulated a comfortable competency. He married in 1872 Nancy, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Wilkerson. They were the parents of: Jennie, born September 5, 1875; William E., Lulu, married John Asa Poison; Edward A., married Rebecca Bible. Edward Sunday's second wife was Margaret Sanders nee Garner and their daughter Ellen Sunday was born October 2, 1888 and married Charles P. Morgan. Not having had the opportunity of gaining an education himself, Mr. Sunday has given each of his children a splendid education; all being graduates. His son, William E., is one of the most substantial business men in Rogers County. Edward Sunday was elected a member of the Cherokee National Council, August 1, 1887 and was later the first Mayor of Oolagah in which town he now resides.

Stokes, Elizabeth Thatcher (See Foreman) Herschael Vetran, son of Jeremiah Young and Mary Malinda (Walker) Stokes, born Sept. 21, 1882 educated in Cooweeescoowee District. Married at Muskogee June 28, 1909 Elizabeth, daughter of Joel T. and Mary L. (Kitchum) Thatcher, born in Delaware District November 12, 1883 and educated at Vinita. They are the parents of: Herschael Owen, born April 2, 1910 and Darwin Clark Stokes, horn September 13, 1911.
Minerva Jane Taylor married Robert Wesley Walker and they were the parents of Mary Malinda (Walker) Stokes. Robert Wesley Walker was elected Judge of Going Snake District March 24, 1879, appointed Attorney General of Cherokee Nation December 20, 1892 and elected Chief Justice of Cherokee Nation in November 1893.
Joel Mayes Thatcher, brother of Mrs. H. V. Stokes was a soldier in the world war.

Starr, Mrs. Fannie (See Grant and Ghigau)—Ellis Bean, son of Thomas and Catherine (Reese) Starr, was born May 10, 1843. He served the Confederacy in Captain John Porum Davis' company, and later in Captain Ephriam Martin Adair's company. He married February 28, 1877, Fannie Griffin, born January 1, 1855. He died April 24, 1896. They were the parents of Thomas Bruce, born September 15, 1885; Mary Bunch, born November 3, 1888; Eliza Cherokee, born December 15, 1890, and Margaret Bird Starr, born February 5, 1895.
Mr. Starr was at the time of his death, credited with being one of the wealthiest cattle men among the Cherokees. One of his odd habits was that if he met and stopped to talk with anyone for any length of time, he invariably got off his horse, often saying that the horse needed rest.

Sixkiller, Samuel (See Grant, Foreman and Sixkiller)—Gu-o-tsa Smith, a half breed Cherokee woman of the Paint Clan, married Sixkiller, a full blooded Cherokee. Their son. Red Bird Sixkiller, married Pamelia Whaley, a White woman, and they in turn were the parents of Samuel Sixkiller who married Fannie Foreman; and Lucas Sixkiller who married Emma Blythe.
Samuel and Fannie (Foreman) Sixkiller were the parents of Samuel Rasmus Sixkiller. born February 13, 1877, and graduated from Carlisle University in 1895,
Lucas and Emma (Blythe) Sixkiller were the parents of Mattie B. Sixkiller, born December 14, 1874, in Delaware District: and she married on June 26, 1911, Samuel Sixkiller.
Absalom Blythe married Mary J. Millsap and they were the parents of Emma Blythe who married Lucas Sixkiller.
Thomas Foreman married Elizabeth Chicken and theywere the parents of Fannie Foreman, who married Samuel Sixkiller.
Red Bird Sixkiller was a man of sterling personality; he was born in the old Cherokee Nation. When he was about eleven years old he attended a school some seven miles from his home and had to go over a point of Lookout Mountain to get to school. It was necessary for him to start before daylight to get to school before it opened. One morning he was going over this point of Lookout Mountain when he heard a panther scream in a nearby thicket; no habitation was near and having heard that panthers would not come near fire, he gathered some pine knots and struck a fire with a piece of flint and steel, made a fire and stood around it until daylight when he deemed that he would be secure from the panther. He was a First Lieutenant, and generally commander of Troop L of the Third Indian Home Guard, in which his son Samuel was also a member. After the Civil War Red Bird Sixkiller became, on June 6, 1872, Judge of Saline District and on the succeeding November was promoted to the Supreme Bench of the State.
Samuel Sixkiller partook of many of the traits of his father, was pleasant, agreeable and fearless. He was elected High Sheriff of the Cherokee Nation in November 1875, and again in November 1877. After the expiration of this office he was chosen on account of his capability, Captain of the Indian Police for the Indian Territory, and served in this capacity until his death.

Starr, Eldee (See Ghigau and Adair)—George Harlan Starr married Nannie Bell and they were. the parents of Ezekial Eugene Starr who married Margaret, the daughter of Caleb and Lucinda (Griffin) Starr. Ezekial E. and Margaret Starr were the parents of Charles Lucien, Eldee, Mary Bell, Joel Mayes, Caroline Lucinda, Trixie. and Ezekial Blake Starr. Charles Lucien Starr married Amy Benge; Mary Bell Starr married Albert Moore Campbell; Joel Mayes Starr married Caroline Ferguson; and Caroline Lucinda Starr married James Robert Wyly. Eldee Starr was educated in the Female Seminary and the Forest Park University in St. Louis, Missouri, graduating from both institutions. She is a member of the South Methodist Church, and the Eastern Star Chapter. Her Cherokee name is Se-hah-yah Noxie. She is a clerk in the office of the Superintendent for the Five Civilized Tribes, doing extra work at Tahlequah.
The Starrs of Oklahoma are descendants from those of Chester County, Pennsylvania, formerly of Oldcastle, Ireland, and a little earlier from England. The name is derived from the Norman word Starri, which means hawk.
George Harlan Starr, the grandfather of Miss Eldee, had a peculiar habit of filling a corn crib that stood in the woods back of his farm, and giving general notice to the neighborhood that they might use this corn gratis, in case of necessity; and when the crib became depleted he refilled it.
Ezekial Starr, the father of Miss Eldee, was elected Senator from Flint District in August, 1883; and elected Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation December 23, 1891. He made the Strip Payment of over seven million dollars to the Cherokee Nation; and one of the proud heritages of the family is the fact that no one ever accused him of appropriating a dollar of this or any other fund placed in his trust.

Starr, Trixie (See Adair and Ghigau)—Trixie, daughter of Ezekial Eugene and Margaret E. Starr, was born at Tahlequah June 24, 1892; and was educated in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Her Cherokee name is Ah-na-hi Noxie. She is a member of the Methodist, church and the Eastern Star order. She is a clerk in the office of the Commissioner of the Five Civilized Tribes
Ezekial Eugene Starr was the son of George Harlan and Nannie (Bell) Starr. George Harlan Starr, the Grandfather of Miss Trixie was the son of Kaleb and Nannie (Harlan) Starr.
Ezekial Eugene Starr was treasurer of the Cherokee Nation and Senator from Flint District, as will be shown in the official lists of this volume.

Springston, John L. (See Foreman)—Anderson Springston was born October 13, 1814, and married Sallie Elliott. He died March 15, 1866, and Mrs. Sallie Elliott died in December 1876. Their son John Leah Springston was born October 13, 1844, he served in Company I, Third Indian Home Guard during the Civil War. He married March 8, 1885 Alice Carey Springston nee Gray, who was born December 31, 1861 in Georgia. Their son William Boudinot Springston was born October 28, 1886 in Tahlequah; was educated in the National schools of the Cherokee Nation. He married at Fort Smith, Arkansas, December 25, 1915, Lula, daughter of R. M. and Mary Ida Osborn, and was born September 29, 1886, in Johnson County, Arkansas.
Mr. and Mrs. William B. Springston have one son, William B. Junior, born October 15, 1918. Mr. Springston is a banker and a member of the Presbyterian church. He is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity.

Render, Mrs. Doctor Alonzo C. (See Ward and Downing)—Jimmie Abercrombie, daughter of James Abercrombie and Lucy Ann (Clerk) Duncan, was born near Afton October 30, 1879. She married in Kansas City October 22, 1919, Dr. Alonzo C, son of Joshawa and Martha Forsythe Render, born August 8, 1876 in Louisville, Logansport Co., Ky. He was educated in Louisville Ky. and is a graduate from Northwestern University, Chicago. Dr. and Mrs. Render are members of the South Methodist church, and he belongs to the Masonic fraternity.

Parlette, Mrs. Snowden (See Oolootsa)—James Columbus Morris married Ellen F. McElrath, and they were the parents of Mary Trimble Morris, born at Fort Gibson October 5, 1882, and was educated at Tahlequah and the Female Seminary. She married at Tahlequah May 15, 1898, Snowden, son of Franklin and Alice Parlette, born Jan. 29, 1880 in Wamego, Kansas. He was educated in Baker University and graduated from Harvard University, They are the parents of John, born April 17, 1911, and Snowden Parlette, born Jan 16, 1918. Mr. Parlette is in the wholesale book and stationery business in Oklahoma City. He is a thirty-second degree Mason and one of the most substantial business men of Oklahoma City. Mrs. Parlette is a member of the Daughters of Revolution and Daughters of the Confederacy.
Ellen F. McElrath was born March 18, 1846 in Knoxville County, Tennessee. She married in 1865, Major James Columbus Morris born July 13, 1843. Major Morris was an officer of the Confederacy in his native State. He died in 1895.

Caldwell, B. M. (See Grant and Duncan)—Benjamin Morris, son of John Johnson and Caroline Maria (Thompson) Caldwell, was born August 9, 1889. Educated in the Cherokee Public schools, and married Cora Bell Smith.
Caroline Maria Caldwell, nee Thompson, was born July 18, 1860. She married January 12, 1879 John Johnson Caldwell, born February 27, 1849, in Pendleton County, Kentucky. She died February 2, 1894. They were the parents of Benjamin Morris Caldwell.

