The principality of Monaco is the second smallest independent
state in the world. The smallest is the Holy See (Vatican City).
It is located on the Mediterranean coast, 11 miles east of Nice,
France, and surrounded on three sides by the country of France.
Monaco is divided into four sections: Monaco-Ville, the old city
on a rocky promintory extending into the Mediterranean; La Condamine,
the section along the port; Monte-Carlo, the principal residential
and resort area; and Fontvieille, a newly constructed area reclaimed
from the sea.
Monaco is noted for its beautiful natural scenery and mild,
sunny climate. The average minimum temperature in January and
February is 8 degrees C (47 degrees F); in July and August the
average maximum temperature is 26 degrees C (78 degrees F).
Source: U.S. Department of State (http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3397.htm#gov)