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A Sesqui-Centennial History of Kentucky

 

A narrative historical edition, commemorating one hundred and fifty years of statehood, preserving the record of the growth and development of the commonwealth, and chronicling the genealogical and memorial records of its prominent families and personages Hopkinsville, Ky. Publisher: Historical Record Association, 1945, 2426 pgs
 


 

Page 411: "The codicil to the will of Samuel Oldham, Jefferson County, Kentucky, Deed Book 2, page 214, dated January 28, 1823, provided: "Four old Negroes shall not be required to do any involuntary service; they may elect which children they will live with, and if necessary be maintained out of estate; Negro woman Phebe shall serve daughter Sally Merriwether for three years, then maintained. Two acres of land to be kept for place interment for family and the blacks."

 

Page 420:

"Samuel Shaw, of Jefferson County, Kentucky, willed that "Slave Frank to be sent to Liberia whenever his
mother or any of his brothers and sister, now owned by M. D. Averill, may be sent, or when he is twenty-one,
if he is willing to go, expenses paid and $50 and if he will not go, is to be hired out for benefit of American Colonization Society to which testator left money."



Kentucky Colonization Society

Page 419:

"By 1822 the Society had raised over $1100 for the transportation of free Negroes to Liberia, and the time had come for the first expedition from Kentucky. Rev. Richard Bibb, of Logan County, liberated 51 of his slaves and gave the 32 who were willing to go to Liberia $444 for their comforts on the voyage. By April 20, 1833 the vessel Ajax with 150 emigrants, 107 of them from Kentucky, left New Orleans for Liberia. Tragedy overtook the Ajax in the form of cholera, and between 30 and 40 of the passengers and crew died of the disease. Among the emigrants was "a female slave (Milly) brought up by Mrs. (Robert) Wickliffe, who possessed a superior education and gifted mind, and was intended for a teacher in Liberia. With her was her son Alfred who was to become a minister. Milly died of cholera but Alfred reached the shores of Africa and became one of Liberia's leading citizens."

"The early wills of Kentucky show that many slave owners provided that at the death of their respective masters they be sent to Liberia. Outstanding among these wills is that of Major Richard Bibb, who liberated all of his 51 slaves, valued at $25,000, and willed that all of them who did not have wives or husbands in bondage be sent to Liberia. In addition he gave to his emancipated slaves $5000 to be divided among them."