Barbre, Mrs. Jesse A. (See Ghigau, Foreman and Adair.)—Phoeba Montana, daughter of Thomas Lafayette and Josephine (Pace) Rider, was born December 28, 1885, and educated at the Female Seminarv. She married Jesse Albert Barbre, and they are the parents of William Albert Barbre. Mr. Barbre is one of the most prominent contractors and insurance men of the State, his office being at Muskogee. He was the campaign manager for Governor J. B. A. Robertson and helped to pile up the largest majority that had ever been secured for any Governor in the State of Oklahoma.

Ackley, Mrs. Levi (See Grant and Ghigau)—Mary Jane, daughter of John Joshua and Minerva Elizabeth (Lillard) Patrick, was born March 12, 1868. Educated in the Cherokee National school, and married January 20, 1887 Levi Ackley, born June 28, 1861, in Bruce County, Ontario, Canada. They are the parents of Oliver Frederick, Madge Elizabeth, Lee Etta, and Edna Almira Ackley. Mr. and Mrs. Ackley are residents of Muskogee.

Barker, William Henry (See Ghigau)—Elvira, daughter of Jesse and Sallie (Starr) Mayfield, married William Henry Barker; and they were the parents of Sallie Belle Barker who married Henry Forney Nicholson. Mr. Barker was elected a member of Council from Canadian District in 1889, and was chosen by that body as their speaker. He was elected Circuit Judge of the Southern Judicial Circuit of the Cherokee Nation in 1891, serving for a four-year term. He is at present a retired farmer at Muskogee.

Starr, A. N. (See Ghigau, Sanders, Adair and Gosaduisga)—Edward Bruce, son of Joseph McMinn and Delilah (Adair) Starr, was born April 2, 1850, and married Rachel Pauline Henry. His death occurred on May 18, 1882. They were the parents of: Ida Martha, born October 6, 1874; Archibald Noon, born June 3, 1877, and Susan Delilah Starr, born April 3, 1880. The middle name, Noon, in Mr] Starr's name is from the Cherokee name "noona", meaning potato. He married in July, 1897, Mary Pauline Terrell, born April 13, 1880; and they were the parents of: Thomas Andrew, Toney Bryan, and Edward Bruce Starr. Mrs. Mary Pauline Terrell, born April 13, 1880; and they were the parents of Thomas Andrew, Toney Bryan, and Edward Bruce Starr. Mrs. Mary Pauline Starr died, and Mr. Starr married Margaret Lelia Coffee, and they were the parents of Henry Lane, Samuel Boyd, and Eliza Pauline Starr. Mrs. Margaret Lelia Starr is now deceased, and Mr. Starr and his children live near Claremore where they conduct a farm.

Craig, A. H. (See Ghigau and Conrad)—Nancy Jane, daughter of Daniel and Annie (Ballard) Ratliff, born February 21, 1874, married September 3, 1801 Amon Hale Craig, born February 15, 1858 in Jackson County, Tennessee. They are the parents of Ada Starr, born August 15, 1893; Amon Hale, born June 6, 1896; Clifford Cravens, born August 2, 1898, and Warren Reed Craig, born October 22, 1899.

Evans, Marie (See Grant)—Susan Ola, daughter of William H. and Hannah (Davis) Corn, was born July 24, 1876, and married William E. Evans. They were the parents of Marie, born August 5, 1894, and Leander Keys Evans, born April 6, 1897.

Dunham, Mrs. Elleanor O. (See Grant, Ghigau, Foreman and Conrad)—Martha Adair, daughter of George Washington and Cherokee (Ratliff) Brewer, married Richard Fields Benge, and they were the parents of Georgia Alma, Elleanor Osceola, Lelia Leon, Dora, and Senora Sammie Benge.
Eleanor Osceola Benge, born January 18, 1889, married Cleveland Bunham and lives near Adair, Oklahoma.

Keys, Dennis B. (See Grant, Ghigau, Foreman, Adair and Riley)—Dennis Bushyhead, son of James McDaniel and Nancy Jane (Mayes) Keys, was born July 15, 1878, and married Nannie Ethel, daughter of John Martin and Nannie Ethel (Brewer) Riley, born October 15, 1883. They are the parents of Gordon Lindsay Keys.
Charlotte, daughter of Reverend Jesse and Eliza (Wilkerson) Bushyhead, married George Washington Mayes, and they were the parents of Nancy Jane Mayes who married James McDaniel Keys.
George Washington, son of John and Elizabeth (Taylor) Brewer, married Cherokee (Ratliff) and they were the parents of Mrs. Nannie Ethel Riley.

Gulager, F. W. (See Oolootsa)—Martha Lucretia, daughter of Martin Mathew and Elizabeth Hunt (Gunter) Scrimsher, was born December 9, 1845. Educated in the Cherokee Nation, and married January 27, 1869, Frederick William Gulager, born March 14, 1844 in Washington, District of Columbia. They are the parents of William Martin, Christian, Mary Elizabeth, Henry Gunter, and John Delancy Gulager.
Mary Elizabeth Gulager was born April 27, 1880 and graduated from the Female Seminary May 25, 1900.

Gaines, Dr. J. H. (See Ghigau and Oolootsa)—Cynthia, daughter of Thomas Jefferson and Jennie (Taylor) Pack, married Daniel Harmon and they were the parents of Emma Henrietta, Jennie, Laura, Elizabeth, McGilbra, Benjamin Franklin, and Lena Modesta Harmon.
Lena Modesta Harmon was born October 23, 1885, and married Dr. John Harris Gaines, born April 29, 1870 in Washington County, Arkansas. He graduated from the Memphis Hospital Medical College in 1906, and is at present practicing medicine at Warner, Oklahoma. They are the parents of Daniel Benjamin, born September 26, 1910; Helen Elizabeth, born September 8, 1912 and Dorothy Gaines, born April 28, 1916.
Dr. Gaines was Court Clerk of Muskogee County from 1917 to 1919.

Duncan, John E. (See Grant, Downing, Ghigau and Duncan)—John Ellis, son of Reverend Walter Adair and Martha (Wilson) Duncan, was born March 26, 1861; educated in the Cherokee Nation and married January 1, 1890, Susan Elizabeth, daughter of James and Catherine (Emory) Carselowry, born July 30, 1873. They are the parents of: Ellis Crowell, Robert Stewart, Kathleen Nana, Albert Carselowry, Walter Abercrombie, Johnnie May, and Charles D. Duncan.
Mr. Duncan was elected Clerk of Tahlequah District in 1893 and was the last elected High Sheriff of the Cherokee Nation.

Cunningham, A. B. (See Grant, Ghigau, Oolootsa, Adair and Duncan)—Andrew Bell, son of Jeter Thompson and Keziah Camille (Moore) Cunningham, was elected Sheriff of Tahlequah District in 1897, and upon the death of Chief William C. Rogers, he was appointed by the Interior Department as Chief of the Cherokee Nation.
Jeter Thompson, son of Andrew Brown and Mariah (Lynch) Cunningham, was born December 1, 1843. He was First Lieutenant of Company A, First Cherokee Mounted Volunteers, under Captain Hugh Tinnin and Colonel Stand Watie. He married on June 13, 1866, Keziah Camille, daughter of Elijah and Jamima (Landrum) Moore, born February 12, 1849. He was elected Councilor from Delaware District August 2, 1869, and August 4, 1873; elected Clerk of the same District August 2, 1875. He moved to Tahlequah where he was for several years Executive Secretary to the Chief.

Croom, Elmer C. (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Lorella Coleman, born March 14, 1858, married September 17, 1874 Joseph Thomas Smith, born December 10, 1846 were the parents of Jessie Morton Smith, born June 22. 1S75. She married December 27, 1894. Isaac Newton Croom, born August 12. 1867 in Madison County, Tennessee. They were the parents of Joseph Newton, Marvin Earl, William Lee, Ebner Clement, and Lula Irene Croom. The Crooms are residents of Muskogee.

Cowan, Alex, Jr.span> (See Grant)—Alexander Clingan, son of Andrew Finis and Elizabeth Jeanette (Clingan) Sowan, was born October 7, 1861, and married December 30, 1886, Lillie Bone Crawford, born April 24, 1871 in Ellis County, Texas. They were the parents of Stella Cherry, Terry Crawford, Louie Alexa, Georgia Hardy, Alexander Finie, and Andrew Jasper Cowan.
Martha Jane, daughter of William and (Fields) Blythe, married Alexander Adam Clingan, and they were the parents of Elizabeth Jeanette Clingan who married Andrew Finis Cowan.

Martin, Frank G. (See Oolootsa and Ross) —Frank Garland, son of William Hercules and Jennie (Lowrey) Martin, was born in Tahlequah District on August 9, 1884.
Jennie, daughter of Henry and Mary (Parris) Lowrey, married August 6, 1875 John Hubbard, born May 24, 1849. He died March 11, 1880. She married on September 9, 1883. William Hercules Martin, born March 9, 1855. By her first marriage she had two children, Joanna and Mary Hubbard; and by the second marriage her children were, consecutively: Frank Garland, Eugene Warren, William Henry, Susie Lowrey, Teresa Josephine, Ellen Cordelia, Jennie, and Sequoyah Raymond Martin.

Horn Mrs. Eliza (See Grant and Foreman) —Eliza Jane, daughter of Johnson and Elizabeth (Foreman) Proctor, was born April 8, 1851, and married March 18, 1878 William H. Horn, born December 24, 1854. He died March 6, 1897. They were the parents of Dora May, Mary Elizabeth, Margaret, Charles Thomas, and George Hoolie Horn. Mrs. Horn owns and conducts a farm near Big Cabin, Oklahoma.

