THE DIARIES OF RICHARD KINSEY BONEY
of Duckport Plantation, Madison Parish, Louisiana
VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE CADET-1876 3rd and 2nd Classman
©2000 Richard P. Sevier (email@example.com). This material is intended for informational use only and may not be reproduced by ANY means whatsoever without written permission from the author.
Saturday, January 1st, 1876
The year of 1876 dawned upon us with a very foggy morning. We had the usual suspension upon this occasion. We had turkey, shoat and mince pie, as an extra, for dinner. Lucas and myself took breakfast at the hotel. Suspension and an extra dinner were all that characterized New Year’s day. The societies did not meet tonight. I am suffering great pain tonight from eating so much today.
Sunday, January 2nd, 1876
The morning promised us a beautiful day, the sun shone out in all his splendor and if birds had been singing we might justly have called it a Spring day, but this did not last longer than noon. The clouds darkened and a slight rain ensued. Went to the Methodist church and heard a splendid sermon; the text was taken from Psalms XC chap., and 12th verse. Received letter No. 7 from father. Wrote father.
Monday, January 3rd, 1876
Weather pleasant. The intermediate examination commenced this morning. Our section in Math was called in this evening just after 2 o’clock, but our examination is not yet finished. I demonstrated on my subject at the board this evening, which was: Find the general equation of the conic section. I did not distinguish myself on it, but I think I did well enough to get through. Hereafter I will keep in the back part of my book an account of the money received.
Tuesday, January 4th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. We finished our examination on Math this morning. I believe I passed all right.
Wednesday, January 5th, 1876
Weather mild and pleasant. Our section in French was called out this morning, but its examination is not yet finished. There being such a decrease in the number of cadets this year has caused the commandant to order 7 sentinals to be posted on each relief. Cadet E. M. Apperson shipped. Ex-Cadet M. Hooker reappointed by the board of visitors. Wrote Benj. R. Williams.
Thursday, January 6th, 1876
Weather a little cooler than it has been for some time. Finished our examination on French. I am certainly glad we have no more French. I hated to study it.
Friday, January 7th, 1876
Weather pretty cool. We were examined on Latin today. I feel free now since my examinations are all over, and I am certain I passed them all.
Saturday, January 8th, 1876
Weather pleasant. I was elected next monthly orator in the Cadet Society tonight. Wrote a letter to Jas. A. Clark.
Sunday, January 9th, 1876
Weather warm. Gen. Smith did not have Bible this morning. We went to the Baptist church, but they had no preaching. Wrote to father.
Monday, January 10th, 1876
Weather exceedingly cold. The sudden change makes it very disagreeable. Cadet Jules Valle shipped. I have spent the day in reading “Twenty Thousand Leagues under the sea”, by Jules Verne.
Tuesday, January 11th, 1876
Weather very cold. I have been on quarter guard today, and I suffered very much from cold. Ferguson was corporal, Blake, B., myself and Cage, H. C. were sentinals. I had the 2nd relief. My brother sent me the Mississippi Collegian in which he enclosed me a letter. Cadet Purnell shipped.
Wednesday, January 12th, 1876
Weather very cold indeed. Very good skating on the Nile. Our different stands were published at the mess hall tonight. The following are my stands: Math 20th, French 21st, Latin 17th and Drawing 15th. My stands are not good, but quite an improvement on last year.
Thursday, January 13th, 1876
Weather exceedingly cold. The skaters are having much fun now. I fear I will find it quite disagreeable at guard tonight. Wrote to W. H. Utz.
Friday, January 14th, 1876
Weather not quite so cold as it was yesterday. Our section in Math was assigned for us tomorrow, and our section in Physics for Monday. I am section marcher of the 2nd section Math and also 2nd section Physics.
Saturday, January 15th, 1876
Weather quite cold this morning, but it changes so fast that we wore coattees to Dress Parade this evening. We had our first recitation in Calculus this morning. Sent invitations to the joint celebration of the Dialectic and Cadet Societies to the following young ladies: Mary Emma McLearne, Lizzie Bedford, Connie White, Mamie Farrar, Ida Waddill and Nora Waddill. And one to Mrs. E. D. Farrar.
Sunday, January 16th, 1876
Weather very pleasant, with the exception of a very slight rain this evening. No Bible. Went to the Presbyterian church. Wrote to father.
Monday, January 17th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Col. Preston has taken charge of our section (the first) in Latin. Several cadets were shipped this evening for excessive demerits, but this order will not be carried into execution, as they wish the board of visitors to act upon it. I sent my gun to Baltimore to have it nickel plated.
Tuesday, January 18th, 1876
Weather warm and pleasant. Cadet A. L. Ellett is in the hospital very sick with Pneumonia. Received letters from J. E. Givhan and Cousin Anna. It is very windy tonight, and it has been sprinkling rain.
Wednesday, January 19th, 1876
Sprinkling rain. The parade ground was entirely too wet for Dress Parade this morning, but the officer-in-charge, Capt. Manson, would have us go. The parade was barely formed when it commenced to rain, and Capt. Manson ordered the companies to be dismissed. It will cause us some trouble to clean up our guns. Cadet A. L. Ellett’s mother arrived today. He is still quite sick. The intermediate celebration of the Graham Lee Society, W.&L.U. came off tonight. I could not attend.
Thursday, January 20th, 1876
Weather pretty cold. We had our first recitation in Physics this morning. Col. McDonald is our instructor. The first section, which recites to Col. Brooke, has the advantage of us, as Col. Brooke marks easier than Col. McDonald. They will be able to get “max” with very little studying. It is not at all fair to have different professors in the same branch of study, for it is impossible for them to have the same scale of marking. I am not well. I am suffering from constipation.
Friday, January 21st, 1876
Weather pretty cool. Nothing unusual. Our lesson in Calculus tomorrow is about the hardest I have ever studied.
Saturday, January 22nd, 1876
It has been sprinkling rain nearly all day. No Dress Parade. Wrote to Cousin Anna and also to brother.
Sunday, January 23rd, 1876
Weather very pleasant. We were in hopes that it would rain this morning to prevent us from going to church, but the clouds only brought a sprinkle. It is raining hard tonight. No Bible, as Gen. Smith is absent from the Institute. Went to the Episcopal church. Gen. Pendleton’s preliminary remarks were so long that we were very tired when the text was announced. The text was, “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” Wrote to father.
Monday, January 24th, 1876
Weather cool. Nothing unusual today.
Tuesday, January 25th, 1876
Weather cool. Great excitement has prevailed throughout the corps today, and I might justly be called its originator. The following is a brief history of the affair: This morning as I was sitting quietly in my room studying I was suddenly disturbed by a noise created by the occupants of the room above me. The noise continuing for some time I went up to their room, 103, and asked them to stop the noise, and as this was the third time I have had to make this request I thought I would stop it by using the bayonet scabbard, they being “rats”. The first man took the bucking, which he says did not hurt; but the second, McCorkle by name, refused and made several impertinent remarks. Having informed a party of old cadets that this rat refused to take a bucking they immediately went to his room and bucked him by force. Corporal Thomson performed the operation, and he did hit him hard. After he was bucked he was told that if he was not satisfied he could select his man out of the party whom he would like to fight. McCorkle selected Cadet Thomson who applied the bayonet scabbard. Thomson is a very good man, but not so large and stout as McCorkle. The fight came off this evening, and they were the bloodiest pair on their return I ever saw. They fought near an hour and a half, and then the seconds had to stop them. McCorkle’s stability is attributed to his confidence in his own brute strength, nevertheless he got the worst of it. We all admire the manner in which the rat defended himself, but he threatened to report us to Col. Ship, which is considered to be the most dishonorable act of which a cadet can be guilty. This incenses us against him. We detest “taddling”. The Captain of my company, Cadet E. A. Greene, expresses his sentiments very freely against me. He will not be convinced that I am not the one that applied the bayonet scabbard. Although he is a first classman and a captain I do not intend to “suck” him for his recommendation. All I want is the good opinion of my own class.
Wednesday, January 26th, 1876
Weather pleasant. The celebration of the two societies came off tonight. The speakers acquiesced themselves with great credit. My gun which I sent to Baltimore to have nickeled arrived today. McCorkle, the pugilist of yesterday, has a very bad looking face. Thomson’s forehead is only bruised a little.
Thursday, January 27th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Col. Lyell read us his lecture on the imagination this morning, which we all enjoyed very much. Col. Preston gave us a lecture at Latin. I am not able to apply myself to my studies tonight. I am depressed in spirits.
Friday, January 28th, 1876
Weather intensely warm for this month. An order was published today stating that the “Board of Visitors” approved the action of the Superintendent in reinstating cadets who were dismissed on the 17th inst. The “board” gave ex-cadet McLaran a reappointment.
Saturday, January 29th, 1876
It was raining at “rev” this morning, and it rained after breakfast. It has since turned pretty cold. Received letter No. 8 from father.
Sunday, January 30th, 1876
Weather pretty cold. No Bible. Went to the Methodist church, but the sermon was not so good as usual. The text was taken from the second chapter of Colossians, 6th and 7th verses. Wrote to father.
Monday, January 31st, 1876
Weather pretty cold. We fear we are going to have an extremely cold spell. Cadet W. B. Preston received a severe injury in his leg by falling, accidentally, down the steps, and will be carried to the hospital.
Tuesday, February 1st, 1876
It commenced raining late this evening after a snow which commenced about 3 o’clock. We had suspension for skating this evening, but the inclement weather prevented its being enjoyed. No Dress Parade. An indefinite furlough granted to Cadet W. B. Wright.
Wednesday, February 2nd, 1876
It has turned quite cold since the rain yesterday. We were allowed to wear overcoats to the section room today. Cadet Melton, who was compelled to leave last year on account of sore eyes, returned today and it is expected that he will enter the second class.
Thursday, February 3rd, 1876
Weather extremely cold. We had suspension of academical duties for skating. It commenced raining just as we fell in to go to Dress Parade this evening and it commenced falling so thick and fast, just as the officers took their posts, that the officer-in-charge commanded the companies to be dismissed. The ground is covered with snow for the first time this year.
Friday, February 4th, 1876
Weather not quite so cold as it was yesterday. The ground has been covered with snow all day. No Dress Parade.
Saturday, February 5th, 1876
Weather pretty cold. No Dress Parade. The snow has not yet all melted. Went up town this evening and bought some valentines. A lecture on Roman Chrystallotype Drawing persuaded me to attend his lecture today, but I fear what I learned from is a very little. Delivered my monthly oration before the Cadet Society tonight, my theme was, “The Future and its prospects”. Drew draft on father for $25.
Sunday, February 6th, 1876
It has been raining off and on all day, not so cold as it was yesterday. Neither Bible nor church. Wrote to father. I joined the “Friends of Temperance” tonight.
Monday, February 7th, 1876
Weather not so very cold. The snow has been melting nearly all day and the ground is very muddy. No Dress Parade.
Tuesday, February 8th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. All the snow has melted. Still muddy. No Dress Parade. Mr. C. L. Williams, of Va., was admitted a cadet, and will report to the fourth class.
Wednesday, February 9th, 1876
Weather pleasant. The ground was too muddy for Dress Parade this evening. We had a slight sprinkle just about evening parade.
Thursday, February 10th, 1876
Weather warm. Dress Parade this evening for the first time in several days, but the parade ground is still wet. Sent a valentine to Miss Lizzie Bedford.
Friday, February 11th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. This has resembled, very much, a March day in Louisiana; the wind has been blowing pretty briskly. We were about to fall in to go to Dress Parade this evening when the officer-in-charge ordered that there would be no D. P. on account of the approach of dark clouds. It commenced to sprinkle just as we started to supper. Sent valentine to Miss Emma McLearne.
Saturday, February 12th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Went up town for a short time this evening. The two societies had a joint meeting today to discuss the question – whether we should send delegates to the inter-collegiate contest of Virginia or not. Gen. Smith was asked whether he thought we would be able to send delegates to the convention or not or would he grant delegates furloughs. Gen. Smith is opposed to our sending delegates to the contest on the ground that this is a military school, and that we are not competent to be with other institutions in the languages, oratory &c. because they do not constitute a part of our course. Gen. Smith’s argument, to my knowledge, is null; we have orators, debaters and essayists in our literary societies, and mathematicians, chemists and mining geologists in the Institute, who are capable of competing with delegates or contestants from any institution of learning in Virginia. Being on guard I had to leave before any action was taken upon the question.
Received a letter from Aunt Eliza Cox.
Sunday, February 13th, 1876
The morning dawned gloomy. We have had several sprinkles during the day, which prevented us from going to church. Col. R. L. Madison took charge of our class in “Bible” this morning. We are all glad that Dr. Madison has taken charge of us. He is the only member of the faculty that has been successful in making “bible” interesting to us. Dr. Madison is certainly an intelligent man. It is a pity that he has the consumption.
Wrote to father.
Monday, February 14th, 1876
It rained considerably during the last night, and we had several showers today. No Latin. No Dress Parade.
Tuesday, February 15th, 1876
We had quite a storm during the night – it rained and the wind blew fearfully. We were surprised to see the mountains capped with snow this morning. It snowed enough this evening to prevent us from going to Dress Parade. It is immensely cold tonight – the wind whistles around the corner of barracks.
Wednesday, February 16th, 1876
Weather extremely cold, and the wind quite disagreeable. Col. Ship took sick yesterday, and has been confined to his house today.
Thursday, February 17th, 1876
Weather still very cold. I am on guard tonight, but am excused from walking after taps. I have not been “chaser” but once since I had my gun nickeled.
Friday, February 18th, 1876
Not quite so cold as it was yesterday. Nothing unusual.
Saturday, February 19th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. Went up town for a short time this evening. Wrote to my friend J. E. Givhan.
Sunday, February 20th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. I have been on quarter guard today, and have therefore attended none of the Sunday exercises. The following were the guard today: Capt. E. A. Greene, officer-of-the-day, Sheffey Corporal of the guard, Cage, H. H., Cage H. C., and myself sentinals. Wrote letter to father.
Monday, February 21st, 1876
Raining most of the day. Cadet E. G. Crump received permission from home today to hand in his resignation. When he presented his resignation to Gen. Smith he was informed that it would be unnecessary to hand in his resignation, as he would be shipped this evening. Gen. Smith should have accepted his resignation as his mother requested it. No Dress Parade.
