THE DIARIES OF RICHARD KINSEY BONEY
of Duckport Plantation, Madison Parish, Louisiana
VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE CADET-1875 4th Classman (RAT) and 3rd Classman
©2000 Richard P. Sevier (firstname.lastname@example.org). This material is intended for informational use only and may not be reproduced by ANY means whatsoever without written permission from the author
Friday, January 1st, 1875
Weather very cold. We found the ice thick enough to bear us this morning on a small stream at the foot of the hill, known to us as the Nile. We have suspension today. Took breakfast at the hotel with Lucas and Sutton. It snowed part of the evening. Did not have Dress Parade; as the snow prevented. Spent 90¢ for treats, $1.00 for a knife, 75¢ for a pair of Dumb Bells, $1.00 for handkerchiefs $2.00 for a pair of skates.
Saturday, January 2nd, 1875
We found everything white and frozen this morning. No recitations. The snow was melting fast this evening. Went uptown this evening. Spent $3.00 to have some photographs taken, 65¢ for postage and 60¢ for treats.
Sunday, January 3rd, 1875
It has been right cold today. Did not have Bible this morning. Went to the Presbyterian church today. A great many of the boys went skating this evening; but I would not venture out on Sunday. Wrote a postal to my friend W. B. Sallis. Wrote letters to father and one to my cousin J. T. Pigford. This is examination week and our class will not have their regular recitations. My room-mate, Lucas, is sick tonight.
Monday January 4th, 1875
It snowed during last night; but the snow is not very deep. It is right cold. A great many of the cadets went skating this morning. I remained in barracks and studied my Algebra. The intermediate examination commenced today. The advanced classes will be examined first. The fourth class will be examined about the last of this week. I am going to study pretty hard preparing for the examination. No Dress Parade on account of bad weather. Lucas is still sick.
Tuesday, January 5th, 1875
The weather has been very cold today. I was examined in French this morning. Received a very interesting letter from father this morning. I had my name pricked on my right arm this evening; so if my body is ever found dead, anywhere, it can be identified. This cost me $1.50. Lucas is sick yet.
Wednesday, January 6th, 1875
The weather is still cold. I have been busy reading Math today. Received a very interesting letter from cousin Anna. She joined the church not long since. It has been sleeting and raining since supper. The steps are very slippery since the rain has frozen on them.
Thursday, January 7th, 1875
It has been drizzling again all day. We had no Dress Parade. Mr. Faison, who was a cadet here two years ago, returned today. He is going in the fourth class. One of our professors gets married tonight, Prof. Wm Patton.
Lucas is still sick.
Friday, January 8th, 1875
Weather right cold. The ground is very muddy. No Dress Parade. Received a very interesting letter from my cousin J. T. Pigford, who is now spending a short time with his mother in Lauderdale Co., Miss. I was examined on Geography today.
Saturday, January 9th, 1875
The weather has been cold indeed today. I was examined on Geography yesterday and Algebra this evening. It is unusual for them to call sections out on Saturday evening; but they examined us this evening because they wished to finish the examinations. According to marks I have the 17th stand in my class in Algebra. I expect I will be thrown a few stands lower after the examination.
Sunday, January 10th, 1875
This has been the coldest day we have had yet. The river, or canal, near here has been frozen over all day. The boys expect fine skating tomorrow. We did not have Bible this morning. I went to the Baptist church today. Wrote a letter to brother tonight.
Monday, January 11th, 1875
The weather has been very cold today; but not so cold as it was yesterday. I went skating this morning; but did not find it much fun; as I was continually seating myself in a very uncomfortable position on the ice. We are not having any recitations now. The academic boards are very busy arranging our stands.
Tuesday, January 12th, 1875
The weather is still cold. I went skating this morning; but I had hardly got on ice before it commenced sleeting. I had to return to barracks without making much progress in the art of skating. No Dress Parade this evening on account of inclement weather. Received a letter from my old friend J. E. Givhan who is still a student at Mississippi College. He was a great friend of mine last session. Received a postal card from my friend W. B. Sallis. Our stands were read out tonight. I stand 22nd on Math, 26th on Geography and 53rd on French. According to marks I had 19th stand on French; but our teacher, Capt. McCutchon, was sick some time and we did not complete the course. New sections will be formed tomorrow, and we will go to work on Thursday. Mr. Matthews Of Columbus, Miss. entered today.
Wednesday, January 13th, 1875
The weather is somewhat warmer today than it has been for the last few days. There was no skating today, as the sleet which fell yesterday made the ice too rough. Our class in Math was divided into six sections today, and we will commence business tomorrow. I am in the second section. No D.P. on account of inclement weather. I have been pretty busy studying my Geometry tonight.
Thursday, January 14th, 1875
The weather has not been very cold today. We had our first recitation in Geometry this morning; but I was not called on. I finished reading the life of George Washington, by Irving, and have commenced Rollin’s Ancient History. Received a letter from my friend W. B. Sallis. Answered W. B. Sallis’ letter. No Dress Parade as the parade ground is too muddy.
Friday, January 15th, 1875
The weather has been colder today than it was yesterday. Went skating for a short time this morning. I think I am improving some. Our class in French was divided into four sections. I am in the third section. I am not very well tonight. I think I have had fever nearly all the evening. Have missed all the duty.
Saturday, January 16th, 1875
The weather is still right cold. We had suspension of all academic studies today, that we might go skating. I could not go skating as I have been feeling very badly all day. Paid 75¢ for a Geometry. (book?)
Sunday, January 17th, 1875
The weather has been right cold. I was unwell. Went to the Methodist church. We did not have Bible today. I do not feel much like going on guard tonight; but as I do not know that it will injure me I will do my duty. We will have to walk one hour and 47 minutes tonight.
Monday, January 18th, 1875
It has been very cold today. We had a few minutes snow this morning. I have been sick nearly all day. My limbs and body are right sore. I have a very bad cold. I put my name on sick-list just before tattoo.
Tuesday, January 19th, 1875
Weather tolerable cold today. Our class in Drawing was organized today. The sections were added according to our stands on French. We will go to drawing every day, Saturdays and Sundays excepted. I attended the celebration of the Graham-Lee Society, Washington and Lee University, tonight. I did not enjoy the exercises as much as I expected. I do not think the speaking as good as that we might have at Mississippi College. Mr. Allen was admitted as a cadet of the V.M.I. He enters the fourth class.
Wednesday, January 20th, 1875
The weather is still cold. I did not do well this morning on Math; as I did not get back from the speaking, last night, in time to study. Went skating for a short time this evening.
Thursday, January 21st, 1875
Weather not so cold today as it has been lately. I did not go to any of my recitations, today, as I was on quarter guard. I have to stand five hours and 7 minutes out of the 24 hours I am on quarter. Cadets Willis and Weston were shipped today. Received a letter from father.
Friday, January 22nd, 1875
Weather not very cold. Did not know my Math very well this morning. I did not get out of the guard room, last night, until tattoo, and I only had one hour to study this morning. Cadet Christian was transferred from third to fourth class this evening.
Saturday, January 23rd, 1875
Weather not very cold. Went up town this evening. Spent 15¢ for postage stamps, and 35¢ for a treat. Wrote to father and to cousin Anna. Wrote a postal to W. B. Sallis.
Sunday, January 24th, 1875
It commenced raining during last night and it has continued to do so all day. No Bible this morning. No church on account of rain. This kind of weather makes me feel badly and I have a very bad cold. Received a letter from brother and one from W. B. Sallis. Wrote to my friend O. W. Cox.
Monday, January 25th, 1875
It is very cold since the rain. I am not well at all today. I think I had fever during the night. No Dress Parade.
Tuesday, January 26th, 1875
Weather right cold. Have not been well today. Went to the joint celebration of the Dialectic and Cadet Societies tonight. The speaking was right good. No Dress Parade.
Wednesday, January 27th, 1875
Right cold today. We had suspension until nine this evening. Maj. Henderson excused us from French. Has been very foggy this evening – so damp we did not have Dress Parade. Wrote to father.
Thursday, January 28th, 1875
Weather gloomy, misty and unpleasant, though not very cold. I have a very bad cough tonight. The subs are giving a hop tonight for the benefit of Prof. Patton and his bride, who have just returned from their honey-moon. No Dress Parade.
Friday, January 29th, 1875
It has been raining nearly all day, though not very cold. Wrote a letter to my friend E. N. Thomas. No Dress Parade.
Saturday, January 30th, 1875
Not very cold. Had no Dress Parade. Went around to the Dialectic Society, tonight, to hear Gen. Smith speak. He gave us some very good advice – about winding up and unraveling our skein of flax. Wrote to W. B. Sallis.
Sunday, January 31st, 1875
It was not very cold during the day, but it has turned exceedingly cold since dark. Went to the Methodist church, and heard a very good sermon.
Monday, February 1st, 1875
The weather has been very cold indeed today. It was with great trouble that I kept warm in my bed this morning. Did very well in Math this morning.
Tuesday, February 2nd, 1875
Not so cold as it was yesterday. I think we will have rain soon, as it has turned warm so suddenly. Usual exercises.
Wednesday, February 3rd, 1875
It commenced raining some time in the night, last night and continued until about 10 o’clock. No Dress Parade. Right cold since the rain.
Thursday, February 4th, 1875
It has been exceedingly cold all day. I have suffered more from cold, today, than I have any day this season. The wind has been blowing briskly today, which makes it more disagreeable. No French. No Dress Parade. So cold tonight I can not study.
Friday, February 5th, 1875
Very cold today; but not so cold as yesterday. Usual exercises. Received telegram from my father inquiring about my health. Answered his telegram this evening.
Saturday, February 6th, 1875
Very cold today. Has suspension of all academic duties for the benefit of those who wished to skate. Cadet Englesing was carried to the hospital very sick with Pneumonia. Wrote a letter to father. I am not well today. I think I have the Dysentery. Bought a box of Brown’s Bronchial Troches.
Sunday, February 7th, 1875
It commenced snowing during last night and it continued nearly all day. I suppose the snow is four inches deep. No Bible or church on account of the inclement weather. Received a letter from W. B. Sallis.
Monday, February 8th, 1875
It has been very cold today. It was so cold I could hardly hold my gun on my shoulder at guard mounting. Cadet Breaux of New Orleans fell in ranks. I dread this tour of guard duty. Our room is very cold. I am not warm wrapped up in a blanket. We will not have rev until 6:30 as long as this weather lasts. No D. P. I am unwell tonight.
Tuesday, February 9th, 1875
I think this is the coldest day we have had this winter. I run on my post last night during study hours and did not get very cold; but I had to walk 24 minutes after taps. I had to walk in front of barracks where it was muddy; so I could not run, and I got very cold indeed. The wind blew very strong and cold this morning. It is much more pleasant to have reveille at half past six. Received a letter from father this morning. He is very anxious about my health. Received a letter from O. W. Cox. It was so cold tonight that the officer-in-charge gave the corps permission to put down beds. Both my room mates are in bed, but I would not go to bed as I wished to write a letter to father. It is too cold to think about studying. I wish I had not come to this place. I wrote to father, tonight, and asked him to let me leave here and go up to Washington and Lee University. I would like to stay here if it was comfortable. Englesing is very sick in the hospital. So cold I did not have Drawing yesterday or today either.
Wednesday, February 10th, 1875
It has been very cold today. It commenced snowing tonight just before tattoo, and it is falling thick and fast. The radiators are kept heated all night now. We sleep very warm.
Thursday, February 11th, 1875
It stopped snowing some time during last night. I suppose the snow is six inches deep. The wind is not blowing so hard as it was, and it is not so cold.
Friday, February 12th, 1875
The weather has turned warmer today. The snow is melting rapidly. It is very pleasant since the cold weather. Received a valentine from one of my old sweethearts at Clinton. Wrote to father.
Saturday, February 13th, 1875
It has been tolerable warm today. The snow is very near all melted. Capt. Washington gave us a lecture on Math. Went up town this evening. Spent 60¢ for postage stamps, $1.10 for Valentines and 25¢ for eggs. Loaned Lucas 50¢. Cadet Rucker was shipped this evening. Transferred to 3rd in Math.
Sunday, February 14th, 1875
Little colder than it was yesterday. We had a right muddy road to walk to church this morning. Our company went to the Baptist church.
Monday, February 15th, 1875
Right cold today. Reported to third section Math this morning. The parade ground was too muddy for Dress Parade. Cadet Berhendt, of fourth class, was shipped.
Tuesday, February 16th, 1875
Weather tolerable cold. Usual academical exercises. No Dress Parade as the ground is still muddy. Received a letter from my friend W. B. Sallis.
Wednesday, February 17th, 1875
Colder today than it was yesterday. We had Dress Parade this evening for the first time in several days. We have three cadets in the hospital with Pneumonia: Englesing, Gatewood and Willis. Englesing has been in great danger. His father and brother are here. I have been unwell, myself, today. I have been suffering with headache and slight fever. The doctor says it is all from cold.
Thursday, February 18th, 1875
It has been very cold today. I marched on guard this morning although I did not feel very well. I got the 2nd post 1st relief.
Friday, February 19th, 1875
It commenced snowing about six o’clock this evening and continued to snow until late in the day. The snow is not very deep. Mr. M. Clay of Columbus, Miss. was admitted a cadet of the V.M.I. He will report for duty in the fourth class.
Saturday, February 20th, 1875
It has not been cold at all today. It tried to snow a little this morning but failed. The snow melted very fast. No Dress Parade. Received a letter from father and one from brother. Drew $5 from Gen. Smith as pocket money. Spent 75¢. Had a right lively debate in the cadet society tonight. The question was: Which has the greatest intellect, man or woman? It was decided in favor of our side, i.e. the affirmative. Cadet Capt. C. P. Johnson was our bitterest opponent.
Sunday, February 21st, 1875
Not cold at all. Went to the Methodist church and heard a splendid sermon upon the “resurrection of the dead”. It became cloudy overhead for a short time this evening; but we only had a few minutes sprinkle. I expect we will have some more snow soon. Cadet H. C. Clarke, fourth classman, departs for his home, Nashville, Tenn., tonight. We do not think he will return as he does not like this place.
Monday, February 22nd, 1875
It has been very pleasant today. This seems like spring. The birds have been warbling sweet music all day. We have suspension, today, as this is the birthday of George Washington. Took breakfast up town with my friend Clay. He is a member of my fraternity (ΣΧ). Spent $1.00 for breakfast. We visited the grave of Gen. T. J. Jackson. It makes one solemn to look upon the resting place of our southern warrior. The anniversary of Washington society came off tonight in W.&L.U. chapel. Spent 25¢. Loaned Lucas 50¢. Loaned Hooker 50¢. No D. P.
"Road to Glory" - "Stonewall” Jackson leaves V.M.I. April 21, 1861 by well-known Civil War Artist Mort Künstler
Tuesday, February 23rd, 1875
Wednesday, February 24th, 1875
It has rained nearly all day. Not very cold. No Dress Parade. Received a letter from father. On guard and got 2nd post first.
Thursday, February 25th, 1875
Rained nearly all day. Not cold. The wind has been blowing very ferociously tonight. Did not have French this evening as it rained so Col. Semmes could not come down. No Dress Parade. Commenced reviewing Geometry this evening. Cadets Jeff Davis and S. B. Robison were reinstated this evening.
Friday, February 26th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. No Dress Parade. I can not figure why they did not have Dress Parade. Every thing seems very dry. The sun has been shining brilliantly all day.
Saturday, February 27th, 1875
The weather has been very pleasant most of the day. We had a very high wind this evening. We had Dress Parade this evening. Received of Hooker 45¢.
Sunday, February 28th, 1875
This Sabbath, the last day of February, has been very pleasant; but it has been some colder than it was yesterday. I went to the Baptist church and heard a very good sermon upon “prayer”.
