Can you imagine how hard it must be for our
African-American citizens to research their genealogy? I think we can all help!
I am not African-American and haven't done any research in this area, and so, I
need your help to make this site useful. Add your African-Am. info and
genealogy to the queries and bios so that they are searchable for all the WWW.
Also e-mail me with your African-Am. genealogy in Adair and Knox County, Mo.
I will add them to this site. For those who have records of slave
owners, add the names of the slaves that you have on record. Many times these names
will be in wills.
History and articals of the times may be helpful as
well. Help me out here. *smile*
Just to start this page, I will add some links that
may be helpful, and I will clean this page up and orgainize it better as I have time.
Any additions you want to add please e-mail me. Claudia Minor
cminor at webmoondance dot com
Several Missouri County Coordinators &
other have responded to the discussion about African American research -- asking
what kinds of information to look for.
In particular -- if there is any information about the "slave
community" or the ante-bellum community for any Missouri county.. this is
very important to researchers. This may give them some clues as to the
backdrop of the community, slave owners and lifestyle of that era and area!
Another very cool search engine -- allows you to research collections at
university libraries. For example I discovered that Duke University had 11 boxes
of records on the TUTT family that migrated from VA to Missouri.. and settled in
Callaway County first... not Cooper County as I first thought! http://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/nucmc.html
The most important resource an African American Researcher needs is slave
schedules for the county they are researching. If anyone has transcribed
slave schedules, or would like to...please let me know. There are some online...
but many more are needed. Free People of Color had to be registered.. you
would only find these records at the courthouse or on microfilm somewhere.
Here's a link to my website for Slave Schedules and other resources:
To share this kind of information, white researchers must become somewhat
sensitized to the plight and difficulty of those researching enslaved ancestors.
For the most part, besides being counted as chattel on tax, land deed and slave
schedules, African Americans were not counted as people until the 1870 census.
Other records of interest would be church records, which notes people of color
being allowed or dispelled from the church etc., but they are not always given a
surname. Sometimes they are noted by their first name and "as
belonging to "X" slaveowner." Bottom line is that African
American researchers are very dependent upon getting information from the
slaveowning family's documentation.
On my site I have some resources for Marriage, census and cemetery data:
Here's an example of what Church Records can show:
And wills... this is where I found my great great grandfather's mother...Mary
Ann... mentioned is her mother and siblings I believe http://www.missouri-slave-data.org/jchism.jpg
Public Auction notices for slaves; can be found in probate records:
Many people in conducting research in their families run across slave related
information. It is both painful, embarrassing and confusing all at once.
It is my hope that when anyone runs across Missouri slave-related data that they
would post it to my website at:
If you scroll down to the middle there a links for just about everything. You
could also help others by posting your slave related data on the Missouri list
that you subscribe to... and you can always forward it to me. Just know
that I get many, many emails -- so it is much easier to post the information to
the link noted above. If want to mail, fax or email me scanned documents
-- I'm game for that too. Since Missouri was settled by Virginia, Kentucky
and Louisiana people -- [Tennessee too] if you have a Missouri family with ties
to those state [or any other state -- where you can establish the genealogical
ties] this is particularly helpful for the African American researcher who must
first know EVERYTHING they can about the white slave owning family. Why?
Because we must trace slave ownership through marriages, death, relocation,
rentals, property purchases, farm ledgers, lawsuits, and family letters, bibles
etc., where slaves could be mentioned as a record of ownership. It's
I've included some links below that many of you may already know about, but to
give you an idea of what African American researchers need.
Missouri State Archives
Roll-by-roll listing County Record on microfilm by county
Description of Records on Film
For African American Researchers; the items below are of interest. If your
family owned slaves; records purchase, sale, rent, mortgage, gift, lawsuits
etc., could be found under the various listings related to probate noted in the
link above. Of particular interests are books and other resources which
transcribe or are abstracts of Wills, Administrations and Probate. If
anyone has a book with this type of information, I would like to purchase or
borrow it ASAP.
Also of interest in looking for enslaved ancestors are
Here are a couple of examples:
FRANKLIN COUNTY BLACK MARRIAGES
WASHINGTON COUNTY BLACK MARRIAGES
Land Deed Records
Final Settlement and Inventory Records -- this shows the final disposition of
the estate including who slaves in the family were sold and given to and for how
much. Land Deed records are equally important. Tax records will note
how many slaves person owned.
