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Volume 16, Issue 4 (April 2005)

Gregory Stanton Claypool, Editor

Louisville Genealogical Society
PO Box 5164
Louisville, KY 40255-0164


Meetings & Workshops:

April 12th - This month's speaker is Charles W. Arrington who is a retired middle school teacher with an avid interest in local history. His specialty has been in aviation history, and he is currently co-authoring a book on aviation in Southern Indiana. However, we will have to wait on this topic for a later date. Mr. Arrington is going to present a slide show program, "The Final Years of Trolley Operations in Louisville: 1936-1948". In addition to history of street cars and trolley operations, it will take a look at equipment, infrastructure, and remaining visible signs even after nearly 60 years since the last trolley clattered down the Louisville streets.

April 26th - Workshop presentation by Jane Turner Hamm on "Preparing for a Research Trip". This is a timely topic since many of you are going to the Fort Wayne Public Library for a week of genealogy research. Jane will give tips on what you need to take on a research trip, how to determine where you need to go for research and what preparations need to be done prior to going. Membership participation is encouraged to share your experiences and any tips you might have as well. Share your expertise, experiences and knowledge with other members. There's a lot of wisdom amongst our members, and these workshops will be an opportunity to help one another. Jane is a graduate Social Worker from UK, Professional Genealogist from the 1960's through 1986, Teacher of Genealogy Classes for several years at U of L, plus teaching at Senior Citizens East for 19 years. She was the founder of the Louisville Genealogical Society in July 1985 and has been Workshop Chairman of the Society for many years and is also the Genealogical Advisor for LGS. Jane is co-author of three books on the families of Alexander, Hamm and Prater published recently.

As a Reminder to the Membership
Regular LGS meetings are held at the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints at the corner of Linn Station Road and Hurstbourne Lane from 1:00-3:00 p.m. Caffeine, tobacco and alcohol are not permitted on the premises.

New Members:
RAKESTRAW, Sally Parsons
BURKE, Jeanne

Donations, Giveaways, Auction Items Needed
Before we know it, the Annual Family History Seminar will be taking place, so now is the time to gather together those genealogy magazines and materials that you are finished with and submit them to LGS. Also, if you have something to donate for the silent auction, please drop it by during a regular meeting. Thanks for your help.

For the Genealogy Funny Bone
From "Dear Abby"
Dear Abby: I have always wanted to have my family history traced, but I can't afford to spend a lot of money to do it. Any suggestions?
Sam in California
Dear Sam: Yes . . . . Run for public office !!!!!

Future LGS Sponsored Events

LGS Research Trip to Fort Wayne, Indiana, from Sunday, May 15 - Sunday, May 22, 2005 to travel by car. Several people have signed up for this event. Hotel accommodation information can be found by going to the Fort Wayne Public Library website. You need to make your own personal hotel reservations.

LGS trip to Salt Lake City, Utah, from Sunday, September 18 to Sunday, September 25, 2005, to travel by air.

LGS needs a Travel Chairman to work out the details of the two trips, and we hope someone will volunteer to help us out. Job is not a difficult one, just organizational in nature.

Notice: Are your 2005 LGS dues paid? Is your membership in good standing? If not, then this is your last newsletter, and all further publications. Dues may be sent to the LGS Treasurer to avoid missing future LGS newsletters and quarterlies.

Types of U.S. Naturalization Records
A Summary for Genealogy Researchers

Declarations of Intention (also called First Papers)
The record by which an applicant for U.S. citizenship declared his/her intent to become a citizen and renounced his/her allegiance to a foreign government.
Early records of this type (before 1906) usually will have: name, country of birth or allegiance (but not town), date of the application and signature. Some (but very few) show the date and port of arrival in the U.S. After September 26, 1906, much more detailed information is given, including place of birth and port and date of arrival.
A Declaration of Intention normally preceded proof of residence or a petition to become a citizen by two or more years. Exceptions: a person who entered the country while a minor, honorable military discharges, a person married to a citizen.
Beginning with 1795, a person could declare his/her intent to become a citizen at any time after he/she arrived in the United States. A few people did this almost immediately upon arrival.
The Declaration of Intention requirement ended in 1952 (although immigrants can still file a declaration if they want to - it is optional).

Naturalization Petitions
Following the Declaration of Intention and meeting the residency requirements, an applicant then filed this petition for formal application for U.S. citizenship.
There was a 5-year residency requirement (in the U.S.) to become naturalized (raised to 14 years in 1798, lowered back to 5 in 1802).
Generally, minor children (not born in the U.S.) could derive citizenship from their father when their father naturalized.
From 1855 to 1922, alien women became citizens automatically if they married an American Citizen. Women could derive citizenship from their spouses until 1922 when the law was changed...
After 22 September 1922, an alien woman who married a U.S. citizen could skip the Declaration of Intention and file for a Naturalization Petition. But, if an alien woman married an alien man (after 22 Sepgember 1922), she would have to start her naturalization proceedings at the begining with a Declaration of Intention.

Naturalization Depositions
These are statements made by witnesses in support of an applicant's petition.

Certificates of Arrival
On this form the immigrant listed the port name, date and ship of arrival. Copies of this form were sent to the port of entry and checked by a clerk, who located the immigrant's passenger list. If a corresponding record was found, the INS issued a certificate of arrival and sent it to the naturalization court. Certificates of arrival were first issued under the Basic Naturalization Act of 1906, which went into effect on 27 September 1906. These certificates are generally included in a naturalization records file.

Records of Naturalization and Oaths of Allegiance*
The document granting U.S. citizenship to petitioners. Sometimes called the Certificate of Naturalization. You may not always find every type of record for your ancestor. Slightly different records were kept during different time periods. In some cases, all of the records are combined together in a single petition and record file.

Naturalization and the Civil War
An Act of 17 July 1862, stated: "any alien, of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, who has enlisted, or may enlist in the armies of the United States, either the regulars or volunteer forces, and has been, or may be hereafter, honorably discharged, shall be admitted to become a citizen of the United States, upon his petition, without any previous declaration of intention to become such; and he shall not be required to prove more than one year's residence." (Act of July 17, 1862, 12 Stat. 597, section 21) Basically, this allowed an honorably discharged Civil War veteran (who fought for the Union) to apply for citizenship without filing a declaration of intention and without the usual residency requirement. It did not grant him automatic citizenship -- he still had to apply, but the naturalization process was expedited. This legislation was enacted to encourage aliens (non-citizens) to enlist during the Civil War, and it also applied to later wars.

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LGS Treasurer's Report:
February 2005
Bank Balance $ 4,477.79
CD;s $ 5,994.94
Total $ 10,472.73
Membership in Good Standing: 227

Quote of the Month:
"Everyone has ancestors, and it is onlyl a question of going back far enough to find a good one."
-- Howard Kenneth Nixon

Bullitt County Genealogy Society:
Will meet Thursday, April 21, 7:45 p.m., at the Kentucky Room, Super 8 Motel, Shepherdsville. Speaker: John E. Kleber. Topic: "I am Bound for the Promised Land" Kentucky's Early Settlers. (This program is funded in part by the Kentucky Humanities Council, Inc., and the National Endowment for the Humanities.)

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To view past Louisville Genealogical Society Newsletters,
For July, click here
For August, click here
For September, click here.
For October, click here.
For November, click here.
For December, click here.
For January, click here.
For February, click here.
For March, click here.