Monday, March 1st, 1875
It snowed a little during last night. It commenced raining soon after Breakfast and continued until late tonight. Although it has been damp we have not been cold at all today. Did not have any recitation on Geometry this morning as Capt. Washington was sick. One of the cadets, DeBruhl, was accidentally shot by one of the negro servants this evening. The Negro was in the rear of the building shooting at rats. DeBruhl was passing, at the time, and the ball entered his left leg just above the knee. The Dr. pronounced the wound not dangerous. J. Gatewood has been out of the hospital some time, and it is said that Englesing will return to the barracks soon. Willis is still very ill. I am on guard tonight, and I expect my gun will be ruined in the rain. No Dress Parade. Spent 50¢ for a treat.
Tuesday, March 2nd, 1875
The weather has been clear and pleasant today. Capt. Washington is up and heard our recitation in Math this morning. Did not have drawing. Col. Williamson has not superintended the Drawing academy, as he was measuring some cannons. Gen. Smith is going to have carriages made for the cannons. Lucas had fever during last night and has been in bed nearly all day. No Dress Parade. Wrote to father.
Wednesday, March 3rd, 1875
It has been raining very near all day. It is a little colder than it was yesterday. We recited Math to Capt. J. D. Letcher this morning, and will continue to do so as long as Capt. Washington is sick. No Dress Parade. E. B. Hopkins was admitted a cadet this evening, and will immediately report for duty in the fourth class. Lucas is able to attend all duty today.
Thursday, March 4th, 1875
Since the rain we have been hovering closely near the radiator. Cadet Faison’s furlough was extended.
Friday, March 5th, 1875
It was snowing when we got up this morning; but it was soon succeeded by rain and sleet together, which continued nearly all day. Strange weather – fair one day and raining next. No Dress Parade. Wrote to brother Jimmie.
Saturday, March 6th, 1875
No rain; but pretty cold. I went up town this evening, with Clay, and met the following young gentlemen who are students at Washington and Lee University: Messrs. Onfore, Webb, Rice and Scratchley. They are all members of my fraternity. I was very much pleased with my visit. No Dress Parade. Mr. Hooper of Richmond, Va. was admitted as a cadet, and will report to the fourth class. Spent 25¢ for rent of book (“Mohun”, or the last days of Lee and his Paladins), 25¢ for hair cutting and 15¢ for treat. Cadets B. Blake and Dickinson shipped.
Sunday, March 7th, 1875
It was raining very hard when we got up to “rev” this morning, and it continued off and on until late this evening, when it commenced snowing. The snow fell thick and in large flakes for some time. It has been pretty cold. Neither Bible nor church.
Wrote to my friend W. B. Sallis.
Monday, March 8th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. It will rain again tomorrow we expect. No Dress Parade on account of mud. Capt. J. B. Roberson wished to resign and Gen. Smith shipped him. Cadet Riley shipped for deserting the Institute. Loaned my room mate, W. H. Sutton, 35¢.
Tuesday, March 9th, 1875
The weather has been very pleasant today. It did not rain as we all expected. This is the first day we have had Dress Parade in some time. Received a very interesting letter from mother this morning. Her health is bad and she does not write often.
Wednesday, March 10th, 1875
Weather has been right cool, but pleasant. Capt. Letcher gave us a lecture in Math this morning. Capt. Washington has left on furlough for the benefit of his health. Lucas was practicing at the gymnasium this evening and fell off and hurt his arm severely.
Thursday, March 11th, 1875
Weather pleasant. I fell out at Breakfast this morning to get the first post, first on guard; but Tate and Browne were ahead of me. I lost both breakfast and first post. Lucas’ arm was very sore this morning. The Doctor sent him to the hospital. Cadets Willis and Weston were reinstated this evening.
Friday, March 12th, 1875
The weather has been very pleasant today. Did not have French. The “long looked for” cannons arrived today. There are two mounted in the rear of the barracks now. The boys are very much excited over them; as they have been talked of for so long that a great many concluded they would never come. Received a short letter from Mr. H. R. Morrison (Lawyer at Delta, La.), which contained a letter of introduction to his brother, who lives near here. He sent me this letter of introduction that I might go out and spend a short time at his brother’s house. Father thinks it would benefit my health to absent myself from the Institute a short time. It would afford me great pleasure to take advantage of this opportunity to leave here for a short time; but it would injure me very much to leave my studies just now. This proffered pleasure is a great temptation to make me give up my books.
Saturday, March 13th, 1875
Weather very pleasant indeed. Clay, Sutton and myself took dinner at the hotel. A person can not imagine how much we cadets eat when we are where there is something good. Spent $1.50 for dinner. I was transferred from the third to the second French this evening.
Sunday, March 14th, 1875
It has been threatening rain all day and it succeeded in sprinkling a little this morning. Went to the Baptist church this morning and heard a very good sermon. He preached about the six cities of refuge, three on one side the Jordan and three on the other. Went down to the hospital to see Lucas this evening. He is improving and will soon return to barracks. DeBruhl is well. Willis is still very sick. Wrote to mother.
Monday, March 15th, 1875
It commenced raining some time in the night last night and continued until late this morning. It turned right cold after the rain. Englesing and DeBruhl returned from the hospital. No dress Parade. Orders were published that we would wear coattees to all parades hereafter, and that those who had not been through squad drill would have to go tomorrow morning.
Tuesday, March 16th, 1875
Right cold today. I had to go to drill this evening. I think they ought to let me stay away as I went through nearly everything last fall. The first class men went to artilery drill. Received an invitation from one of my young lady friends, Miss Nellie Rice, of Clinton, Miss., to attend the concert to be given by the young ladies of the Central Female Institute.
Artillery Drill at V.M.I. “Stonewall” Jackson statue in foreground
Wednesday, March 17th, 1875
It has been exceedingly cold today, and the wind has been blowing pretty roughly. Col. Henderson excused us from French. No drill on account of cold. We wore overcoats to Dress Parade. It is right cool in our rooms tonight.
Thursday, March 18th, 1875
It has been pretty cold today; but not as much so as it was yesterday. No French; as Maj. Henderson is sick. Pretty cold at drill this evening. Wrote a postal to my friend, E. N. Thomas, Brandon, Miss.
Friday, March 19th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Capt. Henderson heard our French today. Col. Preston gave a lecture to the second and first classes tonight. His theme was: “How to be a Gentleman”. Several fellows brought young ladies to the lecture, and about the time they wished to return home it commenced raining. No doubt some are sorry they brought ladies.
Saturday, March 20th, 1875
Rained off and on all day. Took dinner up town with Clay and Sutton. No Dress Parade. Received $5 from Gen. Smith as pocket money. Spent 10¢ rent for book, Mohun. I am not feeling well tonight, have had the Dysentery all the evening.
Sunday, March 21st, 1875
Weather was very pleasant until late this evening when it turned right cold. I have not been well at all today. My face and eyes have been swollen up. The Doctor says it is all caused from cold. Went to the Methodist church and heard an excellent sermon. The text, from Isaiah, read something like this – “God’s word is like the rain and snow that sendeth to the earth & accomplishes that which he desires so His word returneth not unto Him void.
Monday, March 22nd, 1875
It has been exceedingly cold today. So cold we did not have drill this evening. I have not been feeling well today. I feel feverish tonight, and have not been able to sleep any. Paid Mr. Crocken, the sutler, 25¢, which settled my account.
Tuesday, March 23rd, 1875
Right cold today, but not so much so as it was yesterday. My hands got very cold at drill this evening. I am still unwell. I think I have fever tonight. Received a very interesting letter from my friend, W. B. Sallis.
Wednesday, March 24th, 1875
The weather was very pleasant this morning; but soon after noon we were threatened with rain, which brought a ferocious wind. It was very unpleasant at drill this evening. The wind came very near blowing my slim form out of ranks. I feel worse tonight than I did last night. I would have put my name on the sick list tonight; but some of the fellows here would think I was trying to shirk my duty. I do not wish to have them talking about me. The wind is whistling furiously around the corner of the barracks.
Thursday, March 25th, 1875
It has been much warmer today than it was yesterday; still it has been pretty cool. Capt. Washington returned today, and I suppose he will resume his duty next Monday. I am very sorry he has returned. I like Capt. Letcher much the best. I am still unwell. Will get some medicine from the Doctor now.
Friday, March 26th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. I have been taking Quinine today, to keep off my fever. The quinine made me feel very dizzy tonight. We had not been long at drill this evening before it commenced raining. We had to return to barracks. Paid 50¢ for a conscript and 35¢ for a treat.
Saturday, March 27th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Capt. Washington took care of his sections this morning. Took dinner up town with my friend Richardson. Spent $1 for dinner and 40¢ for rent of two books.
My health is much improved today.
Sunday, March 28th, 1875
Weather is very pleasant. I got permission to go to church out of ranks today. Went to the Methodist church and heard a very good sermon about the resurrection of Christ. Sutton, Hooker, Clay and myself took a long walk down the river this evening to look at the scenery. It was raining tonight at tattoo.
Monday, March 29th, 1875
It has been sprinkling rain off and on all day – not cold much. Usual academical exercises. Neither drill nor Dress Parade. Received a letter from father. Wrote to W. B. Sallis.
Tuesday, March 30th, 1875
It has been very damp and cloudy today, in fact it has been drizzling rain most of the day. The squads had not been long at drill this evening before the drizzling was renewed and they returned to barracks. No Dress Parade. I have been on quarter guard today, and have, therefore, been excused from all recitations. Received a letter from my brother. Spent 50¢ for a treat.
Wednesday, March 31st, 1875
The weather has been damp and unpleasant today. I feel very tired tonight. The exercise drill this evening was pretty severe. Cadet Davis was granted an indefinite furlough. We have supposed that he will not return. Spent 25¢ for treat.
Thursday, April 1st, 1875
The weather has been exceedingly pleasant today. Capt. Washington gave us a lecture on Math this evening. Received a letter from my old friend and room mate E. N. Thomas. He returned to Mississippi College and he expects to remain there until he concludes his education. I know he will do well at our old college. I always will love Mississippi College.
Friday, April 2nd, 1875
It has been raining most of the day and it rained very hard for a short time. Neither drill nor Dress Parade. Cadet Weston shipped for neglect(?) of his studies. Wrote to father.
Saturday, April 3rd, 1875
It has been somewhat cooler today than it has been for several days past. Took dinner up town with Sutton. Loaned Lucas 55¢ and Sutton 50¢. Spent 25¢.
Sunday, April 4th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Col. Preston had a very sore throat, at Bible this morning, and he only offered a prayer, and read a psalm. I went to the Baptist church today; but as there was no preaching there I returned with the company to barracks. Wrote to brother.
Monday, April 5th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises. Lucas reported for duty this morning; as his arm is quite well.
Tuesday, April 6th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises. Orders were published this evening that the non-commissioned officers would have to go to squad drill tomorrow evening.
Wednesday, April 7th, 1875
Weather exceedingly pleasant. Corporal Foree had charge of our squad this evening. The rest of the non-commissioned officers were at squad drill.
Thursday, April 8th, 1875
Weather very Pleasant. Very warm at drill this evening. Corp. Kollock had charge of our squad this evening as the rest of the officers were up town tending court. We will commence Fasquelle’s tomorrow.
Friday, April 9th, 1875
Weather pleasant; although we had a sprinkling this morning. I am very tired. This is the night for the concert to be given by the young ladies of the Central Female Institute. Oh! How I long to be there tonight. I know the boys will have a nice time with the girls.
Saturday, April 10th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. I think we will soon have rain as it is pretty warm. Took dinner up town with Lucas and Sutton. Received a visit from Mr. F. A. Scratchley, a member of my fraternity, this evening. He is a student at Washington & Lee University. I was elected “monthly orator” for last month; but have not been able to deliver it until last night. This is my first attempt. Orders were published that all, except the first class, would go to squad drill on Monday next. Spent 60¢ for a cravat, and 30¢ for treat. Loaned Sutton 30¢.
Sunday, April 11th, 1875
It was sprinkling rain at “rev” this morning; but stopped a short time before we went to church. It has been very gloomy and unpleasant. Went to the Presbyterian church, but could not hear the sermon from my position. They have very poor preachers in this place. I would like to be in Clinton just to hear a good sermon.
Monday, April 12th, 1875
It sprinkled rain nearly all day. I am not feeling very well tonight. Loaned Browne 25¢. Lucas payed me $2.25. Paid Mr. Crocken $2.25, which settled my account.
Tuesday, April 13th, 1875
It has been pretty cold today. A little snow was observed on the summit of the mountain this morning. We all went to drill in squads this evening. It commenced to sprinkle rain just in time to prevent us from going to Dress Parade. Several pieces of artilery with accompaniments arrived today. We finished Geometry today and will commence Trigonometry tomorrow.
Wednesday, April 14th, 1875
The weather was right cold this morning; but turned warm late in the day. I have been suffering with the toothache tonight, and have not yet been able to get anything to ease it. I have to wait until tomorrow morning before I can see the Doctor.
Thursday, April 15th, 1875
The weather has been very pleasant until this evening when it commenced blowing ferociously. We could hardly keep our places in ranks this evening’s Dress Parade on account of the wind. Our squad leader, R. O. Johnson, double timed us a great deal at drilling and I am very tired. Received a letter from my brother.
Friday, April 16th, 1875
Pretty cold and windy today. Capt. Washington gave us a lecture on Math this morning. It was exceedingly cold at drill this evening.
Saturday, April 17th, 1875
Weather very cold, and it attempted to snow several times during the day. We had suspension of academical duties, today, that we might escort the recumbent statue of Gen. R. E. Lee, which was constructed by Valentine of Richmond, from the landing to the University. We went to the landing, under side arms, about 11 o’clock this morning; but as the statue was not yet landed we had to stand there, part of the time it was snowing, until after one o’clock P.M. when we returned to dinner. About 3 o’clock the signal was given that the statue was ready to be moved, and we immediately departed for the landing. The statue, being on wheels and having a long rope attached, was drawn by the students of Washington and Lee University. The battalion of cadets with the Institute band of music, marched in the rear of the statue. It was so cold we had to wear overcoats. On arriving at the University, the “committee of escort” delivered the statue to ex-Gov. J. D. Letcher, who represented the University. The Governor after making a few appropriate remarks retired. Prof. Johnston, of W.&L.U., was called upon and after making a short speech he introduced to us Gen. Early. Our hero was immediately was assisted to the stand. His bent form and long white beard proves him to be an aged man. While our Southern General was upon the platform we listened in silent reverence, but were shocked to observe that he was staggering under the influence of strong drink. Alas, “the evil beast” is destroying many of our country’s best men. Dixie was then called for by the multitude assembled. That much-loved tune was played by our band amid the shouts of the people. The drum was then sounded for us to “fall in” and return to barracks.
Today’s proceedings have given me a very bad cold. I never saw the weather so cold at this season of the year. The sentinals will be posted one at a time tonight after taps, and required to walk only 24 minutes.
We had quite an exciting time in the Cadet Society tonight. The candidates for the debater’s medal, the greatest honor conferred by our society, made their final efforts tonight. They did themselves great credit. The following named gentlemen were the candidates: Messrs. C. P. Johnson, G. M. Thomas, L. Fairfax of the first class and E. A. Green, of the second class. Mr. Greene was the successful candidate.
Received my letters from Miss Lizzie Y.---.
Sunday, April 18th, 1875
Some snow was visible this morning on the ground. It has been windy and cold today. Clay and myself were excused from going to church in ranks, and we went to the Methodist church; but did not hear as good a sermon as expected. The preacher we expected did not preach. The stranger’s text was: faith, hope and charity. I am very anxious to receive a letter from home.
Monday, April 19th, 1875
It was pretty cold this morning, but it has been very pleasant this evening. No Drawing today. Col. Williamson is sick. I have a miserable cold, and do not feel at all inclined to study.
