The Great Rebellion ~ The American Civil War
Accounts of Action and Rosters of the Men From
Wabasha County, Minnesota

HENRY G. BAILLY ~ A LOST HERO FOUND


I recently received this letter from Dave Frederick:

In Chapter 9 of the 1884 Wabasha book it says that Alexis Bailly's second son, Captain H. Bailly, was killed in the Great Rebellion at the battle of Lookout Mountain. The Civil War information, however, does not list him ~ perhaps because he was living in Dakota County when he enlisted.

I went to the NARA regimental lists and found Henry G. Bailey (sic), Alexis' second son, enlisted in Company G, 5th Minnesota Volunteers (Infantry) as a (private?), and was shown as a 1st Lieutenant at the end of his military record. Frustratingly, no dates were given, but a footnote implied that he might have been connected to, or confused with, 1st Lt. Alexis P. Bailly, also of Company G, 5th Infantry.

The 5th Minnesota only lost four officers during it's entire existence to casualty (wound or death), and the battle of Lookout Mountain on November 24-26, 1863, overlooking Chattanooga, Tennessee, only had 190 Union casualties. I tracked the 5th Minnesota's brigade assignments and discovered that the Wabasha account followed a small detachment for the 1863 part of the regiment's illustrious history, rather than the full regiment. The main portion of the 5th Minnesota was assigned to the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 15th Corps under Brig. Gen. William B. Hazen until December 1863. This brigade did not participate in the Lookout Mountain Battle, however!

The good news was that the Union commanders reported that they had accounted for all of the dead in the entire siege of Chattanooga, which lasted from early October to early December of 1863; and had almost daily fighting. Most bodies were taken immediately to a central Union burial ground that was begun in the 1862 Chickamauga campaign and interred in completely random order. The overall Union commander, Gen. Thomas, had specifically prohibited any division of the men by states. The few that were buried where they fell were re-interred by the late 1880's.

To cut to the information: Henry G. Bailly died 10/29/1863 and was buried the same day in the Chattanooga National Cemetary, Section B, Plot 451. The name on his tombstone is Henry Bayles. The only battle on October 29, 1963 was the capture of Brown's Ferry, to open Lookout Valley. The 4,000 Union forces were entirely from the 1st Brigade and 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division and the 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps (Engineers), commanded by Brig, Gen. William B. Hazen. Obviously, this is where Lt. Bailly died.

As you probably know, Civil War volunteer infantry regiments had one captain commanding the company and two first lieutenants. The original two were Alexis P. Bailly of Wabasha and Chas. J. Stauff of Greenfield. Lt. Stauf served the entire war in the rank, being discharged with the regiment in 1865. Lt. A.P. Bailly resigned effective 7/22/1863, the day that the regiment left Ft Ridgely under Col. H.H. Sibley to chase the hostile Sioux into Dakota Territory. Most likely this was merely an administrative date, and safe to assume that Henry G. Bailly had already been appointed as Alexis's stand-in. In the records, it shows that Pvt. George I. Hatch of Lake City was promoted first to Sergeant, and then to 1st Lt. He was discharged 9/6/65 in the final paperwork of the regiment.

It is fairly obvious that A.P. Bailly was replaced by H.G. Bailly, who in turn was replaced by G.I. Hatch. It is also a pretty sure bet that Wabasha County has a forgotten civil war hero buried in the Chattanooga National Cemetery!


In a follow-up letter, Dave wrote:

Since I wrote to you, I did some more research which enabled me to say that everything I assumed was correct except for one detail:

The 5th Minnesota Infantry did not have two 1st Lieutenants per company. When Company G was organized, the officers were Captain Orlando Eddy and 1st Lt. Alexis P. Bailly. Sgt. John King was promoted to 2nd Lt. When A. Bailly resigned, King moved up to 1st Lt. and Henry G. Bailly was promoted to 2nd Lt. Meanwhile, Company D had Captain John Vander Horck, 1st Lt. Francis A. Cariveau, and 2nd Lt. John Groetsch. When a vacancy was created by Cariveau, Bailly was transferred from Company G. When a vacancy was created by Groetsch, Bailly was promoted to 1st Lt. of Company D, and 1st Sgt. William Deutsch became the 2nd Lt. When Bailly was killed Deutsch moved up to 1st Lt. and G.I. Hatch moved to 2nd Lt.

