African Americans - 1870 census of Mercer Co., Ky.
contributed by Anne Baker


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The Civil War ended slavery in 1865 so this is the first census taken when all citizens were totally free. Mercer County and Harrodsburg had always had a large number of "free blacks".

In all cases the micro-film should be used for research and to obtain the further information given to the census taker. This transcription should only be considered a guide.

This list contains only those listed as Black or Mulatto.
M= male F = female
All are born in Ky., unless otherwise stated. All occupations are farmers or farm laborers unless otherwise stated.

The columns are as follows: Household number, name, age, sex & race, birth state if different than Ky, occupation, Notes made by this transcriber.



Surname Index

Allen   34 Franklin   182 Jackson   30 Richie   93   30
Barnard   85 Gabart   197 Matheny   94   17 Rucker   53
Black   50 Gilbert   16 McDaniel   23 Sinclair   156
Board   6   7 Gregory   5 McDowal   4 Smith   49
Boggs   89 Griffin   121 Million   84 Thompson   33
Bottoms   67   216 Grundy   10 Mitchel   26   29 Watts   71
Brown   156 Harley   77 Olds   90 Wheeler   10   42
Brumfield   1 Hatch   95 Patterson   67 Whitenack   22
Cowan   2 Hawkins   7 Peters   94 Williams   89
Ewing   7 Heckman   3 Pryor   197 Yeast   190
Meaux   21   23   32   33   34   45   79   82   83   83   84   86   87   88   95


1870 census - District #1 - Nevada Magisteral District taken Aug 1870 by J. M. Wilson
(covers micro-film pages 443A to 450B , 409A, 492A.)

This District is in the most southwestern section of Mercer Co., bordering on the south & west by the boundaries of Boyle County & Washington County, on the north by District #8 & east by District #6. The eastern border is not far from Rose Hill Post Office in Dist. #6.

It includes the Post Offices of Nevada (on the Boyle Co., border) and Stewart (in the most southwestern part of Mercer not far from the Washington Co., border). The Chaplin River runs north to south through this district. Some communities are Battle, possibly Gastonia which is known to be near Rose Hill. There were a total of 132 households in this district.

1.      Ned Brumfield       30 MB Blacksmith        ? age 43 or 40
        Margaret            25 FB        
        Amanda              16 FB
        Willie               8 MB
        Patsy                7 FB
        Richard              5 MB

2.      Wallace Cowan       34 MB        
        Hannah              30 FB
        Reuben              18 MB
        Nancy               12 FB
        Simon                9 MB
        John                 1 MB

3.      Wallace Heckman     25 MB                   ? Hickman
        Kittie              21 FB
        
4.      Richard McDowal     40 MB                   ? McDowell
        Mahala              15 FB
        Sarah F.            14 FB
        William             18 MB
        Dick                12 MB
        Tom                 10 MB
        Johnson              4 MB

5.      Jack Gregory        45 M?                   ? Mulatto
        Dolly               40 FB
        Robert              19 MB        
        Phillip             17 MB        
        George              15 MB        
        Henry               13 MB        
        Levier?             11 FB
        Emma                 9 FB
        Laura                7 FB
        Fannie               5 FB
        Billie               3 MB
        Fannie              50 FB     VA

6.      Peter Board         75 MB        
        Sallie              75 FB
        Charles             23 MB        
        James               21 MB        
        
7.      Thomas Ewing        50 MB
        Sidney              40 FM
        John Board          20 MB
        Peter               18 MB
        Sarah               17 FB
        Fannie              16 FB
        Sarah Hawkins       15 FB
        Edmund              14 MB
        Maggie              13 FB
        Thomas              12 MB
        Joshua              10 MB
        Charles              9 MB

26.     Green Mitchel       23 MB
        Julia A.            20 FB
        Mary E.              1 FB

29.     James Mitchel       30 MB
        Mariah              35 FB
        Charles             12 MB
        Julia                7 FB
        Mary B.              5 FB
        William H.           5 MB
        
30.     Samuel Jackson       36 MB        Blacksmith
        Sarilda              30 FM
        Harrett              16 FB
        Ellen                13 FB
        William              12 MM
        Mary                  7 FM
        Robert                3 MM
        Edward             5/12 MM                  born in Jun.

67.     James Patterson      40 MB
        Harriett             26 FB
        Mariah F.             8 FB
        George L.             5 MB
        Thomas J.             3 MB
        Margarett             2 FB
        William H.            1 MB
        Sarah E. Bottoms     14 FB

77.     Matilda Harley       45 FB                  ? Hartley
        George A.            20 MB
        John                 18 MB
        Rob                  16 MB                  ? Bob
        Hannah               14 FB
        

94. Louisa Peters            22 FB
Housekeeper - living in household of J.A. Stewart.  There is a child Benjamin age 5
listed below Louisa but it is not clear if this is a child of Louisa or another child
of J.A. Stewart.

121.    America ?Griffin     35 FB
Housekeeper - living in the household of David Griffin


1870 Census - District # 2 - Cornishville Magisterial District. Census taken July 1870 by C. P. Graham. Covers microfilm pages 451A to 469B.

It is located in western Mercer Co, bordered on the west by Washington Co., Ky., on the north by District #3 Duncansville, on the east by District #5 one of the Harrodsburg Districts (with Bohon P.O. nearby)and on the south by District #8.

The only Post Office is Cornishville. The Chaplin River runs through this district.

