BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF MANISTEE
IN 1873

HISTORY OF MANISTEE COUNTY, MICHIGAN
With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches
of Some of Its Men and Pioneers.
Published 1882 by H.R. Page & Co., Chicago

A very correct and comprehensive review of the commercial interests of the city of Manistee was published in the columns of the Manistee Times the first of June, 1873, and is as follows:

"Manistee City is located on the east shore of Lake Michigan, about seventy miles north of Grand Haven, 130 west of Saginaw, and ninety-six miles south of Northport. It is within eight hours ride of Milwaukee by steamer, and is on the direct line of trade by the lake, between Chicago, Milwaukee and the East.

"The city is located on both sides of the Manistee River, and between Manistee Lake and Lake Michigan. The river between the two lakes flows to the west, and is one mile and a half long, and navigable for vessels and steamers drawing from eight to twelve feet of water. It has a current of three miles an hour, and is never closed by ice, floating or otherwise.

"Manistee Lake

lies east of the city, extending south and westward nearly five miles; it is about a half a mile wide, of pure water, and has high banks of sand and clay, beautifully situated for building purposes. The water is of great depth, and affords almost unlimited harbor and commercial facilities. There are four villages outside of Manistee City proper, and on the banks of the small lake, as follows: Filer City and Paggeottville, containing about 400 inhabitants each; Rietzville and Sandsville, containing about 200 inhabitants each.

"The city proper contains about 5,000 inhabitants. Its business center is half way from lake to lake, and in the geographical center of the city. The city is divided into four wards. The First Ward embraces that part lying north of the river, the Second Ward that part south of the river and west of Maple Street; the Third Ward extends from Maple street to Lake Manistee and south to Fifth Street; the Fourth Ward lies east of Maple Street, south of Fifth Street, and extends to the border of the little lake, taking in the thriving settlement known as Maxwell town.

"The New Iron Bridge

across the river on Maple Street, is completed, at a cost of about $18,000, and if far superior to the wooden structure destroyed by the great fire of October 8, 1871.

"The soil in the First Ward is mostly of sand or sandy loam. The Second and Third Wards are principally located on good clay loam soil, which is excellent for garden purposes. The country around the city is generally good for farming purposes. Wheat is never Winter-killed, and fruit of all kinds does well, especially pears, plums, peaches and apples, as the mercury seldom touches zero, and never goes far below that point. The river and harbor is always free from ice, and never subject to overflow. The timber of the county consists largely of beech, maple, ash, pine, hemlock and cedar, growing very large and thrifty. Timber land can be bought at about $3 to $15 per acre. City lots bring from $100 to $15,000 each.

"The Large Manistee River

affords excellent water communication with the interior, being navigable for about 200 miles, extending through one of the finest belts of pine timber in the state. The Little Manistee River flows from the southeast and empties into Manistee Lake. It affords floatage for logs a distance of about eighty miles, and excellent water-power at different points near its mouth.

"There are in the city and vicinity some twenty first-class sawmills, with a capacity of about 100,000 feet of lumber each, and there is actually cut and shipped from Manistee about 159,000,000 feet each year.

"There is a daily line of steamers connecting with lines to Chicago, Milwaukee and most of the lake ports; a tri-weekly line direct to Milwaukee, and two steamers daily connecting with the cars at Pentwater.

"Three Lines of Telegraph

are already established: One south to Muskegon, Grand Rapids, and east and south; one north to Frankfort, and a line between Stronach and this city. Three lines of

Railroads

are contemplated, and one or more will probably be completed soon. A line from Reed City would be but forty-eight miles long, and would give first-class connections in every direction, and one extending twenty-four miles south would form a connection with the Flint & P.M.R.R. And the route east on the up river line is pressed with must earnestness. Certainly railroad men will not long delay to avail themselves to the extensive trade of our young city. We have one of the finest

Union School Buildings

in the state, which, with three ward schools, affords educational facilities seldom equaled in a city the size of Manistee.

"There are five church buildings of good size and appearance, and one, the Congregational, is a very fine brick structure that would do credit to a much older and wealthier town than Manistee.

The water and atmosphere of Manistee are as pure and healthy as any in the world. We have all the advantages of a Lake Superior climate, without its extreme cold or remote location. With Lake Michigan on the west, deep in its crystal beauty, offering a pathway for the commerce of the world, cheaper than iron horse ever followed, and more enduring than rails of steel; while Manistee Lake and rivers stretch away into the interior, offering water communication through a country rich in resources and fertile for cultivation. The city is extremely inviting to those desiring such a location, and affords one of the most promising opportunities for the investment of capital that could be desired.