Tuesday, February 22nd, 1876
Tolerable cold today. We have had suspension of academical duty today, as this is the birthday of the father of his country. Cadet Matthews left today. He says Gen. Smith accepted his resignation. The celebration of the Washington Literary Society, W.&L.U. came off tonight, but I did not attend. Tonight three cadets retired to the rear of barracks (somewhere near the Drawing Academy) with stones and shelled Capt. Washington’s rear window. Capt. Washington ran out of the room, immediately, and pursued the fellows, who ran after throwing the stones. He was successful in overtaking one of the culprits, who fell over a parapet near here and hurt himself so badly that he had to be toated or assisted back to barracks. The other two were successful in escaping. The name of the man caught was W. M. Husson, of New York City, who is a corporal and a very popular man in our class. We all regret this affair very much; as it will result, no doubt, in the shipping of Cadet Husson, whom we like very much. Capt. Washington was not successful in obtaining the names of the other two.
Wednesday, February 23rd, 1876
Weather extremely cold. So cold that Capt. Washington excused us from Dress Parade this evening. Hurrah! for “Old Sue”. The first and third sections Physics commenced to alternate today. Cadet Husson was not hurt so badly last night as was supposed. He only sprained his ankle.
Thursday, February 24th, 1876
Weather pretty cold, but not so cold as yesterday. I am on guard tonight and I am not excused.
Friday, February 25th, 1876
Weather tolerable cool. Received letter No. 9 from father, which had enclosed my last report. F. A. Scratchley paid me a visit this evening.
Saturday, February 26th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. Nothing unusual.
Sunday, February 27th, 1876
Weather pleasant. We had a very slight sprinkle this evening. Went to the Episcopal church and heard a very good sermon. The text was taken from the 11th chapter of Luke, 21st and 22nd verses. Wrote to father.
Monday, February 28th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. Col. Preston lectured the first and second classes in drilling tonight.
Tuesday, February 29th, 1876
Weather tolerable cool. Cadet Corp. W. M. Husson was dismissed this evening for throwing stones at the windows of Capt. Washington’s room on the night of the 22nd inst. Our class regrets very much to part with him and we have forwarded a petition to the Board of Visitors to reinstate him.
Wednesday, March 1st, 1876
The month of March dawned upon us with a beautiful morning, but soon after mid-day it commenced to sleet which continued a greater portion of the evening, and after this it commenced to snow which fell, thick and in the largest flakes I ever saw, long enough to cover the ground. No Physics as Col. McDonald has gone to Richmond. No Dress Parade.
Thursday, March 2nd, 1876
Weather pretty cold. Received a letter from W. H. Utz, which had enclosed his picture. I answered his letter and sent him a picture of myself.
Friday, March 3rd, 1876
Weather tolerable cool. My friend Lucas had a fight with Cadet E. M. Sandys this morning, in which I had the honor of being Lucas’ second. They fought a “fair fist fight”, and both received some pretty hard licks. Neither cried “enough.” Sandys is larger than Lucas. Mr. J. Q. Lovell, of Mississippi, admitted a cadet, and will enter the fourth class. Wrote to cousin Anna.
Saturday, March 4th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Received a letter from O. W. Cox. Wrote to O. W. Cox.
Sunday, March 5th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Our company went to the Methodist church, but, as they were to have no preaching, we returned to the barracks. Wrote to father.
Monday, March 6th, 1876
Weather exceedingly pleasant. This has been a fine Spring day. Col. Ship, after several days sickness, came back to his post this morning.
Tuesday, March 7th, 1876
Weather pleasant. A slight shower prevented us from going to Dress Parade this evening. We had quite a heavy rain during study hours tonight.
Wednesday, March 8th, 1876
Weather pretty cold this morning, but it is pleasant tonight. Cadet Capt. Cash confined to rank for insubordinate conduct.
Thursday, March 9th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Some of my friends at Mississippi College have been kind enough to send me the last copy of the Mississippi Collegian. The place of forming at dress parade was changed this evening.
Friday, March 10th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Cadet E. J. Hancock shipped. The impeachment of Secretary W. W. Belknap is the topic of the day.
Saturday, March 11th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Went up town for a short time this evening. The shoes I bought some time since being too small for me I sold them to Lucas for an order for another pair.
Sunday, March 12th, 1876
We had a slight sprinkle this morning. Went to the Baptist church this morning, but as they had no preaching we returned to the barracks. Wrote to father. It has been raining pretty hard during study hours tonight.
Monday, March 13th, 1876
Weather pretty cold since the rain last night. There are several reckless fellows in barracks who seem to incite a revolution among the cadets. Several have obtained “nigger-shooters” and make it their business to slip around and shoot holes into the door of Capt. Washington’s room and they have been doing this so far without being caught. I never saw so much mischief carried on before.
Tuesday, March 14th, 1876
Weather cool. Col. Ship has ordered three extra sentinals to be put on each relief on account of the disorder that was created in the barracks last night. The sentinals have special orders tonight to keep the doors and windows of each room closed. I think it will stop the use of “nigger shooters” during study hours at any rate. Received a letter from W. H. Utz.
Wednesday, March 15th, 1876
Weather pleasant. The second class went to artilery this evening. A telegram was received this evening stating that Gen. Smith had been successful in getting the Legislature to make an appropriation to the V.M.I., in honor of which thirty guns were fired this evening by the second class. It commenced raining in time to prevent us from going to Dress Parade. Wrote to W. G. Quin.
Thursday, March 16th, 1876
Weather very disagreeable, as it has been raining all day. Col. Preston gave us a lecture on the subjective mood in Latin this morning. I was informed tonight that at the meeting of the “Friends of Temperance” last Sunday night I was elected on the delegates to attend the district convention of the F. of T. to be held in Collinstown, about 10 miles from here, tomorrow. The delegation from here consists of sixteen cadets. Col. Preston having granted our permit we will leave in the morning for Collinstown. No Dress Parade.
Friday, March 17th, 1876
We started for Collinstown this morning about 8 o’clock. We had not proceeded far in our journey before it commenced snowing, which continued to fall in scattering flakes nearly all day. We arrived at our destination 11 o’clock. The people gave us a regular “Ole Virginia” welcome. The convention was called to order soon after our arrival, and after a short session we adjourned to meet at 2 o’clock P.M. Parties of us were then assigned to different families where we were to dine. It happened that S. M. Cooper, H. C. Preston, R. W. Massie and myself were assigned to the residence of a Mr. W. M. Hull where we enjoyed ourselves very much. We were introduced to a couple of young ladies, Misses McFaden and Hull who entertained us with both vocal and instrumental music. We enjoyed our dinner very much.
We attended the evening session of the convention, at which the convention adjourned to meet in Millsborough some time in September next. We were invited by the Collinstown council to attend their meeting tonight. We returned to Mr. Hull’s for supper, and after sitting awhile we returned to the council hall, Miss Hull accompanying us. Several cadets made speeches at the meeting tonight.
We were invited by Miss Hull to spend the night which we eagerly accepted as it had grown extremely cold, and did not feel disposed to return to Lexington at that late hour.
Saturday, March 18th, 1876
We were aroused from our slumber this morning about 6 o’clock by the gentleman of the house who informed us that it was time to get up. We certainly did enjoy our sleep on feather beds. On getting up we found that the weather had turned very cold. After breakfast we chatted with the ladies until about 10 o’clock when we bid them “good bye” and started on our return. My feet got very cold on the route. We arrived in Lexington in time for dinner. We took dinner at the hotel. It was so cold this evening that Capt. Washington excused the corps from Dress Parade. Cadet Lieut. Smith, who was made assistant professor of Latin some time since, resigned his office and Cadet A. D. Exall made Lieutenant in his place. Received letter No. 10 from father.
Sunday, March 19th, 1876
Weather pretty cold; but not so cold as yesterday. I was on the first and therefore did not attend church. Some one turned the gas off during study hours tonight, and it put out the lights on the opposite side of the barracks. It was some time before they could get light up again. It is strange that the perpetrators of this disorder can not be caught. Received a letter from Cousin Anna, and an invitation from my friend Miss Lizzie Young to attend a concert to be given by the music class at C.F.I., Clinton, Miss.
Monday, March 20th, 1876
It was snowing at “rev” this morning and continued until about 4 o’clock this evening. This is the heaviest snow I have seen. It is about 5 inches deep. Great excitement prevailed among the privates in the corps today. The following is a brief history of its origin: -- This morning Col. Ship increased the number of sentinals and gave the officers orders to make each sentinal walk the full length of his post, let the snow be 2 feet deep. And each man (sentinal) will be required to walk 1 hr. and 28 mi. after taps. All this was done on account of the late disorder created in barracks. We, the performers of guard duty, did not think it was right to be punished for what other men were doing. So a meeting of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th class privates was held and a committee was appointed to request Col. Ship to reduce the number of sentinals. I was appointed upon this committee, and on our presenting the application it was not approved. We returned to barracks and Col. Ship’s reply was made known to the privates. They immediately assembled to hold an indignation meeting, but in this meeting I took no active part. I did not want to resist authority – all I did was to sign my name to the application which the committee handed to Col. Ship.
The indignation meeting was not long in session before Col. Ship entered, and after speaking for a while caused the meeting to disperse and each man, no doubt, was sorry for the part he took in the meeting. The privates do not think hard of Col. Ship for increasing the guard duty; but of those men who created the disorder and caused innocent men to be punished. Col. Ship promised that if the disorder was stopped he would reduce the guard duty, and we called a meeting of the corps tonight and told the meeting that we wished they would agree to some plan to stop the disorder. A motion was unanimously passed that no cadet would in the future be guilty of creating such disorder as brought on this trouble. A committee was appointed to inform Col. Ship of this proceeding, and it is hoped that he will soon reduce the number of sentinals. No Dress Parade.
Tuesday, March 21st, 1876
Weather cold. Quite disagreeable under foot today. I have noticed several couples out sleigh riding today. Cadet H. L. Wheatley dismissed for shooting with “negro shooters” at professor’s door. Wrote a note to Scratchley. No Dress Parade.
Wednesday, March 22nd, 1876
Weather cold. Col. Ship reduced the number of sentinals to the former number this morning. I feel very much depression. No Dress Parade.
Thursday, March 23rd, 1876
Weather not so cold as yesterday. The snow is nearly all melted. Wrote to W. H. Utz. Received a visit from F. A. Scratchley. No Dress Parade.
Friday, March 24th, 1876
It has been raining ever since late this morning. My stomach is hurting me very badly tonight. No D. P. Wrote to Cousin Anna.
Saturday, March 25th, 1876
It has been raining nearly all day. Several cadets were intoxicated, up town, this evening and it is thought that one was caught. No Dress Parade.
Sunday, March 26th, 1876
Weather pleasant this morning, but right cool this evening. Went to the Episcopal church and heard Gen. Pendleton preach. I never enjoy his sermons. The text was taken from 6th Micah, 6th, 7th and 8 verses. Wrote to father.
Monday, March 27th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Cadets J. G. Paxton and T. T. Basye shipped for being intoxicated. Drill and Dress Parade this evening.
Tuesday, March 28th, 1876
Raining nearly all day. If this kind of weather continues long the 2nd class will make very little progress at Artilery drill. Neither drill nor Dress Parade.
Wednesday, March 29th, 1876
Weather very cold indeed. Col. McDonald has returned and we recited in Physics for the first time in several weeks. The other sections are some distance ahead of us. Too cold for drill.
Thursday, March 30th, 1876
Weather pretty cold. Too cold for drill this evening.
Friday, March 31st, 1876
Weather moderating. The names of Cadets Melton, Burgess and Matthews were dropped from the role.
End Volume I
Appendix Volume I
Nov’br 11 Subscription, postage &c, to “New York Sun” 1.35
11 Postage stamps 60¢, Writing paper and Envelopes 50¢, 1.10
11 Toothpicks 10¢, Dried Figs 35¢ .45
15 Writing-pens 5¢, Drawing board 40¢ .45
17 Pressing Pants 25¢, Treat 25¢, .50
20 Treats 75¢, Photographs $1, 1.75
22 Treat, .10
27 1 Coattee $13, Dinner for Lucas and self $1, 14.00
27 Photographs $2.50, Treat 25¢, 2.75
29 Treat, error .00
Dec’br 1 2 pies, .25
2 4 yds. Belting, .50
4 Drawing paper, .55
6 Arnold’s Latin Prose 60¢, Order for pr. Shoes $3 3.60
15 Treat .25
18 1 Calculus 1.00
23 Extra on pr. Shoes, 2.50
24 Chance in gun. 1.00
24 Treat, .50
25 Treat, .30
27 Paper 25¢, Envelopes 25¢, Postage Stamps 60¢, 1.10
27 Servant, (Christmas gift) .50
Jan’y 1 2 doz. Writing pens 20¢, 1 Copy of Jack Harkaway 30¢, .50
1 1 Physics, .70
6 Pressing Pants .25
12 Treat 50¢, Milk 10¢ .60
15 1 Watch Crystal 50¢, Music for Society Celebration 25¢, .75
22 Treat 25¢, (26th) Nickling gun, $4.75 5.00
Feb’y 5 Valentines $1.70, Pictures of 7 members of the Faculty $1.25 2.95
5 Treat 25¢, Lecture on Roman Crystallotype Drawing $1 1.25
12 Chrystallotype varnish .50
12 2 pains glass 10¢, Postage Stamps 60¢, .70
14 Mr. Crocken 1.00
19 1 gr. Paper 25¢, 2 Chromos 30¢, Dancing Club $1, 1.55
22 Burlesque picture of Second Class, .50
24 Treat, .25
March 3 Treat, .50
4 Dancing Fee, 1.00
6 Treat 25¢, 1 pencil 7¢, 1 Postage Stamp 3¢, .35
9 Ball fee, 6.00
11 Extra on Shoes $2.55, 1 doz. Writing Pens 15¢, 2.60
16 Transportation to Collinston, 1.60
17 Miscellaneous, .70
18 Dinner at the Hotel 1.00
25 1 Comb 50¢, Servant Hire 25¢, .75
1875 $ ¢
November 11 Lucas, (Rec’d Payment) 25
13 Hooker, (Rec’d Payment) 2 00
15 Sutton, (Rec’d Payment) 60
18 Massie, (Rec’d Payment) 1 50
18 Lucas, (Rec’d Payment) 25
Dec’br 11 Thompson (Rec’d Payment) 75
15 Browne, (Rec’d Payment) 1 00
24 Gatewood, (Rec’d Payment) 25
29 Lucas, (Rec’d Payment) 25
31 Ferguson, (Rec’d Payment) 1 25
Total 8 10
Jan’y 1 Lucas, 1 00
8 Brown, 50
12 Humes, L. W., 25
13 Ferguson, 1 25
14 Husson, 25
14 Blake, H. L., 25
19 Brown, 2 00
26 Brown, 1 10
26 Osgood, 4 70
Total 11 50
Feb’ry 5 Lucas, 25
5 Sutton, 25
8 Greene, E. A., 1 50
9 Lucas, 70
10 Lucas, 25
10 Hooker, 50
14 Lucas, 50
22 Lucas, 25
22 Sutton, 25
Total 4 45
March 2 Husson, 50
4 Osgood, 25
7 Sutton, 50
11 Osgood 25
16 Fulton, 1 60
16 Massie, 60
25 Williams, P. B. 25
Total 3 95
Jan’y 15 Lucas, 1 00
Feb’y 1 Brown, 1 00
4 Husson, 25
5 Draft on father, 24 75
7 Sutton, 25
7 Osgood, 1 25
10 Blake, H. L. C., 25
17 Osgood, 1 00
19 Osgood, 2 25
19 Ferguson, 1 00
Total 32 00
March 14 Osgood, 50
16 Sutton, 70
29 Thompson, 80
Total 2 00
Saturday, April 1st, 1876
Weather very pleasant. Went up town for a short while this evening. Orders were published that those new cadets who have not been to company drill would go to squad drill next Monday. Wrote to O. W. Cox.
