Sri Lanka Sinhalese Family Genealogy
SAMARAKKODY - FAMILY #3118
It is recorded in the work, "The Kandyan Kingdom 1707-1760" by Lorna S Devaraja, that the two Chief Ministers, Wijayasundera Wickremasinha Chandrasekera Rajakarunanayaka Seneviratne Mudiyanse, the Pallegampahe 1st Adikaram of the Kandyan Kingdom from 1734-1737 and from 1747-1759 from the Wasagama of Ehelepola, and Wijeyasundera Loku Mudiyanse alias "Pilimatalawe", the Udagampahe Adikaram from 1760-1766, from the Wasagama of Elamaldeniya, were related to each other. Although the specifics of this relationship are not mentioned in that record, it is obvious that the marriage of the "Monarawila' Lady, who was King Narendrasingha's concubine, to the first known "Pilamatalawe Adikaram", is the basis for this relationship.
The same record in the work of Lorna S Devaraja, states that Urulewatte Wijayasundera Loku Mudiyanse, the 2nd Adikaram, had to yield his position to a rival of the first Adikaram due to the above mentioned relationship, between him and the 1st Adikaram. In this instance the rival of the 1st Adikaram from Ehelepola is identified as a relative of the senior "Leuke", the Maha Disawa of Sathara Korale from 1740-1751.
It is said that Samanakkody 2hd Adigar of the King yielded influence with King Narendra Singha (Ruled 1707-1739)
Then he had influence with King Vijaya Rajasinghe (Ruled 1739-1747).And finally had dealings with King Kirthi Sri Rajasinghe (Ruled 1747-1782)
By 1743, the senior Leuke Nilame was in favour with King Sri Vijaya Rajasinha. Within the next three years he had received many lands by way of the Royal Grant, popularly known as the "Leuke Sannasa", and had been appointed as the Disawa of of Thun Korale. Due to the excessive influence he was having at the Court, King Sri Vijaya Rajasinha was compelled to appoint a relative of Leuke, who is identified as Samarakkodi/Samarankodi Nilame, to the office of Udagampahe 2nd Adikaram in 1746, the last year of his reign. Samarakkodi Nilame held this office up to 1760, which was well into the reign of the succeeding King Kirthi Sri Rajasinha. However, due to his continuing close contact with the Madura Dynasty, with the ascent of a new King, the once removed Wijayasundera Wickremasinha Chandrasekera Rajakarunanayaka Seneviratne Mudiyanse of Ehelepola was re-instated in 1747 and was Pallegampahe 1st Adikaram up to 1759.
The senior "Leuke" Nilame, the Maha Disawa of the Sathara Korale, died in 1751, and by 1753 the fortunes of Samarakkodi Adikaram were in decline. Samarakkodi/Samarankodi Adikaram had a hand in the conspiracy of 1760 against King Kirthi Sri Rajasinha. According to the "Sasanavathirna Varanawa", it was the ex-second Adikaram, Urelewatte (Pilimitalawe) Panditha Wahala Loku Mudiyanse who revealed the conspiracy through Galagoda Disawa alias "Munwatte Adikaram" who became the Pallegampaha 1st Adikaram in 1760. The Samarankodi Adikaram was executed in 1760 for his part in the conspiracy. Pilimatalawe Elamaldeniya Loku Mudiyanse was recalled to re-assume duites as Udagampahe 2nd Adikaram from late 1760 to 1766. Galagoda alias "Munwatte Adikaram" became very powerful and held as many as twenty High Offices between 1760 and 1777, the year of his demise. He held the post of 1st Adikaram until the defeats in the Dutch wars between 1762 and 1766 made him to be removed by Kirthi Sri Rajasinha in favor of a new 1st Adikaram from the village of Angamanna in Kandukara Ihala Korale Udapalatha. This was Samaradivakara Wickramasinha Ilangakoon Senanayaka Rajapaksa Rajakaruna Mudiyanse of Angammana who received a Sannasa from Kirthi Sri Rajasinha and held the post of 1st Adikaram for 24 years, from 1766 to 1790.
The relationship between Urulewate Wickremasinha Loku Mudiyanse and Waradamune Chnadrasekera Seneviratne Mudiyanse helps to establish the fact that these two families were identified later on, by their Wasagams, as "Pilimatalawe" and "Ehelepola", and have long standing inter-family links.
[extracted from "Four Kandyan Families" by Sunil J Madugalle, 2005, pp 61-62]
Around 1750 AD, King Kirthi Sri Rajasinghe (Nayakkar King 1747-1782 AD) of Kandy had sent to (Siam) Thailand, a delegation to bring back Buddhism to (Ceylon) Sri Lanka. (Due to the invasion of Portuguese, Buddhism had died out in Ceylon.). The Dutch had agreed, to bring Buddhism back to Ceylon, in exchange for them to have trading posts in Batticaloa. Among the officers to meet the Siam Ambassadors in Trincomalee, were Samanakkodi Uda Gampaha Adigar, and another Adigar, (Chief ministers and advisors to the King).
(Samanakkodi, meaning the bearer of the flag of the monks. This particular branch changed the name to Samarakkody during the British period.)
The Historic Upasampada Ceremony was held in Kandy at Malvatta Vihara on 19th July 1753, under the supervision of Venerable Upali thera senior monk of Siam.
A person in the
name of Leuke Rala, who had a knowledge of Pali was close to the Adigar
Samankkodi. Leuke Rala and the King were not in good terms, and arrest orders
had been issued. Therefore Leuke Rala was confined to a house in the village of
Makehelvala at the foot of Alagalla mountains. A knowledge of Pali is necessary
to gain access to the Tripitaka.In the determination to learn pali the monk
Saranankara took residence in a cave near Alagalla mountains,and Leuke
Rala had thought Pali to Velivita Saranankara Thera.Such was Saranankara
thera’s desire to learn and respect for scholarship. Saranankara samanera and
several others were conferred Upasampada at the above ceremony in 1753.
After the restoration of buddhism,the king placed Saranankara as head of the bhikkus. And as Deputy Tibbotuvave Buddharakkita.The monk Tibbotuvave was a cousin of Samanakkodi.
It is believed that the King had contacts with the Dutch in Colombo through the Samanakkodi Adigar.
Since the chiefs were now influential in state matters, the Dutch authorities in Batavia, instructed the Dutch governor to establish good relations with the adigars and disawas. When the Dutch gave money to second Adigar Samanakkodi, they were ordered to cultivate first Adigar Leuke too. Leuke got silk and lace caps. Gifts were given also to obtain favors such as asking the Nuwara Vanniya to return to the Dutch the dues he had unlawfully collected and asking the minor chiefs to stop hindering the Dutch in their collection of cinnamon, timber and the transport of elephants through their lands. Dumbara Ralahamy, disave of Tun and Satara korale and later First Adigar, not only accepted bribes but set his price as well. In 1755, he wanted a diamond owned by a high ranking Dutch be gifted to the king. ‘Grudgingly this was done’. He also wanted a thoni of paddy sent to Trincomalee without payment of duty.
(Some of the above details were obtained from the Internet and from a book of Dr Lorna Devaraja, a History Professor from Colombo University.)
While examining the ola leaf manuscripts of the Rajavaliya,the writer A.V Suraweera,came across an interesting account of the imprisonment of Sangharajha Walavita Saranankara by King Kirti Sri Rajasingha.
(Part relevant to Samarakkody,taken from internet is written below.)
Having glorified the sasana,while he (Kirti Sri) was spending the time(living)in accordance, with the Dasaraja Dharma,some of his Ministers conspired to kill King Kirti Sri,in the year 1760,and enthrone the prince who returned,after becoming a monk from Siam.(Named Upali)
With these foolish thoughts, the Ministers arranged a bana preaching at the Uposatha hall of the Malvathu Vihara.With these foolish thoughts, they decorated the vihara,prepared seats,and decided to kill the king,when he arrived to listen to the sermon. They fixed spikes, made of Kitul and arecanut in pits, having spread barks of banana, over them covering the surface with cloth.,invited the king to come and listen to the bana sermon. Observing this the Galagoda Disawe informed the king. Having heard of this the king arrived at the Upasatha hall,with his army. King after making inquiries, decided to punish the culprits, who conspired to kill the king.