The National Park Service has put together an excellent list of civil war soldiers, from the record stubs in the National Archives. When a soldier's name was misspelled, a new record was often created. Henry G. appears as both Bailly and Bailley, while many in his companies appear four and five times. Using the SEARCH option, I polled the list for Bayles, Henry and found only one in the entire Union forces. He first enlisted in Indiana in 1864 and survived the war.

I think in many cases the families were notified, either by the dead soldier's immediate superior writing a letter, or by someone bringing the news back home; but the information had to be sketchy at best. Lt. Bailly was undoubtedly commanding Company D in the absence of Capt. Vander Horck when he was killed, so it would have been customary to call him Brevet Captain Bailly. The battle was not initially called Hatch's Landing, but was called Lookout Valley. It never even made most northern newspapers because the press over-glorified the capture of Lookout Mountain into "The Battle Above The Clouds." If Henry Bailly's step-mother had been fully informed by the Army, she very well could have told the writers of the 1884 Wabasha book that "His second son, Capt. H. Bailly, was killed in the rebellion, at the battle of Lookout Mountain."

See INDIVIDUAL SUMMARY FOR HENRY GEORGE BAILLY below.


In a letter from Dave on 12/2/2003:

I'm always checking to see if there is new information on an old subject, or something that I missed. I just discovered that there is a monument to Henry G. Bailly in the Bellwood Cemetery. located at Highway 61 and 190th Street East, Marshan Township, Dakota County, Minnesota. An enumeration of markers done in the year 2000 by Debbie Boe cites two inscriptions:

"H.G. Bailly, Co. D, 5th Minn Inf"
and
"Henry G. Bailly, 1st Lt., Co. D, 5th Minn Inf, A Founder of Hastings, 29 Oct 1828 - 7 Jan 1865"


The Bellwood Cemetery was used by the Guardian Angels Catholic Church of Hastings, used from 1862 until just past 1900, when the congregation dissolved. Ms. Boe describes the cemetery as well-kept, but says many of the monuments are overgrown with lilacs. The Bailly stone is probably a monument without a grave, as the inscription cites the same birth date (October 29, 1863), as his known date of death (October 29, 1863) and the death date on the monument (January 7, 1865) is more than two years past when his stepmother cited his battle death. The first burial was of Stephen Collins, who died 31 November 1862; but there are several monuments in the cemetery to persons who died before this date.

INDIVIDUAL SUMMARY FOR
HENRY GEORGE BAILLY

February 19, 2003
Father: Alexis C. Bailly
Mother: Lucy Anne Faribault

EventDate(s)PlaceDescription
Born1828WisconsinChristened
11850Hastings, Dakota Co, Minnesotatrader
2
4
from 1852 to 1858Hastings, Dakota Co, Minnesotatownsite developer
41856 and 1857Hastings, Dakota Co, Minnesotanewspaper publisher
51856 and 1857MTC, St Paul, MinnesotaCouncilman, 6th District
6from 1857 to 29 Aug 1857MCCASP, Ramsey Co, Minnesotadelegate from Dakota County
71857 and 1858Minnesota State Senate, SP, MinnesotaSenator, 3rd District
82 Apr 1857Dakota Co, MinnesotaBuys Land, 80 acres
9
10
11
from Apr 1862 to 18655th Regiment, Minnesota InfantryMilitary Service
12
13
14
29 Oct 1863Brown's Ferry, LV, HC, Tennessee1st Lieutenant, Died
15
16
29 Oct 1863CNC, Hamilton Co, TennesseeBuried

SOURCES FOR THE ABOVE INFORMATION


1. Riverroads Staff
A Look At Hastings and Miesville, Minnesota
http://www.riverroads.com/states/minn/mn26/mn26.html.

"In 1850 Alexis Bailly and his son, Henry were the first American settlers in Hastings. They obtained government approval for a trading post on the west bank of the Missisissippi River in Indian territory. Henry was sent here at the request of his father to keep hold of the proposed site and be ready on the spot as the first claimant. He opened up the Old Buckhorn trading post and kept enough calicos and trinkets to trade with the Indians to keep his license."

2. Staff
Hastings, Minnesota - History
http://www.minnesotabound.com/visit/Hastings.

"- 1853 - The future city was given a new name by the major landowners. Alexis Bailly, Henry G. Bailly, Alexander Faribault and Henry Hastings Sibley placed names in a hat. Hastings was drawn."

