Metis

1721 - 1725


The voyagers continue to flood into the Great Lakes
providing a base for the Metis and Coureurs des Bois
to conduct expeditions into the interior.


1721

Father Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix (1682-1761) noted that Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) is being deserted and abandoned due to poor management. Citizens such as Pierre Tourette de la Riviere Du Chesne, Henry Campau, Louis Campau, Jacob De Marsac, (II)-Jacques Godefroy (Godfroy) de Maubeuf (1684-1730) and many others, who had previously protested against the rule of (I)-Henri de Tonty (1650-1704)- the Italian, now protest against his brother (I)-Alphonse de Tonty (Tonti) de Paludy (1650/59-1727).

Francois Marie Picote, sieur de Belestre (1677-1729), temporary commander (1721-1722) of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married to Marie Catherine Trottier Beaubien (1676-1731) daughter Antoine Trottier (1640-1706) and Catherine Lefebvre (1648-1705); Marie Catherine married 1714 Francois Marie Picote Belestre.

Green Bay, New France (Michigan), birth Jean Baptiste Philippe Testard (1721-1799) son Jacques Testard sieur de Montigny (1662-1737) and Marie Anne Laporte de Louvigny (1696-1763); married 1748 Marie Charlotte Troiter Desrivieres.

Kaskaskia, (Illinois), death, Pierre Roy who was married to Marie Anne Macoutentiaoue.

Compagnie des Indies was granted a monopoly (1722-1760) on the world wide beaver trade, including the finished products.

Deerfield, Massachusetts, birth Jerusha Meacham, Metis, (1721-1759) daughter Joseph Meacham an Indian or Metis and Esther Williams (1691-1751)

February 11: (III)-Charles Nolan (1694-1754), sieur de LaMaroue Voyager West.

February 18: (I)-Jean Baptiste Daguilhe du Dagueil (b-1685) Voyager West.

April 16: (II)-Pierre Parant (Parent) (b-1700) Voyager West.

June 19: Half of Montreal, Quebec is destroyed by fire.

July: Don Pedro de Villazur led 40 to 200 mounted Spaniards and a large body of Comanche, out of Sante Fe, New Mexico to either attack the French Illinois or, as they claim, the Pawnee of Nebraska.

August 16: On the Missouri the Pawnee, aided by French Metis and Coureurs des Bois, massacred the Spanish Army. The Metis' tactic was to just shoot the Spanish horses and the armor clad Spaniards were then easy to kill. Only six or seven Spanish are spared.

July: Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix (1682-1761) ventured to Green Bay, New France (Michigan) with Jacques Testard, sieur de Montigny, and 11 Frenchmen, being escorted by St. Ange. They visited the Village of the Malhomines, which the French call Folles Avoines (wild oats) which is a common food of the area. The Otchagras, also called the Puans, formally dwelt on the Bay but were attacked by the Illinois who killed many of them. They relocated to te River of the Outagamis.

Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix (1682-1761) has an Indian woman confirm what the Dakota had previously claimed; that the Missouri River rises out of the naked mountains, very high, behind which there is a Great River that runs to the west. At the River of the Bulls, above the River of the Illinois, which runs into the Mississippi from the west, lives the Ajouez and, three days further, the Omani who are of a fair complexion with light hair- especially the women. It is said they are at war with the Panis further to the west. They speak of a Great Lake very distant from them where people who look like the French, who have buttons to their clothes, build towns and use horses-which they cover with buffaloes skins- for hunting the buffaloes, but who use only bow and arrows, live.

July: Jacques Testard sieur de Montigny (1662-1737) is commandant at Fort La Baye (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin) from 1721 to 1731, and Jesuit Father Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix (1682-1761) is at the Fort. Captain Deschaillons becomes commandant of Fort Kaministiquia, replacing Lieutenant Zacharie Robutel de La Nouve (Noue), (1665-1733).

Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin) birth, Marie Louise Testard (1721-1799) daughter Jacques Testard sieur de Montigny (1662-1737) and Marie Anne Laporte de Louvigny (1696-1763); married 1765 Jean Marie Raimbault.

April 21: (II)-Charles Gauthier alias Landreville (b-1677) listed voyager West.

May 15: A travel passport is issued for (I)-Monsieur Du Buisson and a young lady, (II)-Marie Catherine DuVerger d'Aubusson of Saint Ours, a woman of (III)-Paul Francois Raimbault (born 1696) of Saint Blin, covering one canoe with four-man crew to Post Chagouamigon (La Pointe), Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin).

May 16: A travel permit is issued to (IV)-Pierre Paul LeGardeur (1657-1736), the Monsieur De Saint Pierre, with one canoe and (I)-Jacques Francois Thomas Poisset of Montreal, Quebec, leaving June 10 to Post Chagouamigon (La Pointe), Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin).

