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The 1860 federal census

 

Up 1900 1870 1860 1850 1840 1830 1820 1810 1800 1790

 

The nation was on the brink of civil war when the 1860 census was conducted and it is sobering to think of those young men in their late teens and early twenties who would not survive the next few years.

The 1850 and 1860 census questions were the same except for the addition of a query about personal wealth in 1860.  The answer to that question should not be taken as necessarily accurate because many probably feared being taxed on the value they stated so kept the figure low.  Still, the real and personal estate figures listed below can help gain a feel for the relative wealth of individuals and the Newry community as a whole.

The 1850 census for Newry is available on National Archives federal census returns series M653, Roll 444, Page 929.

Notes:

  •  Obscured or illegible letters and words in the census returns are denoted by "?" symbols.

  •  "Sic" means "Thus" or "I know it is probably wrong but that's what it looks like on the original form".

  •  Numbering of pages below continues from the 1860 Riley Plantation, Oxford County, Maine returns.

  •  Columns for a page are only shown if there are notations for that column on that page of the original returns.  No notations are made on any page for the column labeled as "color", for example.  So the "color" column is not shown on any page of the transcription below.

  •  "Farmer La" in the "Profession" column stands for "Farmer Laborer".

  •  An age of less than one year is denoted by a fraction in the age column, thus "7/12" indicates a seven-month old child.

Explanation of column numbers on the returns shown below: (Description of 1860 columns as shown on original forms)

Unnumbered

The first, unnumbered, column shows the line number on the original return.

1

 

Dwelling houses - numbered in the order of visitation

2

 

Families numbered in the order of visitation

3

 

The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1860 was in this family

4

 

Description

Age

5

Sex

6

Color (White, black, or mulatto)

7

 

Profession, Occupation or Trade of each person, male and female, over 15 years of age.

8

Value of Estate

Value of Real Estate

9

Value of Personal Estate

10

 

Place of Birth, Naming the State, Territory or Country.

11

 

Married within the year.

12

 

Attended School within the year.

13

 

Persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write.

14

 

Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict.

15

 

Remarks

Page No. 3, Schedule 1. - Free Inhabitants in Newry in the County of Oxford State of Maine enumerated by me, on the 2d day of June 1860.  B. B. Willis Ass't. Marshal.  Post Office Newry.

See table above for explanation of column numbers

 

1

2

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

12

1

12

9

Joseph R. Littlehale

55

M

Farmer

150

100

Maine

 

2

 

 

Lorara "

40

F

 

 

 

"

 

3

 

 

Andrew N.

"

18

M

 

 

 

"

 

4

 

 

Sarah "

16

F

 

 

 

"

 

5

 

 

Lucy "

15

F

 

 

 

"

1

6

 

 

George F. "

14

M

 

 

 

"

1

7

 

 

Leander "

11

M

 

 

 

"

1

8

 

 

Martha

9

F

 

 

 

"

1

9

 

 

Silas "

8

M

 

 

 

"

1

10

 

 

Joseph

5

M

 

 

 

"

1

11

 

10

Jonathan Leavett

66

M

Farm La

 

 

"

 

12

 

 

Mary "

62

F

 

 

 

"

 

13

 

 

Leonard "

28

M

 

 

 

"

 

14

 

 

Sarah J. "

26

F

 

 

 

"

 

15

13

11

L. F. Eames

34

M

Farmer

1000

300

Maine

 

16

 

 

Martha

29

F

 

 

 

"

 

17

 

 

Lewis "

6

M

 

 

 

"

1

18

 

 

Lurina "

4

F

 

 

 

"

 

19

 

 

Charles "

3

M

 

 

 

"

 

20

 

 

Carra A. "

11/12

F

 

 

 

"

 

21

 

 

Mary Eames

66

F

 

 

 

"

 

22

14

12

Andrew N. Stow Jr.

51

M

Farmer

1600

600

Maine

 

23

 

 

Polly "

46

F

 

 

 

"

 

24

 

 

Roxanna "

21

F

Teacher

 

 

"

 

25

 

 

Mary "

10

F

 

 

 

"

1

26

 

 

Leroy "

5

M

 

 

 

"

 

27

15

13

Melvin Stow

45

M

Farmer

1200

300

Maine

 

28

 

 

Francina "

35

F

 

 

 

 

 

29

 

 

Lidona "

15

F

 

 

 

 

1

30

 

 

Terza(?) "

10

F

 

 

 

 

1

31

 

 

Fortuna

6

F

 

 

 

 

1

32

 

14

Andrew N. Stow

80

M

 

 

 

Mass.