"It has been less than two years since

The Great Fire

of October 8, 1871, swept over half of our beautiful city from the face of the earth. At that time we had less than 3,500 inhabitants, but yet from the ashes business houses and homes have sprung up, until last season the school census of the city proved a population of over 4,400, and now we have about 5,000. And all this after the terrible visitation of the fire fiend, and in the face of the thousand and one discouragements produced by the fire, and it is safe to predict that the city will number 10,000 inhabitants inside of five years.

"Sawmill And Lumber Interests.

"First at the entrance of the harbor is found the mill of John Canfield. It is on the site of the oldest mill in the place, and is sheeted with iron from smoke-stack to foundation, and has a capacity of about 100,000 feet each eleven hours. Three mills have been burnt down on this site, which is just at the delta of the river; hence the efforts to make this as near fire-proof as possible.

"Tyson & Sweet's new mill is located in the Third Ward on the little lake, and it is designed to take the place of two mills burned down where this now stands. It has a capacity of 150,000 feet. Then comes the other mill of Tyson & Sweet, which is a first-class mill, and has a capacity of 100,000. Across the river, in the First Ward, is the mill of Messrs. Cushman, Calkins & Co., built on the ashes of the one burned in the great fire. Capacity, 100,000 feet.

"Green & Milmoe's new mill, at the north end of Manistee Lake, was built in the stead of their mill burned down in the city. It has a capacity of 100,000 feet each eleven hours.

"Magill & Canfield's, on the east side of the lake, has a capacity of 90,000. This is a new mill, built on the site of one destroyed by the great fire.

"Shrigley & Canfield's mill has a capacity of 50,000 feet.

"Louis Sands new mill has a capacity of 100,000 feet, and has one of the best whistles in the state. It has been heard over twenty miles.

 Mill Name Capacity (Feet)
Dennett & Dunham's mill 60,000
Paggeott & Thorson's mill, at Paggeottville 100,000
Filer & Sons, at Filer City 100,000
Magnan's mill, at Stronach 30,000
Taber's mill, at Filer City 80,000
A.W. Briggs & Co.'s shingle mill 80,000
Leitche's mill 65,000
Rietz Bros. large mill 100,000
Rietz Bros. small mill 70,000
R.G. Peter's mill 100,000
Engelmann & Salling's mill 100,000
Ruddock & Gifford's mill 130,000
Tyson & Sweet's new mill 150,000

"It is estimated that nearly 200,000,000 feet of lumber will be shipped from this port during the season.

LIST OF BUSINESS HOUSES AND PLACES OF BUSINESS
AND TRADE, ASIDE FROM THE LUMBER INTERESTS

In this list we cannot attempt to give the names of streets, but commence at the west end of South River Street, which runs parallel with the river and the harbor, and extends from lake to lake, a distance of over a mile and a half.