Tuesday, April 20th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises. Col. Williamson not on hand today. Wrote a letter to my friend E. N. Thomas.
Wednesday, April 21st, 1875
Weather very pleasant. I am very tired after our drill and the guard duty this morning, or rather tonight. I have yet to walk 48 minutes after taps.
Thursday, April 22nd, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises. I have had a light fever today, which has been brought on by the very severe cold with which I have been suffering for the last few days. My tooth has been troubling me tonight.
Friday, April 23rd, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises. Received an interesting letter from father. He sent me $20.
Saturday, April 24th, 1875
The sun shone brightly this morning and we were promised a beautiful day, but about noon dark and heavy clouds commenced to gather thick and fast, which brought high wind. Took dinner up town with my friends Lucas, Sutton and Humes. Wrote to father. Spent $2.00 for dinner, 25¢ for hair cutting, 50¢ for Handkerchiefs and 35 cents for a box of Brown’s Bronchial Troches.
Sunday, April 25th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. No Bible this morning as Col. Preston did not come down. Clay and myself went to church out of ranks. We went to the Baptist church and heard an excellent sermon preached by the Rev. Mr. Barron, pastor of the church. The text was taken from Matthew, Chapter XV, from the twenty first to the twenty ninth verses.
Monday, April 26th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. We had a very slight drizzle this evening which came just in time to prevent us from going to drill. It did not rain enough to detain us from Dress Parade. I am still suffering from the cold I caught up on the day Gen. Lee’s statue arrived. It prevents me from applying myself to my studies as much as I would like. I find Trigonometry more difficult than any Math I have ever studied. The “board of visitors” have invited several distinguished and eminent gentlemen. Among whom are Prof. Charles Davis, Gen. Joseph E. Johnson, Gen. Barry and Gen. Warren.
Tuesday, April 27th, 1875
Raining off and on all night, and all day. No drill nor Dress Parade. My gun got wet while I was on guard this morning and it will give me some trouble to clean it.
Wednesday, April 28th, 1875
We had a slow rain nearly all the morning. No drill nor Dress Parade.
Paid 50¢ to have a cap adjusted.
Thursday, April 29th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. This is the last evening we will have squad drill. Company drill will commence tomorrow. Our squad marcher did not have any mercy on us this evening. He double-timed us an unreasonable long time. If it had not been the last day we were to go to squad drill I would have fallen out of line.
Friday, April 30th, 1875
Weather exceedingly pleasant. Capt. Washington gave an explanation on Math this morning. I find company drill not near so disagreeable as squad drill.
Saturday, May 1st, 1875
Weather very pleasant. We were threatened with rain this evening, but we only had a slight sprinkle. Went up town this evening and called on my friends – had a very pleasant chat with them. In the Cadet Society tonight, Mr. M. Hooker was the successful candidate for the declaimer’s medal, and Mr. G. M. Thomas was elected “final orator.”
Sunday, May 2nd, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Clay and myself went to the Catholic church, today, out of ranks. Clay, Hooker, Lucas, Sutton and myself took a long walk down the river this evening.
Monday, May 3rd, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises. Cadet Valle was put under close arrest for insubordination.
Tuesday, May 4th, 1875
Weather windy and rather cool. About 30 cadets were confined to the limits of the Institute until further orders for an excessive number of demerits. Sent an invitation to the ball to father.
Wednesday, May 5th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises. Nothing worthy of notice has transpired today.
Thursday, May 6th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Received 25¢ from Sutton. Usual exercises.
Friday, May 7th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises. Our guard duty is not very hard on us during study hours now. We do need to stand as long during study hours as we do after taps. The second relief was turned out at study drum tonight. Spent 25¢.
Saturday, May 8th, 1875
Weather right warm. I think this the warmest day we have had this year. Capt. Washington gave us a lecture on Math this morning. Clay and myself took dinner up town with one of our friends today. We enjoyed our dinner very much. It is a great treat for us to take dinner away from the Institute. Spent 25¢ for postage stamps and 50¢ for treats.
Sunday, May 9th, 1875
Weather warmer today than it was yesterday. Clay and myself went to the Methodist church out of ranks today. We heard a splendid sermon about Christ being the way, the shepherd, the keeper, the vine, &c.
Monday, May 10th, 1875
Weather somewhat cooler than it was yesterday. Sent invitations, to our commencement ball, to the following persons: Misses Shellie Webb, Lizzie Bussey, Nellie Rice and Anna Cocke, Messrs. W. B. Sallis, E. N. Thomas, E. A. Andrews, J. E. Givhan, W. H. Utz, J. T. Pigford, O. W. Cox, W. A. Raines and J. G. Boney.
Tuesday, May 11th, 1875
Weather right warm. Col. Henderson was not here today, and we did not have French. Wrote a letter to my former room mate W. A. Raines of Hickory, Miss. Cadet Woodcock shipped today.
Wednesday, May 12th, 1875
Weather warm. No French as Maj. Henderson was sick. Someone removed my Trigonometry from section room this morning, and as I have not been able to obtain another I have not studied it tonight. Cadet Woodcock was reinstated this evening.
Thursday, May 13th, 1875
Weather very warm. Usual exercises. Maj. Henderson is well today.
Friday, May 14th, 1875
Weather warm. Usual academical exercises. We have been long at drill this evening when we were startled by the alarm of fire. The companies were immediately ordered to return to barracks. We were able to see fire leaping from the roof of the barracks. We went to work and in a short time the fire was extinguished. We were then eager to learn what caused the fire. It seems a short time before we went to drill one of the cadets having finished smoking a cigarette, threw the lighted stump down the radiator. He did not imagine it would lodge on some paper and set on fire. The fire caught on the paper some where in the third story. The cigarette was dropped in the ventilator from room 118. We were not only excused from drill, but did not have Dress Parade.
Saturday, May 15th, 1875
The wind blew very hard most of the day, which made it very dusty and disagreeable. We have suspension of all academical duties today, as it is the anniversary of the battle of New Market, which was fought 11 years ago. The cadets bore a conspicuous part in this battle. The confederates won a complete victory. Two hundred and fifty cadets went into this battle; but fifty six of the youthful heroes were left upon the battle field struggling in their blood. Out of the number eight were killed and forty eight wounded.
Received a letter from father this morning in which he sent my report from January to April. The following are my marks: Mathematics 6.95, French 8.78 and 29 demerits. Received also a letter from W. B. Sallis.
Went up town this evening and had my aching tooth pulled. A little sprinkle prevented us from going to Dress Parade.
Sunday, May 16th, 1875
Weather tolerable cool. Usual Sabbath exercises. Clay and myself went to the Presbyterian church, but did not enjoy the sermon as I could not hear. Wrote to W. B. Sallis and to brother.
Monday, May 17th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Capt. Washington gave us a lecture on Math this morning. The corps has been greatly excited today. Several of the leading officers in the corps are to be shipped this evening for being absent from barracks after taps. The following are the cadets to be dismissed: Lieutenants F. W. Walker and J. N. Nalle, Orderly Sergeants W. B. Cash and E. A. Greene and Corporal D. A. Jacobs. They were all very influential and prominent officers, and it distresses the corps very much to see them dismissed.
At Dress Parade the above mentioned cadets were dismissed and Cadet L. R. Millen, the first corporal in the corps, was deprived of his office for allowing the above named to leave barracks while corporal of the guard. The vacant offices were filled by the appointments of the following cadets: To be Lieutenants, C. H. Harrison and J. Langhorne, to be Sergeants, Conway and Edmondson and Corporals, A. M. Payne and W. D. Davis.
Loaned W. H. Sutton 25¢.
Tuesday, May 18th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. We had a slight rain this evening, which came up just in time to prevent us from going to drill, but it did not last long enough to keep us from going to Dress Parade. Orders were published this evening that the barracks drill would commence tomorrow evening.
Wednesday, May 19th, 1875
Weather right cool. Those cadets who were shipped on the 17th inst. were reinstated this evening. Received a very interesting letter from my friend E. N. Thomas. Battalion drill commenced this evening.
Thursday, May 20th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Usual exercises.
Friday, May 21st, 1875
Weather warm. Usual exercises. Mr. Conway who was appointed Sergeant on the 17th inst. resigned his office.
Saturday, May 22nd, 1875
Weather very warm. Usual Saturday exercises. Clay and myself went bathing today and found it very pleasant.
Sunday, May 23rd, 1875
Weather very warm. We had battalion inspection this morning. Col. Ship gave orders for us to wear white pants to church today. Clay and myself went to the Methodist church and heard a very good sermon.
Monday, May 24th, 1875
It rained off and on all day. Usual academical exercises. No drill nor Dress Parade.
Tuesday, May 25th, 1875
About 12 o’clock today clouds began to form in great masses, and murmuring thunder could be heard in the distance, and ere long we were visited by a very refreshing shower. I heard it thunder today for the first time, I think, since I have been here. It cleared off soon after the shower and we thought we would have no more rain today; but we had not been long in drill this evening before Col. Ship ordered the cadets to dismiss their companies as a rain was fast approaching. We entered barracks in time to save ourselves a soaking. Wrote to father. Received note of thanks from Miss Nellie Rice for the invitation to the ball.
Wednesday, May 26th, 1875
Weather warm. Usual exercises. We find linen pants quite comfortable now.
Thursday, May 27th, 1875
Weather quite warm. My health has not been very good today. I think I have some fever tonight. Received a letter from W. B. Sallis.
Friday, May 28th, 1875
Weather warm. Everything seems to be crying out for rain. I felt so badly this morning that I put my name on the sick list, and have missed all duty. Cadet Valle dismissed.
Saturday, May 29th, 1875
This morning when I woke up I was surprised to see red bumps, similar to measles. The Doctor did not decide what was the matter; but he said he thought it was the chicken pock. I was sent to the hospital this morning. Received a long and interesting letter from J. T. Pigford.
Friday, June 4th, 1875
I have been in the hospital ever since May 29, and have not been able to write in my diary. The Doctor finally decided that I had the Rosiola. I am not very sick. I returned from the hospital this evening. I am very weak from being confined to bed so long. I am excused from all duty today. I find that my section has nearly finished reviewing Trigonometry.
Saturday, June 5th, 1875
Weather quite warm. I am still weak. The Doctor has excused me from all military duty until Monday. Cadet Valle was reappointed today. Wrote to my friend E. N. Thomas.
Sunday, June 6th, 1875
Weather warm during the forenoon, but we were visited by several showers this evening which changed the atmosphere considerably. I was excused from church today. The clouds became very dark and threatening after supper but the storm we expected did not come. Wrote to my friend W. B. Sallis.
Monday, June 7th, 1875
It rained nearly all the morning, which made it pretty cool. Too wet for drill this evening. Finished Trigonometry. We commence reviewing Algebra tomorrow. Wrote to father.
Tuesday, June 8th, 1875
Weather warm. Usual exercises. I found it very tiresome at drill this evening as it has been some time since I shouldered my musket.
Wednesday, June 9th, 1875
Weather right warm. Received a long and interesting letter from father this morning. I wrote him that I did not like this school and I hoped he would select some good college for me to attend next session. He replied that he thought this the best school for me as I am made to take exercise here, which will tend to make me healthy. He is very anxious for me to gain more physical strength. As it is his desire for me to return here next session, I will do so willingly. He thinks it best for me not to return home to spend the vacation as I might contact fever in the swamps. I suppose I will stay here in camp.
Thursday, June 10th, 1875
Weather very warm. I have been on quarter guard today, and have, therefore, been excused from all regular duty. Faison and Englesing were on with me. I had the third relief. We had a very slight rain this evening.
Friday, June 11th, 1875
Weather exceedingly warm. We had a slight rain this evening while the sun was shining. Finished Drawing.
Saturday, June 12th, 1875
We were informed early this morning, by the appearing of black clouds and the distant murmur of thunder, that we would soon be visited by rain. The threat was soon carried into effect and it rained nearly all day. We had no recitation in Math this morning. He gave us the following subjects for examination:
Subjects in Smith’s Algebra
1st Fundamental Rules of Algebra
3rd Algebraic Fractions
4th Greatest common divisor
5th Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division of Fractions
6th Equations of first degree
7th Discussion of the problem of the couriers
9th Prove rules for the extraction of the square root and cube root of numbers
10th Extraction of the square root and cube root of fractions
11th Binomial Theorem
12th Rule for the extraction of square root and cube root of compound quantities
13th Calculus of Radicals
14th Demonstrate rule equations 2nd degree with one unknown quantity
15th Demonstrate 4 properties complete equations 2nd degree, art, 206 to 257
16th General discussion of general equations of 2nd degree x2 + px = q
17th Discussion of Problem of the Lights
Subjects in Smith’s Geometry
1st Propositions 5th, 6th, 10th, and 11th, Book I
2nd Propositions 25th, 29th, and 30th, Book I
3rd Propositions 18th, 19th, and 20th, Book II
4th Propositions 3rd and 4th, Book III
5th Propositions 11th and Corollary, Book III
6th Propositions 12th and 15th, Book III
7th Propositions 16th and Corollary, Book III
8th Propositions 19th, 21st and 22nd, Book III
9th Propositions 27th and Corollary, Book III
10th Propositions 28th, 29th and 30th, Book III
11th Problems 8th, Book III
12th Propositions 2nd, Book IV
13th Propositions 7th and 11th, Book IV
14th Propositions 9th and Scholism, Book IV
15th Propositions 16th, 18th and 20th, Book V
16th Propositions 35th and 36th, Book V
17th Propositions 9th, 10th and 11th, Book VI
18th Propositions 15th and 16th, Book VI
19th Propositions 29th and 30th, Book VI
20th Propositions 4th, 5th and 6th, Book VII
21st Propositions 15th, 16th, 17th and 21st, Book VII
22nd Propositions 13th and 14th, Book VII
23rd Propositions 1st, 2nd and 3rd, Book VIII
24th Propositions 6th, 7th and 8th, Book VIII
25th Propositions 9th and 10th with corollaries, Book VIII
26th Propositions 13th and 14th, Book VIII
Subjects with Smith’s Trigonometry
1st Articles 1st to 22nd and 35th in Introduction
2nd Articles 59th to 68th omitting 62nd art.
3rd Articles 72nd to 73rd
4th Articles 76th to 80th
5th Articles 85th to 89th omitting 87th art.
6th Articles 89th to 92nd
7th Articles 114th to 122nd
8th Articles 129th to 131st
9th Articles 133rd to 134th
10th Articles 137th to 140th
11th Articles 149th to 150th
12th Articles 153rd to 154th
13th Articles 155th to 156th
14th Articles 164th to 165th
15th Articles 170th Napier’s Rules to 181st art.
We are liable to get any one of the subjects at the examination. Sutton and myself took dinner up town with Lucas. I am excused from walking after taps tonight for the first time. Loaned Leake 50¢.
Sunday, June 13th, 1875
Weather quite warm. After today we will have no more Bible this session. Went to the Episcopal church and heard the Rev. Pendleton preach. He was General of Artilery in the confederate army.
Received a letter from my brother James this morning. Wrote to father, to brother and to W. H. Utz.
Monday, June 14th, 1875
Weather tolerable cool. We finished reviewing Algebra today, and will commence reviewing Geometry tomorrow. Mr. Garvin, of Indiana, was admitted a cadet today, and will report to the fourth class. I feel sorry for him – he will be a rat until July, 1876. He will have a hard time if he stays here in camp.
Tuesday, June 15th, 1875
It has been raining nearly all day. Usual academical exercises. Neither drill nor Dress Parade.
Wednesday, June 16th, 1875
It has been raining off and on all day. We have no more recitations in French this session. No drill nor Dress Parade. Received 50¢ from Leake.
