MANISTEE COUNTY BIOGRAPHIES

ANDREWS, Dr. F. E.

Dr. F. E. ANDREWS is a recent acquisition of the professional circles of Bear Lake, having settled here in June, 1881. He is a native of Adrian, Mich., where his father was an old resident physician. He graduated at the University of Michigan in 1878. After practicing one year at Adrian, he removed to Pentwater, where he practiced until coming to Bear Lake, in 1881. He has a drug store, which he runs in connection with his practice. Dr. ANDREWS is one of the rising young physicians of the county, and already has an extensive practice.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

ANDRUS, C. A.

C. A. ANDRUS came to Bear Lake in 1875, from Oberlin, Ohio where he was engaged in the milling business. He came to take charge of the grist-mill of HOPKINS Bros., and still remains in that position. He has a wife and two children. Mr. ANDRUS is a practical and thoroughly competent miller, and ranks well among the business men of Bear Lake village.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

ARNOLD, John L.

John L. ARNOLD, foreman at the sawmill of RUDDOCK, NUTTALL & Co., is a native of Massachusetts. In 1861 he enlisted in the service and served with Company E, Ninety-seventh New York Volunteers until December, 1864. He enlisted as private, but was promoted to first sergeant. He came to Manistee in 1867, and with the exception of one year, which he spent in California, has occupied his present position.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by R. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BABCOCK Simeon

S. BABCOCK is one of the substantial business men of Manistee, and senior member of the lumber firm of S. BABCOCK & Co. Mention of their mill is made in another part of this work.

Mr. BABCOCK is a native of New York State, but came to Wisconsin while a young man. For several years he was a contractor and builder in Milwaukee. In 1873 he first became interested in the lumber business in Manistee, but did not remove here with his family until 1877. He has invented a machine for the manufacture of rift-sawed siding, which is in use at their mill, and is a valuable patent. He has recently completed one of the handsomest residences in the city, which is both a private luxury and a public ornament. It is built of red brick, and elegantly furnished.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BAER, William

William BAER, merchant tailor, came to Manistee in 1867, from Chicago. He is a native of Germany, and came to this country in 1866. After coming to Manistee he worked for a few years in the pineries. In 1870 he began work at his trade, as a tailor, and has continued at the business ever since. During that time he has been twice burned out. At the present time he is located on Poplar Street, near River, and is doing a prosperous business. The past season Mr. BAER has erected a nice brick building, on Poplar Street, which he occupies as a store and a residence. He has a wife and four children.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BAKER, Dr. Seth E.

Dr. Seth E. BAKER, dentist, is a native of the state of New York. In 1864 he began the practice of dentistry at Alden, N. Y. After remaining there a short time, he removed to Saginaw, where he was in practice until June, 1881, when he came to Manistee and located. His office is in BALDWIN & PIERCE Block. Dr. BAKER was early educated in his profession, his father having been a dentist for many years.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BALDWIN, F. B.

F. B. BALDWIN is the senior member of the firm of BALDWIN, PIERCE & Co., the most extensive clothing merchants in Manistee. Mr. BALDWIN is a native of New Jersey. For some time he resided at Muskegon, where he was engaged as salesman in the clothing store of MANN & PIERCE. In the Spring of 1881 he came to Manistee, and opened one of the finest clothing stores in Northern Michigan, the style of the firm being BALDWIN, PIERCE & Co. Mr. BALDWIN is the only resident member of the firm, and he has already demonstrated his natural aptitude for this branch of trade in the splendid business which he has already built up. Mr. BALDWIN is second lieutenant of the Manistee Light Guards.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BALSAM, Frederick

Frederick BALSAM, is a native of Prussia, and came to this country in the year 1868. In 1869, at the age of eleven years, he went into the employ of the firm of FILER & SONS, and has remained with them ever since. For some time he has had general charge of the work about the mill, and is a very trustworthy and efficient man. He resides at Filer City.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BAUMANN, Albert

Albert BAUMANN, millwright for DAVIES, BLACKER & Co., is a native of Germany, and came to this country in 1862, and settled in Manistee, where he has been engaged at his trade. He has been in the employ of this firm since the mill was built. He has worked at his trade since 1867.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BAUMANN, Otto

Otto BAUMANN, sheriff of Manistee County, is one of the early settlers of this region. He is a native of Germany, and upon reaching this country in 1857, made his way directly to Manistee, where he has ever since resided. At that time Manistee was a new world in the fullest sense. The wilderness was here, and the sand was here, but there was no village nor any indication of a future city. But Mr. BAUMANN belonged to a thrifty class of Germans, who came to this country after homes and fortunes, and he settled into business at once. For eighteen years he "butchered" and sold meats, and did a large and lucrative business. For several years he sold meat from a wagon and in 1864 started the first meat market in Manistee. In 1870 he built the two-story brick block on River Street that is just west of the Dunham House. From 1878 to 1880 he was supervisor of Filer Township, and in the Fall of 1880 was elected to the office of sheriff of the county, for the term ending the 1st of January, 1883. Mr. BAUMANN is a good officer and one of the substantial citizens of the county. He has been successful in business and takes an active interest in all public matters.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BAUMGARDNER, W. G.

W. G. BAUMGARDNER, saw-filer, at the sawmill of FILER & SONS, is a native of Center County, Penn., and came to Manistee in 1878, from Chicago. After working a month for the STRONACH Lumber Company, he engaged with the firm of FILER & SONS, and has continued in their employ ever since. He has a wife, and owns a residence in Filer City. Mr. BAUMGARDNER is a practical millwright as well as a saw-filer.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BAUR, Joseph

Mr. BAUR is a pioneer business man of Manistee, and one of the most prominent representatives of its mercantile interests.

He was born in Germany in the year 1833, and came to this country in 1852. He stopped first in Chicago for a short time and then came to Manistee. After remaining a few months, he returned to Chicago. During the next year he was a portion of the time in Manistee, and for several months was in the south. In 1854 he came back and from that time until 1861 was most of the time in the employ of John CANFIELD.

April 24, 1861, he was married in Chicago to Miss Annie HAUSER, and from that time until 1865 he was in the employ of Mr. ENGELMANN. He then went to Racine, Wis., and ran a hotel for about a year, at the end of which time he returned to Manistee again and built a store. He first opened a saloon, and afterwards a grocery store. He prospered in his business and in 1874 opened a hardware store.

In 1872 he built a large block on River Street for the use of his business, the whole of which is occupied by his stores. His hardware business is very extensive, and in addition to that he owns a grocery store, saloon, blacksmith shop, and is one of the directors of the First National Bank.

Mr. BAUR held the office of county treasurer for years, and has been alderman of the city for four years. He has been a successful business man and ranks as one of the leading business men of the county.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BAXTER, John P.

John P. BAXTER is a native of Ireland, and came with his parents to this country in 1852. They located at Milwaukee, and he graduated from the Commercial College in that city. At the breaking out of the war, he was eager to enlist, but being only a little over sixteen years of age, was deemed too young to be accepted. In 1862, however, his father and himself enlisted as members of Company G, Twenty-Fourth Wisconsin Volunteers. His father was killed at Kenesaw Mountain. The following testimonial from his commanding officer shows what kind of a soldier Mr. BAXTER was:

"Headquarters Company A, First U.S.V.V. Engineers,

Nashville, Tenn. Aug. 9, 1865.

"To whom it may concern:

"The bearer hereof, John P. Baxter, late a member of my company, and formerly a member of Company G, Twenty-Fourth I, Wisconsin Volunteers, by his uniform and good conduct, promptness to duty, and faithfulness to the discharge of his duties as a soldier, has won for him the respect of all his old comrades, both officers and men.

"Entering the service in 1862, he served with credit in the Twenty-Fourth Wisconsin, at Perryville, and with the Pioneer Brigade at Stone River, and during the campaign of Tullahoma, Chickamauga Mission Ridge and Atlanta. Made an orphan by the death of his father, a member of the Twenty-Fourth Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers, who fell at the assault on Kennesau Mountain, he joined this command and participated in the pursuit of Hood's Rebel Legions till they were driven beyond Tennessee, and deserves well of his country.

-Wm. M. Loughlin

Capt. First U.S.V.V. Engineers,

Commanding Company."

At the close of the war he returned North, and came to Manistee as book keeper for GREEN Bros. He remained in their employ several years, and then, in 1871, built a grist mill which he operated for about ten years. This was the only grist mill ever operated here for any length of time. He held the office of supervisor for five years, and was school inspector for two years. In the Spring of 1881 he was elected city recorder, now called city clerk, which office he still holds. This office is an important one, and its duties require his entire time. He is a genial, whole-souled gentleman, and is an excellent public officer.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BEDFORD, S.

S. BEDFORD, senior member of the firm of BEDFORD & BUCKLEY, is a native of England and came to this country in 1862. He first located at Muskegon, where he was engaged as steamboat agent for several years. In 1872 he came to Manistee and was steamboat agent here for several years. In March last he went into the lime, stone and coal business, with J.A. BUCKLEY, the firm being BEDFORD & BUCKLEY. The firm do a very large and prosperous business.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BEEBE, C. V., M. D.

C. V. BEEBE, M. D., is a native of Genessee County, Mich., and early in life received a common school education. In 1870 he graduated at Ann Arbor, and began the practice of medicine in his native county. After continuing there a short time, he removed to Ovid, where he remained for eight years, doing a very extensive and successful practice. In the Spring of 1881 he removed to Manistee. This city seemed to offer him a field of labor deserving of his attention, and his success here has shown that he made no mistake in coming. His practice is already very large and his reputation in this region well established.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BENEDICT, E. E.

E. E. BENEDICT, of the well-known law firm of RAMSDELL & BENEDICT, is one of the leading members of the Manistee County bar. He was born in Sweden, N. Y., in 1838. He remained at home until about seventeen years of age; he then went away to attend school. After studying at Olivet, Mich., and Oberlin, Ohio, he entered the law department of the Michigan University, at Ann Arbor, where he graduated in 1863. After spending a short time at Bay City, he removed to Lincoln, then the county seat of Mason County, and located in the practice of his profession. The files of the local newspapers in those days show Mr. BENEDICT to have been a frequent writer upon subjects of current interest and importance. Those writings give evidence of studious habits and a scholarly mind. In 1867 he came to Manistee and formed a law partnership with Hon. T.J. RAMSDELL, which is still continued. The firm have long occupied a leading place among the lawyers of this part of the state. Mr. BENEDICT was one of the attorneys in the celebrated McVICKAR suit, and also in the VANDERPOOL-FIELD murder trial. He has held the office of judge of probate one term, but has mainly devoted himself exclusively to the law. He was married, May 16, 1866, at Grand Blanc, Mich., to Miss Sophia A. KING, daughter of Dr. KING, of that place.

Mr. BENEDICT's family home is one of the many beautiful residences in the city. It was built by him in 1876. He has been a very successful lawyer and has accumulated a comfortable fortune from his practice.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BERKMAN, Swan

Swan BERKMAN was born in Sweden, in the year 1854. He came to this country in April, 1881, and came to Manistee the following September, and went to work at the machinist's trade. Since that time he has been engaged as engineer in the mills. At present he is engineer at the mill of the Stronach Lumber Company.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago

BIGGE, Charles

Charles BIGGE is a native of Germany, and came to Manistee in 1865. He worked at the millwright's trade until 1872, when he lost one of his arms, and was obliged to give up his trade. He erected a building in the First Ward, and engaged in the saloon business, which he still continues. Mr. BIGGE was alderman from that ward from 1876 to 1881.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BLANCHARD, J.

J. BLANCHARD is one of the oldest pioneers of the Manistee region. He was born in the state of New York, in the year 1829. When seven years of age his father removed to the state of Illinois. At nineteen years of age he went to Lake Superior, and was there three years. He was afterwards at Saginaw, Muskegon, Grand Haven and for a time in Oceana County. In 1859 he commenced carrying the mail from Grand Haven to Manistee, and was thus employed until 1862. His experience during those years made him familiar with everything that occurred between those points. His first trip was made on horseback, and then he rigged a two wheel cart drawn by two horses. Until 1861 there was only a weekly mail, but after that he made two trips a week. In 1862 he went into the army, and remained in the service until the close of the war. After returning from the war he followed fishing for several seasons, and about 1869 went into the employ of R. G. PETERS, and since that time he has been one of his most trusted men. Last year he came to Bear Lake to take charge of Mr. PETERS' lumbering interests at this point. The business here being about closed out, Mr. BLANCHARD will soon be transferred to some other point, where Mr. PETERS may require his services. Few men are more familiar with early times along the east shore than Mr. BLANCHARD.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BODWELL, E. A.

E. A. BODWELL, of the firm of E. A. BODWELL & Co., came to Manistee County in 1871, and took a homestead at Arcadia Township. In 1880 he came to the village of Bear Lake, and opened a meat market, and afterwards added groceries. He still carries on his farm, in connection with his mercantile business. Mr. BODWELL is one of the reliable men of the county.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BODWELL, J. E.

J. E. BODWELL, a merchant at Pierport, is a native of Canada, and went to Bear Lake in 1873, in the mercantile business. In the Fall of 1881 he came to Pierport for the Bear Lake Pier Co., and in January of the present year went into the general merchandise business. He also buys wood, bark, and ties, which he ships to Milwaukee. Mr. BODWELL has a wife and six children. He is a careful and upright business man, and a most excellent citizen. He is at the head of the Good Templar's Lodge recently organized.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BRISTOL, P. M.

P. M. BRISTOL, filer at the gangmill of Louis SANDS, is a native of New York State, and came to Manistee in 1878, from Ludington. Mr. BRISTOL has been filing and engaged at mill work since he was sixteen years of age. He has been in his present place since he came to Manistee. He went to Ludington in 1862, and was engaged there until coming here, in 1878.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BROOKS, Richard

Richard BROOKS, of the firm of BROOKS and SWEET, is a native of Canada, and came to Manistee in the Spring of 1873, and for four years was logging in the woods, and then engaged in the manufacture of lumber. For about three years he was a member of the firm of DAVIES, BLACKER & Co. Last Spring the present firm of BROOKS & SWEET was organized. They purchased the shingle mill of R. R. BLACKER & Co., one of the best in Manistee. Mr. BROOKS has charge of the business of the firm, and is a practical and successful business man.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BROWNRIGG, William

William BROWNRIGG, deputy marshal of the city of Manistee, is a native of Ireland, and came to this country in 1865. In 1872 he came to Manistee from Wisconsin, and went to work in the woods. He held the office of deputy sheriff from 1877 to 1880, and has been deputy city marshal since the Fall of 1881.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BUCKLEY, J. A.

