Metis

1700 - 1707


JESUITS DECLARE HOLY WAR


Thirty three Indian Nations descend on Montreal.

They came to request that the French not involve them in their
squabbles with the English.

The French begin their 40 year war of genocide against the Fox Indians.

The Metis are reported to be swarming throughout the West.


The French establish a Policy of Non-Exploration into the
Indian Territories for the next 10 years.

The Metis and Coureurs des Bois, however, continue to
conduct expeditions into the North and South West.

They are in the process of nation building.


1700

When we read the birth, marriage and death records for the next 50 years, as recorded by the Jesuits, we note that most considered unions between the French and French Metis with savage pagans (un-baptized women) are usually ignored and the children are considered as bastards. Many Jesuit would not even marry or baptize the children of such unions. They often referred to the savages, country wives as slaves. The Jesuits did not consider that a marriage between two people and God as celebrated by the community as a valid union. They however would except a baptism by a non-priest especially if the parties involved were influential.

Typical Metis and Coureurs des Bois (runners of the woods) clothing in the early 1700's. They also smeared their faces with grease and paint, like the Indians, as a protection against mosquitoes and black flies. Some estimates put the engages (Voyagers) as 400 to 500 each year and the Coureurs des Bois as 2,500 to 3,000 to say nothing of those Metis in the field.

The Ojibwa are reported to be trading to the Hudson Bay at this time.

Louis Thomas Joncaire de Chabert (1670-1740) is with Father Bruyas and Sieur de Maricourt at Fort Ononage.

Illinois, Mississippi voyage (II)-Louis Michel Duhemme dit Terrin born 1671 son (I)-Jean Duhemme: Hueri of Flevre, source (see Relation of the voyage of the R.P. Jacques Gravel S.J. in 1700, country of Illinois of the Mississippi, edition shea, 1859 P.11). He had one recorded son (III)-Francois Duhemme who married Marie Charlotte Guignard, a.ka. Dinhargue a Basque.

Pierre Charles Le Sueur (1672-1704) of La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Madeleine Island, Wisconsin) reported copper mines in the Upper Mississippi.

Pierre Sidrac Dugue dit Laf, sieur de Boisbriant (Boisbriand) (1675-1740), was at Fort Biloxi, Louisiana, across the bay from the present-day city of Biloxi (Harrison), Mississippi, with his cousins, the Le Moyne brothers, as part of the French plan to secure the mouth of the Mississippi River for France. This was to establish the end link of forts, stretching back to New France, to cut off further English and Spanish expansion to the Mississippi..

During the period 1700 to 1716, the Fox (Ojibwa) became the only Algonquian speaking Natives to war against the French, being provoked by the Jesuit; many said. Jean Baptiste Le Moyne sieur of Bienville (1680-1768) explored the Red River of the North, this year. This is probably the Red River of the Dakotas, but could also include the River of the North into Manitoba.

Fort Michipicoten, Ojibwa Country, on Michipicoten Bay, Lake Superior is believed built about this time. Fort L'Huiltier is establishing about this time at the confluence of the Minnesota and Green Rivers called the St. Peter's and Verte Rivers at this time. It is destroyed by 1739 and rebuilt, being named Fort Verde.

Father (I)-Jacques Gravier (1651-1708), a Jesuit on the Mississipi, with the Illinois, encountered the sick Louis Du Hemme, of Riviere Du Loop and Augustin from Point of Coste de St. Michel in Canada. Pierre Chabot of the Island of Orleans is also sick.

Fort Pimitoui is closed as a result of the French closure of the fur trade.

Fort Saint Jean, Acadia is built this year.

January: Fort Mississippi, Louisiana is built 40 miles (64 km) upstream.

Jean Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (1680-1767) explored the Red River.

April: Jean Penicaut, a boat builder on the Minnesota River at the mouth of the Blue Earth at the new Fort L'Huillier near Mankato, Minnesota, encountered 7 traders (Coureurs des Bois or Metis) who wintered near the Fort this season. The Jean Penicaut party included d'Iberville and nineteen men. Louis Junchereau, dit St. Denis/Denys (1674-1744), is at the mouth of the Mississippi River with d'Iberville. (d'Iberville is likely Pierre Le Moyne (1661-1706).)

The French built Fort St. Croix on the St. Croix River, Wisconsin (western Lake Superior 75 miles SW La Pointe) is 40 leagues from the mouth of the river and is abandoned by 1755. The Metis build Fort Portage De L'Isle on Winnipeg River, just below Terre Blanche Portage. Fort Michipicoten is built on Michipicoten Bay, Lake Superior. Fort Mattagami on Lake Mattagami, (Ontario) is built as an outpost of Fort St. Germain.

The Ojibwa term muskig was adopted by the Metis as muskeg and crept into common usage to describe a unique type of terrain.

Ojibwa tradition suggests that the Yankton Dakota, at this time, occupied much of the prairies near the Red River of the North. North of the Yankton lived the Kenisteno and the Assineboins. The Ojibwa are also known to be among these peoples.

Rimouski St. Octave de Metis Mission is established this year.

Pierre Du Roy (LeRoy) (1676-1743) is claimed to be the first settler in or near Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), 1st married 1703 at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) to Marguerite Ouabankikoue (Ouankikove/Ouabankiknove), Miami, died October 31, 1732, others suggest she had 6 children which questions the second marriage, 2nd marriage in 1705 at Laprairie to Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette. It is noteworthy that the Detroit area was the location of a Metis Settlement long before the French established their Fort and was likely preceded by an Indian settlement.

August 13: Quebec, Quebec, birth, (III)-Louis Durand, Metis, son (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b-1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718); married January 22, 1725, Sorel, Marie Anne Dumay.

August 22: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, son (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and (II)- Francoise Paule Campagna (1683-1717).

September: Pierre Charles Le Sueur (1672-1704) and 24 French arrived from the mouth of the Mississippi at Nicolas Perrot's Island Post of Isle Pelee, above Lake Bon Secours or Lake Pepin. They wintered here, trafficking in furs and other merchandise. They traded with the Cioux, Mententons, Mencouacantons, Ouytespouy, and some other Cioux of the soil.

1701

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) or vicinity, birth, (II)-Alexis Bienvenue, died Detroit, New France (Michigan) October 13, 1763 son (I)-Francois Bienvenue aka Delisle or DeLisle, born 1663, died September 29, 1751, is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2ndmarriage 1708, Marianne Lemoine: Alexis married January 17, 1740 (III)-Elisabeth (Josette) Bouron who died May 30, 1758 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) daughter (II)-Joseph Bouron.

Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix (1682-1761) contends that the Outagamis became fierce savages about this time because of ill treatment by the French for the next twenty years, and formed an alliance with the Iroquois as enemies to the French and with the Dakota; a numerous Nation. This second alliance has rendered all navigation of the upper Mississippi almost impracticable.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Edmond Roy dit Chatellereau de Ste Anne b-1665/75 son Michel Roy Chatellerault and Francoise Hobbe Aube; married, Marie Anne Janvier daughter of Jean Janvier and Dorthie Dubois. Possible marriage Ste Anne De le Perade, Champlain, Quebec but Edmond was in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) 1701 being hired by Jean Bochart along with Michel Roy de Ste Anne and Pierre Roy de Ste Anne. To add to the confusion their son Michel Roy (1701-1761) married 1728 Marie Angelique Perot Perrault

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) or vicinity death Jean Fafard leaving his widow Marguerite Couc who married 1705 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Michel Masse.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) or vicinity birth Alexis Bienvenu dit Delisle son Francois Bienvenu dit Delisle

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth 1701 to 1703 Theresa Tonti is assumed to be the first recorded child born at Fort Detroit, daughter Alphonse Tonti, Baron of Paludy (1659-1727) and Mary Ann Picote de Belestre born February 9, 1673 Montreal died September 11, 1714 Montreal daughter Peter Picote de Belestre and Mary Pars.

