Northville Genealogical Society

Serving Northville, Canton, Livonia, New Hudson, Novi, Plymouth, South Lyon,

Walled Lake,Westland, and Wixom


Civil War Websites - Internet Genealogy Magazine

David A. Norris is a regular con­tributor to Internet Genealogy, and is the author of the
newly-released Tracing Your Civil War Ancestors.

Because most Civil War soldiers fought in regiments raised by the states, many of our most useful genealogical sources can be found at a state level. Before the war was over, some states published rosters of their soldiers. Many state rosters were published after the war. Most of the early rosters were published by state governments, and recent researchers have compiled new rosters in the past few decades. The digital age has brought much Civil War information online from state archives, as well as the major online genealogical sites. Following is a list of some helpful published and online sources that concentrate on particular states.

For useful resources on many states and individual regiments, check the US Army Military History Institute's Finding Aids page at http://www.ahco.army.mil/site/finding_aid.html and select "Civil War Unit Bibliographies." The Library of Congress has a Civil War unit bibliography at www.loc.gov/rr/main/uscivilwar.

See also Janet B. Hewitt, ed. The Roster of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865, and The Roster of Confederate Soldiers, 1867-7865 (Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing Co.), and for brief information on Union units, Frederick Dyer's 1908Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (which has been reprinted).

Google Books, and the InternetArchive, www.archive.org, have many of the public domain books mentioned here, as well as numerous regimental histories. State archives and libraries have many manuscript collections dealing with the Civil War, besides the online databases listed here.

State-level resources can be useful and time-saving places to learn about your ancestors' Civil War service. The vast majority of Civil War soldiers served in units raised by the states and transferred to national service.

Before the war was over, some states published rosters of their soldiers. Many state rosters were published after the war. Most of the early postwar rosters were published by state governments. In the years after the war, such works were more common in the Union states than the impoverished Southern states. Recent researchers have compiled new rosters in the past few decades, bringing much new information into the light for Confederate and Union ancestors alike.

The digital age has brought an ever-increasing flow of Civil War information online from state archives, as well as the major online genealogical sites.

Following is a list of some helpful published and online sources that concentrate particular states. For useful resources on many states and individual regiments, check the US Army Military History Institute's Finding Aids page and select "Civil War Unit Bibliographies". The Library of Congress has a Civil War unit bibliography.

See also Janet B. Hewitt, ed., The Roster of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865, and The Roster of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 (Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing Co.), and for brief information on Union units, Frederick Dyer's 1908 Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (which has been reprinted).

Google Books and the Internet Archive, www.archive.org, have many of the public domain books mentioned here, as well numerous regimental histories.

State archives and libraries have many manuscript collections dealing with the Civil War, besides the online databases listed here. In addition to these broad-based sources; keep an eye out for histories written specifically about an ancestors' regiment. Also, county and town history books may have helpful information about local Civil War units.

Alabama

• The Alabama State Archives' Civil War Service Database lists each Alabama soldier's unit, rank, date of enlistment, whether he was wounded or killed, and whether or not there is an Alabama Confederate pension. There is also some unit history information.

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Alabama Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition, Vol. 8: Alabama. Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing, 1988.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Alabama. New York: Facts on File, 1992.

Arizona Territory

Footnote.com has National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Confederate soldiers of Herbert's Battalion, Arizona Cavalry.

Arkansas

• The Arkansas History Commission offers two online indexes, Arkansas Confederate Pension Records, and Arkansas Confederate Home Records. Also on the site are two indexes related to a 1911 Confederate veterans' reunion.

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Arkansas Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition, - Vol. 14: Arkansas. Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot, 1988.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederacy: Florida and Arkansas. New York: Facts on File, 1992.

• For Arkansas Union troops, see Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas for the Period of the Late Rebellion, and to November 1, 1866. Washington, B.C.: Government Printing Office, 1867. Available at Google Books.

California

• Orton, Richard H. Orton, Records of California Men in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 to 1867. Sacramento, California, J. D. Young, 1890. Available at Google Books.

• The California State Military Museum has a useful page entitled "California and the Civil War" at www.militarymuseum.org.

Colorado Territory

• The Colorado State Archives offers their "Colorado Volunteers Transcript of Records Index" and "Colorado Civil War Casualties Index". If you find an ancestor, further information may be ordered via instructions on the site.