Rider, Thomas L. (See Ghigau, Foreman and Adair)—Thomas Lafayette, son of Charles Austin Augustus and Mary Ann (Bigby) Rider, was born April 12, 1856; and married September 29, 1878 Josephine Pace, born March 22 ,1861, in Cherokee County, Georgia. They are the parents of Ola, Mary Angeline, Ruth Belle, Phoeba Montana, Mittie Earl, Roscoe Conklin, Milton Clark, Iva Josephine, Cherokee Augusta, and Anna Monetta Rider.
Mary Ann, daughter of Thomas Wilson and Margaret Catherine (Adair) Bigby, was born November 6, 1834, married Charles Austin Augustus Rider, born November 28, 1830. She died in 1861; and he died December 24, 1901. They were the parents of Thomas Lafayette Rider.
Mr. Rider was elected Representative from Adair County in the first, second ,and fourth Legislatures; and was elected Senator from the 28th District for the seventh and eighth Legislatures.

Richards, R. D. (See Grant)—Mary, daughter of John W. and Ellen (Thompson) Wilson, was born January 2, 1857, and married July 1, 1875 Willis Taylor Richards, born June 6, 1847 in Lauderdale County, Mississippi. He served in Company B, 46th Texas Infantry in the Confederate Service. He was elected a member of Council from Tahlequah District in 1903. They are the parents of Roderick Dhu Richards, born July 5, 1884, and graduated from the Male Seminary June 10, 1903. He married Grace Roper Wallace who graduated from the Female Seminary on June 9, 1903.

Rogers, Mrs. Bertha (See Oolootsa, Ross and Gosaduisga)—Lewis Ross, son of Florian Haraden and Fannie (Vann) Nash, was born April 15, 1864, married May 15, 1890 Emma Beck, born January 21, 1871. She died May 5, 1896. They were the parents of Fairy Fawn and Edgar Ross Nash. Mr. Nash married November 24, 1897 Bertha McSpadden, born January 16, 1877, and they were the parents of Dorothy Margaret and Clarence E. Nash. Mr. Nash died and Mrs. Nash married Hugh Morgan Rogers, born Sept. 16, 1864. They were the parents of one child and Mr. Rogers is now deceased. Mrs. Rogers is a resident of Fort Gibson, Oklahoma.

Scott, Mrs. Walter (See Grant and Ross)—Nannie Ratliff born December 29, 1856, married Thomas Fox French, and they were the parents of Bernice Martha French who married James Milner Howard: Margaret French who married Charles McDonald, and Nannie French who married Lewis G. Girtley Sleeper. Thomas Fox French died and Mrs. French married Rufus Wyatt McCracken and they were the parents of Walter Scott McCracken. Mr. and Mrs. McCracken were divorced and she married Walter Scott. Mr. and Mrs. Scott are well-to-do farmers near Fort Gibson, Oklahoma.

Hickey, Thomas P. (See Grant and Ghigau)—Lucinda, daughter of John and Margaret (Bean) Gott. was born August 12, 1854. Married Thomas Preston, son of Henry H. and Rachel Jane (Fields) Hickey, born September 15, 1853. They were the parents of Nannie Belle, Edna EarL George Henry, Nellie Myrtle, Rachel Cherokee, William Bevelly, John Walter, Richard Carter, and Mary Lucinda Hickey.

Head, W. F. (See Ward)—Mary Ward, daughter of Robert Andrew and Frances M. (Ward) Hosey, was born September 4, 1882; married Walter Ford Head. Mr. Head is an experienced linotype operator, living at Muskogee.

Harnage, C. D. (See Grant, Ghigau, Sanders and Gosaduisga)—William Wilson, son of George and Nannie (Mayfield) Harnage, married Jennie, daughter of John Shepherd and Elizabeth P. (Fields) Vann, and they are the parents of Richard Vann and Charles Dana Harnage.

Hanks, Mrs. Mary E. (See Downing, Oolootsa)—Robert Taylor, son of Robert Taylor and Margaret Ann Ward (Morgan) Hanks, was born January 9, 1840. He married December 22, 1890 Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Jennie (Wright) Wafford, born September 7, 1864, and they were the parents of Roberta Inez Hanks.
Mr. Hanks was appointed Circuit Judge for the Southern Circuit of the Cherokee Nation, May 3, 1878, and was elected to this position on August 5, succeeding. He was elected a member of Council from Canadian District in 1879 and 1881; and was elected Clerk of the Council in 1885.

Sanders, Lewis J. (See Sanders)—Samuel D., son of Andrew Sanders, married Nancy Jane Gafford and Martha Ann Harris. Samuel D. and Nancy Jane Sanders were the parents of Lewis Johnson Sanders, born December 12, 1872, and married March 3, 1891 Mary Ellen Parson, born April 30, 1875. They were the parents of Thomas Johnson, Charlotte Mable, William F., and Ora E. Sanders.

Peck, A. D. (See Foreman)—Rachel Barnes, born November 27, 1834, married Jenkins Whiteside Maxfield. She died in 1861, and he died in 1877. They were the parents of Mary Maxfield, born September 1, 1856, and married October 12, 1873 James M. Milner, born December 11, 1847, in Greencastle, Indiana. They were the parents of William Jenkins, Florence Elizabeth, John Gage, Josephine Elmira Milner. Mr. Milner died, and Mrs. Milner married on March 4, 1894, Adolpha D. Peck, born Jan. 25, 1863 in Mohaska County, Iowa. They are the parents of Charles Everett, born January 25, 1896, and Jesse Bushyhead Peck, born June 23, 1901.

Floreain H. Nash, (See Oolootsa)—Lucy Morgan, daughter of Andrew Lewis and Cherokee America (Morgan) Rogers, was born June 6, 1857 and married November 11, 1874, Floreain Haraden Nash, born November 28, 1837 in New Orleans, Louisiana. She died December 28, 1890.
Mr. Nash was Grand Master of the Indian Territory Grand Lodge A. F. A. .M. in 1885, 86 and 87. Mr. and Mrs. Nash were the parents of Fannie Elizabeth, Floreain Haraden, Frank Ayer, Lucy Morgan, Corinne, Hilda, and Edwin Otto Nash.

Mayes, W. L. (See Downing, Oolootsa, Adair and Ghigoneli)—William Lucullus, son of Samuel Houston and Martha Elizabeth (Vann) Mayes, was born February 6, 1874; educated in the Male Seminary. He married January 8, 1901, Mary Llewellyn, daughter of Gideon and Mary Llewellyn (Payne) Morgan, born June 23, 1877 and graduated from the Female Seminary June 28, 1894. They are the parents of Martha Llewellyn Mayes, born August 24, 1902. Mr. Mayes is prominently identified with real estate and oil activities in Muskogee, Oklahoma.

Morgan, Lelia (See Oolootsa)—Gideon Morgan, born April 3, 1851, married June 25, 1874, Mary Llewellyn Payne, born Oct. 1, 1855 in Sebastian County, Arkansas. Mr. Morgan was elected Senator from Tahlequah District August 5, 1901; and was elected a member of the State Legislature from Mayes County in the fourth and seventh Legislatures. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan were the parents of Houston Mayo, Mary Llewellyn, Martha Lelia, Margaret Elizabeth, Amanda Payne, Sallie Mayo, and Nellie Payne Morgan.

Miller, William W. (See Grant and Halfbreed)—Joseph Gambold, son of Avery Vann and Nannie (Ward) Miller, was born July 16, 1828. Married March 1, 1850, Jennie, daughter of James and Matilda (Benge) Buffington, born February 10, 1833. He was a member of Company E, First Cherokee Mounted Rifles, under Captain Joseph F. Thompson. Mr. Miller died February 26, 1897. They were the parents of William Walter Miller, born July 20, 1853. He married March 16, 1884 Mary Francis Bishop, born April 7, 1863 in Decater County, Indiana; and they were the parents of Charles William. Henry .Mayes. Joseph Gambold, David Andrew, Matilda Ann, and John Buffington Miller.

Tyner, Mrs. George M. (See Sanders)—Nancy, daughter of George O. Saunders and Jennie Tail married Jefferson Tyner and their son George Marion Tyner was born April 10, 1883. Graduated from Male Seminary May 29, 1907. Married at Vinita June 16, 1916 Ethel, daughter of John Pleasant and Martha J. Marshall, born March 5, 1889 in Texas. They are the parents of George Marion Tyner, Jr. born August 24, 1917.
Mr. and Mrs. Tyner are members of the Methodist Church. They taught school several years before their marriage.

Shimoon, Dr. George (See Oolootsa)—Gertrude Whitman, daughter of Connell and Florence (Nash) Rogers, was born July 11, 1879. Educated in the Cherokee public schools and Female Seminary, graduating from the latter on June 24, 1897. Married at Fort Gibson March 24, 1908, Dr. George Shimoon, D. D. S., born Dec. 18, 1878, in Burmia, Persia. Educated in Missionary College and Knox College, Gilesbeury, Illinois and graduated from Indiana Dental College. They are the parents of Miriam Shimoon, born August 14, 1912. Mrs. Gertrude W. Shimoon died April 11, 1906.

Alberty, Mrs. Charlotte (See Grant and Downing)—Charlotte Ann, daughter of Ellis B. and Charlotte (Eaton) Towers, was born September 30, 1854. She married January 1, 1872, Jacob U., son of John D. and Jennie (Dougherty) Alberty, who was born March 20, 1854. Mr. Alberty died October 27, 1906. They were the parents of John Henry, born February 20, 1874; Nancy Jane, born March 17, 1876, and died August 25, 1893; Joshua Homer, born April 24, 1878; Flora Etta born April 4, 1885; William Towers, born November 25, 1887; Arthur Burr, born January 19, 1891. Joshua Homer Alberty married Eva Henry, and he died August 28, 1907. They were the parents of Gladys May Alberty, born November 20, 1905. Mrs. Eva Alberty lives in Colorado.
Mrs. Charlotte A. Alberty's Cherokee name is Ah-ni-wake, and she is a member of the Presbyterian church.
One daughter, Lola Beatrice Alberty born April 18, 1882, died Oct. 24, 1883. John Henry Alberty died July 13, 1914. Joshua Homer died Aug. 28, 1907.

