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Chippewa, adapted form the name of the tribe correctly called Ojibway, tribal expression meaning "no roast till puckered up." Name has reference to the puckered seam on the Ojibway or Chippewa moccasins and is derived from their words ojib, "to pucker up" and ub-way, "to roast."
Of the Algonquian linguistic family, the Chippewa make up on of the largest tribes in North America. They lived along the shores of Lake Huron and Lake Superior and westward to the Turtle Mountains of North Dakota in their early traditional historical life. Large groups of the Chippewa, many of whom are mixed-blood and white (French and English) are living in Canada and in the northern United States, including Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan. Bands were allied and united with some of the Ottawa and before the French and Indian War. Their descendants now live in Ottawa County, Oklahoma.
In 1859, two bands of Chippewa confederated with the Munsee or "Christian Indians" in Kansas, who settled in the Cherokee Nation by contract with the Cherokee in 1867. Sill another group of Chippewa were identified with the Potawatomi in Kansas, whose descendants now live in Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma.
Suggested reading: Connelly, History of Kansas; Grant Foreman, Last Trek of the Indians; Hodge, Handbook of American Indians.
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Updated: 6 May 2006
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