 

33

 

 

Olive "

73

F

 

 

 

Maine

 

34

16

15

Asa Foster

68

M

Farmer

 

 

Maine

 

35

 

 

Bulah

62

F

 

 

 

"

 

36

 

 

Stephen B. Foster

29

M

Farmer

1500

500

"

 

37

 

 

P. Stearnes

21

M

Farm La

 

 

"

1

38

17

16

Elhanon B. Foster

37

M

Farmer

1300

400

Maine

 

39

 

 

Mehitable "

40

F

 

 

 

"

 

40

 

 

Florilba(?)

10

F

 

 

 

"

1

No. white males 19

No. white females 21

Value real estate $ 6,750

Value personal estate $2,200

Page No.  4, Schedule 1. - Free Inhabitants in Newry in the County of Oxford State of Maine enumerated by me, on the 2d day of June 1860.  B. B. Willis Ass't. Marshal.  Post Office Newry.

See table above for explanation of column numbers

 

1

2

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

12

1

 

 

Edmun H. "

9

M

 

 

 

Maine

1

2

 

 

Lafayette "

5

M

 

 

 

"

1

3

 

 

Galon "

2

M

 

 

 

"

 

4

 

 

Caleb Coburn

17

M

 

 

 

"

 

5

18

17

Alexa Eames

58

M

Farmer

1000

200

N.H.

 

6

 

 

Maranda "

55

F

 

 

 

Maine

 

7

 

 

Maranda H. "

35

F

Teacher

 

 

"

 

8

 

 

Perris(?) F. "

24

F

"

 

 

"

 

9

 

 

Elin "

18

F

 

 

 

"

1

10

 

 

Edwin H. "

16

M

 

 

 

"

1

11

 

 

Collis F. "

13

M

 

 

 

"

1

12

19

18

Jefferson Foster

35

M

Farmer

1500

200

Maine

 

13

 

 

Nancy "

29

F

 

 

 

"

 

14

 

 

Ada G. "

5

F

 

 

 

"

1

15

 

 

Hatta L. "

3

F

 

 

 

"

 

16

 

 

A. Bennett

20

M

Farm La

 

 

"

 

17

20

19

Elisha Bartlett

63

M

Farmer

2000

700

Maine

 

18

 

 

Sarah "

66

F

 

 

 

"

 

19

 

 

John "

 41(?)

M

 

 

 

"

 

20

 

 

Noeamah(?) "

27

F

 

 

 

"

 

21

 

 

Elisha Jr. "

25

M

 

 

 

"

 

22

 

 

Mary Magill

12

F

 

 

 

"

1

23

 

 

Oring G. Gladden

10

M

 

 

 

"

1

24

 

20

N.W. Frost

27

M

Laborer

300

100

"

 

25

 

 

Sarah "

22

F

 

 

 

"

 

26

21

21

John P. Bennett

32

M

Farmer

300

100

Maine

 

27

 

 

Lovina "

30

F

 

 

 

"

 

28

 

 

Niola

4

F

 

 

 

"

 

29

 

 

Not named "

6/12

F

 

 

 

"

 

30

22

22

Joel Foster, Jr.

38

M

Farmer

 

1000

Maine

 

31

 

 

Emerline "

26

F

 

 

 

"

 

32

 

 

Albert F. "

4

M

 

 

 

"

 

33

 

 

Flora "

1

F

 

 

 

"

 

34

23

23

Joel Foster

69

M

Farmer

2000

300

Maine

 

35

 

 

Marcia T. "

66

F

 

 

 

 

 

36

 

 

Silar P.

34

M

 

 

 

"

 

37

 

 

Mary G. Farnenn(?)

15

F

 

 

 

 

1

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No. white males 19

No. white females 18

Total real estate value $ 7,100

Total personal estate value $2,600


Page No.  5, Schedule 1. - Free Inhabitants in Newry in the County of Oxford State of Maine enumerated by me, on the 2d day of June 1860.  B. B. Willis Ass't. Marshal.  Post Office Newry.

