THE DIARIES OF RICHARD KINSEY BONEY
of Duckport Plantation, Madison Parish, Louisiana
VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE CADET-1877
2nd & 1st Classman
©2000 Richard P. Sevier (firstname.lastname@example.org). This material is intended for informational use only and may not be reproduced by ANY means whatsoever without written permission from the author.
Monday, January 1st, 1877
New Year exceedingly cold day. Snowing most of the day. Remained in barracks to write on my speech. The snow is at least a foot deep. Suspension & a good dinner. Examination commences tomorrow.
Tuesday, January 2nd, 1877
Weather cold. The snow lays on the ground about 18 inches deep the deepest snow for several years.
Wednesday, January 3rd, 1877
Thursday, January 4th, 1877
The weather has been extremely cold all day. So cold that only one sentinel has been kept posted tonight, and orders were published that reveille would be sounded at 6:30 until further orders. Examined on Chemistry. Cadet H. L. C. Blake deprived of his office as Lieutenant & consigned to ranks.
Friday, January 5th, 1877
Weather extremely cold this morn, but it moderated to a considerable extent during the day. Examined on Physics today.
Saturday, January 6th, 1877
Weather not so cold as it was yesterday. It has been raining nearly all the evening. I was on guard tonight and found it very disagreeable. The first stoop was almost flooded. Went up town this evening – called on Crenshaw.
Sunday, January 7th, 1877
Weather moderately cold. The rain last night has started the snow to melting and will assist the sun in rapidly melting the snow. We had inspection on the 2nd stoop this morn. We were not required to attend church this morning on acct. of the mud. I went to Presbyterian church. Splendid sermon. Text taken from 12 verse 94 Psalm. Wrote to father.
Monday, January 8th, 1877
Weather moderately cold this morn; but a strong wind made it pinchingly cold this eve. I have spent the day reading “Letters from Constantinople by an American.” “Jam” McCutchon and myself visited Miss Jeanie Lyburn at Col. Williamson’s this eve. Very much pleased with her. Cadet Oliver made lieutenant.
Tuesday, January 9th, 1877
Weather not so cold as it was yesterday. Spent the day in reading and preparing my speech. Cadet R. A. Marr was detailed on special duty in the Commandant’s office to fill the vacancy made by the promotion of Cadet Oliver.
Wednesday, January 10th, 1877
Weather considerable colder than it was yesterday. Have been able to do but little today as my room has been crowded with visitors. Received letter No. 30 from father. Scratchley & Crenshaw visited me this eve. Mr. Bowling of N. O., admitted a cadet. Enters 4th class. Snowed very little during this evening.
Thursday, January 11th, 1877
Weather moderated considerable today. Spent the day in working on my speech. Received letter from J. L. Osgood. There being nothing to do we had a meeting of the dancing club tonight and spent study hours in “tripping the light fantastic.” Cocke visited me this evening.
Friday, January 12th, 1877
Weather not at all cold today. Gen. Smith turned out the corps at 9 o’clock this morn and addressed the corps upon the result of the late examination, which did not please him, and he exhorted us to apply ourselves diligently to our studies during the remainder of the session. He spoke briefly of the present state of political affairs in our country and the great work which may rest upon our shoulders in a few years. Our standing in our various studies resulting from the recent examination were read tonight. The following are my stands: Latin 17, Physics 18, Chemistry 23. Received visits from Steadman & Rainsford this eve.
Saturday, January 13th, 1877
Weather about the same temperature as it was yesterday. Lessons were assigned me for Monday us in Latin, German & Mechanics. Wrote a letter to Willie Utz. Went up town for a short while this evening.
Sunday, January 14th, 1877
Weather not unpleasantly cold. We were not required to attend church this morning as the road was extremely muddy. I attended the services at the Presbyterian church & heard Dr. Mulallie preach one of his accustomed good sermons. His text was taken from Romans 3rd chap. And last clause in the 26th verse. Wrote to father.
Monday, January 15th, 1877
Raining nearly all day. Resumed academical duties today. My section in Latin is reading Horace. Col. Hardin assigned us a lesson in Chemistry tomorrow. Mr. B. L. Purcell admitted a cadet – enters 4th class.
Tuesday, January 16th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Nothing unusual has taken place today.
Wednesday, January 17th, 1877
Raining nearly all day, which caused the Minstrel Troupe to put off their entertainment until next week. Cadet Visor’s resignation accepted. Lefebvre shipped.
Thursday, January 18th, 1877
Raining nearly all day. Nothing unusual has occurred today.
Friday, January 19th, 1877
Weather damp. Lecture on Mechanics. Attended the Celebration of the Lit. Society at W.&L.U. tonight. Enjoyed the speaking very much.
Saturday, January 20th, 1877
Weather raining most of the morning, but cleared off in the eve. We were excused from our first recitations this morning. Took dinner up town with Lucas, Keirn and brother. Received letter No. 31 from father. W. L. Keirn initiated.
Sunday, January 21st, 1877
Weather colder than it was yesterday. Went to Epis’l church. Heard lecture on temperance. Wrote father.
Monday, January 22nd, 1877
Rain considerable during last night which continued till late in the morning; after which it snowed for some time, the major part of which melted as it touched the wet ground. About 1 inch of snow lies on the ground tonight. Col. Brooke did not come over to Mechanics this morn. Went to Laboratory this eve.
Tuesday, January 23rd, 1877
Weather damp – we had a little snow this morning. Received letter No. 32 from father.
Wednesday, January 24th, 1877
Weather cleared off and turned cold during last night. Went to the Minstrels tonight with Miss Jeanie Lyburn, and enjoyed myself very much. I am very much pleased with Miss Lyburn, she is so pleasant and such a staunch friend of ΣΧ. The Minstrels were quite a success and the performance was complimented by every one.
Thursday, January 25th, 1877
Weather not quite so cold as it was yesterday. Went to the Minstrels tonight with Miss Nannie Bowyer and had a very nice time. Miss Bowyer is generally quite pretty; but she looked her sweetest tonight. We had D.P. this evening for the first time since Christmas morn.
Friday, January 26th, 1877
The morning of the day in which I made my debut upon the stage dawned bright and not unpleasantly cold. Gen. Smith did not excuse us from our recitations today, and not having rehearsed my speech for tonight I have been in a blue way all day. It is useless for me to say that I made my appearance before an audience of considerable size tonight. I can not say that I am pleased with my attempt. Received bouquets from Misses Lyburn & Nannie Bowyer.
Program from first attempt as a debater, 1/26/1877
(The following is an excerpt from a local newspaper)
We had the a pleasure of attending on the night, of the 25th (26th) of January the joint celebration of the Cadet and Dialectic Literary Societies of the Virginia Military Institute, the exercises consisting of an oration by a representative of each Society, and a joint debate by two speakers on each side of the question under discussion. There was present quite a large audience and an appreciative one -- save the girls. Not considering it within our scope to criticize unfavorably any circumstance connected with an entertainment of our friends of, the V. M. I., we will only say for the benefit of the irrepressible fair ones, that seeing our remonstrances uttered not a week before were of no avail, we contemplate moving our hydrant down to a convenient situation and securing able-bodied marshals for the WASH. Celebration.
Soon after the audience had assembled the welcoming address was delivered by Cadet S. K. Snyder, of Va., President of the Cadet Society. After a cordial greeting to his auditors, he introduced as Orator for the occasion on the part of the Cadet Society, Mr. R. S. Ball, of Va. His subject, "Progress of Mind and Result of Labor," he treated in a very comprehensive manner. Mr. T. D. Jervey, of S. C., was next introduced to the audience as Orator for the Dialectic Society, his subject being "Our Country." We regret that we were so situated as to be unable to hear much of this gentleman's speech, as well as those of the Debaters who sat on his side of the hall. The debate was next opened by Mr. T. T. Holloway of Illinois, first Debater from the Dialectic Society, upon the question, “Which is the better Form of Government, the Monarchical or Republican?" He was followed by Mr. R. K. Boney, of La., (Editor’s emphasis) first Debater from the Cadet Society. He assured his hearers, when about midway of his speech, that he seemed to be very dry, but we are sure it must have been corporeal aridity, as he delivered a very creditable argument. He was replied to by Mr. W. H. Wade, of Ga., on behalf of the affirmative, who in turn was answered by Mr. B. R. Floyd, of Va. This gentleman had a very prettily written speech, which he delivered in graceful style.
The exercises of the evening were closed by Mr. W. D. Haynes, of Louisiana, President of the Dialectic Society, thanking the audience for their kind attention and hoping many happy returns of the occasion. At the time of our leaving, all the requisites for a dance being present, the hall was being cleared for amusement of this character,
Saturday, January 27th, 1877
Weather pleasant. I spent the morning in idle thought – trying to decide whether or not I did well last night. Went up town this evening and was congratulated by many friends. Mr. Holmes was admitted a cadet today – enters 4th class.
