Burgoyne, General Sir John
B: 24 Feb 1722, London, England
D: 04 Jun 1792
M: (1) Lady Charlotte Stanley d. Jun 1776 during his absence in Canada.
M: (2) 1781, Susan Caulfield (an opera singer)
Children of General Sir John Burgoyne and Susan Caulfield: (It is reported their children were born between 1782 and 1788 which included two daughters and the following two sons:
John Fox Burgoyne, Field Marshall Sir
B: 1784, London, England
M: Unknown. Had several children - one of whom was:
1. John Burgoyne
B: 1805, in Appledore, Cornwall, England
M: 1827, Mary Langdon, East Wiltshire, England. Came to PEI with children in 1843.
General Sir John Burgoyne was born in London, England on 24 Feb 1722. The family was of good old stock and acquired their estates in 1387 from "time honored Lancaster" who granted them to Roger Burgoyne by the following quaint deed: "I, John of Gaunt, do give and do grant unto Roger Burgoyne and his heirs All Sutton and Potton until the Worlds rotten."
John Burgoyne's father was the younger son of the third Baronet, Sir John Burgoyne. His Mother, Anna Maria Burnstone, was the daughter of Richard Lucy of Chalcote in Warwickshire of the Lucy family of which one of it's members objected to young William Shakespeare killing deer which did not belong to him.
John Burgoyne attended school at Westminster where he became well acquainted with the classics and also formed a great friendship with Lord Strange, heir to the eleventh Earl of Derby.
His friendship with Lord Strange led to an acquaintance with the latter's family and also to an elopement with Lady Charlotte Stanley, sixth daughter of the Earl of Derby, when he was a young officer in the 1st Dragoons.
He joined the army in 1744 but sold out in 1747 and went to France where they settled near Cantaloup and while there acquired his knowledge of the French language.
In 1756, he rejoined the Army and was gazetted Captain in the 11th Dragoons. It was not long before he saw service in the field in "The Seven Year's War." In 1759, it was decided to raise two regiments of Light Horse, and George 11nd gave Burgoyne the command of one of them, the 16th Dragoons.
George 3rd never wearied of inspecting "Burgoyne's Light Horse" - so smart a regiment had it become and it was later given the title of "The Queen's Light Dragoons."
France and Spain had made up their minds to bully Portugal and England, mindful of her favorite wine and ever the champion of small countries (when convenient) came to the aid of her old ally and declared war on Spain. In 1762 it sent a contingent of seven thousand troops to the Peninsula. Burgoyne had come over in command of his Light Dragoons and was promoted to the local rank of Brigadier General with a brigade of three thousand troops. Burgoyne distinguised himself and his regiment and captured Valentia d'Alcantara.
Peace was concluded in 1763 and Burgoyne and his regiment returned to England with their laurels. Burgoyne had been elected member of Parliament for Midhurst in 1763 but did not take his seat until after he returned from Portugal in 1763. In 1765, he did a grand tour of the continent to see what foreign armies were like.
Lord Chatham gave him a letter of introduction to Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick.
In 1768, George 3rd made Burgoyne the Governor of Fort William, North Britain, which added to his income considerably. Later his rank was raised to Major General and he was sent to America in 1775. In December 1775, he returned to England and in February he was appointed to act as second in command to Carleton in Canada and in March 1776 he sailed for Quebec, Canada. The Americans driven back to Quebec, retreated to Ticonderoga then known as (Carillon). Burgoyne again returned to England in November 1776.
His wife, the Lady Charlotte, died that year (1776) and he returned to Canada arriving in Quebec on May 6, 1777. The force he was to command consisted of about 8,000 men of whom 4,000 were British, 3,000 German, 150 Canadiens, and 500 Indians. Due to the great deal of mismanagement and not given the latitude he expected from England, he was forced to surrender at Saritoga on 17 October 1777.
In February 1872 (MUST BE MISTAKE - SEE DATE OF DEATH BELOW AS 1792 - MAYBE THIS WAS JOHN FOX BURGOYNE), Burgoyne was made Commander in Chiefship in Ireland and a Privy Councilor. He was also Muster Master General for the Foreign Forces in Canada.
In 1781, he married Susan Caulfield, an opera singer, and in 1782 their son, John Fox Burgoyne was born. He was christened at St. Anne's Soho. Charles James Fox was his Godfather. They had four children in all, another son William, and two daughters. On the 3rd day of August, 1792 Burgoyne attended the Little Theatre in Haymarket, and the following day, August 4th, died at his house in Hereford Street, now "Mayfair" which leads from Park Lane to Shepherd Market.
In his will he appointed his brother-in-law by his first marriage, the former Lord Strange, who was now the 12th Earl of Derby as guardian of his children and bequeathed him his famous diamond. The bulk of his property was left to his wife, Susan (Caulfield) Burgoyne, with rotation to their son, John Fox Burgoyne and the other three children.
General Sir John Burgoyne was buried in the Cloister of Westminster Abbey near his first wife, The Lady Charlotte.
On Burgoyne's death in 1782, Lord Derby, with the best of intentions and the kindest of hearts took over the custody of the four children and saw to their education. Lord Derby had for some years been separated from his first wife and on her death married Miss Farren, a talented and famous actress and friend of Susan Caulfield. Little John Fox Burgoyne seems to have led an Esmondish sort of life at the "Oaks" and at the great mansion in Grosvenor Square. He attended Eton, helped Hallam the historian, entered the Royal Engineers and after a distinguished career became Field Marshal, Sir John Burgoyne and a Baronet, thus winning laurels which fate sided by Lord George Germain, the Prime Minister, had withheld from his father. There is a statue of Field Marshall Burgoyne near the Duke of York Steps which the careless often take to represent General John Burgoyne.