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Federal Census Headers

1790

1800

1810

1820

1830

1840

1850

1860

1870

1880

1890

1900

1910

1920

1930

 

1790
Names of Heads of Families
Free White Males: of 16 years old and upwards
Free White Males: under 16 years
Free White Females
All Other Free Persons
Slaves

1800
Names of Heads of Families
Free White Males: under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 16
- - of 16 and under 26, including heads of families
- - of 26 and under 45, including heads of families
- - of 45 and upwards, including heads of families
Free White Females: under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 16
- - of 16 and under 26, including heads of families
- - of 26 and under 45, including heads of families
- - of 45 and upwards, including heads of families
All Other Free Persons except Indians not Taxed
Slaves

1810
Names of Heads of Families
Free White Males: under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 16
- - of 16 and under 26, including heads of families
- - of 26 and under 45, including heads of families
- - of 45 and upwards, including heads of families
Free White Females: under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 16
- - of 16 and under 26, including heads of families
- - of 26 and under 45, including heads of families
- - of 45 and upwards, including heads of families
All Other Free Persons except Indians not Taxed
Slaves

1820
Names of Heads of Families
Free White Males: under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 16
- - of 16 and under 18, including heads of families
- - of 16 and under 26, including heads of families
- - of 26 and under 45, including heads of families
- - of 45 and upwards, including heads of families
Free White Females: under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 16
- - of 16 and under 26, including heads of families
- - of 26 and under 45, including heads of families
- - of 45 and upwards, including heads of families
Foreigners not Naturalized
Number of Persons Engaged in Agriculture
Number of Persons Engaged in Commerce
Number of Persons Engaged in Manufacture
Slaves: Males, under 14 years of age
- - of 14 and under 26
- - of 26 and under 45
- - of 45 and upwards
Slaves: Females, under 14 years of age
- - of 14 and under 26
- - of 26 and under 45
- - of 45 and upwards
Free Colored Persons: Males, under 14 years of age
- - of 14 and under 26
- - of 26 and under 45
- - of 45 and upwards
Free Colored Persons: Females, under 14 years of age
- - of 14 and under 26
- - of 26 and under 45
- - of 45 and upwards
All Other Persons

1830
Names of Heads of Families
Free White Persons, including Heads of Families: Males: under 5 years of age
- - of 5 and under 10
- - of 10 and under 15
- - of 15 and under 20
- - of 20 and under 30
- - of 30 and under 40
- - of 40 and under 50
- - of 50 and under 60
- - of 60 and under 70
- - of 70 and under 80
- - of 80 and under 90
- - of 90 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Free White Persons, including Heads of Families: Females: under 10 years of age
- - of 5 and under 10
- - of 10 and under 15
- - of 15 and under 20
- - of 20 and under 30
- - of 30 and under 40
- - of 40 and under 50
- - of 50 and under 60
- - of 60 and under 70
- - of 70 and under 80
- - of 80 and under 90
- - of 90 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Slaves: Males, under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 24
- - of 24 and under 36
- - of 36 and under 55
- - of 55 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Slaves: Females, under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 24
- - of 24 and under 36
- - of 36 and under 55
- - of 55 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Free Colored Persons: Males, under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 24
- - of 24 and under 36
- - of 36 and under 55
- - of 55 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Free Colored Persons: Females, under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 24
- - of 24 and under 36
- - of 36 and under 55
- - of 55 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
White Persons, included in the Foregoing: Who are Deaf & Dumb, under 14 years of age
- - of age 14 and under 25
- - of 25 and upwards
White Persons, included in the Foregoing: Who are Blind
ALIENS - Foreigners not Naturalized
Slaves and Colored Persons, included in the Foregoing: Who are Deaf & Dumb, under 14 years of age
- - of age 14 and under 25
- - of 25 and upwards
Slaves and Colored Persons, included in the Foregoing: Who are Blind

