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Chronology of Indian History

1435 BC

Aryan Kings in Western Asia.

1414 BC

Date of the Bharata War according to certain Puranas.

1375 BC

Worship of Aryan deities in the land of the Mitanni.

817 BC

Traditional date of the birth of Parsvanatha.

558 BC

Accession of Cyrus the Great, conqueror of Kapisi.

544 BC

Era of Buddha’s Nirvana.

527 BC

Era of Mahavira’s Nirvana.

522 BC

Accession of Darius I, conqueror of the "Indian" satrapy of the Persian Empire.

518-517 BC

Naval Expedition of Skylax and conquest of the Indian satrapy.

486 BC

Cantonese date of Buddha’s Nirvana.

327-326 BC

Invasion of India by Alexander.

325 BC

Alexander leaves India.

324 BC

Rise of the Maurya Dynasty.

313 BC

Jaina date of the year of Chandragupta’s accession, probably as ruler of Avanti.

273-232 BC

The reign of Asoka.

206 BC

Indian Expedition of Antiochos III, King of Syria.

187 BC

Rise of the Dynasty of Pushyamitra.

165 BC

Plato, King of Bactria.

162 BC

Latest possible date for the assumption of the title "Great" by Eukratides, King of Bactria and the Indian borderland.

145-101 BC

Elara Chola, King of Ceylon.

138-88 BC

Conflict of the kings of Parthia with Sakas in Eastern Iran.

126 BC

The Chinese ambassador Chang-Kien visits the Yueh-chi in the Oxus region.

58 BC

Epoch of the Kirta-Malava-Vikrama Era.

57-38 BC

Squared letters appear on Parthian coins.

44-29 BC

Tamil kings in Ceylon.

30 BC

End of Sunga-Kanva rule in Eastern Malwa. Satavahana supremacy in the Deccan.

26-20 BC

Indian embassies to Augustus.

2 BC

A Chinese official instructed in Buddhism by a Yueh-chi King.

47 AD

Takht-i-Bahi record of Gondophernes.

64 AD

The Chinese Emperor Ming-ti sends for Buddhist texts.

77 AD

Pliny’s Natural History.

78 AD

Epoch of the Saka Era. Decline of the Parthian and the consolidation of the Kushan power in the Indus Valley.

89-105 AD

Kushan King repulsed by the Chinese General Pan Chao.

100 AD

Indian embassy to the Roman Emperor Trajan.

119-124 AD

Nahapana. His power overthrown by Gautamiputra Satakarni.

130-150 AD

Rudradaman I, contemporary of Vasishthiputra Sri Satakarni.

148-170 AD

An-Shih-Kao translates a work by Kanishka’s chaplain.

152 AD

China loses Khotan.

200 AD

Palmyra created a Roman colony.

230 AD

The Yueh chi King Po-tiao (Vasudeva?) sends an embassy to China.

248 AD

Epoch of the Traikutaka-Kalachuri Era.

276-293 AD

Sassanian conquest of parts of NorthWest.

320 AD

(Feb. 26) Gupta Era begins.

360 AD

Ceylonese Embassy to Samudra Gupta.

380 AD

Accession of Chandra Gupta II.

388 AD

Latest known date of the Sakas of Western India.

405-411 AD

Travels of Fa-Hien in the Gupta Empire.

415 AD

Accession of Kumara Gupta I.

436 AD

Simhavarman, the Pallava King of Kanchi, mentioned in the Lokavibhaga.

448 AD

Huns in the Oxus valley.

455 AD

Accession of Skanda Gupta.

458 AD

Date of the Lokavibhaga.

467 AD

Last known date of Skanda Gupta.

473 AD

Kumara Gupta II.

476 AD

Birth of the astronomer Aryabhata.

477-495 AD

Reign of Budha Gupta.

507-508 AD

Vainya Gupta. Gopachandra, a contemporary of Vainya Gupta.


Bhanu Gupta.

533 AD

Yasodharman, conqueror of Mihirakula the Hun King.

543-544 AD

Continuance of Gupta rule in North Bengal. Rise of the Chalukyas of Vatapi.

547 AD

Kosmas Indikopleustes.

554 AD

Isanavarman Maukhari.

566-567 AD

Accession of Kirtivarman I, Chalukya.

606 AD

Accession of Harshavardhana.

609 AD

Coronation of Pulakesin II, Chalukya.

619-620 AD

Supremacy of Sasanka in Eastern India.

622 AD

Era of the Hijra.

634 AD

Reference to the fame of Kalidasa and Bharavi in the Aihole inscription.

637 AD

Arab raid against Thana.

639 AD

Foundation of Lhasa by Srong-tsan-Gampo.

641 AD

Harsha’s embassy to China.

642 AD

Death of Pulakesin II. Probable date of the death of Amsuvarman of Nepal.

642-668 AD

Narasimhavarman I, the Great Pallava.

643 AD

Harsha’s meeting with Hiuen-Tsang. First mission of Wang-Hiuen-T’se.

646 AD

Second mission of Wang-Hiuen-T’se. Siladitya (of Mewar?)

646-647 AD

Death of Harsha.

647-648 AD

Bhaskaravarman or Kumararaja, King of Kamarupa, helped Wang-Hiuen-T’se.

657 AD

Third mission of Wang-Hiuen-T’se.

