Articles of agreement
made and concluded at the city of Detroit, in
the State of Michigan, the second day of August,
1855, between George W. Manypenny and Henry C.
Gilbert, commissioners on the part of the United
States, and the Chippewa Indians of Sault Ste.
The said Chippewa Indians surrender to the United
States the right of fishing at the falls of St.
Mary’s and of encampment, convenient to the fishing-ground,
secured to them by the treaty of June 16, 1820.
The United States will appoint a commissioner
who shall, within six months after the ratification
of this treaty, personally visit and examine the
said fishery and place of encampment, and determine
the value of the interest of the Indians therein
as the same originally existed. His award shall
be reported to the President, and shall be final
and conclusive, and the amount awarded shall be
paid to said Indians, as annuities are paid, and
shall be received by them in full satisfaction
for the right hereby surrendered: Provided, That
one-third of said award shall, if the Indians
desire it, be paid to such of their half-breed
relations as they may indicate.
The United States also give to the chief, O-shaw-waw-no,
for his own use, in fee-simple, a small island
in the river St. Mary’s, adjacent to the camping-ground
hereby surrendered, being the same island on which
he is now encamped, and said to contain less than
half an acre: Provided, That the same has not
been heretofore otherwise appropriated or disposed
of; and in such case, this grant is to be void,
and no compensation is to be claimed by said chief
or any of the Indians, parties hereto, in lieu
This agreement shall be obligatory and binding
on the contracting parties as soon as the same
shall be ratified by the President and Senate
of the United States.
In testimony whereof, the said George W. Manypenny
and the said Henry C. Gilbert, commissioners as
aforesaid, and the undersigned chiefs and headmen
of the Chippewa Indians of Sault. Ste. Marie,
have hereto set their hands and seals at the city
of Detroit the day and year first above written.
Geo. W. Manypenny, [L. S.]
Henry C. Gilbert, [L. S.]
Richard M. Smith,
O-shaw-waw-no, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
Waw-bo-jieg, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
Kay-bay-no-din, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
O-maw-no-maw-ne, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
Shaw-wan, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
Pi-aw-be-daw-sung, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
Wa-we-gun, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
Pay-ne-gwon, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
Taw-meece, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
Bwan, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
Saw-gaw-jew, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
Naw-we-ge-zhick, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
Executed in the presence of—
J. Logan Chipman,
W. H. Collins,
Jno. M. Johnston, Interpreters.
Geo. Johnston, Interpreters.