Sunday, January 28th, 1877
This has been a beautiful day. I have been on quarter guard today. Wrote to father.
Monday, January 29th, 1877
Weather very pleasant indeed. This has been a real spring day. Nothing unusual.
Tuesday, January 30th, 1877
Weather still pleasant. This kind of weather makes me feel lazy & stupid. Lecture on Mechanics this morn.
Wednesday, January 31st, 1877
Weather foggy and dismal all the morning. It is so mild I suppose we will have rain soon. Mr. C. Slaughter, of New York, admitted cadet to 4th class. Holloway & myself were candidates for orator of our class today. Holloway was the successful candidate.
Thursday, February 1st, 1877
Weather pleasant. Lecture on Mechanics. Received postal from Prof. Coleman, my former Professor of Greek at Mississippi College, thanking me for the invitation I sent him. There is a “Sociable” at Col. McDonald’s tonight which Reid is attending. Orders published that “rev” beats hereafter at 5:30. Mr. Mosby admitted a cadet – 4th class.
Friday, February 2nd, 1877
Weather pleasant. Threatening rain during the evening, which prevented D.P. Lecture on Mechanics.
Saturday, February 3rd, 1877
Weather pleasant. Winn & myself called on the Misses Bowyer this evening, & had a very pleasant time. I made a declamation in the cadet society tonight. The first class had young ladies down to their dancing club tonight.
Sunday, February 4th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Went to church out of ranks today, and went to Presbyterian. Saw a company join the church. Mulallie preached an excellent sermon. Cocke & Crenshaw visited me this evening. Wrote to father.
Monday, February 5th, 1877
Weather pleasant. The black boards were tarred last night, which prevented our having Mechanics. Great excitement about the greasing of the boards. Cadet Holland dismissed.
Tuesday, February 6th, 1877
Weather very pleasant. Nothing unusual.
Wednesday, February 7th, 1877
Weather cooler somewhat than it has been for some time. Lecture on Mechanics. Cadet Nichols, M. shipped.
Thursday, February 8th, 1877
Weather cool. Nothing unusual. Lucas has been on the sick list today. I was confined to limits of barracks for 10 days on acct. of excessive demerits for last month. Cadet McMahon & Corporal Gill were dismissed this eve for neg. of duty in allowing the painting of the boards &c on last Sunday night.
Friday, February 9th, 1877
Weather cool. Nothing unusual today. Received note from Miss Jeanie L.
Saturday, February 10th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Lecture on Mechanics. Col. Semmes has us on German this week. Mr. Ezekiel, an ex-graduate of the V. M. I., who has become famous as a sculptor addressed the two literary societies tonight. He gave us a short sketch of his life & labors abroad, & of his statue of Religious Liberty. The cadet music club favored our dancing club with music tonight. The first classmen had ladies in their dancing hall tonight.
Sunday, February 11th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Went to the Methodist church. Wrote to father. Cadet Dean Adams of 2nd class, who resigned last week departed for his home by packet this eve.
Monday, February 12th, 1877
Weather cooler than it has been for several days. Lecture on Mechanics. We commenced Physiology, under the instruction of Dr. Madison, this morning. Physiology alternates daily with German. Lucas being sick went to the hospital this morning. Dr. Mulallie came down and gave us an eloquent talk at prayer-meeting tonight. He spoke about “The Knowledge of Jesus Christ.” Cadet Coffroth dismissed.
Tuesday, February 13th, 1877
Weather windy & pretty cold. Nothing unusual. Cadet Francis shipped. Cadets Nichols & Holland upon application of their guardians received reappointments as cadets. Crenshaw and Cocke visited me this evening.
Wednesday, February 14th, 1877
Weather real cold & windy. Nothing unusual has occurred during the day.
Thursday, February 15th, 1877
Weather pretty cool. Cadet W. C. Kent transferred from 3rd to 4th class.
Friday, February 16th, 1877
Weather pleasant during the day; but we were visited by a heavy gale tonight which rendered it quite unpleasant. Reading on Mechanics. Lucas returned from the Hospital this morn & informed me that he had chicken pock instead of Roseola. Bumps still on his face.
Saturday, February 17th, 1877
Weather cool. Reading on Mechanics. Peete & Paxton, A. M. made ΣΧ.
Sunday, February 18th, 1877
Weather cool. Went to Episcopal (Church) – text 70th Psalms 12 verse. Address delivered by Dr. Mulallie (at) chapel this eve. Wrote to father.
Monday, February 19th, 1877
Weather pretty cold – a heavy wind came up this eve which rendered it quite disagreeable. Dr. Mulallie was down tonight & gave us an address with his usual success. Lovell, J. L., Archer, & Hammill shipped for being absent after taps.
Tuesday, February 20th, 1877
Weather pretty cool. Reading on Mechanics. Attended prayer meeting tonight which was conducted by Mr. Eager. Rec’d letter No. 33 from father – contained my last report.
Wednesday, February 21st, 1877
Weather cool. Orders published that our summer clothing needing repair must be handed to the tailor immediately.
Thursday, February 22nd, 1877
Weather pleasant. Washington’s birthday we had suspension. Spent most of the morning with Crenshaw – Peete & Paxton were along. Attended the celebration at W.&L.U. Crenshaw, the orator of the occasion made best speech I have heard since I have been in Lexington. He was highly complimented by every one.
Friday, February 23rd, 1877
Weather drizzling rain all day. Lecture on Mechanics. Prof. J. Willoughby Read gave us an entertainment in the mess hall tonight. No D.P.
Saturday, February 24th, 1877
Weather damp, & unpleasantly cold. Called on Miss Jeanie Lyburn from 3 to 4 eve at Col. W’s. My friend, J. W. McCutchon came down & introduced me to Miss Rosa McCormick shortly after 4 & I enjoyed myself very much.
Sunday, February 25th, 1877
Weather gloomy & unpleasantly cold. Went to Presbyterian church, but was disappointed on seeing that Dr. Mulallie had another (Mr. Kirkpatrick) to preach for him. Wrote to father.
Monday, February 26th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Cadet Carson of 2nd class dismissed. Ex-cadets Lovell, Archer & Hammill, having applied to Board of Visitors, were reinstated this evening.
Tuesday, February 27th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Reading on Mechanics. Resignation of Cadet Langhorne accepted. Received letter from J. L. Osgood. Wrote to J. L. Osgood.
Wednesday, February 28th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Nothing of interest.
Thursday, March 1st, 1877
Weather pleasant. Reading on Mechanics. Cadet Sgts. Englesing, Pettit & Brown & Corp. Cage deprived of their office.
Friday, March 2nd, 1877
Weather raining nearly all day, which prevented D.P. this eve. Cadet W. M. Husson was made Sgt. This eve, & Cadet Sgt. Wade was made orderly of D to fill Archer’s place.
Saturday, March 3rd, 1877
Weather warm. Nothing unusual. Went up town this eve to dinner with Peete. Peete, Hambleton & myself had our pictures taken together.
Sunday, March 4th, 1877
Weather windy but not cold. Attended the Episcopal church. Took long walk up the river with Crenshaw & Cocke this eve. Wrote to father.
Monday, March 5th, 1877
Weather very disagreeable – it snowed until nearly noon. On quarter with Jackson O. D, Nichols, S. G. Burns & brother. Blake, B. shipped. Mr. Bauer admitted a cadet.
Tuesday, March 6th, 1877
Weather pretty cold. Col. Brooke did not come over to Mechanics this morning. Ex-Cadet Carson was reinstated.
Wednesday, March 7th, 1877
Weather very pleasant. Visited Miss Rosa McCormick this evening. Ex-Cadet McMahon was reinstated by board of visitors.
Thursday, March 8th, 1877
Weather very windy indeed during the morning – so much so that Col. Ship had to order the “corps to take in beds”, which had been put out to air. A rain came up in time to prevent D.P. this eve. Cadet Oakford shipped as a deserter.
Friday, March 9th, 1877
It has been extremely windy today, and pinching cold. The weather prevented D. P. this evening.
Saturday, March 10th, 1877
Weather windy & real cold. Visited Misses Bowyer this eve. Took dinner up town with Paxton. The two societies had joint meeting tonight – ladies present. Patton made excellent speech. Lucas rec’d telegram telling him to come home immediately as his father was very ill. He departed by 2 o’clock stage.
Sunday, March 11th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Went to Episcopal church swapped from Meth. Run block & took supper up town tonight with Peete, Paxton & Hambleton. Wrote to father.
Monday, March 12th, 1877
Weather pleasant this morning. A slow rain came up this eve which prevented D. P.
