Metis

1729 - 1732

The French continue to attack the Fox Indians,
taking many slaves to Montreal and Quebec Cities.

They provide a money back, refund guarantee
if the slaves are not Renard (Fox Ojibwa).


THE METIS ARE TRADING IN THE LAKE WINNIPEG REGION AND THE SASKATCHEWAN RIVER SYSTEM.


1729

Joseph (Sabrevois/Sabrevoie/Sabrevoir) Descarrie (Decaris/Descaris) des Carrie from the Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), region, married this year Hopockaw (Hopoekaw) Coming of the Dawn (Glory of the Morning); He was previously married to Nawkaw/Carrymaunee, Walking Turtle a Winnebago. Their children included Choukeka (Chaukaka/Chooghega) the Ladle or Spoon Decora, Metis (about 1725-1816) who married Fight of Geese, The Frenchman, Tcap-O-Sgaga White Throat Metis and Buzzard Decorah Metis born about 1727.

Antoine Cuillerier Beaubien (1697-1793), an interpreter, son Jean Cuillerier (1670-1708) and Marie Catherine Trottier Beaubien (1676-1731 settled in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), with his family. It would appear he has been moving between Lachine, Quebec and Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Marguerite Dubeau, Metis, died January 17, 1730 St. Augustin, Quebec, daughter (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and Marie Francoise Sevigny.

Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin), birth, Marie Anne Amable Testard (1721-1799) daughter Jacques Testard sieur de Montigny (1662-1737) and Marie Anne Laporte de Louvigny (1696-1763); married 1st Pierre Gauultier LaVerendrye and 2nd marriage 1755 Louis Joseph Gaultier, sieur La Verendrye.

Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, Jean Baptiste Michel Mouet, Metis son Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade aka Sieur de d'Englade born 1703 died 1771/77and Domitille Oukabe dit Neveu aka Domithilde La Fourche or Kapiouapnonkoue, widow Daniel Amiot dit Villenuve. Domitilade (Theresa) Nissowaquet an Ottawa, widow Daniel Villeneuve. She is the daughter Chief Nissowaquet, an Ottawa.

Ignace Gamelin dit Lafontaine (1663/4-1738) financed his son Joseph Gamelin, sending Thomas Blondeau to the west and his nephew Michel and Laurent Eustache Gamelin Chateauvieux to the Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) to trade.

Louis Hamelin (1681-1693??) of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Paul Marin and Alexis Lemoine Moniere are trading Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin) and Poste des Folles Avoines.

Jacques Lalande was in Kaskaskia, (Illinois) before 1729.

Chaussegros de Lery, a Frenchman, is on the Allegheny and Ohio Rivers, in contact with the Fox People.

The Natchez will kill the French at Fort Rosalie (N.-D. de l'Immaculee Conception) (Natchez, Mississippi). The Natchez say the wares of the French yield pleasure to the youth. They debauch the young women and make them vain and idle. Before the French came we were men. We now walk like slaves. For the least fault of our young people, they will tie them to a post and whip them. The Natchez vowed to destroy all the French lower down and along the Mississippi, up as far as the Tonicas; as the Oumas are too much wedded to the French. Sieur de Mace of Fort Natchez was warned by his Indian mistress of the pending disaster but no one would listen

(III)-Louis Charly alias St. Ange (b-1703), commandant of Illinois, with a French and Peoria Indian army, attacked the Renard (Fox Ojibwa Indians). About 400-600 men, women and children are butchered by the French army. The French army arrived hidden in canoes covered with oilcloths. As the Fox ran to greet the canoe flotilla, the French opened fire on the unarmed Fox. As they ran for their weapons, a large body of Menominee and Ojibwa, who arrived via land, cut off their retreat. Some fled to Winneconne (the place of the skulls) but were tracked down and killed. Another 400-500 were taken prisoner and scattered among the victors. Many ended their days in the slave markets of Montreal, Quebec, and Quebec, Quebec, as part of the French slave trade. (II)-Alexander Rene Dagneau Douville (1698-1773/74) was involved in the Sauk & Fox extermination campaigns.

January 6: Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Antoine Menard, b-1695, and his slave Marie, see October 30, 1729.

January 8: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Therese Campeau, died June 13, 1765, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter, (III)-Jean Louis Campeau (1702-1774) and (II)-Marie Louise Robert, died 1776; married April 24, 1747, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Charles Andre Barthie.

February 12: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Antoine Chesne, died October 6, 1729, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) son (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778).

March 9: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Louis Courcambec, Metis, died March 2, 1730, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Pierre Courcambec and Rose Deniau died 1730.

March 19: Kaskakia, Illinois, marriage, (III)-Joseph Aubuchon, born December 24, 1688, Montreal, Quebec, died 1772, Kaskakia, Illinois son (II)-Joseph Aubuchon d-1749 and (II)-Elizabeth Cusson d-1711; married Marie Pani8ensa or Mean.

April 1: A permit to LaFavrie alias Bissonnet and 8 men to La Porte, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), as porter, and to live as the officer of the Commandant.

April 23: (III)-Jean Lambert Gautier (b-1705) voyager West.

May 9: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Charles Michel L'Anglade son monsieur Charles L'Anglade.

May 7-9: Mackinaw, New France (Michigan), baptism, Jean Baptiste Charles Michel de Langlade, Metis, born likely May 7, 1729 in a Ottawa village near Mackinac, New

France (Michigan), son Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade and Domitilade (Theresa) Nissowaquet an Ottawa, widow Daniel Amiot dit Villeneuve. She is the daughter Chief Nissowaquet, an Ottawa.

May 10: (II)-Rene Godu or Goddu (b-1667) listed voyager West.

May 12: Rimouski, birth (III)-Gabriel et Claude Brault dit Pominville, Metis, son (II)-Etienne Brault dit Pominville, Metis and (II)-Louise Palin (1697-1717); married 1745 Therese Paul.

May 24: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Pierre Chesne son (II)-Pierre Chesne (1698-1774) and (II)-Marie Madeleine Roy (1710-1732); married February 10, 1750, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Anne Cuillerier.