Brown, Mrs. W. L. (See Downing)—Leona Deen, daughter of Clement and Rebecca Caroline (Bryan) Hayden, was born August 18, 1886, at Chouteau. She was educated in her native village and Stephens College, Columbia, Mo. She married at Chouteau March 5, 1905, William L., son of Wifford C. Brown and Sarah Francis Brown, born July 7, 1883, in Anderson County, Ky. He was educated in his native county and Danville, Ind., and graduated from Waddy College, Waddy, Ky. They are the parents of Eloise Caroline, born Feb. 8, 1906, Charles Hayden, born Aug 5, 1907 and William L. Jr. born Sept. 1, 1909,. Mr. Brown is a business man in Oklahoma City and they are members of the Methodist church.
Clement Hayden, born March 20, 1846, in Benton County, Arkansas. Married March 7, 1869, Rebecca Caroline Bryan, born Jan. 30, 1850. She died July 9, 1917. They were the parents of Mrs. Leona D. Brown.
Clement Hayden died May 2nd, 1917.

Gilliland, Mrs. Homer F. (See Turner)—Anna Laura, daughter of William and Annie Laurie Turner, was born October 14, 1890. She graduated from the Female Seminary May 27, 1909; and married Jan. 18, 1918, Homer F. Gilliland, born Jan. 12, 1885, in Johnson County, Ark. He was educated in Ft. Smith Public Schools and University of Arkansas. Mr. Gilliland is a banker in Ft. Gibson, Okla.
William Hendricks, born August 25, 1795 in North Carolina. Married in September 1816 Susannah, born in 1798. He died January 21, 1868 and she died January 25, 1868. They were the parents of Hendricks, born May 24, 1819. Married George Peacheater and Felix Riley and they were the parents of Mrs. Susan R. Gourd.

Rhomer, Mrs. May (See Grant and Oolootsa)—May, the daughter of Calvin Jones and Emma Walker (McCoy) Hanks, was born at Webbers Falls July 19, 1872; was educated at Webbers Falls and the Female Seminary. She married April 15, 1888, Frank Rhomer, born Jan. 6, 1863 in New Orleans, La. They are the parents of Emma Nora, born February 2, 1889; May Frances, born November 17, 1891; Margaret Bell, born April 2, 1894; and Fannie Charlotte Rhomer, born March 20, 1896. The Rhomers are farmers near Webbers Falls.
Margaret Belle Rhomer married Robert Preston Vann, Jr. of Webbers Falls. Mr. Vann was killed in action Sept. 12, 1918 in France. His body was sent back home to his wife Margaret Belle and was buried by her in the National Cemetery at Ft. Gibson, Aug. 10, 1921.
May Frances Rhomer married Charles F. Ross, grandson of Andrew Ross. Their children are Charles Rhomer Ross, born at Webbers Falls; Beulah May Ross, born at Webbers Falls February 5, 1918 and Robbie Belle Ross bom at Webbers April 6, 1919. They now live in Sapulpa, Okla
Calvin Jones, son of Robert Taylor and Margaret Ann Ward (Morgan) Hanks, was born February 8, 1836, and married April 11, 1861 Emma Walker McCoy, who was born April 3, 1841. He was a private in Captain John S. Vann's Company, and in Captain Samuel Gunter's Company in the Confederate army. He was elected Councilor from Canadian District August 5, 1867; and Senator from the same District August 6, 1887. He died May 1, 1879.
Mrs. Emma Hanks, nee McCoy died February 8, 1900. They were the parents of Mrs. May Rhomer.

Shaw, Mrs. Walter W.—Mary, daughter of John and Nellie (Conkle) Bullette, was born at Claremore October 24, 1886. She was educated in Lexington, Missouri Baptist Female College and Lindenwood Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri, graduating from the latter institution. She married in 1906 at Claremore, Walter W., son of Charles and Ida (White) Shaw, born November 21, 1880 in Owego, New York. They are the parents of Walter W., Jr. born April 17, 1907, and Martha Helen Shaw, born August 7, 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Shaw are members of the Presbyterian church. He is a Mason. He was elected County Judge of Rogers County, November 5, 1912 and is at present interested in the Exchange Trust Company of Tulsa.
John Bullette, the father of Mrs. Shaw, was elected a member of the Cherokee National Council on February 28, 1876; was elected Clerk of Cooweescoowee District August 1, 1881, and Solicitor of the same District on August 5, 1895.
Captain White Eyes, Head War Chief of the Delawares and personal friend of George Washington was an ally of the Americans in the revolutionary war. He was the father of Nee-what-wes, who married Ah-ke-chelung-un-a-qua and their daughter Elizabeth married William Connor of Noblesville, Indiana, and they in turn were the parents of Eliza Connor who married Pendoxey or George Bullette, a renowned and intrepid trader whose operations extended as far west as the Rocky Mountains. In the first decade of the eighteenth century he established and was chief of Delawaretown on Spavinaw Creek, from which Delaware County, Oklahoma, derived its name. Chief Bullette commanded the Delawares at the battle of Claremore Mound in 1818. John, the son of George and Eliza (Connor) Bullette, was the father of John and George Bullette, the latter and surviving brother is the present Chief of the Delawares.

Adair, Oscar F. (See Adair, Ghigau and Foreman)—Oscar Fitzaland, son of John Thompson and Penelope (Mayfield) Adair, was born March 8, 1848. Married February 3, 1875 Mary Catherine, daughter of Augustus and Mary Ann (Bigby) Rider, born April 20, 1859. They were the parents of Mary Louvenia; Wenona; William Penn; Sarah Ruth; John Lafayette; Rose Ada; and Walthal Corrigan Adair.
John Adair, a Scotchman, married Gahoka's full-blood Cherokee of the Deer Clan. Their son, Walter, commonly called "Black Watt" Adair, was born December 11, 1783, and married May 15, 1804 Rachel Thompson, born December 24, 1776. He died January 20, 1835; and she died April 22, 1876. Their son John Thompson Adair was born December 22, 1812, and married January 30, 1840, Penelope Mayfield, born May 12, 1824. He died December 23, 1891. They were the parents of Oscar Fitzaland, who was elected Judge of Sequoyah District in 1885 and 1887; and Commissioner of Sequoyah County in 1907.

Trout, George W. (See Ward and Ghigau)—George Washington, son of Samuel and Louisa (Ward) Trout was born in Georgia, September 15, 1847. He served the Confederacy during the Civil War under Capand Joseph Franklin Thompscon. He is at present (1921) one, of not over twenty survivors, of the Confederate Cherokee Brigade of over three thousand veterans. He married in December 1868 Mary Eaton, born in 1847. They were the parents of: Sallie Emma, born May 4, 18 70, married William Baker; Elizabeth, born December 1872; married Charles S. McComb; Logan John, born April S. 1876; and James Morton, born April 21, 1883. Mrs. Mary Trout died April 25, 1883. He married July 29, 1884, Martha Ann, daughter of Richard Taylor and Sarah Elizabeth (Day) Parks, born March 26, 1885 in Bradley County, Tennessee. They are the parents of: Henry Ward, born July 29, 1886 Isaac Day, born February 16, 1888; Georgia Ann, born December 24, 1890, and Creed B. Trout, born September 27, 1892; he enlisted in the World War at Vinita, September 22, 1917; was assigned to Battery A, 319th Field Artillery, 82nd Division. Was in the actions of Toul Sector, August 16 to 28; St. Mihiel, September 12 to 16; Meuse-Argonne, September 26 to November 11, 1918; Army of Occupation to May 12, 1919. Was discharged at Camp Pike, Arkansas, May 24, 1919. He is entitled to wear a gold service chevron.
Henry Ward Trout married Stella Lauchner and they were the parents of Leta B. Trout. Mr. Trout's second wife was Eva Ketchum, and they are the parents of Lucile and Argyle Woodrow Trout.
George W. Trout is an Odd Fellow and Mason, and has been for many years a merchant at Big Cabin.

Pierce, Mrs. James M. (See Cordery)—Nancy Jane, daughter of Albert and Louisa (Cordery) Anderson, was born January 1, 1882; and married August 23, 1896, James Madison Pierce, born December 13, 1877, in Hall County, Georgia. They were the parents of Gertrude, born June 3, 1897; Mark, born November 7, 1898; James Clayton, born February 7, 1902 and Earl B. Pierce, born February 8, 1905.
Mr. Pierce is one of the wealthiest cotton farmers of the Muskogee-Fort Gibson section, owning and operating hundreds of acres nf valuable land, and several cotton gins.

Abbott, Mrs. John H. (See Ward and Foreman)—Martha Alice, daughter of John Wesley and Mary Elvira (Ward) Holland, was born January 28, 1862; married at Stilwell June 21, 1884; Robert Early, born February 16, 1858, in Gilmer County, Georgia. He died August 27, 1906. They were the parents of Dora, born March 16, 1886; John William, born June 22, 1887 Mary Angeline, born February 1, 1889; Martha Lou, born September 17, 1893, and died November 7, 1911; Robert Ross, born October 14, 1895; Ida Belle, born February 3, 1898, and died September 23, 1920; Mollie Elmira, born October 24, 1900, and Dovie Early, born November 3, 1904.
Ida Belle Early married Herbert Line and they had two children: John Wesley, born May 1, 1918, and Martha Line, born July 3, 1919.
Mrs. Martha Alice Early married John H. Abbott, born in 1847 in Florida. His first wife was Ellen Isabel, daughter of Robert Early and Minerva Jane (Taylor) Walker, born in 1867, and died in 1898. John H. and Ellen Isabel Abbott were the parents of Ethel Louisa, born October 5, 1875; Eugene Michael, born November 25, 1877; John Wesley, born September 28, 1879; Caroline Minerva, born December 23, 1880; Senora Julia, born November 20, 1882; Fannie Edith, born February 1 5, 1885; Mae Lillian, born September 20, 1887; Butler Lafayette, born July 24, 1889; William Ghormley, born October 20, 1893, and Jennie Ellen Abbott, born November 13, 1895.