May 17: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Louis Therese Vieu son Ignace Vieu. Louis died 1743, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

June 5: A travel passport is issued to (II)-Jean Garreau and (II)-Henri Nicholas Catin, born February 26, 1697 Montreal, Quebec, for one canoe with the men (I)-Jean LaBoissiere of St. Ours and De Rochers for La River Saint Joseph (south Lake Michigan) to porter for Monsieur Montmidy alias Montmesnil, commander of the Post des Vivre's. Permit to Monsieur de Repentigny, Captain for one canoe 4 men to porter for (IV)-Pierre Paul LeGardeur (1657-1736) the Monsieur de Saint Pierre, his brother, commandant to the Post Chagouamigon (La Pointe), Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin),. LaBoissiere's family birth records suggest he is away from home for two to three years on this trip.

June 9: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marriage Pierre Rivard dit Lanouette born 1686, voyageur, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), September 6, 1710; married Marie Anne Caillia.

July 26: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Marie Anne Gouyou daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Gouyou b-1688 and (II)-Marie Deguire Larose (1700-1733); married November 17, 1744, Longueuil, Quebec, Jean Baptiste Paquet.

August: Charles Regnault sieur Du Buisson (1664-1739) is assigned as commander of Miami Post.

August 6: (I)-Charles LeGardeur dit Quinze Roquilles married to his slave Suzanne Blondeau, listed engage West.

August 26: (III)-Jean Baptiste Gadois (b-1697) listed voyager West.

September 2: Pierre Noel LeGault (b-1699) Voyager West.

October 12: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Francoise Dubeau, Metis, died November 12, 1721 St. Augustin, Quebec, daughter (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and Marie Francoise Sevigny.

In the fall: Father Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix (1682-1761) is at Kaskaskia (Notre Dame de la Conception) (Randolph, Illinois) among the numerous Canadian voyagers. He would eventually reach New Orleans visiting the Acolapissas and Tious along the way.

Lieutenant Zacharie Robutel de La Nouve, (1665-1733) is replaced by Captain des Chalion as Commander of the Old North West Territories.

December 29: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage (I)-Jean Baptiste Dufournel born 1661 died October 31, 1731 married (II)-Madeleine Couteret et Cotret veuve de Pierre Durivage; daughter (I)-Rene Couteret.

1722

Grand Portage (The Great Carrying Place) bypassed the rapids on the lower Pigeon River. It took a few hours for Voyagers to carry 90 lb packs along the 8 1/2 mile portage between Lake Superior and Fort Charlotte, Indian Country; a small storage depot on the Pigeon River.

Joseph, Jean Baptiste and Charles Douaire de Bondy are hiring men for Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) and pays d'en Haut from 1722 to 1735.

Jean Baptiste Bertlor, married to Madeleine Cardinal, is in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), 1722 to 1724.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Josephe Roy daughter Louis Roy (LeRoy) (1694-1724) and Marguerite Dumay (Demers).

Louis Alexis Lefebvre (1703-1769) who married 1734 Ursule Duboise dit Brisebois was a voyager west this year.

Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, Agate Mouet Metis daughter Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade aka Sieur de d'Englade born 1703 died 1771/77 and Domitille Oukabe dit Neveu aka Domithilde La Fourche or Kapiouapnonkoue, widow Daniel Amiot dit Villenuve; married 1st Pierre Souligny Leduc, 2nd marriage Amable Roy.

Mission des Illinois du Chapilatas a la Pointe Coupee (Pointe Coupee, Louisiana) recorded birth, marriage and death records (1722-1723).

January: The English started a three year war by attacking Norridgewock.

January 6: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jacques Godfroy died June 29, 1795 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (II)-Jacques Godfroy (1684-1730) and (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690; married 1st Francoise Leveille, married 2nd January 23, 1758 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Louise Clotilde Champoton.

January 11: (II) or (III)-Marie Joseph Cadet (savage) (b1708), baptized mission St. Ignace de Machilimackinac parish Ste. Anne, New France (Michigan), apparent wife Cadet. Most likely (I)-Mathurin Cadot, (b1649) or an unrecorded child of a possible country marriage 1686 to 1688 voyages West.

January 18: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 son (I)-Pierre Chesne born 1654 and (I)-Louise Jeanne Bailly born 1663; married (II)-Catherine Sauvage born 1695, died October 21, 1778 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Jacques Sauvage and Marie Catherine Rieul.

Etienne Verniard (Veniard & Venyard) de Bourgmont (1680-1730), a Frenchman, guided by the Missouris and Osages, traveled the Missouri River, Osage River and the Great Plains, contacting the Comanche, and did not return until 1728. He is also reported to have visited the Grand Village of the Kansas People.

Jean Daniel Marie Viennay Pachot born 1684 son Francois Viennay and Marie Anne Gagneur reported using the Grand Portage route to the West this year.

February 16: Kaskaskia, (Notre Dame de la Conception) (Randolph, Illinois), death, Philippe Barrois son Antoine Jean Baptiste Barrois and the daughter Francois Le Bar, Philippe spent some time at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

March 3: Kaskakia, death, (II)-Laurent Bransard born 1692 died March 3, 1722 Kaskakia (Randolph, Illinois), son (I)-Laurent Bransard and Marie Cosset of Batiscan; He is killed with Alexis Blais (born April 8, 1693) near Chicahas on the Mississippi River on the stake by the Chicahas Indians.