June 3 or 4th: Claude Colin (b-1708) and Francois Colin alias LaLiberte (b-1706) engages to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Possible relation (III)-Oliver Garneau alias Coline, Perrin.

June 5: A permit to Madame de Vercheres and six-man canoe to Post Nepigons.

June 11: (II)-Charles DeNiau (Deneau) (b-1701) listed voyager West.

June 13: (II)-Jean Baptiste Gagne alias Garnier dit Poitevin listed voyager West. Also, (II)-Joseph Gagne alias Garnier dit Poitevin listed voyager West.

June 14: (III)-Pierre Gamelin alias Chateauvieux also Maugras (his mothers name) (b-1697) listed voyager West.

June 17: (II)-Michel Gagne alias Garnier dit Poitevin listed voyager West.

June 23: Permission was accorded by Monsieur (I)-Charles de Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749, Governor New France (1726-1747), to the (III)-Pierre Robineau (born 1708) de Portneuf and cadet with the troops of the King, to depart with six men for La Pointe of Chagouamigon, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin). They then depart to the Fort by the River Saint Francais in the land of the (Dakota) Sioux (Red River of the North). As was recorded on June 26, 1729 in the travel passport ledger of 1728 to

1730. River Saint Francis flowed from Lake de Buade, meeting the flow from the Lake of the Sioux that flows to River Mitchisipi (Mississippi). Lake Afsenipouals (Lake Winnipeg, a.k.a. Bourbon) flows into the Lake of the Sioux which flows into River Mitchisipi.

June 23: A permit Joseph Blondeau to Missillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 25: A permit Gonneville de Rupallay to Missillimakinac, New France (Michigan).

June 26: A permit sieur Guillory (Guyari), trader to Missillimakinac, New France (Michigan). Also, permit Thomas Blondeau from Montreal, Quebec, to Missillimakinac, New France (Michigan). Also, (III)-Michel Gamelin alias Chateauvieux also Gaucher listed voyager West.

June 28: (III)-Jean Baptiste Goguet (b-1697) listed voyager West.

July 1: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Catherine Caron, died March 4, 1730, Mackinac, New France (Michigan), daughter (III)-Claude Caron born 1696 and (III)-Madaleine Gervaise born 1700. This family moved to Mackinac, New France (Michigan), this year from Montreal, Quebec.

August 30: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, (IV)-Pierre Cardinal son (III)-Jacques Cardinal (1685-1763) and (II)-Jeanne Duguay (1691-1778); married June 26, 1778 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Angelique Sejourne.

September: York Factory, Hudson Bay (Manitoba) journal: We have been informed by most of the upland Indians (those to the south of the Bay), this summer, that eight

French Wood Runners (Coureurs des Bois) went to war last summer with the Poetts (Sioux) against our Sinepoetts (Assiniboine), with a design to destroy them or force them to trade with them.

October 1: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (IV)-Charlotte Parent daughter Pierre Parent also note daughter (III)-Francois Parent (Parant) born 1700.

October 9: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Francois Marie Picote Belestre born February 5, 1677 Montreal, Quebec, son Pierre Picote Belestre and Marie Pars, wife May 27, 1714, Montreal, Quebec, Marie Catherine Trottier Beaubien.

October 12: Quebec, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Francois Chauvet, Metis, died April 27, 1746, Quebec, Quebec, son (II)-Pierre Chauvet dit Lagerne b-1686 and Marie Madeleine Panis (slave) b-(1697-1777).

The Natchez People killed most of the French; some 200 in total. This included M. de Chapart- commander of Fort Natchez, M du Codere- commander among the Yanzoos, M. des Ursins, Messieurs de Kolly- father & son, M. de Longrays, des Noyers, Baily, M. du Codere, Chevalier des Roches, Father le Poissen, Father Souel, etc. They ripped up the abdomen of every pregnant woman and killed nearly every nursing mother. The balance of the women were taken as slaves. The French, Coureurs des Bois and Metis are enraged.

October 30: Antoine Des Hetres (Deshetries), a gunsmith, married, Mackinac, New France (Michigan), (III)-Charlotte Chevalier dit Du Chesne born 1710 Montreal, Quebec, daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alavoine (1690-1756).

October 30: Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Antoine Menard b-1695 and his slave Marie? see January 6, 1729. 1st wife died?

November 13: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Pierre Courcambec, Metis, son (I)-Pierre Courcambec and Rose Deniau died 1730.

November 15: Brother (I)-Philippe Crucy d-1729, died in Village Arkansas.

November 24: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Pierre Esteve et Stebre born May 1, 1708, died March 24, 1731, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Pierre Esteve died 1736, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and (II)-Madeleine Frappier (1680-1759); married (II)-Marie Genevieve Desforges born 1691 veuve de Francois Picard, daughter (I)-Pierre Desforges.

November 28: Father (I)-Paul Du Poisson (1692-1729) killed by the Natchez (Louisiana Territory).

December 2: Within two hours 200 French and Metis traders at Fort Rosalie (N.-D. de l'Immaculee Conception) (Natchez, Mississippi) are killed, this is located 100 leagues north of New Orleans. Some who are killed include Chepar, Codere, Ursins, Kolly (Ffather & son), lLongrays, Noyfas, Bailly, Father (I)-Paul du Poisson b-1692 died November 28, 1729. The Natchez are the only Indians who follow the religion of the Mexico Peoples and the Mound Builders of the Mississippi. The worship the son of man.

December 10: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Jean Baptiste Amable Dufournel, son (I)-Jean Baptiste Dufournel (1661-1731) and (II)-Madeleine Couteret et Cotret veuve de Pierre Durivage.

December 11: Father (I)-Jean Sourel, died December 11, 1729 is shot by the Yazoos (Natchez) as is his Negro slave not far from Vicksburg, Missouri.

1730

(IV)-Charles LeGardeur, sieur de Croizille (1677-1749) listed Voyager West.

Philippe Douville sieur de la Saussaye (1700-1754) is at Detroit.

James Folster b-1730 Scotland married Jane b-1733 likely Old North West..

G.O. Corbett b-1730 married Abigail Butt b-1733 likely North West.