• John H. Nankivell, History of the Military Organizations of the State of Colorado, 1860-1935. Denver: W. H. Kistler Stationary Company, 1935.

Connecticut

• The Connecticut State Library's Research Guide to Civil War Materials at the Connecticut State Library is online at www.cslib.org/civwar.htm.

• Catalogue of Connecticut Volunteer Organizations with Additional Enlistments and Casualties to July 1, 1864... Hartford: Case, Lockwood and Company, 1864. Available at Google Books.

• William Augustus Croffut and John M. Morris, The Military and Civil History of Connecticut During the War of 1861-1865 ... New York: Ledyard Bill, 1869. Available at Google Books.

Dakota Territory

Footnote.com has National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Union soldiers from the Dakota Territory.

• The South Dakota Historical Society has data from an 1885 Civil War Veterans' Census at http://history.sd.gov/Archives/Data/civilwar/default.aspx. Entries include some Confederates who moved to the Dakota Territory, as well as Union veterans.

Delaware

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Delaware Union soldiers available at Footnote.com.

• The Delaware Public Archives offers a listing of its Civil War resources at http://archives.delaware.gov/collections/civilwar/cw01.shtml.

District of Columbia

• For pensions for Confederate soldiers from the District of Columbia, see Maryland and Virginia.

Florida

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Florida Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

•Florida Memory Project of the State Library and Archives of Florida has placed their state's Confederate pension files online in pdf form.

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition, Vol. 16: Florida. Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot, 1988.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederacy: Florida and Arkansas. New York: Facts on File, 1992.

• David W. Hartman and David Coles, Biographical Rosters of Florida's Confederate and Union Soldiers 1861-1865 (6 vols.). Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1995.

Georgia

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Georgia Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• The Georgia Archives' site, Georgia's Virtual Vault, has scanned many Confederate pensions and placed them online.

Confederate Pension Applications are available. Militia Enrollment Lists, 1864 are searchable at http://cdm.sos.state.ga.us/cdm4/1864.php; and Confederate Enlistment Oaths and Discharges 1861-1864 are online at http://cdm.sos.state.ga.us/cdm4/confed.php.

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition, Vol. 7: Georgia.Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot, 1988.

• Lillian Henderson, Roster of the Confederate Soldiers of Georgia, 1861-1865 (6 vols.), Hapeville, GA: Longino & Porter, 1959-1964.

Illinois

Illinois State Archives' Illinois Civil War Muster and Descriptive Rolls Database contains information on over 285,000 Illinois Union troops with detailed information on eash soldier.

• Illinois, Military & Naval Department, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois. Various multi-volume editions of this work, containing rosters of enlisted men and officers, are available at Google Books.

Indiana

• The Indiana State Digital Archives' Indiana Civil War Soldiers Database can be searched. Information, compiled by “volunteers and staff from the Indiana State Archives and the Friends of the Indiana State Archives", includes 213,000 individual records.

• William H.H. Terrell, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana ...Indianapolis: Samuel M. Douglass, 1866, available at the Internet Archive.

Iowa

• Iowa, Adjutant-General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General and Acting Quartermaster General of the State of Iowa (Des Moines, various years). Available at Google Books.

• Lurton D. Ingersoll, Iowa and the Rebellion ... (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1867.) Available at Google Books.

• Iowa, Adjutant-General's Office, Roster and Records of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion Together With Historical Sketches of Volunteer Organizations, 1861-1865. Des Moines, Iowa, E.H. English, 1908. Available at Google Books.

Kansas

• The Kansas Historical Society's "Databases and Indexes" page offers several online Civil War databases.

• The "Kansas Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865" is an index of soldiers in Kansas volunteer regi­ments.

• "Kansas State Militia Records, 1861-1865" is a finding aid listing the state militia units on two reels of microfilm, which can be borrowed from the Kansas Historical Society.

• "Civil War Veterans in Kansas" has the names, regiments, and places of residence for 28,000 veterans.

• "Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) Posts in Kansas" lists the local posts in Kansas as well as a few in the Indian Territory. The "Necrology of the Grand Army of the Republic" indexes "13,000 individuals for whom a notice of death was published in the encampment proceedings of the Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Kansas". Copies of the relevant pages from the proceedings can be obtained from the reference staff.