The Green Bay, New France (Michigan), Region is reported swarming with Coureurs des Bois (Metis), going unchecked by the French as they are banned from trading Lake Superior because of the Jesuits. The Peoria People blamed the Jesuits for the drop in fur value and killed Father Jacques Gravier, Jesuit.

Only twenty five Wendat remained at Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), and (I)-Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730) wrote that he hoped the obstinate resident priest, Father (I)-Etienne Carheil (1633-1726), a Jesuits, will die in his Parish without one parishioner to bury him. He said, of the Jesuit conduct, that it smelled of seduction a hundred yards off. The Jesuits are not allowed to establish a mission at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Father Constantin De L'Halle, killed 1723, a Recollect, is invited and he built the first church on July 26 and called it Ste. Anne. The Jesuit would conspire towards Cadillac's demise and this subversion would be long remembered by the native peoples.

(I)-Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730) claimed that no one had ever visited this part of the country, Fort Detroit, before himself. This was an absurd statement to make as he was fully aware the Metis and Coureurs des Bois had been everywhere before him. There is also reason to believe some were living among the Indians who had villages near this place. He likely made this statement so that the Jesuits could not lay claim to having made a mission with the Indians in this area and therefore had a right to attend to Fort Detroit. It is noteworthy that this was historically the lands of the Fox (Ojibwa) Indians.

Madame (III)-Marie Therese Guyon Cadillac, born April 9, 1671, joined her husband on September 10 with five of their thirteen children at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Guyon had married (I)-Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730) June 25, 1687 Quebec. (II)-Antoine Laumet, and (II)-Jacques Laumet were two of the older sons. The intent of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) at this time, by King Louis XIV (1643­1715), is to get rid of the Coureurs des Bois (Metis) or to curb their activities. The King had to admit that all attempts to date had failed and their numbers continued to grow. A number of canoes of the Alphonse Tonty (1659-1727) party had defected to the Coureurs des Bois; so strong are the pull of freedom and free trade. One hundred and fifty disgruntled merchant investors in Mackinaw, New France (Michigan), protested their loss of business and are offered shares in the Compagnie de la Colonie du Canada.

Some thirteen hundred delegates representing 33 different Nations from all tribes, from the Atlantic to Lake Winnipeg (Lake Bourbon) and beyond the Mississippi, met in Montreal, Quebec, to enter into a peace treaty, to remain neutral in any future conflict between the English and French. The French are just beginning to appreciate the vast country and how immense it really is.

The British and French war of 1701-1713 appears to have had little impact on the Western interior. The French retain control of the Bay of the North, and Fort Albany, James Bay (Ontario) remains in the hands of the English. The Hudson Bay Company is effectively insolvent, with no significant activity and no dividends are recorded from 1691 to 1717. Charles Junchereau de Saint Denys (1665-1703) is granted the rights to establish tanneries at Michilimackinac, Mississippi Valley and Cairo, Illinois.

The Hudson Bay Company reported that the French Canadians discontinued official expedition into the Country of the Cree and Assiniboine. This new French policy encouraged the Metis to gain control of the Louisiana Territory. The evolution of New France maps suggests that the Metis continued to explore the North West over the next ten years despite the French policy of non exploration.

The colony of Louisiana consisted of 180 men capable of bearing arms, 2 French families with 3 girls and 7 boys, and 6 Indian boy slaves. Most are around Fort Louis de la Louisiane at Mobile, Louisiana, Alabama. It is noteworthy that the Indian wives and slaves are not included in the count. It is also noteworthy that, at this time, marriages with Indian women were not allowed, and Metis offspring were not recognized by the church.

The missionaries abandoned the Cahokia Indian and Metis Village in upper Louisiana (Illinois) and moved to Kaskaskia (Illinois), both on the Mississippi River.

February 11: Levis, baptism Guillaume Marchand born 1693 (slave) esclave panis, achete par (II)-Louis Marchand (1693-1749).

May: Pierre Charles Le Sueur (1672-1704) left Fort Mahkahto under the command of D'Evaque, a Canadian (Metis), and twelve Frenchmen and returned to Fort Mobile (Mobile, Alabama) with 24 Frenchmen.

April 13: (II)-Jean Francois DuBois alias Brisebois (b-1668) is recorded as a voyager to the west.

April 17: Kaskakia, Illinois, birth (III)-Pierre Baillargeon dit Durivage, Metis, son (II)-Antoine Baillargeon dit Durivage and 1st Marie Aco or 2nd Domitilde Ch8ping8a.

May 25: Louis Chouet, a.k.a. Lagiroflee, soldier in company of Cabana captain, son Jean Chouet and Marie Magdeleine Magdile, departed for Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), but gave his property to Mary Magdeleine Delisle in the event of his death.

May 27: (III)-Rene Godefroy (Godfroy) (1675-1748), Monsieur de Linctot, (II)-Louis Gateau, alias Gastineau dit Duplessis, Sieur de Ste Anne (1674-1750) and (II)-Jean Baptiste Giguere (ancient voyager, out of Montreal, Quebec) (1660-1750) are listed as voyager's West, and his brother (II)-Jean Giguere (1663-1711) is also listed but no specific year and date of travel is given.

May 27: Mathurin Rivard Feuilleverte engage west, source Lyle Trottier.

May 27: (II)-Jean Lemire (1676-1754) is listed a voyager West.

May 29: Louis Badeillac, a.k.a. Laplante, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) in the first convoy.

June 1/5: (I)-Alphonse Tonty (1650/1659-1727) Captain of the Company, the brother of (I)-Henri de Tonty (1649/50-1704), the Italian, second in command Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit, New France (Michigan) with (I)-Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730), Jesuit Father Vaillant, Recollet Father Constantine, Dugue, Chacornacle and 100 Men (50% soldiers) with twenty five canoe went to build Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit, New France (Michigan) traveling via Fort Michilimackinac. This long out of the way route is alleged to be taken to retrieve a Cadillac cache of 198 pots of brandy which are hidden in the woods near the Post and to pick up a cannon, muskets and munitions. These had been seized from unauthorized Coureurs des Bois (Metis) and really belonged to Montreal merchants. (I)-Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730), under command of (I)-Alphonse Tonty (1659-1727) - the brother of (I)-Henri de Tonty (1649-1704), the Italian, established Post Pontchartrain d'etroit, drawing many of the personnel from the Jesuit mission of Father (I)-Etienne Carheil (1633-1726), the Jesuit of Michilimackinac. He used 100 Algonquian, 50 Frenchmen and 50 soldiers to build the Fort. He named this Fort, Pontchartrain d'Etroit (also known as Fort Ticksarondis). He reported that about six thousand Indians are camped about the Fort. (I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730) would later claim that he invited the Indians to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) and most authorities in France are well aware that he makes less than honest claims. He would also claim that they were the first ones in this region, and that his wife, (III)-Marie Therese Guyon born 1671, and Tonty's wife were the first white women in this region. This was also a bold unsupported claim.

June 4: Charles Juchereau de Saint-Denys (1655-1703) is granted the rights to establish tanneries in the Mississippi Valley, at Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), and at Cairo, Illinois Country.

