Minnesota and Wisconsin
Welcome to the The Ojibwe People of the St. Croix River
This website is dedicated to the Mille Lacs and St. Croix Band Ojibwes who resided on the St. Croix River in Pine County, Minnesota and Burnett County, Wisconsin.
The St. Croix Ojibwe is known as the "Lost Tribe". For more on their history, click here.
The Mille Lacs and St. Croix people moved freely back and forth across the river, intermarrying and living among one another. During the middle 1800's there was much logging going on and a saw mill was established on the St. Croix River making way for jobs for the Ojibwe on both sides of the river. In Pine County, Minnesota, villages were located along the railroads and waterways near the logging camps in Arna, Clover, Dorsey, Ogema, and Wilma townships. On the Wisconsin side of the St. Croix they were located in Blaine and Swiss townships, in Burnett County.
Map by Dave Matrious
The Ojibwe had been harvesting maple sugar, blueberries, and wild rice, along with hunting and fishing, in that region for many decades before the whitemen started settling these areas. The primary St. Croix Ojibwe village was eventually located in Swiss township, Burnett County, Wisconsin along the St. Croix River where it joins the Yellow River. It became known as the Danbury Indian Village. Another village, known as Sah-giing (meaning where the water comes out), was located on the Minnesota side at the mouth of the Tamarac River that flows into the St. Croix River.
The Mille Lacs Ojibwe had villages on the Minnesota side of the river in Arna and Ogema townships, Pine County. The primary village was located in Ogema township and was called Aazhoomog (Crossroads).
The photos and genealogies on this website are of these people. A number of the photographs are from the collections at the Burnett County Historical Society (BCHS). Some are found on the Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) website, and numerous photos are from private family collections. The majority are from a private collection compiled by Allen Hemming (AL), Hinckley, Minnesota.
This is in honor of their memory as the original inhabitants of Pine County, Minnesota and Burnett County, Wisconsin.
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