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                                                 The Planting of the Colony of Maryland, 1893, by Francis Blackwell Mayer                                                        

                                                        The Annapolis Complex Collection, Maryland State Archives                                                         

"In the year 1785, a 'league' of sixty families was formed in Maryland ... each one of whom was pledged to emigrate to Kentucky within a specified time.  Their purpose was to settle together, as well for mutual protection against the Indians, as with the view of securing to themselves, with least possible delay, the advantages of a pastorate and a church.  They were not all to emigrate at once, but as circumstances permitted."1  

Twenty-five of these sixty families left Maryland in 1785 - in search of religious freedom and a better life.  They arrived at Goodwin's Station near present day Bardstown in Nelson Co. KY.   Many more settlers were to follow in the years to come - primarily from St. Mary's , Charles, Calvert, and Prince George's Counties,  Maryland.  They settled in what today is considered the Holy Land of Kentucky - Nelson, Washington & Marion Cos.   The  descendants of these early pioneers migrated to Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Texas... and now reside in nearly every state of the Union.                         1Ben. J. Webb, The Centenary of Catholicity in Kentucky. (Charles A. Rogers, 1884; Reprinted by McDowell Publications)



      The Flowering of the Maryland Palatinate, Harry Wright Newman, 1985.

      The Jesuit Missions of St. Mary's County, Maryland, Edwin W. Beitzell, 1976.                                      

      The Life and Times of John Carroll, Rev, Peter Guilday, 1954.                                                               

      Catholic Colonial Maryland, Rev. H. S. Spalding, 1931.

      History of St. Mary's County, Maryland: 1634-1990, Regina Combs Hammett, 1991.

      The Ark and the Dove Adventurers (By the Society of the Ark and the Dove),

         ed. by George Ely Russell and Donna Valley Russell, reprinted 2009.


       An American Holy Land (A History of the Archdiocese of Louisville), Clyde F. Crews, 1987.

      Most Reverend John Lancaster Spalding: First Bishop of Peoria, J. J. Cosgrove, 1960.

      The Life of the Right Reverend John Baptist Mary David (1761-1841), Sr. Columba Fox, 1925.

      Old St. Thomas At Poplar Neck Bardstown, Kentucky, Wm. J. Howlett, 1971.

      Life of Reverend Charles Nerinckx, Wm. J. Howlett, 1906.                                                                    

      The Life of Reverend Charles Nerinckx, Camillus Maes, 1880.

      The Catholic Church on the Kentucky Frontier (1785-1812), Sr. Mary Ramona Mattingly, M.A., 1974.

      The Sisters of Charity of Nazareth, Kentucky, Anna Blanche McGill, 1917.

      Loretto: Annals of the Century, Anna C. Minogue, 1912.

      Signadou: History of the Kentucky Dominican Sisters, Sr. Paschala Noonan, O.P., 1997.

      The First Two Dominican Priories in the United States, Rev. Victor Francis O'Daniel, O.P., 1947.    

      Cathedrals in the Wilderness, J. Herman Schauinger, 1952.

      Stephen T. Badin: Priest in the Wilderness, J. Herman Schauinger, 1956.                                                       

      The Life of the Most Reverend M. J. Spalding, D.D., John L. Spalding, 1873.

      Martin John Spalding: American Churchman, Thomas W. Spalding, 1973.

      Sketches of the Life, Times and Character of Benedict Joseph Flaget First Bishop of Louisville, Martin J. Spalding, 1852.

      Kentucky Spring, Sr. James Maria Spillane, S.C.N., 1968

      Summer Winds: Sisters of Charity of Nazareth, Kentucky: 1859 to 1912, Sr. James Maria Spillane, S.C.N., 1991.

      Naming Our Truth: Stories of Loretto Women, Ann Patrick Ware, et al., 1995.

      The Centenary of Catholicity in Kentucky, Ben. J. Webb, 1884.


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