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Bourbon County Deeds of Manumission Abstracts

Notes on the Transcription of the Bourbon County Deeds of Manumission

 

Deeds of manumission were filed with the Bourbon County Clerk's Office so that freed African-Americans could have a document that verified their free status.  In a slave state, where the vast majority of African-Americans were enslaved, this document was essential to a free black person to maintain their ability to travel or otherwise be "at large" in a society that viewed any black person in unsupervised circumstances with suspicion.  Also, included in the book but not in this transcription are oaths that were taken by white persons moving into Kentucky with slaves in their possession, in which they promised that the slaves were not being brought into the state for the purpose of selling them.  This did not prevent them from selling their slaves if they decided to in the future but was supposed to adhere to Kentucky law that prevented slave importation for the express purpose of sale.

The deeds are filed in the book roughly by date of filing with the clerk.  The date of filing was not always the same as the date the emancipation was considered to be effective.  I have arranged the listing by the owner(s) name(s) since the slave being freed was not always listed with a surname.  Emancipation of slaves by the owner in his or her will was common; some of the deeds indicate motives of "benevolence and humanity".  Deeds of emancipation were also filed by husbands for their wives after they had purchased them from their masters, or parents for their children.  Physical descriptions were often given so that, if a free person was challenged, identifying characteristics such skin color, perceptible scars or marks, and height and/or weight could be checked to make sure that the person in question was the same one as indicated on the deed.

Slave emancipation was made much more difficult in Kentucky after 1850 when the new constitution instituted more stringent conditions for manumission.  The most difficult one was the requirement that freed slaves leave the state.  Owners freeing their slaves also were required to see that the freed slave did not become a charge on the county, a requirement that predated 1850.  Some owners took out a security bond to meet this condition; others required a surviving relative to see that the freed person was taken care of.  Still others required that the freed person move to Liberia, or, to a free state.

The transcriptions were made by Nancy O'Malley, Dept. Of Anthropology, University of Kentucky.  She can be reached for questions or corrections at 859-257-8208, Monday through Friday, 8:30 to 4:30.  She also has transcribed all of the free black persons listed in the federal census records for Bourbon County for the census years prior to the Civil War.

 

Owner

Freed Person

Date Filed

Date Effective

Description

Allen, James and William Parker

Thomas

9/6/1841

6/7/1841

Mullato; 5'10"; 45 years

Allen, John  Estate

Peggy and Nancy Margaret

4/7/1851

4/7/1851

Peggy was to serve John's wife until she reached 30 years then be free; reached 30, 11 years ago; and had a child Nancy Margaret after reaching age 30; Peggy: 41 years, 5' 4"; Nancy M.: 7 years; brown skin, "common size for a child tht age"

Allentharpe, Jacob

Matilda

6/4/1827

6/4/1827

30 years old; mulatto; 5' 3"; scar on left breast from burn

Allington, David

Harrison, Matilda and child William

5/2/1836

5/2/1836

45 years; yellow complexion; 5' 3"; William; 5 or 6 months old; yellow complexion

Allison, John B. (Monroe Co., Ind.)

Dick

10/4/1824

10/4/1824

35 years old

Amos, Nicholas

James

6/7/1847

6/7/1847

None

Arnold, James M.

David

5/1/1837

5/1/1837

48 years; 5' 6"; scar under right eye and several small ones about frame

Arnold, James M.

John

9/6/1847

9/6/1847

16 years

Arnold, John

Adam

12/18/1828

12/18/1828

60 years old; very dark; 5' 8-9"

Arnold, Susan P. (of Paris)

Harlow (woman)

10/5/1840

10/5/1840

40 or 45 years; 5'2"; light black or olive color

Arnold, Thomas

Brown, Richard and wfie Lydia

3/7/1836

3/7/1836

Richard; 5'7"; 60 years; thick and heavy set; a little gray; Lydia: 57 years; inclined to be fleshy; a little gray

Barker, Thomas

Manuel

7/4/1825

7/4/1825

none

Batterton, Henry (Estate by Joshua Irvine, admr.

Batterton, Willis

4/21/1834

4/21/1834

black complexion; "down look slow of speech"; scar on forehead; 5'7 or 8"; 22 years in Oct. last; out of Wm. B. Graves, Sr. estate

Beall, Milly and children (12 names)

Alfred

2/12/1850

2/12/1850

Alfred belonged to Milly (widow of Archibald Beall) with children as residual devisees; mullatto; 39 years; 5'11 1/2"; crooked middle finger on left hand.  Some of the heirs were in Indiana.

Becraft, Aquilla (Morgan Co. , ILL; by atty, James E. Litton)

Samuel

12/2/1839

1/1/1850

son of Eliza Warton; owned by William and Levi Wosson? until date of freedom

Becraft, Aquilla (Morgan Co., ILL; by atty, James E. Litton

Taylor, Henry

12/2/1839

10/1/1860

son of Eliza Warton

Becraft, Aquilla (Morgan Co., ILL; by atty, James E. Litton)

Baker, Aaron

12/2/1839

9/2/1859

to be freed when he is 21; son of Eliza Warnton

Becraft, Aquilla (Morgan Co., ILL; by atty, James E. Litton)

Taylor, Lewis Franklin

12/2/1839

1/1/1856

son of Eliza Warton; owned by William and Levi Wosson? until date of freedom

Becraft, Aquilla (Morgan Co., ILL; by atty, James E. Litton)

Warnton, Eliza and Matilda

12/2/1839

12/2/1839

no description; Eliza had children which were freed at different dates

Becraft, John

Stevenson, Notley

1/3/1834

1/3/1834

5'9"; light copper complexion; tolerably light body and inclined to be rather lean; has scrophelus skin on back of his left hand caused by a burn.

Becraft, Mary (of Montgomery County, Maryland)

Charlotte, Leonard, and Willa

7/16/1860

2/23/1816

$1.00 paid; Charlotte: 20 years; Leonard: 19 years; mulatto; Willa: 13 years; to be free at age of 30 years; any children born prior to age of freedom to serve Becrafts until age 28

Bedford, Benjamin (of Bourbon Co.) and Henry C. Bradford (of Scott Co.)

