of Duckport Plantation, Madison Parish, Louisiana

Virginia Military Institute Cadet 1874-1878

University of Virginia Law School 1879

University of Louisiana (now Tulane) Law School 1880


V.M.I. Cadet Richard Kinsey Boney -- age 16 – about 1875


Compiled, Edited, Annotated and Illustrated

by Richard P. Sevier

©2000 Richard P. Sevier ( This material is intended for informational use only and may not be reproduced by ANY means whatsoever without written permission from the author




The diaries of Richard K. Boney, my grandfather, came to light after a February 1984 fire in his former Tallulah, Louisiana home. In 1985, after being read and photocopied, the diaries were donated to the Virginia Military Institute along with other Boney V.M.I. memorabilia. Full credit for the idea of compiling these diaries belongs to my wife Babs who suggested this in the summer of 2000. As I began to copy the material I discovered that some portions of the diaries had not been photocopied correctly in that the writing on some photocopied pages had been truncated along the bound margin.

 Words cannot express the appreciation due to Diane B. Jacobs, V.M.I. Archivist, and her staff without whose help this compilation would not have been possible. These fine folks painstakingly supplied the missing words; photocopied the missing pages and supplied many of the photos used herein. They also supplied the V.M.I. school directory information on which many of the footnotes are based. Additional thanks are due to the Archive Section of the University of Virginia, who supplied an 1880 UVA directory and to my sisters, Dorothy Sevier Elliott of El Dorado, Arkansas and Sherrill Sevier Pirone of Lexington, Kentucky, who supplied other copies of the diaries, photos and additional Boney memorabilia. Credit should also be given to Bob Conte, Historian of The Greenbrier Hotel in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, for supplying data on the “Sulphur spring” resorts of Virginia and to Dorothy H. Bodell, author of Montgomery White Sulphur Springs – A history of the resort, hospital, cemeteries, markers, and monument. This data was extremely helpful in understanding the significance of these old post Civil War resorts. Thanks also to Steve Schenkenberg, Editor, The Magazine of Sigma Chi / Sigma Chi Online, for Sigma Chi historical data. Photo and newspaper credits may be found in the List of Illustrations and other Credits. A Bibliography is also included.




Richard Kinsey Boney began his V.M.I.[1] diary in October 1874, about a month after he entered the Institute as a fourth class (freshman) “rat”. He was only fifteen years old at the time but had already completed at least one semester at Mississippi College at Clinton (established 1828) – the oldest college in Mississippi. He also had already joined Sigma Chi Fraternity at that early age.

The diary is presented here exactly as it was written, with no attempt to correct the spelling, grammar or punctuation – all of which were inconsistent, to say the least. Anything added that was not in his original handwriting and any explanations added are in italics unless they are direct quotes or from other articles. The spelling of some names was corrected after the correct spelling was learned. It should be noted that he apparently studied no English Grammar or Composition at V.M.I., and if he had any at all it must been during his short stay at Mississippi College. According to Ms. Diane B. Jacob[2], Archivist at V.M.I.’s Preston Library:

“The VMI curriculum was based from the beginning on sciences, engineering, and math, in addition to the liberal arts; the curriculum was very innovative in the19th century and stood in contrast to the classical education still offered at most universities. General Smith[3] believed in the value of a "scientific education" that would enable graduates to make practical contributions to the state and country.”


Three volumes of the V.M.I. diaries were made (in addition to one each at the University of Virginia Law School in 1879 and the University of Louisiana (now Tulane) Law School in 1880. The diaries were written first in pencil; then copied to another book in ink. They are by no means exact replicas[4] and sometimes one copy has more detail than the other. These diaries were handwritten in notebooks with a very cultured, flowing script and, in most cases, were easy to read. Unfortunately, the diaries were subject to water and fire damage during a 1984 Tallulah fire that caused some of the pages to be lost and some of the text to be undecipherable.

Example of Richard K. Boney’s Volume I (ink) diary


His diary chronicles the activities of a prosperous plantation owner’s homesick son who began by creating resolutions for himself because of the shame he felt for some of his recent actions. At first, Richard Kinsey Boney seems to be an introverted, self-conscious teenager who has never been far from home. He longs for letters from his parents and friends and is unhappy with being at V.M.I. Later, he will become a medal-winner on the debate team, of which he will become president. He will also become socially active with fraternal organizations and countless “young ladies”. His diary displays many southern customs and expressions of the times; discusses various topics of the day and communicates his devotion to his fraternity – Sigma Chi. At one point during his last year at V.M.I. he was selected by the Vicksburg Herald to write a column about his activities. The diary should be of special interest to anyone who has attended (or intends to attend) military or law school and to scholars of the Reconstruction period immediately following the Civil War.