1840
Names of Heads of Families
Free White Persons, including Heads of Families: Males: under 5 years of age
- - of 5 and under 10
- - of 10 and under 15
- - of 15 and under 20
- - of 20 and under 30
- - of 30 and under 40
- - of 40 and under 50
- - of 50 and under 60
- - of 60 and under 70
- - of 70 and under 80
- - of 80 and under 90
- - of 90 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Free White Persons, including Heads of Families: Females: under 10 years of age
- - of 5 and under 10
- - of 10 and under 15
- - of 15 and under 20
- - of 20 and under 30
- - of 30 and under 40
- - of 40 and under 50
- - of 50 and under 60
- - of 60 and under 70
- - of 70 and under 80
- - of 80 and under 90
- - of 90 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Free Colored Persons: Males, under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 24
- - of 24 and under 36
- - of 36 and under 55
- - of 55 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Free Colored Persons: Females, under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 24
- - of 24 and under 36
- - of 36 and under 55
- - of 55 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Slaves: Males, under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 24
- - of 24 and under 36
- - of 36 and under 55
- - of 55 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
Slaves: Females, under 10 years of age
- - of 10 and under 24
- - of 24 and under 36
- - of 36 and under 55
- - of 55 and under 100
- - of 100 and upwards
TOTAL
Number of Persons in each Family Employed in: Mining.
- - Agriculture.
- - Commerce.
- - Manufactures and trade.
- - Navigation of the Ocean.
- - Navigation of canals, lakes and rivers.
- - Learned professions and engineers.
Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services, included in the Foregoing: Names.
Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services, included in the Foregoing: Ages.
Deaf and Dumb, Blind, and Insane White Persons, included in the Foregoing: Deaf & Dumb: under 14.
- - Deaf & Dumb: 14 & under 25.
- - Deaf & Dumb: 25 and upwards.
- - Blind.
- - Insane: Insane and idiots at public charge.
- - Insane: Insane and idiots at private charge.
Deaf and Dumb, Blind, and Insane Colored Persons, included in the Foregoing: Deaf & Dumb: under 14.
- - Deaf & Dumb: 14 & under 25.
- - Deaf & Dumb: 25 and upwards.
- - Blind.
- - Insane: Insane and idiots at public charge.
- - Insane: Insane and idiots at private charge.
Schools: Universities or Colleges.
- - Number of Students.
- - Academies and Grammer Schools.
- - Number of Scholars.
- - Primary and Common Schools.
- - Number of Scholars on public charge.
- - Number of White Persons over 20 years of Age Unable to Read or Write.

1850
Dwellings - houses numbered in the order of visitation.
Families numbered in the order of visitation.
The Name of every Person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1850 was in this family.
Description: Age.
Description: Sex.
Description: Color {White, black or mulatto}.
Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each Male Person over 15 years of age.
Value of Real Estate Owned.
Place of Birth, Naming the State, Territory or Country.
Married within the year.
Attended school within the year.
Persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write.
Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict.

1860
Dwellings-houses - numbered in the order of visitation.
Families numbered in the order of visitation.
The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1860 was in this family.
Description: Age.
Description: Sex.
Description: Color {White, black or mulatto}.
Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male and female, over 15 years of age.
Value of Estate Owned: Real Estate.
Value of Estate Owned: Personal Estate.
Place of Birth, Naming the State, Territory or Country.
Married within the year.
Attended school within the year.
Persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write.
Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict.

1870
Dwellings-houses - numbered in the order of visitation.
Families numbered in the order of visitation.
The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1870 was in this family.
Description: Age at last birthday. If under one year, give months in fractions, thus 3/12.
Description: Sex - Males (M), Females (F).
Description: Color - White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (Ch), Indian (I).
Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male or female.
Value of Real Estate Owned: Real Estate.
Value of Real Estate Owned: Personal Estate.
Place of Birth, Naming State or Territory of U.S.; or the Country, if of foreign birth.
Parentage: Father of foreign birth.
Parentage: Mother of foreign birth.
If born within the year, state month (Jan., Feb., &c.).
If married in the census year, state month (Jan., Feb., &c.).
Attended School within the year.
Education: Cannot read.
Education: Cannot write.
Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict.
Constitutional Relations: Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards.
Constitutional Relations: Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards, whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crimes.