See table above for explanation of column numbers

 

1

2

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

12

1

24

24

Joshua Littlehale

56

M

Farmer

1000

300

Maine

 

2

 

 

Anna "

53

F

 

 

 

"

 

3

 

 

Isac "

29

M

 

 

 

"

 

4

 

 

Joshua "

23

M

 

 

 

"

 

5

 

 

Julia "

21

F

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

Samuel "

19

M

 

 

 

"

1

7

 

 

Orin

16

M

 

 

 

"

1

8

 

 

Oscar "

13

M

 

 

 

"

1

9

 

 

Cora Blake

10

F

 

 

 

"

1

10

25

25

Alexa E. Barker

39

M

Farmer

800

200

Maine

 

11

 

 

Cyntha "

31

F

 

 

 

"

 

12

 

 

Edgar "

7

M

 

 

 

"

1

13

 

 

Frank W. "

6

M

 

 

 

"

1

14

 

 

Elinora "

4

F

 

 

 

"

 

15

26

26

David Williamson

38

M

Farmer

1000

200

Ireland

 

16

 

 

Margaret "

32

F

 

 

 

"

 

17

 

 

Ann M. "

9

F

 

 

 

Maine

 

18

 

 

Susan J. "

7

F

 

 

 

"

 

19

 

 

John C.

5

M

 

 

 

"

 

20

 

 

William "

3

M

 

 

 

"

 

21

 

 

Elin

5/12

F

 

 

 

"

 

22

27

27

Joseph Jackson

75

M

Farmer

2000

100

Maine

 

23

 

 

Polly "

63

F

 

 

 

"

 

24

 

 

Andrew

28

M

 

 

 

"

 

25

 

 

Frances (A?) Evans

8

F

 

 

 

"

1

26

 

 

Frank Leavett

26

M

 

 

 

"

 

27

28

 

Unoccupied

 

 

 

 

 

"

 

28

29

28

Fredric Bennett

58

M

Farmer

1100

250

Maine

 

29

 

 

Polly "

52

F

 

 

 

"

 

30

 

 

Peter "

24

M

 

 

 

"

 

31

 

 

Ad(??) "

20

M

 

 

 

"

 

32

 

 

Mary "

18

F

 

 

 

"

 

33

 

 

Thos. G. "

15

M

 

 

 

"

1

34

 

 

Endora "

13

F

 

 

 

"

1

35

 

 

Lucelia

10

F

 

 

 

 

1

36

30

29

(J?)urtus J. Kendall

46

M

Farmer

2000

300

Maine

 

37

 

 

Murcia A. "

39

F

 

 

 

"

 

38

 

 

M Elis

19

F

 

 

 

"

1

39

 

 

Ella F

15

F

 

 

 

"

1

40

 

 

Alna C.

14

F

 

 

 

 

1

No. white males 20

No. white females 19

Value of real estate $ 7,900

Value of personal estate $ 1,350


Page No. 6, Schedule 1. - Free Inhabitants in Newry in the County of Oxford State of Maine enumerated by me, on the 2d day of June 1860.  B. B. Willis Ass't. Marshal.  Post Office Newry. 

See table above for explanation of column numbers

 

1

2

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

12

1

 

 

Georgeanna M. "

11

F

 

 

 

Maine

1

2

 

 

Frank F. "

8

M

 

 

 

"

1

3

 

 

Herbert "

6

M

 

 

 

"

1

4

 

 

Lesly J.

5

M

 

 

 

"

1

5

 

 

Ana "

2

F

 

 

 

"

 

6

 

 

Not named

4/12

F

 

 

 

 

 

7

31

30

C. F. Foster

30

M

Farmer

750

250

Maine

 

8

 

 

Prucilla P. "

24

F

 

 

 

"

 

9

 

 

Celden "

6

M

 

 

 

"

1

10

32

31

J. S. Barker

69

M

Farmer

1000

300

Maine

 

11

 

 

Rebecka Bean

59

F

 

 

 

"

 

12

 

 

George Black

13

M

 

 

 

"

1

13

33

32

Wm. Williamson

70

M

Farmer

1200

300

Ireland

 

14

 

 

Eliza "

64

F

 

 

 

"

 

15

 

 

Margret "

26

F

 

 

 

"

 

16

 

 

William H. "

19

M

 

 

 

Maine

 

17

 

 

Mariah

16

F

 

 

 

"

1

18

 

 

Richard M. "

13

M

 

 

 

"

1

19

 

 

Thos S. "

11

M

 

 

 

"

1

20

 

 

George C. "

8

M

 

 

 

"

1

21

 

 

Albert

5

M

 

 

 

"

1

22

34

33

Aaron Smith

62

M

Farmer

2500

400

Maine

 

23

 

 

Sarah "

50

F

 

 

 

"

 

24

 

 

Al(??)a

12

M

 

 

 

"

1

25

 

 

Josefihene L. "

9

F

 

 

 

"

1

26

 

34

George Rowe

37

M

Farm La

 

 

Maine

 

27

 

 

Betsy E. "

36

F

 

 

 

"

 

28

 

 

Georgeanna "

10

F

 

 

 

"

1

29

 

 

Henrietta "

9

F

 

 

 

"

1

30

 

 

Wallis "

7

M

 

 

 

"

1

31

 

 

(??????) "

6/12

F

 

 

 

"

 

32

35

35

Edward Riley

53

M

Farmer

1800

400

Maine

 

33

 

 

Martha "

59

F

 

 

 

"

 

34

 

 

Martha G.