Sunday, April 2nd, 1876
Weather pleasant. Went to the Methodist church and heard a very good sermon. Received letter No. 11 from father. Wrote to father.
Monday, April 3rd, 1876
We have had a slow rain nearly all day. Instead of hearing us recite this morning Col. Lyell gave us a “reading” – he read a portion of the history of Mathematics. Neither Drill nor Dress Parade. Wrote to brother.
Tuesday, April 4th, 1876
The morning dawned gloomy; but the sun came out late in the day which resulted in making the day quite pleasant. I have been on quarter-guard today. The following was the detail for the day: Capt. Washington, O. C., Cadet Lieut. Fisher, O. D., Dean Adams Corporal of the guard, myself, Blake B., and Waddy sentinels. Too muddy for drill, but they had Dress Parade. Ex-cadet E. J. Hancock reinstated.
Wednesday, April 5th, 1876
Weather very pleasant most of the day. A shower came up this evening in time to prevent Dress Parade.
Thursday, April 6th, 1876
It was unpleasantly cold early this morning, but it turned quite pleasant later in the day. Orders were published that each cadet should overhaul his summer clothing, and such as needed repairing to the tailor immediately.
Friday, April 7th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Col. Lyell gave us a lecture on Math this morning. Orders were published that we would wear coattees to parade until further orders.
Saturday, April 8th, 1876
Weather pleasant. The election of the medallists came off in the Dialectic Society tonight. We finished Calculus today. Our lesson for Monday is in that portion of Analytical Geometry which we did not study before January.
Sunday, April 9th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. Went to the Episcopal church, but did not enjoy the sermon at all. I never was so much “bored” at church. Gen. Pendleton preached. The text was taken from St Luke, 9th Chap., and 23rd verse. Received a letter from W. Everett Quin. Wrote to father and to W. E. Quin.
Monday, April 10th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Cadet Van Bruyssel, of the first class shipped for breach of arrest.
Tuesday, April 11th, 1876
Weather pleasant. A slight shower brought the squads in from drill this evening, ere their time was out; but did not continue long enough to prevent Dress Parade.
Wednesday, April 12th, 1876
Weather pretty warm – about the warmest day of the season. Cadet Corp. R. W. Massie dismissed for absenting himself from barracks after taps. Orders published that squad drill would commence tomorrow evening. Don’t I dread it! Until further orders the class-parades will be formed in the rear of barracks.
Thursday, April 13th, 1876
Weather warm. We had a shower this morning, but it did not cool the atmosphere to a perceptible degree. Quite disagreeable at drill this afternoon.
Friday, April 14th, 1876
Several showers visited us today, which prevented drill and Dress Parade. Ex-cadet W. M. Husson reinstated. Received a letter from cousin Anna and also one from brother. Answered both letters. I am not very well tonight – my stomach pains me.
Saturday, April 15th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Cadet Lieut. Brickel suspended from his office and confined to ranks for one month. The election for the declaimer’s medal came off in the Cadet Society tonight. Messrs. E. A. Greene and G. C. Stewart were candidates for this honor. The election resulted in favor of Mr. Stewart by seven majority.
I have been involved in considerable trouble today, the brief history of which is about as follows: It will be remembered that last year Mr. Greene was the successful candidate for the debater’s medal, the man obtaining this medal is called the “medallist” of the society. Now this year when it was announced that this gentleman was a candidate for the declaimer’s medal I informed all questioners, especially his friends, that I opposed him, and that I would cast my vote against him; because I thought the medal he got last year covered the whole ground, that is, the medallist of the society is considered the best declaimer, orator and debater in the society; he has these three qualities more to perfection that any other man in the society. And when it leaked out that Greene was not running for the honor of the medal, but to get himself a class ring instead – to keep from buying the ring with money out of his pocket. When this thing was known to be a fact I was bitterly opposed to him; although he is captain of my company and I depend on his recommendation for an office. I took particular pains to let him know my sentiments upon the subject by repeating them to several of his fraternity men. Well I have two rat friends members of the society, and as I knew they did not know the circumstances under which Mr. Greene was running for the medal I thought, as I have been their friend and counselor, that it was not out of place for me to give them my advice on the subject, as well as, explain the nature of the case. The two rats are the Messrs. Cage, of Louisiana, and I have been their friend since the first day they arrived here. Several of Mr. Greene’s friends saw me talking to one of them as I took him out on the stoop where I could be seen – they knew the subject I was talking about as I spoke loud enough for them to hear portions of the conversation. They then went to Greene and told him that I was talking to the rats against him, which made him very angry with me. In a conversation between us this morning I told him the reason why I was going to vote against him and that I had expressed the same to the Cages as they were particular friends of mine, and that I considered it right. He disagreed with me on the latter point and said among other things that he had intended to recommend me for “a good office”, but since I have opposed him he did not expect to recommend me at all. I would have lost the first office in the corps to have seen Stewart defeat Greene – not because I disliked Greene – I have heretofore had a very exalted opinion of him – but because I thought he was wrong in running for the medal.
Stewart is a rat.
Sunday, April 16th, 1876
Weather windy and somewhat unpleasant. Went to the Presbyterian church. The text was taken from first Corinthians, 15th chap., and 20th verse. Received letter No. 12 from father and, also, one from W. H. Utz. Wrote to father.
Monday, April 17th, 1876
Weather cool. Nothing unusual.
Tuesday, April 18th, 1876
Weather cool. On account of the extreme illness of his father a furlough of two weeks was granted to Cadet J. L. Osgood, and he departed for his home, near New Orleans, this evening. He is a particular friend of mine, and I hope he will soon return.
Wednesday, April 19th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Cadet Lieut. Brickell shipped. No Physics; as Col. McDonald did not come down.
Thursday, April 20th, 1876
Weather pleasant. The following cadets were made officers in the corps to fill the blanks: To be Lieutenant – F. T. Edmonson, to be corporals – L. W. Humes, E. W. Nichols and F. C. Englesing.
Friday, April 21st, 1876
Weather pleasant. Nothing unusual.
Saturday, April 22nd, 1876
Weather pleasant. The election for the debater’s medal and other honors came off in the Cadet Society tonight. Messrs. G. S. Patton O. B. Roller were candidates for the debater’s medal. Mr. Roller was the successful candidate. Messrs. Fulton and Hooker were candidates for final orator – Mr. Hooker being successful. Messrs. T. M. Hobbs and L. H. Strother were candidates for president. Mr. Hobbs was successful. I was on guard and did not get to voat (sic). Received a letter from J. G. Givhan.
Sunday, April 23rd, 1876
Weather pleasant. Went to Episcopal church. Gen. Pendleton preached. His text was taken from Isaiah, 33rd chap., and parts of the 1st and 2nd verses. It commenced raining while we were at supper, and a slow rain has continued ever since. Wrote to father.
Monday, April 24th, 1876
Raining nearly all day, which prevents drill and Dress Parade. No Latin. Col. McDonald was too unwell to question us at Physics this morning. Wrote to J. E. Givhan.
Tuesday, April 25th, 1876
Weather cool. We had drill on the walks around the parade ground this evening. Ex-cadets J. G. Paxton and F. F. Basye reinstated. Received a letter from brother.
Wednesday, April 26th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Nothing unusual.
Thursday, April 27th, 1876
Weather pleasant. We have had a slight sprinkle of rain during study hours tonight. Ex-Cadet Van Bruyssel reinstated.
Friday, April 28th, 1876
A heavy shower came up just before noon, which prevented drill and Dress Parade. Wrote to brother. Received letter No. 13 from father, which relieved my fears in regard to the overflow very much.
Saturday, April 29th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Scratchley and Downes were down to see me this evening.
Sunday, April 30th, 1876
We had quite a shower this morning just before breakfast; but when we came out of the mess-hall we were surprised to see that it had cleared off, and that the prospects were good for a beautiful day. Went to the Presbyterian church. The text was taken from Matthew, 5th chap., and 13th verse. Received a letter from cousin Anna, in which she informed me that she would be married on the 31st of May. Wrote to father and to cousin Anna.
Monday, May 1st, 1876
It was cool enough for fires this morning early; but it was quite warm this evening. Orders published that that company drill would commence tomorrow evening, and that until further orders reveille would be sounded at 5 o’clock.
Tuesday, May 2nd, 1876
It has been raining nearly all day, which renders it very chilly and disagreeable. Neither drill nor Dress Parade.
Wednesday, May 3rd, 1876
Weather pleasant. Company drill commenced this evening.
Thursday, May 4th, 1876
We finished reviewing Analytical Geometry today, and commence the review of Calculus tomorrow. Weather pleasant.
Friday, May 5th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Received letter No. 14 from father. Ex-cadet Massie reinstated. Neither Latin nor Physics.
Saturday, May 6th, 1876
The warmest day we have had this year. Col. Lyell, instead of having us recite, read a portion of the history of Mathematics. Cadet E. J. Hancock disappeared very mysteriously this evening. He went walking down the river when it was rumoured through barracks after supper, that he had not returned, it created considerable excitement, and several parties set out to search for him. He was found some distance down the river, near the residence of Prof. Johnson, endeavoring to reach barracks. He was brought back insensible – not able to recognize any one. Dr. Madison says he will be sane in the morning. Cadets Warren and Hobbs shipped.
Sunday, May 7th, 1876
Weather tolerable warm. A brisk wind brought a shower this evening, but it did not cool the atmosphere a particle. Went to the Methodist church and heard a splendid sermon. The text was taken from St John, 21st chap., 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th verses. Hancock was restored to himself this morning, and told all he could remember of his trip yesterday. He says he remembers going in bathing and did not wet his head – after remaining in the water some time he came out and dressed; and having walked a short distance he began to feel sick – what he did after this he does not know. Wrote to father.
Monday, May 8th, 1876
This has been a day of showers. Neither drill nor Dress Parade.
Tuesday, May 9th, 1876
Raining nearly all day, which prevented drill and Dress Parade. Received a letter from brother.
Wednesday, May 10th, 1876
Weather pleasant – we had a very slight shower about 2 o’clock. We were very much surprised this evening when we went down to drill to see a line of five carriages, coming up the road via the mess-hall, occupied by girls or I should say young ladies from the V.F.I., Staunton, VA. Would that I could describe the excitement that prevailed throughout the corps. The carriages remained on the road around the parade ground until after Dress Parade; after which the ladies walked down to the mess-hall to see us “seated” at supper. They will remain in Lexington and will proceed to the Natural Bridge tomorrow morning. The first class has obtained permits, and will serenade them tonight. I was very sorry to see that neither one of my young lady friends composed one of the party.
The Centennial Exhibition opened today.
Thursday, May 11th, 1876
Weather warm. A promenade is to be given in the mess hall tonight in honor of the young ladies, who returned from the Bridge this evening. Our band will furnish music for the occasion. Not wishing to intrude upon the privileges of the first classmen I will not attend the promenade. Pretty tired tonight.
Friday, May 12th, 1876
We were visited by a very heavy wind about 4 o’clock this evening, which raged in great fury for some time. We had not been long at drill before a shower came up, which caused the companies to be dismissed. No Dress Parade. The young ladies departed for Staunton about noon today.
Received a letter from W. H. Utz.
Saturday, May 13th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Received a letter from Cousin Anna. Scratchley paid me a visit this evening.
Sunday, May 14th, 1876
Weather pleasant. I was on first relief today and could not attend church. Wrote to father and to W. H. Utz.
Monday, May 15th, 1876
Weather tolerable warm. This being the anniversary of the battle of New Market we have had suspension of academical duties. Lucas and myself, having obtained a horse and buggy, set out for the Natural Bridge about 8 o’clock this morning, where we arrived about 11 o’clock. After refreshing ourselves with a cool drink of water we set out for the bridge, which is a few minutes walk from the hotel. Upon first sight of the bridge we were struck with awe and admiration at its beauty and grandeur. After a long look at the bridge from below we retraced our steps and visited the top of it, where several of us scratched our names on the rocks. Soon after dinner, which we obtained about 2:30 P.M., we started back. The ride back was not so pleasant as going; as it was rather warm. We are indeed glad we made the trip. There were several parties of cadets out there. When we arrived in barracks we were informed that we would have supper before Dress Parade, in order that the servants might have time to prepare the hall for the reception of visitors tonight.
Tuesday, May 16th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Orders published that we would commence battalion drill tomorrow. Wrote to cousin Anna.
Wednesday, May 17th, 1876
Weather pleasant. A slight sprinkle prevented drill and Dress Parade.
Thursday, May 18th, 1876
Weather pretty warm during the forenoon; but a heavy shower cooled the air considerably this evening. It thundered during the shower, which is quite uncommon up here. Neither drill nor Dress Parade.
Friday, May 19th, 1876
Weather pretty warm. We had a slight sprinkle about 2 o’clock P.M., which rendered the parade ground too muddy for drill, but Col. Ship ordered the captains to take their companies in front of the barracks and drill them in the manual, which was very unpleasant.
Saturday, May 20th, 1876
Weather very warm indeed. We had quite a shower about 3 o’clock P.M., but after which the sun came out and dried the ground enough to allow us to go to Dress Parade. It is oppressively warm tonight – I have just returned from the dancing club and am perfectly wet with perspiration.