Thursday, June 17th, 1875
It was very foggy this morning only, but it was clear about 9 o’clock. It commenced to rain this evening just as we were all fallen in to go to drill. I think this was the hardest rain I have witnessed since I have been in Virginia. I am excused from walking after taps tonight.
Friday, June 18th, 1875
Weather very clear and pretty warm. We finished reviewing Geometry today. We will finish all recitations after today for the session. It was very oppressive at drill today.
Saturday, June 19th, 1875
Weather quite warm. We have finished all recitations until we are examined. The final examination of the different classes will commence on Monday next. Took dinner up town with my friend Scratchley. Received my ΣΧ badge. Spent $11.50.
Sunday, June 20th, 1875
Weather warm. There was no service at any of the churches this morning; as the baccalaureate sermon was preached in the chapel at Wash. and Lee U. Clay and myself went up to hear the sermon but the house was so crowded we could not find seats, and we had to return to barracks.
Monday, June 21st, 1875
Weather pleasant, though it was very foggy all the morning. The examination commenced today. I learned that my stand, according to average marks in French is 25th. My average mark is 9.17 – 10 being the maximum. Clay and myself attended the celebration of the two literary societies of W.&L.U. tonight. The different medals were conferred. Mr. Horace Pufore, a member of my fraternity, was the medallist of the Washington Society.
Tuesday, June 22nd, 1875
Weather very warm during the forenoon, but we had a shower this evening, which cooled the air and made it very pleasant. We were excused from drill this afternoon to witness the boat race between the Albert Sidney and the Harry Lee clubs of W.&L.U. The Harry Lee beat the other boat about two boat lengths. I attended the exhibition of the “ugly club”, at W.&L.U., tonight. The speeches were very good indeed. Passed my examination on French today.
Wednesday, June 23rd, 1875
Weather extremely warm. This has been the warmest day – I think, we have had this year. I got perfectly wet with perspiration at drill this evening. Have been busy preparing for the examination today.
Thursday, June 24th, 1875
Warmer today than it was yesterday. “Ole Sol” shown out in all his brightness, and hardly a breath of air has been stirring. Prof. Charles Davis, the celebrated mathematician, arrived today. Received a letter from father this morning, which had $11 enclosed in it. Prof. Davis addressed the corps tonight. He was introduced amid deafening cheers. His speech was loudly applauded.
Friday, June 25th, 1875
Weather warm, but it is not as hot at all this evening as it was yesterday evening. I expect I will be examined in Math next Monday. Spent 60¢ for treat. Paid Mr. Crocken $3.85.
Saturday, June 26th, 1875
Sunday, June 27th, 1875
During the morning it was pretty warm. Went to the Baptist church and heard a very good sermon from the text: “Be thou faithful unto death and I will give thee a crown of life.” – We just did get back from church in time to save ourselves a wetting – we had a right sharp shower, which was followed, this evening, by the most fearful storm I have witnessed since I have been a cadet. I was startled several times by loud claps of thunder and fiery flashes of lightning. A cow was struck dead by the lightning near the Institute. Wrote to father.
Monday, June 28th, 1875
Pretty warm this morning, but heavy clouds are over us this evening, which rendered it more pleasant. I was examined on Math today. We did not drill this evening. Orders were published that the corps would “pass in review” tomorrow evening.
Tuesday, June 29th, 1875
Weather warm this morning. About all the examinations were complete today. The board of visitors inspected barracks this evening. Gen. Barry and other distinguished gentlemen are here. Rained this evening, which prevented us from “passing in review”. The joint celebration of the two literary societies came off tonight. I do not (think) the celebration good as those the literary societies of Miss. College used to have.
Wednesday, June 30th, 1875
Weather pretty warm. We passed in review for the board of visitors this evening. Gen. Richard, the oldest member of the board, was so feeble that he had to pass around us in a carriage. I feel he will never see us pass in review again. Gen. Alvord addressed the literary societies tonight.
Thursday, July 1st, 1875
Weather right warm. Paxton and myself took dinner up town today. The Grand promenade came off tonight. The music was very good.
Friday, July 2nd, 1875
Weather quite warm. The closing exercises of the V.M.I. took place today – salutary address, conferring of diplomas and the appointment of officers for next session. The valedictorian, Cadet Smith Caruthers of La., made a splendid speech. He was the best orator in the Institute. We expect much of him. The “grand ball” came off tonight. It was indeed a grand thing. I did not dance any, and, therefore did not enjoy it very much.
Maj. H. R. Lucas, of Madison Parish, La. and the father of my roommate, arrived today.
Saturday, July 3rd, 1875
Weather quite warm. Most of the cadets who are on furlough left today. Very few of us remain. Went up to the hotel to see Maj. Lucas this morning.
Sunday, July 4th, 1875
Weather quite warm. Went up town with Lucas and spent the morning with his father. The Major gave us a long lecture. He is a very intelligent man, and I enjoyed his talk very much. He is going to take his son to the Montgomery Sulphur Springs for a few weeks this vacation. He says my father instructed him to carry me if I wished to go. It did not take much persuasion to make me decide to accompany them. This place is very lonesome since all the boys left. I am more than willing to leave here for a short time. Took dinner at the hotel with Maj. Lucas. Took dinner at the hotel with Sutton and Clay.
Monday, July 5th, 1875
Weather pretty warm. I have been very busy today packing my trunk and moving from my old room, 82, down to 42 on the second stoop. The Corps will move in camp tomorrow. Lucas and myself sent in our applications for furloughs this morning and Gen. Smith approved them.
Mr. A. K. Snyder of Richmond, Va., arrived today and was admitted a cadet of the V.M.I. – I feel sorry for him. I know he will have a hard time in camp. His name is A. K. Snyder.
Tuesday, July 6th, 1875
Weather exceedingly warm. We have been very busy getting ready to make our departure most of the day. We left this evening, on the packet, about 5 o’clock. There were about twenty cadets and ex-cadets on board the packet and we had quite an exciting time. I fear that some of the fellows will be in for having fun tonight and will not let us sleep.
Wednesday, July 7th, 1875
Weather oppressively warm. We arrived in Lynchburg about 8 o’clock this morning, and “put up” at the Washington House. We departed for the Spring this evening at 5 o’clock and arrived there about 10 o’clock tonight. It being night we could not see much. But music that was very pleasing to our ears was wafted to us on the cool night air. I observed that it was much cooler here immediately upon our arrival.
Thursday, July 8th, 1875
We arose this morning to observe the beautiful scenery around the Montgomery White Sulphur Springs. Immediately upon arriving upon our cottage porch our eyes were delighted with the spectacle that presented itself. To us the hour was late as we had been in the habit of rising early at the Institute we were surprised to see the doors closed and very few persons out – we were not well acquainted with the habits of the fashionable world.
Typical Cottage at Montgomery White Sulphur Springs
Breakfast having been announced we after a short walk arrived at the large dining salon where we did honor our repast. Maj. Lucas proposed on our exit from the dining hall, that we walk around and see “what was to be seen.” On our walk we met Judge E. D. Farrar and lady from Vicksburg, Miss., -- Judge Farrar* also practices law in Madison Parish, La.
“G. L. Boney
My dear sir
I thank you for the opportunity afforded me of reading the admirable address delivered by your son before the Cadets of the V.M.I. which I have just read with great pleasure. You have just pride in a son who exhibits such talent for thought and expression as is evidenced by the address. It is an admirable composition for one so young and marks your son as one destined to a brilliant future
The course pursued by you in his education is the true one. He has evidently by nature a fine imagination and an excellent flow of language. The study of the exact sciences and the curriculum pursued in a military school are admirably adapted to his mental constitution and will prove the very best education for him.
I sincerely congratulate you my dear sir in the satisfaction you must feel in such a son – and trust he may be spared to you and realize the full measure of your hopes – in fulfilling the bright promise before him.
Very truly yours,
E. D. Farrar”
Lucas and myself were introduced to Mrs. Farrar. She invited us to visit the young ladies she had in charge. About 10 o’clock we assumed all the “brass” possible and made known our desire to be introduced to the young ladies. Judge Farrar invited us to his cottage and introduced us to the following young ladies: Misses Mamie Farrar, Lizzie Bedford, Courtney Leathers, Nattale Harris and Minnie Hunt. They made us promise to visit the ball tonight. On our telling them we did not know how to dance they replied that they would teach us. Lucas and myself made our debut on the ball room floor tonight. Of course it was embarrassing to us as we did not know a single figure – not even in the quadrille. It was 12 o’clock when we returned from the dance. I will not be able to write in my journal here. The girls say they will keep us engaged all day and we sit up so late at night I will not feel like writing. I anticipate a wonderful time here this summer.
Since Richard K. Boney spent some part of every summer during his four V.M.I. years at the Montgomery White Sulphur Springs in southwestern (Montgomery County) Virginia, it is only fitting that some comment be made on this old resort which is no longer in existence. The following is from “Historic Springs of the Virginias”:
Montgomery White Sulphur Springs
Its early history goes back to the middle 1700s when Col. James Patton received from King George a patent on 7,500 acres on the North Fork of the Roanoke River. The property changed hands several times until 1835 when James Kent bought the springs and 3,000 acres surrounding it.
In 1855 the resort was incorporated for $150,000, and this was probably the start of construction of the soon-to-be elegant resort. Since it was only two miles from the Big Tunnel on the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, a station was built there and a small narrow gauge railroad was constructed to the resort. The cars were pulled uphill by mules from the resort. There the mules were unhooked, guests were loaded into the cars, and the cars rolled back downhill to the resort.
Montgomery White Sulphur Springs, Cottages & Sulphur Spring Pavilion
Before the start of the Civil War, Montgomery gained its greatest fame. Twenty five buildings were scattered around the valley with extensive drives, tree-shaded walks and a great fountain in the center of the compound. The hotel and cottages could accommodate as many as 1,000 guests, and although the resort was not as elaborate as White Sulphur Sweet Springs, it looked nice and was comfortable. Above the resort on the mountainside stood a geologic formation called the "Devil Den" which had spawned numerous legends long before the resort was built. The "Devil Armchair" was the valley in which the resort was located.
While the "devil" loomed above, people came to the new resort in droves in the 1850s seeking pleasure and health cures from the numerous sulphur waters. Some even came to fight duels under the oaks on the lawn.
In the early years of the Civil War, Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy met here with his cabinet and generals, taking advantage of the hospitality and relaxation of the area. Later the resort became a large hospital for wounded and sick Southern soldiers. Catholic nuns were brought from Richmond to nurse them. A smallpox epidemic hit here during the war, and hundreds of men died and were buried in the area.
After the war, the resort regained prominence and attracted many of the fallen southern leaders. Gen. Jubal Early of the Confederate Army, the most prominent leader to return, was instrumental in 1873 in reorganizing the Southern Historical Society. Its purpose was to keep alive Southern traditions and the memory of the Confederacy. The Stonewall Brigade Association, was formed at the resort to raise funds for a monument to General Stonewall Jackson. Tournaments based on medieval practices, popular at spas before the war, were again staged by the Southern "gentlemen" of the day.
Business was thriving for a time, but the panic of 1893 spelled doom for Montgomery and many other resorts. James Crockett bought the resort and 457 acres in 1902 for $6,250 shortly before a flash flood forced over 500 guests to flee for their lives. Most of the buildings were ruined or damaged beyond repair, and this was nearly the final blow for the resort. A fire burned down the remaining structures sometime later, and the superstitious might say that all these calamities were the work of the "devil."
Today one can view the tranquil little valley and imagine both the pleasure and the pain that occurred there. In 1889 a monument was placed on the resort grounds honoring the fallen Confederate soldiers. In 1949, the owners of the old Devil's Den formation deeded to the United Daughters of the Confederacy a 20-square foot plot on the top of it.”
Other articles on the Montgomery White Sulphur Springs can be found in Springlore of Virginia and Montgomery White Sulphur Springs : A History of the Resort, Hospital, Cemeteries, Markers, and Monument.
Saturday, August 14th, 1875
Lucas and myself arrived in Lexington this morning. We left the Montgomery White last Friday morning at 3 o’clock. We came up from Lynchburg by the canal. We drove by camp this morning en route for the hotel, and the appearance of things there were not very enticing. The tents looked dirty, both inside and out, since the rainy spell. I am not at all anxious to report for duty in camp, so we will stay at the hotel until tomorrow. I learn that there are about 13 “rats” in camp. Lucas and myself called on Gen. Smith this evening. He advises us to review our Math while in camp, and he offers us his services in instructing us. We, of course, accepted his kind offer and will recite to him daily at 12 o’clock daily commencing on Monday next. I have written several letters today. Wrote to father and Mrs. Ellen C. Brockett. I sit up until after one o’clock tonight writing a letter to Miss N. W., a particular friend of mine at the Springs.
As we passed through Lynchburg yesterday I learned that a party of cadets were up the river about 9 miles on a fishing campaign. The packet passed where they were camping late yesterday evening and I saw several of them among whom was my friend Clay. They were having a rough but jolly time. I believe the party consisted of 8 cadets and a negro cook. It rained nearly all this evening, but stopped about supper. We went down to camp tonight and stayed until after tattoo, and until the rat inspection was over. After tattoo the rats were formed in two ranks, by their captain, Brady of Baltimore, and were marched to the guard tent where the following programme was carried into execution: 1st A song from each, 2nd A joke or story from each, 3rd A speech from each, 4th Each received six licks with a bayonet scabbard, 5th All joined in a grand chorus which was indeed very good.
Sunday, August 15th, 1875
I find it a great deal warmer than it was at the Springs. I felt so sleepy and tired this morning after sitting up so late last night, that I will not go to church. Wrote to my two friends at the Springs, James Lusk and Benj. R. Williams. Lucas and myself came down to camp this morning, but will not report for duty until tomorrow morning.
Monday, August 16th, 1875
I was aroused from my slumbers this morning at half past six by the sound of the drum for reveille. Ah! The drum sounded too familiar. I will hear it every morning for ten months. Lucas and myself commenced our recitations to Gen. Smith today at noon. Wrote a letter to my friend Dr. C. T. Brockett at the Montgomery White. Reported for duty this morning. It has been raining ever since late this evening.
Tuesday, August 17th, 1875
Weather pretty cool early this morning, but it turned quite warm late in the day. Reviewing Algebra and Geometry today. Lucas and myself have been fearing that the recent rise of the Mississippi River would result in an overflow. We had a few minutes sprinkle this evening.
Wednesday, August 18th, 1875
Weather pretty warm. Finished reviewing Algebra and Geometry today. Will commence Trigonometry tomorrow. Received a letter from father this morning. He thinks all danger of an overflow is over. Went to artilery drill this evening. Wrote father a letter of 7 pages.
Thursday, August 19th, 1875
Weather warm. Received a note of thanks from Misses Ida Waddill and Lizzie Bedford for some candy I sent them as I passed through Lynchburg. A new cadet, R. S. Brent of Va., reported today. The rat inspection was interrupted tonight by the sudden appearance of Capt. Washington, who put Richardson and Sutton under close arrest. He was wrong in putting Sutton under arrest as he was only an observer.