Thomas

3/7/1842

3/7/1842

36 years; 5'8"; stoutly made; forefinger of right hand both short and small having lost part of the bone from disease

Black, Samuel Heirs

Tom

9/26/1828

9/26/1828

45 years old; 5'11 3/4"; tall rawboned man; very black; considerable scar on left side of upper lip; 1" scar on left side of forehead

Blackburn, Jane and David

Maria Lilly

2/1/1851

1/1/1851

Maria Lilly was sister to Jane and David

Blackburn, Thomas (free man of color)

Lydia and child Kitty Ann

5/2/1836

5/2/1836

Wife Lydia purchased from Benjamin Lockwood; dark complexion; 5' 13/16"; 43 years; no visible flesh marks; Kitty Ann: 3 years; dark complexion; born since Lydia's purchase

Blen, Isabella (Estate; by Ephraim

Harry

12/3/1838

12/3/1828

30 years; 5' 9"; black; no scars

Bowen, Ben F.

Love, Thorton

3/7/1859

3/7/1859

no description

Bowles, Robert

Richrdson, Harry

12/13/1832

12/13/1832

None

Bradley, John (Estate; by exors.)

Thomas

3/1/1841

3/1/1841

35 years; 7'7"; yellow complexion; high forehead; quite heavy built; 158 lbs.

Bramblitt, Gladys

Daniel

10/5/1850

10/5/1850

Held life estate in Daniel from will of husband Henry; 50 years old

Brand Jeremiah (Heirs)

Ann

4/3/1837

4/3/1837

34 years; dark complexion;5'1 1/2"

Brent, Thomas Y.

Taylor, Bartlette

1/5/1846

1/5/1846

butcher by trade; 32 years; 5'8 1/2"; high cheek bones; 175 lbs.

Brown, James

Bob

6/4/1827

6/4/1827

Freed b will; 58 years old; black; 5'5 1/2"; scar from scald on right buttock

Browning, William (Estate; by heirs)

David

4/5/1842

4/5/1841

bought freedom for $600; 30 years; bright yellow complexion; 5'8 1/2"

Buckner, Walker

John, Winney, and Betsey

4/2/1849

4/2/1849

John aged about 60 years; Winney aged about 50; Betsey aged about 18

Buckner, Wlaker

Morgan, James

7/7/1828

7/7/1828

58 years old; inclined to be corpulent; 5'6"; his left foot very crooked due to a sprain

Burton, Jack (free man of color)

Delsey, all her children

9/6/1824

9/6/1824

purchased from Robert E. Miller

Campbell, Hugh (Monroe Co., INd.)

Sam

9/4/1843

6/20/1843

freed for faithfulness and "other considerations"

Campbell, Mary

Tibbs, Ben

2/7/1843

2/6/1843

27 years; black skin marked by small pox; 6'

Carron/Canon, Newton

Josiah

1/6/1851

1/6/1851

40 years; 5'8"; dark complexion

Carter, George W. and R. S.

Elijah

2/20/1834

3/3/1834

5' 9"; light black complexion; 50 years; lower lip prominent.  Belonged to John Carter, decd.

Clay, Samuel

Matilda

3/12/1861

3/12/1861

56 years; black skin; scar on left arm caused by a burn; tolerably large, about 180 lbs.

Close, Elizabeth Estate (of Lexington)

Mary

 

2/2/1822

Registering herself as a free woman of color; 20 years old; "light negro complexion"; round face; 4'9 1/2"; 3/4" scar on back of left hand

Cogswell, James M.

Nelson

2/7/1832

2/7/1832

35 years old; light copper; well built; 5'10 3/4"; scar on right cheek and in edge of left palm below thumb; broad across cheeks

Conley, Nicholas (Natcher, Miss.)

Patience

5/6/1833

5/6/1833

26 years

Corbin, Lewis (Estate; by John R. Corbin of Henry Co.)

Emanuel

5/4/1840

5/4/1840

43 years?; black color; 5'7 1/2"; opens one eye rather imperfectly said to be a temporary affection; medium sized body.

Corbin, Lewis (Estate; by John R.Corbin of Henry Co.)

William

5/4/1840

5/4/1840

26 years; 5'7"; rather small person, open countenance; black color

Couchman, Peter

Tapp, Joseph

12/6/1830

12/6/1830

married to Rebecca; 67 years; slim; black; scar on forehead; 5'5 1/2"

Current, Thomas

Monday, James

9/3/1827

9/3/1827

39 years old; black; 5'10"; strong features; high cheekbones; bought same day from William Rose Estate

Current, Thomas Sr. (Estate; by Elijah Current)

Cassia (woman)

10/1/1838

9/30/1838

70 years; black skin; 5'3"; left ankle considerably enlarged from a fracture; spare made; morose countenance; mark under right eye

Curtis, Dennis (free man of color)

Sarah (wife) and children, Sarah Ann and Elijah Washington

10/5/1840

10/5/1840

purchased wife from George Redmon in March, 1833; Sarah; 46 years; very bright mulatto; very straight black hair; inclined to be gray; 5'3" Sarah Ann: mulatto; 5 years; Elijah Washington: black; 4 years

Darnall, Thomas (Estate; by Levi Darnall)

Willis

10/7/1844

10/7/1844

34 years; heavy set; 5'10"; very black complexion

Davis, Captain (free man of color)

Darkey

1/7/1839

10/7/1839

purchased of Thomas Ardery; 54 years; dark skin; 5'3"

Davis, Garrett

Coney, Betsy and child Mary Ellen

4/3/1837

4/3/1837

daughter of Samuel Coney, free man who died before purchasing wife and children; 23 years; rather dark; 5' 1 1/4"; Mary Ellen; 2 months; yellow skin

Davis, Garrett

Coney, Harvey

4/3/1837

4/3/1837

son of Samuel Coney, free man who died before purchasing wife and children; 25 years; black skin; 6'1"

Davis, Farrett

Coney, John

4/3/1837

4/3/1837

John was son of Samuel Coney, free man of color; died before purchasing freedom of wife Chariety and child; 29 years; 5'8"; dark skin; freed as condition of bill of sale from Coney's admr., James H. Cogswell, to Garrett Davis (DB 35, Vol. 2: p. 392

Dawson, J. (Estate; by James Coons)

Winney

3/7/1836

3/7/1836

42 years; dark complexion; 5'5"

Dickson, william A. (Paris, KY.)