June 28: Jean Baptiste Gigulere died April 18, 1750 departed Montreal, Quebec, for Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) having made a present of his propertyin event of his death to Louise Maignan whom he married on January 22, 1704, in Montreal, Quebec upon his return. His brother, Robert Gigulere, born January 28, 1663 and died December 10, 1711 Montreal, Quebec is also at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 28: Engage west (III)-Francois Marie Trottier-Bellecour (1679-1744) son (II)-Antoine Trottier-Dusruisseaux (1640-1706) and Catherine Lefebvre (1648-1705), source L. Trottier

June 28: (II)-Mathieu Perrin, also Garao, alias Garaut, Gavahau and Perrin de Louarget (1664-1742,) born Bout de I'lle, Montreal, Quebec and departed Montreal, Quebec as engage (Voyager) to the West. (II)-Mathieu Garno is the father of (III)-Oliver Garno (born 1706), alias Garneau and, Perrin de Louarget.

July 10: Jean Francois Volant sieur de Fosseneuve born 1670 went to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), as a hunter and married June 6, 1701, Marguerite Godfroy.

July 24: (I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730) arrived at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). He selected this location hoping to prevent the Indians, Metis and Coureurs des Bois from trading with the English.

September 5: Robert Reaume, brother Charles Reaume, (III)-Joseph Trotier dit Desruisseaux (1668-1709 or 16) and Toussaint Pothier dit Laverdure are engaged to escort Francis Mary Picote de Belestre and equipages, Mrs De Lamothe Cadaillac, Mrs Alphonse Tonti and their children from Montreal, Quebec, to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 6: Pierre Cardinal (1665-1719) arrived in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) son Simon Jacques Cardinal (Cardinault) and Michelle Garnier (Grenier).

September 31: Mathurin Rivard Feuilleverte engage west, source Lyle Trottier.

October 7: Fort Detroit planted its first French wheat.

October 24: Montreal, Quebec, marriage, Jean Deslanders and (II)-Madeleine Galarneay, Metis, died July 16, 1716, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (I)-Jacques Galarneau born 1642 and Jacqueline Heron born 1645 epouse May 9, 1706, Montreal Jean Picard; Madeleine 1st. married August 8, 1691, Quebec, Quebec, Joseph Langevin, 2nd marriage October 24, 1701 Montreal, Quebec; Jean Deslandes, 3rd marriage November 3, 1715, Montreal, Quebec, Jean Baptiste Joly.

October 31: Quebec, marriage, Jean Metivier to (II)-Genevieve Couturier, Metis, died March 24, 1715, Quebec, daughter (I)-Jacques Couturier b-1646, and Catherine Annennontank, Huronne, b-1649.

1702

(I)-Francois de Beauharnois de La Chaussaye, Baron de Beauville (1665-1746, is appointed Intendant New France (1702-1705)

Kaskaskia, Illinois, marriage Jean Gauthier to Marie Suzanne Capciouekoue, Indian.

Pierre Le Moyne d' Iberville et d'Ardillieres (1661-1706) departs the Louisiana Territories, never to return, and is assumed to have died or was killed..

Mobile, Louisiana, birth Claude Jousset, Creole Metis son of a Canadian and unknown woman.

Charles Junchereau d-1704, son Nicolas Junchereau established a trading post at the mouth of the Ohio River near future Fort Massac.

A considerable number of French Metis had settled at Cahokia in the Mississippi Valley. This was an established place long before Kaskaskia. Most of the inhabitants of the French fort at Kaskaskia took Indian wives to form the nucleus of the Village of Kaskaskia, Illinois.

Pierre Cardinal (1665-1719) and Francois Dauphin/Daupin, sieur de Laforest (1649-1714) are with Charles Junchereau de St. Denis on his venture on the Mississippi. They were accused of trading illegally on the Mississippi by Boishebert. The concession at Fort St. Louis was revoked, and Francois Dauphin/Daupin, sieur de Laforest (1649-1714) was recalled to New France but continued to trade illegally with Pierre LeSueur (1672-1704). The claim apparently did not stick, as he replaced (I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730) at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), in 1710.

Europe is again at war. The Sac and Fox attack Fort Mahkahto (Ouabache) at Blue Earth River (Minnesota), killing three of his 16 men. D'Evaque Pierre Charles LeSueur (1672-1704) is forced to abandon the Post and returned to Louisiana. They encountered Charles Juchereau, sieur de St. Denis/Denys de Beaumarchis (1655-1703), son Nicolas Junchereau de St. Denis de Beauport and Marie Therese Giffard, with a concession in the Ohio Valley to establish a fort at the mouth of the Ohio River (Ouabache (Cairo, Illinois)). His thirty five men party were in eight canoes. Members of his party included: Charles Denu Detaillis, Nicolas Laberge, Paul Teyssier, Francois Legardeur de Mutrecy, Nicolas Le Moyne sieur de Leau, Alexis Legay, Gabriel Philippe sieur de Manteville, Pierre Cardinal, Paul Groust, Reverand Jean Mermet and Francois Marie Bouet. Juchereau had plans to establish a tannery at the mouth of the Ohio to process buffalo skins. This business venture ended in tragedy, as most contracted and died from malaria. Sieur de St. Lambert takes command of this Post in 1703, upon the death of Juchereau. The Indians on the Fox-Wisconsin waterway demanded and received tribute for the use of their trade route. Some suggest Juchereau was responsible for Michilimackinac, Green Bay, Wisconsin River and the Mississippi River.

Fort L'Huillier is operating this year with 12 men near Blue Earth on the Minnesota River, but the site is believed abandoned later this same year.

Onanguisse, a Potawatomi Chief, threatened to trade with the English speaking people unless the French established better trade. The establishment of Saint Michael's Mission in the south west corner of Lake Superior, Ojibwa Country, occurred this year. The French complained this year that the Metis (Coureurs des Bois) are also swarming throughout the Western Country.

Fort Louis at Mobile, Louisiana- a supply ship, arrived with 23 women for marriage, along with 75 soldiers, of which 30 died shortly after their arrival.

The frontier villages were mostly made from stakes, driven into the ground as closely as possible and the spaces filled with mud or mortar. The roof was made of tree bark or split rails. Sawing lumber or log cabins at this time was too labor intensive.

The Jesuit (I)-Sebastian Rale (Rasles), (1657-1724), a Jesuit, a rigid and unbending man, and a missionary of the Abenaki, wrote that the Abenaki are ready to lift the hatchet against the English speaking peoples. He would die, not a martyr, but as a soldier. Another Jesuit of the time wrote that the priests abhorred the sending down of the heathen to commit outrages against the English speaking peoples, saying it is more like committing murders than managing a war. Mostly women and children are being targeted and killed. A ten year, Jesuit inspired war against the English and Coureurs des Bois (Metis) would commence. The Jesuit war is really a war of French Roman Catholic vs. American Protestant, as America is peopled with all nationalities of Europe including thousands of French Protestants.

Fort Detroit, New France had constructed a picket line palisade enclosing 1 arpent of land, about 800 feet in length, rising 12 to 15 feet to defend against the Indians. There were no women in the fort at this time.

Madam Cadillac and Tonty's wife arrived in the spring of 1702.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) planted Indian corn that grew to 8 feet tall, and each soldier (50 men) were required to plant 1/2 acre garden for their own use and the citizens planted 60 arpents of wheat. Wild grapes, fruit, berries and nuts were also harvested.

March: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and vicinity is estimated to contain 6,000 people, mostly natives.