May: Louis Therese Vieu is baptized Mackinac, New France (Michigan), died 1743, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son Ignace Vieu and Angelique du Sable.

May 1: Rimouski, birth, (III)-Louis Francois Brault dit Pominville, Metis, son (II)-Etienne Brault dit Pominville, Metis and (II)-Louise Palin (1697-1717).

May 4: (II)-Rene Cadot, a Metis, (1699) voyager to the West, is the son (I)-Mathurin Cadotte (1649-1729) and (II)-Marie Catherine Durand (1666), the Metis.

May 10: (II)-Jean Baptiste Parant (Parent) (b-1698), Voyager West.

May 11: (III)-Jacques Alexis Gamelin (1697-1730) listed voyager West.

May 13: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism (IV)-Jean Baptiste Villeneuve, Metis, died 1759 son (III)-Daniel Joseph Amoit de Villeneuve, Metis, (1665-1726) and Domitilde Oukabe (LaFourche) (Madame L'Anglade) 2nd husband Augustin Langlade;

May: Paul Desjardin de Rupalay born 1696 is hiring men for trip to les Pays d'En haut for Estienne Villedonne..

May 14: (III)-Joseph Etienne dit DuRivage (b-1704) voyager West.

Jeanne Garenio, savage, (Metis?), born 1722 is baptized May 25, 1752, at Fort de La Presentation De La Galette.

June 1: Reverend Pere D'Heux, superieur des Jesuites, Montreal, Quebec, received permit for one canoe and four men Montreal, Quebec, to Missilimakinac, New France (Michigan), de La Baye, (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin)and Fort de La Riviere Saint Joseph des Illinois (Pres de Windsor, Co. Lambton, Ontario.

June 2: (II)-Jacques Grignon (1697-1749) engage West.

June 3: Lachine, Quebec, marriage, (III)-Antoine Cuillerier dit Beaubien born 1697 a trader; IL etait Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), February 1755 son (II)-Jean Cuillerier dit Beaubien; married (II)-Marie Angelique Girard born July 23, 1690 died April 12, 1783 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Leon Girard; Marie is veuve Pierre Quesnal; This family moved to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) before 1729, but Antoine was likely trading here before marriage.

June 5: Permit to (III)-Maurice Blondeau (b-1706) and separate permit for (II)-Maurice Menard alias LaFontaine (born 1664), interpreter, both for Montreal, Quebec to Missilimakinac, New France (Michigan). (II)-Pierre Paul Marin (1692-1753) de La Malgue of Montreal joined the garrison at Fort La Point, Chagouamigon Bay, Lake Superior with one canoe June 5, 1722. He is a Knight of the Order Military and Royal de St. Louis, Captain of the infantry and Major General of the army from the Belle Riviere.

June 13: (V)-Jean Baptiste Rene LeGardeur (born 1695) de Repentigny departed with two canoes to deliver provisions and trade goods to (IV)-Pierre Paul LeGardeur (1657-1736), Monsieur Saint Pierre at Post Chagouamigon (La Pointe), Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin).

June 14: Nicholas Roze departed with two canoe provisions for La Pointe, Indian Country (Wisconsin) and one canoe four men with provisions for (IV)-Pierre Paul LeGardeur (1657-1736), Saint Pierre; the commandant. It would appear that the first two canoes are for Posts beyond La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin).

June 14: A travel passport is issued to Madame D'Eschaillons for two canoes and eight men for (I)-Monsieur D'Eschaillons de St. Ours, Commandant at Post Camamistigouya alias Comanestigouia or Les Trois Rivieres (Thunder Bay). They departed on June 16, 1722.

July: The Abenaki Indians attacked the English at Merrymeeting Bay near the mouth of the Kennebec River in retaliation for the English strike in January at Norridgewock.

August 18: (IV)-Pierre Paul LeGardeur (1657-1736) of Repentigny, Captain and porter for Monsieur of LeGardeur, Saint Pierre, his brother, Commandant La Pointe on travel permit issued August 6, 1721. Brother or Brother-in-law?, (II)-Jean Baptiste de St. Ours, Monsieur de Schaillons, Lieutenant married to (V)-Marguerite LeGardeur of Repentigny.

August: Louis Desjardin de Rupalay (1700-1723) hired Joseph Beaujean for voyage to les pays d'en haut.

August 7: Ste Anne de la Perade, Quebec, birth, (III)-Joseph Couturier, Metis son (II)-Denis Joseph Couturier, Metis, b-1681and Angelique LeTellier, b-1699, died December 7, 1729 daughter (I)-Francois Letellier.

September: Governor Samuel Shute of Massachusetts declared war on New France, July 25 and 400 Norridgewock, Hurons of Lorette, Canadian Abenakis, and other tribes rose to the challenge and destroyed all English settlements on the lower Kennebec River. War raids continued from eastern Maine to the Connecticut Valley.

October 14: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Marie Catherine Chesne daughter (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778); married March 5, 1737 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Tetart.

October 20: St. Augustin, Quebec, marriage Antoine Lemarie to (III)-Marguerite Louis Dubeau, Metis, son (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Metis, (1669-1743) and (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747.

