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Jamaican Estates in 1837: contributed by Ernest Wiltshire

Extracts from "The West Indies in 1837; being the Journal of a Visit to Antigua, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, Barbados, and Jamaica; undertaken for the purpose of ascertaining the actual condition of the negro population of those islands" by Joseph Sturge & Thomas Harvey, London, Hamilton, Adams & Co. 1838.

[Some names of Jamaican Estates, their owners, attorneys and apprentices, and other persons such as missionaries & magistrates named in the book (book has no index). N.B. "Apprentice" means a former slave, freed at abolition but required to serve a term of indenture to the former slave master before gaining full freedom. EW]

 

Kingston & St. Andrew

Sir Lionel SMITH, Governor in Spanish Town (13 miles from Kingston).

Dowell O'REILLY, Attorney General.

Richard HILL, Assistant Secretary.

BROWNSON, Special Justice.

NETHERSOLE, Alderman.

PANTON, Richard, clergyman, Church of England.

J.M. TREW, Director of the Mico Institution.

Joshua TINSON, Senior Baptist missionary.

W. Wemyss ANDERSON.

Stephen BOURNE, Special Magistrate.

HAMILTON, Special Magistrate.

D.O. HIGGINS, Special Magistrate.

Dr. A.L. PALMER, Special Magistrate appointed by Lord SLIGO.

Capt. Hinton EAST, wife & young family.

Robert OSBORN, proprietor & editor of the WATCHMAN newspaper.

Edward JORDAN, his partner.

M'C VICAR, free "young man of color".

Joseph GORDON, "Planting attorney" & member of the Assembly.

Alexandre BRAVO, "one of the most extensive resident proprietors in the island and a Custos & member of Assembly". Owned over 1000 slaves and (at least)2 estates abt 10 miles from Spanish Town. Son of Moses BRAVO.

Charles HARVEY, lawyer of Spanish Town.

Major WILKIE, Custos of the Parish of St. Andrew.

 

All the Baptist Missionaries in Jamaica in 1837:

 

Joshua TINSON

James M. PHILLIPPO

Thomas BURCHELL

William KNIBB

Henry C. TAYLOR

John CLARKE

Francis GARDNER

William WHITEHORNE

Thomas F. ABBOTT

Walter DENDY

John KINGDON

Benjamin R. DEXTER

John HUTCHINS

John CLARK

Samuel OUGHTON

 

Estates

 

BUSHY PARK Estate - "one of the largest & most populous in the island".

HOPE Estate - owner, the Duke of Buckingham.

CLIFTON MOUNT- a large coffee estate near the summit of St. Catherine's Peak.

- Colin CHISHOLM, Estate Attorney

COLD SPRING - "the ruins of the property of the WALLENS, celebrated by Bryan

- EDWARDS" near Content Gap.

DUBLIN CASTLE - coffee plantation, St. Andrew, owner, Alderman ATKINS.

CAYMANAS Estates:

- ELLIS'S - owner, Lord SEAFORD.

- TAYLOR'S _ owner, EWING, of Glasgow.

- DAWKINS' - Attorney, T.J. BERTRAND.

FARM Estate - "a pen or cattle estate", owner, Lord CARRINGTON.

- Joseph GORDON, Estate Attorney.

- Whitehall ELLIS, head negro aged abt 70 : "he has a numerous family of descendants and is a man of considerable property, being possessed of a light tax cart, and a number of cattle and sheep. He owned before the 1st of August, nine slaves, twenty head of cattle, and seventy sheep but like other prosperous men he has experienced occasional reverses. His speculations in slaves did not turn out well... As he himself being a slave could not hold slaves in his own right, he was likely also to lose the Compensation, through the faithlessness of the friend in whose name they had been registered"...

MOLYNES Estate _ owner, Anthony Davis resident in England (also owner of SPENCER'S PEN in St. Catherine's Parish).

- James DUNDASS, Overseer

 

Parish of St. Thomas in the Vale

 

WALLEN Estate -

- George DAVIDSON, apprentice, head carpenter.

ROSE HALL Estate -

BENDLEY'S -

DAWKIN'S TREADWAY -

- Sally HUTCHINSON, apprentice.

BERWICK Estate _ owner Sir A.C. GRANT.

RIO MAGNO - owner Sir A.C. GRANT.

PALM - proprietor ___ GUTTERES.

RECESS - [neighbouring plantation to PALM], owner, Mr. Nicholas GYLES.

- Lewis GRANT, apprentice, a Baptist "a great leader among the other negros".

 

Parish of St. Ann

 

G.W. BRIDGES - Rector of St. Ann's Parish., C of E.

T.F. ABBOTT - Baptist Missionary.

