Excerpts from The Cumberland Times
transcribed by Charles Often

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1882

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Special Coverage of the Mining Woes of 1882

MINERS STRIKE 14 Mar 1882 the Knights of Labor respond to mine operators manifesto of 10 days ago proposing to reduce wages of miners and other labor. "We are not willing to accept the proposed offer and suspend work effective, 14 Mar 1882, taking our tools with us". The executive committee of the K of L will continue to meet to draft the official response.

21 Mar 1882 The official response sent, with replies directed to Robert W Price of Lonaconing, who will be working with the miners. We propose a committee of 5 miners and 5 of the owners to work things out.

31 Mar 1882 The coal companies have agreed to hear the committee. A rumor going around states that the mine operators plan to import foreign miners who are experienced to replace the strikers. This act would precipitate the miners to riot but has no official basis. A lack of information spurs these rumors.

04 Apr 1882 The mine operators refuse to recognize the Knights of Labor Organization and discuss conditions of employment with the individuals as fellow craftsmen of the miners. Nothing encouraging came from the meetings. Mine operators stand for .50 per ton and just weights. The Knights of Labor are setting up meetings with miners representatives of the mines to advise them of the situation as it now stands.

01 Apr 1882 The miners of Meyersdale, Clearfield, and Elk Garden WV, go on strike in sympathy and demand .65 per ton of coal. The coal companies will not accede to this demand. Some of the miners have not walked out in these mines.

26 May 1882 Mr Charles F Mayer, President of the Consolidation Coal Mines was in Cumberland and held a consultation with a committee of miners at the Queen City Hotel. It is understood that President Mayer informed the committee that the company stands firm on terms given to the miners in March and if they did not return to work, new labor would be imported.

27 May 1882 New eating and sleeping houses have been erected at Eckhart for the Consolidation Coal Co intended for occupancy for new men who may be imported to work the mine. There are mattresses there to accommodate up to 600 men and the company has 400 men at Baltimore, ready to send up as soon as accommodations are ready. The new men are mostly Swedes and others of recent importation who cannot speak English. The company's purpose is to get men who cannot be persuaded to leave easily.

30 May 1882 A force of 130 special policemen arrived from Baltimore and went to Eckhart to be sworn in by Justice of the Peace John B Brooke of Eckhart.

31 May 1882 Several rumors afloat yesterday at Eckhart. The new labor is said to be Austrians and are expected to arrive within 24 hours. 01 Jun 1882 At Cumberland, 150 men in 2 Pennsylvania RR cars arrived from New York, having recently landed from Europe. They were Austro- Hungarians and able to speak German when one citizen spoke to them. A policeman of the company interrupted the conversation. A police force of 50, from Eckhart under the command of Captain Hancock with pistols and hickory batons, surrounded the immigrant cars until the train left for Eckhart, where the men were housed and made acquainted with the mines by the boss.

02 Jun 1882 The new men at Eckhart went into the mines yesterday and began work under the supervision of experienced mine bosses. At the end of the day, 8 carloads (16 tons) of coal were ran out. This work was well done and the men took readily to the new work. Today's output is expected to be much larger.

03 Jun 1882 Only 75 men were placed in the mines today as they are currently still under instruction but still produced 90 tons. When the men are on their own, 150 tons per day are expected. New labor will arrive in a week or 10 days.

05 Jun 1882 the output at Eckhart reached 120 tons today and the first train of coal came down to the Consolidation wharf to be loaded on canal boats. Four miners, unable to perform the work were sent East. The remainder seem in excellent spirits and are fond of the labor.

06 Jun 1882 no change in the situation at Eckhart. An additional hundred men are expected today. Messers Morrisey and Ryland furnish 1500 lbs of beef every 3rd day as well as greens and other vegetables. Potatoes are in demand.

07 Jun 1882 The new labor at Eckhart produced 223 tons for the day. Additional mattresses arrived for the new men expected today. Four of the police force resigned as they were "union" men and would not stand against the miners.

08 Jun 1882 new arrivals were transferred to the Eckhart accommodation train at the Oldtown crossing to avoid the large crowd at the Queen City depot and reporters there. The train left, went through the Narrows and up to the Clarysville depot, where they detrained for the half hour walk to the Eckhart mine camp. There were 30 Swedes, 12 Hungarians, and 73 Germans, about 2 dozen of whom were from the Clearfield mines. The striking miners shouted at the new workers, trying to convince them not to work, but interpreters of the company intervened.. The strikers seem to have lost their jobs and may soon be ejected form their homes. Feeling are rising high among the strikers.

09 Jun 1882 New labor entered the mine for instruction and orientation. Yesterday was Corpus Christi holiday as the mine output was only 190 tons. Eight of the police force left for new jobs or got tired of their jobs. Miners, trying to dissuade the new labor, describe the mines as a penitentiary.

12 Jun 1882 The trainmen on the Eckhart branch RR refuse to haul coal dug by the new labor because their families are jeered and hooted at for their assisting the company. A new crew from among the policemen are: Engineer-George Howard, and Fireman-Andrew Little, both experienced trainmen. The rest of the crew is from the county. Cross ties were discovered across the tracks but the train stopped in time. KOL posts a notice to keep away from George's Creek Coal Mines until the labor situation is settled.

13 Jun 1882 The new labor went to work at Eckhart producing 300 tons. Commissioners Matheny and Kolb visited the mines with both the new labor and with the police. No more molestation with trains is reported. Other coal company plan to import new labor.

