The purpose of this page is to list resources and records pertaining to the first families of the Colony of Louisiana. If you have resources to share or comments, please
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In 1684 La Salle, planning to colonize on the Mississippi River, was swept off-course and his party of ships landed at Matagorda Bay, Texas. There are no lists of the original passengers but subsequent records exist of the survivors of the ill-fated voyage.
Two young TALON boys were among the survivors. They were rescued by an Indian woman and were brought to
Vera Cruz, Mexico. Later they were colonists at Mobile. There are TALON descendants.
Henri Tonti, explorer, and La Salle's nephew, Nicholas de La Salle also became residents of early Mobile.
The first French men to establish residence on the Gulf Coast were recruits of de Iberville. They arrived at Biloxi Bay in 1699 at what is now Ocean Springs, Mississippi.
A list of engagees was made July 6, 1697 of the Canadiens recruited by de Iberville. The original can be found in the Archives du Port du Rochefort. Details have been published in several books.
Another list was made of men present on August 25, 1699, and through 1700, of the men at Biloxi. About 1702 the "habitants" were moved to Ft. Louis.
There are land plat maps of the Ft. Louis town and fort which list the landowners:
The first French families were formed in 1704 with the arrival of "The Pelican," a ship carrying 23 girls of "marriageable age."
A passenger list for "The Pelican" exists in the French Archives.
- Chart 119 from 1702
- Chart 120 from 1706
There is a census of the families at Mobile in 1706. There were divisions of land detailed in old >maps of the original site of Mobile c1702 and for several years afterward, that yield further information about the families there. This site, Ft. Louis, was about 25 miles north of the present site of present-day Mobile, Alabama.