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Lexington, Massachusetts Genealogy
part of the Middlesex, MA USGenWeb Project


Settled 1642 - Incorporated 1713


Originally known as Cambridge Farms, Lexington was first settled in 1642. Additional residents were soon attracted by the availability of hay fields and farming acreage and the possibilities of land speculation. Early settlers formed their own parish in 1691 to avoid traveling into Cambridge, and soon thereafter, Lexington was incorporated in 1713.

The town remained a quiet farming community until April 1775. With a total population at that time of seven hundred, the town played a pivotal role in United States history when the "Skirmish on the Green" began the American Revolution. It was in Lexington, Massachusetts, on the morning of April 19, 1775, that "the first blood was spilt in the dispute with Great Britain" according to Washington's diary, when colonists faced British regulars. In this first skirmish, eight Minutemen lost their lives, ten were wounded, and two British soldiers were also wounded. After the battle, Samuel Adams exclaimed to John Hancock, "What a glorious morning for America!" ... for more Lexington History see the Home Page of the local Chamber of Commerce



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