1880
Name of Street.
House Number.
Dwellings houses numbered in the order of visitation.
Families numbered in the order of visitation.
The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1880 was in this family.
Personal Description: Color - White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (Ch), Indian (I).
Personal Description: Sex - Males (M); Females (F).
Personal Description: Age at last birthday prior to June 1, 1880. If under one year, give months in fractions, thus 3/12.
If born with the Census year, give month.
Relationship of each person to the head of this family - whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other.
Civil Condition: Single.
- - Married.
- - Widowed, Divorced (D).
Married during Census year.
Occupation: Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male or female.
- - Number of months this person has been unemployed during the census year.
Health: Is the person (on the day of the Enumerator's visit) sick or temporarily disabled, as to be unable to attend to ordinary business or ____? If so, what is the sickness or disability?
- - Blind.
- - Deaf and Dumb.
- - Idiotic.
- - Insane.
- - Malformed, Crippled, Bedridden, or otherwise disabled.
Education: Attended school within the Census year.
- - Cannot read.
- - Cannot write.
Nativity: Place of Birth of this person, naming State or Territory of United States; or the Country, if of foreign birth.
- - Place of Birth of the Father of this person, naming State or Territory of United States; or the Country, if of foreign birth.
- - Place of Birth of the Mother of this person, naming State or Territory of United States; or the Country, if of foreign birth.

1890
Christian name in full, and initial of middle name.
Surname.
Whether a soldier, sailor, or marine during the civil war (U.S. or Conf.), or widow of such person.
Relationship to head of family.
Whether white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian.
Sex.
Age at nearest birthday. If under one year, give age in months.
Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.
Whether married during the census year (June 1, 1889, to May 31, 1890).
Mother of how many children and number of these children still living.
Place of birth.
Place of birth of Father.
Place of birth of Mother.
Number of years in the United States.
Whether naturalized.
Whether naturalization papers have been taken out.
Profession, trade, or occupation.
Months unemployed during the census year (June 1, 1889, to May 31, 1890).
Attendance at school (in months) during the census year (June 1, 1889, to May 31, 1890).
Able to Read.
Able to Write.
Able to speak English. If not, the language or dialect spoken.
Whether suffering from acute or chronic disease, with name of disease and length of time afflicted.
Whether defective in mind, sight, hearing or speech, or whether crippled, maimed or deformed, with name of defect.
Whether a prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper.
Supplemental schedule and page.
Is the home you live in hired, or is it owned by the head or by a member of the family?
If owned by head or member of family, is the home free from mortgage incumbrance?
If the head of the family is a farmer, is the farm which he cultivates hired, or is it owned by him or by a member of his family?
If owned by head or member of family, is the farm free from mortgage incumbrance?
If the home or farm is owned by head or member of family, and mortgaged, give the post-office address of owner.

1900
Location: In Cities: Street.
- - House Number.
Number of dwelling-house, in the order of visitation.
Number of family, in the order of visitation.
Name of every person whose place of abode on June 1, 1900, was in this family. Enter surname first, then the given name - middle initial, if any. Include every person living on June 1, 1900. Omit children born after June 1, 1900.
Relation: Relationship of each person to the head of the family.
Personal Description: Color or race.
- - Sex.
- - Date of Birth: Month.
- - Date of Birth: Year.
- - Age at last birthday.
- - Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.
- - Number of years married.
- - Mother of how many children.
- - Number of these children living.
Nativity: Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If place is the United States, give the state or Territory. If of foreign birth, give the Country only. : Place of birth of this person.
- - Place of birth of Father of this person.
- - Place of birth of Mother of this person.
Citizenship: Year of immigration to the United States.
- - Number of years in the United States.
- - Naturalization.
Occupation, Trade or Profession of each person age 10 and over: Occupation
- - Months not unemployed.
Education: Attended school (in months).
- - Can read.
- - Can write.
- - Can speak English.
Ownership of Home: Owned or rented.
- - Owned free or mortgaged.
- - Farm or house.
- - Number of farm schedule.