William B. CRIPPEN's foundry and machine shop
Root beer manufactory of John FLANSBURGH
Store and warehouse of Messrs. CANFIELD & WHEELER
Residence office of Dr. ELLIS
Foundry and machine shop of WHEELER & JOHNSON
Shoe shop of Caspar SCHNEIDER
A grocery store
Grist mill of John BAXTER & Co.
Union Boiler Works of Andrew JACK
Paint shop of SAYLES & GREGORY
Joiner shop of GREEN & LONG
Brick block of James O'BRIEN. Occupied first story by the dry goods store of H. W. MARSH, and the second story by the Odd Fellows hall and rooms.
Merchant tailor, R. PENZIEN
Dock and warehouse, J. F. KIRKLAND & Company
Insurance and telegraph office, WING & HAWLEY
Otto BAUMANN, meat market
Millinery store, Mrs. Otto BAUMANN
Photograph, artist and picture gallery, E. E. DOUVILLE
Lumber inspector's office, Gilbert YOUNG
Milwaukee House, BAXTER & FINCH, proprietors. This is the largest hotel building, probably, on the shore, it being ninety-three feet front by eighty-eight back, and contains 60 rooms.
Unites States Hotel, L. MAGOON, proprietor. This was mostly burned last season, and has been rebuilt and improved.
Blacksmith and carriage shop of Silas C. OVERPACK
Livery stable, Hugh McGUINEAS
City Hall, Hugh McGUINEAS
Postoffice block, L. S. ELLIS, proprietor and postmaster. This block contains the drugstore of  D. CARLTON & Co., postoffice, and office of the Manistee Standard, O. H. GODWIN, editor and proprietor. Printing office of R. HOFFMAN.
BAUR's grocery store and steamboat bakery, in BAUR's brick block. This block contains also the law offices of RAMSDELL & BENEDICT, N. W. NELSON, Esq., and DOVEL & MORRIS. Justice office, S. S. GLOVER; sheriff's office, Peter YOSS; dentists' offices of J. B. WILCOX and K. A. BRIGHAM; office of city recorder, T. B. COLLINS, Recorder; Merchants' Bank, J. L. TAYLOR cashier; restaurant in basement, ANDREE Bros. Dock and warehouse, J. BAUR
City Hotel, GREGORY Bros., proprietors. This hotel is three stories high, and is among the few buildings that survived the great fire.
Barber shop, J. G. McKEE
Dry goods and grocery store, TYSON & SWEET
New brick block of DOUVILLE Bros., not yet occupied
Clothing and boot and shoe store, George NUNGESSER
Book and stationery store, DOUVILLE Bros.
Tobacco and cigar store, LADUC & DURANLEAU
Grocery store, BLACK & THOMPSON
Drug store, WILLARD, HALL & Co.
Office Dr.'s MEAD & FISHER
Jewelry store, GARDNER & BIXBY
Harness store, RUSSELL Bros.
Harness store, J. SOMERVILLE
New auction store, J. JENKINS & Co.
Store wareroom, J. JENKINS
Store formerly occupied by LUCAS & NUNGESSER
Shoe shop of P. JOHNSON
Tailor shop of Mr. BAER
Candy store of Mr. A. BOWEN
Grocery store, McMASTER & HYDE
New store of Mr. DICKINSON
Merchant tailor, Mr. John EAGAN
Hardware store, RUSSELL & MEE
Grocery store, WEYMOUTH & KENNEDY
City Bank, SECOR & DUNHAM
Insurance office, SECOR & SHORES
County Clerk's office, C. HURD, clerk and register
Law office of Messrs. BULLIS & CUTCHEON
Grocery store, J. A. JOHNSON
Office of Dr. SIQUELAND
Hardware store, E. BUCKLEY & Co.
Star clothing house, GREGORY Bros.
Dock and warehouse, PALMITER Bros.
Flour and feed store, LYMAN & WRIGHT
Root beer manufactory, John FLANSBURGH
Millinery store, Mrs. HALEY
New grocery store, L. T. KING
Milwaukee clothing house, M. HERBST
City meat market, Henry KREMPLE
New store, unoccupied, J. G. McKEE New three story brick block of LUCAS & NUNGESSER, which contains furniture, ware and sale room of LUCAS & NUNGESSER, drug store of W. E. SHORT & Co., law office of A. V. McALVAY, and restaurant of Messrs. HORNKOE & Co. Barber shop of J. J. McKEE
Brick store of CUSHMAN, CALKINS & Co.
Merchant and tailoring rooms of W. EDWARDS
Manistee Lime Works, WING & BUCKLEY.
Cabinet shop and second-hand furniture store, J. JENKINS
Manistee City Rink
Paint shop of THORP Bros.
Joiner shop, J. W. TENANT & Co.
Shoe shop, W. E. POLHAMUS
Times printing office, in Times block. Land and law office, S. W. FOWLER
Lumbermen's store, M. KAHN
Restaurant, HALBER & McFAY
Confectionery and fruit store, M. C. COX
Fruit store, J. BANISTER
Grocery store, WEYMOUTH & KENNEDY
Fruit and vegetable store, J. C. NIMMS
Dollar store, M. S. ROOT
Land looker and surveyor, C. F. RUGGLES
Boot and shoe shop, Christ. HANSEN
New York store, KAHN & NEWMAN
Dry goods and clothing store, A. STUMES
Law office, A. H. DUNLAP
Photograph rooms, J. W. RUNKLE
Boot and shoe shop, N. OLSON
Furniture shop, Nargood HANSON
Jewelry store, MAGNUS & KOKLIN
Barber shop, H. YOUNG
Grocery and provisions, Frank OLK
Restaurant, John BAUR
Planing mill, GEE & PRESTON
Brick block, containing grocery & crockery store, Joseph BAUR. Large Masonic Hall in second story.
Planing mill, S. SIBBEN & Co.
Drug store, Dr. J. KINGSLEY
Barber shop, Wm. DROHER
Hotel, German Home.
Restaurant, Otto FIELD
Grocery and confectionery store, C. POMEROY & Bros.
Confectionery and tobacco store, Samuel BURCH
Drug store, Neil JEWEL
Scandinavian clothing house, FIELD & MILLER
Grocery store, Henry MOWE
Eagle Hotel, Fred. MILLER
Foundry and machine shop, STOKIE & BOWIE
Broadway store, W. F. MILLER
Restaurant, John FIELD
Justice office, R. A. SEYMOUR
Cigar and fruit store, R. A. SEYMOUR
Boot and shoe shop, P. KLIES
Third Ward market, M. CIECHANOWSKY
Restaurant, Hans PETERSON
Drugs and medicines and fancy goods, Peter JONES
Shoe shop, O. ANDERSON
Sorenson's Hotel, J. SORENSON
Shoe shop, H. SHOENING
Manistee Steam Boiler Works, KIRSCH & Son.
St. Charles Hotel, J. HALTER
Scandinavian House, Mrs. HANSON. This house is 111 feet front, 63 feet deep, and two stories high.
German Home, B. F. SCHOENBECK
Lake House, P. NEIHOVEN
Fireman's Hall, city building
Grocery store, Thomas KINNEY & Co.
German Hall, German Workingmen's Society, 143 members
Store, CUSHMAN & CALKINS
Meat market, Solomon ROTHCHILDS
Store, grocery and supplies, GREEN & MILMOE
Grocery store, Charles GRUNDE