23

F

 

 

 

"

1

35

 

 

Sarah H. "

19

F

Dress (???)

 

 

"

1

36

 

 

Hannah E.

16

F

 

 

 

"

1

37

 

 

Freman Gliddon

21

M

Farm La

 

 

"

 

38

36

36

E. Burbank

44

M

Farmer

1500

300

N. H.

 

39

 

 

Hannah W. "

42

F

 

 

 

Maine

 

40

 

 

Isac P. "

18

M

 

 

 

"

1

No. white males 21

No. white females 19

No. foreign born 3

Total value real estate $ 8,750

Total value personal estate $ 1,950


Page No. 7, Schedule 1. - Free Inhabitants in Newry in the County of Oxford State of Maine enumerated by me, on the 5th day of June 1860.  B. B. Willis Ass't. Marshal.  Post Office Newry. 

See table above for explanation of column numbers

 

1

2

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

12

1

 

 

Timothy W. "

13

M

 

 

 

Maine

1

2

 

 

Mary E. "

9

F

 

 

 

"

1

3

 

 

John A. "

4

M

 

 

 

"

1

4

 

37

Daniel Holden

48

M

Pedler

 

400

Maine

 

5

 

 

Eliza "

48

F

 

 

 

"

 

6

 

 

Martha "

12

F

 

 

 

"

1

7

37

38

Oniel R. Hastings

37

M

Farmer and Drovier (sic)

2500

1000

Maine

 

8

 

 

Maryann "

38

F

 

 

 

"

 

9

 

 

(Henry?) S. "

13

M

 

 

 

"

1

10

 

 

Sarah Stevens

20

F

Teacher

 

 

"

1

11

38

39

B. S. Sawyer

27

M

Trader

 

1000

Maine

 

12

 

 

Sarah "

26

F

 

 

 

"

 

13

 

 

Fred W. "

6

M

 

 

 

"

1

14

 

 

Cate "

4

F

 

 

 

"

1

15

 

 

Frank

2

M

 

 

 

"

 

16

39

40

S. F. Stearnes

28

M

Farmer

800

150

Maine

 

17

 

 

Hannah E. "

22

F

 

 

 

"

 

18

 

 

Flora "

6

F

 

 

 

"

1

19

 

 

Georgia A. "

4

F

 

 

 

"

1

20

 

 

(L?)anet "

10/12

F

 

 

 

"

 

21

 

 

Jefferson Be(??i?)

58

M

Farm La

 

 

"

 

22

40

41

Lawson C. Smith

39

M

Farmer

1300

700

Maine

 

23

 

 

Agnes "

38

F

 

 

 

"

 

24

 

 

Mary E. "

10

F

 

 

 

"

1

25

 

 

Francen E. "

8

F

 

 

 

"

1

26

 

 

Henrietta "

9/12

F

 

 

 

"

 

27

 

 

Wm McCann

15

M

Farm La

 

 

"

1

28

41

42

Freman F. Gordnough

25

M

Farmer

700

400

Maine

 

29

 

 

Laurinda "

57

F

 

 

 

"

 

30

 

 

Jason

18

M

 

 

 

"

1

31

 

 

Lafayette

16

M

 

 

 

"

1

32

42

43

Augustin Powers

26

M

Farmer

400

100

Maine

 

33

 

 

Matilda M. "

25

F

 

 

 

"

 

34

43

44

Daniel W. Widber

32

M

Stone mason

400

100

Maine

 

35

 

 

Lovina "

32

F

 

 

 

"

 

36

 

 

Jacob H.

8

M

 

 

 

(obscured)

1

37

 

 

Eva A. "

5

F

 

 

 

"

1

38

 

 

Charles H. "

3

M

 

 

 

"

 

39

 

 

David Smith

77

M

 

 

 

"

 

40

Not filled in

No. white males 20

No. white females 19

Total real estate $ 6,100

Total personal estate $ 3,850

Page No. 8, Schedule 1. - Free Inhabitants in Newry in the County of Oxford State of Maine enumerated by me, on the 5th day of June 1860.  B. B. Willis Ass't. Marshal.  Post Office Newry.

