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Essex, Mass. - 1814 Census


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1814 Census of Chebacco Parish, Ipswich, Mass. (now Essex)
Kurt Wilhelm, September 1999

    Contents
  • Description
  • Surnames
  • Index
  • Transcription

  • Description

    The 1814 census, taken by Jeremiah Perkins in December 1814, records a population of 1,207 for Chebacco Parish. Chebacco, also called the second parish in Ipswich, incorporated as the Town of Essex in 1819.

    The original report contained eleven pages. A photocopy of the census is located in the T. O. H. P. Burnham Library, Essex. For each head of family, the total number of males and females of each household, the number of males and females in 10 year increments, and for males, the number between ages 16 and 70, and ages 18 and 45 was enumerated. Subtotals were calculated for each page by sex, for each district, and for those on the north and south sides of the Chebacco River. Many of those age 80 or over had their age entered, rather than the number of individuals of that age group in a household.

    In 1814 there were 640 people living south of the Essex River, and 567 living on the north side. The most populated district was the Falls, with a population of 402. Other districts, and their population were the North (336), Island (114 ) and 355 people in the remaining parts of the parish.

    There are 4 females numbered in the family of Jacob Andrews 1st (page 1, line 2), however there are no females listed in the ten-year groups. On page 9 the total males and females for the families of Josiah Burnham and Wm. Burnham 4th are not entered. The total number of females in the census is given as 615, it appears that the total should be 619 if the 8 females from the Burnham families are included, and the 4 females from the Andrews family are not included. The total number of males in the census is given as 592, it appears that the total should be 597 if the 5 males from the Burnham families are included.

    Totals for each age group are not listed in the census, but are presented in table 1. Each column is headed by the maximum age for that age group, so a column headed 10 includes those under 10. Two females are listed as being over age 90. One in the Jonathan Eveleth household was 95, and one in the Mark Burnham household was 94.

    Table 1. Number of males and females by age group.

     
      Age Group TOTAL
    10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
    Males 181 146 99 63 42 30 22 9 5 0 597
    Females 150 160 103 72 44 44 26 13 5 2 623
    TOTAL 331 306 202 135 86 74 48 22 10 2 1220


    There were 105 males age 16 to 70, and 206 males age 18 to 70.

    Household size averaged 5.6 people, however a household of 3 was the most common size. Of the 216 households, the largest was that of Elias Andrews which had 13 people. Two households had 12 people in them; those were the Nathaniel Burnham and John Proctor households. There were five households listed which contained only one person. They were Anna Holmes, Mary Allen, Elizabeth Day, Lucy Proctor, and Sarah Low. The distribution of household size is shown in table 2.

    Table 2. Number of households by the number of individuals in each household.

    Household
    size
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
    Number of
    Households
    5 20 32 30 24 22 27 23 16 5 9 2 1


    There are 216 families with 61 different family names listed in the census. The most common is Burnham (23% of families), followed by Andrews (13%) and Story ( 8%). Families with those three surnames made up 44% of the total families in the parish.

    Table 3. Number of occurrences of each family name or place in Chebacco in the 1814 census

    Surname Count Surname Count Surname Count
    Allen 2 Eveleth 3 Lull 1
    Andrews 28 Foster 4 Mackenzie 1
    Boardman 1 Giddings 2 Marshall 4
    Bowers 1 Goodhue 2 Mears 3
    Boyd 2 Gorton 3 Millet 1
    Bray 1 Grant 1 Norton 1
    Brown 1 Hall 1 Nutter 1
    Burnham 49 Hardy 1 Parsons 1
    Butler 2 Harlow 1 Percival 1
    Butman 1 Haskell 2 Perkins 6
    Channel 1 Hodgkins 1 Pierce 1
    Choate 10 Holmes 2 Poland 2
    Cogswell 9 Jones 1 Proctor 3
    Cogswells Farm 1 Knowlton 1 Quimby 1
    Crawley 1 Lakeman 1 Roberts 1
    Crowell 1 Lee 1 Ross 3
    Day 1 Lewis 1 Russ 1
    Dexter 1 Limons 1 Rust 1
    Dodge 2 Low 11 Sewall 1
    Emerson 1 Lowe 3 Story 18
    Emerton 1 Lufkin 4 Total 216



    1814 Census Index


    Index 1. Joseph Allen to Grover Dodge

    Index 2. Nehemiah Dodge to Susannah Story


    Index 1. Joseph Allen to Grover Dodge. The page number is that of the census record.