661 AD

Guhila Aparajita.

667 AD

"Five Indies" send ambassadors to China.

672-673 AD


674 AD

Vikramaditya I, Chalukya. Paramesvaravarman I, Pallava.

675-685 AD

Itsing at Nalanda.

711 AD

Invasion of Sind by Muhammad b. Qasim.

712 AD

Arab conquest of Nirun and Aror. Defeat and death of Dahir.

713 AD

Capture of Multan by the Muslims.

720 AD

Sri Narasimha Potavarman’s diplomatic relations with China.

724-743 AD

Khalif Hisham. Junaid, Governor of Sind.

731 AD

Yasovarman’s embassy to China.

733 AD

Lalitaditya Muktapida receives investiture as king from the Emperor of China.

742 AD

Dantidurga a feudatory of the Chalukyas.

743-789 AD

Santarakshita and Padmasambhava invited to Tibet. Rise of Lamaism.

753 AD

Rise of the Rashtrakuta Empire.

783 AD

Indrayudha (Kanauj). Vatsaraja (Pratihara).


Govinda III, Rashtrakuta.

815 AD

Nagabhata (Pratihara).

815-877 AD

Amoghavarsha I, Rashtrakuta.

829 AD

Harjara, King of Kamarupa.

836 AD

Accession of Bhoja I, King of Kanauj.

850 AD

Lalliya Shahi.

855 AD

Accession of Avantivarman of Kashmir.

871-907 AD

Aditya I, Chola.

879 AD

New Nepalese Era.

892 AD

Coronation of Bhima I, Eastern Chalukya.

893 AD

Mahendrapala I (Pratihara).

907 AD

Accession of Parantaka I, Chola.

914 AD

Mahipala I (Pratihara). Continuance of Pratihara rule in Surashtra.

939 AD

Yasaskara, King of Kashmir.

942-943 AD

Guhila Bhatripatta II.

945 AD

Coronation of Amma II (Vijayaditya VI), Eastern Chalukya.

950-1003 AD

Queen Didda of Kashmir.

954-1002 AD

Dhanga Chandella

962 AD

Foundation of the Kingdom of Ghazni.

973 AD

Foundation of the later Chalukya Empire (of Kalyana).

974-995 AD


977 AD

Accession of Sabuktigin.

985 AD

Accession of Rajaraja the Great, Chola.

986-987 AD

First invasion of Sabuktigin.

995 AD

Accession of Sindhuraja Navasahasanka.

997 AD

Death of Sabuktigin.

998 AD

Accession of Sultan Mahmud.

1001 AD

Great defeat of Jaipal by Sultan Mahmud.

1008 AD

Battle near Und.

1012-1044 AD

Rajendra Chola I.

1013 AD

Mahmud captures Nandana.

1018 AD

Rajyapala (Pratihara). Kanauj seized by Mahmud of Ghazni.

1018-1055 AD

Bhoja of Dhara.

1026 AD

Sarnath inscription of the time of Mahipala I of Bengal. Fall of Nidar Bhim (Shahi). Sack of Somnath (during the reign of Bhimdeva I).

1030 AD

Death of Sultan Mahmud.

1032 AD

Vimala Sha.

1039 AD

Death of Gangeyadeva Kalachuri.

1040 AD

Coronation of Laksmi-karna of the Kalachuri Dynasty.

1052 AD

Red Fort at Delhi.

1070-1122 AD

Rajendra Chola, Kulottunga I.

1076-1127 AD

Vikramaditya VI of Kalyana.

1076-1148 AD

Anantavarman Choda Ganga.

1089-1101 AD

Harsha of Kashmir.

1090 AD

Rise of the Gahadavalas.

1098 AD

Kirtivarman Chandella.

1106-1141 AD

Vishnuvardhana Hoysala.

1113-1114 AD

Foundation of an Era by Siddharaja Jayasimha of Gujarat.

1114-1154 AD

Govinda Chandra, the Great Gahadavala King.

1119 AD

Epoch of the Lakshmana Sena Era.

1143-1172 AD

Kumarapala of Gujarat.

1153-1164 AD

Vigraharaja IV (Visaladeva).

1158 AD

Ballala Sena.

1167-1202 AD

Paramardi Chandella.

1170-1194 AD


1175 AD

Muhammad bin Sam invades India and captures Multan.

1178 AD

Muhammad defeated in Gujarat.

1179-1242 AD

Bhimdev II of Gujarat.

1185-1205 AD

Lakshmana Sena of Bengal.

1186 AD

Fall of the Yamini Dynasty.

1191 AD

First battle of Tarain.

1192 AD

Second battle of Tarain. Fall of Prithviraja III Chahamana (Chauhan).

1192-1193 AD

Qutb-ud-din Aibak takes Delhi.

1194 AD

Battle of Chandwar. Fall of the Gahadavalas.

1197-1247 AD

Singhana the Great, Yadava King.

1200 AD

Ikhtiyar-ud-din conquers parts of Eastern India.

1206 AD

Death of Muhammad bin Sam and accession of Qutb-ud-din in India.

1210 AD

Death of Qutb-ud –din. Accession of Aram Shah.

1210-1211 AD

Accession of Iltutmish.

1221 AD

Invasion of the Mongols under Chengiz Khan.

1228 AD

Ahoms in Assam.