Thus Udagampaha Adikaram Samarakkody Nilame, Mitihampola Disawe, Moladande Battana rala, and Kaduwela rala were beheaded at Ampitiya. The Sangharajha Saranankara was imprisoned at Kehelalla. Tibbotuwe Mahanayake was imprisoned at Bintenna. Later Galagoda Disawe who informed the King,received the post of UdaGampaha Maha Adikaram. Madavela Therunnanse received the post of Chief Sangha.
1 Samanakkodi Uda Gampaha Adigar b. circa 1700-d1760. Around 1750 AD, King Kirthi Sri Rajasinghe (Nayakkar King 1747-1782AD) of Kandy, had sent to (Siam) Thailand, a delegation to bring back Buddhism to (Ceylon) Sri Lanka. Due to the invasion of Portugese, Buddhism had died out in Ceylon. The Dutch had agreed, to bring Buddhism, in exchange for them to have trading posts in Batticaloa. Among the officers to meet the Siam Ambassadors in Trincomalee, were Samanakkodi Uda Gampaha Adigar, and another Adigar,(Chief ministers and advisors to the King). (Samanakkodi, meaning the bearer of the flag of the Monks. The name changed to Samarakkody during the British period.
There is a belief that King Kirti Sri Rajasinghe who was a tamil, was not doing enough for Buddhism and that was the reason for the conspiracy to replace him. And it is believed that after the incident the king realized, that in order to rule the country he had to promote Buddhism. During his period he had brought learned bhikkus from Siam to advance Buddhism and also built the Raja Maha Viharaya in Kandy.
It is stated in the
book of John Holt,that in 1745, Catholic priest had been tried in a tribunal by
3 Buddhist leaders which included Samanakkodi Adigar, Saranankara Thera and
Leuke Nilame for writing anti Buddhist literature.
In 1747 the Dutch Governor Julias Valentyn Stein Van Gollennesse gave Samanakkodi 306 Pagodas as a token of high regard.
Samanakkodi Udagampaha Adigar, Moladanda Raterala, Kaduvelarala, Matihanpola Disawa were executed in 1760 (at Ampitiya), due to the conspiracy to kill King Kirthi Sri Rajasinghe. Capital punishment was not inflicted on the monks, as a result Saranankara and Tibbotuvave survived.
2 Don Johan de Fonseka Samarasundera Seneviratne Samanakkody, Mudaliyar Hewagam Korale under Dutch Govt.(b circa 1725) + Tudugalage Geomara m:1750, d/o Tudugalage Don Simon, Saffremadu & (20.1.1722) Dona Joanna Wettesinha (3143) descendent of King Parakramabahu V1 of Kotte (1412-1467) from JHO Paulsz’s book (see Tudugala family tree)(He may have joined the Dutch Govt after the father was assasinated.and resided at Tudugala in Kalutara District,Subsequently he moved to Dedigomuwa in Hewagam Korale.Thombu Index shows he had land in Thudugala in Kalutara and land in Dedigomuwa in Hewagam Korale.)
3 Andris Samarakkody + Ms Dissanaike (sister of Don Abraham Dissanaike, second Mudaliyar of Hewagam Korale)
3 Paulis Samarakkody-(Paulo Fonseka Appuhamy)(b approx 1750)(Mohandiram.Hewagam Korale) + Dona Louisa de Livera Married on 3rd June 1770.(Louisa born 20th May 1753)
Louisa is the daughter of Marappuli Appuhamilage Don Louis de Livera
Wijewickrema Seneviratne(Mudaliyar)(1725-1790)and Johanna Dassanaike baptised
1728 (Johanna ,daughter of Joseph Crastilyon Wijesundera Dassanaike Mohandiram
of Attapattu.)(GG Grand daughter of Magamme Rala b 1610 of Weliwita of Hewagam Korale)
4 Carolis de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody.Mudaliyar(1800-1897approx).(Received a gold medal from Governor Robert Brownrigg for the services to the British Government during the Kandyan Rebellion in 1818. He also received a Jubilee Gold Medal from Governor West Ridgeway in 1897.)
4 Louis Samarakkody + Francina de Livera, (daughter of Paules de Livera Weerakoon, Muhandiram, Hapitigam Korale).b approx 1795, Clerk Colombo Katcherri. Commutation Assessor. (3109)
(Was able to trace a marriage document in internet,where it says-Archchige Don Louisge Don Simon-Wellala Bachelor married to Denawaka Appuhamilage,Don Philip de Liverage Dona Francina de Livera-Wellala Spinster-. Marriage Registered 24/12/1844 in Galle.-Wellala is a term used for landlords.)
5 James de Fonseka Samarakkody + de Livera
6 Lawrence Samarakkody (Lawyer) + Eheliyagoda
7 Lorinda Samarakkody, d:2005 + Terrance Perera
(Lorinda Samarakkody had land in Rambukkana,and lived at Vivekananda road Wellawatte.)
8 Mahinda Perera, Engineer (STC) (Migrated to Australia in 1990) b8/6/1949-d 27/2/2015+ Nirmalee Guneratne
9 Milinda Perera +Ayesha
10 Malaika Perera
9 Imara Perera+Mishra Ramchander
9 Lakshini Perera
9 Sean Perera
5 **Louis Charles de Fonseka Wijewickrema Tillekeratne Samarakkody.(Mudaliyar of Governors Gate) b:3 Mar 1840.d 8th Oct 1907 Colombo Acadamy & STC.Mutwal +(m1871) Cornelia Fredricka Siriwardene ,(b approx1845.alive1906 ) (great granddaughter of David de Silva Siriwardene, Mudliyar Raigam Korale, granddaughter of Simon de Silva Siriwardene Maha Mudliyar and daughter of Jacobus Dionysius de Siva Siriwardene), Mohandiram Alukuru Korale, Mudaliyar Kegalle Kachcherri. President 6 village Tribunals.Mudaliyar under Governor Gate 1883. Had following estates-Lenegala Estate Panagoda, Mahalanda Estate, Rambukkana Kegalle. (They lived in a house called "Lovedale" in Jampettah Street Fort,Colombo).He received the titles of Wijewickreme Tillekeratne,when he was made Mudaliyar of Governors Gate.
(He received Crown Grants in 1880, and was able to purchase 150 acres from Rambukkana -jungle land which was called Mahalanda,later called Mahalanda Estate.,and he planted coconut.and also got a crown grant,and he purchased 200 acres of jungle land in Panagoda which was called vellipilla kelle,he then planted coconut.,later called Lenegala Estate..)
6 William Charles Augustus de FonsekaTillekeratne Samarakkody.Born approx 1872-d Feb 1942, educated at Wesley College. (died unmarried received some land in Mahalanda Rambukkana,which later part went to his sister Mary after his death.)
6 Jane Cecilia Augusta de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody. (b approx 1873)died(1909) unmarried.
6 Charles Peter Augustus de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody. Mohandiram Governor Gate period and planter(b approx 1874)(Residence Panagoda)(STC) + Anne Catherine Tillekaratne. (d/o John Nicholas Tillekaratne Mudaliyar of Matara) (Peter possibly inherited about 18 acres or more at Rambukkana and about 100 acres at Panagoda.)
7 Siripala Samarakkody (MP-Narammala-1936 State Council) (b1907-d:22/8/1944)(Educated at STC ,and London University, called to the bar from the Middle Temple,-Lawyer, but entered Politics. Member of the State Council , President Ceylon National Congress ,Member Sinhala Maha Sabha, participated in the freedom struggle, died of Typhoid fever.Ferncliff Road Mt Lavinia was re-named Siripala Road in his memory)+ Girlie Senanayake (daughter of FR Senanayake) (3001)
8 Malini Samarakkody + Rajamandhri Jayagandhi Ratnagopal
9 Niranjan Tilak Rajkumar Ratnogopal changed his name to Gideon Tilak Conrad + Jane Ridgeon
10 Misha Soraya Conrad (daughter)
10 Tarik Anthony Martin Conrad (son)
9 Priyani Dharshani Ratnogopal.+ Ajantha de Soysa
9 Rushika Sriyani Ratnagopal +Dallas Martenstyn
10 Yanick Stephen Martenstyn
9 Nilhan Suresh + Sharmain
9 Nilmini Shobhana
8 Rukmani Samarakkody + Sena Attygalle (Architect)
9 Deepthi Attygalle + Richard Perera
9 Dharika Attygalle + Suresh Ellawela
9 Senaka Attygalle + Maria
8 Surangani Samarakkody + Dr Kingsley Ranasinghe (UK)
9 Channa Ranasinghe + Wijewardena
10 Aleka Ranasinghe
9 Thiruni Ranasinghe + Rajeeva Indraketiya
9 Ruwani Ranasinghe +Senani Ellepola
10 Rapti Ellepola
10 Pradeep Ellepola
7 Zeids Samarakkody (died unmarried)
7 Stephen Samarakkody.(1910-1966) MP Polgahawela 1960 + Neeta Senanayake (1924-2002)(niece of F R Senanayake) (Stephen inherited 18 acres at Mahalanda Rambukkana.and may be other lands.)