Tuesday, March 13th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Nothing unusual today.
Wednesday, March 14th, 1877
Weather pleasant. It is windy tonight & threatening rain. Wrote to Lucas.
Thursday, March 15th, 1877
It has been real cold & windy today. Cadet Liggett having absented himself without permission from the Institute was dropped from the roll as a deserter.
Friday, March 16th, 1877
Weather pleasant with exception of rain about 4 o’clock this eve which did not prevent D. P.
Saturday, March 17th, 1877
Today has been very disagreeable – very windy & snowing off & on throughout the day. Took dinner up town with Peete, Hambleton & Williams. Received letter from J. L. Osgood.
Sunday, March 18th, 1877
Weather slightly windy; but not very cold. The snow melted from the roads in time for us to march to church. Our company was to attend the Episcopal church; but there being no preaching we returned to barracks. Wrote to father. Cadet Lovell, W. S., having resigned with permission of father departed for Sewanee this eve.
Monday, March 19th, 1877
Weather pleasant. A slight sprinkle came up just after drum for D. P. this evening, which made it necessary for the O.C. to order no D.P. Cadet McCorkle at his own request transferred from 3rd to 4th class.
Tuesday, March 20th, 1877
Weather tolerable cool. Capt. Manson, an assistant prof. having resigned last week, departed for the West today. He has the best wishes of the corps of cadets. Rec’d letter No. 35 from father.
Wednesday, March 21st, 1877
Weather tolerable cool. A heavy wind is blowing during study hours tonight which renders it very disagreeable.
Thursday, March 22nd, 1877
Weather cool. Nothing unusual today.
Friday, March 23rd, 1877
Weather pleasant. I have been troubled the last day or two with headache, which is quite unusual.
Saturday, March 24th, 1877
Weather pleasant – the mildest day of this spring. Went up town for a short time this eve. Visited Crenshaw & Scratchley this eve & was introduced to Mr. Denis of La., who is quite eloquent & pleasing in conversation & possessed with elegant manners. Rec’d letter from Osgood.
Sunday, March 25th, 1877
Weather very pleasant with the exception of a brisk wind late this eve. Attended the Presbyterian church out of ranks today. Dr. Mulallie preached an excellent sermon. His text, “The Lord righteth,” was taken from 97th Psalms 1st verse. Wrote to father.
Monday, March 26th, 1877
A rain which commenced early last night continued, in drizzling showers, off & on today. Tonight the wind blows fearfully. Dr. Mulallie addressed us on the subject of “prayer” tonight. No Dress Parade.
Tuesday, March 27th, 1877
Weather very unpleasant. The wind has been blowing furiously today & it has been real cold. The high wind prevented D. P. Rec’d letter from Lucas stating that he would not return to Institute. All sorry.
Wednesday, March 28th, 1877
Weather equally as windy & disagreeable as it was yesterday. Capt. Gatewood made us go to D. P. notwithstanding the heavy wind. Col. Brooke did not hear us on Mechanics this morning but gave us subjects for examination. Scratchley & Crenshaw were down to see us this eve.
Thursday, March 29th, 1877
Weather still windy & exceedingly unpleasant. Nothing of interest today.
Friday, March 30th, 1877
Weather pleasant today. Quite a change since yesterday. Nothing unusual today. Finished reading Horace.
Saturday, March 31st, 1877
Weather pleasant. Visited the Misses Bowyer this eve. Orders published at D. P. that 2nd class would be examined on Mech. Tuesday & it would be excused from acad’l duties Mon’y & Tues’y. Non-commissioned officers ordered to drill Monday. Attended Dr. Mulallie’s lecture tonight with Miss Jeanie Lyburn. Rec’d letter No. 36 from father.
Sunday, April 1st, 1877
Weather very pleasant indeed during the morning – had a shower of rain this eve. Attended Episcopal church. Text read “Christ is risen from the dead; & is the first part of them that slept”. Wrote to father.
Mon, April 2nd, 1877
Raining slowly nearly all the morning; but the sun came out soon after noon. The 2nd class have had suspension of academical duties today that we might prepare for the examination on Mechanics tomorrow. Non commissioned officers went to drill.
Tuesday, April 3rd, 1877
Weather pretty cool. Examined on Mechanics: think I passed all right. Wrote to H. R. Lucas.
Wednesday, April 4th, 1877
Sprinkling rain off & on during the day, which prevented D. P. this evening. Peete & myself called on Miss Jeanie Lyburn, who is stopping at Col. Williamson’s this evening. Commenced Journal.
Thursday, April 5th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Received invitation from Miss Lizzie Young to attend concert supper on 13th April.
Friday, April 6th, 1877
Weather pleasant. I got to the hop tonight, at the messhall, with Miss Nannie Bowyer, & anticipated a splendid time.
Saturday, April 7th, 1877
Weather pleasant. We danced until after 5 o’clock this morning. I escorted Miss Bowyer home & arrived in the barracks at 6:20 very tired & sleepy, but I went to breakfast. I lay down on my table & slept from 8 to 10 when I went to Physiology. I slept from 11 to 1. Received letter No. 37 from father. Orders published that squad drill would commence on Monday.
Sunday, April 8th, 1877
Weather cloudy, damp, raining & disagreeably cold. Attended Presbyterian church; was disappointed in not hearing Dr. Mulallie’s speech. Mr. Waddell’s sermon was not in the least entertaining; his text was 19 & 20 verse 6th chap of Corinthians. Wrote to father.
Monday, April 9th, 1877
Drizzling rain nearly all day, windy, & exceedingly disagreeable – very cold weather for April. Neither drill nor D.P.
Tuesday, April 10th, 1877
Weather pleasant. We commenced Astronomy today under Col. Patton, who will lecture us until books arrive. Astronomy alternates with German & we have Physiology every day now. Had squad drill this evening.
Wednesday, April 11th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Attended the lecture tonight with Miss Jeanie Lyburn. Col. Preston, having been invited by the 1st & 2nd classes to lecture on “How to be a gentleman”, favored us with it in Dialectic Hall. I am confined to limits of Institute for one month for being absent from roll call Sunday night after supper.
Thursday, April 12th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Nothing of interest today.
Friday, April 13th, 1877
We were surprised to find the weather had turned cold when we rose this morning, and it has continued to grow in intensity all day, & prevented drill. Thomson & myself visited Miss Rosa McCormick. I have a sore throat tonight.
Saturday, April 14th, 1877
Weather real cold & windy early this morning, but turned pleasant in the afternoon. Notwithstanding a very sore throat I marched on quarter guard, and had performed nearly all my tour, when I felt so badly that I asked the Dr. to examine my throat, & he ordered me to bed, having given me a gargle, & a phial of tincture of iron. I feel very badly tonight – the exposure today irritated into a fever. My meals will be sent to my room. Cocke called on me this eve. Hambleton resigned. Heyward made sergeant.
Sunday, April 15th, 1877
Weather pleasant. I am feeling much better this morning; but my throat is still sore & the Dr. ordered me to remain in my room & continue using my medicine. Wrote to father.
Monday, April 16th, 1877
Weather pleasant. My throat is much better today; but the Dr. excused me from all M.D. & ordered me to continue the gargle. Hambleton departed for home.
Tuesday, April 17th, 1877
Weather pleasant; a slight shower came up this evening shortly after the squads got to drill, which brought them in. My throat is not sore much today; but is still inflamed & the Dr. advised me to continue the gargle & excused me from ranks.
Wednesday, April 18th, 1877
Raining until near noon, when it cleared off. The Dr. excused me from ranks again today as my throat was still red this morning.
Thursday, April 19th, 1877
This has been a day of showers, we had showers until noon, when it cleared off enough for us to go to drill; soon after we returned from drill we had the heaviest shower that I have ever seen in Lexington – considerable hail fell. The rain ceased by evening parade. Received latter from Lucas.
Friday, April 20th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Threatening clouds hovered around this evening about drill time; but the wished for rain did not come.
Saturday, April 21st, 1877
Weather very pleasant, with the exception of a brisk wind throughout the day. Visited Miss Jeanie Lyburn at her home this evening, & enjoyed myself very much. She has a very pleasant house about a mile & a half from here. The election for the declaimer’s & debater’s medal came off in Cadet Society tonight. Hill, Z. T., Howard, W. L. & myself were candidates for the declaimer’s medal. The vote stood as follows: Hill 1, Boney 20, Howard 38. I was beaten badly as the result of the ballot shows. Davis, W. D. being the only other candidate was accorded the debater’s medal by acclamation. Received letter No. 38 from father.
Sunday, April 22nd, 1877
Weather pleasant. On my way to church this morning I called by Crenshaw’s room to get him to go to church with me; but as he was sick I was persuaded to remain with him. Paxton & myself took a walk this eve. Wrote to father.