J. A. BUCKLEY, of the firm of BEDFORD & BUCKLEY, is a native of Canada, and was, for several years, engaged in the lumber business, a portion of the time in Wisconsin. In 1874 he came to Manistee from Chicago, and since that time has been in the lumber commission business, superintendent of the boom company, and in the Spring of the present season went into the lime, stone and coal business with Mr. S. BEDFORD, the firm being BEDFORD & BUCKLEY.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BUNTON, Chas. B.

Chas. B. BUNTON is a native of Massachusetts, but most of his early life was spent in New Hampshire. In 1868 he came to Manistee, where he worked for the lumber firm of Ruddock, Palmiter & Co. Afterwards he worked at blacksmithing at Portage. In the fall of 1880 he came to Bear Lake, and in the spring of 1881, in company with D.D. SMITH, purchased the Hopkins sawmill. In June of that year Mr. SMITH retired from the firm, and Mr. BUNTON has since been alone in the mill. He is also a member of the mercantile firm of HALE & BUNTON. His family consists of a wife and three children. Mr. BUNTON is an industrious business man, and is prospering in his undertakings.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

BURCH, Samuel

Samuel BURCH was born in London, England, in the year 1821. At an early age he exhibited a marked taste for music, and it was decided that he should enter upon a musical career. In due time he graduated at the Royal Academy of Music in London, and also at the Royal Conservatory in Paris. About 1837, he came to America and traveled through many of the States, giving lessons in music. He became quite noted for his proficiency, and some of the most distinguished families in the country have furnished him pupils. At the breaking out of the war he was in the South, and from 1862 to 1865 was in the commissary Department at Nashville, Tenn. After the close of the war he returned to London on a visit, and after an absence of about three months returned to this country and settled in Manistee. Here he followed his profession for some time, but having opened a small store soon after coming here, the increasing business soon claimed his attention, and he was obliged to abandon teaching altogether. Since that time he has followed the mercantile business, which of late years has included drugs and confectionery. Mr. BURCH has been a successful business man, and has accumulated a handsome property.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

CADY, Edward J.

Edward J. CADY came to Manistee in the Fall of 1872, from Muskegon. He is a native of New York State, and at Muskegon was employed in a printing office. In 1862 he enlisted in the army at Lockport, N.Y., as a member of the Nineteenth Independent Battery, and served until the close of the war. It was soon after that he went to Muskegon. In 1874 he started the Manistee Advocate, and continued its publication until last Spring, when he sold it to its present editor, as elsewhere explained. Mr. CADY is a veteran printer, having been a member of the craft since 1857.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

CALKINS, Seymour

Seymour CALKINS, one of the firm of STILLMAN & CALKINS, proprietors of the Pierport Stave Factory, is one of the early settlers of the county. He is a native of New York State, and came to Manistee County in 1867. He took up one hundred and sixty acres of land in Arcadia Township, and settled upon it. He came West, from Pennsylvania, and landed at Grand Haven. From there he came on foot, as was the custom of the pioneers. He lived on his farm until last winter, when he purchased an interest in the stave factory of E. R. STILLMAN, and removed to Pierport. Mr. CALKINS has been a successful farmer and a leading man in the township. He held the office of supervisor for six years, and was chairman of the board in 1881. He has held various other township offices, and has always been active in public affairs. His family consists of a wife and two children.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

CANFIELD, John

Mr. CANFIELD was born in Sandisfield, Berkshire Co., Mass., in 1830. In 1841 his father came west to Racine, Wis., and the following year he was joined by his family.

About 1848 his father began the erection of a sawmill, near the mouth of the Manistee River, on the site where the mill of CANFIELD & WHEELER now stands. During that year John came here and remained a short time and went away. In 1849 he returned and entered upon the business career which he still continues so successfully. He finished the mill which his father had begun, and commenced the manufacture of lumber.

All the details of his busy business life are not necessary to the completion of this sketch. He acquired large wealth, as many others have done and are still doing, but few men acquire a name that commands greater respect in the commercial world than that of John CANFIELD.

He has been interested with various parties in business. For some time the leading business was carried on under the firm name of CANFIELD BROS. At present he is a member of the firm of CANFIELD & WHEELER, WHEELER, MAGILL & CO., besides carrying on vast business operations in which he is alone.

Mr. CANFIELD is a gentleman of quiet and reserved manner, and strenuously avoids anything like ostentation, but possesses clearness of perception and firmness of purpose to a remarkable degree. He is not easily daunted, and especially in the earlier days was a man whose nerve was known to be ample for all ordinary occasions.

The early days in Manistee were witness of rough life. There was no law and but few who desired it. Might made right, and the timid man had but a poor show of getting along. A crew of men at work in the woods for Mr. CANFIELD came down, and for some reason seized upon a pile of lumber and proposed to ship it. Mr. CANFIELD had been away, but arriving home just as the men were handling the lumber, heard of what was going on. He quietly took a revolver and marched down to where the seven men, and rough ones, too, were gathered upon the lumber. Addressing them, he said, "Now, boys, there isn't probably a man of you but what could whip me, but you know I am a good shot, and just so sure as you don't get away from here, just so sure there will be seven dead men." They knew the man and did not stop to argue the matter.

About 1851 the Indian lands were offered for sale, and Mr. CANFIELD bought a large tract east of his mill, and subsequently built the store and office building which he has since occupied. For several years the town was all in that vicinity, and Mr. CANFIELD was the leading spirit of this region. His counsels have always been sought in matters pertaining to the development of the place, and the wisdom of his advice has been of great value in advancing the interests of the town and city.

In 1875 he built the palatial residence which has since been the family home, and which is one of the finest private residences in the state.

He was first married in 1854, at New Marlborough, Mass., to Miss Helen M. BEACH. Four years afterward she died. In 1864 he was married at Joliet, Ill., to Miss Frances V. WHEELER, his present wife.

Mr. CANFIELD has been actively associated with the business interests of Manistee longer than any other man, and still devotes himself to his vast business interests in the same quiet but effective way that has characterized his whole business life.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

CONOVER, S. S.

S. S. CONOVER is a native of the state of New York. In 1837, at the age of nineteen years, he went to Milwaukee, and was a resident of that city for thirty years. He was sheriff of Milwaukee County, during the years 1856 and 1857. In 1867 he came to Manistee and engaged in the manufacture of of harness, saddles, etc. He manufactured the first harness and saddles made here. He continued in that business until the fire of 1871, when he was burned out, and did not afterwards resume business. Mr. CONOVER was elected justice of the peace in 1868, and with the exception of two years has held the office ever since. Since 1872 he has been engaged chiefly in real estate and insurance business. During his residence in Milwaukee, Mr. CONOVER figured prominently in an event that is memorable in Wisconsin history. In 1854 he was under-sheriff of Milwaukee, and in charge of the jail at the time the fugitive slave GLOVER was lodged there, and shortly afterwards taken by a crowd who attacked the jail, and got possession of the slave.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

COOK, M.S.

M. S. COOK, city surveyor, came to Manistee from Arcadia Township, in the Fall of 1879. He came to this county from Jackson, Mich., in 1877, and was the county surveyor from 1878 to 1880, and since then has been city surveyor. He has followed surveying for about twenty-five years.

From the History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

COOK, Prof. Webster

Prof. Webster COOK, superintendent of schools, is a native of Ann Arbor, Mich. He graduated at the University of Michigan, in 1878, and since that time has been engaged in teaching and educational work. He taught at Union City, Mich., three years, and came from that place to Manistee, in the Fall of 1881, to accept the position of superintendent of schools in this city. His work thus far has been entirely satisfactory.

History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

CROSS, M. J.

M. J. CROSS, proprietor of the BAUR Exchange Hotel, came to Manistee in February, 1881, from Pentwater, Oceana County. At that place Mr. CROSS kept the Pacific House for two years. He is a native of New York State, and has been in the hotel business about four years.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

CULVER, A. C. & Son

A. C. CULVER & Son, proprietors of the Bear Lake Independent, came to Bear Lake last Summer from Coldwater, where they published the Coldwater Sentinel. Mr. A. C. CULVER is one of the old newspaper men of the state, and both gentlemen are thorough newspaper men.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

DAVIDSON, J. S.

J. S. DAVIDSON, foreman of the new HOPKINS mill, is a native of Ohio, and came to Bear Lake from Iowa, in 1880, and has been foreman of the mill since it started. He has been engaged at mill work for fifteen years.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

DAVIES, Evan T.

Evan T. DAVIES belongs to the younger class of Manistee lumbermen, who are following in the footsteps of their successful predecessors. He is a native of Wales and came to this country in 1867, and that same year came to Manistee. He was a poor young man, but what he lacked in purse he made up in energy and clear grit. He went to work as mill-wright and followed that trade for eight years. In 1878 the firm of DAVIES, BLACKER & CO. was organized and had their mill under the direction of Mr. DAVIES. In 1880 the shingle mill was added. Mr. DAVIES is the inventor of a valuable machine known as the DAVIES lumber sorter, which is in use in their mill. He is of that class of men who are bound to succeed at whatever they undertake. The firm has one of the finest mills in Manistee.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

DEMPSEY, James

James DEMPSEY belongs to the class of Manistee lumbermen who have worked their way along, keeping pace with the prosperity and growth of the place.

Mr. DEMPSEY was born in Ireland in 1832. When about eleven years of age he came to this country and remained in Pennsylvania until about twenty-two years of age. In August, 1854, he landed in Manistee. He knew nothing about lumbering, and his only capital consisted of ability and willingness to work. He went into the woods and remained there a year. For some time he worked for John CANFIELD. Then he took contracts and so worked his way along accumulating capital and experience and laying the foundation of a successful business career. In course of time the firm of DEMPSEY & CARTIER was established, and this firm was succeeded by the Manistee Lumber Company, of which Mr. DEMPSEY is president.

He is also a senior member of the firm DEMPSEY, SIMPSON & Co., whose mill is on the east side of Lake Manistee. Mention of the mills is made elsewhere. He is proprietor of the DEMPSEY Tug Line which was started in 1880.

Mr. DEMPSEY was the second postmaster in Manistee and was succeeded by Dr. ELLIS, in 1862. When he took the office there was only a weekly mail and the office was kept wherever the postmaster happened to be. Part of the time he kept the office in the CANFIELD store at the mouth of the river, and then it was kept at the BUSWELL house, where he boarded. He has been mayor of the city one term and made a most excellent public officer, but he has less ambition for office than for business, and could not be induced to take the mayorship another term. Mr. DEMPSEY is a straightforward, sagacious business man, and is financially one of the strong men of Manistee.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

DENNING, M.R.

M.R. DENNING came to Manistee in 1866, from Iowa. The following year he brought his family and located here permanently. He is a native of the State of Maine, and from a boy has been engaged in logging and lumbering. For several years he was lumbering on the Susquehanna River, but in a freshet on the river lost heavily, and then determined to retrieve his losses in a new field. After coming to Manistee, he went to driving on the rivers, first on the Little Manistee. In 1879 he took a contract from the Manistee Boom Company, for driving the Manistee River for five years. He has also for several years been dealing more or less in pine lands, and in all of his operations since coming here, he has been successful. He is one of the directors of the Manistee National Bank. His family residence and office are in the Fourth Ward.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

DOELLE, Louis

Louis DOELLE, proprietor of the Franklin House, is a native of Manistee, and most of his life has been spent here. About seven years prior to 1870 he spent at Green Bay, Wis.; at that time he returned to Manistee, and for nearly ten years was in charge of Joseph BAUR's hardware store. In the fall of 1881 he purchased the Franklin House property, and since then has been keeping that hotel. He does a very large business, and is in prosperous circumstances.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

DOUVILLE, E. E.

E.E. DOUVILLE is also a native of Milwaukee, and came to Manistee in 1866. In addition to his interest in the bookstore of DOUVILLE BROS., he is engaged in the insurance, abstract and real estate business. In 1874 he purchased an interest in the insurance business of SECOR & SHORES, and the firm became SECOR, SHORES & DOUVILLE. At the present time Mr. DOUVILLE is alone in business. he has always been very active in public affairs, and has held the office of probate judge for one term. Mr. DOUVILLE has a handsome family residence on the hill, a view of which appears in this work.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

DOUVILLE, W. W.

DOUVILLE BROS., dealers in books, stationery, news, house furnishing goods, sewing machines, etc., became established in business in the year 1867. They first opened the store-room now occupied as a tailor shop in the Thorp building. In 1873 E. E. DOUVILLE erected a two-story brick building which the firm has since occupied. The firm is composed of W. W. and E. E. DOUVILLE.

W. W. DOUVILLE, who has charge of the business, is a native of Milwaukee, Wis., and came to Manistee in 1866, and engaged in business as above stated. Mr. DOUVILLE is an industrious and enterprising business man, as his success in life attests. He has a wife and one child.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

DUNLAP, Fletcher W.

Fletcher W. DUNLAP was born in St. Clair County, Mich., in the year 1840. At the age of ten years, he went from home to begin a life for himself. He first thought to secure an education, and he industriously set himself about the attainment of that purpose. He acquired a good common school education, and at eighteen years of age went to Iowa, and for three years published the Mitchell Gazette. He then attended the Michigan State Normal School, and finished the course in 1867. From there he entered the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, where, in 1870, he graduated as Bachelor of Law. He was admitted to the bar, and opened a law office at Holland, Ottawa County. In connection with his practice he published a paper until the fire of 1871, when he was burned out. He then removed to Muskegon, and from there to Manistee, where he opened a law office and continued in practice for two years. At the end of that time he determined to abandon the law and seek a more direct road to fortune. Accordingly, he started a small grocery, and subsequently went at work by the day. At day's labor he paid for sufficient lumber for a small building, which he erected, doing all the work himself, and when it was completed he put in a stock of groceries and started in trade. At first he delivered goods to his customers on a wheelbarrow, and thus by industry and prudence worked his way along until at the present time he owns four business lots, three residence lots and three buildings. He has recently completed a substantial two-story brick store building on River Street, and intends soon to erect another in the place of the frame building, which he occupies with his store. Mr. DUNLAP's success in life shows what can be accomplished by persistent industry and prudence.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

EATON, Edward B.