Jeffrey

2/4/1827

3/7/1829

55 years old; dark' stout made; 5'9-10"

Demitt, Richard (Estate; by Joshua Demitt)

Louisa

4/6/1835

4/6/1835

30 years; black complexion; 5'4 1/4"; no particular flesh marks

Dimmitt, Richard (Estate; by Joshua Dimitt)

Harriett

4/5/1842

4/5/1842

31 or 32 years; 5'; copper complexion; small scars on back of hand; mouth pucked up

Dinwiddle, William (Estate; by William Miller)

Bob

9/7/1865

9/7/1865

29 years; very dark complexion; 5'10"; scar on right near his nose and just below right eye; scar on back of left hand

Downing, Nelson (free man of color)

Louisa (wife) and children Louis and Aaron

3/3/1838

3/3/1838

no description

Duncan, Henry T.

Sarah

12/4/1837

12/4/1837

55 years; 5'1"; light complexion

Duncan, Henry T. (of Fayette Co., formerly of Bourbon Co.)

Holeman, Dilse

1/6/1840

1/6/1840

light mulatto; 55 years; 5'8"

Ewalt, Samuel

Abram

5/4/1846

5/4/1846

51 years

Ewing, Judith

Daniel, wife Anna, youngest children, Alfred, Polina, George

4/3/1848

6/9/1847

described as "all African origin".

Ewing, Judith

Emanuel, wife Caty, children Charlotte, Lucy Jane, Sarah Elizabeth

11/5/1838

7/25/1838

Emanuel: 60 years; Caty: 40 years; Charlotte: 5 years; Lucy Jane: 3 years; Sarah Elizabeth: 8 months

Ewing, Judith

Thomas

9/6/1847

6/9/1847

dark complexion; middle stature; African origin; faithful servant

Flemster, Lucretia (of Paris; spelled Feemster in deed)

Porter, Willis

3/14/1860

10/28/1860

my trustworthy negro man"; copper skin; 56 years; shoemaker by trade; 5'8"; no scars recollected

Garrard, Bettie

Ferguson, Edward

4/7/1851

4/7/1851

59 years

Garrard, Joseph

Garrard, Mary Susan

3/8/1851

3/1/1851

Mary Susan was Joseph's daughter purchased from William B. McClure Heirs after death of his wife, Mary

Garrard, Thomas

Abraham

3/7/1842

1/20/1842

30 years; 5'6"; dark color

Garrard, Thomas

Cynthia and children Isaiah, Richy, Washington, Mariah, Polly, Cynthia

4/4/1842

3/30/1842

Cynthia: 30 years; 5'; black color, thin visage; Isaiah: 13 y., black; Richy: 11yrs.; black; Washington: 9 yrs. black; Mariah: 7 yrs., black; Polly: 5 yrs.; black; Cynthia: 2 yrs., black

Garrard, Thomas

Harrison

6/6/1842

5/30/1846

20 years; 6'; mulatto

Garrard, Thomas

Joe

10/1/1842

6/14/1846

5'10"; scar on forehead; speech impediment

Garrard, Thomas

Perry

4/4/1842

3/23/1842

32 years; 6'; heavy made; black color

Garrard, Thomas

Reece

6/6/1842

6/6/1842

17 years; 5'; black skin; freed at Thomas' death

Garrard, Thomas

Zachariah

6/6/1842

6/6/1842

30 years; 6'; black complexion; freed at Thomas' death

Garrard, William

Matilda and children, George Troy, Ann Maria, Sarah Jane, Levinia, Silas, Harriett Elizabeth, James Henry

2/5/1838

2/5/1838

in consideration of services rendered and a sum of money paid by slave named Troy for his daughter, Matilda, then owned by Daniel Duncan; transferred to Garrard; 27 years; mulatto; stout form; 5'3"; cross eyed; ages in order 13, 12, 9, 6, 4, 2, 6 mos.

George, Reuben

Jarrard

4/6/1829

4/6/1829

Freed by will; 22 years old; learned trade of shoemaker; dark; 5'8"

George, Reuben

Mary

10/4/1824

10/4/1824

45 years old; freed by will

George, Reuben

Talbott

1/7/1822

 

21 years old; freed by will

Giltner, John

Jeremiah

4/22/1833

4/22/1833

50 yrs.; 5'8"; pretty deep black skin; high cheek bones; tolerably lean face; large scar on right temple from a burn

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Amy

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

12 years old; copper or yellow

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Bill (aka William)

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

coper or yellow; 25 years old; 5' 9 1/4"

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Cassandra

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

no age; copper or yellow' "tolerably fleshy" 5' 3" 1/2"

Graffort, Thomas Estate

George

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

21 years old; copper or yellow

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Hannah

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

copper or yellow; 5' 3 3/4"

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Hazzard

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

23 years old; copper or yellow; 5' 9 1/2"

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Hedyman (?)

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

tolerably black; lame in right leg or moderately knock kneed

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Jane

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

child of Cassandra, born after making of will; 10 years old' copper or yellow color

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Jesse

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

19 years old; copper or yellow

Graffort, Thomas Estate

John

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

copper or yellow' height not given

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Leonard

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

child of Cassandra born after making of will; 8 years old; copper or yellow

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Mary (Mairy)

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

fleshy; copper or yellow

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Peter

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

tolerably black; lean and raw boned; 5' 9"

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Tryphena

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

copper or yellow; 27 years old; 5' 3/4"

Graffort, Thomas Estate

Wesley

10/1/1832

10/1/1832

18 years old; copper or yellow

Griffith, Robert and Leah (Estate; by Cannon Herne)

Harry

2/5/1838

2/5/1838

40 years; black skin; dull countenance; 5'8 3/4"

Grosjean, Julian

Allen, Frank

3/26/1864

3/26/1824

23 years

Hawkins, Henry S.