(Contested elections from Polgahawela from SLFP.1960 March- 6038 votes and won.1960 July- 9760votes and won.)
8 Sriyani Samarakkody + Mahinda Yatawaka
9 Nishamani Yatawaka + Anura Delgoda
9 Haren Yatawaka + Dilani Pieris
10 Kiyana Yatawaka
10 Anithra Yatawaka
10. Janya Yatawaka
8 Nirmala Samarakkody + Major Shanthi Wickremasinghe
9 Dr Ayanthi Wickremasinghe
9 Dr Trishan Wickremasinghe + Amanda
8 Dilkara Samarakkody + Shanthi Perera
9 Haresh Perera + Arosha
10 Shenal Perera
10 Shenali Perera
9 Shehara Perera + Darrol Paiva
10 Dejon Paiva
10 Stefan Paiva
7 Nennie Samarakkody (1911-1974) + Phillip Senewiratne (3108)
(Nennie inherited some land in Panagoda.)
8 Dr. Brian Senewiratne, (Consultant Physician Brisbane Aus. MBBS - Lond, FRCP - Lond) (Aus) + Kamalani Alagaratnam (Migrated to Brisbane in 1975.)
9 Dr Romesh Senewiratne + (M1)Susan Ellis (Aus)
10 Ruby Senewiratne
9 Dr Romesh Senewiratne +(M2) Sara Di Genova
10 Zoe Senewiratne Di Genova
9 Dr Shireen Senewiratne +(M1) Robert Purssey
10 Nisharn Senewiratne
10 Talita Senewiratne
9 Dr Shireen Senewiratne +(M2) Channa Ellepola
8 Phoebe Senewiratne + Nanda Yatawara
9 Lakshman Yatawara (UK)
9 Neliya Yatawara (UK)
9 Kavanthissa Yatawara (UK)
7  Edmund Peter Samarakkody, b:19/Apr/1912-d:4 Jan1992, Lawyer. STC.Mount Lavinia MP for Dehiowita 1952, MP for Bulathsinhala 1960 LSSP. Participated in the freedom struggle for Sri Lanka.
(Contested elections from LSSP.1952-Dehiowita-8848votes-won.1956 Dehiwela 14954votes-won.1960-July,Bulathsinhala10103votes-won.)
Edmund Samarakkody was jailed during the world war 2 for revolutionary antiwar activities in Ceylon. He, co-founded the Lanka Samasamaja Party (Revolutionary) in 1964. Rescidence of Edmund was at Stardale,Siripala Rd Mtl.
+  Dagmar Samarakkody (daughter of Henry Samarakkody)
8 Nahil Samarakkody.(Criminal Lawyer)(STC) d1988. + Yvonne Kobbekaduwa(d1988)(Sister of Denzil Kobbekaduwa-1940-1992-Sri Lanka General in the Army.)
9 Pulinda Samarakkody, STC Mt Lavinia (cricket for STC Mt Lavinia) + Minoli Sirimanne, Has a daughter and lives in Vancouver.
10 Rahel Samarakkody
10 Samrakkody (girl)
9 Sidath Samarakkody, STC Mt Lavinia (captained cricket team 1984) + Ms Peiris
10 Tharini Samarakkody
10 Anushka Samarakkody
9 Swanthi Samarakkody.(California)
8 Chulanganee. Samarakkody (d2014) + Nihal Tudugalle
9 Shashitha Tudugalle
9 Hasitha Tudugalle
9 Thilanka Tudugalle + Suraj Gunerwardene
7 Elsie Samarakkody + Quintas Gunerwardena
(Elsie inherited some land at Panagoda.)
8 Eileen Gunerwardena
8 Desmond Gunerwardena + Rani Yasmin Chaudhry Mamujee
9 Nadia Rukhsana Mamujee + Lindberg (Sweden)
9 Asgi Mamujee (Nederlands)
(both step children of Desmond Gunerwardena)
8 Champani Gunerwardena + Eustus Jayakody (California)
9 Neomal Jayakody
9 Dushan Jayakody
9 Chamini Jayakody
9 Suren Jayakody
8 Derrick Gunerwardena + Sheila Pieris
9 Shane Gunerwardena
9 Duwanne Gunawardena
9 Mariza Gunerwardena
8 Doreen Gunerwardena + de Costa
9 Sriyakanthi de Costa + Balendra
10 Michelle Balendra
8 Hyacinth Gunerwardena(d2007) + Nissanka Dias (formerly Central Bank)
9 Diluksha Dias + Malini
10 Gayathri Dias
10 Name Not Known
9 Rohan Dias + Esther
9 Priyadharsani Dias + Bhuwaneka Perera.
9 Amal Dias + Hurumali
7 Effie Samarakkody +(M1) Panini Ilangakoon, MP Weligama
(Effie was Chairperson Nawalapitiya Urban Council)
8 Pani Ilangakoon
7 Effie Samarakkody +(M2) Robert Edward Jayathileke, MP (Nawalapitiya)
8 Rohan Jayathileke + Preethi Fernando
9 Rahan Jayatilleke
9 Shean Jayatilleke
8 Dullip Jayathileke+ Malkanthi Jayatilleke
9 Jonathan Jayatillke
9 Damien Jayatilleke
8 Lakshana Jayathileke+ Charika Fernando
9 Ashra Jayatilleke
9 Natasha Jayatilleke
8 Jayantha Jayathileke + Indrani
9 Anarakali Jayathileke (Miss SL 2004,Film Actress,
Member Sourthern Prov Council 2009 (elected from UPFA with 26728votes)+ Dishan
8 Tanya Jayathileke + Chandra Rajanayake (UK)
9 Naomi Rajanayake +Lakshan Chandradasa
9 Sean Rajanayake
7  Milton Samarakkody (1915-1964)(Did Law) +  Amy Elizabeth Samarakkody (b.1919) (daughter of Henry Samarakkody)
(Milton inherited land at Panagoda,from his father.)
8 Mohan Samarakkody.Stc.Mtl + Priyani Senewiratne
9 Sandeepani Samarakkody + Chandima Alutwala
9 Yasamali Samarakkody.+ Arun Muthusamy
8 Shiranthi Samarakkody (UK) + Cyril Wijesekera.
9 Dr Neville Wijesekera
9 Amantha Wijesekera
8 Sivendrini (Babishi) Samarakkody (unmarried)
8 Romesh Samarakkody Stc.Mtl (Lawyer) + Anoma Meddegoda
9 Shalini Samarakkody + Nirodha Kodikara.
7 Togo Samarakkody + Rivette Abeysinghe
(Residence Beach Rd Mt Lavinia.)
8 Wimala (adopted) and has 4 children
7 Lilly Samarakkody + Piyadasa Senanayake (Kehelella) (3001)
8 Lilani Senanayake + Kithsiri Jayasinghe
8 Egerton Senanayake (UK)
8 Devendra Senanayake
8 Ananda Senanayake
6 Henry Charles Augustus de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody (Residence Pugoda)(Mudaliyar Pasdum Korale)(b approx 1875- d 26/12/1934 (STC)+ Johanna Fredrica Pieris Siriwardena.(b approx 1877-d21/3/1937) (daughter of Edwin Albert Wicremasinghe Siriwardene of Mestrige Watte Kelaniya and Susana Hetroyda de Alwis..Grand daughter of Welhelmus Nicholas Pieris.b1792)Their house was called “Sorodoven” - presently the Gampaha Holy Family Convent)(Henry possibly inherited land in Gampaha and Rambukkana from his father.)
7 Charles Arthur Solomon Samarakkody (Lawyer)(STC)b8/9/1910-d 21/2/1981 + Iole de Livera (3109)(b approx 1915-d21/3/1966)(Iole is a daughter of Godwin de Livera and Charlotte Samarakkody.)