I have endeavored today to write a short history of my stay at the Springs. It will give an idea of the manner in which I spent the time there. It is as follows:
I must say that I enjoyed myself beyond all expectation. I will only give a brief account of myself as I cannot remember every incident worthy of notice. We were not at the Springs more than a week before Mrs. Brockett, whose brother Mr. M. N. Cox was once my tutor, arrived. Maj. Lucas and Maj. W. B. Brockett left for the South soon, and Tom & Hugh and myself were placed in the charge of Mrs. Brockett. She soon became my friend and I appreciated her council and friendship very much. While mentioning my friend, I would not forget to say that Mrs. E. D. Farrar was first in rank. I had not been there long before I learned to love her better than any lady friend I ever had. She often gave me motherly advice, and I am happy to say that it kept me from a great deal of harm. Mrs. Greene and Mrs. Waddill of North Louisiana as well as Mrs. Austin of New Orleans were my friends. The following are some of the young ladies whose acquaintance I made: Misses Annile Wright, Nora Waddill, Ida Wright, Emma M. Learne, Mamie Scaif, Sue White and Concord White. I danced every night except one and then I was unwell. Of course, I fell in love, but I think none of them really knew who I liked best. By the by I will record a wish that I made on the 11th of August. I asked a young lady to wear my badge with a wish and stated that three years from then the 11th of August 1878, I would tell her the wish: That is that she would not be married on 11th August, 1878, that is, that she will be single at that time. It rained a great deal, which prevented us from having much “out of door” amusement, I know I was caught twice in the rain while buggy riding with ladies. Both times I got ringing wet. The young ladies, Misses Bedford and Farrar, who were particular friends of mine took the wetting good naturedly. I was very sorry when the time came for me to leave so many friends and especially the friend. I now bid farewell to pleasure for ten months and when the next vacation comes I hope to go to the Montgomery White.
While I was at the Springs my father sent me a fine gold watch.
Friday, August 20th, 1875
It is getting very cold at night and early in the morning. The party that was down the river on a fishing excursion returned last night just before taps. They looked like a band of ruffians. They are very badly sunburnt, and some of them have no shirts. Capt. Washington still keeps Richardson and Sutton under arrest.
Saturday, August 21st, 1875
It was so cold just before day this morning that I could not sleep. Gen. Smith was absent on business today, and did not hear our recitation. Went up town this morning. Spent $5.00 to have my watch mended.
Sunday, August 22nd, 1875
Not so cool today as it was yesterday. It sprinkled rain for a short time this morning. Haynes and myself went to church tonight. It was raining as we returned.
Monday, August 23rd, 1875
Weather pretty cool. It has been very pleasant to keep the tent doors down today. The boys are very jovial tonight. A party of them had agreed to have some fun when the “Officer of the day” interrupted them by putting them under close arrest! He has not only confined the party under arrest to their tents, but will not allow any of us to leave our tents. I was in my tent reading, and I was surprised when I was informed that I could not leave my tent. Several of the fellows sent an application to Capt. Washington to allow them to sing, which he approved. It is now after tattoo and several fellows are out singing.
Tuesday, August 24th, 1875
Weather right cool and the wind has been blowing pretty briskly. Received a letter from B. R. Williams an acquaintance of mine at the Springs. It sprinkled rain this evening which prevented us from staying long at drill. A new cadet, Mr. J. L. Osgood of New Orleans, arrived today. Wrote to brother. Spent 15 cents.
Wednesday, August 25th, 1875
Warmer today than yesterday. We had considerable rain this morning. A new cadet, Mr. W. W. Belvin of Richmond, Va., reported today. Wrote to B. R. Williams.
Thursday, August 26th, 1875
Friday, August 27th, 1875
Cooler than it was yesterday. Received a long letter from father in which he sent me a draft for $50. He wishes me to return to the Springs. As I would have such a short time to stay there I have decided it best not to go. Wrote to father and to mother, who is now at Cooper’s Well, Miss. for the benefit of her health.
Saturday, August 28th, 1875
It rained nearly all the morning. I am on guard today for the first time since my return. Five new cadets reported today, namely: Messers. E. A. and E. J. Hancock, Watts of Lynchburg, J. T. Johnston and Weston. Johnston is from Tenn. And Weston from S.C. Received a letter from F. A. Scratchley, who is now at Christiansburg.
Sunday, August 29th, 1875
Weather pleasant. Went to the Methodist church this morning. Paid my friend Russell a visit. Wrote to my cousin J. T. Pigford.
Monday, August 30th, 1875
Weather tolerable warm. It is reported that we will move in barracks next Saturday. Wrote to Scratchley. Paid $5.50 for a pair of shoes, 60¢ for a lamp, $1.20 for writing material and 60¢ for postage stamps.
Tuesday, August 31st, 1875
Weather very warm. We were threatened with a rain this evening, but the black clouds only brought a shower. Two old cadets, Exall and Thomson, returned today. Two new cadets, Hyman of Miss. and G. C. Stewart of GA reported today. Camp is near filled up. Wrote to father. Spent $2.00 for a cap. Received 35¢ from W. C. Williams.
Wednesday, September 1st, 1875
Thursday, September 2nd, 1875
Weather warm. Cadets are coming in now very rapidly and we are getting crowded in camp. We will not move in barracks before Saturday as some repairing is yet to be done.
Friday, September 3rd, 1875
Weather warm. Finished reviewing Math. Went up town to dinner with Clay. Spent $1 for dinner, and $3 for miscellaneous. Orders were published that we would move in barracks tomorrow.
Saturday, September 4th, 1875
Weather pretty warm. We moved in barracks this morning. We have not been assigned to our permanent rooms and companies. We are rooming for the present in 46. Took dinner up town with Lucas. Spent $1 for dinner.
Sunday, September 5th, 1875
Weather warm. I have been on guard today and could not attend church. Several cadets returned.
Monday, September 6th, 1875
Weather cooler than it was yesterday. Things are beginning to assume a military aspect. I was on guard again this evening. Orders were posted that academical duties would commence on Wednesday, next. Regular guard of six sentinals was posted today. Went up town and spent $1 to have my watch mended, 70¢ for articles to clean my gun. Four companies were organized today. Wrote to father.
Tuesday, September 7th, 1875
Pretty cool early this morning, but it turned very warm late in the day. Our class in Math was divided into three sections today. I am in the second section. Have been very busy cleaning my gun. Spent 25¢ to have my bayonet cleaned. Loaned Lucas 50¢.
Wednesday, September 8th, 1875
Pretty cool at “rev” this morning, which was sounded at 5 o’clock. We had “guard mounting” and eight sentinals put on each relief. We had Dress Parade this evening. The parade was conducted somewhat awkwardly as the officers are new, and the band has not yet returned. We have been assigned no Descriptive Geometry for tomorrow.
Thursday, September 9th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Col. Lyell gave us a lecture on the fundamental principles of Descriptive Geometry this morning. Wrote to father.
Friday, September 10th, 1875
The weather was very warm this morning. Dark and threatening clouds gathered overhead this evening late and we thought we would be visited by a heavy rain, but were surprised at the clouds bringing a fearful wind which is still raging. Received a letter from Miss N. W. in answer to the one I sent on the 14th ult. Spent 25¢.
Saturday, September 11th, 1875
Weather pretty cool. Marks counted on Math this morning. Took dinner up town with Lucas. Spent $1 for dinner, $2 for a pair of Indian clubs, and $1.25 for sundries. Orders were published that we should “make up our rooms”, and apply for our permanent quarters before Wednesday next.
Sunday, September 12th, 1875
Weather cool. It has been sprinkling rain off and on all day. No church on account of rain. Received a letter from father who is now at Cooper’s Well, a watering place in Hinds County, Miss. Mother and brother are also there. Hereafter, I shall preserve father’s letters and number them as they are received. I shall also endeavor to preserve all other letters I may receive. Wrote to father.
Monday, September 13th, 1875
Weather pleasant. We find Descriptive Geometry more than we can master. Nearly all of our section refused this morning. I have been studying our lesson for tomorrow but I do not understand it. We are assigned to our sections in French and will recite to Col. Semmes tomorrow. Subscribed for $1 for a new flag. Loaned Lucas 25¢. Spent 25¢.
Tuesday, September 14th, 1875
Weather pleasant. Col. Lyell gave us a lecture this morning which somewhat enlightened Descriptive Geometry to me, but I am still in the dark. Sutton, Lucas and myself have applied for quarters in B company. We fear we will not be successful in getting quarters in that company as so many are applying. Our class in Latin is divided into four sections. I am in the second. Our lessons will be assigned to us tomorrow. Spent 50¢ for a Cicero.
Wednesday, September 15th, 1875
Weather warm. We commence reading Livy tomorrow. They published that the second class would go to artilery every evening until further orders. The hydrons are out of order and we have great trouble in getting water. Spent $1 for a Livy. Loaned Sutton 25¢. Spent 50¢.
Thursday, September 16th, 1875
We had a very light sprinkle this morning. The wind blew hard this evening, but not at all cold. No Latin as Col. McDonald did not come. Loaned Lucas 25¢.
Friday, September 17th, 1875
Weather cool and windy. I suppose Col. McDonald Is waiting for all to get books. Our quarters for the session were assigned us tonight. Lucas, Sutton and myself are assigned to No. 73, B company barracks. Spent 25¢ for grapes, paper for Descriptive and Analytical Geometry from Lucas for $1. Lucas now owes me $6.35.
Saturday, September 18th, 1875
It has been raining nearly all day. We had suspension of academical duties this morning to allow us to move to our final quarters. Lucas, Sutton and myself took dinner up town. The two literary societies met tonight. Loaned Lucas 25¢. Received 25¢ from Sutton. Spent 15¢.
Sunday, September 19th, 1875
Weather cool. A fire would be very pleasant tonight. Went to the Presbyterian church, but I did not enjoy the sermon as I could not hear, and the preacher, I think, is a very poor one. We had Bible this morning. Col. Preston will lecture on the New Testament this session.
Monday, September 20th, 1875
Weather pretty cold. I have been on quarter guard today. Was on with Jervey, F. J. and Hagood, Dooley Sergeant of the guard. A new cadet, Mr. Kirkpatrick of New Orleans, reported today. Spent 25¢.
Tuesday, September 21st, 1875
Weather pretty cold. Our whole section refused on Math this morning. No Latin.
Wednesday, September 22nd, 1875
Weather right cold. We are anxious for fires. Wrote to father. We had all our recitations today. Spent 25¢.
Thursday, September 23rd, 1875
Weather pretty cool. Finished Descriptive Geometry and will commence Analytical tomorrow. Cadet Ball, B. of the first class returned.
Friday, September 24th, 1875
Weather a little warmer than it has been for several days. Had our first recitation on Analytic. Received a very interesting letter from Cousin Anna.
Saturday, September 25th, 1875
Weather pleasant. Called on Scratchley this evening. Went to the Cadet Society tonight, but we had a very scattering debate as no detail had been made. Three new cadets reported today: Messers. H. B. and W. B. Wright and Dunn of S. C. All of them are very small indeed. Spent 40¢ for a cravat.
Sunday, September 26th, 1875
Weather cool. Col. Preston gave us a very interesting talk in Bible this morning. His Subject was, “What thinkest thou of Christ”. Heard a good sermon at the Episcopal church. The text was Then came to Jesus publican and sinners to hear him. Wrote to father.
Monday, September 27th, 1875
Weather pretty cold this morning, but it turned pleasant late in the day. We went to Drawing today. Loaned Hooker $1.00. Paid 75¢ to have a lock and key put on my drawer.
Tuesday, September 28th, 1875
Weather pretty warm. Receiver letter No. 2 from father this morning. His letter brought the sad news of mother’s being sick with Pneumonia at Cooper’s Well, Miss. Mr. Jones a distinguished graduate of the V.M.I., was appointed assistant professor of Latin. Received a letter from O. W. Cox and answered his letter. Spent 25¢ for treat and 10¢ for a key. Loaned Sutton 25¢. Mr. Rice of Texas reported today.
Wednesday, September 29th, 1875
Weather warm. The second-classmen stopped artilery drill. The hydron is again in order, and we do not have so much trouble getting water. Loaned Lucas 25¢.
Thursday, September 30th, 1875
Friday, October 1st, 1875
Right windy, but not cold. We had several showers during the day. No Latin. The band was not at Dress Parade this morning. Two drums and a fife constituted the music.
Saturday, October 2nd, 1875
Weather pretty cool. Went up town for a while this evening. It is reported that the members of the band have resigned.
Sunday, October 3rd, 1875
It has been cold enough for fires today. Went to the Methodist church and heard a good sermon. The text was: “Ye have minds of Christ.” Wrote to father
Monday, October 4th, 1875
The weather has not been so cold today as it was yesterday. Col. Lyell gave us a lecture in Math this morning. Company drill commenced this evening. Loaned Lucas 35¢.
Tuesday, October 5th, 1875
Warmer than it has been for some time. No Latin. I am very tired indeed tonight. Capt. Washington did not give us but three minutes rest this evening at drill. Cadet Starling, of the 2nd class, returned.
Wednesday, October 6th, 1875
Weather warm. The threatening clouds that hovered over this evening only brought a few minutes sprinkle. I am feeling very badly tonight – since last night I have had the Dysentery. The band returned today.
Thursday, October 7th, 1875
Weather warm. We had a heavy rain during last night. I am still unwell. My stomach is giving me great pain tonight. I have been taking medicine for it. Mr. N. Humes reported for duty today.
Friday, October 8th, 1875
Weather warm. I am still unwell. The doctor gave me some pills this morning. No Latin. Loaned Lucas 50¢.
Saturday, October 9th, 1875
Weather warm. Went up town this evening and spent $3 for having my watch mended. It seems that these jewelers here can not fix it as they have had it several times and it is not yet in good order. I was transferred to the first section Math this evening. The following officers were appointed in the corps this evening to fill the blanks: To be Sergeants, Ravenel and H. L. Blake, to be corporals, Clay and Browne The two societies had a joint meeting tonight to discuss the question “Are secret societies beneficial?” The question was warmly discussed on both sides. Gen. Smith was present and spoke upon the negative. We were honored by the presence of Mr. Anderson, of Ga., a graduate of the Institute, who made an eloquent speech. The cadets received him amidst deafening cheers. Capt. Manson also made a few remarks upon the subject. The debate continued until the drum and fife sounded tattoo.
Sunday, October 10th, 1875
Weather warm. Went to the Baptist church and heard a very good sermon. The text was taken from the 84th Psalm 11th verse. Received letter from father. Mother is still sick. Jimmie has returned to school. Wrote to father.
Monday, October 11th, 1875
Weather pretty cold. This has been a gloomy day. It has been drizzling rain nearly all the evening. No Latin. We recited Math to Gen. Smith this morning. Our class in Math was divided into four sections, which transferred me to the 2nd section. We have steam in the radiators tonight. Received of Mauro $1.25. Spent $1.25 for Merchandise.
Tuesday, October 12th, 1875
Weather pretty cold. We have had steam in the radiators nearly all day. The examination of the 2nd class Tactics came off. Mr. J. B. Davis of Richmond reported. Loaned Lucas10 cents.
Wednesday, October 13th, 1875
Weather pretty cool, but, I think, not so cold as it was yesterday. Usual exercises. No Latin.
Thursday, October 14th, 1875
This morning was the coldest we have had this season, but it is not very cold tonight. We are, and have been for some time, excited over the prospect of our attending the fair at Richmond. We have been invited there to assist in unveiling the statue of Gen. “Stonewall” Jackson. We have great hopes of going, as the new cadets go to squad drill every morning after “rev”, which is something that has never occurred before. Cadet Sergeant Jacobs deprived of his office for abuse of Institute property.
Friday, October 15th, 1875
Weather warm. It has been raining nearly all evening. An order was published this evening stating that we would attend the fair at Richmond, and to allow us ample time for preparation we will have only one recitation, Math, a day. We had drill from 11:30 to one o’clock today, and will continue to have drill twice a day until we go to Richmond. Neither drill nor Dress Parade this evening on account of the rain.
Saturday, October 16th, 1875
This, I think, has been the coldest day of the season. We have battalion drill twice a day now. It is very uncommon to have battalion drill on Saturday evening. We recited Math to Gen. Smith and will continue to do the rest of this week. Wrote to cousin Anna. Received of Sutton 50¢. Loaned Lucas 50¢.
Sunday, October 17th, 1875
Not so cold as it was yesterday. Went to the Presbyterian church and heard a very good sermon, which was preached by the Rev. Mr. Jackson, who is a graduate of this school. Wrote to father and brother.