3. Riverroads Staff
A Look At Hastings and Miesville, Minnesota

"Alexis and Henry Bailly, along with their friends Henry Sibley, and Alexander Faribault believed this territory would soon open to settlement. A year later, as anticipated, a treaty was signed. The group commenced to plat the future city of Hastings. William LeDuc later bought out Faribault. Bailly's cabin became the city's first hotel and tavern, the Buckhorn. At the Buckhorn the group of four placed suggested town names in a hat. After indecisive votes they agrees on Hastings, Henry Sibley's middle name. Nobody knows exactly what the other three suggestions were. The future town of hastings was platted in 1853 and in 1857, Hastings incorporated as a city."

4. Minnesota Historical Society
Early Minnesota Newspapers
www.ancestry.com/b_include/advanced.

"The Dakota Weekly Journal was published at Hastings, Dakota County, Minnesota as a 4 page, 6 column newspaper, with Democratic editorial policy. It's first issue was May 24, 1856 and it ceased publication on November 19, 1857. Alexis Bailly purchased the press of the Red Wing Sentinel newspaper, which had ceased publication in 1855. Henry G. Bailly was in charge, and James C. Dow was the editor. Dow resigned on April 24, 1857 and was succeeded by Martin Williams."

5. The Political Graveyard
http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/bailey4.html.

"Henry G. Bailly - member, Minnesota Territorial Council, 6th District 1856-57 - member, Minnesota State Senate, 3rd District 1857-1858."

6. Constitutional Convention at St Paul, signed August 29, 1857, Minnesota State Constitution, State of Minnesota.

"Delegate from Dakota County
Henry G. Bailly (signed)."

7. The Political Graveyard

8. Prepared and edited by Rootsweb staff
Federal Land Records, Bureau of Land Management, Land Records Database
http://userdb.rootsweb.com/landrecords

" - Henry G. Bailly
- 2 Apr 1857
- 5th Meridian
- Township 114N
- Range 18W
- Section 18
- Minnesota
- Document No. 1459
- Serial No. MN1100_.290
- Sale Type: Cash Entry Sale."

9. United States - NARA
National Archives - Civil War Soldiers and Sailors
http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/soldiers.htm

" - Bailly, Henry G.
- Union
- 5th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry
- Company(s): G and D
- Rank In: Private
- Rank out: 1st Lieutenant
- Archive Film No: M546 Roll 1."

The 5th Minnesota Infantry was organized between March 15 and April 30, 1862 at Ft Snelling. The entire regiment moved to Mississippi May 10 through May 24, 1862 and served with the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Mississippi to November 1862. Battles were at Corinth, Mississippi, May 28, 1862; at Iuka, Mississippi on September 19, 1862 and at Corinth again on October 4, 1862. It was then attached to the 2nd Brigade, 8th Division, Left Wing, 13th Army Corps, Dept of the Tennessee until December 1862. The 5th fought at Jackson, Tennessee on November 15, 1862. The regiment was then attached to the 2nd Brigade, 8th Division, 16th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee until April 1863. It fought at Germantown, Tennessee on March 14, 1863; at Snyder's Bluff, Mississippi on May 1, 1863 and at Jackson, Mississippi on May 14, 1863. It joined the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 15th Army Corps commanded by Brig. Gen. William B. Hazen. The regiment fought at Richmond, Louisiana on May 1, 1863; at Hoover's Gap, Mississippi on June 26, 1863 and at Young's Point, Louisiana on July 10, 1863. The 5th Minnesota then served during the capture of Chattanooga. After Lt. Henry Bailly's death at Brown's Ferry on October 27, 1863 the regiment continued in the southwestern campaign, until the last battle in the opening of Mobile Bay in 1865. During its' service, the regiment lost 4 officers to battle, four officers to disease, 86 enlisted men to battle and 175 to disease.

10. US National Park Service - Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
Regiments - Union and Confederate Histories - Volunteers - 5th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry
http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/regimants.htm.

