Minnesota and Wisconsin
Welcome to The Ojibwe People of the St. Croix River
This website is dedicated to the Mille Lacs and St. Croix Band Ojibwes who resided on the St. Croix River in Pine County, Minnesota and Burnett County, Wisconsin. It also includes early members of the Lac Courte Oreilles Band and the La Pointe Band.
This website is mainly for research purposes, to help in finding links to past ancestors and their original Anishinabe names.
The Minnesota Mille Lacs and Wisconsin St. Croix people moved freely between the villages on the St. Croix River, intermarrying and living among one another. During the middle 1800's there was much logging going on and lumber and saw mills were established on the St. Croix River and it's tributaries making way for jobs for the Ojibwe on both sides of the river.
In Pine County, Minnesota, villages were located along the railroads and waterways near the logging camps in Arna, Clover, Dorsey, Ogema, and Wilma townships. On the Wisconsin side of the St. Croix they were located in Marshland, Blaine, Swiss, and other townships, in Burnett County. Some families were originally located on Rice and Sand Lakes to name a few.
Map of locations of villages along the St. Croix River by David Matrious
The Ojibwe had been harvesting maple sugar, blueberries, and wild rice, along with hunting and fishing, in that region for many decades before the "white men" started settling these areas.
The primary St. Croix Ojibwe village was eventually located in Swiss township, Burnett County, Wisconsin along the St. Croix River where it joins the Yellow River. It became known as the Danbury Indian Village.
The Mille Lacs Ojibwe villages on the Minnesota side of the river in Pine County were in Arna and Ogema townships. The primary village was located in Ogema township and was called Aazhoomog (Crossroads). Another village, known as Sah-giing (meaning where the water comes out), was located on the Minnesota side at the mouth of the Tamarac River that flows into the St. Croix River.
This website, and the on-going research, is in honor to the memory of Ojibwe Historian
David Matrious (1952-2015)
Ojibwe People of the St. Croix River
who were the original inhabitants in the areas of Pine County, Minnesota
and Burnett County, Wisconsin.
The St. Croix Ojibwe is known as the "Lost Tribe". For more on their history, click here.
To purchase "The Lost Tribe", an educational DVD about the St. Croix Chippewa,
send a check or money order in the amount of $15.00 to:
Wanda McFaggen, Tribal Preservations Officer, DVD Sales
24663 Angeline Avenue
Webster, WI 54893
The photo above is from the MHS Collection
Ojibwe, possibly near St. Croix ca. 1910
Ojibwe River Canoe Race Sault Ste. Marie 1836-37
by George Catlin (1796-1872)
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