Sunday, May 21st, 1876
Very warm indeed. Went to the Presbyterian church. The text was taken from Isaiah, 55th chap., 6th and 7th verses. Received letter No. 15 from father, and also an invitation from Cadet G. W. Baxter, whom I met at the Springs last summer, to attend the “Farewell Hop” at West Point. Wrote to father.
Monday, May 22nd, 1876
Weather pretty warm. A sprinkle came up just about time for drill drum, but Col. Ship ordered the battalion out notwithstanding the rain was falling some time after the drum, and many will have to reclean their guns. I have been on quarter guard today. The following was the detail: J. W. Lawson, O.D., T. T. Holloway, Corp. Gd., myself, Cage, H. C. and Blake, B., Sentinels.
Tuesday, May 23rd, 1876
Weather not quite so warm as it has been for the last few days. Ex-Cadets Warren and Hobbs depart for their homes tonight.
Wednesday, May 24th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Nothing unusual.
Thursday, May 25th, 1876
It has been very damp and misty today and, in fact, it was drizzling rain a great deal of the time we were at drill this evening. Col. Ship is determined to make up for lost time. We commenced wearing white pants. Wrote to Dr. C. T. Brockett.
Friday, May 26th, 1876
It commenced raining soon after breakfast, but after which the sun came out and sufficiently dried the ground for drill. Received a letter from J. E. Givhan.
Saturday, May 27th, 1876
Weather warm. Went up town this evening. The ball invitations came today. Received an invitation to attend the commencement exercises at the V.F.I. at Staunton. Mr. A. E. Viser, of Arkansas (Tennessee), was admitted a cadet today.
Sunday, May 28th, 1876
It commenced raining early this morning; and it continued to fall in intermittent showers all day. I think we had the heaviest shower this evening we have had since I have been in Va. Neither church nor Bible. Received a letter from cousin Anna and also one from J. L. Osgood. Sent the invitations to attend the ball to the following persons: Misses Lizzie Young, Alice Lowry, Ida Waddill, Lizzie Bedford and to Judge E. D. Farrar and Cadet G. W. Baxter. Sent invitations to attend the society celebration to the following: Messrs. J. G. Givhan, W. E. Quin, W. H. Utz, J. G. Boney and Dr. C. T. Brockett. Wrote to father.
Monday, May 29th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Obtained permission and went up town this evening for the purpose of buying some stamps to send off invitations.
Tuesday, May 30th, 1876
Weather warm. Received a letter from brother.
Wednesday, May 31st, 1876
Weather pleasant. Received a letter from Dr. C. T. Brockett. Wrote to cousin Anna, to brother and to Dr. Brockett.
Thursday, June 1st, 1876
Weather warm. We did not have drill as this evening was set apart for decorating the soldier’s graves, and we were allowed to go. Wrote to J. L. Osgood and to Judge E. D. Farrar. Sent a Society invitation to R. U. Goode.
Thursday, June 2nd, 1876
Weather warm. It was exceedingly warm at drill. Orders published that battalion drill would be suspended until further orders and that Battery drill would commence on Monday next. Wrote a note and sent a society invitation to Jas. H. Clark.
Saturday, June 3rd, 1876
Weather very warm. We had a thunder storm during study hours tonight. Received letter No. 16 from father.
Sunday, June 4th, 1876
Weather warm. We have had several showers today, but they did not happen to fall at the right time to prevent us from going to church. No Bible as Dr. Madison is sick. Went to the Methodist church. The text was taken from Acts, 2nd chap., 3rd and 4th verses. Wrote to father.
Monday, June 5th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Battery drill commenced this evening. I am on the second team and did not have to go this evening. The third and fourth classes compose the teams. Wrote to Aunt Eliza.
Tuesday, June 6th, 1876
Weather warm. I found that it was not very pleasant acting horse, at drill, this evening. Orders published that the examination would commence on the 15th June.
Wednesday, June 7th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Wrote to J. E. Givhan.
Thursday, June 8th, 1876
Weather pleasant. No Physics.
Friday, June 9th, 1876
Weather warm. We had no drill this evening, as one of Col. Hardin’s little children is very sick, and it is feared that the noise that would be created would be injurious. Received a letter from W. H. Utz.
Saturday, June 10th, 1876
Weather warm. Received a letter from O. W. Cox. Answered his letter. Went up town for a short time this evening, and drew a draft on father for $25.00 as I wish to make some purchases. No more Physics until the examination.
Sunday, June 11th, 1876
Weather warm. We had a heavy rain during last night, which caused Col. Ship to have a battalion inspection in front of barracks. Went to the Episcopal church. Wrote to father and to W. H. Utz.
Monday, June 12th, 1876
Weather warm. Orders published that we would resume battalion drill tomorrow evening. We will have no more recitations in Latin until the examination.
Tuesday, June 13th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Received a note of thanks from Miss Alice Lowry. Battalion drill was resumed this evening. Cadet Gaines, of the 4th class, dismissed.
Wednesday, June 14th, 1876
Weather warm. Lucas and myself received a letter from Judge Farrar in answer to ours of the 1st inst.
Thursday, June 15th, 1876
Weather very warm. Received an invitation from Miss Lizzy Young to attend the commencement exercises of the V.F.I.
Friday, June 16th, 1876
Weather warm. I was examined on Latin. Rain prevented drill and Dress Parade.
Saturday, June 17th, 1876
Weather warm. It has been raining off and on all day. Went up town this evening.
Sunday, June 18th, 1876
Weather warm. We had a shower of rain this evening. We had company inspection this morning; as it was too muddy to go out on the hill. I attended the services at Washington and Lee Chapel this morning. The baccalaureate sermon was preached by Bishop Pinckney of Maryland. It was one of the finest sermons I ever heard – he grew eloquent, and several times I caught myself in the act of cheering him. His text was: “Be strong, therefore show yourselves to be men”.
Editor’s Note: In order to show that the pencil and ink versions of the diary varied somewhat; both versions are shown for June 19th, 1876 – the beginning of his pencil Volume III. The material used here from January 19, 1876 to December 31, 1877 comes from the pencil copy. Everything else is from ink copies.
Monday, June 19th, 1876 (Pencil Diary)
Weather pleasant. I attended the boat races this evening. The Albert Sidney & the Harry Lee clubs entered upon a race. The Albert Sidneys came out several lengths ahead – with great surprise to all. I attended the Celebration of the Literary Societies of W.&L.U. tonight. The speeches were very good. Hon. J. Randolph Tucker at the request of the Harry Lee club presented the Albert Sidneys with the Silver Cup. Mr. Tucker presented the cup with a few remarks, which were indeed excellent, and I might even say his address was eloquent. I have either lost or some one has stolen $3 from my drawer. No drill.
Monday, June 19th, 1876 (Ink Diary)
Weather pleasant. We were excused from drill today to attend the boat races this evening. The Albert Sidney and the Harry Lee clubs, of W.&L.U., entered upon the race. The Albert Sidney, to the great surprise of all, came out several lengths ahead. I attended the Celebration of the Literary Societies of W.&L.U. tonight. The speeches were very good. The Hon. J. Randolph Tucker, at the request of the “Harry Lee” boat club, presented the Albert Sidney club with a silver cup in honor of their victory. Mr. Tucker is indeed a fine speaker, and he was often cheered during his remarks. I have either lost or some one has stolen $3 from my drawer.
Tuesday, June 20th, 1876
Weather warm. The Athletic Club of W.&L.U. gave some performances this morning, which many of the cadets attended. I was busy studying Physics all the morning. I was examined on Physics this evening, which I passed all right. Received letter No. 17 from father, and also letters from cousin Anna and W. H. Utz.
Wednesday, June 21st, 1876
Weather pleasant. I attended the commencement exercises of W.&L.U. this morning, which were quite interesting. I saw the degree of A.B. conferred upon my friend H. H. Russell of La. Mr. Russell, who departs for his home tomorrow came down to bid me good by tonight. He spent the most of study hours with me.
Thursday, June 22nd, 1876
Weather pleasant. It was discovered today who was one of the thieves in barracks. Several parties have lost money during the session, and I lost $3 a few days ago, which was taken from my drawer. Several parties have lost clothing & money lately, and it was concluded today that a suspicious character be investigated. Several cadets went to the room of the suspicious party this evening, and after a search found a pair of pants, which he had stolen from one of the cadets. Upon being questioned he acknowledged having stolen money from several parties during the session, and said that he knew of another cadet in barracks who had been stealing. The guilty one is one Kinney, from Staunton, Va., who, it is believed is a subject for the lunatic’s asylum – He went crazy last session while the corps was at Richmond, and his father had come after him, Some consider him a cleptomaniac – He attempted once to throw himself from the second stoop, but was prevented from committing suicide by Cadet Capt. Cash who caught him. He seemed to regret it very much and wept bitterly. His father has been dispatched for and it is supposed that Kinney will be removed from the Institute tomorrow. He is now under close arrest in the guard room. Received a letter from brother.
Friday, June 23rd, 1876
Weather warm. Great excitement has prevailed throughout the corps today. The other thief spoken of yesterday, after a careful and rigid investigation acknowledged that he was a thief & a liar, and said he did not care for the opinion of the corps, and said that he had been stealing for four years without being caught. The corps was very much incensed against him, and a party of cadets went up to his room and told him that they were going to shave him, to which he submitted only saying that he “hoped they would be careful and not cut his head.” The corps met and sanctioned the shaving of Orr, and a committee was appointed to deprive the two thieves of their cadet uniforms and provide them with “city”, and put them on the stage. Orr was dispatched in citizen’s clothes by the stage this morning. Kinney is waiting, under arrest, until his father sends for him.
Saturday, June 24th, 1876
Weather very warm. Our examination in Math commenced today – several of us are to be questioned Monday. We were kept in the examination room until 4 o’clock this evening. I studied harder for this examination than any I have ever had, and I am compelled to acknowledge that I never did acquit myself so badly as I did at this one. I have come to the conclusion that Math is out of my sphere. Seventeen guns were fired this morning in honor of the Board of Visitors.
Sunday, June 25th, 1876
Weather warm. We had a heavy shower this evening. Went to the Episcopal church, and heard Old Specs son-in-law preach a splendid sermon. His text was a portion of the 7th chap. 17th verse of St. John. Both my room-mates were allowed first class privileges today, and Lucas put on his “blues” and carried me up to supper tonight. Wrote to father and to brother.
Monday, June 26th, 1876
Weather warm, very warm. Lucas and myself went up town this evening and met our friend Scratchley, who escorted us through the great museum, which has lately been recently presented to W.&L.U. The Geological and Zoological specimens are very fine indeed, and are a valuable addition to the University. We also visited Gen. Lee’s office, and I had the pleasure of sitting in the chair that he once occupied. We had artilery drill this evening, and I had to act “horse”. I never had to work so hard at drill in my life – and it was immensely warm. We fired a hundred or more of blank cartridges. The Celebration of the Literary Societies came off tonight; after the exercises, of which, the Societies were addressed by John A. Wise, son of ex-Gov. Wise. The address was excellent and he was often cheered during his speech.
Tuesday, June 27th, 1876
Weather warm. I have been on quarter guard today. The corps passed in review this evening. Orr returned with his father today and pleads innocent – a committee has been appointed to investigate the matter. Gen. Roller addressed the alumni tonight. John Lucas arrived today. Received letter No. 18 from father.
Wednesday, June 28th, 1876
Thursday, June 29th, 1876
Weather exceedingly warm. Commencement exercises took place this morning. The officers for the ensuing year were appointed & I came out missing. Wrote to father. Left Lexington for Lynchburg by packet this eve about 5 o’clock
Friday, June 30th, 1876
Weather pretty warm. Our party arrived in Lynchburg this morning about 7 o’clock. We took breakfast at the President House, and after sauntering around town until about 9 o’clock we entered the train for Norfolk. Our party, going to Philadelphia consisted of R. O. Johnson, J. W. Lawson, M. Clay, H. R. Lucas, J. G. Lucas and myself. After a days dusty and very dusty ride we arrived in Norfolk, and took the steamer for Baltimore.
The steamer is very much crowded, and we will not be able to obtain staterooms tonight. I got a splendid supper on board tonight. I will try and arrange some chairs so I can sleep on them.
Saturday, July 1st, 1876
Weather exceedingly warm. We arrived in Baltimore this morning. Stopped at the Eutaw. Visited different parts of the city this morning. Wrote to father. Went to the park this eve. Left the Hotel to go to the depot about 10:30.
Sunday, July 2nd, 1876
Weather very warm. I arrived here (Philadelphia) about dawn this morn. I had separated from my party in Balt – and not being able to meet up with them I went to the Gason House, where we intended staying, but it being closed I went to the St. Stevens Hotel on Chestnut. I slept until about 10 when I got up & took breakfast. Went out to Fairmount Park this eve & saw the 9th N.Y. at D.P.
Fairmount Park -- about 1875
Wrote to father. Met an old friend, Wright, of V’burg, who called on me tonight.
Monday, July 3rd, 1876
Weather warm indeed. Wright called around about 8:30 this morn, and after loafing around we set out for the grounds where we arrived about 10:30. The exposition is grand. Registered at the Miss. House. Met several friends. Came up with Clay late in the evening. Tonight our crowd met and went to the theatre. Had a hot walk after the performance – Grand parade – Chestnut street crowded.
Tuesday, July 4th, 1876
Weather warm. I felt so tired that I concluded it best not to visit the grounds today. I moved around to 620 Locust St., this morning where the boys are lodging. I got a good sleep. Went to the theatre tonight.
Wednesday, July 5th, 1876
Weather warmer. Went out to the grounds today. Saw the West Point cadets at D.P. Saw Sen. Sherman. Went to the theatre.
West Point Cadet Camp at Centennial, Exhibition Grounds in Background
Map of Centennial Area
Thursday, July 6th, 1876
Weather warm. Did not go to the grounds today. Visited different portions of the city. Went to the theatre tonight and met Geo. H. Dorsey, who told me if I would meet him at the Continental tomorrow morning at 7 he would let me have some money.
Friday, July 7th, 1876
Weather warm. As I ran out of money this morning I did not visit the grounds. I received by telegraph this evening an order for $100. I went to see Mr. Dorsey this morn, but he had gone. Wrote to father.
Saturday, July 8th, 1876
Weather warm. Went to the grounds early this morn. Spent the day in visiting the Main Building & Agriculture Hall.
Entrance to Main Exhibition Building of Philadelphia Exposition
Exceedingly warm at the grounds. As I was returning on the car this evening Maj. L. came up to me, who had just arrived by rail. Myself and the boys (John & Tom) went around to the Cont. as soon as I found them to see the Maj. I had intended leaving Phil. Tonight for Wash., & in fact, had my trunk sent, but Maj. persuaded me to stay over. We sat & chatted with the Maj. & Miss Lu his sister until late.