Leonard

9/7/1840

9/7/1840

Purchased freedom for $600; 43 years; black; 6'1"; robust and heavily made; small scar on nose between eyes; good open countenance

Hawkins, Leonard (free man of color)

Hawkins, Lucy

1/6/1851

1/6/1851

Freed his daughter, purchased of Aaron D. Higgins on Oct. 2, 1845.

Heathman, Allen (free man of color)

Heathman, Elijah

3/24/1855

3/24/1855

Elijah was Allen's son.

Henderson, Alexander (Estae; by William Henderson)

Ann

11/5/1838

11/5/1838

33 years; 5'4"; dark copper color; curly mop or suit of hair; small scar near end of forefinger caused by a felon; good health; mother of 2 children

Henderson, William

Reuben

1/5/1829

1/5/1829

26 years old; 5'8"; rather slender made; bright complexion, not very black; 1" scar on left arm; "something like a wart" in palm of left hand"

Henderson, William (Morgan Co., ILL.; by atty Henry Hale)

Benjamin

3/6/1837

12/14/1836

26 years; very dark color; 5' 7 or 8"; now resident in ILL., but going to Ky.

Henderson, William ( heir of Alexander Henderson)

Jerry

9/1/1834

9/1/1834

31 years; 5'7"; rather light complexion; slender make; large scar on outside of left about 5" above ankle

Hickman, John L.

Joseph

3/3/1856

2/16/1850

60 years; in consideration of his long faithful service of my father"

Hickman, John L.

Mike

5/6/1844

5/6/1844

freed for "valuable consideration"; 31 years; 5' 10"; black; scar on his left eye; large scar on left leg between the ankle and knee

Higgins, J.M.

Henson

6/3/1850

6/3/1850

Higgins was in Morgan County, Illinois; no description

Honey, John Heirs

Murray, William

11/2/1827

11/2/1827

46 years old; 5' 6 1/2"; black; scar about 1" below left eye

Howerton, Jos. A.

Batts, Aleck

3/7/1864

3/7/1864

35 yrs.; copper skin; 5'2 1/2"; 135-140 lbs; scar on 1st knuckle of left thumb; scar over right eye

Hughes, George (Estate; by heirs)

Thomas

9/6/1847

6/7/1841

intent to emancipate written 15 Sept 1837; providing Thomas served widow (Christian) of George Hughes until her death; no description

Hughes, Thomas (free man of color)

Hughes, Mariah

1/4/1847

1/4/1847

wife to Thomas. 31 years; dark or copper color; 5'; formerly the property of Isaac Knight

Hughes, Thomas Estate

Stephen

12/12/1828

12/12/1828

62 years old; black; 5' 7"; no upper fore teeeth; belonged to estate of Thomas Hughes

Hutchison, James E.

Tom

5/7/1838

5/7/1838

49 years; 5'7"; scar over right eye from kick  of a horse; heavily built; tolerably dark complexion

Hutchison, Samuel

Smith, Dick

1/2/1837

12/30/1836

40 years; 5' 9 5/8" with shoes on; common weight from 160 to 165 lbs.; scar on right thumb and left shins

Inshirp?, Joseph

Constant

9/30/1836

9/30/1836

35 years; very black; stourt made; 5'7"; scar on breast caused from burn when child

January, Hannah

Lindsey, David

10/2/1843

9/30/1843

62 years; black' 5'7"; forefinger of left hand is off at the joint

Johnson, William

Caroline

1/1/1827

1/1/1827

daughter of Hagar; 16 years old

Jones, John Hawkins

Harriett

1/1/1838

1/1/1838

36 years; 5' 5"; mulatto color; heavily made with a fine open countenance

Jones, John Hawkins

Howard, Marshall

1/1/1855

1/1/1855

48 years; black skin; 6'

Keller, Abraham

Tom

11/5/1827

11/5/1855

41 years old; black; 5' 3-4"; 150 lbs.

Kimbro, Absolum (free man of color)

Kimbro, Elizabeth

6/3/1850

6/2/1850

Elizabeth was his wife whom he purchased with their children, Henry and Susan, from Thomas Brand; children to be bound to him until age 21

Kleizer, Joseph (at request of son Henry decd.)

Jude and children Louisa Warren, Mary Malvina

7/4/1836

7/4/1836

Jude: 42 years; 5' 1/2"; yellowish complexion; open countenance and "altogether rather good looking"; Louisa: 14 years; 4' 10 1/2" at this time; both girls slenderly made with good countenance; Mary Malvina: 12 years; bright mulatto complexion; 4' 7";

Lamme, James (Estate; by exors.)

Sanford

10/2/1843

9/4/1843

24 years; black

Layson, Jno. M. ?

Cage, Thomas

1/10/1862

1/10/1862

Deed written January 26, 1856; effective at Layson's death; 45 years; yellow skin

Layton, Daniel

Sophia

2/7/1831

2/7/1831

37 years old; "ordinary black complexion"; freed for good conduct and other considerations.

Leer, David, Sr.

Amy and children Lydia, David Hall and infant Mary

2/7/1842

2/7/1842

Amy: 25 years; 5'2"; light than usual; open smooth countenance; not very heavily made; Lydia: 5 years on 29 May 1841; copper; 3'9"; David; born 11 Nov. 1838; 3'2"; light color; Mary: 6 months; light color

Lewis, George

Maria

2/6/1837

2/6/1837

40 years; 4' 9 1/4"

Lightfoot, Carter (free man of color in Paris, Ky.)