(III)-Antoine Cuillerier Beaubien (1697-1793) voyager west.

The Ojibwa are believed to be settling Sandy Lake, Minnesota about this time.

(I)-James Isham d-1761, a clerk trained in writing stationed at York Factory, (Manitoba), complained that swarms of mosquitoes have visited the plague of Egypt upon us.

The London Committee admonished him for not writing in distinct paragraphs. Some suggest he was not assigned to the field until 1732.

Michilimackinac? New France (Michigan), (II)-Louis Cesaire Dagneau ou Dagnaux (de Quindre) born October 8, 1704 Sorel, Richelieu, Quebec, died February 2, 1767, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)- Michel Dagneaux and Marie Lamy dit Defond, Voyager West trading among the Miamis. Married December 4, 1736 Montreal,

Quebec, Marie Anne Picote de Belestre b-1717, died May 5, 1756.

Detroit, New France, arrival of (III)-Nicolas Lauzon born December 7, 1693 Montreal, Quebec, died December 20, 1779 British Detroit (Michigan) son (II)-Seraphine Lauzon (1668-1737) and (II)-Jeanne DesRoches (1668-1696); 1st married February 26, 1726 Montreal, Quebec, (II)-Marie Madeleine Moran b-1704, died January 31, 1732

Detroit New France (Michigan) daughter (I)-Antoine Moran; 2nd marriage December 27, 1736 Detroit New France (Michigan) (II)-Marie Louise Chauvin b-1696, died March 6, 1766, veuve de Julien Francois Belmont.

Near Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Jacques Trembley to (III)- Marie Renee Roy Metis daughter (II)- Pierre Du Roy and Marguerite Ouabankikoue, Miami.

Marie Madeleine Francoise d'Ailleboust de Manthet daughter of Nicolas Dailleboust and Francois Jeanne Denis hired Jacques Charly to go west either to Nepigon or Lake Superior. She was the wife Jean Baptiste Jarret, sieur de Vercheres (1687-1752 and 2nd marriage 1756 Jean Baptiste Le Vrault.

Hyacinthe Reaume (1704-1774) son Robert Joseph Reaume and Elisabeth Btunet married 1727 Montreal, Quebec, Agathe Lacelle (1709-1778) daughter Jacques Lacellas and Angelique; It is known this family was in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), area 1734-1750 so it's most likely they arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) shortly after their marriage. See birth first child below:

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) or Montreal, Quebec, birth, Marie Anne Agathe Reaume (1730-1799) daughter Hyacinthe Reaume (1704-1774) and Agathe Lacelle (1709-1778): married 1751 Joseph Poupard dit Lafleur.

Marie Cardinal wife of (III)-Jacques Hubert dit Lacroix b-1684 of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), is hiring men for pays d'en Haut.

Nicolas Joseph de Noyelles, sieur de Fleurimont (1694-1767) is commander at Post Miami.

Marie Joseph Dagneau born 1730 daughter Philippe Thomas Dagneau de la Saussaye (1700-1758) and Marie Lamy dit Defond;

Country marriage likely west of Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier born July 8, 1714 Grondines died 1760, called an ancient voyager son (II)- Jacques Hamelin La Gueniere (1680-1728) and (II)- Antoinette Richard La Vallee (1689-1759); married 1st about 1730 (church wedding November 27, 1738) his slave Ikwe (Ojibwa Woman) Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708 baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace, 2nd marriage February 4, 1748 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Catherine Anastasie (Marie Athanase) Sauteux (1725-1748) daughter of Mouus Sauteux and slave of 1st wife, 3rd marriage 1760 Montreal, Quebec, to girl born 1742 and at this time Marie Athanese was alive in Quebec, Quebec, saying her husband was dead in 1757.

The Hudson Bay Company re-established Fort Moose and, at this time, applied utmost secrecy to all Company matters. It was reported that most of the men at Moose Factory took Indian wives (concubines).

The Canadians are so bold as to visit the Indians under the very walls of Fort Albany in James Bay. The Bay men also reported another massacre of Hudson Bay Indians at the instigation of the Canadians.

Alexander Rene Dagneau Douville (1698-1773/74) son Michel Dagneaux and Marie Lamy dit Defond; married, 1st Marie Coulon de Villiers daughter Nicolas Antoine Coulon commander St. Joseph River Post; 2nd marriage Marie Legardeur de Courtemanche (1691-1760) their children are Alexander Rene and Marie Louise b-1734 and married 1759 Pierre Phillipe Daubrespay, and Marguerite b-1744.

Francis Guno (Gerneau, Gano or Gueno?), married, Boston, Massachusetts, 1730 a Sarah Belchar.

Some contend that the Metis are living among the Mandan and Hidatsas on the Missouri River, Dakota Country, from this decade or earlier.

A French Colony exists 120 leagues from the mouth of the Mississippi River and 100 leagues north of New Orleans.

The French from New Orleans hastily built forts at Chapitoulas, at Cannes Brulees, at Les Allemands, at Bayagoulas and at Pointe Coupee to defend against the Natchez Savages. The city of Tonikas is fortified and the gun ships Duc de Bourbon and Alexandre were dispatched to Tonikas. It was reported that some Negroes had joined the Natchez and there was fear among the French that the rest of the Negroes may up rise as well to gain their freedom. Chevalier de Loubois commanded the French troops at Tonikas and are joined by 700 Tchchez warriors who all marched on the Natchez.

January 30: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Agathe Chauvin died February 6, 1730 daughter (II)-Charles Chauvin and (III)-Marie Madeleine Cauchon born 1655; veuve d'Oliver Michel.

February 8: The Natchez had retreated and fortified themselves in two forts. They threatened to kill their prisoners if attacked. The French had unloaded canon but no one knew how to use them.

February 25: The French Army built a Fort near the Natchez and negotiated a truce to free the balance of the prisoners. Dartaguette was given command of the New Fort.

March 3: Phillipe Dagneau De Quindre Sr. de la Saussaye born June 9, 1700 Sorel, married September 3, 1727 Madeleine Raimbault; a voyager west March 3, 1730.