14 Jun 1882 Six more policemen arrived today. Colored drivers are expected here in a day or so. Yesterday, no team could be hired at Eckhart to haul supplies from the depot to the coal camp. Yesterday's output was 300 tons. Reserve crews for the Eckhart train have been hired. Hand bills printed in German have been distributed within the camp imploring the new labor to join the Knights of Labor and refuse the work

15 Jun 1883 The pay car of Consolidation Coal arrived and paid miners for their labor. The police will be paid tomorrow. Miners working Consolidation #2, that provides coal for the citizens of Frostburg and the area, work for .65 per ton ironically. Sworn in are 24 new police. Yesterday's output was 308 tons. New labor will arrive Tuesday. George's Creek Coal & Iron Co. president is making arrangements for new labor to work the Lonaconing mines.

16 Jun 1882 Mine output is up to 352 tons. A delegation of old miners asked President Mayer to resume work on company terms, if the company would rehire all miners. President Mayer declined. The company will exercise its own judgement as to who to rehire, since among the old miners some have made themselves obnoxious so as not to be given work under any consideration. The need to pay police staff seems to argue for rehiring the older miners.

17 Jun 1882 A rumor that men would return to the mines on Monday or Tuesday has been circulating. Yesterday's output was 385 tons. Miners are leaving daily for mine work in other mines.

19 Jun 1882 Saturday's output was 416 tons. The handbills have seemed to have no effect on the new labor. The Maryland & New Central Coal Company has begun the erection of new buildings to accommodate new labor. A few policemen have left Eckhart and 12 new recruits have been hired.

23 Jun 1882output from the Eckhart mines was 446 tons. Wednesday night, someone removed the bolts from the Hoffman siding switch to the main track. It was discovered by track inspectors before the train arrived and avoided an accident.

24 Jun 1882 The KOL met in Lonaconing but it is not known what the outcome was. Two meetings in Frostburg have the proceedings closely guarded. The output of coal from Eckhart was 449 tons.

26 Jun 1882 Twenty new policemen arrived from Baltimore. The output yesterday was 449 tons.

27 Jun 1882 Monday's output from Eckhart mines was 422 tons. The Russian and Hungarian interpreter left for Baltimore.

23 Jul 1882 About 45 more Germans, Danes, and others arrived here yesterday to join the new labor at Eckhart. Six of them, observing the police on guard, refused to work claiming that they did not know that a strike existed in the region. Some of the Germans and Poles have been discharged because they had too much slack in their coal. Mr William Sommerville, an old miner, dared to go to work yesterday not withstanding the hoots and jeers by a large escort of other miners. He deserves a great deal of credit for taking a stand to return to work. Many more of the old miners would like to return to work if they could summon up the courage.

25 Jul 1882 the Eckhart mines output is 616 tons. There are 16 miners from the Clearfield area that arrived here yesterday. The old miners were advised that demonstrations against the working miners was against the law. The New Central Coal Co advised their miners that unless they resume by Monday, new labor will be introduced into the mines. Men are being introduced into Hoffman Mines to work.

28 Jul 1882 A force of 78 new men, mostly Germans, arrived for the Eckhart and Hoffman mines .

29 Jul 1882 The miners of the New Central Coal Co met at Lonaconing and their response to the coal operators was negative. While the vote was far from unanimous and most men are willing to return to work, a negative response was given to the operators. Lumber for new housing was shipped to the Koontz Mine at Lonaconing for the erection of a new building for new labor. These buildings would be 24 X 104 feet and will accommodate 250 men. Carpenters are busy erecting the buildings and new carpenters are due to be hired.

16 Aug 1882 Discussions are again being held at the Queen City Hotel between the Mine Owners Executive Committee and a delegation of miners representing the region.

##Mine owners are: Messers CF Mayer; SS Lee; and Andrew Speir. Delegates of the miners are:

  • New Central Mines- J Abbott and Daniel McCoy;
  • American- John Moran and RW Price;
  • George's Creek- James Nicholas and Hugh McNeil;
  • Maryland- James Hamilton and Joseph Thompson;
  • Atlantic- John Sullivan and John Martin;
  • Swanton- James Park and Christian O'Brien;
  • Potomac- David Penman and James Major;
  • Maryland Union- Andrew Patrick and Michael Flannigan;
  • Hampshire and Baltimore- James McIntosh;
  • Consolidation Mines- Michael Duffy; John Grimes; James Banetine; JP Moody; Wm. Sleeman; Joseph Moody; RD Rees; John Stoddard: Maxwell Hamilton; DJ Williams; and WP Baird

Newspapers were invited from: Cumberland Times; Frostburg Journal; Baltimore Sun; News to report of the meeting progress for maximum distribution of the facts of the strike.

Points made during the meeting raised for discussion: New England now gets coal from Clearfield and most of the contracts for Georges Creek coal have expired. It is expected that new contracts would be slow to come when the strike ends. Steamship companies are down to 3 to deliver the coal when there once were 12 companies.

  • Almost all railroads except for 3 now deliver coal to New England.
  • Men vary in their demands for wages; 60, 57 , and 55 per ton.
  • The men want regularity of hours.
  • They want no problem getting cars to transport the coal.
  • No black lists for those vocal during the strike.
  • The "Foreign labor" cannot be just dropped. They were induced to come here to work and the mine owners feel some obligations toward them still.
  • The competition pays 50 cents per ton and the mine owners can pay no more that this.

The conference closed and no decisions were made or commitments offered by the miners. [2 column article of the meeting]

19 Aug 1882 A list of 75 men ready to work for the owners was submitted to Judge Douglass. The men were notified by Judge Douglass to prepare to go to work. New labor sent to the Koontz Mine are ringed by the old miners as they made their way to the new barracks . Some of the men were convinced not to work for the company and were joined in drinking sessions with the old miners at Lonaconing.

21 Aug 1882 The mine strike appears to be over. About 81 men of the George's Creek Company were at work. About 90 men at the New Central were signed up for work. At Barton, the Swanton Company expects all men to report for work.