Lightfoot, Jane

4/4/1831

4/4/1831

purchased his wife from John Harvey of Franklin Co.; signed with mark; 37 years old; yellow; scar on left nostril; spare made but of good size; 5' 3 1/2"

Lindsay, David (free man of color)

Amey

12/7/1852

12/7/1852

Amey was his daughter; 40 years; light copper color; 5'; 126 lbs.; natural dark spots on her face; bought from Richard Harcourt, Thomas D. Urmston? and James H.? Shropshire

Lyle, Will C.

Mallory, John

12/6/1841

12/6/1841

27 years next March; 5'9"; usual mulatto color; strong made; open pleasant countenance

Lyon, Jacob (free man of color)

Phoebe; girl Amanda; girl July; girl Polly (her children)

12/3/1838

5/2/1836

Phoebe; 40 years; very dark; 5'4 1/2"; slender; Amanda: 23 yrs.; dark; Judy: 8 yrs., dark; Polly: 4 yrs.; dark; same purchased by Lyon from William R. Rule who got them from Elizabeth Moore Estate

Major, Ann (by trustee for children of Ann)

Clara

5/6/1850

5/6/1850

about 45 years; freed by Ann's will

Markey, Nancy Estate

Minta, David, Samuel and Lucy

5/1/1850

4/8/1850

slaves belonged to Jonas Markey; freedom conditional on going to Liberia; release did not apply to legacy of $500.00 given to Minta for life.

Markham, William Estate

Fanny

1/6/1851

12/26/1850

$1.00 paid

Marsh, Beal (Estate; by John B. Raine and Nicholas B. Marsh)

Marsh, Nathan

12/1/1834

12/1/1834

69 years next March; 5' 4"; scars on breast, left leg crooked

Marsh, Nicholas C.

Porter, Molly

11/4/1833

11/4/1833

54 yrs.; 5' 2.5"; very large and fat of a light complexion

Marshall, James K.

Mariah

1/7/1850

1/7/1850

about 49

Marshall, Mrs. Jane (Estate; by buckner H. Payne)

Bob

7/6/1840

10/5/1838

Bob to be freed after his hire totals $500; 5' 7 1/2"; rather spare; very black; a small round? scar on right cheek; 36 years

Martin, William W.

George

11/1/1833

11/1/1833

25 yrs.; quite black; rather square set and little undersize of common men; 5' 6"; no particular marks

Massie, Jonathan

George

1/5/1835

1/5/1835

21 years; 3' 11"; common negro complexion; very small form; open good countenance with small scar on right wrist

Matson, Robert

Mariah

5/7/1849

12/13/1848

about 40 years

May, Will J.

Patience

7/4/1828

7/4/1828

about 24 yrs.; 5' 3"; round or sound features; black

May, William J.

David

3/3/1828

6/1/1843

born July 1, 1822 to Patience; mulatto

May, William J.

George

3/3/1828

4/1/1845

born to Patience; mulatto

May, William J.

Mary

3/3/1828

7/15/1847

born to Patience; mulatto

May, William J.

Patience

3/3/1828

2/16/1849

24 years old; robust; remarkably dark; freed when youngest son James Henry is of age

McAboy, Mary R.

Abel

11/4/1850

11/4/1850

about 53 years; dark complexion; 5' 2 1/2", Authorized Thomas P. Smith to sign her name on instrument making her liable for Abel to keep him from being a charge on the county.

McAboy, Mary R.

Calamese, Benjamin

1/3/1856

12/31/1855

35 years; dark complexion

McAboy, Mary R.

Calamese, Jenny

1/3/1856

12/31/1855

old woman of black complexion

McClanahan, William Heirs

Peter

1/1/1829

1/1/1829

37 years old; large; well built; 5' 11"; inclined to corpulence; small scar near right eye; scar near left eye running across forehead; small scar lower down between eyebrows; long scar on left arm just above wrist running across arm 2"; see notes

McClure, William Baker (Estate; by Alexander I. Miller)

Charlotte

4/6/1846

4/6/1846

37 years

McConnell, Ephraim H.

Henry

10/5/1840

9/18/1840

purchased freedom for $400; 52 years, 5' 7"; middle size; of erect carriage; neither very black or very yellow

McConnell, Joseph

Franky

10/1/1831

10/1/1831

black; bulky and fleshy form; 5' 1/2"; no particular marks

McCrory, James

Monday, Daniel

9/1/1823

 

32 years; intent to free in 9 years from January 1; 1 year earlier if conduct and service is good

McDowell, Elizabeth

Ceiley

10/16/1855

10/15/1855

mulatto; authorized court to send her to Ohio with her aunt Sally (see deed for Sallys children freed by E. McDowell)

McDowell, Elizabeth

Louisa, Patsy, Nelson, Hannah, Martha Jane and Horace (moving to Ohio; Moses, a free black, named to take them)

11/14/1854

11/14/1854

Named slaves were children of Sally, previously freed, except for Horace who is grandchild; Louisa: 17 years on May 4 last; Patsy: 13 years on 14 Jan.; Hannah: 8 years on Nov. 30; Martha J.: 5 years on 25 March; Horace (Louisa's child): 2 years on 6 May

McDowell, Elizabeth

Moses

5/5/1845

5/5/1845

mulatto; 52 years

McDowell, Elizabeth (Betsy)

Peter, Allen (alias) Judge, and Sally

1/6/1851

1/5/1851

Peter: bright yellow complexion; 31 years; 5' 11"; scar between eyes, below corner of left eye and on right thumb; Allen Judge; black skin, 45 years, 5' 9 1/2"; Sally: copper skin; 33 years; 5' 3 1/2"

McDowell, Elizabeth Estate

Moore, Harriet and son Moses

3/20/1865

3/20/1865

Harriet: 30 years; 5' 6"; Moses: 13 yrs., bright mulatto skin; conditional on their leaving the state.

