Articles of a treaty
made and concluded at St. Peters (the confluence
of the St. Peters and Mississippi rivers) in the
Territory of Wisconsin, between the United States
of America, by their commissioner, Henry Dodge,
Governor of said Territory, and the Chippewa nation
of Indians, by their chiefs and headmen.
The said Chippewa nation cede to the United States
all that tract of country included within the
Beginning at the junction of the Crow Wing and
Mississippi rivers, between twenty and thirty
miles above where the Mississippi is crossed by
the forty-sixth parallel of north latitude, and
running thence to the north point of Lake St.
Croix, one of the sources of the St. Croix river;
thence to and along the dividing ridge between
the waters of Lake Superior and those of the Mississippi,
to the sources of the Ocha-sua-sepe a tributary
of the Chippewa river; thence to a point on the
Chippewa river, twenty miles below the outlet
of Lake De Flambeau; thence to the junction of
the Wisconsin and Pelican rivers; thence on an
east course twenty-five miles; thence southerly,
on a course parallel with that of the Wisconsin
river, to the line dividing the territories of
the Chippewas and Menomonies; thence to the Plover
Portage; thence along the southern boundary of
the Chippewa country, to the commencement of the
boundary line dividing it from that of the Sioux,
half a days march below the falls on the Chippewa
river; thence with said boundary line to the mouth
of Wah-tap river, at its junction with the Mississippi;
and thence up the Mississippi to the place of
In consideration of the cession aforesaid, the
United States agree to make to the Chippewa nation,
annually, for the term of twenty years, from the
date of the ratification of this treaty, the following
1. Nine thousand five hundred dollars, to be paid
2. Nineteen thousand dollars, to be delivered
3. Three thousand dollars for establishing three
blacksmiths shops, supporting the blacksmiths,
and furnishing them with iron and steel.
4. One thousand dollars for farmers, and for supplying
them and the Indians, with implements of labor,
with grain or seed; and whatever else may be necessary
to enable them to carry on their agricultural
5. Two thousand dollars in provisions.
6. Five hundred dollars in tobacco.
The provisions and tobacco to be delivered at
the same time with the goods, and the money to
be paid; which time or times, as well as the place
or places where they are to be delivered, shall
be fixed upon under the direction of the President
of the United States.
The blacksmiths shops to be placed at such points
in the Chippewa country as shall be designated
by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, or under
If at the expiration of one or more years the
Indians should prefer to receive goods, instead
of the nine thousand dollars agreed to be paid
to them in money, they shall be at liberty to
do so. Or, should they conclude to appropriate
a portion of that annuity to the establishment
and support of a school or schools among them,
this shall be granted them.
The sum of one hundred thousand dollars shall
be paid by the United States, to the half-breeds
of the Chippewa nation, under the direction of
the President. It is the wish of the Indians that
their two sub-agents Daniel P. Bushnell, and Miles
M. Vineyard, superintend the distribution of this
money among their half-breed relations.
The sum of seventy thousand dollars shall be
applied to the payment, by the United States,
of certain claims against the Indians; of which
amount twenty-eight thousand dollars shall, at
their request, be paid to William A. Aitkin, twenty-five
thousand to Lyman M. Warren, and the balance applied
to the liquidation of other just demands against
them—which they acknowledge to be the case with
regard to that presented by Hercules L. Dousman,
for the sum of five thousand dollars; and they
request that it be paid.
The privilege of hunting, fishing, and gathering
the wild rice, upon the lands, the rivers and
the lakes included in the territory ceded, is
guarantied to the Indians, during the pleasure
of the President of the United States.
This treaty shall be obligatory from and after
its ratification by the President and Senate of
the United States.
Done at St. Peters in the Territory of Wisconsin
the twenty-ninth day of July eighteen hundred
Henry Dodge, Commissioner.
From Leech lake:
Aish-ke-bo-ge-koshe, or Flat Mouth,
R-che-o-sau-ya, or the Elder Brother.
Pe-zhe-kins, the Young Buffalo,
Ma-ghe-ga-bo, or La Trappe,
O-be-gwa-dans, the Chief of the Earth,
Wa-bose, or the Rabbit,
Che-a-na-quod, or the Big Cloud.
From Gull lake and Swan river:
Pa-goo-na-kee-zhig, or the Hole in the Day,
Songa-ko-mig, or the Strong Ground.
Wa-boo-jig, or the White Fisher,
Ma-cou-da, or the Bear’s Heart.
From St. Croix river:
Pe-zhe-ke, or the Buffalo,
Ka-be-ma-be, or the Wet Month.
Pa-ga-we-we-wetung, Coming Home Hollowing,
Ya-banse, or the Young Buck,
Kis-ke-ta-wak, or the Cut Ear.
From Lake Courteoville:
Pa-qua-a-mo, or the Wood Pecker.
From Lac De Flambeau:
Pish-ka-ga-ghe, or the White Crow,
Na-wa-ge-wa, or the Knee,
O-ge-ma-ga, or the Dandy,
Pa-se-quam-jis, or the Commissioner,
Wa-be-ne-me, or the White Thunder.
From La Pointe, (on Lake Superior):
Pe-zhe-ke, or the Buffalo,
Ta-qua-ga-na, or Two Lodges Meeting,
From Mille Lac:
Wa-shask-ko-kone, or Rats Liver,
Wen-ghe-ge-she-guk, or the First Day.
Ada-we-ge-shik, or Both Ends of the Sky,
Ka-ka-quap, or the Sparrow.
From Sandy Lake:
Ka-nan-da-wa-win-zo, or Le Brocheux,
We-we-shan-shis, the Bad Boy, or Big Mouth,
Ke-che-wa-me-te-go, or the Big Frenchman.
Na-ta-me-ga-bo, the Man that stands First,
Sa-ga-ta-gun, or Spunk.
From Snake river:
Naudin, or the Wind,
Sha-go-bai, or the Little Six,
Pay-ajik, or the Lone Man,
Na-qua-na-bie, or the Feather.
Wa-me-te-go-zhins, the Little Frenchman,
Sho-ne-a, or Silver.
From Fond du Lac, (on Lake Superior):
Mang-go-sit, or the Loons Foot,
Shing-go-be, or the Spruce.
From Red Cedar lake:
Mont-so-mo, or the Murdering Yell.
From Red lake:
Francois Goumean (a half breed).
From Leech lake:
Sha-wa-ghe-zhig, or the Sounding Sky,
Wa-zau-ko-ni-a, or Yellow Robe.
Signed in presence of—
Verplanck Van Antwerp, Secretary to the Commissioner.
M. M. Vineyard, U. S. Sub-Indian Agent.
Daniel P. Bushnell.
Law. Taliaferro, Indian Agent at St. Peters.
Martin Scott, Captain, Fifth Regiment Infantry.
J. Emerson, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. Army.
H. H. Sibley.
H. L. Dousman.
S. C. Stambaugh.
Lyman M. Warren. J.
Harmen Van Antwerp.
Wm. H. Forbes.
Jean Baptiste Dubay, Interpreter.
Peter Quinn, Interpreter.
S. Campbell, U. S. Interpreter.
Stephen Bonga, Interpreter.
Wm. W Coriell.
(To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and