March 13: Father (I)-Pierre Laure (1688-1719) writes (published March 13, 1730); The Saguenay (Montagnais) mission includes Tadoussac (Tadoussak), Chicoutimi (Chekoutimi), the Jeremie Islets (Papinachois) and the Moist (Moisy) River. He suggests: 'The Jeremie Islets' are peopled by the Papinachois who are Basque Metis. He says a church was built at Chicoutimi for the Montagnas (1726-1728). Either this was added by some one else or the death date of 1719 is in error?

March 31: Engageur ouest, Philippe Thomas Dagneau de Quindre de la Saussaye born June 9, 1700 Sorel, Richelieu, Quebec, died June 1757 or (died 1754 or after 1758), son Michel Dagneaux and Marie Lamy dit Defond listed Voyager West. Others suggest he is the son Philippe Dagneau de la Saussaye. Married Madeleine Raimbault born April 15, 1701. He was fur trading out of Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin) among the Miami with brother Alexander Dagneay d-1773. He was also at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). In June 1757 he was on a raiding party to Cumberland, Virginia

April 19: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marie Anne Cuillerier dit Beaubien died March 1800 Sandwich, Ontario daughter (III)-Antoine Cuillerier dit Beaubien (1697-1793) son Jean Cuillerier and Marie Catherine Trottier Beaubien; and (II)-Marie Angelique Girard (1690-1783); married February 10, 1750 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Labutte-Chesne.

May 2: Mackinac baptism (V)-Nicolas Amiot, Metis born April 7, 1730 son (IV)-Jean Baptiste Ambrose Amiot born 1694 and Marie Anne Kitoulague sauvageese, Nicolas married Mackinac August 18, 1755 Suzanne Sauvage.

May 8: (III)-Charles Nolan, sieur de Lamarque (1694-1754) voyager West.

May 26: A permit Pierre Parent, Chapeau and (II)-Jacques Grignon (1697-1749) departed June 2 with three canoes to District of Tamarois mission.

May 28: (IV)-Charles LeGardeur, sieur de Croizille (1677-1749) voyager West.

June 6: A permit Pierre Lefevre to porter Reverend Pere Saint Pe to Michillimaquinac, New France (Michigan).

June 9: A permit sieur Rivard (LaFond) from Montreal, Quebec, to Michillimaquinac, New France (Michigan).

June 11: (III)-Ignace Gamelin (b-1698), fur merchant, listed voyager West. Also permit Jean Rivard (LaFond) from Montreal, Quebec to Michillimaquinac, New France (Michigan). Also (III)-Joseph Etienne dit DuRivage (b=1704) voyager West.

June 12: A permit sieur Dominique Quesnel (Quenel) from Montreal, Quebec, to Michillimaquinac, New France (Michigan).

June 18: Louis Hamelin (1681-1693) (married1718 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)), listed a voyager West and (III)-Philippe Etienne dit DuRivage (b-1706) voyager West.

Henri Louis Deschamps, sieur de Boishebert born 1679 is in command at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), in the summer.

July 12: New Orleans Louisiana, it is reported that the Natches (Indians) killed over two hundred French living among them.

July 22: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (III)-Louis Pascal (Paschal) Chevalier son (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alacoine (1690-1756), elle epouse, plus, tard, Jacques LeSage.

July 27: Joseph LeGault born 1706 and brother Charles LeGault born 1708 voyagers West.

July 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Marie Anne Cesire daughter (II)-Jean Cesire (1698-1767) and (II)-Marguerite Charlotte Girard (born 1703); married May 21, 1750 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Sarazin.

August: (I)-Nicolas Antoine, the French military commander at Fort St. Joseph, joining with French forces from Fort de Chartes and Fort Miami, began preparing for their campaign of extermination of the Mesquakie (Renard or Fox) People. Nicolas rebuild Fort La Bay (Green Bay, Wisconsin) before he was killed by the Sauk in 1733.

Alexander Rene Dagneau Douville (1698-1773/74) was present when his father-in-law Nicolas was killed.

August 7: (IV)-Louis Rene Godefroy (Godfroy) (b-1709) listed voyager West.

August 11: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Antoine Malet son Pierre Mallet and Magdelelne Dufresne: he married Therese Mailhot..

August 19: (II)-Louis Gatineau alias Duplessis and Lameslee (1674-1750) listed voyager West.

A trip from Montreal, Quebec to Lake Winnipeg (a.k.a Bourbon) (Manitoba) took from May to September. It is becoming more apparent that more permanent winter quarters are required west of Lake Superior in Ojibwa Country. Auchagah (Ochagach), a Savage, with a piece of charcoal, drew a map of the North West for (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749). The map included Northern Minnesota, Red River (Manitoba), Saskatchewan River (River Blanche), Big Elk River, a tributary of Rainy River and the Mississippi. The Ouace (Ojibwa) are reported to be well established at the mouth of the Kaministikwia River on Lake Superior.

October 1: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (IV)-Claude Caron son (III)-Claude Caron born 1696 and (III)-Madaleine Gervaise born 1700.

November 1: Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Louise Genevieve Lauzon, died August 13, 1748, Detroit, New France (Michigan) daughter (III)-Nicolas Lauzon (1693-1779) and (II)-Marie Madeleine Moran (1704-1732).

November 1: St. Augustin, Quebec, birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Dubeau, Metis, son (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and Marie Francoise Sevigny.

November 17: Monsieur d'Auteuil de Monceaux writes their spy Sieur Jean Baptiste Reaume, interpreter, under command of Monsieur Lechevalier de Villiers has been spending the winter stirring up trouble between the Sacs, Kickapoos and the Mascoutens. The French in their genocide program have been try to destroy the Fox Nation.

The French using subterfuge have been trying to cause war among the various tribes.

November 20: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Jacques Godefroy or Godfroy dit Mauboeuf to (II)-Marie Anne Chesne (d-1738) daughter (I)-Pierre Chesne born 1654 and (I)-Louise Jeanne Bailly (Bailli) (1663-1700); Marie second marriage September 16, 1733 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Jacques Boutin.