Edward B. EATON, millwright, is a native of New York State, and came to Manistee in 1862, and followed the trade of house carpenter for about eleven years. He then bought a farm in Mason County, and worked it until about 1879, and then traveled as salesman for a lumber company until 1881, when he resumed his trade. Last Fall he engaged with the firm of FILER & SONS, as millwright, and is in their employ at the present. Mr. EATON has a wife and two children, and resides at Filer City.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

ELLIS, Lathrop S., M. D.

The subject of this sketch is the pioneer physician of Manistee County. He was born in Norwich, Mass., in 1828. At the age of fourteen years his father offered him the choice of remaining at home and have such educational advantages as he could afford, or of taking his time and educate himself. He chose the latter and attended an academy at Worthington one term. He worked at farmwork during vacations for a time, then taught school, and in that way paid the expenses of attending school, until about seventeen years of age, when an uncle at Meadville, Pa., rendered him pecuniary aid. He graduated from Alleghany College, at Meadville, in 1851, and then attended the Berkshire Medical College, at Pittsfield, Mass., and also attended two courses at Woodstock, Vt. He graduated in medicine in 1852, and soon after began the practice of his profession at Meadville, Pa., and remained there two years. He then came to Chicago and continued his practice until 1860, when he came to Manistee, where he has since been in active practice.

He was married at Meadville, Pa., October 13, 1853, to Sarah M. HARLON. They have six children. The two eldest daughters are married, one of whom lives in this city, and the other in Chicago.

Dr. ELLIS was postmaster from 1862 to 1877, when he was succeeded by Gen. CUTCHEON.

He has been an active man, not only in his profession, but in all public matters. He has been especially prominent in religious and temperance work, and has been one of the leading members of the Congregational society since its organization.

He has always been an eager and industrious student, and his investigations have taken a wide range. He has frequently lectured upon scientific subjects, and his writings upon these subjects have been quite voluminous, and in all instances clear and interesting.

His time and attention are chiefly devoted to his practice, although he has some other interests. He has a fine fruit farm on the lake shore, south of the city, which he carries on very successfully.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

EMERY, Andrew J.

Andrew J. EMERY is employed as saw-filer at the mill of STOKOE, NELSON & SECOR. He is a native of Knox County, Ill., and came to Manistee in 1873, where he has since lived. He has had an experience of seven years at his trade, and is an industrious and capable man.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

ENGELMANN, M.

The subject of this sketch has had a somewhat remarkable and a very successful career. He was born in Germany, in the year 1832. At about fifteen years of age he determined to see what he might be able to find upon the other side of the ocean, and in 1847 he came to America. In 1848 he reached Manistee, then for the most part a dense forest. He was but a lad, unused to the ways of the country to which he had come, a stranger to a strange land. He had no relative or friend to whom he could turn for counsel or aid. Success or failure were in store for him, but which he was to experience must be determined by himself alone. Few young men have grappled with the business of life under circumstances that afforded fewer encouragements. Even the region of the country to which he had come was a wilderness remote from any commercial center, and void of attraction.

He spent no time in contemplating the loneliness of his situation, but sought something to do that would afford him a livelihood. He first went to Stronachtown and hired out to the STRONACHs, who were running a mill. He applied himself closely to his work, paying but little attention to what was going on about him. In this way he worked and saved from his scanty earnings all that was not actually necessary to use for his living.

In 1857 he had come to be familiar with lumbering in all its branches and he began business in a small way for himself. As early as 1854 he owned interest in a schooner, and from that time to the present has been more or less interested in vessel property. At one time he was extensively interested in a line of boats on the lake, and until the present season was the owner of the steamer "John A. Dix", running between Manistee and Milwaukee.

Since 1857 he has been engaged in lumbering and of late years on a very extensive scale. He is at present the senior member of the firm of ENGELMANN & KITZINGER, and is a member of the firm of S. BABCOCK & CO., besides having large individual interests in pine lands and lumber. He is largely interested in the First National Bank and has numerous other business and property interests.

Mr. ENGLEMANN has always maintained a lively interest in the welfare and prosperity of Manistee, and has contributed in no small degree to the commercial importance which the city has attained. His liberality in all public matters has been pronounced, and the fruits of his enterprise are plainly visible.

The magnificent block which he has just finished, and which is described in another place, is perpetual testimony to his enterprise and sagacity.

Mr. ENGELMANN is now holding the office of mayor of Manistee for the second time, and his record as a public officer is a most creditable one.

His family residence is a large and handsome structure, situated in the southern portion of the city.

Men like Mr. ENGELMANN who, alone in a strange country, have risen by their industry and sagacity from obscurity and poverty to prominence and wealth, furnish illustrations worthy of being preserved and profited by.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

ERB, Henry

Henry ERB is one of the pioneers of Bear Lake Township. He is a native of Canada, and during the latter part of his residence there, owned a sawmill and farm. He was married June 24, 1857, to Miss Sarah A. SEAMAN, at Otterville, Oxford Co., Canada.

In October, 1865, they started, with two teams, for a new home in Bear Lake. He had two horses and a lumber wagon loaded with household goods, and she drove one horse and cared for her four children. The journey was long and attended with many hardships, but was accomplished without serious accident.

They located a homestead of one hundred and sixty acres, one mile east of Bear Lake, and built a log house. He cleared his land, and in course of time added more to it, until now he had a magnificent farm of five hundred and eighty acres, upon which are a fruit orchard of one thousand trees, and excellent buildings. In 1879 they left the farm and moved into the village, where they now reside. During the past year he has completed a tasty residence for their home. They have six children, one of whom is the wife of Mr. David H. HOPKINS. Mr. ERB is one of the solid men of the county, and a most excellent citizen.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

ESTES, G. K.

G. K. ESTES came to Bear Lake Village, from Wisconsin, in 1875. He was for some time civil engineer on the Milwaukee & Northern Railway in that state. After remaining here about six months, he went to Milwaukee. In the Fall of 1876 he came to Pierport, and was in the employ of C. W. PERRY until the Fall of 1880, when he came to Bear Lake, and was in the office of HOPKINS Bros., until last Spring, when he went into the insurance, real estate, loan, and collection business. He has a wife and two children, and is in prosperous circumstances.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FAGAN, John

John FAGAN, engineer at the sawmill of CANFIELD & WHEELER, is a native of the state of New York. In 1869 he came to Manistee, from Syracuse, N. Y. After coming to Manistee he worked on a tug for a short time, and then took the position of engineer on the river and lake. In the Spring of 1880 he took the position of engineer at the sawmill of CANFIELD & WHEELER, which position he still holds. Mr. FAGAN has a wife and four children.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FAULKNER, A. L.

HULBERT & FAULKNER, commercial job printing, succeeded THOMPSON & FAULKNER in July last. The business was established in February, 1882 by S. E. THOMPSON, and in May the firm became THOMPSON & FAULKNER.

A. L. FAULKNER is a native of Oneida, N. Y. He came to Manistee in April last, from Rochester, N. Y., where he was in charge of the printing department of H. H. WARNER & Co., for one year. He began work at printing in 1872, and has continued at this business ever since. In May last he became a member of the firm of THOMPSON & FAULKNER, as stated above.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FILER, Delos Warren

Delos Warren FILER the other member of the firm (FILER & SONS), was also born in Jefferson County, N. Y., and came with the family to Manistee, and entered active business in 1866, as stated. He was married at Manistee, in February 1867, to Miss Carrie PAINE. In 1878 he built the beautiful residence in Manistee, which is the family home, and of which a fine lithographic view is given in another place. The interior finish of the house is very rich, and is furnished with exquisite taste and elegance.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FILER, E. Golden

E. Golden FILER was born in Jefferson County, N. Y., and came to Racine, and from thence to Manistee, with his parents. In 1862 he enlisted in the army and remained in the service until 1864, when he returned to Manistee, and in 1866 went into active business as already stated. (FILER & SONS) He was married at Racine, Wis., December, 1865 to Miss Julia FILER. In 1869 the ground upon which his elegant residence in Filer Town now stands was logged, and in 1870 he built a frame house, which was totally destroyed by fire in 1875. He immediately built the elegant and costly brick residence which has since been the family home. A fine lithographic view of the house and grounds appears upon another page. It is delightfully situated upon high ground, commanding a charming view of the lake and surrounding country, and in all its appointments denotes refinement and wealth. Mr. FILER has large fruit interests, mentioned elsewhere.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FIRZLAFF, Frank

Frank FIRZLAFF was born in Germany, and came to this country in 1867. In the Summer of 1868 he came to Manistee, and went at work by the month. In the Winter he worked in the woods, and in the Summer at carpenter work. He had come to this country to reap some of its advantages, and applied himself industriously to gain a foothold. He saved from his earnings, and after about four years of hard work concluded to make a start. He then built the Franklin House, and ran it until 1881. About three years ago he began to deal in pine lands, buying and selling as opportunity offered chances to make money. Last Spring he fitted up a saloon on River Street, which is in charge of a clerk. Mr. FIRZLAFF has been very successful in his operations, and owns considerable city property. He has several dwelling houses which he rents, and has the present season erected a substantial brick block, on River Street, which is rented for business purposes. His family consists of a wife and one child.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FOSTER, H. D.

H. D. FOSTER, millwright, is a native of Erie, Penn., and at an early age learned the carpenter's trade. In the Fall of 1866 he came to Manistee and went to lumbering. He remained one year and went to Wisconsin. In June, 1871, he returned to Manistee, and has remained here since that time. For the past eight years he has been engaged at millwright work, and for four years has been in the employ of Louis SANDS. He has a wife and one child.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FRANCK, John C.

John C. FRANCK is a native of Norway, and came to Manistee in 1872. The first year after coming here he worked in a shingle mill. In 1873 he went into the employ of Louis SANDS, and has remained with him ever since, acting in various capacities. For some time he has been in charge of Mr. SAND's store on River Street, and is very successful in the management of that business. Mr. FRANCK is a man of excellent business habits, and a good citizen.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FRIEND, A.

A. FRIEND, the senior member of the firm (Friend, Joys & Co.) has long been prominent in the mercantile interests of Manistee. He first came to Manistee in 1867 and engaged in business with M. ENGELMANN, and has been interested in business here since that time. From 1870 to 1881 he resided in Milwaukee, but in 1881 returned here, and the following Spring the present firm of Friend, Joys & Co. was established. Mr. FRIEND belongs to a family of merchants all of whom are successful business men. The firm of which he is the senior member is one of the strongest in this part of the state.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

FRISBIE, A.

A. FRISBIE came to Manistee from Chicago in the Spring of 1871, and engaged at sawing in the lumber mills. He continued at that work until 1875, when he opened a store, and has since dealt in all kinds of sportsmen's supplies. He owns a steam yacht, which he keeps for the convenience of pleasure parties. Mr. FRISBIE is a native of Ohio.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

GLASSMIRE, P. T.

"The subject of this sketch, P.T. Glassmire, is one of the best known and most successful criminal lawyers in this section of the state. He was born March 3, 1842, in Reading, Pa., coming to Michigan with his parents at an early age. The family first settled in Oceana county, but after four years removed to Centralia, Ill., returning again to Oceana County and later taking up their residence in Chicago.

Mr. Glassmire attended the Chicago public schools and afterwards the schools of Ludington and Pentwater. In 1876 he went to Indianapolis, where he entered the law offices of Cropsey & Wright, well-known attorneys of that city, and after two years of legal study was admitted to the bar. He then removed to Ludington, where he was employed in the Pere Marquette Lumber company's store until the spring of 1880, when he came to Manistee and began the practice of law in the office of A.J. Dovel. He remained there six years and then opened an office for himself, making a specialty of criminal law, in which he has been pre-eminently successful.

Mr. Glassmire is a Democrat, and has received repeated honors at the hands of his party. He has held the office of Circuit Court Commissioner, was City Attorney for three terms, and in 1890 was elected Prosecuting Attorney of Manistee County. He is the chairman of the judiciary committee of this district.

Mr. Glassmire is a leading spirit in the local lodge of Elks, and is serving his third term as Exalted Ruler. "

-Page 54, Salt City of the Inland Seas, published May, 1899, as an Anniversary Number of the Manistee Daily News.

GRANNIS, C. D.

C. D. GRANNIS is a native of the state of New York, and came to Manistee from Kalamazoo County in 1878. He has charge of the telegraph lines in this district, and is also division superintendent of telephones. He built all the lines in this section of the state from 1871 to 1873. The line to Manistee was built in 1871. He placed the telephone exchange here in May, 1880. He has been in charge of the telephone lines since 1878.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

GRAVES, Gurden

Gurden GRAVES, engineer at the sawmill of FILER & SONS, is a native of New York State, and came to Manistee in 1855, and was engineer in the sawmill of John CANFIELD. He has followed engineering ever since that time, and is one of the veterans in the service. In 1860 he went into the employ of FILER & SONS, and has been in continuous service for this firm to the present time. Mr. GRAVES has a wife and three children - two boys and one girl.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

GRAY, Wilson H.

Wilson H. GRAY is a member of the Manistee County bar, and is a native of Ireland. In 1852 he came to this country with his parents, and lived at Grand Rapids for fifteen years. In September, 1862 he went into the service with the One Hundred and Sixteenth New York Volunteers. He was promoted to lieutenant and afterwards to captain. He served until August, 1864, when he received his discharge. After leaving the service he entered upon the study of law, and was admitted to the bar in 1867. He practiced law at Grand Rapids until the Summer of 1880, when he came to Manistee. He earned the reputation of being a good lawyer, and is successful in his practice.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

GREEN, Alfred N.

