This project is not part of Ancestry.com DNA sales. This project uses http://www.familytreedna.com   

Web space provided by rootsweb.com, sponsored by ancestry.com.

Please read notice in the bottom bar.

Advertisements at the top and bottom of the pages are not part of this project, 

visiting the links helps pay for the website space 

~~~~~~~~~~~~


..Lost Colony Research Group

Genealogy ~ DNA ~ Archaeology

Links

Publications

Research Material

Faqs

Publicity on the project

Events

Newsletters

Surnames Surname research All Kit numbers
Hatteras project Heinegg extractions Hatteras Surnames
  My Interest Lists  
LC- YDNA Project LC-MTDNA Project LC- Family Finder Project
Hatteras-YDNA Project Hatteras - MTDNA Project Hatteras - Family Finder Project
Site map Order LC - DNA Kits Biographies of volunteer staff
Home   Lost Colony Store

 

 

Native Americans, Slaves, Free Persons of Color

Finding Ancestors of Bondage and Color

Links below

 

 

 

 

Remember the 7th generation in all you do. 

The decisions you make and the actions you take today will still be 

felt seven generations from now (Elder Legend Keeper).

http://www.thefurtrapper.com/indian_smallpox.htm 

 

Finding Ancestors of Bondage and Color

Black, white, red, mulatto, Melungeon, free people of color (FPC)…or even white indentured servants….if your ancestors were not free or were from a minority or mixed racial population, then this link is for you. 

The records from the early Colonial or pre-Colonial period in American history are a desert when trying to piece together the history or even the mere existence of your family if they weren’t landowners, had no estate of value, or weren’t at least considered to be “white”.  If you are lucky, you may be able to track your family through slave-owning families, as slaves at least had value and were often noted in wills, estate inventories and on tax lists by name.  Others weren’t so fortunate, especially if your ancestors lived on the fringe, were Indian or part Indian, or were not “white enough to vote or testify in court”, or were white and not wealthy enough to pay tax or own land, being tenant farmers or lower still on the social scale, indentured servants.    

If your ancestor happened to be a woman raising children alone, especially if they were born “out of wedlock”, you not only may never find them, you may never know, without the benefit of DNA, who their father was.  Some of those women, even if they were white, paired with men of mixed racial background, as they were no longer accepted in polite society, but like all of us, they wanted a partner and needed to survive.  Life was difficult, at best, and survival was not at all assured.

The slave in America had little choice about who they “married”, and marriage for slaves was a social/cultural liaison, sometimes of convenience, not a legal bond, and therefore there were no records.  Marriages were torn apart by the master’s inking of a bill of sale, and most slaves married again.  Some, by choice, or otherwise, bore mixed race children, often the children of the master or the slave-owning family.  In some cases, bearing mixed race children was the ticket to better care, easier jobs and eventual freedom for the child. 

Many Native Americans who weren’t killed were enslaved too, and given that they lived with the African slaves, they typically intermarried with them.  Often, Native American slaves were considered too mean and unruly, and were sold into bondage in the Caribbean where they were much less likely to escape. 

Early slave owners were anxious for ancestral pride and memory to disappear, robbing the slaves of any identity or memory beyond that of being a good, compliant, subservient, slave who could be depended on to do what they were told, unquestioningly.

This intermixing of white, black and native blood led to a tri-racial population in short order.  Given that the first slaves were reported at Jamestown before 1620, and given that we can expect an average of 4 generations per hundred years, by 1700 the memory of freedom was only a whispered fragment told by your great-grandmother to your grandmother and had taken on the veil of legend, or the cloak of time to hide one’s heritage.  By 1800, few, if any, remembered the genesis of their ancestors who lived in the 1600s, most of them simply struggling to survive.   By 1900, many families had intentionally become “white”, often in conjunction with a move from a state where their family was known to one where they were not.  Following a family backwards in time in the census can be very enlightening as to their racial status.  Before the end of segregation in the mid-1960s, children were taught to deny their African or Native American heritage, lest they be forbidden to enter their own neighborhoods…..always aware of the signs that said “People of Color Not Allowed”, and knowing, it mean them.

Today, we take pride in our ancestry, if we could only uncover what the decades and centuries of deliberate cultural genocide have erased.  These records posted here are hopefully windows to the time in which your ancestors lived and will include hints and clues about your ancestors, which, coupled with DNA and genealogical sleuthwork, may release that genie in the proverbial bottle.

Native   American

Slaves

Free Person of Color

Lumbee Surname list

..

Native American Autosomal Marker

..

Seminole-Negro Indiana Scouts 

Medal of Honor Recipients

..

Saura Indians in Stokes Co., NC.

..

Lost Colony Descendants?

..

First land grant in North Carolina

..

Native American research.

..

Proving Your Native American Heritage  

..

Luzon Indians or Manila Men

 

Slaves and Slaveholders in Bermuda1616- 1782

..

Early Slaves

..
Slavery, Rice and South Carolina

..

 

In The Matter of Color

..

The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty 

..

African American genealogy research

..

 

 

music playing is distant drums - artist unknown


Contact Information: 

Electronic mail

General Information/Project Membership: robertajestes@att.net 
Webmistess: nelda_percival@hotmail.com

 

Notice

The Lost Colony Research Group is in NO WAY affiliated with The Lost Colony Center for Science and Research.  The Lost Colony Y-DNA and MT-DNA projects at Family Tree DNA are NOT IN ANY WAY  affiliated with The Lost Colony Center for Science and Research,
regardless of what their links imply.

 

"Please notify us of any claims to the contrary."

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

There is no fee to join our group and no donation of monies or objects are needed to participate in "The Lost Colony Research Group".

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

As with any DNA project, individuals pay for their own DNA testing, but the
group itself  - is strictly volunteer and free to join, upon approval of membership.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Neither Rootsweb.com, myself, nor the Lost Colony Research Group together or individually are  responsible for the personal content submitted by any individual to this website.

 

Send mail to nelda_percival@hotmail.com with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright © 2008 Last modified: October 10, 2010