Woodall, Leander (See Woodall)—Leander, son of James Tuck and Elizabeth (Perdue) Woodall, was born in Delaware District February 8, 1876, educated at Ketchum. Married in Arkansas, February 22, 1906 Jessie, daughter of John L. and Malinda Berry. Mr. Woodall is a farmer near Ketchum, he is a member of the A. H. T. A. which means that he is a supporter of good citizenship.

Peebles, Mrs. James L. (See Grant and Foreman)—Nannie, daughter of Spencer and Margaret (Proctor) Shelton was educated in Tahlequah District and Female Seminary. Married at Tahlequah, James L., son of Mr. and Mrs. Peebles.
They are the parents of: Joseph Lawrence, James Shelton, Charlotte May, Edgar Vann, Vera E., Robert, Virginia and Spencer Peebles. Mr. Peebles is farmer near Tahlequah, is a member of the Woodmen of the World. He was elected County Commissioner of Cherokee County September 17, 1907.
Margaret, daughter of Johnson and Elizabeth (Foreman) Proctor was born May 1, 1846 and married Spencer Shelton. She died April 14. 1885.

Cochran, Mrs. Ned A. (See Grant)—Willie Penn Adair Martin, born at Greenbriar, August 1, 1879, educated locally and at Female Seminary. Married at Pryor, July 24, 1905 Ned Adair, son of Richard and Mary Cochran, born August 20, 1880, educated at Orphan Asylum. They are the parents of Mary Virginia, born July 26, 1910 Cherry Adair, born January 5, 1912; Joseph Martin born February 28, 1915 and Robert Edward born March 4, 1917. Mrs. Cochran belongs to the Deer clan and her Cherokee name is Coluna.
Joseph Lynch Martin, born in Georgia, August 20, 1820. Married July 21, 1870 Jennie Harlin, born April 8, 1849 at Tahlequah. He died November 9, 1891. They were the parents of Mrs. Ned A. Cochran.

LaHay, Margaret Russell (See Grant)—Joseph Martin, son of John and Helen Marr (Martin) La Hay, was born August 27, 1864 at Boggy Depot in the Choctaw Nation. He married November 10, 1886 at Richmond, Missouri, Annie Russell, born December 12, 1864, at Wishaw, Scotland. They were the parents of Margaret Russell La Hay, born July 26, 1890, at Claremore. She was educated in the Claremore public schools, Drury College, Springfield, Missouri, and Alary Baldwin Seminary, Staunton, Virginia. Mrs. La Hay is a member of the Presbyterian church and is at present a clerk in the Union Agency at Muskogee.
Joseph Martin La Hay, the Father of Miss Margaret, was a man of splendid intellect, pleasing personality, and genial character. He held at different times the highest offices in both the Masonic and Knights of Pythias fraternities. He was Clerk and Senator of Cooweescoowee District.

Williams, Sarah B. (See Cordery)—Sarah, daughter of William and Susan (Vance) Burgess, was born near Pryor, Saturday December 19, 1857. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools. Her first husband was John McPherson and her second husband, whom she married in 1893 was William, son of Edward Williams. Mr. and Mrs. Williams are the parents of Willie Jane, and Annie Gladys Williams.
John, son of William and Mary (Vann) Burgess married Mary Smith and they were the parents of William Burgess who married Susan Vance.

Cox, J. D. (See Duncan)—James Duncan, son of Zeno and Rebecca (Duncan) Cox born August 7, 1886, educated in the Cherokee national schools. Married at Vinita September 27, 1913 May C., daughter of William and Minerva Shockey. They are the parents of: Riley, born March 11, 1914; Cora, born June 14, 1915; James Duncan, born June 17, 1917 and Lucile Cox, born March 3, 1919. Mr. Cox is a farmer.

Sanders, Sequoyah (See Grant, Downing, Ghigau and Sanders)—Sequoyah, the son of Thomas Didymus and Joanna (Pettit) Sanders, was born at Braggs in 1888. He was educated in the public schools of the Cherokee Nation; married at Independence, Kansas Cora Wyatt. They are the parents of Coaone and Georgia Sanders.
Mr. and Mrs. Sanders are members of the Nazarene Church.
Wahyah, brother of Mr. Sanders, married Willie Hawkins; and his brother Joseph Emmet Sanders married Jennie Riley. The latter couple are the parents of Thomas Didymus, Anna May and Emeline Sanders.
Frank Pettit married Mary Beck and they were the parents of Mrs. Joanna (Pettit) Sanders.

Chandler, Vann S. (See Ward)—Vann S., son of Burgess Gaithor and Annie Eliza (Gunter) Chandler, born August 20, 1882, educated at William Halsell College, Vinita. Married at Vinita, June 1, 1912, Maude A. daughter of L. A. and Annie E. Williams. They are the parents of: Lawrence Stuart, born April 20, 1913; Wilma Gawdin, born July 25, 1915 and Burgess Chandler, born February 12, 1920. Mr. Chandler who is a younger brother of Hon. Thomas A. Chandler, Congressman from the First District of Oklalioma, is a dealer in hay, grain and farm machinery.

Sanders, Mrs. Dollie (See Foreman and Go-oo-du-i-sga)—Dollie, daughter of Charles and Mary Ellen (Thornton) Cochran, born August 23, 1877. Married at Tahlequah in 1897, S. L. Sanders. They are the parents of: Murrell, Charles, Haskell, and Ross Saunders.
Mary Ellen, daughter of Amos and Minerva (Foreman) Thornton was born February 14, 1857. Married June 15, 1876 Charles Cochran, born in 1845. He died March 16, 1889 and she died February 16, 1899. They were the parents of Mrs. Dollie Saunders.

Coats, Mrs. Susie D. (See Grant and Hildebrand)—Susie Dora, daughter of James and Emily (Harlin) Sunday was born in Cooweescoowee District September 12, 1876, educated in Female Seminary. Married September 11, 1893 James, son of James McKenzie and Annie C. (Spears) Coats, born April 1, 1866. They are the parents of Jennie Bessie, born January 25, 1894 James McKeiizie, born September 20, 1896 Elmer Earl, born September 4, 1901; Capitola Wyly, born February 15, 1903; Lulu May, born January 20, 1906; Eugene, born October 15, 1908; Belva Lockwood, born June 8, 1910 and David Coats, born March 3, 1912. Mr. Coats died December 15, 1915. Mrs. Coats manages a farm near Pryor. Miss Jennie Bessie Coats was elected Court Clerk of Mayes County November 5, 1918 and November 2, 1920. James McKenzie was educated in Pryor and Agricultural College at Stillwater. Capitola Wyly is a member of the 1922 High School class at Pryor.
Lucinda, daughter of Samuel and Catherine (Hildebrand) Martin married Joseph Spears and they were the parents of Annie C. Spears wife of James McKenzie Coats.

Alberty, Arthur (See Downing and Grant)—Arthur Burr, son of Jacob U. and Annie Charlotte (Towers) Alberty was born January 19, 1894.
Sallie Wright married Moses Alberty and their son John D. Alberty married Jennie Buffington. They were the parents of Jacob U. Alberty, who was the father of Arthur Burr Alberty.

Wilson, Mrs. DeWitt (See Grant, Downing, Adair, Daniel and Wilson)—DeWitt Clinton, son of Anderson Springston and Nancy Catherine (Daniel) Wilson was born January 7, 1859. Educated in the Cherokee National schools. Married June 25, 1885 Mary Ellen, daughter of Dr. Walter Thompson and Mary Buffington (Adair) Adair, born November 1, 1864. She graduated from the Cherokee National Female Seminary June 29, 1881 and Kirkwood 1883. They are the parents of: Lelia Stapler, born September 26, 1889, and Clinton Wilson, born January 5, 1893. Lelia Stapler Wilson, who is an accomplished musician, is the wife of Leon L. Leslie.
Nannie Catherine Daniel, born January 12, 1835, married December 23, 1858 Anderson Springston Wilson, born in 1830. They were the parents of DeWitt Clinton Wilson. Anderson Springston Wilson died December 26, 1865. Mrs. Nannie Catherine Wilson married December 14, 1872 Henry Clay Barnes. She died December 10, 1889.
Joseph Martin, born near Charlotteville, Virginia in 1740, married Susannah Fields nee Enmry, and they were the parents of John Martin, who married Nannie McDaniel. Martha, commonly called "Patsy" the eldest daughter of John and Nellie Martin, married George Washington, son of Walter, called "Black Watt" and Kachel Thompson Adair. Dr. Walter Thompson Adair, son of Walter and Rachel Adair, married Mary Buffington, daughter of Walter Scott, commonly called "Red Watt" and Nannie (Harris) Adair and they were the parents of Mrs. DeWitt Clinton Wilson.