22 Aug 1882 Approximately 600 men descend upon the Lonaconing homes where, miners ready for work live, to dissuade them from working. Knights of Labor discussions are being held at Frostburg and the men were persuaded to not work pending the results of the Frostburg Meetings. The Eckhart men were especially vocal to convince the Lonaconing men not to work as, they have already been replaced and "no one should work if we cannot work". They are feeling the brunt of the strike.

23 Aug 1882 The Frostburg Meeting was not productive. The mine owners have responded to the miners issues and nothing else remains to be discussed. Sheriff Shuck is deputizing 100 men to accompany miners at Lonaconing to their work place if the men want to work.

24 Aug 1882 The Knights of Labor decide to return to work and call the strike off after 5 months and 10 days. All are told to be at work ready with their tools. Some mines are not ready for employment after the long strike. The Ocean Mine is filled with water as the pump man was dissuaded to stop work some time ago. It will be several days before it can be pumped dry for work. The New Hope at Frostburg needs work before it can open. The Maryland and Atlantic Mines are not ready for opening either. The Eckhart and Hoffman mines are full of new labor and it will be some time before old miners can be assigned work. A fear the men have is there are "Black Lists" by owners and operators. The assignment of work will place married men first before unmarried. The regulations at each mine will determine how the coal is dug and the hours of employment.

29 Aug 1882 The Consolidation Coal Co gave tools to the miners at Allegany, Hoffman, and New Hope Mines and work has resumed. At Hoffman Mines, 15 of the new labor miners left alleging that it was unsafe to work with the old miners. It is thought that work on the canal is available. None of the old miners are at work at Eckhart Mines, as there is a full complement of miners already employed. The New Central Coal Co and the George's Creek Iron & Coal Co mines are all in full operation. The American and Maryland Coal Companies will need no men until contracts for the sale of coal can be secured. The Borden Coal Co is reportedly in full operation.

31 Aug 1882 The consolidation Coal Co at Eckhart discharged 30 of the police force and 50 remain there. At Hoffman, 15 of the new labor quit. The Midland Mines will resume operation and the coal mined will be used to fill contracts of the New Central Coal Co.

ADAMS 13 Jun 1882 Samuel H Adams died at the Carrollton Hotel last night following an illness of malignant disorder of the liver since April 17th. He was 56 years of age and a member of the SH & JF Adams, builders and contractors on Barnet Street. He and his brother came from Baltimore at ages 18 and 19 to form the company. He was born in Norfolk VA and following the death of his father in 1833, moved to Cumberland to apprentice with Joseph Nutt, carpenter. He married Miss Mary A Louge who, with 5 children, survive. Children are: Samuel H Adams Jr; Mrs Coleman, wife of Major Frederick W Coleman, manager of the Carrollton Hotel; Mrs Ahern, a widow; and Misses Bertha and Grace Adams. A fourth daughter, Mrs Harry C Brown died last summer. (Article has 8 paragraphs).

ARTHUR 25 Jul 1882 Mr John Arthur, a resident of Mt Savage for 20 years, died at his home in Pittsburg a few days ago, aged 70 years. He was the first train supervisor on this end of the Pittsburg Division.

BACH 14 Jan 1882 Mr Peter Bach, 56 years of age, died Friday (13 Jan). The funeral is today from Sts Peter & Paul Catholic Church.

BARTH 01 Feb 1882 Mr Edward Barth of Mt Savage was killed yesterday on the C&P RR near Payne Spring while coupling train cars when he fell under the train. He was about 21 years of age and lived in Mt Savage with his father, Mr John Barth. He was a nephew of ex-sheriff, John G Bauer of Cumberland.

BELL 11 Jan 1882 On Sunday, July 8th, at Lock No 58 near Orleans, William Bell, aged 60 years died.

BEVERIDGE 14 Aug 1882 William Beveridge of Lonaconing, aged about 55 years, died yesterday at the Almshouse and was buried Saturday.

BOTTLE RUN 06 Dec 1882 The tannery at Bottle Run, out the Bedford Road six miles, on a branch of the Evitts Creek, was the scene of excitement. Mr Martin Rouzer, a popular foreman was replaced by the brother of Mr White, the new owner of the tannery. The men and the new foreman did not see eye to eye and 4-5 men quit and also were trying to induce others to quit. Mr White tried to stop the rebellion in the bud and hired 2 tanners to replace the 2 men who were most vocal. Bitter words followed and foreman White ended up in a tanning vat. He got out of the smelly water and was struck by John Leasure and the men took control of the tannery. They kept 2 men to maintain the boilers. It is felt that Mr White is too strict of a foreman in his management style. ( 7 paragraph story). 07 Dec 1882 Mr John K White the owner arrived at Cumberland and investigated the trouble. Discharged as instigators were Leonard Brant, Wesley Leasure, and Samuel Fields and the new employer hired on 1 man from Cumberland and 3 men from the Bottle Run area as replacements. The tannery is again active.

BOWARD 27 Mar 1882 Mr John Boward, an old citizen of Cumberland died at his residence on N Centre Street on Saturday (25 Mar), aged 82 years. He lived here all his life and during all of the presidential administrations except for George Washington's. The funeral is from the German Lutheran Church, with Rev JE Moffatt.

BRANT 11 Aug 1882 Mr William B Brant died yesterday at the Almshouse, aged 84 years. A native of Frederick, he had been a resident of this county for 78 years. He was very well known throughout the county.