November 3: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Gouyou died March 19, ??? Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (II)-Jean Baptiste Gouyou b-1688 and (II)-Marie Deguire Larose (1700-1733); married January 1747 Louise Delieres aux Hurons (registre des Hurons (at the present time see the archives de la Marine, at Paris)).

November 18: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, died June 11, 1723 St. Augustin, Quebec, son (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and Marie Francoise Sevigny.

December 8: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Pierre Hubert son (III)-Pierre Hubert dit Lacroix, voyager; married 1750 Marie Joseph Mobel, location not recorded.

1723

Louis Mathieu d'Amours/Damours, sieur de Clignancourt, baptised 1699 and died before 1754, is hiring voyagers from 1723 to 1752 for fur trade at Fort Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Fort Lapointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), Fort de la Riviere St. Joseph (Pres de Windsor Co. Lambton, Ontario), Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Sault Ste Marie, New France (Michigan), Niagara, Poste des Miami and pays d'en haut. He is in partnership with Francois l'Archevesque, Louis Denys de Laronde, Nicolas Sarrazin and Nicolas Marie d'Ailleboust, sieur de Musseaux.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Pierre Hubert son Pierre Paul Hubert dit Lacroix (1692-1733) and Marie Francoise Cardinal; married 1749/50 Marie Josephe Morel Mador

Constantin De L'Halle, a Recollect priest is killed and his body is exhumed, transported and reburied at St. Anne, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Charles and Estienne Lemaitre dit Auger are hired by Charles Nolan for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Therese Reaume daughter (III)-Pierre Reaume (1691-1740) and Marie Therese Esteve (Stebre) dit

Lajeunesse; married 1738, Joseph Charbonneau.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jacques Roy son (II)- Pierre Du Roy and Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette, Laprairie.

Claude Charles du Tisne is at Fort Rosalie (N.-D. de l'Immaculee Conception (Natchez, Mississippi).

Poste des Arkansas, on the Mississippi River, Louisiana territory, recorded birth, marriage and death records (1723, 1726-1727). This post was established in 1685 by Henri Tonti.

Mackinac, New France (Michigan), birth (IV)-Nanette Villeneuve, Metis, died 1757, daughter (III)-Daniel Joseph Amoit de Villeneuve, Metis, (1665-1726) and Domitilde Oukabe (LaFourche) 2nd husband Augustin Langlade; married Charles Chaboillez.

The Sinepoils killed nearly 100 Cree causing (I)-Joseph Myatt, a carpenter of Fort Albany, to write that the Kannaday (Canadian) wood runners do all they can to intercept our trade and set the Indians who come to trade with us, at variance on with another. This likely suggests the Canadians (French? or Metis?) are instigating trouble between the Assiniboine and the Cree?)

January 7: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Marie Catherine Dufournel, died February 9, 1732 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Jean Baptiste Dufournel ( 1661-1731) and (II)-Madeleine Couteret et Cotret veuve de Pierre Durivage.

January 11: St. Antoine-Tilly, Quebec, marriage, Nicolas Marion to (III)-Marie Anne Durand, Metis, born March 11, 1704 St. Nicolas, daughter (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718).

March 18: Mackinac, New France, baptism, (III)-Marguerite Josephe Chevalier daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alacoine (1690-1756), elle epouse, plus, tard, Jacques LeSage; Josephte married July 17, 1738 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Pierre Grignon.

March 22: The Company of the Indies obtained a monopoly right for tobacco trade in New France.

March 26: Engage ouest, (II)-Jean DaGneau or DaGnaux, sieur de Douville, Born December 31, 1694, d-1741-1751), voyager son (I)-Michel Dagneaux, sieur de Quindre/Douville and Marie Lamy dit Defond; 1st married likely 1716 or 1723 Iroquoise woman, 2nd marriage March 17, 1728 Longue Pointe, Quebec, Elisabeth Raimbault Longue Pointe, Quebec (1705-1772), daughter Pierre Raimbault and Jeanne Francoise Simblin.

May 3: (III)-Philippe Etienne dit DuRivage (b-1706) voyager West.

May 22: (III)-Joseph Lemire (b-1705) voyager West. Also, (V)-Jean Baptiste Rene LeGardeur, sieur de Repentigny Voyager West.

May 25: A travel passport is issued to (III)-Lambert Leduc alias St. Omer (1682-1753) of Montreal, Quebec, with two canoes and a crew of six men for exploration of Lake Superior and principally La River de Natanagan. Given the births of his children, April 1721 and July 1724, it would suggest a one season trip or that the ledger is posted upon his return.

May: Marie Anne Genevieve Lemire (1664-1750) widow hired with the help of Estienne de Villedonne, Francois Lemire, Louis Vaillant and Jacques Chaput for a voyage to Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

June 1: Permit A. Mesnard (Menard), (II)-Jean Louis Dufort (Bougret), J. Chicot, (II)-Antoine Dubois (b-1683), bourgeois de Saint Francois and P. Deniau (Deneau) for trip Montreal, Quebec, to Missilimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 1: A permit is issued to Pierre Hubert and five men at Nipigon to porter Monsieur D'Eschaillons, Commandant Post Camistiguya. They departed June 4,

1723.