Alfred N. GREEN, the treasurer of Manistee County, was born at Salisbury, New Hampshire, January 27, 1859, but he has been a resident of this county for the past nineteen years. Mr. Green's parents removed to southern Michigan from New Hampshire in 1868, and after a short residence in Jackson and Battle Creek, settled permanently in Ottawa county, where the mother is still living; the father died in 1896. Mr. GREEN secured a common school education in the various places in which his parents made their residence, and in 1880 came to Manistee to accept a position in the office of Filer & Sons at Filer City, as bookkeeper. He remained with this firm until last year, acting in the capacity of cashier, chief bookkeeper and confidential man. Mr. GREEN has held several offices of trust outside of his regular occupation. In 1882 he was appointed postmaster at Filer City, which office he continues to hold at the present time.

For three terms he has held the office of township treasurer of Filer township, having been first elected in 1894. He has held various other offices in the township, and has always been looked upon as a leader in the affairs of his party in Filer City. Last fall he was elected treasurer of the county on the Republican ticket and entered upon his duties on January 1 of this year.

He is a member of several lodges and secret societies, including the Masonic, the Knights of Pythias, Order of United Workmen, and the Maccabees.

Page 53; Salt City of the Inland Seas, published May, 1899, as an Anniversary Number of the Manistee Daily News.

HAINES, Abel S.

Abel S. HAINES is one of the business men of Manistee who by his own ability and sagacity has made his way into the front ranks. He is a native of the state of Pennsylvania. In the year 1856 he set out for the West, to see what it had in store for him. He came as far as Indiana, and remained there one year. He then came to Muskegon, where he remained twelve years. Early in 1869 he came to Manistee, and went into the lumber business. In 1876 he engaged in the mercantile business, and at the present time has one of the leading dry goods and grocery establishments in the city. Mr. HAINES is a man of liberal and enterprising views, and one who carries his undertakings steadily forward to a successful issue.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HALE, L. F.

L. F. HALE, of the mercantile firm of HALE & BUNTON, is a native of England, and came to this country in 1871. In 1874 he came to Bear Lake, from Pennsylvania, and was book-keeper for HOPKINS Bros. He also has an interest in the grist mill. Last Spring he sold his interest in the mill, and in June started a general store, the firm being HALE & BUNTON. They do an excellent business, which is under the sole management of Mr. HALE.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HARLEY, David S.

David S. HARLEY is one of the pioneers of this northern country, and is well known in this part of the state. He was born in Franconiaville, Montgomery Co., Pa., March 10, 1834. He received a common school education, and when twenty years of age went to the State Normal School, and afterwards taught school for several terms. For a time he was in charge of schools at Marietta, Pa. After giving up teaching, he came to Michigan, and was engaged at surveying and publishing county maps for a time. He then read law, and finally entered the law department of the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, where he graduated in 1867. He was admitted to the bar by the supreme court, and settled at Lincoln, in Mason county. The county was then new, and Lincoln the county seat. Mr. HARLEY at once took an active part in county affairs, and was prominently identified with all public interests. He held various county offices, beginning with prosecuting attorney, to which office he was appointed by the governor of the state soon after settling in Lincoln. In 1873 he came to Manistee, and associated himself in the practice of law with S. W. FOWLER. In 1878 the firm was dissolved, and Mr. HARLEY opened an office by himself. Since coming to Manistee he has continued to take a prominent part in local politics, and has held various offices. He has been supervisor from the Second Ward for four years, and is at present chairman of the board. He has also been circuit court commissioner for six years. He was married, in March, 1861, at Detroit, to Miss Jennie PHELPS. Two children have been born to them, both of whom are now living. Mr. HARLEY has the reputation of being a good lawyer, and enjoys the esteem and confidence of the people of the county.

-History of Manistee, Mason a& Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HARRISON, Agnes B.

Agnes B., wife of Dr. I. M. HARRISON, is a graduate of the medical department of the University of Michigan, and has been in practice since the Summer of 1881. She is a native of Grand Rapids, and is a daughter of W. W. BARLOW, of that city. She was married to Dr. I. M. HARRISON, December 5, 1881.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HARRISON, I. M., M.D.

I. M. HARRISON, M. D., is a native of Missouri. He graduated at the University of Michigan in 1880, and afterwards at the St. Louis Medical College; took a post-graduate course. He began practice at Warrensburgh, Mo., in the Fall of 1880. In June, 1882, he located at Manistee, where he is engaged in practice. Dr. HARRISON belongs to the regular school of practice.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HART, George A.

Geo. A. HART came to Manistee in the year 1873, and for about three years was engaged in the clothing trade. At the end of that time he left the mercantile business, and opened a real estate office. He deals in city property and pine lands on an extensive scale, and is quite successful in his operations. His office is supplied with county abstracts and maps, and the fullest information pertaining to lands or any description of real property. Mr. HART was born, and his early life spent, in Lapeer, Mich. He is secretary of the Manistee Water Company, organized the present year.

(Mr. HART would later give land to the city of Manistee, which became known as Orchard Beach State Park)

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HASENFUSS, J. H.

J. H. HASENFUSS, engineer at the mill of STOKOE, NELSON & SECOR, is a native of Wisconsin. In 1864 he enlisted in the United States Navy, and served for eleven months. He came to Manistee in 1876, where he has followed his trade. He has been with this firm about three years. He has a wife and two children, and resides at Filertown.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HAUSER, Christian

Christian HAUSER is one of the pioneers of Manistee County. He is a native of Germany, and came to this country in 1846. He first came to Racine, Wis., where he remained until 1853, when he came to Manistee, and cast his lot into the wilderness with the little handful of people that were here at that time. He has witnessed the growth of the place thus far and has always been active in public matters. He has held several public offices, and in all of them has rendered faithful and efficient service. He held the office of supervisor for several years, was alderman in 1872-'73, and is now serving his second term as county treasurer. He is a prominent member of several benevolent societies, and is a gentleman who has the respect and confidence of the public.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HELGESEN, Harvey

Harvey HELGESEN, dealer in groceries and general merchandise at Freeland, Manistee, is a native of Norway. He came to this country in 1881, and in last February opened his store. He is an industrious merchant, and does a large business. In the season he deals extensively in berries, and is one of the heaviest shippers in the city.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HELLESVIG, John

John HELLESVIG, book-keeper at the lumber office of Horace TABER & Sons, is a native of Norway, and came to this country in 1871, and located at Manistee. In the Spring of 1875 he engaged with the firm of Horace TABER & Sons, as book-keeper, and has remained in that capacity to the present. Mr. HELLESVIG has a wife and one child, and resides in Filer Township.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HELLESVIG, John

John HELLESVIG was born in Helgeland, Norway, July 23, 1848. His father was Christopher HELLESVIG, and his mother Dorothea (Peterson) HELLESVIG. There were three children in the parental family, two boys, and one girl, of whom John was the youngest. The brother and sister of Mr. HELLESVIG are living in the Red River valley, Minnesota.

Until he was seventeen years of age, Mr. HELLESVIG attended the public schools of his native city and then entered the Masjoens seminary, where he spent three years in study, graduating in 1869.

The following year he came to Manistee, and in the fall of 1872 he went to work for SALLING and ENGELMANN as a lumber scaler, and in 1873 accepted a position with H. TABER & Sons, of Filer City. In 1875 Mr. HELLESVIG became the bookkeeper and manager of the TABER store. In 1886 he purchased the property which he now owns at 295 and 297 First street, and where he has continued to conduct an extensive grocery, provision and feed business.

Mr. HELLESVIG is a Democrat and in 1895 was elected City Treasurer of Manistee, which office he held for one term. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity and a Knights Templar. He is also a member of the Royal Arcanum, and of the Knights of the White Cross, of which latter society he held the position of treasurer of the Grand Lodge.

-Salt City of the Inland Seas, an Anniversary Number of the Manistee Daily News. Published May, 1899.

HENDERSON, James

James HENDERSON, liveryman, is a native of England. He came to this country in 1848, and was in Wisconsin until the breaking out of the war. He enlisted in August, 1861, in the Eleventh Wisconsin Infantry, and served until the close of the war. He was in active service, and participated in a large number of battles, but escaped without being wounded. In 1871 he located in Manistee, and was engaged at hauling supplies until 1881, when he built a livery barn at the rear of the Dunham House, and went into the livery business, which he still continues. He keeps an average of ten horses, and does a flourishing business. When a boy Mr. HENDERSON used to be in this section, and at one time, while up the river, was treed by a wolf, but fortunately was rescued by parties from a lumber camp.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HIGGINS, Andrew

Andrew HIGGINS is a native of Canada, and came to this country in 1860, to Saginaw. In 1869 he came to Manistee and worked in the mills until 1878. In 1877 he engaged in the livery business with A. D. KIRBY. They continued in business one year, and Mr. HIGGINS withdrew and opened a stable in the rear of the Dunham House. In 1879 he changed to his present location on River Street.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HILTON, Henry S.

Henry S. HILTON, proprietor of the Manistee Times, is one of the oldest newspaper publishers in the state. He was born in Fredonia, N.Y., in the year 1832. When about thirteen years of age he commenced work at the case, in a newspaper office in Randolph, N.Y. His first experience as a newspaper publisher was at Sheboygan, Wis., as publisher of the Sheboygan Lake Journal. He came to Michigan in the spring of 1856, and started what is now the Clinton Republican, which he published for about twenty-five years. He was clerk of the lower house of the Michigan Legislature for two years, and register of deeds for Clinton County from 1874 to 1880. Last June he purchased the Manistee Times of Mr. Appleton M. SMITH, and settled with his family in this city. Mr. HILTON is a thorough newspaper man, and from his long experience is perfectly familiar with all parts of the business. He has always been a zealous and active Republican, and is a man of culture and ripe experience in public affairs.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HISLOP, T. G.

T. G. HISLOP, deputy clerk and register of the county, is a native of England, and came to this country in 1851, when about a year old. In 1875 he came to Manistee from Milwaukee, and since coming here has been a general accountant. He has been in the clerk and register office for several years. The present set of abstracts belonging to E. C. LEWIS and E. E. DOUVILLE are largely the work of Mr. HISLOP, who devised the system adopted. At present Mr. HISLOP is engaged in a book-keeping and general accounting business, and also has charge of the abstracts above referred to, under appointment as receiver by the circuit court. Mr. HISLOP has taken great pains to post himself upon all real estate matters, and has prepared several maps of the county and city, and at present is engaged upon a map of the city of Manistee.

History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HOFFMAN, Richard

Richard HOFFMAN was born in Ontario, Canada, in the year 1840. In 1865 he came to Michigan, and located at Traverse City. In 1870 he came to Manistee, and in March, 1871, succeeded S. W. FOWLER as editor and proprietor of the Manistee Times. He continued to publish the times until may, 1874, when he sold to App. M. SMITH. In 1876 he moved to Filer City and taught the school until March, 1882. Since that time he has been in the employ of FIELD & SONS, in their store. Mr. HOFFMAN has a wife and three children.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HOPKINS, David H.

David H. HOPKINS is also a native of West Virginia, and came to Manistee in 1867, and entered upon the prosperous business career already described. (HOPKINS Brothers Mill, Bear Lake Village) He was married December 2, 1876, to Miss Minnie M., daughter of Henry ERB, of Bear Lake. Their family residence, a very handsome structure, was built in 1876. At the present time Mr. HOPKINS spends most of his time in Chicago, attending to the company's interest in that city.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HOPKINS, George W.

George W. HOPKINS, the founder of this concern (HOPKINS BROS. Mill) was born on a farm in West Virginia, November 8, 1844. In 1855 he removed to Lenawee County, Mich., with his parents, and remained at home upon the farm until 1863. He then engaged with Samuel GILES making county maps, and remained in that business until twenty-one years of age.

Mr. George W. HOPKINS was married at Bellaire, Ohio, August 4, 1868, to Miss Ella STUART, of that place. In 1876 he built the handsome residence which is now their home, a view of which appears in this work. As a clear-sighted and successful business man, Mr. HOPKINS has few superiors. He was instrumental in securing the location of the county fair grounds at Bear Lake, loaning the society funds with which to improve the grounds, besides contributing liberally to advance the interests of society. He keeps thoroughly posted upon public matters, and is active in political and other county affairs.

(Co-owner of Hopkins Brothers Mill at Bear Lake Village)

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

Daniel HORNKOHL

Daniel Hornkohl is one of the prominent early settlers and business men of this city. He was born April 9, 1838, in Nordheim, Germany, where he lived until 1862. He learned the baker's trade in Germany and in 1862 came to the United States, locating in Milwaukee, and for a time was engaged in the same trade there. On the outbreak of the Civil War Mr. Hornkohl enlisted in the Ninth Wisconsin Infantry, and served for three years at front in the army of the Trans-Mississippi. After the close of the war Mr. Hornkohl engaged for a short time in the bakery business in Milwaukee, but soon sold out and went to Green Bay, Wisconsin, to engage in the same line of trade. Later he returned to Milwaukee, where he remained until his removal to this city in 1867. Here he went into the bakery business with Joseph Baur, with whom he continued for nine years, leaving the firm to establish a bakery at his present location, number 302 First Street, where he employs six men and runs three delivery wagons. For five years Mr. Hornkohl was a member of the volunteer fire department of this city, after which he was elected chief, a position which he held for eleven years. One year ago he was elected to the office of president of the State Firemen's Association, in which organization he is much interested. He has held the offices of constable, deputy sheriff and under-sheriff, and in 1894 was elected city alderman, which office he held for two terms.

Salt City of the Inland Seas, published May, 1899, by the Manistee Daily News.

HUGHES, David

David HUGHES was born in Canada in 1835. In 1864 he came to Manistee, from Quebec, and has resided here ever since. He began work at lumbering when fourteen years of age, and has followed it ever since. Mr. HUGHES is a hard-working man, of steady habits, and is a good citizen.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HULBERT, Capt. R. W.