Monday, April 23rd, 1877
Weather pleasant. Nothing unusual with the exception that I had pugilistic combat with Lewis, R. H. this evening. We took our stands about 4 o’clock & fought with several rests until 4:35 when the drill drum sounded. Sprained my thumb & was excused from drill & D.P.
Tuesday, April 24th, 1877
Weather pleasant. My thumb being still sore I was excused from drill & D.P.
Wednesday, April 25th, 1877
Weather pleasant. We had no work in laboratory this morning. My thumb being still real sore excused from drill & D.P.
Thursday, April 26th, 1877
Raining nearly all day. No drill or D.P. No Astronomy this morning. Billy has an addition to the family this morning. Notwithstanding the rain we hired hacks & attended the sociable at Miss J. L. tonight. Had a fine time. Made the acquaintance of Misses Sallie Barclay, Ruffner, White. We arrived in barracks about 2 o’clock.
Friday, April 27th, 1877
Raining off & on all day. Neither drill nor D.P. Orders published that 2nd class would commence Artilery on Monday. Wrote to J. L. Osgood.
Saturday, April 28th, 1877
Rained early this morn; but sun managed to come out & render most of the day cheerful. Visited Miss Rosa McCormick this eve. She leaves for her home Tuesday. Election came off in cadet for orator’s medal. Ball, Reid, J. & Bell candidates. Ball got it on first draft.
Sunday, April 29th, 1877
Weather pleasant during morn, but had heavy shower this eve. Attended Episcopal church. Text 5th verse 1st chap. St James. Walked home from church with Miss Rosa McCormick.
Monday, April 30th, 1877
Weather pleasant most of day, but little too cool late this eve. The following cadets were dismissed for excessive demerits, Peete, Herndon, H. M. Crocken & my brother. Wrote to father. Artilery drill commenced.
Tuesday, May 1st, 1877
Weather real cold – had to have steam in radiators, which was not until about 11 o’clock. Col. Madison did not have Physiology on acct. cold. No drill. Wore overcoats to D.P.
Wednesday, May 2nd, 1877
Weather still cold & windy. The Dr. excused me from drill this evening as I have a very severe cold & the weather is bad.
Thursday, May 3rd, 1877
Weather cold & exceedingly disagreeable. Raining nearly all evening which prevented drill & D.P.
Friday, May 4th, 1877
Weather pleasant. No Physiology as Dr. Madison is one of the board of examinations on Civil, & as that examination commenced today he was on duty.
Saturday, May 5th, 1877
Raining nearly all day. No D.P. Rec’d letter from J. L. Osgood. Frankenbush & myself dined up town. Crenshaw got declaimer’s medal at W.&L.U.
Sunday, May 6th, 1877
Weather damp & cloudy. Attended Episcopal church. Wrote to father.
Monday, May 7th, 1877
Weather damp & raining most of evening. Neither drill nor D.P. Visited Miss Maggie Letcher this eve with A. M. Paxton.
Tuesday, May 8th, 1877
Weather raining nearly all day. Neither drill nor D.P. Brother left this eve. Went as far as 1st lock with him. Wrote to father.
Wednesday, May 9th, 1877
Weather still misty; the sun managed to come out for a short time today. Neither drill nor D.P. Rec’d letter No. 40 from father. Wrote to brother.
Thursday, May 10th, 1877
Weather pleasant. First day of sunshine this week.
Friday, May 11th, 1877
Weather very pleasant. Rec’d postal; from brother stating that he had arrived in Lynchburg. Wrote to Lucas. Orders published this morning that company drill would commence Monday. Until further orders reveille will sound at 5 o’clock.
Saturday, May 12th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Visited the Misses Bowyer this evening with A. M. Paxton. Received letter No. 41 from father.
Sunday, May 13th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Attended Episcopal church. Rec’d postal from brother. Wrote to father.
Monday, May 14th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Commenced company drill. No going to Laboratory of Chemistry until further notice.
Tuesday, May 15th, 1877
Warmest day of the season. Suspension Anniversary bat. New Market. Went walking with Miss Jeanie L. this morn. Herndon, Peete & Crocken, H. M. reinstated. Went up town this eve & called on Cocke & Crenshaw.
Wednesday, May 16th, 1877
Warmer than it was yesterday. Very disagreeable at drill. The summer uniform was resumed at drill this eve.
Thursday, May 17th, 1877
Weather still warmer & sultry. Nothing unusual.
Friday, May 18th, 1877
Weather still warm. Wrote letter to Lucas.
Saturday, May 19th, 1877
Weather exceedingly warm. Walked out to see Miss Jeanie Lyburn this morning. Went up town this eve. Rec’d letter No. 42 from father, which had his & mother’s picture enclosed.
Sunday, May 20th, 1877
Weather warm. A shower of rain commenced about 9 tonight. On quarter with Cage, H. C., Cage H. H. & Burns, Sheffey, Sgt. Wrote letter to father.
Monday, May 21st, 1877
Weather warm. A right heavy shower came up about 5:30 this which prevented D. P. We did not have drill this eve as we had to go to supper at an early hour as the messhall could be arranged for the reception of the audience to be addressed by our Col. Patton. I did not attend the lecture as I did not think I would enjoy it.
Tuesday, May 22nd, 1877
Weather cool – stiff breeze most of the day. A shower came up about 2 o’clock, which prevented drill; but we had D.P. although the grass was right wet. We had no Astronomy this morn. Resumed work in Laboratory this eve.
Wednesday, May 23rd, 1877
Weather pretty cool – white pants somewhat uncomfortable. Cadet orderly sergeant Massie reduced to ranks. Mr. Renshaw admitted a cadet.
Thursday, May 24th, 1877
Weather so cold I had to put on grey pants. Very uncomfortable in our rooms without fire.
Friday, May 25th, 1877
Water still cold. Orders issued this morning (that we) could wear grey pants in all ranks without arms. Orders published that Battalion drill would commence Monday.
Saturday, May 26th, 1877
Weather milder than for several days. Went up town. Called on Mr. Denis, a friend at W.&L.U., who is quite sick. Drew check for $30.
Sunday, May 27th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Went to Presbyterian church. Rec’d visit from Cocke & Rainsford this morn, and was called on by Mr. Willie Mahone, of U. of Va., this eve. Wrote to father.
Monday, May 28th, 1877
Weather pleasant. The match game of Base Ball between the University & Wash. & Lee came off this eve. The University club beat by two rallies (runs?). I escorted Miss Jeanie Lyburn to the game.
Tuesday, May 29th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Battalion drill commenced this eve – I did not go to drill – run on Dock. Wrote to J. L. Osgood.
Wednesday, May 30th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Nothing unusual. Run on Dock.
Thursday, May 31st, 1877
Weather pleasant. I was visited this evening by Messrs. Robertson & Pope of Roanoke College. Went to cantata tonight with Miss Jeanie Lyburn. Enjoyed the concert very much. Run on dock.
Friday, June 1st, 1877
Weather pleasant. Finished up with the special unknown substances at the Laboratory this eve. Run on dock.
Saturday, June 2nd, 1877
Weather clear & warm. Called on Prof. Taylor (W.&L.U.) this eve & visited Miss Jeanie L. for a short time at Col. W’s.
Sunday, June 3rd, 1877
Weather warm – shower during study hour tonight. Excused from church by O.D. Wrote to father & to brother.
Monday, June 4th, 1877
Weather warm. We had a considerable shower this morning; but the sun came out and prepared the parade ground for drill. I went to battalion drill this eve for the first time this year.
Tuesday, June 5th, 1877
Thunder, lightning, rain & hail – about noon today a heavy shower came up preceded by thunder & lightning & accompanied by a heavy hail. I saw several hail stones nearly as large or large as a guinea egg. Many window panes were broken by it. No drill or D.P.
Wednesday, June 6th, 1877
Weather cool. Shower fell about 2 o’clock, but did not prevent drill or D.P. Put a comp (?) up & got off of drill.
Thursday, June 7th, 1877
Weather pleasant. We had no drill this evening, as this day is all open for the decoration of the soldier’s graves. We were called out at 6 o’clock, stacked arms on parade ground, & broke ranks for the purpose of visiting the graves.
Friday, June 8th, 1877
Weather warm. We had a very heavy shower this eve about 5 o’clock, which prevented drill & D.P. Rec’d letter No. 43 from father.
Saturday, June 9th, 1877
Weather real warm; although it was cloudy most of the morning. Visited Miss Bowyer. Having been especially invited to take tea with Miss Jeanie, Gen. Smith gave me a permit to be absent from barracks from 6:20 to 11:00 tonight. I enjoyed the visit & supper very much.