(Received land in Gampaha and Rambukkana.)
8 Srikumar Surendra Samarakkody (Doctor) (STC) b31/5/1940-d21/12/1987+ Nanda Jayasinghe no children
8 Srivanka Samarakkody, (STC Mt Lavinia) + Chitra Welagedara
9 Yohan Lalinda Samarakkody (STC Mt Lavinia) + Anuradha Sumanapala
9 Dulanga Samarakkody (m2016)(STC Mt Lavinia) + Oshini Jayasinghe
8 Rajan Samarakkody STC+ Irani Alahakoon
9 Dilukshan Samarakkody, + Janaki Perera
10 Dinali Samarakkody
10 Minali Samarakkody
9 Dinesh Samarakkody, + Kamai Gunerwardena
10 Deelaka Samarakkody
10 Thenuk Samarakkody
9 Shanaka Samarakkody, + Shkila Perera
10 Senithi Samarakkody
8 Sriyani Samarakkody + Gamini Jayaweera, d:2001
9 Dushantha Jayaweera, (Pilot) +Nimanthi
10 Nimashi Jayaweera
8 Rohini Samarakkody (unmarried)
8 Malkanthi Samarakkody + Gehan de Livera (Royal)(Son of Ronnie de Livera)
9 Roland de Livera + Chantell Chipman (NZ)
10 Cooper Adrian de Livera
10 Bianca de Livera
9 Jeevaka de Livera + Myra Fernandes
10 Shanik de Livera
10 Rehan de Livera
8 Indrajith Samarakkody,(STC Mtl) + Jayanthi
9 Arinda Samarakkody
9 Navodya Samarakkody
8 Suvendrini Samarakkody + Nihal Gunathilaka (no issue)
7 Millicent Elinor Samarakkody (b1911-d:1995) + James Christopher Senewiratne,(Jimmy) d:1969 of Galkissa Walauwa.(Millicent inherited property in Kelaniya, possibly from her mother.)
8 Vasanthi Senewiratne + Marshal Wijesinghe (SLAF), d:1988
9 Ayanthi Wijesinghe + Samith Jayasekera
8 Ranjith Senewiratne, (Personal Manager StateTrading )(STC.Mt Lavinia) + Deepthi Malalgoda
9 Hirantha Senewiratne STC.Mt Lavinia + Anja Lurvink
8 Tissa Leonard Senewiratne (Dr.), Chief Medical Officer,b1940 + Shreeni Attygalle
(Residence Galkissa Walauwwa.)
9 Thishani Senewiratne + Amal De Mel
10 Amashi De Mel, b:1994
10 Shineli De Mel
9 Chaminda Senewiratne (STC Mt Lavinia) + Misthi de Silva
7  Dagmar Corneliya Samarakkody (1912-2000) +  *Edmund Samarakkody.(19 Apr 1912-1992), (MP Dehiowita & Bulathsinhala ). Lawyer (Residence Stardale Siripala Rd MtL.)
8 Nahil Samarakkody, , Lawyer, d:1988 + Yvonne Kobbekaduwa, d:1988 (sister of Lt. General Denzil Kobbekaduwa-1940-1992-General in the Army.)
9 Pulinda Samarakkody, STC. Mount Lavinia (cricket for STC), + Minoli Sirimanne,
10 Rahel Samarakkody, Vancouver.
10 Samarakkody (girl)
9 Sidath Samarakkody, (captained cricket team STC) + Ms Pieris
10 Tharini Samarakkody
10 Anushka Samarakkody
9 Swanthi Samarakkody, b:1973 (California)
8 Chulanganee Samarakkody.(d2014) + Nihal Tudugalle (SLAF)
9 Shashitha Tudugalle
9 Hasitha Tudugalle
9 Thilanka Tudugalle + Suraj Gunewardene
7 Robert Charles Samarakkody, b:26 Oct 1913-d:26 Nov 1998 in California + Allina Dassanayake. (Robert contested for elections in 1960 from Gampaha,from LSSP,1883votes-lost)
8 Amara Samarakkody(PhD)(California) + Kusum Perera (PhD)
9 Chandana Yasanatha Perera (California)
8 Senaka Samarakkody,(USA) b:1943 + Mangalika Jayathilake (California)
9 Tharuja Samarakkody b1971 + Ashok Ponnambalam (Texas)
10 Naresh Ponnambalam
10 Sanjiv Ponnambalam
9 Sajeevani Samarakkody + Brandon Hughes (California)
9 Niroshana Samarakkody b1974+ Ushma Bhatt (California)
7 Vernon Victor Charles Samarakkody,(b approx 1914) died unmarried.(had land in Pugoda,inherrited from his father.)(Died of serpent bite.)
7 Douglas Samarakkody (b approx 1915)+ Ambegoda Liyanage
8 Nanda Samarakkody + Sumanadasa Liyanage
9 Noel Liyanage +Sudarshi
9 Shanthi Liyanage
9 Lilani Liyanage + Amaratunga
9 Guptha Liyanage + Nilmini
9 Nelum Liyanage + Indika
8 Somapala Samarakkody + Ranthileka Ekanayake
9 Janitha Samarakkody + Mahesha
9 Yasantha Kasun Samarakkody
9 Sayantha Samarakkody + Kumuduni
10 Senaji Samarakkody
9 Jayasuru Ruwan Samarakkody
8 Dharmasena Samarakkody
8 Neela Samarakkody
8 Mahinda Samarakkody + Ariyawathie
9 Pubudu Samarakkody
9 Shashikala Samarakkody
8 Shrimathi Samarakkody + Kumar Nettasinghe
7 2nd spouse of Douglas Samarakkody + Nedra Bandaranaike (d2016) (SWRD’s cousin) (1001)(Needra is a daughter of Reginald Dias Bandaranaike and Leticia.)(her siblings are Sydney and Ione)
8 Dudley Samarakkody + Anula Hettiaratchi
9 Shehan Samarakkody
9 Thalini Samarakkody
9 Harshan Samarakkody
9 Heshan Samarakkody
8 Chrisantha Samarakkody + Tilani Abeysekera
9 Kristina Abeysekera
9 Lalin Abeysekera
9 Lavinia Abeysekera
8 Niranjala Samarakkody + Krishantha Obeyesekera
9 Dileni Obeyesekera
9 Andrew Obeyesekera
7 Olga Agnes Mary Samarakkody(b approx 1916) + Henry Taldena of Badulla.(Taldena family of Uva-3737)
8 Lankasa Taldena
8 Jayantha Taldena, died unmarried
7 Samarakkody (child died young.)
7 Samarakkody (child died young.)
7  Amy Elizabeth Samarakkody (b 6th June.1919) +  Milton Samarakkody.(1915-1964) (Residence at Siripala Rd MtL.)
8 Mohan Samarakkody, STC Mt Lavinia + Priyani Senewiratne
(Residence Lenegala Estate Panagoda.In the walauwa Peter Samarakkody built.)
9 Sandeepani Samarakkody + Chandima Alutwala
9 Yasamali Samarakkody + Arun Muthusamy
8 Shiranthi Samarakkody (UK) + Cyril Wijesekera
9 Dr Neville Wijesekera
9 Amantha Wijesekera
8 Sivendrini (Babishi) Samarakkody (unmarried)
8 Romesh Samarakkody, STC.Mt Lavinia (Lawyer) + Anoma Meddegoda
9 Shalini Samarakkody + Nirodha Kodikara
7 Lionel Charles Samarakkody (b approx 1921-d25/10/1999)(STC)+ Chandra de Saram, d 16th:Feb 2007 (see obituary notice below**)(Residence Dehiwela.)
(Lionel inherited some land in Rambukkana which he sold in the 50's.He contested for elections from Kegalle in 1952 from SLFP got 8358 votes but lost.).
8 Sassanka Samarakkody (Journalist)
7 Lilly Samarakkody, b:9 Dec 1922 + Eric de Alwis. (died of a heart attack at Royal-Thomian cricket match on 13 March 1965)(Residence Mt Lavinia.)
8 Neomal Eric de Alwis. STC.Mount Lavinia + Ramani
9 Nilhan de Alwis
8 Rohan de Alwis. STC.Mount Lavinia (unmarried)
8 Duleep de Alwis (Chute) STC.Mount Lavinia, GM Hotel Ceysands + Mallika (Chubby) Meddegoda
9 Arjun de Alwis (STC Mt Lavinia)
9 Radhini de Alwis (Bishops College)
7 Harriet Samarakkody (b16 Jun 1924)+ Godfrey Perera, d:1997
(Harriet inherited land at Rambukkana.)(Residence Dehiwela,Harriet and Anoja later migrated to New Zealand in the 1990's.)