Is foreman of the Democrat newspaper office. Capt. HULBERT enlisted April 21, 1861, at Freeport, Ill., Company A, Eleventh Illinois Infantry. He enlisted as private, but was put in as eighth corporal, and was drill master for a year. In November, 1863, he was promoted to captain. He served in the army until February, 1866, when he received his discharge. Was in twenty-one battles; wounded three times, and taken prisoner once, but released after seven days' confinement. In 1870 he went to Lake Superior, and remained there until he came to Manistee in 1878.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

HYLAND, Joseph

Joseph HYLAND is a native of England, and came to Manistee in 1869. His father, John HYLAND, came to Manistee about 1860. He served in the Navy during the war, and was awarded a medal for personal bravery in capturing a battery. He received severe wounds during the service, and died soon after the close of the war. In 1878 Joseph HYLAND started a boiler shop on the north side of the river, where he does an extensive business. He is also a member of the firm of YOSS & HYLAND, commission merchants. In 1878 a man was buried in a well, by the sides caving in upon him, and at the risk of his life, Mr. HYLAND succeeded in rescuing the unfortunate man from death. A number of citizens gave Mr. HYLAND a purse of money for his heroic efforts in saving life.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

JACK, Andrew

Andrew JACK, proprietor of the Union Boiler Works, is a native of Canada; came to the States in 1845, and located at Burlington, VT. In 1867 he came to Manistee, and established the Union Boiler Works, which he has operated ever since. This was the first boiler manufactory established in Manistee. The shop is situated at the corner of Spruce and First Streets. Mr. JACK is a practical workman, and has done a successful business.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

JAMES, T. B.

T. B. JAMES, saw-filer at the sawmill of Horace TABER & Sons, is a native of the state of Pennsylvania, and came to Manistee in 1874 from Muskegon. Mr. JAMES has been at work in the mills since 1866, and was seven years with RUDDOCK, PALMITER & Co. He began with Messrs. TABER & Sons, last Spring. He has a wife and two children, and resides in Filer Township.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

JONES, Peter

Peter JONES is a native of Prussia. He came to this country in 1856 and in 1863 settled in Manistee. He was a carpenter by trade, but soon after coming here bought some land of D. L. FILER, and started the first brewery here. He continued in that until 1866, and then engaged in the drug business in the Third Ward. He built a frame building which was afterward burned, and he rebuilt of brick, and still continues in the same business. When he first started in business he was quite a distance beyond the town, but it has grown past him and his store is now in a good business location. Mr. JONES has a wife and three children.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

JOYS, C. E.

C. E. JOYS is a native of Norway, and came to this country in the year 1867. In 1868 he came to Manistee and was engaged as book-keeper for MAXWELL, PUNDT & Co., and also with R. G. PETERS & Co. In 1876 he went to Hokah, Minn., and engaged in general merchandising, which he still continues. In March last he returned to Manistee and became a member of the firm of FRIEND, JOYS & Co.

KIES, B. W.

B. W. KIES is the senior member of the firm of KIES & WARD, general insurance agents, and is a native of Hillsdale County, Mich. In 1867 he came to Manistee, and for about six years was steamboat clerk on the ENGELMANN Line. Since that time he has been superintendent of the Boom Company for a year and a half, and in the shingle mill business for several years. In the Summer of 1880 he engaged in the real estate and insurance business, the firm being as stated above.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

KING, Lyman T.

Lyman T. KING is a resident of Brown town, where he has an extensive farm. He came there in 1863, from Spring Lake, in Ottawa County. He has also lived in Manistee several years. Mr. KING is a mason by trade, and does a large amount of work in Bear Lake village. He has a wife and six children, who live upon the farm. Mr. KING is one of the old residents of the county, and is one if its prosperous citizens.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

KINSLEY, Dr. J.

Dr. J. KINSLEY is a native of Pennsylvania, and with one exception is the oldest resident physician in Manistee. After studying medicine in New Jersey, he attended lectures at the Pennsylvania University in Philadelphia. Early in the war he went into the army with Company F, First New Jersey Cavalry, and did good service until he received his discharge in 1864. He was wounded at the battle of Sulpher Springs, Va., and still carries the bullet in his shoulder. In 1866 he began the practice of medicine in Philadelphia, and in 1870, having a desire to plant himself in a new field, came to Manistee, a city less than one year old. Here he has remained until the present time, and is too well established to think of changing. He has always had an extensive practice, and has been very active in all public affairs. In 1876-'77 he was alderman from the Third Ward, and mayor of the city during 1880-'81. He is a prominent member of the Odd Fellows, Masons, and Knights of Honor. At the time of the fire in 1871, he had a drug store and was burned out. He opened another store directly after the fire, on River Street, but in 1877 removed to his present location, at the corner of First and Division Streets, where he does an extensive business in connection with his practice. Dr. KINSLEY is a very genial gentleman, of large culture, and is popular both as a physician and citizen. In practice he belongs to the regular school of medicine.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

KREMPEL, Henry

Henry KREMPEL came to Manistee in 1867, from Milwaukee. Soon after coming here he opened a meat market on the corner of River and Maple Streets. After remaining there about a year, he built a shop, and was burned out in the fire of 1871. Immediately after the fire he rebuilt his market, and has since done a large business. Mr. KREMPEL is a thrifty German and a successful business man.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

KUESTER, H. F.

H. F. KUESTER, proprietor of the Fourth Ward Meat Market, is a native of Germany, and came to this country in the year 1852. He settled in Milwaukee, where he remained until 1878, when he came to Manistee and opened his present market, at the corner of First and Cypress Streets, where he has built up an excellent business. He has a family consisting of a wife and four children.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

LaMONTAGNE, George, M. D.

George LaMONTAGNE, M.D., is a native of Quebec, and received a classical and medical education at the Laval University of Quebec, graduating in the year of 1862. After practicing in Quebec for two years, he came to the States, and located in Milwaukee, where he remained about eighteen months, and then removed to Muskegon, where he practiced nine years. He then went to Chicago, where he was in the drug business, and also engaged in practice. In 1877 he came to Manistee and engaged in practice. Three years ago he opened a drug store on River Street, which he runs in connection with his practice. Dr. LaMONTAGNE is a highly educated gentleman, and has an extensive practice.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

LARSEN, H. B.

H. B. LARSEN, dry goods merchant, Manistee, is a native of Denmark, and came to this country in 1855. In 1864 he went to Ludington from Milwaukee, and after remaining awhile came to Manistee. Mr. LARSEN worked at the millwright trade for a time, and then engaged in merchandising at Manistee. For a time he was senior member of the firm of LARSEN BROS. In 1879 he went to Ludington and opened a large store, which he continued until the present season, when he returned to Manistee, and built a large two-story block on River Street, which he occupies with his large dry goods business. Mr. LARSEN is a successful and enterprising merchant, and has one of the largest dry goods establishments in Manistee. He has worked his way to the front by untiring industry and the exercise of good judgement in business matters.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

LEONARD, Azro B.

Azro B. LEONARD is another of the men who has worked his way along to a comfortable competency. He was born in Stockbridge, Vt., in the year 1823. In the fall of 1850 he came to Wisconsin, and settled in Eureka, Winnebago Co. There he was engaged in lumbering and other business. When he first came to Wisconsin he worked by the month, and afterwards became interested in a sawmill at Eureka. Becoming interested in a Manistee sawmill, he came here, in 1866, to attend to that business, and until 1879 was a member of the firm of GIFFORD, RUDDOCK & Co. In 1879 he sold his interest in the business of that firm, and since that time has been engaged in logging and dealing in pine lands. He is also a member of the hardware firm of KROEGAN & LEONARD, in which he is represented by his son, for whom he purchased the interest. Mr. LEONARD has a wife and four children, and lives in a handsome residence situated upon the high ground. This residence property he purchased in 1878. A very fine lithographic view of it is given upon another page. Mr. LEONARD has been successful in his business operations. He is an excellent type of the New England gentleman. A fine steel portrait of Mr. LEONARD is given in this work.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

LEWIS, C. B.

C. B. LEWIS, senior member of the firm of C. B. LEWIS & SON, shingle manufacturers, came to Manistee from Kenosha, Wis., in 1870. He was a resident of that place for twenty years. Since coming to Manistee he has engaged in the lumber business. In January, 1881, the firm of C. B. LEWIS & SON bought the shingle mill built by W. W. CHAPIN & CO. The mill cuts about 40,000,000 shingles a season. Mr. LEWIS is president of the school board at the present time, and has been a member of the board for eight years.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

LONG, L. B.

L. B. LONG, of the firm of DELBRIDGE, LONG & HUBBELL, is a native of the state of Pennsylvania. At an early age he learned the carpenter trade by working with his father, who was a carpenter and builder. In 1867 he came to Manistee from Grand Rapids, and for a time was foreman of a sash, door and blind factory. Afterwards he engaged in business as contractor and builder, and has done a lot of work on the principal buildings in the city. In the Spring of 1881 he formed a co-partnership with Mssrs. DELBRIDGE & HUBBELL, in the planing mill at the north end of the bridge, the style of the firm being DELBRIDGE, LONG & HUBBELL. The firm are extensive contractors, and Mr. LONG devotes his time to superintending outside work. This firm built Union Hall, which was burned last Summer, and have the contract for rebuilding it.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

LUCAS, Jacob

Jacob LUCAS was born in Germany in 1839. At the age of sixteen years he came to this country to work out his own destiny, as many another has done. The first ten years of his residence in America was spent in various places, among others New York, Buffalo and Milwaukee. In 1866 he came to Manistee, then only a small village, and started the first barber shop here. He was a young man of industrious and thrifty habits, and gradually worked his way along until 1871, when he went into the furniture business with William NUNGESSER, the firm being LUCAS & NUNGESSER. This firm has done a prosperous and steadily increasing business, until it now ranks among the best in the city.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

LYMAN, A. H.

A. H. LYMAN, druggist, is a native of the state of Massachusetts. In 1873 he came to Manistee from West Hampton, Mass., and engaged with CARLTON & Co., as salesman. In 1877 he became a partner in the firm of Charles A. ELLIS & Co., which continued until 1879, when he purchased Mr. ELLIS' interest. In June, 1878, he had purchased the stock of J. B. DELBRIDGE, and since 1879 has been alone in business. He has a large and well arranged store on River Street, at the corner of Maple, and does a prosperous business.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MAGNAN, Adolphus

Adolphus MAGNAN, judge of probate of Manistee County, is one of the early settlers in the county. He is a native of Canada, and came to Manistee in 1855. He settled in Stronach town and has been engaged in lumbering and bookkeeping. He held the office of supervisor of Stronach for fifteen years, and was the first postmaster of that town. In 1880 he was elected probate judge for the term of four years. He is one of the reliable men of the county, and is thoroughly posted in the affairs of the county.

MAMEROW, Ernst

Ernst MAMEROW is a native of Germany, and came to Manistee in 1870. He had early learned the blacksmith trade, and after coming here followed it until 1878, when he built a boarding house and saloon building on Harrison Street, and engaged in business. In 1879 he was elected alderman from the First Ward, and re-elected in 1881. He has the Manistee agency for the sale of Ph. Best's and V. Blatz Milwaukee beer, and does an extensive business. Mr. MAMEROW is an enterprising man. An excellent view of his building appears in this work.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MANSEAU, Joseph L.

Joseph L. MANSEAU, son of A. MANSEAU, was born in Milwaukee, in the year 1847. In 1848 his father came to Manistee and built the STRONACH mill, and afterwards built the two vessels, the "John Taylor" and the "Racine Clipper." In 1852 the family removed to Leland. In the Fall of 1871 Joseph returned to Manistee, and has remained here since that time, engaged most of the time at his trade as millwright. Antoine MANSEAU died in Manistee, in 1857.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

McALVAY, A. V.

A. V. McALVAY is a prominent member of the Manistee County bar. He was born in Ann Arbor, July 19, 1847. He graduated in the literary department of the University of Michigan in 1868, and from the law department in 1869. He was admitted to the bar, and taught school one year. In November, 1871, he came to Manistee, and entered upon the practice of law. His natural abilities as a lawyer very soon manifested themselves, and in 1878 he was appointed circuit judge, to fill the unexpired term of Judge H. H. WHEELER, who resigned. His record while upon the bench is a good one, and very complimentary to his ability as a jurist. Upon retiring from the bench at the expiration of his term, he resumed his practice. He has held various local offices, such as supervisor, circuit court commissioner, etc., and has been deputy collector of customs at this port since February, 1881.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

McANLEY, James

James McANLEY, proprietor of the National House, on the North Side, came to Manistee in 1865. His father, John McANLEY, came here at that time, and two years later started a hotel, afterwards known as the Washington House. He died in 1877, and James continued the business. The past season he has rebuilt the house, and now has a three-story building, sixty-two by seventy-two feet in size, and supplied with all the conveniences for a hotel. He also changed the name to the National House. He has a good barn connected to the house, and does a large business.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

McGUINEAS, Alex

Alex McGUINEAS is a son of Hugh McGUINEAS, one of the early settlers in Manistee County. For two years he has been engaged as salesman in the store of the Stronach Lumber Company, and is deputy postmaster of Stronach.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

McGUIRE, John

John McGUIRE was born in Ireland in 1833. He came to this country at twelve years of age. In 1857 he came to Manistee from the state of Maine, and went to work in the woods. His first logging was within the limits of what is now the city of Manistee. He has always continued at lumbering in various capacities. He is an industrious man, of thrifty habits, and has done his full share in clearing the forests from this region of the country.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

McKEE, Allen

Allen McKEE, engineer and machinist at the mill of the Manistee Lumber Company, is a native of Jefferson County, N. Y. He enlisted in the army in 1862, at Manistee, as a member of the Third Michigan, and served until the battle of the Wilderness in 1864, when he was taken prisoner, and was at Andersonville for five months. He was mustered out in June, 1865, and returned to Manistee. He has been in his present place for eight years. Before that he was sailing on the lakes for several years. He made an excellent record as a soldier, and is probably the only survivor of Andersonville now in Manistee County. He is a prominent member of the Masonic Lodge, and bears a good reputation as a citizen.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MEAD, Richard T., M.D.