Sunday, June 10th, 1877
Raining nearly all the morning, which prevented church. No Bible this a.m. Sutton & myself took supper up town. Wrote to father.
Monday, June 11th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Commenced drill in single rank. Took special supper in messhall with Peete, Faison & Thomson.
Tuesday, June 12th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Col. Ship gave us a hard drill this eve. Not a single rest. Sutton fainted.
Wednesday, June 13th, 1877
Weather clear & warm. Nothing unusual.
Thursday, June 14th, 1877
Weather warm. Commenced Battery drill. Rec’d letter from J. L. Osgood.
Friday, June 15th, 1877
Weather warm. A slight sprinkle prevented drill & D.P. this evening.
Saturday, June 16th, 1877
Weather warm; several showers during the morning. Col. Ship ordered us out to Artilery drill at 9 o’clock a.m. and we had nearly finished drill when it commenced sprinkling; but he would not dismiss us for some time. Peete & myself called on the Misses Nelson. Rev. Geo. Eager visited me tonight. Drew sight draft on father for $30.
Sunday, June 17th, 1877
Weather warm; several showers this eve. Crenshaw & myself attended the Methodist church, & had a tolerable good sermon. The text read – “Then was he led, by the spirit, up into the temple to be tempted of the devil.” No Bible this eve – key lost. Sutton, Paxton, Cage H. C. & myself took supper up town. Wrote to father.
Monday, June 18th, 1877
Weather extremely warm & sultry; most disagreeable evening we have had at drill. Smith, Frankenbush & myself called on the Misses Tucker this morn; where I was introduced to Misses Julia Hanson, Rosa Sellers & Jordan. Dr. Mulallie addressed us tonight, taking as the basis of his remarks the last verse in the 4th book of Joshua. Examination commenced.
Tuesday, June 19th, 1877
Weather very warm. Orders published that battery drill would be discontinued from today & that battalion would be resumed tomorrow. Commenced examination on Astronomy.
Wednesday, June 20th, 1877
Weather very warm. Finished examination on Astronomy this morn at 9:30. Visited Miss Jeanie L. this morn. A shower prevented drill & D.P. this evening. Davis & myself had a round this eve, &c.
Thursday, June 21st, 1877
Weather warm. Examined in Physiology. Rain this eve prevented drill & D.P.
Friday, June 22nd, 1877
Weather pleasant. Taylor called on me this evening. Rec’d letter No. 44 from father.
Saturday, June 23rd, 1877
Weather warm. Examined on German. Called on Crenshaw this evening. Mr. Horace Dufour is visiting the commencement exercises of his alma mater.
Sunday, June 24th, 1877
Weather cool; shower this morning prevented battalion inspection. The baccalaureate sermon was preached at W.&L.U. this morning. I regretted very much not being able to attend. Wrote to father. Paxton & myself took supper up town.
Monday, June 25th, 1877
Weather warm. On quarter guard today. Could not attend the boat race – Harry Lee victorious. Attended sociable at Tucker with Miss J. L. Attended Celebration at W.&L.U. Medoer (?) confirmed.
Tuesday, June 26th, 1877
Weather warm. Enjoyed the sociable very much. I arrived in barracks this morn at 4 o’clock. Examined on Chemistry. Attended rugby club.
Wednesday, June 27th, 1877
Weather warm. Attended commencement exercises at W.&L.U. Heard an excellent oration by Hon. Mr. Breckenridge of Ky. Walked home with Miss J. L. Attended ball at W.&L.U. with Miss Clair Bowyer. Drew check for $100.
Thursday, June 28th, 1877
Weather warm & raining. Examined on Latin. Called on Miss Husson. Escorted her to the Minstrels. Rec’d letter No. 45 from father.
Friday, June 29th, 1877
Weather warm. Visited Miss Gerde. Passed in review. Attended German with Miss Clair Bowyer. Called on the Misses Johnson this morn. Met Breckenridge, &c.
Saturday, June 30th, 1877
Weather warm. Took walk with Miss Jeanie L. this morn.
Sunday, July 1st, 1877
Weather warm. Attended Baptist church. Text: “Teach a child in the way he should go &c.” Extended privileges of first class. Attended church with Miss Jeanie L. tonight.
Monday, July 2nd, 1877
Weather warm. Visited the Misses Tucker with Miss J. L. Called on Miss Julia Nelson this evening. Attended the Society Celebration tonight with Miss Hanson. Met Maj. Flowree of V’burg.
Tuesday, July 3rd & 4th, 1877
Weather warm. Commencement exercises &c. Took dinner with Keirn. Went riding with Miss Julia Nelson. Went to ball with Miss Mary Johnson.
NOTE: A very large, unexplained gap is present between July 4th and September 14th, 1877. This would include his summer vacation.
Friday, September 14th, 1877
Showering nearly all day. The time for German is morning hereafter – no rec. today. No geology this eve. No D.P. or drill.
Saturday, September 15th, 1877
Pleasant. Moved into regular barracks this morn after rev. Frankenbush & myself bunking in 71. Frankenbush & I took dinner at hotel. Called on Miss Jeanie L. this eve. Cadet Society reorganized, appointed pres. Pro-tem.
Saturday, September 16th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Attended Meth. Church, good sermon. Text Exodus 32 chap. 32 verse. Bible this eve under old Spex. Attended church tonight with Miss Jeanie L. Wrote to father & to Miss Georgie Nicols.
Monday, September 17th, 1877
Snowing some this eve. On quarter with Englesing, J & rat Cameron. Found it quite disagreeable.
Tuesday, September 18th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Commenced recitation on German & Geology. Lecture on Military. Called on Misses Bessie & Julia Nelson this eve.
Wednesday, September 19th, 1877
Rather cool. I was Kent’s second in a fight with Mosby this eve. Mosby being the heaviest got the advantage.
Thursday, September 20th, 1877
Cool & drizzling rain which prevented drill & D.P. I was on detail this morning & did not attend German & Logic. Wrote to mother. Had meeting of dancing club – was elected president.
Friday, September 21st, 1877
Weather pleasant – the first beautiful day since my return. Col. McDonald did not have Geology this eve. Rec’d letter from Paxton.
Saturday, September 22nd, 1877
Weather pleasant. Gen. Smith turned the corps out at 9:30, & gave us a brief history of the Inst., & exhorted us to work & make this a prosperous year. We had no recitations. Called on Prof. Taylor, W.&L.U. this eve. This is the anniversary of my arrival in Lexington. Drew on father for $10.
Sunday, September 23rd, 1877
Real cool early this morn, but the day was very pleasant. Attended Presbyterian church, Dr. Mulallie preached splendid sermon from text 3rd chap. 3rd verse St John. Wrote to father.
Monday, September 24th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Frankenbush & self called on Miss Girtie Tucker this eve. Dr. Mulallie came down tonight & addressed us on the 1st Psalm.
Tuesday, September 25th, 1877
Pleasant. Called on Miss Jeanie L. at Col. W’s this eve – was introduced to Misses (left blank). Rec’d letter from Paxton.
Wednesday, September 26th, 1877
Weather pleasant. We have lecture on Geology every Wednesday evening. Called on Miss Sallie White this evening. She is to leave for Richmond, to attend school, next Friday, and I regret very much to see her leave as she is splendid company.
Thursday, September 27th, 1877
Raining early this morn, warm most of day. Company drill commenced this eve. Mr. Williams of Tenn. Admitted as a cadet.
Friday, September 28th, 1877
Very pleasant today. Nothing of interest. Wrote to J. A. Reid.
Saturday, September 29th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Frankenbush took me up to dinner & I took Peete. Called on Miss Julia Nelson tonight. The new guns arrived. Crenshaw returned. McCutchon made Librarian.
Sunday, September 30th, 1877
Pleasant. Attended Meth. Church – Text Daniel 2nd chap. 44 verse. Frankenbush & self supped at hotel. Wrote to father & Paxton.
Monday, October 1st, 1877
Weather pleasant. Col. McDonald gave us an explanation at Geology this evening.
Tuesday, October 2nd, 1877
Weather pleasant. No Geology this eve. Ex Cadet R. W. Massie payed us a visit today. Old Bob looks familiar & we are all glad to hear his jovial & pleasant voice again.
Wednesday, October 3rd, 1877
Drizzling rain most of the morning & slightly this eve. No D.P. nor drill. Bush, Peete & myself went up town. No German. Wrote to Miss Nora W.
Thursday, October 4th, 1877
Rained from tattoo last night until 2 P.M. today. A very steady rain. The winds whistle tonight. No drill; but we went to D.P. through the mud. No German. Col. Semmes is sick.
Friday, October 5th, 1877
Weather cool. Col. Semmes out today.