BRANT 12 Jan 1882 George Brant, 70 years of age, a shoemaker by trade, living in a small log house at Smouse's Mill, near Bottle Run Tannery, was burned to death yesterday in a house fire that burned to the ground. Brant had been to Cumberland the day before, was intoxicated, and put to bed by William Smouse and Milton Hendrickson. They remained with him until 10:00 at night, blew out the lamp and left him sleeping. His body was found in the opposite corner from the bed and it is supposed that he got up in a stupor and accidently set the home on fire seeking to light a lamp. He was overcome with smoke before he could make his escape.

BRAY 28 Aug 1882 Mr George Bray, 50, died 24 Aug in Flintstone and the burial was Saturday. Prior to his death, he was chief engineer at JB Hoyt & Co Tanneries at Flintstone. He belonged to the Masons and the Odd Fellows.

BUCHMAN 11 Feb 1882 Mrs Louisa Buchman, wife of Martin Buchman, died at the residence yesterday at N Centre Street in her 55th year from an illness of 9 months from asthma culminating in pneumonia and death. She leaves a husband and 7 grown children, one of whom is the wife of Mr H Flurschultz on N Liberty Street.

BYRNES 05 Jan 1882 The funeral of Mrs E A Byrnes took place from her residence at Decatur Street yesterday. The services were at St Patrick's Catholic Church with interment in St Patrick's cemetery.

C&O CANAL 31 Jan 1882 the C&O canal is lengthening 14 of its locks to 100 feet to accommodate the larger coal barges. The water was drawn off in January and the canal closed for the winter and they expect to be completed by mid-March to re-open to traffic again. The locks to be extended are: #68 at South Branch; #60 or Twigg's Lock; #58 or Gross's Lock; #44 at Williamsport; #53 at Cheney's Lock; and the Guard Lock at Dam Number 4. Then; Bull Ring Lock below Harper's Ferry; Weaverton; Berlin; Catoctin; Point of Rocks; Mononocy; Head of Nine Mile Level; and Edward's Ferry.

CARABINE 18 Dec 1882 Sandford Carabine, a brakeman, was killed by an exploding boiler of the C&P RR on Saturday (16 Dec) in the Narrows when he was badly scalded by steam and hot water. His remains were taken to Mt Savage for burial. He was single and about 24 years of age. Burial is in the Catholic Cemetery at Mt Savage.

CARTER 11 Sep 1882 Mr Isaac N Carter, died at the residence of a daughter, Mrs EH Campbell in Cumberland in the 78th year of his life. He was from Charlestown WV and the remains will be taken there for burial.

CARTS 27 Apr 1882 Mrs Barbary Carts, widow of Jacob Carts of Allegany Co, died at Keyser WV on 21 Apr at the residence of Mrs Margaret Dean in the 71st year of her life.

CLAY 17 Aug 1882 Mr William Clay and his 14 year old son were both struck by the B&O accommodation train at the Sideling Hill crossing, 30 miles East of the city. Young Clay tried to cross the tracks with a wheelbarrow full of oats and the wheel got caught in the tracks. His father went to the son's assistance and the train struck both of them. Mr Clay is a brother of Mrs Michael Rossworm of Cumberland.

CLOSE 28 Sep 1882 Mr Edwin Close, a son of Sandy Close, engaged in Pompey Smash mines, preparing mining props in an unoccupied room, was crushed by a heavy fall of coal and slate. It took a couple of hours to recover his body. The miners stopped work and the mine will close until after the burial.

CONDON 03 Mar 1882 Mr James Condon, an aged citizen of Cumberland, who was the track head for a number of years for the Eckhart branch, was instantly killed yesterday by No 755 of the Pittsburgh Express knocking him from the track. Mr Condon was on his way to work and near the Himmler Still, avoided the Eckhart train and stepped in front of the Pittsburgh train. Mr Condon resided on Stoney Battery, was well known in the city and was 65 years of age.

COOKERLY 05 Dec 1882 Mr John C Cookerly, an elderly citizen of this county, died yesterday at his home at Rawlings, 12 miles from the city. He once was a gold hunter in the 1849 rush to California, returning here to engage in business at Rawlings. His funeral will occur tomorrow at Rawlings with burial on the farm with Rev Frank Porter officiating.

COULEHAN 24 Mar 1882 James E Coulehan died in Maitland FL on Monday (20 Mar), being there for his health as a sufferer of pulmonary disease. James A McHenry, his cousin, went to retrieve the remains. He was the 2nd son of the late Thomas Coulehan and a member of the firm of J & T Coulehan. He leaves a wife and 2 little children. The funeral is from the residence on Decatur Street and thence to St Patricks Church for services by Father Mattingly.

COULEHAN 06 May 1882 James E Coulehan, infant son of James E & Carrie Coulehan, died at age 11 months, 5 days. The funeral is from the home on Decatur Street.

CRESAP 16 Feb 1882 From Bonaparte, Van Buren Co, Ohio "Journal", news of the death of M Cresap form a heart attack. He was born in Allegany Co, MD in 1806 and was 76 years of age. After marriage he moved to Somerset Co, PA keeping a hotel of the National Turnpike, and then, moved to Bonaparte in 1865. He was the father of 8 children, 4 living near Bonaparte. Others are: GM Cresap of Elizabethtown KY; Mrs Charles C Smith of CA; and William and Ross Cresap in MT. The funeral is from the Presbyterian Church, Rev Welch.

CRESAP 25 Nov 1882 On Friday (24 Nov) Mrs L M Cresap died at her residence near Oldtown. She had been ill for some time. Her remains will be interred at Hancock.

CUNNINGHAM 06 Nov 1882 Mrs Bessie Cunningham, a aged lady, died at Lonaconing on Friday (3 Nov). She was born in Scotland and leaves 2 married sons and 3 unmarried daughters.

DARBY 08 Mar 1882 Mr C A Darby of Barton died there yesterday of jaundice. He was about 30 years of age, leaves a wife and 1 son. He came to Barton five years ago from Rockville MD. His business was opposite the C&P RR Depot.

