Search billions of records on Ancestry.com

The 1870 federal census
Up 1900 1870 1860 1850 1840 1830 1820 1810 1800 1790

 

The Civil War left the nation united but gravely wounded and Newry had seen its population peak with the 1860 census. From then on, the population would shrink with every decade's count.

The 1870 federal census is the first showing parents of foreign birth and that can help identify foreign ancestors. Immigrants who were naturalized and eligible to vote are also identified, which may lead you to a search in court and naturalization records for further information.

The 1870 Newry census may show evidence of some early feminist sensitivity because the description of just about every female listed as "House keeper" was crossed out and replaced with the phrase "Keeping house", perhaps considered in those days as having a more dignified tone. 

The census suffers from another, more serious amendment.  It appears that the enumerator initially just noted the initials of male household heads. Later, someone went through and squeezed full first names in the often very limited space that was left.  Many of these first names are simply too small to be read today.  We've made the best guess we could but sometimes the crabbed handwriting defeated our best efforts.  Also, as with earlier counts, the middle initials of people are often too elaborate and indistinguishable from other capital letters to be read.  Again, best guesses are listed but if you are very concerned with accuracy, you might be best served by looking at the microfilms yourself.

The returns for Newry in 1870 are found on National Archives Census microfilm in series M593, roll 551, starting on page: 254

Notes:

  • Obscured or illegible letters and words in the census returns are denoted by "?" symbols.

  • Columns for a page are only shown if there are notations for that column on that page of the original returns.               

  • An age of less than one year is denoted by a fraction in the age column, thus "7/12" indicates a seven-month old child.

  • On the original returns some spaces are marked with two dashes ( -   - ).  These are indicated on the transcript below with the notation (*).  The two dashes may be intended to serve the same function as modern ditto marks ("") and meant to show that the occupation of the person on this line is the same as that of the person immediately above.

Description of 1850 columns as shown on original forms:

The first column shows the line number on the original return.

1

Dwelling houses - numbered in the order of visitation

2

Families - numbered in the order of visitation

3

The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1870 was in this family.

4

Age at last birth-day.  If under 1 year, give months in fractions.

5

Sex - Males (M) Females (F)

6

Color -- White (W) black (B) Mulatto (M) Chinese (C) Indian (I)

7

Profession, Occupation or Trade of each person male or female.

8

Value of real estate.

9

Value of personal Estate.

10

Place of Birth, naming State or Territory of U.S., or the Country, if of foreign birth.

11

Father of foreign birth

12

Mother of foreign birth

13

If born within the year state month (Jan., Feb., etc.)

14

If married within the year state month (Jan., Feb., etc.)

15

Attended school within the year.

16

Cannot read.

17

Cannot write

18

Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic.

19

Male - Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards.

20

Male - Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards whose right to vote is denied or abridged on grounds other than rebellion or other crime.

 

Page No. 1 , Schedule 1. - Inhabitants in Newry, in the County of Oxford, State of Maine, enumerated by me, on the 13th day of June, 1870.  Post Office Newry.

John A. Olson Ass't. Marshal. 

 See table above for explanation of column numbers

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

13

15

19

1

1

1

Searls, John H.

37

M

W

Farmer

1000

350

Maine

 

 

1

2

 

 

----, Ester D.

30

F

-

Keeping house

 

 

Maine

 

 

1

3

 

 

----, Laurance L.

9

M

-

At school

 

 

Maine

 

1

 

4

 

 

----, John, Jr.

3/12

M

-

(Blank)

 

 

Maine

Mar

 

 

5

 

 

McChurich, E. (Aaron?)

70

M

-

Carpenter

1000

360

Maine

 

 

1

6

 

 

----, Joannah

65

F

-

Keeping house

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

7

 

 

Searle, Hannah

39

F

-

Work in cotton mill

 

1000

Maine

 

 

 

8

 

 

Shearns, Kerry

21

M

-

Farm laborer

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

9

 

 

Patue, David

13

M

-

At school

 

 

Maine

 

1

 

10

2

2

Powers, Charles H. L.

32

M

-

Plasterer and Mason

700

100

Maine

 

 

1

11

 

 

----, Sarahett

29

F

-

Keeping house

 

 

Vermont

 

 

 

12

 

 

----, Levi M.

6

M

-

At home

 

 

Maine

 

1

 

13

 

 

----, Charles C.

4

M

-

(*)

 

 

Maine

 

1

 

14

 

 

----, Mary E.

6/12

F

-

(*)

 

 

Maine

Feb

 

 

15

3

3

Ryerson, Nathan P.

67

M

-

Farmer

1000

300

Maine

 

 

1

16

 

 

----, Hannah L.

57

F

-

Keeping house

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

17

 

 

----, George M.

24

M

-

Farmer

 

 

Maine

 

 

1

18

 

 

----, Mary E.

22

F

-

(Blank)

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

19

 

 

----, Emma J.

19

F

-

Work in Cotton mill

 

 

Maine

 

1

 

20

4

4

Harris, Charles H.

38

M

-

Merchant

3,600

300

Maine

 

 

1

21

 

 

----, Naamah A.

36

F

-

Keeping house

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

22

 

 

Bean, Sarah C.

28

F

-

House (domestic) servant

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

23

5

5

Hastings, Oneal R.

47

M

-

Farmer

4000

2200

Maine

 

 

1

24

 

 

----, Mary R.

49

F

-

Keeping house

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

25

 

 

----, Henry S.

29

M

-

Farmer

 

 

Maine

 

 

1

26

 

 

----, Frank E.

18

F (sic)

-

Keeping house

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

27

6

6

Goodenow, F(????) F.

36

M

-

Farmer and Hotel Keeper

2,500

400

Maine

 

 

1

28

 

 

----, Lydia Y.

36

F

-

Keeping house

 

 

Maine

 

 

 

29

 

 

Hussey, Frank H.

1(9?)

M

-

At home

 

 

Maine

 

1

 

30

 

 

Goodenow, Larinda

67

F