"There were one or two omisions in the above list which the editor subsequently corrects as follows:

"The blocks thus omitted were the fine, large brick blocks on the corner of maple and River Streets. The first, that of Messrs. Lucas & Nungesser, is the best brick block in the city,  and contains the extensive furniture ware rooms of LUCAS & NUNGESSER, the elegant new drug store of W.E. SHORT & Co., the law office of A.V. McALVAY, the restaurant of HORNKOHL & CONROD. The other, that of Messrs. CUSHMAN, CALKINS & Co., contains their extensive mercantile establishment, on the south side of the river, and the merchant tailor rooms of Wilkes EDWARDS. Messrs. Cushman, Calkins & Co. probably sell more dry goods at retail than any other firm in the city."

MARINE LIST

There are in constant service and belonging to Manistee harbor nine tugs and steamers, as follows:

NAME

CAPTAIN

OWNER(S)

Tug "Margaret"

Capt. John CRAWFORD

Tyson, Sweet & Co.

Tug "C. Williams"

Capt. C. GNEWUCH

Canfield Tug Line
Tug "Parsons" Capt. C. MYERS Canfield Tug Line
Tug "Edwards" Capt. E. TAGGART Canfield Tug Line
Tug "J. C. Osgood" Capt. T. ACKERMAN Canfield Tug Line
Tug "Hunter Savidge" Capt. Peter MARSH Canfield Tug Line
Tug "Mud Hen" Capt. L. LAVINE Canfield Tug Line
Tug "Ida M. Stevens" Capt. TOGOOD Dempsey & Cartier
The "Ida"
Passenger steamer
Capt. SMITH Smith & Son
Steam Barge "Hilton" Capt. J. COCHRANE Wing & Buckley
Steam Barge "Chas Rietz" not named Rietz Bros.
Steam Barge "M. Groh" not named Gifford & Ruddock
Bark "Sanborn" not named Lyman & Wright
Scow "J.M. Hill" Capt. Dan MABEE Lyman & Wright
Schooner "Nellie Church" Capt. Charles OTTO Wing & Buckley
Schooner "Parker" Capt. John LARSON Tyson, Sweet & Co.
Schooner "Napoleon" Capt. D. DOUGLASS Tyson, Sweet & Co.
Schooner "L. McDonald" not named Cushman, Calkins & Co.
Schooner "J & A Stronach" Capt. HALL Gifford & Ruddock
from Racine
Schooner "J.B. Newland" Capt. H. JONES Gifford & Ruddock
from Racine
Schooner "Gladiator" Capt. ANDERSON Rietz Bros.
from Chicago
Barge "Harmony" not named Rietz Bros.
Barge "Windsor" not named Gifford & Ruddock
Hooker "Jenny Lind" not named Gregory Bros.
Hooker "The Great West" not named Geo. A. Ford
Hooker (Not named) not named Mr. Seymour
Fishing Boat not named Messrs. Horton & Hall
Fishing Boat not named P.C. Taggart
Fishing Boat not named Norwegian Bill

"The Custom House books show that in the first twenty days of this month, there were 126 arrivals and departures at this port, and 225 since the opening of navigation.

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1882 History of Manistee County

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