1231 AD


1231-1232 AD

Foundation of the Qutb Minar.

1236 AD

Death of Iltutmish. Accession and deposition of Firuz. Accession of Raziyya.

1240 AD

Deposition and murder of Raziyya. Accession of Mu’iz-ud-din Bahram.

1241 AD

Capture of Lahore by the Mongols.

1244-1262 AD

Visaladeva, King of Gujarat.

1246 AD

Deposition and death of Ma’sud. Accession of Nasir-ud-din Mahmud.

1251-1270 AD

Jatavarman Sundara Pandya I.

1260-1291 AD

Rudramma, the Great Kakatyia Queen.

1266 AD

Death of Nasir-ud-din Mahmud. Accession of Ghiyas-ud-din Balban.

1279 AD

Latest known date of Rajendra IV Chola. Rebellion of Tughril in Bengal.

1280 AD

Bughra Khan appointed to the Government of Bengal.

1287 AD

Death of Balban. Accession of Mu’iz-ud-din Kaiqubad. Mongol invasion repelled.

1288 AD

Marco Polo at Kayal.

1290 AD

Death of Kaiqubad. Accession of Jalal-ud-din Firuz Khalji.

1292 AD

‘Ala-ud-din Khalji’ captures Bhilsa. Mongol invasion.

1294 AD

Devagiri pillaged by ‘Ala-ud-din Khalji’.

1296 AD

Accession of ‘Ala-ud-din Khalji’.

1297 AD

Conquest of Gujarat (from Karnadeva II).

1301 AD

Capture of Ranthambhor by ‘Ala-ud-din Khalji’.

1302-1303 AD

Capture of Chitor. Mongol invasion.

1305 AD

Conquest of Malwa, Ujjain, Mandu, Dhar and Chanderi by the Khaljis.

1306-1307 AD

Kafur’s expedition to Devagiri.

1308 AD

Expedition to Warangal.

1310 AD

Malik Naib’s expedition into the South Indian Peninsula.

1316 AD

Death of ‘Ala-ud-din’. Accession of Shihab-ud-din ‘Umar’. Death of Malik Naib. Deposition of ‘Umar and accession of Qutb-ud-din Mubarak.

1317-1318 AD

Extinction of the Yadava Dynasty.

1320 AD

Usurpation of Nasir-ud-din Khusrav. His overthrow by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq.

1321 AD

Expedition to Warangal under Muhammad Jauna (Ulugh Khan). Rebellion of Muhammad.

1323 AD

Second expedition to Warangal under Muhammad. Mongol invasion.

1325 AD

Accession of Muhammad bin Tughluq.

1326-1327 AD

Rebellion of Gurshasp.

1327 AD

Destruction of Kampili. Transference of the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad.

1328 AD

The Mongols invade India.

1329 AD

Qarachil expedition. Issue of forced currency of brass and copper for silver.

1333-1334 AD

Arrival of Ibn Batutah.

1334 AD

Rebellion in Madura. Capture of Anegundi by Muhammad bin Tughluq.

1336 AD

Traditional date of the foundation of Vijayanagar.

1337-1338 AD

Expedition to Nagarkot.

1338-1339 AD

Independent Sultanate in Bengal.

1339 AD

Shah Mir, King of Kashmir.

1342 AD

Ibn Batutah leaves Delhi on his mission to China.

1345 AD

Accession of Shams-ud-din Iliyas in Bengal.

1347 AD

‘Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah’ proclaimed King of the Deccan.

1351 AD

Death of Muhammad bin Tughluq. Accession of Firuz, son of Rajab.

1353 AD

Firuz’s first expedition to Bengal.

1359 AD

Firuz’s second expedition to Bengal.

1360 AD

Firuz’s expedition to Orissa.

1361 AD

Capture of Nagarkot or Kangra by Firuz.

1363 AD

Firuz’s first expedition to Sind.

1374 AD

Bukka sends an embassy to the Emperor of China.

1377 AD

Extinction of the Sultanate of Madura.

1382 AD

Rebellion of Raja Ahmad or Malik Raja in Khandesh.

1388 AD

Death of Firuz, son of Rajab. Accession of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq II.

1389 AD

Death of Tughluq II.

1392 AD

Dilawar Khan, Governor of Malwa.

1393 AD

Independent Sultanate of Jaunpur.

1398 AD

Invasion of Timur.

1414 AD

Khizr khan occupied Delhi. Raja Ganesh in Bengal.

1417-1418 AD

Coins of Danujamardana.

1420 AD

Nicolo Conti visits Vijayanagar.

1424 AD

Capture of Warangal by Ahmad Shah Bahmani.

1429 AD

Transfer of the Bahmani capital from Gulbarga to Bidar.

1430-1469 AD

Rana Kumbha.

1434-1435 AD

Kapilendra, King of Orissa.

1443 AD

‘Abdur Razzak’ comes to India.

1451 AD

Bahlul Lodi ascends the throne of Delhi.

1458-1511 AD

Mahmud Begarha.

1459 A. D

Foundation of Jodhpur.

1469 AD

Birth of Guru Nanak.

1470 AD

Death of Zain-ul-Abidin.

1472 AD

Birth of Farid (Sher Khan).

1481 AD

Murder of Mahmud Gawan.

1484 AD

Independence of Berar.

1486 AD

Abyssinian rule in Bengal.