Carden, William T. (See Hildebrand)—Barbara Hildebrand born in Tennessee January 13, 1828. Married Robert Woodard from whom she was divorced and then married William Longknife. Both her husbands were Cherokees. William and Barbara Longknife who had been living on Honey Creek in Delaware District joined the California argonauts in 1850. The caravan in which they embarked consisted of about seventyfive persons, one-third of whom were Cherokees, among whom were: O. H. P. and George W. Brewer, James S. Vann, Martin Matthew Scrimsher, John Hildebrand, John Wolf, John W. Candy, Buffalo, Richard R. Keys, Thomas Fox Taylor, Return Jonathan Meigs, Mr. and Mrs. Longknife. They started from the mouth of Verdigris, going northwest over the old California trail until they intercepted the Evans route which extended westward from Westport. They traveled six months before reaching their destination. R. J. Meigs who was a son-inlaw of Chief John Ross died near Salt Lake, Utah on August 6, 1850. Mary Jane, the eldest daughter of William and Barbara Longknife was born while enroute on September 18, 1850. She is now living in Honolulu. The second daughter, Anna Diane Longknife was born in California June 23, 1859. She was educated in and graduated from the Sacred Heart Convent in Honolulu, Hawaii, in 1875. Married in Honolulu June 24, 1884 John Joseph Carden. He died September 15, 1915. They were the parents of: William Thomas, born March 3, 1888; John Joseph, born February 25, 1890; Edward Walter, born October 21, 1812, and Mae Mary Anna Carden, born December 19, 1895. William Thomas Carden graduated from the University of California with the B. L. degree and from Harvard as a L. L. B., and is an attorney. 10 and 11 Brewer Bldg., Honolulu, Hawaii. He married March 23, 1916 Florence Gavin Cassidy; their daughter, Florence Aline Carden was born March 12, 1917. John Joseph Carden graduated from the University of California with the B. S. degree and from John Hopkins University Medical Department. He is a Captain in the Medical Corps of the United States Army and is stationed at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. Edward Walter Carden graduated from the University of California. Married August 10, 1918 Hazel Hunt Vinton and their daughter, Barbara Vinton Carden was born March 28, 1921. Mae Mary Anna Carden graduated with the A. B. degree from Vassar and is living with her mother in Honolulu.
Barbara (Hildebrand) Longknife's mother was named Diane Graves instead of Susannah Graves, as given in the Hildebrand family.

Tyner, Aaron (See Carter)—James Fields, son of Lewis and Sallie (Parris) Tyner, married Quatie Charley and they were the parents of Delilah, born June 3, 1883; Aaron, born December 22, 1886; James, born March 26, 1888; Ralph, born February 19, 1891 and Minnie Christine Tyner. Aaron Tyner was educated in the Male Seminary. He married Susie Fields. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows fraternity and is a substantial farmer near Sperry.
Lewis Tyner was born in 1837. Married Sallie, daughter of Moses and Mary (Langley) Parris, born in 1883. She died March 15, 1868 and he died October 10, 1894. They were the parents of James Fields Tyner.

Markham, B. H. (See Ghigau)—Bettie Ann, daughter of James Walker and Lucy Cordelia Skinner, was born April 12, 1888. Married at Clarksville, Arkansas, December 23, 1909 Baird Hackett Markham, born March 28, 1887, in Decatur, Texas. They are the parents of Jewell Marie, born August 17, 1911 and Baird Hackett, son of Winston Baird and Ada Hackett Markham, born April 12, 1916. Mr. Markham was educated in the Denison High School and the Texas Christian University of Waco, graduating from both. He is the owner of the Markham Motor Company of Oklahoma City. Mr. and Mrs. Markham are members of the Presbyterian church. He is affiliated with the Elks, Odd Fellows, Woodmen and Knights of Pythias. Is a member of the Kiwanee, Golf, Automobile, Lakeside Country, Add Centarian, National Guard, National Highway. Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce, Clubs. He has been President of the Oklahoma Automobile Dealers Association, President uf the National Guard Club and Colonel of the Oklahoma National Guards by virtue of which he was acting Adjutant General of Oklahoma.
Lucy Cordelia, daughter of Judge George Washington and Louisa (Spriggs) Parks, was born June 12, 1852. Married September 26, 1876 James Walker Skinner, born June 15, 1844 in Kentucky. He was Captain of Company A, 2nd Kentucky Cavalry under Colonel Basil Duke. Mrs. Skinner died July 29, 1896 and he died July 11, 1921. They were the parents of: Rosa Louisa, Willie, Thomas Fox, Morgan Desha, Galooga Theresa, Bettie Ann and Mary Ann Skinner. Rosa Louisa Skinner married Elizur B. Neville. Willie Skinner married Silas M. Meeks. Galooga Theresa Skinner married Seth Reed. Bettie Ann Skinner married B. H. Markham and lives in Oklahoma City.

Archer, Mrs. Thomas B. (See England)—Anna Bell daughter of Abram and Alta Berilla (Schrimsher) Meeks was born near Vinita November 20, 1878. Educated in Worcester Academy. Married April 22, 1897 Thomas B. Archer son of Thomas and Fannie Archer, born Aug. 29, 1873 in Vernon County, Navada, Mo. They are the parents of Irra, born July 10. 1898; Otto B., born July 9, 1900, Fannie B., born February 13, 1902; Thomas B., born November 15, 1903; Abram born November 4, 1905 and Morrill Archer, born March 22, 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Archer are members of the Baptist Church. He is a produce merchant at Vinita. Ina, Otto B. and Fannie B. Archer are graduates from Vinita High School. Ima married at Vinita January 17, 1920 Harold E. Boggs. Otto Archer married at Vinita July 19, 1921 Gertrude Braden.

Owen, Mrs. Thomas H. (See Grant)—Louise Scott, daughter of James Orval and Mary E. (Davis) Hall, was born near Vinita, August 23, 1877. She was educated at Vinita and Harrell Institute, and is a graduate from the latter institution. She married November 2, 1898, Luman Franklin Parker, born August 23, 1872, in Phelps County, Missouri. He died Aug. 14, 1912. Mrs. Parker married Thos. H. Owen March 12, 1916. They are residents of Oklahoma City.

Eaton, Mrs. Rachel Caroline (See Ward)—Nannie Elizabeth Williams was born April 8, 1851. Married May 17, 1868 George Washington Eaton. He had served the confederacy in Company B, Morgan's Battalion, Texas cavalry under Captain Boggs and Lieutenant Charles Morgan. Mrs. Eaton died September 21, 1896.
Mr. and Mrs. Eaton were the parents of: Rachel Caroline, James Calvin, Martha Pauline and John Merrit Eaton. Rachel Caroline Eaton graduated from the Female Seminary in 1888 and from several other institutions of higher education and is the possessor of the degree of Mistress of Arts. She married James Alexander Burns, from whom she was divorced. She was the author of the scholarly "John Ross and the Cherokee Indians". She was elected Superintendent of Public Instruction of Rogers County in 1920. James Calvin Eaton is a prosperous farmer near Oolagah. Martha Pauline Eaton graduated from the Female Seminary in 1897 and married James Morning York who was elected Assessor of Rogers County in 1918. John Merrit Eaton graduated from the Male Seminary in 1899.

Payne, Marble Lewis—Marble Lewis, son of William and Nancy Payne was born in 1850 in North Carolina. He married at Tahlequah in 1904 Mahala Wilson. They were the parents of Emma, Lula, Charles and William Payne. Mr. Payne's children by his second marriage are Frank, Albert and Mary Payne.
Mr. Payne is one of the progressive farmers of the Tahlequah vicinity, is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and has been a member of the local school board several times. His Cherokee name is Lu-ie-us-te-na and he belongs to the Wolf Clan.
William Payne, the son, is a Spanish-American war veteran.

Carter, Charles D. (See Carter and Riley)—Charles D., son of Captain Benjamin Wisner and Serena J. (Guy) Carter, was born August 6, 1868. Married December 29, 1891 Ada Gertrude Wilson. She died January 19, 1901. They were the parents of: Estella LeFlore, Lena Cecil, Julia Josephine and Benjamin Wisner Carter. Mr. Carter's second wife was Mrs. Cecil Junes, nee Whittington.
Nathaniel Carter, a Virginian, came to the Cherokee Nation and married a Cherokee. Their son David was born in 1802. He married in 1829 Jennie, daughter of Richard and Diana (Campbell) Riley, born in 1807. He was clerk of the Council in 1839. Elected Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1842; he resigned that post and was elected Superintendent of Schools in 1843. Elected Editor of the Cherokee Advocate in 1849 and Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation in 1851, also a member of the board of directors of the Cherokee Seminaries in the same year. Elected a member of the Cherokee Senate (Committee) from Tahlequah District August 6, 1855. Elected Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1857. He died February 1, 1967 and Mrs Carter died March 1, 1867.
Benjamin Wisner, son of David and Jennie (Riley) Carter was born January 5, 1837. Graduated from the Male Seminary in October 1856. He married Nannie Elliott and thev had one son, John Elliott Carter. Mrs. Carter died and when the civil war began he joined Brewer's company and later raised and was elected captain of a company. He married in 1865 Serena Josephine Guy, a member of one of the most distinguished Chickisaw families. After the civil war he made his home in the Chickasaw Nation where he was honored with practically every office except Chief, which could only be held by a native Chickasaw.
Charles D. Carter, son of Benjamin Wisner and Serena Josephine Carter has been a representative in Congress from Oklahoma since statehood.

Gatlin, Mrs. Emma Nora (See Grant and Oolootsa)—Emma Nora, daughter of Frank and May (Hanks) Rhomer was born February 2, 1889 and educated at Webbers Falls and Female Seminary. She married August 1, 1907 Samuel Bell Maxey, son of James and Matilda (Yearby) Gatlin. born May 26, 1887. They are the parents of: Frank Rhomer, born August 19, 1908: Helen Charlotta, born January 23, 1910; John McCoy, born September 20, 1911 and died in infancy: Calvin James, born July 16, 1913: Virginia May, born June 13, 1915: the twins, Maxine and Allene, born May 11, 1920. Allene died in infancy and Willie Patricia Gatlin, born November 20, 1917. Mr. and Mrs. Gatlin are residents of Webbers Falls.
James, son of James and Lucy (McCoy) Gatlin married Matilda Yearby and they are the parents of Samuel Bell Maxey Gatlin.
Calvin Jones Hanks married Emma Walker, daughter of John Lowrey and Charlotte (Ratliff) McCoy and they were the parents of Mrs. May Rhomar, Mrs. Maggie McEachen, Mrs. Emma Branan, Miss Daisy Hanks and Calvin Jones Hanks, Jr.