DEVINE 25 Sep 1882 Mrs Michael Devine, formerly Mrs John May, died Saturday (23 Sep) in her 81st year. She taught school in Cumberland for many years. The funeral is from the home with a Requiem Mass at the German Catholic Church. Her remains will be taken to Georgetown for burial beside her first husband. She was the daughter of John Kendall and granddaughter of Col. John Stull of Revolutionary War memory.

DRESSMAN 11 Dec 1882 Mrs George Dressman, aged 50 years, was seized by a spasm while she had an oil lamp in her hand, which broke and ste all of her clothes afire resulting in her death. Her husband suffered hand burns trying to save her.

DURST 26 Oct 1882 Mr Dennis Durst, aged 51 years, with a wife and 3 children, committed suicide yesterday near the water station, 3 miles West of Cumberland. He was a track hand for the railroad and was addicted to alcoholic sprees, after which, he would sober up and resume work. He told his wife he was killing himself, which he had announced many times before and she ignored him. He took down his musket and went to the hill adjoining the house, tied the trigger off with a fish line and placed the musket to his head, blowing his head off and scattering his brains.

FINGELDAY 28 Sep 1882 Mr John Fingleday, in his 65th year of age, died at the residence of a son in law, Mr Frederick Wright on S Mechanic Street. At one time he ran a tannery in the upper part of the city. The funeral is tomorrow.

FORD 17 Mar 1882 From the Valley "Times"; Mrs Rose Ford, an aged lady of Moscow, was found in bed dead yesterday morning. She was the mother of Mr James Ford deceased, who was buried Monday (13 Mar). She attended the funeral and grief is supposedly the cause of her death.

GEPHART 24 Oct 1882 Mr Simon Gephart, a brother to O.C. and George Gephart of this city. Was paralyzed yesterday at his home in Valley Falls KS, 30 miles from Leavenworth. He is in his 60th year and it is feared that he will not recover, Mr Gephart married a daughter of Mr Gustavus Beall of this city and left for Kansas in 1857, where he has since resided. Many of our older citizens recall him. Since this writing, we have learned of the death of Mr Gephart at 4:00 yesterday afternoon.

GODWIN 05 May 1882 Laura M Godwin, 28 years of age, died of consumption yesterday at the residence of her mother Mrs Ellen Wineow on Decatur Street. The funeral is from the home tomorrow.

GREEN 16 Feb 1882 Mr A C Green died yesterday at his residence below Frostburg form paralysis of the throat causing suffocation. Mr Green was an agent at the mines and superintendent of the Borden Mining Co. He was 62 years of age and lived in the county since 1851. After arriving, he married his 2nd wife, Miss Margaret Standish, who died several years ago. The funeral is tomorrow from the residence near Frostburg yclept Clifton Park and his remains taken to Providence RI for burial.

GROWDEN 28 Jun 1882 Mr Andrew Growden, young man of Cumberland Valley near the State Line, died at his residence on Friday (24 Jun) . He was married a short time ago to a Western lady. The funeral was Sunday at the Fellowship Church with Rev ST Ferguson, pastor of the Centreville MP Church.

GRUBER 12 Dec 1882 Mr Matthias Gruber is missing after leaving his Centre Street home in slippers last Thursday and has not been seen since. It is feared that he has fallen or jumped into Wills Creek which is quite deep. A son of Johnstown will arrive today to have the creek dragged as Mr Gruber has threatened recently to destroy himself. 13 Dec 1882 The body of Mr Matthias Gruber was found in Wills Creek at a point opposite the Shipley House by sons John and William. Slush ice had obscured the body. An inquest jury was empaneled and witnesses were ; John & William Gruber, Mrs Zimmerman, John H Baldwin, and Joseph Richart. A ruling of accidental drowning was rendered by the jury. Matthias Gruber was a native of Germany, coming to this country, first stopping at Hagerstown, coming thereafter to Cumberland where he has lived for 40 years since. He was a bricklayer and mason and also a contractor. He was one of the first men engaged in the building of the railroad viaduct over Wills Creek and one of the men who finished the work. He was also one of the first engaged in the early construction of the C&O Canal at Cumberland. He was twice married and leaves a wife and 3 sons and 5 daughters. Three of the daughters were from his first wife. He was in his 68th year of life. Burial was in the German Lutheran Cemetery.

HARTUNG 07 Aug 1882 Yesterday at the North Branch Bridge, the conductor of an eastbound train saw a man in the track bed between the tracks and ordered the westbound train to pick up the body and take it to Cumberland where it was identified as Christopher Hartung, son of Mrs Wilhelmina Zimmer. An inquest followed. He leaves a widow and four children. He was born in Germany. He worked for Adam Seibert as a farm hand at North Branch. The funeral is from the German Lutheran Church and burial in the Lutheran Cemetery. [Article if a full column.].

HASS 10 Mar 1882 Mr Andrew Hass died from a swelling of his legs last Sunday. He was affected 5 months ago and they got worse and an amputation was scheduled, but he died prior to the operation. He was 67 years of age and burial was in the German Lutheran Cemetery.

HEALY 25 Jul 1882 Dr P A Healy died at his home on S Mechanic Street in the 64th year of his age from an internal tumor. Born in Longford Ireland on 14 Dec 1818, he came to this country as a child living in Baltimore. In 1856 he married Mrs Gales, a widow of Frostburg and the daughter of Mrs Cross. They had a large family, 5 deceased and 3 living; Miss Lulu; Master Edward; and young child Ella. He was in the war under Col Jones with the 2 MD Reg PHB. Burial is in the St Patrick's Cemetery.