1486-1487 AD

Fall of the Sangama Dynasty of Vijayanagar. Beginning of the rule of the Saluva Dynasty.

1489 AD

Accession of Sikandar Lodi.

1489-1490 AD

Foundation of the ‘Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur’.

1490 AD

Establishment of the independent Nizam Shahi Dynasty of Ahmadnagar.

1493 AD

Husain Shah elected King of Bengal.

1494 AD

Accession of Babur in Farghana.

1497-1498 AD

First voyage of Vasco da Gama.

1504 AD

Babur occupies Kabul.

1505 AD

Beginning of the rule of the Tuluva Dynasty in Vijayanagar.

1509 AD

Albuquerque, Portuguese Governor of India. Accession of Krishnadeva Raya.

1509-1527 AD

Rana Sanga.

1510 AD

The Portuguese capture Goa.

1511 AD

Babar captures Samarqand again.

1512-1518 AD

Independence of the Kutb Shahi Dynasty of Golkunda.

1513 AD

Death of Albuquerque.

1517 AD

Death of Sikandar Lodi. Accession of Ibrahim Lodi.

1526 AD

First battle of Panipat.

1527 AD

Battle of Khanua.

1529 AD

Battle of Gogra.

1529-1530 AD

Death of Krishnadeva Raya.

1530 AD

Death of Babur and accession of Humayun.

1533 AD

Bahadur of Gujarat captures Chitor.

1534 AD

Humayun marches to Malwa.

1535 AD

Defeat of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and his flight to Mandu.

1537 AD

Death of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat.

1538 AD

Sher Khan defeats Mahmud Shah of Bengal. Humayun enters Gaur. Death of Guru Nanak.

1539 AD

Sher Khan defeats Humayun at Chaunsa and assumes sovereignty.

1540 AD

Humayun’s defeat near Kanauj.

1542 AD

Birth of Akbar.

1544 AD

Humayun arrives in Persia.

1545 AD

Death of Sher ShahAccession of Islam Shah.

1552 AD

Death of Guru Angad.

1554 AD

Death of Islam Shah. Accession of Muhammad ‘Adil Shah. Sikandar Sur in the Punjab.

1555 AD

Humayun recovers the throne of Delhi.

1556 AD

Death of Humayun and accession of Akbar. Second Battle of Panipat.

1558 AD

Death of Ibrahim Sur. End of the Sur Dynasty.

1560 AD

Fall of Bairam Khan.

1561 AD

Mughul invasion of Malwa.

1562 AD

Akbar marries a princess of Amber. End of Petticoat Government.

1564 AD

Abolition of the Jizya. Death of Rani Durgavati and annexation of the Gond kingdom.

1565 AD

Battle of Talikota.

1568 AD

Kararani’s conquest of Orissa. Fall of Chitor.

1569 AD

Capture of Ranthambhor and Kalinjar. Birth of Salim.

1571 AD

Foundation of Fathpur Sikri.

1572 AD

Akbar annexes Gujarat.

1573 AD

Surat surrenders to Akbar. Understanding with the Portuguese.

1574 AD

Death of Guru Amardas.

1575 AD

Battle of Tukaroi.

1576 AD

Subjugation of Bengal. Death of Daud near Rajmahal. The battle of Gogunda or Haldighat.

1577 AD

Akbar’s troops invade Khandesh.

1579 AD

"Infallibility Decree" promulgated.

1580 AD

Accession of Ibrahim ‘Adil Shah II’ in Bijapur. First Jesuit mission at Agra. Rebellion in Bihar and Bengal.

1581 AD

Akbar’s march against Muhammad Hakim and reconciliation with him. Death of Guru Ramdas.

1582 AD

Divine Faith promulgated.

1585 AD

Fitch at Agra.

1586 AD

Annexation of Kashmir.

1589 AD

Death of Todar Mal and Bhagwan Das.

1591 AD

Mughul conquest of Sind.

1592 AD

Annexation of Orissa.

1595 AD

Siege of Ahmadnagar. Acquisition of Quandahar. Annexation of Baluchistan. Death of Faizi.

1597 AD

Death of Rana Pratap.

1600 AD

Charter to the London East India Company. Ahmadnagar stormed.

1601 AD

Capture of Asirgarh.

1602 AD

Death of Abul Fazl. Formation of the United East India Company of the Netherlands.

1605 AD

Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir.

1606 AD

Rebellion of Khusrav. Qandahar invested by the Persians. Execution of the Fifth Guru, Arjan.

1607 AD

Qandahar relieved by the Mughuls. Sher Afgan, first husband of Nur Jahan, killed. Second revolt of Khusrav.

1608 AD

Malik ‘Ambar’ takes Ahmadnagar.

1609 AD

Hawkins arrives at Agra. The Dutch open a factory at Pulicat.

1611 AD

Jahangir marries Nur Jahan. Hawkins leaves Agra. The English establish a factory at Masulipatam.

1612 AD

Khurram marries Mumtaz Mahal. First English factory at Surat. The Mughul Governor of Bengal defeats the rebellious Afgans. Mughuls annex Kuch Hajo.

1613 AD

Jahangir’s firman to the English Company.

1615 AD

Submission of Mewar to the Mughuls. Arrival of Sir Thomas Roe in India.

1616 AD

Roe received by Jahangir. The Dutch establish a factory at Surat.