May 13: (IV)-Francois LeGardeur (b-1675), sieur de Mutrecy Repentigny listed a Voyager to the Mississippi.

May 18: (II)-Jean Francois DuBois alias Brisebois (b-1668) is recorded as a voyager West.

June 16: Engage west (III)-Francois Marie Trottier-Bellecour (1679-1744) son (II)-Antoine Trottier-Dusruisseaux (1640-1706) and Catherine Lefebvre (1648-1705), source L. Trottier

June 26: Quebec, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Louise Dubeau, Metis, son (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and (II)- Francoise Paule Campagna (1683-1717).

July 5: (I)-Father Francois Pinet (1661-1704) departed Tamarous or Arkinsa for Cascaskias (Kaskaskia, Illinois). It is noted that many Frenchmen are at Kaskaskia, Illinois and some have married to Indian women.

July 12: Paul Chevalier and wife Campau arrived in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

July 16: (II)-Louis Gateau, alias Gastineau dit Duplessis, Sieur de Ste Anne (1674-1750), is recorded as a voyager West. Also (II)-Jean Baptiste Gatineau, alias Gastineau dit Duplessis (b-1671), is listed as a voyager West. Also listed is (II)-Pierre Gouin (1679-1761) Voyager West.

July 16: Charles Daze arrived in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

July 18: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Arnauld Bertrand, merchant arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 30: Father (I)-Etienne de Carheil (1633-1726), a Jesuit of Mackinac, complained to (I)-Louis Hector de Callieres (1648-1703) Governor of New France about Michilimakina. He wrote: "The infinite multitude of evil acts, acts of brutality and violence; of injustice and impiety; of lewd and shameless conduct; of contempt and insults. The infamous trade in brandy where they go from village to village with prodigious quantity of brandy in barrels, without any constraint." His complaints are not just directed at the Metis, Coureurs des Bois and Voyagers but at the soldiers and commandants of the forts and posts. He said: These places are turned into brothels.

The soldiers keep open house for all women of their acquaintance, they gamble, they scorn to observe-the feast-days. They have no intercourse with the missionaries (himself). They are hostile to the fathers (again himself). We now have no power. The Voyageurs, the only authorized traders, conspire with the Coureurs des Bois and the soldiers against the Missionaries. These fugitive Voyagers, go about seducing the women, in all the cabins where they lodge; or they go to visit them, entertain them, caress them, solicit them, and purchase the enjoyment of their bodies. These men justify the women's presents as, who would pound the corn, do the cooking, cut the wood, do the laundresses, make shoes, garters and pouches, and other articles. They only use the excuses to justify the commerce of the woman's bodies. This will cause their infallibly ruin of our missions. The liberty of women among the French must be taken away. The doors should remain open when they visit on business so they can be spied upon. They are the prostitutes of this place.

October 28: Sorel, Quebec, birth, (III)-Antoine Durand, Metis, son (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b-1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718).

1703

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Jeanne Bannois (Beauvais) wife of Guillaume Bouche aka Beauvais.

Rafel Bienvenue born 1703 died April 24, 1706 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), age 2 son Francois Bienvenue aka Delisle or DeLisle born 1663 died September 29, 1751 is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2nd Marianne Lemoine, some believe this is an error, possible he had both wives same time??

Madam Guillaume Bouche (Jeanne Beauvais) is believed to have died this year.

Marie Francoise Roy (1703-1760) daughter Edmond Roy du Chatellereau de Ste Anne b-1665/75 and Marie Anne Janvier; married 1725 Pierre Thomas Laquerre

Louis de La Porte, sieur de Louvigny (1652-1725), is implicated in illegal activities

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Jeanne Beauvais wife Guillaume Boucher who 2nd married August 16, 1716 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Angelique Tholme widow Pierre Robert

Maps compiled from last century and first published during this period, covers the Northern Bay (Hudson Bay), Lake Winnipeg (Lake Bourbon), Red Lake, Missouri River (Pekitanoui) and Mississippi River Systems. The French Government issued yet another Act of Amnesty for all illegal traders, those Coureurs des Bois (Metis), to come down from the West. They are requested to give themselves up. Few responded, not wanting to give up their freedom. A roundup of these Metis criminals caused many to flee further to the west and to Louisiana of the south where they are most welcomed.

The Massachusetts colony offered $60 for each Indian scalp.

The Company of New France claimed the trading rights previously granted to Cadillac and provided him with a salary as commandant. This effectively destroyed his incentive to build a colony, he devoted his energy trying to regain the trading rights.

The Fort Detroit, New France, (Ste-Anne) church records for 1701-1702-1703 are assumed burnt in the fire in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), that destroyed the church and house of the Recollects, and some believe Alphonse Tonti Baron of Paludy may have been responsible.

July 6: Francoise Dumouchel daughter Bernard Dumouchel dit Laroche agreed to serve Madam De La Mothe in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), for two years.

July 10: (II)-Francois Gariepy (1665-1738) listed voyager West. Also (II)-Robert German (b-1680) listed voyager West.

July 10: Claude Rivard sieur de Lorange agreed with the company of the colony, represented by Francoise Dumontier of Montreal, Quebec, and Etienne Volland de Radisson of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), to go to Detroit July 10, 1703 as an interpreter.

July 10: Mathurin Rivard Feuilleverte engage west, source Lyle Trottier.

July 10: Etienne Gervais de Bourguion arrived in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) as a hunter.

July 21: The first French wheat crop of Fort Deytroit was harvested, resulting in a good crop. The spring wheat was not as successful as the fall wheat.

Summer: Five Frenchmen are killed by the Ouabacho (Ohio) at the instigation of some Englishmen.

October 12: Raymond Jean dit Godon contracted to go to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) as a farmer.

October 12: Guillaume Laberge contracted to go to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), as a farmer.

October 12: Joseph Laude dit Mata contracted to go to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) as a farmer.

October 12: Jean Michel contracted to go to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) as a farmer.

November 22: St Augustin, Quebec, marriage, (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Metis, born June 10, 1669, Quebec, died September 12, 1743, St. Augustine, Quebec, son (I)-Laurent Dubeau (1636-1689) and Marie Felix d'Arontio (Huronne); married (II)-Marguerite Harnois b-1677, died May 20, 1747 St. Augustin, Quebec, daughter (I)-Isaac Harbois.

1704

(II)-Rafael Bienvenue born 1704 Detroit died April 24, 1706 Fort Detroit son (I)-Francois Bienvenu aka Delisle or DeLisle born 1663 died September 29, 1751, is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2nd marriage 1708, Marianne Lemoine.

Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, Gutoutagan to madame La Chenette aka Techenet alias Elisabeth Couc born 1685. Actual country marriage likely predates this time.

(I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730) is finally made commander of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Francois Marie Bouet is hiring voyagers for the west from 1704 to 1718.

Jean Baptiste Charles married 1704, Madeleine Illinoise (Sauvagesse)

(I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730) at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) received permission to make conveyances on the lands in and around his village and he applied for the title marquis of Detroit..

Birth, marriage and death records were maintained (1704-1764) for Fort Conde de la Mobile and Fort Louis de la Louisiane (Mobile, Co. Mobile, Alabama).

Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit (Ste-Anne) (Detroit, Co. Wayne, New France (Michigan), recorded birth, marriage and deaths (1704-1800).

Rev. (II)-John Williams (1664-1729) and his daughter Esther Williams (1691-1751) who was married to an Indian named Joseph Meacham (likely a Metis) from Deerfield, Massachusetts, are held prisoner in Quebec. His wife Eunice Mather (1664-1704) died or was killed on the trip to Quebec.