Sunday, July 9th, 1876
Very warm. Got up late. Met cadet Coffroth & we visited the Catholic Cathedral & Meth. Church. Ellett, T., Peete, Morris, DeBruhl & myself hired a hack this eve & drove to Fairmount. We drove some distance up Wishicken valley. The scenery was grand. Sit with the Maj. until late. Saw Benj. F. grave.
Inside Main Building Looking West
Inside Agricultural Hall showing British Exhibit
Monday, July 10th, 1876
Weather very warm. Visited the grounds with Maj. & Miss Lu. Had a rain. Sit until 11:00 with Miss Lu. Departed for Wash. At 12:40.
Tuesday, July 11th, 1876
Weather warm. Arrived in Wash. At 7 this morn. Rested until about 9:30. Took bath & went to breakfast, after which took car to Capitol. I admired the grandeur and greatness of the building very much. I found it quite tedious climbing to the dome. Maj. Lucas gave me a letter of introduction to Hon. Jno. F. House of Tenn., but he was not in his seat this morning. I remained around the structure until tired when I returned to the Arlington about 3 o’clock. I retired and slept until near 5. By the by I met Capt. Letcher at the Capitol this morn. Wrote to father.
Wednesday, July 12th, 1876
Weather warm. We were threatened with rain, which would have been welcome, late this eve, but it passed around. Visited the Treasury Department, White House, Smithsonian Institute, and revisited the capitol. Still unsuccessful in finding the Hon. Jno. House. Wrote to father & to brother.
The following is an article written by Richard K. Boney for the Vicksburg Herald describing this day in Washington. A copy of the article was found in his scrapbook.
Young Louisianian on his Travels
Richard K. Boney to Vicksburg Herald July 1876
The son of a friend of ours in Madison Parish, a student at the Virginia Military Institute, is spending his vacation in looking around at the Centennial Exposition and Visiting Washington City. Of his visit to the Capital he writes:
"I first visited the Treasury Department. Upon entering this large and elegant building, I put the following question to a Gentleman of color, who seemed to be one of the dignitaries. "Will you direct me to the department where the greenbacks are made?" He replied I could not enter without a permit from the Secretary. Here, I was somewhat puzzled. An entire stranger without distinction, I thought my chances were rather slim, but my desire to see the money making enabled me to muster up some courage, and so I determined to put on a bold face and ask the Secretary for a permit. I was finally admitted to the office of the Secretary's chief clerk. I advanced to the desk with a military step, saluted him, and said, “Sir, will you give me a permit to enter department where the green backs are made?" He propounded a question in turn, and said, "to what military organization do you belong?" I replied, to the Virginia Military Institute. He then wrote me a permit and called a servant. I thanked him, saluted again and left the room. I was taken to an office where my permit was exhibited to a gentleman, who directed me to register, after which I seated myself for a few moments A gentleman then came in and informed me that he was at my Service and ready to show me around. I have not time to tell you all I saw, but suffice it, I saw the dollar from the time it was wetted for the first impression, in all the various processes through which it had to pass, until it came out ready for use. The gentleman who accompanied me was very kind in explaining everything and in answering my numerous questions. Leaving the Treasury Department I walked over to the White House, and asked to be shown through the public portion of the President's home. I was shown into what is called the promenade room, and after inspecting this magnificent apartment, l asked the doorkeeper if this was all I could see. He answered yes, but added I could go up and pay my respects to the President, if I liked. As I did not care to interview the Great Smoker, I took my leave. From the White House I went to the Smithsonian Institute, and my visit there afforded me great pleasure. I made a second visit to the Capitol today, when I spent a short time in the Senate gallery. As that body was engaged in examining witnesses in the Belknap case, I found it rather dry and left. I shall make a visit to the Tomb of Washington, tomorrow, and shall leave here tomorrow night or Friday morning.
By the way, in my letter from Philadelphia, I forgot to tell you all about Pinchback and his family, whom I saw there. Pinchback was undoubtedly the most distingue looking man; and attracted more observation than any one else on the exposition grounds. His wife, two or three children and a nurse, accompanied him. Mrs. Pinchback is a slim, delicate looking woman. She wears a veil over her face constantly, and would readily pass for a white woman. She was dressed in an elegant and neat fitting black silk. The children were neatly but plainly dressed. The nurse being very black, and dressed in old plantation style, attracted a great deal of attention. She wore a. white handkerchief about her head, a plain check dress and a white apron, but as you have seen many such it is useless to describe her further.
Thursday, July 13th, 1876
Weather warm. I started to Mount Vernon per steamer Arrow this morn about 10. The scenery along the river grand. Arrived Mt. Vernon about 12. Visited the tomb, mansion &c of Washington. Started for W. about 2:30 where we arrived about 4:40. Departed for Lynchburg at about 11 tonight but had to remain at the depot until near one. Raining tonight.
Friday, July 14th, 1876
Weather warm. Arrived in L. this morning about 9. Departed about 9:30 for the Mont. W. The cars were delayed near the Blueridge Springs on account of a mishap to a train and we did not get to the White Sulphur Springs until about 3 o’clock. Very few of my old friends here. Called on Miss M. immediately after dinner. Visited Mrs. Farrar. Went to the Ball tonight & enjoyed it very much.
Saturday, July 15th, 1876
Weather warm. I take my meals with Miss M. Took game of tenpins with Miss M. & Miss Leather. Dr. Brockett examined my teeth &c. Went horse back riding with Miss Mamie. Went to the ball with Miss M. Enjoyed myself very much.
Sunday, July 16th, 1876
Weather warm. Of course this has not been a lively day being Sunday. I called on Miss M. & her friend Miss Cabell, who arrived last night.
Monday, July 17th, 1876
Weather warm. Amused myself by playing cards nearly all the morning. Went riding with Miss M. Went to the ball with Miss Cabell. Preston & Ravenel arrived tonight. Ravenel stays all night with me, but intends leaving at day break tomorrow morn.
Tuesday, July 18th, 1876
Weather exceedingly warm. A tournament was agreed upon – concluded to remain over. Went down the road to Maj. Anderson’s with Dr. B. Went to the ball with Miss Hunt. I was initiated into round dancing by Miss H.
Wednesday, July 19th, 1876
Weather warm indeed. Busy all day assisting the ladies decorate the ball room. Several of the riders were out practicing this eve. Too busy to practice myself. Went to the ball with Miss M. Too hot & tired to enjoy myself.
Thursday, July 20th, 1876
Weather very warm. Played ten pins with a party of ladies and gentlemen this morn. I have been assisting the ladies again today. Practiced for tournament. Went to hear Prof. Reade recite. Dance after the reading. I escorted Miss Belle Turner. Wrote to father.
Friday, July 21st, 1876
Weather warm until a rain came up about 3 o’clock this eve, which threatened to prevent the tournament. The track was moved after the rain was over. The tournament came off. Dr. B. &c taking the honors. A heavy rain came up about 8 o’clock tonight, and it was with great difficulty that the ladies got to the ball room. The rain was long and fearful – the place flooded. Yet we had a pleasant crowd and enjoyed ourselves very much. The coronation a success. The ball ended about 2, and it still raining.
Saturday, July 22nd, 1876
Weather pleasant. The rain last night committed havoc everywhere. The rail was washed up & I can not leave. Dispatched mother.
Sunday, July 23rd, 1876
Weather comparatively cool. I have had the blues all day on account of the slim prospects of my getting away soon. I have spent the day in visiting the ladies. Wrote to father. Sent telegram to mother. Went to the ball with Miss Hunt. Commenced dancing the round dances regularly.
Monday, July 24th, 1876
Weather very cool & raining most of the day. I have spent most of the day by a fire at Mrs. Farrar’s cottage. It cleared off late this evening and the day was more pleasant than expected. Party went to Salt Pond.
Tuesday, July 25th, 1876
Weather cool. I have been unwell all day – caused from the bad company I was thrown with at a late hour last night.
Wednesday, July 26th, 1876
Weather pleasant most of the day, but it was pretty cool early this morn. I am still unwell. Took a ride with a party of young ladies & gentlemen to Blacksburg this eve. Saw the cadets at drill. The salt ponders returned. Hopes of leaving tomorrow.
Thursday, July 27th, 1876
Weather pleasant. I spent the morning in packing and paying final visits to my friends. Left the Springs at 12:30; but did not get away from the depot until about 2 – Mr. Parker with me. Arrived at Bristol about 8 – took train for Chattanooga.
Friday, July 28th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Arrived at C. about 8 a.m. Visited the ice manufactory. I stopped for a short time at Miss Gibson’s. I find that Cadet Lovell is here. Started for Cowan at 12. Arrived there about 3:30. Got to Sewanee late about 5 o’clock – Sick with Diarrhea. Received letter No. 19 from father & a letter & postal from Scratchley.
Saturday, July 29th, 1876
Weather warmer than it has been for several days, but a rain came up late this eve, which cooled the atmosphere considerably. Spent the morning with mother. I felt very badly this eve from some medicine I took & lay down. Went to a very novel dance. Feel better tonight. Attended the exercises at the chapel this morn.
Sunday, July 30th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. I was feeling much better this morn and I took a walk with a couple of new acquaintances from Nashville & my brother to one of the scenes. Mother being unwell I spent the morning & until near 10 o’clock tonight with her & did not attend church. Visited a Miss Irving, to whom I was introduced last night, this eve. Wrote letter to father and postals to O. W. Cox, H. R. Lucas, Scratchley, W. H. Utz.
Monday, July 31st, 1876
Weather pleasant. I moved this morning around to Col. Sevier’s where mother is staying. Wrote letter to Mrs. E. D. Farrar. Attended Prof. Read’s reading tonight – very good.
Tuesday, August 1st, 1876
Weather pleasant. We had a slight rain this evening. I formed the acquaintance of Cadet Lovell’s mother this evening, who is a very pleasant lady. Lovell & myself visited University view and Proctor’s hall this eve after the rain. The scenery is grand. Wrote to H. R. Lucas & Miss Y.
Wednesday, August 2nd, 1876
Weather cool & pleasant. We had another rain this evening. I attended the oration delivered by Bishop Garrett of Northern Texas and the lecture by him, this evening, on the Theory of Darwin. He is an able man. Wrote to Gen. Smith & W. H. Utz & J. L. Osgood.
Thursday, August 3rd, 1876
Weather very pleasant with the exception of considerable rain this evening. Wrote letter to Miss L. B. The Commencement Hop came off tonight, and promises to be a success. I shall attend, but do not anticipate an extraordinary good time, as I am not well acquainted.
Friday, August 4th, 1876
It rained nearly all the morning. I got back from the Hop this morning about 5 o’clock, went to bed & slept until about 8 o’clock, when I got up and went to breakfast. I enjoyed myself last night beyond expectation. I formed the acquaintance of several very pretty and pleasant ladies, prominent among whom are Misses Mamie Greene, Sehon, Gaillard, Percy and Daisy Anderson. I finished writing a letter to Miss L. B. this morning. Went to bed a little after 11 o’clock & slept until I got up to dinner. Dashille and myself visited Misses Ryall and Sehon this evening & had a splendid time.
Dance card from previous night. Sewanee, TN
Saturday, August 5th, 1876
It has been raining off and on all day, which rendered it very disagreeable. I feel that it is going to rain here like it did at the Montgomery White last summer. I called on Miss Gaillard, who had a brother graduate at the V.M.I. the year before I entered there, tonight, and had an exceedingly nice time. Miss Gaillard is right pretty and very entertaining. Received letter No. 20 from father.
Sunday, August 6th, 1876
It has been raining again today. Went to church this morning & heard a very good sermon. The text was taken from St. Matthew, 25 chap. 42 verse. Attended chapel this evening. Wrote postal to father & a letter to my brother A. W. Pierson. Wrote note to Miss Sehon. She is sick.
Monday, August 7th, 1876
Weather very pleasant. It did not rain today. Went to a pic-nic today. And enjoyed myself very much. Attended the Match game of base ball this evening, which was quite interesting. Attended the hop tonight, which was given by the students, and enjoyed myself very much. Went to the hop with Miss Gaillard. Was introduced to Miss Laura Rawth, of Vicksburg, whom I like very much. Received a postal from W. H. Utz. We danced until after 12 o’clock.
Tuesday, August 8th, 1876
We had a little rain this eve. I have been so tired that I have not been about much today. Received a letter from Scratchley & one from W. H. Utz.
Wednesday, August 9th, 1876
More rain again this eve. It has been right warm tonight. Went down in town this morning and sent Miss Sehon some candy. She has been sick for several days. Wrote to Scratchley & Utz.
Thursday, August 10th, 1876
Weather pleasant as it has not rained today. I have received the good news of Miss Sehon’s recovery today. Received letters from Mrs. Farrar and Gen. Smith. Wrote to Mrs. Farrar.
Friday, August 11th, 1876
Weather pleasant. I have been looking for father today; but he did not arrive. I called on Miss Sehon tonight, and had a very pleasant time. No rain today.
Saturday, August 12th, 1876
Weather pleasant, but it would rain a little. Father arrived today early this morning. He surprised us as we did not expect him until this eve. I have spent most of the day with him.
Sunday, August 13th, 1876
Weather pleasant; but it sprinkled for some time this evening. Took a walk out to the Green’s view & the Chalybreate Spring with father this morning. Attended church. The sermon was good indeed – text St James, 3rd chap 5th verse. Called to see Miss Sehon tonight; but she was sick.
Monday, August 14th, 1876
Weather very pleasant, and it has not rained today. Spent the morning with father and mother. Took a walk with Miss Gaillard this evening, and had a very pleasant time, Went to the reading tonight with Miss Mamie Greene – Prof. Reade’s audience was very much pleased with him tonight. I had a very nice time with Miss Greene, and I am very much pleased with her. Made an engagement to walk with her tomorrow evening.
Tuesday, August 15th, 1876
Weather warmer than it has been since I have been here; and it would rain this eve to prevent any walk with Miss Greene. Called on Miss Gaillard tonight & had a very pleasant time. Spent the morning with father & mother.
Wednesday, August 16th, 1876
Weather warm; but no rain. I have spent the day in reading Oliver Twist and conversing with father.
Thursday, August 17th, 1876
Weather warm, and no rain. Father and myself called Col. Lovell this morning. He has just returned from a tour through the north. We also took a walk out to University view. Spent the evening in reading Oliver Twist. We anticipate a trip to Tracy to see the coal mines tomorrow.