WILLIAMS - Wesleyan Missionary.

 

ARCADIA - owner, W.A. HANKEY, (near Stewart's Town on border of Trelawney).

HYDE HALL- owner, E. SHIRLEY, (near Falmouth).

BALLANTYNE -

BANKS estate - Banks & Richmond estates have same Attorney.

RICHMOND estate _ owner, Ralph BERNAL, M.P.

BLENHEIM -

CARLTON PEN -

CRANBROOK -

CHESTER -

DRAX HALL -

KNAPDALE Estate -

NEW GROUND -

PENSHURST - [20 miles from CHESTER] owner, G.W. SENIOR.

- Capt. RAWLINSON, Stipendiary Magistrate at Brown's Town.

- Dr. E. TUCKER, estate doctor.

- James WILLIAMS, apprentice, negro youth

- Thomas BROWN, apprentice

- Lavinia TROWERS, apprentice: 3 children, her husband lives on KNAPDALE estate.

- Amelia LAWRENCE, apprentice

- Maria DALLING, apprentice, "6 children living"; works in cane gang.

- William DALLING, apprentice, house servant. A Baptist.

- Henry JAMES, watchman to a corn piece. Died after severe flogging.

RETREAT PEN - owner, S.M. BARRETT [near to Brown's Town].

- SAMUELS, black overseer, born a slave but freed.

- SAMUELS, his daughter aged abt 19, the teacher of the estate school.

ROSE HILL Estate -

SOUTHAMPTON -

TRIPOLI -

WINDSOR -

 

 

Parish of Trelawney

 

OXFORD Estate - owner, Edward BARRETT "a good massa in England"

300 negros, one third Baptists.

CAMBRIDGE Estate - owner, Edward BARRETT.

- HAWES, Overseer; "overseer is a man of war" (bad man).

- PRYCE, Special Justice

- Richard BARRETT, negro, carpenter on Cambridge for 28 years.

GOODHOPE - nine contiguous estates of one owner.

 

 

The Parishes of St James & Hanover

 

LATIUM Estate -

- W. CARNABY, Special Magistrate for the district.

- Henry HUNTER, Estate Attorney.

EDEN Estate - at Mt. Carey near Montego Bay.

WILTSHIRE Estate -

- FENTON, Resident Attorney.

- NORCOTT, Special Justice.

MONTPELIER _ owner Lord SEAFORD.

_ FACEY, Special Magistrate.

_ ODELLE, Special Magistrate.

BELVIDERE Estate -

SALT SPRING Estate -

- FINLAYSON, Special Magistrate.

NEW MILL Estate _ (in Hanover).

- PRINGLE, Magistrate.

- Lucy Ann STEPHEN, apprentice (8 children).

- Judy EVANS, apprentice (8 children).

COVENTRY Estate - owner, HIBBERT.

- GRANT, Estate Attorney.

- Susan MACKENZIE, apprentice. A Baptist.

PORTO BELLO -

WORCESTER Estate -

- CARNABY, Magistrate?

PROSPER PEN -

- GRANT, Estate Attorney

- Richard SHEPPIE, apprentice.

GREAT VALLEY - (near Lucea?)

FAIRFIELD -

St. CATHERINE'S HALL -

BAMBOO Estate -

FLOWER HILL -

CHILDERMAS -

DEARNE HILL - owner, HISLOP (Attorney for LEOGAN Estate) .

- COCKING, Special Magistrate.

BEVERLEY -

PITFORE PEN -

ROUND HILL -

HARTFIELD -

CATHERINE MOUNT -

LEOGAN ESTATE - (7 miles from AMITY HALL).

- HISLOP, Estate Attorney.

- Emmy MACKINTOSH, apprentice; nurse to child of HISLOP's concubine

- Margaret SAMUEL, washer for the house (for the attorney, his concubine & for his daughter by another woman, and for Mr. COCKING, Special Magistrate) - Thomas FOWLER, head cartman

AMITY HALL -

 

The Parish of Hanover

 

Alexander CAMPBELL, Senior Magistrate, resident in Lucea.

John STAINSBY - Rector of the Parish of Lucea.

J.H. EVELYN, of the Customs.

 

PHOENIX Estate - proprietor Master QUARRELL (residing in England).

- PHELP, Magistrate of the Phoenix Estate district.

- HULM , Magistrate (Savannah La Mar, Westmoreland).

- OLIVER, Magistrate.

- MURDOCK, Overseer.

- Bessy GRANT, apprentice.

- Sarah NELSON, apprentice.

- Cyrus WALLACE, sugar boiler.

- Anna Buchanan STEVENS, apprentice.