January 22: Montreal, Quebec, marriage, (II)-Jean Baptiste Giguere dit Dolsesse, an ancient voyager, born 1660 died April 18, 1750 Montreal, Quebec, married (II)-Louise Magnan born 1675, died November 17, 1740 Montreal, Quebec, all children born Montreal, Quebec.

February 2: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptised, Marie Therese La Mothe , daughter Antoine De La Mothe Cadillac (1658-1730) wife Marie Therese Guyon, born 1671, Adele Genevieve La Tendre listed as God mother to Therese.

February 29: Deerfield, Massachusetts; Captured by Indians, a Sarah Mattoon Fields born April 25, 1687, died March 21, 1752, married December 31, 1711 Zechariah. It is believed she was taken to Canada were she lived until about 1709, living among the Indians.

March 5: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism (II)-Joseph Bienvenu dit Delise died December 3, 1711 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Francois Bienvenue aka Delisle or DeLisle born 1663 died September 29, 1751 is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2nd marriage 1708, Marianne Lemoine:

March 11: St. Nicolas, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Anne Durand, Metis, daughter (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718); married January 11, 1723 St. Antoine-Tilly, Nicolas Marion..

April 25: Michel Le May agreed to conduct a canoe and crew to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 27: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism Marguerite Du Roy, Metis, (1703-1755) daughter Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marguerite Ouabankikoue, Miami Indian d-1732; married 1739 Jean Robin dit Latouche.

April 29: (II)-Pierre Gouin (1679-1761) Voyager West.

May 11: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Jeanne Dubeau, Metis, died May 29, 1732 St. Augustine, Quebec, daughter (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and (II)- Francoise Paule Campagna (1683-1717).

Summer: Antoine Dounay arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

July 16: Father (I)-Francois Pinet (1661-1704) died Chicago, New France (Illinois).

July 9: Ste Foye, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marguerite Louis Dubeau, Metis, son (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Metis, (1669-1743) and (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747; married October 20, 1722 St. Augustin, Quebec, Antoine Lemarie.

July 28: (I)-Pierre Gareau (1653-1729) Voyager, is an engage to the West departing Terrebonne.

July 28: Edmond Roy dit Chatellereau b-1665/75 arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), as brigadier, his son Joseph married 1736, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). See 1701

August 28: Jacques Hamelin (b-1680) voyager, father of Charles Hamelin alias LaGueniere and LaGuenier, is also listed as a voyager West.

November 13: Indian and Black slaves in New France are declared to be "moveable property".

November 18: Quebec, Quebec, marriage, (II)-Jacques Galarneay, Metis, died November 26, 1744, Ste Foye, Quebec, son (I)-Jacques Galarneau born 1642 and Jacqueline Heron born 1645 epouse May 9, 1706, Montreal, Quebec, Jean Picard; married November 18, 1704 Quebec, Quebec, Marguerite Panneton.

1705

The existence of the Coureurs des Bois is a perpetual state of idleness that leads them to all manner of disorderliness. They sleep, smoke and drink alcohol- regardless of the cost - and they often corrupt the woman and daughters of the Natives. They are totally independent and accountable to no one; they recognize no superior, judge, law or police, and they refuse to subordinate.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (II)-Jean Baptiste Casse dit St. Aubin born 1705, died February 25, 1733 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) son (I)-Jean Casse dit St Aubin and Marie Louise Gautier; married (II)-Madeleine Pruneau elle epouse July 20, 1735 , Vital Caron of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and daughter Jean Pruneau and Suzanne Bellanger.

Jean Baptiste Charles, Metis, son Jean Baptiste Charles married 1704, Madeleine Illinoise (Sauvagesse); married July 20, 1750 Montreal, Marie Joseph Dumas.

(II)-Jean Baptiste Couc dit Lafleur, Metis, son (I)-Pierre Couc dit Lafleur b-1624 and Marie Mite8ameg8k8e(1631-1699), a Algonquine; married 1705 Lachine, Quebec, Anne Sauvagesse.

Marguerite Roy (1705-1788) daughter Edmond Roy du Chatellereau de Ste Anne b-1665/75 and Marie Anne Janvier; married 1728 Jean Baptiste Guillet dit St Marc

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth 1705/12 (III)- Marie Anne Roy, Metis daughter (II)- Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marguerite Ouabankikoue, Miami.d-1732; married 1732 Francois Dupuis.

(I)-Henry Kelsey (1667-1724), an apprentice, is appointed by the H.B.C. as Chief Trader at Albany.

Arrived with step father Peter Robert 1705-06 John Francois Peltier born August 15, 1691 Sorel died 1723 son Francois Peltier died before 1698; married Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) Mary Louisa Robert daughter Peter Robert and Angelica Ptolomee

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Michel Masse to Marguerite Couc widow 1701 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), area Jean Farfard.

Quebec did not want Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) to be colonized by agriculture, but to focus of the fur trade and hunting. They gave up everything this year and the whole expense of the government and church fell on (I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730). The public windmill generated revenue for the government as did a church tax imposed on traders, and a rental tax imposed on residents. Farm lands outside the Fort were also taxed but at a lower rate. Land not occupied reverted to Cadillac who could then sell it to another. Cadillac regained his trading rights to Fort Detroit that was taken away in 1703 by the Company of New France. The Fort Detroit colony again begin to thrive and expand.

May 20: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Zacharie Boyer, voyager arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 20: Jacques Tabaux, canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)

May 20 (30): Anthoine Giard born August 31, 1661 Montreal, Quebec, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 20 (30): Gabriel Giard born April 15, 1675 Montreal, Quebec, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) as a canotier. He married three times.

May 30: (I)-Pierre Gareau (1653-1729) Voyager, an engage to the West, on his third known venture, departed Terrebonne, Quebec.

May 30: Jean Boyer, canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Pierre Corton, a.k.a. St Jean canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Francois Cosset, canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: (II)-Pierre Gareau ,alias St. Onge, Saintonge or Xaintonge, born May 1, 1673 Boucherville, Quebec died 1740 Montreal, Quebec. arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), as a canotier. He lived at St. Paul Street, Montreal, Quebec, with wife Marie Guertin. Pierre owned a house in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), under the name Xaintonge. Maximilien Demers also arrived this date, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Arrives Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Jean Primo dit La ?, a canotier, Robert Rivard, as a canotier, Jean and Rene Ruiet, both canotier, Gilbert Desautels dit Lapointe, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), as a canotier, Louis Roy (1659-1713) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), canotier and Francois Marie St. Marie, canotier. Pierre Beauchamp and brother Jacques Beauchamp arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), canotier. Ange. Cosson, canotier also arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Joseph Sarrazin, born February 24, 1681, a canotier, Pierre Sarazin, born February 26, 1684, a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and Nicholas Sarrazin born January 12, 1686, all brothers, sons Nicholas Sarrazin .

May 30: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Jacques Vaudry (1670-1743) son Jacques Vaudry and Jeanne Renault. Adrien Senecal, a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Gabriel Trottier dit St Jean, a canotier. Julien Bariteau aka La Marche arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Denis Bougery, canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Francois Brunet dit Bourbonnais arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Rene Buet, canotier, Pierre Cadieu, canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Jean Campau, canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Jacques Filiatreau, voyager arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and a number of other times but maintained a home in Lachine, Quebec.

May 30: Francois De Broyeaux, canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Charles De Couague Jr, canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Jean Morean Desrosiers, a canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Jacques Dutan, a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: (I)-Francois Frigon born Normandy, France, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Jacques Lavois dit St. Amour, a canotier, soldier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married November 28, 1711 Montreal, Quebec, Marie Barbe Cesar.