Monday, October 18th, 1875
Weather tolerable cold. We feel very tired after two long drills today. Instead of walking to Goshen as the corps did last year we are thinking of obtaining stages and riding. Borrowed 50¢ from Clay to buy stripes for a pair of pants. Mr. McCord of Mo., reported today. Cadet Jacobs reinstated to his office.
Tuesday, October 19th, 1875
Today I am seventeen years old, and today one year ago, I commenced keeping a diary. Paid $1.50 for transportation to Goshen and back. Mr. Carter of Va., reported.
Wednesday, October 20th, 1875
The weather was very cold early this morning, but it turned very pleasant later in the day. The second class went to artilery drill this morning. They are being prepared to fire the salute when Jackson’s statue is unveiled. While the second class was at artilery drill the captain had us exercising the manual of arms. Gen. Smith gave us a long lecture about what was expected of us in Richmond. Received a letter from Mr. R. Y. Goode of the University of Va., who I met at the Springs. He is now a ΣΧ. Answered his letter. Cadet Van Bruyssel returned. Paid Clay 50¢.
Thursday, October 21st, 1875
Not very cold. The same drill programme as yesterday. We expect to leave for Richmond next Saturday. Gen. Smith left for Richmond this morning to make preparations for us, Spent $1 for a chance on a watch. Loaned Lucas $1.
Friday, October 22nd, 1875
Weather very warm. We found it disagreeably warm at drill today. We will start for Richmond tomorrow. Went up town this morning and drew a sight draft on father for $25. I feared the money I wrote to him for would not come in time, and I drew the above amount, as he has given me the privilege of doing so when in need. We are very busy packing for Richmond tonight. Spent $6 for a pair of pants, $1.65 for an English Mechanics, 50¢ for a cartridge box and 35¢ for a treat. Received of Lucas $3.15. He now owes me $6.65.
Saturday, October 23rd, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Received letter No. 4 from father, which had enclosed a draft for $50. I deposited $45 in the bank of Lexington as I already have the amount I drew yesterday. We left for Richmond about 12 o’clock today. It was crowded in the stage, but we found it much more pleasant than walking. We arrived in Goshen about dark, and after our guns were distributed to us we marched to the train, and were soon moving rapidly towards Richmond. The train stopped about an hour in Staunton – the object of which I never understood. The boys would not permit me to sleep any on the train.
Sunday, October 24th, 1875
We arrived in Richmond this morning about 5 o’clock and marched immediately to our rendezvous on cor. 9th and Main Sts. We stopped in the fourth story of the Piedmont and Arlington Life Insurance Company. Those who were fortunate enough to have invitations to stay in private families soon left us. We have since learned that the citizens of Richmond asked Gen. Smith to accommodate us in the same manner as they accommodated the cadets last year, but Gen. Smith thought it would best not to test their hospitality too much. At about 8 o’clock breakfast was announced, which consisted of baker’s bread, crackers, cold ham, balogne sausage, cheese and coffee. We were all very hungry and did honor to our royal meal. Immediately after satisfying my appetite I went in search of my trunk, being in great need of a change of clothes. After waiting some time, it was obtained, and I was soon diked (?) for a promenade through the streets of Richmond. Lucas, being under arrest, I took “rat” Cage, H. C. for a companion. We walked up to the capitol square and looked in silent admiration, at the colossal statue of Washington. After visiting the various objects of west upon the compass we ascended the capitol steps, thence into the lower hall, where we beheld lying upon a table the sword, belt and sash of Gen. Pritchett, who made the brave charge at Gettysburg. He died in Norfolk a few days since. It was Sunday so we could not enter the various halls of the capitol. We then walked up Grey Street a short distance, when we met Cadets Blake, B. and W. who joining us we crossed over to Broad. We entered Ford’s Hotel and refreshed ourselves with wash, the weather being warm. After loafing a while we went to St. Paul’s church and heard some splendid music. From church we returned to the armory. At about 2 o’clock the corps turned out under side arms to escort the corpse of Gen. Pickett to its final resting place. We had to wait, in the streets, some time before the procession was ready to move. The march out to Hollywood was very disagreeable indeed – the procession was very long and we being near the rear suffered to a great extent from the dust which was created ahead of us. It was about dusk when we arrived at the armory from Hollywood. Blake, B. and myself soon went up to Ford’s and took a wash. He after some persuasion got me to call on some young ladies with him. We called on the Misses Freeland, who live on Grey St. I found them charming young ladies. We sat with them until late. After loafing awhile we returned to the armory, where we found a couple of blankets for our bed.
Monday, October 25th, 1875
The weather has been very pleasant today. We had no military duty this morning and Lucas being released from arrest we spent the morning in walking around through the city. We went to the capitol and visited the State Library, where we saw many objects of interest. We registered our names upon the register. We were at the armory in time for Dress Parade at half past four o’clock in the evening. We had Dress Parade in the capitol square – the head or right of the battalion being near the governor’s mansion and the line extending towards Washington’s statue. The grounds were crowded with spectators, and they all seemed to be pleased with our military appearance. After our wholesome lunch was served Lucas and myself started for another walk. After taking several glasses of beer, we went to the theatre to see Mrs. Jas A. Oates. She played Girofle and Girofla. We were very pleased with her. It was late when we returned to the armory.
Tuesday, October 26th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. This has been the gala day of the season: the statue of Gen. T. J. Jackson was unveiled. The cadets of the V.M.I. have had the privilege of having men taken from among them to act as sentinals around the veiled statue for the last day or two. It fell to my lot to be posted there today. We posted at 8 o’clock this morning. The people began to gather at an early hour. The corps turned out to join the procession about 10 o’clock. I flattered myself in not being with them; as I imagined they are going to have a very disagreeable march. The procession must have been three miles long. I have been told it was 1 hr. and 15 min. passing through the gate. A late hour prayer was offered. After which Gov. Kemper and another gentleman whose name I do not remember, addressed the people. Finally the bronze form of the great general was uncovered amid the shouts of thousands of people, the fire of small arms and the boom of the cadet artilery. Being sentinal I was directly in front and very near the statue when the canvass was withdrawn. It was with great trouble that I kept the crowd from off the chain which surrounded the statue. Several sentinals were sent to assist me as the police could do nothing with the crowd. It was then very late, probably 3 o’clock and being very tired, hungry and thirsty I was very desirous of being relieved; but it was near five o’clock before I was made happy by the approach of my relief. It can be imagined how tired I was after standing near nine hours. I went immediately to the armory to divest myself of my weighty attire. I was soon accosted by a young gentleman who introduced himself as Jas. L. Clark of Randolph Macon College, and who proved to be a member of my fraternity. We were at once friends and made set out for Ford’s hotel where I met several of my fellows from various institutions in the state. We amused ourselves in conversation until time for the doors of the theatre to open when we went to see Mrs. Oates play the Princess of Trebizond, which we all enjoyed. The theatre over, my friends were desirous of obtaining a place to lodge for the night and I decided to accompany them. We walked some time without success. Every hotel and private boarding house in the city was filled. I left my friends seated in the office at the Capitol Hotel where they intended to spend the night. I returned to the armory and retired on a blanket.
Wednesday, October 27th, 1875
Weather pleasant. Having joined Clark this morning we amused ourselves around town until about 11 o’clock when we met our last night’s companions and took the train for the fairgrounds. I must say that I did not enjoy my visit to the fairgrounds at all. There was very, very little there worth seeing. To amuse ourselves we visited several side shows. I returned to the city in time for Dress Parade. My friend Clark having invited me to take supper with him at Ford’s, I accepted. While we were at supper someone stole Clark’s hat and he was left with the expense of buying another. I stayed with him until about 9 o’clock when he left for Randolph Macon. I soon met up with Cadet Wade and we loafed until late.
Thursday, October 28th, 1875
Weather warm and pleasant. The corps was ready to march, under the command of Col. Ship, to the fairgrounds this morning at 11 o’clock. We marched to Capitol Square and the governor’s yard and thence to the railroad on Broad St., which transported us to the grounds. We were informed on reaching the grounds that we were to form again at 12:30 for a drill. At that time we fell in and had a short drill before the people. The drill being over Col. Ship called for 42 volunteers out of the battalion to act as sentinals on the railroad track near the Judge’s stand. We stood until nearly 4 o’clock this evening. I regretted several times that I had volunteered. Lucas and myself amused ourselves until a late hour tonight. This is our last night in Richmond.
Friday, October 29th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. I have spent the day in and around town. We had dress Parade this evening and after which I went to a confectionary store and bought a box of candy which I ordered sent to Miss Ida Waddill in Staunton, Va. At 8 o’clock we were ready for the march to the depot. We were saluted by the firing of several guns on the march and beautiful lights be seen in many windows. Ladies stood on porches and doorways to wave us a farewell with their kerchiefs. Loud cheers were continually heard along the line as we passed groups of ladies. We entered the train with sad hearts. We have enjoyed our short stay in Richmond very much. Being very sleepy I soon fell asleep for the night. Loaned Peete 40¢ on the train tonight.
Saturday, October 30th, 1875
The weather has turned quite cold. It was not at all cold when I got off the cars at Goshen this morning about 6 o’clock. Soon after leaving the train we were moving towards Lexington. A short distance this side of Goshen we stopped to eat a lunch which was provided for us, but it so happened that the officers from my stage were too late to obtain any for us – those preceding having consumed it all. One of the cadets, Cumming of Ga., was kind enough to divide his lunch with me. I was very sleepy and the ride on the stage did not tire me near so much, as it did going. The fellows in my stage (Clay, Hooker, Warren and Peete particularly) “gouged” me very much in not allowing me to go to sleep. As we approached Lexington we began to perceive a change in the weather – the wind blowing briskly and turning pretty cold. We arrived at the Institute this evening about 2 o’clock. Immediately after arranging our toiletts we marched down to dinner which we all enjoyed. After dinner I listened to the mail called out, and received a letter from Cousin Anna. I then went to bed.
Sunday, October 31st, 1875
Weather pretty cold. After going to sleep yesterday evening I slept until the drum for “rev” awoke me this morning. I slept from breakfast until the drum sounded for dinner and slept until Dress Parade. Went to bed again immediately after supper. Received a letter from brother this morning.
Monday, November 1st, 1875
Not quite as cold as it was yesterday. Lessons in French and Latin were assigned us for tomorrow. Wrote to father. I am so sleepy tonight that I can not study. Every time I look at my book, I fall off to sleep. Loaned Peete 60¢. A great many men are dissatisfied, homesick, &c., and speak of leaving. In fact several have handed in their resignations and say that if Gen. Smith does not accept them, they will leave anyhow. Messrs. Brooks and Kent enrolled while we were in Richmond.
Tuesday, November 2nd, 1875
Weather pretty cool. We had all our recitations today except Latin. We do not feel like applying ourselves to our books yet. We had company drill this evening. A great many cadets lost their accounting and several lost their guns while in Richmond. Cadets L. R. Williams, Corp. L. W. Humes and private White were shipped this evening for neglect of all duty. Gen. Smith would not accept their resignations.
Wednesday, November 3rd, 1875
Weather right cold, and we found it disagreeable at drill this evening. It seems as if I can not apply myself to my studies. A great many cadets are homesick and dissatisfied, which causes them to neglect their duty. I am not very well satisfied myself, but I do not feel inclined to leave the Institute at present. The two following cadets were shipped this evening for insubordination and neglect of duty: Corp. Cooper and “rat” Vickers. Several others speak of handing in their resignations, but as Gen’l Smith says he will not accept them they will have to follow in the tracks of the last five if they leave. Cadet Buyier granted a furlough for ten days. He will recite Latin to Col. Ship tomorrow.
Thursday, November 4th, 1875
Weather tolerable cool. It rained some last night and the atmosphere is pretty damp. Col. Lyell gave us a lecture on Math this morning. Col. Ship is our professor of Latin now. Skirmish drill commenced this evening.
Friday, November 5th, 1875
It commenced to rain about 7 o’clock this morning and continued to rain and snow together until after 12 o’clock. No Drill and Dress Parade. Cadet J. H. Smith was shipped this evening for having cards in his possession. Received a letter from Dr. C. T. Brockett. Wrote to father. Spent 20¢ for Tripoli and 10¢ for Emory cloth.
Saturday, November 6th, 1875
Weather tolerable cool. Snow could be seen in the mountains today for the first time this Fall. Went up and called on my friend Scratchley this evening. Wrote a letter to Mr. J. D. A. Dupont, of Roanoke College, Salem, Va., to inform him of the death of J. L. Edwards. The marks for the last week will not count as we had poor lights for several nights.
Sunday, November 7th, 1875
It commenced raining about 10 o’clock this morning and has continued all day. No church. Wrote to father and to Dr. C. T. Brockett.
Monday, November 8th, 1875
It was raining at “rev” this morning and continued until after 9 o’clock. Col. Williamson excused me from Drawing this morning as very few of our section were there. The recitation of the first section Latin conflicted with Drawing and most of the section went to Latin. Too muddy for drill. We had Dress Parade although it was too muddy.
Tuesday, November 9th, 1875
Weather not very cold. The ground is still muddy, but it did not prevent drill and Dress Parade. Ex-cadets White and Cropper came around and told us good bye tonight. Several cadets are still talking about leaving.
Wednesday, November 10th, 1875
It was pouring down rain at “rev” this morning, and continued until after 9 o’clock. No drill but we had Dress Parade notwithstanding the mud. Paid 50¢ for extra work done on cap. Wrote to brother. After today I will try and keep an account, in the back part of my book, of the money I expend and that which I loan.
Thursday, November 11th, 1875
Weather tolerable cool. This being the anniversary of the foundation of the V.M.I. we have had suspension of all academical duties. About 12 o’clock, in honor of the occasion, thirty six guns were fired by the members of the 2nd class. We had the extra dinner which is usually given upon the occasion. Lucas and myself went up town this morning and had our pictures taken together. Wrote to Cousin Anna and to James L. Clark, the ΣΧ I met while in Richmond.
Friday, November 12th, 1875
Weather very cold early this morning, but it has been very pleasant this evening. We had a hard time at skirmish drill this evening. Our Captain, E. A. Greene, run us all over the hills around here. Orders were published that we would have no more drill until further orders. Cadet Hooker, of our class, shipped.
Saturday, November 13th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. Cadet Sam Williamson resigned this evening. Went to the meeting of the Cadet Society tonight and declaimed “Spartacus to the Roman Envoys in Enturia.” Received a postal from Dr. Brockett.
Sunday, November 14th, 1875
Weather tolerable cool. We went to the Baptist church today. I did not like the sermon much. The text was taken from 6th verse, 13th chapter of Luke. Wrote to father.
Monday, November 15th, 1875
Tuesday, November 16th, 1875
Weather colder and more windy than yesterday. Average marks up to Nov. 1st were posted on the board. My marks are as follows: Math 5.93, Latin 9.07, French 8.75 and Demerits 1. We had no French today.
Wednesday, November 17th, 1875
This has been the coldest day we have had this season. The wind blew with great fury most of the day. Nothing more.
Thursday, November 18th, 1875
Weather pretty cold, but not so much so as yesterday. Orders were published that we would wear overcoats to all parades, except those at class and dinner, until further orders. Cadet Vickers was reinstated this evening.
Friday, November 19th, 1875
Weather warm compared with yesterday. I think it will rain soon. I am on “quarter” tomorrow and have not studied much tonight, but have been drawing.
Saturday, November 20th, 1875
Weather tolerable warm most of the day. A slight drizzle this evening turned it a little cooler. I am very tired after being on quarter guard today. Ellet, A. L. was Corporal of the guard and Hagood, Cage, H. C. and myself sentinals. Received a letter from father. Lucas and myself had our picture taken together a few days since, and he went up town this evening and got them. They are very poor and I am surprised at Lucas for taking them. I will throw mine away.