1618 AD

Roe, after obtaining firmans for English trade, leaves the Imperial Court.

1619 AD

Roe leaves India.

1620 AD

Capture of the Kangra fort. Shahryar betrothed to Nur Jahan’s daughter (by Sher Afgan). Malik ‘Ambar revolts in the Deccan.

1622 AD

Death of Khusrav, Shah ‘Abbas of Persia besieges and takes Qandahar. Shah Jahan ordered to recover Qandahar but rebels. Malik ‘Ambar takes Bidar.

1624 AD

Suppression of Shah Jahan’s rebellion.

1625 AD

Dutch Factory at Chinsura.

1626 AD

Death of Malik ‘Ambar. Rebellion of Mahabat Khan.

1627 AD

Death of Jahangir. Birth of Shivaji (or 1630 according to some).

1628 AD

Shah Jahan proclaimed Emperor.

1629 AD

Rebellion of Khan Jahan Lodi.

1631 AD

Death of Mumtaz Mahal. Defeat and death of Khan Jahan Lodi.

1632 AD

Mughul invasion of Bijapur. Sack of Hugli. Grant of the "Golden Firman" to the English Company by the Sultan of Golkunda.

1633 AD

End of Ahmadnagar Dynasty.

1634 AD

Firman permitting English trade in Bengal.

1636 AD

Treaties with Bijapur and Golkunda. Shahji enters the service of Bijapur. Aurangzeb appointed Viceroy of the Deccan.

1638 AD

Peace between the Mughuls and the Ahoms. Qandahar recovered by the Mughuls.

1639 AD

Foundation of Fort St. George at Madras.

1646 AD

Shivaji captures Torna.

1649 AD

Persians recover Qandahar.

1651 AD

English factory started at Hugli. Firman granted to the English Company by Shuja.

1653 AD

Aurangzeb reappointed Viceroy of the Deccan. The Dutch start a factory at Chinsura.

1656 AD

The Mughuls attack Hyderabad and Golkunda. Peace with Golkunda. Annexation of Javli by Shivaji. Death of Muhammad ‘Adil Shah’ of Bijapur. Another firman granted to the English by Shuja.

1657 AD

Shivaji raids Ahmadnagar and Junnar but is pardoned. Invasion of Bijapur by Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb captures Bidar and Kalyani. Illness of Shah Jahan. The war of succession begins.

1658 AD

Battles of Dharmat and Samugarh. Coronation of Aurangzeb.

1659 AD

Battles of Khajwah and Deorai. Execution of Dara. Captivity of Murad and Shah Jahan. Second coronation of Aurangzeb. Murder of Afzal Khan.

1660 AD

Shuja chased from Bengal to Arakan. Mir Jumla appointed Governor of Bengal.

1661 AD

Cession of Bombay to the English. Execution of Murad. Mughul capture of Cooch Bihar.

1662 AD

Peace with Ahoms. Death of Sulaiman Shukoh.

1663 AD

Death of Mir Jumla. Shaista Khan appointed Governor of Bengal.

1664 AD

Shivaji sacks Surat. Colbert, the French Minister, founds an India Company. Shivaji assumes royal title.

1666 AD

Death of Shah Jahan. Capture of Chittagong. Shivaji’s visit to Agra and escape.

1667 AD

The Yusufzais rebel.

1668 AD

New religious ordinances. Cession of Bombay to the East India Company. First French factory started at Surat.

1669 AD

Jat rebellion under Gokla.

1670 AD

Second sack of Surat.

1671 AD

Rise of Chhatrasal Bundela.

1672 AD

Satnami outbreak. Revolt of the Afridis. Shaista Khan’s firman to the English Company.

1674 AD

Francois Martin founds Pondicherry. Shivaji assumes the title of Chhatrapati.

1675 AD

Execution of Teg Bahadur, Guru of the Sikhs.

1677 AD

Shivaji’s conquests in the Carnatic.

1678 AD

Marwar occupied by the Mughuls. Death of Jaswant Singh.

1679 AD

Reimposition of the Jizya. Mughul attack on Marwar.

1680 AD

Death of Shivaji. Rebellion of Prince Akbar. Aurangzeb’s firman to the English Company.

1681 AD

Loss of Kamarupa by the Mughuls. Aurangzeb goes to the Deccan.

1686 AD

English war with the Mughuls. Fall of Bijapur.

1687 AD

Fall of Golkunda.

1689 AD

Execution of Sambhaji. Rajaram succeeds but retries to Jinji.

1690 AD

Peace between the Mughuls and the English. Calcutta founded.

1691 AD

Defeat of the Jats. Aurangzeb at the zenith of his power. Grant of a firman by Ibrahim Khan to the English.

1692 AD

Renewed Maratha activity in the Deccan.

1698 AD

The new English Company Trading to the East Indies. The English obtain zamindari of Sutanati, Calcutta and Govindapur.

1699 AD

First Maratha raid on Malwa.

1700 AD

Death of Rajaram and regency of his widow Tara Bai.

1702 AD

Amalgamation of the English and the London East India Companies.

1703 AD

The Marathas enter Berar.

1706 AD

The Marathas raid Gujarat and sack Baroda.

1707 AD

Death of Aurangzeb. Battle of Jajau. Accession of Bahadur Shah.

1708 AD

Shahu, King of the Marathas. Death of Guru Govind Singh.