Richard T. MEAD, M.D., is one of the leading physicians of Manistee County, and a very successful practitioner. He was born in the state of New York, in the year 1839. He remained at home, receiving a common school and academic education until ready for college. He entered Hobart College in 1860, and afterwards attended Albany Medical College, graduating in 1863. He then went into the army as surgeon, and remained until the close of the war. From 1865 until 1871 he practiced at Adrian, Mich. In 1871 he located in Manistee, and has become a leading physician of the county. He was married at Adrian, in 1867, to Miss Jane A. YOUNG. They occupy a very handsome residence on Maple Street, purchased last year. Dr. MEAD is a close student, and devotes his whole talents and energy to his profession. His practice is very large and lucrative.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MEE, Harry

Harry MEE is a native of Canada, and came to Manistee in 1868, and engaged in business as timber broker, which business he still continues. He has been uniformly successful in his operations, which have reached a large magnitude. He is a liberal-minded citizen, and ready to take part in all enterprises which have any merit. He has a handsome family residence at the corner of Maple and Fourth Streets, which was remodeled last year and supplied with all the modern improvements.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MEE, John

John MEE was born in London, Canada, in 1839. In his earlier years he worked mostly at farming, but becoming ambitious for a more active field than was to be found in Canada, he resolved to seek a new country. In 1867 he came to the States, and located in Manistee. In 1870 he went into the hardware business, the firm being G.I. RUSSELL & Co., and continued in that business until 1872, when he went out of trade and engaged in lumbering. In 1875 he went back to the hardware business, and in 1877 bought out his partner, and was alone until 1881, when he sold out to the firm of PERRY & LEGG. In 1881 he bought out Mr. LEGG, and the firm became PERRY & MEE. Their store, at the present time, is one of the leading mercantile establishments of the city. Mr. MEE is one of the men who has helped to give Manistee the commercial importance it has attained. He has made his own way in the world, and has succeeded. He is engaged in lumbering with Mr. A.B. LEONARD; is a director of the First National Bank, and also of the Water Works Company, and always takes an active part in the public enterprises that tend to build up the city. His family consists of a wife and one child.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MILLER, L. W.

L. W. MILLER, photographer, came to Manistee in May last, from Bay City. He is a native of Pennsylvania, and has been in the photograph business since 1869. In coming to Manistee he bought out Mr. J. A. HANSELMAN. Mr. MILLER is an artist of long experience, and does an extensive business.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MOODY, D. F.

D. F. MOODY is a native of Van Buren County, Mich., and came to Manistee from Pentwater, in the Spring of 1879. Upon coming here he opened a billiard room known as the Palace Billiard Hall. He has four tables and carries a large stock of tobacco, cigars, confectionery, etc., but keeps no liquors of any kind. He has everything fitted up in elegant style, and does a very large business.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MORRIS, Louis E.

Louis E. MORRIS is a native of Scotland, and first came to this country with his parents in 1852. After receiving a common education, he returned to Europe to pursue his studies. After remaining abroad about three years, he returned to this country, and entered the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, where he graduated in 1874. Shortly after graduation he was admitted to the bar, and began the practice of law at Ludington. In 1875 he removed to Manistee, and settled himself permanently here in the practice of his profession. In the Fall of 1876 he was elected prosecuting attorney for the county, and was re-elected in the Fall of 1878. He was city attorney for four years, and last Spring was elected a justice of the peace. Mr. MORRIS is a prominent member of the Democratic party, and takes a leading part in the politics of the county. He is connected with several of the societies represented in the city.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

MOWATT, David W.

David W. MOWATT is a native of New Brunswick. He came to Manistee in 1864, and since that time has been identified with the lumber mills of the city. For ten years he was superintendent of the CANFIELD mill at the mouth of the river, and since that time has been in charge of the ENGELMANN mill. He is thoroughly posted in everything pertaining to the manufacture of lumber, and is a man of sound judgement, and thoroughly reliable. He is a prominent member of the Masonic Fraternity, and is extremely popular in the city. He has a wife and five children, and resides in the First Ward. In the Spring of 1881 he was elected alderman from that ward. A view of Mr. MOWATT's residence appears in this work.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

NOBLE, Fred

Fred NOBLE is a native of Burlington, Wis., and came to Manistee in the Fall of 1871. He was mostly in the employ of others until 1879 when he went into a grocery with his brother, the firm being F. & W. NOBLE. In June, 1881, the firm dissolved, and since that time Mr. Fred NOBLE has continued the business alone. He has done a large and successful business. Aside from his store he owns an interest in vessel property. He is a prominent member of the Odd Fellows' Lodge and the Royal Arcanum.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

NUNGESSER, William

William NUNGESSER is a native of Germany, and came to this country in 1846. At the breaking out of the war he was in Wisconsin, and enlisted in 1861 in the Twelfth Wisconsin Infantry as a private, and was promoted to captain. He served until the close of the war, and never missed a roll call nor received a wound. He received his discharge in 1865, and in 1860 came to Manistee. In 1871 he went into the furniture business with Jacob LUCAS, the firm being LUCAS & NUNGESSER. Mr. NUNGESSER is one of the reliable business men of Manistee, and an excellent citizen.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

NUTTALL, J. F.

J. F. NUTTALL is the son of L. W. NUTTALL, of the well known lumber firm of RUDDOCK, NUTTALL & Co. He is a native of Wisconsin and came to Manistee in 1868. He has charge of the company books, and assists in the management of the interests of the firm of which his father is a member. He interests himself in public matters, and has been especially active and efficient in the organization and maintenance of the Congregational Church and Sunday-school at Maxwelltown, a suburb of the city.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

NUTTALL, L. W.

L. W. NUTTALL is a native of England, and came to this country in 1832. He first settled at Hudson, N. Y. From there he went to Wisconsin and settled in Eureka, Winnebago Co. While there he was engaged in lumbering and building barges. In 1867 he came here, having purchased an interest in the mill business of CLIFFORD, RUDDOCK & Co. Since then there have been changes in the firm, but Mr. NUTTALL has retained an interest in the business, and in December, 1881, the firm was changed to RUDDOCK, NUTTALL & Co. Mr. NUTTALL is the only resident member of the firm, and with the assistance of his three sons manages the large business connected with their mill and store. Mention is made of this lumber interest elsewhere. Mr. NUTTALL is a thorough business man, and trains his sons to follow in his footsteps. The three sons each have their particular departments, and attend to them closely. He is a gentleman of thorough integrity and honesty, and a most estimable citizen. His family consists of a wife and five children, three sons and two daughters.

From the History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

OGLETHORPE, John

John OGLETHORPE is a native of England, and first came to Manistee in 1865. In 1871 he settled here, and for several years managed the store of RUDDOCK, PALMITER & Co. In 1881 he bought out the store of C. MICHELSON, in the Fourth Ward, at the corner of Sibben and Third Streets. He also has a meat market in connection with his grocery store. Mr. OGLETHORPE is a careful and enterprising business man, and has secured a large patronage.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

OLDFIELD, H. V., M. D.

H. V. OLDFIELD, M. D., is a native of Michigan, and has been in active practice since 1869. After finishing a literary course at the State Normal School at Ypsilanti, he attended two medical courses in Cincinnati, and subsequently graduated at the Missouri Medical College, St. Louis. Immediately after graduating, in 1869, he commenced the practice of medicine in the state of Pennsylvania. In the Spring of 1881 he came to Manistee, and has already established himself in a lucrative practice

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

OVERPACK, A. L.

A. L. OVERPACK, veterinary surgeon, came to Manistee in 1874, from Kent County, where he had been engaged in the lumber and logging business. Upon coming here he opened an office as veterinary surgeon, and about the same time engaged in the harness business with his brother, under the firm name of S. C. OVERPACK & Bro. The harness business of the firm has become very extensive, and some of the finest work in use in the county is from their shop. As a veterinary surgeon Mr. OVERPACK has a large practice, and has the reputation of being very successful in his treatment of diseases of the horse. He is a native of the state of New York, but removed to Michigan with his parents when about nine years of age.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

OVERPACK, Silas C.

S. C. OVERPACK, wagon and carriage manufacturer, is a native of Pennsylvania, and came to Manistee in 1868, from Oakland County, Mich. Shortly after coming here he started a wagon shop on River Street, opposite to where Joseph BAUR's store is now located. In 1869 he erected a building at the corner of South Water and Pine Streets, and removed his works to the new building, where he has built up an extensive business, and at the present time employs a large force of men. Mr. OVERPACK is also senior member of the firm of S. C. OVERPACK & BROS., manufacturers of harness and dealers in all kinds of horse furnishing goods.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

PECK, C. J.

C. J. PECK, filer at the mill of Horace TABER & Sons., is a native of Hillsdale County. In 1859 he went to Hart, Oceana County. In 1864 he enlisted and remained in the service until the close of the war. In the Spring of 1881 he came to Manistee, and has been in his present position since that time.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

PETERS, Richard G.

Manistee is noted for the number of its business men who have risen by their own unaided efforts from poverty and obscurity to wealth and prominence in the commercial world. The city is very largely made up of men who were poor boys and have fought their way over obstacles to success. These men to-day are strong, financially, and they are also strong in character, and their names command respect wherever they are known. Of this class the subject of this sketch is a prominent member.

He began at the foot of the ladder, and to-day is one of the boldest and most extensive operators in pine on this shore.

He was born in Delaware County, N.Y., July 2, 1832. He lived at home upon the farm, until eighteen years of age, when he started out into the world to delve for himself.

In the Spring of 1850, he started for Cincinnati, Ohio, and from that place he came to Michigan. He landed at Point Sable in 1858, and went to work for Charles MEARS. He is naturally one of the irrepressible kind of men, and his great energy and business ability very soon made themselves manifest.

From Point Sable he went to Ludington to take charge of lumbering interests for James LUDINGTON.

In July, 1866, he came to Manistee and became a member of the lumber firm of M.S. TYSON & Co. From that time to the present he has been a bold and successful business man. His remarkable energy and great vital force have enabled him to execute the great purposes of a clear brain.

At the present time he is the proprietor of Eastlake, a neat little village on the east shore of Lake Michigan, where he has two mills, a salt block, store and boarding home. He is a member of the firm of BUTTERS, PETERS & Co., whose mill is at Tallman, and of the firm of PETERS & BUTTERS, at Ludington. He is interested in the ownership of about 8000,000,000 feet of standing pine, 700,000,000 of which he owns individually. His own mills and those in which he is part owner cut 60,000,000 feet of lumber a season. He is president of the Manistee National Bank, and is also interested in a refrigerator manufactory at Michigan City, Ind.

He is perfectly familiar with all the minute details of his vast business, and knows personally all the men in his employ. His manner is sharp and decisive, though always courteous and affable. He always interests himself in all local enterprises, and is ever ready to contribute liberally to anything of benefit to Manistee. No fitter monument of individual liberality could be erected than Union Hall, erected by him. This magnificent building is described elsewhere on these pages. He has held the office of mayor one term.

Mr. PETERS was married April 6, 1858, at Oberlin, Ohio, to Miss Evaline N. TIBBITTS, of that place, and in his domestic relations he has been truly blessed. Mrs. PETERS is one of the noble women of the land, whose whole life seems to be devoted to doing good and bringing comfort and happiness to others, and in this work she has the generous sympathy and co-operation of her husband. The family residence of Mr. PETERS is a handsome and spacious structure, surrounded by beautiful grounds, a fine full page view of which is given in this work.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

PETERSON, Thorwald

Thorwald PETERSON was born in Denmark, in the year 1852. He was educated at a graded school, and at an early age learned the mercantile business. In 1872 he came to this country, and settled in Manistee. Most of the time he has been in the employ of Louis SANDS in various capacities. He now has charge of the logging camps on the river, and also attends to various other things connected with Mr. SAND's business.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

PFEIFFER, August

August PFEIFFER is one of the old settlers of Manistee. He is a native of Germany, and came to this country in 1847. He came to Manistee from Wisconsin in 1857, and has resided here ever since. He has worked at lumbering most of the time, but since 1874 has been employed as bridge tender, and, on account of his faithful and efficient service, is retained in that position.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page, Chicago.

POMEROY, J. C.

J. C. POMEROY, manufacturer of soda water, mineral water and fruit syrups, came to Manistee in 1862, from the state of Maine. He was born in Canada, and came to the States when about nine years of age. In 1869 he went into the grocery business and continued that until 1872, when he changed to the liquor business, under the firm of POMEROY BROS. About 1871 he began the manufacture of soda water, pop, mineral waters, etc., and has done a large and flourishing business. Mr. POMEROY is a partner in the cigar manufactory of HORMUTH & POMEROY. Mr. POMEROY is a member of the common council, and is a veteran alderman, having been in that office continuously about six years, and longer than any other person who has been a member of the board.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

RADEMAKER, Henry

Henry RADEMAKER, proprietor of the City Livery Stable and 'Bus Line, is a native of Germany, and came to this country in the year 1870. In 1878 he operated the stage line between Manistee and Ludington, and continued it until the railroad was built to this city. In 1879 he engaged in the livery business with Andrew HIGGINS. This firm continued until the Spring of 1882, when Mr. RADEMAKER purchased the livery barn which he now occupies, and started a stable alone. In connection with the livery business he runs the City 'Bus Line, which was established in the Fall of 1881. His stable consists of twenty-four horses and a proportionate number of carriages, sleighs, etc. Everything is first-class. A view of Mr. RADEMAKERS stable appears in this work.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

RAMSDELL, J. M.

J. M. RAMSDELL is a native of Plymouth, Wayne County, Mich., and came to Manistee in 1872. In September, 1877, he purchased the interest of A. LANDOLT in the insurance and real estate business of LANDOLT & WARD, and the firm was changed to WARD & RAMSDELL. In May, 1879, Mr. RAMSDELL purchased WARD's interest, and since that time has conducted the business alone. His business consists of general insurance, real estate and sewing machines.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

RAMSDELL, J. M. #2

The musical merchandise and insurance business of J. M. RAMSDELL, at 418 River Street, was moved to its present location in April, 1895, the business occupying the entire store at 418, which is 48 feet in depth, and the rear of number 420, thirty feet in depth. The store has recently been repapered and painted, and an additional stock of musical goods installed. Mr. RAMSDELL carries a large line of pianos, organs, sewing machines, and a general line of musical instruments, sheet music and supplies. He is the representative of eleven leading insurance companies, including the Equitable Life of New York and the Phoenix Mutual Life, of Hartford. In the line of accident and plate glass insurance, he holds the agency for the Union Casualty and Surety company.

J. M. RAMSDELL was born April 26, 1854, at Meads Mills, Wayne county, Michigan, where he lived until 1872. He attended the common schools at the place of his birth and later the high school at Northville, Mich.

In 1872 Mr. RAMSDELL came to this city on a visit to his uncle, T. J. RAMSDELL. He remained and completed the work in the Manistee high school. After his graduation he went to work in the mill office of DAVIS, WOODRUFF & Co., where he remained for one season, and then went to work in the office of the Boom company as clerk.