• Kansas, Adjutant-General's Office, Official Military History of Kansas Regiments during the War for the Suppression of the Great Rebellion. Leavenworth, Kansas, W.S. Burke, 1870. Available at Google Books.

• Kansas, Adjutant-General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas for the "Year 1864, Leavenworth, Kansas, P.H. Hubbell, 1865. Available at Google Books.

Kentucky

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Kentucky Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• Confederate pension files, Union and Confederate soldier service records, and entries in the Adjutant General's Roster of the Civil War (mainly for Union soldiers), are available from the Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives' Archives Research Room, KDLA, P.O. Box 537, Frankfort, Kentucky 40602-0537.

The request form is available online at http://kdla.ky.gov/resources/kycivilwarresearch3.htm. Fees for Confederate pension files are $10 USD for Kentucky residents and $15 USD for out-of-state residents. Fees are non-refundable, so the archives advises, "If you have any ques­tions concerning the availability of records, please call us at 502-564-8300, ext. 350 or ext. 345 before submitting your request."

• Kentucky Confederate pensions are indexed in Alicia Simpson's, Index of Confederate Pension Applications, Commonwealth of Kentucky (1978), and Stephen Douglas Lynn's, Confederate Pensioners of Kentucky: Pension Applications of the Veterans & Widows, 1912-1946 (2000).

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 11: Kentucky. Wilmington, North Carolina, Broadfoot Publishing Co., 1988.

• Kentucky, Adjutant-General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky: Confederate Kentucky Volunteers, War 1861-65. Frankfort, Kentucky: State Journal Co., 1918.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, the Confederate Units and the Indian Units. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

• Union Soldiers & Sailors Monument Association, the Union Regiments of Kentucky. Louisville, Courier-Journal, 1879. Available at Google Books.

Louisiana

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Louisiana Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• The Genealogy & History Section of the Louisiana State Archives has an online Confederate Pension Applications Index Database. Copies of the files can be ordered on the website.

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 13: Louisiana. Wilmington, NC, Broadfoot Publishing Co., 1988.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Louisiana.New York: Facts on File, 1995.

Maine

• The Maine State Archives has a list of their Civil War holdings at www.maine.gov/sos/arc/research/civilwar2/index.html

• Maine, Adjutant-General's Office, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Maine, Augusta, Maine: Stevens and Sayward, various years. Appendix "D" of the Annual Report of theAdjutant General of the State of Maine, December 31,1861 is available at the Internet Archive.

Maryland

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Maryland Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, the Confederate Units and the Indian Units. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 2: Maryland. Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing Co., 1987.

• William Worthington Goldsborough, The Maryland Line in the Confederate Army, 1861-1865. Baltimore, 1900. Available at Google Books.

• Commission on the Publication of the Histories of the Maryland Volunteers During the Civil War, History and Roster of the Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861-5. Baltimore, 1898. Available at Google Books.

Massachusetts

• James Lorenzo Bowen, Massachusetts in the War, 1861-1865. Springfield, Massachusetts: Clark W. Bryan, 1889. Available at Google Books.

• Charles W. Hall, ed. Regiments and Armories of Massachusetts: An Historical Narration of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, with Portraits and Biographies of Officers Past and Present. 2 vols. Boston: W. W. Potter, 1899-1901. Available at the Internet Archive.

• Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War. 9 vols. Norwood, Massachusetts: 1931-1935.

Michigan

• Some Archives of Michigan digital collections of Civil War material can be viewed at Seeking Michigan.

• The Archives of Michigan's Military Sources Page Archives of Michigan's Military Sources Page includes the Principals and Substitutes Index, which lists the names and units of Michigan men who enlisted as substitutes, as well as the men who hired them to take their places in the Union Army. The Michigan Civil War Soldier Images Database has about 1,400 photographs and images online.

• Also available through the Archives of Michigan's Military Sources Page are two other online indexes. The Sons of the Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW) "Graves Database Website" includes 60,000 entries for Michigan Civil War soldier burials, as well as soldiers from other states who were buried in Michigan. The "Grand Army of the Republic Records Project-Michigan" is an ongoing program that lists Michigan veterans who were in the GAR.