8 Anoja Perera (NZ) + Mohan Senanayake
9 Roshanara Senanayake
9 Samantha Senanayake + Chadz Gunerwardena
10 Skyler Gunerwardena b 2016
8 Dilip Perera, STC.Mount Lavinia, Sri Lankan Airlines, d:1998 + Sunethra Senanayake
9 Mandula Kittu Perera, b:1989
9 Umaya Perera, b:1991
8 Heshan Perera (USA), STC.Mount Lavinia
8 Dr Eranjani Perera (Aus)
9 Dmithri Manawadu
6 Edwin Charles Augustus Samarakkody. b:1879, Proctor Dist Court Colombo. + Rosalyn Pieris Siriwardena.(daughter of Henry Richard Pieris(b1840) and Catharine de Silva of Kelaniya.Grand daughter of Welhelmus Nicholas Pieris.b1792)
7 Malcolm Samarakkody, b:4 Sep 1923, Royal College,(Lawyer) Worked as Asst Commissioner National Housing + Daisy Kobbekaduwa. born 28/6/1926 (aunt of Lieutenant General Denzil Kobbekaduwa, Daisy Kobbekaduwa is from Kandy and related to the Ratwatte, Hulangamuwa, Halangoda and Amunugama families. At one time Malcolm and family lived at Boswel place Wellawatte.)
8 Shiranthi Samarakkody, died at 29 years in 1978
8 Nirmani (Nimmi) Samarakkody + Senaka Senadheera d2007
9 Thusith (Randy) + Buddhini
9 Samadhi + Suneth
8 Tyronne Samarakkody (unmarried)
8 Marlon Samarakkody (Isipathana) + Padma Wijesinghe
9 Milanga Samarakkody
9 Heshini Samarakkody + Dilhan Liyanage
8 Anomi Samarakkody (USA)+ Asoka Abeydeera(California)
9 Nirusha Abeydeera, b:1995
9 Dishan Abeydeera, b:1995
9 Nishani Abeydeera, b:1995
7 Hinton Samarakkody + Malini Seneviratne (3138)
7 Dottie Fannie Samarakkody + Clive Dias Bandaranaike
8 Sripali Dias Bandaranaike
6 Charlotte Henrietta Augusta de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody 1880-1970 + Godwin de Livera.1876-1921( Revenue Officer, Tammankaduwa-Polonnaruwa) (3109) (Son of James de Livera.)
(Charlotte inherited 18 acres at Rambukkana-tank block,also inherited 30 acres at Panagoda-Thiruwana block.) (Residence Saranankara rd Kalubowila.)
7 Carita de Livera, died unmarried
7 Ivy de Livera, (died unmarried approx 1984)
7 Zisca de Livera, (died unmarried approx 1980)
7 Iole de Livera (b approx 1915-d 21/3/ 1966) + Solomon Samarakkody.(b8/9/1910-d21/2/1981)(Stc)
8 Dr. Srikumar Samarakkody (died no children)(STC)(b31/5/1940-d21/12/1987)+ Nanda Jayasinghe
8 Srivanka Samarakkody (STC Mt Lavinia)+ Chitra Welagedera
9 Yohan Lalinda Samarakkody (STC Mt Lavinia)+ Anuradha Sumanapala
9 Dulanga Samarakkody (md2016)(STC Mt Lavinia)+ Oshini Jayasinghe
8 Rajan Samarakkody(STC) + Irani Alahakoon
9 Dilukshan Samarakkody + Janaki Perera
10 Dinali Samarakkody
10 Minali Samarakkody
9 Dinesh Samarakkody + Kamai Gunerwardena
10 Deelaka Samarakkody
10 Thenuk Samarakkody
9 Chanaka Samarakkdy + Shkila Perera
10 Senithi Samarakkody
8 Sriyani Samarakkody + Gamini Jayaweera d2001
9 Dushantha Jayaweera (Pilot) + Nimanthi
10 Nimashi Jayaweera
8 Rohini Samarakkody
8 Malkanthi Samarakkody + Gehan de Livera (Royal)
9 Ronald de Livera + Chantelle Chipman (NZ)
10 Cooper Adrian de Livera
10 Bianca de Livera
9 Jeewaka de Livera + Myra Fernandes
10 Shanik de Livera
10 Rehan de Livera
8 Indrajith Samarakkody (Stc)+Jayanthi
9 Arinda Samarakkody
9 Navodya Samarakkody
8 Suvendrini Samarakkody + Nihal Gunathilake (Stc)
7 James Godwin Vaughn de Livera 1915-2003. STC + Chandra Pieris Deraniyagala (1005)(1921-2008) (Residence Thimbirigasyaya.)(Communication Officer Civil aviation,served in 2hd World War.)(Had land in Rambukkana.)
8 Yasmin de Livera(Aus)(Bishops) + Ramesh Abeysekera (Stc)
9 Jehan Abeysekera + Ishini Jayamaha
9 Yohan Abeysekera
8 Gayan de Livera died unmarried STC.Mount Lavinia(1954-1982)
7 Louis Charles de Livera (Carl), b 6/5/1919-d 19/7/1969 STC Mt Lavinia, Lawyer Colombo, District Court + Gertrude Seneviratne .Eng .Instructor.b1931
(Carl replanted his mothers land of 30 acres at Panagoda in 1960 with rubber,which later belonged to him and his siblings.)(Residence Dehiwela.)
8 Sunil de Livera. Musician. STC.Mount Lavinia, 1956-2003, died unmarried.
8 Jagath Manjula de Livera, , (b:1960),(STC Mt Lavinia) (Accountant/Deputy Chief Internal Auditor Urban Development Authority Sri Lanka, 1985-2005), migrated to Melbourne Australia in 2006 + Lakshmi Arulanandam, Lawyer (5030)(Md 1993)
9 Rahul de Livera
9 Shruti de Livera
8 Lankika de Livera b1964 Journalist, Bishops College 1st (b1964-d2011)(Md1990)+ Prasanna Panditharatne.(1960-2009)
9 Kusan Panditharatne. STC(Kollupitiya & Mt Lavinia)
6 Mary Elizebeth Augusta de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody(b approx 1882 d1974) + Arthur Hugh Tillekeratne.
(Mary received about 45 acres at Panagoda and 26 acres at Mahalanda Rambukkana,which she gave to Grace and Olive her 2 daughters.)Residence Panagoda Lenegala Estate..
7 Grace Tillekaratne (1917-2011)+ Francis Senewiratne
8 Ranjith Senewiratne died at 16yrs (1951-1967)
8 Nimal Senewiratne b1949-d2014+ Geetha
9 Amanda Gimhani Senewiratne
9 Eshan Viraj Senewiratne
8 Niranjala Senewiratne + Kalinda Doranagoda
9 Shamila Doranagoda (Aus) + Duminda Maligaspe
10 Dinuri Maligaspe
10 Tharuki Maligaspe
8 Priyani Senewiratne + Mohan Samarakkody
9 Sandeepani Tharanga Samarakkody + Chandima Alutwala
9 Yasamali Buddhini Samarakkody + Arun Muthusamy
7 Olive Tillekaratne + Francis Wijesundera d 1994 (no children)
3 de Fonseka Samarakkody
4 Fonseka Samarakkody Mudaliyar (Md1810 approx)+ Christina Pietronella Dias Bandaranaike, bp:29th October 1789, d/o Don David Dias Bandaranaike & Juliana De Saram (1001)(David DB is a son of Conrad DB, and Juliyana de Saram is a daughter of Louis de Saram)
5 Daughter (m 1830) + Samuel Amarasekera (3068)
6 Daughter + Adirian Dias Bandaranayaka, Malwana (1001)
6 Daughter + Carolis de Livera, Muhandiram Kalutara
6 Daughter + P Gunatilaka, Muhandiram Lockgate Colombo
7 Robert Gunatilaka, President Pasdum Korale
6 Simon Paulus Ameresekere, Muhandiram, Hapitigam Korale,1830 - No Issue
6 Johannas Paulus Ameresekere, Muhandiram Gangaboda Pattu – 1855 Siyane Korale, Murutuwela - No Issue
6 Abraham Ameresekere, Muhandiram Siyane Korale, Medapttu - 1860
7 Charles Ameresekere + Miss Seneviratna, Ekala
7 Louis Ameresekere + Miss Perera, Kirindiwita
7 Paulis Ameresekere + Miss Seneviratna, Ekala
8 Daughter + Solomon Dias Bandaranayaka, Malwana (1001)
6 Henry Ameresekere, Muhandiram Ambanwita - 1840
6 Herat Ameresekere, Muhandiram, Hapitigam Korale - 1838
3 Fonseka Samarakkody
4 Carolis de Fonseka Tillekaratne Samarakkody, (an uncle of Louis Charles de Fonseka Thilakaratne Samarakkody), Carolis de Fonseka Samarakkody - Received a medal from Sir Robert Brownrigg in 1818 Also received the Jubilee Gold medal from Sir West Ridgeway for services to the British government during the Kandyan rebellion.