HITCHCOCK 18 Feb 1882 Mr Luke D Hitchcock died at his residence 6 miles north of the city yesterday of pneumonia after an illness of 10 days. The funeral is from the home of Mr John Humbird on Frederick Street, with Rev Threll and burial in Rose Hill Cemetery.

HITE 01 May 1882 Mr John Hite died at his residence on Valley Road on Friday (28 Apr) at age 70 years.

JOHNS 19 Jun 1882 Col. Thomas Johns of Prospect Street died Saturday (17 Jun) from heart disease and paralysis. He was 70 years of age and leaves a wife and daughter, Mrs GE Anderson of Bedford. His wife was the daughter of the late Jonathan Magruder. He was a native of Georgetown and a West Point graduate, seeing service as a Col. in 2nd MD Reg. He was in the hardware business here.

KELLEY 19 Oct 1882 Mrs Kelley, an aged lady from Mt Savage, died at the residence of her son-in-law, Mr James Welsh, a puddler at the rolling mill, and was taken to Mt Savage for burial yesterday.

KING 18 Nov 1882 Abram Kinsey King, aged 32 years, died yesterday at his residence on S Mechanic Street. The funeral train left Hays Station on the PA RR for burial in King's Grove near Ellerslie, with Rev Moffatt officiating.

KIRKPATRICK 28 Jan 1882 The No 418 freight train wrecked into a landslide on the Connellsville road yesterday around Four Oaks, 20 miles from Cumberland. The engineer, Mr Frank Kirkpatrick was killed. He was 32 years and 7 months of age. He lives on N Centre Street with his wife and a sick child. The fireman, Henry Brinker was wedged in the ruble and steam was pouring upon him and he is not expected to live. He lives in Latrobe PA. The brakeman, Solomon Hentsell was also wedged in the ruble and suffered a broken leg. The remains of Frank D Kirkpatrick took place from the residence of his mother Mrs Taefel on Polk Street. His brother David Kirkpatrick from Hagerstown and a brother, Fred Taefel of Newark OH attended the funeral. Also attending was Mr Dorsey Campbell of Hagerstown, a brother of his mother. His remains were interred in the German Lutheran Cemetery.

KORNS 25 Jul 1882 Miss Hester Ann Korns, young daughter of Jesse Korns, died yesterday at the home on Bedford Street. The burial is in Rose Hill Cemetery.

LEGGE 23 Jan 1882 Mrs Theodore Bantz Legge, wife of Capt J F Legge of this city, died from typhoid fever yesterday after a long illness. The funeral is today from the residence at Union Street with Rev GW Huntington of the Reformed Episcopal Church and burial is in Frederick MD.

LITTLE 13 Jun 1882 Mr S T Little died on Sunday (11 Jun) at Wernersville PA resort for invalids from an affection of the digestive organs. He was born at Martinsburg on 27 Aug 1828, served as an apprentice jeweler at Chambersburg before moving to Cumberland in 1846. On 22 Mar 1853, he married Miss Maria Catherine Korns, a daughter of Jesse Korns and they were blessed with 11 children, nine still living. Of these, 7 are boys: Mr Jesse T Little of Williamsport PA the eldest and Robert Little, next to his brother who manages his affairs. With Mr Little at his death were his wife and brother, Robert Little of Parkersburg and children Miss Eula and Ralph, the youngest child. He served as 2nd Lt. in Co. H, 2nd MD Reg. The funeral is from the home on Bedford Street with burial in Rose Hill Cemetery.

LOWENSTEIN 23 jan 1882 Mrs Elizabeth Lowenstein, aged 81 years, died Friday at the residence of son-in-law, Mr John Schiller.

MAGUIRE 23 Jul 1882 Miss Bettie Maguire of Pittsburgh PA died at her residence there , aged 80 years. She was single all of her life and was the sister of the late Mrs McKay, who died last year at the age of 82 years. Mrs McKay is the mother-in-law of Messers Jacob & John Humbird of the city.

MATHEWS 30 Jan 1882 Mr Peter Mathews died Saturday (21 Jan) on Columbia Street at age 84 years. He had been in failing health.

McCULLOH 24 Jun 1882 Mr William McCulloh, brother of Mrs Capt. H H Hartsock, died at the residence of the Capt. On Decatur Street yesterday form consumption. He was 21 years of age and ill for several months. The funeral is from the home and burial at Rose Hill Cemetery.

McCULLOH 01 May 1882 Robert C McCulloh of Frostburg died of paralysis on Saturday (29 Apr) at his residence, in the 73rd year of his life. He had learned the trade of tanner and curryier in and apprenticeship in Philadelphia and then moved to Frostburg, living here for 50 years following his business. About 2 years ago, he suffered paralysis from which he eventually died. He leaves 5 grown sons: Thomas Blair; C Melville; William; Robert g; and Frank McCulloh, and 2 daughters; Mrs Jas Kimbell of Philadelphia; and Miss Louisa McCulloh. Also, brothers, Messrs, T G; John; Washington; and H Clay McCulloh. The funeral is from the home.

McDONALD 01 Mar 1882 Mrs Agnes McDonald of Barton died yesterday of cancer in her 69th year following long suffering.

McGIRR 28 Sep 1882 Mr Arthur McGirr, 50, of Independence Street was struck by the passenger train from Bedford at the Valley Street crossing. It was raining hard and he had the umbrella down over his head and did not see or hear the oncoming train. He was first struck by the pilot engine and thrown 25 feet into the air, landing on the track again and the pilot hit him again dragging him fifty feet when then fell under the trestle work into a coal yard. The verdict of the coroner's jury was accidental death by engine #507 which was drawing a passenger train on the Pennsylvania Railroad. Funeral services are at St Patrick's.