See table above for explanation of column numbers

 

1

2

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

12

1

44

45

Nathan Andrews

46

M

Meth. Clergyman

500

200

Maine

 

2

 

 

Nancy "

42

F

 

 

 

"

 

3

 

 

Abby F. "

9

F

 

 

 

"

1

4

 

 

Ada E. "

7

F

 

 

 

"

1

5

45

46

(Sumner?) Stearnes

58

M

Farmer

800

150

Maine

 

6

 

 

Mahala "

52

F

 

 

 

"

 

7

 

 

Edwin H. "

19

M

 

 

 

"

1

8

 

 

Henry "

11

M

 

 

 

"

1

9

46

 

Unoccupied

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

47

47

Stephen E. Frost

53

M

Farmer

1000

300

Maine

 

11

 

 

Dolly "

50

F

 

 

 

"

 

12

 

 

Samuel B. "

20

M

 

 

 

"

1

13

 

 

Lucretia B.

16

F

 

 

 

"

1

14

 

 

Am(o?)s "

9

M

 

 

 

"

1

15

48

48

Thos. Stearnes

52

M

Farmer

900

200

Maine

 

16

 

 

Abigail "

49

F

 

 

 

"

 

17

 

 

Prescot "

20

M

 

 

 

"

 

18

 

 

Ann M."

14

F

 

 

 

"

1

19

 

 

Emma L. "

9

F

 

 

 

"

1

20

 

 

Louis E. "

7

M

 

 

 

"

1

21

 

 

Nathan

5

M

 

 

 

"

1

22

49

49

Nathan R(eir?)son

47

M

Farmer and Trader

1000

200

Maine

 

23

 

 

Hannah L. "

47

F

 

 

 

"

 

24

 

 

Henry "

26

M

 

 

 

"

 

25

 

 

Francore(?) E. "

21

F

 

 

 

"

 

26

 

 

Charles E.

20

M

 

 

 

"

1

27

 

 

Julia A. "

17

F

 

 

 

"

1

28

 

 

George W.

14

M

 

 

 

"

1

29

 

 

Mary E. "

12

F

 

 

 

"

1

30

 

 

Emma J. "

7

F

 

 

 

"

1

31

50

50

Ephraim McKusick

60

M

Farmer and Blacksmith

900

250

Maine

 

32

 

 

Joann "

55

F

 

 

 

"

 

33

 

 

John H? Searle

27

M

Farmer

900

250

"

 

34

 

 

Hannah "

29

F

 

 

 

"

 

35

51

51

Thos. F. Smith

41

M

Farmer

700

200

Maine

 

36

 

 

Mary "

41

F

 

 

 

"

 

37

 

 

Ester D. "

18

F

Teacher

 

 

"

1

38

 

 

Betsey E. "

15

F

 

 

 

"

1

39

 

 

Joshua F.

13

M

 

 

 

"

1

40

 

 

Orin P. "

6

M

 

 

 

"

1

No. white males 20

No. white females 19

Total real estate $ 6,700

Total personal estate $ 1,750

Page No. 9, Schedule 1. - Free Inhabitants in Newry in the County of Oxford State of Maine enumerated by me, on the 5th day of June 1860.  B. B. Willis Ass't. Marshal.  Post Office Newry.

See table above for explanation of column numbers

 

1

2

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

11

12

1

 

 

Adna "

2

F

 

 

 

Maine

 

 

2

52

52

Josiah Smith

69

M

Farmer

500

150

Maine

 

 

3

 

 

Susan "

61

F

 

 

 

"

 

 

4

 

53

J. B. Smith

32

M

Farmer

500

150

Maine

 

 

5

 

 

Triphana "

26

F

 

 

 

"

 

 

6

 

 

Mary L.

9

F

 

 

 

"

 

1

7

 

 

Jesse L. "

8

M

 

 

 

"

 

1

8

 

 

Martha E. "

6

F

 

 

 

"

 

1

9

 

 

Josiah S. "

4

M

 

 

 

"

 

 

10

 

 

Joseph

2

M

 

 

 

"

 

 

11

53

54

Andrew Abbot

43

M

Farmer

 

125

Maine

 

 

12

 

 

David "

15

M

 

 

 

"

 

1

13

 

 

Heannah "

13

F

 

 

 

"

 

1

14

 

 

Lucy

11

F

 

 

 

"

 

1

15

 

 

Mary J. "

9

F

 

 

 

"

 

1

16

 

 

Freborn "

7

M

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

 

Catherine "

3

F

 

 

 

"

 

 

18

54

 

Unoccupied

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19