WELCOME TO THE TOWN OF OXFORD, OXFORD COUNTY, MAINE


Oxford Congregational Church
Congregational Church, King St., Oxford (built 1842-43)

The town of Oxford was settled in 1774 and was originally called Shepardsfild Plantation, after its owner, Alexander Shepard, Jr. of Newton. After Mr. Shepard's death, a large portion of the original grant was sold to Andrew Craigie, apothecary general of the Revolutionary War. Craige's home in Cambridge was the old Vassal house, which served as the headquarters of Washington during the siege of Boston and later was the home of the poet Longfellow. Craige was an ambitious man and encouraged both agriculture and manufacturing on his lands. He dammed the outlet of Lake Thompson, built grist and lumber mills, and had his dream of making woolen and cotton cloth. In 1792, Shepardfield Plantation was incorporated as the town of Hebron. In 1829, Hebron was divided and the western part became the town of Oxford. It was named in honor of the newly formed county in which it was situated, and which General David Learned, of Livermore, the first sheriff, christened after his old home in Massachusetts. Oxford contains the outlet of Lake Thompson and the village of Oxford, first known as Craigie's Mill, and where the woolen industry of the town was situated. Cloth-making began in Oxford as early as 1825, but was not always a prosperous business. Several of the mills burned and the firms operating the mills changed several times. About 1850, Joseph Robinson, a native of Hunslett, England, and expert dyer, took an interest in the business, and from that day forward it prospered. (excerpt paraphrased from "Joseph Robinson Parrott of Oxford" by Charles E. Waterman)
 


MAPS


1880 Oxford Village Map (large image: 328KB)
1880 Town of Oxford Map (large image: 387KB)
1880 Village of Welchville Map
Index of names on 1880 Oxford maps

from "Atlas of Oxford Co., Maine in 1880" published by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co., NY
 

VITAL RECORDS


Births Records 1799-1899 Alphabetical Order
Marriage Records 1828-1900 Chronological Order, By Bride's Name, or By Groom's Name
Death Records 1814-1907 Chronological Order or Alphabetical Order
Transcribed from microfilm of the original records
 

CENSUS TRANSCIPTIONS


1790 Federal Census - Shepardsfield Plantation Organized by Families
1800 Federal Census - Town of Hebron
1810 Federal Census - Town of Hebron
1820 Federal Census - Town of Hebron
1830 Federal Census - Town of Oxford
1840 Federal Census - Town of Oxford Alphabetical Order
1850 Federal Census - Town of Oxford Organized by Families or Alphabetical Order
1860 Federal Census - Town of Oxford
1870 Federal Census - Town of Oxford
1880 Federal Census - Town of Oxford
1900 Federal Census - Town of Oxford
1910 Federal Census - Town of Oxford
1920 Federal Census - Town of Oxford

transcribed from microfilm at the Boston Public Library
 

TOWN OF OXFORD RESEARCH RESOURCES

Resources at the New England Historic Genealogical Society in Boston, MA
Maine Historical Society in Portland, ME
Maine Genealogical Society
Maine State Archives in Augusta, ME


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Updated 26 July, 2007, Copyright
2000-2007 by Jeff Swenson