Dominga Dias Bandaranaike(BP 1740)’s 2nd marriage to Samanakkody Mudaliyar (b approx 1740), M1780 approx.Dominga is a daughter of Francisco Dias Bandaranaike b1720.Dominga's 1st marraige was to Pascol de Livera Weerakoon.
Manjula de Livera
***** Samarakkody Family Photos see below
e-mail – firstname.lastname@example.org
Updated: 17th March /2017
Reference to L. C. De Fonseka W. T. Samarakkody:
In the Saka year 1675, corresponding to A.D. 1750, in an account given of King Kirti Sri Rajasinha, of Kandy, translated by Paul E. Peiris, N.A.C.C.S:, barrister-at-law, appears the record of the return of the embassy which the king had sent to Siam, and amongst the officers delegated to meet these ambassadors figures the name of Samarakkody, the Udagampaha Adigar, from whom the subject of this sketch is descended. The Adigar’s descendant was Johan de Fonseka Samarasundere Seneviratne Samarakkody, who was the Mudaliyar of Hewagam Korale under the Dutch administration. His eldest som, Paulis was Mohandiram in the same Korale, and his second son, Andris, who married the sister of Don Abraham Dissenaike, second Mudaliyar of Hewagam Korale, was Atapattu Mohandirain of Colombo in the same government. Louis grandson of Johan de Fonseka Samarakkody, was attached to the Colombo Kachcheri as Clerk and Commutation Assessor. He married Francina, daughter of Paules de Livera Weerakon, Mohandiram of Hapitigam Korale, and their son, Louis Charles de Fonseka Wijeyewickkrame Tillekeratne Samarakkodv, whose name heads this sketch, was born at Colombo in 1840.
He received his education at Colombo Academy and St. Thomas’s College, and entered the Government service in 1861, attached to the Court of Requests, Colombo, as sworn Translator. He also served in the Colombo Kachcheri, and became Mohandiram of Alutkuru Korale, South, and then was appointed Mudaliyar of the Kegalla Kachcheri. He was President of six Village Tribunals in three different Korales, and was appointed Mudaliyar of the Governor’s Gate in 1883. Twelve years later he retired from Government employ, after thirty-eight years of continuous service.
In 1871 he married Cornelia Fredrica, the daughter of Jacobus Dionysius de Silva Siriwardene, Atapattu Mohandiram of Colombo (whose grandfather, David de Silva Siriwardene, was Mudaliyar of Rayigam Korale, and ‘whose father, Simon de Silva Siriwardene, was Maha Mudaliyar). Of the sons of this marriage, Charles Henry Augustus is Mudaliyar of Pasdun Korale East; Charles Peter, a Mohandiram of the Governor’s Gate, is a planter, who is married to Anne Kathereen, daughter of John Nicholas Dissenaike Tillekeratne, Mudaliyar of Matara; Charles Edwin is a Proctor of the District Court of Colombo and Charles William is a senior student of Wesley College, Colombo. Mr. Samarakkody has three daughters, Charlotte Henrietta, Mary Elizabeth, and Jane Cecilia.
Amongst his family possessions, Mr. Samarakkody treasures a gold medal given to his uncle Carolis de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody, Mudaliyar, by Governor Sir Robert Brownrigg in 1818 for his meritorious Services to the British Government during the Kandyan Rebellion, and a Jubilee gold medal presented to him by Governor Sir West Ridgeway. He resides at "Lovedale", Jampettah Street, Colombo.
**SAMARAKKODY - CHANDRA (nee DE SARAM) Beloved wife of the late Lionel Samarakkody, dearly beloved mother of Sasanka, loving sister of Amara, Sarojini and Gamini, expired. Cortege leaves A.F. Raymond's Funeral parlour at 3.30 p.m. on Friday 16th February. Cremation at General Cemetery, Borella at 4.00 p.m. No. 78, Galle Road, Dehiwala. DN Fri Feb 16 2007
Edmund Samarakkody kept faith to the last
by Amaradasa Fernando Daily News Jan 4 2002
January 4th marks the 10th anniversary of Edmund Samarakkody's death. He was one of the pioneers of the Left Movement. He came from what one would call a "walauwa" in Panagoda. His elder brother Siripala was a member of the State Council and so was another brother Stephen.
They were bourgeoise nationalists, which was the political trend in the early nineteenth century. But young Edmund was to carve a different path for himself. While still a student he joined a young group of intellectual radicals who had returned to the island after finishing their studies in the US and UK in the early thirties.
These young men were S. A. Wickremasinghe, Philip Gunawardene, N. M. Perera, Colvin R. de Silva, T. B. Subasinghe and V. Karalasingham etc. Coincidentally all the above named were Anandians, except Colvin who came from Royal, while Edmund came from St. Thomas'. With the advent of the great Russian October Revolution, Philip Gunawardene in particular had been influenced by Marxist and labour movements. Philip was a member of the Communist Party of Great Britain. He had been earlier introduced to the socialist ideology while the others held socialist/nationalist views.
He was introduced to socialism, by Prof. Scott Nearing, an American, when Philip was at Wisconsin, while Harold Laski and Bernard Shaw influenced NM at the London School of Economics when reading for his Ph.D., during the latter part of his stay in Great Britain Philip came to be influenced by the Russian Left Opposition against Stalin led by Leon Trotsky and his Theory of the Permanent Revolution.
Sri Lanka, Ceylon, was a Crown Colony of British Imperialism. World War II which saw the decline of colonialism, had its impact on India and Ceylon. It was in these heady times that young Edmond was caught up in the nationalist movement. He became a member of the Colombo South Youth league, which was affiliated to the All Ceylon (Youth) Congress. In November 1933 the radical element of the Youth League was associated with the Suriya Mal Movement which was started as a counter to the Poppy organisation on November 11 which collected money for disabled war veterans of Great Britain.
Instead now the Suriya Mal Movement collected for the war veterans of Ceylon. In the years of the Malaria epidemic of 1934-35 in Ceylon which took a toll of over 100,000 lives, found the Suriya Mal Movement activists led by Drs. N. M. Perera, S. A. Wickremasinghe and Philip Gunawardene who took a leading role in relief work in the Kelani Valley. Thus the Suriya Mal movement saw the beginnings of the anti-imperialist movement in Ceylon, later to become the LSSP, an umbrella organisation for all nationalists, socialists of different hues.
At its founding conference of the LSSP on December 1935 Edmund was elected to its Executive Committee. The more militant socialists in it grew into what was called the "T" group (Trotskyist) led by Philip. They included, NM, Colvin, Leslie Goonewardene, Robert, Vernon Gunasekera, P. H. William Silva and Edmund. There was a split party, one led by the T. Group, who now sided with Leon Trotsky in the International Communist movement, while a group led by Dr. Wicks, M. G. Mendis, P. Kandiah etc sided with Stalin, who were expelled and were to form the United Socialist Party, later the Ceylon CP.
The LSSP was the first party that stood for complete independence of Ceylon from the British Empire, while even the "father of the nation" D. S. Senanayake stood for "Dominion Status within the Commonwealth". A. E. Goonesinghe was the first to organise both the indigenous and Indian labour in the early 20s. With the appearance of the Colombo South Youth League and later the LSSP posed a challenge to Goonesinghe's, Ceylon Labour Union.