Adair, Mrs. Luther H. (See Ghigau and Adair)—Lillie M. daughter of Allen and Lou (Fisher) Waldrop was born in Texas Friday Dec 8, 1865. Married Nov. 17, 1883 Luther Martin, son of Captain Ephriam Martin and Sallie (Starr) Adair, born in Flint District April 30, 1859. He died January 3, 1908. They were the parents of: Sarah Leola, born June 3, 1885; William Luther, born Feb. 16, 1887; Mary, born Aug. 5. 1889; Myrtle Lucinda, born December 11, 1891; Altie, born Nov. 4, 1894; Collie Bessie, born Jan. 1, 1897; Emmet Marshall born July 11, 1899; Nona Bertha, born Sept. 17, 1901; Arnie C, born Feb. 23, 1904 and Howard Ugean Adair, born Jan. 31, 1908. Sarah and Mary attended the Female Seminary. William L. was educated in Male Seminary and spent nine months in the service of the World War. Mrs. Adair is a member of the Church of God.

Hefflefinger, Mrs. Eliza C. (See Rogers)—Eliza, daughter of Jesse and Elizabeth Cochran was born in the Cherokee Nation in 1853. At the time that she would be in school the Civil War with all of its malevolence broke over the Cherokee Nation and it is only due to her native ability that she is now widely known for her general intelligence and information. She married in 1872 Greenville Pace Hefflefinger. He was one of the most progressive farmers of his community and always kept thoroughly abreast with the period. They were the parents of Joseph and Fannie Hefflefinger. Mrs. Hefflefinger is a member of the Presbyterian church.

Adair, Levi (See Grant and Adair)—George M. Adair married Catherine Fields and their son Henry Ganoe Adair was born August 10, 1865. Married in May 1884 Caroline Bunch, born April 13, 1863. He was elected sheriff of Illinois District August 5, 1895. He died. They were the parents of: Araminta, born May 10, 1885; George, born May 24, 1887; John Bell, born June 12, 1894; Catherine, born August 9, 1897; Levi, born June 9, 1900 and Zola B. Adair, born June 10, 1905.
John Adair, a Scotchman married in 1789 Ga-ho-ka, a full blood Cherokee of the Deer Clan. Their son Samuel Adair married Mary Hughes. He was elected sheriff of Flint District in 1857 and 1859. Elected judge of the same District 1867, 1873, and 1877. He died February 17, 1879. His wife had died in 1874. They were the parents of George M. Adair who married Catherine Fields. (See sketch of his brother, George Adair)

Ogden, Mrs. D. T. (See Ward and Adair)—Jessie Curtis Abney, born July 24, 1900 in Afton Delaware District; educated at Afton and took a business course at Coffeyville Kansas; graduate of the Afton High School. Married Sept. 14, 1919 at Independence, Kansas, D. T. Ogden, son of W. A. and Julia Ogden. Mr. Ogden is assistant cashier of the First National Bank of Afton.
John Adair, a Scotchman, married Gahoga, a full blood Cherokee of the Deer Clan. Their son Samuel married Edith Pounds; they were the parents of: Rachael Pounds Adair, who married Rev. James Jenkins Trott, a Methodist minister. Rev. and Mrs. Trott were the parents of: James Cicero Trott, who was generally known by his Indian name of Osceola, born April 6, 1839 in Woodbury, Tennessee, married March 1, 1886 Madora Stover, born Jan. 25, 1852 in Delaware District. She is the daughter of John Henry Stover, died March 31, 1865.
James C. and Medora Trott are the parents of: Birdie Adair, born Nov. 25, 1871; educated in Vinita public schools and Worcester Academy, from which she graduated; she taught school several years and married Sept. 6, 1895 Robert A. Abney, born Aug. 15, 1869 in Saline county, Illinois. Until his death he was in the mercantile business at Afton; he died July 16, 1906 and Mrs. Birdie A. Abney died Sept. 3, 1919; Eugene Homer and Willie A. Trott.

Jennings, Landrum Crittenden (See Grant, Foreman and Conrad)—Caroline, daughter of John and Nellie (Martin) Agnew, married Anderson Landrum Crittenden Jennings, and they were the parents of Landrum Crittenden Jennings, born in 1876; he was educated in Worcester Academy and the Male Seminary, being a graduate from the latter institution. He married in 1899 Jananna, daughter of James Franklin and Ruth Ellen (Martin) Benge, born in 1880. She was educated in Vinita. They are the parents of Clara May Jennings, born June 21, 1900, at Chelsea. She graduated from the Muskogee Central High School in 1919, and is at present a stenographer in the office of the Superintendent of the Five Civilized Tribes. Miss Jennings, as well as her parents, brothers and sisters, are members of the Methodist Church.
Susan Henrietta, daughter of James and Delilah (Fields) Foreman, married Anderson Benge, and they were the parents of James Franklin Benge who married Ruth Ellen Martin.

Arning, Mrs. Susan E. (See Ghigau)—Susan Ellen, daughter of James and Amanda Walker (Martin) was born June 17, 1876. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. Married January 13, 1894, William Ulyssus Hill, born October 22, 1866 in Douglas County, Kansas. They were the parents of Harrietta Ruth Hill, born October 8, 1897. Mrs. Hill secured a divorce and married on January 13, 1906, Mr. Arning. They are the parents of Floyd born August 22, 1912 and Ancel Arning, born September 29, 1914.
Mr. and Mrs. Arning are farmers and are members of the Holiness Church.

Woodward, John S.—John S. Woodward, son of Jackson and Lizzie (Smith) Woodward, was born in Oklahoma in 1861; married in Oklahoma in 1875, Mary Fondren. They have one son, David 22 years old, who spent two years in France in the World War, where he was wounded and also gassed. John S. Woodward is a member of the Wolf Clan, a member of the Methodist church and a farmer near Tahlequah.

Whiteaker, Grace E.—Grace Elizabeth Barks, daughter of Edward and Victoria (Fields) Barks was born January 17, 1900 at Vinita, and educated in the Cherokee schools; she married at Vinita, May 25, 1917 Robert Whiteaker, son of William and Dorothy Whiteaker. Mrs. Whiteaker has one sister and one brother living. The sister Hazel Willie married Floyd Edward Smith and is living in Roswell, N. M. They have three children, Levina, Nanetta and Nedowa; her brother is Miles Mathew Barks. Wright, Jesse E.—Son of John R. and Charlotte C. (Whitmire) Wright was born Jan. 22, 1871 in Going Snake District; married in June 1892 in Adair county Mary E., daughter of Walter and Sally West. They are the parents of: Willie Cornelia, born April 3, 1898, and Sally born July 30, 1903. Mr. Wright was educated in the Cherokee schools, and spent two years at the Male Seminary. He is a farmer, successful and takes part in all movements for public welfare.

Wormington, Mr. Minerva (See Ross)—Minerva, daughter of Isaac Alexander and Susannah Coody (Ross) Wilson was born at Tahlequah on Tuesday June 1, 1886. Educated in the Cherokee Public Schools and Female Seminary. She married in 1914 at Tulsa, Frederick Wormington and they are the parents of Lorine Wormington, age six. Mrs. Wormington's father was a gentleman of more than ordinary intelligence and her mother was a member of the distinguished Ross family.

Williams, Sarah Burgess—Daughter of William and Susan (Vance) Burgess was born at Pryor Creek, in 1857, married in the Indian Nation in 1893, William Williams, son of Elwood Williams. They are the parents of: Willie J. 26 years, and Annie Gladys age twenty two years. Mr. and Mrs. Williams are members of the Baptist church, and he is a member of the W. O. W.

Washam, Mrs. Rufus O.—Gertrude M., daughter of A. J. and Caroline (Tidwell) Gibbs, was born Dec. 9, 1898; educated in the Oklahoma Public schools: married February 19, 1914 at Pryor Rufus 0. Washam, son of John T. and Alice Washam. They are the parents of: Mabel Evaline born May 18, 1915; Walsie Lorene, born Dec. 11, 1918. Mr. and Mrs. Washam are engaged in farming.

Boone, William Cecil (See Oolootsa)—Cecil William, the son of Alexander and Ora Cherokee (Nicholson) Boone, was born on Spencer Creek September 6, 1900; was educated in the public schools of the State. He is a member of Latter Day Saints Church. and belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
Ora Cherokee, daughter of Richard Lee, born September 20, 1911; Pauline Ruth, born August 9, 1914; and Betty Imogene Smith, born July 15, 1920. Mr. Smith is a farmer and dealer in cattle and hogs near Ketchum. and Bidipher (Foulger) Nicholson, was born on Spencer Creek July 6, 1880; married December 22, 189 7, Alexander Boone who was born March 22, 1875.

Maxfield, Stephen G.—Stephen G., the son of Jenkins Whiteside and Kate (Hastings) Maxfield, was born in 1873; was educated in the public schools of the Cherokee Nation. He married at Claremore in 1894, Ada, the daughter of Joseph Shockey. They are the parents of Grace, Cora, Pauline, Almeda, and Woodrow Maxfield.
Mr. and Mrs. Maxfield are members of the Methodist Church. He is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Knights of Pythias.

Eddings, Americus—Americus, son of Jasper and Gertrude (Ross) Eddings was born in 1869 in Arkansas. Educated at Mountain Home, Arkansas. Married in Baxter County, Arkansas. Mary, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Meumer. They are the parents of Charles, Lawrence, Andrew, served twelve months in the World War and Jasper Eddings. Mr. and Mrs. Eddings follow the general Cherokee vocation of farming.

Ware, Mrs. David A.—Nancy (Martin) Rogers was born in the Saline District in 1848; married in 1869, David A. Ware. She is the mother of Bertha born in 1875, Martha born in 1877 and Thomas Rogers. Thomas L. Rogers was the first judge of the Osages. Mrs. Ware is a member of the Christian church and a ceaseless welfare worker.

Webb, Maude Ella (See Cordery)—James Forrest Webb, born August 24, 1862, in Gwinnett County, Georgia, married January 21, 1882 Elizabeth Parker, daughter of Parker Collins and Elizabeth (Little) Harris, and they were the parents of Maude Ella Webb, born May 25, 1890. Miss Webb was educated at the Female Seminary; and is at present cashier in a drug store in Oklahoma City.

