6th Battery Mounted Artillery
was organized at Augusta, Me., Feb. 7th, 1862, and left for Washington on the 21st of March. They served under General's Sigel, Banks, and Heintzelman, in Virginia, and General's Williams and Slocum in Maryland.
At Cedar Mountain, on the 9th of August, the Battery held an important position, and its loss during the day was four men killed and nine wounded.
They were present at all the fighting on the Rappahannock under General Pope, and took a prominent part in the battles at Centerville and Manassas on the 29th and 30th of August, losing for men killed, five wounded, and four taken prisoners.
The battery was near the battle-field of South Mountain on Sept. 14th, and in position before the rebel army at Antietam on the 17th, but took no very active part.
On the 27th of December, one section of this Battery, stationed at Dumfries, Va., made a successful defense of the place, and supported by infantry, repulsed a large forced of the enemy.
The battery was afterwards assigned to the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 12th Corps, and remained at Dumfries until the 27th of May, 1863, when it was assigned to the Artillery Reserve Corps at Falmouth, Virginia.
Leaving there on the 13th of June, they arrived at Gettysburg, Pa., on the 1st of July, and took a prominent part in the general engagements on the 2nd and 3rd at that place.
They participated in the skirmishes in which the 1st Corps was engaged on the retreat from Culpepper on the 16th of September, and encamped at Brandy Station, Dec. 3rd, where they remained until the 22nd of April, 1864.
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Meanwhile, more than two-thirds of the men the then belonging to the Battery, re-enlisted for three years, under War Department order authorizing such re-enlistments.
On the 22nd of April, they moved to Stevensburg, Va., where they remained until May 3rd, when they advanced with the Army of the Potomac towards Richmond; and on the 6th, participated in the engagement at Todd’s Tavern, losing one officer and seven enlisted men wounded.
They engaged the enemy on the 19th, near the Nye river, on the 23rd and 26th, at the North Anna river, and on the the 31st, at the Pamunkey River.
They also participated in the engagement at Cold Harbor on the 2nd of June, and on the 12th, advanced to Petersburg, where the Battery was continually occupied in camp and picket duty from the 18th to the 30th.
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On the 27th of July it participated in the operations of the 2d Army Corps across the Appomatox River, returning to Petersburg on the 30th.
On the 14th of August, crossed the James River, and shortly afterwards engaged a rebel battery, which it silenced, and on the 16th took position on General Smyth’s line, opposite Spring Hill.
From Aug. 22nd to Oct. 22nd, the Battery garrisoned Fort Davis, where it was frequently engaged with the enemies batteries.
From that time until Jan. 1st, 1865, the Battery was engaged in many lively artillery duels with the enemy, and pitted against the heavy siege guns and mortars and that portion of the enemies line.
No report for 1865 has been received from this Battery, save the fact that it was mustered out and discharged the U. S. service June 17th, 1865, at Augusta, Me., by Capt. W. G. Rankin, 13th U.S. Infantry.