McKAIG 06 May 1882 Gen. Thomas Jefferson McKaig, in his 79th year, died of general debility at Breathedsville, near Hagerstown. The remaining members of the family are brothers, Dr R S McKaig and Rev C V McKaig of Pittsburgh; and 2 sisters, one in IA and one in Delaware OH. He was born at Steubenville OH on 04 Feb 1804 and the family soon moved to Columbia Co, OH; he graduated from Washington College in 1826, and then moved to Cumberland to serve as principal of Allegany Academy . He leaves a wife and 2 children; Frisby Tilghman and Nina Lamar McKaig. He served in the 50th Reg and later served in the MD Militia as Brigadier General. The funeral is from St Mary's Catholic Church with interment at Rose Hill Cemetery of Hagerstown.

McKEE 23 Feb 1882 Mrs Jane McKee, resident of the city for 40 years, died at her residence 27 N Centre Street today. She was in her 88th year and was the mother-in-law of John & Jacob Humbird of this city.

MEANS 16 Feb 1882 Miss Ella Means died Tuesday (14 Feb) at the residence of a niece Mrs Kate McClain, 150 Tagert St, Allegany PA. she died from injuries of an assault suffered on 11 Nov in Westmoreland Co, PA. Ella and Mary Means, maiden ladies aged 83 and 73 years, resided alone in a farmhouse. An intruder attacked them and beat them unmercifully. Mary Means died 3 weeks since. James S Ward was arrested and the charge of murder hangs over him in the Westmoreland Co Court as he rests in jail. He is 28 years of age and employed in the tube works in McKeesport PA A charge of double murder now awaits him. (4 paragraph story).

MERRYMAN 13 Jun 1882 Elijah Bosley Merryman, aged 35 years, died Saturday (10 Jun) of typhoid fever. He was a conductor of the B&O RR night sleeping cars. He changed jobs 18 months ago from the Pullman Cars.

MILLER 18 Dec 1882 Henry Miller, a brakeman, was killed by an exploding boiler of the C&P RR on Saturday (16 Dec) in the Narrows when he was badly scalded by steam and hot water. His remains were taken to Mt Savage for burial. He was single and about 22 years of age. Burial is in the Catholic Cemetery at Mt Savage.

MILLER 13 Mar 1882 John Rowell Miller, 79 years and 8 months of age, died at the Almshouse yesterday. He was born 04 Jul 1802 in Germany, came to this country in 1868, settling in Mt Savage, leaving there only 6 months ago to live at the Almshouse.

MORRIS 07 Jan 1882 J Robert Morris was killed accidently on the accommodation train near Hyndman yesterday, He was 20 years of age and a son of Robert I Morris. An inquest rendered accidental death with no blame attached to the railroad. The funeral was from the home of the father on Frederick Street and services at the Centre Street ME Church and burial at Rose Hill Cemetery.

MULLEN 30 Jan 1882 Mr Henry Mullen died at his residence on Saturday ( 28 Jan) following a short illness. He leaves a wife and one child. He was boss rigger at the B&O RR here.

POLAND 19 Jan 1882 Yesterday, Aaron Poland, a miner was killed in the Potomac Coal Co mine at Barton from a fall of coal. He was 38 years of age, leaves a wife and 6 children. He was working alone. An inquest exonerated the company from all blame.

PORTER 28 Jun 1882 Mr Henry W Porter, who was run over by a train of cars at McKeesport PA on Monday (26 Jun) was buried at St Patrick's in Mt Savage. He was 18 years of age and son of Mr Enoch S Porter of Mt Savage.

REUSCHLEIN 02 Feb 1882 Mr John Reuschlein died yesterday at his residence in Cumberland at the advanced age of 84 years.

RICE 30 Nov 1882 Mr George S Rice, a farmer on Martins Mountain, died from the effects of a tree falling upon him, which he and a nephew, George Rice were felling. A fracture of the skull was the cause of death. He was 45 years of age and leaves a wife and 5 children in circumstances.

ROBBINS 14 Dec 1882 Mrs Fannie S Robbins died at her residence on W Washington Street on Monday (11 Dec) and the funeral took place yesterday from the residence with burial at Rose Hill Cemetery. She was the wife of the late O D Robbins.

ROBINSON 03 Mar 1882 The funeral of Mr Joseph Robinson, a boss miner at Ocean Mines, who died on Tuesday (28 Feb) took place yesterday. The remains are buried in Frostburg.

ROHRBACH 20 Jul 1882 Yesterday, George Rohrbach, formerly engaged in the grocery business in the city, but retired some years ago upon a competency, died of consumption in his 68th year at his residence 208 N Centre Street. The burial is tomorrow.

RUPERT 13 Nov 1882 Mrs Mary E Rupert died of consumption, aged 41 years and 7 days, on Sunday (12 Nov). She was the wife of Charles Fred Rupert, the news dealer, of Bedford Street. A High Mass at St Patrick's and burial in St Patrick's Cemetery.

RYAN 28 Jun 1882 Mrs Catherine Ryan, wife of Philip Ryan Sr, died yesterday at her home on Frederick Street following a long illness. Services will be held at St Patrick's Church.

RYLAND 21 Dec 1882 Mr George Ryland, the engineer of the C&P RR, who was injured in the boiler explosion on Saturday (16 Dec), died as a result of his injuries. He was in his 37th year of life, being born 29 Mar 1847. He leaves a widow and 3 children, the youngest, 1 years old. The funeral will take place today.

SHAFFER 30 Jun 1882 Mrs Mary Shaffer, an aged lady, died at the home of a son William H Shaffer on Decatur Street. She had been unable to walk for the past 19 years due to rheumatism. She was 82 years of age and a consistent member of the MP Church.