The tea, rubber, DC mills, harbour, the textile workers were mostly led by Goonesinghe who had got a head start. The Wellawatte Spinning and Weaving Mills led by the latter with a labour force of 1,400 strong, 2/3 Malayalam, and 1/3 Sinhalese had led strikes in 1923, 1926 and 1929. In 1933 because of the economic depression, the workers went on strike in defiance of A.E.G. They walked out in protest against a drastic cut in wages, besides they asked for a reduction in working hours from 60 to 54 hours.
The young militants of the Colombo SL then supported the Indian workers, while A.E.G used the Sinhala workers from the Weaving Mills and also from the Harbour as black legs. Dr. Colvin R. de Silva, S. A. Wicks, Philip, Leslie and young Edmund who had by now passed out as a lawyer started the Wellawatte Mill Workers Union with Colvin as its president.
His first brush against British interests was when he supported the workers of the Ms Vavaseurs and the Colombo Commercial Company. This was done against the leadership of the Communist Party which was formed by the Stalinist nucleus within the LSSP, later expelled.
The CP which was in control of the rubber, coconut, tea and the engineering firms had given 'no strike' pledge, as they were supporting the British war effort, with the Nazi attack on the USSR, were given a free run supported by their managements. While Edmund was arrested along with Leslie Goonewardene for participation in these firm's strikes. Edmund was involved in the wave of plantation struggles of Mooloya and Wevasse.
There was a celebrated case of an Indian plantation worker Govindan, who was shot dead at Mooloya (Jan 18th) where Colvin R. de Silva, Jack Kotalawala and Edmund took up the legal defence of the estate workers. By the end of May the strike enveloped the whole of Uva like a forest fire. It was this direct clash with the British colonial interests, where some estate workers for the first time in working class history of Ceylon up "workers councils". In Badulla a mammoth meeting despite a police ban was held when the British military government decided that it was time to crack down on these agitators.
Within a week of the fall of France to the Hitlerite forces the Governor issued detention orders on five leaders of the LSSP. "The Times of Ceylon" the newspaper of the plantation Raj on 19th June 1940 reported the arrest in head lines, "Red leaders in Welikade jail... three last night another today ...Swift action by the police". N. M. Perera, Philip Gunawardene, and Colvin R. de Silva were taken into custody on June 19.
Edmund was arrested in Mount Lavinia on the following day. But Leslie Goonewardene evaded arrest and went underground. In Welikade and following a hunger strike against poor conditions, the four detainees were removed to the British military prison in Bogambara, Kandy, where they planned their future political strategy. The prisoners with the connivance of a prison guard scooted out of jail to attend all night party meetings and returned to jail. They even attended a secret party conference of 42 delegates.
It was Edmund and another comrade who remained in the cell to cover up their absence of the leaders. On another occasion a Indian comrade from Benares visited their cell surreptitiously to plan their escape and their future political strategy in India. On the night of April 7, 1942, the four prisoners made a daring jail break, along with the prison guard, Solomon, whom they had won over to their cause. Philip, NM and Colvin crossed over to India in a "vallam" from Vellvettithurai, while Edmund stayed behind in the underground to help build the LSSP.
In India they helped with Indian Troskyists to launch the Bolshevik Lennist Party of India, of which the LSSP now became its Ceylon Unit. While BLPI supported the Quit India Movement the Indian CP worked against it.
In 1943 the Indian Police swooped, on the fugitives, betrayed by a Stalinist mole Shukla, deporting Philip, MN, Colvin and Robert, while Doric de Souza, Leslie, V. Karalasingham, Bernard Soysa, Hector Abeyawardhana, Vievienne Goonewardena, and Allan Mendis who had also gone over to India, stayed behind to help build the BLPI. In 1944 Edmund was re arrested and charged for conspiring against His Majesty's Government and the jail break and had a six months rigorous imprisonment imposed on him.
By the end of the war the LSSP split into two factions - the LSSP led by Philip and NM and the Bolshevik Samasamajaya Party led by Colvin, Leslie, Edmund and Bernard Soysa. In 1950 the parties re-united. They fought the General Election of 1952, and Edmund was elected as member for Dehiovita. In 1960 he represented Bulathsinghala.
In 1953 a group split to toe an SLFP line of not anti-capitalism but anti-UNPism. In 1955 it was Edmund who seconded NM's motion in Parliament to make both Tamil and Sinhala as official languages. The UNP, SLFP, and the VLSSP of Philip had switched from Tamil and Sinhala as Swabhasa languages to one of "Sinhala Only".
The LSSP, (NM, Colvin Leslie) joined in the formation of a Coalition Government with Ms Sirima Bandaranaike in 1964.
This made Edmund, Meryl Fernando, V. Karalasingham and Bala Tampoe, walk out to launch the LSSP (R) as a Trotskyist Party affiliated to the Fourth International, the Party built by Leon Trotsky after he was sent into exile by Stalin. Before long the LSSP (R) also disintegrated.
Press take over
An important episode in Edmund's life should not be missed. In 1965 he as MP for Dehiovita and Meryl Fernando MP for Moratuwa, being in the LSSP (R) from the Opposition voted with the UNP on the Throne Speech on the specific subject of the take over of the Lake House and Times press. The UNP leading the Opposition found these two MPs, along with C. P. de Silva and thirteen others voting with the Opposition. The 13 crossed over to the UNP.
The coalition Government voting with the Opposition. The Government of Sirimavo lost by one vote! Because Edmund was such a purist in politics often left him isolated. He formed a splinter group, ran a Sinhala weekly and worked among trade unions in the last years of his life.
There was one thing to be said of Edmund through his life. He was honest and steadfast to the cause of revolutionary socialism. He preferred to stick to orthodoxy than compromise one bit and retain his political identity and remain as a small group.
Edmund Samarakkody (1912 – 1992) was a leading Trotskyist in Sri Lanka and at one time a member of that country's parliament. He was a leader of the Fourth International's section, the LSSP, and a supporter of the establishment of the United Secretariat of the Fourth International in 1963. After the LSSP was expelled from the International, he co-founded the Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Revolutionary) (LSSP(R)), which was the section of the Fourth International. After disagreements with Bala Tampoe, he left the International after its1969 World Congress.
In 1960 he was elected as LSSP Member of Parliament for the Bulathsinhala constituency. However, in 1965, contesting from the LSSP(R), he received only 278 votes in the same electorate - the LSSP's Mangala Moonesinghe was elected MP with 14,023 votes
Daily Mirror Tue Mar 2 2004
State of affairs in the Kandyan Kingdom: A lesson from the past
By D.B. Kappagoda
The independence of the Kandyan kingdom was lost
188 years ago to the British, who were then occupying the maritime provinces of
Sri Lanka. The transfer of power was made official by a treaty signed by the
Kandyan chieftains and the British Governor Robert Brownrigg on March 2, 1815.
The agreement they entered into came to be called
the Kandyan Convention and was signed at the historic Magul Maduwa, where the
deposed King Sri Wickrama Rajasinha held his regular consultations with his
chieftains. Those gathered on that historic occasion expected a positive change
in the administration, after deposing their autocratic ruler, who was sent in
exile to Vellore near Madras, Southern India with his family and close
relatives. Thus ended the lineage of Kings of Lanka, which had spanned over
The common belief is that the Kandyan chieftains
betrayed their King and handed over their territory to the British sovereign,
expecting favours when the whole country went under to British rule as occurred
sometime. When commenting on the chieftains' role one has to bear in mind the
sequence of events that took place in the Kandyan Kingdom, before the signing
of the Kandyan Convention.
The last ruler King Sri Wickrema Rajasinha belonged to the Nayakkar dynasty, hailing from the Malabar region in South India. This dynasty began rule with King Senarat when he arranged a marriage for his son, Wimaladharmasuriya II to a princess also belonging to the Nayakkar dynasty.
The couple failed to have a child, and according to
the Nayakkar tradition of succession, the people of the Kandyan kingdom had to
accept a brother of the queen to a vacant, throne.
Meanwhile, the British Governor of the Maritime
Provinces, Thomas Maitland, succeeded the first Governor, Frederick North. He
did not pursue a policy of waging war against the Kandyan Kingdom in his
attempt to make it a part of the British domain. In 1805 he wrote to his
superiors, "I shall be able to get by underhand means and very little
money, indeed more complete possession of the Kandyan than we could by war of
In the Kandyan Kingdom, three kings who followed
the first Nayakkar Monarch married a princesses from Madurai, as did their
predecessors. In turn they brought with them their parents and relations, who
were given residential quarters close to the palace. This separate area in the
city came to be called Kamaruppe Vidiya or Malabar Veediya. The King's relatives
were maintained by the state and were well-provided with facilities. They were
given more special positions, honour and recognition than the families of
chieftains in the country.