June 2: Father Demer's one canoe and five men depart for La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin) with provisions for (IV)-LeGardeur of Saint Pierre.

June 2: A passport is issued to lady (IV)-Marie Joseph (Guyon) Marin (1701-1755) and four men, to porter for (II)-Pierre Paul Marin (1692-1753) de La Malgue; officer at La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin).

June 6: (IV)-Pierre Paul LeGardeur (1657-1736) Monsieur of Repentigny, Captain, faisant for the (IV)-LeGardeur of Saint Pierre, his brother (Charles LeGardeur de Boucherville (1677-1749), Commandant La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), two canoe crews of ten men.

June 8: Permit issued to (III)-Maurice Blondeau (b-1706) Montreal to Missilimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 12: (II)-Louis DuFort alias Bougret (b-1690) recorded as a voyager West.

June 23: (II)-Louis Gatineau alias DuPlessis and LaMeslee listed a voyager West.

August: Boisbriant wrote Bienville of sending Etienne Venyard, sieur de Bourgmont (1680-1730), a former Coureur des Bois, to the Upper Missouri with 20 soldiers to establish Fort Orleans on the Missouri. There is no mention of his wife, La Chenette (Tichenet).

August 30: Paul Trottier b-1692 voyager west.

November 3: Montreal, Quebec, marriage, Francois Rose to (III)-Marie Therese Dubeau, Metis, born May 22, 1706, St. Augustin, Quebec, died June 3, 1725, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and (II)- Francoise Paule Campagna (1683-1717); married November 3, 1723 Montreal Francois Rose.

November 5: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (III)-Marie Anne Godfroy died February 25, 1733 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (Picote?), daughter (II)-Jacques Godfroy (1684-1730) and (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690.

November 15: Etienne de Verniard (Venyard) of Bourgmont (Bourgmond) (b-1675?) (1680-1730) began building Fort Orleans on the north bank of the Mississippi River about 480 km (300 miles) from its mouth.

1724

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) marriage Nicolas Rivard, (1686-1729), married 1724 Marie Joseph Raux

John Hughes, a servant at York Factory, (Manitoba), served the Hudson Bay from 1724 to1772. He had no savings to show for this remarkable span of employment.

Mobile, Alabama, marriage Nicolas Chauvin, sieur de La Freniere to Marguerite Le Sueur b-1699 daughter Pierre Charles Le Sueur (1672-1704) and Marguerite Messier St. Michel

Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) or Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin), birth, Charles Michel Mouet Metis born 1724/29 and died 1800 Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin), son Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade aka Sieur de d'Englade born 1703 died 1771/77 and Domitille Oukabe dit Neveu aka Domithilde La Fourche or Kapiouapnonkoue, widow Daniel Amiot dit Villenuve; married 1st 1754 Charlotte Ambroise Bourassa daughter Rene Bourassa and Anne Charlotte Veronica Chevalier (Charlotte married Jean Baptiste Leduc in 1773) , 2nd marriage Dourana an Ottawa woman.

Charles and Estienne Lemaitre dit Auger are hired by Francois Auge dit Lajeunesse, Amarton and Nicolas Sarazin (Sarrazin) for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan). Sarazin is sending voyagers to Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin) from 1724 to 1727.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, (IV)-Pierre Hubert born December 11, 1709 born December 11, 1709, son (III)-Pierre Hubert alias LaCroix (b-1692) and Marie Cardinal.

Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin), marriage, Francois Amariton sieur d'Amariton to Marie Millon, at this post are Nicolas Sarrazin, Francois Auge dit La Jeunesse, Rene de Colagne and Pierre de Lastage.

Joseph Douchesne, sauvage de nation, native of Vareness, voyager, born 1724 died August 6, 1799 Montreal, Quebec.

Pierre Gamelin (Maugra/dit Gauche) Jr. b-1697 is hired Pierre Mongeaux for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), and next spring hiring for les pays d'en hault in partnership with de Clignancourt..

January: Etienne Venyard, sieur de Bourgmont (1680-1730), a former Coureurs des Bois, wrote to the Council of Louisiana that he is waiting to go to Padoucahs (Comanches) and was surprised that the Otoes and Iows had made an alliance with our enemies, the Dakota and Fox.

January 4: Marriage, Paul Danis (Dany) to Simone Marie Martin, Metis, first marriage Claude Illeret died 1723 Source Lee Bain, Rolla, MO (Ijbain)

January 7: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), a Louis Campau son Jacques Campau; married, Marie Louise Robert, widow Francois Pelletier, daughter Pierre Robert and Angelique Tholme.

January 30: Ste Anne de la Perade, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Therese Couturier, Metis, died August 30, 1733 Ste Anne de la Perade (dans I'eglish) son (II)-Denis Joseph Couturier, Metisb -1681 and Angelique LeTellier, b-1699, died December 7, 1729 daughter (I)-Francois Letellier.