November 30: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, (II)-Jacques Godefroy or Godfroy dit Mauboeuf, (1684-1730) voyager, and member of the Detroit Trading Company 1710, son (I)-Jacques Godfroy he was married to (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690, epouse September 16, 1733, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Jacques Charles Boutin.

1731

Philippe Douville sieur de la Saussaye (1700-1754) is at River St. Joseph.

(III)-Rene Godefroy (Godfroy) (1675-1748), Monsieur de Linctot and sieur Exupert Linctot Picotte- his son, on behalf of Paul Joseph de d'Ailleboust, sieur de Coulonge, are buying trade goods from Francois Monfort and Company for trade with the savages (Dakota). Rene's wife, Marie Catherine d'Ailleboust, appears to be handling his business in Montreal, Quebec. Her brother was Paul Joseph d'Ailleboust.

Laurent Gamelin is in partnership with Jean Baptiste Gaultier, sieur de la Verendrye, and Nicolas Sarazin in the hiring of Antoine Lefebvre and Joseph le Gau Delaurier for a trip to Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

(II)-Pierre Gaultier, Sieur de la Verendrye de Varennes (1685-1749) and Louis Gamelin (b-1704) are hiring men for a mission to the far west. They hired Blaise Richard, Jacques Lavallee, Antoine Lefebvre and Louis Mesnard.

(II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749), with a promise to find the western sea, received a three year monopoly on the fur trade in the west, and he formed a partnership with a number of merchants (eight) and exercised his rights between 1731-1737.

(III)-Rene Godefroy (1675-1748), Monsieur de Linctot, became commandant at Fort Lake Pepin until 1733 in Dakota Sioux Territory. He remained commander of Lapointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), 1731-1736.

(IV)-Louis Panis Gouin (savage) born 1731, baptized, Sept 15, 1735 at Ste Anne de la Perade son a savage and slave of (III)-Claude Gouin (1710-1776) dit Montendre of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (III)-Cecile Gouyou died May 14, 1732, daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Gouyou born 1688 and (II)-Marie Deguire Larose (1700-1733).

Charles Leduc and Pierre Leduc are members of the 2nd Sioux Company.

(I)-Felipe Segresser and (I)-Juan Bautista Grashoffer of Spain are in Arizona.

Jacques Testard sieur de Montigny (1662-1737) commander Green Bay, New France (Wisconsin) is appointed commander of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

Philippe Thomas Dagneau de la Saussave (1700-1758) was in partnership, in the fur trade, with Antoine de Lacorne sieur de la Colombiere, being financed by Estache

Lambert, sieur Dumont. Philippe, until 1734, is hiring men for the Post des Cha8enons. This year he is at St. Joseph River.

Kamouraska, Quebec, marriage, (I)-Pierre Gagnon savage (Metis) born 1709 died August 31, 1773 Kamouraska, Quebec, father and mother unknown, married Kamouraska, Quebec, a Marie Anne Sauvagesse.

Louisiana became a French Province.

The Natchez People are rounded up and sold as slaves. They numbered 427. Some escaped to the Red River but, as a Nation, they no longer existed.

(I)-Richard Norton, an apprentice clerk, imported a horse to help with the building of the stone Fort, Prince of Wales. It was reported that the horse disembarked, stumbled a little along the beach, stopped to survey the desolate landscape, and laid down and died. The sheep and cows fared better; the cows, however, suffered for lack of hay.

The Green Bay post, New France (Wisconsin). is rebuilt, and (I)-Charles de Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749, Governor of New France (1726-1747), sent another army to eat up the remaining Renard (Fox Ojibwa Indians). Three hundred men, women and children are killed or captured in the surprise mid- winter raid. The French state that they are determined to exterminate this Nation of people. A merchant of Montreal, Quebec sold an Indian slave with a money back, refund guarantee if he was not a Renard (Fox).

The brothers Jean Ducharme, Louis Ducharme and Joseph Ducharme contract to transport the wife of Dutisne from Montreal, Quebec. to Illinois Country.

The Hudson Bay Company reported that 12 Canadians, in September, are again on the shores of Lake Winnipeg (a.k.a. Bourbon) (Manitoba), at the source of the Hayes and Nelson Rivers. These traders are not from the Company of La Verendrye. Only 16 canoes reached York on the Bay, and an estimated forty-some are being diverted to the Canadians (Metis and Coureurs des Bois). This would imply that there were more than 12 Metis and Coureurs des Bois on Lake Winnipeg (Bourbon) and further west, likely up the Saskatchewan, at this time.

(III)-Louis Denis, Monsieur de LaRonde (1675-1741), Captain of Fort La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin) built the first sailing vessel on Lake Superior at Sault Ste Marie. It had a 40 ton burden and sailed between Sault Ste Marie (Michigan/Ontario) and Fort La Pointe Ojibwa Country, (Madeleine Island, Wisconsin). It appears to have operated until being lost in 1763. Louis Denies also built a dock at Fort La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin) for his vessel. To his credit is the building of a mill and the importing of a number of horses to the area. Some contend that the ship is not completed until 1735. Still others suggest the first sailing is 1734.

(II)-Christophee DuFrost (Dufros) (1708-1736) de La Jemerais (Jemeraye) (La Vérendrye's nephew), and the oldest son of Verendaye, (III)-Jean Baptiste de la Verendrye (1713-1736) established a post (Fort Saint Pierre) at the west end of Rainy Lake (International Falls) where it drains into the Rainy River, and the balance of the party wintered at Kaministikwia. It is noteworthy that Fort Lac La Pluie is constructed nearby, in 1776, by the North West Company.

Auchagah, the Cree, had previously provided (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) with maps of the territory west of Lake Superior. (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749) reported that Auchagah said that the Dakota Sioux and the Cree are hotly contesting the Red River Valley. Future activities suggest he may be fabricating this story to secure a more prominent position in the Indies Company. Others (the Bay Men) suggest he is instigating these troubles.

(II)-Christophee DuFrost (Dufros) (1708-1736) de La Jemerais (Jemeraye) or Gemerais, is the first of the La Verendrye Party to advance from Grande Portage up the Naladuagon, Groselliers or Pigion River to Rainy Lake and then Lake of the Woods.