McKee, John

Peter

9/1/1834

9/1/1834

34 years; light or copper complexion; 5' 10"; no particular flesh mark on his face

McKee, John and McClintock, Alexander

Peter

10/30/1825

10/30/1825

None

Miller, Joseph

Truitt, James

1/7/1839

1/7/1839

36 years; 5'9"; deep scar on top of forehead caused by stroke of axe

Monday, James

Monday, William

5/2/1836

5/2/1836

35 years; dark complexion; heavy set; 5' 6 3/4"

Monday, James (free man of color)

Fanny (wife)

2/4/1839

2/4/1839

5' 3"; very black skin; small scar under the chin; 45 years; purchased from Thomas Current

Monday, James (free man of color)

Mary Anne

3/4/1844

3/4/1844

freed from motive of benevolence and humanity; 27 years

Moore, Aben

Garrett

9/3/1864

8/22/1864

52 years

Moore, Elizabeth (Estate; Thomas P. Smith)

Harvey

9/4/1843

9/4/1843

25 years on 6 July last; scar on left knee; heavy built; light skin

Moore, Elizabeth McClelland Dunlap Kimbro

Abigail

6/4/1827

6/4/1827

Freed by will; 25 years old?

Moore, Elizabeth McClelland Dunlap Kimbro

Daphney

2/6/1826

 

freed by trustees; inherited by Elizabeth from her mother (wife of Samuel McClelland); 55 years old; "of a bright color for a negro with high cheekbones and broad face across the nose and eyes, but tapered to a narrow or sharpe chin"; 5' 6 1/4"

Moore, Elizabeth McClelland Dunlap Kimbro

Jerry

6/2/1828

6/2/1828

22 years old in former deed; 27 years by own account; well and proportionaltely made; "of spritely contenance"; 5' 11"; small scar on right side of head not easily seen except by opening hair and close inspection

Moore, Elizabeth McClelland Dunlap Kimbro

Jesse

6/4/1827

6/4/1827

Freed by will; 29 years old; dark; slender; 6'; had right thigh broken still with visible scar on outside of thigh

Moore, James (Estate; by John P. Moore)

Bill

4/3/1837

4/3/1837

32 years, 8 months; middle size; lightly made; 5'8"; open countenance; usual negro color

Moore, James (Estate; by John P. Moore)

Darkey

4/3/1837

4/3/1837

34 1/2 years; 5' 7 1/4"; stoutly made and fleshy; light color for a negro; scar on right should and instep of left foot

Moore, John (Sr.)

Thompson, Jack

3/4/1822

3/4/1822

45 years old

Mountjoy, Susan

Ralph

10/1/1821

10/1/1821

None

Mountjoy, William (Estate; by John J. Collier)

Mountjoy, Berry

9/7/1840

9/7/1840

30 years; 5' 9"; quite black; large scar on right leg below knee

Nesbitt, John

Toby

9/1/1823

9/1/1823

freed for good conduct; 45 years; black; 5'4"

Nunn, Ilai

Draper

1/5/1835

1/5/1835

born March 22, 1796; 5'8"; dark complexion; finger of both hands are crooked; no other marks perceivable

Nunn, Ilai

Jacob

1/5/1835

1/5/1835

born July 11, 1790; 5'7"; yellow complexion; no marks or scars

Nunn, Ilai

Rachel

2/4/1822

2/4/1822

broght from Delaware by wife, Jeannine Walson Nunn, for service until age 28

Parker, Aquilla (by Henry Parker, admr.)

Pheoba

4/3/1837

4/3/1837

purchased when she was 2 years for contract of 30 years; 5'5"; bright yellow color; 32 years in March or April 1837

Parvience, James (Presle Co., Ohio)

Dorcas

9/1/1801

10/1/1801

wife of Sam Rogers; three sons, David, Green and Samuel, born before her date of freeedom; sons freed 6/28/1823

Patton, John

Obediah

12/3/1832

12/13/1832

30 yrs old on November 14, 1830; 5'8"; 160 lbs.; dark skin

Payne, William P.

Helen

1/1/1839

1/1/1839

26 years; copper skin; 5'2"; wife of free man of color, Jerry Carter, mother of 4 children; youngest 2 yrs, 11 months

Phillips, Thomas (of Paris, Ky.)

Haydon, William

10/2/1824

10/2/1824

35 years old; a barber; dark; 5'10"

Porter, Molly (free woman of color)

Porter, Daniel

12/4/1837

12/4/1837

Daniel was her husband; purchased of Thomas P. Smith and James Hughart, 25 Dec 1835; 52 years; light complexion for a negro; 5'8"; open countenance

Raine, John B.

Aggy

1/5/1829

1/5/1829

47 years old; 5'9"; tolerably well set; bright complexion, not very black; pretty large scar on left arm near elbow

Rannells, Samuel

Anthony

1/1/1827

1/1/1827

freed in will

Richrdson, Harry

Richardson, Isaac

10/15/1860

10/15/1860

Isaac was his "son & servant"; mulatto; 39 yrs.; 6'2 1/2" with boots on; scar on his uner lip caused by "bighting in a fight"; bought from Wesley Lair of Harrison County

Robbins, John

Cloe

2/1/1851

2/1/1851

no description

Robbins, John

Snowden, George

2/1/1851

2/1/1851

no description

Robertson, James

Elizabeth and youngest child Martha

9/4/1837

9/4/1837

Elizabeth: 39 years; 4'11"; very fat; black complexion; open countenance; Martha: 2 years; tolerable black complexion

Robertson, James

Sarah

2/4/1839

2/4/1839

age not legible; 5'2"; stout made

Robinett, James M.

William

1/6/1851

1/6/1851

38 years; black complexion; 5'7"

Robison, James

Malinda

10/21/1826

10/21/1826

half coloured woman; 38 years old

Rogers, James (Estate; from heirs)

Squire

5/4/1846

5/4/1846

freed as a result of a lawsuit filed by Squire against heirs; he was protesting conditions of will.