Friday, August 18th, 1876
Weather still warm. Father, Jimmie, Dashiell, Vance and myself went to Tracy this morning to visit the coal mines, and, with the exception of the manner in which we traveled, we enjoyed our trip very much. We penetrated into the mine a distance near a mile – quite a romantic trip. We returned in time for dinner. Dashiell and myself called on the Misses Anderson tonight and I made the acquaintance of Misses Cannon & Quintaro. Has delightful time. Received letter from W. H. Utz. Finished Oliver Twist.
Saturday, August 19th, 1876
Weather warm. The inhabitants say they never saw it so warm “on the mountain”. Father departed for home this morning. We could not persuade him to stay longer and neither could I persuade him to let me accompany him. Spent most of the day in reading “Louise of Prussia & her times” by Miss Mulbach. Received letter from Gen. Smith today stating that the corps had been invited to attend the centennial, &c.
Sunday, August 20th, 1876
Weather warm still. Attended church this morning and heard a very good sermon, and attended, also, the chapel exercises this evening. Wrote letter to Gen. Smith.
Monday, August 21st, 1876
Weather very pleasant this morn; but quite warm this eve. Dashiell & myself went to Tracy this morn with Misses Ryall & Sehon – we visited the coal mines, and had a glorious time. We arrived here on our return about 12:30 P.M. Called on Miss Sehon tonight and of course enjoyed myself. Received letter from Miss L. B. and an invitation from Miss M. F. to attend the Grand Ball, &c.
Tuesday, August 22nd, 1876
Weather more pleasant today than it has been for several days. Visited Miss Sehon this morning, and went walking with her this evening. Received letter from Scratchley.
Wednesday, August 23rd, 1876
The warmest day we have had on the mountain. Called on Miss Sehon this morning & Miss Ryall this evening. Attended a dance given by Miss Gaillard tonight and never enjoyed a dance more in my life. I did not make any new acquaintances. The dance closed about 12.
Thursday, August 24th, 1876
Weather still warm. Spent most of the day in reading and sleeping. Wrote postals to Lucas & Sutton. Called on Miss Greene tonight & had a very nice time.
Friday, August 25th, 1876
Weather warm until a shower of considerable length & force came up about 12 p.m. Nothing of interest. Reading all day.
Saturday, August 26th, 1876
Weather pleasant & cool. I attended a match game of ball this evening, which was quite interesting – great enthusiasm displayed – the Haders victorious. I have been reading most of the day.
Sunday, August 27th, 1876
Weather cool & pleasant. Attended church this morning at the chapel. Bishop Elliott of Texas preached one of the best sermons I have ever heard. Went to St Pauls church tonight with Miss Gaillard.
Monday, August 28th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Called on Misses Ryall & Sehon this morning. Still reading Louisa, &c. Too unwell to go visiting tonight. Wrote to father. It seems that the chances are slim for us to get off from here Wednesday.
Tuesday, August 29th, 1876
Weather warmer than it has been for the last day or two. Spent most of the day in reading. Wrote letter to Scratchley. Called to see Miss Gaillard tonight, but she was not at home.
Wednesday, August 30th, 1876
Weather pleasant. I have been very anxious to get away today, but not having received our money yet we could not get off; but think it probable that we will leave tomorrow; as we hear our money is at Cowan. Mother will leave with us for mineral springs near Dalton, Ga., and we will accompany her as far as Chattanooga. Wrote to father. Received letter from F. H. Smith, Jr.
Thursday, August 31st, 1876
Weather pleasant. We departed this morning at 11 o’clock & got our money at Cowan. We arrived in Chat. About 4 P.M., and Jimmie & myself parted with mother who immediately left for Dalton. We had to lay over until 9 o’clock when we departed for Bristol.
Friday, September 1st, 1876
Weather pleasant. We arrived in Bristol about 5 this morning. We immediately departed for Lynchburg. As we learned from the conductor that his train would not reach L. in time for the packet boat we concluded it best to stop at Mont Wh. We were surprised to find so few people here at the Springs when we arrived about 4 P.M. Mrs. Farrar was very glad to see me – Miss Mamie is gone. Met Miss Blake. Jimmie’s eye sore. Saw Dr. White about it.
Saturday, September 2nd, 1876
Weather very cool indeed – overcoats do not seem out of place when worn. Pretty dull. Wrote to father. Jimmie’s eye improved. Went to the ball with Miss Walker.
Sunday, September 3rd, 1876
Weather pleasant. Spent the day in visiting. Stayed with Mrs. Farrar until near 11 o’clock. After packing I returned with the intention of leaving for L tomorrow morn at 4 o’clock.
Monday, September 4th, 1876
We left M. W. this morn about 4, and it was exceedingly cold. Overcoats were comfortable. Met Cadet Carter on train. Arrived in Lynch about 9. Found several cadets en route to Lexington. Took packet for Lexing. At 6 o’clock. Stopped at Piedmont House.
Tuesday, September 5th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Right cool on the packet boat this morning. We arrived in Lexington about 9:30 this morning. Was surprised to see so few cadets had returned. I suppose we have 100 here. My brother and myself reported for duty this morning. Wrote letter to father.
Wednesday, September 6th, 1876
Weather right cool. White pants are really too cool for this weather. Several cadets returned today. It is reported that Clay will not return. I am very sorry to hear this. Regular garrison duty and discipline resumed today.
Thursday, September 7th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Cadets still coming in. I suppose we have 150 here now. It is very monotonous staying here and doing nothing. I suppose we will hardly resume our studies before next Monday. I will be on quarter guard tomorrow, and I dread it.
Friday, September 8th, 1876
Weather warmer than it has been for several days. I have been on quarter guard today and found it very tiresome to stand 2 hours after a rest of two months. The following was the detail for today: Capt. Manson, Officer in charge; Lieut. Blow, O. D.; Cage, H. H. Corp. grd; myself, Baldwin and Brady sentinals. Received a letter & postal from J. G. Dasheill. We had D.P. this evening.
Saturday, September 9th, 1876
Weather warm. The Cadet Society met tonight – organized &c. A lesson has been assigned us for Monday in Tactics & Chemistry. Went up town this morning. We had a shower this eve, but not enough to prevent D. P. Received letter No. 21 from father.
Sunday, September 10th, 1876
Weather warm. We had inspection this morning. We went to the Methodist church this morning, and heard a very good sermon. Received a letter from Scratchley. Wrote to father. On regular guard tonight and am very tired.
Monday, September 11th, 1876
Weather warm. It has been raining off and on all day. We were all ordered out to drill this evening; but were not out long before a rain caused us to return to barracks. The rats were drilled under the stoop. Orders issued that we would move into permanent barracks tomorrow morning before breakfast. Lucas, Sutton, Reid, J. A., and myself go in Co. C, Keitt, J. L. for Captain, and get tower room No. 61. We recited today on Tactics & Chemistry.
Tuesday, September 12th, 1876
Weather warm. Nothing of importance. We moved into our new quarters this morning after “rev”. We find 61 more roomy than 72. Raining during study hours tonight. Commenced Latin under Col. Preston.
Wednesday, September 13th, 1876
Weather pleasant. The chinches troubled me considerably in my sleep last night. Am on guard tonight.
Thursday, September 14th, 1876
Weather right cool early this morning; but it was tolerable warm during the day. A rain came up soon after we arrived on the hill at drill this eve which brought us in. The rats drilled under the stoops. No D.P. Received a visit from Dr. Brockett this evening, who passes through this place en route for Balt. – by land. A Dr. Crutchfield also called with him. Benson Blake and several others returned today. Considerable rain during study hours tonight.
Friday, September 15th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Nothing of importance. Received letter No. 22 from father. Our seats were assigned to us in the Laboratory this eve. Wrote to W. H. Utz.
Saturday, September 16th, 1876
Weather right cold. Raining off and on all day. Went up town for a short time this evening & purchased the following articles: Note Paper 65¢, V.M.I. paper 50¢, pens 15¢, curtains 20¢, Balsam 25¢, corn plasters 35¢. Orders published that we would commence company drill next Monday, having two drills daily – rats drilled 3 times daily.
Sunday, September 17th, 1876
Weather real cold. Raining all day which prevented our going to church. We went to Bible this eve, having Gen. Smith for instructor. Wrote letters to father, Cousin Anna and F. A. Scratchley.
Monday, September 18th, 1876
Weather cool. Company drill commenced today, which we have had twice daily. I dread this preparation for going to the Centenl. I am very tired and sore tonight from today’s exercise, and do not feel at all like studying.
Tuesday, September 19th, 1876
Weather not so cold as it has been for several days. I have been on quarter guard today. The following was the detail for the day: Capt. Gatewood, O. C., Lieut. Blow, O. D., Holloway, Sgt. Of the guard, Burns, myself and Case, H. C. sentinels. I am very much fatigued tonight and my feet are real sore. Wrote to J. G. Dashiell.
Wednesday, September 20th, 1876
Weather real cold early this morn; but we found it somewhat warm at the drills today. We had a recitation on Physics this morning. Our present duties are more than we are able to perform – four recitations & two drills are more than one class can attend to. We will try and have Gen. Smith to excuse us from Latin until our return from Phil’a. Received a letter from J. L. Osgood. Jimmie and myself received a letter from mother.
Thursday, September 21st, 1876
A drizzling rain nearly all day. We had nearly completed our morning’s drill when we were ordered to barracks. It did not prevent this eve’s drill or D.P. On first relief & I am very tired. Relieved from Physics. Raining tonight.
Friday, September 22nd, 1876
Raining all day which prevented company drill and D.P., but the rats were drilled under the stoops after rev this morn & this evening. Cadet Williams, P. B. returned today. Spent 25¢ for treat. I arrived here 2 years ago.
Saturday, September 23rd, 1876
Weather very pleasant. The rain of yesterday filled the stream on the stage route, which prevented the arrival of the mail this morning. Went up town this evening and attended a meeting of my fraternity at W.&L.U. Mr. Crenshaw paid me a visit this evening. Spent 25¢ for treat. Battalion drill commences next Monday. Band returned.
Sunday, September 24th, 1876
Weather pleasant, with the exception of a very heavy rain this eve. Went to the Presby. Church. Heard a good sermon, which was taken from the 6th chap St Luke. They had a new preacher, and splendid music. Went out in the country after some grapes this evening with a party, and got caught in a very heavy rain this eve. Scratchley came down to see me this eve. Wrote to father.
Monday, September 25th, 1876
Weather pleasant. Nothing of importance. Battalion drill commenced and we had two today that were very fatiguing. We recited on Physics this morn – have stopped Latin for the present.
Tuesday, September 26th, 1876
Weather pleasant until about 4 o’clock this eve, when a rain came up, which rendered it quite cold. Neither D.P. nor drill this eve. I have been very unwell today. The grapes and the wetting I got Sunday last did not agree with me. I think I have fever tonight. I had to put down my bed at 9 o’clock. I received a visit from Rev. Geo. B. Eafer tonight, who stayed with me until about 8 o’clock.
Wednesday, September 27th, 1876
Weather very cool indeed. I have been very unwell today. Dr. Madison excused me from drill this eve, and gave me some calomel to take tonight. Received letter No. 23 from father.
Thursday, September 28th, 1876
Weather real cold. The calomel I took last night has operated on me, and I think it had the desired effect, but I feel very weak & badly tonight. I am on guard tonight; but I do not feel at all like walking.
Friday, September 29th, 1876
Weather not so cool as it has been for several days. We are to be examined on Tactics tomorrow. Received a letter from W. H. Utz.
Saturday, September 30th, 1876
Raining nearly all day; which prevented drill & D.P. Was examined on Tactics today. Went up town this week & drew a sight draft on father for $60 to defray the expenses of my brother & myself at the Centennial. Called on Crenshaw & spent a very pleasant time with him.
Sunday, October 1st 1876
Weather very unpleasant today – damp and disagreeably cold. Went to the Baptist church & heard the Rev. Geo. B. Eafer preach a very good sermon from the text found in the 27th verse of 1st chap. – James. Received a visit from Scratchley this eve. No Bible as Spex is gone.
Monday, October 2nd 1876
Weather pretty cold. We recited only in Chemistry today. Orders were published that we would take our departure from Goshen in stages on Wednesday at 11 o’clock, and that from thence we would go by rail via Washington and Balt. To Phil’a. Wrote a letter to mother.
Tuesday, October 3rd 1876
Weather not so cold as it has been for several days. Went up town this morning to have Williams, P. B. initiated into the ΣΧ fraternity. Wrote postals to Drs. Crutchfield & Brockett. Drilled in putting up tents this morning. Spent $1 for stamps and postal cards.
Wednesday, October 4th 1876
Weather pleasant with the exception of a sprinkling in this eve. We departed for Goshen today about 12 o’clock. The trip to Goshen would have been pleasant had it not been for the breaking down of the stage – the walk, ride in an old wagon and sprinkle. Very tired when we arrived at Goshen; but we danced on the platform while waiting for our train, which came after a short while, when we departed for Gordonsville. Train broke down. Considerable delay. Boys preventing the sleepy from sleeping.
Thursday, October 5th 1876
Weather pleasant. Arrived at Gordonsville early this morn, when we had to stop on account of the miscommunication caused by our breakdown last night. A special locomotive arrived about 8 o’clock, and our coaches were soon moving towards Alexandria, where we arrived probably about 10 o’clock. We changed cars here, and started at a rapid rate for Washington, Balt. &c. Our next change of cars was at York, Pa., where we arrived about dark hungry & fatigued. Columbia was the next town of considerable size through which we passed. The bay bridge, 1 mile 300 yards long, over the Susquehanna attracted much attention. It is utterly impossible to get a nap of sleep while traveling. We arrived in Phil’a near midnight & remained in the car – snatched little sleep. Saw Langstruth.
Friday, October 6th 1876
Weather pleasant. We left the cars and marched through the gates to our camping grounds about 7 o’clock this a.m. We had to wait some time before our tents & trunks, &c arrived. We were marched to breakfast about 8 o’clock, which was eagerly downed by a hungry crowd. Immediately after breakfast we pitched tents &c. Being dirty we were anxious to wash. The bath room of the 1st Precinct Centl guards was extended us. Spent the remainder of the forenoon in looking around. Dined at 2, after D. we were marched to Old Va. several cheers went up – broke ranks. Returned in time for D. P. at 4:30 P.M. A rain came up while at the parade and we were ordered dismissed. Saw Langstruth.
Saturday, October 7th 1876
Weather cold. Spent the day in looking around in the city. Read, Lucas & myself went up (town), &c. Passed in review this evening, &c.