Saturday, October 6th, 1877
Weather cool. Thomson took me up to dinner & I took Peete. Called on Miss Jeanie Lyburn this eve, Elected monthly orator in Cadet Society. Declaimed & debated tonight.
Sunday, October 7th, 1877
Cool. Went to Pres’by church – good sermon – text St John 3rd ch. 3rd verse. Husson, Archer & self called on the Misses Johnson this eve. Rec’d letter No. 46 from father. Wrote to father.
Monday, October 8th, 1877
Raining nearly all day. Neither drill nor D.P. Called to see the Misses N. this eve but they were not at home. A attended a reading by Prof. Siddons tonight with several cadets – a perfect failure. No Geology this eve.
Tuesday, October 9th, 1877
Weather cool. Took dinner with R. S. Ball, who was O.D. No Geology. Mr. Geo. Agar, of N.O., reported today.
Wednesday, October 10th, 1877
Weather cool; rain this eve prevented drill or D.P.
Thursday, October 11th, 1877
Weather pretty cool. Rec’d letter from J. A. Reid & Miss G. Nicols. Wrote to Dr. Brzozowski. Mr. Burke, of Baton Rouge, La., admitted a cadet.
Friday, October 12th, 1877
Weather cool. Cadet Saunders left on furlough today.
Saturday, October 13th, 1877
Sunday, October 14th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Attended Presbyterian church by swapping with Haskins. Text was same as last Sunday. Took F’bush up to supper tonight. Escorted Miss Girtie Tucker to church tonight. Rec’d letter from Paxton. Wrote to father.
Monday, October 15th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Suspension from 11 o’clock for purpose of attending circus. Peete, F’bush & self called on Miss Morson at Col. Ship’s this morn. Took Bush & Briggs to dinner. Took Bush to circus. The circus was not the best. Stayed to concert.
Tuesday, October 16th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Our class obtained permit to attend the reading by J. W. Reid at the Col. Mess Hall tonight. I took Bush up and we enjoyed it very much. He has improved greatly since I heard him last.
Wednesday, October 17th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Wrote to J. A. Reid.
Thursday, October 18th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Had suspension from 10 o’clock to give cadets an opportunity to attend the Rockbridge Ag. Fair. Kennon took me up to dinner; after which Holloway, Thomson & myself walked out to the fair. Having seen all Peete & self met Misses J. L. & J. N. & spent the eve with them. We hired a carriage & bro’t them back.
Friday, October 19th, 1877
Weather warm. This is my 20th birthday, & many of my classmates piled in on me at dinner & gave me a beating; wishing me many happy returns of the day. Commenced a letter to Miss G. Nicols. On guard tonight & am very tired, dread my hr. & 5 mi. after taps.
Saturday, October 20th, 1877
Weather warm until a rain came up this eve. Frankenbush took me up to dinner. Thomson & myself called on Miss Jeanie Lyburn on our return from town; she is stopping at Col. W’s. I took Miss Jeanie to the reading by Prof. Reid tonight. The rain compelled me to hire a hack.
Sunday, October 21st, 1877
Weather pleasant until another rain came up this eve, which was followed by a brisk wind. I have been on quarter guard today with Hopkins, Braver & Agar, Marshall sgt. gd. & Heyward, O.D. Finished letter to Miss Georgie Nicols. Wrote to father.
Monday, October 22nd, 1877
Weather windy & pretty cool. The new guns were issued this eve, which prevented drill.
Tuesday, October 23rd, 1877
Weather cool. No Logic today as Gen. Smith called our class out to read us a lecture on Moral and to make arrangements for our taking up that subject. No Dutch – Col. Semmes gone on a hunt.
Wednesday, October 24th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Wrote to Paxton. Finished Military & I suppose we will be examined on Saturday.
Thursday, October 25th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Miss Hennie Johnson to be married to Mr. Harry Tucker tonight. Mr. Corker admitted as a cadet.
Friday, October 26th, 1877
Weather damp & disagreeable. The examination of our class on Military Engineering commenced this eve. Neither drill nor D.P.
Saturday, October 27th, 1877
The whole day has been damp & misty. Our section in Military Engineering was called out for examination this morning at 9 o’clock. The whole class passed a fair examination. Having finished by twelve o’clock I walked out to Dr. Lyburn’s, dined and spent a very pleasant evening. I enjoyed the dinner very much, which was extra good. Frankenbush & myself called on Miss Girtie Tucker tonight. Rec’d letter No. 47 from father.
Sunday, October 28th, 1877
Weather misty. Attended Meth. Church – miserable sermon. No Bible this eve. Escorted Miss Morson to church tonight. She is very pleasant & most pretty. Wrote to father.
Monday, October 29th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Lesson assigned us in Surveying for tomorrow. Battalion drill commenced this evening.
Tuesday, October 30th, 1877
Drizzling rain nearly all day, which prevented drill & D.P. Rec’d letter from J. A. Reid.
Wednesday, October 31st, 1877
Weather pleasant. No Geology. O.D. excused me from drill. Cadet Adgt. Peek placed under arrest for violation M.H.R (mess hall rules?).
Thursday, November 1st, 1877
Weather pretty cool. Mr. Lea admitted a cadet.
Friday, November 2nd, 1877
Commenced raining about tattoo last night & continued a slow rain until about noon today, when it was succeeded by a brisk & cool wind. Real cold at drill this eve. Battalion drill discontinued. The 2nd class will go to Art. Drill Monday & the other classes to skirmish drill.
Saturday, November 3rd, 1877
Weather cool. Took Frankenbush up to dinner. Drew on father for $10. Holloway & myself called on Miss Morson tonight & had a very pleasant time.
Sunday, November 4th, 1877
Weather real cold; heavy frost this morn. Attended Epis. Church. Heard good sermon, 35th ver. 42 ch. Genesis. Mad’s Broth preached. Bush took me up to supper tonight. Rec’d letter No. 48 from father containing news of Dick’s death. Wrote to father.
Monday, November 5th, 1877
Drizzling rain nearly all day, which prevented drill & D.P.
Tuesday, November 6th, 1877
Real cold & windy. Rec’d letter from Paxton.
Wednesday, November 7th, 1877
Weather pretty cold. Cadet Burke left today. No Geology.
Thursday, November 8th, 1877
Raining all day, which prevented drill & D.P. First examination on Moral. We recite on alternate days – alternating with Logic. Rec’d letter from mother. Cadet Saunders returned.
Friday, November 9th, 1877
Weather cool. Nothing unusual.
Saturday, November 10th, 1877
Weather pretty cold. Took Bush to dinner. Called on the Misses Nelson this eve. Tonight I called on Miss Morson. Orders published that the 11th falling on Sun – we wl’d have suspension Monday. Stands on Military read out. I got 10th.
Sunday, November 11th, 1877
Not so cold as yesterday. Attended Presb’y church. Dr. Kirkpatrick preached – text 42nd verse 5th ch. St John. Wrote to father.
Monday, November 12th, 1877
Weather real cold. Suspension today. A salute of 38 guns was fired in honor of the occasion & the usual extra dinner was served. Went out to see the Misses Bowyer this morn; but was disappointed on finding that they had moved from their former place of residence. Bush took me up to breakfast & I took Jenkins.
Tuesday, November 13th, 1877
Weather cool. I rec’d a visit from ex-cadet Heyward this eve, who asked me to attend the marriage ceremony tomorrow eve, & that Miss Clair B. his bride would be glad to have me attend the lunch. No Geology this eve.
Wednesday, November 14th, 1877
Weather cool. No Geology. Attended the wedding, &c this eve. Met Miss Jeanie, Julia N., Bessie &c. All drills suspended until further orders.
Thursday, November 15th, 1877
Weather cool. No Geology. Rec’d letter from Lucas. Wrote to Paxton.
Friday, November 16th, 1877
Weather cool. No Geology.
Saturday, November 17th, 1877
Weather cool; the evening was delightful. Peete & myself walked out to Miss Jeanie Lyburn’s this afternoon. Called on Miss Morson tonight.
Sunday, November 18th, 1877
Weather pretty cool tonight. Attended Baptist church – text 14th ch. 27 ver. St John. Escorted Miss Julia Nelson tonight. Wrote to father.
Monday, November 19th, 1877
Weather cool. No Geology. Keirn, A. D. & Renshaw shipped. Wrote to Lucas.