"UNION MINNESOTA VOLUNTEERS - 5th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry -

Organized at Fort Snelling, Minn., March 15 to April 30, 1862. Companies A,B, and C participated in the Sioux Campaign. The balance of the regiment moved to Mississippi May 10, 1862, arrived May 24, and were assigned to the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Mississippi until November 1862. They were then assigned to the 2nd Brigade, 8th Division, Left Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept of the Tennessee. Companies A,B and C rejoined the regiment near Oxford, Mississppi on December 12, 1862. The full regiment was reassigned to the 2nd Brigade, 8th Division, 16th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee until April 1863.

They were assigned to the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 15th Army Corps through the date of Lt. Henry Bailly's death on October 27, 1863."

11. US National Park Service - Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
Records - Soldiers and Sailors of the Civil War
http://www.itd.gov/cwss/soldiers.htm.

"The 5th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry had the following general officers:
- Col. Rudolph Von Borgersrode
- Lt. Col. William B. Gere
- Maj. John P. Houston
- During the course of the war Lucius F. Hubbard was promoted to replace Col. Von Borgersrode. Houston joined the 9th Minnesota Infantry, and Capt. Hermann Muehlberg was breveted into his position. Pvt. Henry G. Bailly was apparently promoted to 2nd Lt., Co. G when 2nd Lt. John Groesch was promoted to replace Frances Cariveau, who had originally been appointed to replace Lt. Alexis P. Bailly, but was assuming command of Co. D. Henry G. Bailly was promoted to 1st Lt of Co D to replace Cariveau in that position. After Bailly's death, 2nd Lt John Groetsch was promoted to replace him."

12. H.H. Hill & Company, Publishers - Chicago, Illinois - 1884,
History of Wabasha County
http://www.rootsweb.com/~mnwabbio.htm

"His second son, Capt. H. Bailly, was killed in the rebellion, at the battle of Lookout Mountain."

13. H.H. Hill & Company, Publishers - Chicago, Illinois - 1884
History of Wabasha County

"Chapter 9 - His second son, Capt. H. Bailly, was killed in the rebellion, at the battle of Lookout Mountain."

14. American Civil War homepage staff
American Civil War - Wauhatchie and Brown's Ferry - October 28-29, 1863
http://www.american civil war.com/statepic/tn/tn021.html

"In an effort to relieve Union forces beseiged in Chattanooga, Maj. Gen George H. Thomas and Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant initiated the Cracker Line Operation on October 26, 1863. This operation required the opening of the road to Chattanooga from Brown's Ferry on the Tennessee River with a simultaneous advance up Lookout Valley, securing the Kelley's ferry Road. Union Chief Engineer, Military Division of the Mississippi, Brig. Gen. William F. Baldy Smith, with Brig. Gen. John B. Turchin's and Brig. Gen. William B. Hazen's 1st and 2nd Brigades, 3rd Dividion, 15th Army Corps, was assigned the task of establishing the Brown's Ferry bridgehead. Meanwhile, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, with three divisions, marched from Bridgeport through Lookout Valley towards Brown's Ferry from the south. At 3:00 am on October 27, portions of Hazen's brigade embarked upon pontoons and floated around Mocassin Bend across from Brown's Ferry. Turchin's Brigade took a position on Mocassin Bend across from Brown's Ferry. Upon landing, Hazen secured the bridgehead and then positioned a pontoon bridge across the river, allowing Turchin to cross and take position on his right."

The 5th Minnesota Infantry was in the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 15th Army Corps commanded by Brig. Gen. William B. Hazen, in the battle at Brown's Ferry on the morning of October 27, 1863. A small force was floated on pontoon boats from upriver, landing at approximately 3:00 am. At 5:00 am a Confederate guard of 250 men attacked 1500 Union troops, causing 21 casualties and suffering 20 before withdrawing. A Union force of 3500 additional men had marched unmolested overland to a point just across the river, and were ferried across.

15. US Veterans Administration
Chattanooga National Cemetery - Surnames Bar-Baz - Hamilton County, Tennessee.

"Name: Bayles, Henry - D. 10/29/1863 - Plot B 0 451, buried 10/29/1863." Civil War Union Army records have only one man named Henry Bayles. He joined a hundred-day Indiana regiment in 1864, and re-enlisted in a later Indiana regiment until the end of the war. He was definitely not buried in Chattanooga.

16. Louisiana State University Volunteer Transcribers
US Civil War Center - Chattanooga National Cemetary A-B
http://www.cwc.lsuedu/projects/dbases/chattab.htm.

"Name: Henry Bayles - Section: B - Grave: 451 - Rank: ?"