Rogers, Will

Sam

10/9/1822

 

38 years old

Rush, George

Ann and child Nancy

1/7/1839

1/7/1839

Ann: light skin; 34 years; 5'1"; Nancy: dark 3 years

Rymel, George

Aaron

6/7/1847

6/7/1847

$402 paid for freedom; dark complexion; slender make; 6'; 46 years

Sapp, James

Joshua

11/1/1847

9/11/1846

Joshua paid $270.00 for his freedom; owner cited "divers other good causes" for emancipation; no description

Scott, W. Andrew and Willoughby S. Scott (by agent James Scott)

Steel, Harry

2/3/1851

2/3/1851

51 years

Sharp, Samuel I. (of Nicholas County) and Aben Moore

Remus

12/3/1855

12/4/1855

41 years; black skin; 5'6"; bought from Aben Moore; Remus paid a debt designated in deed of sale

Shaw, William

Wesley

9/7/1865

9/7/1865

light mulatto complexion; 43 years; 5'8"; no flesh marks but one on the heal of left hand caused by cut of a sickle

Shropshire, Ben L.

William

1/6/1851

1/6/1851

freed out of motives of "benevolence and humanity"; 40 years; black skin; 5'4"

Smith, Hagar (free woman of color)

Smith, America

11/6/1837

10/31/1837

America was her daughter; 11 years and 4 months; 4'4"; yellow complexion; small for her age; slender delicate make; good countenance

Smith, Hargar (free woman of color)

Smith, Martha Ann

11/6/1837

11/6/1837

Martha Ann was her daughter; 13 years and 8 months; 4' 10 1/2"; yellow complexion; lightly and well made; good open countenance

Smith, William

Allen

1/4/1847

7/4/1847

no description; originally was going to free him in 1850

Smith, William M. O.

Allen

1/8/1850

17/1/1850

Allen paid $1.00

Speaks, Hezekiah

Harry

3/16/1836

3/16/1836

48 years; 5'8"; black complexion; scar on left thigh; Harry paid $375 for his freedom

Spears, Elizabeth

Hagar

6/6/1831

6/6/1831

45 years old; light color; light made; 5' 5-6"

Spears, Noah

Williams, Sandford, Green Smith, Harriet Blackburn (alias Smith, her sons James and Daniel B.

6/21/1861

6/21/1861

Green: 37 yrs; 5' 11 1/2"; lt copper skin; high forehead; crooked right little finger; Harriet: 31 yrs.; 5' 2 1/2"; dark copper skin; small scar high on forehead; James: 6 yrs; copper skin; David B.: 7 mos.; copper; Sanford: 40 yrs: black skin; 5' 4 1/2"; bald; sm. scar over eye

Steele, Harry

Jane and child Sarah Ellizabeth

9/6/1847

9/6/1847

sold at sale from James R. Sterrets? property to Alexander Patton, to settle court case; transferred to Elizabther McKee then to Steele; 31 years; 5' 3 1/2"; child is 2 months; both have yellow skin

Steele, William (Estate; by William Steele)

Harry

12/3/1838

5/2/1836

6'; dark; 31 years; named in deed from Steele dated 4 Feb 1811; to be free at age 21

Stone, Barton M. (Scott Co.)

Aggy

4/6/1823

 

5 years old

Stone, Barton M. (Scott Co.)

Ailsey

4/6/1823

 

4 years old

Stone, Barton M. (Scott Co.)

Amada

4/6/1823

 

8 years old

Stone, Barton M. (Scott Co.)

Laviney

4/6/1823

 

26 years old; freed with her children

Stone, Barton M. (Scott Co.)

Nancy

4/6/1823

 

1 year old

Stone, Edward Heirs

Lewis

12/4/1826

12/4/1826

mulatto boy; had to be hired out for no less than 2 years

Stone, John Jr.

Daniel

5/4/1846

5/4/1846

54 years

Talliaffero, Robert

Jerry

6/1/1865

6/1/1865

28 years; black complexion; rather heavily built; open countenance; large full mouth with holes in his ears for Bobs; 5' 3 1/2"

Terebaugh, Jacob (Estate; by Jonathan and S. W. Terebaugh

Morgan, Chance

4/5/1842

3/4/1861

58 years; copper skin; 5' 6 1/2"; most of his teeth out

Thatcher, Daniel

Burris, Simon

3/4/1861

3/4/1861

58 years; copper skin; 5' 6 1/2" heavy set; scar over left eye; lame in right leg caused by kick of a horse on his knee

Thomas, George

Hannah

4/2/1827

4/2/1827

none

Thomas, George

James

4/4/1831

4/4/1831

signed with mark; 70 years old; black; 5' 5"

Thomas, George

Lucy

4/2/1827

4/2/1827

none

Thomas, George

Sam

2/2/1833

2/4/1833

about 30 yrs; yellow skin; 6'1"

Thomas, George (through John King, exor.)

Jack

6/2/1834

6/2/1834

5'10"; 26 years old; dark copper complexion; scar over left brow 1" long; left thumb joint put out; "slender make"

Thomas, George (through John King, exor.)

Joseph

6/2/1834

6/2/1834

5'5"; 35 years old; tolerably dark complexion; lost several teeth from upper jaw and 2 from lower jaw; "a little chunky in his person"; no remarkable scars

Thomas, George (through John King, exor.)

Tamar

6/2/1834

6/2/1834

5' 3"; copper complexion; no scars; tolerably slender

Thomas, George (through John King, exor.)

Perry

1/5/1846

1/5/1846

one of the children of Tamar mentioned in the will; 21 years; black; 5' 8 3/4"

Thornton, Jno. Roots

Blackburn, Celia

11/12/1862

11/12/1862

26 yrs.; yellow skin; 5' 4 3/4"; mole on back neck; 125 lbs.

Timberlake, Charles

Arnold, Jacob

6/12/1833

6/12/1833

Jacob paid $600 for his freedom; light black; 26 yrs.; 5' 6.5"; lame in right knee so as to occasion the foot to stand out more than natural; scar over each eye; one on right breast

Townsend, Willliam

Jacob

9/8/1829

12/25/1830

52 years old; not very black; "square sallow bound man; 5'4" with no particular marks.