May 30: Pierre Leboeuf, a canotier married to Marie Francoise Auzon.

May 30: Jean Juillet, a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Jean Le Mire de Marsolet, canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). It is noteworthy that his mothers name is Louise Marsolet.

May 30: Nicolas Legros, a canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married Marie Charlotte Turpon.

May 30: Pierre La Marque a.k.a Sans Soucy, a canotier, then moved to Laprairie with wife Magdeleine Delisle.

May 30: Louise Lefebvte, a canotier son Jean Baptiste Lafebvre of Montreal arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Jacques Hubert dit Lacroix Sr. (1754-1715), a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and is still there in 1710 census.

May 30: Jean Baptiste Lesieur dit Callot, a canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Pierre Lescuyer, a canotier born February 9, 1674 Montreal, Quebec son Pierre Lescuyer arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Gaspard Magnan dit Champagne, a canotier married February 9, 1699 Magdeleine Marsille.

May 30: Jean Merssan (Marguillier) dit Lapierre (1685- April 16, 1718), a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Rene Monteil dit Sansremission, canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and died March 4, 1724 St. Ours.

May 30: Pierre Morand, a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), died June 11, 1729 Batiscan.

May 30: Joseph Moreau of Batiscan, a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Pierre Morisseau, a canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Jean Pepin, a canotier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 30: Alexis Picard, born 1681 died April 22, 1745 Montreal, Quebec, a canotier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Arrived with brother Francois Picard, a voyager died October 7, 1728 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and his wife was Anne Farreau.

Jean Baptiste Chevalier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married Francoise Alavoine and had one known child named Angelique who married February 27, 1769 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) Antoine Nicolas Lauzon after her parents death.

July 12: Michilimackinac, baptism Jean Baptiste Magnan alias L'Esperance born 1705, savage (Metis) at La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin).

September 1: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth Marie Therese Normand (La Briere) daughter Louis Normand dit La Briere d-July 15, 1729 and Anne Breunel (Bruneau).

Etienne Venyard, sieur de Bourgmont (1680-1730) departed Quebec, Quebec, for Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), as an ensign.

Reverend Father (I)-Louis Hennepin (1626-1705), a Belgium Recollet, early explorer of New France, died in Italy in obscurity, unwept and unhonored. The natives were not pleased with the conduct of this man. King Louis XIV (1643­1715) is also not pleased with the conduct of the Friar and would have liked to arrest him if given a chance.

December 8: Fort Detroit, baptism, (II)-Marie (Marianne) Bienvenue daughter (I)-Francois Bienvenue, a.k.a Delisle or DeLisle, born 1663 died September 29, 1751 is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2nd marriage 1708, Marianne Lemoine: Marie (Marianne) married, April 7, 1725, Jacques Roussel of Detroit.

1706

The Superior Council granted a beaver trade monopoly to the Compagnie de Canada.

(III)-Jacques Hubert dit Lacroix b-1684 son Jacque Hubert dit Lacroix and Marguerite Godet, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), with his wife Marie Cardinal

The Jesuit mission, Saint Ignace, near Michilimakinac, New France (Michigan), burnt and is abandoned. King Louis XIV (1643­1715), however, ordered the Jesuits to reopen the mission. They returned and built closer to Mackinaw to the south.

(I)-Michel DeRicheterre arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and returned to Montreal, Quebec, by January 28, 1708.

(I)-Jacob DeMarsac dit Durocher born 1667, died April 27, 1747 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan); married to (III)-Therese David born 1661 died September 24, 1727 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Claude David.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), country marriage, Veniard (Venyard) de Bourgmont (1680-1730) who went Coureurs de Bois, married to madame La Chenette aka Techenet alias Elisabeth Couc, they moved into Indian Country. Elisabeth later joined her brother, Louis Couc, dit Montour, died 1709, in the English colony and she took the name Madame Montour. She had a third marriage to Robert Hunter, alias Chief Onneiout Carlindawana, died 1729.

(I)-Father Jacques Gravier (1651-1708) is attacked by the Illinois intent on killing him. A good samartan, a stranger in the Illinois Village, and a Renard (Fox) by nation saved Father Gravier. Jacques dit Le Castor and all the French agreed Father Gravier should go to Mobile, Louisiana, for medical attention, to his infected wounds.

Jean Baptiste Magdeleyne dit Ladouceur born 1681 Montreal, Quebec, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married Elizabeth Millet.

Michel Colin aka Laliberte arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), this year

Jacques Maurivan arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Louis Maurivan arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Jacques Hubert dit Lacroix born May 12, 1684 son Jacques Hubert, married September 5, 1705, Marie Cardinal arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)..

Jean Baptiste Dutremble arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), this year.

Etienne La Jeunesse arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Francois Robert (1678-1756) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married, 1712 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Lanctot.

Ignace Vieu (Vien) (1669-1751) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and married Angelique du Sable.

Francois Marquet, married, April 26, 1706, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), a Louise Galarneau born February 2, 1690, they established a farm near Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Marie Anne Gallien married Jerome (Hieronymus) Marillac dit Sansquartier and 2nd marriage Bernard Phillipe about 1701 to 1710, source Detroit under Cadillac.

(I)-Antoine Laumet Cadillac dit de Lamothe (1658-1730), hoping to create an empire of his own, invited some 6,000 people to settle around Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). These included the Saultier, Saginaw, Missisauga Ojibwa, Wyandot, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Miami, Illinois and Osage. He failed to understand that this concentration of people would completely overwhelm the resources of the area. The result was infighting and eventually war.

Three horses and 10 head of cattle were brought into Fort Detroit, New France. A brewery was built and Joseph Parent of Montreal was recruited as brew master.

January: Etienne Venyard, sieur de Bourgmont (1680-1730) arrived in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (maybe Michillimakinac?), taking command of the Fort from Tonty. This is a conflict, as Cadillac was in command from 1701 to 1710? Later, Etienne deserted his post to become a Coureurs des Bois with other deserters and, according to sieur d'Aigremont, lived in the woods like a savage with a woman named La Chenette (Tichenet). (I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730) sent soldiers after the deserters, but they escaped, going farther west..

March 2: La Giroffe, a soldier is killed by the Illinois likely near Detroit.

March 9: Yves Pinet, gunsmith arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), indentured for three years.

March 9: Joseph Parent, farmer, toolmaker, brewer, contracted to go to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), for three years, married January 31, 1690 Beauport Magdeleine Marette., they brought daughter Marie Madelaine Parent born December 15, 1692 Beauport, Quebec, and Marguerite Parent born July 7, 1698, Montreal, Quebec.

April 5: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Joseph Dubeau, Metis, died December 8, 1729, Quebec, Quebec, daughter (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Metis, (1669-1743) and (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747; married October 20, 1722 St. Augustin, Quebec, Antoine Lemarie.

April 21: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism (III)-Pierre Roy, Metis, (1706-1716) son (II)-Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette, Laprairie. This is either an error, a different Roy or he had two wives?

April 24: Fort Detroit, New France, death, (II)-Rafael Bienvenue born 1704 Detroit died April 24, 1706 Fort Detroit son (I)-Francois Bienvenu aka Delisle or DeLisle born 1663 died September 29, 1751, is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2nd marriage 1708, Marianne Lemoine.

May 1: St. Nicolas, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Angelique Durand, Metis, daughter, (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718); married February 4, 1725 Sorel, Quebec Jean Boudron.