February 5: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism (IV)-Agathe Villeneuve, Metis daughter (III)-Daniel Joseph Amoit de Villeneuve, Metis, (1665-1726) and Domitilde Oukabe (LaFourche) (Madame L'Anglade) 2nd husband Augustin Langlade; Madame L'Anglade, now wife of Boishile Boisguilbert.

April 24: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, son (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and Marie Francoise Sevigny.

April 28: (II)-Charles Cadot, a Metis, is a voyager to the West. He is the son of (I)-Mathurin Cadote (1649-1729) and (II)-Marie Catherine Durand (1666), the Metis.

April 25: (III)-Jean Baptiste Gadois (b-1697 listed voyager West.

May 1: (III)-Pierre Gamelin alias Chateauvieux also Maugras du nom de sa mere (b-1697) listed voyager West.

May 1, (III)-Daniel Joseph Goguet (b-1700) listed voyager West.

May 1, (II)-Henri Nicolas Catin born 1697 is listed as engager of a voyager trip to the West.

May 1, (II)-Rene Cadot (1699), the Metis, listed as a voyager to the West. He is also the son of (I)-Mathurin Cadote (1649-1729) and (II)-Marie Catherine Durand (1666), the Metis.

May 8: A permit to (III)-Rene Godefroy (1675-1748), Monsieur de Linctot for three canoes, six men to Post La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin).

May 9: (III)-Gilbert Parant (Parent) (b-1703) Voyager West.

May 15: (II)-Jean Gareau alias St Onge (b-1679) of Boucherville, Quebec, voyager West. Also II)-Pierre Gareau alias Saint Onge (1673-1740) Merchant de Fourrures and engager of Voyagers to the West departing Montreal, Quebec, for Fort de Saint Philippe des Miamis (Louisiana?). Also another canoe for (II)-Jean Gareau alias Saint Onge (born 1679) Merchant and engager of Voyagers to the West departing Montreal, Quebec.

May 18: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, (II)-Jacques Cardinal born 1659, died May 18, 1724, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Simon Cardinal; married November 23, 1682, Montreal, Quebec, (II)-Louise Arrivee (1665-1744) daughter (I)-Jacques Arrivee.

May 20: (II)-Michel Germaneau (1695-1734) listed voyager West.

May 22: A permit to Madame de Vercheres d'envoyer A.M. des Vercheres, officer detachment Post Camanettegouya and five men departed Montreal, Quebec, May 24, 1724.

May 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Marie Francoise Dufournel, daughter (I)-Jean Baptiste Dufournel (1661-1731) and (II)-Madeleine Couteret et Cotret veuve de Pierre Durivage: married July 26, 1739 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Perron.

June: Etienne Venyard, sieur de Bourgmont (1680-1730) was visiting the Kanas and Comanches with his two detachments of men including St. Ange, Dubois, Rotisseur, Gentil, Lajeunesse, J. Bonneau, St. Lazare, Ferret, Derbet, Avignon, Sanschagrin, Poupard, Gaspard, Challons, Brassieur, Henri de Chateaueuf, de la Chenaie, Jeanty, along with five Canadians, Mercier, Quesnal de Pichard, Rivet, Rolet and Lespine.

July 3: Etienne Venyard, sieur de Bourgmont (1680-1730) was being accompanied by Larenaudiere, Bellerive, d'Estinne, Roulot, Derbet, Hamelin, Gaillard, 100 Missouri with 9 chiefs and 64 Osage with 4 chiefs.

August: Constant Marchand de Lignery (d-1733), commandant Mackinac, New France (Michigan), and Father's St. Pe Amariton and Chardon are ordered to La Baye (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin) to make peace with the Renards (Fox Confederacy).

 

August 5: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Pierre Godfroy de Vieux Pont de Rocquetaillade born 1683, died May 22, 1744 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (II)-Joseph Godfroy; married (II)-Catherine Vien died June 11, 1767 daughter (I)-Jean Vien; Catherine the veuve de Jacques Sauvage.

August 11: Engageur ouest, (II)-Alexandre Dagneau (D'Gneau) (1698-1773/74), sieur de Douville, son (I)-Michel Dagneau, interpreter, (*) married August 7, 1730 Montreal Marie Coulon de Villiers daughter Antoine Coulon de Villiers. He traded heavily among the Miamis out of Baie des Puants (Green Bay) and Michilimackinac. (*) an interpreter and fur trader at Fort des Sables, Irondequdit, N.Y., Baie des Puants (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin), and Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

August 23: Father (I)-Sebastien Rale (1657-1724) killed at Norridgewock, Maine by English troops.

August 27: The British ship- Mary I, sunk near Weston Island.

August 30: (III)-Louis Thierry Nolan (b-1695) Voyager West.

August 30: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Anne Fafard Metis daughter (III)-Jean Baptiste Fafard (dit Macouce in 1724) and Marguerite Querotti a Huron.

September 3: (III)-Joseph Gouin (1705-1760) voyager West.

September 23: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Pierre Chesne son (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778); married May 7, 1747, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Clemence Chapoton.