Name Pg Name Pg Name Pg
Allen, Joseph 10 Burnham, Abner 5 Burnham, Thos. 3d 8
Allen, Mary 9 Burnham, Amos 8 Burnham, Thos. 8
Andrews, Amos 9 Burnham, Anna 1 Burnham, Westley 6
Andrews, Ann 7 Burnham, Asa 6 Burnham, Winthrop 11
Andrews, Anna 11 Burnham, Benj. 1st 6 Burnham, Wm. 3d 8
Andrews, Benj. 7 Burnham, Benj. 2d 7 Burnham, Wm. 2d 9
Andrews, Benj. 2d 9 Burnham, Charles 8 Burnham, Wm. 9
Andrews, Betsy 9 Burnham, David 6 Burnham, Wm. 4th 9
Andrews, Caleb 11 Burnham, Ebenez. 7 Burnham, Zebulon 5
Andrews, David 11 Burnham, Ebenez. 2d 10 Butler, Esther 9
Andrews, Ebenezer 1 Burnham, Elizabeth 10 Butler, John 10
Andrews, Elias 8 Burnham, Ezra 6 Butman, John 8
Andrews, Israel 11 Burnham, Hanh. 5 Channel, Robert 2
Andrews, Jacob 1st 1 Burnham, Hanh. 5 Choate, George 2
Andrews, Jacob 4th 8 Burnham, Henry 5 Choate, John 1
Andrews, Jacob 2d 11 Burnham, Isaac 3 Choate, John P. 1
Andrews, James 7 Burnham, Isaac 2d 7 Choate, Joseph 1
Andrews, James 11 Burnham, Jacob jr 5 Choate, Miriam 1
Andrews, Joanna 11 Burnham, Jacob 1st 5 Choate, Nathan 1
Andrews, Jon. 1st 11 Burnham, James 1st 5 Choate, Ruth 1
Andrews, Jonathan 3d 7 Burnham, James 2d 5 Choate, Solomon 4
Andrews, Jonathan 2d 9 Burnham, James 6 Choate, Susannah 2
Andrews, Levi 11 Burnham, John 6 Choate, Thos. 8
Andrews, Moses 8 Burnham, Jonathan 5 Cogswell, Aaron 1
Andrews, Solomon 11 Burnham, Joshua 9 Cogswell, Benj. 1
Andrews, Tyler 8 Burnham, Josiah 9 Cogswell, Jacob 5
Andrews, Winthrop 7 Burnham, Luke 5 Cogswell, John 1st 10
Andrews, Wm. 2d 1 Burnham, Mark 6 Cogswell, John 2d 10
Andrews, Wm. 1st 10 Burnham, Michael 5 Cogswell, Jonathan Esq. 2
Andrews, Zebulon 10 Burnham, Moses 9 Cogswell, Wm. 1st 1
Boardman, S. 1 Burnham, Nathan 5 Cogswell, Wm. 2d 11
Bowers, Wm. 4 Burnham, Nathan 9 Cogswell, Zaccheus 1
Boyd, Abraham 1 Burnham, Nathl. 6 Cogswells, Esq. Farm 1
Boyd, Lydia 1 Burnham, Noah 6 Crawley, Jas. 8
Bray, Aaron 1 Burnham, Parker 6 Crowell, Robert 2
Brown, John 11 Burnham, Sargent 8 Day, Elizabeth 10
Burnham, Aa. 8 Burnham, Seth 9 Dexter, John 8
Burnham, Abel 9 Burnham, Simeon 11 Dodge, Grover 2

Index 2. Nehemiah Dodge to Susannah Story


Name Pg Name Pg Name Pg
Dodge, Nehemiah 3 Low, Caleb 3 Perkins, John 3
Emerson, John 6 Low, Daniel 3 Perkins, Sarah 7
Emerton, Oliver 8 Low, Enoch 3 Pierce, George 11
Eveleth, Aa. 7 Low, Epes 11 Poland, Abner 6
Eveleth, John 2 Low, John 3 Poland, Josiah 11
Eveleth, Jonathan 6 Low, Moses 11 Proctor, John 10
Foster, Joseph S. 2 Low, Rufus 10 Proctor, Lucy 10
Foster, Polly 4 Low, Sarah 11 Proctor, Thos. 9
Foster, Susannah 4 Low, Thos. 3 Quimby, Saml. 8
Foster, Thos. 2 Lowe, David 7 Roberts, Epes 9
Giddings, Aaron 2 Lowe, Isaac 4 Ross, Anna 3
Giddings, Saml. 2 Lowe, Jeremiah 3 Ross, Timothy 7
Goodhue, John 7 Lufkin, Jonathan 10 Ross, Timothy 2d 7
Goodhue, Sarah 10 Lufkin, Lucy 9 Russ, Henry 10
Gorton, Nathanl. 9 Lufkin, Lydia 10 Rust, Miriam 6
Gorton, Nathl. 2d 9 Lufkin, Wm. 10 Sewall, Doct. 3
Gorton, Saml. 9 Lull, Miriam 6 Story, Abel 5
Grant, Abigail 10 Mackenzie, Jno. 4 Story, Daniel 4
Hall, Catherine 3 Marshall, Caleb 7 Story, David 5
Hardy, Saml. 2 Marshall, Fanny 10 Story, Elisha 4
Harlow, John 10 Marshall, Francis 4 Story, Ephraim 4
Haskell, Ebenezer 10 Marshall, Moses 3 Story, Jacob 6
Haskell, Elias 2 Mears, Alex. 5 Story, Jesse 4
Hodgkins, Christopher 2 Mears, John 3 Story, John 4
Holmes, Anna 2 Mears, Wm. 2 Story, Jonathan 4
Holmes, Nath. 2 Millet, Thos. 8 Story, Jonathan 4th 4
Jones, Abraham 2 Norton, Danl. 5 Story, Jonathan 2d 4
Knowlton, Moses 2 Nutter, Henry 4 Story, Jonathan 1st 7
Lakeman, Oliver 4 Parsons, Enoch 8 Story, Joseph 5
Lee, Amos 8 Percival, Ira 3 Story, Michael 3
Lewis, P--- 3 Perkins, Aaron 3 Story, Nathan 4
Limons, Joseph 3 Perkins, Abraham 7 Story, Phineas 3
Low, Aa. 11 Perkins, Ezra 3 Story, Stephen 4
Low, Betsy 4 Perkins, James 3 Story, Susannah 4


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Copyright 2000, 2010 by Kurt A. Wilhelm