|The 1870 federal census|
The Civil War left the nation united but gravely wounded and Newry had seen its population peak with the 1860 census. From then on, the population would shrink with every decade's count.
The 1870 federal census is the first showing parents of foreign birth and that can help identify foreign ancestors. Immigrants who were naturalized and eligible to vote are also identified, which may lead you to a search in court and naturalization records for further information.
The 1870 Newry census may show evidence of some early feminist sensitivity because the description of just about every female listed as "House keeper" was crossed out and replaced with the phrase "Keeping house", perhaps considered in those days as having a more dignified tone.
The census suffers from another, more serious amendment. It appears that the enumerator initially just noted the initials of male household heads. Later, someone went through and squeezed full first names in the often very limited space that was left. Many of these first names are simply too small to be read today. We've made the best guess we could but sometimes the crabbed handwriting defeated our best efforts. Also, as with earlier counts, the middle initials of people are often too elaborate and indistinguishable from other capital letters to be read. Again, best guesses are listed but if you are very concerned with accuracy, you might be best served by looking at the microfilms yourself.
The returns for Newry in 1870 are found on National Archives Census microfilm in series M593, roll 551, starting on page: 254
Description of 1850 columns as shown on original forms:
Page No. 1 , Schedule 1. - Inhabitants in Newry, in the County of Oxford, State of Maine, enumerated by me, on the 13th day of June, 1870. Post Office Newry.
John A. Olson Ass't. Marshal.
See table above for explanation of column numbers