1910
Location: Street, Avenue, Road, etc.
- - House number or farm.
- - Dwelling number.
- - Number of family, in the order of visitation.
Name of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born after April 15, 1910.
Relation: Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
Personal Description: Sex.
- - Color or race.
- - Age at last birthday.
- - Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.
- - Number of years of present marriage.
- - Mother of how many children: Number born.
- - Mother of how many children: Number now living.
Nativity: Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in United States, give the state or territory. If foreign birth, give the country. : Place of birth of this person.
- - Place of birth of Father of this person.
- - Place of birth of Mother of this person.
Citizenship: Year of immigration to the U. S.
- - Whether naturalized or Alien.
Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken.
Occupation: Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person.
- - General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works.
- - Whether an employer, employee, or working on own account.
- - If an employee: Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
- - If an employee: Number of weeks out of work during 1909
Education: Whether able to read.
- - Whether able to write.
- - Attended school any time since September 1, 1909.
Ownership of Home: Owned or rented.
- - Owned free or mortgaged.
- - Farm or house.
- - Number of farm schedule.
Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.
Whether blind (both eyes).
Whether deaf and dumb.

1920
Place of Abode: Street, avenue, road, etc.
- - House number or farm.
- - Dwelling number.
- - Number of family, in the order of visitation.
Name of each person whose place of abode on January 1, 1920, was in this family.
Relation: Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
Tenure: Home owned or rented.
- - If owned, free or mortgage.
Personal Description: Sex.
- - Color or race.
- - Age at last birthday.
- - Single, married, widowed, or divorced.
Citizenship: Year of immigration to the United States.
- - Naturalized or alien.
- - If naturalized, year of naturalization.
Education: Attended school anytime since September 1, 1919.
- - Able to read.
- - Able to write.
Nativity and Mother Tongue: Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in United States, give the state or territory. If foreign birth, give the place of birth, and, in addition, the mother tongue. : Person: Place of birth of this person.
- - Person: Mother tongue.
- - Father: Place of birth.
- - Father: Mother tongue.
- - Mother: Place of birth.
- - Mother: Mother tongue.
Able to speak English.
Occupation: Trade, profession, or particular kind of work done.
- - Industry, business, or establishment in which at work.
- - Employer, salary or wage worker, or working on own account.
- - Number of farm schedule.

1930
Place of Abode: Street, avenue, road, etc.
- - House number (in cities or towns).
- - Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
Name of each person whose place of abode on April 1, 1930, was in this family. Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 1, 1930. Omit children born since April 1, 1930.
Relation: Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
Home Data: Home owned or rented.
- - Value of home, if owned, or monthly rental, if rented.
- - Radio set.
- - Does this family live on a farm?
Personal Description: Sex.
- - Color or race.
- - Age at last birthday.
- - Marital condition.
- - Age at first marriage.
Education: Attended school or college any time since September 1, 1929.
- - Whether able to read and write.
Place of Birth: Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the State or Territory. If of foreign birth, give the country of birth. See instructions for additional entries required for certain countries. : Person.
- - Father.
- - Mother.
Mother Tongue (or Native Language) of Foreign Born. : Language spoken in home before coming to the United States.
- - CODE (for office use only. Do not write in these [3] columns): State or M.T., Country, Nativity
Citizenship: Year of immigration to the United States.
- - Naturalized or alien.
Able to speak English.
Occupation and Industry: Occupation: Trade, profession, or particular kind of work, as spinner, salesman, riveter, etc.
- - Industry: Industry or business, as cottonmill, dry goods store, shipyard, public school etc.
- - CODE (for office use only. Do not write in this column)
- - Class of worker.
Employment: Whether actually at work: Yes or No.
- - Line number for unemployed.
Veterans: Whether a veteran of the U.S. military or naval forces mobilized for any war or expedition: Yes or No.
- - What war or expedition.
Number of farm schedule.