October 2: Rimouski, birth, (III)-Angelique, Metis daughter Brault dit Pominville, Metis, son (II)-Etienne Brault dit Pominville, Metis and (II)-Louise Palin (1697-1717).

October 12: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (III)-Marie (Manon) Madeleine Chevalier daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alacoine (1690-1756), elle epouse, plus, tard, Jacques LeSage; married July 21, 1744 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Jacques Durnay Demers (Dumee).

October 20: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Marie Judith, now wife Gendren, she died at St. Joseph 1744.

October 29: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (V)-Marie Ursule Amiot, Metis, daughter (IV)-Jean Baptiste Ambroise Amiot born 1694 married 1715 Anne Kitoulague Sauvagesse who died August 16, 1758 Mackinac,

November 30: Montreal, marriage, (III)-Claude Caron born 1696 son (II)-Claude Caron; married (III)-Madaleine Gervaise born 1700 daughter (II)-Charles Gervaise. This family moved to Mackinac, New France (Michigan), 1729.

1724 December 9: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Charlotte Gouyou daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Gouyou born 1688 and (II)-Marie Deguire Larose (1700-1733); married November 13, 1747 LaPrairie, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), Jean Baptiste Caille.

December 10: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Butard female age 30-32 years old

1725

Jean Baptiste Bauvais, a.k.a. Beauvais, and Raphael Bauvais arrived Kaskaskia, (Illinois).

Mackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Joseph Chevalier son (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alacoine (1690-1756), elle epouse, plus, tard, Jacques LeSage; married 1st November 4, 1749 Montreal, Quebec Louis Durozeau; 2nd marriage Marie Hoseph Langlois.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Josephe Cuillerier Beaubien died January 2, 1808 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) daughter (III)-Antoine Cuillerier Beaubien (1697-1793) and (II)-Marie Angelica Girard (1690-1783); married January 13, 1742 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) Jean Claude Thomas Gouin.

Humphrey Favel b-1725, married Jenny Indian b-1727 likely North West.

(III)-Hyacinthe Hamelin b-1735 most likely Fort Detroit daughter (II)-Louis Hamelin Sr. (1681-1693) and Catherine Neveau.

Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin), birth, Jacques Testard (1721-1799) son Jacques Testard sieur de Montigny (1662-1737) and Marie Anne Laporte de Louvigny (1696-1763).

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marguerite Reaume daughter Pierre Reaume (1691-1740) and Marie Therese Esteve (Stebre) dit Lajeunesse; married 1756 Charles Bouron.

Francois Sincerny and Noel Lefebvre dit Lasiseraye b-1700 married 1722, Marie Anne Gervais was hired for Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), by Claude Caron and Philippe Leduc.

Claude Charles du Tisne died, after 1730, from a wound by a Fox warrior. He is the commander of Fort de Chartres (Fort Cavendish, Illinois).

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)? birth Hyacinthe Hamelin son Louis Hamelin (1681-1693) and Catherine Neveu.

Mackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, Constant Villeneuve died 1759 daughter Daniel Joseph Amoit de Villeneuve born 1665 died before 1728 and Domitilde Oukabe (LaFourche) 2nd husband Augustin Langlade.

Deerfield, Massachusetts, birth Esther Meacham, Metis, (1721-1759) daughter Joseph Meacham an Indian or Metis and Esther Williams (1691-1751)

A trading post is built at the mouth of the Michipicoten River on Lake Superior, Ojibwa Country.

From the very beginning of Louisiana, the Jesuits had sought in vain, to secure ecclesiastical supremacy in this region.

January 7: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Jean Louise Campeau born August 26, 1702 Montreal, Quebec, son (II)-Jacques Campeau (1677-1751) and Jeanne Cecile Catin (1681-1715) 1st. married (IV)-Marie Louise Robert December 15, 1698 Lachine, Quebec, died April 2, 1776, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (III)-Pierre Robert; veuve de Francois Pelletier; Marie louise 1st marriage John Francois Peltier.

February 4: Sorel, Quebec, marriage, Jean Boudon to (III)-Marie Angelique Durand, Metis, born May 1, 1706, St. Nicolas, daughter, (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718).

August 13: Sorel, Quebec, marriage, (III)-Louis Durand, Metis, born August 13, 1700, Quebec, Quebec, son (II)- Louis Durand, Metis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718); married January 22, 1725, Sorel, Marie Anne Dumay.

April 7: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Jacques Roussel to (II)-Marie (Marianne) Bienvenue daughter (I)-Francois Bienvenue aka Delisle or DeLisle born 1663 died September 29, 1751 and is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere and, 2nd, marriage 1708, Marianne Lemoine:

April 14: (III)-Jean Marie Nolan (b-1704): Jean 2nd marriage January 5, 1784 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Navarre. Voyager West.

April 30: (II)-Pierre Dumont (b-1704) voyager West.

Ignace Gamelin dit Lafontaine (1663/4-1738) hired Claude Caron b-1696 and Philippe Leduc to go to Poste de la Baye (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin), and were accompanied by Louis Brunet, Jean Baptiste Heneaux dit Deschamps where Francois de Amariton was commanding the French Fort of St. Francois.