The Indies Company (La Verendrye Company) is responsible for establishing the following Forts from 1731 to 1743:

Fort St. Pierre (Fort Francois) on Rainy Lake, established 1717 rebuilt or upgraded 1731 by Christophe Dufrost de La Jemerais (1708-1736).

Fort St. Charles (Fort Lake of The Woods) on Lake of the Woods, established 1732 in early summer for La Verendrye's headquarters..

Fort Maurepas (Bas De La Riviere, Fort Alexandere) near the mouth of the Red River, (Manitoba), established 1733 or 1734.

Fort Rouge (Fort Garry, Gibralter, Selkirk, Douglas) at the junction of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers, (Manitoba), established 1734.

Fort La Reine (Maurepas and Queens Fort) on present site of Portage la Prairie established 1738,

Fort Dauphin on north west shore Lake Manitoba, established 1741, rebuilt 1743

Fort Bourbon where the Saskatchewan River (River Blanche) enters Cedar Lake established 1741.

They also named the Red River, the Maurepas River. The Saskatchewan River, called the Paskayac, or more commonly River Blanche; named after the white waters at Grand Rapids where it enters Lake Winnipeg (Bourbon). They also produced many 'alleged' first hand maps of the Red River Territory. This concentrated effort firmly established the Montreal, Quenec trading network of the Indies Company, as the leader in opening up the interior of a continent and pressing towards the Arctic and Pacific Oceans. It is noteworthy that the Metis and Coureurs des Bois had blazed the trails ten years before the La Verendrye Company even began to penetrate the new north west, and the Indians, especially the Ojibwa, preceded everyone in trade.

January 7: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Bonaventure Chesne died May 30, 1741 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778).

January 10: Likely west of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Marianne Hamelin (Gueniere), Metis, baptised Novenber 26, 1738 Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died July 16, 1767, Hospital General, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier born July 8, 1714, Grondines, Quebec, died 1760, called an ancient voyager and his slave woman Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708, baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace.

January 27: The French and Tchchez army out of the city of Tonikas on the Mississippi surprised the Natchez people. They freed 59 persons, both women and children, with the Tailor and carpenter who had been spared due to their skills. The also freed 106 Negroes both men and women with their children. They took 18 Natchez prisoners and took 60 scalps. The French/Indian army only lost 2 men, with 7-8 wounded.

April 21/23: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth/death, (III)-Charles Godfroy (posthume) son (II)-Jacques Godfroy (1684-1730) and (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690.

May 24: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Michel Parent to (II)-Marie Joseph Dauze born 1706, died October 16, 1731 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Pierre Dauze and (II)-Marguerite Guignard daughter (I)-Pierre Guignard aka Dinhargue a Basque.

June 8: (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749), son of (I)-Rene Gaultier de Varennes Governor of Three Rivers, Quebec, and Marie Boucher, received permit to establish new forts because he agreed to conduct exploration for the Western Sea at no expense to the Crown. He departed Montreal, Quebec with his three sons, Jean Baptiste (1714-1736), Pierre and Francois, as well as 50 voyagers, to explore west of Rainy Lake and establish new trading areas.

June 18: Montigny, commander of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), wrote that Monsieur de Villiers (Nicolas Antoine Coulon) passed by several days ago. He is taking the Fox, that wicked Nation, and several people from each Nation in the vicinity of the St. Joseph River and the Ottawa of Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), to Montreal, Quebec. What their intentions are, he does not know, but hopes Montreal, Quebec, decides to terminate them from this earth or disperse them among our allies for their habitual treason. The French had quickly forgotten that they had instigated this war.

June: (II)-Pierre Gaultier, also Gautier de Varennes et de la Verendrye (1685-1749) departed Montreal, Quebec with his three sons, (III)-Jean Baptiste Gaultier Gautier de La Verendrye (1714-1736), (III)-Pierre Gaultier (b-1714) and (III)-Francois Gaultier (b-1715). The Gauthier party passed Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan) and on into

Lake Superior, Ojibwa Country, but some of the engages defected to become Coureurs des Bois and join the Metis Nation. The party included Father Mesaiger- the Jesuit, and they arrived at Grande Portage, Ojibwa Country on August 26. They reached Rainy Lake and constructed Fort Saint Pierre before winter set in. It is noteworthy that it took 6 years to reach Lake Winnipeg (a.k.a. Lake Bourbon).

June 25: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Marie Catherine Dagneau (DaGneau or DaGnaux), de Douville, Metis, died April 2, 1753 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (II)-Jean Dagneau sieur de Douville born December 31, 1694 Sorel, Richelieu, Quebec died August 27, 1751 Montreal, Quebec, and Iroquois woman. 1st marriage before 1730 likely 1716 or 1723 an Iroquoise woman. 2nd marriage March 17, 1728 Longue Pointe, Quebec, Elisabeth Raimbault, Longue Pointe, Quebec (1705-1772),daughter Pierre Raimbault and Jeanne Francoise Simblin. It would appear that Jean had two wives, a city wife and a country wife who moved to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), by 1730 if not earlier.

July 3: Rene Messier Duchesne, son Michel Messier, sieur de Sainte Michel (1640-1725), is financed by Francois Monfort and Company for trade with the Scioux (Dakota, Sioux).

July 6: Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade, a.k.a. Sieur de d'Englade, born 1703, died 1771/77, is hired by Francois Poulin de Francheville for voyage qu'il va faire au pays des Sioux. He became a partner in the 2nd Sioux Company.

July 31: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Jean Baptiste Casse dit St. Aubin born 1705, died February 25, 1733, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Jean Casse dit St Aubin and Marie Louise Gautier; married (II)-Madeleine Pruneau elle epouse July 20, 1735 , Vital Caron of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and daughter Jean Pruneau and Suzanne Bellanger.

