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The 1779 Siege of Penobscot (also called the Penobscot Expedition) was the scene of the worst defeat in U. S. Naval history until December 7, 1941. The following are documents and eyewitness accounts - from local inhabitants, British military personnel, and American combatants.

British Military

American Military

1779 Journal of Sergeant Lawrence kept during the Siege of Penobscot 1779 Journal of General Solomon Lovell kept during the Penobscot Expedition
1780 Order of P. W. MacZachler, Asst. Dpt. Quartermaster General Account of American Colonel Brewer of Penobscot
Account of a skirmish by Lt. (later Sir John) Moore Paul Revere's Deposition
Website for 74th Regiment of Foot (Argyll Highlanders) Jonathan Mitchell's Cumberland County Regiment with names of participants

Loyalists

Patriots

1781 journal of John Calef, describing the Siege of Penobscot 1855 narrative of William Hutchings of Penobscot
1788 Deposition of John Lymburner 1860 narrative of William Hutchings of Penobscot
1788 Deposition by Joseph Perkins concerning Archibald Heney
The On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies
1788 Deposition of William Reidhead

Maps

1779 map of the siege of Penobscot


Secondary Sources

Calef, John. The Siege of Penobscot by the Rebels. Click here to purchase!

Flood, Charles Bracelen. Rise, and Fight Again. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1976. This very readable book is available through interlibrary loan.

Lovell, Solomon. The Original Journal of General Solomon Lovell, Kept during the Penobscot Expedition,1779: with a Sketch of His Life by Gilbert Nash. Together with the Proceedings of the Society for 1879-80. Weymouth Historical Society, 1881.

Mowatt, Henry. "Captain Henry Mowatt's Account." The Magazine of History. Vol. III, 334-343.

Nielson, Jon M. "Penobscot: From the Jaws of Victory - Our Navy's Worst Defeat." The American Neptune. Oct. 1977 (288-305).

Symonds, Craig L. "The American Naval Expedition to Penobscot, 1779." Naval War College Review. Apr. 1972 (64-72).

This page was last updated on -- Saturday 27 July 2002

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