Some of the King's relatives became wealthy through
trade dealings in Madras with the British East India Company. They also lent
money to the local chieftains and increased their income and acquired land. In
short, they were richer than the families of the chieftains.
With the advantages they had, Nayakkar families continued
to live as different people in language and religion. They followed South
Indian customs and practices, and showed their aloofness by rarely marrying
into the leading Kandyan families. The Kandyan chieftains openly complained
that they were ignored by the King, who was prone to listening to the advice
given by his relations. There began a conspiracy among the chieftains, to
install a Sinhala prince on the throne. But the King's relations were powerful.
They could influence the King when decisions were made and stood against the
chieftains to keep the throne within the Nayakkar lineage. It was seen that
they advised the King directly or though their Queen's relatives to conduct the
affairs of state, without consulting or asking the help of the chieftains.
Nevertheless, the first attempt made by the
chieftains to select a Sinhala ruler was in 1709, when Yalegoda Adikaram tried
to enthrone Pattiye Bandara - son of Vimaladharmasuriya II by a Sinhala wife
-in place of Narendrasingha, the son of the same King by a Nayakkar wife.
The unsuccessful rebellion arose in 1732 when King
Narendrasingha appointed a person belonging to the Nayakkar dynasty to the post
of Gabada Nilame, who had the responsibility for the king's lands.
Some chieftains, led by Leuke Disava, made an
effort in 1739 to place Unambuwe Bandara, son of King Narendrasinha by a
Sinhala wife in preference to the King's brother-in-law Sri Vijaya Rajasinha.
In the fourth attempt of 1749, when the Ministers of King Keerthi Sri Rajasinha threatened to put forward a person who would safeguard Sinhala customs and usages. This was done to prevent the King's father from interfering with the government.
In 1760 an attempt was again made to depose King
Keerthi Sri Rajasingha from the throne and place a Siamese prince on the
throne. This was planned by Samarakkodi Adikaram and the leading monks Ven.
Welivita Saranankara Thera and Ven. Tibbotuwave Thera of Malwatta Vihara. The
sixth and the last attempt was made to depose King Rajadhi Rajasinha and place
Mampitiya Bandara, son of Keerthi Sri Rajasingha, on the throne.
All attempts to replace Nayakkar Kings failed
because of the disunity among the chieftains, which arose from personal
rivalries. It was clearly evident that they were unhappy with a foreigner,
occupying the throne. It appeared that the majority of chieftains had supported
their Kings. The Nayakkar Kings made use of this lapse and encouraged personal
rivalry as part of their policy of creating divisions among the Sinhala
The state of affairs in the Kandyan kingdom at the time when the British consolidated their positions in the maritime Provinces should be understood when the actions of Pilimatalawa Adikaram and Ehelepola Adikaram against King Sri Wickrama Rajasinha are taken into account.
***** Samarakkody Family Photos
Generation 5 &6
Louis Charles de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody (b1840) with his children
Generation 6 (Children of Louis Charles de Fonseka Tillekeratne Samarakkody.)
Henry Charles Samarakkody (1875-1934)
Charlotte Henrietta de Livera nee Samarakkody (1880-1970)
Henry Samarakkody& wife with children photo 1915
Children of Henry Samarakkody
Generation 7 (and right side Gen 8)
Solomon Samarakkody (1910-1981)
(Dr Srikumar,Rajan,Srivanka,Sriyani,Rohini,Malkanthi Indrajith & Suvendrini)
Millicient Samarakkody(b1911-d1994) & Jimmy Senewiratne wedding photo
(photo 2-Milly&Jimmy with children Ranjith,Wasanthi and Dr Tissa.)
Dagmar Corneliya Samarakkody (1912-2000) Chulanganee Tudugalle d 2014,
Robert Charles Samarakkody (1913-1998)
Olga Agnes Mary Taldena nee Samarakkody
Douglas Samarakkody Dudley Samarakkody Niranjani
Amy Elizebeth Samarakkody Shiranthi Mohan Babishi Romesh
Lionel Samarakkody (d1999) Sassanka Samarakkody
Lilly de Alwis nee Samarakkody (b 1922) Neomal Rohan Duleep
Harriet Perera nee Samarakkody b1924 Anoja Dilip Heshan Eranjanee
Children of Peter Charles Samarakkody
Edmund Samarakkody (1912-1992) Chulanganee Tudugalle d2014
Milton Samarakkody (1915-1964) Shiranthi,Mohan,Sivendrini(babishi),Romesh
Siripala Samarakkody.(1907-1944) Rukmani
Stephen Samarakkody(1911-1966) Sriyani Nirmala
Effie Jayatilleke nee Samarakkody Rohan Tanya Jayantha Duleep
Neni Senewiratne nee Samarakkody.(1911-1974) Dr Brian Phobe
Children of Charlotte de Livera nee Samarakkody
J.G.Vaughn de Livera (1917-2003) Yasmin Abeysekera nee de Livera.
Ivy de Livera
Iole Samarakkody nee de Livera d1966 Pic-1955 Pic-2012
Louis Charles de Livera (Carl) b1919-d1969) Sunil Manjula Lankika
Children of Edwin Charles Augustus Samarakkody.
Shiranthi Nirmani Marlon Tyronne Anoma
Children of Mary Tillekeratne nee Samarakkody
Niranjala Nimal d2014 , Priyani
Grace Senewiratne nee Tillekeratne b1917 d2011
Daughter of Lawrence Samarakkody
Lorinda Perera nee Samarakkody.d2005 Mahinda Perera 1949-2015
Grave stone of
Walauwa built in 1900 at Panagoda Lenegala Estate by Peter Samarakkody.(Priyani Samarakkody and Gertrude de Livera in the picture,taken in 2008.)
Wedding photos.& Groups.
Malcom Samarakkody-Group Louis Charles de Livera (Carl)-Wed-1955
Lorinda Samarakkody -Wed Srikumar Samarakkody-Wed
The Nayakkar dynasty hailing from Malabar region of South India.The Dynasty began to rule when King Senarat arranged a marriage for his son Wimaladharmasuriya 2.,to a princess of the Nayakkar Dynasty.the Dynasty lasted from 1739 to 1815. Nayakkar families continued to live as different people,in language and religion. They followed South Indian customs..The Kandyan chiefs openly complained that they were ignored by the king. Thus began a conspiracy among the chieftains to install a Sinhala king who favours Buddhism.
After the Samarakkody Adigar was executed in 1760, his son Don Johan de Fonseka Samarasundera Seneviratne Samarakkody, would have joined the Dutch govt,in the Western Province,and would have become a Mudaliyar.And his descendents became Mudaliyars under Dutch and British Governtments. Louis Charles Samarakkody b 1840,Mudaliyar obtained govt grants in 1880 and purchased jungle land in Rambukkana and Panagoda and developed them. Some of his children held high offices under the British. Three of his grandsons became members of parliament in SL post independence era.
As at 2017. some Samarakkody families still remain in Sri Lanka,while some have migrated to countries like Australia,New Zealand,England and the USA.
While still approx 15 acres at Panagoda and 30 acres at Rambukkana still remain among the Samarakkody relatives.
Thombu Index-Dutch Period(Before 1796)(Properties registered)
Ge Name Name Koral Pattu Village
Samanakkodige Domingo Pieris Rayigam Adi Kuruppumulla,Pattiya
Samanakkodige Bastian Pieris Rayigam Adi Kuruppumulla,Walana
Samanakkodige Domingo Pieris Rayigam Adi Minuwanpitiya
Samanakkodige Anthonica Dias Raiygam Walana
Samanakkodige Abeappu Raiygam Damangamuwa
Above may be relatives of another branch.The original name Samanakkodi changed in the late Dutch or early British period to Samarakkody.
(Below Joan de Fonseka Samarasundera Seneviratne is the son of the Adigar.
After the adigar was killed in Kandy, he may have moved to Tudugala in the Kalutara District.(Pasdun Korale).Later he may have moved to Dedigomuwa in the Hewagam Korale.)
Joan de Fonseka Samarasundera Seneviratne Pasdun Tudugala
Samanakkodige Joan de Fonseka Samarasundera Hewagam Dedigomuwa