Tuesday, November 20th, 1877
Weather somewhat cooler than it has been for several days. Today at 11:30 o’clock the corps was turned out in front of barracks & the following was published: “It is the painful duty of the Super’t to announce to the corps of cadets the death of their late comrade, Wm J. Agar of La., who died in the Institute Hospital this morning at 10 o’clock. Surely he was convalescent from a slight attack of Diphtheria when he took a walk with two of his companions and very imprudently ate a raw turnip following with jelly, cake & candies. This produced constipation which cl’d not be relieved by medical aid. This is indeed a great shock to us; what must be the blow to his family whose only warning was a brief telegram sent this morn. There will be suspension of all duty until further orders.” This unexpected announcement cast a great gloom over the corps. And it is learned that his mother & father are both very sick at their homes. The following was in a letter, to the deceased, which he received this morn; “Willie, why don’t you write? It is careless of you. Your mother is very sick & is constantly asking concerning you, and a letter from you would cheer her up.” Wrote to mother & to J. A. Reid. Col. Patton lectured on Public lands this morn.
Wednesday, November 21st, 1877
Weather right cold. A telegram was rec’d today requesting that the body of the deceased be embalmed & expressed home. The cadets & officers of the Institute are wearing crepe on their arms from 3 o’clock.
Thursday, November 22nd, 1877
Miserable weather – sprinkling rain all day. We walked to the boat dock in the mud with the deceased at 3:30 P.M. Sad affair. Regular duties resumed at E.P. Renshaw reinstated. No D.P.
Friday, November 23rd, 1877
Weather still disagreeable – raining all day. Neither Logic nor Moral this eve. No D.P.
Saturday, November 24th, 1877
Raining off & on during the day. The river is overflowing its banks and doing much damage. The landing was crowded with people, during a cessation of the rainfall this morning, watching the water rush furiously on. Such a freshet has not been seen here since 1870. Called on Miss Morson this afternoon. Attended a lecture tonight, in our lecture room, by J. Wm Jones, whose subject was, “Wearing of the Gray, or the Confederate soldier as I saw him.” He related in a very forcible manner the Confederate soldier in bivouac & in battle. Took Henderson to the lecture. No D.P. Our society met with the Dialectic & discussed, “ Which is the mother of the chicken, the one that that lays the egg or the one that hatches it?”
Sunday, November 25th, 1877
Weather damp & cool. Attended Baptist church. Text 9th chap. 5th verse St Matthew. Rec’d visit this eve from Misses Tyson, Rainsford & Stedman of W.&L.U. Wrote to father.
Monday, November 26th, 1877
Weather damp & a very light rain fell. We learn today that great damage was done to the towns of Buchanan & Lynchburg by the heavy rain.
Tuesday, November 27th, 1877
Weather cool. I called on Miss Morson this afternoon.
Wednesday, November 28th, 1877
Thursday, November 29th, 1877
Weather real cold; wore over coats to D. P. for first time this session.
Friday, November 30th, 1877
The coldest day we have had this session. Orders published that until further orders the over coat will be worn at D.P. & drill & sections will be formed in front of barracks. Called on Miss Morson this afternoon.
Saturday, December 1st, 1877
Weather very cold; but not quite so bitter as yesterday. Went up town for a short time this afternoon – called on Miss Morson for a few minutes. Rec’d letter No. 49 from father.
Sunday, December 2nd, 1877
Weather still cold. Attended Presbyterian church. Dr. M. preached a splendid sermon today for his text the 29th Psalm. Wrote to father.
Monday, December 3rd, 1877
Weather not quite so cold. Nothing unusual.
Tuesday, December 4th, 1877
The evening has been dismal & rainy. Called on Miss Morson this afternoon. No D.P.
Wednesday, December 5th, 1877
Raining off & on all day. F’bush & myself called on the Misses Nelson this afternoon. Rec’d letter from Dr. Brzozowski & Paxton. No D.P.
Thursday, December 6th, 1877
The rain ceased after last night, & tonight a brisk & cold wind is blowing. Called on Miss Morson this afternoon.
Friday, December 7th, 1877
Weather tolerable cold; but not so cold as we anticipated yesterday. Lecture on Surveying this morn. Wrote to Dr. S. Brzozowski.
Saturday, December 8th, 1877
Weather somewhat moderated since yesterday. Called on Miss Jeanie L. this afternoon, & having arrived there before their dinner I was persuaded to dine a 2nd time. Bush & myself called on Miss Morson tonight.
Sunday, December 9th, 1877
Weather pretty cool. Attended the Presby. Church, where I heard a tolerable good sermon preached by the pastor of the Meth. Church. His text was 1st verse 18th chap. Luke. Wrote to father.
Monday, December 10th, 1877
Weather pleasant until tonight, when it turned windy & cold. I was over to bid Miss Morson good by this eve. She leaves for her home tomorrow morning.
Tuesday, December 11th, 1877
Weather quite mild; expect it will rain soon.
Wednesday, December 12th, 1877
Weather pleasant; rain still in expectation.
Thursday, December 13th, 1877
Weather pleasant until near tattoo tonight, when a very brisk wind commenced to blow. The members of our class were greatly grieved today to hear of the death of our former class-mate T. D. Hambleton of Baltimore. Duck, as he was known among us, was possessed with many good qualities & I do not believe he had an enemy here.
Friday, December 14th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Considerable excitement over the gas works catching fire this eve; no damage done.
Saturday, December 15th, 1877
Weather pleasant. F’bush took me to the dinner given at the Presbyterian Lectern room by the ladies of the missionary society. I enjoyed the dinner & the idea of being waited on by the young ladies very much, and I think their enthusiasm for the cause of missions is greatly to be admired. Tonight I called on the Misses Nelson & Miss Jeanie who is on a visit there.
Sunday, December 16th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Attended the Baptist church. Text 2nd Corinthians, 12th chap. 7th verse. Wrote to father.
Monday, December 17th, 1877
Very pleasant. No Geology. Col. McDonald had (to attend) a wedding. Commenced letter to Paxton.
Tuesday, December 18th, 1877
We have been expecting it to snow all day but were disappointed. Finished Paxton’s letter.
Wednesday, December 19th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Christmas boxes are beginning to arrive. I was invited to participate in two this evening belonging to Hopkins & Henderson.
Thursday, December 20th, 1877
Weather pleasant. Col. McD. Excused us from Geology this afternoon.
Friday, December 21st, 1877
Weather hazy, and every thing indicated an early fall of snow. No Geology this afternoon.
Saturday, December 22nd, 1877
Weather pleasant. Went up town for a short while this eve. Drew on father for $20; called on Miss Julia Nelson. Having an invitation to take tea at Dr. Lyburn’s, Gen. Smith granted me a permit to be absent from barracks from 4:30 until 11 o’clock P.M. I enjoyed my visit very much.
Sunday, December 23rd, 1877
Weather pleasant. Attended the Methodist church this morn. Tonight I escorted Miss Bessie Nelson to church. Dr. Mulallie’s text was Galatians 4th chap. 4th & 5th verses. Wrote to father. Tonight I was very much gratified by receiving letter No. 50 from father.
Monday, December 24th, 1877
Weather somewhat cooler than it has been for some time. We had suspension after 10 o’clock. Walked up town for a few minutes this eve & loafed. The first class turned out en masse tonight and serenaded Col. Patton by blowing tin horns. Order published that on & after 1st January 1st class would be excused from police guard duty.
Tuesday, December 25th, 1877
This has been a damp drizzly day. Took breakfast up town with Keirn, F’bush, Jenkins, Haughton & Williams. The day has been somewhat dull. Hopkins & myself attended mass at the Catholic church this morning. I am feeling unwell tonight the result of visiting several boxes at supper & eating imprudently. No D.P.
Wednesday, December 26th, 1877
Drizzling rain nearly all day. Lecture on Surveying. Boxes are still arriving, and our stomachs are still full. No D.P.
Thursday, December 27th, 1877
Weather damp & drizzling rain during the morning; cleared off this eve, & quite cool. Lecture on Moral.
Friday, December 28th, 1877
Weather cool. I have been on quarter guard today.
Saturday, December 29th, 1877
Weather turned cold and windy this evening. Was up town for a short time this eve; called on Crenshaw. Visited the Misses Nelson tonight.
Sunday, December 30th, 1877
We arose this morning to find the heavy wind, which commenced yesterday, was blowing with still greater fury & accompanied with rain & snow. Considerable snow fell but has melted on reaching the wet ground. No church. Wrote to father.
Monday, December 31st, 1877
Wind blowing and very cold. Spent the day in reviewing Surveying & reading Calhoun’s “Disquisition on Government”. I am preparing a debate for the Intermediate Celebration, on the question, “which is to be preferred a Monarchal or Republican form of government?” I am to defend the negative. Dr. Mulallie gave us a very interesting talk at prayer meeting tonight. I am on guard tonight, which will be my last tour of police guard duty.
 Anthony Darden Keirn: Holmes County, MS. Class of 1880. Lawyer, died August 20, 1883, Lexington, KY.
