The History of
Caroline County, Maryland
From Its Beginning
1920

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page  
Introduction   xi
Sources and References xiii
Formation of Caroline County    1
Organization of the County    3
Caroline County Courts    7
The Hundred-Election Districts   18
Land Grants   23
The Mason and Dixon Line   25
Roads, Ferries, Bridges, Fences and Gates   28
Indians of the Eastern Shore   35
When Indians Lived in Our Land   41
Foreword to the Trial of Poh Poh Caquis   45
Erection of the Court House and Jail   50
Revolutionary Period   54
Caroline's Military Activities   70
Colonel William Richardson   76
Colonel William Whiteley   80
Matthew Driver   82
The Potters of Potters Landing   85
Life in Caroline Following the Revolution   88
Early Brick Dwellings in Caroline   94
The Hughletts 100
William Frazier - Methodist Organizer 103
Early Churches and Societies 105
Caroline County Alms Houses 120
When Tobacco Was King 123
The Duel Between Dickinson and Jackson 126
War of 1812 129
Captain Joseph Richardson 133
Thomas Culbreth 134
Early Postal Service 137
The Plantation 139
Slavery 141
An Old Time Maryland School (1838) 152
The Public Schools 156
Early Factories 165
The Civil War 168
Marydel Vicinity
         The Marydel Duel, Edinburg

175
Henderson Locality 181
Goldsboro (Old Town)
         Bridgetown, Bee Tree, Barcus

187
Moore's 191
Greensboro (Choptank Bridge)
         Whiteley's and Lowe's, Dr. Henry Rousset

194
Burrsville (Punch Hall, Union Corner)
         Central, Camp Grove

218
Denton (Pig Point, Edenton)
        Garey's Oaks, Willoughby's, Andersontown
        Lidens, Hickman, Williston, Williamson's
        The Bureau
224
Harmony (Fowling Creek)
        Grove, Laurel Grove, Friendship

251
Preston (Snow Hill)
        Linchester, Choptank

256
Bethlehem
        Smithson, Hubbard's

263
Federalsburg (North West Fork Bridge)
        Hickory Hill, Nichols, Houston's Branch

267
Concord
         Howard's, American Corners

281
Smithville and Community
         Chestnut Grove, Nabb's
284
Hillsboro (Tuckahoe Bridge)
         Thawley's, Tuckahoe Neck
289
Ridgely
         Furman's Grove, The Plains
299
Spanish-American War 314
County Newspapers 316
The World War 320
The Floods of 1919 347

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Transcribed by Adina Watkins Dyer

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