1712 AD

Death of Bahadur Shah. Accession of Jahandar Shah.

1713 AD

Farrukhsiyar becomes Emperor. Jahandar Shah murdered.

1714 AD

Balaji Viswanath Peshwa. Husain Ali appointed Viceroy of the Deccan. The treaty of the Marathas with Husain Ali.

1716 AD

Execution of Banda, the Sikh leader. The Surman Embassy.

1717 AD

Farrukhsiyar’s firman to the English company. Reimposition of Jizya.

1719 AD

Husain ‘Ali returns to Delhi with the Marathas. Farrukhsiyar put to death. Death of Rafi-ud-Darajat. Accession of Muhammad Shah.

1720 AD

Accession of Baji Rao Peshwa. Fall of the Sayyid brothers.

1724 AD

Sa’adat Khan appointed Governor of Oudh. Nizam virtually independent in the Deccan. Qamar-ud –din becomes wazir.

1725-1739 AD

Shuja-ud-din, Governor of Bengal.

1735 AD

Baji Rao recognized by the Imperial Government as ruler of Malwa.

1739 AD

Nadir Shah takes Delhi. Death of Shuja-ud-din and accession of Sarfaraz in Bengal. The Marathas capture Salsette and Bassein.

1740 AD

‘Alivardi Khan’ becomes Governor of Bengal. Accession of Balaji Rao Peshwa. The Marathas invade Arcot. Dost ‘Ali’ killed.

1742 AD

Maratha invasion of Bengal. Dupleix Governor of Pondicherry. Murder of Safdar ‘Ali, Nawab of the Carnatic.

1744-1748 AD

First Anglo-French War.

1745 AD

Rise of the Rohillas.

1746 AD

La Bourdonnais takes Madras.

1747 AD

Invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali.

1748 AD

Death of Nizam-ul-mulk. Death of Muhammad Shah of Delhi and accession of Ahmad Shah.

1749 AD

Death of Shahu. Madras restored to the British.

1750 AD

Defeat and death of Nasir Jang.

1750-1754 AD

War of the Deccan and Carnatic succession.

1751 AD

Clive’s defence of Arcot. Death of Muzaffar Jang and accession of Salabat Jang. Treaty of ‘Alivardi’ with the Marathas.

1754 AD

Recall of Dupleix. Godeheu’s treaty with the English. Accession of ‘Alamgir II’.

1756 AD

Death of ‘Alivardi Khan’. Accession of Siraj-ud-daulah. Siraj-ud-daulah captures Calcutta.

1756-1763 AD

Seven Years’ War.

1757 AD

Sack of Delhi and Mathura by Ahmad Shah Abdali. The English capture Chandernagore. Battle of Plassey. Mir Jafar made Nawab of Bengal.

1758 AD

Lally in India. The Marathas in PunjaBCapture of Masulipatnam by Forde.

1759 AD

Forde defeats the Dutch at Bedara. ‘Ali Gauhar’ invades Bihar. Murder of ‘Alamgir II’ by Ghazi-ud-din.

1760 AD

Battle of Wandiwash. Battle of Udgir. Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal. Vansittart, Company’s Governor in Bengal.

1761 AD

Third battle of Panipat. Fall of Pondicherry. Shah Alam II becomes Emperor. Shuja-ud-daulah becomes wazir. Accession of Madhava Rao Peshwa. Rise of Hyder ‘Ali.

1763 AD

Expulsion of Mir Kasim.

1764 AD

Battle of Buxar.

1765 AD

Death of Mir Jafar. Grant of the Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the British. Treaty of Allahabad. Clive, Company’s Governor in Bengal.

1766 AD

Grant of the Northern Sarkars to the English.

1767 AD

Departure of Clive. Verelst, Company’s Governor in Bengal.

1767-1769 AD

The First Mysore War.

1770 AD

The Great Bengal Famine.

1772 AD

Warren Hastings appointed as Governor. Death of Madhava Rao Peshwa.

1773 AD

The Regulating Act.

1774 AD

The Rohilla (Ruhela) War. Warren Hastings becomes Governor-General. Establishment of Supreme Court, Calcutta.

1775 AD

Trial and execution of Nanda Kumar.

1775-1782 AD

The First Anglo-Maratha War.

1776 AD

The Treaty of Purandhar.

1779 AD

Convention of Wadgaon.

1780 AD

Popham’s capture of Gwalior.

1780-1784 AD

Second Mysore War.

1781 AD

Deposition of Chait Singh. Act passed to amend the Regulating Act.

1782 AD

Affair of the Begams of Oudh. The Treaty of Salbai. Death of Hyder ‘Ali.

1783 AD

Death of Coote. Fox’s India Bills.

1784 AD

Treaty of Mangalore. Pitt’s India Act.

1785 AD

Resignation of Warren Hastings.

1786 AD

Lord Cornwallis becomes Governor-General.

1790-1792 AD

Third Mysore War.

1792 AD

Treaty of Seringapatam. Ranjit Singh succeeds his father as leader of a Sikh Misl.

1793 AD

The Permanent Settlement of Bengal. Renewal of the Company’s Charter.

1794 AD

Death of Mahadaji Sindhia.

1795 AD

The Battle of Kharda. Death of Ahalya Bai.