Modern day readers will have a hard time understanding that Richard K. Boney had no electricity; so he read by gaslight or by candle, if gaslight was not available. He had no radio or television; so any news he received came from letters or newspapers or hear-say, which were all well “after the fact.” There were no automobiles or airplanes; so travel had to be by packet boat, stagecoach, steamer, railroad, buggy, carriage, horse or by walking. There were no telephones; so when he “called on” his young lady friends, he had to walk to their homes or hire a buggy (hack) or horse, not knowing whether or not the ladies would be there. Of course he had no running water or plumbing facilities, as we know them today.

Richard Kinsey Boney[5] was born on Culverson Plantation, Madison Parish, Louisiana, October 19, 1858 – the eldest child of Greene Livingston Boney (1829-1910) and Martha Cocke Boney (1830-1895). At the time of his birth his father was manager of the plantation.

Col. Greene L. Boney

By the time of the Civil War Greene L. Boney had accumulated considerable property and owned a number of slaves. When the war broke out he sent his family to his former home in eastern Mississippi and entered the army in Company K, of Abbey’s battery of the First Mississippi artillery. Richard K. Boney was only about 5 years old at this time. Greene L. Boney served until the close of the war. He was in the Battle of Plain’s Store and the Siege of Port Hudson, LA where he was captured, escaped and was recaptured at Blakely where he was taken prisoner and sent to Ship Island. There he was kept prisoner until the close of the war.  At some point he was wounded by a spent minié ball.

After the war Greene L. Boney, having lost nearly everything, returned to Madison Parish to manage a plantation and ultimately resume his position as a prosperous Madison Parish planter. By January 1870 he had purchased Duckport Plantation and owned several other plantations (including Culverson) in the vicinity, together with several thousand acres on Big Black Island in Tensas Parish.[6] By 1881, in addition to the Big Black Island property, he owned almost 4,000[7] acres in Madison Parish – all rich, alluvial lands along the Mississippi River.

Greene L. Boney very much admired Jefferson Davis, and the Boney home at Duckport, built of cypress timber cut on the plantation, was a copy of Davis’ home “Beauvoir” on the Mississippi coast near Biloxi. Since the Mississippi River was only a few hundred yards away, the Boney home was built seven feet off the ground to protect it from annual flooding. It has been said that steamboats on the River could be seen from the front porch. Unfortunately, the River has now washed away the home site and most of the land as it eroded its way westward. In fact the original site of the home is now on the east side of the River.


Boney home at Duckport in early 1900’s


It was common practice in the latter nineteenth and early twentieth centuries for children of plantation owners to be tutored at home, and the Boney home was no exception. The small building to the right in the photo above was the “school house.” There were no high schools in Madison Parish at this time.

Beauvoir, Jefferson Davis' Home near Biloxi, MS, after which the Boney home was designed

And so the stage was set in September 1874 for Richard K. Boney, a very religious, frail lad of fifteen, son of a prosperous planter, to embark upon an 850-mile trip to Lexington, Virginia, to further his education at a strict, no nonsense school with mostly scientific and military curricula and extremely Spartan accommodations – Virginia Military Institute. He apparently did not return to Louisiana until late 1879, although he did spend each summer with his family, mainly at an Appalachian mountain resort called the Montgomery White Sulphur Springs in southwestern Virginia. He will write to his father almost every Sunday and will sequentially number his father’s letters to him as they arrive. He will attend a variety of churches practically every Sunday and will record the text from which each sermon was derived. And he will become a bona fide V.M.I. Cadet – although it will take a little time. After graduation from V.M.I. in 1878 he will attend the University of Virginia Law School in 1878-79 and will graduate from the University of Louisiana (now Tulane) Law School in 1880.


Index map showing relation of Duckport Plantation to Lexington, VA and other points of interest


V.M.I. Campus in 1928. Very few of these buildings were present during 1874-1878


Note: These diaries have been presented for web viewing (with the Preface serving as “Home Page”) in seven Chapters, a Preface and an Epilogue – all of which can be reached by clicking on the appropriate hyperlinks below or the hyperlink at the end of each chapter. Each section is annotated with vintage photographs, drawings and footnotes describing the people mentioned, where they were from, what they did in later life and when and where they died. Several of the chapters are very large and, because of the many photos, may take quite a while to download. For the purposes of web presentation the footnotes are shown in blue or purple as endnotes and will be found at the end of each chapter. However, they can be viewed instantly by clicking on them. To return to the previous position, click on the “Back” arrow or on the footnote number. An alphabetical list of footnoted individuals is also available showing interesting facts about the individual and in which chapter the person was first mentioned. In addition there is a list of the many young ladies he courted during this time.