In the winter of 1873 he attended Goldsmith's Bryant & Stratton business college in Detroit, and the following year returned to complete the course.

In 1875 Mr. RAMSDELL went to work for Louis SANDS in his store in East Lake. In the fall of 1876 Mr. SANDS engaged him to teach the East Lake school, which position he held for one year. In September, 1877, he purchased the interest of A. LANDOLT of the firm LANDOLT & WARD, insurance office on River Street. The firm had the ticket agency of the F. & P. M. R. R., and operated a private express between Manistee and Ludington, in connection with the American Express company. May 1, 1879, Mr. RAMSDELL bought out Mr. WARD and continued the business, in the fall of 1879 moving to 75 Oak Street where he remained for sixteen years. In 1887 he added a line of pianos and organs to his insurance business, and in April, 1895, moved to his present location, where he put in a general line of musical merchandise.

-Salt City of the Inland Seas. Published May, 1899 as an Anniversary Number of the Manistee Daily News.

RAMSDELL, Thomas J.

Late one Winter's afternoon, nearly twenty-three years ago, a young man about twenty-seven years of age drove up to the little cluster of buildings near CANFIELD mill, at the mouth of the river, and inquired about for accommodations for himself and his horse, both of which were well worn with the toil of a long, hard journey. The load of law books which his sleigh contained indicated the advent of a lawyer into this region, that hitherto had known neither law nor lawyer.

The hotel accommodations of the place were confined to a boarding house, and porters and hostlers were not as numerous as in these latter days, and the new arrival found a place for his horse by hunting around until he found vacant room in a shed.


The young man was Thomas J. RAMSDELL, who had come from that Winter's afternoon in 1860 to occupy a distinguished place among the lawyers of Manistee.

Mr. RAMSDELL was born in Plymouth, Wayne Co., N. Y., July 29, 1833. His parents were natives of the State of Massachusetts, and were of good old New England stock. There were four brothers, W.A. RAMSDELL, a farmer, D.E. RAMSDELL, also a farmer, the well known Judge RAMSDELL, of Traverse City, and the subject of this sketch.

While a boy, Mr. RAMSDELL worked on the farm Summers and attended district school Winters. In 1851 he went to Plymouth Seminary and graduated in 1856, having taught school some during the time. In 1858 he graduated at the National Law School in Poughkeepsie and was admitted to practice in the State of New York. In the Fall of that year he came to Michigan, and being admitted to the bar of this state, began practice in Lansing. He was clerk of the supreme court in 1859.

One day, while in conversation with Chief Justice MARTIN, of the supreme bench, that gentleman, who had become interested in Mr. RAMSDELL, advised him to go up on the east shore and open an office at Manistee, at the same time offering to make a selection of books for him. The advice was adopted, and with his law books packed in a sleigh and a young horse, he set out from Lansing to make the journey through the woods. There was no highway this side of Whitehall, -only a blaze trail. It was a tedious journey. Sometimes his young horse would give out and he would be obliged to stop and rest. He traveled one entire night and progressed only five miles, but his grit was good and at last he reached Manistee, as already mentioned.

He opened an office in a little shanty near the CANFIELD mill, and very soon had a lucrative business. There were a good many men here at that time, who needed assistance of a lawyer, especially to draw contracts and other papers. There were plenty of retainers offered him, but at that time he made it a rule never to accept a retainer, but hold himself free to take any case.

Strange as it may now appear, there was here just at that time a most excellent field for the right kind of a lawyer, and Mr. RAMSDELL possessed just those qualities to an eminent degree. His ability as a lawyer was very soon demonstrated, and as a man among men, he was the one to succeed. Those were wild times in this region, and whisky was a staple article, and yet while on the best of terms with all classes of men, he was able to command their respect, and was never even asked to drink.

For a long time he rode the circuit with Judge LITTLEJOHN, and was known in those days as the father of the circuit.

In the Fall of 1860 he was elected to the Legislature and served one term. He was county treasurer one term and prosecuting attorney several times.

September 7, 1861, he was married at Manistee, to Miss Nettie L. STANTON, a native of Wayne County, and who came to Manistee to teach. She was a young lady of rare culture, and a fitting companion to share her husband's experiences in their pioneer life and the fortune and honors of later days. For a short time after marriage they boarded, but soon tired of that, and went to housekeeping in the building which is now the Boom Company's office. His office had been there and he removed that to a new building that is now Dr. ELLIS' residence.

In 1865 he built a residence at the corner of Second and Cedar Streets, and in 1876 was built the costly and elegant residence which has since been their home. They have eight children, five boys and three girls.

Mr. RAMSDELL's success as a lawyer has been very marked. His judgement is clear and correct, and his opinions not only upon questions of the law, but of business, have great weight. In 1867 the present firm of RAMSDELL & BENEDICT was established.

Mr. RAMSDELL's financial success has also been such as to place him upon the list of the wealthy men of Manistee. He has acquired large property interests both in the city and county. The brick block at the corner of River and Oak Streets was built by him. He has been connected with the banking business of Manistee, ever since that business was first started. He is the father of the First National Bank, and has always been its president. He started the first hardware store in Manistee, and was instrumental in the establishment of the first newspaper. As contractor he built the Central School building at a time and under circumstances when the undertaking was one of great magnitude. There were no local improvements, especially for many years, that he did not have an active part in advancing, and so his history is a part of the history of the city and county of Manistee. His interest in local improvements is still unabated, and whatever is for the welfare of the place is sure to receive his co-operation.

As a thorough gentleman, Mr. RAMSDELL has few superiors. His devotion to his family and uniform courtesy to all are distinguishing traits of his character. A ver fine steel portrait of Mr. RAMSDELL appears on another page.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R Page & Co., Chicago.

RICHARDSON, V. W.

V. W. RICHARDSON, editor of the Manistee Democrat, is a native of Pennsylvania. He began his printing experience in the office of the Saginaw Enterprise, in 1866. He published a newspaper at Port Austin, Huron Co., for three years. For some time he was on the Marquette Journal, and later on the Fond du Lac Journal. From the latter place he took a position on Peck's Sun, Milwaukee, where he became widely known as a brilliant newspaper writer. Last Spring he purchased an interest in the Manistee Advocate, now Democrat. Mr. RICHARDSON is a journalist of unusual ability, and he is making the Democrat one of the best papers in the State.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

RIETZ, Charles

Charles RIETZ, president of the Chas. RIETZ & BROS. Lumber Co., has for many years been well known on connection with the lumber interests of Manistee. He was born in Germany, in 1827, and came to this country in 1847. In 1867 he came to Manistee and purchased a sawmill, and laid the foundation of an immense business now carried on by the company. Mr. RIETZ's brothers, who are interested with him, reside in Chicago. In 1870 a new mill was built, as mentioned elsewhere. The salt interests of the company are also described in another place. Mr. RIETZ occupies an elegant residence near the mills.

In the management of the business here he is assisted by his son, Mr. Frank RIETZ, who is a practical mill man, and gives his personal attention to superintending the operation of the mills. Mr. Frank RIETZ was born in Chicago, and came to Manistee in 1873.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

RIVERS, J. V.

J. V. RIVERS, foreman and saw-filer at the sawmill of CANFIELD & WHEELER, is a native of Canada, and came to the States in 1844. In 1855 he came to Manistee, and has remained here ever since. For several years he worked in the pineries, and in 1862 he began work in the mill of CANFIELD & BRO. In 1876 he was made foreman of the mill, which position he still holds.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

ROBINSON, N. G.

N. G. ROBINSON, superintendent and boom master of the Boom Company of Manistee, is a native of England, and came to this country in 1844. He was at Quebec for a time, and came to the States in 1869, and located in Manistee. Since coming here Mr. ROBINSON has been logging. In 1871 he became boom master, and since the beginning of the present year has been superintendent and boom master of the Manistee Boom Company, the Filer City Boom Company, and the Manistee River Improvement Company.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SALLING, E. N.

E. N. SALLING is a native of Denmark. He came to this country in 1862, and was in Milwaukee about a year. In 1863 he came to Manistee, and worked in the mills. He was too practical to build castles in the air, but ready to branch out for himself when the right time came. In 1866 he began business by getting out square timber, and gradually extended his operations until he secured a firm footing. At one time he was a member of the firm of EMGELMANN, BABCOCK & SALLING, and since his first ventures has held a prominent position in business circles. At present he is extensively engaged in logging and dealing in logs and lumber. He was interested in the hardware business with Mr. KROGEN, for a time, and now owns the two-story brick block occupied by KROGEN & LEONARD. This block he built in 1880. His elegant residence on Fourth Street in the Second Ward was built by him in 1875.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SHATTUCK, E. M.

E. M. SHATTUCK, saw-filer at the mill of DAVIES, BLACKER & CO., is a native of Ohio. At an early age he learned the millwright's trade and followed it for several years. In 1869 he came to Manistee, and has remained here to the present time. He is industrious and has succeeded in accumulating quite a property. At the present he owns a large quantity of hard wood timber in the county. He has been at his present place since the Spring of 1880.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SHORT, William E.

William E. SHORT, city treasurer of the city of Manistee, is a native of Portland, Me. In 1869 he came to Manistee, and has resided here since that time. In November, 1872, he engaged in the drug business, the firm being W. E. SHORT & Co. That firm continued until 1877, when it was succeeded by J. B. DELBRIDGE, and Mr. SHORT continued in charge of the store. In 1873 Mr. SHORT was alderman from the Second Ward, and in the Spring of 1882 was elected city treasurer.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SHRIGLEY, James H.

James H. SHRIGLEY was born in Chicago in June, 1838. At that time his father was keeping the first hotel ever built in that city. In 1856 he came to Manistee as clerk in the store of J.L. McVICKAR & Co. He remained in that position about two years, and then went into partnership with H.N. GREEN, and the operated the McVICKAR mill, and afterwards the SMITH mill. In 1862 he enlisted and was in the army until the close of the war. He then returned to Manistee and kept books for John CANFIELD, in his old store at the mouth of the river. In about a year he went in company with Mr. CANFIELD, in the mill across the lake, known as the SHRIGLEY mill, which he built by himself in 1867-'68. In 1879 he sold his interest in the mill to Mr. CANFIELD. He is a member of the firm of WHEELER, JOHNSON & Co., proprietors of the machine shop, and also owns an interest in the steam barge "Shrigley," which runs between Manistee and Chicago, in the lumber trade. His family consists of a wife and one daughter, and their home is an elegant brick residence on Cedar Street, built by him in 1874. Mr. SHRIGLEY has grown up with Manistee, and from his business operations has accumulated a handsome fortune.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SMITH, Appleton M.

Appleton M. SMITH was born in Florida, in the year 1845. His father was a Methodist preacher, and when Appleton was three years of age, removed to Georgia. Appleton remained with his father until 1861, when he enlisted in the Confederate army. He was but a mere boy, and first went in as marker for the regiment, and was afterwards promoted to corporal. He evidently was possessed of a good amount of grit, for he stuck by his regiment and was with Longstreet in seventeen or eighteen battles. In June, 1864, he was taken prisoner by the Union army at Cold Harbor, Va., and after being confined a short time at Point Lookout, Md., was taken to Elmira, N.Y. After a while he was released and went to Toronto, Canada, where he worked as a common laborer. From Toronto he went to Windsor, and finally to Detroit. About this time he began to write articles for newspapers, and soon came in contact with Rev. John Russell, who was publishing the Peninsular Herald, a temperance paper. Mr. Russell engaged his as assistant editor, which position he retained for about two years. He then went upon the Common Advertiser, and subsequently was local editor of the Jackson Daily Patriot. He then published a temperance paper at Jackson for a short time, after which he returned to Detroit, and from there went to Toledo as city editor of the Toledo Commercial. In 1874 the temperance agitation in Manistee was at its height, and being a radical temperance advocate, he was attracted hither. He came here and purchased the Times, and published it until last spring, when he sold the office to Mr. HILTON. Mr. SMITH has a wife and three children, and resides upon a small farm just south of the city, where he spends his leisure in fruit-growing and gardening, for the apparent purpose of astonishing his visitors with the remarkable feats of Manistee sand. Mr. SMITH is a strong Republican, and a staunch temperance man. As a journalist he has more than average ability, and the files of the Times during his administration show the work of a live editor.

As an instance of how the scenes of life shift and bring men into new and strange relationship, Mr. SMITH relates that at Knoxville he was in command at the charge of Fort Sanders, and inside the fort were General CUTCHEON and several other Manistee soldiers. They were returned to their homes, he was captured, and after released drifted hither and thither for a time, and at last became their neighbor, and colaborer in the pursuits of civil life.

Mr. SMITH has taken an active and prominent part in local matters, and has the esteem of the people of the county.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SMITH, D. D.

D.D. SMITH is one of the enterprising and successful businessmen of Bear Lake. He is a native of Illinois, and came to Portage from Wisconsin, and was head sawyer in a sawmill until 1874, when he came to Bear Lake, and was in charge of the HOPKINS Sawmill until the spring of 1881, when he formed a partnership with Mr. C.B. BUNTON, and purchased the mill. The following summer he withdrew from the firm, and in company with Mr. BERNHARDT built their planing mill, which they now operate. Mr. SMITH is a justice of the peace, and one of the most active business men of Bear Lake. He is a young man of great energy, and is doing a prosperous business. His wife is a daughter of Mr. Russell SMITH, the pioneer of the village.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SOMERVILLE, James E.

James E. SOMERVILLE is a native of Lansing, Mich., and came to Manistee, with his father, in 1869. In 1873 he succeeded his father in the harness business, and subsequently extended his business to books, wall paper, stationery, etc. He has succeeded in working up an extensive trade, and is one of the prosperous merchants of Manistee.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SORENSON, J. L.

J. L. SORENSON, proprietor of the SORENSON House, is a native of Denmark, and came to this country in 1866. After stopping in Wisconsin a few months, he came to Manistee and opened a boarding house. In 1871 he built a two-story frame building, sixty-six by sixty feet in size, on River Street, and started a hotel and saloon. In 1874 the building was burned, and he immediately rebuilt of brick, on a much larger scale. In 1881 he built a large addition, twenty-eight by eighty feet, which is used as a saloon. Mr. SORENSON has prospered in Manistee, and is liberal in the use of his money to aid any good enterprise. He has a fine property on River Street, which is yearly growing more valuable. A view of his hotel may be seen upon another page in this work.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

STEADMAN, T.P.

