Domestic Intelligence [original article in possession of the OCRHS]
Hallowell, Sept 30 - It will be recollected that in the course of the last year, a road was opened, under the authority of the Land Office, from the north line of the Million of Acres to the Canada line, making a distance of 25 miles. The road was cut out two rods wide, and logs turned out and stumps dug up the width of one rod. This present season, the Commissioners, energetically pursuing the authority given by the Legislature, have cause wayed the road in every part that required it, and covered the same with earth 6 inches deep. Over Moose River, which was the only considerable stream crossing the road, a permanent and substantial bridge has been erected and completed, so that now the road is made convenient for passing both with horses and wheels the whole distance. During the past summer a county road has been laid out at the expense of the state, beginning at the south end of the state road and running through the Million of Acres to the point of termination of the county road in Emden. The proprietors of the Million of Acres have already opened five miles of the road, and made it easily passable for chaise and wheel carriages. Having by this experiment ascertained the probable cost of making the road, it is their intention to make contracts immediately for opening and completing the road in the like handsome manner through the Million of Acres, making a distance of about forty miles. In the course of another season, there will be nothing to prevent the convenient passing with carriage from Anson to Canada line, the distance being about seventy miles. From the Boundary Line to Quebec is between eighty and ninety miles, sixty of which from Quebec has long been a passible road, and thickly settled with inhabitants who are mostly of French descent. Twenty miles of the remaining distance was cut out two years ago, and it is understood the Canadian government is this year taking efficient measures for opening the road clear through and making it equally passable as the road in the District of Maine. The late thorough examination of the country has evinced the incorrectness of the former accounts of the situation and quality of the lands near the line. Instead of being so mountainous and barren as to be almost uninhabitable according to the former accounts, it is now ascertained that most of the land is of a middling quality and well calculated for settlements. The liberal terms on which lots are granted to actual settlers, the bounty offered by the state for the erection of Mills, together with the circumstances of the new Road being likely to become a great thorough-fare between the capital of Canada and the great trading towns of the sea cost of New England, must cause the Country, according to every rational calculation, to be speedily settled. If the settlements of the interior of Maine has hitherto slowly extended, it has been principally owing to the entire want of public patronage in the making of roads into the wilderness. That burden has constantly fallen upon the poor settlers, who have had to force their way step by step, combating all the difficulties and privation of a new settlement, unassisted and unpitied.
The settling of the northerly parts of the counties of Oxford and Somerset and the opening of a direct and passable road to Canada, will have a powerful operation in promoting the prosperity of the large trading towns situate on the tide waters of Kennebec. The public spirited citizens of those places are constantly setting a powerful example in farming associations and subscribing monies for various moral, religious, literary and agricultural purposes. Would it not, be greatly to the praise of those citizens, and eventually greatly promote the interest of their several towns, if they should in furtherance of the doings of the Commissioners, unite in the formation of a Society, the object of which should be to assist and encourage a competent number of new settlers to go and establish themselves and families on the new road through the State's land? It is scarcely to be doubted that many of the opulent and public spirited citizens of Boston would cheerfully cooperate in an institution of this kind. Suppose ten, fifteen or twenty men with small families should be furnished with the means of moving to the public lands joining upon the road, provision found them for one season, & some pecuniary aid in erecting buildings, they would then be able to shift for themselves, the ice would be broke, the appalling terrors of a new settlement overcome, and swarms of other settlers would voluntarily follow. In this way, the accomplishment of so important an object as the settlement of the northern Country, would be greatly accelerated. This project, though new, is not a wild one. There certainly is ability and spirit enough in the people to carry it into effect, if some few individuals of commanding talents and influence would only take the lead in the business. Besides, if the people in this part of the country would themselves discover a due degree of liberality and zeal, the General Court would be easily persuaded to continue and augment its patronage by liberal contributions from the State Treasury. It is earnestly hoped, that this hint will not be lost upon influential members of the community.
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