10.     Lydia Wheeler        60 FB
        Felix Grundy         12 MB
        Willie Ann Wheeler    8 FB

16.     Isam ?Gilbert        20 MB
        Mary H.              17 FB - both living with Isaac Gilbert

22.     Andrew Whitenack     15 MB - living with Robert Dean

23.     Moore McDaniel       34 MB
        Margaret             38 FB
        Jeremiah             10 MB
        Johnson               5 MB
        Albert                1 MB

42.     Mary Wheeler         38 FB
        Alice                13 FB
        Odelia                8 FB

71.     Harriett Watts       19 FB - living with William Cloyd

79.     Ann Eliza Meaux      15 FB - living with William Lawson

83.     Lovell Meaux         30 MB
        Sarah E.             25 FB

84.     Humphrey Meaux       65 MB
        Sarah                21 FB
        William Monroe Meaux  9 MB
        Hanna Lee Million    13 FB
        Hanna                46 FB

93.     Robert Richie        21 MB
        Clarissa             22 FB
        Wm. E.                3 MB
        Mary J.            5/12 FB
        Mattie Lee         5/12 FB - twins born in Dec.

94.     Aaron Matheny        50 MB
        Sarah M.             55 FB
        Samuel               10 MB

95.     Robert Hatch         40 MB
        Emeline              22 FB
        William R.            2 MB
        Un-named           2/12 MB - born in Mar.
        Eliza Meaux           3 FM
        Jordan Meaux       9/12 MM - born in Aug.
        Jenny Meaux           4 FM

156.    Sam Brown            70 MB Va
        Mahala               65 FB
        Ann                  23 FB
        Clayton M. Sinclair  10 MB
        America               9 FB

182.    Andrew Franklin      52 MB - living with Daniel Yeast

190.    Frederick Yeast      39 MB
        Margaret             30 FB
        Scott                16 MB
        Frederick            12 MB
        Isiah                10 MB
        Isabella              5 FB

197.    Henry Pryor          52 MB
        Lydia                39 FB
        Simon                 8 MB
        Louis Gabart         10 MB

216.    Jackson Bottoms      42 MB
        Lucinda              42 FB
        Abram W.             20 MB
        Mary                 18 FB
        Hannah               16 FB
        John B.              13 MB
        Almira                6 FB
        David                 5 MB
        Eliza                 3 FB


Dist #3 Duncansville Magisterial District. Census taken June & Aug. 1870 by C. P. Graham. Located in western Mercer Co., bounded on the west by Washington County, on the north by District #8 Salvisa, on the east by District #7 McAfee & on the south by District #2 Cornishville. Post Offices are Duncansville & Dugansville. The Chaplin River runs across the southwestern part & Thompsons Creek & Indian Creek run east & west through the center of this District.

17.     Lewis Matheny        55 MB
        Cynthia              46 FB
        Adaline              14 FB
        Isabell               8 FB
        Robert             1/12 MB                  born in May

21.     Spry Meaux           42 MB House Carpenter
        Elizabeth            31 FB
        David                14 MB

23.     Abram Meaux          12 MB - living with R.B.Parker, Physician
        Henry                 7 MB
        Winny                 6 FB
        Marshall              4 MB

30.     Delila Richie        60 FB

32.     Silvia Meaux         65 FM
        John Lee             25 MB
        Charlott Meaux       30 FB

33.     Jordan Meaux         32 MB
        Diana                30 FB
        Emily                12 FB
        Selina               11 FB
        Addison Thompson     12 MB
        Jonas Meaux          46 MB
        James W. Meaux       12 MB

34.     Jefferson Allen      70 MB
        Lucinda Meaux         3 FM

44.     Ben James            51 MB
        Mary Ann             56 FB
        Ann                   7 FB

45.     Henry Meaux          34 MM
        Mary Elizabeth       24 FB
        Ann Eliza             8 FB
        Susan                 5 FB
        Dennis                4 MB
        Delila B.             1 FB

49.     Zachariah Smith      44 MB
        Mary D.              37 FM
        Mary E.               7 FB
        Cynthia               3 FB
        Celestia              2 FB

50.     George Black         42 MB
        Elizabeth            42 FB
        Un-named born Jan  6/12 FB

53.     Anderson Rucker      38 MB
        
82.     Lucinda Meaux        60 FM
        Woodson              26 MM

83.     Marshall Meaux       30 MB
        Delila               17 FB
        Reuben T.            21 MM
        Ethelinda             1 FM                                  

85.     Elizabeth Barnard    65 FB
        Phebe                21 FB
        Susanna               8 FB
        Ory                   1 MB                  ? Sry ? Sky

86.     Joseph Meaux         80 MB
        Winny                65 FB
        April                24 FB
        Fanny                22 FB
        Lincoln               5 MB
        Mary                  4 FB
        Manda Kate            4 FB

87.     John Meaux           25 MB
        Davida               23 FB                  ? her name ?
        Sharlotte         10/12 FB                  born in Aug 
        Charles               7 MB
        Ann M.                9 FB

88.     Robin Meaux          74 MB        Stone Mason
        Sharlotte            35 FB        

89.     Bentley Williams     21 MB
        Elizabeth            38 FB
        Walter Boggs         13 MB

90.     Henry Olds           45 MB
        Methenia Jane        40 FB
        Silvia A.            15 FB
        Lucinda              14 FB
        Ed. M.               12 MB
        Henry W.             10 MB
        Mary E.              10 FB                  ?twins
        Fidelia               8 FB
        Andrew                5 MB
        Susana                4 FB
        Unnamed            7/12 FB                  born in Sep