August 26: (II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749), commander of Kaministiquia (Thunder Bay) (actually commander of the west) commissioned his sons, (III)-Jean Baptiste Gautier (1713-1736) of Verendrye, (III)-Pierre Gautier (born 1714) of Verendrye and (III)-Francois Gautier (1715-1794) of Verendrye, his nephew (II)-Christopher DuFrost de La Jemerais (1708-1736) and a Chaplain- the Reverend Pere Messager; a Jesuit, to establish order in the North West Territories trading.

It is noteworthy that some fifty voyagers are included in this adventure, minus those who defected in Lake Superior/ Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan) region.

August 27: St. Augustin, Quebec, marriage, (III)-Joseph Marie Dubeau, Metis,son, (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Metis, (1672- 1731) and (II)- Francoise Paule Campagna

(1683-1717); married August 27, 1731 St. Augustin, Quebec Madeleine Gaboury.

September 13: Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Augustin L'Archeveque (LaRcheveque L'Arche), a merchant, born March 18, 1702, Quebec, Quebec son (II)-Jean L'Archeveque (1659-1745) and (II)-Catherine Delaunay (1665-1715); married Marie Madeleine Reaume.

September 13: Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), married, Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade (L'anglade) aka Sieur de d'Englade born 1703 died 1771/77 and Domitilade (Theresa) Nissowaquet an Ottawa, widow Daniel Villeneuve. She is the daughter Chief Nissowaquet, an Ottawa.

September 29: Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan), baptism Rene Michel Menard, Metis, enfant son Marie, a slave of Menard (likely (III)-Antoine Menard b-1695.

This is the first use of the term slave in a baptism. In this context the country wife Marie is probably viewed as a purchase from the Jesuit perspective. The Natives would consider it a gift of good faith being an alliance between two peoples. The perversion of this ancient gift giving ceremony into a business transaction would occur later.

Originally the woman had a say in the ceremony and if not in agreement it wouldn't happen.

October 14: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Louis Campeau died September 9, 1749 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (III)-Jean Louis Campeau (1702-1774) and (II)-Marie Louise Robert died 1776; married April 24, 1747 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Charles Andre Barthe.

October: Louis Junchereau dit St. Denis/Denys (1674-1744) is back from Mexico, defending his Fort Natchitoches on the south Red River from a Natchez and Chickasaw attack.

October 10: (I)-Charles de Beauharnois de La Boische (1671-1749, Governor New France (1726-1747) and Giles Hocquart stated that Lake of the Woods is still called Lac des Assiniboins, but cautioned that the Assiniboine live around other lakes as well. In fact, they are located as far west as the Touchwood Hills; being at peace with the Algonquian Nation.

October 31: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Jean Baptiste du Fournel dit Desloriers (1681-1731).

1732

Bibye Lake, Governor of the H.B.C., ordered the building of the Prince of Wales Fort (Churchill, Manitoba), some six miles from the Fort built by (I)-James Knight, the shipwright, in 1717. The Fort, 310 feet by 317 feet, would take forty years to complete and failed to meet any known objective.

Jean Baptiste Bertlor, died, March 1757 Novelle, Chartres, (Illinois), married to Madeleine Cardinal is in Kaskaskia, (Illinois), until 1754. Their children include Therese Bertlor married Francois Lefevre DuChouquet; Catherine Bertlor married Joseph Duguay Duplasy; Madeleine Bertlor married 1st Louis Marin, 2nd De---rtneuf; Celeste Bertlor married 1757 Michel Lamis; Joseph Bertlor; Louis Bertlor; Francois; Louis Bertlor baptised July 14, 1732, died before 1760, Kaskaskia, (Illinois); Jacques Bertlor died 1753 married October 12, 1747, Cahokia, (Illinois), Suzanne Baron; a daughter widow Laforme living New Orleans; Benaventure Bertlor captured by English in 1760.

Conewaugus, New York, birth, John O'Bail died 1866, son John O'Bail (O'Beel) became a well known Seneca chief.

Marriage Francois Dupuis to (III)- Marie Renee Roy, Metis, daughter (II)- Pierre Du Roy and Marguerite Ouabankikoue, Miami.

Green Bay, Wisconsin, death, Zacharie Robutel, sieur de la Noue (1665-1732/33) died baie des Punants (Green Bay), New France (Wisconsin).

Jean Baptiste Heron, married, Marie Anne Alexis Lemaitre b-1712 daughter Charles Lemaitre Auge Dueme (1666-1734+) and Madeleine Crevier dit Bellerive (1670-1746)

Ignace Gamelin dit Lafontaine (1663/4-1738) financed Louis Mathieu Damours, Sieur de Clignancourt in his trading venture to the west.

Pierre Gamelin (Maugra/dit Gauche) Jr. b-1697 hired Louis Defosset and Alexis Provanche for pats d'en hault.

Father (I)-Robert Harding (1702-1772), an English Jesuit, arrived Maryland, New England.

The French Extermination War against the Fox Nation continues on the Fox River, Illinois.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Pierre Chesne dit La Butte married Marie Magdeleine Roy born May 25, 1710, died October 20, 1732, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter Pierre Du Roy and Marguerite Ouabankikoue, Miami.

(III)-Louis Charly alias St. Ange (b-1703) who usually signed his name St. Ange Charly, married 1732, (IV)-Ursule Godefroy de Tonnancour. (III)-Louis Denis, Monsieur de LaRonde (1675-1741) opened a copper mine on Ste Anne River.

Fort St. Frederic (Crown Point, Co. Essex, New York) recorded birth, marriage and deaths (1732-1760).

January 19: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Noel Chauvin son (II)-Charles Chauvin and (III)-Marie Madeleine Cauchon born 1655; veuve d'Oliver Michel; married September 13, 1756 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Jeanne Meloche.

January 20: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Joseph Desrosiers dit Dutremble born March 12, 1687, Champlain, Quebec, son (II)-Jean Desrosiers dit Dutremble (1657-1704) and (II)-Francoise Dandonneau born 1665: married (III)-Marguerite Durivage born 1716.

January 22: Beaumont, Quebec, death, (IV)-Francois Denis, Metis, b-1708, died January 22, 1732, Beaumont, Quebec son (III)-Nicolas Denis, sieur de Fronsac, Metis, (1682-1732) and Marie Sauvagesse died February 3, 1732, Beaumont, Quebec.

