|The 1820 federal census|
In 1820, Maine separated from Massachusetts and that year the federal census taker was starting to get a little more detailed in the questions he asked. The enumerator still wasn't concerned about getting everyone's name, but he was starting to ask about what people did with their time; whether they were farmers, if they were from outside the country, etc.
Three categories of person in the 1820 census are not listed here; foreigners not naturalized, slaves and free colored persons. Since there were no persons found by the census of Newry in any of those categories, they are not shown below. The census also asked whether anyone was engaged in commerce in 1820 but since no one in Newry responded that they worked in that area, the category is not listed here.
Caution: Notice that there is a redundancy in the columns listing age of "free white males". The census counts those in this category who are "16 to 18", those "16 to 26", "of 26 and under 45" and "of 45 and upwards". This can make it hard to determine the total number of persons in a given household. This overlap is also the reason for the total number of people in Newry listed in the last row of the table being different from the total of those noted in the columns for each category.
The returns for Newry in 1820 are found on National Archives Census microfilm in series M33, roll 37, page 84.
|Transcribed from the original returns by Mitch Barker 3/1/04|