1797 AD

Zaman Shah at Lahore. Death of Asaf-ud-daulah of Oudh.

1798 AD

Wazir ‘Ali deposed and succeeded by Sa’adat ‘Ali. Lord Mornington (Wellesley) becomes Governor-General. Subsidiary Treaty with the Nizam.

1799 AD

Fourth Mysore War. Death of Tipu. Partition of Mysore. Ranjit Singh’s appointment to the Governorship of Lahore. Malcolm’s mission to Persia. William Carey opens Baptist Mission at Serampore.

1800 AD

Death of Nana Fadnavis. Establishment of the College of Fort William.

1801 AD

Annexation of the Carnatic.

1802 AD

Treaty of Bassein.

1803-1805 AD

The Second Anglo-Maratha War.

1805 AD

Siege of Bharatpur fails. Recall of Wellesley.

1806 AD

Vellore Mutiny.

1808 AD

Mission of Malcolm to Persia and of Elphinstone to Kabul.

1809 AD

Treaty of Amritsar.

1813 AD

Renewal of the Company’s Charter.

1814-1816 AD

The Anglo-Gurkha War.

1817-1818 AD

The Pindari War.

1817-1819 AD

The Last Anglo-Maratha war.

1819 AD

Elphinstone, Governor of Bombay.

1820 AD

Munro, Governor of Madras. The Samachar Darpan started.

1824-1826 AD

The First Burmese War.

1826 AD

Fall of Bharatpur.

1827 AD

Death of Sir Thomas Munro. Malcolm, Governor of Bombay.

1828 AD

Lord William Bentinck becomes Governor-General.

1829 AD

Prohibition of Sati.

1829-1837 AD

Suppression of Thuggee.

1830 AD

Rammohan Roy visits England.

1831 AD

Raja of Mysore deposed and its administration taken over by the Company. Burnes journey up the Indus. Meeting of Ranjit and the Governor-General at Rupar.

1832 AD

Annexation of Jaintia.

1833 AD

Renewal of the Company’s Charter. Abolition of the Company’s trading rights. Legislative power centralized.

1834 AD

Annexation of Coorg. Macaulay Law Member. Formation of the Agra Province.

1835 AD

Education Resolution. Metcalfe and abolition of Press restrictions.

1838 AD

Tripartite Treaty between Shah Shuja, Ranjit Singh and the English.

1839 AD

Death of Ranjit Singh. New treaty forced on the Amirs of Sind.

1839-1842 AD

The First Afghan War.

1843 AD

Conquest of Sind. Gwalior War. Suppression of slavery.

1845-1846 AD

The First Anglo-Sikh War.

1848 AD

Lord Dalhousie becomes Governor-General.

1848-1849 AD

The Second Anglo-Sikh War.

1849 AD

Opening of a Hindu girls school in Calcutta by Drinkwater Bethune.

1852 AD

The Second Anglo-Burmese War.

1853 AD

Railway opened from Bombay to Thana. Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra. Annexation of Nagpur. Cession of Berar. Renewal of the Company’s charter.

1854 AD

Sir Charles Wood’s Education Despatch.

1855 AD

The Santal insurrection.

1856 AD

Annexation of Oudh. University Act.

1857-1858 AD

The Sepoy Mutiny.

1858 AD

British India placed under the direct government of the Crown. Queen Victoria’s Proclamation.

1859 AD

Indigo disputes in Bengal.

1861 AD

Indian Councils Act. The Indian High Courts Act. Introduction of the Penal Code.

1862 AD

Amalgamation of the Supreme and Sadar courts into High Courts.

1863 AD

Death of Dost Muhammad. Ambala Campaign.

1864 AD

Bhutan War.

1865 AD

The Orissa Famine. Opening of telegraphic communication with Europe.

1868 AD

Punjab Tenancy Act. Railway opened from Ambala to DelhiSher Ali, Amir of Afghanistan, receives an annual grant of six lacs of rupees.

1869 AD

Ambala Conference with Sher Ali. Yakub’s rebellion in Afghanistan.

1870 AD

Mayo’s Provincial Settlement.

1872 AD

Seistan Boundary Report.

1873 AD

Russians reduce Khiva. The Simla Conference.

1874 AD

The Bihar Famine. Disraeli becomes Prime Minister in England.

1875 AD

Gaikwar of Baroda’s case. Visit of the Prince of Wales.

1876 AD

The Royal Titles Act.

1876-1877 AD

Delhi Durbar. The Queen of England proclaimed Empress of India.

1878 AD

Outbreak of the Second Anglo-Afghan War. Vernacular Press Act.

1880 AD

‘Abdur Rahman’ recognized as Amir of Afghanistan. Famine Commission.

1881 AD

Factory Act. Rendition of Mysore.

1882 AD

Hunter Commission.

1883 AD

The Ilbert Bill.

1885 AD

First Meeting of the Indian National Congress. Bengal Tenancy Act. Bengal Local Self-Government Act. Third Anglo-Burmese War.

1886 AD

Annexation of Upper Burma. Delimitation of Afghan northern boundary.

1889 AD

Abdication of Maharaja of Kashmir. Second visit of Prince of Wales.

1891 AD

Factory Act. Age of Consent Act. Manipur Rebellion.

1892 AD

Indian Councils Act.

1893 AD

Durand’s mission to Kabul.

1895 AD

The Chitral Expedition.