Sunday, October 8th 1876
Weather right cold. A general permit was granted us to visit the city today. I went up with a party for a short while this morn. Visited the “Siege of Paris” & the Zoological Garden this eve. Wrote short letter to father. Saw Dr. Whitehead of V’burg this morning.
Horticultural Hall and Gardens
Monday, October 9th 1876
Inside Horticultural Hall
Weather still cold. We find it real uncomfortable in our tents at night. Tailor called for me today and we spent a great portion of the day in looking through Machinery Hall & the Main building.
We are to meet tomorrow morn & look through the Art gallery.
Inside Machinery Building showing Krupp Cannons
Tuesday, October 10th 1876
Weather cold. Visited Art gallery as appointed. Met Dr. Whitehead & wife while rambling through the annex hall.
Memorial Hall -- the Art Gallery
Wednesday, October 11th 1876
Weather cold. Massie & myself went up town together this evening. Went to my fraternity organization; but could not stay long as I had to be in camp by 3:30 o’clock. Bought me a Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary. Reported that we leave here Friday.
Inside the Art Gallery -- the American Department
Thursday, October 12th 1876
Weather cold. A great many are anxious on account of the cold. We escorted the Gov. of New Ham. from his hotel to the state building this morn. No permits were granted this morn. A party of us visited the city this eve. Statue of Columbus was unveiled this evening.
Friday, October 13th 1876
Weather cold. Orders were issued at breakfast for us to immediately pack up &c for our departure at 12 o’clock. I was taken from the guard & sent with the baggage to the depot. The corps arrived at the depot shortly after 1 o’clock. We were rapidly leaving Phil’a at 2 o’clock. I was placed as sentinel in the baggage car. Disappointment &c about supper in Baltimore. Changed cars at Alexandria.
Saturday, October 14th 1876
Weather was cold until we were about Gordonville, when it was pleasant the remainder of the day. We arrived at Goshen about 2 o’clock. Rough ride on stage to Lexington where we arrived about 8 o’clock – tired and unwell. Did not go to supper but took a wash & retired.
Sunday, October 15th 1876
It turned very cold during the night & has been unpleasant all day. Spent the morning in arranging things in my room, & wrote postal to father – sleep until late in the evening, when Crenshaw, Steadman & Bowman called on me. Received letter No. 24 from father.
Monday, October 16th 1876
Weather cold. We are assigned a lesson in Physics for tomorrow. Had D. P. this eve. Orders published that skirmish drill would commence tomorrow evening. Wrote a letter to father – not feeling well tonight. Reveille until further orders sounded at 5:30.
Tuesday, October 17th 1876
Weather not as cold as it was yesterday. Col. Ship turned out our section in Latin today & assigned us a lesson in Tactics for tomorrow. Col. Hardin is absent in Washington & we have no Chemistry until his return. Skirmish drill commenced this eve. Wrote letter to J. L. Osgood. Mr. Choppin of N. O. & Mr. Lewis of Fla. Admitted to 4th class.
Wednesday, October 18th 1876
Weather very pleasant. Mr. R. W. Massie of our class was elected president of the ball today. We commenced reciting Latin today. Col. Ship is our professor since Col. Preston resigned.
Thursday, October 19th 1876
Weather pleasant. We had suspension for the purpose of allowing those who wished to attend the county fair. I went up town and bought me some writing pens – 10¢. I am 18 years old today.
Friday, October 20th 1876
Raining off and on all day, which prevented drill & D.P. this evening. Nothing of interest. Went to the Laboratory on Chemistry this eve.
Saturday, October 21st 1876
Weather pleasant. A lesson was assigned in Mechanics for Monday. Went up town this (morning) and met Crenshaw & Cocke. Witnessed the game of foot-ball between the cadets & students this eve. The students were successful in winning the game.
Sunday, October 22nd 1876
Weather unpleasantly warm today. Went to the Presbyterian church today; the text was taken from Mark 9th chap. 41st verse. I have not been well today; I have a very bad cold & sore throat. Wrote to father.
Monday, October 23rd 1876
Raining nearly all day, which prevented drill. Have the heartburn tonight.
Tuesday, October 24th 1876
Weather pleasant. I have suffered considerably from a bad cold today; it is the most disagreeable cold I ever had.
Wednesday, October 25th 1876
Weather pretty cold. Suffered considerably from cold this eve at drill.
Thursday, October 26th 1876
Weather still cold. Orders published that skirmish drill would be discontinued from today & that the 2 & 3 classes would commence Artilery drill tomorrow. Received letter from J. G. Dashiell.
Friday, October 27th 1876
Weather cold. Artilery drill commenced this evening. First class was examined in Military Engineering today. Wrote letter to father.
Saturday, October 28th 1876
Weather pleasant. No Mechanics this morning. Lecture on Physics. Williams & myself went up town this eve. Wrote a letter to W. H. Utz. Received letter No. 25 from father.
Sunday, October 29th 1876
Weather pleasant with the exception of a slight rain this morning, which came up just in time to prevent us from going to church in ranks. All those who desired could go to church out of ranks. I went up to the Baptist church & heard a sermon preached from the text: “Abide in me & I in you”. Wrote letter to father.
Monday, October 30th 1876
We have had a slow, sprinkling rain nearly all day, which prevented drill & D.P. We had no recitations in Mechanics or Physics this morning; as Col. Brooke was not here. I have a very sore throat tonight.
Tuesday, October 31st 1876
Weather pleasant. No Physics this morning as Col. Brooke was too unwell to hear us. My throat was painfully sore this evening and the doctor excused me from drill & D.P.
Wednesday, November 1st, 1876
Weather pleasant. Nothing noticeable has transpired today. Mr. J. M. Auger, of La., reported today. He enters the 4th class. My throat is much better today.
Thursday, November 2nd 1876
Weather warm. The clouds darkened later this eve accompanied with a brisk breeze – a slight sprinkle during study hours. No Mechanics of Physics this morn. Mr. Smith of Mo. Entered as a cadet in the 4th class.
Friday, November 3rd 1876
Weather cool. Col. Brooke gave us a lecture on Physics this morning. Received letter No. 26 from father.
Saturday, November 4th 1876
Weather pleasant. Lecture on Mechanics. Experiments in Physics. Took dinner at the hotel with Lucas & my brother.
Sunday, November 5th 1876
Weather pleasant. Went to the Baptist church & heard a very good sermon. The text was: “Lovest Thou me?” Wrote to father.
Monday, November 6th 1876
Weather unpleasantly cool, which was rendered more disagreeable by frequent intermittent sprinkles. Col. Brooke gave us a lecture on Mechanics this morning. We had suspension from 11 o’clock today for the purpose of attending the political speaking up town today. I heard several splendid speeches the best of which were delivered by Gen. Echolls & Hon. J. Randolph Tucker. The last named gentleman entertained an immense crowd for over two hours this eve with one of the finest addresses that I have had the pleasure of hearing. The people of Rockbridge are enthusiastic for Tilden & Hendricks. Mr. Tucker is confident that the Democrats will come off victorious tomorrow. A balloon was sent up after the speaking closed this evening, which was quite a success. I took dinner with Cocke & Steadman today, which I enjoyed very much. It has been raining during study hours tonight. It is almost impossible for one to study tonight as I can not help thinking of the great contest of tomorrow.
Tuesday, November 7th 1876
Weather real cool this morning early; but it turned quite pleasant late in the day. Our section in Latin was divided into 2 sections this morn. I am in the 2nd. We are all anxious to know which party has been victorious in today’s fight. We hope to know tomorrow evening.
Wednesday, November 8th 1876
Weather colder than it has been for several days. We were very anxious all the morning to hear the result of the election. Dispatches this eve state that Tilden is elected – A solid South. From the noise we hear up town tonight the people are satisfied that Tilden is elected – the band is playing & the people shouting.
Thursday, November 9th 1876
Weather real cold. Lecture on Mechanics this morn. Several reports have been received today in regard to the result of the election. Some say that Tilden is elected & others that Hays has a majority of 2 votes. The last report states that La. Went Democratic, which is glorious news. Mr. Oakford of N. O. admitted a cadet – enters 4th class.
Friday, November 10th 1876
Weather still cold. Col. Brooke showed us experiments in Physics this morn instead of hearing recitation. We are gladdened today by the arrival of news that Tilden is certainly elected. The people in the town of Lexington are rejoicing tonight by building bonfires. While looking from my window tonight I wished I was out where I could hollow. Howard, W. L., Branch and myself called on Gen. Smith tonight, as a committee from Cadet Society, to inquire into the financial affairs of the society. Order published that all drills would be discontinued until further orders.
Saturday, November 11th 1876
Weather pretty cool. This anniversary of the foundation of the V.M.I. has suspension – 2nd class fired 38 guns at 12 o’clock. Usual extra dinner. Went up town for a short time this eve. Elected debater for the Intermediate.
Sunday, November 12th 1876
Weather not as cold as it has been for several days. Went to Meth. Church & heard miserable sermon preached by the “Presiding Elder” – text St Paul 2nd chapter 21st verse. Wrote letter to father. The papers state that the Rads are trying to throw out the Democratic states in the South by violence & fraud,
Monday, November 13th 1876
Weather pleasant. Lecture on Physics. From the reports made by the news papers Grant is endeavoring to prevent Tilden’s being seated by sending troops to Fla. & Republican committees to Southern states to count & decide the election in favor of Hayes. Trouble is expected.
Tuesday, November 14th 1876
Weather pleasant. Commenced Arnold’s Latin Prose Composition. The papers report that the official returns from the parishes in La. Give Democrats a majority. The official returns of S. C. & Fla. Give Dem. Majorities. Rained a little during study hours tonight.
Wednesday, November 15th 1876
Weather turned quite cold during the day. Lecture on Mechanics this morn. Cadet H. B. Wright shipped for neglect of duty.
Thursday, November 16th 1876
Weather real cool. It is reported that Oregon has gone Democratic, but we think (it) too good to believe until we hear it from an undemocratic source.
Friday, November 17th 1876
Weather not so cold as it has been for several days. Slight rain this eve which prevented D.P. The debaters for the intermediate met this eve & chose questions.
Saturday, November 18th 1876
Weather pleasant. Lecture on Mechanics. Col. Boothe showed us some experiments at Physics. Went up town for a short time this eve. J. A. Reid was initiated into ΣΧ. Received letter No. 27 from father.
Sunday, November 19th 1876
We had considerable rain during last night, which rendered it too muddy for us to attend church this morn. It is much cooler tonight than it has been for several days. Wrote to father.
Monday, November 20th 1876
This has been a miserable day, since we have had a slow rain all day. Lecture on Physics. No D.P.
Tuesday, November 21st 1876
Weather cool. Great anxiety is felt by the cadets in regard to the decision of the returning board in La. – on it depends our hope. Received a letter from J. L. Osgood.
Wednesday, November 22nd 1876
Weather cool. Reading in Physics this morning. Considerable disorder has been created in barracks during the last few days by the explosion of fireworks. Two cadets having been caught with fireworks in their possession are to be punished by six extra tours of guard duty. Several fire-crackers and torpedoes have been exploded tonight. The whole 3rd relief will be posted until 10:30 o’clock. Cadet Massie furloughed on acct. extreme illness of father.
Thursday, November 23rd 1876
Weather pretty cold. Nothing of interest has transpired today.
Friday, November 24th 1876
This has been the coldest day of the season. I have become very much interested in Hume’s History – spent many study hours in reading it.
Saturday, November 25th 1876
Received letter from W. H. Utz.
Sunday, November 26th 1876
Weather rather wintry. A little snow fell during the day. Went to Presby. Church – gouging sermon, text: 35th verse 10th, chap. Hebrews. Wrote to father
Monday, November 27th 1876
Weather very cold. I was on the 2nd relief tonight & had to walk 1 hr. & 27 min. during study hours. Disagreeably cold on post. On acct. of gas being out of order we had to use candles tonight, which we did not obtain until late, hence I had very little time for study.
Tuesday, November 28th 1876
Weather cold. There being no gas last night we were excused from Physics this morn, and from work in Lab. This eve. Had to use candles tonight.
Wednesday, November 29th 1876
Weather cold. Lecture on Physics this morning. I went down to the hospital just after study drum to stay with McCutchon, A. D. who is sick; but will hardly have to sit up as he is not very sick.
Thursday, November 30th 1876
I was surprised on waking this morning to find that the ground was covered by 2 inches depth of snow. It is very cold tonight. We have still to use candles for lights, & I find it almost impossible to study by its feeble light. Mr. C. W. Butt admitted as a cadet. No Dress Parade.
Friday, December 1st 1876
The coldest day we have had this winter – would not be surprised to find the river frozen over tomorrow. The oil came today and we are glad to have gas lights again. Orders published that until further orders we would wear overcoats to D. P. & guard, & that sections would be formed in front barracks. No Dress Parade.
Saturday, December 2nd 1876
Weather exceedingly cold. Lecture on Mechanics & Physics. Received letter No. 28 from father. Took dinner up town with Reid, Paxton & brother. Called on Crenshaw. No Dress Parade.
Sunday, December 3rd 1876
Weather very cold. I can not observe any moderation in the temperature of the air. Went to Baptist church & heard good sermon – Text: 1st Corinthians 9th & part of 10th verse. Wrote to father. Received a visit this evening from Crenshaw & Scratchley.
Monday, December 4th 1876
Weather cold, but not so cold as it has been for the last few days. The corps appointed a committee to apply to Gen. Smith for suspension this morning as the day bid fair for good skating; but Gen Smith refused and said that he did not intend to give the corps suspension for skating this year. This did not seem exactly right to several cadets & they immediately went to work to create a mutiny in the corps. The result was that nearly the whole corps, a few exceptions, determined not to attend a single recitation. This spirit prevailed throughout the corps until about 9 o’clock when Gen. Smith explained to the 1st class his reasons for not giving suspension. The principle members of the 1st class agreeing with the Sup. called a meeting of the corps & and after considerable haranguing they prevailed upon the cadets to return immediately to duty Gen. Smith promising to forget their unbecoming conduct. I took no part in creating the meeting; but I am sorry to say that I was prevailed upon to remain in my room and not attend my first recitation.
Tuesday, December 5th 1876
Weather still cold; but not quite so cold as it has been. Lecture on Mechanics. Experiments on Physics.
Wednesday, December 6th 1876
Weather moderated considerably. Suspension from 11 o’clock today – skating. Spent the day in reading. Cadets Wilson & Thompson lost tonight. A party goes in search of them. It is supposed they are lost in a cave. I go to hospital tonight to stay with McCutchon.