Smith, Mrs. Jasper E. (See Cordery) — Catherine Ann, daughter of John Parker and Sarah Elizabeth (Davis) Collins was born in Delaware District November 20, 1889, educated in the Cherokee National Schools. Married at Vinita, December 24, 1908, Jasper E. son of Charles and Levonia Smith. They are the parents of: Watie Dufferin, born October 18, 1909; Don Tate, born September 20, 1911; Pauline Ruth, born August 9, 1914; and Betty Imogene Smith, born July 15, 1920. Mr. Smith is a farmer and dealer in cattle and hogs near Ketchum.
Thomas Cordery married Susannah a full blood Cherokee of the Savannah Clan. Their son, Early, married Charlotte Berryhill and they were the parents of Nancy Angeline Cordrey who married Joseph Collins, a white man and they were the parents of John Parker Collins, born March 17, 1855, married November 4, 1888, Sarah Elizabeth Beck nee Davis, born in Kansas March 10, 1867.

Tucker, Levi—Levi, Son of William Tucker, was married at Tahlequah in 1894 to Annie McKay, daughter of Alfred and Lucinda (Ketcher) McKay. They are the parents of: William, Ollie, Susie, Sallie, Eliza, Madison, Levi, and Mary Tucker. Mr. and Mrs. Tucker were educated in Tahlequah District and are representative citizens of Cherokee County.

Walkabout, Joseph—Joseph, son of Jennie (Hendricks) Walkabout was born near Tahlequah in 1880 and educated in that city. He married in Tahlequah in 1904 Mary Cordery, and they are the parents of: Jennie, Eliza and Josephine Walkabout. Mr. Walkabout is a splendid representative citizen, and has been Deputy Sheriff of Cherokee County.

Gritts, Ned—One of the prominent men of Northeastern Oklahoma is Ned, the son of John B. and Charlotte (Allen) Gritts, who was born in 1877 near Stilwell. He married Nannie Chooie, and they were the parents of Genevieve, born August 23, 1899; Nicholas born February 10, 1903, and Nancy born in 1905. Mrs. Nannie Gritts died and Mr. Gritts married at Fort Worth, Texas in 1907, Miss Leah, the daughter of Wallace Haney. Mr. Gritts was educated at the Male Seminary and Presbyterian Mission, graduating from the latter institution. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and Independent Order of Odd Fellows fraternities. He was chief of police of Tahlequah from 1917 to 1919, and was deputy Marshall of Eastern Oklahoma from 1913 to 1919. He is a member of the Wolf Clan.

Gish, Mrs. E. W. (See Oolootsa, Cordery, Adair and Gosaduisga)—Martin R. Brown, born February 27, 1858 at Fort Gibson, married May 9, 1888 Nannie C. McNair, born in 1866. They were the parents of Catherine Brown born in 1891 at Tahlequah, married in Oklahoma City in 1915, Emmett W. Gish. They are the parents of Dorothy Louise Gish, age five years. Mr. Gish is a merchant in Oklahoma City. Mr and Mrs. Gish are members of the Presbyterian church. Martin R. Brown, commonly called by his Cherokee name Tuxie, was a very prominent citizen of the Cherokee Nation. Elected clerk of the Illinois District in 1881; elected a member of the Board of Education of the Cherokee Nation in November 1886, and Superintendent of the Male Seminary in 1894. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are now deceased.

Swift, Frank T. (See Carter and Sanders) —Martha, daughter of LeRoy and Mary (Sanders) Tyner, married Frank Boyd Swift and they were the parents of Frank Tyner Swift, Benjamin W. Swift, and James French Swift.
Frank Tyner Swift was born March 5, 1867. Educated in Kansas; married December 30, 1890 Nellie Butler, born February 27, 1871, in Bourbon County, Kansas. They were the parents of Chrystal, born December 25, 1891; Frank Butler born June 20, 1894; and Mable Swift born July 6, 1896. Frank Boyd Swift was a Captain in the Federal Army in Kansas, and was a pioneer newspaper man in that State. Frank Tyner Swift is the principal dealer in coal and ice in Muskogee.

Trott, Mrs. James Campbell (See Ward and Adair)—James Campbell Trott, born Apr. 6, at Woodburt, Tenn., educated there, married March 1, 1868 Madora Stover, born Jan. 25, 1852 on Beattie's Prairie, Delaware District. They are the parents of Birdie Adair, born Nov. 25, 1869; Eugene Homer, born March 18, 1873 and Willie Trott, born September 29, 1881. James Trott's Cherokee name is Osceola. He is retired from business and he and his wife are members of the Christian church.

Armstrong, Mrs. A. W. (See Cordery and McNair)—Mary Elizabeth, daughter of David McNair and Mary J. (Strickland) Rogers born July 9, 1870. Married August 3, 1896. Alexandder Watson, son of J. W. and Elizabeth Armstrong, born November 8, 1850, in Sangamon County, Illinois. They are the parents of Harold Strickland born near Adair May 21, 1897. He enlisted in the World War and was at Camp Logan when the armistice was signed.

Austin (See Cordery)—Sue, daughter of Charles Harris and Pearl Victoria (Haat) Sisson, born December 14, 1848, at Ft. Gibson; educated at Ft. Gibson, Muskogee and Claremore. Married at Claremore June 5, 1920, Ervin, son of Henry and Sallie Austin. Mr. Austin is engaged in the wholesale dry goods business at Claremore.
Thomas Cordery, an Irishman, married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee of the Blind Savannah Clan. Their daughter Nannie married Parker Collins and they were the parents of Jennie Collins who married Charles Harris of Spartanburg district, South Carolina. Charles and Jennie Harris were the parents of Narcissa, born in 1841, married George Sisson and Jesse Wolf, she died October 18, 1898. Martha Elizabeth married Captain William Jackson; Sue F. married Alfred M. Gott; Charles Joseph and Trustle Bird.
George and Narcissa Sisson were the parents of Charles Harris Sisson, born December 26, 1859, educated in the Cherokee national schools and married at Ft. Gibson, December 4, 1893, Pearl Victoria Haas, born August 29, 1879, in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi. They are the parents of Charles Harris, born November 5, 1894; Charles Harris Sisson, Jr., married September 26, 1921, to Josephine Reed, born in Ardmore, Oklahoma, 1895. Jessie May, born July 31,1896, married to John S. Matthews, April 18, 1917. John S. Matthews, born October 17, 1894. Sue, born December 14, 1898; Mary, born January 13, 1900 and Emma Pauline, born May 8, 1902.
Charles Harris Sisson was appointed Circuit Judge of the Cherokee Nation in May 1897, and was elected a member of the Council from Illinois District in August, 1903.

Archer, Carlotta (See Downing)—Edwin Archer, born September 19, 1817, in New York City. Married February 26, 1845, Mary Francis Vann, born September 21, 1825, in Georgia. He died May 15, 1893, and she died in 1921.
They were the parents of: Mary Elizabeth, married DeWitt Clinton Lipe; Louisa Catherine, married Freeland Mcintosh; Ada, born March 16, 1860, educated in the Cherokee public schools and the Kirkwood (Missouri) Seminary from which she graduated June 8, 1882, married February 28, 1888, Daniel Vincent Jones, born December 28, 1858 in Grayson county, Texas; Cora, married William Ross Shackelford; Charlotta Archer graduated from the Cherokee Female Seminary June 28, 1883, appointed member of the Cherokee board of education November 11, 1905; appointed County Superintendent of Public Instruction of Mayes county in July, 1908, elected to that office in 1910-12-16-18 and 1920.
Daniel Vincent and Ada (Archer) Jones were the parents of: Vera, born December 10, 1895, graduated from the Female Seminary May 29, 1907; Jean, born December 2, 1895, and Mary Jones, born July 15, 1899, and died May 11, 1917.
Joseph Vann, born February 1, 1789, married Catherine Rowe. He was elected a member of the Cherokee Constitutional Convention of 1827 from Coosawatee District elected Senator from the Salina District August 2, 1844, and elected President of the Senate, elected again to the same office August 6, 1849; elected Associate Justice of the Supreme ourt in 1847, Delegate to Washington, 1851, Executive Councilor 1853-5557; Assistant Chief of the Cherokee Nation on August 1, 1859. He was the father of Mrs. Mary Francis Vann. He died May 3, 1877.

Adair, Rollin K. (See Adair, Grant, McNair, Halfbreed, Cordery and Duncan)—Rollin K. Adair, whose Cherokee name is Takatoka, of the Blind Savannah Clan, was born March 17, 1855, at Locust Grove in Salina District. Educated in the Cherokee Nation and at Dartmouth College. He married August 25, 1881, Rachel Landrum, born November 18, 1859. She died December 5, 1919. They were the parents of: Charles Bertram, born February 15, 1882; Robert McLeod, born July 5, 1884; William David, November 8, 1885; Sue M., born January 17, 1887; Sadie K., born July 6, 1889, and Rachel L., born December 24, 1897.
William Martin, a wealthy merchant of Bristol, England in order to break up a love match, furnished his youngest son,Joseph with a ship named the "Brice" and sent him to Virginia, where Joseph married Susannah Childs, member of a prominent Colonial family, and settled near Charlotteville Albermarle county in that state. Their third son Joseph, was born in 1840. He became a fur trader and amassed a fortune. He held the following military positions; Captain of the Transylvania Militia, elected in 1776 became Major February 17, 1779 and Lieut. Col. in 1781. He was elected Brig. Genl. of North Carolina by the Legislature Dec. 15, 1787 and was commissioned Brig. Gen. of the 20th Brigade of Virginia Militia by Gov. Henry Lee Dec. 11, 1793. He was the father of Martha called "Patsy" Martin, who married George Washington, the son of John and Gahoka Adair. George Washington and Martha Adair were the parents of Brice Martin Adair who married Sarah McNair. They were the parents of Rollin K. Adair, Townsite Commissioner 1888 and Superintendent of the Male Seminary 1895-99.
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