Sunday, November 21st, 1875
It was raining at “rev” this morning and continued until after breakfast. It being muddy we started to church out of ranks, but had not gone far when the officer-in-charge informed us that we need not go unless we wish. I returned to finish writing a letter to father.
Monday, November 22nd, 1875
Weather pretty cold, and it is exceedingly cold tonight. Nothing unusual.
Tuesday, November 23rd, 1875
Weather pretty cold. It drizzled rain most of the morning. Cadets Cage, H. H. and H. C. of Louisiana received some oranges from home today and having invited me to assist in eating them, I eat more than has agreed with me. Cadet McLaran reinstated.
Wednesday, November 24th, 1875
Weather tolerable cold. I was on 3rd relief tonight and found it very unpleasant on post during study hours. I dread my tour after taps.
Thursday, November 25th, 1875
Weather not so cold as it has been for the last few days. Nothing of interest.
Friday, November 26th, 1875
It has been raining nearly all day. The New York Sun tells us the death of vice president Wilson. No French this evening as Col. Williamson, not hearing the drum and fife, dismissed us from the Drawing Academy until after drum. No Dress Parade.
Saturday, November 27th, 1875
Weather pleasant. Lucas and myself took dinner at Humble’s. I had half a dozen photographs taken this morning.
Sunday, November 28th, 1875
Weather pleasant. Went to the Episcopal church. The pastor being absent Dr. Madison conducted the exercises. Received a letter from Cousin Anna. Wrote to father.
Monday, November 29th, 1875
Weather cool. Col. Lyell gave us a lecture on Math this morning. The election of the president of the grand ball, “on the fourth”, came off today. Cadets H. C. Preston and G. S. Patton were candidates for this honor. Mr. Preston was elected by a large majority.
Tuesday, November 30th, 1875
Weather very cold. Received letters from brother and Jas. L. Clark. Mr. Baldwin, of Richmond, was admitted a cadet this evening. Received a copy of the Mississippi Collegian with Jimmie’s letter.
Wednesday, December 1st, 1875
Weather still cold. Cadet D. R. Barton shipped for absenting himself from duty without permission.
Thursday, December 2nd, 1875
Weather tolerable cold, but not so cold as it was yesterday. I find great trouble in trying to apply myself in my studies tonight.
Friday, December 3rd, 1875
It has been raining nearly all day. Received a letter from W. H. Utz stating that father’s gin burned down not long since. Mr. Clemens, of Pennsylvania, was admitted as a cadet, and will report for duty in the 3rd class. No Dress Parade.
Saturday, December 4th, 1875
It has been drizzling rain nearly all day. Received letter No. 6 from father, and one also from Mr. J. D. A. Dupont. Father stated that he did not sustain much loss in the burning of his gin; as he had it insured. No Dress Parade.
Sunday, December 5th, 1875
This has been another gloomy and rainy day. Col. Preston is sick and we did not have Bible this morning. No church. Wrote to father.
Monday, December 6th, 1875
Weather very pleasant. We expected cold weather and rain, but it is warmer than it was before. We begin reviewing Math tomorrow.
Tuesday, December 7th, 1875
It has been raining nearly all day. I forgot to mention a few days since that Cadet E. G. Crump resigned his office as sergeant in the corps of cadets. The following blanks were filled this evening: To be orderly Sgt., H. C. Preston, to be Sergeants, Starling, Davison, and Payne, to be Corporals, Adams and Ferguson. No Dress Parade.
Wednesday, December 8th, 1875
It has been disagreeably damp today. No French. Mr. L. W. Humes, upon the application of his father, was reinstated this evening. No Dress Parade.
Thursday, December 9th, 1875
It has been much colder today than it has been for some time. We had Dress Parade for the first time in several days. I am suffering with heartburn tonight.
Friday, December 10th, 1875
Weather pretty cold. Received a letter from B. R. Williams. The New York Sun states that Mr. Kerr, a democrat, has been elected speaker of the house. Mr. Kerr is also a member of my fraternity.
Saturday, December 11th, 1875
Not quite so cold as it was yesterday. Clay and myself took dinner with our friend Scratchley. We had quite a lively debate in the Cadet Society tonight. The question was; “Should the South be represented at the Centennial?” I debated upon the affirmative. Gen. Smith came and made quite a lengthy in favor of the negative. The vote being put before the house it was decided by sentiment not argument, in favor of the negative.
Sunday, December 12th, 1875
It has been colder today than it has for some time. Our company went to the Baptist church this morning; as they were to have no preaching we returned. Wrote a letter to father, in which I enclosed a picture of myself. My friends Scratchley and Ford of W.&L.U., stayed most of the evening with me. I gave each a picture of myself with a promise that they would soon replace it with one of themselves.
Monday, December 13th, 1875
This has been the coldest day of this winter. The wind is blowing fearfully, and I find it troublesome to keep warm in my room tonight. Wrote a letter to brother in which I enclosed a picture of myself.
Tuesday, December 14th, 1875
Weather extremely cold. It was very disagreeable at Dress Parade this evening. I feel sorry for the sentinals who are now running on their posts to keep warm. Cadet McClaran, who was reinstated not long since, was shipped again today.
Wednesday, December 15th, 1875
Weather pretty cold, but not so cold as yesterday. Cadet Lefebvre was granted a furlough for the purpose of visiting his mother who is dangerously ill.
Thursday, December 16th, 1875
It was very pleasant all the morning, but after a slight sprinkle this evening it turned right cool and windy. No Dress Parade.
Friday, December 17th, 1875
Weather exceedingly cold. I think this the coldest day we have had this session. We finished Drawing today. Upon his own request Cadet W. W. Roller, of our class, was transferred to the fourth.
Saturday, December 18th, 1875
Very cold. We have had suspension for the purpose of skating. I did not go as I was so unsuccessful last year. Mr. L. W. Humes reported for duty. Wrote to Aunt Eliza Cox, and sent her a photograph of myself.
Sunday, December 19th, 1875
Weather still very cold. Went to the Presbyterian church, but did not enjoy the sermon as I could not hear well. Wrote to father.
Monday, December 20th, 1875
Weather still cold. We had suspension of academical duties for the purpose of skating. Gen. Smith has taken charge of our class in Math this week. The resignation of Cadet T. E. Garvin was accepted. He has an appointment at West Point.
Tuesday, December 21st, 1875
It was very cold early this morning, but it has been pleasant to keep our door and windows open this evening.
Wednesday, December 22nd, 1875
This has been a very warm day. Entirely too warm to keep our room closed. Mr. T. Snyder, who graduated in 1874, and is now Commandant at the University of the South, is here on a visit to his alma mater.
Thursday, December 23rd, 1875
Weather as warm as it was yesterday. Warm weather following a cold snap makes me feel lazy. I can not study. I perspired freely while walking my post tonight.
Friday, December 24th, 1875
Raining most of the day. A little colder than it has been for several days past. I can hardly realize that tomorrow is Christmas. Cadet Mauro was shipped for absenting himself from all duty and barracks without permission. No “rev” tomorrow morning.
Saturday, December 25th, 1875
The weather has been damp and unpleasant today. Lucas, Sutton and myself took breakfast at the hotel. To be sociable with my friends I took some egg-nog with them at the hotel this morning. This was really a violation of resolution V, but considering that I made that resolution to keep me from making myself liable to be shipped for drunkenness I am somewhat excusable for deviating slightly from the resolution. Our dinner at the mess hall was about the same as that we had last Christmas and the same as that of November 11th. This has been the dullest as well as the warmest Christmas I ever spent. Lucas on a “tare”. Our trouble with him, &c.
Sunday, December 26th, 1875
Weather damp, but not cold. Gen. Smith took charge of our class at Bible this morning, and I suppose will keep it hereafter. Heard an excellent sermon at the Episcopal church. The text was taken from the first epistle of Peter 4th chapter and 18th verse, which read thus – “And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?” Wrote to father and to Cousin Anna. Received a visit from my friend Scratchley.
Monday, December 27th, 1875
It rained very hard some time during last night, which made it tolerable cool early this morning, but still very warm for this time of the year. Gen. Smith gave us suspension today. As I have not had any Christmas money I drew $10 on father this morning. Sutton’s uncle, of Baltimore, sent him a box today and we had a feast in our room tonight. Lucas and myself are so far off that we can not get boxes from home. Lucas paid me $5. Wrote to my former schoolmate J. E. Givhan.
Tuesday, December 28th, 1875
The weather cooler than it has been for some time. Nothing of interest.
Wednesday, December 29th, 1875
Raining nearly all day. Received a box of pecans from home and a couple of over-shirts. Cadet Richardson shipped today due to neglect of duty and excessive demerits. Cadet Hales’ name dropped from the role as a deserter.
Thursday, December 30th, 1875
The weather has been very damp today. No Dress Parade. The following are our subjects for the examination in Smith’s Biot’s Analytical Geometry:
1st Explain what is said about fixing a point in a plain. From Art. 37 to 49.
2nd Find the equation of a straight line and discuss it.
3rd Discuss the equation of the line y=ax+b, art. 53 to 59
4th Find the distance between two points in a plain, also the equation of a line passing through one and through two points, art. 59, 60 &62.
5th Find the tangent of the angle made by two lines in a plain, also the intersection of two lines, arts. 64 and 65.
6th Explain the method of fixing a point in space, art. 67 to 74.
7th Find the distance between two points in space, art. 74.
8th X, Y and Z being angles made by a line in space with the axes x, y and z, show that the Cos2Xcos2 Ycos2Z=1, art. 76.
9th Discuss the straight line in space, art. 77 to 84.
10th Find the equation of a straight line passing through one given point in space, art. 84.
11th Find the equation of a straight line passing through two given points in space, art. 85.
12th Find the cosine of the angle between two lines in space by the first method, art. 86.
13th Find the cos. Of the angle between two lines by the 2nd method, 87, 88, 89.
14th Find the equation of condition for the intersection of two lines in space, art. 91.
15th Find the equation of a plane, arts. 93, 94 and 95.
16th Discuss the plane, arts. 96, 97, 98, 99, 101, 102 and 103.
17th Show how to pass a parallel from any system, art.110, also to pass from rectangular coordinates to oblique, art. 111
18th Discuss Polar coordinates, arts. 120, 121, 122 and 123.
19th Discuss Polar coordinates for points in space, art. 25.
20th Find the equation of the conic surface, art. 126.
21st Find the general equation of the conic section, art. 127
22nd Discuss the circle, art. 133 to 140.
23rd Find the equation of tang. & normal line to the circle, arts. 140 & 141.
24th Prove that the circle has an infinite number of conjugate diameters, arts. 144 & 145.
25th Find the polar equation of the circle and discuss it, art. 146 to 150.
26th Show that in the ellipse the sum of the distances of any point of the ellipse to the foci is constant and equal to the transverse axis, art. 162
27th Discuss the ellipse referred to conjugate parameters, art. 176 to 183.
28th Find the polar equation of the ellipse and discuss it, art. 190 to 194
29th Assuming a property of the ellipse find its equation, art. 196
30th Find the area of an ellipse, art. 197.
31st Discuss the Parabola, art. 195 to 207.
32nd Discuss the parabola referred to its diameters, art. 213 to 218.
33rd Find and discuss the polar equation of the parabola, 218,219.
34th Assume a property of a parabola and find its equation, art.221.
35th Find the area of a parabolic segment, art. 222.
36th Discuss the asymptotes of the hyperbola, art. 241 to 245.
37th Find the equation of the hyperbola referred to its asymptotes, art. 246 & 247.
38th Find and discuss the polar equation of the hyperbola, art.252.
39th Discuss the general equation of the second degree between two variables, art. 260 to 265.
40th Discuss the general equation of the second degree when B2-4AC<0.
41st Discuss the general Lemniscate curve, arts. 323 and 324.
42nd Find the equation of the Cisson and discuss it, art. 325.
43rd Find the equation of the Conchoid and discuss it, arts. 327 & 328.
44th Discuss the logarithmic curve x=ay, arts. 334 to 339.
45th Discuss the equation of the Cycloid, art. 339 origin at K and mention the properties stated in art. 341.
46th Find the equation of the Spiral of Archimedes, art. 350 and explain the logarithmic spiral, art. 354.
Friday, December 31st, 1875
Weather tolerable cool, and very foggy most of the day. No French. It was quite muddy at Dress Parade this evening. The name of Cadet J. T. Johnston who deserted the Institute on Saturday, was dropped from the roll as a deserter. The last day of 1875.
 Son of his aunt, Arulia Jane Boney Pigford and William Wells Pigford of Lauderdale County, MS. J. T. Pigford was born in 1851.
 Tattooed. This was still on his arm when he died in 1937.
 Walter Emerson Faison: Clinton, NC. Graduated 1878, 10th of 25. Lawyer, Solicitor U.S. State Dept. & classmate of Richard K. Boney in 1879 at the University of Virginia Law School. Died September 22, 1897 at Clinton, NC.
 William F. Patton (1845-1905) Uncle of General George S. Patton of World War II fame. Civil Engineer and Professor of Engineering at VMI and Virginia Tech. Died May 25, 1906.
 P. Beverly Matthews: Columbus, MS. Class of 1879. Judge, Magistrate’s Court, Columbus, MS. Died March 20, 1932.
 Dress Parade
 A debating group.
 Henry B. Allen: Augusta, GA. Class of 1878. General Insurance. Died May 18, 1902.
 Alden C. Weston: Baltimore, MD. Class of 1877.
 Benjamin Lacy Christian: Norfolk, VA. Class of 1878. Wood & Lumber Business.
 Richard K. Boney, 21 years later, was to marry Owen Wallace Cox’s sister, Rena Belle. Rena was only 9 years old in 1875. Owen Wallace Cox’s father, Owen B. Cox, was Jefferson Davis’ business partner and plantation manager.
 O. Casenove Henderson: Taught French. Died September 2, 1897.
 Frank Clemens Englesing: Port Gibson, MS. Class of 1878. R.R. Service. Died October 10, 1916 in Port Gibson, MS.
 Samuel Locke Breaux: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1878. Partner in firm G. W. Clay – cotton & rice. Died in New Orleans on June 1, 1933.
 James Duncan Gatewood: Norfolk, VA. Graduated 1876, 4th of 35. Assoc. Prof. VMI, MD Univ. VA. Ex-president U.S. Naval Medical School. Died in Washington, DC February 27, 1924.
 John M. Willis: Elizabeth City, VA. Class of 1876. Lifelong educator in Hampton, VA.
 Matthew Clay, Jr.: Brooksville, MS. Class of 1878. Farming MS & LA. Died about 1906.
 Carter Page Johnston: Christiansville, VA. Graduated 1875, 28th of 45. Major US Cavalry; retired rancher. Died December 12, 1916 in Alliance, NB. Buried in Staunton,Va.
 Matthew Clay, Jr. had joined ΣΧ at Howard College in Alabama. They were both invited into the fellowship of the Sigma Chi chapter at Washington & Lee. See History of Sigma Chi Fraternity 1855 to 1930 by Joseph Cookman Nate, page 347-349.
Gen. T. J. “Stonewall” Jackson was a member of the V.M.I. faculty for eleven years before the Civil War.
 Madison Hooker: Jackson, MS. Class of 1878. Farmer. Died January 7, 1914 at Jackson, MS.
 Jefferson Davis: Vicksburg, MS. Class of 1878. Son of the president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, Sr. Died October 16, 1878 while a student in Memphis, TN.
 Samuel Benton Robison: Sandersville, GA. Class of 1878. Life Insurance Business. Died in 1944 in Sandersville.
 Archer Harman: Lexington, VA. Class of 1878. Civil Engineer. Built railroad in South America. Known as the “Dictator of Ecuador”. Died from fall from horse October 8, 1911 at White Sulphur Springs, WV.