Thursday, December 7th 1876
Weather pretty cold. The wanderers, Wilson & Thompson returned today, reported that they went to Natural Bridge – were shipped this evening for absenting themselves from all duty 24 hours.
Friday, December 8th 1876
Weather damp & unpleasant – snowed a little during the day. Cadet Branch shipped for neglect of his duties & excessive number of demerits. No recitation on Chemistry this eve.
Saturday, December 9th 1876
The weather grew extremely cold during last night – The coldest day I ever saw. Col. Brooke excused us from Physics on acct. cold. Lucas carried me up to dinner. No D.P. this evening as it was so cold.
Sunday, December 10th 1876
Weather extremely cold; but not quite so disagreeable as it was yesterday as the wind has moderated. Gen. Madison ordered that we be not required to attend church. Wrote letter to father.
Monday, December 11th 1876
Weather moderated considerably during last night. We had suspension from 11 o’clock today to allow cadets to go skating. I spent the holiday in reading & writing on my debate for the Intermediate.
Tuesday, December 12th 1876
Weather damp; but not unpleasantly cold. I thought this morning from the appearance of the clouds that we would have snow or rain before the day closed. Lecture on Mechanics this morn.
Wednesday, December 13th 1876
Weather cooler than it was yesterday. Nothing unusual has occurred today. Wore coattees to D.P.
Thursday, December 14th 1876
Weather not unpleasantly cold until tonight, when it was uncomfortable in our rooms as we had no steam in radiators. Experimented on Physics this morning. Wore coattees to D. P.
Friday, December 15th 1876
Weather turned pretty cool during last night & has remained so throughout the day. Col. Brooke did not hear Mechanics this morning.
Saturday, December 16th 1876
Weather pretty cool. Lecture on Physics this morn. Nothing unusual has transpired today. Went up town for a short while this eve.
Sunday, December 17th 1876
Weather still cool. Went to the Episcopal church today & heard a sermon on temperance which was very good. Wrote to father.
Monday, December 18th 1876
We had a very heavy sleet this morn, after which a slight fall of snow. The wind blew fearfully nearly all the eve, which made it extremely cold. No D.P.
Tuesday, December 19th 1876
Weather not so cold as it was yesterday, though quite disagreeable. Col. Brooke did not come over to hear our recitation on Mechanics this morn.
Wednesday, December 20th 1876
The weather has moderated considerably though the weather is still cold. Cadets Jones, W. E. & R. S. Brent left today. The order accepting their resignation not yet published.
Thursday, December 21st 1876
Weather cool. Had suspension from 11 o’clock today for skating. I went with Jam McCutchon, out in the country this morning to call on Miss Jeanie Lyburn; but the servant reported her “not at home”, which we regretted very much after a long walk.
Friday, December 22nd 1876
Weather not unpleasantly cold; though it rained slightly during the morning & continued damp throughout the day. Lecture on Physics. No D. P. Boxes are beginning to arrive. Having received invitations I assisted a crowd in devouring the contents of two large boxes tonight.
Saturday, December 23rd 1876
Weather pretty cold. On quarter today. Drew on father for $15. Orders published that 1st class excused from guard duty after 1st Jan., and that until further orders the regular guard is to consist of 15 men.
Sunday, December 24th 1876
Weather pretty cold. Went to Presbyterian church & heard an excellent sermon preached by the new pastor, Mr. Mulallie. His text was taken from Numbers 8 verse 17 chapter. Wrote to father & to J. L. Osgood.
Monday, December 25th 1876
Christmas morning dawned upon us real cold – the earth being shrouded with snow. This has been a real dull Christmas day. The usual suspension &c. Went up town for a short time. Took breakfast at the hotel. No D. P.
Tuesday, December 26th 1876
Weather cold. Lecture on Mechanics & Physics. Col. Hardin did not hear us at Chemistry. Received letter No. 29 from father. Having received an invitation Reid, Williams and myself attended a supper given by our friends in Lexington. We did not return to barracks until after 12 o’clock. No D.P. Hill, J. H. left the Institute.
Wednesday, December 27th 1876
Weather cool. Nothing unusual. No D.P.
Thursday, December 28th 1876
Weather pretty cold. It commenced snowing tonight and the ground was entirely covered with snow at tattoo. I was on 3rd relief tonight.
Friday, December 29th 1876
We found the snow still falling at rev this morn, and it continued off and on during the day. I think the snow is at least 8 inches deep tonight. I made my debut, tonight, into Lexington society. I attended the hop given at the messhall. I escorted Miss Nannie Bowyer to the hop, and had a real nice time. We had to get hacks as the snow prevented our walking. The wind blew violently as we went to the hop; but it had abated as we returned. I never beheld a more beautiful and picturesque scene than greeted my eyes tonight. The moon shone forth in all her splendor upon the earth coated with white. Tonight’s drive was exceedingly romantic & I will never forget it. It was 4 o’clock when I retired.
Saturday, December 30th 1876
Weather cold. We had no recitations today. I spent the day in sleeping & reading and thinking. Cadet Hill, J. H. dismissed as a deserter.
Sunday, December 31st 1876
Weather exceedingly cold. Required to attend church out of ranks. Went to Presbyterian church. Text 6 verse 5 ch. St Peter. Wrote to father
 Edmund Minetry Apperson: Memphis, TN. Class of 1879. Bookkeeper, Memphis. Died December 27, 1921.
 Samuel Reading Bertrand Purnell: Port Gibson, MS. Class of 1879. Died in yellow fever epidemic of 1878.
 A whipping by the use of a bayonet scabbard.
John Thompson McCorkle: Lexington, VA. Graduated 1880, 4th of 25. Mining Engineer. Wounded & crippled for life in Spanish-American war. Died February 9, 1919 in Dayton, OH.
 William Ballard Preston: Montgomery County, VA. Graduated 1879, 11th of 24. Prof VPI; Governor, Province of Philippine Islands. Died in Philippine Islands December 6, 1901.
 W. B. Wright: Columbia, SC.
 Preston LaBorde Melton: Columbia, SC. Class of 1876, Lawyer. Died April 19, 1901 in Columbia, SC.
 Charles Leftwich Williams: Amherst, VA. Class of 1879. 4 months at VMI. Went out west.
 John Humes Sheffey: Class of 1878. Madison County, AL. Died June 1, 1903 in Memphis, TN.
 Edward Milton Sandys, Jr: Tappahannock, VA. Class of 1877. Minister in NY, DC and PA. Founded in Pittsburgh, PA the Hope Mission, Industrial Home for Children.
 John Quitman Lovell: Hurricane, MS. Graduated 1879, 17th of 22. Lt. Commander U.S. Navy (Retired). WWI, Merchants & Mechanics First National Bank, Baltimore, MD. Died July 14, 1930.
 Robert Withers Massie: Massies Mills, VA. Class of 1878, made honorary graduate in 1938. Member of V.M.I. Board of Visitors. President, Wholesale Lumber Co., Died January 1, 1944 in Lynchburg, VA.
 Central Female Institute
 Hugh Lawson Wheatley: Memphis, TN. Class of 1878. Real Estate. Died October 28, 1878 of yellow fever.
 Thomas Thornton Basye: Shelbyville, IL. Class of 1878. Became cowboy in North Dakota.
 B. J. Burgess: Northumberland, VA.
 Samuel Blackwood Fisher: Pottsville, PA. Graduated 1876, 10th of 35. Lawyer. Died October 4, 1880 at Pottsville.
 William E. Waddy, Jr.: Class of 1879. Eastville, VA.
 Frank Hamer Brickell: Vicksburg, MS. Class of 1876. MD Tulane Univ., Physician; Died August 8, 1898 at Ashville, NC.
 Edward West Nichols: Petersburg, VA. Graduated 1878, 4th of 25. Prof. Math V.M.I., Superintendent V.M.I., author, Died at Lexington, VA on July 1, 1927.
 William Edward Fulton: Jackson’s Ferry, VA. Graduated 1877, 30th of 32. Lawyer & Judge. Died October 14, 1934 in Wytheville, VA.
 Thomas Maclin Hobbs: Athens, AL. Class of 1877. Cotton Planter. Died September 15, 1921 Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD.
 Lewis Harvie Strother: Culpeper, VA. Graduated 1877,1st of 32. Prof. At V.M.I. Died January 22, 1908.
 Virginia Female Institute
 1876 was the 100th Anniversary of the founding of the United States of America.
 A. E. Visor: Richards County, TN. Class of 1880.
 Mark R. Hardin: Taught Chemistry, Mineralogy & Geology. Died April 26, 1916.
 William Alonzo Gaines: Frankfort, KY. Class of 1879. Night Manager, Hotel Tulsa, Tulsa, OK. Died August 28, 1925.
 Orr is the one he had his first fight with on 12/7/1874.
 Kinney was the one who tied him to the radiator and painted him with ink on 10/29/1874.
 General Francis Smith was also known as “Old Specs”.
 James Anthony Buchanan: Memphis, TN. Class of 1879. Grain & Elevator merchant. Died in Memphis, TN March 2, 1915.
 A dance consisting of intricate figures that are improvised and intermingled with waltzes.
 Philadelphia had a large Centennial Exposition commemorating the 100th anniversary of the founding of the United States of America.
 Apparently John G. Lucas, brother of Hugh Ross (Tom) Lucas.
 John Sherman (1823-1900) Senator from Ohio, Secretary of the Treasury under President Rutherford B. Hayes; author of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act in 1890; Secretary of State under President McKinley.
 Major Hugh Ross Lucas, Sr. from Madison Parish, Louisiana.
 Hamilton Janney Coffroth: Baltimore, MD. Physician, Greensboro, MD. Died March 6, 1907.
 Barton Wistar Morris: Hanover County, VA. Class of 1878. Farmer in Doswell, VA. Died December 8, 1927.
 Governor of Louisiana at the time and only black Louisiana Governor ever
 Montgomery White Sulphur Springs, Virginia
 A medieval jousting tournament in which the “knights” attempted to pick off rings with their lances while riding horses at full speed. The winner got to choose the “Queen of Love and Beauty”.
 A small town on the railroad about 5 miles southwest of Sewanee.
 This was apparently a trip to visit his Brother, James, who was attending the University of the South at Sewanee, TN. His mother was also visiting there at the time. His father would join the group in about two weeks. This would be the first time he had seen any of his family since he left Louisiana for V.M.I. almost two years before.
 Augustus Pierson was Richard K. Boney’s half brother. Augustus’ father, Madison Pierson, died in the early 1850’s. His mother, Martha Elizabeth Cocke Pierson, married G. L. Boney in 1856. Augustus was born in 1848 and died in an unfortunate accidental drowning in the Mississippi River in 1885.
 At this time it is pretty obvious that Jimmie will return with him and enter V.M.I.
 Bristol is a town on the Tennessee – Virginia border.
 Montgomery White Sulphur Springs.
 Alfred Allmand Blow: Norfolk, VA. Graduated 1877, 7th of 32, Graduated Columbia Univ. School of Mines, Mining Engineer, Supt. Of Mines, South Africa. Died January 2, 1918.
 Heman Russell Baldwin: Richmond, VA. Decorator & Fresco Painter, Macon, GA.
 Joseph Allen Reid: Amite City, LA. Graduated 1877, 17th of 32. Graduated Univ. of LA (Tulane). Assassinated December 9, 1887. Buried at Amite.
 Joseph Lawrence Keitt: Newberry, SC. Graduated 1877, 27th of 32. SC Senate, Planter, Died September 6, 1927.
 Now the entire V.M.I. corps is going to the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia.
 Francis Burns, Jr.: Baltimore, MD. Graduated 1879, 8th of 22. Civil Engineer & contractor. Died October 20, 1899 in Zanesville, OH.
 He has finally learned how to spell “sentinel”.
 Pierce Butler Williams: Rocky Comfort, AR. Graduated 1879, 14th of 22. Lawyer, Surveyor, Mayor of Rocky Comfort. Died February 28, 1921 in Little Rock, AR.
 Sherman Grover Choppin: New Orleans, LA. Physician. Died December 30, 1892.
 Richard Henry Lewis: Farmdale, AL. Graduated 1878, 16th of 25. Farmer. Died July 18, 1921 in Hale County, AL.
 J. M. Auger: St. Gabriel, LA. Class of 1880. Died about 1881 in Kissimmee, FL.
 The county in which Lexington, VA is located.
 Samuel Jones Tilden – Railroad lawyer, Governor of New York and Democratic candidate for president in 1876. Although he won approximately 250,000 more popular votes than his Republican Party opponent, Rutherford B. Hayes, the electoral vote in several states was contested. The Electoral Commission of 1877 declared Hayes the winner by one electoral vote.
 Thomas Andrews Hendricks – Unsuccessful candidate for vice president in 1876. Elected vice president in 1884 on Grover Cleveland’s ticket. Died six months later.
 New Orleans
 Walter Lane Howard: Floyd, VA. Graduated 1877, 13th of 32. Lawyer, County Judge. Died March 15, 1910 in Floyd, VA.
 Carter Wheelwright Branch: Richmond, VA. Class of 1879. Banker & Broker. Died in Richmond, VA April 3, 1911.
 David Hume 1711-1776. Scottish philosopher and historian. Wrote a six-volume History of England and influenced the development of skepticism and empiricism, two schools of philosophy.
 William Beverly Pettit, Jr.: Palmyra, VA. Class of 1878. Physician. Died in New Canton, VA April 27, 1918.
 G. C. Catlett: St. Joseph, MO. Class of 1880.
 Victor James Robertson: Graduated 1877, 11th of 32. President, Commercial News Publishing Co., San Francisco, CA. Died June 9, 1940.
 Azby Destrehan McCutchon: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1878. Civil Engineer. Died April 25, 1903 in Phoenix, AZ.
 Cary Wyld Butt: Mobile, AL. Class of 1881. Tax Collector, City of Mobile. Died August 18, 1919.
 James Turner Wilson: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1880. Wholesale Hardware Business; Cotton Merchant, Sherman, TX.
 Percy Wallace Thompson: Washington, DC. Editor “The Boy’s Ledger”. Died May 9, 1935.
 Natural Bridge, VA is about 10 miles southwest of Lexington.
 William Everett Jones: Herndon, GA. Class of 1879. Merchant; Banker. Died July 27, 1904 in Waynesboro, VA.
 John Hugh Hill: Buckingham County, VA. Class of 1878. Lawyer. Supt of Schools, McKinney, TX. Died July 1, 1915 at Sulphur Springs, OK.