May 22: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Therese Dubeau, Metis, died June 3, 1725, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and (II)- Francoise Paule Campagna (1683-1717); married November 3, 1723 Montreal Francois Rose.

May 29: Jacques Minuille (Minville or Miville) (married to Catherine Lescuter, Montreal, Quebec), with Paul Lescuyer born Fedruary 15, 1676 Montreal, Quebec, and Jean Lescuyer born June 16, 1681 Montreal, Quebec, sons Pierre Lescuyer arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), with 10 cattle, three horses from Fort Frontenac (Kingston, Ontario) to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), for Cadillac. This likely contributed to the acknowledgment from Versailles that Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), was a colony. However, at this time, almost all the furs were being traded to New York, and there was no doubt that Cadillac was trading with the English. He also was distributing alcohol and was bribing certain New France citizens who might otherwise have become his adversaries.

June 7: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Gilles Chauvin, a voyager, and partner of Louis Normand.

June 7: Louis Normand dit Labriere born October 13, 1680 Quebec, died July 15, 1729, toolmaker arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married May 29, 1701, Anne Bruneau.

June 9: Montreal, marriage, (I)-Antoine Dupuis dit Beauregard, soldier, born 1676, married (II)-Anne Maranda (Marandeau ) (1675-1730) daughter (I)-Etienne Maranda; this family is located at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), 1707-1712.

June 10: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Antoine Terou Laferte (Levrior) and Marguerite La Forest widow Antoine Levrior.

June 10: Montreal (I)-Bonaventure Compain born 1674, dit Lesperance; summoned 1707 soldier de Longueuil; married (II)-Marie Catherine Badaillac (1673-1715) daughter (I)-Louis Badaillac.

June 12: Dominique Dubor, voyager arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 12: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage Pierre Hemart (Haimart) aka Delainart soldier and farmer to Marie Laland.

June 14: The brothers arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Jean Baptiste Chauvin and Louis Chauvin, both voyagers.

June 15: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Jean Bourg aka Lapierre, voyager. Pierre Collet, a voyager, also arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 15: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Robert (Antoine) dit Lafontaine died likely before 1716 arrived with a canoe of merchandise

June 15: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Bourdon, voyager, married 1711 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Anne Gouton.

June 15: Robert Chevalier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), from Montreal, Quebec.

June 15: Laurent Leveille, a Panis Indian, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), no mention of his owner.

June 15: Claude Martin arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 15: Jacques Maurisseau, voyager, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 15: Louis Morisseau arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 16: Fort Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), New France (Michigan), Louis Renaud dit Duval arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 21: Louis Gatineau sieur Duplessis arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), a merchant, married January 22, 1710, Jeanne Lemoyne Batiscan.

June 21: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Denys Baron, voyager and Rene Besnard soldier.

June 21: Jacques La Moine, merchant, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

(III)-Oliver Garao, alias Gavahau and Perrin de Louargat, is born August 31, 1706 at Montreal, Quebec, son of Voyager (II)-Mathieu Garao born 1664 and (II)-Jeanne Therese Pilet born 1671. There is a possibility that Oliver or his children are the ancestors of the Lake Superior Gurnoes. Family tradition, however contends that the Gurnoes came from Quebec, Quebec, not the Montreal, Quebec, area.

June 21: (II)-Louis Gateau, alias Gatineau, Gastineau dit Duplessis, Sieur de Ste Anne (1674-1750), a merchant of Quebec, Quebec, is recorded as a voyager West (Detroit?), married January 21, 1710 to Jeanne Lemoyne at Batiscan.

August 16: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, Antoine Malet son Pierre Mallet and Magdelelne Dufresne: he married August 11, 1730 Therese Mailhot..

September 27: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Nicolas Rabillard arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)..

September 28: Joseph Dutremble arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

October 7: Josrph Cusson and Nicolas Cusson, voyager arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

October 10: Jean Barthe aka Belleville soldier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

October 12: Rene (Alexander) La Moyne born 1668, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)

October 15: Montreal, Quebec, marriage, Jean Picard and Jacqueline Heron born 1645 epouse October 15, 1665, Quebec, Quebec, (I)-Jacques Galarneau born 1642.

October 16: Michel Filie, esquire, sieur de Therigo, sergeant, delivered letters from France to Cadillac.

October 19: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Botquin (St. Andre), a soldier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), listed his inventory as 50 pounds of powder, 100 pounds of bullets, 32 pots (two quarts each) of brandy.

October 22: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptised, (II)-Francois De Marsac de Cobtrou dit Durocher son (I)-Jacob de Marsac, de Cobtroin dit Desrocher (1667-1747), sergeant, and (III)-Therese David (1661-1727): married (III)-Therese Cecile Campeau born June 16, 1714 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), died

November 22, 1746 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Jacques Campeau (1677-1751) and Jeanne Cecile Catin (1681-1715)

November 27: Lachine, birth (III)-Jean Baptiste Couc dit Lafleur, Metis, son (II)-Jean Baptiste Couc born 1673 and Anne Sauvagesse.

December 11: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (IV)-Pierre Hubert died 1724 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (III)-Pierre Hubert alias LaCroix (b-1692) and Marie Cardinal.

It is reported that Boisseau (Brousseau) is operating out of Green Bay, New France (Michigan), without a license, making him officially a Coureurs des Bois.

1707

(I)-Francois de Clairambault d'Aigremont (1659-1728) is sent to inspect trade at the forts of the interior, and he returned to Montreal, Quebec, in 1708.

(III)-Nicolas Denis, sieur de Fronsac, Metis b-1682, died February 3, 1732 Beaumont, Quebec son (II)-Richard Denis and Anne Parabego (Savage); married about 1707 Beaumont, Quebec, Marie Sauvagesse, died February 3, 1732 Beaumont, Quebec.

Marie Marguerite La Page born 1684 Montreal, Quebec, married, June 12, 1706, Montreal, Quebec, Francois Beauceron (Bausseron) died by 1709 but husband not at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), with Marie. Second marriage Simon Gilbert, third marriage before 1720 Joseph Vaudry who had a child Mary Magdeleine Vaudry, Widow sieur Grandmenil, commis du Magazin.

Marie Josephe Roy (1707-1779) daughter Edmond Roy du Chatellereau de Ste Anne b-1665/75 and Marie Anne Janvier; married 1730 Francois Perot

The Hudson Bay Company is so inactive that only one stock transfer is recorded. At the annual shareholder meeting, only seven of forty nine shareholders bothered to attend, all retiring Committee members who promptly re-elected one another plus two absent colleagues, and adjourned the meeting. It is noteworthy that 17 stockholders are deceased and no one is interested in recording the new owners; if they exist. Robert Boyle, who died in 1691, for example, is still listed.

The Cascaskias Town (Kaskaskia, Illinois) numbered some 2,200 souls.

January 22: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth Magdeliene Martiac (Sansquartier) daughter Jerome Martiat aka Marillac dit Sansquartier (Sanscartier), soldier, died June 10, 1709 and Marie Anne Gallien.

January 24: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death Jean La Salle, soldier native of Peyrourade in Bearn, buried Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit, New France (Michigan).

February 22: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, Pierre Levrior son Antoine Levroir (Laferte) (aka Antoine Theroux) born 1677 died February 22, 1759; 1st wife unknown, 2nd wife Pierre married Rose Poitevin in 1733.