February 3: Beaumont, Quebec, death, (III)-Nicolas Denis, sieur de Fronsac, Metis, (1682-1732) son (II)-Richard Denis and Anne Parabego (savage); and wife Marie Sauvagesse who also died February 3, 1732, Beaumont, Quebec..

February 3: Beaumont, Quebec, death, Marie Sauvagesse wife (III)-Nicolas Denis, Metis, born 1682, died February 3, 1732 Beaumont, Quebec, son (II)-Richard Denis and Anne Parabego (Savage).

February 6: Beaumont, Quebec, death, (IV)-Jacques Denis, Metis, b-1717, died February 6, 1732, Beaumont, Quebec son (III)-Nicolas Denis, sieur de Fronsac, Metis, (1682-1732) and Marie Sauvagesse died February 3, 1732, Beaumont, Quebec. .

March 16: Nicolet, birth, (III)-Marie Ursule Chauvet, Metis, died September 26, 1792 Nicolet, daughter (II)-Pierre Chauvet dit Lagerne b-1686 and Marie Madeleine Panis (slave) b-(1697-1777); married Jean Baptiste Dumas

March 20: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (V)-Marie Louise Amiot, Metis died April 18, 1733, Laprairie daughter (IV)-Jean Baptiste Ambrose Amiot born 1694 and Marie Anne Kitoulague sauvagesse see 1715.

March 28: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, (III)-Anne Therese Esther Chevalier daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) and (II)-Francois Alacoine (1690-1756), elle epouse, plus, tard, Jacques LeSage; married June 4, 1752 Mackinac, New France (Michigan) Jean Etienne Chenier.

April 12: Kamouraska, Quebec, birth, (II)-Pierre Gagnon Metis son (I)-Pierre Gagnon savage (Metis) (1709-1773) and Marie Anne Sauvagesse.

April 27: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Alexis Cuillerier dit Beaubien died November 1, 1790, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (III)-Antoine Cuillerier dit Beaubien (1697-1`793) and (II)-Marie Angelique Girard (1690-1783); married July 16, 1770 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Louise Reaume.

May 27: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Jacques Charles Boutin born 1704 son (I) Michel Boutin; Jacques (Il etait) stayed in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) until January 19, 1743. 1st married 1732 Marie Joseph Poineau born 1706 died October 12, 1732 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter Jean Poineau. 2nd married September 16, 1733 Marie Chesne born 1690 veuve of Jacques Godfroy daughter Pierre Godfroy.

Joseph Adams, the Governor of Fort Albany, James Bay, recorded that the Canadian (Metis or Coureurs des Bois) Joseph Delestre (Belestre) arrived with his Indian slave woman to trade.

June 11: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Casse son (II)-Jean Baptiste Casse (1707-1733) and (II)-Madeleine Pruneau elle epouse July 20, 1735 Vital Caron.

July 3: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (IV)-Charles Cardinal son (III)-Jacques Cardinal (1685-1763) and (II)-Jeanne Duguay (1691-1778).

July 14: Kaskaskia, (Illinois), baptised, Louis Bertlor, died before 1760, son Jean Baptiste Bertlor d-1757 and Madeleine Cardinal.

(II)-Pierre Gauthier de Varennes et de La Verendrye (1685-1749), his two sons and a nephew (La Jemeraye), with 7 canoes, arrived on July 14 at Fort St. Pierre, Rainy Lake.

The Cree offered to lead Verendrye westward to other great waters. The party is led by 50 canoe of Cree to Fort St. Charles. La Verendrye is reported to have planted wheat at Fort Charles, even though they had plenty of wild oats (rice). This claim is likely questionable. La Verendrye sent his eldest son to Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) for goods.

Nicolas Joseph de Noyelles, sieur de Fleurimont (1694-1767) commanded an expedition against the Fox Nation.

(II)-Christophee DuFrost (Dufros) (1708-1736) de La Jemerais (Jemeraye) (La Vérendrye's nephew) attempted to build a trading post down the river towards Lake Winnipeg, but his men and their Indian guides refused to winter there, fearing that they would starve to death due to lack of resources.

July 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Joseph Douaire de Bondy born 1700, died April 6, 1760 Vercheres; Il etait January 9, 1758, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (II)-Jacques Douaire (1660-1703) and (II)-Madeline Gatineau (1672-1747); married (III)-Marie Anne Cecile Campeau born 1707, died April 6, 1760 Vercheres, daughter (II)-Jacques Campeau (1677-1751) and Jeanne Cecile Catin (1681-1715).

August: Augustin Mouet, sieur de Langlade a.k.a. Sieur de d'Englade born 1703, died 1771/77, hired Jean Baptiste Gendon and Jean Baptiste Denot for a voyage to the Sioux (Dakota Territoty).

September 17: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Jean Coutent, soldier (1667-1732)

October 9: Mackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism, Pierre Coussant Parent son Pierre Parent.

October 31: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Marguerite Ouabankikow of the Miami tribe died of smallpox, the wife of Pierre Roy. They had six children baptized at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

November: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Henri Louis Deschamps, sieur de Boishebert born 1679, sent warriors against the Renards (Fox Nation).

November 5: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Charles Chesne son (II)-Charles Chesne born 1694 and (II)-Catherine Sauvage (1695-1778); married

August 18, 1755 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Joseph Descomps-Labadie.

November 3/23: Birth/death, (IV)-Marie Francoise Desrosiers daughter (III)-Joseph Desrosiers dit Dutremble born 1687 and (III)-Marguerite Durivage born 1716.

December 28: Kaskaskia, (Illinois), marriage, Jean Baptiste Guillon and Marguerite Doza daughter Pierre Doza and Marguerite Gigniar.

December 28: Beaumont, Quebec, death, (IV)-Gabriel Denis, Metis, b-1716, died December 28, 1732, Beaumont, Quebec son (III)-Nicolas Denis, sieur de Fronsac, Metis, (1682-1732) and Marie Sauvagesse died February 3, 1732, Beaumont, Quebec. . (I)-Michael Govozdev of Russia is in the Bering Sea.