T.P. STEADMAN is a native of Ohio, and for several years was in charge of telegraph lines. In 1872 he came to Manistee and engaged in the business of general painting. In 1878 he returned to Ohio and built a line of telegraph for a railway company. Returning to Manistee in 1879 he resumed the painting business, which he has since carried on with wonderful success. He keeps upward of thirty men employed at house, sign, and decorative painting. He has contracts for a great portion of the work that is done in the city. In 1881 he opened an intelligence office which proved a signal success. The present season he opened a marble shop and has already worked up quite a patronage. Mr. STEADMAN is a thorough and active business man, one of the kind that succeed at whatever they undertake.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

STEELE, S. J.

S.J. STEELE, engineer at the new HOPKINS mill, is one of the early settlers of the village. He is a native of Connecticut, and came to Bear Lake from Missouri, in 1873. Upon coming here he went into the employ of the Hopkins Bros., as engineer at their sawmill, and has remained in their employ ever since. He out the machinery in the new mill, and is now in charge as engineer. He is a veteran at his trade, and in every respect competent and trustworthy. He has a wife and five children. One of his sons, Eugene, was almost literally cut to pieces by a circular saw, in a mill at Manistee, but survived the injury, and is now a sound and active man.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SWEET, Benjamin

Benjamin SWEET is one of the men who has grown up from boyhood in the lumber business. He first came to Manistee with his father John SWEET in 1852. His first lumbering operations were in logging, and afterward, in company with his brother and Mark TYSON, went into the manufacture of lumber, the firm being TYSON, SWEET & Co. This firm did a very extensive business for a time, but was finally forced into bankruptcy. Mr. SWEET, however, had been in the lumber business too long to give up, and has continued to deal in pine lands and logs to the present time. He has been successful in his operations, as he deserves to be. Mr. SWEET has a family, and occupies a handsome home on the hill.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

SWEETNAM, Dr. John L.

Dr. John L. SWEETNAM, who occupies a prominent place among the members of the dental profession in this city, and in Michigan as well, was born in West Bend, Washington County, Wis., July 9th, 1866. He attended the public schools of his native state until his twelfth year, when he came to Manistee. Here he continued his education, completing the course offered by the public schools with the exception of the last year of the high school course. In 1878 he began the study of dentistry in the office of his brother-in-law, Dr. J. B. WILCOX, and the following year left to spend a year in the Dental school of the State University. Upon his return Dr. SWEETNAM entered the dental office of SNYDER and WILCOX, where he remained until 1883, when he entered into partnership with Dr. WILCOX. In 1885 the partnership was dissolved and Dr. SWEETNAM then opened an office for himself in the SEYMOUR block, where he continued in the practice of his profession until 1892, when he removed to his present commodious quarters in the SALLING block.

As a member of the profession at large he ranks high, and has received repeated marks of distinction at the hands of his fellow practitioners. He has been a member of the State Board of Censors for twelve years and has served the State Dental Society as Vice President. Last year he was elected a member of the American Dental Association membership in which is an especial honor.

-Salt City of the Inland Seas, Anniversary Number of the Manistee Daily News. Published May, 1899.

SWEETNAM, Dr. George A.

The subject of this biographical sketch, Doctor George A. SWEETNAM, is one of the best known members of the dental profession in this city, having been a resident of Manistee since his early boyhood, and having begun the study of his profession in the offices of local dentists of reputation.

He was born in Muskego center, near Milwaukee, Wis., November 8, 1871, his parents removing to this city when he was seven years of age. Dr. SWEETNAM attended the public schools of Manistee, but left school at fourteen years of age to enter the office of Doctor Wilcox, where he took up the study of dentistry. He continued his work here, and also in the office of his brother, Doctor John SWEETNAM, until 1892. In that year he left to enter the Chicago College of Dental Surgery, a department of the Lake Forest University, from which he graduated in 1895, having completed the full course in three years. During his professional course, Doctor SWEETNAM achieved the distinction of being the best man in mechanical dentistry in the Chicago College. After graduation he was elected a member of the Michigan Dental association, being at that time the youngest dentist ever admitted to membership in that society.

In 1895, Doctor SWEETNAM purchased the dental office and business of his brother, R. W. SWEETNAM, at Muskegon, where he continued successfully to practice his profession until his removal to this city in November, 1898.

-The Salt City of the Inland Seas. Published May 1899 as an Anniversary Number of the Manistee Daily News.

TABER, Austin

Austin TABER, son of James TABER, was born in Ohio. In 1867 he came to Manistee with his father. In 1875 he began work in the sawmill of Horace TABER & Sons, and has remained with the firm ever since. Mr. TABER has a wife and one child, and resides in Filer Township.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

TABER, Horace

Horace TABER is the founder and head of the well-known firm of Horace TABER & Sons, lumber manufacturers, whose mill interests are described in another place in this work.

Mr. TABER was born in Madison County, Vt., in the year 1827. In the summer of 1867 he came to Manistee and purchased a mill site and erected a sawmill. At that time there were only a few acres cleared back from where their mills now stand. As soon as the mill was completed he began the manufacture of lumber. In the course of time he took his two sons, Hershell H., and Sumner S. TABER, into the partnership, and the firm has since been as at present. Mr. TABER is a very practical lumberman, and has been a successful manufacturer. Many improvements have been made in the mill property, and they have built dwelling houses until quite a village has sprung up around their mills. Mr. TABER is the inventor of Taber's rift-sawing siding machine, which is an invention of great value in the manufacture of siding. Mr. TABER is a stock-holder and director in the Manistee National Bank. Of late his failing health has compelled him to surrender much of the care of the business to his sons, who are capable and enterprising business men. A fine lithographic view of their mills appears in this work.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan; published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

TABER, Lewis

Lewis TABER, in charge of the old mill of Horace TABER & Sons, is a native of Ohio. In 1877 he came to Manistee from Indiana, where he had been engaged in lumbering. Mr. TABER enlisted in 1861 in Company F, Thirtieth Indiana Volunteers, and served in the army four years and three months. He enlisted as a private, and was promoted to lieutenant, then captain. He has been with the firm of Horace TABER & Sons, since coming to Manistee. He has a wife and five children, and resides in Filer Township.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

TILLSON, Isaac N.

Isaac N. TILLSON, postmaster at Bear Lake, was born in Winfield, Herkimer Co., N.Y., September 12, 1812. He was married at the same place, September 25, 1834, to Miss Mary A. JONES. They lived for several years in Ohio, and came from there to Bear Lake in 1867. The journey was made by boat from Grand Haven to Manistee, and from there they came with team. They bought one hundred and sixty acres of land, near the east end of the lake, which was their home for many years, and is still in their possession. Mr. TILLSON has held the office of postmaster since 1868, and at the present time he rents his farm and lives in the village. In connection with farming, Mr. TILLSON has been interested in mercantile business, and has done his share in developing the township in which he lived. They have six children, two boys and four girls.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

TOMLIN, Dr. C. W.

Dr. C. W. TOMLIN is the pioneer physician of Bear Lake. He was born in London, England, in 1830, and came to this country in 1838. He first studied law, and practiced for several years. In 1859 he began the study of medicine at Ann Arbor, and graduated at the Detroit Medical College in 1866. In 1864 he went into the army as a private, and was placed in charge of the medical department of the Twenty-Ninth Michigan Infantry. He remained in the service about a year. In 1876 he came to Bear Lake, and in 1877 started a drug store on the Isaac TILLSON farm, one mile from where the village now is. In 1878 he built the store building he now occupies, in the central part of the village. In 1881 he built an addition to his building, and the present season is erecting another building on the same lot. Dr. TOMLIN has a wife and one child. He still gives some attention to the practices of law in connection with medicine. He has always had a large practice, and is well known in the county.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

UDELL, Henry S.

Henry S. UDELL is a veritable pioneer of Manistee County, and one who has done his share in the development of its interests. He was born in Albany County, N.Y., in 1824. In 1845 he went to Walworth County, Wis., where he operated a sawmill. In June, 1852, he came to Manistee as clerk in the CANFIELD store. The population of the entire county at that time did not exceed 200, and Manistee consisted of a little settlement on the mouth of the river. It was a dreary and desolate looking region, but the pioneers of those days were bent on business rather than pleasure, and paid but little attention to their surroundings. Mr. UDELL remained in the store about a year and then superintended the mill for awhile, after which he took a contract for handling logs on the lake. At the first county election in the Spring of 1855, he was elected clerk and register, and held the office until the next election, which was in the Fall of 1856. In 1859 he went away from Manistee, and was absent until 1864, when he came back and went to surveying and examining lands. He has followed this business most of the time since. He held the office of county surveyor one term, and deputy surveyor two terms. He has aided in the purchase of a large amount of the pine lands owned by Manistee lumbermen. He owns a large amount of land in the county. He has one large farm which he caries on. He has a wife and eight children, and lives in the city.

-History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

WARD, A. O.

A. O. WARD is one of the rising young men of the county. He is a native of the State of New York. In 1874 he came to Manistee, and for some time was engaged in the insurance and real estate business, the firm being WARD & RAMSDELL. In 1880 he was elected clerk and register of the county, and has recently been renominated by the Republicans of the county for the same office. Mr. WARD is also a member of the insurance firm of KIES & WARD, which does an extensive business. He is a popular public officer.

WENTE, William

William WENTE, secretary and treasurer of the Manistee Lumber Company, is a native of Germany, and came to this country in 1848, with his parents. In 1865 he came to Manistee from Milwaukee, and has always been engaged at office work in connection with the mills. About 1876 he became connected with the lumber firm of DEMPSEY, CARTIER & CO., and at the organization of the present company became one of its officers, as above stated. Mr. WENTE is a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity, and one of the oldest members of the Manistee Lodge. He is a careful and correct business man.

WHEELER, A. O.

A. O. WHEELER was born in New Marlborough, Mass., in 1845. When ten years of age, his parents removed to Chicago. In 1866 he came to Manistee on a visit, and while here made arrangements to go into the store of CANFIELD & SECOR for a time. He remained there a few months, and then received an appointment to superintend the harbor improvements. In 1866 the CANFIELD Tug Line was started, and Mr. WHEELER became its manager. After a time he became part owner, and at the present time is principal owner of the line. He is also a member of the firm of WHEELER, JOHNSON & Co., proprietors of machine shops. Mr. WHEELER has been a very successful business man, and has become one of the strong capitalists of the city. His family residence, built in 1879, is one of the finest in the city. His family consists of a wife and three children. He has recently received the nomination of the Republican party of the county for state representative.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

WHEELER, Edward D.

Edward D. WHEELER, one of our leading lumbermen of Manistee, was born in Southfield, Mass., May 8, 1843. When fourteen years of age he went to Morrison, Ill., where he was clerk in a drug store for a time, and afterwards was in a store in Joliet. In the Spring of 1860 he went to Pikes Peak, and after an absence of nine months returned to Joliet, and in the Spring of 1861 came to Manistee, where he has since advanced to the front rank in commercial prominence. For three years after coming to Manistee he was in the employ of John CANFIELD. In 1864 he went back to Joliet and remained a year. He then returned to Manistee, and was in the employ of Mr. ENGELMANN. In the Fall of 1871 he went into partnership with Mr. John CANFIELD in the mill property near the mouth of the river, the firm being CANFIELD & WHEELER. Subsequently he became senior member of the firm of WHEELER, MAGILL & CO., their mill being on what is known as Blackbird Island. Mr. WHEELER is emphatically a practical man, and one of the most successful managers of mill property.

From History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H. R. Page & Co., Chicago.

WHITE, Jerry

Jerry WHITE is a native of Pennsylvania, and came to Manistee in the Spring of 1881, in the employ of R. G. PETERS, as head sawyer, where he still remains. Mr. WHITE has been at work in saw mills for a number of years, and is an efficient workman.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

WILCOX, Dr. J. B.

Dr. J. B. WILCOX, dentist, came to Manistee in April, 1867, from Mauston, Wis., and opened an office in SECOR's building, on the corner of River and Maple Streets. For the past three years Dr. WILCOX has been engaged in lumber and pine land operations. He is a native of Ohio, and began the practice of dentistry in Wisconsin, in 1862. At the present time Dr. WILCOX has very fine rooms in ENGELMANN's new block, and is assisted in his practice by his nephew, Dr. J. L. SWEETNAM. Dr. WILCOX has a wife and two children.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R.Page & Co., Chicago.

WILLARD, W. H.

W. H. WILLARD, druggist, is an old resident of Manistee, having located here in business in 1867. The firm was first BRIGGS & WILLARD. This firm continued only a short time, and was succeeded by WILLARD, HALL & Co., and that firm by WILLARD & HALL. In May, 1882, Mr. HALL went out of the firm, and since that time Mr. WILLARD has continued the business alone. He is a native of the state of Illinois, and received his early business education in Chicago. He is a careful business man, and has been identified with the business interests of Manistee for so many years now that he is now one of the leading merchants of the city.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

WOOD, John P.

John P. WOOD, architect, has been a resident of Manistee since 1866. He is a native of Berrien County, Mich., and at an early age learned the carpenter trade. In December, 1863, he enlisted in Company L, Third Michigan Cavalry, and remained in the service until February, 1866, having passed through thirty-six battles. After leaving the service, Mr. WOOD came to Manistee, and followed his trade as a carpenter and builder, but for the past four years has been confining his attention more to architecture.

From History of Manistee, Mason and Oceana Counties, Michigan, Illustrated. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

YOSS, Peter A.

Peter A. YOSS, of the firm of YOSS & HYLAND, commission merchants, is a native of Wisconsin. In 1861 he went into the army and served until the close of the war. In 1868 he came to Manistee, and was in charge of a dry goods store until the fire of 1871. He was sheriff of the county from 1873 to 1877, and chief of police in 1878. He has been a prominent member of the Democratic party, and for several years was a member of the Democratic state central committee. In the Spring of 1882, in company with Joseph HYLAND, he opened a commission store on River Street, and at present devotes most of his time to that business.

-History of Manistee, Mason & Oceana Counties, Michigan. Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago.

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