March: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre d'Ailleboust, sieur d'Argenteuil (1669-1711) is at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

March 17: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Jean Antoine Laument died April 9, 1709, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Antoine Laument dit de Lamonthe de Cadillac (1658-1730) and (III)-Marie Therese Guyon born 1671. Blaise Sontieureuse (Sontienreuse), aka Fondurose, soldier married to Marie Desmoulins, arrived with Cadillac

March 20: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death Jean Jolycoeur, sergeant of Bury, Xaintes, buried Fort Pontchartrain (Detroit) New France (Michigan).

April 2: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Claude Richard possible son Guillaume Richard born January 30, 1684?? arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 2: Brothers Pierre Bassinet and Joseph Bassinet sieur Tourblanche arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 2: Joseph Truteau, carpenter and brother Jean Baptiste Trutean died 1754 who married September 1, 1715 Magdeline Parant; arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 2: Jean Charpentier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 2: Bourgery Lager arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 2: Francois Lamareaux siuer de St. Germain arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), likely Francois Lamoureux dit St Germain merchant born 1675 and died December 30, 1740.

April 2: Francis Benoit dit Livernois arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and married 1710 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Angelique Chagnon.

April 2: Robert Janot aka La Chapelle uncle Joseph Bazinet dit Tourblanche, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 11: Jean St. Aubin and Pierre Du Roy arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Jean Baptiste Cusson also arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 11: Antoine Carriere also Hantoine Carrier, voyager son Andre Carriere and Cecile Jannot, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 11: Pierre Duroy soldier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). He is also listed a soldier in the company of Dulhud (Duluth)

April 11: Paul Langlois, farmer arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 17: Michel Charbonneau arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 13: Jacques Estienne arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), an ensign, with load of merchandise for sieur de Bourmont.

April 18: (II)-Marie Anne Beaune (Bone) born 1678 veuve de Francois Lorry, daughter (I)-Jean Bone (Beaune) and Mary Magdelaine Bourigier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), she married Martin Cirier June 12, 1710. She arrived Detroit April 18, 1707 to serve Cadillac for three years at 80 livres per year.

April 21: Brothers Jean Baptiste, Joseph and Laurent Tetreau arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 22: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Joseph Marquet son Francois de Marque (Marquet), married 1706 Quebec, Quebec, Louise Galarneau,

April 25: Joseph Charbonneau arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 25: Charles Fafard dit Delorme son Francois Farfard dit Delorme arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 27: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, Louis Antoine Cheauonvouzon aka Quarante Sols Huron Chief, (1659-1707)

April 27: Isabelle Coup arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 12: Joseph Robert (1674-1748), married, 1701, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 12: Toussainte Dardennes arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 14: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Sontieureuse daughter Blaise Sontieureuse (Sontienreuse), a.k.a. Fondurose, soldier and Marie Desmoulins.

May 22, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Joseph Marquet son Francois Marquet and Louis Galerneau.

June 5: (II)-Antoine Girad, alias Saint Martin (b-1682), listed voyager West.

June 12: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage Pierre Poirier dit Lafieur (Lafleur) farmer soldier married Clemence Maupetit aka Marie Petit

June 13: Charles Cabazier, voyager, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 13: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (I)- Pierre Chesne (b-1654), wife (II)-Louise Jeanne Batty (Bailli) (b1663-1700), and family arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 20: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth Angelique Normand daughter Louis Normand dit Labriere born October 13, 1680 Quebec, died July 15, 1729, toolmaker and Anne Bruneau: Angelique; Angelique was married three times Jean De Launay, Jacques Beda and Jacques Hermier..

June 21: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Antoine Dupuis son (I)-Antoine Dupuis, dit Beauregard, born 1676 and (II)-Marie Anne Marandeau (Maranda) (1675-170) daughter (I)-Etienne Maranda; married 1st 1736 Marie Joseph Cottu, married 2nd Marguerite Plouf..

Paul Le Gardeur sieur de St. Pierre is at Mackinac, New France (Michigan).

July 5: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, Marie Angelique Boutron daughter Etienne Boutron, the Major, and Angelique Proteau d-1754.

July 18: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Jean Bombardier (Bombarde) son (I)- Andre Bombardier (Bombardier, Bombarde) born Belgium and Marguerite Dumay

July 26: Joseph Catinet of Pointe aux Tremble, Quebec, was in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 2: Francois Bienvenue, a.ka. Delisle or DeLisle, born 1663, died September 29, 1751, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), but is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2nd Marianne Lemoine.

August 2: Etienne Vaudy, voyager, born October 27, 1685, Three Rivers, Quebec son Jacques Caudry and Jeanne Rebault, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 2: Michel Brabant, voyager, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 2: Francois Bienvenue aka Delisle or Bienvemue-Delise dit de L'Isle, born 1663, died September 29, 1751, arrived Detroit August 2, 1707, 1st wife Genevieve La Ferriere (Laferiere) (family name Charon (Charron)) born December 8, 1679 died before 1708, 2nd wife married 1708 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie La Moyne (Lemoine) (1694-1764), one of the earliest residence likely pre 1700, town rent, March 10, 1707, for 3 livres rent and 10 livres for other rights.

August 3: Michel Campau, farmer died 1740 wife Jeanne Masse, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 13: Quebec, Quebec, birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Dubeau, Metis, son (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Metis, (1669-1743) and (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747; married Marie Lamotte.

September 22: arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Toussaint Pothier dit La Verdure born 1675 Montreal, Quebec, a voyager and married Marguerite Thunay.

September 25: (II)-Jean Gareau born November 3, 1679 Boucherville, Quebec arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Francois Chesne, voyager, also arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), this date.

October 13: Jacques Cardinal, voyager, born 1640, died May 17, 1724, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

October 17: Charles Le Maire dit St. Gerinain, (1676-1751), voyager, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), with merchandise for the Recollect fathers.

October 20: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, Francois Delainart son Pierre Delainart and Marie Filiastreau. Tanguay concludes that Pierre Delainart and Pierre Hemart who married Marie Laland are the same person.

(III)-Jacques Cardinal arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and (II)-Jeanne Duguay (1691-1778) with daughter Jeanne Cardinal who married Laurent Parent.

November 6: (IV)-Jacques Godet, alias Gode and Gaude (1699-1760), a merchant, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and married, 1743 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (IV)-Marie Louise St. Martin (b-1724).

November 6: Louis Joseph Hubert dit Lacroixd, (1663-1730), a voyager, brother of Ignace Hubert, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

November 7: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (II)-Jacques De Marsac de Cottrion dit Durocher son (I)-Jacob de Marsac, de Cobtroin dit Desrocher (1667-1747), sergeant, and (III)-Therese David (1661-1727): married January 20/25, 1745, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Anne Chapoton, died December 24, 1745, daughter Jean Chapoton, a surgeon.

November 12: Pierre Huet, a.k.a. Duluth, born November 12, 1682 son Joseph Huet arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

November 14: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, (II)-Marie Catherine Compain, died December 20, 1749, daughter (I)-Bonaventure Compain (Compein) born 1674 and (II)-Marie Catherine Badaillac (1673-1715); married January 21, 1726, Montreal, Quebec, Jean Rousseau.

December 15: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptised, Marie Jeanne Leger dit Parisien daughter Pierre Lager dit Parisien and Jeanne Boilard who married May 15, 1706, Quebec, Quebec.

December 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Marie Agatha Laument daughter (I)-Antoine Laument dit de Lamonthe de Cadillac (1658-1730) and (III)-Marie Therese Guyon born 1707.