- Sarah DALRYMPLE, apprentice.

 

 

Hanover and Westmoreland

FROME Estate -

- MACFARLANE, Overseer.

GLASGOW Estate _ owner, R.WALLACE, M.P. for Greenock (Scotland).

GROVE PLAIN -

FRIENDSHIP - Sugar estate, owner Lord HOLLAND ("Missis [Lady Holland] has been

kind to we")

- Bettriss HOLLAND, apprentice.

- Kitty JONES, apprentice.

- Dolly FERGUSON, apprentice.

- Christian WILLIAMS, apprentice.

- Ruth ALLEN, apprentice.

- George BLAKE, apprentice.

- Catherine BLAKE, his wife, a washer in the house.

SWEET RIVER PEN - owner Lord Holland

 

GREEN ISLAND PEN -

- Benjamin CAPON , "Busha" i.e. Overseer.

- Oriana WEBSTER, apprentice, & her daughter.

PETERSFIELD Estate -

ROARING RIVER -

- Catherine LEWIS, apprentice.

SHREWSBURY -

- William SQUARRY, apprentice (young man).

CORNWALL -

DEAN'S VALLEY DRY WORKS -

- McNEEL, Estate Attorney.

- James GRINDFIELD, apprentice

FONTABELLE -

- Mr. George COLLO, former Estate Attorney.

- SHALLITO, Estate Attorney.

SMITHFIELD -

- Ann CAMPBELL, house servant; "she has no relations".

CONTENT PEN - James RANKIN, master: (Inherited from his father).

PROSPECT Estate -

HOPETON - sugar estate, owner Hutchinson M. SCOTT, near Sav. la Mar.

LENOX - sugar estate adjoining Hopeton, same proprietor.

- William HAMILTON, Overseer, "a man of color", free.

THE BOG - neighbouring sugar estate of Hopeton in the mountains on the border of

Westmoreland & St. Elizabeth.

 

 

The Parish of St. Elizabeth

 

HOLLAND Estate - owner, GLADSTONE.

SPURTREE - a large Pen near Fairfield.

 

The Parish of Clarendon

 

GREEN PARK -

YORK PEN -

- Elizabeth FRANCIS, apprentice: "I was never in the field, but belonged to Mr. SCOTT's mother who gave me 10 shillings a week wages"

" the doctor was a black man from PARNASSUS Estate; we never had a white doctor".

SHECKLES PASTURE - former owner the Hon Wm. ROWE, President of the Council who also owned another estate in Manchester about 30 miles away, and a cousin of the Magistrate in Manchester.

- Thomas GALE, apprentice: ordered to remove form Sheckles Pasture to the Manchester plantation 30 miles away.

BELLE PLAIN -

WOODSIDE PLAIN -

- DAWSON, Magistrate.

BELMONT -

- GORDON, Magistrate at Chapeltown.

- Thomas THOMAS, penkeeper

 

The Parish of St. Thomas in The East

 

HECTOR'S RIVER - owner, Major HALL (absentee) near Manchineal Bay.

GRANGE HILL - owner, Sir Henry FITZHENRY near Manchineal Bay.

- James PURTON, apprentice.

- Louisa BURTON, apprentice, cotton picker.

ELMWOOD -

- HENDY, Overseer.

HAYNING -_ CARGILL, master (owner).

MULATTO RIVER -

- Beckford ROSS, apprentice "belongs to Belle Castle but works on Mulatto River, nine miles distant".

BELLE CASTLE -

WILLIAMSFIELD - sugar estate, near Manchineal Bay;.

- James COCKBURN, Estate Attorney.

WHEELERSFIELD Estate -

AMITY HALL Estate - In the Plantain Garden River district.

- KIRKLAND, resident overseer & Joint attorney of the estate.

GOLDEN GROVE - an estate on the other side of the Plantain Garden River from

Amity Hall.

- Thomas McCORNOCK, Estate Attorney & Custos of the Parish.

DUCKINGFIELD -

HOLLAND Estate -

- DAUGHTREY, Magistrate.

- BLAKE, Magistrate.

- George WALTERS, tradesman (apprentice?).

BELVIDERE - "a large estate a few miles distant from Morant Bay" owner "a French

Nobleman, Count FREEMAN".

RURAL VALE Estate -

- Lydia KING, apprentice.

ELMWOOD - owner, Edward PANTON, Judge Advocate General.

HAPPY GROVE plantation - owner, George CODRINGTON, neighbouring Belle Castle, between Bath & Manchineal.

WINDSOR FOREST - "an abandoned sugar estate of 600 acres", the property &

residence of Captain QUELCH. On the borders of the Parish of Portland 9 miles from Manchineal.


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