I hope this helps clarify just a little bit of what it takes to research
enslaved peoples. For those of your managing Missouri county sites; I
think the information above is a good outline of materials to try and collect.
I also have a link for "look-up" volunteers. Please copy me on
correspondence to "look-up" volunteers -- because I may also have
another researcher to connect you with.
Thanks a lot;
african americans in missouri
is coming to Kirksville July 3-8, 2000.
"Inside the Civil War", at
the NEMO Fairgrounds. This is one of three Chautauqua's held in
Missouri in 2000. This week long event will be held under a huge
tent as in the old days. Kirksville did have a Chautauqua for
nearly twenty years in the early 1900's. There will be a tent raising on
Monday, July 3, 2000. The programs are free with a majority of the
funding coming from a Missouri Humanities Grant. You will be able
to meet characters from the Civil War era; A.A. Burleigh, an ex-slave;
Harriet Stowe, General Sherman, Mary Chestnut and Sojouner Truth.
This is an excellent way to learn about the history of our country.
The characters will answer questions from the audience after their
Free Admission "Inside the Civil
War", portrayal of five important Americans will give audiences a
perspective of life during America's greatest internal struggle.
Other activities include local musical entertainment each evening.
Mon. July 3, Tent Raising
Tues. July 4, Gen. William T. Sherman
Wed. July 5, Harriet Beecher Stowe
Thurs. July 6, Angus Augustus Burleigh
Fri., July 7, Mary Chesnut
Sat., July 8 Sojourner Truth
will benefit the Adair
County Historical Society. Booth there or order by mail.
Make checks to:
County Historical Society)
211 S. Elson St.
Kirksville, Missouri 53501-3466
"Bound to Slavery: James
Shannon and the Restoration Movement" by Dr. Berry
Shannon (1799-1859) was an early leader in Stone-Campbell Restoration
Movement in America. He moved in higher education circles, serving as
president of the College of LA (Centenary), Bacon College (Univ. of KY),
Univ. of MO, and Christian Univ. (Culver-Stockton College).
Relived the years of a growing social movement, a passing frontier, and
an approaching Civil War through the eyes of a "fire-eater".
$15 at booth or $17.19 by mail
"The Last Roll Call"
by Sgt. John Shaver
Originally printed by the Journal Printing Co. of Kirksville in 1898,
the poem has been reprinted with proceeds to be used for preservation of
the ACHS building. The poem describes every comrade in the 1861-64
campaign of Company I, 7th Cavalry Missouri Volunteers.
"Slavery North of St.
Louis" by Dr. George Lee
To the east was the free state of Illinois, and to the north the free
state of Iowa. The vulnerability of slavery to attract by
abolitionists was obvious, and the region along the Mississippi River
became paranoid about threats to the system. Lee tells the story
of the residents' efforts to defend the eventually discard slavery.
Hardback $24 at booth or $27.95 by mail, Paper $18 at booth or $21.95 by
Tell them you got your info from our Adair
County page! *smile*
Visit the North Carolina BROWN and MEAR(e)S of
Bladen and Columbus Counties website at: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~brownandmeares
Bladen County African American Genealogy http://www.rootsweb.com/~ncbladen/african_american
Please see: AFRICAN AMERICANS IN MISSOURI at
African AmericanIn the End, we will remember not the words of our enemies,
but the silence of our friends.
Martin Luther King Jr.
African American Cemeteries Online
African-Americans in the Fur Trade West
African American Genealogy: A Bibliography for Beginners
BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR KENTUCKY
REFERENCES FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN
African Ancestored Genealogy
"1729 Mortgage of Slaves to Alexander
Nesbit" listed on the Nesbitt/Nisbet Society website:http://members.tripod.com/~jornes/index.html
ARTICLES - LETTERS - REPORTS
CONFERENCES AND OTHER EVENTS
IN EARLY SOUTH CAROLINA - February 12-13, 1999 - Institute for Southern Studies,
University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina
SPRING JAMBORE - APRIL, 1999 - PIQUA, OHIO (To be updated)
INDIAN SCOUTS ASSOCIATION REUNION - September 18-19, 1999 - Brackettville, Texas
ANNUAL EMANCIPATION DAY CELEBRATION - September 18-19, 1999 - Gallipolis, Ohio
ANNUAL OHIO UNDERGROUND RAILROAD SUMMIT - October 15-17, 1999 - Dayton/Miamisburg,
Books for African Americans
Book Review of Agriculture and slavery in
Missouri's Little Dixie, listed below:
Excellent Summary on Slavery Missouri
Books on Slavery
Hurt, R. Douglas. Agriculture and slavery in Missouri's Little Dixie.