• Michigan Adjutant General's Office, Records of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War. Kalamazoo, MI: Ihling Brothers and Everard, 1905. Available at Google Books.

• Robertson, John, comp. Michigan in the War. Lansing, MI: W.S. George and Co., 1880. Available at Google Books.

Minnesota

• Board of Commissioners on Publication of History of Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars, Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars. (2 vols.) St. Paul, Minnesota: Pioneer Press, 1890 (Vol. 1) and 1893 (Vol. 2). Available at Google Books.

• Minnesota, Office of the Adjutant General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Minnesota, for the Year Ending December 1,1866, and of the Military Forces of the State from 1861 to 1865. St. Paul, Minnesota: Pioneer Printing Company, 1866. Available at the Internet Archive.

Mississippi

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Mississippi Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• The Mississippi Department of Archives and History has microfilmed the Confederate pension files for that state. For information on Mississippi's Confederate pension records, search their online catalog at http://mdah.state.ms.us/arrec/catalog.php

If you can't visit the state archives and would like to make a research request, visit their Research Request page at http://mdah.state.ms.us/arrec/refreq.php.

The staff will conduct one hour of research without charge for Mississippi residents, or will do the same for out of state residents for a $27 USD fee. Patrons will be notified of the copying costs, which will be extra.

• Mississippi's Confederate pensions are indexed in Betty C. Wiltshire's Mississippi Confederate Pension Applications. Carrollton, MS: Pioneer Publishing Co., 1994. Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 9: Mississippi. Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing Co.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Mississippi. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

Missouri

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Missouri Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• The Missouri State Archives has a rich collection of Civil War material online. They have a guide to their Civil War resources at www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/civilwar/intro.asp.

• The archives' "Soldier's Records: War of 1812-World War 1" includes listings for Union and Confederate soldiers. Successful searches yield pdf images of file cards encapsulating the soldier's career. Among the listings are hard-to-find records of militia and emergency troops.

• The Missouri Provost Marshal's Database has 67,000 entries relating to civilian arrests and other matters handled by the Union provost marshals of Missouri.

• For genealogical research requests, including Missouri Confederate pensions or Confederate Soldiers' Home applications, see the Missouri State Archives' E-mail Policy and Procedures Page. The page has instructions for sending a request by e-mail or mail. You will receive a reply, letting you know what records are available for your ancestor, and what the cost will be.

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 12: Missouri. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Co.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, the Confederate Units and the Indian Units. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

• Missouri, Office of the Adjutant General, Report of the Adjutant General of Missouri for the Year 1864. Jefferson City: W.A. Currie, Printer, 1865. Available at Google Books.

• Missouri, Office of the Adjutant General, Official Register of Missouri Troops for 1862. St. Louis: Adjutant General's Office, 1863. Available at Google Books and the Internet Archive.

Nebraska Territory

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Nebraska Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• Nebraska, Adjutant General's Office, Report of John R. Patrick, Adjutant-General of the State of Nebraska to the Governor of the State of Nebraska, January 1,1871. Des Moines, IA: Mills and Company, 1871. Includes information on Nebraska soldiers during the Civil War. Available at Google Books.

Nevada

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Nevada Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

New Hampshire

• New Hampshire, Adjutant General's Office, Revised Register of Soldiers and Sailors of the Rebellion, 1861-1866. Concord, New Hampshire: Ira C. Evans, Public Printer, 1895. Available at the Internet Archive.

• Otis F. R. Waite, New Hampshire in the Great Rebellion... Claremont, New Hampshire: Tracy, Chase and Company, 1870. Available at Google Books.

New Jersey

• John Y. Foster, New Jersey and the Rebellion... Newark, New Jersey: Martin P. Dennis,, 1868. Available at Google Books.

• New Jersey, Adjutant General's Office, Records of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861--1865. Trenton, New Jersey: John L. Murray, Steam Book and Job Printer, 1876. Available at the Internet Archive.

New Mexico Territory

• National Archives’ Compiled Military Service Records for New Mexico Union soldiers available at Footnote.com.

New York

• The New York State Military Museum and Veterans' Research Center has a fantastic resource, the "New York State Unit History Project", with unit histories, newspaper clippings, and photos related to the state's Civil War units. The Civil War Unit index is available. Also available here is the 43-volume set, published between 1893 and 1905, Annual Report of the Adjutant- General of the State of New York for the Year, Registers of the units' numbers.