List of Illustrations and Other Credits

Alphabetical List of Footnoted Individuals
List of Young Ladies



Chapter 1 -- 1874 – Virginia Military Institute

Chapter 2 -- 1875 – Virginia Military Institute

Chapter 3 -- 1876 – Virginia Military Institute

Chapter 4 -- 1877 – Virginia Military Institute

Chapter 5 -- 1878 – Virginia Military Institute

Chapter 6 -- 1879 – University of Virginia Law School

Chapter 7 -- 1880 – University of Louisiana (Tulane) Law School




Selected Highlights

Virginia Military Institute 1874 - 1878


Resolutions 10/19/1874

Apples 10/19/1874

Cadet Kinney incident 10/29/1874

First fight 12/7/1874

Accidental shooting of DeBruhl 3/1/1875

Escorting statue of Robert E. Lee 4/17/1875

Fire 5/14/1875

Battle of New Market 5/15/1875

Montgomery White Sulphur Springs 7/8/1875

Learning how to dance July 8 1875

Initiating the “rats” August 14, 1875

Starts Numbering letters from his father 9/12/1875

Unveiling statue of Stonewall Jackson in Richmond 10/24/1875

Bucking Incident 1/25/1876

Friends of Temperance Meeting March 16, 1876

Appendix Volume I – Money Expended

Appendix Volume I – Money Loaned

Appendix Volume I – Money Received

Beginning of Volume II

Natural Bridge trip 5/15/1876

Thieves 6/22/1876

Summer trip to Centennial at Philadelphia 6/30/1876

Summer trip to Washington 7/11/1876

Stopover at Montgomery White Sulphur Springs on way to Sewanee 7/14/1876

Beginning of summer at Sewanee, TN 7/28/1876

Trip to Centennial at Philadelphia with corps 10/4/1876

No gas; had to use candles for light 11/27/1876

Mutiny because of “no skating” policy 12/4/1876

First Major Speech 1/26/1877

Loses Declaimer’s Medal vote 4/21/1877

Fight with Lewis 4/23/1877

Brother James shipped 4/30/1877

Elected president of dancing club 9/20/1877

Elected president of Cadet Society 10/13/1877

Death of Cadet Agar 11/20/1877

Wins of Orator’s Medal 4/27/1878

First telephone 5/2/1878

Ball – Keirn fight 5/9/1878

Mess hall burns 6/23/1878

Commencement exercises 7/2/1878

Summer at Warm Springs 7/7/1878

Back to Montgomery White Sulphur Springs 7/20/1878

Participates in “Grand Tournament” 8/8/1878


Selected Highlights

University of Virginia Law School - 1879

Blind Tom’s Concert 1/15/1879

Hot Whiskey Punch Remedy 1/17/1879

Abortive Examination 2/27/1879

Shooting Incident 3/5/1879

Trip to Washington & Congress 3/21/1879

Moot Court 4/4/1879

Diking” 4/21/1879

Student Disappears 5/5/1879

Missing Man Found 5/7/1879

“Smoking” Incident 5/28/1879

More on “Smoking Incident” 5/29/1879

Apologies to Drury & Moore; Aumann & Saulsbury 5/30/1879

Saulsbury Accepts Challenge to Fight 6/1/1879

The Day of the Battle 6/5/1879

Jones Caught Cheating on Examination 6/9/1879

Visit to his Brother at Randolph-Macon College 6/17/1879

Leaving UVA for good, Heading for V.M.I. Ball 6/24/1879

Initiated into “Eli Bananas” 6/27/1879

Serenade by friends 7/6/1879

Leaves V.M.I. for Blue Ridge 7/7/1879

Receives Certificate of Graduation in International & Constitutional Law from University of Virginia 7/9/1879

Selected Highlights

University of Louisiana Law School - 1880

New Year’s Day 1/1/1880

First mention of his wife-to-be (16 years later)

Legislature in Session 1/17/1880

General Gibson Elected to U.S. Senate 1/22/1880

Father asks him to return home because of health problems 1/24/1880

Momus Parade 2/5/1880

Mardi Gras Day 2/10/1880

Ex-President Grant comes to New Orleans 3/31/1880

Introduction to Artichokes 4/11/1880

City Park a “pasture”? 4/18/1880

Declines his first job offer as “political” 4/20/1880

More on first job offer 4/25/1880

Final Examinations begin 4/28/1880

Results of Examinations Announced 5/3/1880

Commencement Day and Diploma Controversy 5/8/1880

Return to Duckport 5/10-23/1880


Chapter 1  Virginia Military Institute -- 1874




[1] Founded November 11, 1839, V.M.I. is the oldest State supported military school in the United States.

[2] Personal communication 4/19/2000.

[3] Francis Henney Smith. The first V.M.I. Superintendent of Cadets & Professor of Math & Moral Philosophy. Superintendent from 1839-1889. Died March 21, 1890.

[4] See June 19, 1876 for a comparison.

[5] The Boney family emigrated to North Carolina in 1728 from Frenkendorf – a small town in northwestern Switzerland near Basel and the German border. The name was originally spelled Boni but was soon changed to Boney. The Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas Boneys all came from Kinsey Boney who moved to Lauderdale County, Mississippi about 1840.

[6] See Biographical and Historical Memoires of Louisiana, (vol. 2), pp. 302-303. Published by the Goodspeed Publishing Company, Chicago, 1892 or click here.

[7] Sevier, Richard P. “Madison Parish Tax Rolls 1879 & 1881”. Privately Published 1998.