May 1: Monsieur Edward Collins, alias Colin, Anglais, departed with one canoe and two men to fit Orange, permit to embark with men and provisions to his servant necessaries. A possible reference to (III)-Oliver Coline Garneau?)

May 6: Kaskakia, death, (I)-Joseph Lamy living Kaskakia November 20, 1717 married to Mary Ann Provost veuve De Delavigne.

May 7: (II)-Jean Baptiste Grignon (1700-1745) listed voyager West and his wife and children are in the Illinois. Also, Rene LeGault (b-1705) Voyager West.

May 13: (II)-Jacques Godefroy (Godfroy) de Maubeuf (1684-1730) died Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), listed voyager West.

May 14: A permit is issued to Monsieur of Clignancourt and four men for (II)-Pierre Paul Marin (1692-1753) de La Malgue, officer, La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), and (III)-Rene Godefroy (1675-1748), Monsieur de Linctot, Commandant La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin). Also, permit Dominique Quenel to porter missionnaires Montreal, Quebec, to Missilimakinac, New France (Michigan), la Baye (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin), and the Fort de la Riviere Saint Joseph des Illinois (Pres de Windsor, Co. Lambton, Ontario).

May 23: A permit to Julien Rivard (LaFond) to porter Monsieur Constant Marchand sieur De Lignery (d-1733), commandant Fort Missilimakinac, New France (Michigan), 1725-1726 to deal with the Fox People.

May 24: (II)-Ignace Gamelin (1663-1739) seigneuresse de St. Michel d'Yamaska and four men depart for La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin). Also, permit (III)-Ignace Gamelin (born 1698) at Batiscan 2 canoe, 8 men for (III)-Rene Godefroy (1675-1748), Monsieur de Linctot, Commandant La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin). Also, permit sieur Guillory (Guyari) Montreal, Quebec to Missilimakinac, New France (Michigan).

May 24: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Joseph Dubeau, Metis, died November 30, 1725 St. Augustin, Quebec, son (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and Marie Francoise Sevigny.

May 25: Clignancourt and five men depart for La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin).

May 31: Permit to Madame de Vercheres for five men and Monsieur Vercheres, an officer as soon as troops are detached to Post Caministigouya and she dispatched three canoe and five men crews June 12.

May 27: A permit to Jacques Isabelle, Frs. Campot, Jean Monet (Mouet) and Louise Roy wife and daughter of P. Roy.

May 29: Engageur ouest, (II)-Alexandre Dagneau (D'Gneau) (1698-1773/74), sieur de Douville, son (I)-Michel Dagneau, enseigne, (*) married August 7, 1730

Montreal, Quebec, Marie Coulon de Villiers daughter Antoine Coulon de Villiers. He traded heavily among the Miamis out of Baie des Puants (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin), and Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan),. (*) an interpreter and fur trader at Fort des Sables, Irondequdit, N.Y., Baie des Puants (Green Bay), and Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

June 27: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Judith Reaume daughter Jean Baptiste Reaume. This is likely Marie Judith Reaume, Metis, born about 1725 daughter Jean Baptiste Reaume b-1675 and Symphorose Ouaouabouigne (8a8ab8k8e) of Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin).

August 2: (II)-Pierre Parent de Lachine born 1700, Montreal, Quebec, married Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Marianne Chaboiller.

August 6: Jean Conchois married Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), unknown

August 25: The ship Chameau off the coast of Louisbourge sank causing the death of thee Jesuits, one being Father Rodolphe La Frmandiere.

September 26: Sieur Biron granted permit for Joseph Moreau, (II)-Jean Baptiste Grignon (1700-1748), (II)-Jacques Grignon (1697-1749) or ((II)-Joseph Grignon (1707-1736)) and L. Demoulins to search for son's wife and two children of Illinois.

September 28: Kaskakia, Illinois, birth/death, (III)-Marie Baillargeon dit Durivage, Metis, daughter (II)-Antoine Baillargeon dit Durivage and 1st Marie Aco or 2nd Domitilde Ch8ping8a.

November 14: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Coussant Stanislas, Metis son Stanislas and Madame L'Anglade.

December 17: (III)-Marie Louise Noland (Nolan) (1702-1782), married Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Charles Francois Meziere.

Simon Gilbert or Gelibert, alias Sanspeur and Sanslrainte, lived in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) until 1730 or later with his seven children.

John Butler wanted to send his son up into the Country (North West Territories) with the Indians in order to learn the language. The H.B.C. refused and ordered that no other person is to be absent from his duty on any such pretence.

December 1: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth/death, (IV)-Marie Louise Campeau daughter (III)-Jean Louis Campeau (1702-1774) and (II)-Marie Louise Robert died 1776.

December 17: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Charles Francois de Mezieres, esquire, sieur de Leperueinche and Louise Suzanne Nolan daughter Jean Baptiste Nolan and Marianne De La Marques 2nd marriage (I)-Alphonse de Tonty (Tonti) de Paludy (1650/59-1727).

December 24/26: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Joseph Godfroy died December 26, 1725, Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (II)-Jacques Godfroy (1684-1730) and (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690.