 Walter Leake Keirn: Holmes County, MS. Graduated 1880, 15th of 25. Graduated Kentucky School of Medicine, Physician, Died July 15, 1917, Lexington, KY.
 Joel Haskins Oliver: Danville, VA Graduated 1877, 6th of 32. Member VA Legislature. Died May 1889 in Ringold, VA.
 Robert Athelstan Marr: Fauquier County, VA. Graduated 1877, 4th of 32. Prof. Civil Engineering V.M.I. 13 yrs. Dean, Engineering V.P.I. 7 yrs. Scientist, Inventor. Died January 2, 1930, Norfolk, VA.
 B. Winchester Bowling: Class of 1880. New Orleans, LA. Dry Goods Merchant.
 Benjamin Ladd Purcell: Richmond, VA. Class of 1880. Drug Manufacturer. Richmond, VA. Died December 27, 1922.
 William Hampton Wade: Savannah, GA. Graduated 1880, 5th of 25. Lawyer, Savannah, GA. Died March 15, 1929.
 Benjamin Rush Floyd: Lunchburg, VA. Graduated 1880, 9th of 25. Asst. Prof. VMI. Died March 18, 1882.
 Clayton Slaughter: New York, NY. Rose culturist, Elizabeth, NJ.
 Samuel Blair Mosby: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1880, 23rd of 25. Contractor. Died in Staunton, VA, March 19, 1929.
 Edward Holland: Baltimore, MD. Class of 1880. Died about 1910.
 Maury Nichols: Washington, DC. Physician; Col. US Army WW I. Died February 21, 1922.
 George A. McMahon: Staunton, VA. Class of 1878. McMahon & Green RR Contractors, Sang on Comic Opera Stage in NY.
 Sir Moses Jacob Ezekiel (1844-1917), a V.M.I. cadet in the Battle of New Market, later to become a world famous sculptor. The bodies of five of the ten cadets who died at New Market were reinterred beneath the statue he made to commemorate the Battle.
 Alexander McNutt Paxton, Jr.: Vicksburg, MS. Graduated 1877, 23rd of 32. Banker; City Clerk. Died in Vicksburg, MS April 1, 1921.
 George Watson Archer: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1878, 8th of 25. Physician. Died May 18, 1902.
 Harry Hunt Hammill: Baltimore, MD. Class of 1879. Lawyer; Tax Clerk of Baltimore. Died August 28, 1922.
 Joseph Henry Carson: Washington County, VA. Graduated 1878, 18th of 25. Physician, Founder and President 1st National Bank, Coalgate, OK. Died February 8, 1913.
 William Henry Langhorne: Uniontown, AL. Class of 1879. Physician; Cotton Planter. Died in Chapel Hill, TX, July 1933.
 Thomas Stanburg Hambleton: Class of 1878. Baltimore, MD. Died December 11, 1877.
 John Hardwick Jackson: Augusta, GA. Graduated 1877, 20th of 32. Real Estate Broker, Augusta, GA. Died after 1928.
 C. Oakford: Chicago, IL. Class of 1880. Only attended 4 months.
 Hiram Sham Liggett: St. Louis, MO. Class of 1880. Tobacco Merchant. Died December 25, 1892 in San Antonio, TX.
 He was later to graduate from Law School at the University of Louisiana (now Tulane) with George Julius Denis.
 William M. Patton: Prof. Civil & Military Engineering & Astronomy. Died May 25, 1905.
 John Simmons Heyward: Charleston, SC. Class of 1878. Rice planter. Died October 6, 1916.
 Zeph Turner Hill: Culpeper, VA. Broker. Died December 7, 1911, Baltimore, MD.
 Robert Smith Ball: New Garden, VA. Graduated 1878, 12th of 25. Rancher at Great Falls, MT. Thrown from a wagon by a runaway team and killed instantly, October 25, 1920.
 Alden Bell: Culpeper, VA. Class of 1880. Lawyer, Judge in Texas; Mayor of Culpeper, State Senator. Died in Culpeper August 2, 1930.
 Edward Herndon: New Orleans, LA. Graduated 1879, 19th of 22. Engineer, Farmer, Manager of New Orleans Clearing House. Died in 1923.
 Henry Marks Crocken: Lexington, VA. Class of 1879. Civil and Consulting Engineer, Chicago, IL. Died February 4, 1893.
 Alfred Howard Renshaw: Baltimore, MD. Class of 1880. President, Federal Signal Co., Albany, NY. Died in Noroton ,Ct June 16, 1939.
 University of Virginia
 Later (1880) to address his graduation class of the University of Louisiana (now Tulane) Law School.
 This is the first mention of Georgie Nicols – the daughter of Col. George Nicols, a Madison Parish, LA plantation owner. He either became acquainted with her while at home during the summer or at one of the Virginia resorts. This may indicate that he went back to Duckport during the summer of 1877, a period that is not recorded in his diary.
 Alexander Cameron: Petersburg, VA. Graduated 1881, 20th of 21. Tobacconist in Australia, Died May 22, 1907.
 William Horace Williams: Memphis, TN. Class of 1881. Lumber Manufacturer; Town Clerk, Manitou, CO. Died November 16, 1948.
 Joachim Hayward Siddons (1800-1886) – traveler, newspaper correspondent, lecturer and generally interesting character. Siddons spent 20 years in India as an editor. He later came to the Unites States and served the Union during the Civil War where he organized a volunteer regiment in New York City. According to Peter Gill (in January 2002), a great great grandson living in Sydney, Australia, this particular lecture was probably on Shakespeare. Siddons, whose real name was Stocqueler, apparently was quite a charlatan, and was described by one writer as “... one of those shabby and shadowy, if not actually shady, persons whom one repeatedly encounters by accident in the now obscure byways and alleys of Victorian London...”
 William Joseph Agar: New Orleans, LA. Class of 1881. Died November 20, 1877 in VMI Hospital.
 W. B. Burke: Baton Rouge, LA. Class of 1881. Spent only 3 ½ months at VMI.
 Lucius Chandler Saunders: Class of 1880. Northampton County, VA. Agent for Merchant & Miners Transportation Co. Died January 8, 1906.
 George Kennon: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1878, 19th of 25. Civil Engineer. Died April 12, 1897 in Denver, CO.
 Robert Field Haskins: Halifax County, VA. Graduated 1878, 5th of 25. Teacher & farmer, Houston, VA. Died January 13, 1918
 William Ward Briggs: Suffolk, VA. Graduated 1878, 3rd of 25. Principal Locust Dale Academy, Locust Dale, VA. Died June 1, 1933.
 Has born October 19, 1858, so this is really his nineteenth birthday. He has actually had his nineteenth birthday, but is starting his twentieth year. On October 19, 1876 he said, “I am 18 years old today.” On October 19, 1875 he said, “I am seventeen years old.” It must have been common practice then to count birthdays starting with the day of birth, such that the actual “age” would be one less than the number of birthdays.
 John Beauregard Braver: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1881, 4th of 21. Civil Engineer. Died February 13, 1886.
 James Ritchie Marshall: Petersburg, VA. Graduated 1879, 7th of 22. Merchant; Commandant V.M.I. 1890-1894; Metallurgist and Mining Engineer; Gen. Mgr. Twin-Vein Mining Co., Mineral, VA. Died February 13, 1939.
 Moral Philosophy
 Palmer Lanier Corker: Waynesboro, GA. Class of 1881. President of Bank, Oil & Fertilizer Co & Grocery Co. Member of City Council. Died February 20, 1920.
 Richard Hope Peek: Richmond, VA. Graduated in 1878, 9th of 25. City Engineer, Galveston, TX. Drowned with entire family in Galveston flood of September 8, 1900.
 Samuel Hill Lea: Selma, AL. Graduated 1881, 8th of 21. SD State Engineer; Died Harrisburg, PA March 28, 1941.
 This must be his first cousin J. T. Pigford of Lauderdale County, MS who died October 27, 1877.
 Anniversary of the founding of V.M.I.
 John Summerfield Jenkins: Portsmouth, VA. Graduated 1881, 13th of 21. Manufacturer & Cotton Merchant. Died April 3, 1931 in Tampa, FL.
 James Screven Henderson: Class of 1881. Elizabeth, NJ. President & Manager Elizabeth Motor & Cycle Co. Died January 16, 1938.
 John Maximillian Englesing: Port Gibson, MS. Class of 1881. RR Contractor. Both legs severed in train accident in 1896. Died in Port Gibson, MS, July 8, 1907.
 Andrew Lesslie Blair: Richmond, VA. Graduated 1878, 15th of 25. Tobacconist, farmer, contractor in Howardsville, VA. Died June 1, 1942.
 William M. Haughton: Palatka, FL. Class of 1881. Died July 14, 1900 at Palatka, FL.