Columbia: University of Missouri Press, c1992.
Poole, Stafford. Church and slave in Perry County, Missouri, 1818-1865.
Studies in American religion; v. 22. Lewiston, N.Y., USA: E. Mellen Press, c1986.
Western Historical Manuscript Collection
(Make sure you check the Kansas City, St. Louis, Rolla, and Columbia collections -- each
has something different in their collection)
African American Lifelines
(This is a great site which lists the online libraries for Virginia and Kentucky.
Many Black people have deep roots in Virginia, Kentucky and North Carolina -- because of
the slave trade and very large plantations. Virginia had such an over-supply of
slave labor that they supplied slave labor to the rest of the union.)
Index of Civil War Links for Missouri
African American Records on Microfilm
CD3174.B58 1988 Fla. Dept. State The Black
Experience: A Guide to Afro-American Resources in Florida State ArchivesCS71.
E1135 1992 Jupiter, Del A. E. The Slave Woman,
Agustina: A Spanish West Floridian
E185.93.G4A45 1991 Alexander, A.L. Ambiguous Lives:
Free Women of Color in Rural Georgia, 1789-1879
F180.C853 1968 Cotton, Jane B. The Maryland
Calendar of Wills
F180.J68 1992 Jourdan, Elise G. Early Families of
F189.B1P3 1994 Peden, Henry C. Methodist Records of
Baltimore City, Md.
F189.B19N46 1991 Prince Geo. Co, Md. Newspaper
Obituary Clippings: Baltimore & Washington Afro-American for 1991
F225.04 1993 Oliver, Harold The 1704 Virginia Quit
Rent Rolls: 5,500 Property Owners Listed Alphabetically
E98.G44C37 1987 Carpenter, C. S. How to Research
American Indian Blood Lines: A Manual on Indian Genealogical Research
F234.A3P52 1994 Pippenger, W. E. Alexandria
(Arlington) County, Va., Death Records, 1853-1896
F232.A55M35 1993 McLeRoy, Sherrie Strangers in
their Midst: The Free Black Population of Amherst Co, Va.
F253.B73 1992 Bradley, Stephen E. Early Records of
North Carolina, from the Secretary of State Papers
F232.F2H4 1994 Hiatt, Marty Implied Marriages of
Fairfax County, Va.
F232.F3G675 1993 Gott, John K. Fauquier County,
Va., Court Records, 1776-82
F232.09058 1961 Overwharton Par. The Register of
Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, Va., 1723-58
F262.C12B6 1994 Bost, Margaret Cabarrus County,
N.C., Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, April 17, 1797-April 17,
1805F262.C44H64 1984 Hofmann, M. W. Chowan
Precinct, North Carolina, 1696-1723
F262.G9K57 1993 Kirkman, Ruth H. 1790, 1800, 1810
Population Schedules, Guilford County, N.C.
F262.G86M87 1983 Murphy, W. L. Jr. Greene County,
North Carolina, Cemetery Records
F262.J6R675 1986 Ross, Elizabeth E. Marriage
Registers of Johnston County, North Carolina
F262.S8L4 1994 Lineback, H. L. Marriage Licenses of
Stokes County, North Carolina, 1839-87F268.S176 1965 Salley, A.S. Death Notices in the
South Carolina Gazette,
1732-75F268.W35 1993 Ware, Lowry Associate Reformed
Presbyterian Death & Marriage Notices from the Christian Magazine of the South, the
Erskine Miscellany & the Due West Telescope,
1843-63F277.A5A43 1994 Alexander, V. W. Pendleton
District and Anderson County, S.C., Wills, Estates, Inventories, Tax Returns, and Census
E185.96H48 1995 Heinegg, Paul Free African
Americans of N.C. & Va., Including Family Histories of More than 80% of Those Counted
as "All Other Free Persons" in the 1790 and 1800 Census
E185.96.M435 1988 Matthews, Harry The Matthews
Method inAfrican American GenealogicalResearch
F234.F8F56 1994 Fisher, Therese Marriage Records of
the City of Fredericksburg & Stafford County, Va.,
1851-1900F292H6R2 1994 Ray, David T. Black Marriage
Records: Hart County, Ga.