 William Jesse DeBruhl: Columbia, SC. Graduated 1876, 32nd of 32. Merchant, Salt Lake City, UT.
Thomas Hoomes Williamson. During Civil War Williamson served as Lieutenant Colonel of Engineers, and was charged with directing and laying out the defensive lines of Field Works at Manassas and Fredericksburg, and in a part of the Valley Campaign of Lt. General T.J. “Stonewall” Jackson, he acted as his Chief Engineer.
 Edward Brown Hopkins: McGaheysville, VA. Graduated 1878, 11th of 25. Farmer. Died August 9, 1917.
 Later to become Dr. Francis A. Scratchley of Poughkeepsie, NY. – founder of the New York Sigma Chi Alumni Chapter and one of Sigma Chi’s most nationally active members.
 George Jennings Hooper: Richmond, VA. Class of 1878. LLB Richmond College. Lawyer, Richmond. VA. Died January 4, 1936.
 Benson Blake: Vicksburg, MS. Class of 1879. Died before 1910.
 Asa Dupuy Dickinson, Jr.: Worsham, VA. Class of 1878. Farmer, Ft. Worth, TX. Died October 23, 1940.
 John H. Riley: Onacock, VA. Class of 1878.
 Thomas Green Tate: Long Hollow, VA. Graduated 1877, 14th of 32. Farmer, Bookkeeper, Richmond, VA. Died May 1, 1936.
 Close fitting coats with short skirts or tails (full dress).
 A provisioner to an army post often established in a shop on the post.
 Erasmus D. Foree, Jr.: Louisville, KY. Class of 1877. Foundry Business, Tobacconist, Real Estate. Died in Louisville, KY February 8, 1942.
 Charles Wilson, Kollock: Cheraw, SC. Graduated 1877, 9th of 32. U. PA Med School, Physician, Author, Died September 23, 1931 in Charleston, SC.
 Richard Otto Johnson: Springfield, OH. Graduated 1876, 35th of 35. Supt. Indiana State School for the Deaf. Died January 6, 1928, Indianapolis, IN.
 Confederate General Jubal Anderson Early (1816-1894). When General Early was defeated by Union Generals Sheridan and Custer he was relieved of his command in 1865. After the War he fled to Mexico and Canada where he lived until 1869 when he returned to Lynchburg, VA to resume his law practice.
 George Mackubin Thomas: St. Mary’s County MD. Graduated 1875, 27th of 45. Principal, Florida Military Academy. Died May 8, 1929, Rockville, MD.
 Linsay Fairfax: Leesburg, VA. Graduated 1875, 33rd of 45. Broker, Washington, DC. Died January 1, 1917.
 Edward Appleton Greene: Culpeper, VA. Graduated 1876, 25th of 35. Engineer. Died April 10, 1908, Zanesville, OH.
 Lowry White Humes: Memphis, TN. Class of 1878. Lawyer. Died March 21, 1915, Chicago, IL.
 Utz was from Nebraska Plantation in Madison Parish, Louisiana.
 Frank William Walker: New Orleans, LA. Graduated 1875, 24th of 45. Merchant in New Orleans where he died of yellow fever on October 20, 1878.
 Jesse Nalle: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1875 26th of 45. Planter. Died October 29, 1914 in Bryn Mawr, PA.
 David Anderson Jacobs: Columbia, MO. Class of 1877. Farmer. Died February 3, 1884, Boone County, MO.
 Loring Reynolds Millen: Savannah, GA. Class of 1877. Lumber Business. Died January 22, 1912 in New York.
 Carter Henry Harrison: Cartersville, VA. Graduated 1875, 11th of 45. Farmer; member Virginia Legislature; Deputy US Marshal. Died May 2, 1936 in Richmond, VA.
 James Potter Langhorne: Lynchburg, VA. Graduated 1875, 1st of 45. LLB Univ. of VA. Lawyer, San Francisco, CA. Died January 25, 1923.
 Charles Leroy Conway: Fredericksburg, VA. Graduated 1876, 15th of 35. Asst. Prof. VMI; US Census Service. Died in Washington, DC October 29, 1926.
 Fraser Titus Edmondson: Memphis, TN. Graduated 1876, 24th of 35. City Attorney, Memphis, TN. Died March 12, 1910.
 Andrew Miller Payne, Jr.: Yazoo City, MS. Graduated 1877, 21st of 32. Merchant & Planter, Belzoni, MS. Died December 9, 1936.
 Westmoreland Delaware Davis: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1877, 28th of 32. Farmer, Lawyer, Governor of VA. Died September 2, 1942 at Leesburg, VA.
 Tignal Jones Leake: Colliervile, TN. Graduated 1875, 36th of 45. Lawyer; died February 5, 1916 Collierville, TN.
 Thomas Edgar Garvin, Jr.: Evansville, IN. Class of 1879. Lawyer, Evansville, IN. Died July 3, 1900.
 Jesse E. Todd: Mt. Airy, MD. Dead.
 John Gallatin Paxton: Lexington, VA. Class of 1878. Lawyer. Died September 24, 1928 in Independence, MO.
 Smith Caruthers: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1875. Graduated 28th of 45. LL.B Cumberland Univ., Lawyer. Died May 15, 1884 in Marshall, MO.
 Asa Kirkwood Snyder: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1879, 2nd of 22.Partner Asa Snyder & Co., Iron Manufacturer. Died March 3, 1892 in Richmond.
 Judge Farrar was one of the best-known lawyers in Louisiana. His name is associated with many Louisiana and Mississippi lawsuits. Among the most famous was that involving the Perkins family of Madison and Tensas Parishes, Louisiana. See Calhoun, Robert Dabney: The Perkins Family of Northeast Louisiana in The Louisiana Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, Number 1, January 1936 or on the internet at http://www.rootsweb.com/~lamadiso/perkins.htm
 For a brief account of his vacation see Thursday, August 19, 1875.
 Cohen, Stan; Historic Springs of the Virginias, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Charleston, WV, (1981) pp. 79-83.
 Beyer, Edward, Album of Virginia, Dusseldorf, Germany (1857)
 Reiners, Percival: Montgomery White in Fishwick, Marshall W.: Springlore in Virginia, Popular Press, Bowling Green State University (1978) pp. 225-237.
 Bodell, Dorothy H.: Montgomery White Sulphur Springs : A History of the Resort, Hospital, Cemeteries, Markers, and Monument (1993), Pocahontas Press, Blacksburg, VA.
 John Parkhurst Brady: Baltimore, MD. Class of 1879. Drowned 1877.
 Randolph Stith Brent: Heathsville, VA. Class of 1879. Circuit Court Clerk. Died in Heathsville, VA October 28, 1923.
 William Dameron Haynes: New Orleans, LA. Merchant; Planter. Died January 29, 1911 in New Orleans.
 J. L. Osgood: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1879. Affiliated with American Sugar Refining Co. Died September 7, 1892.
 William Wayne Belvin: Richmond, VA. Class of 1879. RR Service. Formerly New York City.
 Joseph William Lawson: Lynchburg, VA. Graduated 1876, 35th of 35. Merchant. Died January 1885 at Lynchburg, VA.
 William Carey Williams: Suffolk, VA. Class of 1876. Wholesale Business; died April 19, 1892 in Portsmouth, VA.
 Edwin Ammon Hancock: Lynchburg, VA. Class of 1879, graduated 12th of 22. Tobacco Mfr. Died May 28, 1910 at Lynchburg.
 Ernest Justus Hancock: Lynchburg, VA. Class of 1879. Farmer. Died August 1, 1924.
 Hubert Bruce Watts: Lynchburg, VA. Graduated 1879 with Honors, Merchant & Banker. Died in Lynchburg September 29, 1916.
 John Tucker Johnston: Cleveland, TN. Class of 1879. President Johnston Lumber & Mfg. Co., Cleveland, TN. Died April 25, 1929.
 John Tucker Weston: Georgetown, SC. Graduated 1879, 21st of 22. Bookkeeper, Miner’s & Merchant’s Bank, Charleston, SC. Died November 3, 1934.
 Alexander Duvall Exall: (1853-1928). Richmond, VA. Graduated 1876, 9th of 35. Civil Engineer. Collection of his papers on file at V.M.I. Died at Drewry’s Bluff, VA June 14, 1928.
 Thomas Parker Thomson: Abbeville County SC. Graduated 1878, 21st of 25. Lawyer, farmer. Died August 11, 1924.
 Alexander Hyman: Summit, MS. Class of 1880. Cotton Broker. Died August 11, 1934 in New Orleans, LA.
 George C. Stewart: Griffin, GA. Class of 1878. Clerk Government Land Office, Washington DC. Died February 25, 1939 at Asheville, NC.
 Harry Hayes Cage: Houma, LA. Class of 1879. Sugar planter. Died August 20, 1893.
 Hugh Connell Cage: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1879. Lawyer. Judge Civil District Court. Died January 30, 1941.
 Col. John W. Lyell: Professor of Math & Logic.
 Titus Livius (59 BC - AD17), Roman Historian whose “History of Rome” is one of the basic sources of information about ancient Rome.
 Theodore Dehon Jervey: Charleston, SC. Graduated 1879, 4th of 22. Lawyer, City Judge, Charleston, SC. Died January 24, 1947.
 Pickens Butler Hagood: Barnwell, SC. Graduated 1878, 22nd of 25. Planter, Barnwell, SC.
 Alexander Albert Dooley: New London, VA. Graduated 1877, 3rd of 32. Chief Engineer, Model Land Co. (Flagler System); Died in St. Augustine, FL. February 27, 1927.
 Leslie N. Kirkpatrick: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1879. Broker, Nashville, TN.
 Burgess Ball: Leesburg, VA. Graduated 1876, 5th of 35. Professor at Fayetteville, AR. Died December 26, 1880.
 Henry Buck Wright: Columbia, SC. Class of 1879. Died August 7, 1885.
 W. B. Wright: Columbia, SC. Class of 1879.
 Elmer Elsworth Dunn: Columbia, SC. Class of 1879. Salesman Zwicker Knitting Co., Appleton, WI. Died April 21, 1947.
 Howell M. Rice: San Antonio, TX. Class of 1879. Died before 1910.
 Lewis Johnson Mauro: Washington, DC. Class of 1878. Civil Service. Invalid for many years, died about 1911.
 John Love Gill: Bloomfield, VA. Graduated 1879, 6th of 22. Engineer, State of Texas; ex-member State Fisheries Board; Retired County Treasurer, Leesburg, VA. Died August 9, 1928.
 William Lewis Starling: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1877. MD Starling Medical College, 1881 – never practiced. Died August 9, 1884 in Philadelphia, PA. Buried in Hopkinsville, KY.
 Newton McKinney Humes: Memphis, TN. Class of 1879. Real Estate & Insurance, Chicago, IL. Died July 18, 1922.
 Alfred Ford Ravenel, Jr.: Charleston, SC. Graduated 1877, 29th of 32. V.M.I. board of Visitors 1904-08. Died in Roanoke, VA August 28, 1912.
 Henry L. C. Blake: Vicksburg, MS. Class of 1877. Planter.
 Joseph B. Davis: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1879, 18th of 22. Lawyer. Member of Virginia Legislature. Died October 16, 1892 near Richmond.
 James Hamilton McCord: St. Joseph, MO. Graduated 1979 1st of 22. President, Nave-McCord Merchant Co., St. Joseph, MO. Lt. Col. WW I. President V.M.I. Alumni in 1919. Died September 8, 1922 in St. Joseph, MO.
 Archibald Stuart Carter: Lebanon, VA. Class of 1879. Stock raising. Died in the early 1890’s.
 Ferdinand C. Van Bruyssel: New Orleans, LA. Graduated 1876, 31st of 35. Belgian Diplomatic Service.
 Trebizond was an ancient Greek empire (1204-1461) located on the south shores of the Black Sea.
 George Beirne Wade: Christiansburg, VA. Graduated 1878, 7th of 25. Civil Engineer, Contractor, Farmer. Died Sykesville, MD August 11, 1939.
 Angus McDonald Peete: Galveston, TX. Graduated 1878, 24th of 25. Manager Barker Asphalt Paving Co. Chicago, IL. Died May 24, 1918.
 Charles Cumming: Marietta, GA. Class of 1876.
 James Albert Warren: Bacons Castle, VA. Class of 1877. Farmer. Died August 18, 1879 in Surry County, VA.
 J. C. Brooks: Baltimore, MD.
 Walter Campbell Kent: Tangipahoa, LA. Graduated 1880, 8th of 25. Civil Engineer, Lumberman & Banker. Died March 7, 1929 in Kentwood, LA.
 George Divers White: Shawsville, VA. Class of 1880. Physician, Cave Spring, VA. Died there April 3, 1931.
 Samuel Morrison Cooper: New Orleans, LA. Graduated 1876, 30th of 35. Graduated U of VA Med School, Physician. Died Grandview, TX July 7, 1929.
 A. E. Vickers: Lawrenceville, GA. Class of 1879.
 James Henderson Smith: Lexington, VA. Graduated 1875, 3rd of 45. Presbyterian Clergyman; Instructor VMI. Died November 8, 1889.
 Francis (Ormsby) Cropper: Louisville, KY. President Francis Cropper Wholesale Liquors. Died in Chicago, IL on May 21, 1920.
 Samuel Bell Williamson: Memphis, TN. Class of 1877. Lawyer, Memphis, TN. Died in 1914.
 William Tazewell Patton: New Orleans, LA. City Treasurer. Dead.
 Percy Blewett McLaran: St. Louis, MO. Class of 1879. Organized Payne & McClaran, Bankers & Brokers. Member of New York Stock Exchange. Retired Railroad conductor. Died in St. Louis, MO about 1933.
 Robert L. Madison, MD: Mercer Professor of Animal & Vegetable Physiology applied to Agriculture. Died May 26, 1878.
 Hugh Caperton Preston: Montgomery, VA. Graduated 1877, 31 of 32. Farmer, Real estate, Mayor of Radford, VA where he died January 3, 1905.
 George Smith Patton, II: Bentivoglio, VA. Graduated 1877, 5th of 32. Lawyer; member Board of Visitors; father of General George S. Patton of World War II fame. Died in Los Angeles, CA, June 9, 1927.
 Heman Russell Baldwin: Richmond, VA. Class of 1880. Decorator & fresco Painter, Macon, GA.
 David Rittenhouse Barton: Lexington, VA. Class of 1878. Merchant. Died in Yakima, WA in fall of 1929.
 Harold Clemens: Easton, PA. Class of 1878. Banker & broker. Died in New York City, October 1, 1917.
 E. G. Crump: Vicksburg, MS. Class of 1877. Employed at bank in Vicksburg. Died young.
 Edward Wright Davison: Baltimore, MD. Graduated 1877, 2nd of 32. Chemist; Died July 4, 1912. Buried in Charlotte, NC.
 Dean Adams: Little Rock, AR. Class of 1878. Planter, Oil Inspector.
 John Du Moss Ferguson: Lynchburg, VA. Class of 1878. Tobacco business. Died June 20, 1893. Buried in Lynchburg, VA.
 William Clayton Lefebvre: Richmond, VA. Class of 1878. Wholesale Grocer, Lefebvr-Armistead Co. Died March 29, 1906 at Richmond, VA.
 William Wirt Roller: Harrisonburg, VA. Class of 1879. Lawyer. Died 1897 in Washington, DC.
 Wife of Josiah Cox and the aunt of his mother Martha Elizabeth Cocke Boney. Josiah Cox was a brother of Owen B. Cox – father of Richard K. Boney’s wife-to-be Rena Cox, who was only 11 years old at this time.
 Barksdale Hales: News Ferry Depot, Class of 1878. VA. Physician. Died September 16, 1922 at Millsboro, VA.
 Jean Baptiste Biot (1774-1862) French mathematician, physicist, and astronomer.
 Of course he meant “plane”.