1897 AD

Frontier risings. Plague at Bombay. Famine Commission.

1899 AD

Lord Curzon becomes Governor-General.

1900 AD

Famine Commission.

1904 AD

British Expedition to Tibet. Universities Act. Co-operative Societies Act.

1905 AD

The First Partition of Bengal. Lord Minto becomes Governor-General. Morley Secretary of State for India.

1906 AD

Foundation of the Muslim League. Congress declaration regarding Swaraj.

1907 AD

The Anglo-Russian Convention.

1908 AD

The Newspapers Act.

1909 AD

The Morley-Minto Reforms. Appointment of S. P. Sinha to the Governor-General’s Council.

1910 AD

Lord Crewe Secretary of State for India.

1911 AD

The Delhi Durbar. Partition of Bengal modified. Census of India.

1912 AD

Removal of the Imperial capital to Delhi.

1913 AD

Educational Resolution of the Government of India.

1914-1918 AD

The First World War.

1915 AD

Defence of India Act.

1916 AD

Sadler Commission. The Lucknow Pact of the Indian National Congress and the All-India Muslim League. The Home Rule League founded. Foundation of the Women’s University at Poona.

1917 AD

Mr. Montagu’s declaration in the House of Commons. His visit to India.

1917-1918 AD

Indians made eligible for the King’s Commission. The Indian National Liberal Federation. Report of the Industrial Commission.

1919 AD

The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. Punjab Disturbances. Royal Proclamation.

1920 AD

The Khilafat Movement. The Non-Co-operation Movement. Lord Sinha, Governor of Bihar and Orissa. Mahatma Gandhi leads the Congress.

1921 AD

Chamber of Princes. Moplah Rebellion. The Prince of Wales visits India. Census of India.

1922 AD

Resignation of Mr. Montagu.

1923 AD

Swarajists in Indian Councils. Certification of Salt tax. Question of Indianizing the command of certain regiments-the eight unit plan.

1925 AD

All-India Depressed Class Association. Reforms Enquiry Committee Report. Death of C. R. Das. Formation of Inter-University Board.

1926 AD

Report of the Skeen Committee. Lord Reading’s letter to the Nizam. Royal Commission on Agriculture. Factories Act.

1927 AD

Indian Navy Act. Appointment of the Simon Commission. Capetown Agreement.

1928 AD

Deposition of Amanullah, King of Afghanistan. All-Parties Conference. The Nehru Report. Report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.

1928-1933 AD

Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan.

1929 AD

Lord Irwin’s Announcement of 31st October. Trade Union Split. Establishment of the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research. Lahore Congress. Appointment of the Royal Commission on Indian Labour.

1930 AD

Civil Disobedience Movement. Report of the Statutory Commission. Rebellion in Burma. Round Table Conference (First Session).

1931 AD

Irwin-Gandhi Pact. Census of India. Round Table Conference (Second Session). Publication of the Royal Labour Commission’s Report.

1932 AD

Suppression of the Congress. Round Table Conference (Third Session). The Communal Award. The Poona Pact. The Indian Military Academy, Dehra Dun.

1933 AD

Publication of the White Paper.

1934 AD

Civil Disobedience Movement called off. The Indian Factories Act, 1934. The Bihar Earthquake. Joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reform.

1935 AD

New Government of India Act.

1936 AD

Death of King-Emperor George V (21st January). Accession and abdication of Edward VIII. Accession of George VI.

1937 AD

1st April-Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress Ministries in the majority of Provinces.

1939 AD

Second World War begins (3rd September). Resignation of Congress Ministries and the beginning of political deadlock in India.

1941 AD

Japan enters the war (7th December). Pearl Harbour incident.

1942 AD

Fall of Singapore (15th February). Evacuation of Rangoon (7th March). Cripps Mission (22nd March-12th April). Evacuation of Burma (29th April). August Revolution and arrest of Indian Leaders.

1943 AD

Lord Wavell Governor-General. Lord Mountbatten Supreme Commander of SouthEast Asia.

1944 AD

Gandhi-Jinnah talks opened in Bombay on Sri Rajagopalachari’s proposals for solution of constitutional deadlock (9th September). Talks break down on Pakistan issue (27th September).

1945 AD

Lord Wavell’s broadcast announcing British Government’s determination to go ahead with the task of fitting India for self-government (19th September). First trial of Indian National Army men opened (5th November).

1946 AD

Mutiny in Royal Indian Navy (18th February). Announcement of special mission of Cabinet Ministers to India (19th February). Cabinet Mission’s plan announced (16th May). British Cabinet’s plan for Interim Government announced (16th June). Muslim League decides to participate in the Interim Government; Congress announces acceptance of the long-term part of 16th May plan, but refuses invitation to participate in Interim Government (25th June). Muslim League withdraws its acceptance and decides on a policy of direct action (29th July). This leads to outbreak of mob violence in Calcutta (16th August). Interim Government formed (2nd September). Muslim League members sworn in (26th October). Constituent Assembly’s first meeting (9th December).

1947 AD

British Government’s historic announcement of transfer of power to "responsible Indian hands" not later than June, 1948. Lord Mountbatten’s appointment as viceroy of India in succession to Lord Wavell (20th February). Announcement of Lord Mountbatten’s plan for Partition of India (3rd June). Indian Independence Act (15th August).