SHAFFER 07 Nov 1882 Mrs Susan Shaffer, wife of William Shaffer, aged 57 years, died Monday (06 Nov) and the funeral is from her home on 34 Bedford Street.

SHAFFER 09 Nov 1882 Mr William H Shaffer died last night of Bright's Disease, aged 56 years. His wife died on Monday and was buried only yesterday, a few hours prior to his death. Remaining are 2 sons, John & Webster; and 2 daughters, Mary & Daisy. The funeral is tomorrow.

SHANE 05 Apr 1882 Margaret Shane, in her 65th year of life, died at the residence of Hon William Walsh on Washington Street of paralysis. The funeral is scheduled for St Patrick's Church.

SHAW 09 Jan 1882 Mrs Harriet Shaw, mother of Mr Levi Shaw living on Bedford Street, died at her residence yesterday morning in the 75th year of her age.

SHIPLEY 29 Nov 1882 William D Shipley died from lock jaw. He lived with his parents at Oldtown and was 23 years old.

SHUCK 25 Jul 1882 Mrs Ann C Shuck, relict of Henry Shuck, died of paralysis yesterday at her residence on Frederick Street. She had been ill for some time. Mrs Shuck was born in Scotland and came to this county at 12 years of age and her maiden name was Simmons. She was originally a Presbyterian but for 40 years she was a Methodist.

SLICER 13 Nov 1882 Mr Neal Slicer, aged 65 years, a former resident of Cumberland but now of Bellefontaine OH, died Sunday morning( 5 Nov) following a fit of epilepsy when he fell over a fireplace and his face was half burned. He was a brother of John Slicer, who formerly owned the property where the Alms House is built.

SMITH 09 Dec 1882 The funeral of Mrs Margaret Smith of Maryland Avenue, who died Wednesday (06 Dec), was held yesterday. She was the mother of John W Smith of the rolling mill. She was 51 years of age and a member of the Kingsley ME Church.

SMOUSE 01 Apr 1882 Peter Smouse died on 31 Mar 1882, aged 66 years, at his residence, Phoenix Mills on Bottle Run. A native of this county, he leaves a widow and a number of grown children. The funeral is from the ME Church at Union Grove. Burial is in the family burying plot.

SPRIGG 20 Jun 1882 Mrs Mollie A Sprigg, daughter of the late Moses Rawlings and the wife of Mr Richard M Sprigg of Rawlings, died at the home of Mr JW Cook on Friday (16 Jun). The funeral was this morning at Emmanuel Episcopal Church with burial at Rose Hill Cemetery.

SWARTZWELDER 10 Mar 1882 Mr Clay & Harry Swartzwelder are in Chambersburg for their mother's funeral who died on Wednesday (8 Mar). She was formerly a resident of this city and a relict of Mr Isaac S Swartzwelder, who died many years ago. He was a hardware merchant on N Mechanic Street above Baltimore Street.

TILGHMAN 27 Jun 1882 Mrs Anna B Tilghman died yesterday. She was the mother of Mr FL Tilghman and a sister of the late JG Lynn. The funeral is from the Emmanuel Episcopal church with Rev Nott.

TRIEBER 26 Apr 1882 Elizabeth M Trieber, wife of Howard M Trieber, died Monday (24 Apr) of consumption in her 24th year. The funeral is from the home at 109 Baltimore Street.

TRIMBLE 31 Jan 1882 Mr Henry Trimble of Mt Savage died there last Sunday (29 Jan) in the 84th year of his life. He is brother of Noah Trimble in Cumberland.

TRIMBLE 06 Nov 1882 Mr Enoch Trimble, aged 76 years, died at the home of a nephew, W S Trimble at Mt Savage last week. He was a bachelor and lived on the adjoining farm all of his life.

VALENTINE 30 Jan 1882 Mrs A D Valentine, mother of Mr C M Renninger, died Saturday (28 Jan) in her 76th year, at her son's residence. Her funeral was yesterday.

WALKER 06 Nov 1882 Mrs Margaret Walker, wife of George W Walker of Borden Shaft, died on Friday (3 Nov), aged 70 years. She leaves 3 children, one of whom is Mr C H Walker, the postmaster at Frostburg.

WALTON 02 Oct 1882 The funeral of Nellie Shuck Walton took place from the residence of Mr James B Walton on S Mechanic Street conducted by Rev JE Moffat. She was married only one month to Mr Edward Walton.

WHITE 21 Mar 1882 Hamilton White, an old citizen of Cumberland who was suffering for 3 years from paralysis, died Saturday (18 Mar). He was about 75 years old. The funeral is from the home on independence Street, with Rev RT Smith with remains placed in the family vault at Rose Hill Cemetery.

WILSON 15 Feb 1882 Mrs Harriet Cresap Wilson, mother of James W Wilson of Rawlings Station, died at her son's residence yesterday, aged 83 years. Her funeral is this evening She was a consistent member of the ME Church.

WILSON 06 Nov 1882 Mr M Van Wilson, formerly of this county, died (3 Nov) at Blair Co, NE where he has lived for the past 5 years. He was 37 years of age and the youngest son of Michael Wilson of Rawlings, and a brother of James W Wilson of Rawlings.

YOUNG 23 Oct 1882 On Saturday, (21 Oct), Mr John Young, an old miner died at his sons residence in Lonaconing, aged 67 years. His son, Daniel, is the only one of the family now living.

YOUNG 02 Sep 1882 Eva Young, relict of the late Charles Young, died yesterday in the 67th year of life. Her funeral is tomorrow.

ZELCH 02 Oct 1882 Mr William H Zelch, a printer of the city died Saturday (30 Sep) of a lingering illness of consumption. He was 25 years of age and leaves a wife. Burial at the Lutheran Cemetery on the Baltimore Pike.

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