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for the 1st New York Volunteer Engineers are available at Footnote.com.

• Frederick Phisterer, comp. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. (6 vols.) Albany, New York: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

North Carolina

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for North Carolina Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• North Carolina's Confederate pensions have been microfilmed by the North Carolina Division of Archives and History.

• North Carolina residents can request Confederate pension files, as well as some other archives documents, by e-mailing a request form. If a file is found, they will be mailed an estimate of the copying costs.

Out of-state residents can print and fill out the request form and mail a $20 research fee to North Carolina State Archives, 4614 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-4614. Senders are notified if there will be additional copying costs for the files.

North Carolina Confederate pension documents are indexed online in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS). For a MARS search, select the "Mars Catalog" tab on the Archives' home page. In an advanced search, you can limit your search to pension records, and then search by name.

The online index records have limited information, such as names of veterans and widows, county of residence, and the date a pension application was filed. A portion of the documents have been scanned and are available online.

• Clark, Walter, ed. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War, l861-'65.... (5 vols.) Goldsboro, North Carolina: 1901. Available at the Internet Archive.

• Louis H. Manarin et al, comps., North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865: A Roster. 17 vols. to date. Raleigh, North Carolina: Office of Archives and History, 1966.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina. New York: Facts on File, 1992.

Confederate Military History, www.internet-genealogy.com. Extended Edition. Vol. 5: North Carolina. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Co.

Ohio

• Ohio Roster Commission, Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion. Cincinnati: Wilstach, Baldwin and Co., 1886. Available at Google Books.

• Whitelaw Reid, Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals and Soldiers... (2 vols.) Cincinnati: Moore, Wilstach and Baldwin, 1872. Both volumes available at the Internet Archive; Vol. 1 available at Google Books.

Oklahoma (Indian Territory)

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Oklahoma Confederate soldiers are available at Footnote.com and Ancestry.com, drawn from National Archives Microform Collection M258, Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations Raised Directly by the Confederate Government.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, the Confederate Units and the Indian Units. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

Oregon

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Oregon Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania State Archives' Archives Records Information Access System (ARIAS) page includes the Civil War Veterans' Card File. Typed onto 3x5 index cards, the entries give a soldier's name, rank, date and place of enlistment, physical description, prewar occupation and some wartime information.

• Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, Printer, 1869. Available at Google Books.

Rhode Island

• Rhode island, Adjutant General's Office, Official Register of Rhode Island Officers and Soldiers Who Served in the United States Army and Navy, from 1861 to 1866. Providence, Rhode Island, 1866. Available at the Internet Archive.

• John Russell Bartlett, Memoirs of Rhode Island Officers Who Were Engaged in the Service of Their Country During the Great Rebellion of the South ... Providence, Rhode Island: Sidney S. Rider and Brother, 1867. Available at the Internet Archive.

South Carolina

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for South Carolina Confederate soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• South Carolina's Confederate pension applications may be searched online on the South Carolina Department of Archives and History search page. Click "Series Descriptions" in the menu box at left for more information on the state's digital collections. The collection "Records of Confederate Veterans, 1909-1973" includes Confederate pension applications, and applications to the state soldiers' and widows' homes. Successful searches will turn up a selection of names to choose from. You can view images of the documents, and save the images to your computer.

Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 6: South Carolina. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing, 1987.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

Tennessee

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Tennessee Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• The Tennessee State Library and Archives has several online indexes to Confederate and Union Civil War records.

Confederate pensions for Tennessee are indexed. You can search by county or surname. Index entries contain a soldier's name, unit, county, and pension number, or a widow's name with her husband's name, county and pension number.

• Another online index, "Tennessee Confederate Soldier's Home Applications" includes last name, first name, unit, county, and year applied. This soldiers' home was established in 1889 on land that once belonged to Andrew Jackson's plantation, near his former home, "the Hermitage".

• Yet another online list, "Tennessee Civil War Veterans' Questionnaires" lists Confederate army surgeons from Tennessee, Union soldier burial records, a pictorial index of Tennessee Confederate flags, and other resources here.

Information on ordering Tennessee military records by mail - Confederate pension files up to 20 pages are $10 for Tennessee residents or $20 for people living out of state. Fees are non-refundable.

Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 10: Tennessee. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing, 1987.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Tennessee. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

Texas

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Texas Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• The Texas State Library and Archives Commission has an index page of archival finding aids. Civil War offerings include a state pension index, the Confederate Indigent Families List, and the Texas Adjutant General Service Records 1836-1935 (which includes Confederate service as well as other Texas military organiza­tions).

• The search page for the index to Texas Confederate pension files includes 54,634 approved or rejected pension applications, and applications to the state soldiers' home dating between 1899 and 1975. Their online index will turn up a name, application number, county, and application numbers of related files (such as those of a widow of a veteran with a file). Some names turn up with the notation that their application was rejected. If a file is known to be missing, this will be indicated. If the index turns up an ancestor for you, you can e-mail a request to the archives. The site states, "Photocopies are invoiced at $.10 per page for letter- and legal-sized copies, plus postage. Ledger-sized paper is $.50 per page, plus postage. There is a $1.00 minimum charge and an invoice will be sent with your copies."

Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 15: Texas. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing, 1987.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

United States Colored Troops

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for the U.S. Colored Troops are being added to Footnote.com.

Utah Territory

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Utah Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

Vermont

• The Vermont in the Civil War site is chock-full of resources for the Green Mountain State. You can find soldier and cemetery records, unit histories, and much more.

• George C. Benedict, Vermont in the Civil War: A History of the Part Taken by Vermont Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Union, 1861-1865. Burlington, Vermont: The Free Press Association, 1888. Available at Google Books.

• Vermont Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteers Who Served in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Montpelier, Vermont: Watchman Publishing Co., 1892. Available at the Internet Archive.

Virginia

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for Virginia Confederate and Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com.

• The Archives Division of the Library of Virginia has placed an abundance of Confederate records online. Visit the Civil War Resources Page. Among their many other useful digital resources, you will find links to the collections "Confederate Disability Applications and Receipts"; "Confederate Pension Rolls, Veterans and Widows"; and the "Robert E. Lee Camp Confederate Soldiers' Home Applications for Admission".

Each index can be searched by name. Successful searches lead to links to TIFF images of the documents in the files, which you can download or print.

Virginia also granted pensions to Confederate veterans and dependents who lived in the District of Columbia.

• Other online offerings from the Archives Division of the Library of Virginia include the Virginia Military Dead Database, Index to Virginia Confederate Rosters, the Confederate Navy Index, and the Index to Confederate Veteran Magazine.

• Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 14: Virginia. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing, 1987.

• Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia. New York: Facts on File, 1992.

Washington

• The Washington State Archives' Digital Archives includes an index to the Washington Territory First Infantry Regiment Clothing Book-1862. Information includes a soldier's name, rank, company, and place of enlistment.

West Virginia

• National Archives' Compiled Military Service Records for West Virginia Union soldiers are available at Footnote.com; try their Virginia records for Confederate soldiers from West Virginia.

• The West Virginia State Archives has a list of 4,000 soldiers who never claimed Civil War medals that were minted for Union soldiers (not Confederates) from that state. Instructions for family members to claim such a medal are given on the website. There is also a guide to researching Civil War ancestors from West Virginia.

Adjutant General, State of West Virginia. Annual Report for the Year Ended December 31, 1864. Charleston: John F. McDermot, Public Printer, 1865; and Annual Report for the Year Ended December 31, 1865. Charleston: John Frew, Public Printer, 1866. Both volumes, listing West Virginia Union soldiers, are available at the Internet Archive.

Confederate Military History, Extended Edition. Vol. 3: West Virginia. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing, 1987.

Wisconsin

• The Wisconsin Historical Society has an online list of genealogy tools including Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 and "More About Civil War Veterans". The latter collection includes reproductions of three published state censuses of Civil War veterans, made in 1885,1895 and 1905. Information includes a veteran's name, rank, company and regiment (or naval vessel) and the nearest post office of his postwar residence.

• Wisconsin, Adjutant General's Office, Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Madison, Wisconsin: Democrat Printing Co., 1886. Available at Google Books.

• William D. Love, Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion. Chicago: Church and Goodman, 1866. Available at Google Books.

David A. Norn's is a regular contributor to Internet Genealogy, and is the author of the newly-released Tracing Your Civil War Ancestors.