Trabue, James

Cummins, Irene

10/3/1859

10/1/1859

Irenewas wife of William Cummins who was free; he worked for Trabue for 6 months to earn his wife's freedom

Trabue, James

Dudley

9/6/1847

9/1/1847

agreed to emancipate in 1838 for $500?; acknowledged payment

Tucker, Absalom (Estate; by Joseph Tucker)

Charles

1/2/1837

1/2/1837

mulatto; 32 years; 6' 1 1/2"; gray stipe in his hair; large, well built and able bodied

Tucker, Absalom (Estate; by Joseph Tucker)

Robin

1/2/1837

1/2/1837

39 years; 5' 6 1/2"; very black; roman nose

Tull, John M. (Sr.)

Tull, John M. Jr.

12/10/1828

12/10/1828

owner was also father; signed deed with mark; son now 9 years old; 31/2'; light yellow; to be freed at age 21

Turner, Charles (of Paris)

Daniel

5/2/1836

5/2/1836

light complexion; slender form; 5'6"; 36 years; scar over right eye

Turner, Charles (of Paris)

Joe

5/2/1846

5/2/1836

45 years; 5' 4 1/2"

Turner, Charles (of Paris)

Lyons, Amanda

5/2/1846

5/2/1846

12 years

Turner, Charles (of Paris)

Lyons, Judith

5/2/1846

5/2/1846

8 years

Turner, Charles (of Paris)

West, Eliza Ann

5/2/1846

5/2/1846

dark complexion; 3 years old the 26th of April 1836

Turner, Joseph

Nelly

11/4/1833

11/4/1833

36 yrs.

Tutt, John (free man of color)

Tutt, Noah

12/3/1832

12/3/1832

freed his son; 8 years old; yellow; 3'3"

Vanderen, Barnet and Ardery, thomas

Captain

1/4/1830

1/4/1830

48 years old; black; 5' 7"; scar between eyes extending upwards across the nose from right side to left

Vanderin, Bernard

Carey/Cairy

7/7/1834

7/7/1834

5' 10"; tolerably dark complexion; small scar on left side of forehead; tolerably well set with no other flesh marks

Vimont, John S.

Glorvina

11/3/1842

5/22/1842

Glorvina indentured at age one to Vimont as a gift from Mark Antony and Alexis Giraud; to be freed at age 21 after being taught how to be useful to society

Vimont, Lewis

Zenoby

10/3/1842

8/12/1842

Zenoby transferred to Vimont by Felix Giron; to be freed at 21; no description

Vince/Vena, Cyrus

Vince/Vena, Cyrus

11/5/1849

11/5/1849

emancipated his son

Wallace, William Heirs

Wallace, Sarah

9/7/1829

 

34 years old; yellow; 5 1/2'; "derived from their ancestor William Wallace"; hired for one year until freedom on 1 Jan.

Waller, Edward

Scipio

11/14/1829

11/14/1829

40 years old; dark; 6'

Ward, John

Fanny and children Lucinda, Reuben, Jno. Williams and Isaac

1/1/1855

1/1/1855

Isaac: 20 years; 6+'; Lucinda: yellow, 16 years.; 5'8"; Reuben: yellow; 14 yrs.; 5'6"; Jno.: yellow; 10/11 yrs.; 5'; Fanny: 45 yrs.; 5'5"; yellow (mother of others named)

Webb, Washington

Hurley, Patty, Elizabeth, her daughter Polly Ann Smith, and her infant child Sarah Ellen, and Patty's son, Austin

1/16/1860

1/16/1860

Patty: 57 yrs. on April 27, 1859; 5'5 1/2"; copper skin with small scar on forehead over left eye; Polly Ann: 23 yrs on Dec. 23, 1859; light copper skin; 4' 9 3/4"; Sarah: mulatto; 4 mos.; Austin: 16 yrs on July 18, 1859; copper skin; 5' 4 1/2"

Webb, Winney

Lucy

12/15/1826

12/15/1826

Isaac Webb Jr. charged with her support if needed

Webb, Winney (Estate; by Walker Buckner)

Dan

2/3/1840

2/3/1840

mulatto; yellow complexion; 20 years

Wells, James Estate (by heirs)

George

9/1/1852

3/25/1851

40 years

Williams, Daniel

Isabel

9/2/1850

9/2/1850

about 34 years; mulatto; purchased from James Fomian (possibly meant Froman)

Williams, Daniel

Polly

9/2/1850

9/2/1850

50 years; dark brown; purchased at public sale from estate of James W. Rice

Wiliams, John R.

Adkins

9/6/1847

10/2/1847

deed praised his fidelity as a servant

Williams, Moses

Leah and children, Maris, Moses, Charles

6/2/1834

6/2/1834

Leah: 45 yrs, 5'2"; Maria: 9 yrs; Moses: 5 or 6 yrs.; Charles: 1 yr.; dark complexion

Williams, Peter (New Castle Co., Del.)

Sam

10/3/1803

9/25/1826

Williams filed intent to free Sam, then 11 years, 7 months, when he turned 28 years old; bound him to Robert Allen until that time who brought Sam to Bourbon County; very black; 5' 6 1/4"

Woodford, Mary A.

Jerry, John, Betty and Hiffy?/Hetty?

1/3/1853

1/3/1853

freed by will of Thos. C. Woodford; Jerry: 50 years; John: 22 years; Betty: 50 years; Hiffy: 18 years; on condition that they emigrate to Indiana or some other free state

Woodford, Thomas C.

Charles

6/3/1850

6/3/1850

56 years

Woodford, Thomas C.

Harriett

6/3/1850

6/3/`850

10 years

Woodford, Thomas C. Estate

Thomas, Stewart, George and Sam

2/6/1854

2/6/1854

Thomas: 45 years; Steward: 21 years; George: 18 years; Sam: 19 years.

Wright, James R.

Hannah

5/1/1837

5/1/1837

mother's (Martha Wrighta0 will gave service of Hannah to son for 10 years at which time he was to free her; 43 years; 5' 6 1/2"; dark skin

Wright, Jas. H.

Jackson, Daniel

1/25/1864

1/25/1864

32 yrs; dark skin; 5' 5 1/2"; 150 lbs.